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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935737

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the prevalence and risk factors of neck musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) of welders among an automobile factory. Methods: In June 2019, a cluster random sampling method was used to select 677 electric welders from an automobile manufacturing plant in Shiyan City as the survey objects, and a questionnaire survey was conducted using the "Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire" to analyze the prevalence and influencing factors of neck MSDs, and used logistic regression to analyze the relationship between the influencing factors and the prevalence of cervical MSDs. Results: The prevalence rate of MSDs in neck of welders was 54.8% (371/677) . The exposure rate of occupational factors, from high to low, were neckin a bent formord porsure was 71.6% (486/677) , repetitive head movements was 55.1% (373/677) , working in uncomfortable postures was 48.7% (330/677) and neck twisted was 46.8% (317/677) respectively. Sex, age, educational level, length of service, smoking, neck tilt, neck twist, working in uncomfortable posture and head repetitive movements were the risk factors of neck MSDs (P<0.05) . Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that, the main influencing factors of neck MSDs were sex, education level, age, length of service, smoking, neck tilt, working in uncomfortable posture (OR = 2.11, 2.03, 1.83, 1.21, 1.78, 1.90, 1.58, 95%CI: 1.28~3.48、1.47~2.81、1.33~2.52、1.03~1.41、1.22~2.60、1.28~2.83、1.11~2.27, P<0.05) , rest had protective effect on neck MSDs (OR= 0.38, 95%CI: 0.17~0.88, P<0.05) . Conclusion: Welders in automobile factory was highly exposed to occupational risk factors for neck MSDs. Occupational risk factors such as neck in a bent forward posture, working in an uncomfortable posture, prolonged siting, repetitive head movement should be the focus of intervention.


Subject(s)
Automobiles , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Metal Workers , Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of sleep disorders in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and its correlation with homocysteine.Methods:Totally 75 PD patients hospitalized in the department of neurology from January 2017 to June 2021 were selected and divided into sleep disorder group ( n=39) and non-sleep disorder group ( n=36)according to polysomnography, Parkinson's disease sleep scale(PDSS) and Epworth sleepiness scale(ESS). The basic clinical data, hematological examination results, scale evaluation data and polysomnography monitoring data of the above patients were collected during hospitalization to analyze the sleep characteristics of patients with Parkinson's disease and its correlation with homocysteine.SPSS 26.0 statistical analysis software was used for t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Pearson analysis, Spearman analysis and multivariate Logistic analysis. Results:The sleep efficiency (56.82±19.07)%, N2 phase ratio(48.67±17.70)%, N3 phase ratio(9.20%(19.00%)) and the leg movement micro-arousal index(0(1.20)) in the sleep disorder group were lower than those in the non-sleep disorder group (sleep efficiency (82.15±5.55)%, N2 phase ratio(57.02±2.80)%, N3 phase ratio(20.01%(3.93%)), the leg movement micro-arousal index(1.15(1.80)). The differences were statistically significant ( t/ Z=-6.087, -2.905, -3.773, -3.683, all P<0.05). The proportion of AHI (0.90(14.60)), N1 stage (19.50%(15.70%)), and periodic limb index (0(24.80)) in sleep disorder group were higher than those in non-sleep disorder group (AHI (0.60(0.30)), N1 stage (12.15%(3.15%)), and periodic limb index (0(0)). The difference was statistically significant ( Z=2.154, 5.250, 3.559, all P<0.05). The homocysteine (15.80(3.90) μmol/L), NMSS-insomnia correlation score (3.00(5.00)), MDS-UPDRS-Ⅰ(7.00 (10.00)), MDS-UPDRS-Ⅲ (23.00 (16.00)) in the sleep disorder group were higher than those in the non-sleep disorder group (homocysteine (14.10 (4.20)μmol/L), NMSS-insomnia correlation score (0(1.00)), MDS-UPDRS-Ⅰ(3.00 (2.00)), MDS-UPDRS-Ⅲ (17.00 (4.00)), and the differences were statistically significant( Z=2.557, 4.487, 2.952, 2.180, all P<0.05). The NMSS-olfactory correlation scores (2.00(4.00)) and PDSS (99.00 (40.00)) were lower than those in the non-sleep disorder group (NMSS-olfactory correlation scores (4.50 (7.00)) and PDSS (122.00 (28.00)), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.450, 4.126, both P<0.05). Hcy was positively correlated with sleep disorder in PD patients ( r=0.297, P<0.05). Binariate logistic regression analysis showed that elevated homocysteine level might be a risk factor for sleep disorder in PD patients ( β=0.193, OR=1.213, 95% CI=1.029-1.430). Conclusion:Parkinson's disease patients with sleep disorder have the characteristics of sleep structure disorder, often accompanied by more serious motor disorders, and the olfactory function impairment is relatively mild. Elevated homocysteine levels may be a risk factor for sleep disorder in Parkinson's disease.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 203-207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931012

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the changes and influencing factors of splanchnic regional saturation before and after feeding in preterm infants with feeding intolerance (FI).Methods:From December 2018 to August 2019, preterm infants with FI admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of our hospital within 24 hours after birth were prospectively enrolled in this same-patient before-after study. Splanchnic regional saturation (rSsO 2) and cerebral regional oxygenation (rSc0 2) 5 minutes before feeding and 1 hour after feeding were monitored using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). The average values of rScO 2, rSsO 2 and splanchnic-cerebral oxygenation ratio (SCOR) before and after feeding were calculated. The clinical data including postnatal age, corrected gestational age and feeding methods (breastfeeding or formula feeding) were collected. Single-factor correlation analysis and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of rSsO 2 before and after feeding. Results:A total of 41 preterm infants were included. No significant differences existed in rSsO 2, rScO 2 and SCOR before and after feeding ( P>0.05). The feeding methods showed relative prominent influences on the changes of rSsO 2 and SCOR before and after feeding. The breastfeeding infants had smaller changes of rSsO 2 and SCOR before and after feeding compared with formula feeding infants, the regression equations were Y=5.538-4.065X (model complex correlation coefficient was 0.414 determination coefficient R2=0.171, F=8.050, P<0.01) and Y=0.109-0.075X (model complex correlation coefficient was 0.405 determination coefficient R=0.1642, F=7.655, P<0.01). Conclusions:Proper feeding will not increase rSsO 2 in preterm infants with FI. Comparing with formula feeding infants, breastfeeding infants has more stable post-feeding rSsO 2.Breastfeeding should be the first choice for preterm infants with FI.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942639

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the incidence of dental anxiety in pregnant women and its influencing factors. @*Methods @# A total of 2 638 pregnant women in Shanghai were included in this study. Data on demographic and social factors, oral health behaviors and the number of teeth were collected. Participants completed the modified dental anxiety scale (MDAS), and an MDAS score greater than 12 was defined as a dental anxiety disorder. An electronic data capture system (EDC) was used to establish a database, and SPSS 22.0 was used to analyze the degree of anxiety and its influencing factors.@*Results@# A total of 2 638 valid questionnaires were received. The incidence of dental anxiety in pregnant women was 34.9%. The results of a univariate analysis showed that the prevalence of dental anxiety in pregnant women (P<0.001) and MDAS score decreased (P<0.05) with increasing age, annual family income, educational level, frequency of cleaning, frequency of brushing and number of teeth. Conversely, the prevalence of dental anxiety in pregnant women (P<0.05) and MDAS score increased (P<0.05) as the number of pregnancies and gingival bleeding increased. Logistic analysis showed that education level “college” (P = 0.003) and “bachelor and above” (P<0.001), frequency of dental cleaning “semiannually or annually” (P = 0.021) and “biennial” (P<0.001), and frequency of brushing “twice a day” (P<0.001) were significantly associated with dental anxiety in pregnant women and were protective factors (OR<1). The frequency of gingival bleeding “Sometimes”(P<0.001) and the number of teeth “≤ 27” (P<0.001) were also significant risk factors for dental anxiety in pregnant women (OR>1).The results of a negative binomial regression analysis of MDAS showed that the frequency of dental cleaning and the number of teeth were significantly associated with dental anxiety. The frequency of dental cleaning "semiannually or annually" (P<0.001) was a protective factor (OR<1) for pregnant women's dental anxiety. The number of teeth ≤27 (P<0.001) was a risk factor (OR>1) for dental anxiety in pregnant women.@*Conclusion@#Educational level, teeth cleaning frequency, teeth brushing frequency, gingival bleeding, and the number of teeth influence dental anxiety in pregnant women. To effectively reduce the prevalence of dental anxiety, dentists should attach great importance to it in clinical practice and enhance pregnant women's awareness of oral hygiene maintenance by disseminating relevant health care knowledge.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911766

ABSTRACT

The survey was conducted in Shaoxing city from January 2019 to January 2021 among 150 residents aged ≥ 60 years with mild cognitive impairment from Shaoxing People's Hospital and its subordinate branches. The swallowing function was evaluated by eating evaluation questionnaire-10 (EAT-10), and dysphagia (EAT-10 score ≥ 3) was identified in 92 subjects with a prevalence rate of 61.3% (dysphagia group) and other 58 residents without dysphagia was set as normal group. There were significant differences in age, educational level, diet type, history of stroke, history of choking, Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) score, masticatory function score, the number of drug types, self-care ability (Barthel score) in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scale between dysphagia group and normal group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that age (≥ 80 years old), educational level (junior middle school and below), history of stroke, history of choking cough, MMSE score (<23 points), Barthel score (≤ 60 points), masticatory function score (>3 points) and the number of drug types (≥ 3 kinds) were independent risk factors of swallowing disorder in elderly with mild cognitive impairment; and the type of diet (common diet) was the protective factor. It is suggested that the prevalence of dysphagia in community-dwelling elderly with mild cognitive impairment is high, and necessary measures should be taken to intervene according to its risk factors.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 481-488, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical prognosis and related factors affecting optimal medical therapy (OMT) compliance of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:A prospective study was conducted to select 3 818 patients who were diagnosed with CAD and successfully underwent PCI in TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital from October 2016 to September 2017. The clinical information and application of OMT during hospitalization and 1 year later were collected for research.The patients were divided into OMT group and non OMT group according to whether they adhered to OMT during follow-up one year after discharge. After comparing the imbalance baseline data of hypertension,diabetes and hyperlipidemia with propensity score,demographic characteristics, coronary revascularization history, CAD, laboratory related laboratory examinations,and the use of OMT drugs were compared between the two groups. Cox regression model was used to analyze the relationship between long-term OMT and clinical prognosis in patients with CAD.Multivariate binary logistic regression was used to analyze the related factors affecting long-term OMT compliance.Results:A total of 3 818 cases of CAD patients were matched by propensity score and 2 596 patients were included in the study. There were 1 609 males and 987 females. The age was (62.51±9.56) years old.One year later,1298 patients (50%) insisted on OMT,including dual antiplatelet therapy(DAPT), statins, β-blockers and ACEI/ARB were 97.0% (2 517/2 596),94.5%(2 454/2 596),69.6% (1 806/2 596) and 64.2% (1 666/2 596), especially angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors / angiotensin receptor blockers and β Receptor blockers decreased the most.Cox regression analysis showed that after adjusting for other factors, compared with non-adherence to OMT group,OMT after PCI was associated with better prognosis ( HR=0.416,95% CI 0.270-0.641, P<0.001). The prognosis of CAD patients with history of old myocardial infarction ( HR=1.804,95% CI 1.070-3.041, P=0.027),cardiac insufficiency ( HR=2.074,95% CI 1.161-3.702, P=0.014),multivessel coronary disease ( HR=2.211,95% CI 1.228-3.983, P=0.008) and BMI>24 ( HR=1.570,95% CI 1.037-2.377, P=0.033) were related to worse clinical outcomes. Multi-factor binary Logistic regression showed that OMT at hospitalization was a strong influencing factor of long-term adherence to OMT ( OR=41.278,95% CI 29.961-56.871, P<0.001). Patients with higher education,employee medical insurance and with history of PCI tend to persist in OMT. Conclusion:The medication compliance of patients with long-term OMT after PCI is still poor,while the high compliance of OMT is related to the lower incidence of adverse cardiovascular events,including death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and stroke. If there is no obvious contraindication,all patients after PCI should adhere to OMT.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1461-1465, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the related factors influencing prognosis of patients with grade Ⅲ cholangitis with myocardial injury.Methods:91 patients with grade III cholangitis complicated with myocardial injury treated in the emergency department of Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from June 2015 to December 2020 were collected retrospectively. They were divided into endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) group ( n=75) and non-ERCP group ( n=16) according to whether ERCP was performed. According to 28-day survival patients were divided into survival group ( n=56) and death group ( n=35). The level of serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), N terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), white blood cell (WBC), platelet (PLT), serum creatinine (Scr), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), International Standardized Ratio (INR), Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) at different time points were detected and the risk factors influencing the prognosis of patients were analyzed. Results:The cTnT ( P=0.018), NT-proBNP ( P<0.001), PLT ( P=0.016), GCS score ( P=0.07) on day 3 and cTnI ( P=0.027), cTnT ( P=0.002), CK-MB ( P=0.046), NT-proBNP ( P<0.001), PLT ( P=0.041), GCS score ( P<0.001) on day 7 in the ERCP group were significantly different with the non-ERCP group respectively. The survival rate within 28 days of the ERCP group was significantly different from that in the non-ERCP group ( P<0.001). The cTnT ( P=0.006) on day 1, the cTnT ( P=0.021), NT-proBNP ( P=0.02), WBC ( P=0.037), GCS score ( P<0.001) on day 3, and the cTnI ( P=0.029), cTnT ( P=0.008), CK-MB ( P<0.001), PLT ( P=0.008), NT-proBNP ( P=0.004), GCS ( P<0.001) on day 7 in survival group were significantly different from the death group. Logistic regression showed that the mean value of myocardial injury markers and ERCP process were significantly correlated with the 28 days survival rate. Conclusions:In patients with Grade Ⅲ cholangitis-related myocardial injury, the levels of myocardial injury markers, NT-proBNP, platelet (PLT) and Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) are related to mortality. ERCP for patients can significantly improve 28 days survival and prognosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877650

ABSTRACT

Acupoint is the integration of structure and function. In this paper, the structure and function of acupoint are studied based on energetics. It is viewed that acupoint is the aggregation and release place of energy, acupuncture is the process of applying energy to acupoint, and the variations of speed, direction, time and local temperature are the key factors of acupoint function.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Temperature
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877098

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of health knowledge of patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and its influencing factors, so as to provide a scientific basis for formulating targeted health education programs. Methods Using a self-designed questionnaire on health cognition after PCI, 433 patients with a history of PCI surgery at a Grade III, Class A hospital between January 2019 and December 2019 were selected as the research subjects to investigate their health cognition and the influencing factors by binary logistic regression analysis. Results The pass rate of health cognition of patients after PCI was 39%, and the total correct rate was 57.5%. The correct rate of drug knowledge and risk factors was the lowest (33.6% and 48.5%, respectively). Binary logistic regression showed that gender, age and cardiac function classification were risk factors for health cognition of patients after PCI, while education level, occupation category and recurrence of discomfort after PCI were protective factors. Conclusion The level of health cognition of patients after PCI is low. Gender, age, education level, occupation category, cardiac function classification and recurrence of discomfort after PCI are independent influencing factors. When implementing health education, medical staff should comprehensively consider the formulation of individualized health education to help.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the level of discharge preparation of parents of premature infants in intensive care unit, and investigate the status of discharge preparation of parents of premature infants and its influencing factors.Methods:Convenient sampling was used to recruit the 202 parents of preterm infants who stayed in the neonatal intensive care unit in Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from May to December 2018. The characteristics questionnaire and the Chinese version of Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale-Parent Form were used to collect data.Results:The total score of parents' readiness for discharge of premature infants ranged from 111 to 290 (222.28±34.81). Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis showed that birth gestational age, birth weight, parity, parents' gender, annual family income were the influencing factors of premature parents' discharge readiness( P<0.05). Conclusions:The parents of premature infants in NICU are not well prepared for discharge. Medical staff should pay more attention to premature infants with low birth age and weight, first-born parents and low-income parents, so as to improve the discharge guidance content, help them prepare for discharge in all aspects and improve their care ability after discharge.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the real experience of emotional labor of hospice nurses.Methods:A total of 8 hospice nurses from Shanghai, Shenzhen and Lianyungang hospice care units took part in the field study. They were observed and interviewed for one week.Results:The emotional labor of hospice nurses included natural expression, surface expression and deep expression. The emotional labor of nurses was affected by individual factors, organizational factors and social factors, including factors of the setting of hospice nursing posts was not clear, the proportion of multi-disciplinary team was insufficient, public awareness of hospice care was insufficient, and social security policy was imperfect, which was easy to make the role of nurses maladjustment, increase nurses' occupational fatigue and make nurses' emotional labor behavior lack of stable and long-term power source, thus affect the expression of their emotional labor behavior.Conclusions:We should pay attention to the expression and outcome of emotional labor of hospice nurses, to intervene and improve the individual factors, organizational factors and social factors that affect the expression of nurses' emotional labor.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908186

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the traditional Chinese medical (TCM) constitution status of young and middle-aged residents and to analyze related influencing factors.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted to obtain data of 1 082 young and middle-aged residents in China from April to May 2019. The general characteristic, habits, emotional status and TCM constitution types of young and middle-aged residents were been collected.Results:The number of normal constitution types was 415(38.35%, 415/1 082), and the number of biased constitution types was 667(61.65%, 667/1 082) which was dominated by qi-deficiency constitution (16.70%, 344/2 060), yang-deficiency constitution (16.17%, 333/2 060) and damp-heat constitution (15.97%, 329/2 060). The Logistic regression analysis showed that the dietary regularity, taking vigorous exercise and taking moderate exercise were the protective factors of the biased constitution types of young and middle-aged residents( OR values were 0.624, 0.704, 0.704, all P<0.05), while the female, meat-based diet, anxiety and depression were the risk factors of the biased constitution types of young and middle-aged residents( OR values were 2.009-2.568, all P<0.01). Conclusions:The biased constitution is common among young and middle-aged residents. The risk factors of biased constitution are unhealthy lifestyle, anxiety and depression,which suggest the community to develop actively interventions to adjust the lifestyle and strengthen the maintenance of mental health of young and middle-aged residents.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status and influencing factors of health-promoting lifestyle in young and middle-aged people with high normal blood pressure, so as to provide the basis for primary prevention about hypertension.Methods:From July to December 2020, a convenience sampling method was used to select 280 cases of young and middle-aged people with high normal blood pressure in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were investigated by self-administered general information questionnaire,and Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile Ⅱ(HPLP-Ⅱ).Results:The HPLP-Ⅱ total score in the young and middle-aged with high normal blood pressure was 146.79 ± 29.57. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that different occupation,income, family history of hypertension and learning-willingness were the influencing factors of their health-promoting lifestyle( P<0.05). Conclusions:The health-promoting lifestyle among the young and middle-aged with high normal blood pressure is at a medium level, health care providers should strengthen guidance to improve their health-promoting lifestyle through health education and other ways for individuals without stable employment, poor income level, no family history of hypertension and lack in willingness to learn.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908147

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the public's willingness to implement telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (T-CPR) and its influence factors, so as to provide relevant evidence for implementing telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation in China.Methods:Using the qualitative research method to interview 20 members of the public deeply. And Using the content analysis method to summarize the topic.Results:Two major themes were summarized, the public′s willingness to implement T-CPR and the influence factors of implementing T-CPR. Among theme, the influencing factors of the implementation of T-CPR mainly included the public's own factors (weak sense of first aid, poor first aid skills), patient factors (causes of cardiac arrest, relationship between patients and witnesses, age of patients), pressure of public opinion, and guidance methods.Conclusions:According to the qualitative interview results of the public′s willingness to implement T-CPR and its influence factors, there is a large room for improvement in the T-CPR rate of the public in China. And it′s urgent to improve relevant laws, policies and guidance standards, and vigorously promote and popularize T-CPR.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781338

ABSTRACT

Dental implants have become the main choice for patients to fill in their missing teeth. A precise placement is the basis for a functional and aesthetic restoration. A digital surgical guide is a carrier that transfers the preoperative plan of dental implants to the actual surgery. This paper provides some references that can help clinicians improve the accuracy of implant surgery by stating the development, classification, advantages and disadvantages, and factors that affect the accuracy of digital guides.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Patient Care Planning , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 896-900, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820917

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To explore clinical characteristics, outcomes and prognostic factors for cases with intraocular foreign bodies(IFB)and treated with 25G minimally invasive vitrectomy(PPV).<p>METHODS: Patients traumatized with retained IFB and treated with PPV were retrospectively collected from the Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from 2016-1-1 to 2019-1-1. The clinical records including general condition, time and cause of injury, locations andsize of IFBs, comorbidities, and best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)were reviewed and statistical analyzed.<p>RESULTS: Among the 105 patients, most of them are middle-aged and young men, mostly from townships. The nature of IFB was mainly metals(62 cases, 59.0%). The entrance of IFB of 78 cases(74.3%)located at Zone I of the eye. There were 17 patients with BCVA≥0.1 before surgery, 88 patients with BCVA<0.1. And 43 patients gained BCVA≥0.1 after operation, and 62 patients with BCVA<0.1. Postoperative BCVA was significantly improved compared with preoperative BCVA(<i>P</i><0.05). Through multivariate Logistic regression analysis, poor preoperative BCVA, retinal detachment, and endophthalmitis are risk factors for poor visual prognosis.<p>CONCLUSION: PPV for treatment of IFB can achieve a better outcome. The poor prognosis of visual acuity is related to retinal detachment, endophthalmitis, and the position and size of IFB.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 787-790, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820891

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the clinical characteristics and influence factors of different responses in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration(wARMD)treated with intravitreal conbercept.<p>METHODS: A total of 62 eyes(56 patients)with wet age-related macular degeneration who received intravitreal Conbercept injections(3+PRN)in our hospital from January to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA)and optical coherence tomography(OCT)were performed before and after treatment. Responses were evaluated and grouped according to BCVA after the last injection. 33 cases of 35 eyes with BCVA improvement ≥5 letters were included in the response group. 23 cases with 27 eyes were included in the non-response group. Before and after treatment, BCVA, central retinal thickness(CRT)and related data of the two groups were analyzed.<p>RESULTS: One month after 3 injections, BCVA in the response group increased from 41.83±7.92 letters at baseline to 52.52±10.61 letters(<i>t</i>= -6.883, <i>P</i>=0.02), and BCVA increased from 43.65 ± 10.42 letters at baseline to 44.18 ± 8.47 letters in the non-response group(<i>t</i>=0.471, <i>P</i>=0.684).CRT of the two groups after treatment decreased from the baseline(<i>F</i>=31.47, 27.28, all <i>P</i><0.01). Six months after 3 injections, the proportion of patients with the integrity of the macular fovea ellipsoid in response group(69%)was more than that in the non-responsive group(7%), and the proportion of patients with subretinal fluid(86%)was higher than that without SRF in the response group(44%), the proportion of patients with intraretinal fluid(31%)in the response group was lower than that in the non-response group(81%)(all <i>P</i><0.05), but there was no difference in the proportion of patients with pigment epithelial detachment between the two groups(77% <i>vs</i> 59%, <i>P</i>> 0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Intravitreal injections of conbercept can effectively reduce the subretinal fluid and retinal fluid in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration, and improve the patient's visual acuity. Patients with the integrity of the outer layer of the retina(especially the ellipsoidal zone)and SRF responded well after treatment, while patients with IRF responded poorly after treatment.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 123-127, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799579

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the occurrence and influencing factors of anemia in lymphoma patients and its effect on treatment.@*Methods@#A total of 501 lymphoma patients, who were hospitalized in four general hospitals in Shanghai from January 2017 to June 2018, were followed up for six months. The clinical data about anemia were collected and statistically analyzed.@*Results@#Among all the enrollment patients, there were 178 patients (35.5%) had anemia. Among 289 patients whom were initially treated for lymphoma, there were 99 patients (34.3%) with anemia. In the following-up time, there were 136 new cases (42.1%) of anemia. The total prevalence of anemia was 62.7%. The univariate analysis indicated that the anemia incidence for initially treated lymphoma patients was significantly related to their age, pathological type, bone marrow infiltration, IPI scores and Ann Arbor stage. The response to initially treatment in lymphoma patients with anemia was inferior to those without anemia. The multivariate analysis indicated that IPI scores 3-5 points (P<0.001, OR=4.230, 95%CI 2.339-7.650) and chemotherapy treatment (P<0.001, OR=11.049, 95%CI 5.149-23.711) were the independent influential factors to the emerging anemia incidence. PS score used to evaluate patient physical condition was obviously related to the anemia occurrence.@*Conclusion@#Lymphoma patients have a high prevalence and incidence of anemia. The occurrence and severity of anemia are closely related to the efficacy and physical condition of lymphoma patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799412

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of sex, age, length of service, type of work and annual effective radiation dose on nucleoplasmic bridge (NPB) in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of radiation workers.@*Methods@#The peripheral blood samples of 100 radiation workers in Henan province were collected and the NPB in peripheral blood lymphocytes were measured by CBMN assay. The frequencies of NPB formation and NPB-containing cells were calculated, and the effects of various factors on NPB incidence were analyzed statistically.@*Results@#The NPB frequency in radiation workers was higher than that in healthy people (Z=-8.123, P<0.01). Except for sex, the factors of age, length of service, type of work and annual effective dose had significant influences on NPB (χ2= 7.202-45.571, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#NPB reflects the effect of low-dose long-term chronic irradiation on the occupational radiation workers.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799065

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the influencing factors of rapid postoperative recovery in young(≤40 years old) lung cancer patients.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis was performed on 82 young patients with lung cancer diagnosed by postoperative pathology admitted to the department of thoracic surgery of the first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University from March 2013 to March 2019, the patients were divided into two groups according to their postoperative hospitalization time(hospitalization time≤7d, hospitalization time >7d). The preoperative medical history and examination data, intraoperative(operative method, embedding materials), postoperative complications and postoperative treatment and other data of the enrolled patients were collected to analyze the relationship between various factors and postoperative hospitalization time.Univariate analysis used t test or Fisher exact probability method, multivariate analysis used logistic regression model to analyze the data .@*Results@#All 82 patients successfully completed the operation, and no death occurred during the perioperative period. There were no significant differences(P>0.05)according to the two groups of patients in the preoperative pulmonary function(FEV1) operation history, history of hypertension, diabetes, history of preoperative chemotherapy and surgery in the patients' position, blood transfusion, pleural adhesion, Czech, nai d, the use of xanthan gum, operation time, the maximum diameter and postoperative tumor thermal perfusion, fever, vomiting, choking cough, abdominal distension, etc.And it has significant differences(P<0.05). In the preoperative antibiotic use(P=0.002), the improvement of lung function(P=0.018), smoking history(P=0.024), medical reasons(P=0.011) and the operation(P<0.001), the lymph node excision scope(P<0.001), the lymph node dissection(P=0.017), hemostatic material use(P=0.023), blood loss(P=0.001) and postoperative average white blood cell count(P=0.033).@*Conclusion@#Preoperative and postoperative prophylactic use of antibiotics and drugs to improve pulmonary function were beneficial to postoperative recovery.Smoking was an independent risk factor for prolonged postoperative hospital stay.Minimally invasive operation and application of hemostatic materials can effectively shorten the postoperative hospitalization time of patients.

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