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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 483-488, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920918

ABSTRACT

Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is a digestive system malignancy with extremely poor prognosis, and the survival time of patients with BTC has been prolonged with the development of various treatment methods in recent years. This article reviews the current status and advances in surgery, systemic therapy, radiotherapy, and interventional therapy for BTC, so as to provide a reference for the treatment of BTC in clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876063

ABSTRACT

@#In 2020, due to the impact of the novel coronavirus epidemic, the development of transcatheter heart valve therapy has been shown to slow down, but there are still many aspects worth noting. The indication of monoclonal antibody after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) should be further clarified. Low surgical risk patients were included in TAVR relative indications. Mitraclip G4 was approved by CE. The indication of atrial septal occlusion after mitraclip should be further clarified. The technique of coaptation augmentation is expected to become a new method of mitral valve interventional repair. Tendyne transcatheter mitral valve was approved by European Union. Transcatheter tricuspid valve treatment equipments, TriClip and PASCAL obtained CE mark. TAVR technology is being popularized rapidly in China, and what’s more, balloon dilated valve Sapien 3 and new recyclable repositioning valve system-Venus plus have entered the domestic market. A number of mitral valve therapeutic instruments have appeared one after another, and China's first tricuspid valve lux has completed its FIM research. Finally, with the improvement of devices and technology in the future, interventional therapy of heart valve is expected to benefit more patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of 3D printing aortic model for preoperative evaluation and surgical simulation, and to assist interventional treatment of coarctation of the aorta(CoA).Methods:From December 2017 to January 2019, 8 patients with congenital coarctation of the aorta who underwent percutaneous balloon dilatation and covered stent placement in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 7 cases were male and 1 case was female. The age was(32.00±14.93) years old. Before operation, CT data of patients' heart and aorta were collected, reconstructed with Mimics software, and 3D printing technology was used to make the model of patients' aortic lesions. Before operation, the operation simulation was carried out to determine the best operation scheme and estimate the possible situation, and the relevant clinical data of patients during hospitalization and follow-up were collected.Results:One stent graft was successfully implanted into CoA through femoral artery in all 8 patients. The mean diameter of CoA increased from(3.70±2.94) mm before operation to(18.01±1.51) mm immediately after operation( P<0.05), and the mean systolic pressure difference decreased from(83.75±25.44) mmHg before operation to(14.63±8.09) mmHg after operation( P<0.05). The mean systolic blood pressure of the right upper extremity decreased from(204.13±22.31) mmHg before operation to(145.63±32.08) mmHg after operation( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups. During the period of hospitalization and follow-up, no corresponding cardiovascular complications were found. Conclusion:The short-term effect of percutaneous balloon dilatation covered stent implantation on CoA in adolescents and adults is obvious. 3D printing model can reproduce the anatomical model of CoA site of patients individually, which is feasible and effective for the preoperative evaluation of CoA and the preparation of operation plan.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between collateral flow compensation mode and interventional treatment decision in patients with severe bilateral internal carotid artery stenosis/occlusion.Methods:According to the location of internal carotid artery lesions, patients with severe stenosis/occlusion of bilateral internal carotid artery were selected at the Second Affiliated Hospital, Qiqihar Medical University and the Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from May 2017 to June 2020.Results:A total of 42 patients were finally enrolled and divided into 4 types, including 34 males and 8 females with median age 61±8(48-82)years. The collateral circulation pathways manifested as following modes: anterior communicating artery collateral, posterior communicating artery collateral, ophthalmic artery collateral, posterior cerebral middle cerebral artery pial anastomosis collateral, posterior choroidal artery anterior choroidal artery collateral, external carotid internal carotid artery C4 segment collateral, pericallosal artery anastomosis collateral, dural and pial collateral and neovascularization. Type Ⅰ severe stenosis/occlusion of C1 segment was found in 20 cases (47.6%). There were 5 cases (11.9%) of type Ⅱ severe stenosis/occlusion from C2 to C6 prior to ophthalmic artery branch. Type Ⅲ severe stenosis/occlusion occurred in 2 cases (4.8%) after the split of ophthalmic artery. Type Ⅳ was mixed type in 15 cases (35.7%).Conclusions:The compensatory pathway of collateral circulation is closely related to the lesion location. To explore the compensatory pattern of collateral circulation is helpful for clinicians to accurately analyze the lesion characteristics and guide individualized interventional therapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910899

ABSTRACT

Tuberculous meningitis is the most common and serious type of central nervous system tuberculosis, with high mortality and disability rate, which has attracted extensive attention of global public health. The high mortality rate and disability rate of tuberculosis meningitis may be related to its lack of specific clinical and imaging characteristics, insufficient attention from clinicians, lack of early sensitive and specific diagnostic testing techniques, delay in treatment, and restricted penetration of anti-TB drugs into the blood-brain barrier or/and MDR-TB, etc. This article reviews the disease burden of TBM, chemotherapy drugs and regimens, anti-inflammatory agents, aspirin, interventional and surgical treatment to provide reference for clinical management of this disease.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To carry out investigation and analysis of an extensive skin radiation injury to the back accidentally caused by interventional procedure and to explore the problems faced in the event with emphasis on avoiding the reoccurance of similar events in the future.Methods:The data were collected by consulting the patient′s detailed medical history, collecting and analyzing clinical diagnosis and treatment data, tracking and observing their clinical manifestations and signs. The patient′s peripheral blood samples were also collected, together with the biological dose estimated and the equipment data collected on the site of the interventional treatment hospital.Results:The whole body dose to the patient was estimated to be 0.95 Gy. The typical values of kerma rate of radiation incident on the body surface due to fluoroscopic procedures were 373.5 mGy/min in subtraction modality and 47.8 mGy/min in fluoroscopy modality, respectively. The annual effective dose to the interventional radiologist was 20.51 mSv due to his operation in long-time radiation exposure conditions, higher than 3.09 mSv for other interventional radiologists with similar workload in the same department. The whole body and local clinical manifestations of the patients were in line with radiation injury. No clear diagnosis has been obtained in several hospitals, nor can obvious treatment outcomes be obsevered.Conclusion:Combined with the biological dose estimation result and clinical manifestations, the case was diagnosed as degree Ⅳ skin radiation injury. Radiation injury is closely related to whether the operation is conducted according to the standard and the output dose of X-ray machine. Non-specialized hospitals should strengthen clinical diagnosis and treatment of radiation injury.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and prognosis of infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma-arteriovenous fistula (IHHE-AVF) complicated with heart failure in neonates.Method:From May 2016 to June 2020, neonates with IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure admitted were retrospectively studied. The clinical presentation, treatment and outcomes were analyzed.Result:A total of 11 cases of IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure were enrolled (male 5, female 6). The onset age of heart failure was 12.0 (0.0, 17.0) d. 6 cases showed IHHE on fetal ultrasound. All patients had significantly enlarged heart on chest X-ray. All patients had decreased left ventricular systolic function and pulmonary hypertension on echocardiography. All patients required respiratory support and 6 of them were intubated. 3 cases received conservative treatment (all dead). 1 case received surgery (dead). 7 cases received interventional therapy at the age of (25.6±18.5) d. 1 case was dead, and the other 6 cases were improved and discharged. All the 6 cases were followed up to 3~18 months. None of them had heart failure again. The IHHE were shrunk or completely disappeared. Coagulation function and platelet count were normal.Conclusion:The fatality rate of neonatal-onset IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure is extremely high. Interventional therapy may be more effective than conservative therapy and surgery.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906598

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the effectiveness and safety of esophageal ultrasound-guided percutaneous femoral artery closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD). Methods    The clinical data of 24 patients with congenital VSD in our hospital from March 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 6 males and 18 females, with a median age of 12 (3-42) years, weight of 32 (12-91) kg, and VSD diameter of 4 (3-7) mm. There were 3 patients with VSD combined with atrial septal defect. Results    Twenty-four patients successfully underwent interventional closure of percutaneous femoral artery under esophageal ultrasound guidance, and the position and shape of the occluders were good. The operation time was 45 (39-54) min, and the waist size of the occluders was 7 (5-12) mm. Among the patients, 14 patients used symmetric ventricular occlusion devices, 8 patients used asymmetric ventricular occlusion devices, and 2 patients used ventricular occlusion muscle occluders. Small amount of residual shunt occurred in 2 patients after the operation and it disappeared 3 months after the operation. One patient with right bundle branch block, which disappeared after 1 week of observation. There were no complications such as occluder closure, pericardial effusion or valve regurgitation during the perioperative period. During the follow-up period [3-18 (9.25±5.04) months], no serious complication occurred. Conclusion    Transesophageal ultrasound-guided transfemoral artery occlusion for VSD is simple and safe, and it avoids the damage of radiation and contrast medium. It has advantages over traditional percutaneous interventional occlusion therapy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906571

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, the number of interventions for valvular heart disease has been increasing day by day, and it has become a hot topic in the field of cardiovascular surgery. Given the aging global population and trends in the prevalence of valvular disease and the broadening of indications for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), a breakthrough of 130 000 TAVR procedures is expected by 2026. In the new technology development period, the development potential and technical advantages of heart valve interventional therapy should be faced squarely. This paper focuses on key issues such as comparison of outcomes after TAVR versus surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), prosthetic valve endocarditis after TAVR, and broadening of indications for TAVR, as well as recommendations on how surgeons face the era of TAVR. We hope that this article will help and attract the attention of cardiac surgeons.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886535

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the clinical efficacy and application value of percutaneous interventional treatment for structural heart diseases under guidance of ultrasound. Methods    The clinical data of 1 010 patients with structural heart diseases treated by transcutaneous ultrasound-guided occlusion in our hospital from December 2, 2015 to December 31, 2019 were retrospectively reviewed, including 360 males and 650 females, aged 1-50 years. There were 692 patients of atrial septal defect (603 with central type, 9 combined with arterial catheter, 80 with ethmoid type), 116 patent foramen ovale, 25 ventricular septal defects (3 combined with atrial septal defect), 132 patent ductus arteriosus, 32 pulmonary valve stenosis (3 combined with atrial defect), 1 main pulmonary artery window, and 3 aneurysm rupture of aortic sinus. All patients were diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) before operation. Treatment was accomplished intraoperatively through TTE or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) via the femoral artery or femoral vein. After operation, echocardiography, electrocardiogram and chest radiograph were reexamined. Results    Satisfactory results were obtained in 1 005 patients, and 1 patient failed to seal the ventricular defect and was repaired under direct vision, occluder detachment occurred in 5 patients after operation (3 patients of atrial septal defects underwent thoracotomy for Amplatzer device and were repaired, 1 patient of atrial septal defects was closed after removing Amplatzer device, 1 patient of patent ductus arteriosus underwent thoracotomy for Amplatzer device and was sutured), mild pulmonary valve regurgitation occurred after balloon dilation in 2 patients with pulmonary stenosis, a small amount  of residual shunt was found in 2 patients with ventricular defect, which disappeared after 3 months of follow-up, and 1 patient of right bundle branch block occurred and disappeared after 1 week. After follow-up of 1-24 months, 3 patients of ethmoidal atrial septal defect were reexamined with mild shunt. The occluder was in good position and the pressure difference of pulmonary valve was significantly reduced. There was no complication such as hemolysis, arrhythmia, embolism or rupture of chordae tendinae. Conclusion    Percutaneous transfemoral artery and vein guided by TTE or TEE is safe and effective, with little trauma, no radiation or contrast agent damage, and has significant clinical efficacy and application values.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Danhong Injection () on improving microcirculatory injury after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A randomized controlled trial was conducted and 90 patients were enrolled. A random sequence was generated using statistical analysis software. Patients with microcirculatory injuries after PCI were randomly divided into 3 groups for treatment (30 subjects in each group): Danhong Injection group: after PCI, Danghong Injections were given with intravenous administration with 40 mL twice a day for a week; statins intensive group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 80 mg once, and then atorvastatin 40 mg daily for 1 week; the control group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 10-20 mg daily for 1 week. The index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) was used to assess microcirculatory injury during PCI. The IMR of the target vessel was reexamined after 1 week of drug treatment.@*RESULTS@#After one week's drug treatment, IMR was significantly decreased in both statins intensive group and Danhong Injection group compared with the control group (P<0.01), but no difference was found between statins intensive group and Danhong injection group (14.03 ± 2.54 vs. 16.03 ± 5.72 U, P=0.080).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of Danhong Injection is non-inferior to statin. Early use of Danhong Injection after PCI can effectively improve coronary microcirculation injury after PCI.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880421

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the application of stent intervention in the treatment of non-vascular stenosis caused by benign and malignant factors has been widely concerned by researchers at home and abroad. The high incidence of malignant tumor diseases, further promotes the development of stent intervention. The conventional bare stents are prone to irritate luminal mucosa and produce restenosis and other complications. The emergence of drug-eluting stent is expected to solve this problem and become one of the important development trends of non-vascular stents. In this paper, the drug loading materials, drug loading layer drugs, preparation technology and quality evaluation methods of non-vascular drugeluting stent are described based on the recent research and clinical application documents, so as to provide basis and direction for the follow-up research and development.


Subject(s)
Coronary Restenosis , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Prosthesis Design , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effectiveness of normal limbs active exercise rehabilitation training in fear of falling and motor function in patients with cerebral infarction after intervention.@*Methods@#A total of 74 cerebral infarction after intervention patients were enrolled in Wanbei Coal-Electricity Group General hospital from May 2016 to April 2018. Patients were randomly divided into the observation group 37 patients and the control group 37 patients according to the random number table method. The control group received routine rehabilitation training, normal limbs active exercise rehabilitation was carried out in the observation group. After 3 months of intervention, the fear of falling, activities of daily living, limbs motor function was assessed by short Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I), Barthel index, Fugl-Meyer motor function scoring, respectively.@*Results@#Before intervention, the short FES-I score was (15.32±3.15) and (15.47±4.89) in the observation group and in the control group respectively, after intervention, the score was (10.21±2.67) and (12.28±4.05), respectively. There was no significant difference in short FES-I scores between the two groups pre-intervention (P> 0.05). However, the short FES-I scores were significantly decreased in the observation group compared to the control group at post-intervention (t value was 2.468, P<0.05). Before intervention, the scores of Barthel index, upper limb motor function, lower limb motor function were (33.15±7.08), (22.88±4.42), (15.31±3.38) in the observation group, and (33.40±3.78), (22.26±5.03), (16.04±3.30) in the control group, however, those index mentioned above were (47.96±8.45). There was no significant difference in Barthel index, motor function scores between two groups pre-intervention (P>0.05). However, those scores were significantly increased in the observation group compared to the control group at post-intervention (t value was 2.562, 2.878, 4.553, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Normal limbs active exercise rehabilitation training can alleviate the fear of falling and promote motor function and self-care ability of patients with cerebral infarction after intervention.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799203

ABSTRACT

Severe pneumonia is a common respiratory disease in pediatric intensive care unit(PICU). Airway lesions can be observed and specimens can be obtained by bronchoscopy to help to diagnose the cause and pathogen of severe pneumonia.For severe pneumonia, bronchoscopy interventional therapy is mainly used to relieve airway obstruction, remove necrosis material in the airway, and administer locally.In addition, bronchoscopy can guide tracheal intubation in the rescue of severe pneumonia.In conclusion, bronchoscopy is used in children with severe pneumonia in PICU, which can improve the diagnosis rate, improve the function of ventilation, and shorten the hospitalization time.It is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829197

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the efficacy of subclavian-carotid transposition (SCT) in treating patients with proximal subclavian artery occlusive diseases who were unable to be intervened, such as failure of intervention, congenital malformation and unwillingness to intervention. Methods    A retrospective review of 19 patients with proximal subclavian artery occlusion who underwent SCT from May 2016 to December 2018 was done. There were 14 males and 5 females with an average age of 54.05±17.34 years. The advantages and disadvantages of SCT in the treatment of proximal subclavian artery occlusion were analyzed. Results    All patients achieved immediate remission of symptoms after surgery. The stenosis degree of the proximal subclavian artery decreased from 100.0%±0.0% to 12.7%±10.1% after surgery. The average blood pressure difference between the unaffected side and the affected side decreased from 11.95±10.60 mm Hg to 0.89±5.75 mm Hg (P<0.01). Peripheral nerve injury occurred in 7 (36.8%) patients. The in-patient cost of subclavian artery occlusion patients who received subclavian artery interventional therapy in our hospital during the corresponding period was 3 392.12 yuan higher than that of the SCT group in average (if eliminating the patients whose cost was far from the average value, the cost of interventional therapy was 4 812.01 yuan higher than that of the SCT group in average). During 1-3 years' follow-up, 6 patients with neurological complication relieved. One- and three-year patency rates were 100.0%. No perioperative stroke, death or re-operation happened. Conclusion    SCT is an ideal process for the patients with subclavian artery occlusion who cannot accept subclavian artery interventional therapy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848137

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Silicone tracheobronchial stent insertion can provide symptomatic relief through airway stabilization in patients with symptomatic tracheobronchomalacia. However, there are few studies on this method. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of silicone stents in the treatment of tracheobronchomalacia. METHODS: Eight tracheobronchomalacia patients who underwent silicone stent implantation at Henan Provincial People’s Hospital between September 2015 and December 2018 were included in this study. According to the location and degree of airway softening, appropriate silicone stents were designed. Silicone stents were implanted in all eight patients, including hourglass stents in 2 cases, straight tube stents in 2 patients, Y-shaped stents in 3 patients, and T-shaped stents in 1 patient. All patients provided informed consent and this study was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Henan Provincial People's Hospital, China. Blood gas analysis was performed before and 30 days after surgery to measure blood oxygen level. Quality of life was assessed by card score. The position of stent, intraluminal endocrine, and granulation growth were dynamically monitored by bronchoscopy at 7, 30 and 60 days after surgery. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Silicone airway stents were placed successfully in seven patients. Dyspnea was relieved immediately. One patient had rupture of left main bronchial membrane during the procedure of insertion. The partial oxygen pressure and chi-square score of seven patients at 30 days after surgery were significantly higher than those before surgery (t=-8. 60, -20. 76, P < 0. 05). Tracheoscopy revealed that stent displacement occurred in 3 patients, difficulty in sputum expectoration and mild granulation tissue hyperplasia occurred in 3 patients, and improved after endoscopic treatment. The results suggest that silicone stent insertion in patients with tracheobronchomalacia can alleviate the symptoms of patients. Although the incidence of silicone stent displacement and sputum obstruction is high, silicone stent insertion is still an important treatment method.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843903

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical effects of transverse tibial bone transport, interventional therapy and conventional therapy on diabetic foot. Methods: We selected 45 diabetic foot patients admitted to the research center from June 2016 to October 2018. We adopted the random number method and divided them into the interventional treatment group, transverse tibial bone transport group and conventional treatment group, with 15 patients in each. Patients in each group received routine clinical treatment, interventional treatment or lateral tibial transposition. Doppler ultrasound was used to measure and monitor the blood flow velocity of dorsal artery before and after treatment. Each group was recorded for the highest systolic blood pressure of the malleolus artery and the highest systolic blood pressure of the brachial artery to measure the malleolus brachial index (ABI), the skin temperature and pain VAS scores of the affected limbs and feet before and after surgery. The healing of ulcerated foot surface was observed before and after operation to evaluate the clinical therapeutic effects of these methods. Results: All the 45 patients were followed up for an average of 6.7 months (4-10 months). Compared with those in conventional treatment group, the postoperative ABI and the blood flow velocity of the dorsal artery in interventional treatment group and transverse tibial bone transport group were significantly better(P0.05). Conclusion: Compared with conventional basic treatment, transverse tibial bone transport and interventional treatment can significantly improve the blood flow parameters of diabetic foot patients, relieve the pain of the patients and promote the healing of ulcer surface. Transverse tibial bone transport is more effective, and its postoperative skin temperature and postoperative brachial-ankle index are better than those of interventional treatment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862016

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of DSA-guided transnasal ileus tube implantation for treatment of refractory adhesive ileus. Methods Totally 50 patients with refractory adhesive ileus were treated with transnasal ileus tube implantation under the guidance of DSA. The time of intubation, time of relieving abdominal pain and distention, the flow of negative pressure, the time of anal exhaust and defecation were counted. The length of tube entry was counted on the 3rd and 6th day after operation, and the position of tube head was observed with abdominal X-ray films. Results All 50 patients were successfully catheterized in one time, the average catheterization time was (22.57±6.93)min.The patients were well tolerated, no gastrointestinal bleeding nor perforation occurred. Forty-five patients (45/50, 90%) were relieved of abdominal pain and distention, and the average time was (9.64±8.33)h. The negative pressure drainage volume was (1 500±450)ml on the first day, (750±120)ml on the second day and (257±112)ml on the third day. On the third day after operation, the average length of the tube was (195.97±14.63)cm, and abdominal X-ray films showed that the head of the tube located in the distal jejunum (Group 3). On the sixth day after operation, the average length of the tube was (240.55±17.65)cm, and the head of the tube located in the distal ileum. The average time of anal exhaust was (2.80±1.01)d, and of defecation was (3.52±1.26)d. Conclusion: DSA-guided transnasal ileus tube implantation is effective for treatment of refractory adhesive ileus, which can significantly relieve clinical symptoms and restore the physiological function of intestinal tract.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861999

ABSTRACT

Since December, 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread rapidly from Wuhan, Hubei Province. In order to reduce and prevent cross-over infection during interventional diagnosis and treatment of tumor patients, the Interventional Oncology Branch of China Anti-Cancer Association organized experts to compile this corresponding expert consensus, focused on the key points for COVID-19 prevention, including management of outpatient, inpatient and interventional operating room during the epidemic period of COVID-19.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861982

ABSTRACT

Acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (ANVUGIB) is one of the most common medical emergencies that associated with high mortality rate. Surgical operation is usually required in patients when conservative and endoscopic therapy fail to control bleeding. With the advances in catheter-based techniques and newer embolic agents, transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) is gradually applied in treatment of ANVUGIB and has got similar effect to surgical operation in control of bleeding and fewer associated complications. The advances of TAE in treatment of ANVUGIB were reviewed in this article.

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