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1.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 38-50, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362691

ABSTRACT

Las urgencias oncológicas son complicaciones comunes de la evolución natural del tumor o de su manejo. Algunas pueden presentarse de manera sutil y ser pasadas por alto, lo que aumenta la morbimortalidad. El objetivo de esta revisión narrativa es recopilar información actualizada de las principales complicaciones oncológicas, para ello se realizó una revisión de artículos originales, revisiones sistemáticas y narrativas en bases de datos como Scopus, SciELO, PubMed, ScienceDirect y en el buscador Google Scholar. Se seleccionaron 63 referencias que mostraran información relevante acerca de las urgencias oncológicas planteadas para el desarrollo del artículo. En la revisión se discute que las complicaciones pueden clasificarse de acuerdo con su origen en infecciosas (neutropenia febril), metabólicas (síndrome de lisis tumoral e hipercalcemia maligna) y obstructivas (síndrome de vena cava superior, obstrucción intestinal, compresión medular y taponamiento cardiaco). El diagnóstico requiere un alto índice de sospecha, el médico debe tener la capacidad resolutiva y el conocimiento necesarios para el manejo y hacer uso racional de los recursos diagnósticos. Es necesario adoptar medidas terapéuticas que impacten positivamente en el pronóstico y que reduzcan la morbimortalidad.


Oncological emergencies are common complications resulting from the natural evolution of the tumor or its management; however, some of them may be subtle or even overlooked, which contributes to greater morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to gather updated information on the main oncological complications. A narrative literatura review was performed by searching for original articles, systematic reviews and narratives, in databases such as Scopus, SciELO, PubMed, ScienceDirect and in the Google Scholar search engine. 63 references were selected that addressed relevant information about the oncological emergencies raised for the development of the article. According to their origin, complications can be classified into infectious (febrile neutropenia), metabolic (tumor lysis syndrome and malignant hypercalcemia) and obstructive (superior vena cava syndrome, intestinal obstruction, spinal cord compression and cardiac tamponade). Facing these complications requires a high level of suspicion; the physician must be able to resolve each complication and have the necessary knowledge to approach each case, with a rational use of diagnostic resources. It is also necessary to adopt therapeutic measures that positively impact patients. patient prognosis, decreasing morbidity and death.


As urgências oncológicas são complicações comuns da evolução natural do tumor ou do seu manejo. Algumas podem apresentar-se de maneira sutil e ser passadaspor encima, o que aumenta a morbimortalidade. O objetivo desta revisão narrativa é recopilar informação atualizada das principais complicações oncológicas, para isso se realizou uma revisão de artigos originais, revisões sistemáticas e narrativas em bases de dados como Scopus, SciELO, PubMed, ScienceDirect e no buscador Google Scholar. Se selecionaram 63 referências que mostraram informação relevante sobre às urgências oncológicas apresentadas para o desenvolvimento do artigo. Na revisão se discuteque as complicações podem classificar-se de acordo com a sua origem em infecciosas (neutropenia febril), metabólicas (síndrome de lise tumoral e hipercalcemia maligna) e obstrutivas (síndrome de veia cava superior, obstrução intestinal, compressão medular e entupimento cardíaco). O diagnóstico requere um alto índice de suspeita, o médico deve ter a capacidade resolutiva e o conhecimento necessário para o manejo e fazer uso racional dos recursos diagnósticos. É necessário adotar medidas terapêuticas que impactem positivamente no prognóstico e que reduzam a morbimortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms , Spinal Cord Compression , Superior Vena Cava Syndrome , Cardiac Tamponade , Tumor Lysis Syndrome , Emergencies , Febrile Neutropenia , Hypercalcemia
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 67-72, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360704

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the ability of the biomarkers to predict the surgery treatment and mortality in patients above 18 years of age who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of bowel obstruction from the emergency department. METHODS: This is a 2-year retrospective study. The patients' demographic data, laboratory parameters on admission to emergency department, treatment modalities, and the length of hospital stay were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups: conservative and surgical treatment. Statistical analysis was performed to investigate the value of biomarkers in predicting mortality and the need for surgery. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 22. RESULTS: A total of 179 patients were included in this study. Of these, 105 (58.7%) patients were treated conservative and 74 (41.3%) were treated operatively. The elevated procalcitonin (PCT) level, C-reactive protein, blood urea nitrogen-to-albumin ratio, and lactate-to-albumin ratio were significantly correlated with surgical treatment, length of hospital stay, and mortality. procalcitonin threshold value of 0.13 ng/mL was able to predict the need for surgical treatment, with a sensitivity of 79% and a specificity of 70.3%. Procalcitonin threshold value of 0.65 ng/mL was able to predict the mortality rate of the patients, with a sensitivity of 92.9% and a specificity of 78.1%. CONCLUSIONS: Biomarkers, especially procalcitonin, may be useful in bowel obstruction treatment management and may predict mortality.

4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 83-89, 20211217. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355312

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las adherencias postoperatorias son la causa más frecuente de obstrucción de intestino delgado. La clínica sugiere el diagnóstico, pero de manera poco precisa la causa y el sitio de la obstrucción. La tomografía computarizada contrastada es el estudio óptimo y permite identificar de manera oportuna a los pacientes que requieren intervención quirúrgica. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la correlación entre la clínica y el sitio de obstrucción detectado en la tomografía computarizada contrastada de abdomen, en pacientes con sospecha diagnóstica de obstrucción de intestino delgado por adherencias. Métodos. Estudio prospectivo, transversal y analítico de pacientes con sospecha clínica de obstrucción de intestino delgado por adherencias y antecedentes quirúrgicos y su correlación con el sitio de obstrucción detectado en la tomografía computarizada de abdomen contrastada, de pacientes atendidos entre marzo de 2016 y febrero de 2019 en un hospital de segundo nivel. Resultados. Se incluyeron 41 pacientes, la media de edad fue de 59 años y el género masculino el más comprometido (68,3 %, n=28); la ausencia de evacuaciones estuvo presente en 97,5 % (p=0,026). La tomografía computarizada contrastada mostró el sitio de obstrucción en 73 % de los pacientes y la localización de la obstrucción más prevalente fue en íleon distal (31,7 %, n=13). Se asoció a leucocitosis (p=0,041) y a dolor más intenso (p=0,049), sin presentar irritación peritoneal. Conclusión. La obstrucción localizada en el íleon distal se caracterizó por presentar más dolor y mayor recuento leucocitario, sin correlación como factor de riesgo para requerir tratamiento quirúrgico.


Introduction. Postoperative adhesions are the most common cause of small bowel obstruction. The clinical presentation suggests the diagnosis, but imprecisely the cause and the site of the obstruction. Contrast computed tomography is the optimal study and allows the timely identification of patients requiring surgical intervention. The objective of this study was to analyze the correlation between the symptoms and the obstruction site detected in the abdominal contrasted computed tomography in patients with suspected diagnosis of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions. Methods. Prospective, cross-sectional and analytical study of patients with clinical suspicion of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions and surgical history, and its correlation with the obstruction site detected in the abdominal contrasted computed tomography, during March 2016 to February 2019 in a secondary level hospital. Results. Forty-one patients were included, the mean age was 59 years and the male gender was the most frequent (68.3%, n=28); the absence of evacuations was present in 97.5% (p=0.026). Contrast computed tomography showed the obstruction site in 73% of the patients. The most prevalent location of the obstruction was in the distal ileum (31.7%, n=13). It was associated with leukocytosis (p=0.041) and more intense pain (p=0.049), without presenting peritoneal irritation. Conclusion. The obstruction located in the distal ileum was characterized by more pain and a higher white blood cell count, without correlation as a risk factor for requiring surgical treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , Tissue Adhesions , Diagnosis , Intestine, Small
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 142-145, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357601

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El divertículo duodenal intraluminal, también conocido como windsock diverticulum, es una causa rara de dolor abdominal intermitente y plenitud postpandrial, que puede complicarse con obstrucción, sangrado, pancreatitis o colangitis. Suele cursar de forma asintomática y ante la aparición de síntomas el tratamiento de elección es quirúrgico. Caso clínico. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 24 años, sin antecedentes de interés, que es estudiada por dolor abdominal y plenitud postpandrial, que resulta finalmente en una obstrucción intestinal alta. Tras estudio exhaustivo y necesidad de una cirugía previa, es diagnosticada de un divertículo duodenal intraluminal. Conclusión. La paciente se trató mediante cirugía con resolución exitosa del cuadro de obstrucción intestinal.


Introduction: Intraluminal duodenal diverticulum, also known as a windsock diverticulum, is a rare cause of intermittent abdominal pain and postprandial fullness, which can be complicated by obstruction, bleeding, pancreatitis, or cholangitis. It is usually asymptomatic and when symptoms appear, the treatment of choice is surgical. Clinical case: We present the case of a 24-year-old woman with no relevant history who is studied for abdominal pain and postprandial fullness, presented with an upper intestinal obstruction. After an exhaustive study and the need for a previous surgery, she was diagnosed with an intraluminal duodenal diverticulum.Conclusion: The patient was treated by surgery with successful resolution of the intestinal obstruction


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Duodenal Diseases , Diverticulum , Duodenal Obstruction , Duodenum , Intestinal Obstruction
6.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 25(3): 529-541, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340201

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El síndrome de Wilkie representa una rara causa de obstrucción intestinal por compresión externa de la tercera porción duodenal por la arteria mesentérica superior. Se presenta una mujer de 68 años que fue a consulta por presentar vómitos biliosos frecuentes, con distensión abdominal, y marcada pérdida de peso. Mediante estudios radiográficos baritados con control fluoroscópico y tomografía axial computarizada con contraste vía oral y endovenosa, se evidenció compresión duodenal extrínseca en la tercera porción; se diagnosticó un síndrome de Wilkie y se instauró un tratamiento conservador, el cual cursó favorablemente. El síndrome de Wilkie, a pesar de su baja incidencia, debe considerarse como diagnóstico diferencial en cuadros de obstrucción intestinal alta.


ABSTRACT Wilkie syndrome represents a rare cause of intestinal obstruction due to external compression of the third duodenal portion by the superior mesenteric artery. We present a 68-year-old woman who came to the consultation for frequent bilious vomiting, abdominal distension and marked weight loss. Extrinsic duodenal compression was evidenced in its third portion by means of barium radiographic studies with fluoroscopic control and computerized axial tomography with oral and intravenous contrast; Wilkie syndrome was diagnosed and conservative treatment was instituted, which progressed favorably. Wilkie syndrome, despite its low incidence, should be considered as a differential diagnosis in cases of upper intestinal obstruction.


Subject(s)
Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Intestinal Obstruction
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 523-527, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341167

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vascular compression of the third part of the duodenum by the superior mesenteric artery results in an unusual occlusion of the duodenal transit known as superior mesenteric artery syndrome. This syndrome can occur after surgeries to correct spinal deformities in a rate ranging from 0.5% to 4.7%. It results from a positional alteration of the artery emergency point due to a change in trunk length after surgery. It is associated with risk factors such as low body mass index and weight loss. Patients usually present with intestinal occlusion, abdominal pain, nausea, bilious vomiting, and early satiety. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome must be recognized early to institute an adequate treatment, which can be clinical (with gastric tube for decompression and nutritional support) or require a surgical procedure. Secondary complications related to superior mesenteric artery syndrome include delayed surgical and nutritional recovery, healing problems, and prolonged hospitalization. The present study aims to report a case of superior mesenteric artery syndrome in a patient with neuromuscular scoliosis secondary to a transverse myelitis who underwent surgical treatment for spinal deformity correction.


Resumo A compressão vascular da terceira parte do duodeno pela artéria mesentérica superior resulta no desenvolvimento de uma condição incomum de oclusão do trânsito duodenal conhecida como síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior. Este fenômeno pode acontecer após cirurgias de correção de deformidades da coluna, e sua taxa de ocorrência é de 0,5 a 4,7% dos casos. Isso ocorre em virtude da alteração do posicionamento do ponto de emergência da artéria, decorrente da mudança do comprimento do tronco após a cirurgia, e está associado a fatores de risco, como baixo índice de massa corpórea e perda ponderal. Os pacientes costumam se apresentar com um quadro de oclusão intestinal, com dor abdominal, náusea, vômito bilioso e saciedade precoce. O reconhecimento desta condição é importante para instituir o tratamento adequado, que varia do tratamento clínico, com sondagem e descompressão gástrica associados a suporte nutricional; à necessidade de abordagem cirúrgica. Complicações secundárias relacionadas à síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior incluem: recuperação cirúrgica e nutricional retardadas, problemas com a cicatrização e hospitalização prolongada. O objetivo do presente estudo é relatar um caso de síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior, ocorrido em um paciente com escoliose neuromuscular secundária a sequela de mielite transversa, submetido ao tratamento cirúrgico da deformidade da coluna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome/complications , Intestinal Obstruction
8.
An. Fac. Med. (Perú) ; 82(3): 225-228, jul.-set. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355610

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El vólvulo de ciego involucra al colon derecho proximal, el ciego y el íleon terminal. Se necesitan dos requisitos, una fijación incompleta del ciego y la limitación del movimiento intestinal en un punto fijo que sirve como apoyo y eje para la rotación. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 52 años que presentó una obstrucción intestinal aguda. Se hizo el diagnóstico preoperatorio con una tomografía y se realizó una colectomía derecha asistida por laparoscopía con anastomosis primaria. En estos pacientes se recomienda la colectomía derecha no oncológica ya que elimina por completo la posibilidad de recurrencia. No se recomienda la colonoscopía, la cecopexia, ni la cecostomía por su alto riesgo de recurrencia y morbimortalidad asociadas.


ABSTRACT Cecal volvulus involves the proximal right colon, the cecum and the terminal ileum. Two requirements are needed, an incomplete fixation of the cecum and the restriction of the bowel movement at a fixed point which serves as a fulcrum for rotation. We present a case of a 52-year-old woman who was admitted with the diagnosis of an acute intestinal obstruction. The preoperative diagnosis was made with a tomography and she underwent a laparoscopic assisted right colectomy with primary anastomosis. In these patients, the right colon nononcologic surgical resection is recommended because eliminates the possibility of volvulus recurrence. Colonoscopy, cecopexy, or cecostomy should be avoided because its associated significant recurrence, morbidity and mortality.

9.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(2): 201-207, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339258

ABSTRACT

Resumen. La atresia pilórica es una malformación digestiva poco frecuente y representa alrededor del 1% de las atresias intestinales. En el 55% de los casos, se asocia con alguna otra alteración genética o anatómica, especialmente la epidermólisis ampollosa, que se presenta en el 20% de ellos, en una asociación que se describe como un síndrome de mal pronóstico. Se presentan dos casos de hermanos consecutivos con esta condición, ambos con un desenlace fatal. Se hizo, además, una revisión de la literatura y se expusieron los puntos más importantes.


Abstract. Pyloric atresia is a rare digestive malformation. It represents about 1% of intestinal atresias and is associated with some other genetic or anatomical alteration in 55% of the cases. In 20% of them, it is associated with epidermolysis bullosa, which is described as an established syndrome with a bad prognosis. We present two cases of consecutive siblings with this condition and fatal outcomes in both of them. We made a review of the literature and discussed the main topics.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Epidermolysis Bullosa , Intestinal Obstruction
10.
Arch. méd. Camaguey ; 25(3): e8320, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285176

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: se ha propuesto que la localización de la invaginación intestinal en niños está en relación directa con el tiempo de evolución y que mientras más distal se encuentre la invaginación, menor sería el índice de reducción. Objetivo : determinar la relación de la localización de la invaginación con el tiempo de evolución y la reductibilidad. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal de los pacientes entre tres meses y dos años de edad con invaginación intestinal en el Hospital Pediátrico Universitario Eduardo Agramonte Piña de la provincia Camagüey, desde enero de 2001 hasta diciembre de 2019. El universo de pacientes estuvo constituido por 257 niños con invaginaciones tratadas mediante este método, donde incluyó episodios iniciales y recurrencias. El diagnóstico fue confirmado mediante ecografía. Se intentó la reducción hidrostática con enemas de solución salina y guía ecográfica en todos los casos con criterios de inclusión. Las variables estudiadas fueron: localización de la invaginación, tiempo de evolución de los síntomas y reductibilidad. Para la validación de los resultados se utilizaron métodos estadísticos de decisión en la modelación del fenómeno en estudio que permitieran determinar la dependencia/independencia estadística de las variables. Resultados : la localización más frecuente de la invaginación fue el colon derecho. La invaginación en los segmentos más distales: colon izquierdo/sigmoides, recto y prolapso, aunque menos frecuente, tuvo un alto por ciento de reductibilidad. En estas localizaciones, la reductibilidad fue elevada tanto en los pacientes en las primeras 24 horas de evolución como en aquellos con 25 a 36 horas de inicio de los síntomas. Conclusiones: no se encontró relación directa de la localización de la invaginación con el tiempo de evolución ni con la reductibilidad.


ABSTRACT Background : it has been proposed that the location of intussusception in children is directly related to the length of symptoms, and that the more distal the intussusception is, the lower the rate of reduction. Objective : to determine the relationship of the location of the intussusception with the length of symptoms and the reducibility. Methods : a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in patients between three months and two years of age with intussusception at the Eduardo Agramonte Piña Provincial Pediatric Hospital in Camagüey, from January 2001 to December 2019. The universe of patients consisted of 257 children with intussusception treated by this method, including initial episodes and recurrences.The diagnosis was confirmed by ultrasound. Hydrostatic reduction with saline enemas and ultrasound guidance was attempted in all cases that met the inclusion criteria. The studied variables were: location of intussusception, length of symptoms and reducibility. Statistical decision methods were used in the modeling of the phenomenon under study to determine the statistical dependence / independence of the variables. Results: the right colon was the most frequent location of the apex of intussusception. The most distal locations (left colon/sigmoid, rectum and prolapsed), although less frequent, it had a high percentage of reducibility. In these locations, reducibility was high both in patients in the first 24 hours of evolution and in those with 25 to 36 hours of onset of symptoms. Conclusions : direct relationship between location of intussusception and length of symptoms and between location and reducibility was not found.

11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e158-e162, abril 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152049

ABSTRACT

La dilatación segmentaria intestinal es una entidad congénita extremadamente rara, caracterizada por la dilatación local del intestino que no se debe a la obstrucción distal ni a la ausencia de células ganglionares. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente en el período neonatal con la presentación típicamente descrita en esta enfermedad en ausencia de comorbilidades, forma clínica poco descrita en la bibliografía. Se desarrolla también la resolución quirúrgica con resección segmentaria y los hallazgos anatomopatológicos.


Segmental dilatation of the intestine is an extremely rare congenital entity characterized by a local dilation of the intestine without distal obstruction or the absence of ganglion cells. We present the case of a patient in the neonatal period with typical clinical features in absence of other comorbidities, shortly published in the bibliography. We also describe the surgical resolution and the pathological results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Colectomy , Dilatation
12.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 23(1): 75-87, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250008

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: El cáncer colorrectal y anal es una enfermedad de alta incidencia, y la oclusión intestinal su complicación más frecuente. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes operados de oclusión intestinal mecánica por cáncer colorrectal y anal. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo que incluyó todos los pacientes con oclusión intestinal mecánica por cáncer colorrectal y anal operados en el Hospital General Provincial Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus, en el período del 1.ro de enero de 2016 al 31 de diciembre de 2018. Se registraron 126 pacientes con este diagnóstico. Se incluyeron las variables demográficas, el estado físico, se determinaron el hematocrito, la glucemia, la creatinina, la gasometría arterial, los hallazgos imagenológicos y la estadía hospitalaria. Se evaluaron además la localización del tumor causante de la oclusión, las técnicas quirúrgicas, las complicaciones, las reintervenciones y sus causas. Para el análisis de los resultados se utilizó la estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: La media de la edad fue de 71 años, predominaron los pacientes del sexo femenino (51.6 %) y con tumores de colon izquierdo 62 pacientes. Se complicó el 45.2 % de la serie, se reintervino el 19 % y la causa de mayor incidencia fue la peritonitis. Falleció el 27 % de los enfermos. Conclusiones: Las características de la población no difieren de los resultados expuestos por otros autores. La mortalidad, en correspondencia con las complicaciones presentadas, se observó por encima de lo reportado en investigaciones internacionales.


ABSTRACT Background: Colorectal and anal cancer is a high incidence disease, and bowel occlusion its most frequent complication. Objective: To describe the patients operated on mechanical bowel occlusion due to colorectal and anal cancer. Methodology: A descriptive observational study was conducted in all patients with mechanical bowel occlusion due to colorectal and anal cancer operated at the Sancti Spíritus General Provincial Hospital Camilo Cienfuegos from January 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2018. 126 patients were registered with this diagnosis. Demographic variables, like physical state, hematocrit, glycemia, creatinine, arterial blood gas, imaging findings, and hospital stay were included. The tumor location as causing of the occlusion, surgical techniques, complications, reoperations and their causes were also evaluated. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for the analysis of the results. Results: The mean age was 71 years, female sex predominated (51.6 %) and 62 patients with left colon tumors. 45.2 % of the series was complicated, 19 % had to be re-operated and the cause of the highest incidence was peritonitis. 27 % of the patients died. Conclusions: The population characteristics do not differ from the results reported by some other authors. According to the complications showed, mortality was over that reported in international investigations.

13.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 514-519, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254383

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El linfoma puede afectar el tracto gastrointestinal de manera primaria o secundaria, y representa hasta el 2 % de todas las neoplasias malignas del intestino delgado y colon. El tracto gastrointestinal es la ubicación extraganglionar primaria más común en el linfoma no Hodgkin. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las principales bases de datos académicas, con revisión de textos publicados sobre el tema en los últimos 5 años. Discusión. La presentación clínica del linfoma con compromiso gastrointestinal es inespecífica y, hasta en la mitad de los pacientes, se puede presentar de manera inicial con complicaciones que requieran manejo quirúrgico. Entre las principales se encuentran la perforación intestinal, el sangrado digestivo y la obstrucción intestinal


Introduction. Lymphoma can affect the gastrointestinal tract, primarily or secondarily, and accounts for up to 2% of all malignant neoplasms of the small intestine and colon. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common primary extranodal location in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods. A literature search performed in the main academic databases, with a review of texts published on the subject in the last 5 years.Discussion. The clinical presentation of lymphoma with gastrointestinal involvement is nonspecific and, in up to half of the patients, it can present initially with complications that require surgical management. Among the main ones are intestinal perforation, digestive bleeding and intestinal obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Lymphoma , Gastrointestinal Tract , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestinal Perforation , Intussusception
14.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 67-71, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251550

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivos: Presentar el manejo laparoscópico en un caso de bezoar atípico y una revisión de la literatura. Materiales y métodos: Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 67 años con síndrome pilórico debido a una obstrucción intestinal por cuerpo extraño. Resultados: Se encuentra como hallazgo endoscópico un bezoar atípico (bezoar de dinero) impactado en la región prepilórica sin posibilidad de resolución por este medio, por lo cual se considera el manejo laparoscópico. Discusión: Los bezoares se definen como cualquier objeto el cual tuvo una ingesta voluntaria o involuntaria, que se aloja en alguna parte del tracto gastrointestinal superior, con mayor frecuencia a nivel gástrico, y no se puede digerir por los mecanismos fisiológicos del cuerpo; además, se clasifican según su composición. Conclusiones: En pacientes con obstrucción intestinal alta debido a cuerpos extraños en los cuales el manejo endoscópico falla, el manejo quirúrgico mínimamente invasivo con cirugía laparoscópica es viable y eficaz.


Abstract Objectives: To describe the laparoscopic management of an atypical bezoar case and present a literature review. Materials and methods: This is the case of a 67-year-old male patient with pyloric stenosis due to intestinal obstruction by a foreign body. Results: The endoscopic finding was an atypical bezoar (Money bezoar) in the prepyloric region with no possible resolution by this route, so laparoscopic treatment was considered. Discussion: Bezoars are defined as any object that was voluntarily or involuntarily swollen and is obstructing some part of the upper gastrointestinal tract, usually the stomach, and cannot be digested using the physiological mechanisms of the body. They are categorized based on their composition. Conclusions: When endoscopic treatment fails to relieve upper gastrointestinal tract obstruction caused by foreign bodies, minimally invasive surgical treatment with laparoscopic surgery is a viable and efficient option.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Bezoars , Laparoscopy , Foreign Bodies , Intestinal Obstruction , Literature
16.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 352-357, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247572

ABSTRACT

Las anomalías del uraco representan un bajo porcentaje de las patologías abdominales, no obstante, forman parte del diagnóstico diferencial del abdomen agudo por las complicaciones que puede tener. Aunque son de difícil diagnóstico debido a los síntomas inespecíficos, las imágenes diagnósticas son de gran utilidad para su identificación y caracterización. En pacientes con obesidad mórbida, la presentación del cuadro aumenta el riesgo de morbimortalidad. Por ende, en estos pacientes es necesario un control postoperatorio estricto para evaluar complicaciones secundarias a la resección del uraco. Dado los casos limitados en la literatura, se requieren estudios clínicos adicionales, para brindar un seguimiento adecuado, en aras de identificar complicaciones y el tratamiento precoz de estas


Urachal abnormalities represent a low percentage of abdominal pathologies; however, they are part of the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen due to the complications it may have. Although they are difficult to diagnose due to nonspecific symptoms, diagnostic images are especially useful for their identification and characterization. In patients with morbid obesity, the presentation of the picture increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, in these patients, strict postoperative control is necessary to evaluate complications secondary to urachal resection. Given the limited cases in the literature, additional clinical studies are required to provide adequate diagnosis and follow-up in order to identify complications and their early treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Obesity, Morbid , Intestinal Obstruction , Urachal Cyst , Urachus
17.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154855

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 37 años de edad, que acudió al Servicio de Emergencia del Hospital General Docente de Riobamba, en Ecuador, con manifestaciones clínicas e imagenológicas que permitieron diagnosticarle un abdomen agudo obstructivo por hernia diafragmática crónica postraumática, por lo que el tratamiento fue quirúrgico. Teniendo en cuenta la evolución satisfactoria del paciente se le dio el alta hospitalaria 10 días después de la operación. Se mantuvo con seguimiento durante 3 meses sin presentar complicaciones.


The case report of a 37 years patient that went to the Emergency Service of the Teaching General Hospital of Riobamba, in Ecuador, is described. He presented clinical and imaging signs that led to the diagnosis of an obstructive acute abdomen due to postraumatic chronic diaphragmatic hernia, reason why the treatment was surgical. Taking into account the patient's favorable clinical course he was discharged from the hospital 10 days after the surgery and received follow-up care during 3 months without presenting complications.


Subject(s)
Thoracotomy , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/diagnostic imaging , Abdomen, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
18.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020236, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153178

ABSTRACT

Bowel obstructions can have a variety of causes, including impacted feces, adhesions, volvulus, non-internal hernias, and in rare cases internal hernias. We report a 63-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and obstructive symptoms that had started 12 hours earlier. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed a right internal hernia with a cecal bascule traversing through the foramen of Winslow, concerning for a closed-loop obstruction. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy with cecal bascule reduction and cecopexy. Given the increased mortality risk if undiagnosed, it is important to remain aware of internal hernias. Patient outcomes are markedly improved with early diagnosis and surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hernia/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Cecal Diseases , Colorectal Surgery , Early Diagnosis , Laparotomy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and the risk factors of acute mechanical small bowel obstruction in adults.Methods:The clinical data of 487 adult patients with acute mechanical small bowel obstruction treated in Drum Tower Hospital Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University from June 2010 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 259 cases of strangulated obstruction (strangulation group) and 228 cases of non-strangulated obstruction (simple group). The cases in the strangulation group were confirmed by operation or pathology, the cases in the simple group were confirmed by non-operative therapy ( n=167) or operation ( n=61). The clinical data, including age, abdominal pain, vomiting, tenderness, rebound pain and muscle defense; the CT signs, including transitional zone, dilatation of intestinal loop, high density of intestinal wall; laboratory test results, including white blood cell count, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were analyzed in both groups. Univariate and multivariate regression were used to identify risk factors of strangulated small bowel obstruction. Results:There were significant significances in gender (male vs.female: χ2=4.35, OR=0.67), rebound pain (χ2=170.98, OR=45.12), muscle tension(χ2=113.79, OR=29.32), American Society of Anesthesiologists score (ASA score)≥3 (χ2=12.94, OR=51.58), white blood cell count ( t=6.19, OR=1.14), LDH ( t=2.37, OR=1.00), CRP ( t=2.23, OR=1.01), albumin ( t=2.04, OR=0.97), mesenteric fluid sign (χ2=49.44, OR=5.40), increased bowel wall density (χ2=222.78, OR=62.66), bowel wall thickening sign (χ2=43.81, OR=3.49), ascites (χ2=237.29, OR=43.01), beak sign (χ2=231.50, OR=56.62), mesenteric fat stranding (χ2=242.65, OR=34.90), and stranding sign(χ2=224.79, OR=53.48) between strangulation group and simple group ( P<0.01). The multivariate regression analysis showed that mesenteric fluid sign ( OR=12.94), muscle tension ( OR=7.28), ascites ( OR=6.42), increased bowel wall density ( OR=4.30), bowel wall thickening sign ( OR=1.85), white blood cell count ( OR=1.14) and gender (male vs. female: OR=0.50) were risk factors of strangulated small bowel obstruction. Conclusion:In acute mechanical small bowel obstruction,for female patients presenting mesenteric fluid sign, muscle tension, ascites, increased bowel wall density, bowel wall thickening sign and increased white blood cell count, the strangulated obstruction is likely to occur.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of children with medulloblastoma (MB) complicated with incomplete intestinal obstruction, and to explore the possible pathogenesis of intestinal obstruction in children with MB.Methods:A total of 409 children with MB admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2014 to January 2019 were recruited into this study, and the clinical data of children with incomplete intestinal obstruction were collected and analyzed retrospectively.A comparison was performed between these children and those without intestinal obstruction who were treated at the same time.The chi- squared test and Logistic regression analysis were adopted to explore the pathogenesis of intestinal obstruction.The overall survival (OS) rate was calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Results:There were 11 cases of 409 children with MB complicated with incomplete intestinal obstruction in total, with the morbidity of 2.7%, they were all over 3 years old, with the median age of 8.7 years, and a male-to-female ratio of 4.5∶1.The incomplete intestinal obstruction in all cases occurred during the first cycle of maintenance chemotherapy after radiotherapy.All these patients could be reco-vered after conservative treatment, and no incomplete intestinal obstruction occurred in the subsequent chemotherapy.The results of Logistic regression analysis showed that there was a correlation between age and the development of incomplete intestinal obstruction ( P<0.05). The 2-year OS rate of MB patients complicated with incomplete intestinal obstruction was (87.5±11.7)%, and that of patients without incomplete intestinal obstruction during the same period was (92.8±1.6)%, which showed that the difference between the two group was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Incomplete intestinal obstruction would occur in all MB patients within 2 months after radiotherapy, and children more than 3 years old are more prone to suffer from this disease.Therefore, it can be supposed that gastrointestinal mucosa was damaged under the double attack of radiotherapy and Vincristine, which slowed down the intestinal peristalsis, thus inducing intestinal obstruction.

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