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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 708-714, 20220906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396514

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La evisceración intestinal transvaginal es consecuencia, en la gran mayoría de casos, de dehiscencia del muñón vaginal posterior a histerectomía en pacientes postmenopáusicas. A través de la dehiscencia vaginal se produce la salida del contenido abdominopélvico, que puede presentarse como una evisceración simple, incarceración, obstrucción, estrangulamiento y perforación de un asa intestinal. Caso clínico. Mujer de 78 años, con antecedente inmediato de colpocleisis y colporrafia con malla de polipropileno por prolapso vaginal, que presentó dehiscencia del muñón vaginal debido a rechazo de la malla, que condicionó la solución de continuidad de la pared vaginal, con prolapso, incarceración, obstrucción y perforación de íleon. Con el diagnóstico de evisceración intestinal transvaginal incarcerada con perforación intestinal se llevó a tratamiento quirúrgico, con abordaje inicial por vía vaginal para liberar el asa intestinal, luego por laparotomía se realizó resección y anastomosis de íleon, sacrocolpopexia con malla y plastia de Douglas. Presentó buena evolución postoperatoria.Conclusión. La evisceración intestinal transvaginal con perforación intestinal es una entidad de muy rara presentación. El órgano más frecuentemente comprometido es el intestino delgado, especialmente el íleon. Puede complicarse con incarceración, obstrucción intestinal, isquemia y perforación. El manejo quirúrgico involucra resección intestinal, cuando hay signos de necrosis, con reparación y fijación del muñón vaginal.


Introduction. Transvaginal intestinal evisceration is a consequence, in the vast majority of cases, of dehiscence of the vaginal stump after hysterectomy in postmenopausal patients. Through vaginal dehiscence, the exit of the abdominopelvic content occurs, which can present as a simple evisceration, incarceration, obstruction, strangulation and perforation of an intestinal loop. Clinical case. A 78-year-old woman with an immediate history of colpocleisis and polypropylene mesh colporrhaphy due to vaginal prolapse, presents dehiscence of the vaginal stump caused by rejection of the mesh that conditioned the solution of continuity of the vaginal wall, prolapse, incarceration, obstruction and perforation of the ileum. Surgical treatment was performed with the diagnosis of incarcerated transvaginal intestinal evisceration with intestinal perforation. The initial approach was to free the intestinal loop vaginally, followed by laparotomy, ileal resection and anastomosis, mesh sacrocolpopexy, and Douglas plasty were performed. He presented good postoperative evolution.Conclussion. Transvaginal intestinal evisceration with intestinal perforation is a very rare entity. The most common organ involved is the small intestine, especially the ileum. It can be complicated by incarceration, intestinal obstruction, ischemia, and perforation. Surgical management involves intestinal resection, when there are signs of necrosis, with repair and fixation of the vaginal stump.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Vagina , Intestinal Perforation , Pelvic Exenteration , Pelvic Floor , Ileum
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(3): 448-451, ago. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394464

ABSTRACT

Abstract Small bowel injury in a sports setting is a rare occurrence with a paucity of reported cases. A 30-year old male patient consulted for generalized abdominal pain subsequent to secondary blunt abdominal trauma during kick-boxing practice. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a moderate amount of free fluid in both the parietocolic space and the rectovesical pouch, with perihepatic pneumoperitoneum. Emergency laparoscopy was indicated and a closure of small bowel defect was performed. Diagnosis of small bowel injuries is difficult, resulting in delayed treatment and increased mortality and morbidity.


Resumen La lesión intestinal en un entorno deportivo es infrecuente con pocos casos comunicados. Un varón de 30 años consultó por dolor abdominal generalizado posterior a un traumatismo abdominal cerrado secundario a la práctica de kick-boxing. Una tomografía computarizada de abdomen y pelvis reveló líquido libre tanto en el espacio parietocólico como en la bolsa rectovesical, con neumoperitoneo perihepático. Se indicó laparoscopia exploradora con cirugía de rafia intestinal. El diagnóstico de las lesiones del intestino delgado es difícil, lo que provoca un retraso en el tratamiento y un aumento de la mortalidad y la morbilidad.

3.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 39(3)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407789

ABSTRACT

Resumen La asociación entre algunas infecciones bacterianas y cáncer de colon está bien documentada. La más descrita es la infección por Streptococcus bovis. Otra bacteria relacionada a neoplasias intestinales es Clostridium septicum. Presentamos el caso clínico de un varón de 62 años que consultó por dolor abdominal, diarrea y fiebre. Se realizó una tomografía computada de abdomen y pelvis que evidenció un engrosamiento de las paredes del ciego con una aparente solución de continuidad en su borde libre. En una laparotomía exploradora se confirmó la presencia de peritonitis y perforación cecal, siendo sometido a una hemicolectomía derecha e ileostomía terminal. El estudio histopatológico reveló la presencia de un adenocarcinoma de tipo células en anillo de sello asociado a isquemia. Los hemocultivos fueron positivos a C. septicum. El paciente falleció por una sepsis fulminante.


Abstract The association between some bacterial infections and colon cancer is well documented. The most described is Streptococcus bovis infection. Another bacteria related to intestinal neoplasms is Clostridium septicum. We present the case of a 62-year-old man who consulted for abdominal pain associated with diarrhea and fever. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis was performed, which revealed thickening of the cecum walls with an apparent break in continuity at its free edge. An exploratory laparotomy was performed which confirmed the presence of peritonitis and cecal perforation. A right hemicolectomy and terminal ileostomy were performed. The histopathological study revealed the presence of signet ring cell type adenocarcinoma associated with ischemia. The blood cultures results demonstrated the presence of C. septicum. The patient died due to fulminant sepsis.

4.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 855-859, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385666

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Gran parte de los pacientes con cáncer de colon (CC), son diagnosticados y tratados de forma electiva. Sin embargo, aproximadamente un 20 % de ellos debutará como una emergencia (obstrucción o perforación). El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO) y supervivencia global (SVG) en pacientes resecados por CC perforado (CCP). Serie de casos retrospectiva de pacientes con CCP, sometidos a colectomía y linfadenectomía, de forma consecutiva, en Clínica RedSalud Mayor y Hospital de Temuco, Chile, entre 2010 y 2019. Las variables resultados fueron SVG y MPO. Otras variables de interés fueron: tiempo quirúrgico, resecabilidad, número de linfonodos resecados, estancia hospitalaria, mortalidad operatoria, recurrencia y supervivencia libre de enfermedad (SLE). Los pacientes fueron seguidos de forma clínica. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, con medidas de tendencia central y dispersión; y análisis de SV con curvas de Kaplan Meier. Se intervinieron 15 pacientes (60 % mujeres), con una mediana de edad de 62 años. La localización más frecuente fue sigmoides (6 casos; 40,0 %). La resecabilidad de la serie fue 100 %. La medianas del tiempo quirúrgico, número de linfonodos resecados y estancia hospitalaria; fueron 80 min, 20 y 5 días respectivamente. La MPO fue 26,7 % (4 casos). Con una mediana de seguimiento de 36 meses, se verificó una recurrencia de 40,0 %. Por otra parte, la SVG y SLE a 5 años fue 46,7 % y 33,3 % respectivamente. Los resultados obtenidos, en términos de MPO y SVG, fueron similares a series internacionales.


SUMMARY: Most patients with colon cancer (CC) are diagnosed and treated electively. However, a fifth of them will debut as an emergency (obstruction or perforation). The aim of this study was to determine postoperative morbidity (POM) and overall survival (OS) in patients resected by perforated CC (PCC). Retrospective case series of patients with PCC undergoing colectomy and lymphadenectomy, consecutively, at RedSalud Mayor Clinic and Temuco hospital, Chile, between 2010 and 2019. The outcome variable were POM and OS. Other variables of interest were surgical time, resectability, number of resected lymph nodes, hospital stay, mortality, recurrence, and disease-free survival (DFS). Patients were followed clinically. Descriptive statistics was used (measures of central tendency and dispersion), and OS analysis was applying Kaplan Meier curves.15 patients (60 % women) were intervened, with a median age of 62 years. The most frequent location was the sigmoid colon (6 cases, 40.0 %). Resectability of the series was 100 %. Median surgical time, number of lymph nodes resected, and hospital stay; they were 80 min, 20 and 5 days respectively. POM was 26.7 % (4 cases). With a median follow-up of 36 months, recurrence was 40.0 %. On the other hand, OS and DFS at 5 years were 46.7 % and 33.3 %, respectively. The observed results, in terms of POM and OS, were like international series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/complications , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Colon, Sigmoid , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Emergencies , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
5.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 90-94, Jan.-Mar. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376910

ABSTRACT

Abstract Balantidium coli is the largest protozoan and the only ciliated parasite that infects humans. It causes balantidiasis, a disease humans acquire by fecal-oral transmission from its usual host: the pig. We report the case of an immunocompetent schoolgirl who presented with peritonitis due to intestinal perforation, with perianal ulceration secondary to polyparasitism caused by Balantidium coli, Enterobius vermicularis, and Trichuris trichiura. It is a rare, potentially preventable complication with extremely high mortality rates. The patient required eight surgical interventions.


Resumen Balantidium coli es el protozoario más grande y el único parásito ciliado que infecta a los seres humanos. Es el causante de la balantidiasis, enfermedad adquirida por los humanos por transmisión fecal-oral desde su hospedero habitual: el cerdo. Reportamos el caso de una escolar inmunocompetente, que presentó peritonitis por perforación intestinal, con ulceración perianal secundaria a poliparasitismo por Balantidium coli, Enterobius vermicularis y Trichuris trichiura. Esta es una complicación poco frecuente, potencialmente prevenible y con tasas de mortalidad extremadamente altas. La paciente requirió 8 intervenciones quirúrgicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Parasites , Balantidium , Ulcer , Trichuris , Enterobius , Coliforms , Intestinal Perforation , Peritonitis , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Mortality , Research Report
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930809

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous intestinal perforation(SIP) is one of the causes of digestive tract perforation in premature infants and requires surgical intervention.Except for preterm delivery, the etiology and pathogenesis of SIP remain unclear.The studies have shown that it may be related to the application of magnesium sulfate, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormones, vasoactive drugs and low perfusion status, infection, congenital intestinal dysplasia, non-invasive respiratory support, delayed nutrition initiation and other factors.In the management of premature infants, it is particularly important to improve the understanding of SIP, early diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the strategy and feasibility of surgery for iatrogenic perforation of colorectum following colonoscopic examination or treatment.Methods:A retrospectively descriptive study was conducted. Twenty-one patients aged from 35 to 84 years old from the Department of General Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between Jan. 2015 and Dec. 2020 were enrolled in this study. There were 15 male and 6 female patients with a median age of 64 years.Observation indicators included patient demographics, including sex, age, comorbidity, abdominal surgical history; findings and outcomes of colonoscopy, including purpose of colonoscopy, time to the diagnosis of perforation; findings and outcomes of surgical treatment, including perforation site, perforation size, surgical methods, postoperative complications.Results:Eight patients were found with diagnostic colonoscopic perforation, 13 patients with therapeutic perforation (2 patients with endoscopic mucosal resection, 7 patients with endoscopic submucosal dissection and 4 patients with stent placement). Thirteen perforation occurred during the procedure of colonoscopy. Eleven patients with perforation occurred in the sigmoid colon, 3 in the ascending colon, 3 in the rectum, 2 in the descending colon, 1 in the cecum and 1 in the hepatic flexure. The perforation size ranged from 0.3 cm to 10.0 cm with a high likelihood of a bigger perforation occurred in diagnostic colonoscopy than therapeutic colonoscopy. Seven patients received primary surgical repair with 3 patients receiving diversion. Four patients received direct colostomy in the perforation site. Six patients received segmental colectomy or radical resection with primary anastomosis, among them 2 patients received defunctioning ileostomy. Four patients received resection with the Hartmann procedure. Nine patients were performed with laparoscopic surgery with 3 patients converted to open surgery. Six patients developed postoperative complications, including 1 bowel leakage, 2 wound infection, 1 wound infection accompanied with abdominal infection, 1 kidney infection. One patient with hepatic flexure perforation after stent placement died from septic shock after the Hartmann procedure.Conclusion:With proper indication, the performance of optimal surgical treatment will save lives of patients with colonoscopic perforation.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 34-39,F3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristic, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment strategies of gastroinstinal injury caused by magnets ingestion in children.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 46 patients with gastrointestinal tract magnets ingestion in Anhui Provincial Children′s Hospital from October 2017 to September 2021 was performed. Patients were divided into different groups according to gastroinstinal perforation. Some basic information was collected, including gender, age, duration of swallow foreign bodies, quantity of foreign bodies, symptoms, white blood cell, neutrophil, C-reactive protein, therapeutic method, gastroinstinal injury and follow up. Logistic regression. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analysis the risk factors of gastroinstinal perforation. Continuous parametric data were summarized using median and interquartile range, differences were evaluated using Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test.Noncontinuous data were analyzed using chi-square test or corrected chi-square test.Results:Among the 46 patients, there were 33 males and 13 females. The median age was 3 years, with a range of 8 months to 11years. 34 cases had a history of ingesting magnets. The common number of ingested magnets was 2-10 (25 cases). Vomiting (18 cases) and abdominal pain (13 cases)were the commonest complaint. 6 cases tend to pass through the gastrointestinal tract uneventfully, and the remaining cases were successfully extracted by endoscopy (5 cases) and surgery(35 cases). Gastroinstinal perforation was found in 28 cases, and the majority of perforation was located in the ileum (18 cases). Univariate analysis showed that symptom, white blood cell, neutrophil, and CRP were associated with gastroinstinal perforation ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that symptom( OR=4.715, 95% CI: 1.074-20.696, P=0.040) and CRP( OR=11.605, 95% CI: 1.132-118.981, P=0.039) were independent factors for gastroinstinal perforation. There was no significant correlation between the number of magnets and gastroinstinal perforation ( r=0.276, P>0.05). Conclusions:The ingestion of magnetic foreign bodies in children often requires urgent management.When magnets are located within the prepyloric part of the GI tract, retrieval by endoscopy is recommended.The surgical intervention is required as soon as possible due to the failure of endoscopic treatment.

9.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 579-584, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357673

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el sarcoma fibromixoide de bajo grado (LGFMS) se considera un tumor de tejidos blandos raro, que tiene tendencia a surgir del tronco y de las extremidades inferiores, su localización en el área intraabdominal se considera poco común. Objetivo: describir un caso de LGFMS primario de colon transverso perforado con metástasis hepática. Caso clínico: describimos el caso de un paciente masculino de 57 años con dolor abdominal de inicio súbito; en la cirugía se encontró un tumor con absceso y perforación en el colon transverso que infiltraba hasta la raíz del mesenterio. Se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda extendida con colostomía de colon ascendente. Más tarde, en una exploración posoperatoria, se encontró que tenía enfermedad hepática metastásica. Conclusiones: este caso es único en términos de ubicación y presentación. Es un recordatorio del diagnóstico diferencial del dolor abdominal agudo. Hasta donde sabemos, es el primer caso de LGFMS del colon con metástasis hepática sincrónica.


Background: Low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is considered a rare soft tissue tumor and has a tendency to arise from deep soft tissue of the trunk and lower extremities, the intraabdominal area is considered a rare location. Objective: To describe the first case of a LGFMS arising from the transverse colon with liver metastasis Clinical case: We describe a 57-years-old male patient with abdominal pain of sudden onset; at surgery he was found to have an abscessed tumor in the transverse colon that infiltrated to mesentery root. An extended left hemicolectomy was performed with ascending colon colostomy. Later on, a postoperative scan he was found to have metastatic liver disease Conclusions: This case is unique in terms of the location and presentation. It's a reminder of differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. To our knowledge is the first case of a LGFMS of the colon with synchronous liver metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colonic Neoplasms , Intestinal Perforation , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sarcoma , Tertiary Healthcare , Colostomy , Abdominal Pain , Colectomy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Liver Diseases
10.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 25(3): 513-521, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340199

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La ingestión de cuerpos extraños (en su mayoría espinas de pescado y huesos de pollo) durante la alimentación es frecuente. En gran parte de los casos ocurre accidentalmente, de manera inadvertida, habitualmente silente, en personas alcohólicas, con enfermedad mental o que usan prótesis dental. Generalmente pasan a través del tubo digestivo sin causar daño, y son expulsadas cerca de los siete días después de la ingestión. En cambio, en algunos pacientes puede ocasionar oclusión o perforación del tubo digestivo. Entre las zonas más afectadas están: la región ileocecal y la rectosigmoidea, por su angulación. Se presenta un paciente de 54 años de edad, bebedor habitual y fumador, con perforación del recto por espina de pescado, la cual fue ingerida de forma inadvertida días anteriores. Se le realizó una transversostomía para descompresión; posteriormente desarrolló una gangrena de Fornier en la región genital, y se le realizó una necrectomía y orquiectomía derecha.


ABSTRACT Foreign body ingestion (mostly fish bones and chicken bones) during feeding is common. In most cases, it occurs accidentally, inadvertently, usually silently, in people who are alcoholics, mentally ill, or who wear dental prostheses. They generally pass through the digestive tract without causing damage, and are expelled about seven days after ingestion. On the other hand, in some patients it can cause occlusion or perforation of the digestive tract. The ileocecal and rectosigmoid regions are the most affected areas, due to their angulation. We present a 54-year-old male patient, a habitual drinker and smoker, with a rectal perforation caused by a fish bone, which was inadvertently ingested days before. A decompressing transversostomy was performed; later he developed Fornier's gangrene in the genital region, and a necrosectomy and right orchiectomy were performed.


Subject(s)
Fournier Gangrene , Foreign Bodies , Intestinal Perforation
11.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1160, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347543

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ascariasis es una enteroparasitosis con alta prevalencia en la población pediátrica tercermundista, la cual puede asociarse a otras enfermedades intestinales y tener graves complicaciones que requieren tratamiento quirúrgico. Objetivo: Informar el caso de un infante operado por coinfección de ascariasis intestinal y fiebre tifoidea complicadas. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 9 años de edad asistido y operado en el hospital provincial N´gola Kimbanda de la provincia Namibe, Angola, por presentar evidencia clínica de peritonitis aguda generalizada por perforación intestinal de causa tifoidea y por cuyo orificio salían además áscaris lumbricoides vivos. Su evolución no fue satisfactoria y falleció 24 horas después de la operación. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico y tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno de la coinfección letal de ascariasis y fiebre tifoidea complicadas permitirá disminuir la morbilidad y mortalidad por esta prevalente asociación(AU)


Introduction: Ascariasis is an enteroparasitosis with high prevalence in the third-world pediatric population, which can be associated with other bowel diseases and have serious complications that require surgical treatment. Objective: Report the case of an infant operated by the co-infection of complicated intestinal ascariasis and typhoid fever. Case presentation: 9-year-old male patient attended and operated at N'gola Kimbanda Provincial Hospital in Namibe Province, Angola, after presenting clinical evidence of generalized acute peritonitis due to intestinal perforation of typhoid-causing and through which live ascaris lumbricoide also came out. His evolution was unsatisfactory and he died 24 hours after the operation. Conclusions: The timely diagnosis and surgical treatment of lethal co-infection of complicated ascariasis and typhoid fever will reduce morbidity and mortality from this prevalent association(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Peritonitis/etiology , Ascariasis/epidemiology , Ascaris lumbricoides/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Research Report , Coinfection/mortality
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 210-214, June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286996

ABSTRACT

Abstract Jejunal adenocarcinoma is a rare type of primary small bowelmalignancy. It is generally diagnosed at late stages and as a surgical finding, with abdominal pain or discomfort being the main associated symptom. Cases presenting with perforation are even rarer, especially without disseminated disease. The relationship between cancer and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is still being studied, as well as the postsurgical evolution of COVID-19 patients and its possible causality of intestinal perforation. We present the case of a perforated jejunal adenocarcinoma in a COVID-19-positive patient, in whom the symptomatology secondary to the perforation led to an early diagnosis, treatment and adequate postsurgical evolution, despite the concomitant condition.


Resumo O adenocarcinoma jejunal é um tipo raro de malignidade primária do intestino delgado, o qual geralmente é diagnosticado em estágios tardios e como achado cirúrgico, sendo a dor ou o desconforto abdominal o principal sintoma associado. Casos que apresentam perfuração são ainda mais raros, principalmente sem doença disseminada. A relação entre câncer e a cornonavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) ainda está sendo estudada, assim como a evolução pós-cirúrgica de pacientes com covid-19 e sua possível causalidade de perfuração intestinal. Apresentamos o caso de um adenocarcinoma jejunal perfurado em um paciente positivo para covid-19, em que a sintomatologia secundária à perfuração levou a um diagnóstico precoce, tratamento e evolução pós-cirúrgica adequada, apesar da condição concomitante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , COVID-19 , Intestinal Perforation , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Intestinal Neoplasms
13.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1024, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280223

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El divertículo de Meckel es la anomalía congénita más frecuente del tracto gastrointestinal. Por lo general, cursa asintomático, y su diagnóstico es transoperatorio. Cuando presenta síntomas se deben a sus complicaciones, de las cuales la perforación constituye solo el 0,5 por ciento. Objetivo: Describir las características clínico-quirúrgicas de la presentación de un paciente con divertículo de Meckel perforado por cuerpo extraño. Caso clínico: Paciente adulto de 46 años de sexo masculino, piel blanca, que acude con dolor generalizado en el abdomen que se trasladó a Fosa Ilíaca Derecha, con febrícula. Se interviene quirúrgicamente y se halla divertículo de Meckel perforado por cuerpo extraño. Conclusiones: El pronóstico de esta enfermedad depende de la evolución, diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento aplicado en las distintas complicaciones, así como de la decisión de realizar tratamiento quirúrgico en los hallazgos casuales(AU)


Introduction: Meckel's diverticulum is the most frequent congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. It is generally asymptomatic, with an intraoperative diagnosis. When it presents symptoms, they are due to its complications, of which perforation accounts for only 0.5 percent. Objective: To describe the clinical-surgical characteristics of a patient who presented with a Meckel's diverticulum perforated by a foreign body. Clinical case: 46-year-old adult patient of the male sex and white skin, who presents with generalized pain in the abdomen that moved to the right iliac fossa and low-grade fever. The patient underwent surgery and a Meckel's diverticulum was found, perforated by a foreign body. Conclusions: The prognosis of this disease depends on the evolution, early diagnosis and applied treatment according to the different complications, as well as on the decision to perform surgical treatment in accidental findings(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Tract/abnormalities , Diverticulitis/surgery , Foreign Bodies/etiology , Meckel Diverticulum/complications , Early Diagnosis
14.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 78(2): 143-147, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249120

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La perforación intestinal espontánea es una condición que afecta principalmente a neonatos pretérmino. Caso clínico: Se presenta el caso de un neonato pretérmino de 26 semanas de gestación con neumoperitoneo en las primeras 24 horas de vida. Por lo precoz del cuadro y los hallazgos radiológicos, la primera hipótesis diagnóstica fue una perforación gástrica. Sin embargo, en la laparotomía se encontró una perforación ileal única, sin hallazgos de enterocolitis. Conclusiones: La perforación intestinal espontánea se ha asociado con intervenciones médicas, como el uso concomitante de esteroides e indometacina. Otras intervenciones, como el uso de magnesio prenatal y la colocación de surfactante pulmonar de forma mínimamente invasiva, se han propuesto como factores de riesgo para su desarrollo. En la actualidad, deben evaluarse la perforación intestinal espontánea y sus asociaciones. Las presentes y futuras investigaciones podrían contribuir a aclarar el papel de las intervenciones mencionadas en la revisión preliminar de la literatura.


Abstract Background: Spontaneous intestinal perforation is a condition that mainly affects preterm infants. Case report: The case of a preterm infant of 26 weeks of gestation with pneumoperitoneum in the first 24 hours of life is described. Due to the early symptoms and radiological findings, the first diagnostic hypothesis was gastric perforation. However, at laparotomy, a unique ileal perforation was found, without findings of enterocolitis. Conclusions: Spontaneous intestinal perforation is a complication associated with medical interventions such as the concomitant use of steroids and indomethacin. Recently, other interventions, such as the use of prenatal magnesium and treatment with exogenous pulmonary surfactants in a minimally invasive way have been proposed as risk factors for its development. At present, clinicians should evaluate spontaneous intestinal perforation and its associations, and ongoing and future research may clarify the role of the interventions mentioned in the review of preliminary literature.

15.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(2): 241-246, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388644

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El dispositivo intrauterino (DIU) es un método anticonceptivo muy popular, eficaz y seguro. Aunque posee complicaciones bien descritas como es la migración, la que puede ser a otros órganos dentro de la cavidad peritoneal. La fístula uteroyeyunal es un evento clínico poco frecuente, pero de gran repercusión si no es diagnosticada y tratada. Se presenta el caso de una paciente usuaria de DIU, el que migra a cavidad abdominal, con posterior formación de fístula uteroyeyunal.


ABSTRACT The intrauterine device is a popular, efficient and safe contraceptive. Although it has some well described complications, such as migration, which may be to the different organs inside of the peritoneal cavity. The uterus-jejunal fistula is a rare clinical event, but with great repercussion if it is not well assessed and treated properly. We present the clinical case of a patient with a migrated intrauterine device and a fistula uterus-jejunal formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Diseases/etiology , Intrauterine Device Migration/adverse effects , Fistula/etiology , Jejunal Diseases/etiology , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Laparoscopy , Fistula/surgery , Intestinal Perforation , Jejunal Diseases/surgery
16.
Medisur ; 19(2): 280-286, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279444

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El divertículo de Meckel es la malformación congénita más frecuente del tracto gastrointestinal. Esta entidad nosológica se manifiesta de forma asintomática en casi la totalidad de los casos y se descubre como hallazgo incidental durante una intervención quirúrgica por otra causa. Si bien no hay diferencias según sexo en pacientes asintomáticos, los síntomas son más frecuentes entre los hombres. La forma sintomática, suele manifestarse como hemorragia digestiva, obstrucción intestinal o abdomen agudo (diverticulitis o perforación diverticular) por orden de frecuencia. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 23 años de edad operado de un divertículo de Meckel perforado. La presentación de un divertículo de Meckel perforado en adultos es infrecuente y su diganóstico preoperatorio es excepcional, no obstante, resulta importante el conocimiento de esta entidad para valorarla dentro de las posibilidades diagnósticas, en aquellos pacientes que aquejen síntomas relacionados con sus complicaciones.


Abstract: Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract. This nosological entity manifests itself asymptomatically in almost all cases and is discovered as an incidental finding during a surgical intervention for another cause. Although there are no differences according to sex in asymptomatic patients, the symptoms are more frequent among men. The symptomatic form usually manifests as digestive bleeding, intestinal obstruction or acute abdomen (diverticulitis or diverticular perforation) in order of frequency. A 23-year-old male patient operated on for a perforated Meckel's diverticulum was presented as a case report. The presentation of a perforated Meckel's diverticulum in adults is rare and its preoperative diagnosis is exceptional, however, knowledge of this entity is important to have it within the diagnostic possibilities, in those patients who have symptoms related to its complications.

17.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 514-519, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254383

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El linfoma puede afectar el tracto gastrointestinal de manera primaria o secundaria, y representa hasta el 2 % de todas las neoplasias malignas del intestino delgado y colon. El tracto gastrointestinal es la ubicación extraganglionar primaria más común en el linfoma no Hodgkin. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las principales bases de datos académicas, con revisión de textos publicados sobre el tema en los últimos 5 años. Discusión. La presentación clínica del linfoma con compromiso gastrointestinal es inespecífica y, hasta en la mitad de los pacientes, se puede presentar de manera inicial con complicaciones que requieran manejo quirúrgico. Entre las principales se encuentran la perforación intestinal, el sangrado digestivo y la obstrucción intestinal


Introduction. Lymphoma can affect the gastrointestinal tract, primarily or secondarily, and accounts for up to 2% of all malignant neoplasms of the small intestine and colon. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common primary extranodal location in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods. A literature search performed in the main academic databases, with a review of texts published on the subject in the last 5 years.Discussion. The clinical presentation of lymphoma with gastrointestinal involvement is nonspecific and, in up to half of the patients, it can present initially with complications that require surgical management. Among the main ones are intestinal perforation, digestive bleeding and intestinal obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Lymphoma , Gastrointestinal Tract , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestinal Perforation , Intussusception
18.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 13(1): 61-65, 15/03/2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1337904

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las apendicitis atípicas corresponden aproximadamente a un 39.2% de todos los casos de apendicitis. La apendicitis de ubicación típica inicia con un dolor agudo alrededor del ombligo que posteriormente migrará a la fosa ilíaca derecha; sin embargo, la condición de cada paciente debe ser orientada en detalles que surgen de una minuciosa anamnesis, contemplando los antecedentes del paciente y el desarrollo de la sintomatología. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente masculino de 17 años, con antecedente de hepatectomía derecha hace 15 años. Acude con por dolor abdominal continuo de cinco días de evolución localizado en hipocondrio derecho, náusea, vómito y fiebre. En exámenes complementarios se evidenció: leucocitosis, neutrofilia, procalcitonina y PCR ambas elevadas. Tomografía fue sugerente de proceso inflamatorio en región torácica derecha baja e hipocondrio derecho. Se realizó una laparoscopía diagnóstica con conversión a laparotomía exploratoria; evidenciando líquido purulento en corredera parietocólica derecha, adherencias, plastrón apendicular en región sub y retro hepática derecha formado por ciego, íleon distal, epiplón y apéndice. Se realizó apendicetomía, lavado de cavidad y colocación de drenaje. EVOLUCIÓN: En el post-quirúrgico el paciente tuvo mala evolución clínica, con neumonía asociada a los cuidados de la salud, además con necesidad de una segunda intervención quirúrgica por formación de colección sub-hepática. Luego de 13 días de cuidados hospitalarios, luego de la segunda intervención quirúrgica, presentó adecuada recuperación y fue dado de alta médica. CONCLUSIÓN: El médico debe poseer una alta sospecha clínica de apendicitis de ubicación atípica ante cuadros de abdomen agudo; ya que cuando estos casos son subdiagnosticados se incrementa el riesgo de complicaciones, con perforación y peritonitis y con estancia hospitalaria prolongada. El tratamiento de primera elección frente a una apendicitis complicada es la intervención quirúrgica.


BACKGROUND: Atypical appendicitis corresponds to approximately 39.3% of all appendicitis cases. Typically located appendicitis begins with acute pain around the belly button, which will later migrate to the right iliac fossa; however, the patient's condition must be oriented in details that arise from a meticulous anamnesis, considering the patients history and the development of the symptoms. CASE REPORTS: 17-year-old male patient with history of right hepatectomy 15 years ago. He presented with five day evolution continuous abdominal pain, located in the right upper quadrant, nausea, vomiting and fever. Complementary laboratory tests evidenced: leukocytosis, neutrophilia, elevated procalcitonin and CRP. Tomography was suggestive of an inflammatory process in the lower right thoracic region and the right upper quadrant. A diagnostic laparoscopy was performed, it was converted into an exploratory laparotomy, showing purulent fluid in the right parietocolic gutter, adhesions, appendicular plastron in the right sub and retrohepatic region formed by the cecum, distal ileum, omentum and appendix. Retrohepatic appendix with perforation in the middle third, appendicular base and poor quality cecum. An appendectomy, cavity lavage was performed, with placement of a drain. EVOLUTION: During the postoperative period, the patient had a poor clinical evolution, with health care associated pneumonia, in addition to the need for a second surgical intervention due to the formation of a sub-hepatic collection. After 13 days of hospital care, after the second surgical intervention, he presented an adequate recovery and was discharged from the hospital. CONCLUSION: Physicians must have a high clinical suspicion of atypical location appendicitis in the presence of acute abdomen; since a late diagnosis of this cases increases the risk of complications, with perforation and peritonitis and prolonged hospital stay. The first-line treatment for complicated appendicitis is surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Peritonitis , Intestinal Perforation , Laparotomy/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Intraoperative Complications
19.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 358-365, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247573

ABSTRACT

El adenocarcinoma colorrectal es la tercera causa de muerte por cáncer en mujeres y la cuarta en hombres a nivel mundial. Se diagnostica en su mayoría en pacientes mayores a los 50 años, siendo la edad media al momento del diagnóstico los 72 años. A pesar eso, se estima que en los próximos años aumentará la incidencia en personas jóvenes y de mediana edad. Debido a esta proyección y considerando que la ausencia de signos y síntomas específicos no permite un diagnóstico oportuno, se hacen necesarias la sensibilización clínica y un alto índice de sospecha en las presentaciones atípicas. Se presenta el caso de una paciente joven que consulta por un cuadro de un mes de síntomas respiratorios quien, después de tratamiento antibiótico, antiviral e inmunomodulador sistémico, presenta sepsis de origen abdominal por peritonitis de cuatro cuadrantes secundaria a perforación de colon sigmoide debida a adenocarcinoma bien diferenciado, metastásico a pulmón, que la llevó a la muerte


Colorectal adenocarcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer death in women and the fourth in men worldwide. It is diagnosed mostly in patients older than 50 years, being 72 years the mean age at diagnosis. Despite this, it is estimated that the incidence in young and middle-aged people will increase in the coming years. Due to this projection and considering that the absence of specific signs and symptoms does not allow a timely diagnosis, clinical sensitization and a high index of suspicion are necessary in atypical presentations. We present the case of a young female patient who consulted for a one-month history of respiratory symptoms who, after treatment with antibio-tic, antiviral and systemic immunomodulatory agents, presented sepsis of abdominal origin due to four-quadrant peritonitis secondary to perforation of the sigmoid colon due to adenocarcinoma well differentiated, metastatic to the lung, which led to her death


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Peritonitis , Colonic Neoplasms , Young Adult , Intestinal Perforation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911756

ABSTRACT

A 24-year female with abdominal pain and fever for 4 days was admitted. The blood culture showed Leuconostoc growth, and sputum culture showed positive Acinetobacterbaumannii. The diagnosis Leuconostoclactis bacteremia following small intestinal perforation was confirmed; surgical treatment was performed and the infection was controlled by piperacillin sodium and tazobactam combined with tegacycline. Wanfang database, CNKI, PubMed and Embase database up to September 2020 were searched with the keywords of " Leuconostoc lactis" "infection" "bacteraemia" for relevant literature. A total of 32 cases were reported in the literature, of whom 13 (39.4%) were infants, 17 (51.5%) had catheter-related bloodstream infection, and one healthy adult male had bacteremia through gastrointestinal perforation. In 20 patients treated with penicillins-based antibiotics, 18 were cured with an effective rate of 90.0%. The results suggest that Leuconostoc infection is likely to occur in the infants, but adults can still get community-acquired Leuconostoc infection. Most β-lactams are susceptible to Leuconostoc, but some exhibit resistance, so it is recommended to select antimicrobial agents based on drug susceptibility.

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