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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 4933-4938, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690796

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of early acupuncture intervention on brain edema in patients with traumatic intracerebral hematoma and explore its mechanism on the basis of conventional western medicine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>With stratified block randomization, sixty-four patients with glasgow coma scale (GCS) of 6 to 12 were divided into an acupuncture combined with medicine group (a combination group) and a western medication group, 32 cases in each one. In the western medication group, dehydration to reduce intracranial pressure and nutritional nerves were given as the basic treatment. In the combination group, on the basis of the treatment as the western medication group, acupuncture was applied at Xuehai (SP 10), Taixi (KI 3), Fenglong (ST 40), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Zusanli (ST 36), etc. The treatment was given once every day, for 6 times as one course; there was an interval of 1 day between two courses; a total of 4 courses were required. GCS score and recovery time were recored before treatment and on the 7 th, 14 th and 28 th days. 90 days follow-up after treatment, the GOS was observed, and the mortality and effective survival rate were calculated. The Barthel index (BI) score was evaluated before treatment and on the 14th, 21st, 28th days and 90 days follow-up after treatment. Before treatment and 3rd, 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th days, cranial CT or MR scan was performed to calculate the brain edema index (BEI); Plasma interleukin-6 (6IL-6), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and nitric oxide (NO) were measured before treatment and on the 3rd, 7th and 14th days after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The GCS scores increased gradually in the two groups during treatment, and there was significant difference between the 28th days and before treatment (both <0.05). There were no significant difference between the two groups about GCS score and average recovery time on the 28th days treatment (all >0.05). (2) The mortality rate of the combination group was 6.3% (2/32) on 90 days follow-up, 9.4% (3/32) in the western medication group (>0.05). The effective survival rate was 81.3% (26/32) in the combination group, which was higher than 59.4% (19/32) in the western medication group (<0.05). (3) The BI score was significantly higher than that before treatment on the 28th days and 90 days follow-up in the two groups (all <0.05), and the result in the combination group was superior to that in the western medication group (both <0.05). (4) The BEI decreased on the 14th, 21st and 28th days in the two groups (all <0.05), and on the 14th day, the BEI decreased more significantly in the combination group than that in the western medication group (<0.05). (5) The levels of IL-6, NPY and NO decreased on the 7th and 14th days in the two groups (all <0.05), and decreased more significantly in the combination group than that in the western medication group on the 7th day (<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>On the basis of conventional western medicine, early acupuncture can reduce cerebral edema and improve the prognosis of patients, and acupuncture combined with medicine are superior to western medicine alone. Acupuncture mechanism may be related to reducing the expression of inflammatory response.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Therapeutics , Combined Modality Therapy , Hematoma , Therapeutics , Humans
2.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2471-2474, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620335

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of minimally invasive intracranial hematoma clearance on the perihematomal glutamate(Glu) level,permeability of blood-brain barrier(BBB) and brain edema.Methods Thirty rabbits with body weight of 2.80-3.40 kg were used to established the model of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH) and randomly divided into the minimally invasive group(MI) and control group(MC) after the model was prepared successfully.The MI group underwent minimally invasive procedures for removing intracranial hematoma by stereotactic instrument within 6 h after establishing the ICH model.The brain tissue was extracted on postoperative 1,3,7 d,and the perihematomal brain tissues were taken to detect the Glu level,BBB permeability and water content of brain tissue,which were compared with those in the control group.Results The Glu level,BBB permeability and brain water content on 1,3,7 d in the MI group were lower than those in the MC group,and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion The minimally invasive surgery for removing intracranial hematoma is helpful to reduce perihematoma Glu level,BBB permeability and brain water content.

3.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4518-4520, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinic effect of r-MHT and hematoma aspiration on the traumatic intracerebral hematoma.Methods:89 cases with traumatic intracerebral hematoma were given hematoma aspiration,47 of them were given r-MHT and hematoma aspiration,the clinic effect on the 1st,7th,14th day after treatment were evaluated by NIHSS,the hematoma volume before treatment on the 1st,7th,14th day after treatment were counted by Dotian formula.Results:The effective rate of treatment group was 93.6%,which was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05).The NIHSS score of treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group(P<0.05) on the 1 st day,1st,2nd week after treatment (P<0.05).Conclusion:r-MHT and hematoma aspiration couldn effectively reduce the brain damage,improve the patient's neurological fumction in treating traumatic intracerebral hematoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669808

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the accuracy and reliability of the ABC/2 formula for measurement of intrace?rebral hematoma (ICH) volume by comparing it with software 3D-Slicer. Methods Computed tomographic image data of 184 patients with spontaneous ICH were collected. Hematoma volumes were estimated by using the ABC/2 formula and 3D-Slicer. Based on the volume calculated by 3D-Slicer, patients were further divided into three groups. Group 1 con?tained 55 patients with volume less than 30 ml, group 2 contained 68 patients with volume of 30-60 ml, and group 3 con?tained 61 patients with volume larger than 60 mL. Shape of the ICH was divided into regular (59 cases), irregular with frayed margins (107 cases) and multilobular (18 cases). Results of these two methods were compared according to hemato?ma size and shape. Results The estimated hematoma volume was (58.85 ± 37.38) mL in the ABC/2 formula and (50.08 ± 31.10) mL in 3D Slicer. The ABC/2 formula produced a mean overestimation of 8.77 mL and the mean percent deviation was 17.23%. The mean estimation errors were 2.90 mL (16.22%), 5.89 mL (13.55%), and 17.27 mL (18.76%) in groups 1, 2, and 3 when patients were grouped by hematoma size. The estimation errors were 3.46mL (8.76%), 7.99 mL (17.26%), and 30.81 mL (38.26%) in regular, irregular and multilobular hematomas when patients were grouped by shape. Conclusions The ABC/2 formula is a rough method for volume assessment of intracerebral hematoma and produc?es significant estimation errors. The size of estimation errors largely depends on hematoma shape.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448382

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the emergency treatment measures of spontaneous frontotemporal intracerebral hematoma.Methods Retrospectively analyzed the rescue process and surgical experiences of 27 patients with spontaneous frontotemporal intracerebral hematoma combined with subarachnoid hemorrhage or ventricular hemorrhage.Twenty-three cases underwent surgery;4 cases with cerebral hernia under general anesthesia underwent craniotomy hematoma clearance,aneurysm clip and decompressive craniectomy;7 cases with previous history of hypertension,considered with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage,was performed with craniotomy hematoma clearance and decompressive craniectomy in the emergency under general anesthesia; 12 cases of middle cerebral artery aneurysms bleeding,chosen craniotomy hematoma clearance and aneurysm clip;4 cases found nothing by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) or CT angiography (CTA),were given conservative treatment,one of them was found arteriovenous malformations after 1 month,which was treated by γ-ray.Results After the surgery,2 cases died due to severe cerebral infarction,25 cases were followed up for 6 months,according to the Glasgow outcome scale(GOS) classification:17 cases with good prognosis,7 cases with poor prognosis,1 case with vegetative state.Conclusions Cerebral hernia formation in patients with spontaneous frontotemporal intracerebral hematoma should relieve cerebral hernia and mass effect as soon as possible,early surgery to save lives.Which of them without brain hernia,after diagnosis by CTA or DSA,choice suitable treatment.Sufficient preoperative evaluation,suitable surgical timing and good microsurgical techniques can improve the prognosis.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189706

ABSTRACT

Chronic encapsulated intracerebral hematoma (CEIH) is a rare cerebrovascular disease that behaves as a slowly expanding lesion with a gradual onset. It is well established that CEIH is associated with arteriovenous malformations; however, CEIH associated with cavernous malformation (CM) is extremely rare. We herein report a case of CEIH associated with CM, and discuss its pathogenesis. A 12-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of a one week history of progressive headache and nausea. Brain computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed an intracerebral hematoma surrounded by edema in the right frontal lobe. One week later, her headache and nausea worsened, and a brain computed tomography scan revealed the enlargement of hematoma. A right frontal craniotomy was performed. The capsule, mass, and hematoma were totally removed. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of CEIH associated with CM. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the VEGF receptor-1 in the endothelium and fibroblasts. Our findings suggest that the activated VEGF pathway might have positively contributed to development of CEIH in the present patient.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Malformations , Brain , Child , Craniotomy , Diagnosis , Edema , Endothelium , Female , Fibroblasts , Frontal Lobe , Headache , Hematoma , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nausea , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the prognosis of the patients with intra-sylvian hematoma (ISH) and intracerebral hematoma (ICH) in ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms. METHODS: We categorized hematoma into ISH and ICH by the presence of intra-hematomal contrast enhancing vessel (IHCEV) on computed tomography angiography (CTA). Forty-four ruptured MCA aneurysm patients with ICH or ISH were grouped by the grading system proposed by the authors in our previous study. We investigated the relevance of the following factors: patient's age, gender, Hunt-Hess grade, Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) and changes in Glasgow coma scale (GCS) between pre-operation and 7 days after operation. RESULTS: There were no significant differences statistically in age, gender, Hunt-Hess grade, and GOS between the ISH and ICH groups. In their peri-operative GCS change, the ICH group showed greater improvement compared to the ISH group (p = 0.0391). The hematoma grade had a significant relevance with the patients' GOS. CONCLUSION: Although there were no significant statistic differences in the GOS of the 2 hematoma groups, there were prominent improvements of post-operative GCS in the ICH group. Unlike in the ISH group, effective removal of hematoma was possible in most patients of the ICH group. Thus although there is no difference in the prognosis of the 2 groups, early surgical evacuation of hematoma seems to be effective in improving the short-term GCS score in peri-operative period.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography , Glasgow Coma Scale , Glasgow Outcome Scale , Glycosaminoglycans , Hematoma , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Middle Cerebral Artery , Prognosis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141654

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the prognosis of the patients with intra-sylvian hematoma (ISH) and intracerebral hematoma (ICH) in ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms. METHODS: We categorized hematoma into ISH and ICH by the presence of intra-hematomal contrast enhancing vessel (IHCEV) on computed tomography angiography (CTA). Forty-four ruptured MCA aneurysm patients with ICH or ISH were grouped by the grading system proposed by the authors in our previous study. We investigated the relevance of the following factors: patient's age, gender, Hunt-Hess grade, Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) and changes in Glasgow coma scale (GCS) between pre-operation and 7 days after operation. RESULTS: There were no significant differences statistically in age, gender, Hunt-Hess grade, and GOS between the ISH and ICH groups. In their peri-operative GCS change, the ICH group showed greater improvement compared to the ISH group (p = 0.0391). The hematoma grade had a significant relevance with the patients' GOS. CONCLUSION: Although there were no significant statistic differences in the GOS of the 2 hematoma groups, there were prominent improvements of post-operative GCS in the ICH group. Unlike in the ISH group, effective removal of hematoma was possible in most patients of the ICH group. Thus although there is no difference in the prognosis of the 2 groups, early surgical evacuation of hematoma seems to be effective in improving the short-term GCS score in peri-operative period.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography , Glasgow Coma Scale , Glasgow Outcome Scale , Glycosaminoglycans , Hematoma , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Middle Cerebral Artery , Prognosis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203814

ABSTRACT

The authors describe a case of choriocarcinoma that metastasized to the cerebral cortex, vertebral body, and intramedullary spinal cord. A 21-year-old woman presented with sudden headache, vomiting and a visual field defect. Brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance examinations revealed an intracranial hemorrhage in the left temporo-parietal lobe and two enhancing nodules in the left temporal and right frontal lobe. After several days, the size of the hemorrhage increased, and a new hemorrhage was identified in the right frontal lobe. The hematoma and enhancing mass in the left temporo-parietal lobe were surgically removed. Choriocarcinoma was diagnosed after histological examination. At 6 days after the operation, her consciousness had worsened and she was in a state of stupor. The size of the hematoma in the right frontal lobe was enlarged. We performed an emergency operation to remove the hematoma and enhancing mass. Her mental status recovered slowly. Two months thereafter, she complained of paraplegia with sensory loss below the nipples. Whole spine magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-enhancing mass in the thoracic intramedullary spinal cord and L2 vertebral body. Despite chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the patient died 13 months after the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cerebral Cortex , Choriocarcinoma , Consciousness , Emergencies , Female , Frontal Lobe , Headache , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Nipples , Paraplegia , Pregnancy , Spinal Cord , Spine , Stupor , Visual Fields , Vomiting , Young Adult
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177459

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with an intracerebral hematoma (ICH) associated with a ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm, and the correlation factors associated with the aneurysm and characteristics of the hematoma. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of clinical and radiologic characteristics and outcomes was conducted for 24 patients (11 men and 13 women; mean age, 53 years) with ruptured MCA aneurysms associated with ICH between September 2008 and December 2011. RESULTS: Thirteen (54%) of the 24 patients had a favorable outcome, four (17%) suffered from severe disability, and seven (29%) died. Based on Hunt and Hess grade, one patient was classified as Grade II, three as Grade III, 12 as Grade IV, and eight as Grade V. Patients with an unfavorable outcome had significantly larger aneurysms (p = 0.047) and ICH volumes (p = 0.002), compared with patients in the group with a favorable outcome. The most frequent rupture point of aneurysms was the lateral aspect of the aneurysm (54.2%). When the rupture point is toward the lateral direction, the distribution of ICH tended to be located at the temporal lobe and intrasylvian. CONCLUSION: Results of the present study suggest an association of the initial clinical state, the size of the aneurysm, and ICH volume with outcome. Although no difference was observed between the location of the rupture point and patient outcomes, an accurate assessment of ICH patterns and the rupture point in angiography may help to ensure surgical exposure and a safe aneurysm clipping.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography , Dietary Sucrose , Hematoma , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Male , Middle Cerebral Artery , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Temporal Lobe
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85338

ABSTRACT

Rapid reduction of a large acute subdural hematoma has been frequently reported. In my knowledge, however, it was rarely reported that rapid spontaneous reduction occurred in large volume of spontaneous intracerebral hematoma (sICH). We describe a patient with a rapid spontaneous decrease in the volume of a large hematoma. A 73-year-old man presented semi-comatose mentality. Initial brain computed tomography (CT) revealed the huge sICH. An emergency operation was planned, but was not performed due to the refusal of patient's family. Therefore, we decided to treat with conservative therapy. However, follow-up brain CT 16 hours after initial scan showed a remarkable reduction of previous sICH. The mechanism involving the spontaneous rapid decrease of the hematoma is presumed to occur through redistribution in brain atrophy, compression effect from the increased intracranial pressure and dilution through a wash out by the cerebrospinal fluid.


Subject(s)
Aged , Atrophy , Brain , Disulfiram , Emergencies , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Hematoma, Subdural, Acute , Humans , Intracranial Pressure
12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 423-425, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425182

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the techniques and clinical effects of surgical treatment for supratentorial hypertensive intracerebral hematoma (HICH) by modified minicraniotomy approach and bone fragment reduction.Methods The clinical data of 87 patients with supratentorial HICH in our department from April,2009 to April,2011 who received modified minicraniotomy approach and reduction of bone fragment were retrospectively reviewed.Results Of the 87 patients,three died,and the remaining 84 cases were followed up.According to the ADL( activities of daily living) scale,the patients were classified:Twenty-six cases in grade Ⅰ,28 in grade Ⅱ,22 in grade Ⅲ,6 in grade Ⅳ and 2 in grade Ⅴ.Conclusion The surgical procedure of modified minicraniotomy approach and reduction of bone fragment for treatment of supratentorial HICH has some advantages such as miniinvasion,good exposure,wide visual field,complete clearance of hematoma,integrated skull,and less complications.It is a perfect surgical procedure for supratentorial HICH.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9832

ABSTRACT

A fluid-blood level is rarely seen on computed tomography (CT) studies of intracerebral hematomas (ICHs). The CT appearance of a fluid-blood level in an ICH has been associated with intratumoral bleeding, subdural hematomas, anti-coagulation and ruptured arteriovenous malformations. When fluid-blood levels are located around a hematoma with significant peri-hematoma edema, the fluid-blood level may merely indicate bleeding of recent origin. A fluid-blood could also represent a coagulopathy when the fluid-blood level is located in the center of a hematoma with less peri-hematoma edema. We report four cases of acute intracerebral hematomas in which fluid levels were noted on CT scans with a review of previous reports.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Malformations , Edema , Hematoma , Hematoma, Subdural , Hemorrhage
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-124992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the clinical courses and optimal treatments for patients suffering from ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms with either intracerebral (ICHs) or sylvian hematomas (SylH), based on hematoma distribution. METHODS: We grouped 49 patients with Fisher grade III or IV subarachnoid hemorrhages, who underwent aneurysmal neck clipping and hematoma evacuation within 24 hours of developing an intracranial hematoma, according to hematoma distribution. Group A comprised 21 patients who had ICHs<30 ml, while group B comprised 28 patients with dense SylHs<30 ml. Result: Immediate postoperative brain computerized tomography findings showed residual hematomas in 3 group A patients (14.3%) and 20 group B patients (71.7%). We noted post-operative brain edema in 5 group A (23.8%) and 15 group B patients (53.6%). Vasospasm developed in 4 group A (19.0%) and 20 group B patients (71.4%; p<0.05). In group A, 12 patients (57.1%) had focal neurologic deficits upon discharge, while 5 patients died. In group B, 9 patients (32.1%) had focal neurologic deficits upon discharge, while 8 died (p<0.05). Normal pressure hydrocephalus developed in 1 patient (4.8%) in group A and 5 in group B (17.9%). Favorable outcomes were achieved in 9 patients (42.9%) in group A and 4 (14.3%) in group B. CONCLUSION: Patients who experienced ruptured MCA aneurysms with SylHs had more severe clinical courses and poorer outcomes than patients with ICHs did. The SylH patients had a higher incidence of both vasospasm and brain edema. Therefore, physicians must consider differences in clinical features based on hematoma distribution when choosing an appropriate therapeutic approach for patients with ruptured MCA aneurysms and intracranial hematomas.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Brain , Brain Edema , Hematoma , Humans , Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure , Incidence , Intracranial Aneurysm , Middle Cerebral Artery , Neck , Neurologic Manifestations , Stress, Psychological , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155404

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this study, patients in whom two computed tomography (CT) scans had been obtained within 24 hours of injury were analyzed to determine the incidence, risk factors and clinical significance of a progressive intracerebral hematoma (PIH). METHODS: Participants were 182 patients with a traumatic intracerebral hematoma and contusion who underwent a repeat CT scan within 24 hours of injury. Univarite and multivariate statistics were used to define growth (volume increase) and to examine the relationship between the risk factors and hemorrhage expansion. RESULTS: Fifty-four percent of the patients experienced progression in the size of the lesion in the initial 24 hours postinjury. A PIH was independently associated with worsened Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score (2.99, 1.04~8.60), the presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (6.29, 2.48~16.00), the presence of a subdural hematoma (6.18, 2.13~17.98), the presence of an epidural hematoma (5.73, 1.18~27.76), and the presence of a basal cistern effacement (10.93, 1.19~99.57). CONCLUSION: For patients undergoing scanning within 2 hours of injury, the rate of PIH approaches 61%. Early repeated CT scanning is indicated in patients with a nonsurgically-treated hemorrhage revealed on the first CT scan. Worsened GCS score, significant hematoma growth and effacement of the basal cisterns on the initial CT scan are powerful predictors of which patients will require surgery. These findings should be important factors in understanding and managing of PIH.


Subject(s)
Contusions , Craniocerebral Trauma , Glasgow Coma Scale , Head , Hematoma , Hematoma, Subdural , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Risk Factors , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Massive intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is devastating neurosurgical disease. Decompression surgery has been performed to manage the uncontrolled increased intracranial pressure and good clinical result has been reported. Authors analyze the ICP trend after the decompression surgery and report the clinical usefulness. METHODS: Thirty patients data with massive ICH were analyzed retrospectively. Surgical indication was constantly followed in these patient ; Glasgowcoma scale score less than 8, midline shift more than 6 mm on brain CT. In all patients ventricular puncture was done before the decompression and monitored the ventricular pressure changes during and after the surgery. RESULTS: In massive ICH patients, the ICP was maintained in physiological range if the hematoma was removed more than 80%. And when we tried additional therapies like hypothermia or coma therapies in another group, the ICP was elevated at the time of the additional therapy. CONCLUSION: From this study, if the ICH removed more than 80% and The ICP was not exceed 20 mmHg during the first post-operation day, the ICP hardly exceed 20 mmHg after than. Authors thought that decompression surgery is not an essential treatment for the massive ICH patient if their hematoma removed enough.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Coma , Decompression , Decompressive Craniectomy , Hematoma , Humans , Hypothermia , Intracranial Pressure , Punctures , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Pressure
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Distal anterior cerebral artery (dACA) aneurysms are uncommon, and they require special treatment because of the narrow exposure in the interhemispheric fissures, the dense adhesions between the cingulate gyri and their association with multiple aneurysms or traumatic pseudoaneurysm. The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics and surgical outcomes of dACA aneurysms. METHODS: Among the 520 cases of cerebral aneurysms that were operated on from 1997 to April 2007, we experienced 31 cases of dACA aneurysms that developed in 30 patients. The medical records and radiological findings were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The clinical characteristics of the patients with dACA aneurysms included the following. (1) The incidence of the dACA aneurysm was 5.9% of the total 520 cases, and the dACA aneurysms displayed a female predominance. (2) The most common location of the dACA aneurysms was the junction of the pericallosal and callosomarginal arteries. (3) Multiple aneurysms were found in 12 patients (40%), and the most concomitantly found aneurysm was MCA aneurysm. (4) The larger aneurysms more than 10 mm size all had thrombus in the sac, and their angiographic findings were underestimated compared with their findings on the operative fields. (5) dACA aneurysms shows frequent intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and subdural hemorrhage on the initial brain CT scan (28.5%). They also had a higher rate of intraoperative rupture (12.9%) than the rupture rate for the aneurysm at other locations (7.9%). (6) Traumatic pseudoaneurysms on the dACA were observed in two cases, and one of these cases showed massive ICH shortly after head trauma. (7) Twenty-six out of 30 patients (86.7%) showed a good outcome with a mortality rate of 3.3%. CONCLUSIONS: The dACA aneurysms are uncommon and they have unique characteristics compared to intracerebral aneurysms at other sites. Especially, a very careful surgical approach must be used for dACA aneurysms because they have a higher rate of intraoperative rupture. Yet the surgical outcome for dACA patients was good for the ruptured or unruptured aneurysm cases in our study. Therefore, dACA aneurysms have to be treated with considering their special characteristics.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, False , Anterior Cerebral Artery , Arteries , Brain , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Craniocerebral Trauma , Female , Hematoma, Subdural , Humans , Incidence , Intracranial Aneurysm , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Thrombosis
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157157

ABSTRACT

Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is the most common form of encephalitis, with predilection for the temporal lobes and insular cortex. The presence of RBCs is a characteristic finding of CSF analysis and hemorrhagic transformation of the lesions on CT or MRI is not a rare, because the hemorrhagic necrosis is an important pathologic finding of HSE. However, intracerebral hematoma is rarely reported. We report a case of PCR proven HSE with hemotomas in both the medial temporal lobes, which has not been reported.


Subject(s)
Encephalitis , Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex , Hematoma , Herpesvirus 1, Human , Methylmethacrylates , Necrosis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polystyrenes , Temporal Lobe
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30127

ABSTRACT

Even though intracerebral hematoma (ICH) due to ruptured cerebral aneurysm has been treated by aneurysm clipping at the same time of removal of ICH through craniotomy, such management strategy is controversial in an aged patients with poor clinical grade. In this regards, stereotactic aspiration of hematoma following coil embolization can be an alternative treatment modality. Thus, the authors report a case of an aged patient who underwent stereotactic aspiration of ICH following coil embolization for the ruptured aneurysm with a brief review of literature.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Craniotomy , Hematoma , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35195

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The authors present their experiences with stereotactic multiplanar reformatted (MPR) computed tomography (CT)-guided catheter placement for thrombolysis of spontaneous intracerebral hematoma (sICH) and their clinical results. METHODS: In 23 patients with sICH, MPR CT-guided catheter placement was used to select the trajectory and target point of hematoma drainage. This group was comprised of 11 men and 12 women, and the mean age was 57.5 years (range, 31-79 years). The patients' initial Glasgow Coma Scale scores ranged from 7 to 15 with a median of 11. The volume of the hematoma ranged from 24 mL to 86 mL (mean 44.5 mL). A trajectory along the main axis of the hematoma was considered to be optimal for thrombolytic therapy. The trajectory was calculated from the point of entry through the target point of the hematoma using reformatted images. RESULTS: The hematoma catheter was left in place for a median duration of 48.9 hours (range 34 to 62 hours). In an average of two days, the average residual hematoma volume was 6.2 mL (range 1.4 mL to 10.2 mL) and was reduced by an average of 84.7% (range 71.6% to 96.3%). The residual hematoma at postoperative seven days was less than 5 mL in all patients. There was no treatment-related death during hospitalization. CONCLUSION: The present study indicates that stereotactic MPR CT-guided catheter placement for thrombolysis is an accurate and safe procedure. We suggest that this procedure for stereotactic removal of sICH should be considered for the optimization of the trajectory selection in the future.


Subject(s)
Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Catheters , Drainage , Female , Glasgow Coma Scale , Hematoma , Hospitalization , Humans , Hypogonadism , Male , Mitochondrial Diseases , Ophthalmoplegia , Thrombolytic Therapy
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