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1.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 52(4): 71-80, dic. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340922

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report the case of a twenty-year-old immunocompetent male patient presenting to the emergency room with pharyngitis and fever. Blood cultures were drawn and Arcanobacterium haemolyticum (rough biotype) was recovered. The presence of the arcanolysin gene was investigated at the molecular level and the upstream region was amplified and sequenced in order to correlate it with the smooth or rough biotype. Although the isolate was susceptible to penicillin, vancomycin and gentamicin, empirical treatments first with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (1g/12h) and then with ceftriaxone (1g/12h) failed and the infection evolved to sepsis. Finally, treatment with vancomycin (1 g/12 h) plus piperacillin/tazobactam (4.5g/8h) was effective. Lemierre's syndrome was ruled out. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of bacteremia by A. haemolyticum reported in Argentina.


Resumen Se describe el caso de un paciente varón inmunocompetente de veinte anos de edad que se presentó en la sala de emergencias con faringitis y fiebre. Se extrajeron muestras para realizar hemocultivos y se recuperó Arcanobacterium haemolyticum (biotipo rugoso). Se investigó la presencia del gen de la arcanolisina por un método molecular, y se amplificó y Faringitis; secuenció la región upstream de dicho gen para determinar su correlación con los biotipos lisos Bacteriemia; o rugosos. Aunque el aislamiento fue sensible a la penicilina, la vancomicina y la gentamicina, Sepsis; los tratamientos empíricos primero con amoxicilina/ácido clavulánico (1 g/12 h) y luego con Síndrome de Lemierre ceftriaxona (1 g/12 h) no fueron efectivos, y la infección evolucionó a sepsis. Finalmente, el tratamiento con vancomicina (1 g/12 h) más piperacilina/tazobactam (4,5g/8h) fue efectivo. Se descartó la presencia del síndrome de Lemierre. Según nuestro conocimiento, este es el primer caso de bacteriemia por A. haemolyticum reportado en Argentina.

2.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 36(3): 328-332, 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1127113

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El síndrome de Lemierre constituye una entidad poco frecuente y potencialmente grave que puede complicar una infección orofaríngea. Incluye una tromboflebitis de la vena yugular interna y embolias sépticas a distancia. Presentamos el caso clínico de un hombre joven que se presentó, luego de una infección respiratoria alta, con una trombosis de vena yugular interna, seno sigmoideo y transverso izquierdos, asociando además tromboembolismo pulmonar séptico y empiema pleural. Mostró buena evolución con antibioticoterapia empírica, drenaje pleural y anticoagulación. Realizamos una revisión de la literatura sobre este tema enfatizando los aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos y microbiológicos.


Summary: Lemierre's syndrome constitutes a rare and potentially serious entity, that may complicate oropharyngeal infections. This condition includes thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and distant septic embolisms. The study presents the clinical case of a young man who consulted after an upper respiratory infection, with internal jugular vein thrombosis, left sigmoid and transverse seins, also associating septic pulmonary embolism and pleural empyema. The patient had a positive evolution after empirical antibiotic, pleural drainage and anticoagulants. We conducted literature review on this condition, focusing on clinical, epidemiological and microbiological aspects.


Resumo: A síndrome de Lemierre é uma doença rara e potencialmente grave que pode complicar uma infecção orofaríngea. Inclui uma tromboflebite da veia jugular interna e embolias sépticas a distância. Descrevemos o caso clínico de um homem jovem que depois de uma infecção respiratória alta apresentou trombose de veia jugular interna, seio sigmoide e transverso esquerdos, associado com tromboembolismo pulmonar séptico e empiema pleural. Teve boa evolução com antibioticoterapia empírica, drenagem pleural e anticoagulação. Realizamos uma revisão da literatura sobre este tema enfatizando os aspectos clínicos, epidemiológicos e microbiológicos.


Subject(s)
Adult , Lemierre Syndrome , Pulmonary Embolism , Venous Thrombosis
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(1): 32-36, marco 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361301

ABSTRACT

A síndrome de Lemierre caracteriza-se por uma rara entidade que gera tromboflebite da veia jugular interna e embolismo séptico em história da infecção recente da orofaringe, além de sinais radiológicos e isolamento de patógenos anaeróbicos, principalmente Fusobacterium necrophorum. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 13 anos de idade, com histórico de carcinoma de nasofaringe associado ao vírus Epstein-Barr (estadiamento T4N2M0), submetida a procedimentos cirúrgicos e quimiorradioterapia. Iniciou com queixa de mialgia intensa, diplopia, lesões infectadas em membros e choque séptico. Por meio de exames de ultrassonografia cervical com Doppler colorido e tomografia computadorizada de pescoço com contraste endovenoso, foram identificados trombos intraluminais na veia jugular interna, além de trombos sépticos pulmonares, por meio da tomografia computadorizada de tórax. Posteriormente, ainda evoluiu com artrite piogênica coxofemoral esquerda. Foi isolada, por hemocultura, a bactéria Klebsiella pneumoniae Carpemenase, e o tratamento se deu pela associação entre vancomicina, amicacina, meropenem, metronidazol e anfotericina B. Conclui-se que, após o diagnóstico de SL e, embora com múltiplas complicações e diagnóstico tardio, a paciente encontra-se bem e assintomática, além do relato comprovar a dificuldade diagnóstica e de seu tratamento


Lemierre's syndrome is a rare condition that leads to thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and septic embolism following recent oropharyngeal infection, being characterized by radiological signs and isolation of anaerobic pathogens, especially Fusobacterium necrophorum. We report the case of a 13-year-old female patient with history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma associated with Epstein-Barr virus (T4N2M0 staging), who underwent surgical procedures and chemoradiotherapy. Her initial complaint was severe myalgia, diplopia, infected limb injuries, and septic shock. Cervical color Doppler ultrasound and computed tomography scan of the neck with intravenous contrast showed intraluminal thrombi in the internal jugular vein, and chest computed tomography showed pulmonary septic thrombi. Subsequently, she progressed with left coxofemoral pyogenic arthritis. The bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae Carpemenase was isolated in blood culture, and the patient was treated with the association of vancomycin, amikacin, meropenem, metronidazole, and amphotericin B. It is concluded that, despite the multiple complications and late diagnosis, the patient is well and asymptomatic after the diagnosis of Lemierre's syndrome; in addition, the report proves the difficulty of diagnosis and treatme

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787534

ABSTRACT

Lemierre's syndrome is rare disease characterized by anaerobic sepsis, internal jugular vein thrombosis, septic emboli that resulted from head and neck infection. Lemierre's syndrome has significant morbidity, so immediate, accurate diagnosis and treatment is needed. It is necessary to perform contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) for diagnosis. Systemic antibiotics is recommended, and surgical interventions, anticoagulation may beis considered for treatment. We report misdiagnosed case as a simple deep neck infection on initial ultrasonography with simultaneous abscess aspiration but finally diagnosed and treated internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis (Lemierre's syndrome) on CT scan.We report a case of a 45-year-old patient, who was diagnosed with a simple deep neck infection and treated with simultaneous abscess aspiration, but finally diagnosed and treated internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis (Lemierre's syndrome) on CT scan.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Diagnosis , Head , Humans , Jugular Veins , Lemierre Syndrome , Middle Aged , Neck , Rare Diseases , Sepsis , Thrombophlebitis , Thrombosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
5.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 47(3): 178-182, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095195

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Lemierre es una enfermedad rara, ocasionada por la complicación grave de una infección orofaringea que se manifiesta con una tromboflebitis séptica en la yugular interna y una embolización séptica a distancia. En principio, el síndrome cursa con fiebre, dolor en el área del ángulo de la mandíbula, inflamación de la región periamigdalina y un crecimiento unilateral del cuello luego de una infección en las estructuras de la cabeza y el cuello. En el artículo se presenta el caso de una mujer de 45 años quien consultó por una complicación infecciosa posterior a la realización de una exodoncia. El diagnóstico clínico se realizó con base en los signos y síntomas que indicaban tromboflebitis séptica del seno cavernoso. Se realiza antibióticoterapia con resultados positivos en la paciente y, como resultado, una mejoría total del estado de salud. Se presenta este caso por lo infrecuente de la entidad.


Lemierre syndrome is a disease caused by the serious complication of an oropharyngeal infection that manifests with septic thrombophlebitis in internal jugular and remote septic embolization. It presents with fever, pain in the area of the jaw angle, inflammation of the peritonsillar region and unilateral neck growth after an infection in the head and neck structures. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman who consulted due to an infectious complication after carrying out the extraction. The clinical diagnosis was made based on the signs and symptoms that indicated septic thrombophlebitis of the cavernous sinus. Antibiotic therapy is performed with positive results in the patient and total improvement of the state of health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lemierre Syndrome , Thrombophlebitis , Fusobacterium
6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 16(1): 37-40, 20180000. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-884992

ABSTRACT

Descrita pela primeira vez em 1900 por Coumont e Cade, a tromboflebite séptica da veia jugular interna (síndrome de Lemierre) é uma condição rara. Acomete indivíduos jovens e possui elevada morbimortalidade. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente atendida inicialmente como portadora de amigdalite bacteriana e que retornou com piora do quadro, associado à trombose da veia jugular interna, evoluindo, na internação, com embolia séptica pulmonar. Além de relatar o caso, fazemos breve revisão da literatura e chamamos a atenção sobre este importante assunto.(AU)


First described in 1900 by Coumont and Cade, septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (Lemierre's syndrome) is relatively rare. It affects young patients and has high morbidity and mortality. We describe the case of a woman first diagnosed with a bacterial tonsillitis, who returned to the hospital with worsening of the condition, associated with internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis, that developed to pulmonary embolism during her hospitalization. We reported the case, and made a brief review of the literature, highlighting the details of this important condition.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Jugular Veins/pathology , Lemierre Syndrome/diagnosis , Lemierre Syndrome/drug therapy , Pulmonary Embolism
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732334

ABSTRACT

Lemierre’s syndrome is a systemic complication commonly caused by oropharyngeal infection byFusobacterium species, which manifests itself as an internal jugular vein thrombosis formation.It is a rare occurrence nowadays with the availability of broad spectrum antibiotics for treatment.Most cases in the literature presented with a life-threatening condition. We are reporting a case ofLemierre’s syndrome that presented with persistent neck pain and swelling, initially diagnosed ascervical lymphadenitis.

8.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 110-116, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715142

ABSTRACT

Lemierre syndrome is characterized by anaerobic bacterial infection in the head and neck and clinical or radiological evidence of internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis. The most common pathogens are Fusobacterium species, particularly Fusobacterium necrophorum. Septic emboli resulting from infected thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein leads to metastatic infections involving lung, liver, kidney, bone and central nervous system. The accurate diagnosis and treatment is important because it may be associated with a high mortality rate if untreated. We present a case of 28-year-old man with an atypical history for the diagnosis of Lemierre syndrome, which showed no definite evidence of internal jugular thrombophlebitis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bacterial Infections , Central Nervous System , Diagnosis , Empyema , Fusobacterium , Fusobacterium necrophorum , Head , Humans , Jugular Veins , Kidney , Lemierre Syndrome , Liver , Lung , Mortality , Neck , Thrombophlebitis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38017

ABSTRACT

Lemierre syndrome is a rare disease involving multiple organs affected by septic emboli following oropharyngeal infection. After the introduction of penicillin in the 1940s, it became a "forgotten" disease. However, due to the development of diagnostic image modalities including neck computed tomography (CT) scan, the number of published reports of Lemierre syndrome and diagnosis has been increasing since the 1990s. In this report, we describe a case of Lemierre syndrome, following oropharyngeal infection in a 16-year-old patient, who manifested with persistent fever and neck stiffness. Neck ultrasonography confirmed thrombus formation in the right internal jugular vein without definite evidence of septic emboli to other organs. After the three-week-long antibiotics therapy was completed, the thrombus in the right internal jugular vein finally disappeared.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Diagnosis , Fever , Humans , Jugular Veins , Lemierre Syndrome , Neck , Penicillins , Rare Diseases , Thrombophlebitis , Thrombosis , Ultrasonography
10.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 685-687, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504638

ABSTRACT

Objectives To analyze the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of Lemierre syndrome. Methods The clinical data of one case of Lemierre syndrome were retrospectively analyzed. The relevant literatures were reviewed. Results The primary infection of the patient was oral infection, and jugular vein thrombosis and metastatic lung abscess were followed. The blood culture showed that Staphylococcus aureus was positive. Lemierre syndrome was diagnosed. After anticoagulation and anti-infection treatment, the symptoms were improved. Conclusion Lemierre syndrome should be considered in present of jugular vein thrombosis and pulmonary abscess caused by infection.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177914

ABSTRACT

A 70-year-old woman with an infectious thrombus in her left internal jugular vein (IJV) underwent carotid endarterectomy for stenosis and a highly movable plaque in her right carotid artery. She had been treated with antibiotics for four weeks before surgery due to Lemierre syndrome, a rare septic thrombophlebitis in the IJV secondary to an oropharyngeal infection. The right IJV was in a two-fold dilated state due to compensation for a thrombotic left IJV. Accordingly, superficial cervical plexus block was performed under ultrasound guidance to ensure safety and accuracy. During surgery, the alertness was maintained and the patient did not complain of pain in the absence of additional analgesics. No block-related complications were encountered. The authors report for the first time their regional anesthetic experiences in a patient with Lemierre syndrome.


Subject(s)
Aged , Analgesics , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Carotid Arteries , Cervical Plexus Block , Cervical Plexus , Compensation and Redress , Constriction, Pathologic , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Female , Humans , Jugular Veins , Lemierre Syndrome , Thrombophlebitis , Thrombosis , Ultrasonography
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(3): 253-257, July-Sep. 2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-763081

ABSTRACT

A tromboflebite supurativa da veia jugular interna ou síndrome de Lemierre foi descrita pela primeira vez em 1900. O evento inicial mais frequente é a infecção de orofaringe associada à trombose da veia jugular interna. Embora uma entidade rara, a síndrome de Lemierre continua a ser uma doença de morbidade e mortalidade consideráveis devido à sua progressão e atrasos de diagnóstico.


Suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, or Lemierre syndrome, was described for the first time in 1900. The most common initial event is an infection of the oropharynx associated with thrombosis of the internal jugular vein. While it is a rare entity, Lemierre syndrome remains a disease that causes considerable morbidity and mortality, due to its progression and to delays in diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Clindamycin/therapeutic use , Penicillins , Lemierre Syndrome/diagnosis , Lemierre Syndrome/drug therapy , Lemierre Syndrome/therapy , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 21(1): 34-40, 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-749439

ABSTRACT

Lemierre’s syndrome is a rare disease that affects young adults and is mainly caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum and occasionally by other anaerobic bacteria of the species. This syndrome is characterized by a throat infection complicated with septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and septic emboli mainly to the lungs. In the pre-antibiotic era its evolution was often fatal. Since the 1960’s this syndrome has rarely been reported given the extensive use of penicillin en pharyngeal infections. Currently the incidence of Lemierre’s syndrome is about one in a million. Currently, since imaging has a key role in the early diagnosis of this syndrome, the radiologist should be aware of and recognize its manifestations. Three cases of Lemierre’s syndrome and a literature review are presented.


El síndrome de Lemierre es una enfermedad rara que afecta a adultos jóvenes y es causada principalmente por Fusobacterium necrophorum y ocasionalmente por otras bacterias anaerobias de la especie. Este síndrome se caracteriza por una infección faríngea complicada con tromboflebitis séptica de la vena yugular interna y embolias sépticas principalmente a los pulmones. En la era pre-antibióticos su evolución era frecuentemente de curso fatal. Desde los años 60 este síndrome ha sido rara vez reportado dado el extensivo uso de penicilina en infecciones faríngeas. Actualmente la incidencia del síndrome de Lemierre es de aproximadamente uno en un millón. Dado que hoy en día las imágenes tienen un rol fundamental en el diagnóstico temprano de este síndrome el radiólogo debe estar al tanto y reconocer sus manifestaciones. Se presentan tres casos de Síndrome de Lemierre y una revisión de la literaratura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Radiography, Thoracic , Lemierre Syndrome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201761

ABSTRACT

Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by anaerobic bacterial infection in the head and neck, causing thrombophlebitis of the jugular vein. This disease is usually associated with a history of pharyngitis. The most common pathogens are Fusobacterium species, particularly Fusobacterium necrophorum. Lemierre's syndrome is seen most commonly in teenagers and young adults. We present a case report of a 67-year-old man with an atypical clinical manifestation of an uncommon pathogen in Lemierre's syndrome with epilepsia partialis continua.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Aged , Bacterial Infections , Epilepsia Partialis Continua , Fusobacterium , Fusobacterium necrophorum , Head , Humans , Jugular Veins , Lemierre Syndrome , Neck , Pharyngitis , Thrombophlebitis , Venous Thrombosis , Young Adult
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98276

ABSTRACT

Lemierre syndrome (LS) is a septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (IJV) following an oropharyngeal infection. LS is commonly caused by normal anaerobic flora and treated with appropriate antibiotics and anticoagulation therapy. Although the incidence of disease is very rare, 15% cases of LS are fatal even in the antibiotic era because of disseminated septic thromboemboli. We reported a case of extensive bilateral LS due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis in a 63-year-old female with lung adenocarcinoma. Initial examination revealed a retropharyngeal abscess; hence, intravenous ceftriaxone and steroid were initiated empirically. However, pulmonary thromboembolism developed and methicillin-resistant S. epidermidis was identified in the bacterial culture. Despite intensive antibiotic and anticoagulation therapies, extensive septic thrombophlebitis involving the bilateral IJV and superior vena cava developed. Adjunctive catheter-directed thrombolysis and superior vena cava stenting were performed and the patient received antibiotic therapy for an additional 4 weeks, resulting in complete recovery.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Ceftriaxone , Female , Humans , Incidence , Jugular Veins , Lemierre Syndrome , Lung , Methicillin Resistance , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Embolism , Retropharyngeal Abscess , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Stents , Thrombophlebitis , Vena Cava, Superior
16.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-163122

ABSTRACT

The incidence of human infections caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum is recently on the increase and this is attributed largely to alteration in antibiotic usage pattern, malnutrition and poor oral hygiene. These infections are usually acquired exogenously from animals such as dogs, livestock or humans and ranges from mild sore throat to severe infections like Lemierre’s syndrome and Cancrum oris (NOMA). Fusobacterium necrophorum species produce characteristic toxins and virulent factors which are responsible for the severity of infections. Confirming the presence of these species is recommended during suspected infections. It would help in providing information on the antimicrobial sensitivity pattern so as to guide treatment and control of these severe infections as well as for epidemiological purposes. This review summarizes human infections associated with F. necrophorum providing information on their epidemiology, risk factors, pathogenicity, diagnosis and treatment.

17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126643

ABSTRACT

Lemierre's syndrome is very rare and is characterized by previous oropharyngeal infections, such as pharyngitis or peritonsillar abscess, leading to high fever, internal jugular venous thrombosis, and metastatic infections to multiple internal organs. Prompt and accurate diagnosis followed by early treatment with antibiotics is very important because its mortality is high if treatment is delayed. We report on the case of a 23-year-old female who was transferred to our hospital with a left peritonsillar abscess combined with left jugular venous thrombosis, complaining of a sore throat and left submandibular swelling, and diagnosed as Lemierre's syndrome. Finally, she was treated successfully without anticoagulants.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Anticoagulants , Diagnosis , Female , Fever , Humans , Lemierre Syndrome , Mortality , Peritonsillar Abscess , Pharyngitis , Venous Thrombosis , Young Adult
18.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 73(2): 164-168, ago. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-690562

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Lemierre es una complicación muy poco frecuente de una infección orofaríngea, que progresa con tromboflebitis séptica secundaria e infecciones embólicas frecuentes. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 20 años que inició un cuadro de odinofagia y fiebre, el cual progresó rápidamente a un absceso periamigdalino con trombosis de la vena yugular interna ipsilateral, embolias sépticas pulmonares y meningitis. Se manejó con drenaje del absceso por punción, terapia antibiótica de amplio espectro y anticoagulación respondiendo favorablemente, siendo dada de alta en buenas condiciones luego de 35 días de hospitalización. Con la terapia antimicrobiana, casos como éste son poco frecuentes, incluso a veces olvidados, pero dado su gravedad deben considerarse en cuadros faríngeos de evolución tórpida o ante la aparición de signos neurológicos o sépticos.


Lemierre syndrome is a rare complication of oropharyngeal infection which progresses with secondary septic thrombophlebitis and embolic infections. A 20 years-old woman started with odynophagia and fever, which progressed rapidly to a peritonsillar abscess with thrombosis of the ipsilateral internal jugular vein, septic pulmonary emboli and meningitis. She was managed with abscess drainage puncture, broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy and anticoagulant responding favorably, and was discharged in good condition after 35 days of hospitalization. Since the use of antimicrobial therapy, cases like these are rare, sometimes forgotten, but given its severity should be considered in pharyngeal torpid illness or at the onset of neurological signs or sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Lemierre Syndrome/therapy , Lemierre Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Drainage , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-150549

ABSTRACT

Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by anaerobic septicemia, internal jugular vein thrombosis, and septic emboli associated with infections of the head and neck. We describe an unusual and clinically confusing case of a young woman with an acute paresis of the abducens nerve and partial paresis of the right oculomotor nerve. After an extensive imaging diagnostic procedure, we also documented a peritonsillar abscess and various types of thromboses in intracranial and extracranial veins. Furthermore, we found brain and lung abscesses, which led us to establish the diagnosis of Lemierre's syndrome. Despite intensive anti-coagulation and antibiotic therapy, the patient developed a mycotic aneurysm in the right internal carotid artery directly adjacent to the previously thrombosed cavernous sinus. In summary, we were able to confirm that Lemierre's syndrome may occur in conjunction with uncharacteristic symptoms. Due to the sometimes confusing clinical symptoms as well as clinical and radiological specialties, we had to work on an interdisciplinary basis to minimize the delay prior to establishing the diagnosis and therapy.


Subject(s)
Abducens Nerve Diseases/diagnosis , Acute Disease , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Lemierre Syndrome/complications , Oculomotor Nerve Diseases/diagnosis , Paresis/diagnosis , Young Adult
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37227

ABSTRACT

Lemierre syndrome is a rare syndrome caused by an acute pharyngitis with secondary septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and metastatic infections. Although mortality from Lemierre syndrome is low, it remains a potentially life-threatening disease that requires careful consideration, as its early diagnosis and treatment is essential to prevent metastatic infection. We report a case of a 19-year-old woman who presented with a sore throat and right upper quadrant pain. Abdominal and pelvic computerized tomography (CT) showed acalculous cholecystitis with hepatosplenomegaly. The chest CT showed septic emboli in both lung fields and the neck CT revealed thrombosis in the left internal jugular vein. The patient was treated with antibiotics. After nine days, the chest CT showed a further increase in the size of the septic embolism and the patient was treated with anticoagulants. After 23 days, the size of septic emboli in the lung significantly decreased and the patient was discharged.


Subject(s)
Acalculous Cholecystitis , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Anticoagulants , Early Diagnosis , Embolism , Female , Humans , Jugular Veins , Lemierre Syndrome , Lung , Neck , Pharyngitis , Thorax , Thrombophlebitis , Thrombosis
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