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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253183, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355858

ABSTRACT

Abstract Nanoparticles are considered viable options in the treatment of cancer. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) and magnetite folate core shell (MFCS) on leukemic and hepatocarcinoma cell cultures as well as their effect on the animal model of acute myelocytic leukemia (AML). Through current study nanoparticles were synthesized, characterized by various techniques, and their properties were studied to confirm their nanostructure. Invivo study, nanoparticles were evaluated to inspect their cytotoxic activity against SNU-182 (human hepatocellular carcinoma), K562 (human leukemia), and THLE2 (human normal epithelial liver) cells via MTT test. Apoptotic signaling proteins Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 expression were inspected through RT-PCR method. A cytotoxic effect of MNPs and MFCS was detected in previous cell cultures. Moreover, the apoptosis was identified through significant up-regulation of caspase-3, with Bcl-2 down-regulation. Invitro study, AML was induced in rats by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea followed by oral treatment with MNPS and MFCS. Biochemical indices such as aspartate and alanine amino transferases, and lactate dehydrogenase activities, uric acid, complete blood count, and Beta -2-microglubulin were assessed in serum. Immunophenotyping for CD34 and CD38 detection was performed. Liver, kidney, and bone marrow were microscopically examined. Bcl-2 promoter methylation, and mRNA levels were examined. Although, both MNPs and MFCS depict amelioration in biochemical parameters, MFCS alleviated them toward normal control. Anticancer activity of MNPs and MFCS was approved especially for AML. Whenever, administration of MFCS was more effective than MNPs. The present work is one of few studies used MFCS as anticancer agent.


Resumo Nanopartículas são consideradas opções viáveis ​​no tratamento do câncer. Este estudo foi conduzido para investigar o efeito de nanopartículas de magnetita (MNPs) e núcleo de folato de magnetita (MFCS) em culturas de células leucêmicas e de hepatocarcinoma, bem como seu efeito no modelo animal de leucemia mielocítica aguda (LMA). Através do atual estudo, nanopartículas foram sintetizadas, caracterizadas por várias técnicas, e suas propriedades foram estudadas para confirmar sua nanoestrutura. No estudo in vivo, as nanopartículas foram avaliadas para inspecionar sua atividade citotóxica contra células SNU-182 (carcinoma hepatocelular humano), K562 (leucemia humana) e THLE2 (fígado epitelial humano normal) por meio do teste MTT. A expressão das proteínas sinalizadoras apoptóticas Bcl-2 e Caspase-3 foram inspecionadas através do método RT-PCR. Um efeito citotóxico de MNPs e MFCS foi detectado em culturas de células anteriores. Além disso, a apoptose foi identificada por meio de regulação positiva significativa da Caspase-3, com regulação negativa de Bcl-2. No estudo in vitro, a AML foi induzida em ratos por N-metil-N-nitrosoureia seguida por tratamento oral com MNPS e MFCS. Índices bioquímicos como aspartato e alanina aminotransferases e atividades de lactato desidrogenase, ácido úrico, hemograma completo e Beta-2-microglubulina foram avaliados no soro. A imunofenotipagem para detecção de CD34 e CD38 foi realizada. Fígado, rim e medula óssea foram examinados microscopicamente. A metilação do promotor Bcl-2 e os níveis de mRNA foram examinados. Embora tanto os MNPs quanto os MFCS representem uma melhora nos parâmetros bioquímicos, o MFCS os aliviou em direção ao controle normal. A atividade anticâncer de MNPs e MFCS foi aprovada especialmente para AML. Sempre, a administração de MFCS foi mais eficaz do que MNPs. O presente trabalho é um dos poucos estudos que utilizou o MFCS como agente anticâncer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Liver Neoplasms , Ferric Compounds , Folic Acid
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e251336, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355879

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bulbine natalensis and Chorophytum comosum are potential medicinal source for the treatment of cancers. Chronic myeloid leukaemia is a hematopoietic stem cells disorder treated by tyrosine kinase inhibitors but often cause recurrence of the leukaemia after cessation of therapy, hence require alternative treatment. This study determines the anti-cancer effect of leaf, root and bulb methanolic and aqueous extracts of B. natalensis and C. comosum in chronic human myelogenous leukaemia (K562) cell line by MTT, Hoechst bis-benzimide nuclear and annexin V stain assays. The root methanolic extract of B. natalensis and C. comosum showed a high cytotoxicity of 8.6% and 16.7% respectively on the K562 cell line at 1,000 μg/ml concentration. Morphological loss of cell membrane integrity causing degradation of the cell and fragmentation were observed in the root methanolic extract of both plants. A high apoptosis (p < 0.0001) was induced in the K562 cells by both leaf and root extracts of the C. comosum compared to the B. natalensis. This study shows both plants possess apoptotic effect against in vitro myelogenous leukaemia which contributes to the overall anti-cancer properties of B. natalensis and C. comosum to justify future therapeutic applications against chronic myelogenous leukaemia blood cancer.


Resumo Bulbine natalensis Baker e Chorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques são potenciais fontes medicinais para o tratamento de cânceres. A Leucemia Mieloide Crônica (LMC) é um distúrbio das células-tronco hematopoiéticas que é tratado com inibidores da tirosina quinase, mas frequentemente, causa recorrência da leucemia após a interrupção da terapia, portanto, requer um tratamento alternativo. Este estudo determinou o efeito anticancerígeno de extratos metanólicos e aquosos de folha, raiz e bulbo de B. natalensis e C. comosum na linhagem celular de leucemia mieloide humana crônica (K562) por ensaios de MTT, Hoechst bis-benzimida nuclear e anexina V. O extrato metanólico da raiz de B. natalensis e C. comosum apresentou alta citotoxidade de 8,6% e 16,7% respectivamente, na linhagem celular K562 com a concentração de 1,000 μg / ml. Perda morfológica da integridade da membrana celular causando degradação dos núcleos, citoplasma e encolhimento celular foi observada no extrato metanólico da raiz de ambas as plantas. Uma alta apoptose (p <0,0001) foi induzida nas células K562 por extratos de folhas e raízes de C. comosum em comparação com B. natalensis. Este estudo mostrou que ambas as plantas possuem efeito apoptótico contra leucemia mieloide in vitro que contribui para as propriedades anticâncer gerais de B. natalensis e C. comosum para justificar futuras aplicações terapêuticas contra câncer de sangue de LMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Xanthorrhoeaceae , Apoptosis , K562 Cells
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249911, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339366

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hematological and hematopoietic cells malignancies of the genes and hematopoietic cells are associated with the genetic mutation, often at the chromosomal level. The standard cytogenetic study is widely accepted as one of the main diagnostics and prognostic determinants in patients. Therefore, the current descriptive and cross-sectional study sought to determine the cytogenetic analysis of frequent hematological malignancies in Pakistan. A total of 202 peripheral bone marrow or blood samples from patients with benign and malignant hematological malignancy were taken using a conventional G-banding technique. Among enrolled patients, the mean age was 21.5 years ± 23.4, and gender-wise distribution showed a marked predominance of the male 147 (73%) population compared to the female 55 (27%). Patients in the age group (2-10 years) had the highest frequency, 48 (24%), of hematological neoplasms, followed by age (11-20 years) with 40 (20%). Normal karyotypes (46, XX/46, XY) was found in 51% (n=103) patients. Furthermore, the frequency of complex karyotype was 30 (15%), while normal was seen in 171 (85%) patients. Pre-B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (Pre-B ALL) was the most prevalent malignancy of 66 (33%), followed by Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) of 41 (20%) and Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia of 29 (14%). Translocation was the most prevalent 50 (25%), followed by hypotriploidy 14 (7%) and monosomy 8 (4%) on chromosome aberration analysis. In addition, t(9:22) translocation was found to be 20 (10%) in CML, with the majority in the age group (31-40 years). This study recommends that karyotyping should be tested frequently in hematological conditions because it may provide insight into the relative chromosomal changes associated with particular malignancies.


Resumo As neoplasias hematológicas e de células hematopoiéticas dos genes e as células hematopoiéticas estão associadas à mutação genética, geralmente em nível cromossômico. O estudo citogenético padrão é amplamente aceito como um dos principais determinantes diagnósticos e prognósticos em pacientes. Portanto, o presente estudo descritivo e transversal buscou determinar a análise citogenética de neoplasias hematológicas frequentes no Paquistão. Um total de 202 amostras de medula óssea periférica ou sangue de pacientes com malignidade hematológica benigna e maligna foi coletado usando uma técnica convencional de banda G. Entre os pacientes inscritos, a média de idade foi de 21,5 anos ± 23,4, e a distribuição por gênero mostrou uma marcada predominância da população masculina de 147 (73%) em comparação com a feminina de 55 (27%). Pacientes na faixa etária (2-10 anos) tiveram a maior frequência, 48 (24%), de neoplasias hematológicas, seguida da idade (11-20 anos) com 40 (20%). Cariótipos normais (46, XX / 46, XY) foram encontrados em 51% (n = 103) dos pacientes. Além disso, a frequência de cariótipo complexo foi de 30 (15%), enquanto normal foi observada em 171 (85%) pacientes. Leucemia linfoblástica aguda pré-B (LLA Pré-B) foi a doença maligna mais prevalente de 66 (33%), seguida por leucemia mieloide crônica (LMC) de 41 (20%) e leucemia linfocítica aguda de 29 (14%). A translocação foi o 50 mais prevalente (25%), seguido por hipotriploidia 14 (7%) e monossomia 8 (4%) na análise de aberração cromossômica. Além disso, a translocação t (9:22) encontrada foi de 20 (10%) na LMC, com a maioria na faixa etária (31-40 anos). Este estudo recomenda que o cariótipo deve ser testado com frequência em condições hematológicas porque pode fornecer informações sobre as alterações cromossômicas relativas associadas a doenças malignas específicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Chromosome Aberrations , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Hematologic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Pakistan/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Karyotyping
4.
Rev. med. (São Paulo) ; 101(5): e-181721, set-out. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395427

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) is the most prevalent malignancy in children; however, when the neoplasm becomes refractory/relapses (R/R) the cure possibilities are practically null. Objectives: To analyze the Anti-CD19 Chimeric Antigen Receptors (CAR) T-Cells immunotherapy efficacy in the treatment of R/R ALL, providing evidence about the efficacy and safety of the therapy for the analyzed group. Methods: The study consisted of a systematic review and meta-analysis based on the analysis of indexed articles. The searches were carried out with the terms: "acute lymphoblastic leukemia", "CAR T", and "CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor". Results: Only 18 of the 94 articles obtained initially met the inclusion criteria and were selected for review, totaling 637 patients. Thus, it was observed in the responses that approximately 81% of the patients achieved a Complete Response; 7% did not respond; the neoplasm relapsed in 17% of the cases; and 6.1% of the patients died. The main side effects found were Cytokine Release Syndrome (CRS), Severe Cytokine Release Syndrome, and Neurotoxicity, present in 36.3%, 29%, and 24% of patients, respectively. Conclusion: Anti-CD19 CAR T-Cells immunotherapy is an effective therapy, capable of producing high rates of complete remission in R/R ALL treatment. [au]


Introdução: A Leucemia Linfoblástica Aguda (LLA) é a neoplasia maligna mais prevalente em crianças; entretanto, quando se torna refratária/recidivante (R/R) as possibilidades de cura são praticamente nulas. Objetivos: Analisar a eficácia da imunoterapia de Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos anti-CD19 no tratamento da LLA R/R, fornecendo evidências sobre a efetividade e segurança da terapia para o grupo analisado. Métodos: O estudo consistiu em uma revisão sistemática e metanálise baseada em artigos indexados. As pesquisas foram realizadas com os termos: "acute lymphoblastic leukemia", "CAR T", and "CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor". Resultados: Dos 94 artigos obtidos, apenas 18 atenderam inicialmente aos critérios de inclusão e foram selecionados para revisão, totalizando 637 pacientes. Assim, observou-se nas respostas que aproximadamente 81% dos pacientes obtiveram resposta completa; 7% não responderam; a neoplasia recidivou em 17% dos casos; e 6,1% dos pacientes morreram. Os principais efeitos colaterais encontrados foram síndrome de liberação de citocinas, síndrome de liberação grave de citocinas e neurotoxicidade, presentes em 36,3%, 29% e 24% dos pacientes, respectivamente. Conclusão: A imunoterapia com células CAR T anti-CD19 é uma terapia eficaz, sendo capaz de produzir altas taxas de remissão completa no tratamento de LLA R / R. [au]

5.
Pediatr. (Asunción) ; 49(2)ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386700

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: En la Leucemia linfoblástica aguda se han estudiado el rol de factores de riesgo ambientales y genéticos. Menos frecuentemente otros como los perinatales y parentales El objetivo del estudio fue analizar los factores de riesgo ambientales, parentales y perinatales de los niños con Leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) en tratamiento en el servicio de oncología de un hospital pediátrico. Materiales y Métodos: estudio de caso-control, realizado en el departamento de oncohematología de un hospital pediátrico. Los casos fueron niños con diagnóstico de leucemia linfoblástica aguda y los controles niños con patología quirúrgica, previamente sanos pareados por edad. Se estudiaron variables ambientales, perinatales y parentales. Los análisis uni y multivariado fueron realizados en SPSS y los resultados se expresaron en OR con IC 95%. El protocolo fue aprobado por el comité de ética institucional. Resultados: se incluyó 66 casos y 132 controles. El 33,3 (22/66) vs el 8,3% (11/132) OR 5,5 (IC 95% 2,4 - 12,5 p=0,0001 de los casos y controles respectivamente, eran residentes desde el nacimiento de los departamentos con mayor área de cultivos. En el análisis multivariado el riesgo de proceder de departamentos con extensas áreas de cultivo fue 3,6 veces mayor, OR 3,6 (IC 95% 1,4 -9) p=0,008 ajustado por la edad materna, antecedente de hospitalización neonatal, ocupación paterna y exposición a rayos X. Conclusiones: La residencia en zonas con gran extensión de cultivos fue el factor de riesgo ambiental en los niños con LLA de una población hospitalaria.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The role of environmental and genetic risk factors has been studied in acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but other factors, such as perinatal and parental factors, less so. The objective of the study was to analyze the environmental, parental and perinatal risk factors of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) being treated in the oncology department of a pediatric hospital. Materials and methods: This was a case-control study, carried out in the oncohematology department of a pediatric hospital. The cases were children diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the controls were previously healthy children diagnosed with a surgical pathology, matched by age. Environmental, perinatal and parental variables were studied. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed in SPSS and the results were expressed as OR with 95% CI. The protocol was approved by the institutional ethics committee. Results: We included 66 cases and 132 controls. 33.3% (22/66) vs. 8.3% (11/132) OR 5.5 (95% CI 2.4 - 12.5 p=0.0001) of the cases and controls, respectively, had been residents since birth of the departments with larger farmland crop areas. In the multivariate analysis, the risk of being from departments with extensive crop areas was 3.6 times higher, OR 3.6 (95% CI 1.4 -9, p=0.008) adjusted for maternal age, history of neonatal hospitalizations, paternal occupation, and exposure to X-rays. Conclusions: Residence in areas with a large area of crops was the environmental risk factor in children with ALL in a hospital population.

6.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(1): 11-18, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389163

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La leucemia viral felina (ViLeF) es una enfermedad retroviral letal, de una elevada prevalência en Colombia, que afecta a felinos de diferentes edades y sexos. El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la frecuencia por serodiagnóstico de ViLeF en felinos del centro integral de bienestar animal Ceiba, ubicado en Rionegro, Antioquia (Colombia), en 2020. Para ello, se realizó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal de serofrecuencia de ViLeF desde enero hasta diciembre de 2020. Fueron muestreados 92 gatos, a los cuales se les efectuó una prueba p27 por inmunoensayo comercial Elisa (Idexx©, Snap Combo Plus®, Maine, EE. UU.). La frecuencia de felinos positivos fue 30/92 (32,60%) y el mes de mayo fue el de mayor frecuencia (9,78%). Los machos positivos fueron 17/92 (18,47%) y las hembras 13/92 (14,13%). La edad promedio de seropositividad fue 2,14 años. La frecuencia de ViLeF en 2020 para Ceiba, Rionegro (Colombia) es de 32,60%, un valor elevado con respecto a descripciones en otros albergues para felinos. ViLeF es una enfermedad que está siendo reportada con mayor frecuencia en Colombia, debido a que las medidas de prevención no se están adoptando rutinariamente.


ABSTRACT Feline viral leukemia (ViLeF) is a lethal retroviral disease with a high prevalence in Colombia that affects felines of different ages and sexes. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the frequency by serodiagnosis of ViLeF in felines of the integral center of animal welfare Ceiba, located in Rionegro, Antioquia (Colombia), during 2020. For that, a longitudinal descriptive study of ViLeF serofrequency from were made January to December 2020. 92 cats were sampled, which were tested for p27 by commercial Elisa immunoassay (Idexx©, Snap Combo Plus®, Maine, USA). The frequency of positive felines was 30/92 (32,60%). May was the month with the highest frequency (9,78%). The positivity frequency for males was 17/92 (18,47%) and the frequency for females 13/92 (14,13%). The main age of seropositivity was 2,14 years. The frequency of ViLeF in 2020 for Ceiba, Rionegro (Colombia) is 32,60%. This is a high value in comparison to descriptions in other shelters for felines. ViLeF, in Colombia, is a disease that has been reported with more frequency because prevention measures are not being adopted routinely.

7.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(2): 143-150, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385039

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FCI) plays a major role in diagnosing hematologic malignancies. In patients diagnosed with precursor B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), expression of certain non-lineage/cross lineage antigens is of prognostic and cytogenetic relevance. There is a paucity of studies that have comprehensively analyzed the clinical and laboratory profiles of B-ALL patients showing aberrant T/natural killer (NK) cell antigen expression. Materials and methods This is a prospective study where 152 consecutive B-ALL patients were analyzed for aberrant expression of T/NK cell antigens (CD1a, CD5, CD4, CD7, CD8 and CD56) by FCI. The clinical and laboratory profile of these T/NK-cell antigen-expressing B-ALL patients was statistically analyzed against conventional B-ALL patients. Results In our B-ALL cohort, CD5, CD7 and CD56 expression were observed in one, six and nine patients, respectively. CD56-expressing B-ALL patients were predominantly children (89%) and presented as standard clinical risk (p = 0.010) disease with frequent ETV6-RUNX1 fusion (p = 0.021) positivity. On the contrary, CD7-expressing B-ALL patients were adolescent-young adult/adult-age skewed (83%) and had an adverse cytogenetic profile (p = 0.001), especially for the frequent presence of BCR-ABL1 fusion (p = 0.004) and KMT2A rearrangement (p = 0.045). CD7-expressing B-ALL patients had inferior event-free survival (p = 0.040) than their CD56-expressing counterparts, but there was no significant difference in the overall survival (p = 0.317). Conclusion In comparison to conventional B-ALL patients, there are significant differences in the age, cytogenetic profile and event-free survival of T/NK-cell antigen-expressing B-ALL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Antigens, CD7 , CD56 Antigen
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(2): e89-e92, abril 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363982

ABSTRACT

ElsíndromedeDownpredisponeatrastornosmieloproliferativos. Se estima que del 5 % al 30 % de los neonatos con esta condición desarrollarán mielopoyesis anormal transitoria. El tratamiento no está estandarizado; la exanguinotransfusión y la citarabina podrían ser efectivos. Se describen dos casos de pacientes con síndrome de Down, quienes durante el período neonatal presentaron leucemia mieloide aguda y mielopoyesis anormal transitoria, los tratamientos utilizados y sus desenlaces. Se considera que la sospecha y el diagnóstico temprano de esta entidad son factores determinantes en el pronóstico.


Down syndrome predisposes to haematological disorders. It is estimated that 5-30% of neonates with this condition will develop transient abnormal myelopoiesis. Treatment is not standardized; exchange transfusion and the use of cytarabine could be effective. We present two clinical cases of patients with Down syndrome, who during the neonatal period showed acute myeloid leukemia and transient abnormal myelopoiesis, the treatments used and their outcomes. Suspicion and early diagnosis of this entity are considered determining factors in prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Down Syndrome/complications , Down Syndrome/diagnosis , Leukemoid Reaction/diagnosis , Leukemoid Reaction/etiology , Leukemoid Reaction/therapy , Myeloproliferative Disorders/complications , Myeloproliferative Disorders/diagnosis
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398187

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La neutropenia congénita grave se define como el recuento de neutrófilos inferior a 500 células/mm3, se caracteriza por presentar infecciones a repetición en diferentes órganos desde los primeros meses de vida, además del riesgo de desarrollar una transformación leucémica. Reporte de caso: Lactante de 7 meses quien presentó abscesos a repetición desde el primer mes de edad, en el hemograma se evidenció neutropenia grave, posteriormente se diagnosticó leucemia mieloide aguda por citometría de flujo, finalmente falleció por choque séptico. Conclusión: Lactante con neutropenia congénita desarrolló una transformación leucémica no asociada a tratamiento previo con factor estimulante de granulocitos (G-CSF), se espera contar en un futuro con más estudios para poder determinar qué otros factores además del G-CSF están implicados en la transformación leucémica de los pacientes con neutropenia congénita para poder brindar mejores alternativas diagnósticas y terapéuticas en los pacientes afectados por esta enfermedad.


Background:Severe congenital neutropenia is defined as neutrophil count less than 500 cells/mm3, it is characterized by presenting repeated infections in different organs since the first months of life, in addition to the risk of developing leukemic transformation. A7-month-old infant Case report:presented with recurrent abscesses since the first month of life, progressive neutropenia in the hemogram, later acute myeloid leukemia was diagnosed by flow cytometry, and finally died of septic shock. Infant with Conclusion:congenital neutropenia developed a leukemic transformation not associated to previous treatment with granulocyte stimulating factor (G-CSF). More studies are expected in the future to determine which other factors besides G-CSF are involved in the leukemic transformation of patients with congenital neutropenia in order to provide better diagnostic and therapeutic alternatives in patients affected by this disease.

10.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(1): 142-146, feb. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365139

ABSTRACT

Resumen Una mujer de 40 años se internó de forma programada para recibir quimioterapia por una leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) B común de alto riesgo, diagnosticada 10 meses antes a raíz de hemato mas y petequias en los miembros inferiores, y metrorragia. En ese momento, presentaba trombocitopenia y una ecografía ginecológica transvaginal normal. Al ingreso de la internación programada, se quejó de dolor inguinal izquierdo con irradiación al muslo e impotencia funcional de 3 meses de evolución, dolor en fosa ilíaca derecha y diarrea. En el examen físico tenía dolor a la palpación profunda en la fosa ilíaca derecha y signo del psoas positivo a la izquierda. La tomografía de abdomen y pelvis reveló una imagen compatible con un absceso del psoas izquierdo y signos de tiflitis. La biopsia del psoas izquierdo demostró infiltración por nidos y cordones de carcinoma escamoso queratinizante moderadamente diferenciado. El examen ginecológico dirigido evidenció anomalías macroscópicas del cuello uterino correlacionadas con el mismo diagnóstico histopatológico. Los se gundos cánceres primarios más frecuentemente asociados a LLA son linfoma de Hodgkin, cáncer escamoso de piel, tumores endocrinos, cáncer renal, linfoma no-Hodgkin y cáncer de mama. Las metástasis musculares de tumores sólidos son infrecuentes, y habitualmente provienen del pulmón, riñón, tiroides y melanoma. El síndrome del psoas maligno es causado por infiltración neoplásica del músculo. El diagnóstico diferencial debe realizarse con el absceso del psoas, que puede originarse en una tiflitis si es secundario. No hemos podido encontrar registros de cáncer de cuello uterino como segundo cáncer primario luego de LLA.


Abstract A 40-year-old woman was scheduled to receive chemotherapy for a high-risk common B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), diagnosed 10 months earlier in the wake of lower limb bruising and petechiae, and metrorrhagia. At that time, she had thrombocytopenia and a normal transvaginal gynecological ultrasound. Upon admission, she complained of a 3-month history of incapacitating left groin pain radiated to the thigh, and right lower quadrant abdominal pain associated with diarrhea. On physical examination, she had tenderness in the right iliac fossa and a positive psoas sign on the left. Computerized scan of the abdomen and pelvis reported an image compatible with a left psoas abscess and signs of typhlitis. The biopsy of the left psoas muscle demonstrated infiltration by nests and cords of moderately differentiated keratinizing squamous carcinoma. Gynecological examination revealed macroscopic abnormalities of the cervix correlated with the same histopathological diagnosis. The second primary cancers most frequently associated with ALL are Hodgkin lymphoma, squamous skin cancer, endocrine tumors, kidney cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and breast cancer. Muscle metastases from solid tumors are rare, and usually arise from the lung, kidney, thyroid, and melanoma. Malignant psoas syndrome is caused by neoplastic infiltration of the muscle. The differential diagnosis should be made with a psoas abscess, which may arise from typhlitis if secondary. We have not been able to find records of cervical cancer as second primary cancer after ALL.

11.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 16(1): 29-38, 20220111.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352937

ABSTRACT

La leucemia es una patología neoplásica maligna que constituye un problema de salud que afecta fundamentalmente a la población infantil. Así, se realizó un proceso investigativo con el objetivo de describir la calidad de vida en pacientes pediátricos de LLA con edades entre 2 y 18 años, atendidos en 2019, en el Hospital Pediátrico Baca Ortiz y en el Hospital de Solca - Núcleo Quito, Ecuador; para lo cual se hizo un estudio observacional, transversal, descriptivo, con enfoque cuantitativo. Los datos fueron recopilados mediante la revisión de las historias clínicas de los 60 pacientes en el contexto de investigación. El 66,7% correspondió al sexo masculino, el 43,3% tenía edades entre 2 y 4 años, el 38,3% tuvo fiebre como síntoma inicial. El síndrome de Down resultó la comorbilidad más frecuente (6,7%). En 54 pacientes se diagnosticó LLA tipo B. El 66,7% recibía terapia psicológica, 22 de los enfermos estaban en la fase de inducción y mantenimiento. El 65% abandonó la escuela mientras se le administraba quimioterapia. Predomina-ron los que consideraron su calidad de vida como buena, seguido de los que tuvieron severa afectación. Las mayores afectaciones en los participantes fueron: dificultades con la alimentación, presencia de dolor, falta de comunicación, existencia de ansiedad y presencia de estrés por la preocupación debido a la posible infectividad del tratamiento.


Leukemia is a malignant neoplastic disease that constitutes a health problem that mainly affects children. Thus, this research aimed to describe the quality of life in pediatric ALL patients between 2 and 18 years of age, treated in 2019, at the Baca Ortiz Pediatric Hospital and at the Solca Hospital - Núcleo Quito, Ecuador. A cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study with a quantitative approach. Data were collected by reviewing the medical records of the 60 patients in the research context. 66.7% were male, 43.3% were between 2 and 4 years old, 38.3% had fever as the initial symptom. Down syndrome was the most frequent comorbidity (6.7%). Type B ALL was diagnosed in 54 patients. 66.7% received psychological therapy. 22 of the patients were in the induction and maintenance phase. 65% dropped out of school while recei-ving chemotherapy. Those ones who considered their quality of life as good predominated, followed by those ones who were severely affected. The greatest effects on the participants were: difficulties with feeding, presence of pain, lack of communication, existence of anxiety and presence of stress due to worry due to the possible infectivity of the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Life , Drug Therapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Pediatrics , Therapeutics , Leukemia
12.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 26-31, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364890

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may present with extrapulmonary manifestations, including hematologic changes. Previous studies suggest that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) can interact with the renin-angiotensin system, ultimately causing increased production of angiotensin II. By reporting the cases of previously healthy young adults diagnosed with a hematologic malignancy after experiencing COVID-19, we raise the hypothesis that the SARS-Cov-2 infection could act as a trigger for leukemogenesis in predisposed individuals. Methods This was a case series performed through extraction of relevant clinical information from the medical records of three patients admitted to our Hematology unit between August 2020 and September 2020. Main Results Considering the relatively rapid development of cytopenias following recovery from COVID-19, it cannot be ruled out that SARS-Cov-2 played a role in leukemogenesis in those patients. Based on previous in vitro studies, the renin-angiotensin system imbalance induced by SARS-CoV-2 could potentially promote in vivo leukemogenesis through several mechanisms. Conclusion Despite the advances in pathophysiological and clinical characterization of COVID-19, the consequences of the pandemic to the incidence of hematologic diseases are still to be elucidated. In this context, future dissection of the status of the local bone marrow renin-angiotensin system in leukemogenesis is a clinically relevant basic research area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hematologic Neoplasms , COVID-19 , Renin-Angiotensin System , Leukemia , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 25(supl.1): e220008, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387847

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate the mortality trend and to analyze the potential years of life lost (PYLL) due to leukemias and lymphomas in Brazil and Mato Grosso, from 2001 to 2019. Methods: Time-series study on deaths from leukemias and lymphomas with data obtained from the Mortality Information System. Trends were calculated by age group by the Joinpoint regression method, using calendar year as regressor variable, estimated annual percentage change (APC) and mean annual percentage change, considering 95% confidence intervals. PYLL rates were collected from the Cancer Mortality Atlas. Results: In Brazil, the mortality rate trend remained stable for both diseases in the period: leukemias (APC=0.2; 95%CI 0.0-0.3) and lymphomas (APC=0.2; 95%CI 0.4-0.1). In Mato Grosso state, the rate for leukemias was also stable (APC=0.3; 95%CI 1.0-1.6). For lymphomas, the trend was ascendant (APC=2.3; 95%CI 0.5-4.2), but descending among people younger than 59 years. For leukemias, PYLL rates were 64 and 65/100,000 in Brazil and Mato Grosso, respectively. For lymphomas, 27 and 22/100,000, respectively, with the highest rates found among males. Conclusion: The behavior of mortality rates from leukemia and lymphoma in Mato Grosso was different from that observed nationally, with an upward trend for lymphomas and no differences between age groups for both diseases. PYLL rates for leukemias were similar, while for lymphomas they were higher among men and lower in Mato Grosso when compared to Brazil.


RESUMO: Objetivos: Estimar a tendência de mortalidade e analisar os anos potenciais de vida perdidos (APVP) por leucemias e linfomas no Brasil e em Mato Grosso, entre os anos de 2001 e 2019. Métodos: Estudo de série temporal de óbitos por leucemias e linfomas obtidos do Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade. As tendências foram calculadas por faixa etária pelo método de regressão joinpoint, usando ano calendário como variável regressora, e estimaram-se a variação percentual anual (APC) e a variação percentual média anual, considerando intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC95%). As taxas de APVP foram coletadas do Atlas de Mortalidade por Câncer. Resultados: No Brasil, a tendência da taxa de mortalidade apresentou estabilidade para ambos os agravos, leucemias (APC=0,2; IC95% 0,0-0,3) e linfomas (APC=0,2; IC95% 0,4-0,1). No estado, a taxa por leucemias também apontou estabilidade (APC=0,3; IC95% 1,0-1,6). Para os linfomas, a tendência foi de aumento (APC=2,3; IC95% 0,5-4,2), contudo tendência decrescente foi observada entre aqueles com menos de 59 anos. Para leucemias, as taxas de APVP foram de 64 e 65/100 mil no Brasil e em Mato Grosso, respectivamente. Para linfomas, esses valores foram de 27 e 22/100 mil, respectivamente, sendo as maiores taxas encontradas no sexo masculino. Conclusão: As taxas de mortalidade por leucemias e linfomas em Mato Grosso apresentam comportamento diferente do observado nacionalmente, com tendência crescente para linfomas e sem diferenças entre as faixas etárias, para ambos os agravos. As taxas de APVP por leucemias foram semelhantes, no entanto para os linfomas foram maiores entre os homens e menores para o estado, quando comparadas com as do Brasil.

14.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRB5954, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364790

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Despite advances in understanding of carcinogenesis and of treatment of acute myeloid leukemia, this neoplasm still has a lethality of at least 30%. The search for biomarkers that can predict the response to treatment in the early stages of the disease is still necessary. In recent years, a new form of cellular communication between tumor and non-neoplastic cells has been discovered: the exchange of information through extracellular vesicles. These are small vesicles released by membrane-coated cells that carry proteins, lipids, messenger RNAs, microRNA and DNA, which can be internalized and promote biological changes in target cells. Exosomes are qualified as a type of extracellular vesicle and, in tumors, carry immunoinhibitory signals that promote the escape of immune control. Recent studies have showed their involvement in communication with the cells of the tumor microenvironment and with chemoresistance in several tumors. To date, there is no information about immunoregulatory microRNAs transported by exosomes and their correlation with clinical evolution during chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia. Knowledge about immunomodulatory microRNAs obtained by leukemic cells and transported by exosomes can direct us towards the design of new diagnostic and treatment tools in this type of leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Exosomes/genetics , Exosomes/metabolism , Biomarkers , Cell Communication , Tumor Microenvironment/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928766

ABSTRACT

The clinical therapeutic regimen for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not significantly different between adults and children, which is mostly based on IA (idarubicin and cytosine arabinoside) induction chemotherapy. With the rapid development of sequencing technique, people's understandings towards the molecular and biological abnormalities of AML are increasing, diverse AML gene mutation-based targeted drugs have been rapidly developed and applied. In this review, several commonly gene mutations in AML (such as FLT3, NPM1 and C/EBPA) was described, and the therapeutic effects and differences of targeted drugs that used in clinical treatment or had been reported (like tyrosine kinase inhibitor, IDH1 mutation inhibitor and epigenetic modification inhibitor) in child and adult AML patients were summrized.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Cytarabine , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression levels and clinical significance of helper T cell 1/helper T cell 2 (Th1/Th2) cytokine and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in patients with acute leukemia (AL) complicated by infection.@*METHODS@#68 patients with AL complicated by infection admitted to Wuhan Fifth Hospital from May 2017 to January 2020 were enrolled as study group, 50 AL patients without infection were enrolled as AL group, and 30 healthy volunteers checked in physical examination center were enrolled as healthy control group. The levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10), and peripheral blood Th1/Th2 cells subsets were measured and compared among the three groups. The serum IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and Th1/Th2 were compared between the patients with mild to moderate infection (n=52) and septic shock (n=16). The relationship between IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, Th1/Th2 and AL infection was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The levels of IL-6, IL-10 , TNF-α, and the proportion of Th2 of the patients in study group and AL group were significantly higher than those in healthy control group (P<0.001), while the proportion of Th1 and Th1/Th2 were significantly lower than those in healthy control group (P<0.001). The levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α, and the proportion of Th2 the patients in study group were significantly higher than those in AL group (P<0.001), while the proportion of Th1 and Th1/Th2 were significantly lower than those in AL group (P<0.001). The serum IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α level of the patients in septic shock group were significantly higher than those in mild-to-moderate infection group (P<0.001), while Th1/Th2 was lower than those in mild-to-moderate infection group (P<0.001). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) values of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and Th1/Th2 alone for the diagnosis of septic shock were 0.779, 0.761, 0.724 and 0.718, which were lower than that their combination (0.910) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of serum IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α are high in patients with AL complicated infection and septic shock, while Th1/Th2 cell subsets is low. The combined detection of serum IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and Th1/Th2 is a good diagnostic value for predicting the occurrence of severe septic shock.


Subject(s)
Cytokines/metabolism , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Leukemia/metabolism , Shock, Septic/metabolism , Th1 Cells/metabolism , Th2 Cells/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of acute myeloid leukemia cells in leukemia-microenvironment on proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSC).@*METHODS@#Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) murine models overexpressing MLL-AF9 were established. The number of BM-MSC of wild type (WT) and AML-derived mice were analyzed by flow cytometry. Morphology and growth differences between WT and AML-derived BM-MSC were analyzed by inverted fluorescence microscope. Proliferation and apoptosis of BM-MSC between these two groups were detected by Brdu and Annexin V/PI.@*RESULTS@#Compared with WT-derived BM-MSC, the number and proliferation rate of AML-derived BM-MSC significantly increased (P<0.01, P<0.001), while apoptosis rate decreased (P<0.05). When cultured in vitro, BM-MSC grew faster under conditional medium.@*CONCLUSION@#AML cells can promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of BM-MSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Tumor Microenvironment
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and correlation of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc in acute T lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL), aiming to provide evidence for the diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 96 T-ALL patients who were diagnosed and treated in People's Hospital of Zhengzhou from June 2014 to June 2017 were selected, and 69 healthy volunteers who had a physical examination were selected as control group in the same period. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) was used to determine the expression levels of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in each group. Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the survival of T-ALL patients and correlation of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc with prognosis. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc with disease risk.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of miR-211 mRNA, miR-155 mRNA, and C-myc mRNA in T-ALL group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01), those in non-remission group were higher than those in remission group (P<0.01), and those in high-risk group were also higher than those in low-risk group and intermediate-risk group (P<0.01). The survival time of T-ALL patients with low miR-211 expression was longer than that with high miR-211 expression (P<0.01), that with low miR-155 expression was longer than that with high miR-155 expression (P<0.01), and that with low C-myc expression was also longer than that with high C-myc expression (P<0.01). The high expression of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc was linearly positively correlated with high risk of disease (r=0.749, 0.781, 0.804).@*CONCLUSION@#The expressions of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc are up-regulated in T-ALL patients, closely related to prognosis, and linearly positively correlated with disease risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/genetics , RNA, Messenger
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of miR-155 promoting drug resistance of children B-ALL to Ara-C by regulating Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#The expression of miR-155 in bone marrow tissue and cell line of B-ALL was detected by PCR. The chemotherapy resistant strain REH/ Ara-C was constructed by using REH cells. REH/ Ara-C cells were transfected with miR-155 inhibitor. The proliferation of REH/Ara-C cells was detected by EdU. The apoptosis of REH/ Ara-C cells was detected by flow cytometry. The drug resistance of REH/Ara-C cells were analyzed by CCK-8 method and colony formation assay. The expression of Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway related proteins were determined by Western blot. MiR-155 inhibitor and Wnt activator agonist were used to transfect REH/Ara-C cells, and their effects on cell proliferation, apoptosis and drug resistance were determined.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal tissues and cells, the expression level of miR-155 in B-ALL bone marrow tissue/cell line was increased (P<0.05); Compared with drug sensitive B-ALL tissues/cell lines, the expression level of miR-155 in drug resistant B-ALL tissues and cell lines was increased (P<0.05); Inhibition of miR-155 expression decreased the proliferation of REH/Ara-C cells (P<0.05), promoted apoptosis (P<0.05), enhanced the cytotoxicity of Ara-C (P<0.05), and inhibited Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway related protein and MDR1 gene expression (P<0.05), which could be reversed by activating Wnt expression (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-155 is up-regulated in bone marrow of children with B-ALL, which may be related to the activation of Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway promotes the proliferation of B-ALL cells and inhibits apoptosis, which leads to chemotherapy resistance.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Child , Cytarabine , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928729

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the prognosis value of average daily platelet amount increase in children with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia(B-ALL) treated by CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen.@*METHODS@#106 children with primary B-ALL were retrospective analyzed, standardized MRD test protocol was used to detect the MRD level (19 d and 46 d) after chemotherapy. The platelet count was measured by Sysmex XE-2100. Kaplan-Meier survival curve statistics was used to analyze the event free survival(EFS) rate of the children.@*RESULTS@#The trend of negative correlation existed between PPC and TPR (rs=-0.519, P=0.021). The 3-year EFS rate of the patients in Ap>5.4×109/L group was 95.7%, which was significantly higher than those in Ap≤5.4×109/L group(79.5%) (χ2=5.236, P=0.035); multivariate analysis showed that Ap≤5.4×109/L was the independent prognostic factor affecting survival of the patients (RR=3.978; 95%CI: 1.336-11.523, P=0.041). With both MRD and Ap≤5.4×109/L as candidate variables, Ap≤5.4×109/L lost its independent prognostic value (RR=1.225; 95%CI: 0.892-13.696, P=0.089), the correlation between d 19/d 46 MRD levels and Ap>5.4×109/L (χ2=4.318, P=0.038) could explain the phenomenon.@*CONCLUSION@#Ap can reflect the effect of B-ALL chemotherapy and can be used to monitor the curative effect and prognosis of B-ALL children.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Burkitt Lymphoma , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
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