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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 472-475, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923155

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Allostatic load (AL) is related to stress. Adverse childhood experiences(ACEs), as a common stress in childhood, can make a serious and lasting impact on it. Allostatic load can reflect the wear and tear of an individual s physiological system. This article mainly reviews the functional changes of several systems of AL who have experienced ACEs, including neuroendocrine, metabolism, immune, and cardiovascular systems, as well as the different effects of the occurrence time and subtypes of ACES on AL, providing some theoretical basis for the development of early intervention plans in the future and reducing the occurrence and development of deleterious outcomes.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 251-255, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920609

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of major family structure changes on depression, anxiety and stress symptoms of college students, and to provide theoretical basis for mental health promotion and prevention.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 9 779 college students from 6 universities, including Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Shangrao Normal University, Gannan Normal University, Fujian Polytechnic Normal University, and Changjiang University, by using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 Items (DASS 21).@*Results@#The prevalence rates of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms among college students were 27.4%, 42.0% and 17.4%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that family structure was associated with anxiety and stress symptoms ( χ 2=8.40,13.08, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that specific family structure other than single or two parent family was positively correlated with anxiety( OR =1.89,95% CI =1.05- 3.42 ) and stress symptoms ( OR =2.48, 95% CI =1.36-4.50), family structure changes due to parental divorce was positively correlated with stress symptoms ( OR =1.53,95% CI =1.05-2.20)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The occurrence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms of college students is related to the type of family structure and the changing factors. Colleges should pay more attention to the mental condition of college students with family structure changes, and deliver various mental health promotion services including psychological counseling and health education.

3.
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021211, 09 fev. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281231

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The illness of an oncological disease provides experiences capable of modifying the body and the subjects' ways of life. OBJECTIVE: To analyze how the knowledge of the self occurs facing the experience of illness by cancer and palliative care. METHODS: This is a qualitative case study research based on postcritical theories, specifically in Foucault Studies. The participants were six patients who were experiencing cancer and palliative care, linked to a home hospitalization service. The data were collected from March to June 2018, based on open interviews, participant observation, and speech instigation through the use of occupational therapist therapeutic activities. The analysis occurred based on problematizations. RESULTS: From the statements, different ways of getting sick were identified, from diagnosis to their approach to death, causing changes in the body, way of living, and in the perception of oneself from a life-threatening disease. CONCLUSION: Finally, we concluded that different ways of experiencing cancer and palliative care provided different modes of subjectivation. The lack of self-recognition was confronted by bodily changes and consequently by limitations, so the way this experience was lived reflected in the way they thought about the end of life.


INTRODUÇÃO: O adoecimento por uma doença oncológica proporciona experiências capazes de modificar o corpo e os modos de vida dos sujeitos. OBJETIVO: Analisar como ocorre o conhecimento de si frente à experiência do adoecimento por câncer e cuidados paliativos. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de uma pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa do tipo estudo de caso com base nas teorias pós-críticas, especificamente em Estudos Foucaultianos. Realizada com seis pacientes que estavam experienciando o adoecer por câncer e os cuidados paliativos, vinculados a um serviço de hospitalização no domicílio. A produção de informações ocorreu de março a junho de 2018, a partir de entrevistas abertas, observação participante e instigação de falas a partir da utilização de atividades terapêuticas do terapeuta ocupacional. A análise ocorreu com base em problematizações. RESULTADOS: A partir das falas, identificou-se diferentes formas de como o adoecer foi experienciado, desde o diagnóstico até sua aproximação com a morte, ocasionando mudanças no corpo, no modo de viver e na percepção de si mesmo partir de uma doença que ameaça a vida. CONCLUSÃO: Por fim, concluiu-se que diferentes formas de experienciar o adoecer por câncer e cuidados paliativos proporcionou diferentes modos de subjetivação dos sujeitos. O não reconhecimento de si foi confrontado pelas mudanças corporais e consequentemente pelas limitações, logo, o modo como essa experiência foi vivida refletiu na forma como pensavam o fim da vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Hospice Care , Life Change Events , Neoplasms/psychology , Occupational Therapy , Qualitative Research
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1757-1760, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906595

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Bereavement during childhood is the stressful life event that children may experience in their growing up, while most bereaved children will eventually adapt, some may be severely affected, with potential risks to their healthy physical and mental development,it also has potential risks to the healthy development of children s body and mind.This article reviews the characteristics and associated factors with grief in bereavement children, and summarizes the main intervention approaches for bereavement children s grief, aiming to provide a reference for further research on bereavement children s grief in different age groups and to explore effective intervention models.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1042-1046, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886320

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adolescent alcohol use and to provide evidence for prevention and intervention.@*Methods@#A total of 1 550 students from grades 6 to 8 in three public middle schools in a district of Shanghai were selected by stratified cluster sampling method. The baseline and follow up investigation were conducted by anonymous electronic questionnaire in mobile tablet from November to December in 2017 and 2018, respectively. The latent class analysis (LCA) was applied for the classification of ACEs, while the multivariate generalized estimating Equations (GEE) model was adopted to examine the association between ACEs and adolescent alcohol use.@*Results@#The ACEs was divided into 3 classes by LCA: high exposure (8.97%), abuse and neglect (38.97%), low exposure (52.06%). The multivariate GEE model indicates the risk of alcohol drinking among adolescents in high exposure and abuse and neglect classes were significantly higher than their counterparts in low exposure class ( OR=2.65, 95%CI=1.72-4.07; OR=1.50, 95%CI =1.14-1.96, respectively).@*Conclusion@#The effect of ACEs on alcohol use may vary across different latent classes. Supportive childhood environment may contribute to decrease the risk of adolescent drinking behavior.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 417-421, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875711

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on pubertal development of boys and girls and to provide a reference for the development of intervention measures.@*Methods@#A stratified cluster sampling method was used to select a total of 1 156 students in grades three and four in the boarding school system and public primary schools in Huangshan City and surrounding towns in September 2018, using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Pubertal Development Scale (PDS). For the baseline self-assessment survey, according to different dimensions, abuse children score no exposure groups. Children were divided into an exposure group and a high exposure level group, according to their childhood experiences. PDS self-report questionnaire was administered two years later, and an analysis of ACE type and severity of the continuous impact of youth development was conducted.@*Results@#In the baseline survey, there were 53 girls (11.32%) and 51 boys (7.41%) who developed earlier. The rate of early development in girls was higher than that of boys, and the difference was statistically significant(χ 2=5.21, P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed gender differences in the effects of type and severity of ACEs and abuse on adolescent development at both baseline and follow-up. There were gender differences in the rate of early development between boys and girls at baseline and at follow-up between the exposure groups. Regression analysis showed that the higher the degree of emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and sexual abuse in girls, the higher the PDS score(B=0.22, 0.15, 0.08, P<0.05). In boys, the more severe the emotional abuse experienced, the higher the PDS score, and the more severe the physical abuse experienced, the lower the PDS score(B=0.20, 0.04, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Attention should be paid to the influence of ACEs and gender differences during youth development among male and female students, and more longterm studies should also be carried out.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 392-395, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875705

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between childhood abuse and recent negative life events with suicidal ideation and attempt, and to provide reference for prevention and control of suicidal behaviors in middle school students.@*Methods@#Stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 7 986 middle school students from Shenzhen, Nanchang and Shenyang as participants. Questionnaire survey was conducted to collect information on demographic indicators, childhood abuse, negative life events, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt, etc. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between childhood abuse experience and negative life events with suicidal ideation and suicide attempt.@*Results@#The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt was 22.9% and 4.7%. After adjusted for confounding variables, with the increase of childhood abuse and negative life events, suicidal ideation and attempt in middle school students showed an increasing trend(P<0.05). Compared those with low level of childhood abuse and negative life events, students with high childhood abuse and high negative life events had a higher suicidal ideation and suicide attempt risk, the multiple adjusted odds ratio was 10.43 and 19.75(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Childhood abuse and negative life events are important risk factors affecting suicidal ideation and attempt in middle school students. Strategies to reduce childhood abuse and negative life events should be an integral component of targeted mental health interventions.

8.
Horiz. enferm ; 32(1): 64-78, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1224726

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La realización de una ostomía digestiva ha de ocasionar en las personas alteraciones en las dimensiones del ser como físicas, mentales, sociales y culturales lo que genera compromisos en la calidad de vida. OBJETIVO: Evaluar el impacto que se presenta en la calidad de vida de la persona en condición de ostomizadas en la ciudad de Manizales. METODOLOGÍA: estudio desarrollado a través de una fase cuantitativa con diseño observacional descriptivo utilizando el cuestionario Montreaux para la valoración de la calidad de vida y una fase cualitativa, fenomenológica realizada por medio de entrevistas semiestructruadas en el que participaron 16 personas en condicion de ostomizados. RESULTADOS: Promedio de edad 56 años, El 75% de ellos pertenecia a estrato socioeconómico bajo, el 50% tenia con estudios de primaria y el 50% con estudios de secundaria. El 75% pertenecía al régimen de salud contributivo. Los resultados cuantitativos mostraron un índice de calidad de vida del 44,5%; el aspecto con porcentaje mas alto en la calidad de vida fue el hecho de no tener preocupaciones sociales 73%, por el contrario, el porcentaje más bajo se obtuvo en el aspecto relacionado con la actividad sexual 25%. Se identificó un porcentaje de autosuficiencia del 80%, pero una adaptación negativa en el 50% de los casos. Los resultados cualitativos, evidenciaron siete categorías que describen los aspectos que alteran la calidad de vida y el autocuidado: sentimiento de discapacidad, pérdida laboral, alteración de la imagen corporal, afrontamiento según duración y posición de la ostomía, proyección del futuro, aislamiento social y alteración de la sexualidad. CONCLUSIÓN: el índice de calidad de vida fue bajo y las categorías encontradas confirman los aspectos de la vida diaria de las personas en condición de ostomizados y la necesidad de brindar un cuidado integral donde el rol de enfermería este visible ampliamente.


INTRODUCTION. The performance of a digestive ostomy must cause alterations in the dimensions of the being such as physical, mental, social and cultural, which generates compromisesin the quality of life. OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the impact on the quality of life of the person with an ostomy condition in the city of Manizales. METHODOLOGY. Study developed through a quantitative phase with a descriptive observational design using the Montreaux questionnaire for the assessment of quality of life and a qualitative, phenomenological phase carried out through semi-structured interviews in which 16 people with ostomized conditions participated. RESULTS. Average age 56 years, 75% of them belonged to low socioeconomic status, 50% had primary education and 50% had secondary education. 75% belonged to the contributory health scheme. The quantitative results showed a quality of life index of 44.5%; The aspect with the highest percentage in quality of life was the fact of not having social concerns, 73%, on the contrary, the lowest percentage was obtained in the aspect related to sexual activity, 25%. A self-sufficiency percentage of 80% was identified, but a negative adaptation in 50% of the cases. The qualitative results showed seven categories that describe the aspects that alter the quality of life and self-care: feeling of disability, job loss, alteration of body image, coping according to duration and position of the ostomy, projection of the future, social isolation and alteration of sexuality. CONCLUSIONS. The quality of life index was low and the categories found confirm the aspects of daily life of people with an ostomy condition and the need to provide comprehensive care where the role of nursing is widely visible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , Ostomy/psychology , Adaptation, Psychological , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/psychology , Ostomy/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Colombia , Life Change Events
9.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e57698, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356117

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Conhecer a percepção da família frente ao período transoperatório de cirurgia cardíaca. Método: Pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva e relativa à família, realizada com dez pessoas quecompunham nove famílias de pacientes que foram submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista não estruturada em um hospital público no interior do Rio Grande do Sul. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo com base nas proposições de Bauer. Os preceitos éticos foram respeitados. Resultados: Os dados foram organizados na categoria: "No limiar da esperança: aguardando na sala de espera", que expressa a linha tênue das vivências das famílias no transoperatório de cirurgia cardíaca, compreendendo suas percepções e sentimentos acerca do período de espera pelo desfecho cirúrgico de seu familiar. Conclusão: O período transoperatório de cirurgia cardíaca é percebido como um momento único, gerador de instabilidade emocional e ambivalência de sentimentos, sendo permeado de ansiedade e interligado ao constante medo da perda, concomitante à esperança de uma nova vida proporcionada pela cirurgia.


RESUMEN Objetivo: conocer la percepción de la familia frente al período transoperatorio de cirugía cardíaca. Método: investigación cualitativa, descriptiva y relativa a la familia, realizada con diez personas que componían nueve familias de pacientes que fueron sometidos a cirugía cardíaca. La recolección de datos se llevó a cabo a través de una entrevista no estructurada en un hospital público en el interior de Rio Grande do Sul-Brasil. Los datos fueron sometidos al análisis de contenido con base en las proposiciones de Bauer. Los preceptos éticos fueron respetados. Resultados: los datos fueron organizados en la categoría: "En el umbral de la esperanza: aguardando en la sala de espera", que expresa la línea tenue de las vivencias de las familias en el transoperatorio de cirugía cardíaca, comprendiendo sus percepciones y sentimientos acerca del período de espera para el desenlace quirúrgico de su familiar. Conclusión: el período transoperatorio de cirugía cardíaca es percibido como un momento único, generador de inestabilidad emocional y ambivalencia de sentimientos, siendo permeado de ansiedad e interconectado al constante miedo de la pérdida, concomitante a la esperanza de una nueva vida proporcionada por la cirugía.


ABSTRACT Objective: To know the perception of the family regarding the transoperative period of cardiac surgery. Method: Qualitative, descriptive, and family-related research, carried out with ten people of nine families of patients who underwent cardiac surgery. Data collection took place through an unstructured interview in a public hospital in the interior of Rio Grande do Sul. Data were subjected to content analysis based on Bauer's propositions. Ethical precepts were respected. Results: The data were organized in the category: "On the threshold of hope: waiting in the waiting room", which expresses the fine line of the experiences of families in the transoperative period of cardiac surgery, understanding their perceptions and feelings about the waiting period for the surgical outcome from the family member. Conclusion: The transoperative period of cardiac surgery is perceived as a unique moment, generating emotional instability and ambivalence of feelings, being permeated with anxiety and linked to the constant fear of loss, concomitant with the hope of a new life provided by the surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thoracic Surgery , Family , Patients , Surgicenters , Nursing , Emotions , Fear , Preoperative Period , Hope , Waiting Rooms , Heart Diseases
10.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(4): e00056520, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285825

ABSTRACT

Reflecting on the health promotion for people with physical impairments implies considering the specificities and meanings attributed to the life experience of each subject throughout their careers. As such, this study was designed to investigate the experience of a man with an acquired physical disability after an accident that damaged his spine. This injury caused a permanent inability to move his legs. It is a case study that used the life history technique to capture its experience. The participant was born in a rural context, and since he was a child, he had to work to help his family. At the age of 16, he started working as a chainsaw operator, and at 24, a tree fell on his back, breaking his spine and leaving him without the movements and sensitivities of his legs. The trauma experienced by the participant caused profound changes in his life. The results demonstrated that the participant's experience does not align with the traditional experiences found in the literature in general, as the concept of biographical rupture. Sport was a vital collaboration mechanism in the rehabilitation process. Concerning health and illness, there are many spaces in the subject's experience that collaborate to expand the compression on health promotion paths. The need to depathologize the gaze on the subject's conditions is highlighted so that the understanding of health promotion processes can be amplified or reconsidered.


A reflexão sobre a promoção da saúde para pessoas portadoras de deficiência física envolve a consideração das especificidades e dos sentidos atribuídos à experiência de vida de cada sujeito ao longo da vida. O estudo foi projetado para investigar a experiência de um homem portador de uma deficiência física adquirida devido a uma lesão raquimedular. A lesão resultou na incapacidade permanente de movimentar as pernas. É um estudo de caso que usou a técnica de história de vida para captar a experiência do sujeito. O participante havia nascido na zona rural, e teve que trabalhar desde criança para ajudar a família. Aos 16 anos, começou a trabalhar como operador de motosserra, e aos 24, uma árvore caiu sobre ele, fraturando a coluna vertebral e deixando-o sem movimentos e sensibilidade nas pernas. O trauma vivenciado pelo indivíduo resultou em mudanças profundas na vida dele. Os resultados demonstraram que a experiência deste indivíduo se destaca das experiências tradicionais relatadas na literatura em geral em casos semelhantes, como o conceito de ruptura biográfica. O esporte funcionou como mecanismo vital de colaboração no processo de reabilitação. Quanto à saúde e doença, há muitos espaços na experiência do sujeito que colaboram para ampliar a compressão nos caminhos da promoção da saúde. Foi destacada a necessidade de despatologizar o olhar das condições do sujeito para que a compreensão dos processos de promoção da saúde possa ser ampliada ou repensada.


El reflejo de la promoción de la salud en personas con discapacidades físicas implica considerar las especificidades y significados atribuidos a la experiencia vital de cada sujeto, a lo largo de su trayectoria. Este estudio se diseñó para investigar la experiencia de un hombre con una discapacidad física adquirida tras un accidente que afectó su columna vertebral. Su lesión le causó una incapacidad permanente en el movimiento de sus piernas. Se trata de un estudio de caso que utilizó una técnica de historia vital para recoger su experiencia. El participante nació en un contexto rural, y desde que era niño tuvo que trabajar para ayudar a su familia. A la edad de 16, empezó a trabajar como operario de motosierra y, con 24 años, la caída de un árbol sobre su espalda le provocó una fractura en su columna vertebral, dejándole sin movimientos y sensibilidad en sus piernas. El trauma vivido por el participante le causó profundos cambios en su vida. Los resultados demostraron que la experiencia del participante no se ajusta a las tradicionales experiencias encontradas en la literatura en general, como el concepto de ruptura biográfica. El deporte fue un mecanismo de vital importancia en la colaboración con su proceso de rehabilitación. Respecto a la salud y la enfermedad, existen muchos espacios en la experiencia del individuo que colaboran para expandir la compresión de las vías de promoción de la salud. La necesidad de despatologización de la percepción sobre las condiciones resaltadas del individuo es necesaria para que, de esta forma, los procesos de promoción de la salud puedan ser reforzados o reconsiderados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Family , Life Change Events , Brazil , Health Promotion
11.
Saúde Soc ; 30(4): e200829, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341677

ABSTRACT

Resumen En este trabajo se exploró el papel de la religiosidad durante la vivencia del cáncer de mama de un grupo de mujeres del sur de Colombia. Se realizó una etnografía focalizada donde participaron 17 mujeres que padecen cáncer de mama en cualquier estadio de la enfermedad y que habían concluido el primer año de tratamiento. La información se recolectó a través de un grupo de discusión y diez entrevistas semiestructuradas. El análisis temático se utilizó para el tratamiento de los datos. Para las mujeres, la religiosidad fue esencial para la aceptación del padecimiento, al asumirlo como una oportunidad de crecimiento personal y, además, la consideraron una fuente de afrontamiento durante el padecimiento. Se concluye que acercarse al papel de la religiosidad, desde las voces de las mujeres, devela el esencial papel que juega durante la trayectoria del cáncer de mama y la imperiosidad de la inclusión de la atención religiosa como un componente esencial para las mujeres durante el padecimiento del cáncer de mama. Asimismo, es un llamado a la importancia que la investigación sobre este padecimiento no se centre solo desde una perspectiva biomédica.


Abstract This work explored the role of religiosity during the experience of breast cancer of a group of women in southern Colombia. A focused ethnography was carried out where 17 women who suffer from breast cancer at any stage of the disease and who had completed the first year of treatment participated. The information was collected through a discussion group and ten semi-structured interviews. The thematic analysis was used to treat the data. For the women, religiosity was essential for the acceptance of the illness, assuming it as an opportunity for personal growth and also, they considered it a source of coping during the illness. It is concluded that approaching the role of religiosity, from the voices of women, reveals the essential role it plays during the breast cancer trajectory and the need of the inclusion of religious care as an essential component for women during the illness. It also calls for the importance that research on this illness not be focused only from a biomedical perspective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Religion and Medicine , Women , Breast Neoplasms , Anthropology, Cultural
12.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 42: e20200097, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1251775

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To understand the experience of men in relation to the process of living with hemophilia. Method Qualitative study using the theoretical and methodological referential Symbolic Interactionism and the constructivist strand of Grounded Theory. Participated 12 men with hemophilia followed at a Blood Center in the south of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Intensive interviews, genograms and field notes were used for data collection, with concomitant analysis, following the initial, focused, and theoretical coding stages. Results The theoretical model was built, which has as central category Adapting to (co)exist with hemophilia and the categories Knowing yourself and the illness: knowing how to deal, Adjusting life: taking care of yourself and Getting used to the illness: being almost normal. Conclusion It was revealed the experience of men who adapt to (co)exist with hemophilia and their actions and behaviors, aiming to preserve them away from bleeding, pain, and the risk of death.


RESUMEN Objetivo Comprender la experiencia de los hombres en relación con el proceso de vivir con hemofilia. Método Estudio cualitativo usando los referenciales teórico y metodológico Interaccionismo Simbólico y la línea constructivista de la Teoría Fundamentada. Participaran 12 hombres con hemofilia acompañados en un Banco de Sangre en el sur del Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Se utilizó para recolecta de datos entrevista intensiva, genograma y nota de campo, con análisis concomitante, siguiendo las etapas de codificación inicial, focalizada y teórica. Resultados Se construyó el modelo teórico, que tiene como categoría central Adaptando para (con)vivir con hemofilia y las categorías Conociendo a sí mismo y la enfermedad: sabiendo lidiar, Ayustando la vida: cuidando de sí y Acostumbrándose con la enfermedad: siendo casi normal. Conclusión: Se reveló la experiencia de hombres que se adaptan a (con)vivir con hemofilia y sus acciones y comportamientos, con el objetivo de preservarlos lejos del sangrado, el dolor y el riesgo de muerte.


RESUMO Objetivo Compreender a experiência de homens em relação ao processo de viver com a hemofilia. Método Estudo qualitativo usando os referenciais teórico e metodológico Interacionismo Simbólico e a vertente construtivista da Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados. Participaram 12 homens com hemofilia acompanhados em um Hemocentro situado no sul do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Utilizou-se para a coleta de dados entrevista intensiva, genograma e nota de campo, com análise concomitante, seguindo as etapas de codificação inicial, focalizada e teórica. Resultados Construiu-se o modelo teórico, que tem como categoria central Adaptando para (con)viver com a hemofilia e as categorias Conhecendo a si e a doença: sabendo lidar, Ajustando a vida: cuidando de si e Acostumando-se com a doença: sendo quase normal. Conclusão Revelou-se a experiência de homens que realizam adaptações para (con)viver com a hemofilia e suas ações e comportamentos, visando preservá-los longe de sangramentos, da dor e do risco de morte.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Self Care , Adaptation , Hemophilia A/psychology , Brazil , Grounded Theory , Nurses
13.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280960

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Syphilis is a very old disease involved by many mysteries. From its origins to the reason why even having simple and effective diagnosis and treatment for more than half a century, it remains, in 2021, as a public health problem practically all over the world. Be it in high-developing countries as well as in developing ones. Objective: To relate and describe, with dating, by day, month and year, in a calendar model, events and important characters that involve studies and quotes about syphilis. Methods: We used the prior personal knowledge of health professionals and researchers, who have worked in the field of sexually transmitted diseases for decades, combined with the search on the Internet, often on Wikipedia and Google, about events and characters involving subjects and publications about syphilis. Results: After several analyses and researches, we listed 68 facts and characters from around the world, including several Brazilians. Conclusion: At a time (2020 and 2021) where the subject, worldwide, on a daily basis, is SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19, this unprecedented publication on facts and characters involving syphilis can be a milestone so that, in addition to technical and scientific knowledge, the academic community realizes the anthropological, sociological, and cultural wealth that involves an entity that is much more than an infectious disease, such as syphilis.


Introdução: Sífilis é uma doença muito antiga envolvida por muitos mistérios. Desde a sua origem até o porquê de mesmo tendo diagnóstico e tratamento simples e eficazes há mais de meio século, se mantém, em 2021, como um problema de saúde pública em praticamente todo o mundo. Seja em países de alto desenvolvimento como naqueles em desenvolvimento. Objetivo: Relacionar e descrever, com datação, por dia, mês e ano, em um modelo de calendário, acontecimentos e personagens marcantes que envolvem estudos e citações sobre a sífilis. Métodos: Usamos o conhecimento prévio pessoal, de profissionais de saúde, de pesquisadores, com atuações na área das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis há décadas, aliado a busca na internet, muitas das vezes em Wikipédia e Google, sobre acontecimentos e personagens que envolvem assuntos e publicações sobre sífilis. Resultados: Depois de várias análises e pesquisas relacionamos 68 fatos e personagens de âmbito mundial, sendo vários brasileiros. Conclusão: Em uma época (2020 e 2021) onde o assunto, em todo o mundo, diuturnamente, é SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 esta inédita publicação sobre fatos e personagens que envolvem sífilis pode ser um marco para que, além de conhecimentos técnicos e científicos, a comunidade acadêmica se dê conta da riqueza antropológica, sociológica, cultural que envolve uma entidade que é muito mais que uma doença infectocontagiosa, como a sífilis.


Introducción: La sífilis es una enfermedad muy antigua envuelta por muchos misterios. Desde sus orígenes hasta el motivo por el cual aun teniendo un diagnóstico y tratamiento sencillo y eficaz desde hace más de medio siglo, sigue siendo, en 2021, un problema de salud pública prácticamente en todo el mundo. Tanto en países de alto desarrollo como en países en desarrollo. Objetivo: Relacionar y describir, con datación, por día, mes y año, en un modelo de calendario, eventos y personajes importantes que involucran estudios y citas sobre la sífilis. Métodos: Utilizamos el conocimiento personal previo de profesionales e investigadores de la salud, que han trabajado en el campo de las enfermedades de transmisión sexual durante décadas, combinado con la búsqueda en Internet, a menudo en Wikipedia y Google, sobre eventos y personajes que involucran temas y publicaciones sobre sífilis. Resultados: Después de varios análisis e investigaciones, enumeramos 68 hechos y personajes de todo el mundo, incluidos varios brasileños. Conclusión: En un momento (2020 y 2021) donde el tema, a nivel mundial, a diario, es el SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19, esta publicación sin precedentes sobre hechos y personajes relacionados con la sífilis puede ser un hito para que, además Para el conocimiento técnico y científico, la comunidad académica se da cuenta de la riqueza antropológica, sociológica y cultural que involucra a una entidad que es mucho más que una enfermedad infecciosa, como la sífilis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Unified Health System , Syphilis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Research Personnel , World Health Organization , History
14.
Rev. chil. ter. ocup ; 20(2): 73-84, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362989

ABSTRACT

La prevalencia de trastornos del espectro autista (TEA) ha aumentado de manera alarmante a nivel global, estimando que 1 de cada 54 niños tiene TEA (Maenner et al. 2020). En América Latina las estadísticas son menos claras, pero se estima un número similar. En la mayoría de los países el diagnóstico se realiza varios meses o años después de la aparición de los primeros signos, esto representa un periodo estresante para las familias debido a los comportamientos inusuales de sus hijos y la posible incapacidad o retraso del desarrollo (Schieve et al. 2007). Objetivos: El propósito de este estudio fue explorar la experiencia de las familias con niños con TEA antes e inmediatamente después del diagnóstico. Se analizaron las respuestas de 48 familias de Chile, Argentina, Perú y Guatemala obtenidas mediante una encuesta on-line. Resultados: Los resultados indican que las familias son conscientes de las peculiaridades en el desarrollo de sus hijos antes de recibir un diagnóstico e intervención, muchas de estas peculiaridades tienen características sensoriales. Conclusión: Este estudio valida la experiencia de los padres y a la vez contribuye a la comprensión de los primeros signos de TEA en familias hispanas y el efecto que éstos producen en la dinámica familiar. Muchos de estos primeros signos están relacionados a procesamiento sensorial.


The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has increased alarmingly globally, estimating that 1 in 54 children has ASD (Maenner et al., 2020). In Latin America the statistics are less clear, but a similar number is estimated. In most countries the diagnosis is made several months or years after the appearance of the first signs, this represents a stressful period for families due to the unusual behaviors of their children and the possible disability or developmental delay (Schieve et al. al., 2007). Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of families with children with ASD before and immediately after diagnosis. The responses of 48 families from Chile, Argentina, Peru and Guatemala obtained through an online survey were analyzed. Results: The results indicate that families are aware of the peculiarities in the development of their children before receiving a diagnosis and intervention, many of these peculiarities have sensory characteristics. Conclusion: This study validates the parents' experience and at the same time contributes to the understanding of the first signs of ASD in Hispanic families and the effect that these have on family dynamics. Many of these early signs are related to sensory processing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Parents/psychology , Family Relations , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Surveys and Questionnaires , Life Change Events
15.
Rev. abordagem gestál. (Impr.) ; 26(3): 329-338, set.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1136944

ABSTRACT

Este artigo tem como objetivo refletir acerca de valores e necessidades existenciais que atravessam o ser humano na atualidade de apressamentos, de consumismos exacerbados e da busca por prazeres efêmeros que vêm produzindo a sensação de vazio existencial. Tal vazio estabelece também a necessidade da busca de sentido de vida. Para este artigo, foi tomado como material de análise a narrativa do filme Peaceful Warrior (2006); optou-se por uma investigação qualitativa, na qual foi realizado um levantamento bibliográfico e se utilizou a Análise Categorial, a fim de definir as unidades de análise do filme, codificá-las e interpretá-las. O estudo aponta que a dedicação no desenvolvimento de um talento e no protagonismo das experiências subjetivas possibilitam transformações existenciais para o seguimento de um caminho vital com sentido no contexto contemporâneo.


This article aims to reflect on the values and existential needs that constitute the human being in the present times of hurries, exacerbated consumerism and the search for ephemeral pleasures that have been producing the sensation of existential emptiness. Such emptiness also establishes the need for the search for meaning of life. For this article, the narrative of the film Peaceful Warrior (2006) was taken as analysis material. This is a qualitative investigation, in which a bibliographic research was carried out and the Categorial Analysis was used. This process defined the film analysis units, which were coded and interpreted. The article concludes that the dedication to the development of a talent and the protagonism of the subjective experiences allow existential transformations for a vital path with sense in the contemporary context.


Este artículo tiene como objetivo reflexionar acerca de valores y necesidades existenciales que atravesan el ser humano en la actualidad de apresuramientos, de consumismos exacerbados y de la búsqueda de placeres efímeros que vienen produciendo la sensación de vacío existencial. Tal vacío establece también la necesidad de la búsqueda de sentido de vida. Para este artículo, fue tomado como material de análisis la narrativa de la película Peaceful Warrior (2006); se optó por una investigación cualitativa, en la que se realizó un levantamiento bibliográfico y se utilizó el Análisis Categorial para definir las unidades de análisis de la película, codificarlas e interpretarlas. El estudio apunta que la dedicación para el desarrollo de un talento, y el protagonismo de las experiencias subjetivas posibilita transformaciones existenciales para el seguimiento de un camino vital con sentido en el contexto contemporáneo.

16.
Av. enferm ; 38(3): 335-346, 01 Sep. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1141284

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: develar la vivencia de la Ley de Postnatal Parental en madres trabajadoras y sus hijos en dos ciudades del sur de Chile, 2018. Metodología: investigación cualitativa fenomenológica con referente filosófico en Schutz. Recolección por entrevista fenomenológica y análisis a través de la definición de metacategorías y categorías intermedias. El muestreo se define por saturación teórica y la recolección por medio de entrevista fenomenológica a fin de aprehender los objetos vividos. Esta se realiza en el lugar y horario acordado, previa firma de formulario de consentimiento informado, y se autoriza la grabación del discurso. Resultados: emergieron las metacategorías experiencia beneficiosa para díadas, beneficios para el lactante, sobrecarga materna y desprotección por déficit de información. Teniendo en cuenta las perspectivas de género imperantes, retornar al trabajo implica culpa y sobrecarga materna al conciliar ambos roles. Conclusiones: se perciben miedos a perder el trabajo y perjuicios por hacer uso del permiso parental. Se deben buscar estrategias que faciliten la entrega de información y valorar redes de apoyo maternas para facilitar la conciliación familiar.


Objetivo: apresentar a experiência da Lei do Pós-natal (Ley de Postnatal Parental) em mães trabalhadoras e seus filhos em duas cidades do sul do Chile, 2018. Metodologia: pesquisa fenomenológica qualitativa com referencial filosófico de Schutz; coleta por entrevista fenomenológica e análise por meio da definição de metacategorias e categorias intermediárias. A amostragem é definida por saturação teórica e a coleta por entrevista fenomenológica para a apreensão dos objetos vividos. A entrevista foi realizada em local e horário acordados após a assinatura do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido, sendo autorizada a gravação do discurso. Resultados: surgiram metacategorias experiência benéfica para as díades, benefícios para o bebê, sobrecarga materna e falta de proteção por causa do deficit de informações. Devido às perspectivas predominantes de gênero, o retorno ao trabalho implica culpa e sobrecarga materna ao conciliar os dois papéis. Conclusões: o medo de perder trabalho e preconceitos por usar a licença-maternidade são percebidos. Estratégias que facilitam a entrega de informações e valorizam as redes de apoio materno devem ser buscadas para promover a reconciliação familiar.


Objective: To reveal the experience of the Parental Postnatal Law in working mothers and their children in two cities in southern Chile, 2018. Methodology: Phenomenological qualitative research with Schutz philosophical reference. Data was collected by phenomenological interview and analysis, defining a set of metacategories and intermediate categories. Sampling is defined by theoretical saturation and data collection carried out by phenomenological interview in order to apprehend the objects lived. Interviews were performed at the agreed place and time, after signing an informed consent form, and included an authorized recording of the speech. Results: The emerged metacategories correspond to beneficial experience for dyads, benefits for the infant, maternal overload, and deprotection due to information deficit. Considering the prevailing gender perspectives, returning to work implies guilt and maternal overload when reconciling both roles. Conclusion: Fears of losing the job and prejudices are perceived when making use of a parental leave. Strategies aimed at easing the delivery of information and valuing maternal support networks that smooth family reconciliation should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Postnatal Care , Legislation, Labor , Qualitative Research , Life Change Events , Maternal Behavior
17.
Rev. enferm. UFPI ; 9: e9616, mar.-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1368935

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Compreender as experiências das pessoas com doença renal crônica ao realizar a capacitação para a diálise peritoneal ambulatorial contínua no ambiente hospitalar. Metodologia: Estudo com abordagem qualitativa utilizando-se do conceito de experiência de adoecimento de Byron Good. A coleta de dados desenvolvida entre abril de 2013 e junho de 2014, foi mediante entrevistas abertas e semiestruturadas. Participaram do estudo 20 pessoas em diálise peritoneal ambulatorial contínua. Os dados foram gerenciados e organizados pelo Programa Ethnograph V6 e tratados mediante análise de conteúdo convencional. Resultados: Foram construídas três categorias: É bem difícil! Sentimentos e sensações gerados à pessoa durante a capacitação; Olhar e repetir! Processo de aprendizagem durante a capacitação no hospital; e Participação da família na capacitação. Conclusão: As pessoas com doença renal crônica apresentaram diversos sentimentos e sensações relacionados à condição clínica, emocional e social, influenciando de forma negativa o processo de aprendizagem, realizado pelo enfermeiro, para diálise peritoneal.


Objective: To understand the experiences of people with chronic kidney disease when performing training for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis inside the hospital setting. Methodology: Qualitative approach study using concept of illness experience of Byron Good. Data colletion developed between April 2013 and June 2014, through open and semi-structured interviews. Twenty people under continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis participated in the study. Data were managed and organized by the Ethnograph V6 Program and processed by conventional content analysis. Results: Data were treated by conventional content analysis from which three categories were constructed: It is pretty hard! Feelings and sensations generated to the person during the training; Look and repeat! Learning process during training at the hospital; and Family participation in training. Conclusion: People with chronic kidney disease presented various feelings and sensations related to the clinical, emotional and social condition, negatively influencing the learning process, performed by the nurse, for peritoneal dialysis.


Subject(s)
Health Education , Peritoneal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Life Change Events
18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 484-489, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821391

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#A growing body of studies are identifying associations between adverse childhood experiences and psychological and behavior problems among adolescents. The current paper provides a review of the existing evidence relating adverse childhood experiences to psychological and behavior problems among adolescents,as well as biological mechanisms including central nervous system,psychoneuroendocrine and psychoneuroimmune pathways underlying this association. Several directions for future research are proposed. Adverse childhood experiences should be considered as a priority in the prevention and control of psychological and behavior problems among adolescents.

19.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 24(2): e20190113, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1056147

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To understand the experience of people with advanced-stage cancer given the impossibility of curing the disease. Method: A research based on the Heideggerian phenomenology conducted with 11 people with advanced-stage cancer. Data was collected between November 2015 and March 2016 through an open interview. Results: From the understanding of the reports, three themes emerged: Finding the inevitable possibility of death; Finding oneself through anguish and suffering; Seeking to transcend the existential anguish given the possibility of death. Conclusion and implications for practice: Experiencing incurability or re-experiencing cancer gives patients feelings of apprehension, fear, and frustration. However, suffering causes them to reflect on life and to set out on a new path, founded, above all, on spirituality. The need to accept the "Being" in its human totality is evident, considering its doubts and apprehensions, transcending its physical needs and entering into its biopsychosocial world.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comprender la vivencia de personas con cáncer en etapa avanzada ante la imposibilidad de la cura. Método: Investigación basada en la fenomenología heideggeriana realizada con 11 personas con cáncer avanzado. Los datos se recopilaron entre noviembre de 2015 y marzo de 2016 a través de una entrevista abierta. Resultados: De la comprensión de los relatos, surgieron tres temáticas: Encontrarse con la posibilidad inevitable de la muerte; Encontrarse con la angustia y el sufrimiento; Buscar trascender la angustia existencial ante la posibilidad de la muerte. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: Vivir la incurabilidad del cáncer o revivirlo suscita en los pacientes sentimientos de temor, miedo y frustración. Sin embargo, el sufrimiento los hace reflexionar sobre la vida y los dispone a recorrer un nuevo camino fundado, sobre todo, en la espiritualidad. Se evidencia la necesidad de acoger al "Ser" en su totalidad humana, considerando sus dudas y aprehensiones, trascendiendo sus necesidades físicas y adentrándose en su mundo biopsicosocial.


RESUMO Objetivo: Compreender a vivência de pessoas com câncer em estágio avançado ante a impossibilidade de cura da doença. Método: Pesquisa embasada na fenomenologia heideggeriana realizada com 11 pessoas com câncer em estágio avançado. Os dados foram coletados entre novembro de 2015 e março de 2016 mediante entrevista aberta. Resultados: Da compreensão dos relatos, emergiram três temáticas: Encontrando-se com a possibilidade inevitável da morte; Encontrando-se consigo pela angústia e pelo sofrimento; Buscando transcender a angústia existencial ante a possibilidade da morte. Conclusão e Implicações para prática: Vivenciar a incurabilidade ou a re-experiência com câncer suscita nos doentes sentimentos de temor, medo e frustração. Contudo, o sofrimento os faz refletir sobre a vida e se dispor a trilhar um novo caminho, fundados, sobretudo, na espiritualidade. Evidencia-se a necessidade de acolher o "Ser" na sua totalidade humana, considerando suas dúvidas e apreensões, transcendendo as suas necessidades físicas e adentrando em seu mundo biopsicossocial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Terminally Ill/psychology , Death , Existentialism , Neoplasms , Attitude to Death , Qualitative Research , Psychological Distress
20.
Rev. latinoam. psicopatol. fundam ; 22(4): 859-883, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058555

ABSTRACT

Increased consumption of psychotropic drugs has been noted in Brazil and other Western countries in the last few decades for different reasons. The objective of this study was to understand the lived experience of individuals who used psychotropic drugs to cope with the problems faced in daily life. A qualitative study guided by hermeneutic phenomenology was carried out. In-depth interviews were conducted. The experience was grouped into two themes: experience of using psychotropic and the search for non-pharmacological approaches. Psychotropics were considered necessary for regaining a point of equilibrium when the problems faced were recognized as having a high degree of difficulty. In some cases, the drugs were perceived as insufficient for solving the problem, leading or not to the search for alternatives to deal with the difficulty.


O aumento do consumo de psicotrópicos tem sido observado no Brasil e em outros países ocidentais nas últimas décadas, por diferentes razões. O objetivo deste estudo foi compreender a vivência de indivíduos que utilizaram psicotrópicos para lidar com os problemas enfrentados no cotidiano. Um estudo qualitativo guiado pela fenomenologia hermenêutica foi realizado, agrupando-se o resultado em dois temas: experiência com o uso dos psicotrópicos e busca por abordagens não farmacológicas. Os psicotrópicos foram considerados necessários para recuperar um ponto de equilíbrio quando se reconheceram os problemas enfrentados como tendo alto grau de dificuldade. Em alguns casos, os fármacos foram percebidos como insuficientes para solucionar o problema, levando ou não à busca de alternativas para lidar com as dificuldades.


Au cours des dernières décennies, on a observé l'augmentation de la consommation de médicaments psychotropes au Brésil et dans d'autres pays occidentaux pour différentes raisons. L'objectif de cette étude est de comprendre le vécu d'individus qui ont utilisé les psychotropes pour faire face aux problèmes de la vie quotidienne. Une étude qualitative, guidée par la phénoménologie herméneutique, a été réalisée. Le résultat a été divisé en deux thèmes: l'expérience découlant de l'usage de psychotropes et la recherche d'approches non pharmacologiques. Les psychotropes ont été considérés nécessaires pour récupérer un point d'équilibre lorsque les problèmes vécus ont été reconnus comme ayant un degré élevé de difficulté. Dans certains cas, les médicaments se sont révélés insuffisants pour résoudre le problème, entraînant ou pas la recherche d'alternatives pour faire face aux difficultés.


En las últimas décadas y por diferentes razones, se ha observado en Brasil y en otros países occidentales un aumento en el consumo de psicotrópicos. El objetivo de este estudio fue comprender la vivencia de individuos que utilizaron psicotrópicos para enfrentar los problemas del día a día. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo dirigido por la fenomenología hermenéutica. El resultado fue agrupado en dos temas: experiencia con el uso de los psicotrópicos y la búsqueda de enfoques no farmacológicos. Los psicotrópicos fueron considerados necesarios para recuperar un punto de equilibrio cuando los problemas enfrentados fueron reconocidos como problemas de alto grado de dificultad. En algunos casos, los fármacos fueron percibidos como insuficientes para solucionar el problema, llevando o no a la búsqueda de alternativas para enfrentar las dificultades.


In den letzten Jahrzehnten wird ein steigender Konsum von Psychotropika in Brasilien und in anderen westlichen Ländern festgestellt, der auf verschiedenen Faktoren beruht. Ziel dieser Untersuchung war es, die Lebensweise von Personen zu verstehen, die psychotropische Medikamente benutzen, um Alltagsprobleme zu meistern. Basierend auf der hermeneutischen Phänomenologie wurde dazu eine qualitative Untersuchung durchgeführt. Das Ergebnis wurde in zwei Themen eingeteilt: Erfahrungen mit der Benutzung von Psychotropika und die Suche nach nicht-pharmakologischen Ansätzen. Die Psychotropika wurden als notwendig betrachtet, um ein Gleichgewicht wiederherzustellen, wenn Probleme mit hohem Schwierigkeitsgrad zu meistern waren. In einigen Fällen wurden diese als unzureichend empfunden, was zur Suche nach Alternativen führte, um mit diesen Problemen umzugehen.

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