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4.
Revista Brasileira de Hipertensão ; 29(2): 44-50, 20220610.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378921

ABSTRACT

A hipertensão arterial (HA) é uma doença que atinge crianças e adolescentes e sua identificação, cada vez mais cedo, contribui para evitar o desenvolvimento precoce das doenças cardiovasculares. O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a presença de pressão arterial (PA) acima da normalidade e relacionar com obesidade e estilo de vida de escolares das cidades de Bauru, Ibitinga, Jaú e São Sebastião. Foram avaliadas 369 crianças e adolescentes. Informações sobre saúde e prática de exercícios físicos foram obtidas pela anamnese. Após cinco minutos de repouso, foram realizadas avaliações hemodinâmicas e antropométricas em cada participante. Taxa de Odds foi usada para avaliar o risco de pressão arterial acima da normalidade em crianças com peso alterado e inativas. Correlação de Pearson foi usada para correlacionar as variáveis antropométricas e hemodinâmicas. Dentre os avaliados, 28% apresentaram valores alterados de PA e 29% já estavam com sobrepeso e obesidade. Além disso, 89% dos escolares foram classificados como insuficientemente ativos. Dentre os escolares com sobrepeso, 48% estavam com a PA alterada e, dentre os obesos a PA estava alterada em 65%. Crianças e adolescentes com peso acima do normal apresentavam 3,59 vezes mais chances de apresentar PA alterada. Pode-se concluir que os resultados são de extrema relevância para reforçar a inclusão de diferentes estratégias nas escolas para o controle da obesidade e sedentarismo desde a infância, a fim de se evitar casos precoces de hipertensão e doenças cardiovasculares.


Arterial hypertension (AH) is a disease that affects children and adolescents and its identification, helps to prevent the premature development of cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to verify the presence of blood pressure (BP) above normal and to relate it to obesity and lifestyle of scholars in the cities of Bauru, Ibitinga, Jaú and São Sebastião. A total of 369 children and adolescents were evaluated. Information on health and physical exercise were obtained through anamnesis. After 5 minutes of rest, hemodynamic and anthropometric assessments were performed on each participant. Odds rate was used to assess the risk of above-normal blood pressure in overweight and inactive children. Pearson's correlation was used to correlate anthropometric and hemodynamic variables. Among those evaluated, 28% had altered BP values and 29% were already overweight and obese. In addition, 89% of students were classified as insufficiently active. Among overweight scholars, 48% had altered BP and, among obese, BP was altered in 65%. Overweight children and adolescents had 3.59 times more risk to have altered BP. It can be concluded that the results are extremely relevant to reinforce the inclusion of different strategies in schools for the control of obesity and sedentary lifestyle, in order to avoid early cases of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases.

7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 1-10, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356319

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The lower frequency of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors observed in vegetarians compared to omnivores may be due to more appropriate nutrient intake according to recommendations for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Objective To compare the dietary adequacy according to the recommendations of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) in apparently healthy vegetarian (VEG) and omnivorous (OMN) men. Methods This was a cross-sectional study, conducted with apparently healthy men (44 omnivorous and 44 vegetarians, ≥ 35 years), who were assessed for daily food consumption, anthropometric data, physical exercise status, and clinical data. Multiple logistic regression was used to test the association between the type of diet and the dietary adequacy. Significant values were considered for p<0.05. Results Several clinical CV risk markers were significantly lower in VEG when compared to OMN: body mass index (BMI) (23.1 vs. 27.3 kg/m2), systolic blood pressure (119.5 vs. 129.2 mmHg), and diastolic blood pressure (75.7 vs. 83.9 mmHg). VEG presented significant lower values of blood lipids and glucose. No significant difference was observed in caloric intake; however, VEG consumed significantly more carbohydrates, dietary fibers, and polyunsaturated fats. VEG presented an adequate consumption of dietary cholesterol and saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, regardless of caloric intake and age. Conclusion VEG were more likely to consume saturated fatty acids, dietary cholesterol, and fibers according to the recommendations of NCEP, factors that may contribute to lower levels of CV risk markers than OMN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diet, Vegetarian , Recommended Dietary Allowances , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Assessment , Eating , Fatty Acids , Life Style
8.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 15(1): e9700, abr./jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368163

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou avaliar o efeito da intervenção interdisciplinar com abordagem motivacional sobre o consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados em adolescentes com sobrepeso ou obesidade. O método utilizado foi um ensaio clínico randomizado no qual os participantes distribuíram-se em grupo controle (GC) e grupo intervenção (GI). A coleta de dados do consumo alimentar ocorreu mediante o recordatório de 24 horas, obtido no início e ao final das intervenções. Os alimentos consumidos foram categorizados nos quatro grupos da classificação alimentar NOVA conforme o grau de processamento a qual são submetidos. Participaram 42 adolescentes com média de idade de 16,5±1,3 anos, a maioria do gênero feminino (69%). No GI, a média de quilocalorias de alimentos ultraprocessados diminuiu 37,5% após a intervenção; em contrapartida, aumentou o consumo de alimentos processados em ambos os grupos. Concluiu-se que a intervenção interdisciplinar com abordagem motivacional foi eficaz na redução do consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados na população estudada.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of interdisciplinary intervention with motivational approach on the consumption of ultra-processed foods in overweight or obese adolescents. The method used was a randomized clinical trial in which participants were allocated to control group (CG) and intervention group (IC). The data collection of food consumption occurred through the 24-hour food record, obtained at the beginning and end of interventions. The foods consumed were classified into the four NOVA groups according to the degree of processing which they are submitted. Forty-two adolescents with a mean age of 16.5±1.3 years, mostly female (69%), participated in the study. In IG, the average kcal of ultra-processed foods decreased by 37.5% after intervention. In contrast, there was an increase in the consumption of processed foods in both groups. It was concluded that the interdisciplinary intervention with a motivational approach was effective in reducing the consumption of ultra-processed foods in the studied population.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 727-730, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934702

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the changes of depressive and anxiety symptoms in school aged children during home confinement and to identify possible influence of learning and lifestyle behaviors on mental health changes.@*Methods@#The population of this study were obtained from the "Tongji Mental Health Cohort". Two primary schools in Wuhan were selected through cluster sampling and students in grade 2-5 were surveyed. This study was divided into two stages. In the first stage (T1=during home learning), a total of 2 588 valid questionnaires were collected. In the second phase (T2=during school learning), 2 424 children were followed up successfully. Combining the results of the depression and anxiety symptoms of the two surveys of children respectively to classify the children s psychological outcomes. Association between home learning and lifestyle behaviors with the change of psychological symptoms in school aged children were estimated by disordered multi classification Logistic regression.@*Results@#The prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms were 28.9% and 21.0% in school aged children at T1, 35.6% and 30.6% at T2, respectively. The aggravation and persistence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in children were partly related to their home learning and lifestyle behaviors. Concentration in class( OR=0.63,95%CI =0.45-0.89), frequent interaction with teachers ( OR =0.74, 95% CI = 0.57- 0.95 ), participation in physical exercise at home ( OR =0.60, 95% CI =0.41-0.87) was negatively associated with depressive symptoms in children. Time spent on playing video games ( OR =1.15, 95% CI =1.06-1.24) and fear of infection with coronavirus disease 2019 ( OR =1.83, 95% CI =1.39-2.42) were positively associated with anxiety in children. Boys( OR=0.70, 0.63 ) were more likely to suffer from depression and anxiety symptoms than girls.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms among school aged children increased when they went back to school after home confinement, suggesting more attention are needed for mental health intervention among school aged children.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 591-595, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933128

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of intrinsic capacity in community-dwelling elderly people and the influencing factors, in order to provide supporting evidence for the improvement of intrinsic capacity, formulation of management strategies, and promotion of quality of life for the elderly.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was carried out from November 2020 to December 2020 with 236 community-dwelling elderly people in Beijing, who were recruited through a convenience sampling method.The investigation used questionnaires for general data and influencing factors for intrinsic capacity, and the World Health Organization intrinsic capacity questionnaire.Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors for intrinsic capacity of the elderly.Results:Among 236 community-dwelling elderly people, 132(55.9%)had fair intrinsic capacity(≥4 points)and 104(44.1%)had poor intrinsic capacity(<4 points), with an average score of(3.39±0.95). Multiple Logistic regression analysis results showed that sex( OR=2.005, 95% CI: 1.093-3.676, P=0.025), age( OR=1.727, 95% CI: 1.043-2.860, P=0.034), social participation( OR=0.321, 95% CI: 0.170-0.604, P<0.001), entertainment( OR=2.073, 95% CI: 1.079-3.985, P=0.029), exercise( OR=2.975, 95% CI: 1.761-3.784, P=0.039), sleep( OR=0.508, 95% CI: 0.265-0.973, P=0.041), and emotions( OR=0.436, 95% CI: 0.196-0.970, P=0.042)were influencing factors for intrinsic capacity of community-dwelling elderly people. Conclusions:The intrinsic capacity of community-dwelling elderly people is in the middle range.Sex, age, social participation, entertainment, exercise, sleep, and emotions can affect intrinsic capacity.Therefore, intervention strategies based on influencing factors and improvement of lifestyles can help maintain good intrinsic capacity and reduce adverse effects of major health events.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 898-901, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923304

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common chronic liver disease in the world and seriously threatens human health. So far, change in unhealthy lifestyle is still the most important treatment method for NAFLD. However, traditional lifestyle intervention depends on hospital visits and follow-up, and patients tend to have poor execution and compliance. With the help of the Internet technology, digital therapeutics overcome these disadvantages and has achieved a certain clinical effect in NAFLD patients. This article reviews the application of digital therapeutics in medicine and NAFLD treatment, so as to provide a reference for the treatment of NAFLD.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 350-354, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923103

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects and patterns of cumulative ecological risk on currrent and 6 month follow up healthy lifestyle among college students.@*Methods@#A total of 1 156 freshmen and sophomores students randomly selected from 3 universities in Hebei Province were administered with College Students Health Lifestyle Scale and the Cumulative Ecological Risk Scale in November 2020 and May 2021 respectively. SPSS 24.0 statistical software was used for hierarchical regression analysis.@*Results@#Cumulative ecological risk was both negatively associated with current healthy lifestyle ( β =-0.29, P <0.01), and healthy lifestyle 6 month after ( β =-0.11, P <0.01). The effects of cumulative ecological risks on current healthy lifestyle showed non linear pattern, with healthy lifestyle rapidly decline after accumulated more than 4 factors. The effects of umulative ecological risks on 6 month follow up healthy lifestyle showed a linear pattern. No moderating effect of gender was observed in the linear relationship between the cumulative ecological risk and 6 month follow up healthy lifestyle( β =-0.02, P >0.05), however, significant moderating effects of gender was found in the nonlinear relationship between cumulative ecological risk and current healthy lifestyle( β =0.12, P < 0.01).@*Conclusion@#Cumulative ecological risk is negatively associated with healthy lifestyle of college students cross sectionally and longitudinally, in a non linear and linear association pattern, respectively. Gender plays a moderating effect on the cross sectional asscociation between cumulative ecological risk and healthy lifestyle.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1104-1107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936548

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the status quo of overweight and obesity among children aged 3 to 5 in Beijing and Tokyo, and to explore its relationship with lifestyle.@*Methods@#Using the method of cluster stratified random sampling, a sample of 444 children aged 3-5 years from Beijing and Tokyo were selected in Oct. and Nov. of 2019. Height, weight and lifestyle were measured. Overweight and obesity among children in the two cities and its relationship with lifestyle were compared and analyzed.@*Results@#Average level of BMI, rate of overweight and obesity of children in Beijing(25.28%) were higher than those in Tokyo( 18.44 %). There were significant differences in overweight and obesity rates between children in Beijing and Tokyo with physical activity before breakfast( χ 2=29.14, 31.18, P <0.05). There were significant differences in overweight and obesity rates between children in Beijing and Tokyo with different snack frequency after dinner( χ 2=24.72, 21.93, P <0.05). Logistic regression analysis further showed that children s lack of physical activity before breakfast in Beijing is positively related to overweight and obesity( OR= 1.45, 95%CI =1.10-2.68). Beijing children who often eat snacks after supper ( OR=2.56, 95%CI =1.44-3.57,) and sometimes eat snacks were positively correlated with the occurrence of overweight or obesity ( OR=1.72, 95%CI =1.21-2.72).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of overweight and obesity among preschool children in Beijing is higher than that in Tokyo. Potential risk factors for overweight and obesity among infants in Beijing include lack of physical activity before breakfast and frequent snacking after dinner.

14.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(supl.2): e20210644, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1387805

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to assess the lifestyle and adherence to antiretrovirals in people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: a cross-sectional study, through telephone interview to 150 patients, using a sociodemographic, epidemiological and clinical form, and questionnaires to assess lifestyle profile and adherence to antiretrovirals. Statistics analysis used Fisher's exact test, odds ratio and 95% confidence interval. Results: most patients had a satisfactory lifestyle (121; 80.7%) and adequate adherence to antiretrovirals (133; 88.7%). All were in social isolation, without follow-up appointments, with access to the health service only to receive antiretrovirals, and 16 (10.7%) had COVID-19 infection. Evangelicals (p=0.002), Spiritists (p=0.045), patients using atazanavir (p=0.0001) and ritonavir (p=0.002) had a more unsatisfactory lifestyle. Adherence to antiretrovirals was more inadequate in female patients (p=0.009), with two (p=0.004) and three or more children (p=0.006), retired (p=0.029), with serodiscordant partner (p=0.046) and diagnosis time of 5 to 10 years (p=0.027). Conclusions: the most PLHIV had a satisfactory lifestyle and adequate adherence to antiretrovirals, but some groups needed intervention to improve medication adherence and lifestyle.


RESUMO Objetivos: avaliar o estilo de vida e a adesão aos antirretrovirais em pessoas vivendo com HIV (PVHIV) na pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: estudo transversal, por meio de entrevista telefônica a 150 pacientes, utilizando-se o formulário sociodemográfico, epidemiológico e clínico; e os questionários para avaliação do perfil de estilo de vida e adesão aos antirretrovirais. A análise estatística utilizou o teste exato de Fisher, odds ratio e intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: a maioria dos pacientes evidenciou estilo de vida satisfatório (121; 80,7%) e adesão adequada aos antirretrovirais (133; 88,7%). Todos estavam em isolamento social, sem consultas de acompanhamento, com acesso ao serviço de saúde apenas para receber os antirretrovirais; e 16 (10,7%) tiveram infecção por COVID-19. Evangélicos (p=0,002), espíritas (p=0,045), pacientes em uso de atazanavir (p=0,0001) e ritonavir (p=0,002) apresentaram um estilo de vida mais insatisfatório. A adesão aos antirretrovirais foi mais inadequada em pacientes do sexo feminino (p=0,009), com dois (p=0,004) e três ou mais filhos (p=0,006), aposentados (p=0,029), com parceiro sorodiscordante (p=0,046) e tempo de diagnóstico de 5 a 10 anos (p=0,027). Conclusões: a maioria das PVHIVs demonstrou estilo de vida satisfatório e adesão adequada aos antirretrovirais, mas alguns grupos necessitavam de intervenção para melhorar a adesão à medicação e estilo de vida.


RESUMEN Objetivos: evaluar el estilo de vida y la adherencia a los medicamentos antirretrovirales en personas que viven con el VIH (PVVIH) en la pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: estudio transversal, mediante entrevista telefónica a 150 pacientes, utilizando la ficha sociodemográfica, epidemiológica y clínica; y cuestionarios para evaluar el perfil de estilo de vida y la adherencia a los medicamentos antirretrovirales. El análisis estadístico utilizó la prueba exacta de Fisher, odds ratio y el intervalo de confianza del 95%. Resultados: la mayoría de los pacientes mostró un estilo de vida satisfactorio (121; 80,7%) y adecuada adherencia a los fármacos antirretrovirales (133; 88,7%). Todos estaban en aislamiento social, sin citas de seguimiento, con acceso al servicio de salud solo para recibir antirretrovirales; y 16 (10,7%) tuvieron infección por COVID-19. Los evangélicos (p=0,002), los espiritistas (p=0,045), los pacientes que usaban atazanavir (p=0,0001) y ritonavir (p=0,002) presentaron un estilo de vida más insatisfactorio. La adherencia a los medicamentos antirretrovirales fue más inadecuada en pacientes del sexo femenino (p=0,009), con dos (p=0,004) y tres o más hijos (p=0,006), jubilados (p=0,029), con pareja serodiscordante (p=0,046) y tiempo de diagnóstico de 5 a 10 años (p=0,027). Conclusiones: la mayoría de las PVVIH demostraron un estilo de vida satisfactorio y una adherencia adecuada a los medicamentos antirretrovirales, pero algunos grupos requirieron intervención para mejorar la adherencia a la medicación y el estilo de vida.

15.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(5): e20210307, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1360876

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an educational booklet on the knowledge, attitude and practice of a healthy lifestyle in people with HIV. Methods: Randomized clinical trial with 75 intervention group patients using the booklet, and 75 control group patients undergoing usual service care. Data collection occurred in four moments, with a Survey pertaining Knowledge, Attitude and Practice. Nonparametric analysis of variance of repeated measures was used. Results: 70 participants in the intervention group and 74 in the control group completed the study. In terms of knowledge, there was no difference between groups, the booklet impact came late, increasing after reassessments. In attitudes, there was a difference between groups in the two- and four-month reassessments compared to the baseline. In practices, there was a difference in the intervention group compared to the control group at two, four, and six months compared to baseline. Conclusion: The booklet was effective in improving healthy lifestyle knowledge, attitudes, and practices in people with HIV.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar efectividad de una cartilla sobre el conocimiento, actitud y práctica del estilo de vida saludable en personas con VIH. Métodos: Ensayo clínico randomizado con 75 pacientes en grupo intervención con cartilla, y 75 en control, con cuidado habitual del servicio. Recolecta de datos en cuatro momentos, con Averiguación de Conocimiento, Actitud y Práctica. Utilizado análisis de variancia no paramétrica de medidas repetidas. Resultados: Concluyeron el estudio 70 participantes en grupo intervención y 74 en control. En conocimiento, no hubo diferencia entre grupos, el impacto de la cartilla fue tardío, aumentando en las reevaluaciones. En actitud, hubo diferencia entre grupos en las reevaluaciones de dos y cuatro meses, comparadas al basal. En la práctica, hubo diferencia en grupo-intervención en control a los dos, cuatro y seis meses comparados al basal. Conclusión: La cartilla fue efectiva para mejorar el conocimiento, actitud y práctica sobre estilo de vida saludable en personas con VIH.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade de uma cartilha sobre o conhecimento, atitude e prática do estilo de vida saudável em pessoas com HIV. Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado com 75 pacientes no grupo intervenção com cartilha, e 75 no controle, com cuidado habitual do serviço. Coleta de dados em quatro momentos, com Inquérito de Conhecimento, Atitude e Prática. Utilizou-se análise de variância não paramétrica de medidas repetidas. Resultados: Concluíram o estudo 70 participantes no grupo intervenção e 74 no controle. No conhecimento, não houve diferença entre grupos, o impacto da cartilha foi tardio, aumentando nas reavaliações. Na atitude, houve diferença entre grupos nas reavaliações de dois e quatro meses comparadas à basal. Na prática, houve diferença no grupo intervenção no controle aos dois, quatro e seis meses comparados à basal. Conclusão: A cartilha foi efetiva para melhorar o conhecimento, atitude e prática sobre estilo de vida saudável em pessoas com HIV.

16.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 33: e3321, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386002

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The present study estimate the prevalence of negative self-rated health and to analyze its association with simultaneous risk behaviors (insufficient levels of physical activity, greater exposure to sedentary time and inappropriate sleep time) in students at a public university in the state from Minas Gerais, Brazil. It consists of cross-sectional study, with data collected through a questionnaire. The outcome variable was negative self-rated health. The independent variables were estimated by the questions related to the time spent on physical activity, sitting and sleep time, and these three behaviors were considered according to the risk criteria (none, one, two and three risk behaviors). The association was estimated by the Prevalence Ratios (PR), via Poisson regression. 1,110 students participated in the study. The prevalence of negative self-rated health among university students was 47.3%, and the prevalence of two risk behaviors and three risk behaviors were 41.3% and 11.3%, respectively. The simultaneous occurrence of three risk behaviors was associated with negative self-rated health in university students. The information in this study makes it possible to characterize the need for actions to promote health in the university environment.


RESUMO O presente estudo estimou a prevalência da autoavaliação de saúde negativa e analisou a sua associação com comportamentos de risco simultâneos (níveis insuficientes de atividade física, maior exposição ao tempo sedentário e tempo de sono não apropriado) em estudantes de uma universidade pública do ensino superior do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Consiste de um estudo transversal, com informações mensuradas via questionário e a variável desfecho foi a autoavaliação de saúde negativa. As variáveis independentes foram estimadas pelas perguntas referentes ao tempo despendido em: atividade física, tempo sentado e tempo de sono, e esses três comportamentos foram somados conforme os critérios de risco (nenhum, um, dois e três fatores de risco). A associação foi estimada pelas Razões de Prevalências (RP), via regressão de Poisson. Participaram do estudo 1.110 estudantes. A prevalência da autoavaliação de saúde negativa entre os universitários foi de 47,3%, e as prevalências de dois fatores de risco e de três fatores de risco foram de 41,3% e 11,3%, respectivamente. A ocorrência de forma simultânea de três fatores de risco mostrou-se associada com a autoavaliação de saúde negativa em universitários. As informações deste estudo possibilitam caracterizar a necessidade de ações na promoção de saúde no ambiente universitário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Risk-Taking , Students , Health Status , Risk Factors , Self-Testing , Physical Education and Training , Sleep , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Universities/organization & administration , Exercise , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol , Public Health/education , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Sedentary Behavior , Smokers/statistics & numerical data , Sitting Position , Health Promotion , Life Style
17.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 75(supl.4): e20210562, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376624

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To build a rehabilitation nursing program to be implemented in the homes of frail elderly people and validate it by rehabilitation nurses. Methods: This is a qualitative, exploratory study, divided into two stages. The first corresponded to an integrative literature review that supported the construction of the program. The second consisted of the program content validity stage, through a focus group, in May 2021. Results: Nine experts participated in the construction and content validation of the rehabilitation nursing program for frail elderly. Two focus groups were carried out, and the final version of the program included training in life activities and particularly self-care, strength, balance, coordination and joint mobility. Final considerations: The program reached content validity, with a minimum set of characteristics that it must integrate, now requiring application in Primary Health Care for clinical validation.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Construir un programa de enfermería de rehabilitación para ser implementado en el domicilio de los ancianos frágiles y validarlo por enfermeros de rehabilitación. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio cualitativo, exploratorio, dividido en dos etapas. La primera correspondió a una revisión integrativa de la literatura que sustentó la construcción del programa. La segunda consistió en la etapa de validez de contenido del programa, por medio de grupo focal, en mayo de 2021. Resultados: Nueve peritos participaron de la construcción y validez del contenido del programa de enfermería de rehabilitación para ancianos frágiles. Fueron realizados dos grupos focales, y la versión final del programa integró entrenamiento de actividades de vida y particularmente autocuidado, fuerza, equilibrio, coordinación y movilidad articular. Consideraciones finales: El programa alcanzó la validez de contenido, con un conjunto mínimo de características que debe integrar, necesitando ahora de aplicación en la Atención Primaria de Salud para validación clínica.


RESUMO Objetivo: Construir um programa de enfermagem de reabilitação para ser implementado no domicílio dos idosos fragilizados e validá-lo por enfermeiros de reabilitação. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, exploratório, dividido em duas etapas. A primeira correspondeu a uma revisão integrativa da literatura que sustentou a construção do programa. A segunda consistiu na etapa de validade de conteúdo do programa, por meio de grupo focal, em maio de 2021. Resultados: Nove peritos participaram da construção e validação do conteúdo do programa de enfermagem de reabilitação para idosos fragilizados. Foram realizados dois grupos focais, e a versão final do programa integrou treino de atividades de vida e particularmente autocuidado, força, equilíbrio, coordenação e mobilidade articular. Considerações finais: O programa alcançou a validade de conteúdo, com um conjunto mínimo de características que deve integrar, necessitando agora de aplicação na Atenção Primária à Saúde para validação clínica.

18.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 14(Supl. 1): e9424, Dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367931

ABSTRACT

Avaliar os fatores associados ao absenteísmo por doença em trabalhadores de uma siderúrgica em Vitória, Espírito Santo/Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico do tipo transversal, com base na coleta de informações sobre eventos ligados à saúde de colaboradores em uma siderúrgica. Foram avaliados 317 colaboradores do sexo masculino. Para fins deste estudo, foram coletadas variáveis referentes as características sociodemográficas, estilo de vida, características laborais e condição clínica. Os siderúrgicos que trabalhavam no setor operacional apresentaram 3,96 vezes mais chances de se afastarem por doença (IC95% 1,86­8,44). Da mesma forma, os indivíduos pouco ativos tiveram quase o triplo de chances de se absterem do trabalho (OR 2,92, IC95% 1,14­7,46) e os que autoavaliaram negativamente o seu estado de saúde apresentaram mais que o dobro de chances de absenteísmo por doença (OR 2,14, IC95% 1,07­4,29). Sugere-se às empresas desenvolverem programas de condicionamento físico e planos de trabalho para minimizar fatores associados ao absenteísmo por doença.


To evaluate the factors associated with absenteeism due to illness in workers at a steel company in Vitória, Espirito Santo, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study, based on information related to the health of employees in a steel company. A total of 317 male employees were evaluated. Variables related to sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, work characteristics, and clinical condition were collected. Steelmakers who worked in the operational sector were 3.96 times more likely to leave because of illness (95% CI 1.86­8.44). Likewise, inactive individuals were almost three times as likely to abstain from work (OR 2.92, 95% CI 1.14­7.46) and those who negatively self-rated their health status more than doubled chances of absenteeism due to illness (OR 2.14, 95% CI 1.07­4.29). Companies should develop fitness programs and work plans to minimize factors associated with absenteeism due to illness.

19.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e60812, jan.-dez. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365809

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar o estilo de vida dos docentes em âmbito universitário na literatura científica internacional. Método revisão integrativa de literatura realizada em janeiro de 2021 nas bases de dados Scientific Eletronic Library Online (Scielo), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciência da Saúde (Lilacs), Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), Web of Science e Scopus por meio da combinação dos descritores lifestyle AND faculty. Resultados a análise dos manuscritos apontou a existência de 21 artigos os quais abordaram as seguintes dimensões do estilo de vida foram: família e amigos, atividade física, nutrição, álcool, tabaco e outras drogas, sono e estresse e, tipo de personalidade. Conclusão há um hiato de conhecimento sobre hábitos específicos como o uso de substâncias ilícitas e o consumo de medicamentos. É necessário ampliar o olhar diagnóstico sobre o estilo de vida docente em novas investigações que possam detalhar diferenças loco-regionais e culturais.


RESUMEN Objetivo identificar el estilo de vida de los profesores universitarios en la literatura científica internacional. Método revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en enero de 2021 en las bases de datos de la Scientific Eletronic Library Online (Scielo), Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (Lilacs), Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl). Web of Science y Scopus a través de la combinación de descriptores lifestyle & faculty. Resultados el análisis de los manuscritos indicó la existencia de 21 artículos que abordaron las siguientes dimensiones del estilo de vida: familia y amigos, actividad física, nutrición, alcohol, tabaco y otras drogas, sueño y estrés y tipo de personalidad. Conclusión existe un vacío de conocimiento sobre hábitos específicos como el uso de sustancias ilícitas y el consumo de medicamentos. Es necesario ampliar la visión diagnóstica sobre el estilo de vida de los profesores en nuevas investigaciones que puedan detallar las diferencias locorregionales y culturales.


ABSTRACT Objective to identify the lifestyle of university professors in the international scientific literature. Method this integrative literature review was conducted in January 2021 in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), Latin American and Caribbean Health Science Literature (Lilacs), Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), Web of Science and Scopus databases, by combining the descriptors "lifestyle" AND "faculty". Results analysis of the manuscripts indicated 21 articles, which addressed the following dimensions of lifestyle: family and friends, physical activity, nutrition, alcohol, tobacco and other drugs, sleep and stress, and personality type. Conclusion there is a gap in knowledge about specific habits such as illegal substance use and consumption of medications. A broader diagnostic view of faculty lifestyle is needed in new studies that can detail local region and cultural differences.

20.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e60812, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354032

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar o estilo de vida dos docentes em âmbito universitário na literatura científica internacional. Método: revisão integrativa de literatura realizada em janeiro de 2021 nas bases de dados Scientific Eletronic Library Online (Scielo), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciência da Saúde (Lilacs), Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), Web of Science e Scopus por meio da combinação dos descritores lifestyle AND faculty. Resultados: a análise dos manuscritos apontou a existência de 21 artigos os quais abordaram as seguintes dimensões do estilo de vida foram: família e amigos, atividade física, nutrição, álcool, tabaco e outras drogas, sono e estresse e, tipo de personalidade. Conclusão: há um hiato de conhecimento sobre hábitos específicos como o uso de substâncias ilícitas e o consumo de medicamentos. É necessário ampliar o olhar diagnóstico sobre o estilo de vida docente em novas investigações que possam detalhar diferenças loco-regionais e culturais.


Objective: to identify the lifestyle of university professors in the international scientific literature. Method: this integrative literature review was conducted in January 2021 in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), Latin American and Caribbean Health Science Literature (Lilacs), Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), Web of Science and Scopus databases, by combining the descriptors "lifestyle" AND "faculty". Results: analysis of the manuscripts indicated 21 articles, which addressed the following dimensions of lifestyle: family and friends, physical activity, nutrition, alcohol, tobacco and other drugs, sleep and stress, and personality type. Conclusion: there is a gap in knowledge about specific habits such as illegal substance use and consumption of medications. A broader diagnostic view of faculty lifestyle is needed in new studies that can detail local region and cultural differences.


Objetivo: identificar el estilo de vida de los profesores universitarios en la literatura científica internacional. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en enero de 2021 en las bases de datos de la Scientific Eletronic Library Online (Scielo), Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (Lilacs), Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl). Web of Science y Scopus a través de la combinación de descriptores lifestyle & faculty. Resultados: el análisis de los manuscritos indicó la existencia de 21 artículos que abordaron las siguientes dimensiones del estilo de vida: familia y amigos, actividad física, nutrición, alcohol, tabaco y otras drogas, sueño y estrés y tipo de personalidad. Conclusión: existe un vacío de conocimiento sobre hábitos específicos como el uso de sustancias ilícitas y el consumo de medicamentos. Es necesario ampliar la visión diagnóstica sobre el estilo de vida de los profesores en nuevas investigaciones que puedan detallar las diferencias locorregionales y culturales.

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