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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 21-24, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007206

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between lifestyle and myopia and construct Nomogram model to predict myopia risk among primary school students in Tianjin, so as to provide a scientific basis for precision myopia prevention and control.@*Methods@#From April to July of 2022, a census method was used to conduct vision testing and lifestyle related questionnaires among 373 180 primary school students in 15 districts of Tianjin. The relationship between lifestyle and myopia was analyzed by the multivariate Logistic regression, and a nomogram prediction model was constructed to predict myopia risk.@*Results@#The detection rate of myopia among primary school students in Tianjin was 37.6%. The results of the multivariate Logistic regression showed that daily outdoor activity time of 1-2 h ( OR =0.94) and >2 h ( OR =0.84), time of using daily electronic devices of >2 h ( OR =1.03), daily paper materials reading and writing time of 1-2 h ( OR =1.02) and >2 h ( OR =1.09), weekly fresh vegetable intake of 2-6 times ( OR =0.93) and ≥7 times ( OR =0.88) were statistically correlated with myopia ( P <0.01). The Nomogram prediction model showed that the factors associated with myopia were grade, family history of myopia, gender, daily outdoor activity time, weekly frequency of fresh vegetable intake, daily paper materials reading and writing time, and time of using daily electronic devices time.@*Conclusions@#The lifestyle of primary school students in Tianjin is associated with myopia. The constructed nomogram model could provide a scientific basis for identifying key intervention populations for myopia prevention and taking targeted prevention and control measures.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 6-10, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007203

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Healthy lifestyles are the most effective means of promoting the physical and mental health of children and adolescents. In China, unhealthy lifestyles, such as insufficient physical activity, inadequate sleep, poor dietary choices, smoking, and alcohol consumption are prevalent among this population, posing a threat to healthy growth and development. An initial review of global research examining healthy lifestyles reveals a continually evolving landscape, emphasizing the pressing need to update intervention strategies and theories for children and adolescents health promotion in China. The article presents the most recent state of the art healthy lifestyle indicators and the development of healthy lifestyle intervention strategies. In the future, interventions and monitoring of the health lifestyles of children and adolescents should be conducted in conjunction with schools and families which provide optimal settings, while utilizing advanced methods such as the Internet and digital technologies, artificial intelligence, and integrated omics technologies incorporating genetics and the environment.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 443-447, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015139

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Dry eye is a multifactorial ocular surface disease characterized by tear film homeostasis imbalance, which usually causes eye discomfort and visual impairment. With the change of environment and lifestyle, the incidence of dry eye in children and adolescents has risen steadily. Epidemiological studies have confirmed that the incidence of dry eye is closely related to unhealthy lifestyle. Prevention should be given great priority to in avoiding lifestyle related dry eye. The review summarizes the definition, epidemiology, risk factors and preventive measures of lifestyle related dry eye, so as to provide a theoretical basis for improving the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of lifestyle related dry eye in children and adolescents.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 437-442, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015138

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Executive function is an advanced cognitive process aimed at the flexible coordination, optimization, and control of the cognitive processes of task solving in order to accomplish a specific task, ensuring that the individual produces effective behaviors, including inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility. Given the sensitivities and specificities that characterize an individual s physical and mental development during adolescence, this period is critical for the development of executive function in adolescents. In the paper, the influencing factors of adolescents executive function development are systematically described from three dimensions, namely, biology, environment and lifestyle; by analyzing the mechanisms and differences in the effects of different influencing factors, this editorial provides a scientific basis for adolescents executive function improvement and intervention.

5.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 77(2): e20230354, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1559471

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Compare Cardiovascular Risk between workers in Brazil and Portugal who work in the teaching context and its relationship with Lifestyle and Common Mental Disorder. Methods: Cross-sectional study that compared the cardiovascular health conditions of teaching workers in Manaus (Brazil) and Coimbra (Portugal). The odds ratio between groups was estimated. Results: The differences were: Smoking and hypercholesterolemia in participants from Portugal. Hypertension, chronic disease, increased abdominal perimeter, common mental disorder, and absence from work in Brazil. The variables with the greatest effect for high cardiovascular risk were: Country-Portugal [17.273 (95%CI1.538-193.951)], sex-male [61.577 (95%CI5.398-702.469)] and smoking [593.398 (95%CI57.330-6.142.020)]. Conclusion: The differences in risk between groups showed that participants from Portugal, men, with high blood pressure and/or smokers are the most vulnerable to having a cardiovascular event. There is a need for interventions to promote cardiovascular health in the workplace in both countries.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar el Riesgo Cardiovascular entre trabajadores de Brasil y Portugal que actúan em el contexto docente y su relación con el Estilo de Vida y el Trastorno Mental Común. Métodos: Estudio transversal que comparo las condiciones de salud cardiovascular de trabajadores docentes de Manaos (Brasil) y Coimbra (Portugal). Se estimó el odds ratio entre grupos. Resultados: Las diferencias fueron: Tabaquismo e hipercolesterolemia en participantes de Portugal. Hipertensión, enfermedad crónica, aumento del perímetro abdominal, trastorno mental común y ausentismo laboral en Brasil. Las variables com mayor efecto para alto riesgo cardiovascular fueron: País-Portugal [17.273 (IC95%1.538-193.951)], sexo-masculino [61.577 (IC95%5.398-702.469)] y tabaquismo [593.398(IC95%57.330- 6.142.020)]. Conclusión: Las diferencias de riesgo entre grupos mostraron que los participantes portugueses, los hombres, los hipertensos y/o fumadores son los más vulnerables a sufrir un evento cardiovascular. Es necesario realizar intervenciones para promover la salud cardiovascular en el lugar de trabajo en ambos países.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar o Risco Cardiovascular entre trabalhadores do Brasil e Portugal que atuam no contexto do ensino e sua relação com Estilo de Vida e Transtorno Mental Comum. Métodos: Estudo transversal que comparou as condições de saúde cardiovascular de trabalhadores do ensino de Manaus (Brasil) e Coimbra (Portugal). Foi estimada a razão de chance entre grupos. Resultados: As diferenças foram: Tabagismo e hipercolesterolemia nos participantes de Portugal. Hipertensão, doença crônica, perímetro abdominal aumentado, transtorno mental comum e afastamento do trabalho no Brasil. As variáveis com maior efeito para risco cardiovascular alto foram: País-Portugal [17.273 (IC95%1.538-193.951)], sexo-masculino [61.577 (IC95%5.398 -702.469)] e tabagismo [593.398(IC95%57.330- 6.142.020)]. Conclusão: As diferenças de risco entre grupos mostraram que os participantes de Portugal, homens, com pressão arterial aumentada e/ou tabagistas são os mais vulneráveis a ter evento cardiovascular. Há necessidades de intervenções para a promoção da saúde cardiovascular no ambiente laboral nos dois países.

6.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 40(2): e00107823, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534126

ABSTRACT

Distorção da imagem corporal é uma alteração da percepção do corpo que pode repercutir na saúde. Este estudo visa estimar, entre mulheres participantes do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto (ELSA-Brasil) residentes na Bahia, Brasil, a prevalência de acurácia e distorção da imagem corporal e investigar associações com características socioeconômicas, estilo de vida e procura de cuidados ginecológicos. Participaram 609 mulheres de 50-69 anos de idade que responderam, entre 2012-2014, questionários aplicados face a face. Foi utilizada a escala de silhuetas de Stunkard para investigar a percepção acurada ou distorcida para mais ou menos peso. A razão de risco relativo (RR) foi calculada por meio de regressão logística multinomial por meio do Stata 13. A maioria das participantes tem perspectiva acurada do próprio corpo (53,7%). Entre aquelas com percepção distorcida, há uma tendência à distorção para menos peso (38,1%). Na análise de regressão multinomial, permaneceram associadas à distorção para menos peso as variáveis raça/cor e escolaridade, sendo que a primeira foi positivamente associada à distorção para menos peso entre as pardas (RR = 1,89; IC95%: 1,13-3,16) e pretas (RR = 2,10; IC95%: 1,25-3,55), enquanto a segunda entre aquelas com escolaridade até o Ensino Médio (RR = 1,65; IC95%: 1,18-2,33). Não houve associações quanto às demais variáveis, nem com distorção para mais peso. Os resultados contribuem para a explicação das relações entre percepção da imagem corporal e fatores socioeconômicos, revelando que mulheres de raça/cor diferentes e variados níveis de escolaridade são influenciadas de formas distintas pelos discursos sociais, o que impacta a percepção da sua imagem corporal.


Body image distortion is an alteration in the perception of the body that can have repercussions on health. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of body image accuracy and distortion among women participating in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) living in Bahia State, Brazil, and to investigate associations with socioeconomic characteristics, lifestyle, and gynecological care seeking. A total of 609 women aged 50 to 69 years participated in the study, who answered face-to-face questionnaires from 2012 to 2014. The Stunkard silhouette scale was used to investigate accurate or distorted perception for more or less weight. The relative risk ratio (RR) was calculated by multinomial logistic regression using Stata 13. Most participants have an accurate perception of their own bodies (53.7%). Among those with distorted perception, there is a tendency to distort towards less weight (38.1%). In the multinomial regression analysis, the variables race/skin color and education remained associated with the distortion towards underweight. The race/skin color variable was positively associated with the distortion towards underweight among Mixed-race women (RR = 1.89; 95%CI: 1.13-3.16) and black (RR = 2.10; 95%CI: 1.25-3.55), while the education variable among those with up to high school education (RR = 1.65; 95%CI: 1.18-2.33). There were no associations with the other variables or with distortion for more weight. The results contribute to explaining the relationships between body image perception and socioeconomic factors, revealing that women of different races/skin colors and varying educational levels are influenced in different ways by social discourses, impacting the perception of their body image.


La distorsión de la imagen corporal es una alteración en la percepción del cuerpo que puede repercutir en la salud. Este estudio busca estimar, entre las mujeres participantes del Estudio Longitudinal de Salud del Adulto (ELSA-Brasil) que viven en Bahía, Brasil, la prevalencia de precisión y distorsión de la imagen corporal e investigar asociaciones con las características socioeconómicas, el estilo de vida y la busca de atención ginecológica. Participaron 609 mujeres que tenían entre 50 y 69 años que contestaron los cuestionarios aplicados cara a cara entre 2012 y 2014. Se utilizó la escala de siluetas de Stunkard para investigar la percepción precisa o distorsionada para más o menos peso. El cociente de riesgo relativo (RR) se calculó a través de regresión logística multinomial utilizando el Stata 13. La mayoría de los participantes tiene una perspectiva precisa del propio cuerpo (53,7%). Entre las personas con percepción distorsionada hay una tendencia a la distorsión para menos peso (38,1%). En el análisis de regresión multinomial, las variables raza/color y escolaridad permanecieron asociadas con la distorsión para menos peso, siendo la primera positivamente asociada con la distorsión para menos peso entre las mujeres pardas (RR = 1,89; IC95%: 1,13-3,16) y negras (RR = 2,10; IC95%: 1,25-3,55), mientras la segunda entre las mujeres que estudiaron hasta la enseñanza secundaria (RR = 1,65; IC95%: 1,18-2,33). No hubo asociaciones con las otras variables ni con la distorsión para más peso. Los resultados contribuyen para explicar las relaciones entre la percepción de la imagen corporal y los factores socioeconómicos, demostrando que mujeres de diferentes razas/colores y diferentes niveles de educación se influyen de distintas formas a través de discursos sociales, lo que impacta en la percepción de su imagen corporal.

7.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 40(3): e00095723, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534135

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar a relação da prática de atividade física nos quatro domínios (tempo livre, deslocamento, doméstico e trabalho) e a prevalência de sintomas depressivos em adultos brasileiros, de maneira geral e estratificando-se por sexo, escolaridade e ter ou não diagnóstico referido de depressão. Estudo transversal, com dados de 88.531 indivíduos de 18 anos ou mais, respondentes da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde de 2019. Os sintomas depressivos foram avaliados pelo Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (Questionário de Saúde do Paciente-9, PHQ-9). Foram considerados fisicamente ativos aqueles que referiram realizar atividade física pelo menos uma vez por semana no respectivo domínio. Adicionalmente, foi realizado o cálculo de tempo de prática semanal, sendo posteriormente divididos em quartis em cada domínio. Para as análises de associação, foram calculados o odds ratio bruto (ORbruto) e ajustado (ORajustado), no total e nas análises estratificadas. Os fisicamente ativos no tempo livre tiveram menor chance de apresentar sintomas depressivos, no total (ORajustado = 0,74; IC95%: 0,64-0,86) e em todas as estratificações, menos naqueles com depressão autorreferida. As associações na atividade física no tempo livre foram mais frequentes naqueles que praticavam entre 121 e 360 minutos semanais. Os indivíduos ativos nos domínios de deslocamento, doméstico e trabalho tiveram maior chance de apresentar sintomas depressivos em alguns grupos, com resultados mais consistentes para a atividade física doméstica. Os resultados evidenciaram que a relação da atividade física com a depressão em brasileiros varia conforme o domínio e a duração da atividade física, e que a ideia de que "todo movimento conta" parece adequada apenas para o domínio de tempo livre.


Resumen: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la práctica de actividad física en cuatro dominios (ocio, desplazamiento, actividad doméstica y trabajo) y la prevalencia de síntomas depresivos en adultos brasileños, en general y estratificada por sexo, escolaridad y diagnóstico de depresión autoinformado. Se trata de un estudio transversal con datos de 88.531 individuos de 18 años o más, que respondieron la Encuesta Nacional de Salud en el 2019. Los síntomas depresivos se evaluaron mediante el Cuestionario sobre la Salud del Paciente-9 (PHQ-9). Aquellos que realizan actividad física al menos una vez por semana en un dominio determinado se consideraron físicamente activos. Además, se calculó el tiempo de actividad física y luego se dividió en cuartiles para cada dominio. Para los análisis de asociación, se calcularon el odds ratio crudo (ORcrudo) y el odds ratio ajustado (ORajustado) para los análisis total y estratificado. Los individuos que son físicamente activos en durante el ocio presentaron menos probabilidades de tener síntomas depresivos, en el total (ORajustado = 0,74; IC95%: 0,64-0,86) y en todas las estratificaciones, excepto los individuos con depresión autoinformada. Las asociaciones de actividad física en el tiempo libre fueron más frecuentes en quienes practicaban de 121 a 360 minutos/semana. Los individuos que eran activos en los dominios desplazamiento, actividad doméstica y trabajo tuvieron más probabilidades de presentar síntomas depresivos en algunos grupos, con resultados más consistentes para las actividades domésticas. Los resultados mostraron que la relación entre actividad física y depresión entre los brasileños varía según el dominio y la duración, y el concepto de que "cada movimiento cuenta" parece ser correcto solo para el dominio del ocio.


Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the practice of physical activities in the four domains (leisure time, transportation, household, and work) and the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Brazilian adults, in general and stratified by sex, schooling level, and having or not a self-reported diagnosis of depression. This is a cross-sectional study with data from 88,531 individuals aged 18 years or older, who responded to the Brazilian National Health Survey in 2019. The depressive symptoms were evaluated by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Those who practice physical activities at least once a week in a given domain were considered physically active. Additionally, the calculation of physical activities duration was conducted and later divided into quartiles for each domain. For the association analyses, the crude odds ratio (crudeOR) and adjusted odds ratio (adjustedOR) were calculated for the total and stratified analyses. Individuals who are physically active during leisure time showed a lower chance of presenting depressive symptoms, in total (adjustedOR = 0.74; 95%CI: 0.64-0.86) and in all stratifications, except for individuals with self-reported depression. The associations of leisure-time physical activity were most frequent in those who practice from 121 to 360 minutes/week. The individuals who were active in the transportation, household, and work domains had a higher chance of presenting depressive symptoms in some groups, with more consistent results for household physical activities. The results showed that the relationship between physical activities and depression among Brazilians varies according to domain and duration, and that the concept that "every move counts" seemed to be correct only for the leisure-time domain.

8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 22: eAO0345, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534334

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study analyzed the impact of sex on self-reported health and lifestyle parameters in peripheral artery disease patients at two periods of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: In this longitudinal study, 99 patients with peripheral artery disease (53 men and 46 women) were evaluated during two periods of the COVID-19 pandemic ( i.e ., at onset: May to August 2020, and on follow-up: May to August 2021). Patients were interviewed via telephone, and information regarding lifestyle and health parameters was obtained. Results: At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, health and habit parameters were similar between women and men, with 63.0% and 45.3% indicating frequent fatigue, 73.9% and 84.9% reporting increased sitting time, and 23.9% and 39.6% practicing physical activity, respectively. At follow-up, difficulties in physical mobility (women: from 26.1% to 73.9%, p<0.001; men: from 39.6% to 71.7%, p=0.001) and the frequency of hospitalization for reasons other than COVID-19 increased similarly in women and men (women: from 4.3% to 21.7%, p=0.013; men: from 9.4% to 24.5%, p=0.038). The other parameters were similar between the periods. Conclusion: Self-reported physical mobility difficulties and hospitalization frequency increased in women and men with peripheral artery disease.

9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 22: eAO0585, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550237

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Patients with cancer often undergo multiple extended treatments that decrease their quality of life. However, the quality of life of women with breast cancer after they undergo treatment remains underexplored in Brazil. Therefore, this study determined sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical factors related to the post-treatment quality of life of women with breast cancer. Methods This cross-sectional study involved 101 women diagnosed with breast cancer between 2014 and 2016 and treated at a Brazilian Oncology Reference Service. Data were collected from them using face-to-face surveys. Quality of life was evaluated using the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) and EORTC Breast Cancer-specific Quality of Life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-BR23). The data collected were analyzed using Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results The median score on the global health, functional, and symptom scales of the EORTC QLQ-C30 was 75.00 (Interquartile range=33.33), 75.99 (Standard deviation [SD]=19.26), and 19.67 (SD=16.91), respectively. The mean score on the functional and symptom scales of the EORTC QLQ-BR23 was 61.89 (SD=17.21) and 20.12 (SD=16.94), respectively. Furthermore, higher post-treatment quality of life was found to be associated with being aged 50 or more, being Black, having eight or more years of education, having a partner, having a paying job, receiving treatment from the private healthcare system, having a higher income, living in the municipality where healthcare services are availed, engaging in physical activity, not smoking, being more religious, having more social support, not being overweight, having no comorbidities, and undergoing lumpectomy. Conclusion Sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical factors significantly impact the quality of life of women who undergo breast cancer treatment. Implementing interventions that improve health and reducing inequalities in the access to healthcare services can improve the quality of life of these patients.

10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 120(12): e20230408, dez. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527795

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: As doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (DCNT), também conhecidas como doenças crônicas de longa duração, são consideradas a principal causa de morte e incapacidade em todo o mundo, e os seis pilares da medicina do estilo de vida (nutrição, exercício, controle de tóxicos, manejo do estresse, saúde do sono e conexão social) desempenham um papel importante na gestão holística da sua prevenção e tratamento. Além disso, as diretrizes médicas são os documentos mais aceitos com recomendações para o manejo das DCNT. Objetivo: O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar a ausência de pilares de estilo de vida nas principais diretrizes médicas brasileiras sobre as DCNT e identificar evidências na literatura que possam justificar sua inclusão nos documentos. Método: As diretrizes brasileiras foram selecionadas de acordo com as causas de morte mais relevantes no Brasil, informadas pelo Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade publicado pelo Ministério da Saúde em 2019. Os periódicos foram selecionados na biblioteca PUBMED de acordo com a doença e os pilares do estilo de vida não mencionados. Resultados: Causas relevantes de mortes no Brasil são o infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM), o diabetes mellitus (DM) e as doenças pulmonares obstrutivas crônicas (DPOC). Foram identificadas seis diretrizes relacionadas a essas DCNT e todas abordam aspectos do estilo de vida, mas apenas uma, referente à prevenção cardiovascular, destaca todos os seis pilares. Apesar disso, uma pesquisa bibliográfica envolvendo mais de 50 artigos mostrou que há evidências de que todos os pilares podem ajudar no controle de cada uma dessas DCNT. Conclusão: Raramente os seis pilares do estilo de vida são contemplados nas diretrizes brasileiras para IAM, DM e DPOC. A revisão da literatura identificou evidências de todos os pilares do estilo de vida para oferecer uma abordagem holística para a gestão e prevenção das DCNT.


Abstract Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases that are long-lasting, are considered the major cause of death and disability worldwide, and the six pillars of lifestyle medicine (nutrition, exercise, toxic control, stress management, restorative sleep, and social connection) play an important role in a holistic management of their prevention and treatment. In addition, medical guidelines are the most accepted documents with recommendations to manage NCDs. Objective: The present study aims to analyze the lack of lifestyle pillars concerning the major Brazilian medical guidelines for NCDs and identify evidence in the literature that could justify their inclusion in the documents. Method: Brazilian guidelines were selected according to the most relevant causes of death in Brazil, given by the Mortality Information System, published by the Brazilian Ministry of Health in 2019. Journals were screened in the PUBMED library according to the disease and non-mentioned pillars of lifestyle. Results: Relevant causes of deaths in Brazil are acute myocardial infarction (AMI), diabetes mellitus (DM), and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). Six guidelines related to these NCDs were identified, and all address aspects of lifestyle, but only one, regarding cardiovascular prevention, highlights all six pillars. Despite this, a literature search involving over 50 articles showed that there is evidence that all the pillars can help control each of these NCDs. Conclusion: Rarely are the six pillars of lifestyle contemplated in Brazilian guidelines for AMI, DM, and COPD. The literature review identified evidence of all lifestyle pillars to offer a holistic approach for the management and prevention of NCDs.

11.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 31: e69703, jan. -dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1437999

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: refletir sobre o estilo de vida dos estudantes de enfermagem no paradigma emergente da modernidade líquida. Conteúdo: ensaio reflexivo alicerçado em 20 artigos sobre o tema discutido criticamente em diálogo com os conceitos de paradigma emergente e modernidade líquida. A discussão se organizou em duas categorias: estilo de vida dos estudantes de enfermagem no contexto da modernidade líquida: da realidade social ao sofrimento psíquico; e estilo de vida dos estudantes de enfermagem e o paradigma emergente: dos paradigmas dominantes à individuação. Considerações finais: os tempos líquidos reverberam no estilo de vida e na saúde dos estudantes de enfermagem, agravando as doenças da pós-modernidade. Destaca-se a maneira como esses estudantes apreendem as dificuldades e o aprendizado que deduzem dessas oportunidades. O estilo de vida destes estudantes deve ponderar o alcance da perspectiva singular e profunda do ser inserido no paradigma emergente(AU)


Objective: to reflect on the lifestyle of nursing students in the emerging paradigm of liquid modernity. Content: reflective essay based on 20 articles on the subject critically discussed in dialogue with the concepts of emerging paradigm and liquid modernity. The discussion was organized into two categories: nursing students' lifestyle in the context of liquid modernity: from social reality to psychic suffering; and lifestyle of nursing students and the emerging paradigm: from dominant paradigms to individuation. Final considerations: liquid times reverberate in the lifestyle and health of nursing students, aggravating postmodern diseases. It is worth highlighting the way in which these students apprehend the difficulties and the learning they deduce from these opportunities. The lifestyle of these students must consider the scope of the singular and profound perspective of being inserted in the emerging paradigm(AU)


Objetivo: reflexionar sobre el estilo de vida de los estudiantes de enfermería bajo el prisma del paradigma emergente de la modernidad líquida. Contenido: ensayo reflexivo basado en 20 artículos sobre el tema, discutido críticamente en diálogo con los conceptos de paradigma emergente y modernidad líquida. La discusión se organizó en dos categorías: el estilo de vida de los estudiantes de enfermería en el contexto de la modernidad líquida: de la realidad social al sufrimiento psíquico; y estilo de vida de los estudiantes de enfermería y el paradigma emergente: de los paradigmas dominantes a la individuación. Consideraciones finales: los tiempos líquidos repercuten en el estilo de vida y la salud de los estudiantes de enfermería, agravando las enfermedades de la posmodernidad. Se destaca la forma cómo estos estudiantes entienden las dificultades y los aprendizajes que deducen de estas oportunidades. El estilo de vida de estos estudiantes debe considerar el alcance de la singular y profunda perspectiva de estar insertos en el paradigma emergente(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Nursing/psychology , Postmodernism , Life Style , Social Change , Psychological Distress , Individuation
12.
Rev. Fac. Med. Hum ; 23(4): 117-128, oct.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559081

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los estilos de vida abarcan las decisiones que una persona toma y, al mismo tiempo, tienen un impacto en su calidad de vida. En especial, para aquellos que estudian carreras relacionadas a ciencias de la salud, puede ser un período especialmente exigente y desafiante. Frecuentemente, se encuentran con situaciones estresantes que afectan considerablemente su bienestar y elecciones de estilo de vida. Objetivo: Determinar si existe asociación entre el estilo de vida y el rendimiento académico en los estudiantes de medicina. Métodos: La revisión fue efectuada mediante búsqueda bibliográfica basado en evidencia publicados desde 2013 a 2023, en los sitios de búsqueda Scopus, PubMed, Scielo, BVS, ScienceDirect y Google Scholar. Resultados: De los 33 artículos revisados, se descartaron nueve por no tener relación con nuestras variables de investigación en el área de ciencias de la salud o por no presentar una población universitaria, y dos fueron retirados por ser publicados antes de 2013; han quedado solo 30 artículos para esta revisión bibliográfica. De los 30 artículos seleccionados, 14 contaban con resultados de investigación y 16 fueron considerados para aspectos teórico-conceptuales que se relacionan con el propósito del estudio. Conclusión: Los estudiantes universitarios con estilos de vida saludables tienden a tener un mejor rendimiento académico, además, se ha observado que la salud mental desempeña un papel importante. Sin embargo, la falta de consenso en los hallazgos sugiere la necesidad de investigaciones adicionales para comprender mejor esta compleja relación.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Lifestyles encompass the decisions a person makes, simultaneously impacting their quality of life. Especially for those pursuing health-related careers, it can be a particularly demanding and challenging period. They frequently encounter stressful situations that significantly affect their well-being and lifestyle choices. Objective: To determine if there is an association between lifestyle and academic performance in medical students. Methods: The review was conducted through evidence-based literature search for articles published from 2013 to 2023, using search platforms such as Scopus, PubMed, Scielo, BVS, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar. Results : Out of the 33 articles reviewed, 9 were excluded for not being related to our research variables in the field of health sciences or for not involving a university population. Additionally, 2 articles were removed as they were published before 2013, leaving only 30 articles for this literature review. Among the 30 selected articles, 14 presented research results, while 16 were considered for theoretical and conceptual aspects related to the study's purpose. Conclusion: University students with healthy lifestyles tend to have better academic performance, and it has been observed that mental health plays a significant role. However, the lack of consensus in the findings suggests the need for further research to better understand this complex relationship.

13.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 14(3): 1-14, 20230901.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1510105

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Serum vitamin D levels depend on sunlight, diet, and other factors. Objective: We aimed to determine serum vitamin D levels and evaluate their relationship with anthropometric indicators and lifestyle habits in apparently healthy volunteers. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study (n=75), socio-demographic, anthropometric, and lifestyle habit-related data were collected. Serum vitamin D levels were determined with high performance liquid chromatography, food intake was measured by semiquantitative frequency and nutritional status was assessed by anthropometry. Chi-square test and also principal component analysis were used to analyze the relationship between some variables and vitamin D status. Spearman's test was used to determine correlations between quantitative variables. Results: 73% were women and 61% belonged to medium socio-economic level. Median vitamin D intake was 137 (83.1­227.3) IU/day. Based on body mass index (BMI), 44% individuals had overweight/obesity. The 68% exhibited deficient/insufficient vitamin D levels (Hypovitaminosis D). BMI classification and waist circumference (CW) were not related with vitamin D status; however, activities with higher sun exposure were highly related (p = 0.013). Sun exposure time explained variation in component 2 (16.60%), where most of the individuals with normal level were grouped. Sun exposure time was positively correlated with vitamin D status (r = 0.263; p = 0.023). Discussion: Excess weight and abdominal obesity are not always associated with hypovitaminosis D. Conclusions: The majority of individuals showed hypovitaminosis D but their status was not related with anthropometric indicators. A Sun exposure time was the only factor positively correlated with vitamin D status.


Introducción: Los niveles séricos de vitamina D dependen de la luz solar, la dieta y otros factores. Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo fue determinar los niveles séricos de vitamina D y evaluar su relación con indicadores antropométricos y estilos de vida en voluntarios aparentemente sanos. Materiales y métodos: En este estudio trasversal (n=75) se recogieron datos sociodemográficos, antropométricos y aquellos relacionados con hábitos y estilos de vida. La vitamina D se determinó por cromatografía liquida de alta eficiencia; la ingesta de alimentos, mediante frecuencia semicuantitativa, y el estado nutricional por antropometría. Para analizar la relación entre algunas variables y el estado de la vitamina D se usó la prueba de Chi cuadrado y también el análisis de componentes principales. Se empleó la prueba de Spearman para determinar la correlación entre variables cuantitativas. Resultados: El 73% eran mujeres y el 61% pertenecían a un estrato socioeconómico medio. La mediana de la ingesta de vitamina D fue de 137 (83,1­227,3) UI/día. Según el índice de masa corporal (IMC), el 44% de los individuos tenían sobrepeso/obesidad. El 68% mostro deficiencia/insuficiencia de vitamina D (hipovitaminosis D). La clasificación del IMC y la circunferencia abdominal no se relacionaron con el estado de la vitamina D; sin embargo, las actividades con una mayor exposición solar estuvieron altamente relacionadas (p=0,013). El tiempo de exposición solar explico la variación en el componente 2 (16,60%) donde se agruparon la mayoría de los individuos con niveles normales. El tiempo de exposición solar tuvo una correlación positiva con el estado de la vitamina D (r = 0,263; p = 0,023). Discusión: El exceso de peso y la obesidad abdominal no siempre se relacionan con la hipovitaminosis D. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los individuos presentaron hipovitaminosis D, pero su estado no se relacionó con los indicadores antropométricos. El tiempo de exposición al sol fue el único factor que se correlaciono positivamente con el estado de la vitamina D.


Introdução: Os níveis séricos de vitamina D dependem da luz solar, da dieta e de outros fatores. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo foi determinar os níveis séricos de vitamina D e avaliar sua relação com indicadores antropométricos e hábitos de vida em voluntários aparentemente saudáveis. Materiais e métodos: Neste estudo transversal (n=75), foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, antropométricos e relacionados a hábitos de vida. Os níveis séricos de vitamina D foram determinados por cromatografia liquida de alto desempenho, a ingestão de alimentos foi medida por frequência semiquantitativa e o estado nutricional foi avaliado por antropometria. O teste do qui-quadrado e a análise de componentes principais foram utilizados para analisar a relação entre algumas variáveis e o estado da vitamina D. O teste de Spearman foi usado para determinar as correlações entre as variáveis quantitativas. Resultados: 73% eram mulheres e 61% pertenciam a um nível socioeconômico médio. A ingestão media de vitamina D foi de 137 (83,1-227,3) UI/dia. Com base no índice de massa corporal (IMC), 44% dos indivíduos tinham sobrepeso/obesidade. Os 68% apresentaram níveis deficientes/insuficientes de vitamina D (hipovitaminose D). A classificação do IMC e a circunferência da cintura (CW) não foram relacionadas ao status da vitamina D; entretanto, as atividades com maior exposição ao sol foram altamente relacionadas (p = 0,013). O tempo de exposição ao sol explicou a variação no componente 2 (16,60%), onde a maioria dos indivíduos com nível normal foi agrupada. O tempo de exposição ao sol foi positivamente correlacionado com o status de vitamina D (r = 0,263; p = 0,023). Discussão: O excesso de peso e a obesidade abdominal nem sempre estão associados com a hipovitaminose D. Conclusões: A maioria dos indivíduos apresentou hipovitaminose D, mas seu status não foi relacionado com indicadores antropométricos. O tempo de exposição ao sol foi o único fator positivamente correlacionado com o status da vitamina D.


Subject(s)
Sunlight , Vitamin D , Anthropometry , Healthy Volunteers , Life Style
14.
Vive (El Alto) ; 6(17): 482-490, ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515635

ABSTRACT

Las alteraciones del estado nutricional es un problema que afecta a los estudiantes de las universidades, esto se debe en gran medida del estilo de vida que mantienen dentro de su condición socioeconómica, afectando de esta manera el éxito académico. Objetivo. Identificar la relación que existe entre el estilo de vida y el estado nutricional en estudiantes de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma Altoandina de Tarma - Junín, 2021. Materiales y métodos. Se desarrolló una investigación observacional, de diseño no experimental, de nivel correlacional, de tipo transversal y prospectivo; la población de estudio lo constituyeron el total de estudiantes de la universidad, se tuvo una muestra de 90 estudiantes, se usó la técnica de la encuesta y el instrumento fue un cuestionario para evaluación del estilo de vida en universitarios. Resultados. El estilo de vida predominante es la categoría de malo (38.89%), el 26.67% de estudiantes lleva un estilo de vida pésimo, y solo el 3.33% de estudiantes lleva un estilo de vida excelente; sin embargo, el 76.67% de estudiantes tienen un estado nutricional normal, el 18.89% de estudiantes tiene sobrepeso, y un total de 4,44% de estudiantes presenta delgadez u obesidad. Conclusiones. Se pudo establecer que existe una relación negativa baja entre el estilo de vida y el estado nutricional, lo que quiere decir, que el aspecto socioeconómico afecta la sostenibilidad y permanencia del estudiante dentro de la carrera universitaria, lo que significa que muchos de ellos, no llegasen a culminar sus estudios.


Alterations in nutritional status is a problem that affects university students, this is largely due to the lifestyle they maintain within their socioeconomic status, thus affecting academic success. Objective. To identify the relationship between lifestyle and nutritional status in students of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma Altoandina de Tarma - Junín, 2021. Materials and methods. An observational, non-experimental design, correlational, cross-sectional and prospective research was developed; the study population consisted of all the students of the university, a sample of 90 students was taken, the survey technique was used and the instrument was a questionnaire for the evaluation of lifestyle in university students. Results. The predominant lifestyle is the category of bad (38.89%), 26.67% of students have a very bad lifestyle, and only 3.33% of students have an excellent lifestyle; however, 76.67% of students have a normal nutritional status, 18.89% of students are overweight, and a total of 4.44% of students are thin or obese. Conclusions. It was possible to establish that there is a low negative relationship between lifestyle and nutritional status, which means that the socioeconomic aspect affects the sustainability and permanence of the student within the university career, which means that many of them do not finish their studies.


As alterações no estado nutricional são um problema que afeta os estudantes universitários, em grande parte devido ao estilo de vida que eles mantêm dentro de seu status socioeconômico, afetando assim o sucesso acadêmico. Objetivo. Identificar a relação entre estilo de vida e estado nutricional em estudantes da Universidade Nacional Autónoma Altoandina de Tarma - Junín, 2021. Materiais e métodos. Foi realizada uma pesquisa observacional, não experimental, correlacional, transversal e prospectiva; a população do estudo consistiu em todos os alunos da universidade, uma amostra de 90 alunos foi coletada, a técnica de pesquisa foi usada e o instrumento foi um questionário para a avaliação do estilo de vida em estudantes universitários. Resultados. A categoria predominante de estilo de vida é ruim (38,89%), 26,67% dos estudantes têm um estilo de vida ruim e apenas 3,33% dos estudantes têm um estilo de vida excelente; entretanto, 76,67% dos estudantes têm um estado nutricional normal, 18,89% dos estudantes estão acima do peso e um total de 4,44% dos estudantes são magros ou obesos. Conclusões. Foi possível estabelecer que há uma relação negativa baixa entre estilo de vida e estado nutricional, o que significa que o aspecto socioeconômico afeta a sustentabilidade e a permanência do aluno na carreira universitária, o que significa que muitos deles não conseguirão concluir seus estudos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nutritional Status , Life Style
15.
J. Health NPEPS ; 8(1): e10925, jan - jun, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1451576

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the lifestyle and eating habits of bank workers in Mozambique. Method: a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, with 32 employees from three bank branches, selected through convenience sampling, in 2021. A food frequency questionnaire and a lifestyle questionnaire were applied. Descriptive statistics were employed for data treatment using SPSS v.25, presenting the data as absolute and relative frequencies. Results: in terms of lifestyle, 65.6% of participants were physically active, 100% were non-smokers, and 40.6% preferred fruits and vegetables instead of sweet and savory foods. Regarding food consumption frequency, the bread and equivalents group had the highest daily intake, with French bread (44%) being the most consumed, followed by the fruit and vegetable group with lettuce leading consumption (44%). The third group was meat and equivalents with the most consumed food in that category being fried egg (28%). The least consumed food group was oils and sauces with the most consumed in the category being salad dressings (19%). Conclusion: more healthy lifestyles and eating habits were evidenced.


Subject(s)
Occupational Health , Eating , Feeding Behavior , Life Style
16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222030

ABSTRACT

Introduction: As reported by WHO, hypertension is the third ‘killer’ disease, accounting for one in every eight deaths worldwide. Many modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors are found to be associated with the disease. The present study aims to determine the role of dietary management and physical activity in the control of hypertension in a given population. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted that. Study included all hypertensive patients (290) from the field practice area of a tertiary care institute. A self-constructed, pretested questionnaire was used to enquire about the socio- demographic factors and other risk factors associated with hypertension. The data was analyzed using SPSS 23 and valid conclusions were drawn by using the chi-square test. Results: Out of 290 patients, 204 (70.3%) were females and 86 (29.7%) were males. Univariate analysis identified decreased salt intake, decreased fatty food consumption, physical activity, stress management, and spiritual help as highly significant factors affecting hypertension. On multivariate analysis, physical activity, stress management and spiritual help were found to be significant. Conclusion: The study showed that physical activity, stress management and spiritual help were significantly associated with hypertension control among the elderly. Measures should be taken to create awareness about lifestyle modifications in the control of hypertension.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222024

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pre-hypertension is a borderline health state of increased blood pressure (BP) that falls short of the measurable parameters at which surveillance and/or therapy would be required. The approach of identifying people “At Risk” of developing hypertension can be more cost-effective and feasible for applying lifestyle interventions. Objectives: The objective of the present study is to find the prevalence of pre-hypertensives and associated bio-socio-demographic factors Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1946 participants aged 19 years and more in the Doiwala block of Dehradun, Uttarakhand. Multistage sampling was used to arrive at desired sample size. A pre-validated, structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire included information on the socio-demographic profile (age, sex, education etc.), awareness about hypertension and its associated risk factors. Statistical Analysis: The chi-square test was used to compare proportions and draw inferences. Results: 958 (49.2%) study participants out of a total 1946 were found to be pre-hypertensives. A statistically significant association was found between pre-hypertension and factors such as male gender, age, education, occupation and waist-hip ratio. (p<0.05) Conclusion: It is recommended that identification on the pre-hypertensive group and subjecting them to lifestyle modification could be a fruitful strategy for preventing them from becoming hypertensive.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222021

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Overweight and obesity has become a worldwide epidemic and is a growing public health concern. The increase in prevalence and severity of obesity among children and adolescents has been attributed largely to behavioral factors such as changing eating habits and sedentary lifestyles. Objective: To determine prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity among adolescents and its association with sociodemographic factors and lifestyle. Methods: Present cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban field practice area under the Community Medicine Department of LLRM Medical College, Meerut, among 872 adolescents. All localities in the field area were covered and house to house survey was done. Questions were asked about eating patterns, physical activity and sedentary lifestyle. Data was collected and analyzed using appropriate statistical tests. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 17.43, 6.88%, respectively. Obesity was significantly higher among females, those who indulged in unhealthy eating habits were physically inactive, watched television for a longer duration and ate junk while watching television. Conclusion: In the present study, we found that high junk food consumption and a sedentary lifestyle were found to be significantly associated with childhood overweight/obesity. As a result, timely interventions should be taken to improve awareness about healthy lifestyle behavior to prevent obesity and its complications among adolescents.

19.
J. bras. nefrol ; 45(2): 169-179, June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1506570

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Pesticides can trigger kidney disease. Objective: To describe the exposure to pesticides of patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis. Methods: Quantitative and descriptive field research, with 90 patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis in two hemodialysis units in the state of Santa Catarina, through the application of a structured questionnaire. Participants were divided into two groups: with and without exposure to pesticides. The questionnaire was applied in hemodialysis clinics during treatment. Laboratory test values were collected from clinical records. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and association using the chi-square test. For laboratory test data, a comparison of means was performed using the unpaired Student's t-test between the groups. Results: The mean age of exposed participants was 58 years (±13.7; minimum = 23; maximum = 75) and that of non-exposed participants was 64 years old (±13.9; minimum = 35; maximum = 96). Of the 90 patients, 30% were exposed to pesticides. The mean exposure time was 6.7 ± 3.8 hours/day. There was a statistically significant association between the preparation of the mixture with pesticides and diabetes (p ≤ 0.048). There was no statistically significant difference between the results of laboratory tests in the exposed and non-exposed groups. Conclusion: This study shows that pesticides can be triggering factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, we must expand research in this field to prove the relationship between exposure to pesticides and CKD.


Resumo Introdução: O uso de agrotóxicos pode desencadear doença renal. Objetivo: Descrever a exposição a agrotóxicos de pacientes com doença renal crônica em tratamento dialítico. Métodos: Pesquisa de campo, quantitativa e descritiva, com 90 portadores de doença renal crônica em tratamento dialítico em duas unidades de hemodiálise no estado de Santa Catarina, por meio da aplicação de um questionário estruturado. Os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos: sem e com exposição a agrotóxicos. O questionário foi aplicado nas clínicas de hemodiálise durante o tratamento. Foram coletados valores de exames laboratoriais dos prontuários clínicos. Os dados foram analisados pela estatística descritiva e associação pelo teste qui-quadrado. Para os dados dos exames laboratoriais, foi realizada comparação de médias pelo teste t de Student não pareado entre os grupos. Resultados: A idade média dos participantes expostos foi de 58 anos (±13,7; mínimo = 23; máximo = 75) e a dos não expostos, de 64 anos (±13,9; mínimo = 35; máximo = 96). Dos 90 pacientes, 30% foram expostos a agrotóxicos. O tempo médio de exposição foi de 6,7 ± 3,8 horas/dia. Houve associação estatística significativa entre o preparo da calda com agrotóxicos e a presença de diabetes (p ≤ 0,048). Não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os resultados dos exames laboratoriais do grupo exposto e do não exposto. Conclusão Esta pesquisa evidencia que os agrotóxicos podem ser fatores desencadeadores da doença renal crônica (DRC), entretanto sugere-se ampliar pesquisas na área que possam comprovar a relação entre exposição a agrotóxicos e DRC.

20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(6)jun. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560232

ABSTRACT

Aim: The main objective of this study was to analyze the change in physical activity, quality of diet, and weight upon admission to higher education and at one-year follow-up in Chilean university students. Materials and methods: 376 Chilean university students were prospectively recruited. All participants were assessed at bas eline and one-year follow-up. Sociodemographics and other co-variables were described. Physical activity, healthy eating behavior, height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were assessed using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), and quality of diet (with Healthy Eating Index), SECA 213 stadiometer and TANITA HD-351, respectively. Results: At the one-year follow-up, high-intensity METs (Metabolic equivalents) decreased by 147.9 (95% CI: 79.5 to 216; p = 0.000), moderate-intensity METs decreased by 85.0 (95% CI: 52.2 to 117.7; p = 0.000), sedentary behavior increased by 45.0 min/week (95% CI: 54.6 to 35.4; p = 0.000), total METs decreased by 793.6 (95% CI: 613.0 to 974.1; p = 0.000), HEI decreased by 45.4 points (95% CI: 48.5 to 82.1; p = 0.000), weight increased by 5.9 kg (95% CI: 3.5 to 6.3; p = 0.002), and BMI increased by 2.8 kg/m2 (95% CI: 2.7 to 3.2; p = 0.000). The correlation between total METs and the HEI was r = 0.21 (p = 0.013). Conclusions: There are statistically significant differences at one-year follow-up in Chilean university students in decreased physical activity, impaired healthy eating behavior, and increased weight and BMI.


Objetivo: El objetivo principal fue analizar los cambios en la actividad física, calidad de la dieta y el peso al ingreso a la educación superior y al año de seguimiento en estudiantes universitarios chilenos. Materiales y Métodos: Un total de 376 estudiantes universitarios chilenos fueron prospectivamente reclutados. Todos los participantes fueron evaluados al ingreso y al año de seguimiento. Se describieron las variables sociodemográficas y otras co-variables. La actividad física, el comportamiento de alimentación saludable, el peso, talla y el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) fueron evaluados con el Cuestionario Global de Actividad Física (CGAF), el Índice de Alimentación Saludable (IAS), estadiómetro SECA 213 y el TANITA HD-351, respectivamente. Resultados: Al año de seguimiento, los METs a alta intensidad disminuyeron 147,9 (95% IC: 79,5 a 216; p = 0,000), METs a moderada intensidad disminuyeron 85,0 (95% IC: 52,2 a 117,7; p = 0,000), el comportamiento sedentario incremento 45,0 min/semana (95% IC: 54,6 a 35,4; p = 0,000), los METs totales disminuyeron 793,6 (95% CI: 613,0 a 974,1; p = 0,000), IAS disminuyó 45,4 puntos (95% IC: 48,5 a 82,1; p = 0,000), el peso aumento 5,9 kg (95% IC: 3,5 a 6,3; p = 0,002), y el IMC incrementó 2,8 kg/m2 (95% IC: 2,7 a 3,2; p = 0,000). La relación entre los METs totales y el IAS fue r = 0,21 (p = 0,013). Conclusiones: Al año de seguimiento, hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la disminución de la actividad física, deterioro del comportamiento de alimentación saludable, e incremento del peso e IMC en estudiantes universitarios chilenos.

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