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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 799-811, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285263

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the ultrastructural morphometry of bovine embryos produced in vitro grown at different concentrations of antioxidants. After in vitro maturation and fertilization, the presumptive zygotes were assigned into five treatments. T1) without the addition of any antioxidants (negative control); T2) addition of 50µM/mL cysteamine; and T3, T4 and T5) adding 2.5µg/mL, 5.0µg/mL or 10.0µg/mL of the antioxidants derived from the oily extract from Lippia origanoides, respectively. On D7 of culture, the embryos in the blastocyst stage were fixed and prepared for electron transmission microscopy. These were evaluated for the proportion of cytoplasm-to-nucleus, cytoplasm-to-mitochondria, cytoplasm-to-vacuoles, cytoplasm-to-autophagic vacuoles and cytoplasm-to-lipid droplets. Blastocysts cultured in media containing oily extract of Lippia origanoides presented morphological characteristics such as high cell:mitochondria ratio and low cell:vacuoles and cell:autophagic vacuole ratio, possibly been morphological indicators of embryonic quality. Inner cell mass (ICM) from blastocysts cultured in media without any antioxidants had the highest cell:vacuole ratio. Similar results were found in the trophectoderm (TE) cells of blastocysts from treatment 2. Embryo culture media supplemented with antioxidants derived from Lippia origanoides oil produced embryos with a higher cytoplasmic proportion of organelles, such as mitochondria. Also, treatments without any antioxidants or with the addition of cysteamine presented cytoplasmic vacuolization, a characteristic related to production of poor-quality embryos.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a morfometria ultraestrutural de embriões bovinos produzidos in vitro e cultivados em diferentes concentrações de antioxidantes. Após a maturação e a fertilização in vitro, os possíveis zigotos foram divididos em cinco tratamentos: T1) sem adição de antioxidantes (controle negativo); T2) adição de 50µM/mL de cisteamina; e T3, T4 e T5) adição de 2,5µg/mL, 5,0µg/mL ou 10,0µg/mL dos antioxidantes derivados do extrato oleoso de Lippia origanoides, respectivamente. No D7 de cultivo, os embriões em estágio de blastocisto foram fixados e preparados para microscopia eletrônica de transmissão. Estes foram avaliados para a proporção entre citoplasma e núcleo, citoplasma e mitocôndria, citoplasma e vacúolos, citoplasma e vacúolos autofágicos e citoplasma e gotículas lipídicas. Blastocistos cultivados em meio contendo extrato oleoso de Lippia origanoides apresentaram características morfológicas como alta relação célula:mitocôndria e baixa relação célula:vacúolos e célula:vacúolo autofágico, possíveis indicadores morfológicos de qualidade embrionária. A massa celular interna (MCI) de blastocistos cultivados em meio sem quaisquer antioxidantes teve a maior razão célula:vacúolo. Resultados semelhantes foram encontrados nas células do trofectoderma (TE) de blastocistos do tratamento 2. Portanto, o meio de cultivo embrionário suplementado com antioxidantes derivados do óleo de Lippia origanoides produziu embriões com maior proporção citoplasmática de organelas, como mitocôndrias. Além disso, tratamentos sem antioxidantes ou com adição de cisteamina apresentaram vacuolização citoplasmática, característica relacionada à produção de embriões de baixa qualidade.(AU)


Subject(s)
Blastocyst , Cysteamine , Lippia , Embryo, Mammalian/ultrastructure , In Vitro Techniques/veterinary , Antioxidants
2.
Rev. colomb. biotecnol ; 22(2): 18-23, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156284

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La planta Lippia origanoides ha sido ampliamente estudiada debido al efecto antimicrobiano y antifúngico que poseen sus extractos y aceites esenciales, los cuales han sido probados contra un gran número de microorganismos patógenos. Sin embargo, es escasa la literatura que registra la diversidad de bacterias endófitas asociadas a esta especie de plantas. El objetivo del trabajo fue evaluar in vitro la capacidad de promoción de crecimiento vegetal de bacterias endófitas de Lippia origanoides en el municipio de Sincelejo -Sucre, Colombia. En este estudio se aislaron bacterias endófitas en medio de cultivo agar R2A a partir de diferentes tejidos, se evaluó la densidad poblacional (UFC/g de tejido) por conteo en superficie y la promoción de crecimiento vegetal de forma cualitativa en medios selectivos específicos. Se observaron diferencias significativas para la densidad poblacional de bacterias endófitas respecto al tipo de tejido, con mayores valores en la raíz (2,0 x 1010/g raíz), seguido del tallo (1,3 x 1010/g tallo) y hojas (9,2 x 109/g hoja). Se obtuvieron un total de 20 bacterias endófitas, los cuales dos mostraron capacidad solubilizadora de fosfato, fijación biológica de nitrógeno, producción de sideróforos y ACC desaminasa. Los morfotipos TLO5 y RLO4 fueron identificados molecularmente como Bacillus cereus, mostrando buenos resultados de promoción de crecimiento vegetal.


ABSTRACT The Lippia origanoides plant has been widely studied due to the antimicrobial and antifungal effect of its extracts and essential oils, which have been tested against a large number of pathogenic microorganisms. However, there is little literature that records the diversity of endophytic bacteria associated with this plant species. The objective of the work was to evaluate in vitro the plant growth promotion capacity of endophytic Lippia origanoides bacteria in the municipality of Sincelejo-Sucre, Colombia. In this study, endophytic bacteria were isolated in R2A agar culture medium from different tissues, population density (CFU / g of tissue) was evaluated by surface counting and the promotion of plant growth qualitatively in specific selective media. Significant differences were observed for the population density of endophytic bacteria regarding tissue type, with higher values in the root (2.0 x 1010 / g root), followed by the stem (1.3 x 1010 / g stem) and leaves (9.2 x 109 / g sheet). A total of 20 endophytic bacteria were obtained, which two showed phosphate solubilizing capacity, biological nitrogen fixation, production of siderophores and ACC deaminase. The TLO5 and RLO4 morphotypes were molecularly identified as Bacillus cereus, showing good results in promoting plant growth.

3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 723-731, May-June 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011327

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the supplementation of embryo culture medium with antioxidant obtained from oily extract of Lippia origanoides on in vitro blastocyst development and quality. Oocytes collected from slaughterhouse ovaries were matured and fertilized in vitro following standard laboratory procedures. Zygotes were cultured in SOF medium supplemented according to the following treatments: T1 embryo culture medium without antioxidant supplementation; T2)50µM/mL Cysteamine; T3)2.5µg/mL; T4)5.0µg/mL and T5)10.0µg/mL of antioxidant obtained from oily extract of Lippia origanoides. On the seventh day of culture, the blastocysts were fixed and evaluated for apoptosis rates, number of total cell and inner cell mass cells by means of the TUNEL Test. The use of antioxidants during cultivation did not increase (P> 0.05) the final blastocyst production rate. The treatments T2, T3, T4 and T5 had the lowest (P< 0.05) apoptotic indexes (4.5±1.1%, 8.4±2.5%, 3.4±1.1% and 5.5±0.9%, respectively) when compared to T1 treatment (10.0±1.4%). The number of inner cell mass did not differ (P> 0.05) among embryos from different treatments. The addition of antioxidant obtained from oily extract of Lippia origanoides reduces the apoptosis rate and improves the quality without increasing the total in vitro production of bovine embryos.(AU)


O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a suplementação de meio de cultura de embriões com antioxidante obtido do extrato oleoso da Lippia origanoides no desenvolvimento e na qualidade de blastocistos produzidos in vitro. Oócitos coletados de ovários de matadouros foram maturados e fertilizados in vitro segundo procedimento laboratorial padrão. Zigotos foram cultivados em meio SOF suplementado de acordo com os seguintes tratamentos: T1) meio de cultivo embrionário sem suplementação antioxidantes; T2) 50µM/mL Cisteamina; T3) 2,5µg/mL; T4) 5,0µg/mL e T5) 10,0µg/mL do antioxidante obtido do extrato oleoso de Lippia origanoides. No sétimo dia de cultivo, os blastocistos foram fixados e avaliados para taxa de apoptose, número total de células e massa celular interna através do teste TUNEL. O uso de antioxidantes durante cultivo não aumentou (P>0,05) a taxa de produção final de blastócitos. Os tratamentos T2, T3, T4 e T5 tiverem menor índice apoptótico (p>0,05 - 4,5±1,1%, 8,4±2,5%, 3,4±1,1% e 5,5±0,9%, respectivamente) quando comparados a T2 (10,0±1,4%). O valor de massa celular interna não diferenciou (p>0,05) entre embriões de diferentes tratamentos. A adição de antioxidante obtido do extrato oleoso de Lippia origanoides reduziu a taxa de apoptose e melhorou a qualidade sem aumentar a produção in vitro de embriões bovinos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Apoptosis , Lippia , Embryo Culture Techniques/veterinary , Embryonic Development , Antioxidants
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(2): e17226, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951940

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Lippia origanoides is a honey shrub which has showed hypotensive potential assessed by in vivo studies. The aim of this work is the development of a pharmaceutical formulation composed by an optimized extract obtained from aerial parts of L. origanoides. The quantification of the naringenin marker in the dry extract and tablets developed was performed, as well as the assessment of the oral acute toxicity in rats. The hydroalcoholic extract of L. origanoides was spray-dried with the addition of colloidal silicon dioxide (Lo-HAE/CSD), and then applied in the preparation of eight different lots of tablets. The influence of the diluent (cellulose or babassu mesocarp), the presence of binder, and the percentage of lubricant, as well as organoleptic and physicochemical characteristics were screened. For the quantification of the marker content both in Lo-HAE/CSD and in the tablets, an analytical curve of the naringenin standard was fitted, and the samples were then analyzed in UFLC. The toxicological assessment was performed in female Wistar rats according to the Acute Toxic Class Method from OECD. The developed tablets produced meet acceptable macroscopic characteristics, and the presence of babassu as diluent provided improved physicochemical properties. The best content of Lo-HAE/CSD in the tablet (100.27%) was identified for the lot containing babassu, composed by 1.0% magnesium stearate, without PVP binder in its formulation. Moreover, Lo-HAE/CSD showed no signs of toxicity. Therefore, the babassu mesocarp powder is a promising pharmaceutical excipient for the development of herbal tablets containing the Lippia origanoides extract.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Tablets/pharmacology , Lippia , Drug Compounding/statistics & numerical data , Plant Extracts , Verbenaceae/classification
5.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 48(11): e20180283, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045027

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Medicinal plants are generally commercialized dried. However, temperatures used in their drying processes may interfere with the content and chemical composition of their essential oils. The Lippia origanoides possesses thymol in the essential oil that is stored in glandular trichomes. Thymol is a major component of economic importance in the chemical and pharmaceutical industry. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the drying temperatures of L. origanoides leaves regarding trichome integrity, content, and chemical composition of the essential oil. The experimental design was completely randomized with four treatments defined by oven drying temperatures (40, 50, 60, and 70ºC) and four replications. Essential oil was extracted by hydro distillation and the essential oil contents were determined (%). Chemical composition of the oil was analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Scanning electron microscopy was carried out to determine trichome integrity. Drying the L. origanoides leaves in a forced ventilation oven at 40°C minimized the loss of extracted essential oil content (17.5g kg-1) and relative thymol percentage. Leaves dried at the temperatures of 60 and 70ºC exhibited a higher percentage of ruptured trichomes and reduced essential oil content to 13.7g kg-1 and 11.8g kg-1, respectively.


RESUMO: As plantas medicinais são geralmente comercializadas secas, no entanto, as temperaturas utilizadas nos processos de secagem podem interferir no teor e composição química dos óleos essenciais destas plantas. A Lippia origanoides possui timol em seu óleo essencial, que se encontra armazenado em tricomas glandulares. O timol é um componente majoritário de importância econômica na indústria química e farmacêutica. O objetivo do trabalho foi estudar o efeito das temperaturas de secagem de folhas de L. origanoides na integridade dos tricomas, teor e composição química do óleo essencial. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado, com quatro tratamentos definidos por temperaturas de secagem em estufa (40ºC, 50ºC, 60ºC e 70ºC) e quatro repetições. Foram realizadas extrações por hidrodestilação e determinação dos teores dos óleos essenciais (%), análise de composição química do óleo por cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas e microscopia eletrônica de varredura para determinação da integridade dos tricomas. A secagem das folhas de L. origanoides em estufa de ventilação forçada a 40ºC minimizou a perda do teor de óleo essencial extraído (17,5g kg-1) e porcentagem relativa de timol. Folhas secas em temperatura de 60 e 70ºC exibiram maior porcentagem de tricomas rompidos e redução do teor de óleo essencial para 13,7g kg-1 e 11,8g kg-1, respectivamente.

6.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 64(1): 61-70, ene.-abr. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-902167

ABSTRACT

Este estudio evaluó la inclusión de aceite esencial de orégano (AEO, Lippia origanoides Kunth) en dietas enriquecidas con ácidos grasos poliinsaturados (AGPI) sobre el desempeño productivo de ponedoras, el perfil lipídico y la estabilidad oxidativa de huevos en almacenamiento. Se distribuyeron 144 ponedoras en uno de cuatro tratamientos con seis replicas, con el objetivo de de evaluar el efecto del tipo de aceite usado en la dieta (palma o pescado) y la inclusión de AEO sobre las variables de producción, junto con el extracto etéreo, perfil de lípidos y concentración de malonaldehído (MDA), usando un diseño completamente al azar con arreglo factorial y medidas repetidas en el tiempo por los días de almacenamiento (0, 30 y 60 días a 4°C). Los resultados mostraron que el tipo de aceite y el AEO no afectaron el desempeño productivo de las ponedoras (P > 0,05). La concentración de AGPI se incrementó en 16,8% en dietas con aceite de pescado en las que el DHA (ácido docosahexaenoico) también aumentó en un 1,4% (P < 0,05), incrementando la concentración de MDA (malonaldehído) en el huevo (41,6 ng MDA/g d yema), mientras que la suplementación de AEO con 100 g/ton mejoró la estabilidad oxidativa durante el almacenamiento (31.1 ng MDA/g de yema). Durante el almacenamiento la concentración de MDA en la yema incremento con el tiempo alcanzando los 38 ng MDA/g de yema a los 60 días. El AEO mostró potencial como antioxidante natural en la dieta de las ponedoras mejorando la estabilidad oxidativa de los huevos almacenados a 4°C hasta por 60 días.


This study evaluated the inclusion of oregano essential oil (OEO, Lippia origanoides Kunth) in diets enriched with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on productive performance of laying hens, lipid profile and oxidative stability of eggs during storage. 144 hens were distributed in one of four treatments with six replicates in order to evaluate the effect of the type of oil used in the diet (palm or fish) and the inclusion of OEO on the production variables, along with the ethereal extract, lipid profile and malonaldehyde concentration (MDA), using a completely randomized factorial design with the repeated measures of days of storage (0, 30 and 60 days at 4° C). Results show that the type of oil and the OEO did not affect productive performance of layers (P > 0.05). PUFA concentration increased in 16.8% in diets with fish oil in 16.8%, where the DHA also increased by 1.4% (P < 0.05), increasing the MDA concentration in egg (MDA 41.6 ng/g yolk), while supplementation of OEO at a level of 100 g/ton improved oxidative stability during storage (MDA 31.1 ng/g yolk). During storage the concentration of MDA in the yolk increased with time reaching 38 ng/g yolk at 60 days. The OEO showed potential as a natural antioxidant in the diet of layers hens improving the oxidative stability of eggs stored at 4°C up to 60 days.

7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(9): 905-911, set. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-829320

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se determinar atividade antisséptica do óleo essencial de Lippia origanoides na presença de leite bovino. A composição química do óleo essencial de alecrim pimenta foi determinada por cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas (CG-EM), sendo detectados 53 compostos, dos quais 16 foram identificados (>0,1% área total). O carvacrol (32,7%), p-cimeno (23%), timilmetil éter, cariofileno (7,98%) e o γ-terpineno (5,40%) foram os componentes mais abundantes. A concentração inibitória mínima para Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 e E. coli ATCC 8739 foi de 60µL/mL, enquanto para Salmonella Choleraesuis ATCC 35640 foi de 90µL/mL. A concentração bactericida mínima foi de 120µL/mL para as três bactérias. Avaliou-se a atividade antisséptica do óleo essencial na concentração de 120µL/mL na presença de leite bovino sobre as mesmas cepas bacterianas. O óleo em estudo apresentou efeito inibitório do crescimento das cepas em diferentes tempos de ação (p<0,05). S. aureus apresentou maiores índices de inibição após 5 min de contato e Escherichia coli e Salmonella Choleraesuis após 15 min. O óleo essencial de alecrim-pimenta revelou ser um potencial antimicrobiano natural, mesmo na presença de matéria orgânica constituída de uma matriz nutricional complexa que é o leite bovino.(AU)


This study aimed to determine the antiseptic activity of the essential oil of Lippia origanoides in the presence of bovine milk. The essential oil chemical composition was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (CG EM) 53 compounds were detected, of which 16 were identified (>0.1% total area). The carvacrol (32.7%), p-cymene (23%), thymil methyl ether (10.03%), caryophyllene (7.98 %) and γ-terpinene (5.40%) were the most abundant components. The minimum inhibitory concentration for Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Escherichia coli ATCC 8739 was 60uL/mL, as for this Salmonella Choleraesuis ATCC 35640 was 90uL/mL. The minimum bactericidal concentration was 120µL/mL for all three bacteria. We evaluated the antiseptic activity of the essential oil in the concentration of 120µL/mL in the presence of bovine milk for the same bacterial strains. The oil under study It showed an inhibitory effect of growth of the strains in different action times (p <0.05). S. aureus showed higher inhibition rates after 5 min of contact and E. coli and Salmonella Choleraesuis after 15 min. The essential oil Lippia origanoides proved to be a natural antimicrobial potential even in the presence of organic matter consists of a complex nutritional matrix is bovine milk.(AU)


Subject(s)
Disinfectants/analysis , Lippia/microbiology , Milk/microbiology , Thymol/therapeutic use , Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Cattle , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Oils, Volatile/therapeutic use , Products with Antimicrobial Action
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(12): 1153-1161, dez. 2014. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-736044

ABSTRACT

Currently, there is a growing interest in medicinal plants, because of an increased demand for alternate therapies. In this study, the antimicrobial activity and toxicity of the essential oil of Lippia origanoides (L. origanoides) were investigated. The essential oil of L. origanoides was extracted by steam-dragging distillation and its constituents were identified by chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Among the 15 compounds identified, the most abundant were carvacrol (29.00%), o-cymene (25.57%), and thymol methyl ether (11.50%). The essential oil was studied in antimicrobial assays to determine the MIC and MBC. The results indicated that a concentration of 120μL/mL of oil was sufficient to inhibit the growth of the following microorganisms: Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) and Salmonella cholerasuis (ATCC 10708). Acute and chronic toxic effects of orally administered oil were investigated in Wistar rats by using standard methods. Doses of 30, 60 and 120mg/kg of the essential oil did not induce significant changes in weight, behavior or hematological and biochemical parameters in the animals. There were no signs of any histopathological changes to the liver, kidneys or heart of the treated rats, suggesting that Lippia origanoides oil is non-toxic after oral administration in acute or chronic toxicity studies. The results obtained in this study show that the essential oil of L. origanoides has a high safety margin, with no detectable toxic effects in rats treated with doses to 120mg/kg. In addition, L. origanoides oil demonstrated potent antimicrobial activity against S. aureus, E. coli and S. cholerasuis. Based on these findings, this essential oil may have practical application as a veterinary antimicrobial.


Atualmente nota-se um aumento do interesse pelas plantas medicinais, fruto da grande procura por terapias alternativas. Neste trabalho foi avaliada a atividade antimicrobiana e a toxicidade do óleo essencial da Lippia origanoides (alecrim-pimenta). O óleo essencial de alecrim-pimenta foi obtido por arraste com vapor d’água e seus constituintes foram identificados por cromatografia acoplada a espectrofotômetro de massa (GC/MS). Entre os 15 compostos identificados os mais abundantes foram o carvacrol (29%), o-cimeno (25,57%) e metil timol éter (11,50%). Os óleos foram submetidos a ensaios antimicrobianos para determinação da CIM e da CBM. Os resultados mostraram que a dose de 120μl/mL de qualquer um dos óleos testados foi eficiente em inibir o crescimento dos micro-organismos Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) e Salmonella cholerasuis (ATTCC 10708). Os efeitos tóxicos agudos e crônicos foram verificados em animais segundo método de classes - Toxicidade aguda oral (dose fixas) - OECD 420. As concentrações de 30, 60 e 120 mg/kg de óleo essencial não induziram alterações significativas no peso, no comportamento dos animais e nem nos parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos. Também não houve presença de alterações histopatológicas no fígado, rins e coração sugerindo que o óleo de alecrim-pimenta é atóxico após administração oral em condições agudas ou crônicas. Os resultados obtidos neste trabalho levam a concluir que o óleo essencial de alecrim-pimenta possui uma margem elevada de segurança, com efeitos tóxicos inexistentes além de apresentar atividade antimicrobiana eficaz contra os micro-organimos S. aureus, E. coli e S. cholerasuis. Sua utilização na medicina veterinária deve ser considerada como uma grande viabilidade econômica e sustentável.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lippia/adverse effects , Lippia/microbiology , Lippia/chemistry
10.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 24(2): 206-214, Mar-Apr/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-714762

ABSTRACT

Lippia origanoides Kunth. Verbenaceae, is of great importance in the Brazilian traditional medicine. Because of it, this work had the purpose to contribute to the ethnopharmacological knowledge of L. origanoides through an ethnobotanical survey conducted within quilombola (maroon) communities of Oriximiná, Pará, Brazil. Among 254 plants cited in the survey, L. origanoides stood out among the ten most versatile species. The agreed main uses were to treat menstrual cramps, stomachache, and baby and postpartum colic. This could indicate a consensus of the informants to possible antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of L. origanoides.Therefore, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of L. origanoides extract (aerial parts) were assessed through thermal (hot plate) and chemical (formalin and acetic acid) models of nociception. A dose-dependent reduction in acetic acid-induced writhing was observed after treating mice with L. origanoides extract. The same extract also inhibited significantly formalin-induced licking response and proved to have a central antinociceptive effect, in the hot plate test. This work demonstrates that L. origanoides is used specially by quilombola women from Oriximiná for disorders of the genitourinary system and that biological activities of this species could contribute to these uses. Furthermore, it was also observed antispasmodic, analgesic and antimicrobial uses of other species of the genus Lippia (Goniostachyum section), rich in thymol and carvacrol.

11.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 16(3,supl.1): 737-743, 2014. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-727202

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se no trabalho avaliar a ação antibacteriana do óleo essencial de Lippia origanoides frente à isolados de Staphylococcus sp. de alimentos de origem animal. Para tanto, realizou-se análise química da composição do óleo, teste de sensibilidade das bactérias frente a dez antibióticos de uso terapêutico e ao óleo essencial de Lippia origanoides, além da determinação da concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) e da concentração bactericida mínima (CBM). A análise cromatográfica do óleo apresentou o timol como composto majoritário (48,70%), além de pequena quantidade de carvacrol (1,14%). No teste de sensibilidade frente aos antibióticos, 75% dos isolados apresentaram resistência a, no mínimo, três antibióticos. Em relação ao óleo essencial, os isolados de Staphylococcus sp oriundos de leite bovino mostraram-se mais resistentes e os isolados de carne ovina apresentaram-se mais sensíveis. A CIM foi maior para os Staphylococcus sp. isolados de leite bovino e leite ovino (60µL/mL). Enquanto que para os isolados de carcaça de ovinos e queijo, a CIM foi de 15µL/mL e 30µL/mL respectivamente. A CBM, consequentemente, foi maior para os isolados de leite bovino e leite ovino, sendo de 240µL/mL e 120µL/mL respectivamente. O óleo essencial de Lippia origanoides apresenta atividade antimicrobiana sobre Staphylococcus sp. isolados de alimentos.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Lippia origanoides in relation to Staphylococcus sp. isolated from food of animal origin. For this purpose, we performed the chemical analysis to determine the oil composition, evaluated the bacteria sensibility to ten antibiotics of therapeutic use and determined the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). The chromatographic analysis showed that tymol was the main compound (48.70%) and that carvacrol was present in a small amount (1.14%). In the test of antibiotic susceptibility, 75% of the microorganism isolates were resistant to at least three of the ten antibiotics tested. The Staphylococcus sp isolated from bovine milk was more resistant to the essential oil of Lippia origanoides, and the microorganism isolated from sheep meat was more susceptible to this oil. The Staphylococcus sp. isolated from bovine or sheep milk showed a MIC of 60µL/mL and for those isolated from sheep carcass and cheese the MIC was 15µL/mL and 30µL/mL, respectively. Consequently, the MBC was higher for isolates from cow's (240µL/mL) and sheep's milk (120µL/mL) when compared with other food sources. These results suggest that the essential oil of Lippia origanoides has antimicrobial activity against staphylococcus sp. isolated from food.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/analysis , Foods of Animal Origin , Lippia/classification , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Evaluation Studies as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Staphylococcus/isolation & purification
12.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 43(2): 141-148, mayo-ago. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-637314

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Aspergillus fumigatus is most commonly associated to invasive aspergillosis. Strong antifungal activity against A. fumigatus of L. origanoides essential oil gives a new added value to this natural product from Boyacá-Colombia. Aims: The increase in fungal infections, the development of resistance and toxicity of wide-spectrum antifungals have led to a constant search for therapeutic alternatives. The chemical composition, antifungal and cytotoxic activity of nine essential oils obtained from L. origanoides were evaluated and the relationship between the antifungal activities of the oil and of its major components were explored. Methods and Results: Antifungal activity was determined following the protocols AFST-EUCAST for Candida krusei and C. parapsilosis, and CLSI-M38A for Aspergillus fumigatus and A. flavus. The GC-MS analysis identified three chemotypes: thymol, carvacrol and p-cymene/trans-beta-caryophyllene. The essential oil of the thymol chemotype was the most active in antifungal assays with MIC values of 157.5, 198.4, 125 and 31 μg ml-1 against C. parapsilosis, C. krusei, A. flavus and A. fumigatus, respectively. The major components carvacrol and thymol were not active against A. fumigatus at concentrations below 157.5 μg ml-1. In general, the oils were not cytotoxic. Conclusions: The essential oil of the thymol chemotype of L. origanoides from the region of Boyacá- Colombia showed the highest antifungal activity against A. fumigatus among all the oils and major components tested. Salud UIS 2011; 43 (2): 141-148.


Introducción: La infección por el hongo Aspergillus fumigatus está más comúnmente asociada a la aspergilosis invasiva. La fuerte actividad antimicótica del aceite esencial de L. origanoides contra A. fumigatus ha dado un nuevo valor agregado a este producto natural de Boyacá-Colombia. Objetivo: El aumento de las infecciones por hongos, el desarrollo de la resistencia y la toxicidad de los antifúngicos de amplio espectro han llevado a una constante búsqueda de alternativas terapéuticas. En este estudio fueron evaluados la composición química, la actividad antifúngica y citotóxica de nueve aceites esenciales obtenidos de L. origanoides; y la relación entre la actividad antifúngica de los aceites con respecto a la presencia de sus principales componentes. Métodos y Resultados: La actividad antifúngica se determinó siguiendo los protocolos AFST-EUCAST para Candida krusei y C. parapsilosis; y CLSI M38A para Aspergillus fumigatus y A. flavus. El análisis por GC-MS identificó tres quimiotipos: carvacrol timol y p-cymene/trans-beta-caryophyllene. El aceite esencial del quimiotipo timol fue el más activo en los ensayos antifúngicos con valores de MIC de 157,5, 198,4, 125 y 31 mg ml-1 frente a C. parapsilosis, C. krusei, A. flavus y A. fumigatus, respectivamente. El carvacrol y el timol, los principales componentes, no fueron activos frente a A. fumigatus en concentraciones inferiores a 157,5 g / ml-1. En general, los aceites no fueron citotóxicos. Conclusiones: El aceite esencial de L origanoides, quimiotipo timol, de la región de Boyacá-Colombia presentó la mayor actividad antifúngica frente a A. fumigatus entre todos los aceites evaluados; igualmente, sus principales componentes fueron los más activos en comparación a los otros quimiotipos. Salud UIS 2011; 43 (2): 141-148.

13.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 41(3): 215-222, ago.-dic. 2009. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-558939

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Lippia origanoides H.B.K. (Verbenacea), es una planta aromática conocida comúnmente como “orégano”. Los aceites esenciales de 8 muestras de L. origanoides y algunos de sus componentes mayoritarios fueron evaluados in vitro sobre la línea tumoral HeLa y la línea no tumoral Vero para identificar su potencial citotóxico. Materiales y métodos: la concentración inhibitoria cincuenta (IC50) se determinó mediante la técnica fotocolorimétrica del MTT (3-(4,5-Dimetiltiazol-2-il)-2,5-bromuro difeniltetrazolio) y los valores de IC50 se obtuvieron por análisis estadístico mediante regresión lineal simple. El índice de selectividad (IS), definido como la IC50 en células Vero sobre IC50 en células HeLa, fue calculado con el fin de encontrar aceites o componentes con potencial citotóxico selectivo hacia líneas celulares tumorales. Resultados y conclusiones: se determinó por cromatografía de gases y espectrometría de masas GC/MS la composición química de los aceites más citotóxicos. El aceite de L. origanoides que presentó la mayor actividad citotóxica sobre células HeLa con un valor de IC50 de 9.1 ± 1 µg/mL e índice de selectividad de 7,1, fue identificado como quimiotipo trans-β-cariofileno/r-cimeno. Los componentes mayoritarios del aceite quimiotipo trans-β-cariofileno/r-cimeno fueron: trans-β-cariofileno (11.3%), r-cimeno (11,2%), α-felandreno (9,9%), limoneno (7,2%), 1,8-cineol (6,5%) y α-humuleno (6,0%). Los componentes mayoritarios evaluados no mostraron actividad citotóxica relevante sobre células HeLa, sólo el limoneno y β-mirceno presentaron valores de IS, respectivamente, de 6,97 y 3,01. Sin embargo, los valores de IC50 fueron más altos que el del aceite activo. Estos resultados sugieren que la actividad citotóxica de los aceites no se debe sólo a sus componentes mayoritarios, sino a un sinergismo entre sus componentes.


Introduction: Lippia origanoides H.B.K. (Verbenaceae) is an aromatic plant commonly called as "oregano". Eight essential oils of L. origanoides and some of their main components were evaluated in vitro on tumor cell line HeLa and non-tumor cell line Vero to identify tumoural cytotoxic potential. Materials and methods: Inhibition 50% of cell population (IC50) was determined using the photo-colorimeter technique MTT (3 - (4.5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) -2,5-difeniltetrazolium bromide). IC50 values were obtained by linear regression analysis. The selectivity index (SI), defined as Vero IC50 on HeLa IC50, it was calculated in order to find oil or major components with selective tumor cytotoxic potential. Results and conclusions: the chemical composition of the oil most cytotoxic was determined by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry GC/MS. The L. origanoides oil identified as chemotype trans-β- caryophyllene/p-cymene showed the highest cytotoxic activity on HeLa cells with IC50 value of 9.1 ± 1 µg/mL and selectivity index of 7.1. The main components were: trans-β-caryophyllene (11.3 p-cymene (11.2%), α-phellandrene (9.9%), limonene (7.2%), 1.8-cineol (6.5%) and α-humulene (6.0%). The most of the major components did not show cytotoxic activity on HeLa cells, only limonene and β-myrcene showed IS values of 6.97 and 3.01, respectively. However, the IC50 values were higher than active oil. These results suggest that cytotoxic activities of the oils are not only due to their main components, but to a synergism among its components.


Subject(s)
Origanum , Palm Oil , Thauera
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