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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922762

ABSTRACT

In a continuing search for biological natural products with structure diversity from traditional Chinese herbs, five new sesquineolignans (1-5) were isolated from an ethyl acetate extract of the twigs of Litsea cubeba. Their structures were elucidated based on MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data, as well as experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1-5 showed moderate inhibitory effects against LPS-induced NO production in RAW264.7 macrophages, with IC


Subject(s)
Litsea , Macrophages , Molecular Structure
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878849

ABSTRACT

Chemical investigation on the constituents of the ethyl acetate soluble extraction of Litsea cubeba has resulted in the isolation and structure elucidation of thirty compounds, including one sesquiterpene(1), four monoterpenes(2-5), two γ-butyrolactone derivatives(6 and 7), seven tyramine derivatives(8-14), fifteen aromatic compounds(15-29), and one pyrone derivative(30) via various chromatographic techniques and spectroscopic data analysis(MS, IR, 1 D and 2 D NMR). Compounds 1-7, 13 and 14 were obtained from the genus Litsea for the first time.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Litsea , Monoterpenes , Sesquiterpenes
3.
Int J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 2019 Mar; 11(3): 96-103
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-205863

ABSTRACT

Objective: In the present study, antioxidant activity in the leaf of the pet-ether, chloroform, acetone and methanolic extracts from Litsea laevigata Gamble. Leaf was investigated by employing established in vitro studies. L. laevigata belongs to the Lauraceae family. Methods: The capability of the plant extract to act as hydrogen/electrons donor or scavenger of radicals were determined by in vitro antioxidant assays using 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH.) scavenging, reducing power assay, superoxide radical (O2*-) scavenging activity, phosphomolybdenum assay, FRAP, ABT and metal chelating activity were performed to know the antioxidant potency of the plant extract of leaves of L. laevigata. Results: Results are evaluated higher in leaf extract of L. laevigata recorded total phenol, total flavonoid, and tannin. The present state of work was designed to evaluate the phytochemical, antioxidant in the plant leaf extracts of L. laevigata. The plant L. laevigata methanolic extract of leaf showed greater IC50 antioxidant activity of DPPH assay (5.264 µg/ml) and compare to other extract, higher phosphomolybdenum reduction (164.36 mg/g), better Reducing power activity leaf in methanol (0.711%), higher ferric reducing power (4060.66MmolFe(II)E/mg), and higher in superoxide radical scavenging activity in (78.12 mg/ml). However, the better metal chelating ability was shown by the water extracts of the leaf (5.145 EDTAE/100g) compared to other solvent extracts. Conclusion: The result indicates the total phenol and antioxidant activity potential of L. laevigata.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851048

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents from the root bark of Litsea glutinosa. Methods: Silica gel and Sephedex LH-20 column chromatographies as well as semi-preparative HPLC were applied to isolate and purify the compounds. Their structures were elucidated based on the spectrum analysis. Results: Fifteen compounds were obtained and identi-fied as schizandriside (1), lyonside (2), coclaurine (3), alangisesquin A (4), alangisesquin B (5), dihydrobuddlenol (6), ssioriside (7), dendranthemoside B (8), epi-anhydrocinnzeylanol (9), isolariciresinol-5’-methoxy-iso-larixa-9’-O-β-D-xylopyranoside (10), benzyl alcohol-β-D- glucopyranoside (11), phenylethyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (12), n-butyl-β-D-fructoside (13), N-cis-feruloyl tyramine (14), and N-trans-sphingoyl tyramine (15). Conclusion: Compounds 1-13 are isolated from this plant for the first time.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741649

ABSTRACT

From the pericarps of Litsea japonica (Thunb.) Jussieu, eighteen butanolide derivatives (1 – 18) were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against HeLa, HL-60, and MCF-7 cells. Compounds 1 – 9 with 2-alkylidene-3-hydroxy-4-methylbutanolides structure exhibited cytotoxic activities against cancer-cell lines. Among them, compound 8 (litsenolide D₂) exhibited the most potent cytotoxicity against the tested cell lines, including HeLa, HL-60, and MCF-7, with IC₅₀ values of 17.6 ± 1.3, 4.2 ± 0.2, and 12.8 ± 0.0 µM, respectively. Compound 8 induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Annexin V/Propidium Iodide (PI) double staining confirmed that 8 effectively induced apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. To the best of our knowledge, we have reported cytotoxic activity of butanolides from L. japonica against these cancer-cell lines for the first time.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line , Lactones , Lauraceae , Litsea , MCF-7 Cells
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 692-694, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780156

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Litsea coreana were investigated using chromatographic methods, including column chromatography on silica gel, MCI, and semi-preparation HPLC. Two compounds were isolated and identified as hawktealignan A (1) and cinnamophilin (2) by NMR analyses as well as their physical and chemical properties. Compound 1 is a new lignan and compound 2 was isolated from this plant for the first time.

7.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 75-78, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705455

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the purification process of citral in volatile oil from Fructus Litseae by molecular distillation . Methods:The twice molecular distillation , GC and area normalization method were used for extracting citral , detecting the contents and describing the efficacy of purification , respectively .The mainly factor concerned was temperature .The conditions were as follows:the system pressure was 3000 Pa, the scraper speed was 300 r· min-1 , the feeding rate was 7.5 ml· min-1 and the distillation tem-perature was 45℃for the first time molecular distillation; the system pressure was 5 Pa, the scraper speed was 300 r· min-1 , the feeding rate was 7.5 ml· min-1 and the distillation temperature was 45℃ for the second time molecular distillation .GC was utilized under the following conditions:the sample injection was 1 μl, the column temperature was programmed from 70℃to 250℃, the split ratio was 1:100 and the flow rate of carrier gas was 1.0 ml· min-1 .Results: The content and yield of citral was up to 95.0% and 87.5%, respectively.Conclusion:The method of twice molecular distillation in combination with GC to purify and detect citral is es -tablished in the work, which can provide reference for the research on the chemical components of Litsea cubeba(Lour.) Pers.and the preparation of citral .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853050

ABSTRACT

Litsea glutinosa, belonging to family Lauraceae, is widely distributed in subtropical and tropical regions. L. glutinosa was used to cure many diseases as folk medicine in China. It has proved that the plant showed anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial activities. So far, more than 50 compounds including flavonoids, alkaloids, and lignans have been isolated from this plant. Alkaloids were deemed as its characteristic constituents. This review summarized the biological activities and chemical constituents of L. glutinosa for the first time. Based on these collected information, we pointed out that little information was found related to the potential mechanism of the biological effects. Moreover, there were few reports regarding the biological evaluation of the isolated compounds. As the development of new technique in isolation and biochemistry, close attention should be paid to biological evaluation and potential mechanism.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275441

ABSTRACT

A new styrene dimer derivative has been isolated from the branch of Litsea greenmaniana by column chromatography over silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, as well as semi-preparative HPLC. Its structure was identified by spectroscopic data analysis (MS, UV, IR, 1D and 2D NMR) as (E)-2,4-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butenol, named as listeanol. At a concentration of 1×10-5 mol•L⁻¹, compound 1 was inactive in the assays, including cytotoxicity against human tumor cell lines (HCT-8, Bel-7402, BGC-823, A549 and A2780), antioxidant activity in Fe²⁺-cystine-induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation, neuroprotective activity against serum deprivation or glutamate induced neurotoxicity in cultures of PC12 cells, and the inhibitory activity against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B).

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256046

ABSTRACT

Twenty five known aromatic glycosides (1-25) and three known sesquiterpene glycosides (26-28) have been isolated from the twigs of Litsea cubeba by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data analysis (MS, IR, 1D and 2D NMR) as (7S,8R)-dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4,9'-di-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(1),(7S,8R)-5-methoxydihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(2), (7S,8R)-urolignoside(3), (7R,8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(4), saposide B(5), lanicepside A(6), matairesinol-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), tyraxjaponoside B(8), (+)-lyoniresinol-9'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (9), alaschanisoside A (10), syringin (11), psoralenoside (12), isopsoralenoside (13), scopolin(14), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyphenol-1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (15), 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxyphenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethyl-β-D-glucopyrnoside (17), 2-(4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (18), (+)-catechin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (19), 3'-O-methylepicatechin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (20), kaempferitrin (21), quercetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranside (22), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (23), kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)-O-β-D-galactopyr anoside-7-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (24), quercetin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→3)-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2)-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (25), staphylionoside D(26), vomifoliol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (27), dihydrovomifoliol-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (28). Compounds 1-21 and 24-28 were obtained from this genus for the first time.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673055

ABSTRACT

The aim of the current study is to review the medicinal properties of the plants found in Brunei Darussalam namely Litsea elliptica, Dillenia suffruticosa, Dillenia excelsa, Aidia racemosa, Vitex pinnata and Senna alata. The known phytochemical constituents of these plants and their ability to bring about a range of biological activities are included in this review. These plants have been used traditionally for a multitude of diseases and illnesses. There is a lot of untapped potential in these medicinal plants which could cure multiple diseases.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662536

ABSTRACT

Objective To study inhibition of litsea cubeba oil on biofilm initial formation stage of Candida albicans ,in order to provide new sight for prevention and treatment of refractory infections arising from Candida albicans biofilm .Methods Observe the inhibition effect of different concentrations litsea cubeba oil on yeast budding by serum germ tube experiments .Results 2 -5μL/mL litsea cubeba oil could thoroughly inhibit budding growth of Candida albicans ,but haven′t antiseptic effect ,the inhibition rate of 0 .25 μL/mL litsea cubeba oil on Candida albicans germ was 85 .0% .Conclusion 2-5μL/mL litsea cubeba oil could completely inhibit the budding growth of Candida albicans ,but have no antiseptic effect .0 .25 μL/mL litsea cubeba oil could hardly inhibit the growth of buds .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660239

ABSTRACT

Objective To study inhibition of litsea cubeba oil on biofilm initial formation stage of Candida albicans ,in order to provide new sight for prevention and treatment of refractory infections arising from Candida albicans biofilm .Methods Observe the inhibition effect of different concentrations litsea cubeba oil on yeast budding by serum germ tube experiments .Results 2 -5μL/mL litsea cubeba oil could thoroughly inhibit budding growth of Candida albicans ,but haven′t antiseptic effect ,the inhibition rate of 0 .25 μL/mL litsea cubeba oil on Candida albicans germ was 85 .0% .Conclusion 2-5μL/mL litsea cubeba oil could completely inhibit the budding growth of Candida albicans ,but have no antiseptic effect .0 .25 μL/mL litsea cubeba oil could hardly inhibit the growth of buds .

14.
Biol. Res ; 47: 1-8, 2014. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950752

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro thrombolytic activity, and in vivo analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic potentials of different hydrocarbon soluble extracts of Litsea glutinosaleaves for the first time widely used in the folkloric treatments in Bangladesh. This work aimed to create new insights on the fundamental mechanisms of the plant extracts involved in these activities. RESULTS: In thrombolytic activity assay, a significant clot disruption was observed at dose of 1 mg/mL for each of the extracts (volume 100 µL) when compared to the standard drug streptokinase. The n-hexane, ethyl acetate, chloroform, and crude methanolic extracts showed 32.23 ± 0.26, 37.67 ± 1.31, 43.13 ± 0.85, and 46.78 ± 0.9% clot lysis, respectively, whereas the positive control streptokinase showed 93.35 ± 0.35% disruption at the dose of 30,000 I.U. In hot plate method, the highest pain inhibitory activity was found at a dose of 500 mg/kg of crude extract (15.54 ± 0.37 sec) which differed significantly (P <0.01 and P <0.001) with that of the standard drug ketorolac (16.38 ± 0.27 sec). In acetic acid induced writhing test, the crude methanolic extract showed significant (P <0.01 and P <0.001) analgesic potential at doses 250 and 500 mg/kg body weight (45.98 and 56.32% inhibition, respectively), where ketorolac showed 64.36% inhibition. In anti-inflammatory activity test, the crude methanolic extract showed significant (P <0.001) potential at doses 250 and 500 mg/kg body weight (1.51 ± 0.04 and 1.47 ± 0.03 mm paw edema, respectively), where ketorolac showed 1.64 ± 0.05 mm edema after 3 h of carrageenan injection. In antipyretic activity assay, the crude extract showed notable reduction in body temperature (32.78 ± 0.46°C) at dose of 500 mg/kg-body weight, when the standard (at dose 150 mg/kg-body weight) exerted 33.32 ± 0.67°C temperature after 3 h of administration. CONCLUSIONS: Our results yield that the crude hydroalcoholic extract has better effects than the other in all trials. In the context, it can be said that the leaves of L. glutinosa possess remarkable pharmacological effects, and justify its traditional use as analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, and thrombolytic agent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Litsea/chemistry , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Acetic Acid , Methanol , Edema/chemically induced , Edema/drug therapy , Fibrinolysis/drug effects , Medicine, Traditional
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500576

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of two plant species, Litsea elliptica (L. elliptica) and Litsea resinosa (L. resinosa). Methods: In vitro method -2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging assay was conducted for antioxidant activity determination while antimicrobial assay consisted of agar well diffusion assay and mycelial radial growth assay. Results:Methanol extracts of root and stem of L. elliptica and L. resinosa exhibited the highest antioxidant activity with EC50 of 23.99, 41.69, 11.22 and 35.48 mg/L respectively. All methanol extracts of L. resinosa as well as root extracts from L. elliptica showed significant scavenging activity. Hexane extract from stem of L. resinosa presented the largest inhibition zone in Gram-negative bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli while chloroform extract from inner bark of L. resinosa showed major inhibition towards Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis. Essential oils from the root of both species showed significant antifungal activities which are 80.11%and 66.85%respectively. Conclusions:Overall, methanol extracts from root and stem of both species showed antioxidant activity comparable to standard butylated hydroxytoluene. Extracts from L. resinosa demonstrated stronger antimicrobial properties compared to that from L. elliptica.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233321

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of two plant species, Litsea elliptica (L. elliptica) and Litsea resinosa (L. resinosa).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In vitro method-2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging assay was conducted for antioxidant activity determination while antimicrobial assay consisted of agar well diffusion assay and mycelial radial growth assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Methanol extracts of root and stem of L. elliptica and L. resinosa exhibited the highest antioxidant activity with EC50 of 23.99, 41.69, 11.22 and 35.48 mg/L respectively. All methanol extracts of L. resinosa as well as root extracts from L. elliptica showed significant scavenging activity. Hexane extract from stem of L. resinosa presented the largest inhibition zone in Gram-negative bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli while chloroform extract from inner bark of L. resinosa showed major inhibition towards Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis. Essential oils from the root of both species showed significant antifungal activities which are 80.11% and 66.85% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Overall, methanol extracts from root and stem of both species showed antioxidant activity comparable to standard butylated hydroxytoluene. Extracts from L. resinosa demonstrated stronger antimicrobial properties compared to that from L. elliptica.</p>

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454899

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effects of Litsea cubeba oil on gene expression profile of Candida albicans by comparing the differential gene expression profile after exposure to Litsea cubeba oil using genome-wide gene expression array.Methods Candida albicans ATCC90028 was exposed to Litsea cubeba oil for 90 min.Then RNA was isolated and gene expression profiles were compared to identify the differential gene expression profile using cDNA microarray analysis.Results A total of 491 geneswerefoundtoberesponsivetoLitseacubebaoil,accountingforabout11% ofthetotalnumberofgenesinCandida albicans (491/4 634),of which 216 genes were up-regulated and 275 down-regulated.These differentially expressed genes included genes encoding the key target enzyme in ergosterol biosynthesis pathway,genes in stress response,DNA replication and repair,molecular transport,and energy metabolism.Conclusions Litsea cubeba oil has significant effect on the expression of about 1 1% genes of Candida albicans genome.We presume that the genes encoding the key target enzyme in ergosterol biosynthesis pathway may contribute to the action of Litseacubeba oil on Candidaalbicans,which is similar to azole antifungal drugs.However,the role of other differentially expressed genes in the action of Litseacubeba oil on Candidaalbicans remains unclear,which deserves further study to characterize their potential association with the antifungal effect of Litsea cubeba oil.

18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-151257

ABSTRACT

The present investigation deals with the extraction of bark powder of Litsea glutinosa and its preliminary phytochemical screening. The bark powder was subjected to methanolic extraction and further explored for its phytochemical constituents using TLC and GC MS. Preliminary phytochemical screening reveals the presence of alkaloids, flavonoides, glycosides, phenols, tannins and saponins. The extract was further subjected to separation using TLC and fractions were evaluated using GC MS. GC MS analysis of the total methanolic extract showed the presence of Oliec acid, tricosene, erucic acid, tetra decanoic acid, pyrrolidinone, piperidine, eicosanoic acid like major phytochemicals. Alkaloid fraction was found to be rich in therapeutically potential compounds like Eicosane, Pieprizine, pyridine, thio-coumarin, tetrahydroisoquinoline. Apart from this various Androstane, Androsta-trione, pregnene like phytoestrogens were also observed in this plant, justifying its aphrodisiac and osteoprotective effect. TLC of various subfractions of alkaloids revealed that this plant is rich in variety of potential therapeutic phytochemicals, hence justifying its ethnomedical usage.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 353-358, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403117

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of total flavonids of Litsea coreana Leve(TFLC)on cytokines production and immunity of peritoneal macrophage(PMΦ)from collagen-induced arthritis(CIA).Methods CIA was induced with Collagen II and Feund's complete adjuvant.The effect of TFLC on CIA was evaluated by body weight, hind paw swelling and histopathological changes.Interleukin-1(IL-1)in PMΦ of CIA rats was measured by mouse thymocyte proliferation method.Interleukin-2(IL-2)in splenocytes of CIA rats was determined by mouse spleen lymphocyte proliferation reaction.Tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)in the supernatant of PMΦ was measured by radioimmunoassay(RIA).And the mRNA expression of TNF-α was detected by RT-PCR.Phagocytosis of PMΦ was measured by neutral red method.Results TFLC(50, 100, 200 mg·kg~(-1))singnificantly inhibited the paw swelling and increased body weight of CIA rats.The pathological damage of knee joint was reversed by TFLC.TFLC(0.05, 0.5, 5 mg·L~(-1))markedly reduced IL-1 and IL-2 in CIA rats.Meanwhile, TFLC singnificantly reduced TNF-α level and inhibited the expression of TNF-α mRNA in PMΦ.Conclusion TFLC has marked therapeutic effect on CIA rats, which is related to reducing the phagocytosis and inhibiting the secretion and expression of cytokines.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the chemical compositions of the volatile oil in the fruits of Litsea chingpingensis. METHODS: The volatile oil was extracted by wet distillation and its constituents were analyzed by GC-MS. The relative percentage of each constituent was determined by GC area normalization method. RESULTS: A total of 24 chemical compounds were identified, which included ?-Citral (28.32%), ?-Citral (22.28%), Cinene (12.15%), Nerol (4.98%), 1,8-Cineole (4.67%), and 6-Methyl-5-hepten-2-one (4.35%) etc. CONCLUSION: This study serves as a scientific basis for the further development and utilization of Litsea chingpingensis.

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