Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.771
Filter
1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): e17-e20, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353739

ABSTRACT

La hipertensión portopulmonar (HTPP) es una complicación infrecuente de la hipertensión portal, que sigue un curso progresivo con un pronóstico sombrío. Los reportes en pacientes pediátricos son escasos y con períodos de seguimiento cortos. Se describe una paciente con cirrosis descompensada que desarrolló HTPP resuelta mediante trasplante hepático, que permanece asintomática tras diez años de seguimiento.


Portopulmonary hypertension is an uncommon complication of portal hypertension, running a progressive course with a negative prognosis. Reports in pediatric patients are scarce with short follow up. We describe the case of decompensated cirrhosis who developed PoPH and resolved with liver transplantation, remaining asymptomatic after ten years of follow up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Liver Transplantation , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/complications , Hypertension, Portal/complications , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 126-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907043

ABSTRACT

Common marginal donor liver mainly consists of fatty donor liver, elderly donor liver, small volume donor liver and liver graft from donation after cardiac death (DCD), etc. The application of marginal donor liver may resolve the severe shortage of donor liver to certain extent. Nevertheless, marginal donor liver yields a higher risk of ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and causes more severe IRI than normal donor liver, which is a main cause for the failure of transplantation. In addition, oxidative stress is a major risk factor causing IRI of marginal donor liver. Therefore, how to mitigate oxidative stress and alleviate IRI of marginal donor liver has become a hot spot in clinical practice. Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative stress occurs throughout the whole process of IRI. In this article, the role of oxidative stress in IRI of marginal donor liver transplantation and the ROS-targeted prevention and treatment were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for clinical practice.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 111-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907041

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. At present, hepatectomy is one of the most frequent therapeutic options, whereas the high postoperative recurrence rate severely affects the long-term survival of HCC patients. Therefore, it is urgent to choose appropriate therapeutic regime to treat the recurrence of HCC to improve the long-term survival of HCC patients. Surgical treatment is an efficacious treatment for recurrent HCC, including re-hepatectomy, salvage liver transplantation and radiofrequency ablation. Currently, individualized treatment is recommended for postoperative recurrence of HCC. The selection of treatment should be conducted based on the tumor conditions after the first hepatectomy, the characteristics of recurrent tumors, baseline data of patients and recurrence time, etc., aiming to formulate appropriate treatment regimes for patients. In this article, these surgical regimes were reviewed and compared to explore appropriate surgical schemes for postoperative recurrence of HCC, aiming to provide reference for prolonging the survival of HCC patients.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 105-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907040

ABSTRACT

Along with the increasing quantity of patients with end-stage liver diseases year by year, as an efficacious treatment, the safety and efficacy of liver transplantation are critical issues to be considered. In addition, liver transplant techniques have become a new research hot spot. In recent years, liver transplant techniques are constantly innovating and developing with the unremitting efforts of researchers. Researchers have successively developed multiple liver transplant techniques, such as split liver transplantation, ischemia-free liver transplantation, liver xenotransplantation, domino liver transplantation, delayed total hepatectomy combined with liver resection and segment Ⅱ-Ⅲ liver transplantation, heterotopic auxiliary liver transplantation on splenic fossa and magnetic anastomosis. It has laid a foundation for expanding the donor pool, improving clinical efficacy of liver transplantation and enhancing the quality of life of liver transplant recipients. In this article, the exploration, development, innovation and improvement of liver transplant techniques were reviewed and prospected, aiming to provide reference for clinical application of liver transplantation.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 61-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907034

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of liver transplantation in children with Alagille syndrome (ALGS). Methods Clinical data of 12 children with ALGS were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Clinical characteristics of children with ALGS, pathological characteristics of liver tissues, characteristics of liver transplantation, postoperative complications and follow-up of children with ALGS were analyzed. Results JAG1 gene mutation and typical facial features was present in all 12 children. Jaundice was the most common initial symptom, which occurred at 7 (3, 40) d after birth. Upon liver transplantation, the Z scores of height and body weight were calculated as -2.14 (-3.11, -1.83) and -2.32 (-3.12, -1.12). Five children developed severe growth retardation and 4 children with severe malnutrition. Eight of 12 children were diagnosed with cardiovascular abnormalities. Pathological examination showed that the lobular structure of the diseased livers of 4 children was basically maintained, and 8 cases of nodular liver cirrhosis in different sizes including 1 case of single early moderately-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma. Three children were misdiagnosed with biliary atresia and underwent Kasai portoenterostomy. Eight children underwent living donor liver transplantation, three children underwent cadaveric donor liver transplantation (two cases of split liver transplantation and one case of cadaveric total liver transplantation), and one child underwent domino liver transplantation (donor liver was derived from a patient with maple syrup urine disease). during the follow-up of 30.0(24.5, 41.7) months, the survival rates of the children and liver grafts were both 100%. During postoperative follow-up, the Z scores of height and body weight were calculated as -1.24 (-2.11, 0.60) and -0.83 (-1.65, -0.43), indicating that the growth and development of the children were significantly improved after operation. Conclusions Liver transplantation is an efficacious treatment for children with ALGS complicated with decompensated cirrhosis, severe itching and poor quality of life. For children with ALGS complicated with cardiovascular abnormalities, explicit preoperative evaluation should be delivered, and consultation with pediatric cardiologists should be performed if necessary.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 55-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907033

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily evaluate the application value of SpyGlass direct visualization system in the diagnosis and treatment of biliary stricture after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 4 patients presenting with biliary stricture after liver transplantation who underwent SpyGlass direct visualization system examination were collected. The examination, treatment and prognosis of biliary stricture were analyzed. Results The examination results of color Doppler ultrasound, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in 4 patients suggested biliary anastomotic stricture with intrahepatic biliary dilatation, and 2 of them were complicated with intrahepatic biliary calculi. Repeated placement of biliary stent under ERCP yielded poor effect in 3 cases. SpyGlass direct visualization system examination hinted biliary anastomotic stricture in 4 patients, 3 cases of intrahepatic biliary dilatation, 3 cases of intrahepatic biliary calculi, 2 cases of purulent bile and 3 cases of floccules within the biliary tract, 1 case of congestion and edema of biliary tract wall and 2 cases of local epithelial necrosis and stiffness changes of intrahepatic biliary tract wall. The wire could not be inserted in 1 patient due to severe biliary anastomotic stricture. Four patients were treated with biliary stricture resection + biliary stone removal + biliary end-to-end anastomosis, biliary stricture resection + biliary-intestinal anastomosis, ERCP lithotomy + biliary metal stent implantation, and biliary metal stent implantation + percutaneous transhepatic bile duct lithotomy, respectively. Relevant symptoms were relieved without evident complications. All patients survived during the follow-up until the submission date. Conclusions Compared with traditional imaging examination, SpyGlass direct visualization system may more directly display the morphological characteristics of biliary tract wall and structural changes within biliary tract cavity, which is an effective examination tool for biliary stricture after liver transplantation. In addition, individualized treatment methods may be adopted for different biliary tract diseases, which is expected to improve clinical prognosis of patients.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 49-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907032

ABSTRACT

Tumor recurrence is the main issue that affects the long-term survival of recipients after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. Accurate preoperative evaluation and proper selection of transplant recipients are the key factors affecting the long-term prognosis of recipients undergoing liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. Neutrophil, lymphocyte, C-reactive protein, platelet and fibrinogen (FIB) are major biomarkers that indicate inflammatory response of the host. Multiple studies have found that these biomarkers may not only represent the inflammatory response, but also could be integrated to predict tumor recurrence and long-term survival rate of the recipients following liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. These biomarkers mainly consist of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), FIB, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), etc. In this article, research progresses on predictive effect of inflammatory biomarkers on prognosis of liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma were reviewed.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 44-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907031

ABSTRACT

Along with the development of liver transplant techniques, clinical efficacy of liver transplantation has been significantly improved, and the survival of the recipients and liver grafts has been remarkably prolonged. However, the source of organ donation after citizen' s death still fails to meet the requirement of liver transplantation. The shortage of donor liver limits further development of liver transplantation. In recent years, living donor liver transplantation has been widely used in the treatment of patients with end-stage liver disease as one of the means to resolve organ shortage. As a special type of living donor liver transplantation, right posterior segmental graft liver transplantation provides a novel solution for expanding the potential donor pool for living donor liver transplantation. In this article, the development profile of living donor liver transplantation, donor selection of right posterior segmental graft for living donor liver transplantation, anatomical challenges of right posterior segmental graft procurement and surgical skills of right posterior segmental graft procurement were reviewed. Moreover, the prospect of right posterior segmental graft for living donor liver transplantation was predicted, aiming to promote the development of liver transplantation in clinical practice and bring benefits to more patients with end-stage liver diseases.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 402-408, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920894

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for early-stage complications among liver transplant recipients, and to establish and validate a risk prediction model for early-stage complications after transplantation. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 234 patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation in Department of Liver Transplantation, Tianjin First Central Hospital, from January 2016 to December 2018. According to the presence or absence of Clavien-Dindo grade ≥Ⅲ complications after liver transplantation, the patients were divided into complication group with 97 patients and non-complication group with 137 patients. The two groups were compared in terms of the indices including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), blood type, psoas muscle thickness/height (PMTH), Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, total serum bilirubin, serum creatinine, international normalized ratio of prothrombin time, blood urea nitrogen, hemoglobin, white blood cell count, platelet count, amount of intraoperative red blood cell transfusion, amount of frozen plasma transfusion, blood loss, anhepatic phase, time of operation, donor age, donor BMI, cold ischemia time of donor liver, and warm ischemia time of donor liver. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Univariate analysis and the binary logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the risk factors for early-stage complications after liver transplantation, and a risk prediction model for complications after liver transplantation was established based on the method for establishing a scoring system using the logistic model provided by Framingham Research Center. Internal validation of the model was performed by C-index, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, and the decision curve was used to evaluate the clinical applicability of the model. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the incidence rate of early-stage complications after liver transplantation between the patients with different risk scores. Results Compared with the non-complication group, the complication group had significantly higher MELD score, proportion of patients with low PMTH, total serum bilirubin, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, CONUT score, amount of intraoperative red blood cell transfusion, and amount of frozen plasma transfusion, as well as a significantly lower level of hemoglobin (all P < 0.1). The multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that MELD score (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.104, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.057-1.154, P < 0.05), PMTH ( OR =2.858, 95% CI : 1.451-5.626, P < 0.05), and CONUT score ( OR =1.481, 95% CI : 1.287-1.703, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for grade ≥Ⅲ complications in the early stage after liver transplantation. MELD score, PMTH, and CONUT score were included in a predictive model, and this model had the highest score of 24 points, a C-index of 0.828, an area under the ROC curve of 0.812( P < 0.001), a sensitivity of 0.792, and a specificity of 0.751, suggesting that this predictive model had good discriminatory ability. The calibration curve of this model was close to the reference curve, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test obtained a chi-square value of 8.528( P =0.382), suggesting that this predictive model had a high degree of fitting. The decision curve showed that most patients were able to benefit from the predictive model and achieved a high net benefit rate, suggesting that this predictive model had good clinical applicability. The score of 11 was selected as the cut-off value according to the optimal Youden index of 0.507, and the patients were divided into low-risk (< 8 points) group with 55 patients, moderate-risk (8-10 points) group with 63 patients, high-risk (11-14 points) group with 67 patients, and extremely high-risk (≥15 points) group with 49 patients. These four groups had a 90-day cumulative incidence rate of early-stage postoperative complications of 3.6%, 28.6%, 59.7%, and 75.5%, respectively, and the incidence rate of complications increased with the increase in risk score ( P < 0.001). Conclusion MELD score, PMTH, and CONUT score are independent risk factors for early-stage complications among liver transplant recipients, and the risk prediction model established based on these factors has a high predictive value in high-risk patients.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 278-281, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920868

ABSTRACT

Pediatric acute liver failure (PALF) is a rare syndrome with high mortality, and at present, liver transplantation is still the only effective treatment method for PALF. In recent years, the technology of liver transplantation in children has become more and more mature and has significantly improved the prognosis of PALF patients in China. However, there are still many problems in liver transplantation for PALF patients. Comprehensive discussion of objective problems before, during, and after liver transplantation may further improve the overall prognosis of PALF patients.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 268-272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920866

ABSTRACT

Acute liver failure (ALF) is a rare and extremely severe clinical form of Wilson's disease (WD), characterized by progressive aggravation of jaundice and significant coagulation disorder with acute intravascular hemolysis. There is a high risk of severe complications such as hepatic encephalopathy and acute renal failure, and the disease progresses rapidly after onset and has a high mortality rate. At present, it is difficult to diagnose WD presenting as ALF in the early stage due to a lack of unified indicators for rapid diagnosis. Liver transplantation was considered the only effective treatment method for this disease in the past; however, recent studies have shown that medical treatment without liver transplantation can achieve autologous liver relief and recovery in some patients with WD-ALF.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 271-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920860

ABSTRACT

With the development and maturity of liver transplant techniques, liver transplantation has become one of the vital treatment options for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Postoperative recurrence and metastasis of HCC after liver transplantation is one of critical factors that affect the long-term survival of recipients. Exploring the prevention and therapeutic strategies for HCC recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation plays a pivotal role in improving the clinical efficacy of liver transplantation for HCC recipients. Intimate monitoring, active prevention, early diagnosis, comprehensive surgical treatment and local treatment, especially targeted immunotherapy, and individualized prevention and therapeutic strategies are of significance for the prevention and treatment of HCC recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation. In this article, the monitoring, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of tumor recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation for HCC were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of tumor recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation, enhancing clinical efficacy of liver transplantation and prolonging the survival of recipients.

13.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 232-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920854

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical manifestations, treatment and prognosis of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1). Methods Relevant literature review was conducted from Chongqing VIP, CNKI, Wanfang Data, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane databases. Clinical data of 57 patients with PH1 were collected, and the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment and prognosis were analyzed. Results A total of 35 eligible studies were searched, including 57 patients with PH1, 39 male and 18 female, aged 0.2-57.0 years old, and the age of onset was from date of birth to 42 years old. The specificity of clinical symptoms of 57 patients with PH1 was relatively low, including 41 cases of renal stones, 21 cases of renal calcification and/or calcium deposition, 12 cases of oxalic acid deposition outside the urinary system, 12 cases of lumbago, backache and abdominal pain, and 8 cases of ureteral stones. Besides, alternative symptoms, such as decreased urine output, metabolic acidosis, disorder of water and electrolyte, anemia and gross hematuria were also reported. Thirty-three patients were diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) upon admission. Twenty-six patients received transplantation. Among them, 17 cases underwent kidney transplantation (2 cases repeatedly received combined liver-kidney transplantation due to recurrence of stones and resumption of dialysis, and 1 case repeatedly received liver transplantation due to resumption of dialysis), 7 cases received combined liver-kidney transplantation, 2 cases underwent liver transplantation, and 3 cases received sequential liver-kidney transplantation, respectively. Thirty-one patients did not undergo transplantation. Significant differences were observed in the survival rate between patients treated with and without transplantation (85% vs. 58%, P < 0.05). Conclusions Clinical manifestations of PH1 are diverse and lack of specificity. A majority of PH1 patients are diagnosed with ESRD upon admission. Clinical prognosis of patients undergoing transplantation is better than that of those counterparts without transplantation. Prior liver transplantation or combined liver-kidney transplantation is recommended.

14.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 219-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920852

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of coagulation function changes on the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 245 liver transplant recipients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of AKI after liver transplantation, all recipients were divided into the AKI group (n=99) and non-AKI group (n=146). The incidence of AKI after liver transplantation was summarized. Perioperative parameters of the recipients were collected. The risk factors of AKI after liver transplantation were assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results Among 245 recipients undergoing liver transplantation, 99 cases developed AKI after operation with an incidence rate of 40.4%. Preoperative serum creatinine levels of the recipients and the in-hospital fatality were relatively high in the AKI group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the recipients in the non-AKI group, those in the AKI group presented with significantly higher liver function parameters within postoperative 24 h, significantly decreased levels of stage Ⅱ coagulation parameters including coagulation factorsⅤ, Ⅶ, Ⅸ, Ⅹ, Ⅻ and protein S, protein C and antithrombin Ⅲ, evidently elevated prothrombin time international normalized ratio (PT-INR), remarkably increased stage Ⅲ coagulation parameters including D-dimer and fibrin degradation product (FDP) levels and considerably decreased fibrinogen (FIB) level (all P < 0.05). Thrombelastogram showed that the R value was increased, the α angle was decreased and the coagulation time was prolonged in the AKI group (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the increased R value of postoperative thrombelastogram [odd ratio (OR) 1.116, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.018-1.223, P=0.019], and decreased levels of antithrombin Ⅲ (OR 0.974, 95%CI 0.955-0.993, P=0.007) were the independent risk factors of incidence of AKI after liver transplantation. Conclusions The incidence of AKI after liver transplantation is high, which is associated with the coagulation function changes of the recipients. Decreased coagulation factor activity (increased R value) and declined antithrombin Ⅲ level are the independent risk factors of AKI in liver transplantat recipients.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 213-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920851

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression levels of basic leucine zipper and W2 domain 2 (BZW2) and isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase (IVD) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and evaluate their effect on clinical prognosis of liver transplant recipients with HCC. Methods Pathological specimens and clinical data of 87 liver transplant recipients with HCC were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The recurrence and metastasis of HCC after liver transplantation were assessed. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression levels of BZW2 and IVD. The relationship between BZW2, IVD and clinicopathological parameters of HCC and their effect on postoperative recurrence and clinical prognosis of the recipients was analyzed. Results Among 87 recipients, 31 cases recurred with a recurrence rate of 36%. HCC recurred at postoperative 2-49 months and the median recurrence time was postoperative 7 months. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that the positive expression rate of BZW2 in the HCC tissues was significantly higher than that in normal liver tissues (76% vs. 30%), and the positive expression rate of IVD was significantly lower compared with that in normal liver tissues (51% vs. 69%) (both P < 0.01). BZW2 expression was significantly correlated with tumor diameter and tumor capsule (both P < 0.05), whereas IVD expression was significantly associated with tumor diameter, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level, tumor, node and metastasis (TNM) staging and whether vascular invasion was found or not (all P < 0.05). In the high BZW2 expression group, the cumulative recurrence rate of HCC was significantly higher and the cumulative survival rate was significantly lower than those in the low BZW2 expression group. In the low IVD expression group, the cumulative recurrence rate of HCC was significantly higher and the cumulative survival rate was significantly lower compared with those in the high IVD expression group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions The expression level of BZW2 protein is up-regulated, whereas that of IVD protein is down-regulated in the HCC tissues. Moreover, the cumulative recurrence rate of HCC is relatively high and the cumulative survival rate is relatively low in liver transplant recipients with high BZW2 expression and low IVD expression.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913153

ABSTRACT

With the advent of the era of 5G and big data, complex medical data with multiple dimensions and a large sample size bring both opportunities and challenges for clinical medicine in the new era. Compared with conventional methods, artificial intelligence can detect the hidden patterns within large datasets, and more and more scholars are applying such advanced technology in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. After development and perfection for more than half a century, liver transplantation has become the most effective treatment method for end-stage liver diseases. Unlike the analysis of "single-patient" data in other fields, liver transplantation usually requires the consideration of the features of both the donor and the recipient and the variables during transplantation, thus generating a larger volume of medical data than other diseases, which is particularly in line with the advantages of artificial intelligence. Effective application of artificial intelligence and its combination with clinical research will usher in the new era of precision medicine. The advantages and limitations of artificial intelligence technology should be comprehensively discussed for the cross-application of artificial intelligence in liver transplantation, and the future directions of this field should also be proposed.

17.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360795

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Worldwide, transplant programs have suffered a setback during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and most have temporarily suspended their transplant activities. . We identified 36 liver transplant patients who tested positive for COVID-19. The cases were confirmed by the nucleic acid test (RT-PCR). Epidemiological, demographic, clinical, laboratory, management and outcome data were obtained from the patients' medical records. Fourteen patients (38.9%) required admission to the Intensive Care Unit and/or invasive ventilatory support (severe cases). The mean age of these severe cases was 63.8 years. Regarding the time since the transplant, 71.4% (10/14 patients) had undergone the procedure less than one year before. The immunosuppressive therapy was reduced in patients who required Intensive Care Unit. A total of 12 cases (12/14, 85.7%) required invasive ventilatory support. Eight cases (8/14, 57.1%) required renal replacement therapy. In this group of patients, nine died (64.3 %). In turn, 22 patients had mild to moderate symptoms of COVID-19, not requiring invasive ventilatory support or admission to the Intensive Care Unit. The mean age in these patients was 56.5 years and comorbidities were present in 15 (68.2%) of the cases. In this group, only five patients (5/22, 22.7%) required hospitalization due to complications and there were no deaths This report describes the results of COVID-19 infection in a very specific population, suggesting that liver transplant patients have a significant higher risk of progressing to severeCOVID-19 , with a mortality rate among critically-ill patients above that of the general population.

18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRB6181, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364795

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Ischemia-reperfusion injury is a pathophysiological event occuring after abdominal organ transplantation, and has a significant influence on prognosis and survival of the graft. It is involved in delaying the primary function or non-functioning of the graft. The objective of this study was to provide information on heat shock protein mechanisms in ischemia-reperfusion injuries in abdominal organ transplantations, and to indicate the possible factors involved that may influence the graft outcome. Several classes of heat shock proteins are part of the ischemia and reperfusion process, both as inflammatory agonists and in protecting the process. Studies involving heat shock proteins enhance knowledge on ischemia-reperfusion injury mitigation processes and the mechanisms involved in the survival of abdominal grafts, and open space to support therapeutic future clinical studies, minimizing ischemia and reperfusion injuries in abdominal organ transplantations. Expression of heat shock proteins is associated with inflammatory manifestations and ischemia-reperfusion injuries in abdominal organ transplantations and may influence graft outcomes.


Subject(s)
Reperfusion Injury , Organ Transplantation , Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Ischemia
19.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 40: e2020149, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250808

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the metabolic and nutritional repercussions of chronic liver disease (CLD), proposing strategies that optimize nutritional therapy in the pre- and post-liver transplantation (LT) period, in order to promote favorable clinical outcomes and adequate growth and development, respectively. Data sources: Bibliographic search in the PubMed, Lilacs and SciELO databases of the last 12 years, in English and Portuguese; target population: children from early childhood to adolescence; keywords in Portuguese and their correlates in English: "Liver Transplant," "Biliary Atresia," "Nutrition Therapy," "Nutritional Status," and "Child"; in addition to Boolean logics "and" and "or," and the manual search of articles. Data synthesis: Malnutrition in children with CLD is a very common condition and an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality. There is an increase in energy and protein demand, as well as difficulties in the absorption of carbohydrates, lipids and micronutrients such as fat-soluble vitamins and some minerals. An increase in the supply of energy, carbohydrates and proteins and micronutrients, especially fat-soluble vitamins, iron, zinc and calcium, is suggested, except in cases of hepatic encephalopathy (this restriction is indicated for a short period). Conclusions: Based on metabolic changes and anthropometric and body composition monitoring, a treatment plan should be developed, following the nutritional recommendations available, in order to minimize the negative impact of malnutrition on clinical outcomes during and after LT.


RESUMO Objetivo: Revisar de forma descritiva as repercussões metabólicas e nutricionais da doença hepática crônica, propondo estratégias que aperfeiçoem a terapia nutricional nos períodos pré e pós transplante hepático (TxH), para promover desfechos clínicos favoráveis e crescimento e desenvolvimento adequados, respectivamente. Fontes de dados: Pesquisa bibliográfica nas bases de dados PubMed, Lilacs e SciELO dos últimos 30 anos em língua inglesa e portuguesa; população-alvo: crianças da primeira infância até a adolescência; palavras-chave em português e seus correlatos em inglês: "transplante de fígado", "atresia biliar," "terapia nutricional", "estado nutricional" e "criança"; além das lógicas booleanas and e or e da busca manual de artigos. Síntese dos dados: A subnutrição em crianças com doença hepática crônica é uma condição muito comum e um importante fator de risco para a morbimortalidade. Ocorre aumento das demandas de energia e proteínas, bem como dificuldades na absorção de carboidratos, lipídeos e de micronutrientes como vitaminas lipossolúveis e alguns minerais. Sugere-se incremento no aporte de energia, carboidratos, proteínas e micronutrientes, sobretudo de vitaminas lipossolúveis, ferro, zinco e cálcio, exceto em casos de encefalopatia hepática (a restrição é indicada por um curto período). Conclusões: Com base nas alterações metabólicas, no monitoramento antropométrico e na composição corporal, um plano terapêutico deve ser elaborado, seguindo as recomendações nutricionais disponíveis, com o objetivo de minimizar o impacto negativo da subnutrição nos desfechos clínicos durante e após o transplante hepático.

20.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353121

ABSTRACT

. (AU)Acute hepatic porphyrias (AHPs) are inborn errors of hemebiosynthesis and its most common and severe type is the acute intermittent porphyria (AIP). AIP is an hereditary autosomal dominant disease caused by accumulated porphobilinogen deaminase (PBG) and delta aminolevulin acid (ALA) products. The main symptoms are severe abdominal pain, neuromuscular and psychiatric disturbances, nausea, vomiting, encephalopathy, tachycardia, seizures, tremors and hypertension, that usually are manifested by acute crises. The treatment is based on clinical management and in cases which the patient's quality of life is affected liver transplantation (LT) may be an alternative choice. We report the case of a patient with AHP presenting recurrent crisis leading to chronic symptoms occurrence and poor quality of life with progressive unresponsiveness to hemin treatment. Patient was submitted to LT as curative therapy proposal, but patient still presents some clinical manifestations that may indicate the possibility of a secondary cause to explain persistence of her symptoms despite of biochemical normalization of ALA and PBG. (AU)


As porfirias hepáticas agudas (PHA) compreendem um grupo de porfirias que apresentam erros inatos na biossíntese do grupo heme, sendo a mais severa e o tipo mais comum da PHA, a porfiria aguda intermitente (PAI). A PAI é uma doença autossômica dominante causada pelo acúmulo dos produtos porfobilinogênio deaminase (PBG) e ácido delta-aminolevulínico (ALA). Os principais sintomas são dor abdominal intensa, distúrbios neuromusculares e psiquiátricos, náuseas, vômitos, encefalopatia, taquicardia, febre, tremores e hipertensão, os quais normalmente são manifestados durante as crises agudas. O tratamento é baseado no manejo clínico de todos pacientes durante a crise. Para os casos em que a qualidade de vida do paciente é afetada negativamente, a terapêutica de transplante hepático poderá ser indicada. O objetivo do relato de caso é introduzir o tratamento de uma paciente com recorrentes crises agudas de porfiria e danos em sua qualidade de vida. Uma vez que a paciente não apresentou melhora após tratamento com hematina, foi submetida ao transplante hepático visando a cura da doença. Após o transplante, a paciente ainda apresentou alguns sintomas clínicos, necessitando reformular uma segunda hipótese para explicar a persistência de tais sintomas apesar da normalização dos níveis de ALA e PBG. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Porphobilinogen , Hydroxymethylbilane Synthase , Quality of Life , Abdominal Pain , Liver Transplantation , Porphyrias, Hepatic , Porphyria, Acute Intermittent
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL