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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953748


@#Objective    To explore the feasibility of early chest tube removal following single-direction uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (S-UVATS) anatomical lobectomy. Methods    The clinical data of consecutive VATS lobectomy by different surgeons in Xuzhou Central Hospital between May 2019 and February 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. Finally, the data of 1 084 patients were selected for analysis, including 538 males and 546 females, with a mean age of 61.0±10.1 years. These patients were divided into a S-UVATS group with 558 patients and a conventional group (C-UVATS) with 526 patients according to the surgical procedures. The perioperative parameters such as operation time, blood loss were recorded. In addition, we assessed the amount of residual pleural effusion and the probability of secondary thoracentesis when taking 300 mL/d and 450 mL/d as the threshold of chest tube removal. Results    Tumor-negative   surgical margin was achieved without mortality in this cohort. As compared with the C-UVATS group, patients in the S-UVATS group demonstrated significantly shorter operation time (P<0.001), less blood loss (P=0.002), lower rate of conversion to multiple-port VATS or thoracotomy (P=0.003), but more stations and numbers of dissected lymph nodes as well as less suture staplers (P<0.001). Moreover, patients in the S-UVATS demonstrated shorter chest tube duration, less total volume of thoracic drainage and shorter postoperative hospital stay, with statistical differences (P<0.001). After excluding patients of chylothorax and prolonged air leaks>7 d, subgroup analysis was performed. First, assuming that 300 mL/d was the threshold for chest tube removal, as compared with the C-UVATS group, patients in the S-UVATS group would report less residual pleural effusion and less necessitating second thoracentesis with residual pleural effusion>500 mL (P<0.05). Second, assuming that 450 mL/d was the threshold for chest tube removal, as compared with the C-UVATS group, the S-UVATS group would also report less residual pleural effusion and less necessitating second thoracentesis with residual pleural effusion>500 mL (P<0.05). Further multivariable logistic regression analysis indicated that S-UVATS was significantly negatively related to drainage volume>1 000 mL (P<0.05); whereas combined lobectomy, longer operation time, more blood loss and air leakage were independent risk factors correlated with drainage volume>1 000 mL following UVATS lobectomy (P<0.05). Conclusion    The short-term efficacy of S-UVATS lobectomy is significantly better than that of the conventional group, indicating shorter operation time and less chest drainage. However, early chest tube removal with a high threshold of thoracic drainage volume probably increases the risk of secondary thoracentesis due to residual pleural effusion.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953746


@#Objective    To compare and analyze the therapeutic effects of robot-assisted lobectomy and segmentectomy for stage ⅠA non-small cell lung cancer with a diameter≤2 cm. Methods    A total of 181 patients with pathologically confirmed stage ⅠA non-small cell lung cancer (diameter≤2 cm) who underwent robot-assisted lobectomy and segmentectomy in our hospital from 2018 to 2021 were included. There were 74 males and 107 females with an average age of 57.50±10.60 years. They were divided into two groups according to the surgical procedure: a segmentectomy group (85 patients) and a lobectomy group (96 patients). Results    There was no statistically significant  difference between the two groups in terms of clinical data such as age, gender, smoking history, basic disease, pathological type, tumour diameter, operative time, postoperative 24 h drainage volume and overall complications (P>0.05). The intraoperative blood loss (33.88±16.26 mL vs. 39.27±19.48 mL, P=0.046), groups of dissected lymph nodes (4.76±1.19 vs. 5.52±1.46, P=0.000), number of dissected lymph nodes (14.81±7.23 vs. 18.06±7.70, P=0.004) and postoperative 72 h drainage volume (561.65±225.31 mL vs. 649.84±324.34 mL, P=0.037) of patients in the segmentectomy were less than those in the lobectomy group. The chest drainage time (5.49±3.92 d vs. 7.60±4.96 d, P=0.002) and postoperative hospital stay time (7.47±4.16 d vs. 9.67±5.50 d, P=0.003) were shorter than those in the lobectomy group. There was no conversion to thoracotomy or perioperative death in the two groups. The postoperative follow-up rate was 100.0% with a longest follow-up time of 48 months. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rates of the segmentectomy group and lobectomy group were 87.7% and 92.4%, respectively (P=0.465). Conclusion    The da Vinci robot-assisted lobectomy and segmentectomy are safe and feasible surgical procedures for patients with stage ⅠA non-small cell lung cancer (diameter≤2 cm), with a similar 3-year recurrence-free survival rate. The lobectomy group has more lymph nodes dissected, while the segmentectomy group is superior to the lobectomy group in terms of intraoperative blood loss, postoperative 72 h chest drainage volume, chest drainage time and postoperative hospitalization time.

Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 51(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441656


Introducción: La cirugía torácica representa una de las causas de ingreso más frecuentes en la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Objetivo: Describir las variables edad, sexo, diagnóstico preoperatorio, técnica quirúrgica empleada, analgesia, complicaciones y evolución de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía torácica, en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal de 42 pacientes de cirugía torácica, ingresados en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Se estudiaron las variables edad, sexo, diagnóstico, técnica quirúrgica empleada, analgesia, complicaciones y evolución, con las cuales se realizó un análisis de frecuencias. Resultados: El grupo etario predominante fue el de mayores de 60 años (42,9 %). El sexo representativo fue el masculino (78,5 %). El diagnóstico más frecuente para cirugía torácica fue el cáncer de pulmón (47,6 %). La técnica más empleada fue la lobectomía (28,6 %). La dipirona fue la analgesia más utilizada (35,7 %). La mayoría de los pacientes no presentó complicaciones (83,3 %). Prevalecieron los pacientes egresados vivos (97,6 %) sobre los fallecidos (2,4 %). Conclusiones: El cáncer de pulmón representó la causa más frecuente de cirugía torácica en ambos sexos, en consecuencia, la toracotomía con lobectomía fue la técnica más empleada. Este tipo de intervención siempre implica alteraciones funcionales que pueden ser inaparentes y controlables; el manejo postoperatorio en la unidad de cuidados intensivos de estos pacientes determinará en gran medida su evolución.

Introduction: Thoracic surgery represents one of the most frequent causes of admission to the intensive care unit. Objective: To describe the variables age, sex, preoperative diagnosis, surgical technique used, analgesia, complications and evolution of patients undergoing thoracic surgery in an intensive care unit. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 42 thoracic surgery patients admitted to an intensive care unit was conducted. The variables age, sex, diagnosis, surgical technique used, analgesia, complications and evolution were studied, with which a frequency analysis was performed. Results: The predominant age group was older than 60 years (42.9 %). The representative sex was male (78.5 %). The most frequent diagnosis for thoracic surgery was lung cancer (47.6 %). The most used technique was lobectomy (28.6 %). Dipyrone was the most used analgesia (35.7 %). Most of the patients did not present complications (83.3 %). Patients discharged alive prevailed (97.6 %) over deceased patients (2.4 %). Conclusions: Lung cancer represented the most frequent cause of thoracic surgery in both sexes. Consequently, thoracotomy with lobectomy was the most used technique. This type of intervention always implies functional alterations that can be inapparent and controllable; Postoperative management in the intensive care unit of these patients will largely determine their evolution.

Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(4): 574-578, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421671


Abstract Introduction Management of the thyroid gland during laryngectomy has been controversial. The primary tumor may invade the thyroid gland by direct invasion or lymphovascular spread. Hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism are potential risks when lobectomy or total thyroidectomy are performed simultaneously. Objective To report the frequency of thyroid gland involvement by primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in patients undergoing laryngectomy and to identify possible risk factors for thyroid gland involvement so that judicious excision of thyroid gland can be attained. Methods We performed a retrospective review of 9 years. Data was collected from medical records of patients dated from December 2009 to October 2018. All patients with laryngeal cancer who underwent laryngectomy with lobectomy or total thyroidectomy were included in the present study. Results We reviewed 151 laryngectomy records. A total of 130 surgeries included the thyroid gland with the excised specimen and were available for analysis. There were 124 males and 6 females. The mean age was 59.4 years old. The glottis was the most common subsite involved, in 70 patients, followed by 38 transglottic, 16 supraglottic and 03 subglottic tumors. On histology, 12 out of 130 excised thyroid glands were involved by squamous cell carcinoma. Only subglottic involvement (p = 0.01) was significantly associated with thyroid gland invasion (TGI). Type of laryngectomy, subsite of the primary tumor, thyroid cartilage involvement, neck nodal metastases, and perineural and lymphatic invasion by the primary tumor were not associated with TGI. Conclusion Only subglottic involvement is associated with TGI; therefore, preoperative and intraoperative assessment is necessary prior to considering excision of the thyroid gland.

Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(8): 1090-1095, Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406617


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of body mass index on patients' short-term results following lung lobectomy. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we compared the perioperative and short-term postoperative results of obese (BMI≥30 kg/m2) versus non-obese patients (BMI<30 kg/m2) who underwent anatomical lung resection for cancer. The two groups had the same distribution of input risk factors and the same ratio of surgical approaches (thoracoscopy vs. thoracotomy). RESULTS: The study included a total of 144 patients: 48 obese and 96 non-obese patients. Both groups had the same ratio of thoracoscopic vs. thoracotomy approach (50/50%), and were comparable in terms of demographics and clinical data. The g roups did not significantly differ in the frequency of perioperative or postoperative complications. Postoperative morbidity was higher among non-obese patients (34.4 vs. 27.1%), but this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.053). Hospital stay was similar in both study groups (p=0.100). Surgery time was significantly longer among obese patients (p=0.133). Postoperative mortality was comparable between the study groups (p=0.167). CONCLUSIONS: Obesity does not increase the frequency of perioperative and postoperative complications in patients after lung lobectomy. The slightly better results in obese patients suggest that obesity may have some protective role.

Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408242


Introducción: La tasa de mortalidad de los tumores malignos de tráquea, bronquios y pulmón ocupa el segundo lugar en hombres y el primero en las mujeres. Según el anuario estadístico, hubo 5580 muertes por esta causa en 2020, con una tasa de mortalidad general en los hombres de 61,6 y de 38,1 en la mujer por 100 000 habitantes. Para el tratamiento del cáncer pulmonar en estadios tempranos la cirugía torácica videoasistida ha demostrado su seguridad y efectividad, con una baja morbilidad y una menor estancia posoperatoria. Objetivo: Mostrar los resultados de la lobectomía por cirugía torácica videoasistida en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo en una serie consecutiva de 29 pacientes operados con el diagnóstico de nódulo pulmonar. Para la obtención de la información se confeccionó una planilla de recolección para este fin y en todo momento se contó con el consentimiento informado de los pacientes. Se evaluaron las variables durante el pre, intra y posoperatorio. Resultados: Del total de 57 casos portadores de nódulos pulmonares, se realizó lobectomía por cirugía torácica videoasistida en 29, para un 50,9 por ciento; el 80 por ciento estaban en etapas I y II según el pTNM. Hubo un 31 por ciento de complicaciones y el índice de conversión fue del 20,7 por ciento. Conclusiones: La lobectomía por cirugía torácica video asistida es una técnica segura y de eficacia demostrada, factible de generalizar en nuestro medio(AU)

Introduction: The mortality rate of malignant tumors of the trachea, bronchi and lung ranks second in men and first in women. According to the Health Statistics Yearbook, there were 5,580 deaths from this cause in 2020, with a general mortality rate for men of 61.6 and 38.1 for women per 100,000 inhabitants. For the treatment of lung cancer in early stages, video-assisted thoracic surgery has demonstrated its safety and effectiveness, with low morbidity and a shorter postoperative stay. Objective: To show the results of video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy at the National Center for Minimal Invasive Surgery. Methods: A prospective study was carried out in a consecutive series of 29 patients operated on with a diagnosis of pulmonary nodule. A collection form was prepared to obtain the information and the informed consent of the patients was obtained at all times. The variables were evaluated during the pre, intra and postoperative period. Results: Fifty seven (57) cases with pulmonary nodules formed the total of this study. Twenty nine of them (29) underwent lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (50.9 percent). 80 percent were in stages I and II according to pTNM. There were 31 percent complications and the conversion rate was 20.7 percent. Conclusions: Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy is a safe and proven technique, which is feasible to generalize in our setting(AU)

Humans , Pneumonectomy/methods , Health Statistics , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Informed Consent , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Data Collection/methods , Prospective Studies
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1391842


Introducción. La epilepsia del lóbulo temporal suele producir déficits mnésicos, atencionales y del lenguaje. En la mayoría de los casos, se trata con fármacos an-tiepilépticos, pero falla en un tercio de ellos. Por tal razón, una opción terapéutica es la lobectomía temporal, que contribuye a menguar las crisis. Sin embargo, los procedimientos quirúrgicos pueden conllevar secuelas, entre ellas consecuencias a nivel cognitivo. Para contrarrestar dichos efectos, se acostumbra llevar a cabo una rehabilitación neuropsicológica que va en pro de recuperar, fortalecer y sostener en el tiempo habilidades que ya venían afectándose desde antes de la cirugía. Objetivo. Brindar una reflexión en torno a la intervención neuropsicológica de la epilepsia en el lóbulo temporal. Método. La reflexión sobre el tema parte de un interés clínico y posteriormente se fue ampliando a partir de la revisión de la literatura en diferentes bases de datos como PubMed, Medline y Scopus entre los años 2000 y 2021. Reflexión. Son amplias las opciones terapéuticas a nivel neuropsicológico y pueden contribuir de manera positiva en la recuperación del paciente, por lo cual los profe-sionales requieren conocer las posibilidades de ello para poder utilizar las estrategias más adecuadas según cada caso y brindar opciones que beneficien la calidad de vida, teniendo en cuenta que ninguna es más efectiva que otra. Conclusión. Como resultado, se presenta un panorama general de la rehabilitación neuropsicológica en pacientes pre y posquirúrgicos con lobectomía, haciendo énfasis en la rehabilitación neuropsicológica tradicional y la rehabilitación basada en inteli-gencia artificial, realidad virtual y computación

Introduction. Temporal lobe epilepsy usually produces mnestic, attentional, and language deficits. In most cases, it is treated with antiepileptic drugs, but one third of them fail, so one therapeutic option is temporal lobectomy, which helps to reduce seizures. However, surgical procedures can have sequelae, including cognitive con-sequences. To counteract these effects, neuropsychological rehabilitation is usually carried out in order to recover, strengthen, and sustain in time skills that were already affected before the surgery. Objective. To provide a reflection on the neuropsychological intervention of tem-poral lobe epilepsy. Method. The reflection on the subject starts from a clinical interest and was sub-sequently expanded from the review of the literature in different databases such as PubMed, Medline, and Scopus between 2000 and 2021. Reflection. There are many therapeutic options at the neuropsychological level and they can contribute positively to the patient's recovery, so professionals need to know the possibilities in order to use the most appropriate strategies according to each case and provide options that benefit the quality of life, taking into account that none is more effective than the other one.Conclusion. As a result, an overview of neuropsychological rehabilitation in pre- and post-surgical patients with lobectomy is presented, with emphasis on traditional neuropsychological rehabilitation and rehabilitation based on artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and computation

Rehabilitation/psychology , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe , Neurological Rehabilitation/psychology , Temporal Lobe , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Neurological Rehabilitation , Anticonvulsants , Neuropsychology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953702


@#Objective    To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a central venous catheter for thoracic drainage after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy compared with a conventional chest tube. Methods    This study collected 200 patients with lung cancer who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy and systematic hilar and mediastinal lymph node dissection between January 2018 and September 2019 in our hospital. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, including a group A (left with 28F chest tubes postoperatively) and a group B (left with 12G central venous catheters postoperatively). Patients in both groups were left with 2 chest tubes after upper lobectomy and 1 chest tube after middle or lower lobectomy. Duration and total volume of drainage, length of hospital stay, maximum visual analogue scale score and so forth were compared between the two groups. Results    Finally, 151 patients were included for analysis. There were 73 patients in the group A, including 26 males and 47 females, with an average age of 55.38±9.95 years, and 78 patients in the group B, including 37 males and 41 females, with an average age of 59.86±10.18 years. No statistical  difference was found between the two groups in drainage volume on postoperative day 2, and proportion of prolonged air leaks, hemothorax, chylothorax or drain reinsertion (all P>0.05). There was a statistical difference in drainage volume on postoperative day 1 [200.0 (120.0, 280.0) mL vs. 57.5 (10.0, 157.5) mL, P=0.000], postoperative day 3 [155.0 (100.0, 210.0) mL vs. 150.0 (80.0, 215.0) mL, P=0.023], total volume of drainage [890.0 (597.5, 1 530.0) mL vs. 512.5 (302.5, 786.3) mL, P=0.000], maximum pain score (2.29±0.72 points vs. 2.09±0.51 points, P=0.013) and length of hospital stay [7 (7, 9) d vs. 5 (4, 7) d, P=0.000]. Conclusion    Compared with conventional chest tubes, central venous catheters for chest drainage in patients with lung cancer after thoracoscopic lobectomy shortens the length of hospital stay and reduces postoperative pain.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953700


@#Objective    To explore the value of the single-direction lobectomy in the treatment of complicated pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods    A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 patients with complicated pulmonary tuberculosis who received lobectomy in our hospital from 2017 to 2019. There were 64 males and 24 females, with an average age of 21-70 (47.67±13.39) years. According to the surgical procedure, patients who received single-direction lobectomy were divided into a single-direction group (n=32), and those who received traditional lobectomy were divided into a control group (n=56). Results    The two groups had no statistical differences in gender, age, primary disease and complications, lesion morphology, clinical symptoms, operative site, interlobitis adhesion or hilar mediastinal lymph node calcification (P>0.05). Operation time [210.0 (180.0, 315.0) min vs. 300.0 (240.0, 320.0) min], intraoperative blood loss [200.0 (100.0, 337.5) mL vs. 325.0 (200.0, 600.0) mL], postoperative lung air leak time [3.0 (2.0, 5.0) d vs. 9.0 (6.8, 12.0) d] and the postoperative hospital stay  [11.5 (8.0, 14.8) d vs. 18.0 (14.0, 22.0) d] of the single-direction group were less or shorter than those of the control group (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference between the single-direction group and the control group in the incidence of surgical complications [1 patient (3.12%) vs. 10 patients (17.86%)] or the cure rate [32 patients (100.00%) vs. 54 patients (96.43%)]. Conclusion    The single-direction lobectomy can reduce lung injury and bleeding, shorten the duration of operation and accelerate the postoperative recovery in patients with complicated pulmonary tuberculosis, which has certain advantages compared with traditional lobectomy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958441


Objective:To analyze the incidence and risk factors of postoperative new-onset atrial fibrillation(POAF) after lobectomy.Methods:A monocentric ambispective cohort study was conducted. The retrospective cohort included 1 902 patients who underwent lobectomy in our hospital between January 2017 and December 2019. The prospective cohort included 692 patients who underwent lobectomy in our hospital between August 2020 and July 2021. A total of 2 594 patients were enrolled in this study. The median age of enrolled patients was 61 years(interquartile range, 54-67 years), and the cohort consisted of 1 384(51.97%) females and 1 246(48.03%) males. Baseline and perioperative clinical data of enrolled patients were collected. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors related to POAF. Results:There was no patient died in hospital after surgery. A total of 111 cases of POAF were followed up during the postoperative hospital period, and the incidence of POAF was 4.28%. Multivariate regression analysis found that the elderly patients(aged 60 and above)( OR=1.58, 95% CI: 1.01-2.47, P=0.044), history of percutaneous coronary intervention( OR=2.50, 95% CI: 1.04-6.03, P=0.041), history of arrhythmia excluding atrial fibrillation/flutter( OR=3.96, 95% CI: 1.95-8.00, P<0.001), left upper lobectomy( OR=1.73, 95% CI: 1.11-2.68, P=0.015), low preoperative albumin level( OR=1.07, 95% CI: 1.00-1.14, P=0.048) and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma( OR=4.70, 95% CI: 1.38-15.98, P=0.013) were independent risk factors for POAF after lobectomy. Conclusion:The incidence of POAF after lobectomy is 4.28% in this study. Elderly patients(aged 60 and above), history of percutaneous coronary intervention, history of arrhythmia excluding atrial fibrillation/flutter, left upper lobectomy, low preoperative albumin level, and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma are the independent risk factors related to POAF after lobectomy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934223


Objective:To compare the clinical application of aspirin and low molecular weight heparin in pulmonary lobectomy after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI), and to explore the effect of aspirin monotherapy in anti-platelet therapy.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019, the clinical data of 48 patients with coronary atherosclerotic heart disease(coronary heart disease) who underwent lobectomy in the Thoracic Surgery Department of Beijing Anzhen Hospital within 12 months after PCI were retrospectively analyzed. There were 37 males and 11 females. The age ranged from 41 to 76(67.6±10.4) years. There were 22 cases with hypertension, 18 cases with diabetes and 2 cases with cerebrovascular disease. Iliac artery stents were inserted in 2 cases and vertebral artery stents in 1 case. Preoperative atrial fibrillation in 2 cases. There were 46 patients with gradeⅠand 2 patients with gradeⅡcardiac function(NYHA). According to the preoperative antiplatelet treatment, the patients were divided into aspirin group(25 cases) and low molecular weight heparin group(LMWH group, 23 cases). In the aspirin group, clopidogrel or ticagrelor was stopped 5 days before lobectomy, and aspirin single drug antiplatelet therapy was used, orally 100 mg every day until the morning of operation. In the LMWH group, aspirin, clopidogrel or ticagrelor were stopped 7 days before surgery, and 0.6 ml LMWH calcium was injected subcutaneously, once every 12 hours, and stopped 12 hours before surgery. Perioperative clinical data of the two groups were recorded and analyzed, and major adverse cardiac event(MACE) and bleeding events were observed.Results:There was no death in all groups. MACE and bleeding occurred in 1 case respectively in LMWH group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in length of hospital stay, duration of operation, diameter of lesion, total postoperative thoracic drainage and retention time of thoracic drainage tube( P>0.05). The intraoperative blood loss and chest drainage in the aspirin group were significantly lower than those in the LMWH group in the first 3 days after surgery, with statistical significance( P<0.05). Conclusion:The incidence of MACE increases after lobectomy for coronary heart disease within 12 months after PCI, and aspirin monotherapy is safe and effective in antiplatelet therapy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934206


Objective:To compare the effects of thoracoscopic anatomical segmentectomy and thoracoscopic lobectomy on patients' respiratory function.Methods:Retrospective analysis of 326 patients who underwent thoracoscopic surgery from July 2016 to July 2019(209 patients underwent anatomical segmentectomy, 117 patients underwent lobectomy). According to variables including gender, age, tumor location, smoking history and BMI, two propensity score-matched cohorts including 89 patients respectively were constructed. The patients’ baseline data and respiratory function date of the patients pre-operation and post-operation were analyzed. The measurement data that obey the normal distribution were described by mean±standard deviation, and the t-test was used for comparison between groups; the measurement data of non-normal distribution was described by the median value( P25, P75), and the Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for the comparison between groups; The data was described by frequency, and the chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability method was used for comparison between groups. Results:At the first-month follow-up after surgery, there was no significant difference in the variation of FVC[(0.48±0.40)L vs.(0.34±0.37)L, P=0.215)and FEV1[(0.52±0.46)L vs.(0.43±0.77)L, P=0.364), and in the change rate of FVC(%)[15.23(8.74, 21.25) vs. 14.58(7.75, 19.40), P=0.122], FEV1(%)[17.25(9.56, 22.78) vs. 16.42(9.15, 20.28), P=0.154]and DLCO(%)[18.54(10.88, 25.68)vs. 17.45(9.58, 23.75) P=0.245]. Between the segmentectomy group and lobectomy group, there was a significant difference in the alteration of FVC[(0.50±0.47)L vs. (0.29±0.31)L, P=0.031] and FEV1[(0.44±0.34)L vs.(0.24±0.23)L, P<0.001], the change rate of FVC(%)[14.27(7.87, 22.32) vs. 9.95(5.56, 17.24), P=0.008]、FEV1(%)[15.23(8.36, 22.17)vs. 10.05(5.15, 18.54), P<0.001]and DLCO(%)[13.74(6.24, 19.78) vs. 4.45(-2.32, 13.75), P=0.023]in the 6th month after surgery. The lobectomy group had a higher variation of FEV1[(0.34±0.49)L vs.(0.18±0.26)L, P=0.006] and change rate of FVC(%)[9.28(2.15, 18.94) vs. 5.24(0.52, 11.45), P=0.0032] and FEV1(%)[10.45(3.15, 21.32) vs. 6.50(1.55, 14.24), P<0.001] in the first year after surgery. However, the variation of FVC[(0.29±0.36)L vs.(0.21±0.24)L, P=0.176) and the change rate of DLCO(%)[8.35(2.15, 16.45) vs. 6.23(2.12, 14.54), P=0.143] didn't show a significant difference between the two groups. Conclusion:Whether in the short or the middle postoperative period, segmentectomy can preserve postoperative respiratory function than lobectomy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923525


@#Objective To analyze the feasibility of six-minute walk test (6MWT) before pulmonary lobectomy and prediction for postoperative outcome. Methods A total of 580 patients who were hospitalized in the department of lung surgery from May, 2017 to May, 2019 were reviewed, and 274 eligible patients were selected, who underwent first surgery and the surgical method was pulmonary lobectomy. They were divided into two groups based on the results of 6MWT before operation. The cut-off value of six-minute walk distance (6MWD) was obtained by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) area under curve (AUC). The postoperative outcome and the occurrence of cardiopulmonary complications in the two groups were analyzed. Results Compared to patients with 6MWD > 449 meters, the age was significantly older (P < 0.001), the forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) was poor in patients with 6MWD ≤ 449 meters (P < 0.05), and other factors such as surgical resection site, pathological stage, gender, etc., were not significantly different (P > 0.05). The incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications was significantly higher (OR = 2.672, 95%CI 1.488 to 4.798, P = 0.002), and the postoperative extubation time and hospital stay was longer in patients with 6MWD ≤ 449 meters than in patients with 6MWD > 449 meters (P < 0.05). 6MWD ≤ 449 meters was an independent risk factor for postoperative cardiopulmonary complications (OR = 2.395, 95%CI 1.299 to 4.415, P = 0.005). Conclusion As a simple function test, 6MWT can be routinely used to assess the physiological function of patients undergoing pulmonary lobectomy. Patients with 6MWD ≤ 449 meters may be in higher risks of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923450


@#Objective    To analyze the efficacy and safety of Toumai® endoscopic surgery robot in right upper lobe resection. Methods    The clinical data of 2 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received right upper lobe resection with Toumai® endoscopic surgery robot in Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University in November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Both patients were male, aged 66 years and 44 years, respectively. Results    The operation was successful in both patients with no conversion to thoracotomy, surgical complication or death. The operation time was 65 min and 48 min, and the amount of intraoperative bleeding was 80 mL and 50 mL, respectively. The postoperative hospital stay was 3 days. There was no blood transfusion during the perioperative period. Conclusion    The application of Toumai® endoscopic surgery robot in lobectomy is preliminarily proved to be safe and effective. Compared with Da Vinci robotic surgery system, it has similar clear 3D vision and flexible and stable operation, which can become one of the important choices for the new generation of minimally invasive chest surgery.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923437


@#Objective    To investigate the effectiveness and safety of robotic lobectomy in clinical N0 lung malignant tumor≥3 cm. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 182 patients with lung malignant tumor≥3 cm receiving robotic or thoracoscopic lobectomy at Shanghai Chest Hospital in 2019. The patients were divided into a robotic surgery group (RATS group) and a thoracoscopic surgery group (VATS group). There were 39 males and 38 females with an average age of 60.55±8.59 years in the RATS group, and 51 males and 54 females with an average age of 61.58±9.30 years in the VATS group. A propensity score matching analysis was applied to compare the operative data between the two groups. Results    A total of 57 patients were included in each group after the propensity score matching analysis. Patients in the RATS group had more groups of N1 lymph node dissected (2.53±0.83 groups vs. 2.07±0.88 groups, P=0.005) in comparison with the VATS group. No statistical difference was found in operation time, blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, number of N1 and N2 lymph nodes dissected, groups of N2 lymph node dissected, lymph node upstage rate or postoperative complications. The hospitalization cost of RATS was higher than that of VATS (P<0.001). Conclusion    In contrast with thoracoscopic lobectomy, robotic lobectomy has similar operative safety, and a thorough N1 lymphadenectomy in patients with clinical N0 lung malignant tumor≥3 cm.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929025


OBJECTIVES@#Postoperative delirium (POD) and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) are common operative neurocognitive disorders, which places a heavy burden on patients, families and society. Therefore, it is very important to search for preventive drugs. Previous studies have demonstrated that perioperative use of dexmedetomidine resulted in a decrease the incidence of POD and POCD. But the specific effect of dexmedetomidine on elderly patients undergoing hepatic lobectomy and its potential mechanism are not clear. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of intraoperative use of dexmedetomidine on preventing POD and POCD in elderly patients undergoing hepatic lobectomy and the influence on the balance between proinflammation and anti-inflammation.@*METHODS@#This trial was designed as a single-center, prospective, randomized, controlled study. One hundred and twenty hospitalized patients from January 2019 to December 2020, aged 60-80 years old with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) II-III and scheduled for hepatic lobectomy, were randomly allocated into 3 groups (n=40) using a random number table: A C group, a Dex1 group, and a Dex2 group. After anesthesia induction, saline in the C group, dexmedetomidine [0.3 μg/(kg·h)] in the Dex1 group, and dexmedetomidine [0.6 μg/(kg·h)] in the Dex2 group were infused until the end of operation. The incidences of hypotension and bradycardia were compared among the 3 groups. Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) for assessing POD and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) for evaluating POCD were recorded and venous blood samples were obtained for the determination of neuron specific enolase (NSE), TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-10 at the different time below: the time before anesthesia (T0), and the first day (T1), the third day (T2), the fifth day (T3), and the seventh day (T4) after operation.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the C group, the incidences of bradycardia in the Dex1 group or the Dex2 group increased (both P<0.05) and there was no difference in hypotension in the Dex1 group or the Dex2 group (both P>0.05). The incidences of POD in the C group, the Dex1 group, and the Dex2 group were 22.5%, 5.0%, and 7.5%, respectively. The incidences of POD in the Dex1 group or the Dex2 group declined significantly as compared to the C group (both P<0.05). However, there is no difference in the incidence of POD between the Dex1 group and the Dex2 group (P>0.05). The incidences of POCD in the C group, the Dex1 group, and the Dex2 group were 30.0%, 12.5%, and 10.0%, respectively. The incidences of POCD in the Dex1 group and the Dex2 group declined significantly as compared to the C group (both P<0.05). And no obvious difference was seen in the incidence of POCD in the Dex1 group and the Dex2 group (P>0.05). Compared with the C group, the level of TNF-α and IL-1β decreased and the level of IL-10 increased at each time points (from T1 to T4) in the Dex1 group and the Dex2 group (all P<0.05). Compared with the Dex1 group, the level of IL-1β at T2 and IL-10 from T1 to T3 elevated in the Dex2 group (all P<0.05). Compared with the T0, the concentrations of NSE in C group at each time points (from T1 to T4) and in the Dex1 group and the Dex2 group from T1 to T3 increased (all P<0.05). Compared with the C group, the level of NSE decreased from T1 to T4 in the Dex1 group and the Dex2 group (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intraoperative dexmedetomidine infusion can reduce the incidence of POCD and POD in elderly patients undergoing hepatic lobectomy, and the protective mechanism appears to involve the down-regulation of TNF-α and IL-1β and upregulation of IL-10 expression, which lead to rebalance between proinflammation and anti-inflammation.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Bradycardia , Cognitive Dysfunction/prevention & control , Delirium/prevention & control , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Hypotension/drug therapy , Interleukin-10 , Postoperative Cognitive Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928775


BACKGROUND@#To investigate the correlation between the reduction of lung volume and the degree of lung function damage after lobectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 131 patients (72 males and 59 females) who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Suzhou University from January 2019 to July 2020 (including thoracoscopic resection of left upper lobe, left lower lobe, right upper lobe, right middle lobe and right lower lobe). In order to compare the difference between postoperative pulmonary function and preoperative pulmonary function, the pulmonary function measurements were recorded at 7 days before operation, and 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after operation. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) was used as the main evaluation parameter of pulmonary function. The original lung volume and the remaining lung volume at each stage were calculated by Mimics Research 19.0 software. The correlation between lung volume and lung function was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#FEV1 in postoperative patients was lower than that before operation, and the degree of decline was positively correlated with the resection volume of lung lobes (the maximum value was shown in the left lower lobe group). Significantly, there was no significant difference in the degree of pulmonary function reduction between 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after operation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The decrease of lung tissue volume after lobectomy is the main reason for the decrease of lung function, especially in the left lower lobe. And 3 months after lobectomy can be selected as the evaluation node of residual lung function.

Female , Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Forced Expiratory Volume , Lung/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy/adverse effects , Respiratory Function Tests
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 50(4): 301-307, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376933


RESUMEN Introducción: La lobectomía temporal anterior (LTA) es un procedimiento quirúrgico comúnmente utilizado para el tratamiento de la epilepsia del lóbulo temporal refractario al tratamiento médico, con altas tasas de éxito en el control de las crisis. Sin embargo, se ha descrito una asociación importante con enfermedades psiquiátricas que puede afectar al resultado posquirúrgico en estos pacientes. Métodos: Se exponen 2 casos representativos de pacientes que sufrieron complicaciones psiquiátricas en el posoperatorio de lobectomía temporal anterior, a pesar del control exitoso de las crisis. Resultados: Un varón sin antecedentes de enfermedad mental que sufre un episodio depresivo mayor en el periodo posoperatorio mediato, y una mujer con psicosis previa que evidencia exacerbación de su afección como complicación quirúrgica. Conclusiones: La enfermedad psiquiátrica se puede presentar en pacientes posoperatorios de epilepsia de lóbulo temporal tanto con antecedentes de enfermedad mental como sin ellos. Las alteraciones más frecuentes reportadas son depresión, ansiedad, psicosis y trastornos de la personalidad. La inclusión de evaluaciones psiquiátricas en los protocolos prequirúrgicos y posquirúrgicos pueden llevar a una mejora en el pronóstico de los resultados neurológicos y mentales de los pacientes sometidos a la intervención.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Anterior temporal lobectomy (LTA) is a surgical procedure commonly used for the treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy refractory to medical management, with high success rates in the control of seizures. However, an important association with psychiatric illnesses has been described that can alter the postoperative outcome in these patients. Methods: A series of 2 cases of patients who, despite successful crisis control, developed psychiatric complications in the postoperative period of anterior temporal lobectomy. Results: The cases included a male patient with no history of previous mental illness, who developed a major depressive episode in the postoperative period, and a female patient with previous psychosis who presented as a surgical complication exacerbation of psychosis, diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. Conclusions: Psychiatric disorders can occur in postoperative temporal lobe epilepsy patients with or without a history of mental illness. The most frequent alterations reported are depression, anxiety, psychosis and personality disorders. The inclusion of psychiatric evaluations in the pre- and post-surgical protocols can lead to an improvement in the prognosis of the neurological and mental outcomes of the patients undergoing the intervention.

Acta neurol. colomb ; 37(3): 110-118, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345049


RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: La cirugía resectiva del lóbulo temporal anterior con amigdalo-hipocampectomía es un tratamiento efectivo para la epilepsia farmacorresistente del lóbulo temporal con esclerosis hipocampal. Sin embargo, este procedimiento conlleva riesgo de deterioro de la memoria episódica verbal y no verbal postoperatoria, dependiendo de la dominancia hemisférica para la memoria y el lenguaje. OBJETIVO: Explorar el desenlace de la memoria episódica posterior a la cirugía resectiva mediante lobectomía temporal anterior con amigdalo-hipocampectomía. MÉTODOS: Se analizó retrospectivamente la memoria episódica verbal y no verbal mediante pruebas neurop-sicológicas de 51 pacientes consecutivos sometidos a lobectomía temporal anterior con amigdalo-hipocampectomía del lado izquierdo y derecho. Todos los pacientes fueron sometidos a resonancia magnética cerebral preoperatoria, video-electroencefalografía y evaluaciones neuropsicológicas. A 12 pacientes (24 %) no se les realizó el test de Wada. RESULTADOS: Hubo disminución en la memoria episódica verbal postoperatoria con diferencias respecto a la preoperatoria, en la subprueba de textos II recuerdo de la escala de memoria de Wechsler III (p = 0,035). El resultado en la memoria episódica visual se mantuvo igual, no hubo diferencias en el grupo de lobectomía temporal estándar. CONCLUSIÓN: La lobectomía temporal anterior más amigdalo-hipocampectomía izquierda afecta levemente el desempeño de la memoria episódica postoperatoria, que clínicamente no es significativo en pacientes con epilepsia del lóbulo temporal mesial farmacorresistente.

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Resective surgery of the anterior temporal lobe with amygdalohippocampectomy is an effective treatment for drug-resistant epilepsy of the temporal lobe with hippocampal sclerosis. However, this procedure carries a risk of post-operative episodic verbal and nonverbal memory impairment depending on the hemispheric dominance for memory and language. OBJECTIVE: To explore the outcome of episodic memory after resective surgery by means of anterior temporal lobectomy with amygdalohippocampectomy. METHODS: Verbal and non-verbal episodic memory was retrospectively analyzed by neuropsychological tests of 51 consecutive patients undergoing anterior temporal lobectomy with amygadalohyppocampectomy on the left and right sides. All patients underwent preoperative brain MRI, video electroencephalography, and neuropsychological evaluations. 12 patients (24%) did not undergo the Wada test. RESULTS: There was a decrease in postoperative verbal episodic memory with differences compared to preoperative, in the text II subtest recall of the Wechsler III memory scale (p = 0.035). The result in visual episodic memory remained the same, there were no differences in the standard temporal lobectomy group. CONCLUSION: Anterior temporal lobectomy plus left amygadalohyppocampectomy slightly affects the performance of postoperative episodic memory, which is clinically not significant in patients with drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.

Cerebral Infarction , Stroke , Diagnosis , Disability Evaluation
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(4)ago. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388854


Resumen Introducción: Las segundas resecciones anatómicas son cada vez más frecuentes en el tratamiento de carcinomas pulmonares sincrónicos, metacrónicos y de metástasis pulmonares de origen extrapulmonar. Objetivo: Determinar si las segundas resecciones anatómicas pulmonares se asocian con un mayor riesgo de complicaciones posoperatorias comparadas con la primera intervención. Materiales y Método: Hemos analizado todos los pacientes sometidos a una segunda resección anatómica en nuestro centro entre octubre de 2000 y febrero de 2019. Las complicaciones fueron clasificadas en mayores y menores según la clasificación estandarizada de morbilidad posoperatoria de Clavien-Dindo. Se compararon las características clínicas y demográficas de los pacientes y la ocurrencia de complicaciones mayores tras la primera y la segunda intervención quirúrgica mediante la prueba T para muestras relacionadas y la prueba exacta de McNemar para las variables cuantitativas y categóricas, respectivamente. Resultados: Setenta y cinco pacientes fueron sometidos a una segunda resección anatómica. La prevalencia de complicaciones globales y mayores tras la primera intervención fue del 26,7% y el 4% frente al 34,7% y al 6,7% tras la segunda intervención (p = 0,362 y p = 0,727, respectivamente). Las segundas resecciones pulmonares ipsilaterales se asociaron con un 16,7% de complicaciones mayores y los procedimientos consistentes en completar la neumonectomía con un 25%. Conclusión: Las segundas resecciones anatómicas pulmonares no se asocian con un mayor riesgo de complicaciones posoperatorias comparadas con la primera intervención. Sin embargo, las segundas resecciones ipsilaterales y las resecciones que impliquen completar la neumonectomía se asocian con riesgo significativamente superior de complicaciones mayores posoperatorias.

Introduction: Second anatomical resections are becoming more frequent in the treatment of synchronous, metachronous and pulmonary metastases of extrapulmonary origin. Aim: The objective of this study is to determine whether second pulmonary anatomical resections are associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications compared to the first intervention. Materials and Method: We have analyzed all patients undergoing a second anatomical resection in our center between October 2000 and February 2019. Complications were classified in major and minor according to the standardized Clavien-Dindo postoperative morbidity classification. The clinical and demographic characteristics of the patients and the occurrence of major complications after the first and second surgical intervention were compared using the T test for related samples and the McNemar exact test for quantitative and categorical variables, respectively. Results: Seventy-five patients underwent a second anatomic resection. The prevalence of global and major complications after the first intervention was 26.7% and 4% compared to 34.7% and 6.7% after the second intervention (p = 0.362 and p = 0.727, respectively). Second ipsilateral lung resections were associated with 16.7% of major complications and procedures consisting of completing pneumonectomy with 25%. Conclusion: Second lung anatomical resections are not associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications compared to the first intervention. However, second ipsilateral resections and resections that involve completing pneumonectomy are associated with a significantly higher risk of major postoperative complications.