Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.311
Filter
1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): 296-303, oct. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1390726

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La mortalidad de los recién nacidos de muy bajo peso de nacimiento (RNMBPN) se ha mantenido en ~26 % en los últimos 16 años en la Red Neonatal NEOCOSUR. Objetivo. Determinar la causa de muerte de los RNMBPN y su temporalidad en el período 20072016 en la Red Neonatal NEOCOSUR. Población y métodos. Estudio observacional de cohorte multicéntrica; análisis retrospectivo de datos obtenidos prospectivamente. Se incluyeron recién nacidos entre 24 y 31+6 semanas de edad gestacional y peso de nacimiento de 500-1500 g, en 26 centros de la Red Neonatal NEOCOSUR. Las causas de muerte se analizaron según ocurriera en sala de partos (SP) o durante la estadía en la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales (UCIN). La edad posnatal de muerte se determinó a través de análisis de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados. Se incluyeron un total de 11.753 RNMBPN con una mortalidad global del 25,6 %. Las causas de muerte predominantes en SP fueron malformaciones congénitas (43,3 %), enfermedades respiratorias (14,3 %) y prematuridad (11,4 %). Las causas de muerte predominantes en UCIN fueron las respiratorias (24,2 %) e infecciosas (24,1 %). La edad promedio de muerte fue de 10,2 días y mediana de 4 días. El 10,2 % de las muertes ocurrieron en SP; el 21,5 %, durante el primer día; el 52 % ocurrió en los primeros 4 días y el 63,8 %, durante la primera semana de vida. Conclusiones. Se encuentran importantes diferencias en las causas de muerte de RNMBPN según ocurra en SP o en UCIN. Las infecciosas y respiratorias son las más relevantes luego del ingreso a la unidad de cuidados intensivos.


Introduction. Mortality in very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) has remained at ~26% in the past 16 years in the NEOCOSUR Neonatal Network. Objective. To determine the cause of death of VLBWIs and its temporality in the 2007-2016 period in the NEOCOSUR Neonatal Network. Population and methods. Observational, multicenter cohort study; retrospective analysis of data collected prospectively. Newborn infants born between 24 and 31+6 weeks of gestation age with a birth weight between 500 and 1500 g in the 26 sites of the NEOCOSUR Neonatal Network were included. The causes of death were analyzed depending on whether they occurred in the delivery room (DR) or in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The postnatal age at time of death was determined using the KaplanMeier test. Results. A total of 11 753 VLBWIs were included; overall mortality was 25.6%. The prevailing causes of death in the DR were congenital malformations (43.3%), respiratory diseases (14.3%), and prematurity (11.4%). The prevailing causes of death in the NICU were respiratory diseases (24.2%) and infections (24.1%). The average and median age at death were 10.2 and 4 days, respectively. Also, 10.2% of deaths occurred in the DR; 21.5% on day 1, 52% in the first 4 days, and 63.8% in the first week of life. Conclusions. Important differences were observed in the causes of death of VLBWIs depending on their occurrence in the DR or the NICU. Infectious and respiratory conditions were the most relevant factors following admission to the NICU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant Mortality , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , South America , Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies
2.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(3): 282-288, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386097

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: In previous studies, smaller renal volumes were reported in prematurely born infants, however, these renal volumes were not corrected for body surface area, the main determinant of renal size. Given the rapid growth of the renal cortex after premature birth, the authors hypothesized that corrected volumes would not differ from healthy controls. Methods: Ambispective cohort study with prospective follow-up of prematurely born babies in a large specialized center and retrospectively recruited healthy control group. Children were assessed for renal length and renal volumes at age 5 by three independent ultrasonographers. Detailed anthropometry, blood pressure and renal function were also obtained. Age independent z-scores were calculated for all parameters and compared using descriptive statistics. Results: Eighty-nine premature study participants (median 32 weeks gestational age) and 33 healthy controls (median 38 weeks gestational age) were studied. Study participants did not differ in age, sex, Afro-Colombian descent, height, blood pressure, serum creatinine, or new Schwartz eGFR. Premature study participants had a significantly lower weight (17.65 ± 2.93 kg) than controls (19.05 ± 2.81 kg, p = 0.0072) and lower body surface area. The right renal volumes were significantly smaller (39.4 vs 43.4 mL), but after correction for body surface area, the renal volume and renal length z-scores were identical for both kidneys (mean right kidney -0.707 vs -0.507; mean left kidney -0.498 vs -0.524, respectively). Conclusion: Renal volumes need to be corrected to body surface area. After correction for body surface area, 5-year-old healthy and prematurely born children have comparable renal volumes.

3.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(1): e203, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383640

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en Uruguay, la proporción de nacimientos con bajo peso al nacer (BPN) se mantiene cercana al 8%. En este grupo resulta un desafío conseguir un adecuado crecimiento y desarrollo enfocado a prevenir enfermedades a mediano y largo plazo. Objetivo: analizar la velocidad de crecimiento y los aspectos nutricionales de una cohorte de recién nacidos (RN) con BPN desde su egreso hospitalario y hasta los 12 meses de edad corregida (EC). Metodología: estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, de los RN con BPN de la unidad neonatal de la Maternidad del Hospital de Clínicas Dr. Manuel Quintela, entre el 1 de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 2015. Se excluyeron los portadores de malformaciones congénitas y patología quirúrgica al nacer. Se evaluó peso, longitud y perímetro craneano al egreso, y a los 5, 9 y 12 meses de EC. La velocidad del crecimiento fue analizada mediante z-score y Δz-score ajustado a EC en curvas de la OMS. Se estimó aporte nutricional en cada control y se exploraron asociaciones entre cambios en la curva de crecimiento y el grado de adecuación de la ingesta calórica estimada. Resultados: ingresaron al estudio 31 recién nacidos: con peso al nacer <1.500 g hubo 7 neonatos y ≥1.500 g 24. Edad gestacional (EG) media 32,5 semanas (rango 25-39), un término y 30 prematuros: extremos 2, muy prematuros 9, y moderados 19. En relación al peso al nacer para la EG 21 fueron adecuados (AEG), 7 pequeños (PEG) y 3 grandes (GEG). Completaron los tres controles programados 26 niños. En el primer control mantuvieron el carril de crecimiento 15 niños, descendieron 8 y aceleraron 8; en el segundo mantuvieron 9, desaceleraron 8 y aceleraron 12; y en el tercero mantuvieron 9, desaceleraron 7 y aceleraron 10. El número de niños que al final del seguimiento mantenían el mismo carril de crecimiento que al nacer, descendió a expensas de un aumento de aquellos que aceleraron el crecimiento. Al llegar al tercer control se encontró que sólo 9 niños mantuvieron el carril de crecimiento al nacer y el resto (17) cambiaron de carril, lo cual resultó en una diferencia significativa. En los 10 pacientes que aceleraron su crecimiento durante el primer año de vida, no se encontraron asociaciones entre la velocidad de crecimiento y las características energéticas de la alimentación complementaria que recibían. Conclusiones: se observaron problemas en el crecimiento de los niños con BPN durante el primer año de vida. Una proporción significativa presentaron crecimiento acelerado lo cual es un factor de riesgo para obesidad y enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. Es necesario profundizar en las causas de estas alteraciones, en especial relacionadas con las prácticas de alimentación, para desarrollar estrategias que contribuyan a la prevención.


Introduction: in Uruguay, the proportion of low weight births (LBW) remains close to 8%. It is a challenge to achieve adequate growth and development focused on preventing diseases in the medium and long term for the case of this group. Objective: analyze the growth rate and nutritional aspects of a cohort of newborns (NB) with LBW since they were discharged from the hospital and until 12 months of corrected age (CA). Methodology: descriptive, prospective study of NBs with LBW of the neonatal ward of the Manuel Quintela Maternity Hospital, between January 1 and December 31, 2015. We excluded carriers of congenital malformations and surgical pathology at birth and assessed weight, length and cranial perimeter at discharge, and at 5, 9 and 12 months of CA. The growth rate was analyzed using z-score and Δz-score adjusted to CA in WHO curves. Nutritional contribution was estimated in each check-up and associations were explored between changes in the growth curve and the degree of adequacy of the estimated caloric intake. Results: 31 newborns participated in the test: 7 newborns had a birth weight of <1.500 g and ≥1.500 g: 24. Mean Gestational Age (GA) 32.5 weeks (range 25-39), one term and 30 preterm newborns: extreme 2, very premature 9, and moderate 19. Regarding birth weight according to gestational age, 21 were appropiate for gestational age (AGA), 7 small for gestational age (SGA) and 3 large for gestational age (LGA). The 26 children completed the 3 scheduled check-ups. In the 1st check-up, 15 children had been able to maintain the growth trend, in 8 of them it had decreased and in 8 it had accelerated; in the 2nd check-up 9 of them maintained their growth rate, 9 decreased it and 12 of the newborns increased it; and in the 3rd check-up, the trend remained steady for 9 of them , it decreased for 7 of them and it increased for 10 of them. The number of children who at the end of the follow-up maintained the same growth trend they had at birth decreased, despite the increase in the growth trend of those with a more accelerated growth. At the time of the 3rd check-up it was found that only 9 children maintained the growth trend they had at birth and the rest, (17), changed trends, which resulted in a significant gap. We did not find links life between the growth rate and the energy characteristics of the supplementary food they received in the 10 patients who had increased their growth rate in their first year of life. Conclusions: we observed problems regarding the growth rate of children with LBW during the first year of life. A significant proportion showed accelerated growth, which is a risk factor for obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases. It is necessary to research the causes of these alterations, especially regarding their feeding practices in order to develop strategies for their prevention.


Introdução: no Uruguai, a proporção de recém-nascidos com baixo peso ao nascer (LBW) permanece próxima de 8%. É um desafio alcançar um crescimento e desenvolvimento adequados focados na prevenção de doenças a médio e longo prazo nesse grupo de crianças. Objetivo: analisar a taxa de crescimento e aspectos nutricionais de uma coorte de recém-nascidos (RN) com LBW no momento da alta hospitalar e até 12 meses de idade corrigida (EC). Metodologia: estudo prospectivo de RNs com LBW da unidade neonatal da Maternidade do Hospital Dr. Manuel Quintela, entre 1º de janeiro e 31 de dezembro de 2015. Foram excluídos portadores de malformações congênitas e patologia cirúrgica ao nascer. Peso, comprimento e perímetro craniano foram avaliados no momento da alta hospitalar e aos 5, 9 e 12 meses de EC. A velocidade de crescimento foi analisada utilizando-se pontuação z e pontuação Δz ajustada ao EC das curvas da OMS. A contribuição nutricional foi estimada em cada controle e as associações entre mudanças na curva de crescimento e o grau de adequação da ingestão calórica estimada foram exploradas. Resultados: 31 recém-nascidos entraram no estudo: com peso ao nascer <1500 g havia 7 recém-nascidos e ≥1500 g: 24. Idade Gestacional Média (EG) 32,5 semanas (faixa 25-39), um termo e 30 prematuros: extremos 2, muito prematuros 9 e moderados 19. Em relação ao peso ao nascer para EG, 21 foram adequados (AEG), 7 pequenos (PEG) e 3 grandes (GEG). As 26 crianças completaram os 3 controles programados. No 1º controle, 15 crianças mantiveram a faixa de crescimento, 8 desceram e 8 aceleraram; no 2º mantiveram 9, desaceleraram 8 e aceleraram 12; e no 3º mantiveram 9, desaceleraram 7 e aceleraram 10. O número de crianças que, ao final do seguimento, manteve a mesma faixa de crescimento do que ao nascer diminuiu mesmo que houve um aumento daqueles que aceleraram o crescimento. No 3º controle foi constatado que apenas 9 crianças mantiveram a faixa de crescimento que tinham ao nascer e o resto (17) mudou de faixa, resultando numa diferença significativa. Nos 10 pacientes que aceleraram seu crescimento durante o primeiro ano de vida, não foram encontradas associações entre a velocidade de crescimento e as características energéticas da alimentação complementar que receberam. Conclusões: foram observados problemas no crescimento de crianças com LBW durante o primeiro ano de vida. Uma proporção significativa delas mostrou crescimento acelerado, que é um fator de risco para obesidade e doenças crônicas não transmissíveis. É necessário aprofundar nas causas dessas alterações, especialmente aquelas relacionadas às práticas alimentares para poder desenvolver estratégias que contribuam para a prevenção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Body Weight , Energy Intake , Infant, Low Birth Weight/growth & development , Socioeconomic Factors , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies
4.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(2): 117-125, March-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375785

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of kangaroo mother care (KMC) in reducing the length of hospital stay of preterm and/or low birth weight infants. Source: Cochrane Library, Pubmed, Embase, LILACS, and Scielo. Randomized clinical trials without time or language limit were included. The intervention was the KMC in preterm and/or low birth weight infants born in health facilities compared to conventional care. The article selection was performed by a pair of reviewers independently. The methodological quality assessment was performed using the tool Risk of Bias 2. Summary of the findings: Eight hundred and sixty-four citations were identified and 12 were selected for data extraction. There was a reduction in the length of hospital stay in days in the KMC group compared to the conventional care group, with a statistically significant difference (MD -1.75, 95% CI -3.22 to -0.28). The subgroup that underwent the intervention for more than six hours daily did not show a statistical difference for the length of hospital stay outcome (MD -0.79, 95% CI -2.52 to 0.90), while the subgroup that underwent the intervention for less than six hours daily showed a reduction in this outcome with a statistically significant difference (MD -4.66, 95% CI -7.15 to -2.17). Conclusions: KMC is a safe and low-cost intervention that has been shown to be effective in reducing the length of hospital stay of preterm and/or low birth weight infants.

5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 548-555, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364352

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento É importante saber qual medicamento usar como tratamento de primeira linha para fechar o duto. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo é comparar a eficácia e os efeitos colaterais das formas intravenosas (IV) de ibuprofeno e paracetamol e contribuir para a literatura investigando o primeiro medicamento selecionado no tratamento clínico da persistência do canal arterial (PCA). Métodos Nosso estudo foi realizado entre janeiro de 2017 e dezembro de 2019. Foram incluídos no estudo bebês prematuros com peso ao nascer (PN) ≤1500 g e idade gestacional (IG) ≤32 semanas. No período do estudo, todos os bebês com persistência do canal arterial hemodinamicamente significativa (hsPCA) receberam ibuprofeno intravenoso (IV) como resgate como tratamento clínico primário ou tratamento com paracetamol IV se houvesse contraindicações para o ibuprofeno. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: pacientes que receberam ibuprofeno IV e pacientes que receberam paracetamol IV. Resultados Desses pacientes, 101 receberam paracetamol IV e 169 receberam ibuprofeno IV. A taxa de sucesso do fechamento da PCA com o primeiro curso do tratamento foi de 74,3% no grupo de paracetamol IV e 72,8% no grupo de ibuprofeno IV (p=0,212). Conclusões Nossos resultados mostram que o paracetamol IV é tão eficaz quanto o ibuprofeno IV no tratamento de primeira linha de hsPCA, podendo se tornar o tratamento preferencial para o controle de hsPCA.


Abstract Background It is important which medicine to use as a first-line treatment to close the duct. Objectives The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness and side effects of intravenous (IV) forms of ibuprofen and paracetamol and to contribute to the literature investigating the first drug selected in the medical treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Methods Our study was conducted between January 2017 and December 2019. Premature infants with birth weight (BW) ≤1500 g and gestational age (GA) ≤32 weeks were included in the study. In the study period, all infants with hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) were given rescue intravenous (IV) ibuprofen as a primary medical treatment or IV paracetamol treatment if there were contraindications for ibuprofen. The patients were divided into two groups: patients receiving IV ibuprofen and patients receiving IV paracetamol. Results Of these patients, 101 were given IV paracetamol and 169 were given IV ibuprofen. The success rate of PDA closure with first-course treatment was 74.3% in the IV paracetamol group and 72.8% in the IV ibuprofen group (p=0.212). Conclusions Our results show that IV paracetamol is as effective as IV ibuprofen in the first-line treatment of hsPDA, and can become the preferred treatment for the management of hsPDA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/drug therapy , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Ibuprofen/adverse effects , Ibuprofen/therapeutic use , Acetaminophen/adverse effects , Acetaminophen/therapeutic use
6.
Medical Journal of Zambia ; 49(1): 48-58, 2022. figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1382259

ABSTRACT

Background: Low socioeconomic status has generally been associated with adverse birth outcomes worldwide. Adverse birth outcomes significantly contribute to perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide with some literatures showing conflicting results. At Women and New-born Hospital in Zambia, this relationship had remained unclear among women who experienced poor neonatal outcome; hence the study was done to explore this association between socioeconomic status and adverse birth outcomes. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Secondary data from ZAPPS study that had been collected prospectively between August 2015 and September 201 7 was retrieved. Altogether, 1,450 participants' information was retrieved, out of which 1,084 data records were set out for analysis after excluding those not meeting eligibility criteria. Socioeconomic status was an explanatory variable which was estimated using the standardized wealth score derived from principal component analysis of 14 variables. The wealth quintiles were further categorised into poor and not poor. Response variables were low birth weight, preterm birth and small for gestation age. SPSS version 21 was used for data analysis and p value< 0.05 was significant Results: This study found the incidences of SGA, LBW and preterm births to be 164, 124 and 13 5 per 1000 live births respectively. In survival analysis, the proportion of babies who survived LBW among mothers who were poor was lower (82.9%) compared to babies born to rich mothers (87.5%) (p-value = 0.189). Furthermore, the proportion of babies who survived SGA for the poor was lower (79 .1 % ) compared to babies born to none poor mothers (85.8%) (p-value = 0.032) and preterm birth for the poor (78.4%) compared to babies born to mothers who were rich (83 .6%) (p-value = 0.022). In multiple Cox regression analysis socioeconomic status was not a significant risk factor for SGA ( aHR = 1.08; 95% CI; p=0.099), LBW and preterm birth (aHR = 1.17; 95% CI; p= l.41). However, male babies (aHR = 1.80; 95% CI; p=0.012), domestic violence or abuse during pregnancy (aHR = 3.48; 95% CI [1.59 - 7.34]; p = 0.002) and maternal anaemia (aHR = 2.1; 95% CI; p = 0.019) were risk factors for SGA while prior preterm birth ( aHR = 2.02; 95% CI; p = 0.002), HIV infection (aHR = 1.22; 95% CI; p = 0.040) and anaemia (aHR = 1.37; 95% CI; p = 0.009) were predictors of preterm delivery. Conclusion: There was no statistically significant association between low socioeconomic status and adverse birth outcomes although being pregnant with a male baby, HIV infection, anaemia and prior preterm birth were significantly associated with SGAand preterm


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Age , Premature Birth , Hospitals, Teaching , HIV Infections , Domestic Violence
7.
Niger. j. paediatr ; 49(3): 250-254, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1399078

ABSTRACT

Background: Respiratory distress syndrome causes significant morbidity and death especially among very low birth weight babies. Though the use of CPAP and surfactant have been shown to improve survival, these interventions were scarcely available in the past. This study aimed at comparing the clinical outcomes of preterm babies with RDS delivered at the Ife Hospital Unit of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex at two different periods. Objective: To compare the birth weight specific mortality rates and overall mortality rates of preterm babies with RDS between two periods in the neonatal ward of the Ife Hospital Unit of OAUTHC. Methods: A retrospective study comparing outcomes of 92 babies with RDS at GA 26 to 33+6 weeks between January 2015 and May 2016 and managed with intranasal oxygen alone to 104 babies of same gestational age characteristics between January 2019 and May 2020 who were managed withCPAP/surfactant. Results: The mean weight and gestational age of the babies respectively were 1.36 (±0.37) kg and 31.14 (±2.3) weeks in 2015/2016 and 1.35 (±0.322) kg and 30.95 (±2.24) weeks in 2019/2020. The overall case fatality rate and birth-weight specific mortality rates for ELBW, VLBW and LBW were 33.7%, 62.5%, 35.2% and 9.1% in 2015/2016 and 18.3%, 58.3%, 15.5% and 9.7% respectively in 2019/2020. Conclusion: While the use of CPAP and the administration of surfactant clearly show improved survival among very low birth weight babies who are at increased risk of death from RDS, this was not the case for extreme low birth weight babies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Mortality, Premature , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Surface-Active Agents , Premature Birth
8.
Niger. j. paediatr ; 49(3): 261-265, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1399083

ABSTRACT

In the absence of acute phase reaction, ferritin concentration has been used as a standard measurement of iron stores. Low birth weight babies are at risk of developing iron lack because ferritin concentration at birth is influenced by duration of gestation, maternal iron status and conditions altering maternal­foetal iron exchange. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the ferritin concentrations of low birth weight babies in comparison with that of normal birth weight babies. Materials and methods: Fortyfour normal birth weight (NBW) babies and 40 low birth weight (LBW) babies were recruited for the study. About 1.0ml of venous blood was drawn aseptically from each subject into a micro EDTA tube, centrifuged at 5000rpm for 5 minutes, the plasma separated into cryotubes and stored at-20oC until ready for quantitative determination of ferritin concentrations using direct immunoenzymatic colorimetric method.Data obtained was analysed statistically using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS,version 23, Chicago, IL, USA). Results: Gestational age correlated positively with ferritin concentrations in LBW neonates (p<0.05)while APGAR score correlatepositively with ferritin concentrations in normal birth weight babies (r=0.398; p<0.05). Thoug not statistically significant (p=0.214), median values for ferritin concentrations were 188.5µg/ dl and 373µg/dl for LBW and NBW neonates respectively. Conclusion: Gestational age correlated positively with ferritin concentrations in LBW neonates


Subject(s)
Humans , Apgar Score , Apoferritins , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Gestational Age
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928658

ABSTRACT

To compare different illness severity scores in predicting mortality risk of extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI). From January 1st, 2019 to January 1st, 2020, all ELBWI admitted in the Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital and the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were included in the study. ELBWI with admission age ≥1 h, gestational age ≥37 weeks and incomplete data required for scoring were excluded. The clinical data were collected, neonatal critical illness score (NCIS), score for neonatal acute physiology version Ⅱ (SNAP-Ⅱ), simplified version of the score for neonatal acute physiology perinatal extension (SNAPPE-Ⅱ), clinical risk index for babies (CRIB) and CRIB-Ⅱ were calculated. The scores of the fatal group and the survival group were compared, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of the above illness severity scores for the mortality risk of ELBWI. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between illness scores and birth weight, illness scores and gestational age. A total of 192 ELBWI were finally included, of whom 114 cases survived (survival group) and 78 cases died (fatal group). There were significant differences in birth weight, gestational age and Apgar scores between fatal group and survival group (all <0.01). There were significant differences in NCIS, SNAP-Ⅱ, SNAPPE-Ⅱ, CRIB and CRIB-Ⅱ between fatal group and survival group (all <0.01). The CRIB had a relatively higher predictive value for the mortality risk. Its area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.787, the sensitivity was 0.678, the specificity was 0.804, and the Youden index was 0.482. The scores of NCIS, SNAP-Ⅱ, SNAPPE-Ⅱ, CRIB and CRIB-Ⅱ were significantly correlated with birth weight and gestational age (all <0.05). The correlation coefficients of CRIB-Ⅱ and CRIB with birth weight and gestational age were relatively large, and the correlations coefficients of NCIS with birth weight and gestational age were the smallest (0.191 and 0.244, respectively). Among these five illness severity scores, CRIB has better predictive value for the mortality risk in ELBWI. NCIS, which is widely used in China, has relatively lower sensitivity and specificity, and needs to be further revised.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/mortality , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Assessment/methods , Severity of Illness Index
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of sex on the clinical outcome of extremely preterm infants (EPIs)/extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs) by propensity score matching.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the medical data of 731 EPIs or ELBWIs who were admitted from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2020. These infants were divided into two groups: male and female. A propensity score matching analysis was performed at a ratio of 1:1. The matching variables included gestational age, birth weight, percentage of withdrawal from active treatment, percentage of small-for-gestational-age infant, percentage of use of pulmonary surfactant, percentage of 1-minute Apgar score ≤3, percentage of mechanical ventilation, duration of mechanical ventilation, percentage of antenatal use of inadequate glucocorticoids, and percentage of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The two groups were compared in the incidence rate of main complications during hospitalization and the rate of survival at discharge.@*RESULTS@#Before matching, compared with the female group, the male group had significantly higher incidence rates of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), severe intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, necrotizing enterocolitis, and patent ductus arteriosus (P<0.05), while after matching, the male group only had a significantly higher incidence rate of BPD than the female group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the rate of survival at discharge between the two groups before and after matching (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male EPIs/ELBWIs have a higher risk of BPD than female EPIs/ELBWIs, but male and female EPIs/ELBWIs tend to have similar outcomes.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Sex Characteristics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of timing of surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on the prognosis of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI).@*METHODS@#The medical data of VLBWI who underwent transthoracic ligation for PDA from June 2018 to May 2021 were reviewed retrospectively. The infants were divided into early ligation group (≤21 days of age) and late ligation group (>21 days of age) based on the age of ligation. The two groups were compared in terms of perioperative clinical features, complications, and mortality. The risk factors for early surgical ligation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 72 VLBWI were enrolled, with 19 infants (26%) in the early ligation group and 53 infants (74%) in the late ligation group. There were significant differences in birth weight, gestational age, weight at operation, days of age at operation, rates of preoperative invasive and noninvasive mechanical ventilation, incidence rate of pulmonary hemorrhage, incidence rate of hypotension, preoperative PDA internal diameter (mm/kg), intraoperative PDA external diameter (mm/kg), incidence rate of post-ligation cardiac syndrome, and duration of postoperative invasive mechanical ventilation between the two groups (P<0.05). A binary logistic regression analysis showed that pulmonary hemorrhage was an indication of early surgical ligation of PDA (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence rates of post-operative complications and the mortality rate between the early ligation and late ligation groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early surgical ligation may be performed for VLBWI who are experiencing pulmonary hemorrhage and hemodynamically significant PDA confirmed by cardiac ultrasound after birth. However, post-ligation cardiac syndrome should attract enough attention. In addition, early surgical ligation of PDA does not increase the risk of surgery-related and long-term complications or death, indicating that it is a safe and feasible treatment option.


Subject(s)
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/surgery , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Ligation , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the influence of enteral feeding initiation time on intestinal flora and metabolites in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 VLBW infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, from June to December, 2020, were enrolled as subjects. According to the enteral feeding initiation time after birth, the infants were divided into two groups: <24 hours (n=15) and 24-72 hours (n=14). Fecal samples were collected at weeks 2 and 4 of hospitalization, and 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to analyze the microflora and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) respectively in fecal samples.@*RESULTS@#The analysis of microflora showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups in Chao index (reflecting the abundance of microflora) and Shannon index (reflecting the diversity of microflora) at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The analysis of flora composition showed that there was no significant difference in the main microflora at the phylum and genus levels between the two groups at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The comparison of SCFAs between the two groups showed that the <24 hours group had a significantly higher level of propionic acid than the 24-72 hours group at week 4 (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the total amount of SCFAs and the content of the other SCFAs between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early enteral feeding has no influence on the diversity and abundance of intestinal flora in VLBW infants, but enteral feeding within 24 hours can increase the level of propionic acid, a metabolite of intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Child , Enteral Nutrition/methods , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Propionates , Prospective Studies
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928562

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of bedside echocardiography in predicting persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus during the early postnatal period in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 51 VLBW infants who were admitted from March 2020 to June 2021, with an age of ≤3 days and a length of hospital stay of ≥14 days. According to the diameter of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on days 14 and 28 after birth, the infants were divided into three groups: large PDA group (PDA diameter ≥2 mm), small PDA group (PDA diameter <2 mm), and PDA closure group (PDA diameter =0 mm). The echocardiographic parameters measured at 72 hours after birth were compared among the three groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of the echocardiographic parameters in predicting persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus (PDA≥2 mm) at the ages of 14 and 28 days.@*RESULTS@#On day 14 after birth, there were 17 infants in the large PDA group, 11 in the small PDA group, and 23 in the PDA closure group. On day 28 after birth, there were 14 infants in the large PDA group, 9 in the small PDA group, and 26 in the PDA closure group. There were significant differences in gestational age, birth weight, rate of pulmonary surfactant use, and incidence rate of hypotension among the three groups (P<0.05). PDA diameter, end-diastolic velocity of the left pulmonary artery, left ventricular output, and left ventricular output/superior vena cava flow ratio measured at 72 hours after birth were associated with persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus at the ages of 14 and 28 days (P<0.05), and the ratio of the left atrium to aorta diameter was associated with persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus at the age of 28 days (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve that the PDA diameter measured at 72 hours after birth predicting the persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus at the ages of 14 and 28 days was the largest (0.841 and 0.927 respectively), followed by end-diastolic velocity of the left pulmonary artery, with the area under the curve of 0.793 and 0.833 respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The indicators obtained by beside echocardiography at 72 hours after birth, especially PDA diameter and end-diastolic velocity of the left pulmonary artery, can predict persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus at the ages of 14 and 28 days in VLBW infants, which provides a basis for the implementation of early targeted treatment strategy for PDA.


Subject(s)
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Retrospective Studies , Vena Cava, Superior
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 853-857, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923427

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To explore the correlation between maternal iron deficiency anemia and retinopathy of prematurity(ROP)in premature infants or low birth weight infants so that to provide possible scientific basis for the prevention and control of ROP.<p>METHODS: This study was a case-control study. The clinical data of 317 premature or low birth weight infants who were diagnosed with ROP and their mothers in our hospital during January 2019 to July 2021 due to ROP screening for the first time(about 30d after birth)were analyzed. The relationship between maternal iron deficiency anemia and ROP and its stages were observed. And the relationship between Hb, blood value characteristics, mean gestational age, gestational weeks, infant birth weight of maternal iron deficiency anemia and ROP stage.<p>RESULTS: There were 235 mothers(74.1%)with iron deficiency anemia, 82 mothers(25.9%)without iron deficiency. Among them, there were 194 mothers(82.6%)with mild anemia according to anemia classification, 119 cases with stage Ⅰ ROP and 75 cases with stage Ⅱ ROP. There were 39 mothers(16.6%)with moderate anemia, 8 cases with stage Ⅱ ROP, 22 cases with stage Ⅲ ROP and 9 cases with stage Ⅳ ROP. There were 2 mothers(0.9%)of severe anemia, all of whom had stage Ⅳ ROP. No children with stage Ⅴ or threshold ROP and mothers with very severe anemia were found in this study. Compared with mothers with iron deficiency anemia, premature infants or low birth weight infants with normal iron levels were more likely to have stage Ⅰ ROP, but stage Ⅱ ROP was more pronounced in mothers with iron deficiency anemia, and the differences were statistically significant(all <i>P</i><0.05). Stage Ⅲ and stage Ⅳ ROP was not observed in the mothers with normal serum iron, but was 9.4% and 4.7% in the mothers with iron deficiency anemia, respectively. The differences were statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.05). Stage Ⅴ and threshold lesions ROP was not observed in preterm or low birth weight infants in mothers with normal serum iron values or iron deficiency anemia. Compared with mothers with normal iron levels, mothers with iron deficiency anemia had significantly lower hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean erythrocyte volume, serum iron and ferritin levels. At the same time, the higher mean gestational age, mean shorter gestational week and mean lower birth weight in the mothers with iron deficiency anemia, and the differences were statistically significant(all <i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:Pregnant iron-deficiency anemia is associated with the occurrence and development of ROP in premature or low birth weight infants. The more severe maternal anemia, the higher maybe stage of ROP. Therefore, monitoring and supplementation of iron during pregnancy can effectively prevent and reduce the risk of ROP.

15.
CoDAS ; 34(2): e20200340, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356144

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Caracterizar o uso de processos fonológicos produtivos no grupo de crianças nascidas a termo e pequenas para a idade gestacional e compará-lo com crianças adequadas para a idade gestacional. Método Estudo observacional, analítico, do tipo caso-controle, não pareado, aninhado a uma coorte com o desfecho alteração fonológica. Foram avaliadas 36 crianças de acordo com o cálculo amostral pré-estabelecido, sendo 24(66,7%) sem alterações fonológicas e 12(33,3) com alteração fonológica. Dessas, 24(66,7%) crianças foram classificadas como pequeno para a idade gestacional (PIG) e 12(33%), como adequada para a idade gestacional (AIG). Os aspectos fonológicos da linguagem oral foram avaliados pelo teste de linguagem infantil ABFW (2004). Os resultados foram submetidos à análise descritiva e a fim de avaliar a existência de associação entre as variáveis categóricas, foi utilizado o teste exato de Fisher de associação. Resultados O grupo PIG apresentou significativamente maior número de processos fonológicos que alteram a estrutura da sílaba quando comparado ao grupo AIG. Observou-se que os processos fonológicos presentes e não esperados para idade na população PIG foram: plosivação de fricativa, simplificação de líquidas, posteriorização e frontalização de palatal, ensurdecimento de plosivas e fricativas, além da simplificação do encontro consonantal e simplificação de consoante final, que foram os de maior ocorrência em ambos os grupos. Conclusão Embora não tenha sido encontrada associação entre alterações fonológicas e crianças PIG, observou-se maior uso de processos fonológicos produtivos neste grupo.


ABSTRACT Purpose To characterize the use of phonological productive processes in a group of full-term children and small for gestational age and compare it with children appropriate for gestational age. Methods Observational, analytical, case-control and non-paired study, nested in a cohort with the outcome of phonological disorder. We assessed 36 children according to the predetermined sample calculation, 24 (66.7%) without phonological disorders and 12 (33.3%) with phonological disorders. Of these, 24 (66.7%) children were classified as small for gestational age (SGA) and 12 (33%) as appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Phonological aspects of oral language were assessed by the ABFW children's language test (2004). The results were subjected to descriptive analysis and, in order to assess the existence of an association among categorical variables, we used Fisher's exact test for association. Results The SGA group revealed a significantly higher number of phonological processes that change the syllable structure when compared to the AGA group. We noted that the phonological processes present and unexpected for age in the SGA population were: fricative plosivation, liquid simplification, palatal posteriorization and frontalization, plosive and fricative deafening, in addition to simplifying the consonant cluster and simplifying the final consonant, which were the most frequent in both groups. Conclusion Although no association was found between phonological disorders and SGA children, we have noted a greater use of productive phonological processes in this group.

16.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 40: e2021049, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376336

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To perform a systematic review in order to verify the association between full-term birth of small for gestational age (SGA) children and the outcomes in the development of oral language. Data source: Articles from MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Lilacs, SciELO and Cochrane Library databases were identified, selected and critically evaluated by two independent reviewers and a judge, blindly, without language restriction and publication period. The PRISMA tool was used, and original studies with a theme involving children born full-term and SGA were included, outcome related to aspects of oral language development, as well as the use of tests, scales and/or specific questionnaires for the investigation, whose methodology was described in full, with children as the target population. Data synthesis: The researchers included nine articles based on the eligibility criteria. Studies have shown that being born SGA can interfere in aspects related to language and reported greater chances of under performance in SGA children when compared to children with appropriate size for gestational age. It was observed that the different studies did not have a uniform design, and the objectives were quite diverse. Furthermore, few of them had as focus issues related to the assessment of language, as well as the variability of instruments used to investigate this domain. Conclusions: The effects of low weight for gestation age in full-term infants continue beyond the neonatal period and may impact on children's performance, mainly with regard to oral language development.


Resumo Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão sistemática para verificar a associação entre o nascimento a termo de crianças pequenas para a idade gestacional (PIG) e os desfechos no desenvolvimento da linguagem oral. Fontes de dados: Artigos dos bancos de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, LILACS, SciELO e Cochrane Library foram identificados, selecionados e avaliados criticamente por dois revisores independentes e um juiz, às cegas, sem restrições de idioma e período de publicação. A ferramenta PRISMA foi utilizada e foram incluídos estudos originais envolvendo crianças nascidas a termo e PIG, desfechos relacionados a aspectos do desenvolvimento da linguagem oral, bem como o uso de testes, escalas e/ou questionários específicos para a investigação, cuja metodologia estava descrita na íntegra, com crianças como população-alvo. Síntese dos dados: Nove artigos foram incluídos a partir dos critérios de elegibilidade. Os estudos demonstraram que nascer PIG pode interferir em aspectos relacionados à linguagem e relataram que as chances de crianças PIG apresentarem um desempenho inferior são maiores quando comparadas as com tamanho adequado para a idade gestacional. Observou-se que os diferentes estudos não tinham um delineamento uniforme e seus objetivos eram bastante diversificados. Além disso, poucos focavam em questões relacionadas à avaliação da linguagem e foi possível notar uma variabilidade de instrumentos utilizados para investigar esse domínio. Conclusões: Os efeitos do baixo peso ao nascer em nascidos a termo persistem além do período neonatal e podem ter impacto no desempenho infantil, principalmente no que se refere ao desenvolvimento da linguagem oral.

17.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 40: e2020349, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340796

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the prevalence of hypothermia in the delivery room, at admission, and 2 to 3 hours after admission in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), factors associated and possible relationship with morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). Methods: Cross-sectional study with data collection based on a retrospective review of medical records and including infants born in 2016 and 2017, with birth weights <1500g, and gestational ages <34 weeks. Data about VLBW preterm infants, maternal data and temperature in the delivery room were analyzed. Hypothermia was considered when axillary temperature <36°C. For statistical analysis, the chi-square test or G test, canonical and Spearman correlation, and logistic regression were used. Results: 149 newborns (NB) were included in the study. The prevalence of hypothermia in delivery room, at admission to the NICU and 2 to 3 hours after admission was 25.8%, 41.5% and 40.2%, respectively. The temperature of NBs was directly proportional to gestational age (p<0.010), birth weight (p<0.010), and Apgar score (p<0.050). There was an inverse association with hypothermia in the delivery room and cesarean delivery (OR 0.25; p=0.016). Conclusions: Hypothermia was a prevalent problem in the studied population. The neonatal temperature was directly proportional to gestational age, birth weight and Apgar score. Hypothermia was associated with maternal factors, such as cesarean delivery. It is necessary to implement and improve strategies for its prevention.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência da hipotermia na sala de parto, à admissão e 2 a 3 horas após a admissão na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN), fatores associados e possível associação com morbimortalidade em recém-nascidos pré-termo de muito baixo peso (RNPT MBP). Métodos: Estudo transversal, com coleta retrospectiva de dados em prontuários dos RNPT MBP nascidos em 2016 e 2017, com peso <1500g e idade gestacional <34 semanas. Foram analisados dados dos RNPT MBP, da mãe e a temperatura na sala de parto. Foi considerada hipotermia a temperatura axilar <36°C. Para análise estatística, foram utilizados teste do qui-quadrado ou teste G, correlacçã canônica e de Spearman, e regressaã logística. Resultados: Fizeram parte do estudo 149 recém-nascidos (RN). A prevalência da hipotermia na sala de parto, à admissão na UTIN e 2 a 3 horas após a admissão, foi de 25,8, 41,5 e 40,2%, respectivamente. A temperatura do RN foi diretamente proporcional à idade gestacional (p<0,010), ao peso ao nascimento (p<0,010) e ao índice de Apgar (p<0,050). Observou-se associação inversa entre hipotermia na sala de parto e parto cesáreo (OR 0,25; p=0,016). Conclusões: A hipotermia foi um problema prevalente na população estudada. A temperatura do RN foi diretamente proporcional à idade gestacional, peso ao nascimento e Boletim de Apgar. Esteve também associada a fatores maternos, como parto cesáreo. Portanto, faz-se necessário a implementação e aprimoramento de estratégias para a sua prevenção.

18.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 71, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390018

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJETIVE To understand the role of exposure to skin-to-skin contact and its minimum duration in determining exclusive breastfeeding at hospital discharge in infants weighing up to 1,800g at birth. METHODS A multicenter cohort study was carried out in five Brazilian neonatal units. Infants weighing ≤ 1,800g at birth were eligible. Skin-to-skin contact time was recorded by the health care team and parents on an individual chart. Maternal and infant data was obtained from maternal questionnaires and medical records. The Classification Tree, a machine learning method, was used for data analysis; the tree growth algorithm, using statistical tests, partitions the dataset into mutually exclusive subsets that best describe the response variable and calculates appropriate cut-off points for continuous variables, thus generating an efficient explanatory model for the outcome under study. RESULTS A total of 388 infants participated in the study, with a median of 31.6 (IQR = 29-31.8) weeks of gestation age and birth weight of 1,429g (IQR = 1,202-1,610). The exclusive breastfeeding rate at discharge was 61.6%. For infant's weighting between 1,125g and 1,655g, exposed to skin-to-skin contact was strongly associated with exclusive breastfeeding. Moreover, infants who made an average > 149.6 min/day of skin-to-skin contact had higher chances in this outcome (74% versus 46%). In this group, those who received a severity score (SNAPPE-II) equal to zero increased their chances of breastfeeding (83% versus 63%). CONCLUSION Skin-to-skin contact proved to be of great relevance in maintaining exclusive breastfeeding at hospital discharge for preterm infants weighing 1,125g-1,655g at birth, especially in those with lower severity scores.


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
19.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 214-218, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the predictive value of serum albumin (ALB) on the first day of life for early-onset sepsis (EOS) in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI).Methods:From January 2015 to December 2020, clinical data of VLBWI (gestational age < 34 weeks, birth weight < 1 500 g) born and hospitalized in our hospital were collected. Based on the serum ALB level at admission, the infants were assigned into high, moderate and low ALB groups. C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) levels among different ALB groups were compared. The infants were also assigned into EOS and non-EOS groups according to the occurrence of EOS and perinatal complications were compared between the two groups. The relationship between EOS and ALB level was analyzed. The predictive value of serum ALB was studied using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.Results:A total of 183 infants were enrolled, including 62 in the high ALB group, 87 in the moderate ALB group and 34 in the low ALB group; and 36 in EOS group and 147 in non-EOS group. The incidence of maternal chorioamnionitis was significantly higher in EOS group than non-EOS group [33.3% (12/36) vs. 6.8% (10/147), P<0.001]. Serum CRP and PCT in the low and moderate ALB groups were significantly higher than the high ALB group ( P<0.05), and the low ALB group showed higher CRP and PCT than the moderate ALB group ( P<0.05). Compared with the non-EOS groups, ALB in the EOS group was significantly lower [24.9 (24.0, 28.5) g/L vs. 29.5 (27.4, 31.2) g/L, P<0.001] and the incidence of hypoproteinemia was significantly higher [52.8% vs.10.2%, P<0.001]. As ALB decreased, the incidence of EOS increased. The incidence of EOS was 55.9% in the low ALB group, 16.1% in the moderate ALB group and 4.8% in the high ALB group ( P<0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of ALB predicting EOS was 69.4% and 79.6%, respectively, with a cut-off value of 27.0 g/L. Conclusions:The VLBWI with maternal chorioamnionitis and serum albumin lower than 27.0 g/L on the first day of life have higher risk of EOS.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 198-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of breastfeeding within 2 weeks after birth on late-onset sepsis in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI).Methods:From July 2018 to June 2019, clinical data of VLBWI (birth weight <1 500 g) born in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. According to the proportion of breastfeeding volume in total feeding volume within 2 weeks after birth, the infants were assigned into high-proportion breastfeeding group (breastfeeding >50%), low-proportion breastfeeding group (breastfeeding ≤50%) and formula group. The incidences of late-onset sepsis among the three groups were compared using the chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability method. Logistic regression was used to analyze the effects of breastfeeding within 2 weeks after birth on late-onset sepsis.Results:The incidences of late sepsis in high-proportion breastfeeding group, low-proportion breastfeeding group and formula group were 0.4% (1/216), 8.1% (5/62) and 8.0% (2/25), respectively ( P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that compared with the high-proportion breastfeeding group, the low-proportion breastfeeding group ( OR=17.844, 95% CI 2.005~158.775) and the formula group ( OR=23.261, 95% CI 1.916~282.350) had increased risks of late-onset sepsis. Conclusions:For VLBWI, high proportion breastfeeding (breastfeeding >50%) within 2 weeks after birth may reduce the risk of late-onset sepsis.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL