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1.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 45-50, ene.-mar. 2022. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395758

ABSTRACT

Radiation absorbed doses to organs outside the radiation therapy treatment beam can be significant and therefore of clinical interest. Two sets of out-of-beam measurements were performed measuring the leak dose and the scattered dose, at 5 points within the accelerator components (accelerator tube and collimator) and at 21 points on the equipment and surroundings based on a positioning scheme. For this purpose, 52 Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dosimeters were used in a latest generation helical linear accelerator. Of the 200 cGy fired at a cheese-like phantom, 0.332% of the out-of-beam dose contribution was found to come from the leak and 0.784% was transformed into scattering. For these dose values, estimates of the risk of second tumors in long-term survivors indicate a reduced probability of acquiring a second secondary radiation malignancy, based on information from the 1990 BEIR Committee report.


La dosis absorbida de radiación a órganos fuera del haz de tratamiento de radioterapia puede ser significativa y, por lo tanto, de interés clínico. Se realizaron dos sets de mediciones fuera del haz para determinar la dosis de fuga y la dosis dispersa, en 5 puntos dentro de los componentes del acelerador (tubo de aceleración y colimador) y 21 puntos en el equipo y alrededores basado en un esquema de posicionamiento. Para este fin se utilizaron 52 dosímetros de luminiscencia estimulada ópticamente (OSL, Optically Stimulated Luminescence), en un acelerador lineal helicoidal de última generación. De los 200 cGy disparados a un maniquí tipo queso, se encontró que el 0.332% de la contribución de dosis fuera del haz provenía de la fuga y 0.784% se transforma en dispersión. Para estos valores de dosis, las estimaciones del riesgo de segundos tumores en los supervivientes a largo plazo indican una reducida probabilidad de contraer una segunda malignidad por radiación secundaria, según la información del informe del Comité BEIR de 1990.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry , Radiometry/instrumentation , Thermoluminescent Dosimetry , Calibration , Luminescence , Luminescent Measurements
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1523-1533, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929275

ABSTRACT

The spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) throughout the world has resulted in stressful healthcare burdens and global health crises. Developing an effective measure to protect people from infection is an urgent need. The blockage of interaction between angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and S protein is considered an essential target for anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) drugs. A full-length ACE2 protein could be a potential drug to block early entry of SARS-CoV-2 into host cells. In this study, a therapeutic strategy was developed by using extracellular vesicles (EVs) with decoy receptor ACE2 for neutralization of SARS-CoV-2. The EVs embedded with engineered ACE2 (EVs-ACE2) were prepared; the EVs-ACE2 were derived from an engineered cell line with stable ACE2 expression. The potential effect of the EVs-ACE2 on anti-SARS-CoV-2 was demonstrated by both in vitro and in vivo neutralization experiments using the pseudovirus with the S protein (S-pseudovirus). EVs-ACE2 can inhibit the infection of S-pseudovirus in various cells, and importantly, the mice treated with intranasal administration of EVs-ACE2 can suppress the entry of S-pseudovirus into the mucosal epithelium. Therefore, the intranasal EVs-ACE2 could be a preventive medicine to protect from SARS-CoV-2 infection. This EVs-based strategy offers a potential route to COVID-19 drug development.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1406-1414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878642

ABSTRACT

The toxin-producing bacterium Vibrio cholerae can cause severe diarrhea and has caused seven global pandemics. Traditional viable cell counts and phage plaques are commonly used to evaluate the efficacy of virulent phage clearance of V. cholerae, but these operations are time-consuming and labor-intensive, and difficult to provide real-time changes. It is desirable to develop a simple and real-time method to monitor V. cholerae during phage lysis. In this study, a luminescence-generating plasmid pBBR-pmdh-luxCDABE was transformed into three O1 serogroup drug-resistant strains of V. cholerae. The results showed that the luminescence value as a monitoring index correlates well with the traditional viable cell count method. Monitoring the number of live cells of V. cholerae by measuring the luminescence allowed real-time analysis of the number of bacteria remaining during phage lysis. This method enables repeated, interference-free, continuous multiple-time-point detection of the same sample without the time delay of re-culture or plaque formation, facilitating real-time monitoring and analysis of the interaction between the phage and the host bacteria.


Subject(s)
Bacteriophages/genetics , Luminescence , Plasmids , Vibrio cholerae
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824005

ABSTRACT

We have previously introduced the use of permeabilized fission yeast cells (enzyme bags) that recom-binantly express full-length CYPs for drug metabolism studies. Such enzyme bags are cells with pores that function as enzymes in situ. They can easily be prepared without a need for ultracentrifugation and may be used in similar protocols as microsomes. In this study we report the preparation of enzyme bag cocktails that permit the testing of multiple CYPs in a single enzyme bag reaction. Moreover, we established a convenient testing scheme that permits a rapid screen of all human CYPs for activity to-wards any given candidate substrate. An important aspect of this approach is the reduction of individual CYP test assays. If a cocktail containing many CYPs tests negative, it follows that all CYPs included in that cocktail need not be tested individually, thus saving time and resources. The new protocol was validated using two probe substrates.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756465

ABSTRACT

Objective Accurate measurement of aldosterone is critical in the diagnosis of primary aldosteronism. We compared the harmonization of three assays including isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ID-LC-MS/MS) and two chemiluminescence immunoassays (CLIAs:system A and system B) for the aldosterone measurement. Methods A total of 45 plasma samples, 4 quality control materials, 5 lyophilized bovine serums, and 3 fresh frozen human serum pools were measured by three assays respectively. Based on CLSI EP15-A3 rule, the precision was assessed by coefficient of variance. Deming regression and Bland&Altman plots was performed for method comparison, and correlation coefficient was calculated for concordance (CCC). Results All three methods met the performance criteria based on desirable biological variation for precision (<7.35%). System A showed a relevantly good correlation and comparability with ID-LC/MS/MS (R2=0.985, CCC=0.967), while System B showed relevantly bad correlations and comparability with both System A (R2=0.538, CCC=0.605) and ID-LC/MS/MS (R2=0.547, CCC=0.528).. However, the average relevant bias of two CLIAs exceeded the bias requirement derived from biological variation (18.60%). Conclusion Significant differences were found in the measurement of plasma aldosterone using ID-LC-MS/MS and two CLIAs, which urges the establishment of traceability hierarchy and improvement of reagents' specificity for standardization of aldosterone measurement in clinical settings.

6.
Rev. odontol. mex ; 22(4): 197-205, oct.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014421

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN En la práctica odontológica, en la toma de radiografías no es común la colocación de dosímetros en los pacientes, sin embargo, por medio de la dosimetría podemos mantener un mejor control de la cantidad de radiación que es emitida a los pacientes, de la dosis de radiación y de la sensibilidad del tejido frente a la radiación, para así prevenir en algún momento los posibles efectos nocivos de la radiación ionizante; puesto que en odontología se encuentran por debajo las dosis umbral requeridas para producir reacciones tisulares (efectos deterministas), sin embargo, los efectos estocásticos pueden desarrollarse y presentarse con cualquier dosis de radiación. En este estudio nos enfocaremos en las ortopantomografías que son auxiliares de diagnóstico previo a un tratamiento odontológico.


ABSTRACT In dentistry, the use of dosimeters is not frequently to evaluate the patient radiation; however, through dosimetry, we can maintain a better control of the amount of radiation emitted to patients, radiation doses and the tissue radiosensitivity, to prevent at any time the posible harmful effects of ionizing radiation (deterministic effects), however the stochastic effects can be developed and presented with any doce of radiation. In this study we will focus on orthopantomographies that are diagnostic auxiliaries prior to dental treatment.

7.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 384-387, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844449

ABSTRACT

Ultra-weak bioluminescence (UWL) is a physiological phenomenon widely existing in all the biological activities including human, animals, plants, etc., which reflects the energy metabolism of the organism. Since the last century, ultra-weak photon emission (UPE) has been applied to the study of the essence of meridians and acupoints of traditional Chinese medicine and obtained some results as the higher luminescence characteristics, but many problems remain unsolved due to the limitation of detection technology. In recent years, along with the development of bioluminescence signal acquiring system and imaging system, we are able to further explore the characteristics and biological mechanisms of UWL of acupuncture points and meridians in the human body. We proposed to study changes of ultra-weak luminous intensity of acupuncture points and meridians before and after needling stimulation, and the delayed effect of UPE phenomenon, etc., trying to reveal their regularities and essence. In this paper, the prospect of application of UPE to acupuncture research is also discussed by combining newly acquired results of some biological substances of acupoints in experimental studies.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692236

ABSTRACT

A novel polymerase-based electrochemiluminescence DNA sensor was constructed for messenger RNA (mRNA) detection by cyclic chain displacement polymerization,assisted by target mRNA cycle,and quantum dots signal amplification.Firstly,the mercapto-modified capture-type capture DNA (CP) was immobilized on the surface of a magneto-controlled glassy carbon electrode via Au-S bond.After adding the target mRNA,CP was opened and hybridized with mRNA to form dsDNA.After adding polymerase,primer chain (DNA1) and the base,the primer chain was extended to replace the target mRNA.After one cycle,the mRNA chain could open another hairpin in order to carry out next cycle of amplification.Finally,electrochemical luminescence detection was carried out by adding DNA2 labeled TGA-CdTe quantum dots.The amplification of the target mRNA by the addition of polymerase and the signal combined with the quantum dot mark improved the sensitivity of the sensor greatly.The result showed that the logarithm of target mRNA concentration had a good linear relationship with the corresponding ECL signal in the range of 1 × 10-15-1 × 10-11mol/L,with the detection limit of 3.4 × 10-16mol/L(S/N=3).Under the optimal conditions,the recoveries of mRNA spiked in human serum sample were 97.2% -102.3%.This sensor exhibited good selectivity,stability and reproducibility.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708928

ABSTRACT

Upconversion luminescence (UCL) is a process during which low-energy light was converted (excitation) to high-energy light.Due to the characteristics of low excitation power density,negligible autofluorescence,lack of photobleaching and high stability,UCL has been increasingly applied for bioimaging.Using the upconversion nanoparticles (UCNP) as agents in multimodality molecular imaging (UCL imaging,CT,MR,PET,etc),we could obtain clearimages with high signal to noise ratio.This review summarizes the applications of UCNP in the field of bioimaging.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851514

ABSTRACT

Objective To find delayed luminescence parameters that could characterize the cold and hot properties of Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum and Arisaema Cum Bile. Methods Delayed luminescence of Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum with addition of Scenedesmus sp. within 26 d after decoction was measured in unequal interval, with aim to verify the stability of the natural delayed luminescence average strength and the linear fitting slope value (k) of excitation delayed luminescence. The delayed luminescence of six batches of Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum and Arisaema Cum Bile was measured using biological indicator method, and the content of β-sitosterol in Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum and β-sitosterol, bilirubin, and cholic acid of Arisaema Cum Bile was determined using high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) to analyze the correlation of k value and the above components content of Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum and Arisaema Cum Bile. Results K value of excitation delayed luminescence within 14 d after decoction was steadier than natural delayed luminescence average strength, and k values of six batches of Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum were all higher than that of Arisaema Cum Bile. A significant negative correlation between β-sitosterol contents and k values of six batches of Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum and Arisaema Cum Bile was found, and no significant negative correlation between bilirubin and cholic acid contents and k values of Arisaema Cum Bile was found. Conclusion K value of excitation delayed luminescence could indicate the differences of medicinal properties of Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum and Arisaema Cum Bile, which provides a new method for the study of medicinal properties of Chinese materia medica.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735065

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical application value of chemiluminescence detection of urine asymmetric dimethylarginine ( ADMA ) in pregnancy-induced hypertension ( PIH ) . Methods Collected the 24 h urine from 60 normal pregnancy women and 72 PIH pregnancy women who were admitted to Huzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital from May 2014 to April 2015 by the case-control study , Determination of urine ADMA content by chemiluminescence ( CLIA ) and high performance liquid chromatography ( HPLC ) , the results between two assays were analyzed by the Rank sum test , receiver operating characteristic ( ROC) curve and pearson correlation analysis .Results Compared with the normal control group , the urine ADMA concentration in the PIH group was significantly increased by HPLC and CLIA, and the concentration of ADMA by CLIA in the PIH group was 68.18(57.25,81.55)μmol/L higher than that of the normal control group 30.11(22.69,42.97)μmol/L(Z=-8.139,P<0.001),and the concentration of ADMA by HPLC in the PIH group by HPLC was 71.11(57.65,82.89)μmol/L higher than that of the normal control group 28.11(21.06,42.99)μmol/L(Z=-8.356,P<0.001).The difference was statistically significant .The two methods of urine ADMA concentration were highly positively correlated with PIH blood pressure.The correlation coefficient r values were 0.746 and 0.763, respectively, the P values were 0.007 and 0.008 respectively.Conclusions CLIA can better detect the ADMA concentration in urine of pregnant women with PIH , and has a good clinical diagnosis ability .The ADMA concentration in urine is related to the blood pressure level of PIH .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708071

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the doses to eye lens and hands of workers,using thermo luminescent dosimeter (TLD) and optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter (OSLD).Methods TLDs in the same batch were annealed,packed and stuck to the flat abdomen of Alderson-Phantom at a distance of about 15 cm from 125I seed source,while irradiated at different doses:1.0,1.5,3.0,5.0,10.0,12.0,20.0,25.0,30.0,50.0 and 60.0 μ Gy.And then TLDs were measured by dosimeters to establish a dose calibration curve.By implanting seed source into the selected lung for 14 cases,belly for 10 cases,pelvic for 5 case and neck for 6 cases while placing calibrated TLDs on the left,middle and right above eyes,left and right hands of the workers to obtain the location-specific kerma values.Finally,the conversion factors Hp (3) and Hp (0.07) were used to calculate the values of dose equivalent to eye lens and hands.Additionally,OSLDs were used to measure the doses to workers in the same way.Results The TLD-measured eye lens dses to the operator and his assistant were 0.8 and 1.6 mSv in lungs,1.3 and 1.2 mSv in bellies,0.9 and 0.6 mSv in pelves,0.3 mSv in necks,respectively.Meanwhile,hand doses to the operator and his assistant were 1.4 and 2.1 mSv in lungs,1.2 and 1.0 mSv in bellies,0.5 and 0.9 mSv in pelves,0.1 mSv in necks,respectively.The maximum doses to eye lens and hands were 1.2 and 1.0 mSv,respectively in a single treatment.OSLD-measured dose equivalents from lung therapy were 0.2 and 0.1 mSv for eye lens of the operator and his assistant and 0.4 and 0.6 mSv for hands.For belly therapy,the accumulated dose equivalent to hands of the operator was 0.1 mSv while those for other types of therapy were 0 mSv.Conclusions TLDs have the capability to measure not only accumulated dose but also dose equivalent from a single therapy According to ICRP 118 publication and as estimated in the present study,the number of therapy should be not more than 17 every year.OSLDs only give the accumulated dose,the accuracy of which needs to be studied in low-dose measurement.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 200-208, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690919

ABSTRACT

Filoviruses cause severe and fatal viral hemorrhagic fever in humans. Filovirus research has been extensive since the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Due to their high pathogenicity and mortality, live filoviruses require Biosafety Level-4 (BSL-4) facilities, which have restricted the development of anti-filovirus vaccines and drugs. An HIV-based pseudovirus cell infection assay is widely used for viral entry studies in BSL-2 conditions. Here, we successfully constructed nine pseudo-filovirus models covering all filovirus genera and three pseudo-filovirus-infection mouse models using Ebola virus, Marburg virus, and Lloviu virus as representative viruses. The pseudo-filovirus-infected mice showed visualizing bioluminescence in a dose-dependent manner. A bioluminescence peak in mice was reached on day 5 post-infection for Ebola virus and Marburg virus and on day 4 post-infection for Lloviu virus. Two known filovirus entry inhibitors, clomiphene and toremiphene, were used to validate the model. Collectively, our study shows that all genera of filoviruses can be well-pseudotyped and are infectious . The pseudo-filovirus-infection mouse models can be used for activity evaluation of anti-filovirus drugs. This sequential and evaluation system of filovirus entry inhibitors provides a secure and efficient platform for screening and assessing anti-filovirus agents in BSL-2 facilities.

14.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 143-144,147, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610894

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the comparability of the test results of two immunoassay systems based on the electrochemical luminescence and the fluorescence lateral flow immunoassay for serum procalcitonin (PCT).Methods Roche cobas system was used as the reference system,and fluorescence lateral flow immunoassay system of Shanghai Upper biotech company was used as evaluated system.A total of 141 clinical samples during November,2015 were detected by the two systems to obtain the correlation coefficient and the Kappa values at the two cutoff values(0.5,2.0 ng/ml).Results The two systems showed high correlation (Y=1.008X-0.032,r=0.995,P<0.001) and low deviation (t=-0.230,P=0.819>0.05) without statistic significance between two methods.Kappa values were 0.944,0.943 respectively at the two cutoff values (0.5,2.0 ng/ml).Conclusion The test results showed no significant difference between the two immunoassay systems,suggesting a consistency between them for clinical detection of PCT.All the observed indicators reached the clinical diagnostic requirements and the method of quantitative detection of PCT by fluorescence lateral flow immunoassya can be applied for the quick detection of clinical human PCT.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608843

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical significance of combined detection of carbohydrate antigen(CA)125,CA153,carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA) and tumor specific growth factor(TSGF) in diagnosis for breast cancer.Methods A total of 125 patients with breast cancer were recruited as objects in this study from march 2015 to march 2016,65 patients in breast cancer group,60 patients in benign breast disease group,meanwhile 55 healthy person were enrolled in the control group.Serum tumor markers such as CA125,CA153,CEA and TSGF were detected and compared in the three groups.Results The serum CA125,CA153,CEA and TSGF levels in the breast cancer group were significant higher than those of benign breast disease group and healthy group,the differences were statistical significant(P<0.05).At the same time,the sensitivity and specificity of joint detection of four kinds of serum tumor marker were 90.2% and 88.9%,which were higher than those of single serum tumor marker detection(χ2=26.12,P<0.05).Conclusion The four kinds of serum tumor markers combined testing not only increases the sensitivity of breast cancer diagnosis,but also improved the specificity of diagnosis of breast cancer.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662531

ABSTRACT

Objective To design and implement a synchronous imaging control system for two modes of cone beam X-ray luminescence CT (CB-XLCT) and CT to provide a software control platform for small animal in vivo imaging.Methods The software control platform was developed with the existing CB-XLCT/CT system,Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 platform,multi thread programming technology and dynamic link library so as to realize synchronous acquisition of two-mode data.The performances of the system imaging were evaluated by designing phantom experiments combined with sparse-view CT reconstruction algorithm.Results The phantom experiments results showed that synchronous imaging control had the acquisition time decreased by 79% when compared with non-synchronous imaging,and the requirements were met for imaging quality.Conchusion Synchronous imaging control of CB-XLCT/CT facilitates in vivo researches for small animals.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660228

ABSTRACT

Objective To design and implement a synchronous imaging control system for two modes of cone beam X-ray luminescence CT (CB-XLCT) and CT to provide a software control platform for small animal in vivo imaging.Methods The software control platform was developed with the existing CB-XLCT/CT system,Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 platform,multi thread programming technology and dynamic link library so as to realize synchronous acquisition of two-mode data.The performances of the system imaging were evaluated by designing phantom experiments combined with sparse-view CT reconstruction algorithm.Results The phantom experiments results showed that synchronous imaging control had the acquisition time decreased by 79% when compared with non-synchronous imaging,and the requirements were met for imaging quality.Conchusion Synchronous imaging control of CB-XLCT/CT facilitates in vivo researches for small animals.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604395

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the analytical performance and results correlation of cortisol detection by the Beckman Access 2 Immunoassay System chemiluminescence system and the Roche COBAS E 411 electrochemical luminescence system .Methods The precision ,functional sensitivity ,reference range ,positive coincidence rate and negative coincidence rate of both Beckman Access 2 Immunoassay System and Roche COBAS E 411 systems for detecting cortisol were evaluated according to the method of ISO15198 .Results Both Beckman Access 2 Immunoassay System and Roche COBAS E 411 system exhibited better precision ,the functional sensitivity conformed to the lower limit of clinical detection set by the manufacturers ,after establishing the reference range of cortisol by the laboratory ,the cortisol values detected by these two systems were performed the linear regression analysis , the results indicated that the correlation between them was good ,the linear regression coefficient r2 =0 .977 ,and the positive and negative coincidence rates were 100% .Conclusion The two analytical systems have excellent performance for cortisol ,which all meet the clinical detection requirements .The methodological comparison shows good correlation between them ,and the detection re‐sults could be cited between these two systems by the regression equation .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483614

ABSTRACT

Cerenkov luminescence imaging ( CLI) , as an emerging molecular imaging method, has been extensively studied in tumor imaging, therapy monitoring and some other aspects. However, because of the weak penetration of Cerenkov radiation, CLI can not image the deep tissues. This review summarizes the modalities to overcome this problem.

20.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 74-77, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect anaemia parameter methodology performance for validation of Roche Cobas E601 automatic electrochemical luminescence immunity analyzer.Methods:Recommended by the American association of clinical laboratory standardization (CLSI) method was developed for the determination of folic acid, iron, protein, and this precision, accuracy, linear range, sensitivity, biological reference range and carry pollution index, and validated.Results: Cohas E601 determination of folic acid, iron, protein and precision, the daytime in this batch variation coefficient were 3.03%~4.27% and 3.51%~4.68%. Relative bias must lean on(%) between -3.54%~4.46%. The scope of determination of linear range and the manufacturer to provide similar. Folic acid, iron, protein and numerical value with the determination of this instrument manufacturers provide reference interval coincidence rate were 90.0%, 85.0% and 90.0% respectivel. Instrument to detect carry pollution rate is 0.04%~0.16%. CohasE601 detection sensitivity were 0.23 ng/ml, 0.21 ng/ml and 0.19 pg/ml.Conclusion: Cobas E601 detect folic acid, iron, protein and good performance of this methodology, but manufacturers provide biological reference range is not suitable for the local crowd, should establish the corresponding normal reference range.

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