Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Filter
1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(6): 1004-1012, Jun., 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131236

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A doença arterial coronariana (DAC) associada à quimioterapia está se tornando um tema emergente na prática clínica. Contudo, o mecanismo subjacente da quimioterapia associada à DAC permanence incerto. Objetivos O estudo investigou a associação entre a quimioterapia e as anomalias anatômicas ateroscleróticas das artérias coronárias dentre pacientes com cancer de pulmão. Métodos Foram incluídos pacientes submetidos à angiografia coronária (AGC), entre 2010 e 2017, com câncer de pulmão prévio. Os fatores de risco associados à DAC e os dados sobre o câncer de pulmão foram avaliados. Avaliamos as anomalias das artérias coronárias de acordo com o escore SYNTAX (SXescore) calculado à AGC. Na análise de regressão logística, o escore SYNTAX foi classificado como alto (SXescoreALTO) se ≥22. Os dados foram analisados através de estatística descritiva e análise de regressão. Resultados Ao todo, 94 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. O SXescore foi mais alto no grupo com quimioterapia quando comparado com o grupo sem quimioterapia (25,25, IIQ [4,50-30,00] versus 16,50, IIQ [5,00-22,00]; p = 0,0195). A taxa do SXescoreALTO foi maior no grupo com quimioterapia do que no no grupo sem quimioterapia (58,33% versus 25,86; p = 0,0016). Tanto a análise de regressão logística univariada (OR: 4,013; 95% IC:1,655-9,731) quanto a multivariada (OR: 5,868; 95% IC:1,778-19,367) revelaram que a quimioterapia aumentou o risco de uma maior taxa do SXescoreALTO. A análise multivariada de regressão logística Stepwise mostrou que o risco para DAC anatômica mais grave aumenta com a quimioterapia como um todo em 5.323 vezes (95% IC: 2,002-14,152), e com o regime à base de platina em 5,850 vezes (95% IC: 2,027-16,879). Conclusões A quimioterapia está associada com a complexidade e gravidade anatômica da DAC, o que pode explicar, em parte, o maior risco de DAC associada à quimioterapia dentre pacientes com câncer de pulmão. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Chemotherapy-related coronary artery disease (CAD) is becoming an emerging issue in clinic. However, the underlying mechanism of chemotherapy-related CAD remains unclear. Objective The study investigated the association between chemotherapy and atherosclerotic anatomical abnormalities of coronary arteries among lung cancer patients. Methods Patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) between 2010 and 2017, who previously had lung cancer, were examined. Risk factors associated with CAD and information about lung cancer were evaluated. We assessed coronary-artery abnormalities by SYNTAX score (SXscore) based on CAG. In logistic-regression analysis, we defined high SXscore (SXhigh) grade as positive if ≥22. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and regression analysis. Results A total of 94 patients were included in the study. The SXscore was higher in the chemotherapy group than in the non-chemotherapy group (25.25, IQR [4.50-30.00] vs. 16.50, IQR [ 5.00-22.00], p = 0.0195). The SXhigh rate was greater in the chemotherapy group than in the non-chemotherapy group (58.33% vs. 25.86; p = 0.0016). Both univariate (OR:4.013; 95% CI:1.655-9.731) and multivariate (OR:5.868; 95% CI:1.778-19.367) logistic-regression analysis revealed that chemotherapy increased the risk of greater SXhigh rates. Multivariate stepwise logistic-regression analysis showed the risk of more severe anatomical CAD is increased by chemotherapy as a whole by 5.323 times (95% CI: 2.002-14.152), and by platinum-based regimens by 5.850 times (95% CI: 2.027-16.879). Conclusions Chemotherapy is associated with anatomical complexity and severity of CAD, which might partly account for the higher risk of chemotherapy-related CAD among lung cancer patients. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease/chemically induced , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Severity of Illness Index , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage
2.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(3): 420-422, July-Sept. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796978

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 69-year-old male patient, smoker, was diagnosed with small cell lung cancer metastatic to lung, liver and central nervous system. He received chemotherapy with carboplatin AUC 5 on day 1 and etoposide 100mg/m2 on days 1, 2 and 3. During the first cycle, the patient presented with febrile neutropenia and abdominal distension. Chest, abdomen and pelvis computed tomography scan was performed and detected gas dissecting the wall of sigmoid colon extending to the mesosigmoid. Patient had no abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and on physical examination he had no peritoneal irritation, tachycardia or hemodynamic instability compatible with perforation or acute abdomen. Therefore, the radiological finding was interpreted as pneumatosis intestinalis caused by chemotherapy with etoposide. Pneumatosis resolved after continuous oxygen therapy. The second cycle was administered after a complete resolution of the clinical condition and etoposide dose was reduced by 30%. The patient experienced a remarkable evolution.


RESUMO Paciente do gênero masculino, 69 anos, fumante, diagnosticado com câncer de pulmão de pequenas células, metastático para pulmão, fígado e sistema nervoso central. Foi administrada quimioterapia com carboplatina AUC 5 no dia 1 e etoposídeo 100mg/m2 nos dias 1, 2 e 3. Durante o primeiro ciclo, o paciente apresentou neutropenia febril e distensão abdominal. Tomografias de tórax, abdome e pelve detectaram gás dissecando a parede do cólon sigmoide, com extensão para o mesossigmoide. O paciente não apresentava dor abdominal, náusea, vômito e não tinha sinais de irritação peritoneal, taquicardia ou instabilidade hemodinâmica compatíveis com perfuração ou abdome agudo. O achado radiológico foi interpretado como pneumatose intestinal causada por etoposídeo. A resolução do quadro ocorreu após suplementação de oxigênio. O segundo ciclo foi administrado após resolução completa do quadro, com redução da dose do quimioterápico em 30%. O paciente evoluiu de forma bastante satisfatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/chemically induced , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Etoposide/adverse effects , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/adverse effects , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis/therapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/secondary , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/secondary , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/therapeutic use
3.
J. bras. pneumol ; 41(4): 365-375, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759330

ABSTRACT

AbstractLung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Promising new therapies have recently emerged from the development of molecular targeted drugs; particularly promising are those blocking the signal transduction machinery of cancer cells. One of the most widely studied cell signaling pathways is that of EGFR, which leads to uncontrolled cell proliferation, increased cell angiogenesis, and greater cell invasiveness. Activating mutations in the EGFR gene (deletions in exon 19 and mutation L858R in exon 21), first described in 2004, have been detected in approximately 10% of all non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in Western countries and are the most important predictors of a response to EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Studies of the EGFR-TKIs gefitinib, erlotinib, and afatinib, in comparison with platinum-based regimens, as first-line treatments in chemotherapy-naïve patients have shown that the EGFR-TKIs produce gains in progression-free survival and overall response rates, although only in patients whose tumors harbor activating mutations in the EGFR gene. Clinical trials have also shown EGFR-TKIs to be effective as second- and third-line therapies in advanced NSCLC. Here, we review the main aspects of EGFR pathway activation in NSCLC, underscore the importance of correctly identifying activating mutations in the EGFR gene, and discuss the main outcomes of EGFR-TKI treatment in NSCLC.


ResumoO câncer de pulmão é a principal causa de mortes por câncer no mundo. Recentemente, novas estratégias promissoras de tratamento foram criadas a partir do desenvolvimento de terapias de alvo molecular, particularmente aquelas que interferem em vias de transdução de sinais em células neoplásicas. Uma das vias de transdução de sinais mais estudadas é aquela ativada a partir do EGFR, que leva a perda do controle da proliferação celular, aumento da angiogênese celular e aumento da capacidade de invasão celular. Mutações ativadoras no EGFR (deleções no éxon 19 e mutação L858R no éxon 21), primeiramente descritas em 2004, foram detectadas em aproximadamente 10% dos pacientes com carcinoma de pulmão de células não pequenas (CPCNP) não escamoso em países ocidentais e são os fatores preditivos mais importantes de resposta aos tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (inibidores de tirosina quinase) do EGFR (EGFR-TKIs). Estudos de tratamento de primeira linha com esses EGFR-TKIs (gefitinibe, erlotinibe e afatinibe) em pacientes sem tratamento sistêmico prévio, em comparação com regimes baseados em platinas, têm demonstrado que os EGFR-TKIs resultam em ganhos em sobrevida livre de progressão e taxas globais de resposta, embora somente em pacientes cujos tumores alberguem mutações ativadoras no EGFR. Ensaios clínicos também mostraram a efetividade dos EGFR-TKIs como tratamentos de segunda e terceira linha de CPCNP avançado. Neste artigo, revisamos os principais aspectos da ativação da via do EGFR em CPCNP, reforçamos a importância da identificação correta das mutações ativadoras no EGFR e discutimos os principais resultados do tratamento do CPCNP com EGFR-TKIs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Genes, erbB-1 , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Erlotinib Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Gene Deletion , Genetic Markers , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Quinazolines/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , ErbB Receptors/antagonists & inhibitors , Sequence Analysis, DNA
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-570060

ABSTRACT

ive] To observe the therapeutic effects of Xiaoji Decoction (XD) in treating intermed iate and late stages of lung cancer. [ Methods] One hundred and twelve patients with lung cancer in stage ? -? were randomly allocated to Group A, Group B and Group C. Group A ( n = 49) was treated with XD alone, Group B ( n = 33 ) was treated with various chemotherapeutic regimens according to the histo-logical types of lung cancer: CAP regimen for lung squamous carcinoma, EP regimen for lung adenocarci-noma and CE regimen for small cell carcinoma of lung, In Group C, 30 patients were treated with chemo therapy combined with XD. Symptomatic relief, life quality, tumor size, distant metastasis, sub-types of T lymphocytes, survival period and side effects in the three groups were evaluated after one course of treatment. [Results] The effects of XD on tumor size were evaluated by the effective rate and stabilized rate. They were 4.08%and 53.06%, 21.21% and 48.48%, and 46.67%and 76.67%in Group A, Group B and Group C respectively. The differences between Group A and Group B were significant ( P

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL