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1.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 21-27, ene.-mar. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391830

ABSTRACT

El estudio de la función pulmonar en los deportistas de alto rendimiento es importante para el correcto manejo del entrenamiento y así evitar la frecuencia de la fatiga muscular respiratoria. Lo anterior reviste mayor importancia en el fútbol, debido al elevado esfuerzo desplegado por los deportistas en sus diferentes posiciones. Determinar el efecto del entrenamiento deportivo sobre la función pulmonar en deportistas de fútbol de la división sub-20 de un equipo deportivo local de la ciudad de Pereira. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo con 40 deportistas del equipo de fútbol de la división sub-20 de la ciudad de Pereira, Colombia. A todos se les realizó la prueba de espirometría, donde se identificó su función pulmonar teniendo relevancia en la relación VEF1/CVF. Los resultados encontrados refieren que la posición más frecuente en la población estudiada es la de volante, los parámetros recolectados de la relación VEF1/CVF muestran normalidad de su función pulmonar. Los deportistas de alto rendimiento realizan la ventilación a grandes volúmenes de aire corriente y menor frecuencia respiratoria, debido, al constante estímulo a que someten el centro respiratorio y al desarrollo de los músculos respiratorios aumentando la elasticidad tóraco-pulmonar mejorando la mecánica ventilatoria, favoreciendo por tanto la ventilación alveolar, por tal razón es importante incluir dentro del entrenamiento físico y de acondicionamiento, los ejercicios respiratorios.


The study of lung function in high-performance athletes is important for the correct management of training and thus avoiding the frequency of respiratory muscle fatigue. This is more important in soccer, due to the high effort deployed by athletes in their different positions. To determine the effect of sports training on lung function in soccer athletes from the U20 division of a local sports team in the city of Pereira. A descriptive study was carried out with 40 athletes from the soccer team of the sub20 division of the city of Pereira, Colombia. All of them underwent the spirometry test, where their lung function was identified, having relevance in the FEV1 / CVF relationship. The results found refer that the most frequent position in the study population is that of a steering wheel, the parameters collected from the FEV1 / FVC ratio show normal lung function. High-performance athletes perform ventilation with large volumes of running air and a lower respiratory rate, due to the constant stimulation of the respiratory center and the development of the respiratory muscles, increasing thoracopulmonary elasticity, improving ventilatory mechanics, favoring Both alveolar ventilation, for this reason it is important to include breathing exercises within physical training and conditioning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Function Tests/methods , Athletes/statistics & numerical data , Spirometry , Population Characteristics , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Athletic Performance
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928774

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) affects 45%-63% of lung cancer patients worldwide. Lung cancer patients complicated with COPD have decreased cardiopulmonary function and increased perioperative risk, and their postoperative exercise endurance and lung function are significantly lower than those with conventional lung cancer. Previous studies have shown that postoperative exercise training can improve the exercise endurance of unselected lung cancer patients, but it is unclear whether lung cancer patients with COPD can also benefit from postoperative exercise training. This study intends to explore the effects of postoperative exercise training on exercise endurance, daily activity and lung function of lung cancer patients with COPD.@*METHODS@#Seventy-four patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) complicated with COPD who underwent pneumonectomy in the lung cancer center of West China Hospital of Sichuan University from August 5, 2020 to August 25, 2021 were prospectively analyzed. They were randomly divided into exercise group and control group; The patients in the two groups received routine postoperative rehabilitation in the first week after operation, and the control group was given routine nursing from the second week. On this basis, the exercise group received postoperative exercise rehabilitation training for two weeks. Baseline evaluation was performed 3 days before operation and endpoint evaluation was performed 3 weeks after operation.@*RESULTS@#The exercise endurance, daily activity and pulmonary function test results of the two groups decreased from baseline to the end point. However, after the operation and intervention program, the maximum oxygen consumption of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test and the walking distance of 6-Minute Walking Test in the exercise group were significantly better than those in the control group [(13.09±1.46) mL/kg/min vs (11.89±1.38) mL/kg/min, P=0.033; (297±46) m vs (243±43) m, P=0.041]. The average number of we-chat steps in the exercise group was also significantly better than that in the control group (4,381±397 vs 3,478±342, P=0.035). Forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in the exercise group were better than those in the control group, but the difference did not reach a statistically significant level [(1.76±0.19) L vs (1.60±0.28) L, P=0.084; (1.01±0.17) L vs (0.96±0.21) L, P=0.467].@*CONCLUSIONS@#Postoperative exercise rehabilitation training can improve exercise endurance and daily activity ability of patients with lung cancer complicated with COPD and promote postoperative rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Exercise , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940588

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare and evaluate the clinical efficacy of five classical prescriptions for acute attack of bronchial asthma (BA) and cough variant asthma (CVA) in children, and to further compare and assess the effect of them on cold-induced asthma or heat-induced asthma. MethodRandomized controlled trials (RCT) on the treatment of acute attack of asthma with five classical prescriptions (Sanzi Yangqintang, Maxing Shigantang, Shegan Mahuangtang, Xiao Qinglongtang, and Dingchuantang) were retrieved from China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Data (from establishment to August 15, 2021). The eligible RCT were evaluated and the data were extracted for network Meta-analysis by Stata 16.0. ResultA total of eligible 47 RCT were screened out, involving 5 114 children with acute attack of asthma and 10 intervention measures. Among them, 16 RCT (1 912 children, 6 intervention measures) were about the cold-induced asthma and 10 RCT (1 054 cases, 4 intervention measures) focused on the heat-induced asthma. According to the Meta-analysis, among the 10 interventions, Maxing Shigantang + routine treatment of western medicine demonstrated the most significant effect, and the effect of the interventions was in the following order: Maxing Shigantang + routine treatment of western medicine > routine treatment of western medicine, Shegan Mahuangtang + routine treatment of western medicine> Xiao Qinglongtang + routine treatment of western medicine > Shegan Mahuangtang > Dingchuantang + routine treatment of western medicine. For the cold-induced asthma, the effect of Shegan Mahuangtang + routine treatment of western medicine was remarkable, and for the heat-induced asthma, the corresponding intervention was Dingchuantang + routine treatment of western medicine. Shegan Mahuangtang was outstanding in improving the percentage of forced expiratory volume in the first second in predicted value (FEV1%). ConclusionThe combination of western medicine with the five prescriptions was more effective than the western medicine alone, particularly the combination with Maxing Shigantang. The combination of Shegan Mahuangtang and western medicine was outstanding in the treatment of cold-induced asthma, while the corresponding intervention for heat-induced asthma was the combination of Dingchuantang and western medicine. However, a large number of RCT with scientific design and higher quality are still needed to verify the conclusion.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of abnormal lung ventilation function in asymptomatic subjects receiving healthy examination and the risk factors of small airway dysfunction (SAD).Methods:From August 2016 to October 2017, the pulmonary function test results of 610 healthy subjects who met the standards of this study in Fuxing Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University were analyzed. The detection rate of abnormal lung function was described; the difference of lung function was compared between smokers and non-smokers, among groups with different smoking age, between individuals with normal body mass index and obese individuals; the risk factors of SAD was investigated; and the characteristics of abnormal lung function in asymptomatic subjects receiving physical examinations were summarized.Results:Among the 610 subjects, the overall prevalence of abnormal pulmonary function was 42.6%, and the rate of obstructive, restrictive, mixed and pure SAD were 16.7% and 5.9%, 2.5% and 17.5% respectively. The prevalence of the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV 1) to forced vital capacity (FVC) (FEV 1/FVC) less than 70% was 4.6%; small airway function indicators of maximal mid expiratory flow (MMEF), forced expiratory flow at 50% and 75% of forced vital capacity (FEF 50% and FEF 75%) for smokers were significantly lower than that of non-smokers, and decreased progressively with smoking age. Smoking was an independent risk factor for SAD. Compared with non-smokers, smokers had a 65-fold increase in the risk of SAD. Obesity was not associated with SAD. Conclusions:The prevalence of abnormal lung function is high in asymptomatic subjects receiving healthy examination. The main abnormalities are obstructive ventilation dysfunction and SAD. Cigarette smoking is the major risk factor for SAD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of body mass index (BMI) on lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:A total of 3 312 patients with COPD were selected from outpatients and inpatients in Department of Gerontal Respiratory Medicine of the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from August 2016 to August 2020, including 1 103 patients in stable period and 2 209 patients in acute exacerbation period. According to body mass index (BMI), these COPD patients were divided into four groups: low weight (56 cases, 131 cases), normal weight (448 cases, 945 cases), overweight (424 cases, 773 cases) and obesity groups (175 cases, 360 cases) respectively in stable stage and in acute exacerbation stage. The lung function of inspiratory capacity (IC), vital capacity (VC), residual volume (RV)/total lung capacity (TLC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV 1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV 1/FVC, maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO), DLCO normalized per liter alveolar volume (DLCO/VA), respiratory impedance (Zrs), respiratory resistance at 5 Hz (R5), respiratory resistance at 20 Hz (R20) and respiratory reactance at 5 Hz (X5) were measured using MasterScreen PFT in all patients, and the influence of BMI on lung function was analyzed respectively. The risk factors of impaired lung function were analyzed by ordered logistic regression with lung function grade as dependent variable and age, gender, smoking history, smoking index and BMI as independent variables (“%pred”represents the percentage of predicted value). Results:The proportion of patients with lung function grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ in acute exacerbation period (64.9%, 37%, 27.4%, 24.4%) was higher than that in stable stage (42.9%, 25.9%, 13.7%, 9.1%), while the proportion of patients with lung function grade Ⅰ in stable stage (21.4%, 34.2%, 38.2%, 40.0%) was higher than that in acute exacerbation period (7.6%, 20.0%, 25.4%, 22.8%) (all P<0.05). The IC%pred, VC%pred, FEV 1%pred, FVC%pred, FEV 1/FVC, MMEF%pred, DLCO%pred, DLCO/VA%pred and R20 in low weight group were significantly lower than other groups both in stable period and acute exacerbation period (all P<0.05). The RV/TLC was higher in low weight group than that of normal weight and overweight groups in both periods (all P<0.05). The IC%pred, FEV 1%pred, FEV 1/FVC, DLCO%pred, DLCO/VA%pred, R5 and R20 in overweight and obesity groups were higher than those of normal weight group (all P<0.05). The RV/TLC, FEV 1/FVC, DLCO%pred, DLCO/VA%pred, Zrs, R5 and R20 in obesity group were higher than those of overweight group (all P<0.05). The ordered logistic regression analysis showed that low weight was independent risk factor for impaired lung function of COPD both in stable period [ OR (95% CI) 2.316 (1.206-3.554)] and acute exacerbation period [ OR (95% CI): 2.457 (1.647-3.669)]. Conclusion:Lower BMI has an adverse effect on lung function, and it is an independent risk factor for impaired lung function in COPD patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Huaiqihuang Granule on airway inflammation and wheezing reattack in bronchiolitis. Methods:A total of 120 patients with bronchiolitis presenting airway inflammation and wheezing reattack who received treatment in Zaozhuang Municipal Hospital and Yicheng Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine between January 2018 and October 2019 were included in this study. These patients randomly underwent either conventional treatment (control group, n = 60) or conventional treatment + Huaiqihuang Granule treatment (experimental group, n = 60). They received pulmonary function examinations and laboratory tests for evaluating serum and urinary inflammatory factors at admission and 2 months after discharge. They were followed up by telephone 3 months and 1 year after onset. Results:The ratio of time to reach the peak tidal expiratory flow over total expiratory time (TPTEF/TE) and the volume to peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory volume (VPTEF/VE) were significantly higher in the experimental group compared with those in the control group ( t = 3.13, 3.60, all P < 0.01). The ratio of tidal peak flow to tidal expiratory flow when 25% of tidal volume remains in the lungs (PF/TEF25) and functional residual capacity/kg (FRCp/kg) significantly decreased in the experimental group compared with those in the control group ( t = 3.88, 3.74, all P < 0.01). Interleukin-4 level and the ratio of interleukin-4/γ-interferon levels were significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group ( t = 5.70, 8.93, all P < 0.01). Gamma-interferon level was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group ( t = 3.85, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in urinary leukotriene E4 level post-treatment between the two groups ( t = 1.18, P > 0.05). The number of patients who had a wheezing attack again within 3 months post-treatment and the number of patients who had ≥3 wheezing attacks were significantly lower in the experimental group compared with those in the control group ( χ2 = 5.18, 6.98, P < 0.01 or 0.05). Conclusion:Huaiqihuang granule can effectively regulate the balance of the Th 1/Th 2 ratio, inhibit airway inflammation in bronchiolitis, improve pulmonary function, and reduce the number of wheezing reattacks.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929843

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is the most common chronic airway disease in childhood characterized by chronic airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness.The assessment of small airway function plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of asthma.This article will describe the definition of small airways, pulmonary function testing and their application in the clinical diagnosis and management of asthma.

8.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(supl.1): 86-95, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To review in the literature the environmental problems in early life that impact the respiratory health of adults. Sources: Non-systematic review including articles in English. Search filters were not used in relation to the publication date, but the authors selected mainly publications from the last five years. Summary of the findings: In this review, the authors present the exposure pathways and how the damage occurs depending on the child's stage of development; the authors describe the main environmental pollutants - tobacco smoke, particulate matter, air pollution associated with traffic, adverse childhood experiences and socioeconomic status; the authors present studies that evaluated the repercussions on the respiratory system of adults resulting from exposure to adverse environmental factors in childhood, such as increased incidence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), asthma and allergies; and, a decline in lung function. The authors emphasize that evidence demonstrates that adult respiratory diseases almost always have their origins in early life. Finally, the authors emphasize that health professionals must know, diagnose, monitor, and prevent toxic exposure among children and women. Conclusion: The authors conclude that it is necessary to recognize risk factors and intervene in the period of greatest vulnerability to the occurrence of harmful effects of environmental exposures, to prevent, delay the onset or modify the progression of lung disease throughout life and into adulthood.

9.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 26(3): 102352, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384134

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: COVID-19 has been associated with persistent symptoms and functional changes, especially in those surviving severe disease. Methods: We conducted a prospective multicenter study in patients with severe COVID-19 to determine respiratory sequelae. Patients were stratified into two groups: ward admission (WA) and intensive care unit (ICU) admission. In each follow-up visit, the patients where inquired about cough and dyspnea, and performed spirometry, lung volumes, carbon monoxide diffusion capacity (DLCO), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), and respiratory muscle strength (MIP and MEP). Results of pulmonary function tests at 45 days and 6 months after hospital admission were compared using paired analysis. Results: 211 patients were included, 112 in WA and 99 in ICU. Dyspnea persisted in 64.7% in the WA and 66.7% in the ICU group after 6 months. Lung function measures showed significant improvement between 45 days and 6 months, both in WA and ICU groups in VC, FVC, FEV1, total lung capacity, and 6MW distance measures. The improvement in the proportions of the altered functional parameters was significant in the ICU group for VC (44.2% 45 d; 20.8% 6 m; p = 0,014), FVC (47.6% 45 d; 28% 6 m; p = 0,003), FEV1 (45.1% 45 d; 28% 6 m; p = 0,044), DLCO (33.8% 45 d; 7.7% 6 m; p < 0,0001). Conclusion: Six months follow-up of patients with the severe forms of COVID-19 showed significant improvement in the lung function measures compared to 45 days post hospital discharge. The difference was more evident in those requiring ICU admission.

10.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 17(2): 46-51, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379483

ABSTRACT

La fibrosis quística (FQ) es una enfermedad hereditaria autosómica recesiva, causada por la mutación del gen que codifica la proteína CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator), afecta varios órganos, pero la enfermedad pulmonar es la primera causa de morbimortalidad. El diagnóstico a través del screening neonatal (SNN) y los nuevos tratamientos moduladores del CFTR han aumentado el interés por pesquisar y monitorizar la función pulmonar antes del inicio de los síntomas para lograr un tratamiento adecuado y oportuno con una mejor calidad de vida. Existen numerosas formas de medir la función pulmonar según la edad, colaboración y recursos disponibles. En este artículo se resumen las pruebas clásicas y las más novedosas, como técnicas de imágenes, en la búsqueda de marcadores precoces de daño pulmonar, herramientas con los que cada centro de fibrosis quística debiera contar en la era de tratamientos moduladores del CFTR, que están cambiando el pronóstico de los pacientes con esta enfermedad.


Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive inherited disease, caused by mutation of the gene encoding the CFTR protein (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator), affects several organs, but lung disease is the first cause of morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis through neonatal screening (NNS) and new CFTR modulating treatments have increased interest in screening and monitoring lung function before the onset of symptoms to achieve adequate and timely treatment with a better quality of life. There are numerous ways to measure lung function based on age, collaboration, and available resources. This article summarizes the classic and the most innovative tests, which have emerged from imaging techniques in the search for early markers of lung damage, tools that each cystic fibrosis center should have in the era of CFTR modulating treatments, which are changing the prognosis of patients with this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Respiratory Function Tests/methods , Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology , Cystic Fibrosis/diagnostic imaging , Oscillometry , Plethysmography , Spirometry , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Respiratory System Agents/therapeutic use , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator , Cystic Fibrosis/drug therapy
11.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 17(1): 12-14, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379406

ABSTRACT

La pandemia por COVID19 ha provocado, en los laboratorios de función pulmonar del planeta, una reestructuración en el funcionamiento, redundando en un descenso en el número y tipo de exámenes realizados. Durante el desarrollo de la pandemia y desde distintos grupos de expertos en el tema, se han publicado recomendaciones para el funcionamiento de los laboratorios, destinadas a crear condiciones seguras para evitar contagios. Este artículo pretende resumir el estado actual de las recomendaciones de funcionamiento de acuerdo a los distintos grupos de expertos y las distintas etapas de la pandemia.


The COVID19 pandemic has caused, in the lung function laboratories of the planet, a restructuring in the operation, resulting in a decrease in the number and type of tests performed. During the development of the pandemic and from different groups of experts on the subject, recommendations have been published for the operation of laboratories, aimed at creating safe conditions to avoid contagion. This article aims to summarize the current status of the operating recommendations according to the different groups of experts and the different stages of the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Respiratory Function Tests , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Laboratories
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923434

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the effect of perioperative nebulization of ipratropium bromide on preoperative pulmonary function and incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications as well as safety in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients who underwent lung resection in thoracic surgery. Methods    During November 18, 2013 to August 12, 2015, 192 COPD patients with a necessity of selective surgical procedures of lobectomy or right bilobectomy or segmentectomy under general anaesthesia in 10 centers were 1 : 1 randomized to an ipratropium bromide group (96 patients) and a placebo group (96 patients), to compare the effect on preoperative pulmonary function and incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications. The average age of treated patients was 62.90±6.50 years, with 168 male patients and 22 female patients. Results     The demographic and baseline characteristics were well-balanced between the two groups. The adjusted mean increase of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in the ipratropium bromide group was significantly higher than that in the placebo group (169.90±29.07 mL vs. 15.00±29.35 mL, P<0.05). The perioperative use of ipratropium bromide significantly decreased incidence of postoperative pneumonia (2.6% vs. 14.1%, P<0.05). There was no ipratropium bromide related adverse event (AE) observed in this trial. Conclusion    This trial indicates that perioperative nebulization of ipratropium bromide significantly improves preoperative lung function and reduces postoperative pneumonia in COPD patients undergoing lung resection in thoracic surgery, and has good safety profile.

13.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 37(2): 149-160, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388144

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El asma es una enfermedad crónica inflamatoria de la vía aérea e inmunomediada en su patogénesis. La vitamina D es un inmunomodulador que regula el perfil secretor de citoquinas, entre otras funciones celulares. Una asociación entre la suficiencia de vitamina D y mejoría en la función pulmonar, control de asma y número de exacerbaciones se ha propuesto en adultos, importante dada la elevada prevalencia de insuficiencia de vitamina D globalmente. OBJETIVO: Conocer los efectos de la suplementación con vitamina D en el control del asma en adultos. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura a través de una búsqueda en la base de datos PubMed y EMBASE. Los desenlaces primarios fueron cambios en VEF1, control sintomático, frecuencia de exacerbaciones, además de eventos adversos y FEM como desenlaces secundarios. La calidad de evidencia de los desenlaces fue evaluada a través del modelo GRADE. RESULTADOS: Siete estudios fueron seleccionados después de remover duplicados y aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, con calidad de evidencia muy baja aplicando sistema GRADE. DISCUSIÓN: No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas tras la suplementación con vitamina D en los desenlaces evaluados en general, pero dada la calidad de evidencia muy baja y que no se reportaron efectos adversos serios, es necesario tomar cautelosamente estos resultados. Asímismo no se puede descartar la utilidad de esta terapia como tratamiento auxiliar a los pacientes asmáticos con este déficit vitamínico.


BACKGROUND: Asthma is an airway chronic disease, with an important inflammatory component within its pathogenesis, driven by a dysregulated immune response. Vitamin D is an immunomodulator that regulates cell proliferation, differentiation and cytokine secretion profile. An association between vitamin D sufficiency and improvement in pulmonary function, asthma control and a decrease in exacerbations have been proposed in the adult population, which falls into importance given the high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency globally. OBJECTIVE: To know vitamin D supplementation effects in asthma control in adults. METHODS: Through a PubMed and EMBASE database search, a systematic review of the literature was conducted. Primary outcomes were: changes in FEV1, symptomatic control, exacerbation frequency and PEF and adverse events as secondary outcomes. Outcome evidence quality assessment was made using the GRADE model. Results: Seven studies were selected after taking out duplicates, applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. In all cases, evidence quality assessed by the GRADE system yielded very low quality. CONCLUSIONS: No statistically significant differences were found after vitamin D supplementation in the overall evaluated outcomes. Nonetheless, a cautious interpretation of studies is mandatory, because evidence quality was very low and no serious adverse events were reported. Hence this treatment usefulness as an ancillary therapy for vitamin D deficient asthmatic patients cannot be dismissed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Asthma/drug therapy , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Anti-Asthmatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dietary Supplements , GRADE Approach , Lung/physiology
14.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(5): 505-510, May 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290253

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The mechanism of exercise limitation in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is not fully understood. The role of hemodynamic alterations is well recognized, but mechanical, ventilatory and gasometric factors may also contribute to reduction of exercise capacity in these individuals. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is an association between ventilatory pattern and stress Doppler echocardiography (SDE) variables in IPAH patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Single-center prospective study conducted in a Brazilian university hospital. METHODS: We included 14 stable IPAH patients and 14 age and sex-matched controls. Volumetric capnography (VCap), spirometry, six-minute walk test and SDE were performed on both the patients and the control subjects. Arterial blood gases were collected only from the patients. The IPAH patients and control subjects were compared with regard to the abovementioned variables. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 38.4 years, and 78.6% were women. The patients showed hypocapnia, and in spirometry 42.9% presented forced vital capacity (FVC) below the lower limit of normality. In VCap, IPAH patients had higher respiratory rates (RR) and lower elimination of CO2 in each breath. There was a significant correlation between reduced FVC and the magnitude of increases in tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV). In IPAH patients, VCap showed similar tidal volumes and a higher RR, which at least partially explained the hypocapnia. CONCLUSIONS: The patients with IPAH showed hypocapnia, probably related to their higher respiratory rate with preserved tidal volumes; FVC was reduced and this reduction was positively correlated with cardiac output.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Echocardiography, Stress , Exercise Test , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Lung/diagnostic imaging
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a self deep breathing training device which can improve lung function compliance and blood oxygen saturation.@*METHODS@#The device consists of four parts:flow tube, measuring cylinder, mobile phone holder and meridian guidance audio-visual synthesis training software. The flow tube measures the flow rate of inhaled gas, the metering cylinder measures the total amount of inhaled gas, and the mobile phone rack is equipped with a mobile phone storing the meridian guidance audio-visual synthesis training software.@*RESULTS@#The device is reasonable in structure and flexible in operation, which can meet the requirements of self deep inspiration training under the guidance of training module.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Deep inspiration training under the guidance of guidance training module can form "deep and slow" abdominal breathing, and then improve lung function.


Subject(s)
Cell Phone , Lung , Meridians , Software
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of respiratory muscle endurance training on the blood pressure, lung function, respiratory muscle strength and motor capacity of persons with hypertension.Methods:Sixty persons with essential hypertension were randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group, each of 30. The experimental group received 8 weeks of inspiratory resistance training with an intensity of 55% of their maximum inspiratory air pressure (MIP) while the control group had an intensity of 10% MIP with the other training conditions the same as those of the experimental group. Both groups practiced 30 times as a set, two sets a day, 4 days a week. Blood pressure, lung function and respiratory muscle strength were measured before and after the intervention, and motor capacity was measured using the 6-minute walk test (6MWT).Results:After the intervention, the average MIP of the experimental group had increased significantly (to 123.6±13.9 from 83.5±9.8cmH 2O). The average 6MWT time of the experimental group had also improved significantly, but there were no significant differences in any of the control group observations. Conclusion:Eight weeks of respiratory muscle endurance training can improve the inspiratory muscle strength and motor capacity of patients with essential hypertension, but it has no effect on blood pressure or lung functioning.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910851

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of smoking on lung function and physical fitness of college students.Method:168 college students on September 30, 2020 were selected as the research subjects by convenient sampling. According to whether they had been smoking for more than 3 years in the past or (and) now, they were divided into smoking group (66 cases, 39.3%) and non-smoking group (102 cases, 60.7%). The general demographic data, body composition, health fitness and lung function of all the included subjects were collected, and the health status of the two groups were compared, the relationship between lung function and healthy physical fitness in the smoking group was analyzed, and the influencing factors of forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV 1) and expiratory vital capacity (EVC) were also analyzed. Results:The peak expiratory flow rate (PEF) of male college students in smoking group was lower than that of non-smoking group [(9.37±1.72) vs (10.04±1.69) L/s] ( F=5.051, P=0.026). The standing time with eyes closed and one foot of smoking group was longer than that of non-smoking group [(87.2±49.1) vs (63.6±39.7) s] ( F=9.327, P=0.003). The number of sit ups per minute of female college students in smoking group was less than that in non-smoking group [(39.5±7.5) vs (49.2±12.5) times/min] ( F=5.189, P=0.029). The peak inspiratory flow rate (PIF), FVC, FEV 1, EVC and PEF in the smoking group were positively correlated with grip strength, back muscle strength, number of sit ups, push ups, standing high jump and standing long jump ( P<0.001); through the analysis of relevant data, the estimation formula of lung function and health fitness items was obtained. Conclusion:Smoking is harmful to college students′ lung function and physical fitness.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906640

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occupational health status of dust exposed workers in Binhai New Area of Tianjin, and to provide a scientific basis for the formulation of occupational disease prevention strategies. Methods On-duty physical examination data of dust exposed workers in Binhai New Area in 2019 were collected, and data processing and statistical analysis were conducted by Excel 2016 and SPSS22.0. Results A total of 20 898 dust exposed workers were included in the physical examination in 2019. Among them, 158 were abandoned in the examination of posterior-anterior high kV chest X-ray or digital radiography (DR) chest X-ray, 14 were abandoned in the examination of lung function, and a total of 20 726 were included in the final examination. Thirty-seven cases (0.18%) were found to be suspected of pneumoconiosis, 51 cases (0.25%) were found to be contraband, and 15 cases (0.072%) were found to be pneumoconiosis. The detection rate of abnormal chest radiograph was 4.73%, and the detection rate of abnormal lung function was 6.99%. Conclusion The detection rates of abnormal chest X-ray and pulmonary function of dust exposed workers in this area are rising with the increase of exposure time. Attention should be paid to the prevention of occupational pneumoconiosis by promoting the publicity and education of dust workers in large enterprises, strengthening the management of occupational health in collective enterprises, especially for older workers with long working years.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of modified Buzhong Yiqitang (BZYQT) in the treatment of postoperative patients with non-small cell lung cancer (Qi deficiency in lung and spleen) after chemotherapy, and to observe its effect on tumor angiogenesis, immune function, tumor indicators, and lung function indicators. Method:Ninety-six patients who were treated in the Kunming municipal hospital of traditional Chinese medicine from March 2018 to February 2020 due to postoperative chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer were selected and assigned into a control group (<italic>n</italic>=48, western medicine) and an observation group (<italic>n</italic>=48, western medicine+modified BZYQT) by the random number table. The curative efficacies were compared after the treatment. Result:After treatment, the serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin 19 fragment 21-1 (CYFRA21-1), serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor(TGF)-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), while the serum CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup>,CD4<sup>+</sup> cells, immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV<sub>1</sub>),and FEV<sub>1</sub>/forced vital capacity (FVC) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). A significant difference was observed in the total response rate between the observation group [56.25% (27/48)] and the control group [35.42% (17/48)] (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.191,<italic>P</italic><0.05). For adverse reactions,the incidence of bone marrow suppression(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.002), gastrointestinal reaction (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=7.069),and hepatic and renal injury (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.151) was lower in the observation group than in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:For postoperative patients with non-small cell lung cancer (Qi deficiency in lung and spleen) after chemotherapy, western medicine combined with modified BZYQT could ameliorate immune function, promote pulmonary function recovery, improve clinical efficacy, and reduce the incidence of adverse reactions.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905147

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of water-based pulmonary rehabilitation on stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods:From February, 2020 to February, 2021, 50 patients with stable COPD in our hospital were divided into control group (n = 25) and experimental group (n = 25), who accepted pulmonary rehabilitation training on land and in water, for eight weeks. They were measured forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1), percents of forced expiratory volume in first second for prediction (FEVl%) and ratio of forced expiratory volume in first second in forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) with pulmonary function instrument; measured root mean square (RMS) of electromyogram of diaphragm and right transversus abdominis with surface electromyography; and assessed with modified breathlessness measurement of British Medical Research Council (mMRC), 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and quality of life scale for COPD adults (COPD-QOL) before and after treatment. Results:FEV1, FEVl%, FEV1/FVC, RMS of diaphragm and transversus abdominis, and 6MWT distance and COPD-QOL score increased in both group (t > 2.08, P < 0.05), and increased more in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.27, P < 0.05); while mMRC score decreased (t > 2.09, P < 0.05), and decreased more in the experimental group than in the control group (t = 2.13, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Water-based pulmonary rehabilitation training can further improve lung function, strength of respiratory muscles, dyspnea, tolerance and quality of life for patients with COPD.

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