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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936069

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a prediction model of pathologic complete response (pCR) in locally advanced rectal cancer patients who received programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) antibody and total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy by using radiomics based on MR imaging data and to investigate its predictive value. Methods: A clinical diagnostic test study was carried out. Clinicopathalogical and radiological data of 38 patients with middle-low rectal cancer who received PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and underwent TME surgery from January 2019 to September 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively collected. Among 38 patients, 23 were males and 15 were females with a median age of 68 (47-79) years and 13 (34.2%) a chieved pCR. These 38 patients were stratified and randomly divided into the training group (n=26) and test group (n=12) for modeling. All the patients underwent rectal MRI before treatment. The clinical, imaging and radiomics features of all the patients were collected, and the clinical feature model and radiomics model were constructed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of each model were drawn, and the constructed model was evaluated through the area under the curve (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value. Results: There were no significant differences in age, gender, primary location of tumor and postoperative pathology between the two groups (all P>0.05). Forty-one features were extracted from region of interest in each modality, including 9 first-order features, 24 gray level co-occurrence matrix features and 8 shape features. From 38 patients, 41 features were extracted from each imaging modality of baseline and preoperative DWI and T2WI images, totally 164 features. Only 4 features were preserved after correlation analysis between each pair of features and t-test between pCR and non-pCR subjects. After LASSO cross validation, only the first-order skewness of the baseline DWI image before treatment and the volume in the baseline T2WI image before treatment were retained. The area under the curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the prediction model established by applying these two features in the training group and the test group were 0.856 and 0.844, 77.8% and 100.0%, 88.2% and 75.0%, 77.8% and 66.7%, 88.2% and 100.0%, respectively. The decision curve analysis of the radiomics model showed that the strategy of this model in predicting pCR was better than that in treating all the patients as pCR and that in treating all the patients as non-pCR. Conclusion: The pCR prediction model for rectal cancer patients receiving PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy based on MRI radiomics has the potential to be used in clinical screening or rectal cancer patients who can be spared from radical surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and white matter high signal and non-dementia vascular cognitive dysfunction in patients with cerebral small vascular disease (CSVD).Methods:Total 106 patients with CSVD who were admitted to the Department of Neurology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical College from April 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled.They were divided into vascular cognitive impairment no dementia group (VCIND group, n=47) and no vascular cognitive impairment group (N-VCI group, n=59)according to mini-mental assessment scale (MMSE), Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale and activity of daily living scale (ADL). Serum VEGF levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The baseline data, serum VEGF levels, MoCA score and Fazekas score were compared between the two groups.The correlation between serum VEGF level and white matter high signal and cognitive function was analyzed.SPSS 19.0 software was used for data processing.The statistical methods were t-test, Chi square test, nonparametric test, Logistic regression analysis, Pearson correlation analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Results:There were significant differences in serum VEGF level((464.18±114.58)pg/mL, (414.17±45.80)pg/mL, F=22.880), MoCA score((13.07±6.48), (20.17±4.06), F=17.920) and Fazekas score (4(3, 5), 3(1, 3), Z=-4.189)between the two groups (all P<0.05). The level of VEGF( β=0.008, OR=1.008, 95% CI=1.001-1.015, P<0.05) was the influencing factor of cognitive function in patients with CSVD .The level of VEGF was negatively correlated with the total score of MoCA, attention and calculation power, and orientation ability ( r=-0.345, -0.373, -0.445, all P<0.05) and it was positively correlated with the total Fazekas score and the Fazekas score of paraventricular and deep white matter ( r=0.392, 0.495, 0.302, all P<0.05). There was a linear trend between the high signal grade of paraventricular and deep white matter and VCIND (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Serum VEGF level is correlated with cognitive function and white matter hyperintensity in patients with CSVD.The increase of VEGF level may be a factor reflecting cognitive dysfunction.In addition, with the increase of white matter hyperintensity level, the risk of VCIND in CSVD is increased.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the changes of default network topology properties of brain function and cognitive function in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD).Methods:A total of 31 patients with ESRD were enrolled in the Department of Nephrology, Changzhou Second Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from January 2019 to December 2020, and 18 healthy persons were included in the same period as the control group.The cognitive function was evaluated with the Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and trail making tests, and then the subjects were examined by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). After preprocessing, the brain functional network was constructed and the topology properities of the network were calculated.The SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t-test, chi square test and Pearson correlation analysis were used for data statistics. Results:(1) The score of MoCA in the ESRD group(23.37±1.77) was significantly lower than that in the healthy control group(27.94±1.13)( t=9.537, P<0.001). (2) The levels of Eglobal, Elocal, Cp and Sigma in ESRD group ((0.129±0.025), (0.148±0.040), (0.188±0.046), (1.593±0.650)) were significantly lower than those in healthy control group ((0.160±0.040), (0.212±0.024), (0.276±0.049), (2.004±0.864))( t=3.591, 7.474, 7.058, 2.034, all P<0.05). The Lp value of the ESRD group (8.131±1.905) was significantly higher than that of the control group (6.777±2.150)( t=2.583, P< 0.05). The node efficiency values of bilateral dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus, left middle frontal gyrus, bilateral posterior cingulate gyrus, right hippocampus, left superior marginal gyrus, bilateral angular gyrus and bilateral cuneate anterior lobe in ESRD group ((0.133±0.071), (0.201±0.047), (0.211±0.106), (0.175±0.066), (0.276±0.113), (0.122±0.146), (0.042±0.075), (0.171±0.027), (0.154±0.078), (0.240±0.095), (0.161±0.056))were lower than those in the healthy control group((0.312±0.075), (0.289±0.091), (0.277±0.132), (0.284±0.053), (0.368±0.063), (0.231±0.227), (0.120±0.162), (0.296±0.064), (0.310±0.186), (0.318±0.066), (0.286±0.103))( t=2.107-9.436, all P<0.05). (3)Pearson correlation analysis showed that the node efficiency values of bilateral posterior cingulate gyrus and right hippocampus in ESRD group were positively correlated with the score of MoCA( r=0.36, 0.49, 0.53, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The topological structure of brain functional network is abnormal in ESRD patients, which can affect the cognitive function of patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation and mechanism between thalamic network abnormality and cognitive decline in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).Methods:A total of 53 patients with unilateral TLE were consecutively enrolled through the epilepsy clinic of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from December 2018 to February 2020. During the same recruitment interval, 37 health controls(HC) with matching demographic characteristic were recruited. All subjects were received the Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA) test and multimodal MRI scanning. Voxel-based morphometry method was used to study the changes of thalamic gray matter volume in patients with unilateral TLE. The structural covariance network and functional connectivity network based on seed points were used to analyze the changes of thalamic network in TLE patients. In addition, the correlations among abnormal thalamic structure, thalamic network and cognitive function score were analyzed. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Independent sample t-test and Mann Whitney U test were used for inter group comparison. In order to explore the relationship between thalamus and thalamic network and cognitive performance in TLE patients, thalamic volume and gray matter volume and functional connection value of brain areas with abnormal synergistic changes were extracted and correlated with MoCA score. Results:The total score of MoCA in TLE patients (27.0(25.0, 29.0)) was significantly decreased compared with HC (29.0(28.0, 30.0))( Z=-4.601, P<0.001). Whole brain gray matter volume analysis showed that compared with HCTLE patients showed significant volume reduction in left cerebellum, right temporal pole, right fusiform gyrus, straight gyrus, bilateral middle temporal gyrus, thalamus, medial and paracingulate gyrus (GRF adjusted, voxel-level P<0.001 and cluster-level P<0.05). The thalamus-associated structural covariance network analysis revealed that compared with healthy controls, TLE patients exhibited decreased connectivity in right fusiform gyrus (MNI: x=28.5, y=-15.0, z=-34.5), left insula (MNI: x=-33.0, y=-18.0, z=-1.5), right middle temporal gyrus (MNI: x=55.5, y=-51.0, z=9.0), left complementary motor area (MNI: x=-10.5, y=1.5, z=57.0) and right posterior central gyrus (MNI: x=31.5, y=-33.0, z=51.0) ( P<0.001, cluster > 100). The thalamus-associated functional connectivity network analysis revealed that TLE patients exhibited decreased connectivity in left insula (MNI: x=-38, y=-7, z=-7), left lingual gyrus (MNI: x=-6, y=-81, z=-12), right lingual gyrus (MNI: x=15, y=-105, z=0) and left triangular inferior frontal gyrus (MNI: x=-39, y=36, z=-6) (GRF correction, voxel-level P<0.001 and cluster-level P<0.05). Volume of left insula which had decreased structural connectivity with thalamus were positively correlated with the MoCA score in TLE patients( r=0.279, P=0.043). Volume of left complementary motor area which had decreased structural connectivity with thalamus was positively correalated with the MoCA score and language score in TLE patients( r=0.323, P=0.018; r=0.334, P=0.015). Volume of left lingual gyrus which had decreased functional connectivity with thalamus was negatively correalated with the memory score in TLE patients ( r=-0.331, P=0.016). Conclusion:Thalamic volume, thalamic structural covariant network and functional connection network are changed in TLE patients. The abnormality of thalamic network is associated with cognitive performance in TLE patients, which may be the neural mechanism of thalamus participating in the cognitive impairment of TLE patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of CBL on the teaching of knee magnetic resonance image (MRI) for orthopedic residents.Methods:From September 2015 to March 2018, CBL teaching method was applied in the teaching of knee MRI among 90 orthopedic residents of Arthritis Clinical & Research Center of Peking University People’s Hospital. The teaching effect of CBL was evaluated with questionnaire method. The scores of Knee MRI theoretical knowledge and image diagnosis were statistically compared after CBL teaching. SPSS 19.0 was performed for t test. Results:According to the questionnaire of 90 orthopedic residents, in the teaching of knee MRI, CBL teaching improved the residents' learning interest[77.8%(70/90)], fortified their theoretical knowledge[80.0%(72/90)], and enhanced their diagnosis ability of knee MRI[88.8%(80/90)], diagnosis ability of knee diseases[86.6%(78/90)], autonomous learning ability[84.5%(76/90)], expression ability[83.3%(75/90)], and the ability of creating active classroom atmosphere[51.1%(46/90)]. The performances of knee MRI theoretical knowledge and image analysis were significantly increased after CBL teaching, respectively from (65.35±10.36) points to (89.20±10.55) points and from (66.64±9.88) points to (89.50±10.06) points.Conclusion:CBL teaching can improve independent diagnostic ablity of knee MRI of orthopedic residents and lay a solid foundation of diagnosis and treatment for knee diseases, thus improving their clinical skills.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 293-299, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929638

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the influencing factors of iron metabolism assessment in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. Methods: MRI and/or DECT were used to detect liver and cardiac iron content in 181 patients with MDS, among whom, 41 received regular iron chelation therapy during two examinations. The adjusted ferritin (ASF) , erythropoietin (EPO) , cardiac function, liver transaminase, hepatitis antibody, and peripheral blood T cell polarization were detected and the results of myelofibrosis, splenomegaly, and cyclosporine were collected and comparative analyzed in patients. Results: We observed a positive correlation between liver iron concentration and ASF both in the MRI group and DECT groups (r=0.512 and 0.606, respectively, P<0.001) , only a weak correlation between the heart iron concentration and ASF in the MRI group (r=0.303, P<0.001) , and no significant correlation between cardiac iron concentration and ASF in the DECT group (r=0.231, P=0.053) . Moreover, transfusion dependence in liver and cardiac [MRI group was significantly associated with the concentration of iron in: LIC: (28.370±10.706) mg/g vs (7.593±3.508) mg/g, t=24.30, P<0.001; MIC: 1.81 vs 0.95, z=2.625, P<0.05; DECT group: liver VIC: (4.269±1.258) g/L vs (1.078±0.383) g/L, t=23.14, P<0.001: cardiac VIC: 1.69 vs 0.68, z=3.142, P<0.05]. The concentration of EPO in the severe iron overload group was significantly higher than that in the mild to moderate iron overload group and normal group (P<0.001) . Compared to the low-risk MDS group, the liver iron concentration in patients with MDS with cyclic sideroblasts (MDS-RS) was significantly elevated [DECT group: 3.80 (1.97, 5.51) g/L vs 1.66 (0.67, 2.94) g/L, P=0.004; MRI group: 13.7 (8.1,29.1) mg/g vs 11.6 (7.1,21.1) mg/g, P=0.032]. Factors including age, bone marrow fibrosis, splenomegaly, T cell polarization, use of cyclosporine A, liver aminotransferase, and hepatitis antibody positive had no obvious effect on iron metabolism. Conclusion: There was a positive correlation between liver iron concentration and ASF in patients with MDS, whereas there was no significant correlation between cardiac iron concentration and ASF. Iron metabolism was affected by transfusion dependence, EPO concentration, and RS.


Subject(s)
Ferritins , Humans , Iron , Iron Overload , Liver/metabolism , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Primary Myelofibrosis , Retrospective Studies , Splenomegaly
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 511-531, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929312

ABSTRACT

Aging is by far the most prominent risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), and both aging and AD are associated with apparent metabolic alterations. As developing effective therapeutic interventions to treat AD is clearly in urgent need, the impact of modulating whole-body and intracellular metabolism in preclinical models and in human patients, on disease pathogenesis, have been explored. There is also an increasing awareness of differential risk and potential targeting strategies related to biological sex, microbiome, and circadian regulation. As a major part of intracellular metabolism, mitochondrial bioenergetics, mitochondrial quality-control mechanisms, and mitochondria-linked inflammatory responses have been considered for AD therapeutic interventions. This review summarizes and highlights these efforts.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 92-106, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929283

ABSTRACT

Nanoparticulate drug delivery systems (Nano-DDSs) have emerged as possible solution to the obstacles of anticancer drug delivery. However, the clinical outcomes and translation are restricted by several drawbacks, such as low drug loading, premature drug leakage and carrier-related toxicity. Recently, pure drug nano-assemblies (PDNAs), fabricated by the self-assembly or co-assembly of pure drug molecules, have attracted considerable attention. Their facile and reproducible preparation technique helps to remove the bottleneck of nanomedicines including quality control, scale-up production and clinical translation. Acting as both carriers and cargos, the carrier-free PDNAs have an ultra-high or even 100% drug loading. In addition, combination therapies based on PDNAs could possibly address the most intractable problems in cancer treatment, such as tumor metastasis and drug resistance. In the present review, the latest development of PDNAs for cancer treatment is overviewed. First, PDNAs are classified according to the composition of drug molecules, and the assembly mechanisms are discussed. Furthermore, the co-delivery of PDNAs for combination therapies is summarized, with special focus on the improvement of therapeutic outcomes. Finally, future prospects and challenges of PDNAs for efficient cancer therapy are spotlighted.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940214

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveModern scientific methods and techniques were used to scientifically characterize the traditional softening process of Corydalis Rhizoma, so as to clarify the scientificity and rationality of the traditional process, and provide reference for inheriting the processing methods and experience of traditional Chinese medicine. MethodLow-field nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (LF-NMR/MRI) was used to characterize the water types and distribution in the softening process of Corydalis Rhizoma. Samples during the softening process was cut into thick slices and its section was observed by stereoscopic microscope. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was employed to determine the content change of tetrahydropalmatine during the softening process with the mobile phase of methanol-0.1% phosphoric acid solution (60∶40, triethylamine regulated to pH 6.5) and detection wavelength at 280 nm. The determination method of softening endpoint of Corydalis Rhizoma was simulated by texture analyzer (hand pinch method), and the softening degree of the finished products was determined after optimizing the relevant parameters. ResultLF-NMR/MRI showed that the water could penetrate through the core and distribute evenly in Corydalis Rhizoma softened by Zhangbang method. The water first entered into the medicinal material from the epidermis and stem marks in the soaking stage as the form of free water, and then penetrated into the inner core to achieve redistribution in the moistening stage. Under stereoscopic microscope, it was observed that Corydalis Rhizoma softened by the Zhangbang method could be sliced well, but the core bursting slices were easy to appear if the softening time was not enough, and the softening of samples was caused by the keratine-like powder after absorbing water. HPLC measurement showed that the loss of tetrahydropalmatine in the softening method was small, its content decreased about 5% in the soaking process, and its content was almost unchanged during the moistening process. The softening degree of Corydalis Rhizoma could be quantified by the texture analyzer, and the optimum parameters were 2 mm·s-1 of speed before test, test speed and speed after test, 20 g of the trigger force, 20% of compression degree. The compressive force of the qualified softened Corydalis Rhizoma was 12.75-15.69 N with the relative standard deviation (RSD) of 6.8%. ConclusionModern scientific methods and techniques can characterize the scientificity and rationality of the traditional processing methods, and confirm that the Zhangbang softening method has the advantages of high efficiency, convenience and small loss of index components. The texture analyzer can simulate the softening endpoint judgment method (hand pinch method), and realize the goal from subjective experience judgment to objective technology quantification, which has a good demonstration role for the modern inheritance of traditional processing technology.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940117

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveModern scientific methods and techniques were used to scientifically characterize the traditional softening process of Corydalis Rhizoma, so as to clarify the scientificity and rationality of the traditional process, and provide reference for inheriting the processing methods and experience of traditional Chinese medicine. MethodLow-field nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (LF-NMR/MRI) was used to characterize the water types and distribution in the softening process of Corydalis Rhizoma. Samples during the softening process was cut into thick slices and its section was observed by stereoscopic microscope. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was employed to determine the content change of tetrahydropalmatine during the softening process with the mobile phase of methanol-0.1% phosphoric acid solution (60∶40, triethylamine regulated to pH 6.5) and detection wavelength at 280 nm. The determination method of softening endpoint of Corydalis Rhizoma was simulated by texture analyzer (hand pinch method), and the softening degree of the finished products was determined after optimizing the relevant parameters. ResultLF-NMR/MRI showed that the water could penetrate through the core and distribute evenly in Corydalis Rhizoma softened by Zhangbang method. The water first entered into the medicinal material from the epidermis and stem marks in the soaking stage as the form of free water, and then penetrated into the inner core to achieve redistribution in the moistening stage. Under stereoscopic microscope, it was observed that Corydalis Rhizoma softened by the Zhangbang method could be sliced well, but the core bursting slices were easy to appear if the softening time was not enough, and the softening of samples was caused by the keratine-like powder after absorbing water. HPLC measurement showed that the loss of tetrahydropalmatine in the softening method was small, its content decreased about 5% in the soaking process, and its content was almost unchanged during the moistening process. The softening degree of Corydalis Rhizoma could be quantified by the texture analyzer, and the optimum parameters were 2 mm·s-1 of speed before test, test speed and speed after test, 20 g of the trigger force, 20% of compression degree. The compressive force of the qualified softened Corydalis Rhizoma was 12.75-15.69 N with the relative standard deviation (RSD) of 6.8%. ConclusionModern scientific methods and techniques can characterize the scientificity and rationality of the traditional processing methods, and confirm that the Zhangbang softening method has the advantages of high efficiency, convenience and small loss of index components. The texture analyzer can simulate the softening endpoint judgment method (hand pinch method), and realize the goal from subjective experience judgment to objective technology quantification, which has a good demonstration role for the modern inheritance of traditional processing technology.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928245

ABSTRACT

Atypical polypoid adenomyoma (APA) is an uncommon type of polypoid characterized by fibroid stroma and endometrial glands. It occurs mostly in premenopausal women and rarely in postmenopausal women with irregular vaginal bleeding. In our current case, a 76-year-old woman presented with irregular vaginal bleeding. The final pathological diagnosis of the mass was APA. APA is not easy to diagnose before surgery. On the one hand, there was no obvious particularity in imaging features and clinical features, especially for uncomfortably identifying endometrial cancer. On the other hand, APA has a pedicle, attaching to any part of the uterine cavity, which can cause pseudocoel between the mass with the uterine cavity wall. So, when it comes to getting the pathological tissue in the absence of hysteroscopy, it is easy to access to the pseudocoel and obtain endometrial tissue rather than the pathological tissue of the mass. Therefore, preoperative imaging examination is of great significance diagnosis way of thinking to clinicians for APA. In the meantime, pathological tissue of APA can be obtained by hysteroscopy in visual conditions.


Subject(s)
Adenomyoma/pathology , Aged , Female , Humans , Hysteroscopy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pregnancy , Uterine Hemorrhage , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 607-621, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929109

ABSTRACT

School-age children are in a specific development stage corresponding to juvenility, when the white matter of the brain experiences ongoing maturation. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI), especially diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), is extensively used to characterize the maturation by assessing white matter properties in vivo. In the analysis of DWI data, spatial normalization is crucial for conducting inter-subject analyses or linking the individual space with the reference space. Using tensor-based registration with an appropriate diffusion tensor template presents high accuracy regarding spatial normalization. However, there is a lack of a standardized diffusion tensor template dedicated to school-age children with ongoing brain development. Here, we established the school-age children diffusion tensor (SACT) template by optimizing tensor reorientation on high-quality DTI data from a large sample of cognitively normal participants aged 6-12 years. With an age-balanced design, the SACT template represented the entire age range well by showing high similarity to the age-specific templates. Compared with the tensor template of adults, the SACT template revealed significantly higher spatial normalization accuracy and inter-subject coherence upon evaluation of subjects in two different datasets of school-age children. A practical application regarding the age associations with the normalized DTI-derived data was conducted to further compare the SACT template and the adult template. Although similar spatial patterns were found, the SACT template showed significant effects on the distributions of the statistical results, which may be related to the performance of spatial normalization. Looking forward, the SACT template could contribute to future studies of white matter development in both healthy and clinical populations. The SACT template is publicly available now ( https://figshare.com/articles/dataset/SACT_template/14071283 ).

13.
Adv Rheumatol ; 62: 28, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393814

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The observation that 2-deoxy-2[18F]fluoro-D-glucose-positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging ([18F]F-FDG-PET/MRI) revealed high-grade arterial wall FDG uptake, without arterial wall thickening with contrast-enhancement, in a considerable number of c-TA patients in our previous study, encouraged us to compare patients with both PET and MR angiography (MRA) positives, with those with PET positive but MRA negative. Our aim was to evaluate the relevance of these two imaging modalities together. Methods: A three-center cross-sectional study with 17 patients who fulfilled the EULAR/PRINTO/PReS criteria for c-TA and who underwent [18F]F-FDG-PET/MRI was previously performed. Herein we compared patients/vessels with positive PET (arterial wall 18F-FDG uptake higher than liver) and positive MRA (arterial wall thickening with contrast-enhancement)—group 1, with those with positive PET but negative MRA—group 2. Results: Median disease duration of 17 c-TA patients was 10.4 years. Nine patients were classified as group 1 and six as group 2. Median of metabolic inflammatory volume (MIV) of all arterial segments was significantly higher in group 1 (2346 vs. 1177 cm3; p = 0.036). Fifty-four (19%) from 284 available arterial segments presented positive findings in vessel wall in one or both images. Positive findings were concordant between PET and MRA in only 13% arterial segments (group 1); most changes (28-59.6%) that were discordant between both images, were positive in PET and negative in MRA (group 2). Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that [18F]F-FDG-PET/MRI added information about inflammation in vessel wall of c-TA patients. Prospective multicenter studies are needed in order to get solid data to guide immunosuppressive tapering and withdrawal.

14.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 59(3)sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388395

ABSTRACT

Resumen La presencia de alteraciones de señal en resonancia magnética (RM) cerebral durante o posterior a un evento epiléptico es cada vez más reconocida en la literatura. Los cambios de señal peri-ictales se considera que sería el resultado de edema cerebral localizado, defecto de la autorregulación cerebral y disrupción de la barrera hemato-encefálica que ocurre durante una crisis epiléptica sostenida. Reportamos el caso de un hombre de 62 años diagnosticado de un síndrome parietal de instalación subaguda cuyo estudio con RM de cerebro mostró una lesión tumefacta con edema cortico-subcortical de ubicación temporo-occipital derecha. El estudio con electroencefalograma mostró actividad ictal en la misma localización. Se inició terapia con fármacos anticonvulsivantes mostrando franca mejoría clínica y electrofisiológica. El control con RM diferido mostró resolución completa de las alteraciones descritas.


The presence seizure-induced signal changes on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been increasingly recognized in the literature. The reversible MRI changes in epileptic patients may be the result of a local brain swelling, a defect of cerebral autoregulation and a blood-brain barrier disruption during sustained epileptogenic activity. We report a 62 years old man diagnosed with a subacute right parietal syndrome. MRI shows a tumefactive lesion in right temporo-occipital lobes mimicking a structural lesion. Electroencephalogram (EEG) exhibits continuous ictal activity in the same region. Antiepileptic drugs were started achieving progressive electro-clinical improvement. Subsequent MRI showed remission of signal changes.

15.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(3): 265-274, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346412

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate different types of perianal fistulas and their complications on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to compare plain, contrast, and jelly magnetic resonance fistulography findings. Materials and Methods This prospective study was performed in 30 patients who presented with perianal pus discharge or external fistulous opening. Magnetic resonance imaging of the perianal region before and after giving intravenous contrast and after injecting jelly through a percutaneous opening was performed on a 3T scanner and the results were correlated. Results The mean age of the patients was 40.13±13.88 years (range 19-75 years). The male to female ratio was 14:1. The most common type of fistula was St. James classification type I, which was seen in 13 patients (43%), followed by type IV in 30%, type III in 16%, type II in 6.66%, and type V in 3.33% of the patients. Using agreement analysis, we compared the number of primary and secondary tracts, internal openings, and horseshoe tracts and found a significant agreement between plain and post Jelly MRI fistulography (kappa statistic close to 1).When comparing plain and contrast MRI, there was significant agreement in the primary and secondary tracts, while statistically insignificant results were obtained (p>0.05) for the horseshoe tract and internal openings. Contrast injection was helpful in 7 subjects (23.3%) as peripheral enhancement of abscesses were better delineated. Conclusion Magnetic resonance imaging is the one stop diagnostic modality for perianal fistulas. Acquisition of axial (Ax) T2, axial T2 FS, coronal T2 and coronal T2 FS sequences without administering intravenous contrast or jelly is usually sufficient for the diagnosis of fistulas and their complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Rectal Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Anal Canal/diagnostic imaging
16.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(2): 147-152, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285532

ABSTRACT

Objective: The increased prevalence rate of white matter hyperintensities is one of the most consistently reported brain abnormalities in adults with bipolar disorder. However, findings in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder are less consistent. Prior studies have been constrained by small sample sizes and/or poor age- and sex-matching of healthy controls. We examined this topic in the largest sample of adolescents with bipolar disorder to date. Methods: T2-weighted 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired for 83 adolescents with bipolar disorder diagnosed via the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and the Schizophrenia, Present and Lifetime version semi-structured interview and 64 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. All acquired scans were examined by neuroradiologists and the presence or absence of white matter hyperintensities was determined for each participant. Results: The prevalence of white matter hyperintensities did not differ between adolescents with bipolar disorder (13.3%) and controls (21.9%; χ2 = 1.90; p = 0.168). Conclusion: In contrast to the study hypothesis, the prevalence of white matter hyperintensities was not higher in adolescents with bipolar disorder than controls. The large sample size and good matching for age and sex bolster the reliability of this negative finding. Future studies are warranted to evaluate the prevalence, incidence, and predictors of white matter hyperintensities in early-onset bipolar disorder prospectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Bipolar Disorder/epidemiology , Bipolar Disorder/diagnostic imaging , White Matter/diagnostic imaging , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Prevalence , Reproducibility of Results
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389732

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad de Ménière (EM) es una conocida causa de vértigo crónico asociado a múltiples síntomas audiológicos fluctuantes (hipoacusia, tinnitus, plenitud aural). Su fisiopatología no es completamente comprendida, pero se ha relacionado al hidrops endolinfático (HE) como entidad principal. A la fecha, varios estudios electrofisiológicos han intentado posicionarse como pruebas diagnósticas definitivas, pero no lo han logrado, ya sea por dificultad técnica para realizarlos o por resultados inconsistentes en la literatura internacional. Pero cabe destacar que varios hallazgos son altamente sugerentes de enfermedad de Ménière como la presencia de una baja tasa de respuesta asociado al aumento del umbral de esta misma en los VEMPs (vestibular evoked myogenic potentials), tanto oculares como cervicales, o el aumento del cuociente entre el potencial de sumación/potencial de acción en la electrococleografía. A pesar de estas pruebas, hasta el día de hoy, el diagnóstico se sigue realizando en base a criterios clínicos consensuados internacionalmente, dado lo dificultosa que es la visualización directa del HE y falta de compresión de otros mecanismos fisiopatológicos de esta enfermedad. En las últimas décadas, ha habido avances prometedores en la detección de hidrops endolinfático con el uso de resonancia magnética, permitiendo la visualización de los espacios peri y endolinfáticos usando gadolinio como contraste. A su vez, esto ha permitido mejoría de las secuencias imagenológicas usadas, el desarrollo de varias nuevas técnicas de procesamiento de imágenes, conllevando que varias escalas o clasificaciones de HE hayan sido propuestas, las cuales serán revisadas en detalle en este trabajo.


Abstract Ménière's disease (MD) is a known cause of chronic vertigo, with multiple fluctuating audiological symptoms (hearing loss, tinnitus, aural fullness). The pathophysiology is not completely understood but has been attributed to endolymphatic hydrops (EH). There are many electrophysiological tests available, but none of them can be considered as the gold standard, either because of difficult technique or inconsistent results in the literature. Nonetheless, some findings are highly suggestive of MD, like the presence of a low response and high threshold in ocular and cervical VEMPs (vestibular evoked myogenic potentials), or the increased ratio between the amplitudes of summation potential and action potential in the electrocochleography. Despite the availability of these tests, the diagnosis of MD is still made clinically, following the diagnostic criteria establish by international consensus, due to the difficulty to visualize the EH and also the lack of full comprehension of other pathophysiological mechanisms. In the last decades, there have been promising advances in the detection of endolymphatic hydrops with magnetic resonance imaging, allowing the visualization of the perilymphatic and endolymphatic space using gadolinium as a contrast agent. At the same time, the imaging sequences have improved, new techniques for imaging processing have been developed, entailing that various classifications or graduation systems for EH have been proposed, which will be review in detail, in this paper.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the value of preoperative clinical data and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features in predicting early recurrence (recurrence in two years) after surgical resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: This retrospective study included 244 patients with HCC who underwent a surgical resection between January 2015 and January 2018 at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital. The role of preoperative clinical data and MR imaging features on early recurrence after surgical tumor resection were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. All patients were followed up regularly after discharge. The endpoint was considered to be intrahepatic recurrence within 2 years. Results: In the univariate analyses, the maximum diameter of the tumor, tumor capsule, peritumoral parenchyma enhancement, rim enhancement, two-trait predictor of venous invasion (TTPVI), tumor necrosis, satellite nodules, dynamic enhancement pattern, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) /T2WI mismatch and other MR imaging features, as well as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), TNM stage, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), glutamatergic aminotransferase (AST), direct bilirubin (DBIL), γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) and other clinical data were correlated with the early recurrence of HCC. In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, the tumor capsule (HR=0.372, P400 μg/L (HR=2.234, P400 μg/L were found to be independent factors of the early postoperative recurrence of HCC. This research has established a predictive model for the early recurrence of HCC after surgical resection using a non-invasive method, which can help clinicians to develop individualized treatment protocols and improve patient outcomes.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908316

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents are in the growth and development stage, so the use of the same reconstruction methods as adults is easy to induce complications including limb length differences, high graft failure rate and re-surgical intervention. Simultaneously, the occurrence of osteoarthritis will also be advanced. OBJECTIVE: To explore the anatomical characteristics of the anterior cruciate ligament between children, adolescents and adults on MRI, and to provide an anatomical basis for the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament in children and adolescents. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing knee MRI examination in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from October 2016 to October 2018 was conducted. These patients were divided into child and adolescent group and adult group (n=48 per group). The angle between the anterior cruciate ligament and the tibia and femur on the sagittal plane and the position of the anterior cruciate ligament tibial insertion, the angle between the anterior cruciate ligament and the tibia on the coronal plane, the tibial insertion of the anterior cruciate ligament and femur, and the position of the femur stop point on the axial position were measured in both groups. The data obtained from the measurement of the anterior cruciate ligament of children and adolescents were processed. The growth curves of the shape and position of the anterior cruciate ligament of children and adolescents were drawn, and the law of its growth changes was analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The angle between the sagittal plane of the anterior cruciate ligament and the femur (t=﹣2.906, P<0.05), the angle between the sagittal plane of the anterior cruciate ligament and the tibia (t=﹣10.280, P < 0.05), the anterior cruciate ligament angle between the coronal plane and the tibia (t=﹣5.714, P<0.05) were smaller in the child and adolescent group than those of the adult group, and the difference was significant. (2) The ratio of the tibia coronal plane of the anterior cruciate ligament (t=﹣7.263, P < 0.05) and the ratio of the anterior cruciate ligament and femur axial plane (t=﹣7.378, P < 0.05) were lower in the child and adolescent group than those of the adult group, and the difference was significant. (3) There was no significant difference in the anterior cruciate ligament and tibia sagittal plane ratio (t=﹣1.588, P>0.05) and anterior cruciate ligament and femoral coronal surface ratio (t=﹣1.647, P>0.05) between the child and adolescent group and the adult group. (4) The growth curve results showed that during the growth and development, the angle between the anterior cruciate ligament and the femur and tibia on the sagittal plane and the angle with the tibia on the coronal plane changed from small to large (P<0.05). The relative position of the tibial insertion in the coronal position changed from small to large, which indicates that during the growth and development, the tibial insertion moved from inside to outside relative to the inside of the tibial plateau on the coronal plane (P < 0.05). (5) The relative position of femoral insertion in the axial position changed from small to large, suggesting that during the growth and development, the femoral insertion moved from the outside to the inside relative to the lateral femoral condyle (P<0.05). (6) There was no significant difference in the tibial insertion and the femoral insertion between the child and adolescent group and adult group (P>0.05).

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907424

ABSTRACT

Random systematic biopsy is the standard method for diagnosing prostate cancer. As the improvement of multi-parameter magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and its corresponding scoring system, magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)-targeted target biopsy has been an effective alternative to traditional systemic puncture. Prostate imaging reporting and data system(PI-RADS) is the most commonly used MRI-scoring system. The negative rate of prostate cancer in the patient with PI-RADS scores of 1 and 2 was 90.8%(95% CI, 88.1%~93.1%), and the diagnosis rates of clinically meaningful prostate cancer in the patient with PI-RADS scores of 3, 4, and 5 was 20.9%, 58.3% and 80.7%, respectively. That means that MRI targeted prostate biopsy can more effectively detect clinically meaningful prostate cancer on the basis of reducing unnecessary punctures. There are three effective MRI guided target biopsy method for prostate biopsy, including MRI guided target biopsy(MRI-TB), MRI-TRUS fusion target biopsy(FUS-TB) and cognitive fusion target biopsy(COG-TB). Considering the false negative rate and discrepant image quality, MRI-targeted target biopsy still cannot completely replace the traditional systemic puncture. However, it can be seen that the targeted combined system puncture is the future development trend.

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