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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 294-302, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364942

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare enhancement patterns of typical adrenal adenomas, lipid-poor adenomas, and non-adenomas on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Materials and Methods: Evaluation of adrenal nodules larger than 1.0 cm, with at least 2-year follow-up, evaluated on MRI in January 2007 and December 2016. Two different protocols were included - upper abdomen MRI (delayed phase after 3 minutes) and abdomen and pelvis MRI (delayed phase after 7 minutes) - and nodules were divided in typical adenomas (characterized on out-of-phase MRI sequence), lipid-poor adenomas (based on follow-up imaging stability) and non-adenomas (based on pathological finding or follow-up imaging). T2-weighted and enhancement features were analyzed (absolute and relative washout and enhancement curve pattern), similarly to classic computed tomography equations. Results: Final cohort was composed of 123 nodules in 116 patients (mean diameter of 1.8 cm and mean follow up time of 4 years and 3 months). Of them, 98 (79%) nodules had features of typical adenomas by quantitative chemical shift imaging, and demonstrated type 3 curve pattern in 77%, mean absolute and relative washout of 29% and 16%, respectively. Size, oncologic history and T2-weighted features showed statistically significant differences among groups. Also, a threshold greater than 11.75% for absolute washout on MRI achieved sensitivity of 71.4% and specificity of 70.0%, in differentiating typical adenomas from non-adenomas. Conclusion: Calculating absolute washout of adrenal nodules on MRI may help identifying proportion of non-adenomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential
2.
Radiol. bras ; 55(2): 113-119, mar.-abr. 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365294

ABSTRACT

Resumo As doenças neurometabólicas hereditárias representam um desafio diagnóstico e precisam de classificações eficientes para sua compreensão. São um grupo de doenças raras, mas atingem pelo menos um a cada mil nascimentos. Algumas têm possibilidade terapêutica. Os quadros clínico e radiológico são variáveis e, às vezes, superponíveis, a depender da fase da doença. Por isso, observam-se na literatura vários tipos de classificações, algumas de difícil aplicação prática. O objetivo deste estudo é ilustrar a classificação das doenças neurometabólicas hereditárias baseada exclusivamente em achados radiológicos. Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo a partir de exames de imagem do sistema nervoso central, particularmente de crianças, realizados em uma rede de hospitais. Todos os casos foram estudados por tomografia computadorizada multidetectores e/ou ressonância magnética, tendo sido avaliados por dois neurorradiologistas. Consideraram-se os casos com diagnóstico definitivo. A classificação propõe 10 subgrupos, de acordo com os achados radiológicos. Todos os casos estudados apresentaram, pelo menos, um desses achados. Na maioria dos casos observou-se mais de um achado, o que aumentou a especificidade e restringiu os diagnósticos diferenciais. Após avaliar os dados de literatura e os deste estudo, demonstra-se que é possível classificar as doenças neurometabólicas hereditárias pelo aspecto radiológico, o que favorece um diagnóstico definitivo.


Abstract Inherited neurometabolic disorders represent a diagnostic challenge, and an efficient classification system is needed in order to improve the understanding of these diseases. Although they constitute a group of rare diseases, they have a collective incidence of at least one case per 1,000 live births. Some inherited neurometabolic disorders are treatable. The clinical and radiological presentations are variable and sometimes overlap, depending on the stage of the disease. Therefore, a number of classification systems have been devised, some of which are difficult to apply in practice. The aim of this study was to illustrate a classification system for inherited neurometabolic disorders, based exclusively on radiological findings. This was a retrospective study of imaging examinations of the central nervous system, particularly of children, performed in a network of hospitals. All of the cases were studied by multidetector computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, or both, the images having been obtained by two neuroradiologists. We included only cases in which a definitive diagnosis was made. The classification system separates the relevant radiological findings into 10 categories. All of the cases studied presented at least one of those findings. In most of the cases, more than one finding was observed, which increased specificity and narrowed the differential diagnosis. Data from the literature and from this study demonstrate that it is possible to classify inherited neurometabolic disorders by their radiological aspects, which favors a definitive diagnosis.

3.
Radiol. bras ; 55(2): 128-133, mar.-abr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365295

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (hydatid disease) is a zoonotic parasitic disease, caused by ingestion of Echinococcus granulosus eggs, that can result in cyst formation anywhere on the body. Hydatid disease is frequently seen in regions where there is human-animal contact and poor socioeconomic development. The prevalence of the disease ranges from 0 to 79 cases/100,000 population. Hydatid cysts are typically found in the liver and lungs, being less common in other parts of the body. Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is often used in order to clarify the sites affected by a hydatid cyst, such as the cranial and thoracic regions, which also facilitates the surgical evaluation and minimizes complications. Although rare, hydatid cysts in atypical locations can provoke unusual complications, with unpredictable findings and symptoms. This essay discusses the radiological aspects of rare thoracic hydatid cysts.


Resumo A equinococose cística (doença hidática) é uma doença parasitária zoonótica causada pela ingestão de ovos de Echinococcus granulosus, que pode resultar na formação de cistos em qualquer parte do corpo. A doença hidática é frequentemente vista em regiões onde há contato humano-animal e baixo desenvolvimento socioeconômico. A prevalência da doença varia de 0 a 79 casos/100.000 habitantes. Os cistos hidáticos são normalmente encontrados no fígado e nos pulmões, sendo menos comuns em outras partes do corpo. A tomografia computadorizada ou a ressonância magnética são frequentemente utilizadas para indicar os locais afetados por um cisto hidático, como as regiões craniana e torácica, o que também facilita a avaliação cirúrgica e minimiza complicações. Embora raros, os cistos hidáticos em locais atípicos podem provocar complicações incomuns, com achados e sintomas imprevisíveis. Este ensaio discute os aspectos radiológicos dos raros cistos hidáticos no tórax.

4.
Radiol. bras ; 55(2): 90-96, mar.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365303

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe, assess the feasibility of, and quantify the long-term patency achieved with percutaneous transhepatic biliary dilation using the anastomotic biliary stricture (ABS) oversized balloon dilation technique as a single-step procedure for the treatment of benign anastomotic biliary strictures following hepatobiliary surgery. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective, two-center study including 16 consecutive cases of symptomatic benign biliary-enteric strictures. After assessment of the diameter of the bile duct by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, the strictures were dilated with oversized balloons (40-50% larger than the bile duct diameter) and an external biliary-enteric drain was placed. After drain removal, clinical symptoms and laboratory test results were evaluated every three months, whereas follow-up magnetic resonance imaging was performed at 30 days out and follow-up computed tomography was performed at 6 and 12 months out. Results: The mean follow-up time was 31.8 ± 8.15 months. Kaplan-Meier-estimated 1-, 2-, and 3-year patency rates were 88.2%, 82.4%, and 82.4%, respectively. There was one major complication—a small dehiscence of the anastomosis—which extended the catheter dwell time. Minor complications occurred in two cases—one small perihepatic hematoma and one segmental thrombosis of the left portal branch—neither of which required further intervention. Conclusion: The single-step ABS oversized balloon dilation technique is a feasible treatment for benign anastomotic biliary-enteric strictures. The technique appears to be associated with high rates of long-term clinical success and patency.


Resumo Objetivo: Descrever o procedimento, avaliar a viabilidade e perviedade em longo prazo da dilatação biliar trans-hepática percutânea usando a técnica de dilatação por balão superdimensionado para o tratamento em uma única etapa de estenose biliar anastomótica benigna após cirurgia hepatobiliar. Materiais e Métodos: Este estudo retrospectivo de dois centros incluiu 16 casos consecutivos de estenoses bilioentéricas benignas sintomáticas. A dilatação das estenoses com superdimensionamento do balão de 40-50% foi realizada após avaliação pré-procedimento do diâmetro do ducto biliar por tomografia computadorizada ou ressonância magnética e um dreno externo foi colocado. Os sintomas clínicos e exames laboratoriais foram avaliados a cada três meses após a remoção do dreno, enquanto o acompanhamento radiológico foi realizado com ressonância magnética em 30 dias e tomografia computadorizada em 6 e 12 meses. Resultados: O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 31,8 ± 8,15 meses. As estimativas de perviedade em um, dois e três anos foram 88,2%, 82,4% e 82,4%; respectivamente. Houve uma complicação importante, com pequena deiscência da anastomose biliodigestiva, que exigiu prolongamento do tempo de permanência do dreno externo. Complicações menores ocorreram em dois casos, um pequeno hematoma peri-hepático e uma trombose segmentar do ramo portal esquerdo e nenhum deles necessitou de intervenção adicional. Conclusão: A técnica de dilatação com balão superdimensionado para o tratamento de estenoses biliares anastomóticas benignas foi viável para o tratamento de estenoses anastomóticas bilioentéricas benignas. A técnica parece estar associada a altas taxas de perviedade e de sucesso clínico no longo prazo.

5.
Radiol. bras ; 55(1): 38-46, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360662

ABSTRACT

Abstract The cranial nerves, which represent extensions of the functional structures of the brain, traverse the head and neck. They are connected to various cranial structures and are associated with several diseases. An in-depth understanding of their complex anatomy and normal imaging appearance allows the examiner to identify and characterize abnormalities with greater precision. One important tool for evaluating the cranial nerves is contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, especially that employing three-dimensional steady-state free precession sequences, which provide high soft-tissue and spatial resolution, despite the slen-derness of the nerves. In most cases of cranial nerve abnormalities, the imaging findings are nonspecific. Therefore, to narrow the differential diagnosis, it is necessary to take a full patient history, perform a focused physical examination, and order laboratory tests. In this pictorial essay, we review, illustrate, and discuss, from a pathophysiological perspective, infectious, neoplastic, and demyelinating disorders, as well as other inflammatory disorders, affecting the cranial nerves, the aim being to provide a practical, tangible reference for radiologists to use in daily practice.


RESUMO Os nervos cranianos, que representam extensões das estruturas funcionais do cérebro, atravessam a cabeça e o pescoço. Eles estão conectados a várias estruturas cranianas e estão associados a várias doenças. Uma compreensão profunda de sua complexa anatomia e aparência normal por imagem permite ao examinador identificar e caracterizar as anormalidades com maior precisão. Uma ferramenta importante para avaliar os nervos cranianos é a ressonância magnética com contraste, especialmente as sequências tridimensionais steady-state free precession, que proporcionam alta resolução espacial e de partes moles, apesar da fina espessura dos nervos. Na maioria dos casos, os achados radiológicos não são específicos. Para estreitar o diagnóstico diferencial é necessário fazer uma anamnese completa do paciente, realizar um exame físico dirigido e solicitar testes laboratoriais. Neste ensaio iconográfico revisamos, ilustramos e discutimos, sob uma perspectiva fisiopatológica, os distúrbios infecciosos, neoplásicos, inflamatórios e desmielinizantes, visando a ser uma referência prática e tangível para a prática diária dos radiologistas.

6.
Radiol. bras ; 55(1): 54-61, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360668

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon condition that is potentially reversible if properly diagnosed and promptly treated. Although CVT can occur at any age, it most commonly affects neonates and young adults. Clinical diagnosis is difficult because the clinical manifestations of CVT are nonspecific, including headache, seizures, decreased level of consciousness, and focal neurologic deficits. Therefore, imaging is crucial for the diagnosis. Radiologists should be able to identify the findings of CVT and to recognize potential imaging pitfalls that may lead to misdiagnosis. Thus, the appropriate treatment (anticoagulation therapy) can be started early, thereby avoiding complications and unfavorable outcomes.


RESUMO A trombose venosa cerebral (TVC) é uma condição incomum que é potencialmente reversível se diagnosticada corretamente e prontamente tratada. Embora a TVC possa ocorrer em qualquer idade, ela afeta mais comumente neonatos e adultos jovens. O diagnóstico clínico é difícil porque as manifestações clínicas da TVC são inespecíficas, como cefaleia, convulsões, diminuição do nível de consciência e déficits neurológicos focais. Nesse contexto, a imagem é crucial para o diagnóstico e os radiologistas devem ser capazes de identificar os achados de TVC e reconhecer potenciais armadilhas de imagem que podem levar a diagnósticos incorretos. Portanto, o tratamento adequado (terapia anticoagulante) deve ser iniciado precocemente para evitar complicações e desfechos desfavoráveis.

7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 153-160, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364374

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Melanocytic lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) are an infrequent, broad and diverse group of entities, both benign and malignant, found in all age groups, with imaging findings ranging from well-circumscribed focal lesions to diffuse leptomeningeal involvement. On MRI, they are usually distinguished by a high signal on T1WI sequences, given the paramagnetic effect of melanin, thus making it difficult to differentiate among them. Objective: To describe the imaging and epidemiological characteristics of a retrospective series of CNS melanocytic lesions. Methods: MR images of 23 patients with CNS melanocytic lesions diagnosed between January 2012 and June 2018 were analyzed. Results: Most patients were female (14/23; 61%), with a median age of 47 years (range: 3 weeks to 72 years). The primary melanocytic lesions accounted for 8/19 cases (42.1%), which included neurocutaneous melanosis, meningeal melanocytomas and primary malignant melanomas. Secondary melanocytic lesions (metastatic) accounted for 10/19 cases (52.6%). There was one case of a tumor with secondary melanization, from a melanocytic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy. There were also four cases of primary ocular melanomas. The most frequent findings were the cerebral location, high T1WI signal and marked contrast-enhancement. Conclusions: The present review describes the wide variety of melanocytic lesions that could affect the CNS, emphasizing the MRI characteristics. Knowledge of the imaging, clinical and epidemiological characteristics of CNS melanocytic lesions is essential for their correct interpretation, given the significant overlap between lesion features and the variable prognosis.


RESUMEN Antecedentes: Las lesiones melanocíticas del sistema nervioso central (SNC) corresponden a un grupo infrecuente, amplio y diverso de entidades, tanto benignas como malignas, encontradas en todos los grupos etarios, con hallazgos imagenológicos que van desde lesiones focales bien circunscritas hasta un compromiso leptomeníngeo difuso. A la RM se distinguen por la alta señal en la secuencia T1WI, dado el efecto paramagnético de la melanina, haciendo difícil la diferenciación entre ellas. Objetivo: Describir las características epidemiológicas y de de una serie retrospectiva de lesiones melanocíticas del SNC. Métodos: Revisión de imágenes de RM de 23 pacientes con lesiones melanocíticas del SNC diagnosticadas entre enero de 2012 y junio de 2018. Resultados: La mayoría de los pacientes fueron mujeres (14/23; 61%), con edades comprendidas entre las 3 semanas de vida hasta los 72 años. Las lesiones melanocíticas primarias representaron 8/19 (42,1%), incluyendo: melanosis neurocutáneas, melanocitomas meníngeos y melanomas malignos primarios. Las lesiones melanocíticas secundarias (metastásicas) representaron 10/19 casos (52,6%). Hubo un caso de tumor con melanización secundaria (tumor neuroectodermico melanocítico de la infancia). Se incluyeron cuatro casos de melanomas oculares primarios. Los hallazgos más frecuentes fueron la localización cerebral, el aumento de señal T1 y el acentuado realce con el gadolinio. Conclusiones: Se describe la amplia variedad de lesiones melanocíticas encontradas en el SNC, enfatizando sus características a la RM. El conocimiento de sus características imagenológicas, clínicas y epidemiológicas es fundamental para su correcta interpretación, dado la notable superposición entre las presentaciones de las lesiones y lo variable de sus pronósticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Melanosis/complications , Melanosis/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/complications , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Skin Neoplasms , Central Nervous System/pathology , Retrospective Studies
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 82-88, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365738

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a body coil with computed tomography (CT) in measuring the tibial tubercle-trochlear groove distance (TT-TG) and the patellar tendon-cartilaginous trochlear groove (PT-CTG) distances, and evaluate interrater reliability. Methods The study group consisted of 34 knees from 17 asymptomatic subjects with no history of knee pathology, trauma or surgery. A low-dose CT scan and an axial T1-weighted MRI sequence of the knees were performed with rigorous standardization of the positioning with full extension of the knees and parallel feet. Two musculoskeletal radiologists performed the measurements independently. The reliability of the TT-TG and PT-CTG distances on CT (17.1 ± 4.2 mm and 17.3 ± 4.2 mm) and of MRI (16.2 ± 3.7 mm and 16.5 ± 4.1 mm) was assessed by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC [2,1]) and Bland-Altman graphs, as well as the interrater reliability for both methods. Results Good reliability and agreement was observed between CT and MRI measurements for TT-TG and PT-CTG, with an ICC of 0.774 (p< 0.001) and 0.743 (p< 0.001), respectively, and no systematic bias was observed. The interrater reliability was excellent for all measurements on both imaging methods. Conclusion This was the first study that compared MRI using a body coil with CT in measuring the TT-TG distance, with the potential clinical implication that the CT in this clinical setting could be avoided.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a ressonância magnética (RM) usando uma bobina corporal e tomografia computadorizada (TC) na medição da distância tubérculo tibial-sulco troclear (TT-ST) e as distâncias tendão patelar-sulco troclear cartilaginoso (TP-STC), e avaliar a confiabilidade interavaliador. Métodos O grupo de estudo consistiu em 34 joelhos de 17 indivíduos assintomáticos sem história de patologia, trauma ou cirurgia no joelho. Uma tomografia computadorizada (TC) de baixa dose e uma sequência axial de RM ponderada em T1 dos joelhos foram realizadas com padronização rigorosa do posicionamento com extensão total dos joelhos e pés paralelos. Dois radiologistas musculoesqueléticos realizaram as medidas de forma independente. A confiabilidade das distâncias TT-ST e TP-STC na TC (17,1 ± 4,2 mm e 17,3 ± 4,2 mm) e RM (16,2 ± 3,7 mm e 16,5 ± 4,1 mm), foi avaliada pelo coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI [2,1)]) e gráficos Bland-Altman, bem como a confiabilidade entre avaliadores para ambos os métodos. Resultados Boa confiabilidade e concordância foram observadas entre as medidas de TC e RM para TT-ST e TP-STC com um CCI de 0,774 (p< 0,001) e 0,743 (p< 0,001), respectivamente, e nenhum viés sistemático foi observado. A confiabilidade entre avaliadores foi excelente para todas as medições em ambos os métodos de imagem. Conclusão Este foi o primeiro estudo que comparou a RM usando bobina de corpo com a TC na medição da distância TT-ST, com a implicação clínica potencial de que a TC neste cenário clínico poderia ser evitada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Patellar Ligament , Patellar Dislocation , Knee
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 985-987, Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357091

ABSTRACT

Abstract Conjoined twins (CTs) are a rare complication from monochorionic and monoamniotic twin pregnancies. We describe the use of 3D technologies, including 3D virtual and 3D physical models on prenatal evaluation of one parapagus CT. A 16-year-old G1P0 woman was referred for fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) anatomical evaluation of a CT at 28 weeks of gestation. 3D images of the fetal surface were generated by the software during the examination for spatial comprehension of the relationship between the fetal parts. The pair of CTs died at the 32nd week of gestation, a few hours after cesarean section. 3D technologies are an important tool for parental counseling and preparation of the multidisciplinary care team for delivery and neonatal assistance and possible surgical planning for postnatal separation in CTs cases.


Resumo Gêmeos unidos (GUs) são uma complicação rara de gestações gemelares monocoriônicas e monoamnióticas. Descrevemos o uso de tecnologias 3D, incluindo modelos 3D virtuais e físicos, na avaliação pré-natal de GU parapagus. Mulher de 16 anos, G1P0, foi encaminhada para avaliação anatômica por ressonância magnética (RM) fetal de GU com 28 semanas de gestação. Imagens 3D da superfície fetal foram geradas pelo software durante o exame para compreensão espacial da relação entre as partes fetais. O par de GUs morreu na 32ª semana de gestação, poucas horas após a cesariana. As tecnologias 3D são uma importante ferramenta de aconselhamento dos pais e de preparação da equipe multiprofissional para o parto e a assistência neonatal, além de possível planejamento cirúrgico para separação pós-natal em casos de GUs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Twins, Conjoined , Prenatal Diagnosis , Cesarean Section , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Pregnancy, Twin
10.
J. Card. Arrhythm. (Impr.) ; 34(3): 120-127, Dec., 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359639

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation is the most prevalent arrhythmia in clinical practice and has different strategies for its control. Of these strategies, the percutaneous ablation of the pulmonary veins stands out, with robust results in relation to drug treatment. It is an invasive procedure and, therefore, not free from complications, which must be properly diagnosed and treated. Among the possible complications, there is stiff atrium syndrome, characterized by reduced atrial compliance caused by post-ablation fibrosis, which, in turn, leads to atrial filling dysfunction and the consequent increase in atrial and venous capillary pulmonary pressures. The case report demonstrates this infrequent but important complication, which presents good results for clinical treatment, in addition to the contribution of cardiac magnetic resonance in its diagnosis and in the assessment of arrhythmia recurrence rates.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Catheter Ablation , Heart Atria
11.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 615-624, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355736

ABSTRACT

Resumen | La enfermedad de Erdheim-Chester es una condición extremadamente rara en la edad pediátrica. Se presenta el caso de una niña de 12 años con diagnóstico histológico y radiológico de enfermedad de Erdheim-Chester multisistémica y mutación en el gen BRAF, que requirió tratamiento con dabrafenib. Hasta el momento, se han reportado 22 casos pediátricos en el mundo y este es el segundo en Latinoamérica. Se observó el hallazgo radiológico denominado signo oscuro paraselar, descrito hasta ahora en pacientes con hipofisitis autoinmunitaria para diferenciarlos de aquellos con adenomas hipofisarios. Este reporte contribuye a la literatura médica en dos aspectos fundamentales: las manifestaciones clínicas de la enfermedad y su diagnóstico en la población pediátrica.


Abstract | The Erdheim-Chester's disease is extremely rare in children. We present the case of a 12-year-old girl with histological and radiological diagnosis of this disease and mutation of the BRAF gene, who developed multisystemic compromise requiring treatment with dabrafenib. We identified 22 reports of this condition among children worldwide and this is the second pediatric case in Latin America. Diagnostic imaging is critical to confirm Erdheim-Chester disease and for the surgical planning of the biopsy. Additionally, we identified the parasellar dark sign, which has previously been reported on lymphocytic hypophysitis. This report contributes to the current practice as it shows the clinical presentation and the diagnostic workout of this disease in pediatrics.


Subject(s)
Pediatrics , Erdheim-Chester Disease , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Histiocytosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf
12.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(supl.1): 90-100, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Articular involvement in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is well recognized as one of the most common manifestations of the disease. This article reviews the recent knowledge of the clinical manifestations, diagnostic techniques and therapies used for the treatment of joint involvement in SLE. The degree of articular involvement is characterized by widespread heterogeneity in terms of clinical presentation and severity. It may range from minor arthralgia without erosions or deformity to erosive arthropathy and severe functional disability. Inflammatory musculoskeletal manifestations are described as a major cause of pain impacting daily activities and as a major determinant of quality-of-life impairment. Thus, physicians must be aware of articular involvement in SLE. Lupus arthritis diagnosis may be challenging, due to the frequently mild synovitis. The introduction of new more sensitive imaging techniques, such as ultrasound, and MRI have contributed significantly to improving the diagnosis of osteoarticular involvement in SLE. There are several treatment options for the management of joint manifestations in patients with SLE. The choice of treatment will depend on the type and pattern of joint involvement, its severity, and the characteristics of the patient.


RESUMEN El compromiso articular en lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) es bien reconocido como una de las manifestaciones más comunes de la enfermedad. En el presente artículo se revisa la evidencia reciente sobre las manifestaciones clínicas, las técnicas de diagnóstico y los tratamientos utilizados para tratar el compromiso articular en el LES. El grado de compromiso articular se caracteriza por la amplia heterogeneidad en su presentación clínica y su gravedad. Puede variar desde artralgia leve sin erosiones o deformidad, hasta una artropatía erosiva y discapacidad funcional. Se describen las manifestaciones inflamatorias musculoesqueléticas como la principal causa de dolor que afecta las actividades de la vida cotidiana y como uno de los principales factores determinantes del deterioro de la calidad de vida. Por lo tanto, los médicos deben estar conscientes del compromiso articular en LES. El diagnóstico de la artritis lúpica puede ser difícil debido a la sinovitis, usualmente leve. El advenimiento de nuevas técnicas de imágenes más sensibles, como la ecografía y la resonancia magnética, ha contribuido significativamente a mejorar el diagnóstico del compromiso osteoarticular en LES. Existen varias opciones de tratamiento para las manifestaciones articulares en pacientes con LES. La opción de tratamiento dependerá del tipo y del patrón del compromiso articular, así como de las características del paciente.

13.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(12): 1109-1115, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355702

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The genetic predisposition to multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with HLA alleles, especially HLA-DRB1*15:01. Objective: To identify associations between findings in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and genetic features in a Brazilian cohort of patients with MS. Methods: We retrospectively studied data from 95 consecutive patients with MS. Two independent observers who were blinded to the clinical data identified black holes and enhanced lesions on T1 MRI sequences, and counted and measured contrast-enhanced lesions on T2 and Flair (fluid attenuation inversion recovery) sequences. Cases were classified according to lesion size, number, and volume. The HLA-DRB1, HLA-DQB1, and HLA-DQA1 alleles, and the rs4774, rs3087456, rs6897932, rs731236, and rs1033182 single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified by polymerase chain reaction amplification with sequence-specific primers using the One Lambda Inc. Kit, Canoga Park, CA, USA. Results: Patients with the HLA-DQA1*04:01 allele had lesion load (adjusted for age, sex, and MS duration) above median compared with patients with other HLA-DQA1 alleles (p=0.02). There were no differences among all the other HLA alleles and single nucleotide polymorphisms and lesion load. Conclusions: The correlation of the HLA-DQA1*04:01 allele with a higher lesion load on T2/Flair MRI sequences suggests that the presence of this allele is associated with the risk of greater MS severity.


RESUMO Antecedentes: A predisposição genética para a esclerose múltipla (EM) está associada a alelos HLA, principalmente o HLA-DRB1*15:01. Objetivo: Identificar associações entre lesões na ressonância magnética e características genéticas em uma coorte brasileira de pacientes com EM. Métodos: Estudamos retrospectivamente os dados de 95 pacientes consecutivos com EM. Dois observadores independentes que desconheciam os dados clínicos identificaram "black holes" e lesões realçadas pelo contraste nas sequências de ressonância magnética T1 e contaram e mediram as lesões nas sequências T2 e FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery). Os casos foram classificados de acordo com tamanho, número e volume da lesão. Os alelos HLA-DRB1, HLA-DQB1 e HLA-DQA1 e os polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único rs4774, rs3087456, rs6897932, rs731236 e rs1033182 foram identificados por amplificação de reação em cadeia da polimerase com iniciadores específicos de sequência usando o kit One Lambda Inc., Canoga Park, CA, EUA. Resultados: Os pacientes com alelo HLA-DQA1*04:01 apresentaram carga de lesão (ajustada para idade, sexo e duração da EM) acima da mediana em comparação com outros pacientes com demais alelos HLA-DQA1 (p=0,02). Não houve diferenças entre todos os outros alelos HLA e polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único e carga lesional. Conclusões: A correlação do alelo HLA-DQA1*04:01 com maior carga de lesão nas sequências de RM em T2 sugere que a presença desse alelo pode estar associada ao risco de maior gravidade da EM.


Subject(s)
Humans , HLA-DQ alpha-Chains/genetics , Multiple Sclerosis/genetics , Multiple Sclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Genes, MHC Class II , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Alleles , HLA-DQ beta-Chains , HLA-DRB1 Chains/genetics , Gene Frequency
14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 758-767, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349985

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Contrast-enhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is routinely performed in children with central precocious puberty (CPP). We evaluated the value of a dedicated sellar MRI protocol without contrast enhancement in girls with CPP. Subjects and methods: This study included 261 girls diagnosed with CPP. We performed sellar MRI scanning without gadolinium enhancement of the hypothalamic-pituitary area (HPA) at the pituitary level, including additional T2-weighted imaging of whole-brain scans to check for other lesions. We evaluated the prevalence of intracranial lesions via this MR protocol. In addition,the correlation between the clinical parameters and morphology of the pituitary gland on the images was assessed. Results: Intracranial lesions were detected in 17 (6.5%) of the 261 girls. Of the 17 girls with abnormalities, 16 (94.1%) had findings in brain areas other than the HPA. The weight, height, Tanner stage of patients were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in the group with greater pituitary height. Patient weight and height, Tanner stage of breast development, and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels were significantly (p < 0.05) greater in those with a higher pituitary grade as determined on sellar MRI. Conclusion: A dedicated unenhanced sellar MRI protocol provides valuable information on brain lesions and pituitary morphology. We found a significantly low prevalence of brain lesions among girls with CPP. Analysis of the height or shape of the pituitary gland on sellar MRI revealed significant correlations with the weight, height, Tanner stage, and LH levels of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Puberty, Precocious/epidemiology , Puberty, Precocious/diagnostic imaging , Luteinizing Hormone , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prevalence , Contrast Media , Gadolinium
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 690-698, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345226

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) é o método de escolha para avaliar as dimensões e a função do ventrículo direito (VD), e a insuficiência pulmonar (IP). Objetivos Avaliar a acurácia da ecocardiografia bidimensional (ECO 2D) em estimar a função e as dimensões do VD e o grau de IP, e comparar os resultados obtidos pela ECO 2D com os da RMC. Métodos Comparamos os relatórios de ECO e RMC de pacientes cuja indicação para RMC havia sido para avaliar VD e IP. Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados Incluímos 51 pacientes com cardiopatia congênita com idade mediana de 9,3 anos (7-13,3 anos). Observou-se uma baixa concordância entre ECO 2D e RMC quanto à classificação da dimensão (Kappa 0,19; IC 95% 0,05 a 0,33, p 0,004) e da função do VD (Kappa 0,16; IC 95% -0,01 a +0,34; p 0,034). O tamanho do VD foi subestimado pela ECO 2D em 43% dos casos, e a função do VD foi superestimada pela ECO 2D em 29% dos casos. O grau de concordância entre os métodos quanto à classificação da IP não foi significativo (Kappa 0,014; IC 95% -0,03 a +0,06; p 0,27). Houve uma tendência de a ECO 2D superestimar o grau da IP. Conclusões A ECO 2D mostrou baixa concordância com a RMC quanto às dimensões e função do VD, e grau de IP. Em geral, a ECO subestimou as dimensões do VD e superestimou a função do VD e o grau de IP quando comparada à RMC.


Abstract Background Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the method of choice for assessing right ventricular (RV) dimensions and function, and pulmonary insufficiency (PI). Objectives To assess the accuracy of two-dimensional echocardiography (2D ECHO) in estimating RV function and dimensions, and the degree of PI, and compare the 2D ECHO and CMR findings. Methods We compared ECHO and CMR reports of patients whose indication for CMR had been to assess RV and PI. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results We included 51 congenital heart disease patients, with a median age of 9.3 years (7-13.3 years). There was poor agreement between 2D ECHO and CMR for classification of the RV dimension (Kappa 0.19; 95% CI 0.05 to 0.33, p 0.004) and function (Kappa 0.16; 95% CI -0.01 to +0.34; p 0.034). The RV was undersized by 2D ECHO in 43% of the cases, and RV function was overestimated by ECHO in 29% of the cases. The degree of agreement between the methods in the classification of PI was not significant (Kappa 0.014; 95% CI -0.03 to +0.06, p 0.27). 2D ECHO tended to overestimate the degree of PI. Conclusions The 2D ECHO showed a low agreement with CMR regarding the RV dimensions and function, and degree of PI. In general, ECHO underestimated the dimensions of the RV and overestimated the function of the RV and the degree of PI as compared with CMR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional , Heart Defects, Congenital , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Reproducibility of Results , Ventricular Function, Right , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(11): 943-949, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350129

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke with a mismatch between deficit severity and infarct volume, thrombectomy performed within a 6-24 hours time window has efficacy and safety similar to treatment within 6 hours. However, whether magnetic resonance imaging with T2 diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is feasible remains to be validated. Objective: To investigate prognosis among stroke patients receiving endovascular treatment (EVT) within 6 hours and 6-24 hours using non-contrasted computed tomography (NCCT) and DWI. Methods: Overall, 209 anterior-circulation ischemic stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion who underwent EVT were divided into ≤ 6 hours and 6-24 hours groups. Patients presenting symptoms within 6 hours were treated if their NIHSS score was ≥ 7 and ASPECTS score was ≥ 5, whereas those with wake-up stroke (WUS) or presenting symptoms 6-24 hours after last seen well (WUS/late-presenting stroke, LPS) were managed if their NIHSS score was ≥ 7 and ASPECTS score was ≥ 5. Results: The percentages of patients undergoing intracranial stenting and intracranial ballooning without stenting significantly differed between two groups (p < 0.001). Grades 0, 1, 2a and 2b recanalization rates did not differ between the 6 hours and 6-24 hours groups (all p > 0.05). Grade 3 recanalization rate in the 6 hours group was significantly lower than in the 6-24 hours group (p = 0.043). The 3-month Rankin Scale score did not significantly differ between the two groups (p = 0.629). Conclusions: EVT is a safe and effective treatment for patients with WUS and LPS selected through NCCT and DWI-based simple imaging.


RESUMO Antecedentes: Entre pacientes com acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico (AVCI) agudo com divergência entre gravidade do déficit e volume do infarto, a trombectomia em 6 a 24 horas tem eficácia e segurança semelhantes ao tratamento em até 6 horas. Entretanto, a viabilidade da imagem ponderada em T2 com difusão (DWI) da ressonância magnética necessita validação. Objetivo: Investigar o prognóstico de pacientes com AVCI que recebem tratamento endovascular (EVT) em até 6 horas e de 6-24 horas usando tomografia computadorizada sem contraste (NCCT) e DWI. Métodos: Duzentos e nove pacientes com AVCI de circulação anterior submetidos a EVT foram divididos em ≤ 6 horas e 6-24 horas. Pacientes com sintomas até 6 horas foram tratados se NIHSS ≥ 7 e ASPECTS ≥ 5; aqueles com AVCI ao despertar (WUS) ou com sintomas entre 6-24 horas da última vez em que foram vistos bem (WUS/AVC de fase tardia, LPS) foram tratados se NIHSS ≥ 7 e ASPECTS ≥ 5. Resultados: As porcentagens de pacientes submetidos a implante de stent intracraniano e angioplastia intracraniana sem stent diferiram entre os dois grupos (p <0,001). As taxas de recanalização 0, 1, 2a e 2b não diferiram entre 6 horas e 6-24 horas (p> 0,05). A taxa de recanalização de grau 3 no grupo 6 horas foi menor do que 6-24 horas (p = 0,043). Pontuação na Escala Rankin (3 meses) não foi diferente (p = 0,629). Conclusões: EVT é um tratamento seguro e eficaz para pacientes com WUS e LPS selecionados por meio de imagens baseadas em NCCT e DWI.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Stroke/therapy , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures , Ischemic Stroke , Treatment Outcome , Thrombectomy , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging
17.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(5): 478-482, sep.-oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357216

ABSTRACT

Resumen El diagnóstico de los quistes de pericardio ha aumentado debido a los avances de las ayudas diagnósticas imagenológicas, como la tomografía computarizada, la resonancia magnética y la videotoracoscopia. Sin embargo, para la comunidad médica actual aún continúa siendo poco común su hallazgo, debido a que en la mayoría de los pacientes el diagnóstico es incidental y están asintomáticos. Este artículo presenta dos casos clínicos de pacientes de sexo femenino, de 47 y 63 años de edad, quienes consultaron inicialmente por palpitaciones y disnea, y a quienes se les realizaron imágenes que mostraron un quiste de pericardio en el ángulo cardiofrénico derecho, por lo cual fueron remitidas a la institución donde las atendían regularmente para manejo por cirugía cardiovascular. Ambas se intervinieron con ayuda de videotoracoscopia y mediante cirugía mínimamente invasiva, y no presentaron complicaciones durante el procedimiento ni posteriores a este.


Abstract The diagnosis of pericardial cysts has been increasing due to advances in imaging diagnostic aids, such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and video-thoracoscopy. However, for the current medical community, its finding is still uncommon because in most patients the diagnosis is incidental and they are asymptomatic. This article presents two clinical cases of female patients of 47 and 63 years of age, who initially consulted for palpitations and dyspnea, and to those who underwent images that showed a pericardial cyst in the right cardio-phrenic angle, so they were subsequently referred to the institution where they were regularly attended for management by cardiovascular surgery. Both were operated with the help of video-thoracoscopy and minimally invasive surgery, without complications at the time of procedure or subsequent to it.

18.
Radiol. bras ; 54(5): 329-335, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340574

ABSTRACT

Abstract Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) is a noninvasive imaging method that can be used to diagnose and stage tumors, as well as to assess therapeutic responses in oncology. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the accuracy of WB-MRI for the diagnosis of metastases in pediatric patients. The following electronic databases were searched: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov. All of the selected studies included children and adolescents with histopathological confirmation of a primary tumor. Collectively, the studies included 118 patients ranging in age from 7 months to 19 years. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of WB-MRI were, respectively, 0.964 (95% CI: 0.944-0.978; I2 = 0%) and 0.902 (95% CI: 0.882-0.919; I2 = 98.4%), with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.991. We found that WB-MRI had good accuracy for the diagnosis of metastases in pediatric patients and could therefore provide an alternative to complete the staging of tumors in such patients, being a safer option because it does not involve the use of ionizing radiation.


Resumo A ressonância magnética de corpo inteiro (WB-MRI) é um método de imagem não invasivo que pode ser usado para diagnosticar, estadiar e avaliar a resposta terapêutica em oncologia. O objetivo desta meta-análise foi avaliar a precisão do diagnóstico de WB- MRI no diagnóstico de metástases em crianças. Foram pesquisadas as seguintes bastes de dados: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov. Todos os estudos incluíram crianças e adolescentes com prova histopatológica de um tumor original. Os estudos selecionados incluíram 118 pacientes com idade variando de 7 meses a 19 anos. A sensibilidade e especificidade combinadas de WB-MRI foram, respectivamente, 0,964 (IC 95%: 0,944-0,978; I2 = 0%) e 0,902 (IC 95%: 0,882-0,919; I2 = 98,4%), com AUC de 0,991. A WB-MRI tem uma boa precisão para o diagnóstico de metástases em pediatria e pode potencialmente fornecer um método alternativo não ionizante mais seguro para completar o estadiamento da doença maligna em crianças.

19.
Radiol. bras ; 54(5): 341-347, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340575

ABSTRACT

Abstract The diseases that affect the thalamus are heterogeneous in their etiologies, including infectious, inflammatory, vascular, toxic-metabolic, and neoplastic causes. It is often difficult to make the clinical differentiation between different entities. Within this context, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging have come to be of fundamental importance for defining the etiology and planning the treatment. In this pictorial essay, we will illustrate the main causes of diseases affecting the thalamus, discussing the possible differential diagnoses, as well as the most relevant imaging aspects.


Resumo As doenças que envolvem os tálamos incluem um grupo heterogêneo, englobando causas infecciosas, inflamatórias, vasculares, tóxico-metabólicas e neoplásicas. Muitas vezes a diferenciação clínica entre as diversas entidades é difícil, e dentro desse contexto, a tomografia computadorizada e a ressonância magnética assumiram fundamental importância na busca da definição etiológica e para guiar a conduta terapêutica. Neste ensaio iconográfico ilustraremos as principais causas de acometimento talâmico, discutindo seus possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais, bem como seus aspectos de imagem mais relevantes.

20.
Radiol. bras ; 54(5): 303-310, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate qualitative and quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria for injury of the common peroneal nerve (CPN) in patients with acute or subacute injuries in the posterolateral corner (PLC) of the knee, as well as to evaluate the reproducibility of MRI evaluation of CPN alterations. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of 38 consecutive patients submitted to MRI and diagnosed with acute or subacute injury to the PLC of the knee (patient group) and 38 patients with normal MRI results (control group). Two musculoskeletal radiologists (designated radiologist A and radiologist B, respectively) evaluated the images. Nerve injury was classified as neurapraxia, axonotmesis, or neurotmesis. Signal strength was measured at the CPN, the tibial nerve (TN), and a superficial vein (SV). The CPN/TN and CPN/SV signal ratios were calculated. The status of each PLC structure, including the popliteal tendon, arcuate ligament, lateral collateral ligament, and biceps tendon, was classified as normal, partially torn, or completely torn, as was that of the cruciate ligaments. For the semiquantitative analysis of interobserver agreement, the kappa statistic was calculated, whereas a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used for the quantitative analysis. Results: In the patient group, radiologist A found CPN abnormalities in 15 cases (39.4%)-neurapraxia in eight and axonotmesis in seven-whereas radiologist B found CPN abnormalities in 14 (36.8%)-neurapraxia in nine and axonotmesis in five. The kappa statistic showed excellent interobserver agreement. In the control group, the CPN/TN signal ratio ranged from 0.63 to 1.1 and the CPN/SV signal ratio ranged from 0.16 to 0.41, compared with 1.30-4.02 and 0.27-1.08, respectively, in the patient group. The ROC curve analysis demonstrated that the CPN/TN signal ratio at a cutoff value of 1.39 had high (93.3%) specificity for the identification of nerve damage, compared with 81.3% for the CPN/SV signal ratio at a cutoff value of 0.41. Conclusion: CPN alterations are common in patients with PLC injury detected on MRI, and the level of interobserver agreement for such alterations was excellent. Calculating the CPN/TN and CPN/SV signal ratios may increase diagnostic confidence. We recommend systematic analysis of the CPN in cases of PLC injury.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar critérios de identificação de lesão no nervo fibular comum (NFC) por ressonância magnética (RM) em pacientes com lesão aguda e subaguda no canto posterolateral (CPL) e avaliar a reprodutibilidade na identificação de alterações do NFC. Materiais e Métodos: Foram incluídos, retrospectivamente, 38 pacientes consecutivos submetidos a RM e com diagnóstico de lesão aguda ou subaguda no CPL do joelho, constituindo o grupo de pacientes. Outros 38 pacientes com RM normal foram utilizados como grupo controle. Dois radiologistas musculoesqueléticos (A e B) analisaram as imagens. A lesão neural foi classificada em neuropraxia, axoniotmese ou neurotmese. Foi medida a intensidade do sinal no NFC, no nervo tibial (NT) e em uma veia superficial (VS), e calculadas as razões de sinal NFC/NT e NFC/VS. Estruturas do CPL, incluindo tendão poplíteo, ligamento arqueado, ligamento colateral lateral e tendão do bíceps, foram classificadas como normal, rotura parcial ou rotura completa. Os ligamentos cruzados também foram avaliados segundo os mesmos critérios. O teste kappa foi utilizado para avaliar a concordância interobservador para as classificações semiquantitativas. Curva ROC foi utilizada para análise quantitativa. Resultados: O radiologista A encontrou alterações no NFC em 15 casos (39,4%): 8 neuropraxias, 7 axoniotmeses e nenhuma neurotmese. O radiologista B encontrou alterações no NFC em 14 casos (36,8%): 9 neuropraxias, 5 axoniotmeses e nenhuma neurotmese. O teste kappa mostrou alta concordância interobservador. No grupo controle, a razão NFC/NT variou entre 0,63-1,1 e a razão NFC/VS variou entre 0,16-0,41. Para o grupo de pacientes, a razão NFC/NT variou entre 1,30-4,02 e a razão NFC/VS variou entre 0,27-1,08. A análise com curva ROC demonstrou alta especificidade (93,3%) com relação à razão NFC/NT, usando um valor de corte de 1,39. Houve boa especificidade (81,3%) para a razão NFC/VS usando um valor de corte de 0,41. Conclusão: As alterações do NFC são detectadas com frequência nas lesões do CPL nas imagens de RM, com concordância interobservadores quase perfeita. Usando as razões de intensidade de sinal entre o NFC e o NT e entre o NFC e a VS, aumenta a confiança no diagnóstico. Recomendamos a análise sistemática do NFC nos casos de lesão do CPL.

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