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2.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 129-137, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006850

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To evaluate the stability of polyribosylribitol phosphate(PRP),the basic structure of capsular polysaccharide of Haemophilus influenzae type b(Hib),in the preparation of Hib conjugate vaccine.Methods The structures of the prepared Hib polysaccharides,polysaccharide derivatives and protein-conjugated polysaccharides were analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(NMR).Results The detection results of the prepared Hib polysaccharides,polysaccharide derivatives and protein-conjugated polysaccharides all met the requirements of relevant standards of Chinese Pharmacopoeia(VolumeⅢ,2020 edition),and the NMR spectra showed no significant change.Conclusion The basic structure PRP of the main carbohydrate antigen of Hib conjugate vaccine had no change during the vaccine manufacturing.

3.
Radiol. bras ; 57: e20230125, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558816

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of multi-echo Dixon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in hepatic fat quantification, in comparison with that of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), on 3.0-T MRI. Materials and Methods: Fifty-five adults with no known liver disease underwent MRI in a 3.0-T scanner for determination of the hepatic fat fraction, with two techniques: multi-echo Dixon, in a manually drawn region of interest (ROI) and in the entire liver parenchyma (automated segmentation); and MRS. The diagnostic accuracy and cutoff value for multi-echo Dixon were determined, with MRS being used as the reference standard. Results: The mean fat fraction obtained by multi-echo Dixon in the manually drawn ROI and in the entire liver was 5.2 ± 5.8% and 6.6 ± 5.2%, respectively, whereas the mean hepatic fat fraction obtained by MRS was 5.7 ± 6.4%. A very strong positive correlation and good agreement were observed between MRS and multi-echo Dixon, for the ROI (r = 0.988, r2 = 0.978, p < 0.001) and for the entire liver parenchyma (r = 0.960, r2 = 0.922, p < 0.001). A moderate positive correlation was observed between the hepatic fat fraction and body mass index of the participants, regardless of the fat estimation technique employed. Conclusion: For hepatic fat quantification, multi-echo Dixon MRI demonstrated a very strong positive correlation and good agreement with MRS (often considered the gold-standard noninvasive technique). Because multi-echo Dixon MRI is more readily available than is MRS, it can be used as a rapid tool for hepatic fat quantification, especially when the hepatic fat distribution is not homogeneous.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a acurácia diagnóstica da técnica multieco Dixon na quantificação da gordura hepática em comparação com a espectroscopia por ressonância magnética (ERM), em exames de RM 3.0-T. Materiais e Métodos: Cinquenta e cinco participantes adultos sem doença hepática conhecida foram submetidos a RM 3.0-T para determinação da fração de gordura hepática, usando duas técnicas: multieco Dixon (em ROI desenhada manualmente e em segmentação automatizada para todo o parênquima hepático) e ERM. A precisão diagnóstica e o valor de corte para multieco Dixon foram determinados usando a ERM como padrão de referência. Resultados: A fração de gordura média usando multieco Dixon na ROI desenhada manualmente e na segmentação automatizada do fígado inteiro foi 5,2 ± 5,8% e 6,6 ± 5,2%, respectivamente. A fração de gordura hepática média usando ERM foi 5,7 ± 6,4%. Correlação positiva muito alta e forte concordância foram observadas entre ERM e multieco Dixon, tanto para ROI (r = 0,988, r2 = 0,978, p < 0,001) quanto para todo o parênquima hepático (r = 0,960, r2 = 0,922, p < 0,001). Correlação positiva moderada foi observada entre a fração de gordura hepática e o índice de massa corpórea dos participantes usando ambas as técnicas de estimativa de gordura. Conclusão: Multieco Dixon demonstrou correlação positiva muito alta e concordância com a ERM (muitas vezes considerada padrão de referência não invasivo) para quantificação de gordura hepática. Uma vez que o multieco Dixon está mais prontamente disponível do que a ERM, pode ser usado como uma ferramenta rápida para a quantificação da gordura hepática, especialmente na distribuição não homogênea da gordura.

4.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1535004

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the salivary metabolites profile of Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) types I, II, IV, and VI patients. Material and Methods: The participants were asked to refrain from eating and drinking for one hour before sampling, performed between 7:30 and 9:00 a.m. Samples were centrifuged at 10.000 × g for 60 min at 4°C, and the supernatants (500µl) were stored at −80°C until NMR analysis. The salivary proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectra were acquired in a 500 MHz spectrometer, and TOCSY experiments were used to confirm and assign metabolites. Data were analyzed descriptively. Results: Differences in salivary metabolites were found among MPS types and the control, such as lactate, propionate, alanine, and N-acetyl sugar. Understanding these metabolite changes may contribute to precision medicine and early detection of mucopolysaccharidosis and its monitoring. Conclusion: The composition of low molecular weight salivary metabolites of mucopolysaccharidosis subjects may present specific features compared to healthy controls.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Saliva , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/instrumentation , Mucopolysaccharidoses/pathology , Metabolomics , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods
5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 565-568, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003565

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in the diagnosis of intracranial space-occupying lesions. Methods A total of 126 patients with intracranial space-occupying lesions in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from 2019 to 2022 were enrolled and subjected to brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MRS examinations. The performance of MRI alone and in combination with MRS was evaluated and compared for diagnosis of intracranial space-occupying lesions. Results Tuberculoma (19.05%) and high-grade glioma (15.87%) were the intracranial space-occupying lesions most commonly diagnosed by MRI in combination with MRS. Radiologists confirmed the diagnosis of intracranial space-occupying lesions in 23.81% patients depending on MRI alone, and in 75.40% patients depending on MRI combined with MRS, with a 2.17-fold improvement (χ2 = 67.07, P<0.01). The combination of MRI and MRS improved the accuracy of imaging diagnosis of intracranial space-occupying lesions in 70 (55.67%) patients compared with MRI alone. In addition, MRI in combination with MRS significantly improved the accuracy of differential diagnosis of high-grade glioma, low-grade glioma, cerebral infarct, tuberculoma, recurrent tumor, and radiation necrosis compared with MRI alone (P<0.01). Conclusion The efficacy of imaging diagnosis of intracranial space-occupying lesions can be improved by MRI in combination with MRS relative to MRI alone. The combined use of MRI and MRS may serve as a non-invasive tool for diagnosis of intracranial space-occupying lesions. In addition, the combination facilitates the differentiation between low- and high-grade gliomas, between high-grade glioma and tuberculoma, and between recurrent tumor and radiation necrosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 660-666, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995776

ABSTRACT

New techniques in clinical lipid measurements, such as vertical auto profile, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, electrospray differential mobility analysis and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry, are becoming increasingly mature. Clinical application of these new techniques significantly promoted the use of new lipid parameters including the particle concentrations of low-density lipoprotein/high-density lipoprotein and other lipoprotein subtype in the risk stratification of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and in the efficacy monitoring of lipid-regulating therapy, above progress is helpful on developing new individualized and precise lipid management strategies. This review analyzed and summarized the research progress of the new techniques for lipid measurements in recent years, aiming to provide evidence to develop new ideas for the individualized and accurate lipid management in clinical practice.

7.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 421-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995746

ABSTRACT

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMRS) is a branch of spectroscopy, which can be used to determine the number, type and relative position of components in the mixture. Due to its high throughput, high sensitivity and high stability, especially its "fingerprint", non-destructive and non-biased detection of metabolites, NMRS has become one of the most commonly used analytical and detection techniques in metabolomics. Based on the research of clinical laboratory application, this review briefly expounds the technical principle of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, introduces the development and latest research results of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in biomedical application fields such as blood lipid analysis, tumor detection, prediction of mental and nervous system diseases, infectious diseases, nutrition and health management, and discusses the development prospect of clinical translational medicine.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1072-1078, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994935

ABSTRACT

Primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) is a rare inflammatory disease of the central nervous system with unknown etiology affecting the brain and spinal cord. As the incidence of PACNS is low, the clinical manifestations are diverse, the cerebrospinal fluid examination lacks specificity, its diagnosis mainly depends on the "gold standard" pathological biopsy. However, due to the subjectivity of the sampling site, tissue staining and microscopic reading, some patients may be misdiagnosed. In addition, the potentially aggressive course of PACNS may reduce disability and mortality through appropriate immunosuppressive therapy, so the early diagnosis of PACNS is conducive to the prognosis of patients. Imaging examination is convenient, non-invasive, and can provide important information for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PACNS from various aspects. Therefore, it is very important to explore the imaging features of the disease. This paper reviews the current research status of imaging examination in PACNS and summarizes the different types of imaging findings in PACNS.

9.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 127-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992066

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the neurobiochemical metabolites of caudate nucleus and thalamus in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and their relationship with obsessive-compulsive symptoms.Methods:From April 2019 to January 2022 in Beijing Anding Hospital, totally 25 untreated patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder were recruited, and 20 healthy controls matched with gender, age and educational background were recruited for the study.The maps of neurobiochemical metabolites of patients and normal controls were collected by hydrogen proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.With bilateral caudate nucleus and thalamus as brain regions of interest.The relative concentrations of N-acetylaspartic acid (NAA), glutamic acid (Glu) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were fitted by LCModel software.At the same time, the clinical symptoms of patients were evaluated with Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale (Y-BOCS) and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA). SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent double sample t-test was used to compare the differences of different nerve biochemical metabolite concentrations between patients with obsessive-compulsive disorders and healthy controls.Pearson correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between biochemical metabolite concentrations and clinical symptoms. Results:The Glu concentration in the left thalamus of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (3.97±0.41) was higher than that of the control group (3.66±0.55)( t=-2.11, P<0.05), while the NAA concentration was (4.87±0.47)lower than that of the control group (5.15±0.44)( t=2.05, P<0.05). The GABA concentrations in the right caudate nucleus (0.50±0.18) and thalamus (0.80±0.19) were lower than those in the control group ((0.63±0.23), (0.96±0.24))( t=2.08, 2.36, both P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the Glu concentration in the left caudate nucleus of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder was positively correlated with the total score of Y-BOCS( r=0.46, P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that Glu concentration in the right caudate nucleus was positively correlated with the total score of HAMA in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder ( r=0.46, P<0.05). Conclusion:NAA, Glu and GABA metabolism in caudate nucleus and thalamus are abnormal in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, and Glu concentration is positively correlated with the severity of obsessive-compulsive and anxiety symptoms.

12.
Acta ortop. bras ; 31(3): e262497, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447082

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Quantitative assessments of rotator cuff muscle changes after successful tendon repair are scarce. On the other hand, semiquantitative and subjective assessments are more abundant, but their findings are controversial. One hypothesis about this divergence is that there is an immediate decrease in the proportion of fatty infiltration after surgical repair. Objective: Reassess fatty infiltration and muscle trophism of the rotator cuff after ten years of repair. Methods: Prospective comparison study. A total of 10 patients diagnosed with rotator cuff injury underwent repair of the lesion, and MRI of the affected shoulder was performed in the preoperative, immediate postoperative, and late postoperative periods (ten years). A comparative study was performed at every moment. Results: At 5% significance level, the mean of the immediate postoperative period was higher for the variable trophism and true muscle percentage. Fatty infiltration showed no difference in the three periods observed. Conclusion: Fatty infiltration does not change in the three periods evaluated and muscle trophism is greater in the immediate postoperative period. After ten years of rotator cuff repair, muscle trophism and fatty infiltration remain with statistically significantly equal results when compared to the preoperative period. Level of Evidence II, Prospective Comparison Study.


RESUMO Avaliações quantitativas das mudanças musculares do manguito rotador após reparos bem-sucedidos são escassas. Em contrapartida, avaliações semiquantitativas e subjetivas são mais abundantes, porém com achados controversos. Uma hipótese sobre essa discrepância é que a diminuição imediata na proporção de gordura que ocorre logo após o reparo. Objetivo: Reavaliar a infiltração gordurosa e o trofismo muscular do manguito rotador passados dez anos do reparo. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo comparativo realizado com dez pacientes diagnosticados com lesão do manguito rotador que foram submetidos a reparo da lesão e exames de ressonância magnética do ombro acometido no pré-operatório, no pós-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório tardio (dez anos), a fim de comparar as mudanças musculares em cada momento. Resultados: Ao nível de significância de 5%, a média do pós-operatório imediato foi superior para as variáveis trofismo e porcentagem muscular verdadeira. A infiltração gordurosa não apresentou diferença nos três períodos observados. Conclusão: A infiltração gordurosa não se altera nos três períodos avaliados, e o trofismo muscular é maior no pós-operatório imediato. Após dez anos do reparo do manguito rotador, o trofismo muscular e a infiltração gordurosa se mantêm com resultados estatísticos significativamente iguais quando comparados com o pré-operatório. Nível de Evidência II, Estudo Prospectivo Comparativo.

13.
Rev. gastroenterol. Peru ; 42(4)oct. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423947

ABSTRACT

El cribado de cáncer de páncreas en población de alto riesgo puede mejorar la supervivencia. Sin embargo, hay pocas referencias sobre su aplicabilidad y hallazgos en la práctica clínica habitual. Nuestro objetivo es evaluar los hallazgos de las pruebas de cribado de cáncer de páncreas en individuos de alto riesgo en la práctica clínica y describir las variables asociadas a la presencia de lesiones relevantes. Este es un estudio observacional prospectivo en el que se seleccionaron pacientes con alto riesgo de cáncer de páncreas, según los criterios del Consorcio Internacional de Cribado de Cáncer de Páncreas. Se analizaron variables demográficas, presencia de factores de riesgo de cáncer páncreas y los hallazgos de las pruebas. Posteriormente se compararon pacientes que presentan lesiones relevantes con aquellos sin hallazgos. De 70 pacientes de alto riesgo, 25 cumplieron los criterios de cribado. El síndrome hereditario más frecuente fue el cáncer de mama y ovario hereditario (60%). En once individuos (44%) se identificaron hallazgos y en tres (12%) fueron relevantes: dos tumores papilares mucinosos intraductales y un tumor sólido localizado. La mutación en BRCA2 fue la más frecuente en lesiones significativas (66,7% vs 30%, p=0,376) sin encontrar asociación con diabetes ni tabaquismo (0 vs 18 %, p=0,578 y 0 vs 4,5%, p=0,880 respectivamente). En conclusión, las pruebas de cribado permiten detectar lesiones en estadio precoz o resecables en un importante porcentaje de población de alto riesgo seleccionada. Los hallazgos más relevantes fueron en los pacientes pertenecientes al síndrome de cáncer de mama y ovario hereditario.


Pancreatic cancer surveillance can improve outcomes in high-risk individuals. However, little is known about its applicability and findings in routine clinical practice. Our aim was to evaluate findings on screening tests in high-risk individuals in a clinical practice setting and to analyze factors associated with the presence of relevant pancreatic lesions. We developed a prospective observational study of pancreatic cancer high risk patients that meet criteria of surveillance from the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening Consortium. The demographic variables, other risk factors and imaging findings are collected. Patients with significant findings are compared to those without noteworthy findings. Of 70 high-risk individuals, 25 fitted the criteria for pancreatic cancer surveillance. The most frequent condition was hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (60%). We identified eleven abnormal imaging findings (44%) and three of them (12%) were relevant: two intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and one localized pancreatic neoplasm. BRCA2 mutation was more frequent in patients with significant lesions (66.7% vs 30%, p=0.376) but smoking and diabetes were not associated with relevant findings (0 vs 18 %, p=0.578 and 0 vs 4.5%, p=0.880 respectively). Screening test could detect early-stage or resectable lesions in a significant in a significant percentage of the selected high-risk population. The most relevant findings were in patients belonging to hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome.

14.
Acta méd. peru ; 39(2): 114-119, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402998

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo : Describir los resultados de la biopsia prostática transperineal por fusión de la resonancia magnética cognitiva y ultrasonido en la detección del cáncer. Materiales y métodos : Estudio de serie de casos, retrospectivo, realizado en Clínica Delgado entre julio del 2019 y octubre del 2021. Se incluyó pacientes con examen digital de próstata y/o Antígeno Prostático Específico anormal e imágenes de Resonancia Magnética de próstata con lesiones categoría PI-RADS 4 o 5. Excluyendo a pacientes con trastorno de coagulación, lesiones rectales, imposibilidad para abducción, comorbilidades para anestesia. Registramos las características clínicas, demográficas, datos de antígeno prostático específico, volumen de la próstata, lesiones PI-RADS, tasas de cáncer, complicaciones. Resultados : Se evaluaron 18 pacientes, con edad media de 69,33 ± 7,67 años. La media del antígeno prostático específico de 14,94 ± 12,42 ng/mL. La media del volumen de próstata de 57,72 ± 28,68 cc. Al examen digital de la próstata 16/18 (88.88 %) pacientes tenían sospecha de cáncer. Se hicieron biopsias con 19 núcleos en pacientes cuya RMNmP tenían lesiones con categoría de PI-RADS 4 en 6/18 (33,33 %) de los cuales 3 resultaron positivas a Adenocarcinoma y otras 3 negativas a cáncer. Biopsia con 16 núcleos en PIRADS 5 en 12/18 (66,67 %) pacientes, resultando todas positivas a cáncer. Adenocarcinoma Acinar en 15/18 (83,33 %) con Gleason 6 en 2/18 (11,11 %) y Gleason ≥ 7 en 13/18 (72,22 %) pacientes. Complicaciones leves como hematuria 1/18 (5,6 %), disuria terminal 8/18 (44,4 %) y molestia perineal 7/18 (38,8 %) y ninguna infecciosa. Conclusiones : la biopsia prostática transperineal por fusión de imágenes de resonancia magnética cognitiva y ultrasonido es factible, segura, con tasas importantes de positividad y sin infecciones.


ABSTRACT Objective : To describe the results of transperineal prostate biopsy by fusion of cognitive magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound in the detection of cancer. Materials and methods : A retrospective case series study conducted at the Delgado Clinic between July 2019 and October 2021. Patients with digital prostate examination and/or abnormal Prostatic Specific Antigen and prostate MRI images with category lesions were included PI-RADS 4 or 5. Excluding patients with coagulation disorders, rectal injuries, impossibility for abduction, comorbidities for anesthesia. We recorded clinical and demographic characteristics, prostate-specific antigen data, prostate volume, PI-RADS lesions, cancer rates, and complications. Results: 18 patients were evaluated, with a mean age of 69.33 ± 7.67 years. The mean prostate specific antigen was 14.94 ± 12.42 ng/mL. The mean prostate volume was 57.72 ± 28.68 cc. At the digital examination of the prostate, 16/18 (88.88%) patients had suspected cancer. Biopsies with 19 cores were performed in patients whose NMRmP had lesions with PI-RADS category 4 in 6/18 (33.33%), of which 3 were positive for Adenocarcinoma and another 3 were negative for cancer. Biopsy with 16 PIRADS 5 cores in 12/18 (66.67%) patients, all of which were positive for cancer. Acinar adenocarcinoma in 15/18 (83.33%) with Gleason 6 in 2/18 (11.11%) and Gleason ≥ 7 in 13/18 (72.22%) patients. Mild complications such as hematuria 1/18 (5.6%), terminal dysuria 8/18 (44.4%) and perineal discomfort 7/18 (38.8%) and none infectious. Conclusions : transperineal prostate biopsy by fusion of cognitive magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound is feasible, safe, with significant positivity rates and without infections.

17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 77-87, jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360119

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A cardiomiopatia hipertrófica (CMH) e a hipertrofia ventricular esquerda (HVE) secundária à hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) podem estar associadas a anormalidades funcionais do átrio esquerdo (AE). Objetivos Caracterizar a mecânica do AE na CMH e na HAS e avaliar qualquer correlação com a extensão da fibrose ventricular esquerda medida por ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) em pacientes com CMH. Métodos A função longitudinal do AE derivada do ecocardiograma bidimensional com speckle tracking foi adquirida a partir de cortes apicais de 60 pacientes com CMH e 34 indivíduos controles, pareados por idade. Pacientes com CMH também foram submetidos à RMC, com medida da extensão do realce tardio por gadolínio. A associação com parâmetros de strain do AE foi analisada. Valores p < 0,05 foram definidos como estatisticamente significativos. Resultados A média da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo não foi diferente entre os grupos. A razão E/e' estava comprometida no grupo CMH e preservada no grupo controle. A mecânica do AE estava significativamente reduzida na CMH em comparação aos pacientes com HAS. O strain rate do AE nas fases de reservatório (SRrAE) e na fase contrátil (SRctAE) foram os melhores parâmetros de discriminação de CMH com uma área sob a curva (AUC) de 0,8, seguido do strain do AE na fase de reservatório (SrAE) (AUC 0,76). O SRrAE e o SRctAE apresentaram elevada especificidade (89% e 91%, respectivamente), e o SrAE apresentou sensibilidade de 80%. Um decréscimo de 2,79% no strain rate do AE na fase de condução (SRcdAE) foi preditor de um aumento de 1 cm na extensão do RT pelo gadolínio (r2=0,42, β 2,79, p=0,027). Conclusões O SRrAE e o SRctAE foram os melhores fatores de discriminação de HVE secundária à CMH. O SRcdAE foi preditor do grau de fibrose ventricular esquerda avaliada por RMC. Esses achados sugerem que a mecânica do AE pode ser um potencial preditor de gravidade de doença na CMH.


Abstract Background Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) secondary to systemic hypertension (HTN) may be associated with left atrial (LA) functional abnormalities. Objectives We aimed to characterize LA mechanics in HCM and HTN and determine any correlation with the extent of left ventricular (LV) fibrosis measured by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in HCM patients. Methods Two-dimensional speckle tracking-derived longitudinal LA function was acquired from apical views in 60 HCM patients, 60 HTN patients, and 34 age-matched controls. HCM patients also underwent CMR, with measurement of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) extension. Association with LA strain parameters was analyzed. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results Mean LV ejection fraction was not different between the groups. The E/e' ratio was impaired in the HCM group and preserved in the control group. LA mechanics was significantly reduced in HCM, compared to the HTN group. LA strain rate in reservoir (LASRr) and in contractile (LASRct) phases were the best discriminators of HCM, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.8, followed by LA strain in reservoir phase (LASr) (AUC 0.76). LASRr and LASR-ct had high specificity (89% and 91%, respectively) and LASr had sensitivity of 80%. A decrease in 2.79% of LA strain rate in conduit phase (LASRcd) predicted an increase of 1cm in LGE extension (r2=0.42, β 2.79, p=0.027). Conclusions LASRr and LASRct were the best discriminators for LVH secondary to HCM. LASRcd predicted the degree of LV fibrosis assessed by CMR. These findings suggest that LA mechanics is a potential predictor of disease severity in HCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/complications , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Fibrosis , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Gadolinium
18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1316-1320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the differences in N-acetylaspartate/creatine(NAA/Cr), N-acetylaspartate/choline(NAA/Cho)and choline/creatine(Cho/Cr)in different brain regions of patients with different motor subtypes of Parkinson's disease(PD)or essential tremor(ET)using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy( 1H-MRS), and to provide an imaging basis for the diagnosis of different PD subtypes and their differential diagnosis from ET. Methods:92 PD outpatients and inpatients, ET patients and healthy individuals receiving check-ups at our hospital from June 2018 to May 2021were retrospectively enrolled and divided into four groups: tremor-dominant(TD)(n=45), postural instability and gait disorders(PIGD)(n=47), ET(n=44), and healthy controls(n=40). Participant clinical information was collected and bilateral basal ganglia and cerebellar cortex 1H-MRS examinations were performed for each group.Values of NAA/Cr, NAA/Cho and Cho/Cr of the basal ganglia and the cerebellar cortex were compared between the groups. Results:NAA/Cr and NAA/Cho values in the basal ganglia were 1.65±0.19 and 1.55±0.20 for the TD group and 1.48±0.11 and 1.46±0.17 for the PIGD group, respectively, lower than in the control group(NAA/Cr: 1.92±0.28; NAA/Cho: 2.08±0.34)and the ET group(NAA/Cr: 2.10±0.16; NAA/Cho: 2.23±0.23), with statistical significance( P<0.05), whereas Cho/Cr values for the former two groups(TD: 1.07±0.25; PIGD: 1.02±0.13)were higher than in the latter two groups(control: 0.92±0.27; ET: 0.91±0.21), with statistical significance( P<0.05). NAA/Cr values of the basal ganglia in the PIGD group were lower than in the TD group( P<0.05). NAA/Cr, NAA/Cho and Cho/Cr values of the basal ganglia in the ET group were not statistically different compared with those in the control group( P>0.05). In the cerebellar cortex, NAA/Cr(0.72±0.16)and NAA/Cho(0.78±0.14)in the ET group were lower than in the control group(0.92±0.20)and(1.12±0.17), the TD group(0.90±0.14); (1.10±0.13)and the PIGD group(0.89±0.25)and(1.08±0.17)( P<0.05). NAA/Cr, NAA/Cho and Cho/Cr values of the cerebellar cortex for the TD group, the PIGD group and the control group had no statistical difference( P>0.05). Conclusions:1H-MRS can detect brain metabolic changes with damage or loss of neurons in the basal ganglia of PD patients and the cerebellar cortex of ET patients, potentially providing an objective imaging basis for early diagnosis of PD, its subtyping and the differential diagnosis from ET.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1649-1654,1660, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the atypical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and misdiagnosis reasons of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), and to explore the value of conventional MRI signs combined with minimum apparent diffusion coefficient value (ADCmin) and imaging features of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in the diagnosis and differentiation of atypical PCNSL.Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 15 patients with atypical PCNSL confirmed by clinical and pathological findings from Lianyungang Second People′s Hospital and the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2015 to December 2020 was collected. All cases were examined by plain MRI, enhanced and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), and 3 cases were examined by MRS. The conventional MRI features, DWI signal features and MRS imaging features of 15 cases of atypical PCNSL were observed and analyzed, and the MRI findings of atypical PCNSL and the causes of misdiagnosis were summarized and analyzed. The ADCmin of tumor parenchyma, the mean ADC values of proximal peritumor, distal peritumor and contralateral white matter were detected and compared to explore the variation rules of ADC values in different regions.Results:Of the 15 cases of PCNSL, 14 cases were single and 1 case was multiple, with a total of 21 lesions. (1) Single lesions in rare sites: 4 cases in the superficial part of the brain, 1 case in the bridge arm, 1 case in the cerebellar hemisphere, 1 case in the suprasellar saddle, and 1 case in the third ventricle. (2) Atypical MRI findings: cystic degeneration or necrosis in 5 lesions (5/21), accompanied by hemorrhage in 1 lesion (1/21); There were 3 isosensitive lesions on DWI, and isosensitive lesions on ADC false color images. There were 5 ring enhancement lesions and 3 sheet enhancement lesions. (3) Multi-center growth pattern: 1 case with a total of 7 lesions, located in the right thalamus, basal ganglia and corona radiata, showing multiple nodules and ring enhancement. 1H-MRS examination showed that choline (Cho) peak increased, creatine (Cr) peak decreased, N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) peak decreased, and obvious Lip peak appeared in all the 3 cases with single lesions. 2 cases showed high Lip peak as the first peak. The ADCmin values of tumor parenchyma, proximal peritumor, distal peritumor and contralateral white matter showed a parabola pattern of first rise and then decline, as follows: (0.54±0.06)×10 -3 mm 2/s, (1.55±0.10)×10 -3 mm 2/s, (1.45±0.09)×10 -3 mm 2/s, (0.85±0.03)×10 -3 mm 2/s, overall difference was statistically significant ( F=630.570, P<0.001). The pairwise comparison was statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Atypical PCNSL is easy to be misdiagnosed. Conventional MRI feature analysis combined with DWI and MRS imaging features and comparison of ADC values in different tumor areas are helpful for the diagnosis and differentiation of PCNSL and are expected to improve diagnostic accuracy.

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Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 440-446, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the correlation of the expression of Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue and Lipin2 in liver tissue with hepatic fat content in rats with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR).@*METHODS@#Pregnant rats were given a low-protein (10% protein) diet during pregnancy to establish a model of IUGR in neonatal rats. The pregnant rats in the control group were given a normal-protein (21% protein) diet during pregnancy. The neonatal rats were weighed and liver tissue was collected on day 1 and at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth, and visceral adipose tissue was collected at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth. The 3.0T 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to measure hepatic fat content at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth. Real-time PCR was used to measure mRNA expression levels of Lipin2 in liver tissue and Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue. Western blot was used to measure protein levels of Lipin2 in liver tissue and Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue. A Pearson correlation analysis was performed to investigate the correlation of mRNA and protein expression of Lipin with hepatic fat content.@*RESULTS@#The IUGR group had significantly higher mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue than the control group at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the IUGR group had significantly lower mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin2 in liver tissue on day 1 after birth and significantly higher mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin2 at weeks 1, 3, 8, and 12 after birth (P<0.05). At week 3 after birth, there was no significant difference in hepatic fat content between the IUGR and control groups (P>0.05), while at weeks 8 and 12 after birth, the IUGR group had a significantly higher hepatic fat content than the control group (P<0.05). The protein and mRNA expression levels of Lipin1 were positively correlated with hepatic fat content (r=0.628 and 0.521 respectively; P<0.05), and the protein and mRNA expression levels of Lipin2 were also positively correlated with hepatic fat content (r=0.601 and 0.524 respectively; P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Upregulation of the mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue and Lipin2 in liver tissue can increase hepatic fat content in rats with IUGR and may be associated with obesity in adulthood.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Rats , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gene Expression , Liver/metabolism , Organic Chemicals , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
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