Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 15 de 15
Filter
1.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06742, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1287511

ABSTRACT

The result of the reaction of free radicals with biomolecules is the formation of substances with the potential of inducing oxidative damage, a condition known as oxidative stress. There are voluminous literature data reporting the association, both as a cause and as a consequence, between different diseases and oxidative stress. In this study, 144 female dogs with mammary neoplasia were analyzed. The animals were submitted to clinical evaluation for disease staging, hematological evaluation, serum biochemistry (renal and hepatic function tests), and dosage of the oxidative damage biomarker, malondialdehyde (MDA), at the time of its approach and 30 days after treatment. A control group of 100 healthy animals was also submitted to determination of serum MDA levels. The mean age of the animals affected by mammary neoplasms was 9.88±2.95 (4 to 14) years, while in healthy animals it was 2.31±1.90 years (1 to 6). Of the 144 animals, 113 (78.9%) had malignant neoplasms, and 15, 21, 46, 17 and 14 animals were in clinical stage I, II, III, IV and V respectively and the carcinoma in a mixed tumor was the most frequent histological pattern in this group (26%). Thirty-one animals were diagnosed with benign neoplasms and mammary adenoma was the most frequent histological pattern in 15 animals (51.61%). Hematological changes in the preoperative period were observed in 44 (38.9%) and 12 (38.7%) animals with malignant and benign neoplasias, respectively, and there was a positive correlation between anemia and higher levels of MDA (P=0.0008) for animals with malignant tumors. Regarding serum biochemical parameters, the most frequent alterations in animals with malignant neoplasms were elevated ALT levels in 12 animals (10.6%), creatinine in 10 animals (8.84%) and urea in eight animals (7.07%). Females with benign neoplasms presented less occurrence of changes in these parameters. In the group of healthy animals (control), the mean serum MDA values were 12.08±4.18, whereas in the pre-treatment group, mean MDA was 24.80±5.74 for bitches with benign neoplasms and 32.27±10.24 for bitches with malignant tumors. A significant increase (P<0.001) in MDA levels was observed in animals with malignant mammary neoplasms when compared to healthy animals and with benign tumors. In addition, a significant reduction (P<0.001) was observed 30 days after treatment in MDA levels (27.37±7.86) in animals with malignant tumors. In conclusion, our results indicate an association between MDA seric levels and mammary neoplasms in dogs. The results suggest that this factor can be used as a biomarker of oxidative stress with a potential impact in the prognostic of mammary tumors, since significantly higher levels of MDA were detected especially in dogs carrying malignant tumors and presenting anemia.(AU)


O resultado da reação de radicais livres com biomoléculas é a formação de substâncias que podem ser utilizadas como marcadores de dano oxidativo, condição mais conhecida como estresse oxidativo. Evidências científicas comprovam a relação, quer como causa, quer como consequência, entre muitas doenças e o estresse oxidativo. Neste estudo, 144 cadelas portadoras de neoplasia de mama, foram submetidas à avaliação clínica para estadiamento da doença, avaliação hematológica, testes de função renal e hepática e dosagem do biomarcador de dano oxidativo, malondialdeído (MDA), no momento de sua abordagem e 30 dias após realização de tratamento. Um grupo controle de 100 cadelas saudáveis foi submetido também à determinação dos níveis séricos de MDA. A idade média dos animais acometidos por neoplasias mamárias foi de 9,88±2,95 (4 a 14) anos, enquanto que nos animais saudáveis foi de 2,31±1,90 anos (1 a 6). Dos 144 animais, 113 (78, 9%) apresentavam neoplasias malignas, sendo que 15, 21, 46, 17 e 14 animais encontravam-se em estadiamento clínico I, II, III, IV e V respectivamente, e o carcinoma em tumor misto foi o padrão histológico mais frequente neste grupo (26%). Trinta e um animais tiveram diagnóstico de neoplasias benignas, sendo que 7 estavam no estádio I, 16 no estádio II e 8 no estádio III e o adenoma mamário foi o padrão histológico mais frequente em 15 animais (51,61%). Alterações hematológicas no período pré-operatório foram observadas em 44 (38,9%) e 12 (38,7%) animais portadores de neoplasias malignas e benignas, respectivamente, sendo que houve correlação positiva entre anemia e níveis mais elevados de MDA (P=0,0008), para os animais com tumores malignos. Em relação aos parâmetros bioquímicos séricos, as alterações mais frequentes nos animais com neoplasias malignas foram a elevação dos níveis de ALT em 12 animais (10,6%), de creatinina em 10 animais (8,84%) e de ureia em oito animais (7,07%) Cadelas portadoras de neoplasias benignas apresentaram menor ocorrência de alterações nesses parâmetros. No grupo controle, a média dos valores séricos de MDA foi 12,08±4,18, enquanto que no grupo pré-tratamento, a média de MDA foi de 24,80±5,74 para as cadelas com neoplasia benigna e 32,27±10,24 para as neoplasias malignas. Verificou-se aumento significativo do valor sérico de MDA em cadelas portadoras de neoplasias malignas em comparação com os animais hígidos ou com neoplasias benignas (P<0,001). Ainda, 30 dias após o tratamento observou-se uma diminuição significativa (P<0,001) no valor médio de MDA (27,37±7,86) nos animais com neoplasias malignas. Em conclusão, os resultados deste estudo evidenciam uma associação entre níveis séricos aumentados de MDA e presença de neoplasias mamárias em cadelas. Os resultados sugerem que este fator pode ser utilizado como biomarcador de estresse oxidativo em cães, com provável impacto no prognóstico dos tumores mamários, uma vez que níveis significativamente mais altos de MDA foram detectados especialmente nas cadelas portadoras de tumores malignos e apresentando anemia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Biochemistry , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal , Oxidative Stress , Dogs , Free Radicals , Malondialdehyde
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2111-2118, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142316

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as principais doenças de felinos na região sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram revisados os protocolos de necropsia e das amostras biológicas de felinos encaminhados ao Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (LRD/UFPel), no período de 1978 a 2018. Nesse período foram recebidas 1633 amostras de felinos, sendo 363 (22%) entre os anos de 1978 e 1999 e 1270 (78%) entre os anos de 2000 e 2018. Com relação aos diagnósticos, 457 felinos (28%) apresentaram tumores benignos ou malignos, sendo os tegumentares e os mamários os mais frequentes. As doenças bacterianas, fúngicas, virais, parasitárias, sem agente definido e as intoxicações totalizaram 554 casos (33,9%), destacando-se a esporotricose, com 12,8% dos diagnósticos. Concluiu-se que, na região sul do RS, o encaminhamento de felinos para diagnóstico aumentou significativamente após o ano 2000, comprovando que a espécie passou a ter maior importância como animal de companhia. Concluiu-se, também, que as neoplasias têm papel relevante entre as doenças de felinos e que a esporotricose é uma das mais importantes zoonoses na região.(AU)


The goal of this paper was to identify the main disease affecting felines in the southern region of Rio Grande do Sul. The necropsy protocols and feline biological materials submitted to the Regional Diagnostic Laboratory of the Veterinary College of the Federal University of Pelotas (LRD / UFPel) were reviewed, from 1978 to 2018. During this period 1633 feline samples were received, 363 (22%) between 1978 and 1999 and 1270 (78%) between 2000 and 2018. 59% of felines did not present a defined breed. As for diagnoses, 457 felines (28%) presented benign or malignant tumors, the most common being the integumentary and mammary tumors. Bacterial, fungal, viral, parasitic or undefined agent infections and intoxications were observed in 554 cases (33.9%), especially sporotrichosis with 12.8 % of the diagnoses. It was concluded that in southern RS the referral of cats for diagnosis increased significantly after the year 2000, proving that they became more significant as companion animals. It was also concluded that neoplasia play a relevant role among feline diseases, and that sporotrichosis is one of the most important zoonoses in the region.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Neoplasms/epidemiology
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1639-1645, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131532

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos fisiológicos e sobre o consumo do propofol, relativos à anestesia epidural com levobupivacaína isolada ou associada a diferentes doses de tramadol. Para tal, 18 cadelas foram pré-tratadas com acepromazina, utilizando-se propofol para indução e manutenção anestésicas. Conforme o protocolo epidural instituído, formaram-se três grupos (n=6) tratados com levobupivacaína isolada (1,5mg/kg) (GL) ou acrescida de 2mg/kg (GLT2) ou 4mg/kg (GLT4) de tramadol, respectivamente. As fêmeas foram submetidas à mastectomia e à ovário-histerectomia (OH), registrando-se as variáveis fisiológicas nos períodos pré (TB e T0) e transanestésicos (T10 a T70), bem como a taxa mínima de propofol necessária. Houve redução da FC para o GL e o GLT4 em relação ao GLT2 (T30 a T70), detectando-se, no GL, redução da PAS e da PAD em relação ao TB. Maiores taxas de infusão do propofol foram necessárias para o GL (0,70±0,12mg/kg/min) em relação ao GLT2 (0,50±0,19mg/kg/min) e ao GLT4 (0,50±0,19mg/kg/min). Conclui-se que o tramadol potencializou o propofol, ao ofertar analgesia, independentemente da dose administrada. Todos os protocolos testados foram seguros e eficazes em cadelas submetidas à mastectomia e à OH.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological and on propofol-sparing effects related to epidural anesthesia with levobupivacaine alone or combined with different doses of tramadol. For this purpose, 18 female dogs were pretreated with acepromazine, using propofol for induction and maintenance of anesthesia. Based on a previously established epidural (L7-S1) protocol, three groups (n=6) were treated with either levobupivacaine alone (1.5mg.k-1) (GL) or in association with to 2mg.kg-1 (GLT2) or 4mg.kg-1 (GLT4) of tramadol, respectively. These dogs were all undergoing mastectomy and ovariohysterectomy (OH). The physiological data were registered in the pre (TB and T0) and trans-anesthetic periods (T10 - T70), as well as the consumption of propofol. There was a reduction in the HR for GL and GLT4 in relation to GLT2 (T30 - T70) and reductions in SAP and DAP in relation to TB in the GL group. Higher continuous infusion rate of propofol were required for GL (0.70±0.12mg.kg-1.min-1) relative to GLT2 (0.50±0.19mg.kg-1.min-1) and GLT4 (0.50±0.19mg.kg-1.min-1). It was concluded that tramadol potentiated propofol, offering analgesia independently of its administered dose. All protocols tested were safe and effective in female dogs undergoing mastectomy and OH.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Tramadol/analysis , Propofol/analysis , Levobupivacaine/analysis , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Anesthesia, Local/veterinary , Mastectomy/veterinary
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(7): 536-545, July 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135660

ABSTRACT

Obesity may be associated with the onset of mammary tumors in women. In companion animals, these data are still scarce, mainly associating the clinic of the patient with laboratory and histological findings. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and laboratory aspects of female dogs with mammary neoplasia, investigating whether they are related to obesity. Four groups of spayed or non-spayed female dogs were studied, divided into (G1) female dogs without mammary tumor and normal body condition score (BCS), (G2) female dogs without mammary tumor and obese, (G3) female dogs with mammary tumor and normal BCS and (G4) female dogs with mammary tumor and obese. BCS, canine body mass index (CBMI), blood count, glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides and cytopathological and histopathological examinations were evaluated. Mixed-breed animals were the most prevalent in this study (67.5%). There was a limitation regarding the use of CBMI related to body proportionality. Considering the 28 tumors evaluated, carcinoma in mixed tumor was the most prevalent malignant histological type, while adenomyoepithelioma was the most prevalent benign histological type. It was possible to conclude that obesity was not related to clinical and laboratory changes in the female dogs affected with mammary neoplasias. In addition, no relationship was noted between BCS and CBMI with the histological type or malignancy of mammary neoplasia, since the malignant histological types were the most prevalent tumors in both the ideal score group and the overweight to obese group.(AU)


A obesidade pode estar associada ao aparecimento de tumores mamários em mulheres. Em animais de companhia, esse dado ainda é escasso, principalmente associando a clínica da paciente aos achados laboratoriais e histológicos. Este estudo objetivou avaliar os aspectos clínicos e laboratoriais de cadelas com neoplasia mamária, investigando se estão relacionadas à obesidade. Foram estudados quatro grupos de cadelas castradas ou não castradas, divididas em (G1) cadelas sem tumor de mama e Escore de Condição Corporal normal (BCS), (G2) cadelas sem tumor de mama e obesa, (G3) cadelas com tumor de mama e ECC normal e (G4) cadelas com tumor de mama e obesa. Foram avaliados o Escore de Condição Corporal (ECC), Índice de Massa Corporal Canina (IMC), hemograma, glicose, colesterol total, triglicerídeos e exames citopatológicos e histopatológicos. Os animais de raça mista foram os mais prevalentes neste estudo (67,5%). Houve uma limitação quanto ao uso do IMC relacionado à proporcionalidade corporal. Considerando os 28 tumores avaliados, o carcinoma em tumor misto foi o tipo histológico maligno mais prevalente, enquanto o adenomioepitelioma foi o tipo histológico benigno mais prevalente. Foi possível concluir que a obesidade não esteve relacionada a alterações clínicas e laboratoriais nas cadelas acometidas por neoplasias mamárias. Além disso, não foi observada relação entre BCS e CBMI com o tipo histológico ou malignidade das neoplasias mamárias, uma vez que os tipos histológicos malignos foram os tumores mais prevalentes no grupo escore ideal e no grupo com sobrepeso e obesidade.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Breast Neoplasms/veterinary , Risk Factors , Obesity/complications , Obesity/veterinary
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(6): 466-473, June 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135647

ABSTRACT

Mammary tumors in female dogs are the most frequent and corresponds to half of the canine tumors. The objectives of this study were to determine the risk factors associated with the occurrence of mammary tumors in female dogs and to evaluate the macroscopic characteristics of these neoformations, using 386 dogs from the "Outubro Rosa Pets" events done within the cities of Uberlândia and Patos de Minas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in 2015 (n=194), 2016 (n=105) and 2017 (n=87). For the determination of risk factors, the binary logistic regression test (P<0.05) was performed. The occurrence of mammary tumors was 23.6% (91/386). The significant risk factors identified were increased age (P<0.001), overweight (P=0.048) and non-castration (P<0.001) with a chance of, respectively, 1.6, 2.3 and 9.3 times for the development of mammary tumors. In dogs with mammary tumors (n=91), 153 lesions were present, of which 39 female dogs had two or more lesions (42.8%). Most of the lesions were at the caudal abdominal (M4) and inguinal (M5) mammary glands (60.13%, 92/153). Relative to the size of the lesions, it was observed that in 78% of the female dogs the lesions were determined asT1 (<3cm), 16.5% were T2 (3-5cm) and 5.5% T3 (>5cm). At least 15.4% (14/91) of the dogs had one of the regional lymph nodes increased. In conclusion, the occurrence of mammary tumors in the evaluated population was 23.6% and that age, overweight and non-realization of ovariohysterectomy are risk factors associated with the development of mammary tumors.(AU)


Em cadelas os tumores mamários são os mais frequentes e correspondem a aproximadamente metade dos tumores em cães. Este estudo teve os objetivos de determinar os fatores de risco envolvidos na ocorrência de tumores mamários em cadelas e avaliar as características macroscópicas destas neoformações, utilizando 386 cadelas do evento "Outubro Rosa Pets" nos municípios de Uberlândia e Patos de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brasil, em 2015 (n=194), 2016 (n=105) e 2017 (n=87). Para a determinação dos fatores de risco utilizou-se o teste de Regressão logística binária (P<0,05). A ocorrência de tumores mamários foi de 23,6% (91/386). Os fatores de risco significativos identificados foram aumento da idade (P<0,001), sobrepeso (P=0,048) e não-castração (P<0,001) com a chance de, respectivamente, 1,6, 2,3 e 9,3 vezes de desenvolvimento de tumores mamários. Nas cadelas com tumores mamários (n=91), constatou-se a presença de 153 lesões, sendo que 39 cadelas apresentaram duas ou mais lesões (42,8%). A maioria das lesões localizaram-se nas mamas abdominais caudais (M4) e inguinais (M5) (60,13%; 92/153). Em relação ao tamanho das lesões, observou-se que 78% das cadelas eram T1 (<3cm), 16,5% T2 (3-5cm) e 5,5% T3 (>5cm). Pelo menos 15,4% (14/91) das cadelas apresentaram um dos linfonodos regionais aumentados. Conclui-se que a ocorrência dos tumores mamários na população avaliada foi de 23,6% e que a idade, sobrepeso e não ovariohisterectomia são fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de tumores mamários.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/etiology , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/epidemiology , Dog Diseases , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/prevention & control , Risk Factors
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 290-294, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1088932

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study was to analyze the serum levels of the tumor marker Ca15.3 in healthy bitches and those with mammary neoplasms, correlating results with tumor type, clinical staging, time until presentation, and presence of ulceration and vascularization. For the study, 30 bitches with mammary tumors and 30 healthy bitches (control group) were selected. Histopathology was performed for identification of tumor type, and blood was collected for measurement of serum concentration of the marker via the chemiluminescence method using a commercial kit. A higher frequency of malignant neoplasms was observed (76.7%), with a higher quantity of carcinoma in mixed tumor (26.7%). Regarding serum concentration of the marker Ca15.3, there was no difference in serum values when comparing the means from bitches with neoplasia and healthy bitches, nor when comparing the other characteristics. The majority of results for serum concentration of Ca15.3, whether in bitches with neoplasia or in healthy bitches, was zero. It is concluded that the measurement of the marker Ca15.3 using the chemiluminescence method and commercial kits for humans did not offer significant results that would make this method or this marker a useful tool for patient monitoring and evaluation of the prognosis of bitches with mammary neoplasms.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal , Mucin-1/administration & dosage , Luminescence , Electrochemotherapy/veterinary
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(10): 1942-1948, out. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976371

ABSTRACT

Mammary tumor is the most frequent among the tumors that affect canine females, with relevant importance in veterinary medicine. The objective of this study was to determine the image characteristics of mammary tumors in female dogs, and compare different ultrasonographic techniques for neoplastic evaluation. During the experiment, 30 bitches with presence of nodular lesion in the mammary gland were used. Initially females were submitted to clinical and laboratory evaluations, and subsequent to the ultrasound examination of the tumor mass, as well as abdominal ultrasound and thoracic x-ray for the metastasis investigation. Quantitative analysis by histogram of the gray levels and categorization of the tumor masses by the BI-RADS system were performed. Later, the bitches were submitted to surgical resection of the tumors, where samples of the neoplastic tissue were collected for histopathological analysis. Carcinoma in mixed tumor showed a higher rate (33.3%), and the malignancy degree of epidermal tumors were classified in grade 1 (n=9), grade 2 (n=12) and grade 3 (n=3). Malignancy degree showed positive correlation with BI-RADS (r=0.55; P<0.05) and with the parameter echotexture - histogram base width (r=0.42, P<0.05). BI-RADS graduation also showed a positive correlation with the echotexture parameters (standard deviation of average echogenicity r=0.66, P<0.05 and base width r=0.55, P<0.05). It was concluded that the BI-RADS method in combination with the echotexture of tumors, can be used to evaluate mammary tumors in dogs and establish the planning of treatment.(AU)


Entre os tumores que acometem cadelas a neoplasia mamária é a de maior incidência, apresentando relevante importância na medicina veterinária. Este trabalho teve o objetivo de determinar as características ultrassonográficas de neoplasias mamárias em cadelas, e comparar diferentes técnicas ultrassonográficas de avaliação tumoral. Durante a realização deste experimento, foram utilizadas 30 cadelas com presença de lesão nodular em glândula mamária. Inicialmente as fêmeas foram submetidas a avaliações clínicas e laboratoriais, e subsequentemente à realização de exame ultrassonográfico da massa tumoral, assim como ultrassom abdominal e raio x torácico para a pesquisa de metástase. Foram realizadas a análise quantitativa por histograma dos níveis de cinza e categorização das massas tumorais pelo sistema BI-RADS. Posteriormente as cadelas foram submetidas à ressecção cirúrgica dos tumores, onde foram coletadas amostras do tecido neoplásico para análise histopatológica. O carcinoma em tumor misto foi o tipo tumoral de maior incidência (33.3%), e a graduação de malignidade dos tumores epiteliais foram classificadas em grau 1 (n=9), grau 2 (n=12) e grau 3 (n=3). A graduação demonstrou correlação positiva com a categorização BI-RADS (r=0,55; P<0,05) e com o parâmetro de ecotextura - largura de base do histograma (r=0,42; P<0,05). A graduação BI-RADS também demonstrou uma correlação positiva com os parâmetros de ecotextura (desvio padrão da média da ecogenicidade r=0,66; P<0,05 e largura de base r=0,55; P<0,05). Conclui-se que o método de categorização BI-RADS, assim como os parâmetros de ecotextura dos tumores, podem ser usados para avaliação de neoplasia mamária em cadelas e assim auxiliar no planejamento de tratamento de cada caso.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Breast Neoplasms/veterinary , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Mammary/veterinary , Dogs
8.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 86(1): 62-69, feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-975403

ABSTRACT

Resumen ANTECEDENTES: La afectación mamaria por un linfoma es poco frecuente; casi siempre se trata de linfomas tipo B que se caracterizan por falta de especificidad clínica y radiológica, lo que dificulta el diagnóstico diferencial con tumoraciones mamarias de otro origen. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 72 años de edad, con antecedentes de hipercolesterolemia, hipertensión arterial, artrosis y depresión, con dos partos y menopausia a los 55 años. Madre con antecedente de cáncer de mama posmenopáusico. En la mamografía de la mama derecha se encontró una masa retroareolar de 8 cm, de contornos mal definidos y una adenopatía axilar con engrosamiento cortical. La biopsia reportó un linfoma no Hodgkin B de alto grado. Se administraron 8 ciclos de quimioterapia con el esquema R-CHOP. Luego de este esquema el PET-TC mostró una lesión mamaria derecha residual, metabólicamente inactiva, sin enfermedad nodal ni extramamaria supra ni infradiafragmática. CONCLUSIONES: Una neoplasia maligna mamaria no siempre se trata de un carcinoma ductal o lobulillar. Es necesario valorar la posibilidad de otras estirpes histológicas o, incluso, de una afectación metastásica. La entrevista y exploración adecuadas son fundamentales para una buena orientación diagnóstica.


Abstract BACKGROUND: The mammary affectation by a lymphoma is not frequent; it almost always involves type B lymphomas. It is characterized by a lack of clinical and radiological specificity, which makes differential diagnosis difficult with mammary tumors of another origin. CLINICAL CASE: A 72-year-old patient with a history of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, osteoarthritis and depression, with two deliveries and menopause at 55 years of age. Mother with a history of postmenopausal breast cancer. The mammography of the right breast reported the existence of a retroareolar mass of 8 cm, of ill-defined contours and an axillary adenopathy with cortical thickening. The biopsy reported a high-grade non-Hodgkin B lymphoma. 8 cycles of chemotherapy were administered with the R-CHOP scheme. After this procedure, the PET-CT showed a residual, metabolically inactive right mammary lesion, with nodal or extramammary supra or infradiaphragmatic disease. CONCLUSIONS: A malignant mammary neoplasm is not always a ductal or lobular carcinoma. It is necessary to evaluate the possibility of other histological strains or, even, of a metastatic affectation. The adequate interview and exploration are fundamental for a good diagnostic orientation.

9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(12): 1479-1482, dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895408

ABSTRACT

Os carcinomas mamários em cães apresentam alta capacidade metastática o que confere menor sobrevida para os pacientes com este tipo de neoplasia. O fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima, caracterizado pela troca dos filamentos intermediários de citoqueratina por vimentina, além da perda da proteína de adesão entre células (E-caderina) está relacionado com a maior ocorrência de metástase. Diante disto, objetivou-se avaliar, por meio de imunomarcações, a expressão de vimentina, citoqueratina e E-caderina nos tumores mamários caninos e suas metástases em linfonodo, a fim de avaliar o comportamento celular frente a esta neoplasia. Foram analisados cinco casos de neoplasias mamárias primárias caninas e suas respectivas metástases em linfonodos. Foram comparadas as médias de imunomarcações do grupo de neoplasias primárias com as médias do grupo metástase. Não houve diferença estatística nas imunomarcações da citoqueratina (p=0,1407) e E-caderina (p= 0,312) entre os grupos, apesar da média de expressão da E-caderina ter sido maior no grupo de metástases. A expressão da vimentina foi maior nos sítios das metástases (p=0,0462). Conclui-se que a expressão de vimentina aumenta no foco da metástase em relação aos seus respectivos tumores primários mamários caninos, caracterizando alteração estrutural celular, conferindo um fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima. Além da E-caderina apresentar fortes indícios de aumento no foco da metástase caracterizando maior adesão.(AU)


Mammary carcinomas in dogs have a high metastatic capacity which gives a shorter survival rate for patients with this type of tumor. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype, characterized by the trade of intermediary filaments of cytokeratin by vimentin, also by the loss of the adhesion protein between cells (E-cadherin) is associated with metastasis. Due to this fact, it was aimed to evaluate, by immunostaining, the expression of vimentin, cytokeratin and E-cadherin in canine mammary tumors and the metastasis in lymph node, in order to assess the cell behavior when facing this cancer. Five cases of canine mammary tumors and metastasis in lymph node were evaluated. The averages of immunostainings of the group of primary neoplasms were compared with the averages of the lymph node group. The results showed that immunostaining for cytokeratins (p=0,1407) and E-caderina (p=0,312) were not significant between the groups, despite the expression mean of cadherin was higher in the metastase group. The expression of vimentin (p=0,04) was greater at sites of metastases. It is concluded that the expression of vimentin increases in the focus of the metastase in relation to their respective primary canine mammary tumors, characterizing cellular structural alteration, conferring a transient epithelial-mesenchymal phenotype. And cadherin present strong evidence of increased focus on metastasis characterizing increased adhesion.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Vimentin/analysis , Cadherins/analysis , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/physiopathology , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/pathology , Epithelium/immunology , Keratins/analysis , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis
10.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(3): 851-864, 03/2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-742232

ABSTRACT

Para fundamentar as ações de cuidado integralizado em saúde da mulher é necessário compreender de que modo o apoio social pode contribuir para minimizar as repercussões do diagnóstico e do tratamento da neoplasia mamária. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a contribuição da produção científica nacional e internacional acerca do apoio social percebido por mulheres diagnosticadas com câncer de mama. A amostra foi constituída de 12 publicações, obtidas a partir de critérios de inclusão preestabelecidos, nas bases de dados MedLine, Lilacs e PsycINFO, na última década (2000-2010). Os resultados foram sistematizados em categorias temáticas: percepção do apoio familiar, apoio social percebido, percepção do apoio educacional, necessidade de aprimoramento da pesquisa e assistência às mastectomizadas e suas famílias. Os estudos dedicados à dimensão subjetiva do apoio social ainda são incipientes. As evidências disponíveis sugerem que a literatura é circunscrita a temas de interesse das profissões tradicionais da área da saúde, como Enfermagem e Medicina, privilegiando construtos que podem ser diretamente quantificados. A preocupação com o apoio social deve estar presente desde a fase de diagnóstico até a reabilitação psicossocial, como parte do processo de enfrentamento.


It is necessary to understand how social support can contribute to minimize the impact of the diagnosis and treatment of mammary tumors in order to underpin the actions of comprehensive women's health care. This study seeks to analyze the contribution of the national and international literature regarding the perceived social support by women diagnosed with breast cancer. Twelve studies were selected from the MedLine, Lilacs and PsycINFO databases over a 10-year period (2000-2010) with pre-defined criteria for inclusion. The results were organized into thematic categories: the perception of family support; perceived social support; the perception of educational support; the need to improve the research and the assistance given to women after mastectomy and their families. The studies dedicated to the subjective dimension of social support are still incipient. The available evidence suggests that the literature is limited to topics of interest to the traditional health professions, such as Nursing and Medicine, focusing on constructs that can be directly quantified. The concern with social support must be present from the time of diagnosis to psychosocial rehabilitation, as part of the process of tackling the situation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/blood , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/pharmacokinetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives , Fluorouracil/analogs & derivatives , Age Factors , Area Under Curve , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Capecitabine , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Deoxycytidine/blood , Deoxycytidine/pharmacokinetics , Deoxycytidine/therapeutic use , Floxuridine/blood , Fluorouracil/blood , Fluorouracil/pharmacokinetics , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Metabolic Clearance Rate , Sex Factors
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86397

ABSTRACT

In the present study, 13 clinical cases of canine mammary adenocarcinoma were evaluated in order to understand the effect of Tarantula cubensis extract (TCE) on tumor tissue. Punch biopsies were taken from the tumors before treatment with TCE. Subcutaneous injections of TCE were administered three times at weekly intervals (3 mL per dog). Between days 7 and 10 after the third injection, the tumor masses were extirpated by complete unilateral mastectomy. Pre- and post-treatment tumor tissues were immunohistochemically assessed. The expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) was found to be higher in pre-treatment compared to post-treatment tissues (p 0.05). The apoptotic index was determined to be low before treatment and increased during treatment. These results suggest that TCE may be effective for controlling the local growth of canine mammary adenocarcinoma by regulating apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Animals , Apoptosis/drug effects , Dog Diseases/drug therapy , Dogs , Female , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/drug therapy , Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental/drug therapy , Mitosis/drug effects , Spiders/chemistry
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465787

ABSTRACT

In recent years many reports on the progress of mammary tumors treated by traditional Chinese medicine ( TCM) have appeared in the literature.In this article, progress of clinical and experimental study between human and canine mammary tumors was compared.Ways and methods of how TCM treat mammary tumors were exhibited such as Chinese medicinal formulae, herbal extracts and active ingredients.Meanwhile, mechanisms of TCM treating mammary tumors were pointed out.The purpose of this article is to provide idea about TCM clinical therapy methods for canine mammary tumors, and to provide research foundation and important models for study of human mammary tumors.

13.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 31(11): 1006-1013, Nov. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-608541

ABSTRACT

A avaliação de linfonodo, parte importante do estadiamento das neoplasias mamárias em cadelas, pode auxiliar no estabelecimento do prognóstico e na escolha da conduta terapêutica. A ultrassonografia em modo B possibilita avaliação de tamanho, contorno, borda, forma, arquitetura, ecotextura e ecogenicidade do parênquima dos linfonodos e, em modo Doppler, da quantidade e distribuição dos seus vasos internos. Este trabalho visou identificar as características ultrassonográficas mais importantes utilizadas para classificar os linfonodos em metastáticos e não-metastáticos, estabelecer elementos de confiabilidade do ultrassom como ferramenta para diferenciar linfonodos metastáticos de não-metastáticos e estabelecer procedimentos de reprodução deste exame. Foram examinados 67 linfonodos inguinais superficiais de 30 cadelas com tumor mamário e cada linfonodo foi classificado como metastático ou não-metastático. A impressão diagnóstica ultrassonográfica foi associada aos resultados do exame histopato lógico dos linfonodos obtendo-se taxa de concordância de 92,5 por cento, índice de sensibilidade de 94,1 por cento, índice de especificidade de 92 por cento, valor preditivo positivo de 0,8 e valor preditivo negativo de 0,9787. Características ultrassonográficas que classificaram um linfonodo como metastático ou como não-metastático foram listadas. O exame ultrassonográfico dos linfonodos regionais constitui importante ferramenta na detecção de metástase e sugere-se incluí-lo como rotina do estadiamento de neoplasias mamárias em cadelas.


Evaluation of lymph nodes is part of the staging of the mammary tumors and helps to establish a prognosis and therapy. B-mode ultrasonography was used to evaluate size, edge, nodal borders, shape, architecture, echotexture and echogenicity of lymph nodes and Doppler ultrasonography to evaluate the quantity and distribution of the vessels. The aims of this work were to identify which ultrasound features can be used to classify a lymph node as metastatic or non-metastatic; to establish its accuracy as a useful tool to this differentiation, and to establish procedures that permit the reproducibility of the results. Sixty seven lymph nodes of 30 female dogs with mammary tumors were examined by ultrasound and classified as metastatic or non-metastatic. The ultrasonographic diagnostic impression was confronted with the histopathologic results. The ultrasonographic classification of the lymph nodes was correct in 92.5 percent of the cases, with sensibility of 94.1 percent, specificity of 92 percent, positive predictive value of 0.8, and negative predictive value of 0.9787.The characteristics of the nodes to classify them as metastatic or non metastatic were registered. Ultrasound imaging of regional lymph nodes is important to detect metastases and it is suggested that it becomes a regular procedure in the staging of canine mammary tumors.

14.
Rev. cient. (Maracaibo) ; 20(3): 245-253, jun. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-631067

ABSTRACT

La técnica de inmunohistoquímica descrita por Walker y col. (1998) y Mote y col. (2001) es de utilidad para la determinación de receptores de estrógenos y de progesterona en tumores mamarios de la hembra canina. Existe bastante controversia respecto al porcentaje de receptores de estrógenos y de progesterona, con valor pronóstico o predictivo en tumores malignos caninos debido, muy probablemente, a la falta de uniformidad en criterios de inclusión de los casos en los estudios realizados. El presente trabajo se realizó en una población de 51 perras. Los tumores fueron escindidos quirúrgicamente mediante mastectomía de las glándulas afectadas. Para la determinación de receptores hormonales, se analizó la muestra con mayores características histológicas de malignidad de cada animal. Se contabilizó el porcentaje de células tumorales positivas para cada uno de los receptores (receptor de estrógeno alfa, receptor de estrógeno beta y receptores de progesterona) en los distintos estadios clínicos (I, II, II, IV). Se consideró positivo todo corte ³ 20% de células tumorales positivas para cada uno de los receptores. Se realizó una estadística descriptiva (media y error estándar) con los animales positivos para cada uno de los receptores en los distintos estadios clínicos. En línea con reportes de otros autores, más de la mitad de caninos portadores de tumores mamarios malignos expresaron receptores de estrógenos y de progesterona. Conociendo que el comportamiento biológico de una neoplasia varía con el estadio clínico del paciente, resulta interesante estudiar la expresión de los receptores en cada uno de éstos, en animales con neoplasias mamarias malignas. Adicionalmente, a este objetivo incluye la puesta a punto la de técnica de inmunohistoquímica para la determinación de receptores hormonales en la especie.


receptors in canine mammary tumors. There is considerable controversy regarding the percentage of estrogen and progesterone receptors that having prognostic or predictive value in malignant tumors in dogs because, most likely, the lack of uniform criteria for inclusion of cases. This study was conducted in a population of 51 female dogs. The tumors were surgically treated by mastectomy of the affected glands. For the determination of hormone receptors, the sample analyzed was showed higher histological malignancy features of each animal. It was counted the percentage of tumor cells positive for each of the receptors (estrogen receptor alpha, estrogen receptor beta and progesterone receptor) in animals in various clinical stages (I, II, III, IV). It was considered positive cut-off ³ 20% tumor cells positive for each of the recipients. It was conducted a descriptive statistics (mean and standard error) which positive animals for each of the receptors in different clinical stages. In line with reports of other authors, more than half of canine carriers of malignant mammary tumors expressed estrogen and progesterone receptors. Knowing that the biological behavior of cancer varies with the clinical stage of the animal, objective was to study the expression of receptors in each of the clinical stages in animals with malignant mammary tumors. Additionally, this includes the preparation of the immunohistochemical technique for the determination of hormone receptors in this species.

15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 60(6): 1403-1412, dez. 2008. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-506550

ABSTRACT

Three methods for the analysis of cell proliferation, mitotic index/10 high-power fields (10 HPF), mitotic index/four sets of 10 HPF (40 HPF), and MIB-1 index were evaluated in a series of canine mammary gland tumors, as well as the possible correlation between them. Fifty-six canine mammary gland tumors, including 23 benign and 33 malignant, were studied. In addition, the prognostic impact of mitotic index/10 HPF, and histological malignancy grade were evaluated in 17 malignant tumors, being seven ductal and 10 metaplastic carcinomas. The three methods used to evaluate cell proliferation were correlated with the prognostic impact of mitotic index/10 HPF and histological malignancy grade. The results showed a strong association between mitotic figure counts and MIB-1 index (P<0.0001). A correlation was observed between mitotic count per 40 HPF and MIB-1, and between mitotic index per 10 HPF and 40 HPF (P<0.05). Moreover, histological malignancy grade and mitotic figure counts were excellent prognostic factors during three-year follow-up (P<0.05). There was a correlation between the three methods used for the evaluation of cell proliferation and prognostic factors as observed in human breast cancer studies.


Avaliaram-se três métodos de proliferação celular, índice mitótico/10 campos de grande aumento (10 CGA), quatro vezes 10 CGA (40 CGA) e índice de marcação por MIB-1, em uma série de tumores mamários caninos, e as possíveis correlações entre estes métodos. Foram estudados 56 tumores mamários caninos, 23 benignos e 33 malignos. Foi também avaliado o impacto prognóstico do índice mitótico (10 CGA) e o grau histológico maligno em 17 tumores malignos, sete carcinomas ductais e 10 carcinomas metaplásicos. A correlação entre os três métodos para avaliar a proliferação celular e o impacto prognóstico do índice mitótico por 10 CGA e o grau histológico maligno foi realizada. Os resultados mostraram que existe uma forte associação entre contagem de mitose e o índice de marcação por MIB-1(P<0,0001) e correlação entre contagem de mitoses em 40 CGA e índice de marcação por MIB-1 e entre índice mitótico em 10 CGA e 40 CGA (P<0,05). Observou-se correlação entre os três métodos de avaliação da proliferação celular e os fatores prognósticos semelhante aos estudos de câncer de mama humano.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , /therapeutic use , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Carcinoma/veterinary , Mitotic Index/methods , Mitotic Index/veterinary , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/diagnosis , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/pathology , Cell Proliferation , Prognosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL