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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 811-819, Nov. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357071

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the characteristics of women who had preterm birth (PTB) and related outcomes according to ethnicity. Methods A secondary analysis of a multicenter cross-sectional study conducted in Brazil. Women who had PTB were classified by self-report as white and non-white. Clinical, pregnancy, and maternal data were collected through postpartum interviews and reviews of medical charts. The sociodemographic, obstetric and clinical characteristics of the women, as well as the mode of delivery and the neonatal outcomes among different ethnic groups were compared through a bivariate analysis. Results Of the 4,150 women who had PTB, 2,317 (55.8%) were non-white, who were more likely: to be younger than 19 years of age (prevalence ratio [PR]: 1.05; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 1.01-1.09); to be without a partner; to live on low income; to have lower levels of schooling; to have ≥ 2 children; to perform strenuous work; to be fromthe Northeastern region of Brazil rather than the from Southern region; to have a history of ≥ 3 deliveries; to have an interpregnancy interval<12 months; to have pregnancy complications such as abortion, PTB, preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM), and low birth weight; to initiate antenatal care (ANC) visits in the second or third trimesters; to have have an inadequate number of ANC visits; to be under continuous overexertion; to smoke in the first and second or third trimesters; and to have anemia and gestational hypertension. The maternal and neonatal outcomes did not differ between the groups, except for the higher rate of low birth weight (73.7% versus 69.0%) in infants born to non-white women, and the higher rate of seizures (4.05% versus 6.29%) in infants born to white women. Conclusion Unfavorable conditions weremore common in non-whites than inwhites. Proper policies are required to decrease inequalities, especially in the context of prematurity, when women and their neonates have specific needs.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar as características das mulheres com parto pré-termo e os respectivos resultados de acordo com a etnia. Métodos Uma análise secundária de umestudo de corte transversalmulticêntrico no Brasil. Mulheres com parto pré-termo foram classificadas por autodefinição como brancas ou não brancas. Dados maternos, clínicos, e da gestação foram coletados por entrevista pós-parto e revisão de prontuários. As características sociodemográficas, obstétricas e clínicas das mulheres, o tipo de parto, e os resultados neonatais dos grupos étnicos foram comparados por análise bivariada. Resultados Das 4.150 mulheres que tiveram parto pré-termo, 2.317 (55,8%) eram não brancas, que com mais frequência: eram menores de 19 anos de idade (razão de prevalência [RP]: 1,05; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 1,01-1,09); não tinham parceiro; eramde baixa renda; tinham baixa escolaridade; tinham ≥ 2 filhos; realizavam trabalho extenuante; provinhammais do Nordeste do que do Sul; tinham histórico de ≥ 3 partos; tinham intervalo interpartal<12 meses; e tiveram complicações gestacionais como aborto, parto pré-termo, rotura prematura de membranas pré-termo (RPM-PT) e baixo peso ao nascimento; iniciaram as consultas de pré-natal no segundo ou terceiro trimestres; comparecerama um número inadequado de consultas; viviam sob contínua exaustão; fumaram no primeiro e segundo ou terceiro trimestres; e tiveram anemia e hipertensão gestacional. Os resultados maternos e neonatais não diferiram entre os grupos, exceto pelamaior taxa de baixo peso ao nascimento (73,7% versus 69,0%) entre as crianças das mulheres não brancas, e e a maior taxa de convulsões (4,05% versus 6,29%) entre as das brancas. Conclusão Condições desfavoráveis foram mais comuns entre não brancas do que entre brancas. Políticas apropriadas são necessárias para diminuir as diferenças, especialmente no contexto da prematuridade, quando mulheres e seus neonatos têm necessidades específicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Ethnic Groups , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 55(1): 13-20, ene. - abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248270

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en la provincia de La Pampa no hay registro del número de pacientes con diabetes gestacional (DG) que vuelve a control metabólico posparto, cuando se conoce el riesgo que evolucione a diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2). Objetivos: analizar en el Hospital Público Interzonal (Dr. Lucio Molas) el porcentaje de mujeres con DG que volvió a control metabólico posparto y desarrolló DM2 durante seis años de seguimiento. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo ambispectivo en 44 pacientes con DG diagnosticada en 2013 con seguimiento hasta el 31/12/2019. Se analizaron antecedentes previos de DG y familiares de diabetes (AFD), edad, semana de gestación del diagnóstico con glucemia/prueba de tolerancia oral a la glucosa (PTOG), índice de masa corporal (IMC), presión arterial, vía del parto, peso del recién nacido, HbA1c. Resultados: en 2013 se efectuaron 1.238 partos, 44 pacientes (3,7%) tenían DG diagnosticada, 68% mediante PTOG. Presentaban 43% AFD, 38,6% sobrepeso, 20,45% obesidad, 68,2% cesáreas y 11,4% recién nacidos con alto peso. En seis años de seguimiento, 54,5% de estas pacientes realizó control metabólico; este grupo, a diferencia del grupo sin control, presentó mayor IMC al inicio del embarazo (t:2,103; p<0,02), glucemia basal (t:10,59; p<0,001), presión arterial sistólica (t:2,629; p<0,01), diastólica (t:1,965; p<0,05) y macrosomía fetal (4 vs 1). El 33,3 % manifestó DM2 predominantemente a partir de tres años del posparto. Conclusiones: el 54,5% de las pacientes con DG concurrió a control metabólico posparto tardíamente, y el 33,3% evolucionó a DM2; incluso estas pacientes presentaron mayor número de factores de riesgo obstétricos y cardiometabólicos que el grupo sin control al inicio del embarazo.


Introduction: there is no register of the number of women with gestational diabetes (GD) that have undergone metabolic post-partum control in the province of La Pampa, even though it is well-known the increased associated risk of becoming a diabetes type 2 patient (T2DM). Objectives: to analyze at the Interzonal Public Hospital (Dr. Lucio Molas) the percentage of women with GD who returned to postpartum metabolic control and developed T2DM during six years of follow-up. Materials and methods: descriptive ambispective study in 44 patients with GD diagnosed in 2013 with follow-up until 31 December 2019. Different characteristics were analyzed in all participants: previous history of GD and family members of diabetes (FHD), age, gestational week of the diagnosis with fasting glucose or oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, delivery route, newborn weight, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C). Results: a number of 1,238 of deliveries were performed in 2013, 44 women (3.7%) developed GD diagnosed by OGTT (68%), 43% presented FHD, 38.6% overweight, 20.45% obesity. Among the totality of deliveries 68.2% were by caesarea and 11.4% high birth weight newborns. In six years of follow-up, 54.5% of these patients underwent metabolic control, presenting this group, unlike the group without control, higher BMI at the beginning of pregnancy (t:2.103; p<0.02), fasting blood glucose (t:10 .59; p<0.001), systolic blood pressure (t:2.629; p<0.01), diastolic blood pressure (t; 1.965; p<0.05) and fetal macrosomia (4 vs 1). 33.3% developed T2DM predominantly from at three years postpartum. Conclusions: the present study reported that 54.5% of women with GD performed a late metabolic postpartum control evolving 33.3% developed T2DM presenting higher obstetric and cardiometabolic risk factors than the group without control at the beginning of pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes, Gestational , Blood Glucose , Gestational Age , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
3.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 240-249, jul.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289222

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: describir los desenlaces materno-fetales en embarazadas con categoría de riesgo III-IV según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Métodos: se revisaron las historias clínicas de 41 embarazadas con categoría de riesgo III-IV según la OMS, atendidas en un hospital de tercer nivel en Medellín, Colombia. Se recolectaron variables demográficas, clínicas y ecocardiográficas en un formulario diseñado para tal fin. Las variables primarias están orientadas a la evaluación de los desenlaces maternos y fetales. Los análisis estadísticos se realizaron con el software IBM-SPSS versión 23. Resultados: la tasa de eventos neonatales fue mayor que la tasa de eventos maternos (68.3 vs. 31.7%). Los desenlaces maternos primarios y secundarios ocurrieron en un 31.7 y 12.2% respectivamente. La distribución según la categoría de riesgo de la OMS fue del 7.3% en el grupo III y del 92.7% en el grupo IV. Solo hubo una muerte materna no relacionada con enfermedad cardiovascular. La presencia de insuficiencia tricuspídea moderada/severa se asoció con prematuridad (p 0.006) y las gestantes con presión sistólica pulmonar ≥ 50 mm Hg tuvieron mayor número de neonatos con distrés respiratorio (p 0.010). La falla cardiaca derecha se relacionó con muerte materna (p 0.014) y prematuridad (p 0.019), mientras que la de falla cardiaca izquierda se asoció con muerte neonatal (p 0.003). Conclusiones: la enfermedad cardiovascular materna es causa frecuente de alta morbilidad y mortalidad materno-fetal. Este estudio identificó los principales desenlaces maternos y fetales, sin embargo, se requieren estudios con mayor tamaño de muestra.


Abstract Objective: To describe the maternal-fetal outcomes in pregnant woman with risk classification of III-IV according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Methods: A review was carried out on the medical records of 41 pregnant women with WHO risk classification of III-IV, treated in a tertiary hospital in Medellin, Colombia. Demographic, clinical, and cardiac ultrasound variables were recorded on a form designed for this purpose. The primary variables were directed at evaluating the fetal and maternal outcomes. The statistical analysis was performed using IBM-SPSS software version 23. Results: The neonatal events rate was greater than the maternal events rate (68.3% vs. 31.7%). Primary and secondary outcomes occurred in 31.7% and 12.2%, respectively. The distribution according to WHO risk category was 7.3% in risk group III, and 92.7% in group IV. There was only one maternal death unrelated to cardiovascular disease. The presence of moderate-severe tricuspid insufficiency was associated with prematurity (P=.006), and the mothers with a pulmonary systolic pressure ≥ 50 mm Hg had a greater number of newborns with respiratory distress (P=.010). Right heart failure was associated with maternal death (P=.014) and prematurity (P=.019), whilst left heart failure was associated with neonatal death (P=.003). Conclusions: Maternal cardiovascular disease is a frequent cause of high maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Although this study identified the main maternal and fetal outcomes, studies with a greater sample size are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pregnancy , Cardiovascular Diseases , Infant, Premature , Maternal Death , Perinatal Death
4.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207621

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypothyroidism and anemia in pregnancy causes significantly high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia, grade and type of anemia in hypothyroid pregnant patients.Methods: This prospective study was conducted at department of obstetrics and gynecology, CSSH, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh over a period of 2 years from August 2017 to August 2019. Patients who attended the OPD during the study period were included in the study according the inclusion criteria and were studied for the clinical profile, obstetric history and detailed examination. Investigations were done including hemoglobin, blood grouping, urine routine, HbsAg, Anti-HCV, HIV, RBS and serum TSH. The women with raised serum TSH, indicating hypothyroidism, test for free T3, free T4 and anti-TPO was done, and the hypothyroid females with anemia were further investigated with GBP for the type of anemia, data evaluated with adequate statistical analysis.Results: A total 223 patients, enrolled in the study, prevalence of anemia in hypothyroid patients was 69.95%. Most patients with overt hypothyroidism had mild anemia 26 (68.4%), while in sub-clinical hypothyroid patients’ group most of the patients had moderate anemia. In the overt hypothyroid and subclinical hypothyroid group dimorphic anemia was the most prevalent form of anemia with 52.6% and 74.6% respectively.Conclusions: Prevalence of anemia in hypothyroid pregnant patients is 69.95%. Dimorphic anemia is most prevalent; hence it is important to study anemia in antenatal patients with hypothyroidism and appropriate strategies should be used to prevent and treat anemia.

5.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207583

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are a major cause of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Though the etiology of spectrum of vascular disorders of pregnancy is still not understood completely, yet abnormally elevated homocysteine level has been implicated in the causal pathway and pathogenesis. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been significantly associated with increased risk of poor maternal and foetal outcomes in terms of PIH, abruption, IUGR, recurrent pregnancy loss, intrauterine death and prematurity.Methods: The present prospective study was conducted among 180 pregnant women (57 exposed and 123 non exposed) in Kamla Nehru State Hospital for Mother and Child, IGMC Shimla, Himachal Pradesh with an objective of determining association of abnormally elevated homocysteine level in pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Socio-demographic, clinical, biochemical including homocysteine level, laboratory, ultrasonographic parameters and foeto-maternal outcomes of pregnancy of all the participants were documented.Results: The mean homocysteine level of exposed group (23.26±10.77 µmol/L) was significantly higher than the unexposed group (8.99±2.47 µmol/L). Among hyperhomocysteinemic subjects, 10.5% had abruption, 15.8% had PRES and 8.7% PPH which was significantly higher than normal subjects. Similarly, patients with homocysteinemia had significantly higher proportion (21.3%) of poor Apgar score, more (41.9%) NICU admissions and higher frequency (4.7%) of meconium aspiration syndrome.Conclusions: The present study generates necessary evidence for associating abnormally elevated homocysteine levels with pregnancy related hypertensive ailments and adverse pregnancy outcomes. It further demands the need of robustly designed studies and trials to further explore the phenomenon. Moreover, it emphasizes on a simple and timely intervention like estimating the much-neglected homocysteine levels during pregnancy which can definitely contribute in predicting and preventing adverse perinatal outcomes.

6.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206561

ABSTRACT

Background: Women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) have an increased risk for postpartum haemorrhage, dyslipidaemia, preterm labour and operative interference. Fetus in ICP has been associated with an increased incidence of preterm labour, preterm prelabour rupture of membrane, fetal distress, abnormal CTG, meconium staining, spontaneous intrauterine death. The present study was done to evaluate the perinatal outcomes – maternal outcomes and fetal outcomes of ICP.Methods: This was a prospective observational study carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Total 1100 pregnant women were screened during the study period. Patients with ICP were identified in maternity care units after eliciting history about itching. Pregnancies with pregnancy induced hypertension and other liver diseases in pregnancy were excluded.Results: 62 pregnant women with prevalence rate of 5.64% have been found to be suffering from ICP. The most frequently affected (22, 35.48%) age-group with ICP were belong to age > 35 years. A majority of pregnant women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy was of multipara. ICP was highly significantly associated with small for gestational age (SGA, p-value: 0.0003); abnormal cardiotocography (CTG, p-value: 0.0002); and meconium stained liquor (p-value: 0.0001). Caesarean section as mode of delivery found significantly associated (p-value: 0.0033) with ICP. Insomnia (p-value: 0.0045); dyslipidemia (p-value: 0.0011); and postpartum haemorrhage (p-value: 0.0122) were also found significantly with ICP.Conclusions: ICP can adversely affect fetal as well as maternal pregnancy outcomes. Maternal outcomes have good prognosis, but fetal outcomes can be improved by timely and effective intervention.

7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206533

ABSTRACT

Background: Mothers are the creators and sustainers of progeny. The health and wellbeing of children is intimately linked with the health, nutrition, education and well-being of their mothers because she is both the seed as well as the soil where in the baby is nurtured for 9 months. Hence the present study was conducted to determine the association between first trimester body mass index (BMI) of antenatal mothers with the mode of delivery, birth weight and APGAR scores of new born babies at birth in a tertiary care hospital.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 115 antenatal mothers who reported to the Labor room in a tertiary care hospital of Pune during the period of Nov. 2017 to Feb. 2018, to determine the association between first trimester body mass index (BMI) of antenatal mothers with the mode of delivery, birth weight and APGAR scores of new born babies.Results: The findings were suggestive of increased odds of APGAR of <7 at 1 min of birth among new born babies born to the study participants of low BMI group as compared to the new born babies born to the high BMI group; Increased odds of birth weight of  >3.5 kg and gestational weight gain of >14 kg and greater odds of complications among new born babies born to the study participants of high BMI group than the new born babies born to the low BMI group.Conclusions: The study concluded that birth weight of the new born babies shows a clinically significant increasing trend in association with the increasing first trimester BMI of their mothers.

8.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206510

ABSTRACT

Background: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is associated with maternal weight loss, nutritional deficiencies, fluid and electrolyte abnormalities, which may lead to adverse fetal and maternal outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of hyperemesis gravidarum to maternal and foetal outcomes.Methods: A hospital-based prospective observational study was carried out. All patients with singleton pregnancy diagnosed as / history of hyperemesis gravidarum the current pregnancy was included in the study. The pregnant women with multiple pregnancy, molar pregnancy, presence of pre-gestational diabetes, pre-gestational hypertension, and other causes of nausea such as appendicitis and pyelonephritis were excluded from the study.Results: 36 pregnant women with prevalence rate of 3.28% have been found to be suffering from HG. Almost half (17, 47.22%) of the pregnant women with HG had age less than 25 years. The significant association (p-value: 0.0099) has been found between parity and smoking with HG. HG was significantly associated with low birth weight (p-value: 0.0133); small for gestational age (SGA) (p-value: 0.0316); APGAR score < 7 after 1 minute (p-value: 0.0060); and APGAR score <7 after 5 minutes (p-value: 0.0006). There is no association found between mode of delivery, gestational diabetes, and pregnancy-induced hypertension with HG.Conclusions: HG can adversely affect fetal as well as maternal, though not significant, pregnancy outcomes.

9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206405

ABSTRACT

Preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) is associated with significant maternal morbidity and perinatal mortality. With an increasing era of infertility, the main interest of an assisted reproductive technology specialist is to increase the take-home baby rate. Here authors present report on the outcomes of prolonged preterm PROM cases facilitated with expectant management. Report is based on the medical records of six women with preterm PROM between 16-31 weeks of gestation who gave their consent to continue the pregnancy. These women were diagnosed with PROM by the litmus test and per speculum examination. Ultrasound scan and clinical investigation, which included complete blood count and C-reactive protein level, were performed in all cases. Prophylactic antibiotics were administered to prevent the infection and increase the latency period. All six babies (100%) were delivered successfully. There was no foetal mortality and maternal morbidity observed. Expectant management in preterm PROM cases can increase the survival rate and hence the take-home baby rate.

10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-185566

ABSTRACT

Context: Diabetes in pregnancy is increasing and associated with increased risk of complications. There is little data on whether the pregnancy outcomes have changed over time. Aim:The aim is to compare rates of pregnancy outcomes between women with preexisting diabetes and gestational diabetes (GDM). Settings and Design:This was a prospective observational study done in women with preexisting diabetes and GDM. Methods and Material: Baseline characteristics and medical comorbidities were recorded. Women were counseled regarding life style modification (LSM) and glycemic goals. Metformin and/or insulin were used accordingly. Maternal outcomes and neonatal outcomes were assessed. Results: Out of 183 subjects who were enrolled, 74 (40 %) were women with preexisting diabetes and 109 (60%) were GDM. More than 50% of patients required combination of LSM, metformin and insulin in both groups. Pregnancy weight gain was higher in GDM (11.15±3.48) compared to preexisting diabetes (10.07±3.25; p<0.05). Preterm delivery was more in preexisting diabetes (43.28%) than GDM (25.24%; p=0.01). There were higher miscarriages in preexisting diabetes compared to GDM (p=0.02) whereas intra uterine deaths were similar in both groups. Prevalence of PIH was 26.86% in preexisting diabetes and 15.53% in GDM (p=0.08). Caesarean section rate was 89.55% in preexisting diabetes and 87.37% in GDM. Birth weight was higher in neonates of GDM compared to preexisting diabetes (3.05±0.42 versus 2.88±0.52, p=0.02). There were four neonates with congenital malformations in preexisting diabetes and none in GDM. Conclusions: The present study in women with Preexisting Diabetes and GDM showed higher miscarriages and higher preterm deliveries in preexisting diabetes. There were high rates of caesarean section, reduced macrosomia and lesser congenital malformations in the present study.

11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(4): 209-224, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958976

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To review the existing recommendations on the prenatal care of women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), based on currently available scientific evidence. Methods An integrative review was performed by two independent researchers, based on the literature available in the MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE and The Cochrane Library databases, using the medical subject headings (MeSH) terms "systemic lupus erythematosus" AND "high-risk pregnancy" OR "prenatal care." Studies published in English between 2007 and 2017 were included; experimental studies and case reports were excluded. In cases of disagreement regarding the inclusion of studies, a third senior researcher was consulted. Forty titles were initially identified; four duplicates were excluded. After reading the abstracts, 7 were further excluded and 29 were selected for a full-text evaluation. Results Systemic lupus erythematosus flares, preeclampsia, gestation loss, preterm birth, fetal growth restriction and neonatal lupus syndromes (mainly congenital heartblock) were the major complications described. The multidisciplinary team should adopt a specific monitoring, with particular therapeutic protocols. There are safe and effective drug options that should be prescribed for a good control of SLE activity. Conclusion Pregnant women with SLE present an increased risk for maternal complications, pregnancy loss and other adverse outcomes. The disease activity may worsen and, thereby, increase the risk of other maternal-fetal complications. Thus, maintaining an adequate control of disease activity and treating flares quickly should be a central goal during prenatal care.


Resumo Objetivo Revisar as recomendações existentes sobre o cuidado pré-natal às mulheres comlúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES), combase emevidências científicas atualmente disponíveis. Métodos Revisão integrativa realizada por dois pesquisadores independentes, com base na literatura disponível nos bancos de dados MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE e The Cochrane Library, usando os cabeçalhos de assuntos médicos, ou termos MeSH, "systemic lupus erythematosus" E "high-risk pregnancy" OU "prenatal care." Estudos publicados em inglês entre 2007 e 2017 foram incluídos; estudos experimentais e relatos de caso foram excluídos. Em caso de desacordo, umterceiro pesquisador sênior foi consultado. Quarenta títulos foram inicialmente identificados; quatro duplicatas foram excluídas. Após leitura dos resumos, mais 7 artigos foramexcluídos e 29 foram selecionados para uma avaliação de texto completo. Resultados Surtos de LES, pré-eclâmpsia, perda de gestação, parto prematuro, restrição de crescimento fetal e síndromes de lúpus neonatal foram as principais complicações descritas. A equipe multidisciplinar deve adotar um monitoramento específico, com protocolos terapêuticos apropriados. Há drogas seguras e eficazes que devem ser prescritas para um bom controle do LES. Conclusão Gestantes com LES apresentam risco aumentado de complicações maternas, perda de gravidez e outros desfechos adversos. A atividade da doença pode piorar e, assim, aumentar o risco de outras complicações. Assim, manter um controle adequado da atividade da doença e tratar rapidamente os surtos deve ser um objetivo central durante o pré-natal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/therapy , Prenatal Care , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(4): 171-179, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958973

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the use of tocolysis in cases of preterm birth due to spontaneous preterm labor in a Brazilian sample. Methods A sample of 1,491 women with preterm birth due to spontaneous preterm labor were assessed, considering treatment with tocolysis or expectant management, according to gestational age at birth (< 34 weeks and 34 to 36 þ 6 weeks) and drugs prescribed. The study took place in 20 Brazilian hospitals from April 2011 to July 2012. Bivariate analyses were conducted to evaluate associations with sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics and odds ratios with their respective 95% confidence intervals were estimated for maternal and neonatal outcomes. Results A total of 1,491 cases of preterm birth were considered. Tocolysis was performed in 342 cases (23%), 233 of which (68.1%) were delivered before 34 weeks. Within the expectant management group, 73% was late preterm and with more advanced labor at the time of admission. The most used drugs were calcium channel blockers (62.3%), followed by betamimetics (33%). Among the subjects in the tocolysis group, there were more neonatal and maternal complications (majority non-severe) and an occurrence of corticosteroid use that was 29 higher than in the expectant management group. Conclusion Tocolysis is favored in cases of earlier labor and also among thosewith less than 34 weeks of gestation, using preferably calcium channel blockers, with success in achieving increased corticosteroid use. Tocolysis, in general, was related to higher maternal and neonatal complication rates, which may be due to the baseline difference between cases at admission. However, these results should raise awareness to tocolysis use.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar o uso da tocólise em partos prematuros decorrentes de trabalho de parto espontâneo numa amostra brasileira. Métodos Um total de 1.491 mulheres com parto prematuro decorrente de trabalho de parto espontâneo foram avaliadas, considerando a realização de tocólise ou conduta expectante, de acordo com a idade gestacional ao nascimento (< 34 semanas e 34 a 36 þ 6 semanas) e com as drogas prescritas. O estudo ocorreu em 20 hospitais brasileiros, de abril de 2011a julho de 2012. Análises bivariadas foram realizadas para avaliar associações com características sociodemográficas e obstétricas. Foram calculadas as relações de probabilidade comseus respectivos intervalos de confiança (95%) para os desfechos neonatais e maternos. Resultados Um total de 1.491 casos de partos prematuros foram considerados, e a tocólise foi realizada em 342 (23%) casos, dos quais 233 (68,1%) tiveram partos antes das 34 semanas. No grupo da conduta expectante, 73% forampré-termos tardios e com trabalho de parto mais avançado à admissão. As drogas mais utilizadas foram os bloqueadores do canal de cálcio (62.3%), seguidos pelos betamiméticos (33%). No grupo da tocólise houvemais complicações neonatais ematernas (maioria não grave) e um uso de corticosteroides 29 vezes mais frequente que nos casos de conduta expectante. Conclusão A tocólise foi mais favorável nos casos de trabalho de parto inicial e nos partos realizados antes de 34 semanas de gestação, usando preferencialmente bloqueadores do canal de cálcio, comsucesso em realizar altas taxas de corticoterapia. A tocólise esteve associada a maiores taxas de complicações maternas e neonatais, o que pode ser explicado pela diferença basal dos casos à admissão. Entretanto, esses resultados devem acender um alerta em relação ao uso de tocolíticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Tocolysis , Premature Birth/prevention & control , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 85(1): 1-6, ene. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-892497

ABSTRACT

Resumen OBJETIVO: determinar los riesgos maternos y perinatales en mujeres con coartación aórtica. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: estudio de casos y controles de pacientes atendidas en el Instituto Nacional de Perinatología Isidro Espinosa de los Reyes para control prenatal entre 2011-2016. Se estimó la razón de momios para complicaciones maternas (preeclampsia, hemorragia, hipertensión y proteinuria) y fetales (restricción del crecimiento intrauterino, prematurez y Apgar bajo). RESULTADOS: se estudiaron 13 casos: en éstos, la hemorragia posparto fue de 5.7 (p=0.2) RM 3.8 (IC 95%: 0.31-46.9); preeclampsia de 11.4 (p=0.1), RM 4.4 (IC 95%: 0.6-28.8); hipertensión de 14.3 (p=0.35), RM 2.8 (IC 95%: 0.59-13.3) y proteinuria de 14.4 (p=0.09), RM 3.9 (IC 95%: 0.75-20). Restricción del crecimiento intrauterino 8.6 (p=0.09), RM 6.3 (IC 95%: 0.5-68.4). El embarazo se interrumpió a las 35.1 ± 6.1 semanas (p=0.05); 27% (6 de 13 casos) con prematurez y 27.7% (6 de 22 controles), no hubo diferencias estadísticas en el puntaje Apgar. CONCLUSIÓN: la coartación aórtica en las embarazadas incrementa la morbilidad; la principal limitación de este estudio fue el número reducido de casos; de ahí que se requieran investigaciones con mayor cantidad de casos, que permitan llegar a conclusiones más sólidas.


Abstract OBJECTIVE: Determine maternal and perinatal risk in women with aortic coarctation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A study of cases and controls in women admitted in the period 2011- 2016 during antenatal care was performed. 13 cases were found. We calculated OR for maternal complications such as preeclampsia, bleeding, hypertension and proteinuria; fetal and intrauterine growth restriction, prematurity and Apgar. RESULTS: Maternal morbidity for postpartum hemorrhage was 5.7 (p=0.2), OR 3.8 (CI 95% 0.31-46.9), 11.4 preeclampsia (p=0.1), OR 4.4 (CI 95% 0.6-28.8), 14.3 hypertension (p=0.35), OR 2.8 (CI 95% 0.59-3.13), proteinuria, 14.4 (p=0.09) OR 3.9 (CI 95% 0.75- 20). Growth restriction 8.6 (p=0.09), OR 6.3 (CI 95% 0.5- 68.4). Gestational age of 35.1 ± 6.1 SDG interruption (p=0.05), with 27% (6 of 13 cases) with prematurity and 27.7% (6 of 22 controls), no statistical differences in the Apgar score. CONCLUSION: Pregnant women who present with coarctation of the aorta, there is an increase in morbidity as has been demonstrated in previous publications; however, the main limitation of the study is the low number of cases and requires further research.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789758

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Premature rupture of membrane (PROM) is linked to significant maternal prenatal mortalities and morbidity. In Ethiopia, where maternal mortality is still high, the maternal and fetal outcomes in PROM is very important to decrease maternal and child mortality and for better management and prevention of complications. Thus, this study aimed to detect the maternal and fetal outcomes and associated factors in term PROM at Mizan-Aman General Hospital, south-west Ethiopia. METHODS: A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted using data available at Mizan-Aman General Hospital during a period of 3 years (January 2011 to December 2013). We examined records of 4525 women who gave birth in the hospital; out of these women, 185 were diagnosed with term PROM and all of them were included in the study. The data of these women were collected using a checklist based on registration books. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 statistical package. The association between independent and dependent variables was assessed by bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses. 95%CI and P value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Of the 4525 women who gave birth in the hospital, 202 were complicated by term PROM. About 22.2% of the women showed unfavorable maternal outcomes. The most common cause of maternal morbidity and mortality was puerperal sepsis. About 33.5% of neonates experienced unfavorable outcomes. The duration of PROM >12 hours (AOR=5.6, 95%CI 1.3–24.1) latency >24 hours (AOR=2.8, 95%CI 1.7–11.8), residing in rural areas (AOR=4.2, 95%CI 3.96–29.4) and birth weight less than 2500 g were associated with unfavorable outcomes. CONCLUSION: Women residing in rural areas, long latency, and neonates with birth weight less 2500 g may have unfavorable outcomes. Therefore, optimum obstetric and medical care is essential for the reduction of the devastating complications related to disorders.

15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-177154

ABSTRACT

Conception and successful completion of pregnancy is rare in women with end-stage kidney disease. Given the rising burden of chronic kidney disease, it is quite common to see more women in their childbearing ages being diagnosed with the condition. As the kidney disease progresses, fertility chances reduce and pregnancy becomes a rarity. In addition to dealing with dialysis and its consequences, the women with end-stage kidney disease also face the trauma of infertility and inability to start their families. At such times, pregnancy and delivery following successful kidney transplantation with return of normal kidney function, offers a ray of hope to women of childbearing ages. We report the case of a young woman with end-stage renal/kidney disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis for 2 years, who underwent cadaveric kidney transplantation with subsequent excellent allograft function. Two years post-transplantation, she went ahead with a successful pregnancy and delivery of a normal birth weight baby, and preserved renal allograft function.

16.
Acta méd. peru ; 31(2): 84-89, abr. 2014. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-717315

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El parto prematuro es la causa principal de morbilidad y mortalidad neonatales. Objetivo. Determinar los resultados maternos y perinatales del manejo conservador de la ruptura prematura de membranas pretérmino en gestantes de 24 a 33 semanas, en el período 2010-2011, en el Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal (INMP). Material y método. Estudio no experimental, observacional, retrospectivo, transversal, descriptivo desarrollado en el INMP. La población estuvo compuesta por gestantes pretérmino con ruptura prematura de membranas. Se recolectó datos registrados en las historias clínicas. Resultados. Fueron 142 casos los que culminaron el parto por cesárea (71,8 %), con edad de 26,36 ± 7,418 años. Las nulíparas fueron más frecuentes (45,8 %). La edad gestacional promedio fue 29,06 ± 2,590 semanas; el control prenatal promedio, 2,35 ± 2,101; el período de latencia promedio, 10,68 ± 12,305 días. Hubo resultados maternos en 34,5 % (49 casos), donde la coriamnionitis fue el más frecuente (23,9 %). Hubo resultados perinatales en 32,4 % (46 casos), donde el síndrome de dificultad respiratoria fue el más frecuente (21,8 %). El peso promedio al nacer fue de 1 653,14 g ± 460,219 g. La mayoría de los recién nacidos pretérminos al nacer tuvieron buen Apgar. El promedio de días de internamiento de la madre fue de 15,30 días ± 12,912. Conclusiones. La coriamnionitis y el síndrome de dificultad respiratoria fueron los resultados maternos y perinatales más frecuentes.


Introduction. Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Objectives. Determine maternal and perinatal outcomes of conservative management of preterm premature rupture of membranes in pregnancies of 24-33 weeks in the period 2010-2011. Material and method. Non-experimental, observational, retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive from National Institute Maternal Perinatal. Pregnancies with preterm premature rupture of membranes. I collect it of data from medical records. Results. There were 142 cases, the culmination of the delivery via was the cesarean (71,8 %), the mean age was 26,36 + 7,418 years. The nulliparous were more frequent 45,8 %. The mean gestational age was 29,06 + 2,590 weeks. The mean birth control was 2,35 + 2,101. The mean latency period was 10,68 + 12,305 days. Maternal outcomes were 34,5 % (49 cases) where the chorioamnionitis was most frequent 23,9 %. Perinatal outcome was 32,4 % (46 cases) where respiratory distress syndrome was the most frequent 21,8 %. The mean birth weight was 1 653,14 g + 460,219. Most preterm infants had good Apgar scores at birth. The mean days of hospitalization of the mother were of 15,30 days + 12,912. Conclusions. The chorioamnionitis and respiratory distress syndrome were the maternal and perinatal outcomes more frequent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Chorioamnionitis , Prenatal Diagnosis , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Obstetric Labor, Premature/mortality
17.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2014 Jan; 17(1): 33-39
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-149689

ABSTRACT

Cardiac surgery carried out on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in a pregnant woman is associated with poor neonatal outcomes although maternal outcomes are similar to cardiac surgery in non‑pregnant women. Most adverse maternal and fetal outcomes from cardiac surgery during pregnancy are attributed to effects of CPB. The CPB is associated with utero‑placental hypoperfusion due to a number of factors, which may translate into low fetal cardiac output, hypoxia and even death. Better maternal and fetal outcomes may be achieved by early pre‑operative optimization of maternal cardiovascular status, use of perioperative fetal monitoring, optimization of CPB, delivery of a viable fetus before the operation and scheduling cardiac surgery on an elective basis during the second trimester.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthetics , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/methods , Extracorporeal Circulation , Female , Heart Rate, Fetal/physiology , Gestational Age , Heart Arrest, Induced , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Humans , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Placenta/blood , Pregnancy/physiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Uterus/blood , Uterus/physiology
18.
Indian J Med Sci ; 2011 Nov; 65(11) 476-481
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147799

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of glyburide in preventing complications of gestational diabetes in neonates as compared to insulin. Materials and Methods: Information from birth register, maternal and neonatal records were obtained. Five hundred and seventy-seven gestational diabetics with moderate hyperglycemia i.e., with highest fasting plasma glucose value of ≤130 mg/dl and/or highest post-prandial value of ≤250 mg/dl treated with insulin or glyburide were included from a cohort of 769 women needing additional therapy to initial diet therapy during a 5-year period. Thus neonatal outcomes of 303 women treated with insulin and 274 women treated with glyburide were compared. Results: Baseline plasma glucose levels in the group treated with insulin were higher. The mean birth weight (SD) of the neonates in women treated with insulin was 3021.3 g (604.19) as compared to 3104.6 g (499.35, P = 0.07) in the group treated with glyburide. Neonatal outcomes such as hypoglycemia (4.9%, 3.6%, P = 0.44), hypocalcemia (1.3%, 0.7%, P = 0.48), polycythemia (1.7%, 0.7%, P = 0.31), macrosomia (11.6%, 8.7%, P = 0.26), congenital anomalies (2.1%, 2.3%, P = 0.87), birth trauma (1.4%, 1.2%, P = 0.79) were similar in both groups. Neonates of women treated with insulin were more likely to have hyperbilirubinemia (11.5%, 6.5%, P = 0.03). Conclusion: Neonatal outcomes of women treated with glyburide were comparable to those in women treated with insulin. More number of neonates of mothers treated with insulin had hyperbilirubinemia compared to neonates of mothers treated with glyburide (11.5%, 6.5% P = 0.03).

19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167619

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nonobstertic surgery during pregnancy needs special considerations by the surgeon in relation to the maternal and the fetal outcomes. Although there are many studies about appendicitis in pregnant women, nonobstetric surgery, in general, during pregnancy has not been sufficiently analyzed. In this clinical study, we reviewed the incidences of nonobstetric surgical diseases during pregnancy and observed the maternal and the fetal outcomes of surgery, including the effects of anesthesia and antibiotics. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 80 patients who were pregnant at the time of operation and who had undergone operations during an 11-year period from March 1986 to April 1997 at Shinchon- and Inchon-Severance Hospital. The distributions of age, disease, and delivery history were analyzed, and the diagnostic characteristics, and the fetal and the maternal outcomes were observed with respect to anesthesia and antibiotic usage. RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 32, and 53% of the patients were over 30. The numbers of patients in the first, the second, and the third trimester were 24 (30%), 36 (45%) and 20 (25%), respectively. The most frequent surgical disease was appendicitis with 52 patients (65%). The average duration of hospitalization was 14.4 days. Twenty-two patients (27.5%) had postoperative preterm labor and were successfully managed with tocolytic agents except for one preterm delivery. The total number of preterm deliveries was 10 (12.5%), and still birth occurred in 3 cases (3.8%). The cases of still birth involved severe original diseases, such as rectal carcinomas, pancreatic carcinomas, and sepsis. Among the antibiotics that were used during surgical care, monotherapy with ampicillin was the most frequently used mode. The incidence frequencies of delivery complications according to the used antibiotics were not significantly different from each other. General endotracheal anesthesia was used in 40 cases, spinal and epidural anesthesia was inducted in 25 and 13 cases, respectively. The incidences of fetal complications according to the methods of was administering anesthesia were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: The maternal and the fetal risks of nonobstetric surgery during pregnancy depend on the risk of the original surgical disease of the patient. Modes of anesthesia or antibiotic usage do not increase the incidences of obstetric complications.


Subject(s)
Ampicillin , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Appendicitis , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Parturition , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Tocolytic Agents
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62589

ABSTRACT

Based on the 10 domestic theses which conducted a case-control study of elderly gra-vida over 35, meta analysis was made of the postpartum maternal outcome and fetal-neon-atal outcome with elderly gravida over 35 as cases and with gravida under 35 as controls. The findings are as follows: As for fetal-neonatal outcomes, the frequency of low birth weight was twice as high for cases , compared with controls, intrauterine growth retardation 2.4 times as high, macrosomia about 30% higher , congenital anomaly 16% higher , intrauterine fetal death 2.6 times as high, admission to newborn intensive care unit twice as high , and perinatal mortality twice as high. In case of neonatal sex , cases produced 28% more male babies than controls. As for postpartum maternal outcomes , the frequency of cesarean delivery was 2.9 times as high, compared with controls and postpartum hemorrhage 62% higher. Vaginal wall laceration, 3rd degree laceration, 4th degree laceration and cervix laceration all didn`t happen to cases as frequently as controls, while postpartum anemia was observed in cases 2.3 times as often as controls, wound infection 57% more often , bladder dysfunction 32% more , urinary tract infection 72% more and DIC about twice as often. In case of postpartum cardiomyopathy, pulmonary edema, respiratory infection, hepatitis and sepsis respectively, cases showed 7.4 times higher rate of an attack. Finally , it should be admitted that there are some problems in this study such as controversial hospital data used in analysis, the lack of clear operational definition , the lack of precise P-value, omitted standard deviation and uncontrolled confounding variables.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anemia , Cardiomyopathies , Case-Control Studies , Cervix Uteri , Dacarbazine , Female , Fetal Death , Fetal Growth Retardation , Hepatitis , Humans , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units , Lacerations , Male , Perinatal Mortality , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Postpartum Period , Pulmonary Edema , Sepsis , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Tract Infections , Wound Infection
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