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1.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(Supl. 1): 32-40, ago. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533890

ABSTRACT

La fungemia por Geotrichum spp. es poco frecuente y altamente letal. En el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Bogotá solo se han reportado dos casos: uno entre el 2001 y el 2007, y el otro entre el 2012 y el 2018. Este tipo de infección es más común en pacientes con algún grado de compromiso del sistema inmunitario, por lo que puede presentarse en pacientes con neoplasias hematológicas malignas. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 27 años con recaída de leucemia linfoblástica aguda, que ingresó con poliartralgias de cinco días de duración. También cursaba con neutropenia febril, celulitis sin abscesos y bacteriemia por Staphylococcus aureus resistente a la meticilina para lo cual recibió terapia con oxacilina y cefepime. Sin embargo, persistía la neutropenia febril por lo que se sospechó una infección fúngica invasora. Se tomó un nuevo set de hemocultivos y se inició tratamiento antifúngico. En los hemocultivos se identificaron artroconidias y mediante espectrometría de masas por láser de matriz asistida de ionización-desorción se confirmó la presencia de Geotrichum spp. Se ajustó el tratamiento antifúngico con deoxicolato de anfotericina B por 14 días y voriconazol por cuatro semanas. Luego de una estancia prolongada se le dio de alta. Aunque la incidencia de la fungemia por Geotrichum spp. es baja, en pacientes con neoplasias hematológicas malignas debe considerarse en el contexto de una neutropenia febril que es persistente a pesar del tratamiento antimicrobiano de amplio espectro. La identificación de los agentes causantes de fungemias con herramientas de proteómica, como la espectrometría de masas mencionada, permite ajustar el tratamiento dirigido y reducir las complicaciones, la estancia hospitalaria y la mortalidad.


Fungemia caused by Geotrichum spp. is rare and highly lethal. The Instituto Nacional de Cancerología in Bogotá reported just two cases: one in the period 2001-2007 and the other in 2012-2018. This type of infection is more common in any kind of immunocompromised patients, so it can occur in those with hematological malignancies. Here we present the case of a 27-year-old man, diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in relapse and admitted with polyarthralgia for five days, febrile neutropenia, non- abscessed cellulitis, and bacteremia due to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. The patient received therapy with oxacillin and cefepime, but the febrile neutropenia persisted. A new set of blood cultures was taken, and antifungal treatment was started because of the suspicion of invasive fungal infection. Arthroconidia were identified in blood cultures and Geotrichum spp. was confirmed using matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry. The antifungal treatment was adjusted with amphotericin B deoxycholate for 14 days and voriconazole for four weeks, and after a prolonged stay, the patient was discharged. Although the incidence of fungemia caused by Geotrichum spp. is low, it must be considered in patients with hematological malignancies and persistent febrile neutropenia despite the broadspectrum antimicrobial treatment. The confirmation of fungemia causing agents, with proteomic tools such as the mentioned mass spectrometry, allows treatment adjustment and decreases complications, hospital stay, and mortality.


Subject(s)
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Geotrichosis , Amphotericin B , Fungemia , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Voriconazole
2.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(Supl. 1): 41-56, ago. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533892

ABSTRACT

La fusariosis es una micosis oportunista producida por Fusarium spp. Su presentación clínica depende del estado inmunológico del huésped, especialmente, el de aquellos con enfermedades hematooncológicas, cuyas manifestaciones varían desde formas localizadas hasta infección fúngica invasora. El cultivo de piel o de sangre permite orientar el tratamiento antifúngico combinado con anfotericina B y voriconazol. Se presentan 13 casos de pacientes con cáncer en un periodo de once años que desarrollaron fusariosis diseminada; asimismo, se hizo con una revisión extensa de la literatura. En esta serie de casos, la mortalidad fue del 61,5 % (8/13), a pesar del uso del antifúngico. De los 13 pacientes, 11 tenían neoplasia hematológica y 2 neoplasia sólida. El factor de riesgo más importante fue la neutropenia profunda. El compromiso de la piel y los hemocultivos positivos facilitaron la prescripción del tratamiento combinado en la mayoría de los casos. La neutropenia febril persistente asociada a lesiones cutáneas, la onicomicosis, los nódulos o las masas pulmonares permitieron sospechar una infección fúngica invasora por Fusarium spp. El objetivo de la presentación de esta serie de casos es recordar el diagnóstico de fusariosis a la comunidad médica en contacto con pacientes oncológicos, con neutropenia febril profunda y persistentes.


The fusariosis is an opportunistic mycosis caused by Fusarium spp. Its clinical presentation depends on the immunological status of the host, especially in patients with hemato-oncological diseases, whose manifestations vary from localized to invasive fungal infections. Skin or blood culture helps to guide combined antifungal treatment with amphotericin B and voriconazole. Here, we present 13 cases in a period of eleven years of patients with cancer who developed disseminated fusariosis and their outcomes, together with a review of the related literature. In this series of cases, mortality was 61.5 % (8/13), despite the use of the antifungal. Out of the 13 cases, 11 had hematological neoplasia and 2 solid neoplasia. The most determinant risk factor was profound neutropenia. Skin involvement and positive blood cultures in most cases allowed combined treatment prescription. Persistent febrile neutropenia associated with skin lesions, onychomycosis, nodules, or lung masses lead to suspicion of Fusarium spp. fungal invasive infection. The aim of this series of cases is to remind healthcare professionals that oncological patients with deep and persistent febrile neutropenia can develop fusariosis.


Subject(s)
Fusarium , Amphotericin B , Fungemia , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Voriconazole
3.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 27(4): 102793, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513873

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT COVID-19-Associated Pulmonary Aspergillosis (CAPA) is a relatively common complication in patients with severe forms of the disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Diagnosing and confirming CAPA is challenging. In this study, Aspergillus spp. isolation in respiratory specimens from patients with COVID-19 was evaluated for identifying cases of CAPA. In 2020-2021, 17 Aspergillus spp. were isolated from 15 COVID-19 patients admitted to a university hospital in Brazil. Patient records were retrospectively reviewed to obtain clinical-epidemiological data and other markers of Aspergillus spp. infection and then compared with the ECMM/ISHAM criteria for defining CAPA. Probable CAPA was defined in 5/10 patients, who had Aspergillus spp. isolated from Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL) or a positive galactomannan blood test. Additionally, anti-Aspergillus antibodies were detected in two of these patients, during active or follow-up phases of CAPA. In another seven patients with Aspergillus spp. isolated from tracheobronchial aspirate or sputum, CAPA was presumed, mainly due to deterioration of clinical conditions and new lung imaging suggestive of fungal infection. Antifungal agents to control CAPA, particularly voriconazole, were used in 9/15 cases. In cases of probable CAPA and remaining patients, clinical conditions and comorbidities were similar, with lethality being high, at 60% and 71%, respectively. The number of CAPA cases defined by scientific criteria was lower than that assumed in the clinical context. This was largely due to the lack of BAL collection for fungal culture and the non-intensive use of other markers of invasive aspergillosis. The isolation of Aspergillus spp. in different respiratory specimens should alert clinicians to the diagnosis of CAPA.

4.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 21: eRC0326, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520849

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 49-year-old patient with changes in the nails of the hallux for 10 years was diagnosed with onychomycosis. The identity of the causative agent was confirmed as Cladosporium halotolerans from the Cladosporium sphaerospermum species complex using molecular techniques. MALDI-TOF identified the agent as C. sphaerospermum complex species. Overall, species such as onychomycosis agents should attract special attention to avoid mistakes in the identification process while considering a probable contaminant as responsible for the disease. These species deserve attention since there are rare descriptions of them as causes of onychomycosis. It is important to recognize them as causes of disease and not just as a probable contaminant.

5.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 402-409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995743

ABSTRACT

Objective:A high-throughput assay for the detection of five common clinical Candidaemia pathogens was established by combining polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).Method:Establishment of methodology. We selected Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis to be the target pathogens and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region as the target gene. Specific single base extension primers were designed to perform single base extension reaction in the same reaction system. MALDI-TOF MS was used to detect the characteristic peaks of each target pathogen. The sensitivity and specificity of the detection system were verified by using spiked blood samples. Totally 108 blood samples from proven or suspected candidaemia patients were collected from October 2021 to September 2022 in a hospital in Beijing. The results of nucleic acid mass spectrometry were compared with those of clinical blood culture. Results:The established nucleic acid mass spectrometry detection system can simultaneously detect five common clinical Candida species. Each strain can produce specific product peaks and there is no mutual interference between the strains. The detection limit of Candida albicans was 100 CFU/ml. The detection limit of Candida parapsilosis, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei and Candida tropicalis was 10 CFU/ml. For the 108 blood samples, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of nucleic acid mass spectrometry were 94.74% (36/38), 97.14% (68/70), 92.31% (36/39) and 98.55% (68/69), respectively. The McNemar χ 2 test showed no significant difference between the two methods ( P>0.05), and the Kappa consistency test showed good consistency between the two methods ( Kappa=0.9, P<0.05). Conclusion:A nucleic acid mass spectrometry detection system suitable for clinical candida detection was successfully constructed, and the method validation results were consistent with the clinical blood culture.

6.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 394-401, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of synovial fluid calprotectin for the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI).Methods:Based on prospective cohort study design, a total of 82 patients suspected of PJI after hip and knee arthroplasty in the First Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from July 2021 to June 2022 were selected. Patients were divided into infection group (PJI, n=39) and non-infection group (non-PJI, n=43) according to the diagnostic criteria proposed by the Second International Consensus Conference in 2018. The matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was used for double-blind detection of calprotectin and internal reference standard (IRS) in synovial fluid of patients. The peaks of target protein and IRS were recorded for further analysis. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the concentrations of S100A8 and S100A9 between the two groups, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of S100A8 and S100A9 for PJI. Results:Calprotectin was detected as monomers S100A8 and S100A9. Synovial fluid S100A8 was significantly higher in the PJI group than that in the non-PJI group [1.57 (0.48, 4.17) vs 0.00 (0.00, 0.05), Z=?7.221, P<0.05]. Synovial fluid S100A9 was also significantly higher in the PJI group than that in the non-PJI group [0.74 (0.29, 1.70) vs 0.06 (0.00, 0.10), Z=?6.255, P<0.05]. When using S100A8 and S100A9 to diagnose PJI, the sensitivity were 97.4% and 87.2%, the specificity were 86.0% and 88.4%, and the area under the ROC were 0.964 (95% CI 0.929-0.998) and 0.902 (95% CI 0.924-0.996), respectively. Conclusion:The detection of synovial fluid S100A8 and S100A9 by MALDI-TOF MS can make a satisfactory diagnosis for PJI.

7.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 778-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979839

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: To report a case of Aspergillus salwaensis-induced spinal infection and its laboratory detection. The inflammatory granulation and necrotic tissue samples of a patient with spinal infection were collected from, the Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College on June 17, 2020 for direct smear microscopy and culture, and the isolated strain was identified by microscopy by smear staining, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), molecular identification and in vitro antifungal susceptibility test. The patient was 62 years old female and presented with recurrent chest and back pain with no obvious cause. The initial diagnosis was spinal infection, after 7 days of treatment with levofloxacin, the effect was not good. Surgery was then performed remove the lesion via posterior thoracic debridement, and fungal hypha was observed under microscope in tissue specimens. The isolated strains had no typical structure, MALDI-TOF-MS was used for identification for many times, but there was no identification result. After 7 days of fluconazole treatment, the patient's condition improved, and her chest and back pain were alleviated compared to before surgery. The patient was discharged and followed up in the outpatient department, the fungus was later identified as Aspergillus salwaensis by sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) gene sequencing, and the patient's antifungal medication was changed to voriconazole after with the attending physician. The patient consciously recovered well with no pain in the operative area and normal spinal activity at 1 year follow-up. The possibility of spinal fungal infection should be considered in patients with back pain without a clear cause and poor response to routine antibiotic treatment. Direct smear report of microscopic results are very important for guiding clinical antibiotic selection for rare filament fungi with atypical colony and microscopic morphology and unsuccessful MALDI-TOF-MS identification, molecular biological methods such as ITS sequence analysis can be helpful for early identification of the fungal species, improving identification speed.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 63-75, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964308

ABSTRACT

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) is a new imaging technique with label-free, rapid, and high throughput features. It has bloomed in the analysis on the spatial distribution of biomolecules such as drugs, metabolites, peptides and proteins on the tissue surface in virtue of providing high data throughput from non-targeted full analysis and high accuracy from targeted analysis. The acquisition of MSI signal response with high sensitivity, high spatial resolution, and good stability is directly depended on the appropriate sample preparation approaches, and flexible and various data processing tools will help the non-target data mining to meet the demands of visualization, spatial distribution and multiple index applications so as to reveal the scientific rules beneath the data. This review briefly summarizes the key advances in MALDI-MSI from aspects of sample preparation procedures, data processing and visualization. It also illustrates the characteristics, difficulties and probable solutions derived from these key techniques.

9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 209-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004346

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the environmental pollution of blood collection and supply institutions by using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and evaluate its application value. 【Methods】 Colonies of air from blood donation sites, skin puncture sites of blood donors, platelet storage boxes, platelet collection equipment, object surfaces of related experimental consumables and cuff surfaces of staff after disinfection were collected, and typical colonies after cultivation were selected for microbial identification by microbial mass spectrometry and then compared with bacteria results detected in blood components from May 2017 to May 2021. 【Results】 Aseptic growth, the number of colonies ≤4.0 CFU/ dish, and the number of colonies > 4.0 CFU/dish accounted for 21.20%, 62.20% and 16.60%, respectively. The qualified rate from high to low was platelet storage box, bacteria settling in the air of blood donation room after disinfection, platelet collection equipment, skin puncture site of blood donors after disinfection, the surface of platelet consumables and the surface of medical staff's overalls. After disinfection, the blood donors' skin puncture sites were compared with other collection sites, and the t values were 2.0371, 1.508, 2.109, 1.961 and 1.778, respectively, with no significant difference (P>0.05). Thirty cases of bacterial contamination of blood components were detected from May 2017 to May 2021, among which the detection rate of apheresis platelets was the highest, and the t values were 1.731 and 2.272, relative to the contamination frequency of erythrocytes and plasma bacteria (P>0.05), while the t value was 2.875, relative to concentrated platelets, with significant difference (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Bacterial contamination of blood components mostly come from air bacteria settling, blood donors' arms and skin after disinfection, and surfaces of related equipment and materials. Therefore, it is of clinical significance to conduct strict disinfection of working sites, establish disinfection monitoring methods and formulate disinfection hygiene standards in blood stations.

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 923-928, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004143

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the application of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) in the genotyping of difficult blood typing samples, and to provide evidence for clinical blood transfusion. 【Methods】 Three ambiguous blood group samples, submitted to Shanghai Blood Center by Shanghai regional hospitals, were studied, of which Sample1 included the proband and his parents. Serological methods were used to perform blood group typing, direct antibody test, unexpected antibody screening and identification test. Blood group genotyping was performed by using the MALDI-TOF MS detection systeme stablished in our laboratory. Sanger sequencing was used to confirm gene mutation sites, and serological or flow methods were used to verify specific samples′ phenotype. 【Results】 Serological results indicated the existence of antibodies against high frequency antigens in sample 1 (including proband and her mother), 2 and 3. The genotyping results of MALDI-TOF MS showed that the proband of sample 1 was Di(a+ b+ ), her father was Di(a-b+ ), her mother was Di(a+ b-), sample 2 was p, and sample 3 was Jr(a-). Sequencing results of three samples were consistent with mass spectrometry typing results. Serological results showed that sample 2 had a p phenotype. The flow cytometry results suggested that sample 3 had a Jr(a-) phenotype. 【Conclusion】 For the first time, we applied MALDI-TOF MS technology to blood type genotyping of ambiguous clinical samples in China. Compared with other genotyping methods such as PCR-SSP, MALDI-TOF MS has the advantages of rapid detection, high throughput and high specificity, which would contribute to identification of difficult blood typing samples in the future, as well as rare blood group screening.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 247-255, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940716

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which owns abundant chemical components and complex action pathways, has been widely recognized in the prevention and treatment of diseases. Some analysis methods have been emerged in order to ensure the quality of TCM and to develop new TCM drugs. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) is a soft ionization mass spectrometric technique with the advantages of high throughput, high sensitivity, low cost and so on. It provides technical support for the molecular level study on TCM. At present, this technique has been used in the field of composition analysis and metabonomics research of TCM, and plays an important role in the identification of Chinese herbal medicines, real-time molecular screening and the construction of metabolic network pathway of active ingredients. Among them, the selection of appropriate matrix and sample preparation technology is the key to ensure the detection effect of MALDI-MS. With the development and optimization of new matrix, the continuous improvement of sample preparation technology and the combination of MALDI-MS with various analytical methods will greatly improve the detection effect. Based on this, this paper discusses the application of MALDI-MS in TCM, including high-throughput detection of active ingredients in TCM, monitoring of the original medicines and their metabolites in vivo, and in situ visualization and characterization of tissue distribution information of active ingredients in TCM. It also discusses the application prospect and existing problems of MALDI-MS in TCM, so as to provide technical support for the identification of active ingredients in TCM, drug utilization and metabolism.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1222-1229, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928046

ABSTRACT

In this study, a method was established for in-situ visualization of metabolite distribution in the rhizome of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis. To be specific, through matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging(MALDI-MSI), the spatial locations of steroidal saponins, amino acids, organic acids, phytosterols, phytoecdysones, nucleosides, and esters in rhizome of the medicinal plant were directly analyzed, and six unknown compounds with differential distribution in rhizome tissues were identified. The specific procedure is as follows: preparation of rhizome tissue section, matrix screening and optimization, and MALDI-MSI analysis. The results showed that the steroidal saponins were mainly distributed in the central, amino acids in epidermis and cortex, low-molecular-weight organic acids in central epidermis, phytosterols in the epidermis and lateral cortex, the phytoecdysones in epidermis and cortex, nucleosides(uneven distribution) in epidermis and cortex, growth hormones around the epidermis and cortex, particularly outside the cortex, and esters in cortex with unobvious difference among different tissues. In this study, the spatial distribution of meta-bolites in the rhizome of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis was characterized for the first time. The result can serve as a reference for identifying and extracting endogenous metabolites of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, exploring the synthesis and metabolism mechanisms of the metabolites, and evaluating the quality of medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Liliaceae/chemistry , Melanthiaceae , Rhizome/chemistry , Saponins/analysis , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
13.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1087-1092, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) method for the direct detection of serum M protein without antibody enrichment, and to assess its detection performance.Methods:Method establishment. A total of 712 waste serum samples were collected from patients who applied for the M protein identification test in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University. The immunoglobulin light chain was obtained by reduction of IgG and IgA by TCEP, and the detection method was preliminarily determined. The waste serum samples from 20 healthy people were collected to determine the range of mass-to-charge ratios of κ and λ light chain ions. 8 parallel tubes and 8 batches were set up for intra-and inter-batch reproducibility evaluation. 10-fold, 100-fold and 200-fold diluted M protein from 23 positive samples were detected by established MALDI-TOF MS method, and its sensitivity was evaluated. 3 methods of IFE, SPE and MALDI-TOF MS were used to detect M protein simultaneously, and the coincidence rate between MALDI-TOF MS and IFE and SPE was calculated.Results:The repeatability within and between batches was 100%, respectively. The original, 10-, 100-and 200-fold dilutions of 23 M protein-positive samples were determined, and the detection limit of MALDI-TOF MS for M protein was 0.06-0.18 g/L. IFE as the gold standard, the overall coincidence rates of SPE and MALDI-TOF MS were 85.9% and 92.3%, respectively, and the positive coincidence rates of SPE and MALDI-TOF MS were 72.8% and 99.7%, respectively, of the 712 samples. Among the different types of M-proteins, MALDI-TOF-MS agreed 100% with IFE M-protein results for IgA, IgD, IgM, free light chain type and biclonal group, while the agreements of SPE for IgM, IgA and free light chain samples were only 66.7%, 58% and 19.5%, respectively. One positive sample in the IgG group was not detected by MALDI-TOF MS. 23 M-proteins positive samples were diluted by original, 10, 100 and 200 times to access the sensitivity of MALDI-TOF MS method. The coincidence rate of MALDI-TOF MS was 100% and IFE was 96% at 10-fold dilution. The coincidence rate of IFE was 28% and 23% of MALDI-TOF MS at 100-fold and 200-fold dilution, respectively.Conclusions:A MALDI-TOF MS method for the detection of serum M-proteins was successfully established. This method has the advantages of high detection throughput, fast speed, good sensitivity, specificity and coincidence rate.

14.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 43-47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886822

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the source of microbial contamination in the clean room of the workshop. Methods Microbiological sampling was carried out from the air, environment and personnel of the workshop. The samples were cultivated, the microorganisms were detected by MALDI-TOF-MS, and homology analysis was performed with the microbial identification system of the instrument. Results A total of 14 species and 41 strains of bacteria were detected. Nine strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis were selected for homology analysis, and the Staphylococcus epidermidis from personnel gloves and headgear had 94% homology. There was 83% homology among the staphylococcus epidermidis derived from the sedimentation bacteria, the ground environment and personnel, which was higher than the 71% of the standard strain. Conclusion The homology analysis demonstrates that the pollution in the clean room of the workshop mainly comes from personnel, and secondly comes from the environment outside the workshop. Enterprises need to strengthen management to prevent the occurrence of microbial contamination. MALDI-TOF-MS can be used for rapid detection of complex environmental bacteria and for homology analysis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 860-863, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912486

ABSTRACT

Two types of Mycobacterium abscesses (Mab) were found in sputum from a patient with severe pneumonia in May 2020. One was Mycobacteriumabscessus with smooth morphology (Mab S), the other was Mycobacteriumabscessus with rough morphology (Mab R). Both of them were compared and drug susceptibility testing were performed to provide clinical scientific diagnosis and treatment. Morphology, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and 16S rRNA were used to analyze Mab S and Mab R, phylogenetic evolution tree was constructed by gene sequence alignment for homology, proportion and broth drug test were used for in vitro drug sensitivity test. There were morphological differences between Mab S and Mab R. MALDI-TOF MS analysis showed that there were 223 protein peaks in Mab R and 147 protein peaks in Mab S. Mab S contained 1 397 bp and Mab R contained 1 402 bp as 16s rRNA gene sequencing revealed. Drug susceptibility testing showed that both of them were almost resistant to all antituberculosis drugs, but sensitive to most of antibiotics. Mab S and Mab R were not only different in manifestations, but also in protein and gene comparison. Both of them were generally resistant to antituberculosis drugs. Antibiotic combined therapy has been confirmed to be an effective treatment in clinic.

16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 66(12): 1651-1656, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1143656

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Ionizing radiation can cause radio-induced changes in the cellular metabolome due to the breakdown of DNA bonds. Our goal was to find the early tissue response to radiation exposure supported by distinct analytical methods. METHODS: Histological analyses were performed on the organs extracted from rats to search for microscopic changes. The histological slides stained with hematoxyline-eosin (HE) were analyzed in magnification (40x). Subsequently, the tissues were subjected to mass spectrometry that allowed molecular analysis and DESI-MSI that generated the molecular image of lipids, assessing changes in intensities, especially in the brain. RESULTS: The histological analysis found nonspecific inflammatory changes; no areas of fibrosis, necrosis, or apoptosis were identified, suggesting non-morphological tissue alterations. However, the DESI-MSI images of brain lipids allowed the observation of many radio-induced changes in the lipid's intensities. CONCLUSIONS: No early radio induced histological or mass weight changes in the radiation exposed rats could be observed at 5 Gy. However, early changes in the molecular level were observed in the DESI-MSI images of the brain lipids. The DESI-MSI method proved to be efficient and relevant, allowing a regional molecular analysis of the tissues, expanding a new field of study that is still in its infancy: radiometabolomics.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Radiação ionizante pode causar alterações no metaboloma celular devido à quebra de ligações no DNA. O objetivo deste trabalho foi evidenciar a resposta aguda tecidual induzida pela exposição da radiação ionizante. MÉTODOS: Análises histológicas foram realizadas nos órgãos extraídos de ratos para análise de alterações microscópicas. As lâminas histológicas coradas com hematoxilina eosina (HE) foram analisadas em aumento (40x). Posteriormente, os tecidos foram submetidos a espectrometria de massa, que permitiu análise molecular e o Desi-MSI que gerou imagem molecular de lipídios, identificando alterações na intensidade, principalmente no cérebro. RESULTADOS: As análises histológicas encontraram alterações inflamatórias inespecíficas, nem áreas de fibrose, necrose ou apoptose, sugerindo ausência de alterações morfológicas. As imagens de lipídios cerebrais obtidas por Desi-MSI permitiram observar as inúmeras alterações na intensidade nas seções teciduais do encéfalo. CONCLUSÕES: Alterações agudas radioinduzidas de massa do órgão e histológicas nos órgãos dos ratos expostos não puderam ser observadas a 5 Gy. Entretanto, mudanças em nível molecular foram observadas nas imagens de Desi-MSI dos lipídios cerebrais. O método Desi-MSI mostrou-se eficiente e relevante, permitindo a análise molecular regi-onal dos tecidos no SNC, expandindo um novo campo de estudo que ainda está em sua infância: a radiometaboloma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Lipids , Disease Models, Animal
17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212463

ABSTRACT

Background: India, being a country where fungal infections are rampant, is urgently in need of effective tools for early and accurate diagnosis of fungal infections. Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) is a recent method which has shown potential in identifying clinically important bacterial pathogens as well as clinically important fungi. The main objective of this study was to compare the utility of MALDI-TOF MS for the identification of fungi against that of conventional methods.Methods: The project was carried out in a tertiary care government hospital in India. Fifty clinical isolates comprising mainly various yeast species were subjected to conventional identification (Phenotypic) as well as MALDI-TOF-MS. Their results were further compared.Results: MALDI-TOF MS showed a high concordance with conventional methods while identifying species like C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis and C. neoformans, although the concordance for species such as Rhodotorula and Trichosporon could only be matched up to genus level.Conclusions: MALDI-TOF MS-based identification is both a rapid and a viable tool for identification of clinically relevant yeast species with good correlation to conventional methods and a quick turnaround time.

18.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(2): 179-181, abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126106

ABSTRACT

Resumen Comunicamos la primera identificación en Ecuador del microorganismo Comamonas kerstersii, cepa aislada a partir de una muestra de líquido de la cavidad abdominal e identificada mediante la técnica de espectrometría de masas MALDITOF. Fue obtenida durante el acto quirúrgico de un paciente con el diagnóstico de una peritonitis aguda, secundaria a una apendicitis perforada. Este microorganismo es considerado un patógeno poco común. Pese a que el género al que pertenece tiene una amplia distribución geográfica, es considerado un agente oportunista.


Abstract We report the first identification in Ecuador of the microorganism Comamonas kerstersii, a strain isolates from a sample of fluid from the abdominal cavity and identified by the technique of mass spectrometry MALDITOF. It was obtained during the surgical act of a patient with the diagnosis of acute peritonitis, secondary to a perforated appendicitis. This microorganism is considered a rare pathogen. Even though the genus to which it belongs has a wide geographical distribution, this pathogen is considered an opportunistic agent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Comamonas , Peritonitis , Ecuador
19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-211842

ABSTRACT

Fungal peritonitis is a rare but serious complication of peritoneal dialysis. This infection has been reported to be mostly caused by Candida species, and less frequently by a variety of other yeasts and moulds, such as Aspergillus, Penicillium, and  Fusarium spp. are commonly isolated from soil, plants and environmental surfaces, and rarely from non-immunosuppressed subjects. In this report, author describe a case of infection caused by Fusarium solani in a 59-year-old man undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. The fungus was recovered from cultures of peritoneal dialysate and the pathogen identification was carried out by mass spectrometry. The patient's outcome was favorable without complications after liposomal amphotericin B treatment along with peritoneal dialysis catheter removal.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-211928

ABSTRACT

Invasive fungal infections in critically ill patients are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Candida species are among the most common causes of nosocomial bloodstream infections and of invasive infections in intensive care units (ICUs). The high mortality mandates early identification of invasive candidiasis which is vital to initiate appropriate and timely treatment and improve outcomes. Delaying the initiation of treatment could result in an increase in mortality which can be avoided by usage of more rapid diagnostic techniques. There are multiple diagnostic tests including culture and non-culture tests like 1,3-β-D-glucan and newer techniques like MALDI-TOF which are available to diagnose candidemia but each with their drawbacks. Additionally, there are various guidelines like IDSA and ESCMID on treatment which aim to minimize death, late complications from deep-seated candidiasis and rise of drug- resistant Candida strains. Through this consensus statement prepared by a panel of experts, all of whom are senior intensivists, infectious disease specialists and microbiologists, we aim to address the major aspects of management of invasive candidiasis in the Indian population as per the authors opinions, backed by published evidence and supported by the latest clinical guidelines.

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