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1.
Med. clín. soc ; 8(1)abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550530

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Comisión Nacional de Residencias Médicas (CONAREM) es el principal sistema de admisión para la tutoría clínica de residencias médicas en Paraguay, avalado por Ministerio de Salud Pública y Bienestar Social. Objetivos. Determinar la relación entre el puntaje final obtenido y el promedio de grado en postulantes a convocatorias CONAREM 2019-2023. Metodología: Estudio transversal con variables sociodemográficas, académicas, puntajes del examen y puntaje final. Se aplicaron métodos descriptivos y pruebas de Kolmogórov-Smirnov, t de Student, U de Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis y correlación de Spearman; utilizando software Stata© 17.0 de StataCorp LLC. Se consideraron significativos cuando p<0.05. Resultados: De 2019 a 2023, 4.768 médicos postularon examen CONAREM. 62,12 % eran mujeres, 34,51 % tenían entre 22 y 25 años y 95,30 % estaban solteros. El promedio de grado fue 3,56  0, 49. La mayoría (69,09 %) provenían de universidades privadas. En las especialidades preferidas, clínica médica fue más común (20,31 %), luego cirugía general y pediatría (ambas 14,30 %), 39,14 % pudo acceder a especialidad preferida. El puntaje final promedio fue 67,92 (RIC 60,78 - 76,76) con diferencias significativas según edad, universidad de procedencia y año de examen. Con modelo de regresión logística se demostró que promedio de grado, edad, universidad pública y primera participación en examen estaban asociados con mayor probabilidad de obtener mejores puntajes. El modelo tenía coeficiente de ajuste de 0, 318, indicando que solo predice el 32 % de resultados. La correlación fue moderada y significativa entre puntaje final y promedio general de grado. Según universidad, la correlación fue baja y no significativa para universidades extranjeras, mientras que universidades públicas y privadas mostraron correlación moderada pero significativa. Discusión. Los mejores promedios de grado se correlacionan moderadamente con mayor probabilidad de puntajes altos y acceder a especialidades de preferencia de los médicos recientemente graduados, provenientes de universidades públicas que hayan rendido por primera vez el examen de la CONAREM.


Introduction: The National Commission of Medical Residencies (CONAREM) is the main admission system for clinical tutoring of medical residencies in Paraguay, endorsed by the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare. Objectives: Determine the relationship between the final score obtained and the average degree in applicants to CONAREM calls 2019-2023. Methods: Cross-sectional study with sociodemographic and academic variables, exam scores and final score. Descriptive methods and tests of Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Student's t, Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman's correlation were applied; using Stata© 17.0 software from StataCorp LLC. They were considered significant when p<0.05. Results: From 2019 to 2023, 4,768 doctors applied for the CONAREM exam. 62.12% had a female female, 34.51% from 22 to 25, and 95.30% were single. The grade point average was 3.56(0.49. The majority (69.09%) came from private universities. As for preferred specialties, medical clinic was more common (20.31%), then general surgery and pediatrics (both 14.30%). 39.14% could access preferred specialty. The average final score was 67.92 and significant differences were found according to age, university of origin and year of examination. With logistic regression model, it was shown that average grade, age, public university and first participation in the exam were associated with a higher probability of obtaining better scores. The model had an adjustment coefficient of 0.318, indicating that it only predicts 32% of outcomes. The correlation was moderate and significant between final score and overall grade point average. By type of university, the correlation was low and not significant for foreign universities, while public and private universities showed moderate but significant correlation. Discussion: The best grade point averages correlate moderately with higher probability of high scores and access to specialties of preference and are associated with recently graduated doctors from public universities and took the exam for the first time.

2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(1): e202310059, feb. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1524473

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las residencias médicas experimentaron modificaciones que pudieron afectar la formación académica durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Objetivos. Describir la percepción de residentes de Pediatría en relación con el impacto de la pandemia en su formación. Efectuar la adaptación transcultural y validación al idioma español del instrumento "COVID-19 Resident Education and Experience Survey". Materiales y métodos. Estudio observacional, transversal. Participaron residentes de Pediatría de distintos hospitales del país. Se utilizó la encuesta de Ostapenko y col. modificada. Se realizó el análisis descriptivo utilizando SPSS vs. 21. El proyecto fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética institucional. Resultados. Completaron la encuesta 127 residentes. La mayoría dedicaba más de 50 horas a actividades asistenciales antes y durante la pandemia. El 43,3 % (IC95% 35-52) dedicaba hasta 1 hora diaria al estudio individual previo a la pandemia, y un 63 % (IC95% 54,3-70,9) dedicaba ese tiempo durante la pandemia. El 75,6 % (IC95% 67,4-82,2) reportó que el tiempo previo dedicado a actividades académicas era al menos de 4 horas semanales, descendiendo al 41,7 % (IC95% 33,5-50,4) en la pandemia. Más del 60 % (IC95% 54,3-70,1) percibió que la pandemia perjudicó su formación para convertirse en especialista y el 93,7 % (IC95% 88,1-96,8), que su nivel de estrés se incrementó. Conclusiones. La cantidad de horas destinadas a actividades académicas fue percibida como menor durante la pandemia. La mayoría de los encuestados refirió que su nivel de estrés aumentó y que la pandemia perjudicó su formación para convertirse en especialista.


Introduction. Medical residency programs suffered changes that may have affected academic training during the COVID-19 pandemic. Objectives. To describe the perceptions of pediatric residents about the pandemic's impact on their education. To transculturally adapt and validate the COVID-19 Resident Education and Experience Survey into Spanish. Materials and methods. Observational, cross-sectional study. Participants were pediatric residents from hospitals across the country. The survey by Ostapenko et al. was used. A descriptive analysis was done using the SPSS software, version 21. The project was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee. Results. The survey was completed by 127 residents. Most did more than 50 hours of health care activities before and during the pandemic. Also, 43.3% (95% CI: 35­52) spent at least 1 hour a day studying individually before the pandemic, while 63% (95% CI: 54.3­70.9) did so during the pandemic. In relation to the time spent doing academic work, 75.6% (95% CI: 67.4­82.2) reported that, before the pandemic, they spent at least 4 hours a week doing academic activities, dropping to 41.7% (95% CI: 33.5­50.4) during the pandemic. More than 60% (95% CI: 54.3­70.1) perceived that the pandemic impaired their training to become a specialist and 93.7% (95% CI: 88.1­96.8), that their stress levels increased. Conclusions. The perception was that participants spent less hours doing academic activities during the pandemic. Most surveyed participants mentioned that their stress levels increased and that the pandemic impaired their training to become a specialist.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Internship and Residency , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pandemics
3.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 28: e230141, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558204

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho apresenta um estudo qualitativo sobre a abordagem do sofrimento mental comum (SMC) em programas de residência de Medicina de Família e Comunidade de Minas Gerais. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 16 participantes de três programas de residência, entre março e maio de 2022. A interpretação dos dados seguiu os princípios da Análise Temática de Braun e Clarke. Para os participantes, o SMC é uma demanda frequente na Atenção Primária que deve ser abordada, principalmente com intervenções psicossociais. Contudo, os participantes reconhecem que não têm aplicado essas intervenções nos moldes recomendados pela literatura. Os entrevistados relatam conhecer diversas técnicas de intervenção, mas só sabem aplicar algumas, com destaque para os componentes do "método clínico centrado na pessoa". Esse fato contribui para despertar emoções negativas, como angústia e frustração, e aumentar o número de referenciamentos desnecessários para outros profissionais.


This work presents a qualitative study of the approach to common mental suffering (CMS) in family and community medicine residency programs in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 participants from three residency programs between March and May 2022. The data were interpreted drawing on the principles of Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis method. According to the participants, CMS is a frequent demand in primary care and should be approached using mainly psychosocial interventions. However, the participants recognize that they have not applied these interventions in the manner recommended by the literature. The interviewees reported that despite being aware of a diverse range of intervention techniques, they only know how to apply some, with emphasis on the components of the "patient-centered clinical method". This fact has contributed to the awakening of negative emotions, such as anguish and frustration, and increased the number of unnecessary referrals to other professionals.


Este trabajo presenta un estudio cualitativo sobre el abordaje del sufrimiento mental común (SMC) en programas de residencia de Medicina de Familia y Comunidad del estado de Minas Gerais. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas con 16 participantes de tres programas de residencia, entre marzo y mayo de 2022. La interpretación de los datos siguió los principios del Análisis Temático de Braun y Clarke. Para los participantes, el SMC es una demanda frecuente en la atención primaria que hay que abordar, principalmente, con intervenciones psicosociales. No obstante, los participantes reconocen que no han aplicado esas intervenciones en los estándares recomendados por la literatura. Los entrevistados relatan que conocen diversas técnicas de intervención, pero que solo saben aplicar algunas, con destaque para los componentes del método clínico centrado en la persona?. Este hecho contribuye para despertar emociones negativas, tales como angustia y frustración, y para aumentar el número de derivaciones innecesarias para otros profesionales.

4.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 48(2): e038, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559435

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: Bons programas de residência médica (PRM) devem investir na estruturação e no desenvolvimento contínuo dos serviços de assistência no contexto da rede de saúde, na organização da estrutura de apoio às atividades didáticas e assistenciais, e na remuneração e capacitação contínua de preceptores e coordenadores. Objetivo: Este estudo observacional, transversal e descritivo buscou caracterizar o perfil dos egressos do Programa de Residência Médica em Ortopedia e Traumatologia (PRMOT) do HCFMRP-USP e coletar dados sobre as características do programa que orientem ações de aperfeiçoamento na metodologia de ensino. Método: Participaram do estudo egressos do PRMOT ou que concluíram os programas de complementação especializada e residência médica em cirurgia da mão entre 1964 e 2020. Resultado: Foi encaminhado um questionário a 302 indivíduos (73,6% do total de egressos), obtendo 214 respostas (70,8% dos indivíduos contatados ou 52,2% do total de egressos). Indivíduos do sexo masculino correspondem a 92,5% dos egressos, e 71,9% residem no estado de São Paulo. As duas subespecialidades mais cursadas foram cirurgia do joelho e da mão. A pós-graduação stricto sensu fez parte da formação acadêmica de 40,6% dos egressos, dos quais 60,7% trabalharam com ensino médico. Dos egressos, 71% atuam na subespecialidade escolhida. Na avaliação do ensino do PRMOT e do grau de satisfação profissional, os aspectos que se destacaram positivamente foram: capacitação para atendimento em níveis terciário e secundário, número de atendimentos, variabilidade dos casos e preparo para o mercado de trabalho. Os aspectos que se destacaram negativamente foram: remuneração mensal, carga horária de aulas teóricas e realização de procedimentos cirúrgicos. Conclusão: O estudo conseguiu traçar o perfil do egresso e determinar os pontos fortes e as oportunidades de melhoria do PRMOT do HCFMRP-USP.


Abstract Introduction: Good Medical Residency Programs (PRM) must invest in the structuring and continuous development of care services in the health network setting; in the organization of the support structure for teaching and care activities and in the remuneration and continuous training of preceptors and coordinators. Objective: This study is an observational, cross-sectional, and descriptive investigation aimed at providing an in-depth understanding of the characteristics of individuals who have successfully completed the medical residency program in Orthopedics and Traumatology (MRPOT) at the Clinic Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo. Additionally, the study seeks to gather comprehensive data regarding the features of the educational program in order to offer insights for potential enhancements. The study encompassed a total of 418 participants who completed their training between 1964 and 2020. Methods: This group includes physicians who not only graduated from the MRPOT but also those who completed supplementary specialized programs and medical residencies in hand surgery, all within the same department. Data were systematically collected through an electronic questionnaire. Results: Among the participants, 302 graduates (73.6% of the total cohort) were identified, and responses were obtained from 214 individuals, which corresponds to 70.8% of the reached contacts or 52.2% of the entire graduate pool. The predominant demographic of the sample is male, with 198 respondents (92.5%), most of whom reside in the state of São Paulo (154 individuals, 71.9%). A significant portion of the participants, 184 (86%), pursued further specialized training or embarked on additional medical residencies within the field. The most prevalent subspecialties within this group are Knee Surgery, accounting for 63 individuals (34.2%), and Hand Surgery, comprising 49 individuals (26.6%). Postgraduate education played a role in the academic training of 87 respondents (40.6%). Research activities primarily took place within public universities (81%) and were carried out by 79 graduates (36.9%). A substantial proportion, 130 individuals (60.7%), had prior experience in medical education, either as preceptors or professors for both undergraduate and medical residency levels. The majority of participants, 152 individuals (71%), currently practice within their respective subspecialties. However, a considerable number of graduates also engage in traumatology (34.1%) and general orthopedics (31.8%). The evaluation of the educational framework of the program and the level of professional satisfaction revealed notable aspects that received positive assessments from the respondents. These included the diversity and volume of cases, training tailored for tertiary and secondary care, and preparation for the professional sphere. On the other hand, concerns were raised regarding the adequacy of monthly remuneration, the scarcity of theoretical instruction, and the limited exposure to surgical training. These specific areas garnered lower scores both in the objective metrics and subjective feedback. Conclusion: This study effectively delineated the characteristics of MRPOT graduates and identified the program's key strengths. Simultaneously, it highlights areas that have drawn criticism and warrant attention.

5.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 48(2): e042, 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559442

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: Os médicos residentes constituem um grupo de risco para distúrbios emocionais e comportamentais, e isso pode levar à síndrome de burnout e interferir negativamente no atendimento prestado. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivos identificar os estressores vivenciados por residentes de ginecologia e obstetrícia (GO) de uma maternidade-escola do Sul do Brasil e estimar a prevalência da síndrome de burnout entre eles. Método: Realizou-se a coleta de dados de agosto a dezembro de 2020 com 21 residentes. A coleta compreendeu duas etapas: na primeira, fez-se uma entrevista semiestruturada, por meio de um roteiro-guia, visando identificar os estressores vivenciados pelos residentes em GO. Na sequência, os participantes receberam um questionário autoaplicável que teve por objetivo medir o nível de burnout pautado no Maslach Burnout Inventory. Para análise dos dados qualitativos, adotou-se a metodologia discurso do sujeito coletivo. Para análise dos dados quantitativos, foi utilizada a descrição analítica dos dados. Resultado: Entre os estressores vivenciados pelos residentes, destacam-se: falta de acolhimento pela equipe multiprofissional ao ingressarem na residência; excessiva carga horária de trabalho; poucas horas de sono; o desafio de se tornarem responsáveis pelo próprio aprendizado; as várias abordagens terapêuticas por preceptores diferentes para um mesmo problema; sensação de insuficiência de conteúdo teórico durante a residência; culpa por não estudarem o quanto acreditam que deveriam; diminuição do tempo destinado ao lazer e à atividade física; alto nível de estresse; abalo emocional que a grande responsabilidade assumida acarreta; e falta de apoio psicológico. Dos 21 médicos residentes, a síndrome de burnout esteve presente em 57,1% dos participantes. Exaustão emocional foi a mais frequente dimensão (52,7%), seguida por despersonalização (33,3%) e baixa realização profissional (9,5%). Conclusão: Os estressores relatados apontam para necessidade de revisão da residência a fim de que consequências nefastas à saúde mental de residentes, como a síndrome de burnout e suas consequências, sejam prevenidas, diminuídas ou sanadas, de modo a evitar danos tanto para os residentes como para os pacientes por eles atendidos e para instituição de saúde. São propostas medidas profiláticas na busca de melhorias na qualidade de vida, na qualidade do atendimento e, talvez no aspecto mais importante: a mudança de foco, da residência centrada no serviço para a residência centrada no aprendiz.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Medical residents constitute a risk group for emotional and behavioral disorders, which can lead to Burnout Syndrome, negatively interfering with the care provided. Objective: To identify the stressors experienced by Gynecology and Obstetrics residents of a teaching maternity hospital in southern Brazil and estimate the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome among them. Method: Data was collected from August to December 2020 with 21 residents and comprised two stages: the first consisted of a semi-structured interview, using a guide script, aiming to identify the stressors experienced by the GO residents. Subsequently, the participants received a self-administered questionnaire that aimed to measure the level of Burnout based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Qualitative data analysis was performed using the Collective Subject Discourse methodology. Quantitative data analysis was performed using the analytical description of the data. Results: Among the stressors experienced by residents, the following stand out: lack of acceptance by the multidisciplinary team when entering the residency; excessive workload; lack of sleep; the challenge of becoming responsible for one's own learning; the various therapeutic approaches by different preceptors for the same problem; feeling of insufficient theoretical content during the residency; guilt for not studying as much as you believe you should; decreased time devoted to leisure and physical activity, high level of stress; emotional upheaval that the great responsibility assumed entails and lack of psychological support. Of the 21 resident physicians, Burnout Syndrome was present in 57.1% of the participants. Emotional exhaustion was the most frequent dimension (52.7%), followed by Depersonalization (33.3%) and Low professional achievement (9.5%). Conclusion: The reported stressors point to the need to review the residency so that harmful consequences to the mental health of students, such as Burnout syndrome and its consequences, are prevented, reduced or remedied, avoiding damage to the residents, their patients and the health care institution. Prophylactic measures are proposed in the search for improvements in the quality of life, the quality of care and, perhaps most importantly, the shift in focus from a service-centered residency to a learner-centered residency.

6.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 48(2): e043, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559444

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: A Residência Médica em Rede é um novo modelo de formação de médicos especialistas que visa expandir o treinamento médico tradicional, particularmente nas redes de atenção à saúde do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Embora legalmente respaldada, carece de regulamentação específica e definição precisa. Desenvolvimento: Um programa em rede, a nosso ver, opera nas redes temáticas do SUS, é coordenado por uma instituição pública, desenvolvido em cidades com mais de 50 mil habitantes, aprovado pela Comissão Nacional de Residência Médica e tem um programa de educação permanente para preceptores. Os desafios incluem padronização de conteúdo, treinamento contínuo de preceptores e um projeto andragógico sólido. O perfil de competências requer não só habilidades médicas, mas também de gestão, trabalho em equipe, conhecimento profundo do SUS e de atenção primária. Barreiras incluem a coordenação de cenários distintos e avaliações apropriadas. Conclusão: O sucesso do modelo exige regulamentação precisa, padronização e integração efetiva para formar especialistas alinhados com o SUS.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Network-Based Medical Residency is a new model for training specialist doctors that expands traditional education, particularly in the Health Care network of the Unified Health System (SUS). Although with legal foundation, it requires specific regulations and a precise definition. Development: In our view, a Network-Based program has the following characteristics: it is coordenated by a public institution, operates in SUS thematic networks in cities >50,000 inhabitants, it is approved by the National Medical Residency Commission and involves a Continuing Education Program for preceptors. The challenges include content standardization, ongoing preceptor training, and a solid andragogical design. The skills profile not only requires medical skills, but also management knowledge, teamwork, in-depth knowledge of the SUS and Primary Care. The barriers include coordinating diverse practice scenarios and assessments. Conclusion: The success of the model requires precise regulation, standardization and effective integration to train specialists aligned with the SUS.

7.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 48(2): e046, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559445

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: A medicina de família e comunidade (MFC) apresenta-se como uma carreira médica de importância social, porém seu crescimento nas regiões do Brasil ainda é pouco representativo, sendo necessário identificar os fatores que influenciam o estudante do curso de Medicina na escolha dessa carreira profissional. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar fatores que influenciam o interesse pela residência em MFC pelos alunos do internato do curso de Medicina. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo, de análise quantitativa, realizado com os alunos matriculados nos estágios do penúltimo e último anos dos cursos de Medicina de uma capital brasileira. Resultado: Participaram da pesquisa 229 estudantes matriculados no internato de Medicina. Aqueles que demonstraram interesse pela MFC eram, em sua maioria, jovens, de ambos os gêneros, na faixa etária entre 26 e 35 anos, casados, com filhos e renda familiar menor que cinco salários mínimos. Duas variáveis estiveram associadas à opção pela MFC: a faixa etária e a avaliação positiva acerca da especialidade. Conclusão: Compreender os fatores que influenciam na escolha da MFC pode contribuir para aprimorar a formação médica, alinhando as preferências dos estudantes com as necessidades da sociedade e do Sistema Único de Saúde.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Family and community medicine (FCM) is presented as a socially important medical career; however, its growth in regions of Brazil remains relatively low. It is necessary to identify the factors that influence medical students in their choice of this professional path. Objective: To analyse factors that influence interest in FCM residency among medical interns. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative analysis study was conducted with students enrolled in the penultimate and final years of medical courses in a Brazilian capital city. Results: 229 medical interns participated in the research. Those interested in FCM are mostly young, of both genders, aged between 26 and 35, married, with children, and have a family income of less than five minimum wages. Two variables were associated with choosing FCM: age and positive evaluation of the specialty. Conclusion: Understanding the factors that influence the choice of FCM can contribute to improving medical education, aligning student preferences with the needs of society and the Public Healthcare System.

8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 46: e, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559570

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence of anxiety, depression and burnout in residents of Gynecology and Obstetrics during COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil and its associated factors. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving all regions of Brazil, through the application of a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) instrument. Multivariate analysis was performed after adjusting the Poisson model. Results: Among the 719 participating medical residents, screening was positive for anxiety in 75.7% and for depression in 49.8% of cases. Burnout syndrome was evidenced in 41.3% of the physicians studied. Those with depression are more likely to have anxiety (OR 0.797; 95%CI 0.687 - 0.925) and burnout syndrome (OR 0.847 95%CI 0.74 - 0.97). Residents with anxiety (OR 0.805; 95%CI 0.699 - 0.928) and burnout (OR 0.841; 95%CI 0.734 - 0.963) are more likely to have depression. Conclusion: High prevalence of anxiety, depression and burnout were found in residents of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Brazil, in addition to important correlations between anxiety-depression and depression-burnout.

9.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 48(1): e005, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535553

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: A preceptoria na atenção primária à saúde desempenha papel central na formação do residente, já que 70%-80% da carga horária dos programas de residência de medicina de família e comunidade (PRMFC) acontece na unidade de saúde da família. Como preceptor entende-se o professor que ensina na prática clínica. O cenário atual de expansão dos PRMFC, associado a poucos profissionais especializados em preceptoria, fez com que vários modelos fossem praticados. Uma revisão de literatura feita em estágio anterior a este trabalho, além das contribuições da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade, identificou quatro modelos de preceptoria em MFC: ombro a ombro, preceptor da equipe ao lado, preceptor de unidade e preceptor de campo. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivos validar esses quatro modelos e identificar outros, determinar, sob a ótica da qualidade de formação dos residentes, a aceitabilidade e o grau de recomendação dos modelos, e reconhecer os pontos positivos e negativos. Método: Utilizou-se a técnica Delphi modificada por questionários on-line. O estudo começou com 24 participantes de todo o Brasil na primeira rodada e terminou com 18. Aplicaram-se a técnica de estatística descritiva e a análise de conteúdo. O estudo foi realizado entre fevereiro e abril de 2022. Resultado: Validaram-se os quatro modelos apresentados, e nenhum outro foi identificado. Os modelos ombro a ombro, preceptor da equipe ao lado e preceptor de unidade foram considerados aceitáveis; e o modelo preceptor de campo, inaceitável. Os modelos ombro a ombro e preceptor de unidade foram recomendados. Reconheceram-se 92 aspectos como pontos positivos e negativos, dos quais 81 atingiram consenso. Conclusão: Obteve-se a validação dos quatro tipos de modelos de preceptoria para PRMFC. Como os modelos ombro a ombro e preceptor de unidade foram elencados como aceitáveis e recomendáveis, é importante que sejam priorizados na implantação e manutenção dos PRMFC. Os modelos preceptor da equipe ao lado e preceptor de campo foram julgados como não recomendados e, portanto, devem ser evitados. O conhecimento das fortalezas e fraquezas de cada modelo prepara os PRMFC para as possíveis dificuldades e os auxilia na escolha do modelo adequado às diversas realidades existentes no país.


Abstract Introduction: Medical residency preceptorship in primary healthcare plays a major role in the professional qualification of medical residents, since 70-80% of the workload of the Family and Community Medical Residency Program (PRMFC) takes place in primary care clinics. A preceptor is understood as an experienced practitioner who teaches during clinical practice. The current scenario of expansion of PRMFCs in Brazil, associated with the limited number of professionals specialized in preceptorship, has resulted in the practice of different preceptorship models. A literature review performed in the previous stage of this study, added to the contributions of the Brazilian Society of Family and Community Medicine, pointed out four models of preceptorship in family practice: shoulder-to-shoulder, next-door team, clinic preceptor and field preceptor. Objective: To validate these four models of preceptorship and identify if there are others models; to determine, from the perspective of the quality of training residents, the acceptability and degree of recommendation of the models and recognize the positive and negative points. Method: The Delphi technique modified by online questionnaires was used. It was initiated with 24 participants from all over Brazil in the first round and ended with 18. Descriptive statistics and content analysis method was applied. The study was conducted between February and April 2022. Result: The four models presented were validated and no others were identified. The shoulder-to-shoulder, nextdoor team preceptor and clinic preceptor models were considered acceptable and the field preceptor model, unacceptable. The shoulder-to-shoulder and clinic preceptor models were recommended. Ninety-two aspects were recognized as positive and negative points. Of these, 81 achieved consensus. Conclusion: The shoulder-to-shoulder preceptor and clinic preceptor models were validated as acceptable and recommended, so it is important to prioritize these models in the implementation and maintenance of PRMFCs. The next-door team preceptor and field preceptor models were deemed as not recommended and, therefore, should be avoided. Information about the strengths and weaknesses of each model prepares the PRMFCs for possible implementation difficulties and helps them to select the appropriate model for the different realities existing in the country.

10.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 48(1): e014, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535559

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: Com a evolução do ensino médico para currículos baseados em competências, fez-se necessária uma readequação dos currículos e dos métodos de avaliação, com maior enfoque sobre o cenário de prática profissional e, portanto, na utilização de ferramentas como o Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX). Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o uso da estratégia Mini-CEX como método de avaliação nos programas de residência médica. Método: Trata-se de uma revisão de escopo, cuja estratégia de busca realizada no PubMed resultou em 578 artigos. Após aplicar a metodologia do Instituto Joanna Briggs para inclusão e exclusão, foram selecionados 24 estudos transversais. Resultado: Selecionaram-se artigos referentes a estudos realizados entre 1995 e 2021, em diversos continentes, diferentes programas de residência, e cenários ambulatorial, internação e de emergência. O Mini-CEX mostrou-se aplicável no contexto da residência médica, pois trata-se de uma avaliação observacional direta do atendimento realizado pelo médico residente nos diversos cenários de atuação, como ambulatórios, internações e emergências. Trata-se de uma avaliação com tempo de observação variando de dez a 40 minutos e que permite a abordagem de vários aspectos do atendimento médico, como anamnese, exame físico, raciocínio clínico e aconselhamento, além de possibilitar a realização de um feedback sobre o desempenho dos residentes. Conclusão: O Mini-CEX constitui uma ferramenta de fácil aplicabilidade e promove alto grau de satisfação dos envolvidos, podendo ser utilizada de forma rotineira nos programas de residência médica.


Abstract Introduction: With the evolution of medical education towards competency-based curriculum, the need has emerged to reconfigure curriculum and assessment methods, with increased focus on the professional practice setting, thus leading to the utilization of tools such as the mini-CEX (mini-Clinical Evaluation Exam). Objective: To evaluate the use of the mini-CEX strategy as an assessment method in medical residency programs. Method: This is a scoping review, and the search performed on PubMed resulted in 578 articles. After applying the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for inclusion and exclusion, 24 cross-sectional studies were selected. Results: The selected articles were based on studies conducted between 1995 and 2021, in various continents and in both clinical and surgical residency programs, including outpatient, inpatient, and emergency settings. The Mini-CEX was shown to be applicable in the context of medical residency, as it is an observational assessment of the care provided by the resident physician in various practice settings such as outpatient clinics, inpatient wards, and emergency departments. It involves a variable observation time ranging from 10 to 40 minutes and allows for the evaluation of various aspects of medical care, including history taking, physical examination, clinical reasoning, counseling, and provides an opportunity for providing feedback on the residents' performance. Conclusion: The mini-CEX is a tool that is easy to implement and promotes a high degree of satisfaction among stakeholders. It could be used more routinely in medical residency programs.

11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 742-749, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529948

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Training a competent physician requires to direct the resident profile of graduate students for practice activities. We sought to identify the doctor-patient relationship orientation and the self-assessment of the core competencies, which they pointed out needed to be developed. Methods All 56 orthopedic residents admitted between 2016 and 2019 participated in the present prospective observational study. The Patient Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS) and a self-assessment questionnaire were answered at the beginning and end of the first year of residency (R1) in Orthopedics and Traumatology. We calculated mean and standard deviation for PPOS items and scores and analyzed them through the paired t-test. Self-Assessment Questionnaire answer options were "yes" or "I need to improve it" and skills were classified in decreasing order of the frequency of "I need to improve it" responses with description of absolute number and percentage. We compared frequencies using Fisher Test. P-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. GraphPad Prism 8.4.3 (GraphPad Software, San Diego, CA, USA) and Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, USA) were used for statistical analysis. Results In the period between the beginning and the end of R1, the total PPOS mean score significantly decreased from 4.63 to 4.50 (p= 0.024), more biomedical-focused. Around one-third of the residents identified competencies of patient care, practice-based learning and improvement, and interpersonal and communication skills as needed to improve. Conclusions The PPOS and self-assessment activities could promote reflection practices and are possible tools for learner-centered competency assessment. Biomedical guidance tends to prevail as the training of physicians progresses, and periodic self-assessments can be worked on to build a growth mindset.


Resumo Objetivo A formação de um médico competente requer direcionar o perfil de pós-graduação residente para atividades práticas. Buscou-se identificar a orientação de relacionamento médico-paciente e a autoavaliação das competências fundamentais que eles apontaram que precisavam ser desenvolvidas. Métodos Todos os 56 residentes em ortopedia admitidos entre 2016 e 2019 participaram do presente estudo observacional prospectivo. A Escala de Orientação Médico-Paciente (Patient Practitioner Orientation Scale [PPOS, na sigla em inglês]) e um questionário de autoavaliação foram respondidos no início e no final do primeiro ano de residência (R1) em Ortopedia e Traumatologia. Calculamos o desvio médio e padrão para itens e pontuações de PPOS e os analisamos através do teste t emparelhado. As opções de resposta do Questionário de Autoavaliação foram "sim" ou "preciso melhorar" e as habilidades foram classificadas na ordem decrescente da frequência das respostas "preciso melhorar" com descrição de número absoluto e percentual. Comparamos frequências usando o teste de Fisher. Consideramos significativos valores-p < 0,05. Os programas GraphPad Prism 8.4.3 (GraphPad Software, San Diego, CA, EUA) e Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, EUA) foram utilizados para análise estatística. Resultados No período entre o início e o final do R1, a média total de PPOS diminuiu significativamente, de 4,63 para 4,50 (p= 0,024), mais focada em biomédica. Cerca de um terço dos residentes identificou competências do cuidado ao paciente, aprendizagem e melhoria baseadas na prática e habilidades interpessoais e de comunicação, como necessitando melhorar. Conclusões As atividades de PPOS e autoavaliação podem promover práticas de reflexão e são possíveis ferramentas para avaliação de competência centrada no aluno. A orientação biomédica tende a prevalecer à medida que a formação dos médicos progride e as autoavaliações periódicas podem ser trabalhadas para construir uma mentalidade de crescimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedics , Physician-Patient Relations , Competency-Based Education , Self-Testing , Internship and Residency
12.
ARS med. (Santiago, En línea) ; 48(4): 12-22, dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527564

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Dentro de las recomendaciones internacionales para la formación de médicos expertos, se encuentra el integrar la mejor evidencia disponible a la práctica clínica y contribuir a la creación del conocimiento científico. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la implementación de un programa formal de investigación en residentes de ortopedia y traumatología. Metodología: Se desarrolló un programa de investigación para residentes de ortopedia y traumatología, coordinado por un equipo con formación en metodología y bioestadística. El objetivo principal fue que los residentes lograran adquirir herramientas en el desarrollo del método científico e integrar la medicina basada en la evidencia en la práctica profesional. Para ello, se enfocó en tres ejes: 1. formación general 2. análisis crítico de la literatura y 3. desarrollo de investigación científica. Resultados: El año 2015 se implementó el programa. Comenzó con el módulo de formación general a través de seminarios de investigación y una rotación mensual obligatoria. De forma semanal se implementaron reuniones de revisiones críticas de la literatura a partir de casos clínicos y cada dos o tres meses sesiones de journal club. Se han formulado 30 proyectos de investigación, 22 de ellos se han presentado en congresos y ha habido un total de 27 publicaciones con coautoría de residentes (6 de primer autor). Conclusión: A través del programa de investigación, los residentes han adquirido herramientas para poder integrar la medicina basada en la evidencia a su práctica profesional y desarrollar proyectos científicos.


Introduction: In the international recommendations for resident education, there is integrating the best available evidence into clinical practice and contributing to the creation of scientific knowledge. This research aims to describe implementing a formal research program for orthopedic residents. Methodology: We developed a research program for orthopedic residents coordinated by a team trained in methodology and biostatistics. The main objective for residents was to acquire tools to develop the scientific method and to integrate evidence-based medicine into professional practice. To do this, it focused on: 1. theoretical courses, 2. critical analysis of literature, and 3. creation of scientific research. Results: 2015, the program started with a theoretical course through research seminars and a mandatory monthly rotation. Critical analysis of articles meetings were weekly, and journal club sessions every 2 or 3 months. Residents formulated 30 research projects and presented 22 at national and international congresses. There were 27 scientific publications with resident participation (6 were lead authors). Conclusion: Through the research program, residents have acquired tools to integrate evidence-based medicine into their professional practice and develop scientific projects.

13.
BioSCIENCE ; 81(2): 51-58, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524132

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A pandemia da COVID-19 teve repercussão significativa na educação médica, incluindo na formação de residentes afetando o ensino presencial e levando as instituições a adotar métodos de ensino à distância. Objetivo: Avaliar a percepção dos residentes em ginecologia e obstetrícia em relação ao impacto da pandemia em seu aprendizado, identificando sua segurança ao realizarem seus atendimentos e buscando investigar se os residentes considerariam estender sua residência. Métodos: Foi utilizado um questionário com perguntas fechadas e respostas em escala Likert, abordando diferentes aspectos da residência médica durante a pandemia para atender aos objetivos. Resultados: Dos 71 residentes a maioria era de mulheres (74,65%). A análise dos dados revelou que a prática cirúrgica foi afetada para a maioria deles (85,92%), com o adiamento de operações eletivas em ginecologia (97,18%). Em relação ao aprendizado prático, 42,25% consideraram que foi parcialmente satisfatório, enquanto 14,08% o consideraram insatisfatório. No campo teórico, a percepção dos residentes foi melhor, com 43,66% considerando o aprendizado satisfatório e 47,89% parcialmente. A pandemia afetou parcialmente a residência médica para a maioria dos residentes (85,92%), e foram adotadas alternativas para substituir a falta de aulas teóricas e atividades práticas. Conclusão: A pandemia teve efeito negativo na educação médica e na formação dos residentes. A interrupção das atividades presenciais afetou tanto o aprendizado prático quanto o teórico.


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on medical education, including the training of residents, affecting in-person teaching and leading institutions to adopt distance learning methods. Objective: To evaluate the perception of residents in gynecology and obstetrics regarding the impact of the pandemic on their learning, identifying their safety when providing care and seeking to investigate whether residents would consider extending their residency. Methods: A questionnaire with closed questions and responses on a Likert scale was used, addressing different aspects of medical residency during the pandemic to meet the objectives. Results: Of the 71 residents, the majority were women (74.65%). Data analysis revealed that surgical practice was affected for the majority of them (85.92%), with the postponement of elective operations in gynecology (97.18%). Regarding practical learning, 42.25% considered it to be partially satisfactory, while 14.08% considered it unsatisfactory. In the theoretical field, residents' perception was better, with 43.66% considering the learning satisfactory and 47.89% partially so. The pandemic partially affected medical residency for the majority of residents (85.92%), and alternatives were adopted to replace the lack of theoretical classes and practical activities. Conclusion: The pandemic had a negative effect on medical education and resident training. The interruption of face-to-face activities affected both practical and theoretical learning.

14.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 47(4): e115, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514989

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: Estrabismo é uma doença ocular caracterizada pelo desvio dos olhos cujo tratamento pode ser clínico ou cirúrgico. O ensino da cirurgia de estrabismo faz parte do programa de residência médica de oftalmologia, e seu treinamento é realizado mais frequentemente em sala de cirurgia, em situações reais. A aprendizagem ativa por experimentação ou simulação é cada vez mais utilizada na educação em saúde. Relato de experiência: O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever o relato de experiência da utilização de simulação como método de ensino de cirurgia de estrabismo para os médicos residentes do programa de residência de oftalmologia de um hospital universitário. Discussão: A simulação é um tipo de metodologia ativa que permite ao residente conquistar habilidades cirúrgicas por meio da repetição em ambiente seguro, de modo a diminuir as taxas de complicações cirúrgicas. Diferentemente de outros simuladores com tecnologia avançada para treinamento de cirurgia intraocular, nosso modelo de olho é uma ferramenta simples, de baixo custo e de fácil acesso e manuseio. A portabilidade e facilidade no manuseio permitem que o residente pratique as etapas com mais frequência desenvolvendo a memória com as etapas cirúrgicas. Conclusão: O ensino da cirurgia oftalmológica é uma tarefa desafiadora, e a utilização de métodos de aprendizagem ativa, como a simulação, é uma alternativa para o treinamento de habilidades cirúrgicas, com o propósito de diminuir as taxas de complicações.


Abstract: Introduction: Strabismus is an ocular condition characterized by eye misalignment. Its treatment can be clinical or surgical. The teaching of strabismus surgery is part of the medical residency program in ophthalmology. Its training is most often carried out in the operating theatre, in real situations. However, active learning through experimentation or simulation has been increasingly applied in health education. Experience Report: This study describes the use of simulation as a teaching method of strabismus surgery to ophthalmology residents. Discussion: Simulation is a type of active methodology that allows the resident to gain surgical skills through repetition in a safe environment. This can help reduce the risk of surgical complications. Unlike other simulators with advanced technology for intraocular surgery training, our model eye is a simple low-cost tool. It is easy to access and handle. The portability and ease of use allow the residents to practice the steps more frequently. Conclusion: The teaching of ophthalmic surgery is a challenging task and the use of active learning methods such as simulation is an alternative for training surgical skills.

15.
Physis (Rio J.) ; 33: e33047, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521322

ABSTRACT

Resumo O estudo tem por objetivo identificar em que medida e de que forma os princípios, diretrizes e métodos propostos pela Reforma Psiquiátrica Brasileira (RPB) estão presentes na formação dos psiquiatras em programas de Residência Médica. Trata-se de estudo qualitativo que investiga conteúdos e experiências promovidos durante a formação em programas de Residência Médica de Psiquiatria no Brasil. Foram entrevistados 16 sujeitos em quatro instituições públicas de formação, sendo dois programas centrados em hospitais-escola e outros dois em modelos integrados a serviços da Rede de Atenção Psicossocial. Os resultados do estudo permitem sustentar que, apesar de todos os programas remeterem a princípios da RPB em seus conteúdos teóricos, as oportunidades de prática dos modelos integrados dialogam mais diretamente com a experiência da RPB. Entre outros resultados relevantes, destacam-se: preocupação com o cuidado integral, não centrado apenas nos diagnósticos e sintomas, mas na singularidade e no andar a vida dos sujeitos; crítica à medicalização, seja na forma do uso abusivo de medicação, seja como interferência em demandas não especificamente médicas; importância de experiências interdisciplinares em equipes multiprofissionais e uma proposta da superação de uma cultura manicomial que vai além da institucionalidade dos serviços, mas que opera nos processos cotidianos de normalização social.


Abstract The study aims to identify to what extent and how the principles, guidelines and methods proposed by the Brazilian Psychiatric Reform (BPR) are present in the training of psychiatrists in medical residency programs. This is a qualitative study that investigates contents and experiences promoted during training in psychiatric medical residency programs in Brazil. A total of 16 subjects were interviewed in four public training institutions, two programs centered on school hospitals and two in models integrated with psychosocial care network services. The results of the study allow us to argue that, although all programs refer to BPR principles in their theoretical contents, the services integrated programs seems to promote a closer dialogue with the BPR experience. Among other relevant results, the following stand out: concern with comprehensive care, not focused only on diagnoses and symptoms, but on the singularity and ways of life of the subjects; criticism of medicalization, either in the form of abuse of medication, or as interference in non-specifically medical demands; relevance of interdisciplinary experiences in multidisciplinary teams and the aim to overcome a manicomial culture that goes beyond the institutionality of services, but that operates in the daily processes of social normalization.

16.
São Paulo med. j ; 141(3): e202292, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1432436

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The longitudinal evaluation of students seems to be a better way to assess their knowledge compared with that of the traditional methods of evaluation, such as modular and final tests. Currently, progress testing is the most consolidated type of longitudinal testing method. However, despite being well consolidated as an assessment tool in medical education, the use of this type of test in residency programs is scarce. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate residents' knowledge growth regarding residency training and to describe the implementation of a longitudinal evaluation test in ophthalmological residency training across several medical schools in Brazil. Finally, the study aimed to check whether performance in the tests can be used as a predictor of the results of the specialist title test. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a prospective observational study. This study was conducted using an online platform. METHODS: Online tests were developed following the same pattern as the Brazilian Ophthalmology Council specialist tests. All the residents performed the test simultaneously. The tests were conducted once a year at the end of the school year. RESULTS: A progress test was conducted across 13 services with 259 residents. Our results demonstrated that resident scores improved over the years (P < 0.0001) and had a moderate correlation with the Brazilian Opthalmology Council specialist test (P = 0.0156). CONCLUSION: The progress test can be considered a valuable tool to assess knowledge, meaning their knowledge increased over residency training. In addition, it can be used as a predictor of the result in the specialist title test.

17.
São Paulo med. j ; 141(3): e20211028, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1432437

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Residents play the role of teachers in almost one-quarter of their activities in residency programs. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a 45-minute class using summarize, narrow, analyze, probe, plan, and select (SNAPPS) could improve psychiatry residents' case discussion skills in diverse practical learning settings. DESIGN AND SETTING: This case-control, randomized, blinded study was conducted in a psychiatry hospital at Fortaleza-Ceará. METHODS: Using "resident as teacher" (RaT), objective structured teaching encounters (OSTEs), and SNAPPS, we conducted a study with 26 psychiatry residents. We analyzed video footage of psychiatric cases in three settings: outpatient, nursing, and emergency. An intervention was held two months later with the residents, who were then assigned to two groups: group A (lecture on SNAPPS) and group B (lecture on a topics in psychiatry). Shortly after the lectures, they were video recorded while discussing the same cases. Three blinded examiners analyzed the videos using an instrument based on the Stanford Faculty Development Program (SFDP-26). RESULTS: We found high internal consistency among external examiners and an interaction effect, group effect, and moment effect (P < 0.05). The residents who received the SNAPPS lecture scored significantly higher than their counterparts who received a traditional case presentation. CONCLUSION: This study indicates the efficacy of SNAPPS over traditional case presentation in all three settings as assessed by OSTEs and supports its implementation to improve the teaching of clinical reasoning.

18.
São Paulo med. j ; 141(4): e2022187, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1432453

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Moonlighting is a largely discussed, however under-explored, subject among physician residents. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the frequency of moonlighting and its related factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: This cross-sectional study enrolled medical residents from all geographical regions of Brazil. METHODS: A web-based structured closed-ended survey was applied that explored the frequency and type of moonlighting, residency programs characteristics, and psychological distress. The questionnaire was published on social networks. RESULTS: The completion rate was 71.4% (n = 1,419) and 37.7% were males aged 28.8 ± 3.2 (mean ± standard deviation) years, and 571 (40.2%) were post-graduate year (PGY) 1. There were residents from 50 medical specialties (the most common training area was clinical, 51.9%). A total of 80.6% practiced moonlighting, with an average weekly workload of 14.1 ± 9.4 h, usually overnight or in weekend shifts. Factors related to it were being PGY-2 or higher (adjusted odds ratio = 3.90 [95% confidence interval = 2.93-5.18], logistic regression), lower weekly residency duty hours (0.98 [0.97-0.99]), and a higher salary (1.23 [1.08-1.40]). In contrast, perception of a "fair/adequate" compensation was influenced by age (1.02 [1.01-1.02]), not being single (1.05 [1.01-1.10]), and residency duty hours (1.51 [1.22-1.88]). Depression, anxiety, diurnal somnolence scores, and work-personal life conflicts were not correlated with moonlighting status. CONCLUSION: Moonlighting frequency is high, and it is related to higher PGY, briefer residency duty hours, and the perception that remuneration should be higher. This study provides insights into the motivations for moonlighting and effort-reward imbalance.

19.
Acta ortop. bras ; 31(spe2): e260339, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439146

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Describe the national scenario of the orthopedics and traumatology Medical Residency Program (MRP) in 2020/2021, showing the distribution of vacancies by states and regions of Brazil, the number of residents and the percentage of agreement between the accredited services that offer the program by the Brazilian Society of Orthopedics and Traumatology (SBOT) and by the National Commission for Medical Residency linked to the Ministry of Education (CNRM/MEC). Methods This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. Data from the CNRM and SBOT system referring to residents attending orthopedics and traumatology Programs in 2020/2021 were analyzed. Results In the analyzed period, there were 2.325 medical residents in orthopedics and traumatology in vacancies authorized by the CNRM/MEC in Brazil. The southeast region was predominant, with 57.2% of vacancies, totaling 1.331 residents. Compared to other regions, the south region with 16.9% (392), the northeast with 15.1% (351), the midwest with 7.7% (180), and the north with 3.1% (71). In addition, there was an accreditation agreement of 53.8% in evaluating services between the SBOT and CNRM, with distinctions among the states. Conclusion The analysis showed differences between regions and states, considering the vacancies of PRM in orthopedics and traumatology and the concordance of evaluations by institutions accredited by MEC and SBOT. It is aim to work together with a view to qualifying and expanding residency programs for the training of specialist physicians, in accordance with the needs of the public health system and adequate medical practice, is necessary. The analysis during the pandemic period, associated with the restructuring of several health services, demonstrates the stability of the specialty in adverse scenarios. Level of evidence II; Economic And Decision Analyzes - Developing an Economic or Decision Model.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever o cenário nacional do Programa de Residência Médica (PRM) em Ortopedia e Traumatologia em 2020/2021, período da maior incidência da covid-19, apontando a distribuição de vagas pelos Estados e Regiões do Brasil, o quantitativo de residentes em curso e a porcentagem de concordância entre os serviços credenciados pela Sociedade Brasileira de Ortopedia e Traumatologia (SBOT) e pela Comissão Nacional de Residência Médica vinculada ao Ministério da Educação (CNRM/MEC). Métodos Estudo descritivo, transversal. Foram analisados dados do Sistema da CNRM e da SBOT referentes aos residentes cursando Ortopedia e Traumatologia durante o período declarado de pandemia no Brasil. Resultado No período analisado haviam 2.325 médicos residentes cursando os PRM de Ortopedia e Traumatologia no Brasil em vagas autorizadas pela CNRM/MEC. Predomínio na região Sudeste, com 57,2% do total de vagas no Brasil, totalizando 1.331 residentes em comparação às outras regiões, com 16,9% (392) residentes na região Sul, 15,1% (351) no Nordeste, 7,7% (180) no Centro-Oeste e 3,1% (71) no Norte. Em relação à avaliação dos serviços realizada pela SBOT e pela CNRM, há uma concordância média de 53,8% entre o credenciamento por ambas, com também distinções entre as Unidades da Federação. Conclusão A análise demonstrou diferenças entre regiões e estados em relação à oferta de vagas nos Programas de Residência em Ortopedia e Traumatologia, bem como quanto à concordância entre as avaliações das instituições credenciadas pela CNRM e/ou SBOT. Há necessidade de um trabalho conjunto entre ambas visando para ampliação e qualificação dos cenários de prática e preceptoria na formação do novo especialista, considerando as necessidades do SUS e o exercício da boa prática médica. A análise no período da pandemia, associado a reestruturação de muitos serviços de saúde, demostra a estabilidade da especialidade em cenários adversos. Nível de evidência II; Análises econômicas e de decisão - Desenvolvimento de modelo econômico ou de decisão.

20.
Salud UNINORTE ; 38(3)Sep.-Dec. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536810

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar la percepción de los residentes a factores de riesgos psicosociales a los que se enfrentan a lo largo de su formación académica relacionados con los dominios de control y recompensas del trabajo. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cualitativo con metodología fenomenológica, que utilizó la entrevista a profundidad como técnica de obtención de los datos a partir de los elementos contemplados en la Batería de Instrumentos para la Evaluación de Factores de Riesgo Psicosocial del Ministerio de Protección Social de Colombia. Se entrevistó a 42 residentes de 8 especialidades médicas en Barranquilla. El análisis de la información obtenida se interpretó a partir de la teoría sociológica de Schütz. Resultados: Se observó relación de la carga de trabajo, tiempo y organización con el poco reconocimiento al esfuerzo. Además, existe poco apego con las instituciones y no hay vínculo profesional y emocional estable debido a la baja percepción de autorrealización en el ejercicio de su trabajo. Conclusiones: Los dominios "control" y "recompensas" se conjeturan como problemáticas frecuentes en el ámbito de las residencias médicas. Si no hay control de las funciones, participación en la toma de decisiones y en el funcionamiento de la institución, y si existen pocas oportunidades de demostrar el dominio en las responsabilidades adquiridas, la percepción de bienestar se ve implicada.


Objective: To analyze the perception of residents to psychosocial risk factors they face throughout their academic training related to the domains of control and work rewards. Materials and Methods: Qualitative study with phenomenological methodology, which used in-depth interview as a technique to obtain data from the elements contemplated in the Battery of Instruments for the Evaluation of Psychosocial Risk Factors of the Ministry of Social Protection of Colombia. Forty-two residents from 8 medical specialties in Barranquilla were interviewed. The analysis of the information obtained was interpreted based on Schütz's sociological theory. Results: A relationship was observed between workload, time and organization, with little recognition of effort. In addition, there is little attachment to the institutions and there is no stable professional and emotional bond due to the low perception of self-fulfillment in the exercise of their work. Conclusions: The control and reward domains are conjectured as frequent problems in the field of medical residencies. If there is no control of the functions, participation in decision making and in the functioning of the institution, and if there are few opportunities to demonstrate mastery in the acquired responsibilities, the perception of well-being is implicated.

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