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1.
Hacia promoc. salud ; 28(1)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534526

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: describir el nivel de conocimientos de médicos y profesionales de enfermería respecto a factores de riesgo, cuadro clínico, diagnóstico y medidas de aislamiento para tuberculosis. Metodología: estudio transversal realizado en 8 instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud (IPS) de baja complejidad de atención durante el 2017 mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario autodiligenciado. Resultados: en total 72 personas fueron encuestadas (48 médicos y 24 profesionales de enfermería), de los cuales 51,4 % fueron mujeres y 44,4 % menores de 35 años. Un 59,7 % laboraban en IPS públicas y 40,3 % en IPS privadas (incluyendo 9,7 % en IPS indígenas). El 64,4 % de los encuestados acertaron en preguntas relacionadas con la conducta o medidas de cuidado inicial al paciente y 60,8 % acertaron en su impresión diagnóstica. Hubo 66,7 % de aciertos sobre factores de riesgo, 69,4 % respecto al cuadro clínico de la enfermedad, 67,0 % en preguntas relacionadas con el diagnóstico y 47,5 % sobre medidas de aislamiento. De acuerdo con la profesión, los médicos tuvieron más porcentaje de aciertos en preguntas sobre factores de riesgo, cuadro clínico y diagnóstico mientras que los profesionales de enfermería tuvieron mejores promedios en preguntas sobre medidas de aislamiento. Conclusiones: el nivel de aciertos general fue de 62,6 %. Los porcentajes de acierto más bajos se presentaron en preguntas relacionadas con medidas de aislamiento. Estas deficiencias en conocimiento pueden influir sobre la oportunidad en el diagnóstico y el control de la enfermedad, por lo que los programas de capacitación continua sobre tuberculosis deben ser fortalecidos en estos profesionales.


Objective: to describe the level of knowledge physicians and nursing professionals have regarding risk factors, diagnosis and isolation measures for tuberculosis. Materials and methods: cross-sectional study carried out in eight health service providers (HSP) during 2017 through application of a questionnaire that was filled out by each participant. Results: a total of 72 people were surveyed (48 doctors and 24 nursing professionals) of whom 51.4% of were women and 44.4% were under 35 years of age. Among them, 59.7% worked in public HSPs while 40.3% worked in private HSPs (including 9.7% who worked in indigenous HSPs). Overall, 64.4% of the respondents were correct in the questions related to behavior or initial care measures for the patient and 60.8% were correct in their diagnosis impression. There were 66.7% correct answers on risk factors, 69.4% correct answers regarding the clinical profile of the disease, 67.0% correct answers on questions related to diagnosis and 47.5% correct answers related to isolation measures. According to the professions, physicians had a higher percentage of correct answers in questions about risk factors, clinical symptoms, and diagnosis, while nurses had better scores in questions about isolation measures. Conclusions: the general level of correct answers was 62.6%. The lowest levels of correct answers were found in questions related to isolation measures. These deficiencies in knowledge can influence the opportunity in the diagnosis and control of the disease and, as a consequence, continuous training programs on tuberculosis for these professionals should be strengthened.


Objetivos: descrever o nível de conhecimentos de médicos e profissionais de enfermagem respeito a fatores de risco, quadro clínico, diagnóstico e medidas de isolamento para tuberculoses. Metodologia: estudo transversal realizada em 8 instituições prestadoras de serviços de saúde (IPS) de baixa complexidade de atenção durante o 2017 mediante a aplicação dum questionário auto preenchido. Resultados: em total 72 pessoas foram entrevistadas (48 médicos e 24 profissionais de enfermagem), dos quais 51,4 % foram mulheres e 44,4 % menores de 35 anos. Um 59,7 % trabalham em IPS públicas e 40,3 % em IPS particulares (incluindo 9,7 % em IPS indígenas). O 64,4 % dos entrevistados acertaram em perguntas relacionadas com a conduta ou medidas de cuidado inicial ao paciente e 60,8 % acertaram em sua impressão diagnóstica. Houve 66,7 % de acertos sobre fatores de risco, 69,4 % respeito ao quadro clínico da doença, 67,0 % em perguntas relacionadas com o diagnóstico e 47,5 % sobre medidas de isolamento. De acordo com a profissão, os médicos tiveram mais porcentagem de acertos em perguntas sobre fatores de risco, quadro clínico e diagnóstico enquanto que os profissionais de enfermagem tiveram melhores médias nas perguntas sobre medidas de isolamento. Conclusões: o nível de acertos geral foi de 62,6 %. As porcentagens de acerto mais baixas se presentaram em perguntas relacionadas com medidas de isolamento. Estas deficiências em conhecimento podem influir sobre a oportunidade no diagnóstico e o controle da doença, pelo que os programas de capacitação continuam sobre tuberculoses devem ser fortalecidos nestes profissionais.

2.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(2): 252-260, jun. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533929

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Workplace bullying and sexual harassment are concerns among general surgery residents in Colombia. Objective. To explore the prevalence and impact of workplace bullying and sexual harassment incidents among general surgery residents in Colombia. Materials and methods. This nationwide study was conducted in 2020. Residents selfrated their exposure to workplace bullying and to sexual harassment in the forms of gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention, and sexual coercion. We analyzed demographic variables, perpetrator's characteristics, and differences between victims and non-victims. Results. The study included 302 residents. It found that 49% of general surgery residents in Colombia suffered from workplace bullying and 14.9% experienced sexual harassment. The main forms of sexual harassment were gender harassment (47%) and unwanted sexual attention (47%). Women reported significantly higher rates of being sexually harassed. Surgeons were the main perpetrators of sexual harassment. Conclusions. Workplace bullying and sexual harassment are frequent events in general surgery residency in Colombia. These findings suggest the need for interventions to improve the educational culture of surgical departments and decrease the prevalence of these behaviors.


Introducción. El acoso laboral y el acoso sexual son preocupaciones en la formación quirúrgica. Objetivo. Exploramos la magnitud de estos problemas entre los residentes de cirugía general en Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio nacional en junio de 2020. Los residentes autoevaluaron su exposición a la intimidación y el acoso sexual en forma de acoso de género, atención sexual no deseada y coerción sexual. Se analizaron variables demográficas y perpetradores entre víctimas y no víctimas. Resultados. Se incluyeron un total de 302 residentes. Las tasas de acoso laboral y sexual fueron del 49% y 14,9%, respectivamente. Las principales formas de acoso sexual correspondieron al acoso de género (47%) y la atención sexual no deseada (47%). El acoso sexual fue significativamente mayor entre las mujeres. Los cirujanos fueron los principales perpetradores. Conclusiones. El acoso laboral y el acoso sexual son frecuentes en la formación quirúrgica en Colombia. Estos hallazgos conducen a intervenciones para mejorar la cultura educativa de los departamentos quirúrgicos para disminuir la prevalencia de estos comportamientos.


Subject(s)
Sexual Harassment , Occupational Stress , Medical Staff, Hospital , General Surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Social Discrimination
3.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 25(1): [16], abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440167

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: El estudio teórico, el diagnóstico realizado y la experiencia de los investigadores, posibilitan formular como problema de la presente investigación: limitaciones en el desarrollo de la habilidad diagnosticar enfermedades dermatológicas en los residentes de la especialidad de Dermatología del Hospital General Provincial Docente "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" de Ciego de Ávila. Objetivo: Elaborar una concepción didáctica del proceso de formación interdisciplinar de la habilidad diagnosticar enfermedades dermatológicas en los residentes de la especialidad de Dermatología, a partir de la caracterización del estado actual de esta habilidad. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación educativa con un componente descriptivo en el Hospital General Provincial Docente "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" de Ciego de Ávila, en los cursos escolares desde 2016 al 2020. La población de estudio fueron los 16 residentes de 1.er año que matricularon la especialidad de Dermatología en el período de estudio. Se emplearon métodos del nivel teórico y empírico. Resultados: La caracterización realizada reveló limitaciones en el desarrollo de la habilidad diagnosticar enfermedades dermatológicas en los laboratorios de Anatomía Patológica, Microbiología y Parasitología Médica, por los residentes (100 %). La concepción didáctica del proceso de formación interdisciplinar de la habilidad diagnosticar orienta el proceso desde las actividades docentes-atencionales y prácticas de laboratorio en una consecutividad lógica y sistematización desde las diferentes formas de enseñanza y tipologías de clase. Integra la interdisciplinariedad y la utilización del método investigativo establecido en las ideas rectoras. Conclusiones: La concepción didáctica como aporte de la investigación resuelve la contradicción dialéctica entre la aplicación del método clínico y los procedimientos en la práctica de laboratorio que se da en ese proceso formativo y constituye un soporte didáctico que respalda las actividades prácticas en los laboratorios para cumplir con los objetivos del Plan de estudio de la especialidad.


Background: The theoretical study, the diagnosis conducted and the experience of the researchers make possible to formulate the problem of the present research: limitations in the development of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in residents of the Specialty of Dermatology of the General Provincial Teaching Hospital "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" of Ciego de Avila. Objective: To elaborate a didactic conception of the interdisciplinary training process of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in residents of the specialty of Dermatology, based on the characterization of the current state of that ability. Methodology: An educational research with a descriptive component was conducted at the Provincial General Teaching Hospital "Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola" of Ciego de Avila, in the 2016-2020 school years. The study population consisted of the 16 first-year dermatology residents who enrolled in the specialty during the study period. Results: The characterization conducted showed limitations in the development of the ability to diagnose dermatological diseases in anatomic pathology laboratories, Microbiology and Medical Parasitology, by residents (100%). The didactic conception of the interdisciplinary training process of diagnostic ability focuses on teaching and learning activities and laboratory practices in a logical consecutiveness and systematization from the different forms of teaching and class typologies. It integrates the interdisciplinary and the use of the research method that is established in the guiding ideas. Conclusions: The didactic conception, as a research contribution, resolves the dialectic contradiction between the application of the clinical method and the procedures in laboratory practice that occurs in this formative process which is a didactic support that backs up the practical activities in the laboratories in order to achieve the objectives of the study plan of the specialty.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence , Dermatology/education , Education, Medical/methods , Interdisciplinary Placement/methods , Medical Staff
4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1485-1492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990362

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating role of interdisciplinary cooperation ability between the level of hospice care practice and difficulty degree of hospice care for medical staff, in order to improve the quality of hospice care services for medical staff, and to provide evidence for relevant managers to formulate effective measures to reduce the implementation of hospice care difficulties.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional survey. Using convenience sampling method, the general data questionnaire, Palliative Care Difficulties Scale (PCDS), Palliative Care Self-Report Practice Scale (PCPS) and Modified Index of Interdisciplinary Collaboration (MIIC) were used to investigate 362 medical staff in all hospice care institutions of Shiyan City from July to August 2022.Results:The total score of PCDS in 362 medical staff was (40.58±13.44) points, (67.47 ± 12.50) points for PCPS and (108.36 ± 21.46) points for MIIC. There was a positive correlation between the total score of MIIC and PCDS ( r=0.500, P<0.01). The total score of PCPS was negatively correlated with the total score of MIIC ( r=-0.337, P<0.01) and the total score of PCDS ( r=-0.189, P<0.01). The interdisciplinary cooperation ability of medical staff in hospice care had a complete mediating effect between the level of practice and the degree of difficulty (Effect value=-0.190, 95% CI-0.274 to -0.126), and the mediating effect accounted for 98.5% of the total effect value. Conclusions:The practice level of hospice care can not directly affect the implementation of the difficulty degree, but by taking active measures to improve the interdisciplinary cooperation ability, so as to enhance the practice level, and then reduce the implementation of hospice care difficulty degree.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 475-481, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically integrate the attitudes and experiences of medical staffs towards the family presence during resuscitation and provide a reference for the development of family presence during resuscitation clinical practice in China.Methods:To search PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, CINAHL, CNKI, CBM and Wanfang database for qualitative studies on medical staff's attitudes and experiences of family presence during resuscitation since its inception to August 2022. The quality of the literature was evaluated using the Australian JBI Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care (2017) quality assessment criteria for qualitative studies, which were integrated using a pooled integration approach.Results:A total of 12 papers were included to distil the findings of 74 studies, which were summarized to form 10 new categories and 4 consolidated findings including medical staffs′ attitudes towards and reasons for family presence during resuscitation, the impact of family presence during resuscitation on the resuscitation team, the impact of family presence during resuscitation on patients and families, and the real-life dilemmas and recommendations for medical staffs to allow family presence during resuscitation.Conclusions:We should pay attention to the difficulties and needs of family presence during resuscitation by medical staff, take into account the medical context in China, and improve the humanistic care system in our hospitals by considering hospital management, clinical practice, and the demands of patients and their families, in order to improve the accessibility of family presence during resuscitation by the medical staff.

6.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 266-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986751

ABSTRACT

BackgroundIn public health emergencies, medical staff undertake many important tasks. Having a good mental health status and capability in popularization of science can improve the work efficiency of medical staff, and thus enhancing the public's trust and support for medical care. ObjectiveTo investigated the anxiety, insomnia and security level of medical staff under the public health emergency, and to explore the correlation between anxiety and capability in popularization of science of them. MethodsFrom June 1 to September 1, 2020, a total of 588 medical staff in Sichuan Province were investigated through the Questionnaire Star platform. The survey included a self-designed general information questionnaire, the Psychological Security-Insecurity Questionnaire (S-I), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) and science popularization questionnaire during the COVID-19 epidemic. Pearson correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation among SAS, S-I and AIS scores, as well as the correlation between SAS and the science popularization questionnaire during the COVID-19 epidemic. ResultsDuring the public health emergency, the S-I score of the medical staff was (27.46±9.20), with 21 cases (3.57%) having a low level of security. The SAS score was (44.21±9.57), with 208 cases (35.37%) having anxiety symptoms. The AIS score was (11.40±5.25), with 450 cases (76.53%) suffering from insomnia. Correlation analysis showed that SAS score was negatively correlated with S-I score (r=-0.640, P<0.01), while positively correlated with AIS score (r=0.618, P<0.01). There was a negative correlation between the degree of usage about medical staff's science popularization tool and SAS score (r=-0.501~-0.185, P<0.01). The use of science popularization channels was negatively correlated with anxiety (r=-0.510~-0.232, P<0.05 or 0.01). There was a negative correlation between the level of trust to popularization of science and medical staff anxiety (r=-0.548~-0.338, P<0.01). ConclusionUnder the public health emergency, the detection rates of anxiety symptoms and sleep disorders among medical staff are high, and anxiety is negatively correlated with medical staff's capability in popularization of science. [Funded by Sichuan Mianyang Psychological Growth Guidance and Research Center for Minors Funded Project (number, SCWCN2020YB11)].

7.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 304-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969635

ABSTRACT

Background Occupational stress has been shown to be an important factor affecting the mental health of workers. The role of affective commitment to the organization and overcommitment to work cannot be ignored. However, there is a lack of research on this topic in China. Objective To explore a potential mediating effect of affective commitment on how occupational stress affects the mental health of medical staff and a potential moderating effect of overcommitment on the mediating effect of affective commitment. Methods A total of 1372 health care workers in a tertiary Grade A hospital in Lanzhou City were selected as study subjects for a cross-sectional survey. The occupational stress, emotional commitment, and psychological distress of the subjects were evaluated by the Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Affective Commitment Scale, and Kessler 10 Scale. SPSS 26.0 was used for correlation analysis, mediation analysis, and moderated mediation analysis. Common method bias wasevaluated by Harman one-factor test. Results A total of 1372 questionnaires were distributed, of which 1277 valid questionnaires were returned, with a valid recovery rate of 93.08%. The mean occupational stress score was 1.14±0.23, the mean overcommitment score was 20.26±3.21, the mean affective commitment score was 20.25±3.34, and the mean psychological distress score was 26.26±7.90. The Spearman correlation analysis results showed that occupational stress among medical staff was positively correlated with overcommitment and psychological distress (r=0.153, 0.410, P<0.01) and negatively correlated with affective commitment (r=−0.341, P<0.01); overcommitment was negatively related to affective commitment and positively related to psychological distress (r=−0.107, 0.312, P<0.01); affective commitment was negatively related to psychological distress (r=−0.464, P<0.01). The positive effect of occupational stress on psychological distress of medical staff was significant (b=0.41, t=15.42, P<0.001); affective commitment presented a partial mediating effect on the relationship between occupational stress and psychological distress (effect value=0.13), accounting for 31.71% of the total effect; overcommitment moderated the process of occupational stress-affective commitment-psychological distress (P<0.01). Conclusion Affective commitment of medical staff has a partial mediating effect on the relationship between occupational stress and psychological distress, and overcommitment plays a significant role in moderating the process of occupational stress-affective commitment-psychological distress.

8.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 558-563, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992133

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of stress perception on depression and the potential mediating role of resilience in medical staff.Methods:A total of 606 medical staff were recruited and investigated by self-designed questionnaire, the perceived stress scale (PSS-10), the 10-item Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC-10), and the patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) from February to March, 2020.SPSS 26.0 software was used to execute Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis, common method biases test, and multicollinearity test.Model 4 in PROCESS 3.2 macro program and Bootstrap method were used for mediating effects analysis.Results:There was a positive correlation between stress perception score(16.93±6.65) and depression score (5.00(2.00, 9.00))( r=0.551, P<0.01), and a negative correlation between stress perception score and resilience score (27.08±8.68) ( r=-0.285, P<0.01) among 606 medical staff.There was a negative correlation between resilience score and depression score ( r=-0.474, P<0.01). Mesometric effect examination showed that resilience played a partial mediating role in the relationship between stress perception and depression, and the mediating effect accounted for 10.87% of the total effect. Conclusion:Stress perception can directly or indirectly influence depression scores, and resilience partially mediates the relationship between stress perception and depression.Depression can be reduced clinically by reducing stress perception or enhancing the resilience of medical personnel.

9.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 760-769, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005664

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of doctor-patient relationship perception on work performance among medical staff in public hospitals and its mechanism. The convenient sampling method was used to select 380 medical staff working in four public tertiary hospitals in Sichuan Province, Zhejiang Province, and Fujian Province from August 2022 to October 2022 as the research objects, and the General Information Questionnaire, Doctor-Patient Relationship Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Perceived Organizational Support Scale, Work Performance Questionnaire were used. This paper showed that the doctor-patient relationship perception of medical staff was negatively correlated with self-efficacy (r=-0.392, P<0.01) and work performance (r=-0.286, P<0.01), self-efficacy was positively correlated with perceived organizational support (r=0.538, P<0.01) and work performance (r=0.507, P<0.01), perceived organizational support was positively correlated with work performance (r=0.510, P<0.01). Self-efficacy played a partial mediating role between doctor-patient relationship perception and work performance, and its effect value was -0.241, accounting for 64.78% of the total effect. Perceived organizational support weakened the negative predictive effect of doctor-patient relationship perception on self-efficacy, which moderates the first half path of the mediating model that doctor-patient relationship perception affects work performance through self-efficacy. It indicated that the doctor-patient relationship perceived by medical staff in public hospitals is poor. Measures should be taken from the aspects of policy support, hospital and society levels to alleviate the doctor-patient relationship, play the mediating role of self-efficacy and the moderating role of organizational support, minimize the negative impact of doctor-patient relationship on the work performance among medical staff, and improve the work performance of medical staff, so as to improve the overall quality of medical services.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1238-1243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005587

ABSTRACT

In the emergency response to public health emergencies, a series of ethical issues will be faced. One of the core issues is that the ethical conflict between personal freedom of medical staff and common good has not been effectively resolved, and the moral responsibility boundaries of medical staff have not been clearly defined. The personal freedom rights of medical staff are constrained in the emergency response to public health emergencies due to the prior moral requirements and regulations for them that emphasizes the priority of safeguarding public interests. Therefore, it is important to consider elements such as voluntariness, proportionality, priority, and fairness when balancing the tension between personal freedom of medical staff and common good. It is recommended to establish a rating system that endangers the life safety of medical staff, list the ethical list of "legitimate reasons" by the health administrative department, and improve the reward system of "moral and welfare consistency" to solve the ethical conflict between personal freedom of medical staff and common good, so as to better achieve common good.

11.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 342-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005556

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the cognition of medical staff in public hospitals regarding the medical humanistic service ability, and to discuss, analyze, and put forward targeted suggestions based on statistical data. 【Methods:】 A self-designed questionnaire survey was conducted among 825 medical staff randomly selected from public medical institutions in Nanjing, Central, Northern and Southern Jiangsu Province. SPSS21.0 was used to analyze the data. 【Results:】 The average score of medical staff’s familiarity with medical humanities was 3.64 points. In the cognition of the components of medical humanistic service ability, the doctor-patient communication ability accounted for the highest proportion (90.82%). There were differences in the cognition of medical staff with different demographic characteristics on the dimensions of appearance and behavior ability, doctor-patient communication ability, and patient care ability (P<0.05). The surgeon’s cognition of the importance of medical humanities was lower than that of the other four departments (P<0.05). 【Conclusion:】 Medical staff needed to improve their medical humanistic service abilities, and the cognition of humanistic differences among different categories of personnel needed to be adjusted. Public hospitals were suggested to clarify the evaluation elements and standards of medical humanistic services, and focus on solving cognitive differences to improve medical humanistic service abilities, speeding up the construction of humanistic hospitals, promoting medical humanistic service abilities. In addition, it was also necessary to improve the quality of medical humanistic education in colleges and universities through ideological and political courses.

12.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 167-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005527

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the network characteristics of sleep quality and anxiety in first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19, further understand the relationship between sleep quality and anxiety, and provide basis for intervention. 【Methods:】 Using the convenient sampling method, this paper used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) to conduct a questionnaire survey on the front-line medical staff who fought against the epidemic during the COVID-19. Network analysis was used to construct sleep quality and anxiety network, and R language was used for statistical analysis and visualization. 【Results:】 In the network of sleep quality and anxiety of first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19, "sleep disorder" and "sleep quality", "unfortunate premonition" and "inability to sit still", "syncope" and "hand and foot tingling" were highly related. "Fatigue", "dizziness" and "panic" had the highest expected influence. "Sleep quality", "sleep disorder" and "fatigue" had the highest bridge expected influence. The average predictability value of all nodes was 0.778. 【Conclusion:】 This paper used network analysis to explore the sleep quality and anxiety of first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19 and found that there was a unique correlation path between them. Intervention against core symptoms can ameliorate anxiety and sleep problems to the great extent, and provide guidance for improving the physical and mental health.

13.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 176-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004868

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the knowledge acquisition status for blood transfusion of transfusion related medical staff in underdeveloped cities in western China and explore its influencing factors. 【Methods】 A questionnaire consisted of blood transfusion laws and regulations, clinical blood transfusion theory and blood transfusion technology was designed, randomly distributed to medical staff and blood transfusion departmenttechnicians of 17 secondary/tertiary hospitals in Wuwei and then collected on the spot. The knowledge acquisition of blood transfusion of each group was compared using statistical description method, and its influencing factors were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. 【Results】 A total of 507 questionnaires were issued, and 498 valid questionnaires (98.22%) were collected. The scores of transfusion related laws and regulations, blood transfusion theory and blood transfusion technology of doctor group(n=158), nurse group(n=239) and transfusion technician group(n=101)were 4.56-5.97(5.06±0.73)(P<0.01) vs 4.23-5.87(4.98±1.24)(P<0.01) vs 3.71-0.78 (4.15±1.34), 3.67-5.02(4.27±1.02) vs 3.76-5.12(4.06±0.75) vs 4.71-5.98(5.16±0.64)(P<0.01) and 3.41-5.76(3.82±0.56) vs 3.78-5.24(4.01±0.56) vs 3.77-5.46(3.82±0.59). Among the seven departments, blood transfusion department(n=51) won the highest score of above three types of knowledge [4.91-5.97(5.28±0.43) vs 5.03-5.92(5.36±0.59) vs 4.39-5.77(4.97±0.79)(P<0.01) ]. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, occupation, professional titles, training times and hospital grade had an impact on the degree (score) of blood transfusion knowledge acquisition (P<0.05), and multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis indicated that training times was an important influencing factor(P<0.01). 【Conclusion】 This survey revealed that the level of knowledge acquisition for blood transfusion among medical staff in Wuwei is generally low, and there is a significant difference between staff from hospitals of different grade and different departments. It is urgent to strengthen the training of blood transfusion for medical staff in western China.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 294-300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003856

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the current status and influencing factors of occupational stress among medical staff during major public health emergencies. Methods A total of 491 medical staff in Guangzhou City was selected as the research subjects using a convenient sampling method. The Job Content Questionnaire and Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire were used to evaluate the occupational stress level in the job demand-control (JDC) and effort-reward imbalance (ERI) models among the staff. Results Among the research subjects, the detection rates of occupational stress in JDC and ERI models were 50.1% and 52.5%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the detection rates of occupational stress between the two models (P>0.05). The result of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that individuals with lower monthly income and longer weekly working hours had a higher risk of occupational stress in both JDC and ERI models (all P<0.05). Staff with night shift, daily sleep time less than six hours, and dissatisfaction with the protective measures provided by the hospital had higher risk of occupational stress than those with no night shift, daily sleep time at least six hours, and satisfaction with the protective measures provided by the work place in JDC and ERI models (all P<0.01). The risk of ERI model occupational stress of personnel who had been exposed to COVID-19 cases or suspected cases was higher than that in those who had not been exposed (P<0.05). Conclusion Medical staff experience a certain level of occupational stress, characterized by both JDC and ERI models, during major public health emergencies. The main influencing factors included personal monthly income, weekly working hours, night shift, sleep time, satisfaction with protective measures and occupational exposure.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 133-137, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the research ability, cognition, and training needs of clinical medical staff in a grade A tertiary hospital in Xinjiang and to analyze the influencing factors.Methods:A convenience sampling method was applied to survey the clinical medical staff of our hospital with a questionnaire including general information, a self-assessment scale of research ability, and a survey of research cognition and training needs. A total of 618 questionnaires were collected with 609 valid returned responses, resulting in an effective return rate of 98.54%. Univariate and multiple linear regression analysis were applied to analyze the influencing factors of the total score of clinical medical staff's research ability.Results:The total score of research ability of 609 clinical medical personnel was 60.73±13.59. The results of multiple linear regression showed that participation in scientific research conferences, enthusiasm for scientific research activities, and the need for scientific research training all had positive effects on the self-assessment of scientific research ability, which together explained 52% of the total variance (adjusted R2=0.520, P<0.001). The top three " very important" options for medical staff research training were data analysis, research design, and research topic selection. Conclusions:Medical staff research skills need to be improved and there is a strong need for research training. Managers should refine scientific research management initiatives and provide hierarchical and targeted scientific research training to improve the overall medical staff's scientific research literacy and research ability, thereby promoting the progress of medical care in hospitals.

16.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 544-548, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the psychological stress status and influencing factors of medical staff in comprehensive grade A hospitals.Methods:This was a cross-sectional survey using a convenient sampling method. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 2 048 staff members of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from February 25 to June 16, 2022. The questionnaires included the Self-rating Stress Questionnaire (SSQ-53), the Self-rating Anxiety Scale, and the Self-rating Depression Scale. A total of 2 048 questionnaires were distributed and 2 048 were collected. Among them, 2 006 (97.95%) were valid questionnaires, and 2 006 medical staff were ultimately included in the analysis. According to the results of the scale, they were divided into the increased psychological stress group and the non increased psychological stress group. Descriptive analysis, independent sample t-test/chi-square test, correlation analysis, and other methods were used to analyze the psychological stress status of medical staff and the distribution of related factors, and multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze their influencing factors. Results:A total of 310 (15.5%) out of 2 006 study subjects showed increased psychological stress. Women had a statistically significant increase in physical (14.7% vs 8.0%, χ2=12.40, P<0.001) and emotional dimensions (18.2% vs 13.5%, χ2=5.04, P=0.025) of stress compared to men. The level of psychological stress was positively correlated with anxiety and depression ( r=0.810, 0.749, respectively, P<0.001). Univariate analysis showed that those who were women ( χ2=6.76, P=0.009), with low education backgrounds ( Z=-2.50, P=0.012), nurses ( χ2=15.72, P<0.001), or working in emergency departments ( χ2=13.64, P=0.009) had a higher rate of increased psychological stress, while the serum calcium level in the increased psychological stress group was lower than that in the non increased psychological stress group ( t=2.82, P=0.005). Multivariate analysis showed that low educational backgrounds ( OR=2.238, 95% CI: 1.090-4.597, P=0.028) and working in emergency department ( OR=1.589, 95% CI: 1.012-2.493, P=0.044) were independent risk factors for increased psychological stress of medical staff. Working in administrative and logistics departments ( OR=0.466, 95% CI: 0.229-0.950, P=0.036) and serum calcium level ( OR=0.213, 95% CI: 0.059-0.760, P=0.017) were negatively correlated with increased psychological stress. Conclusions:In comprehensive grade A hospitals, medical staff working in the emergency department or with lower educational backgrounds face greater psychological stress. Serum calcium level is negatively correlated with increased psychological stress, but the causal relationship needs further study.

17.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 536-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973644

ABSTRACT

Background Long working hours are a common occupational health risk factor. The problem of long working hours and its impact on health of medical staff cannot be ignored. Objective To investigate long working hours in medical staff of tertiary grade A hospitals in Shanghai, and evaluate the relationships of long working hours with occupational stress and fatigue accumulation. Methods A total of 1531 medical staff in departments of emergency, internal medicine, surgery, intensive care unit (ICU), anesthesiology, and obstetrics and gynecology from 6 hospitals in 6 districts of Shanghai were selected using stratified random sampling. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information on social demographics, occupational characteristics, andbehavior and lifestyle. The Core Occupational Stress Scale (COSS) and the Self-diagnostic Questionnaire on the Accumulation of Fatigue of Laborers were used to assess occupational stress and fatigue accumulation condition. Chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to analyze the distributions of long working hours, occupational stress, and fatigue accumulation, log-binomial models were used to analyze the relationships of long working hours with occupational stress and fatigue accumulation, and job title stratified models were also constructed. Results The average weekly working hours of the study subjects was (47.84±11.40) h, 65.90% of the medical staff worked more than 40 h every week. The percentages of the weekly working hours categories of 41-48 h, 49-54 h, and ≥55 h were 31.42%, 13.46%, and 21.03%, respectively. The positive rates of occupational stress and fatigue accumulation were 25.87% and 65.64% respectively, and the differences among different age, gender, job title, education, length of service, and shift system groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of log-binomial regression showed that after adjusting for gender, age, monthly income, marital status, education, physical exercise, smoking, job position, length of service, and shift system, weekly working hours were an influencing factor of occupational stress and fatigue accumulation (P<0.05). Compared with weekly working hours≤40 h, the risk, PR(95%CI), of reporting occupational stress and fatigue accumulation increased to 2.595 (1.989, 3.385) and 1.578 (1.349, 1.845) times respectively for weekly working hours≥55 h (P<0.001). The results of job title stratification analysis showed that the risk of occupational stress among physicians, nurses, and medical technicians increased when weekly working hours≥55 h versus ≤40 h, and the PR (95%CI) values were 2.003 (1.383, 2.902), 1.971 (1.068, 3.636), and 2.770 (1.220, 6.288), respectively (P<0.05). The risk of fatigue accumulation was increased in physicians when weekly working hour≥55 h versus ≤40 h, with a PR (95%CI) value of 1.594 (1.208, 2.103) (P<0.001). Conclusion Long working hours are common among medical personnel and related to the occurrence of occupational stress and fatigue accumulation.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221984

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of workplace violence in the healthcare sector is a problem that is frequently ignored and underreported. The performance of healthcare workers who have been the target of violence may suffer, which may have a negative effect on patient satisfaction and health. Aims & Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to determine the prevalence of workplace violence (WPV), risk factors for violence against healthcare workers, and their experiencesregarding the same. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study conducted on 157 hospital staff at Tertiary Care Medical College of Uttarakhand. Data was gathered using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire that was modified from the ILO, ICN, WHO, and PSI. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 20). Results: Factors like age, gender, job profile, lesser work experience, night shifts, and fewer staff on duty were found to have a positive association with workplace violence. It was observed that the majority of incidents took place in the ward, and the patient’s relatives were the attacker in most of the cases. It was also seen that the majority of Hospital staff did not get bothered by the incident except by staying super alert while dealing with other patients or their relatives. Conclusion: The study concludes that while caring for patients, Hospital staff are at risk of being victims of aggressive and violent situations. To reduce this problem, strategies like training staff in order to handle such incidents in the future should be brought into practice. Laws should be made stricter & assaulting staff on duty should be made a cognizable offense with serious consequences & heavy penalties. Also, the young budding MBBS students should be trained by incorporating these strategies, laws & policies in the CBME curriculum

19.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(4): 338-347, oct. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422946

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la inteligencia emocional (IE) es la capacidad de reconocer nuestros propios sentimientos y los de los demás, de motivarnos y de manejar adecuadamente las relaciones interpersonales. La IE se ha relacionado con muchas competencias no técnicas necesarias entre los médicos en formación. Objetivo: describir las características psicométricas de la IE en médicos residentes de Cirugía General de la Argentina y analizar los efectos que ejercen sobre ella la edad, el sexo, el ámbito de desempeño y el año de residencia. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, analítico de corte transversal; se utilizó la encuesta anónima y autogestionada Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF v1.5) respondida en línea durante el mes de marzo de 2020. Se aplicó la prueba de Kolmogorov-Smirnov para variables cuantitativas, pruebas T y la prueba ANOVA (IC 95%, p estadística α 0,05). Resultados: fueron respondidas 156 encuestas, de las cuales 105 (67,3%) corresponden a mujeres y 51 (32,7%) a hombres. Edad promedio: 29,02 ± 3,69 años. El promedio global de la prueba fue de 4,58 ± 0,89. El análisis ANOVA demostró que existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas de la dimensión bienestar entre los diferentes años de residencia (p = 0,002) así como en puntajes globales de IE (p = 0,0001). Conclusión: la IE es un modelo atractivo y eficaz para definir y capacitar a los futuros cirujanos generales en competencias no técnicas. Estos hallazgos son importantes para generar nuevas propuestas de formación.


ABSTRACT Background: Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to recognize our own feelings and those of others, to motivate us and properly manage relationships. EI encompasses many non-technical skills that are important for physicians in training. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the psychometric characteristics of EI among residents in general surgery in Argentina and to analyze the effects of age, sex, scope of practice and postgraduate year level on it. Material and methods: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional analytic study using the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF v1.5), a self-report and anonymous survey that was answered on-line during March 2020. The statistical analysis was performed by using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for quantitative variables, Student's t-test and ANOVA (95% CI, p statistic α 0.05). Results: The survey was responded by 156 physicians; 105 (67.3%) were women and 51 (32.7%) were men (mean age: 29.02 ± 3.69 years). Mean global score was 4.58 ± 0.89. ANOVA showed statistically significant differences in the well-being dimension and global scores of EI across the different postgraduate year levels (p = 0.002 and p = 0.0001, respectively). Conclusion: EI is an attractive and effective model for defining and training future general surgeons in non-technical skills. These findings are important for generating new proposals for training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Psychometrics , Emotional Intelligence , Surgeons/psychology , Argentina , General Surgery , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Emotions , Self-Control/psychology , Internship and Residency , Interpersonal Relations
20.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 30(3): 598-609, jul.-set. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407266

ABSTRACT

Resumo O planejamento de cuidados baseado em diretivas antecipadas de vontade é vital para preservar a autonomia e dignidade dos pacientes. Em vista disso, buscou-se verificar o nível de conhecimento dos médicos residentes de Curitiba/PR a respeito delas e de seu uso na prática clínica. Além disso, avaliou-se o sentimento desses profissionais em relação ao conhecimento e segurança que têm acerca do instrumento. Foi realizada uma pesquisa de caráter quantitativo e transversal por meio de aplicação de questionário estruturado em plataforma digital com amostra final de 45 participantes. Os resultados indicam que o conhecimento desses profissionais acerca do conceito e dos aspectos jurídicos das diretivas antecipadas é insuficiente.


Abstract Care planning based on advance directives is vital to preserve the autonomy and dignity of patients. In view of this, this study sought to verify the level of knowledge of medical residents of Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, about them and their use in clinical practice. The feeling of these professionals regarding their knowledge and safety about the instrument was also evaluated. A quantitative and cross-sectional research was carried out by applying a structured questionnaire on a digital platform with a final sample of 45 participants. The results indicate that the knowledge of these professionals about the concept and legal aspects of advance directives is insufficient.


Resumen La planificación de cuidados con base en las directivas anticipadas de voluntad es vital para la preservación de la autonomía y dignidad de los pacientes. Ante esto, se pretende evaluar el nivel de conocimiento de los médicos residentes de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil, sobre el tema y su uso en la práctica clínica. También se estimó el sentimiento que tienen estos profesionales sobre el conocimiento y confianza en este instrumento. Se realizó una investigación cuantitativa y transversal a partir de un cuestionario estructurado aplicado a una muestra final de 45 participantes en una plataforma digital. Los resultados indican que son insuficientes los conocimientos de estos profesionales sobre el concepto y los aspectos legales de las directivas anticipadas.


Subject(s)
Physicians , Bioethics , Advance Directives , Medical Staff, Hospital
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