Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.033
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254174, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360213

ABSTRACT

Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis is a vine species native to Brazil that is considered an unconventional food plant and a medicinal species whose phenolic compounds exert antioxidant activity. Since the production of metabolites is determined by environmental factors and leaf maturity, it is important to track these changes in order to determine the best time to harvest. This study aimed to verify whether leaf phenology and seasonality cause variations in the amount of phenolic compounds and in the antioxidant activity of this species. The leaves were collected in different seasons between September 2018 and April 2019, and separated according to maturity: young, mature, and senescent. Daily atmospheric temperature and rainfall data were used to characterize the collection period. The total phenolic content (TPC), determined by Folin-Ciocalteu method, was significantly higher in the young leaves collected in winter, a season of lower temperatures. These leaves showed 54.4 mg of gallic acid equivalents per 100 g of dry matter (mg GAE 100 g-1DM). Other results averaged 25.6 mg GAE 100 g-1DM. The highest antioxidant activity, assessed via the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method, regardless of leaf phenology, was observed in leaves harvested in autumn (73.7%) and winter (71.1%), seasons with lower rainfall. Leaves harvested in summer and spring had lower antioxidant action rates (54.3 e 37.5%, respectively). There was no significant correlation between the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. Thus, the phenolic composition of A. cordifolia, and consequently its activity on free radicals, varies seasonally in response to temperature and rainfall, and may or may not interact with the age of the leaves.


Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis é uma trepadeira nativa do Brasil considerada uma planta alimentícia não convencional e uma espécie medicinal, cujos compostos fenólicos exercem ação antioxidante. Como a produção de metabólitos é determinada por fatores ambientais e pela maturidade das folhas, é importante acompanhar essas mudanças a fim de determinar a época de colheita. Neste estudo objetivou-se verificar se a fenologia foliar e a sazonalidade ocasionam variação na quantidade de compostos fenólicos e na ação antioxidante dessa espécie. As folhas foram coletadas em diferentes estações, entre setembro de 2018 e abril de 2019, e separadas conforme a maturidade: jovens, maduras e senescentes. Os dados diários de temperatura atmosférica e pluviosidade foram usados para caracterizar o período de coleta. O conteúdo de fenólicos totais (TPC), determinado pelo método Folin-Ciocalteu, foi significativamente maior nas folhas jovens coletadas no inverno, período caracterizado por temperaturas mais baixas. Estas folhas apresentaram 54,4 mg equivalentes de ácido gálico por 100 g de matéria seca (mg GAE 100 g-1DM) . A média dos outros resultados foi de 25,6 mg GAE 100 g-1DM. A maior ação antioxidante, avaliada pelo método do radical livre 2,2-difenil-1-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), foi observada em folhas colhidas no outono (73,7%) e inverno (71,1%), independentemente da fenologia foliar. Nestes períodos a pluviosidade foi menor. Folhas colhidas no verão e na primavera apresentaram menores percentuais de ação antioxidante (54,3 e 37,5%, respectivamente). Não houve correlação significativa entre o conteúdo de fenólicos totais e a atividade antioxidante. Conclui-se que a composição fenólica de A. cordifolia e, consequentemente, sua ação sobre radicais livres, varia sazonalmente em resposta à temperatura e pluviosidade, podendo ou não interagir com a idade das folhas.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/growth & development , Seasons , Phenolic Compounds , Antioxidants
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246803, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Traditional medicine is cheaper and easily available to local people, to care for most frequent diseases in the Northern parts of Pakistan. Our study aimed at inventorying medicine from local plants, documenting their uses, and assessing their market value in 2015-2018 during spring, summer, and winter seasons. A total of 15 trips were made, 5 in each season. Semi-structured interviews with 165 inhabitant's age range between 20-80 years were conducted, analyzed the data is analyzed using Relative frequency of citation(RFC), Use Value(UV), Fidelity Level(FL), Informants consensus factor(ICF), and Jaccard index(JI) to find the most frequent and well-known used species in the area. A total of 86 species belonging to 39 vascular plant families, 33 genera were documented as medicinally important. Family Asteraceae was observed as the dominant family among all the families with 10 species, the leaf was the most used parts and decoction 36% was the most preferred preparation type. Herb was the predominant life form (67%). The maximum UV (0.92) was demonstrated by J. adhatoda L. species, while A. sativum L. shows maximum RFC (0.58), the highest ICF value represented by diarrhea and dermatitis 0.92, and high FL value is recorded 100%. According to our collections, wild species were 45%, invasive species were 38% and cultivated 17% recorded, dicots species were recorded more 81%. Seven 7 medicinal species is being economically important and export to the local and international market of the world, whereas P. integrima L. species were the most exported species according to the local dealers. The investigated area is rural and the local people depend on the area's plants for their health needs, and other uses like a vegetable, fuelwood, fodder, etc. The current result of RFC, UV, ICF, FL, and JI shows that medicinal flora needs to be pharmacologically and phytochemically investigated to prove their efficacy. The documentation of medicinal knowledge is important to preserve this precious old knowledge before it is lost forever, due to technological and environmental changes in the world.


Resumo A medicina tradicional é mais barata e facilmente disponível à população local para cuidar das doenças mais frequentes nas áreas do norte do Paquistão. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo inventariar medicamentos de plantas locais, documentar seus usos e avaliar seu valor de mercado em 2015-2018 durante as temporadas de primavera, verão e inverno. Foram feitas 15 viagens, 5 em cada temporada. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 165 moradores na faixa etária de 20 a 80 anos, com dados analisados ​​por meio de frequência relativa de citação (RFC), valor de uso (UV), nível de fidelidade (FL), fator de consenso de informantes (CIF), e o índice de Jaccard (JI) para encontrar as espécies utilizadas mais frequentes e conhecidas na área. Um total de 86 espécies pertencentes a 39 famílias de plantas vasculares, 33 gêneros foram documentados como medicamente importantes. A família Asteraceae foi observada como a família dominante entre todas as famílias com 10 espécies, a folha foi a parte mais utilizada e a decocção 36% foi o tipo de preparação mais preferido. A erva foi a forma de vida predominante (67%). O UV máximo (0,92) foi demonstrado pelas espécies de J. adhatoda L., enquanto A. sativum L. mostra RFC máximo (0,58), o maior valor de ICF representado por diarreia e dermatite 0,92, e alto valor de FL é registrado 100%. De acordo com nossas coleções, as espécies selvagens foram 45%, as espécies invasoras 38% e as cultivadas 17% registradas, as espécies dicotiledôneas foram registradas mais 81%. Sete espécies medicinais estão sendo economicamente importantes e exportadas para o mercado local e internacional do mundo, enquanto as espécies de P. integrima L. foram as espécies mais exportadas de acordo com os comerciantes locais. A área investigada é rural e a população local depende das plantas da área para suas necessidades de saúde e outros usos como vegetal, lenha, forragem etc. O resultado atual de RFC, UV, ICF, FL e JI mostra que a flora medicinal precisa ser investigada farmacológica e fitoquimicamente para comprovar sua eficácia. A documentação do conhecimento medicinal é importante para preservar esse precioso conhecimento antigo antes que se perca para sempre, devido às mudanças tecnológicas e ambientais do mundo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Plants, Medicinal , Pakistan , Surveys and Questionnaires , Plant Leaves , Ethnobotany , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
4.
Rev. APS ; 25(1): 120-153, 25/07/2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393488

ABSTRACT

Visando contribuir para o fortalecimento do uso adequado de fitoterápicos na Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS), este estudo apresenta resultados de pesquisa exploratório-descritiva que buscou avaliar o risco associado ao uso de plantas medicinais. Foi realizado um levantamento etnobotânico e etnofarmacológico junto à população da área de abrangência de uma Unidade de Saúde da Família (USF) rural localizada em um município da região Sul do Brasil. Em 80,65% dos domicílios visitados, verificou-se que o uso terapêutico de plantas medicinais estava associado a medicamentos de uso contínuo, e 51,61% dos entrevistados relataram não comunicar o uso de plantas medicinais ao profissional de saúde. 58,33% das espécies identificadas apresentaram possíveis riscos, contraindicações ou toxicidade, e 35,83% apresentaram possíveis interações com medicamentos convencionais de acordo com a literatura consultada. Discute-se sobre os riscos associados ao uso dessas plantas nessa população, e apresentam-se sugestões e orientações para minimizar esses riscos.


To contribute to the strengthening of the appropriate use of herbal medicines in primary health care, this study presents the results of exploratory and descriptive research which sought to assess the risk associated with the use of medicinal plants. It was realized an ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological survey, carried out with the population of the areacovered by a rural Family Health Care Unit located in a county in the South region of Brazil. In 80.65% of the households visited, it was found that the therapeutic use of medicinal plants was associated with continuous-use medications, and 51.61% of the interviewees reported not communicating the use of medicinal plants to the health professional. 58.33% of the identified species presented possible risks, contraindications, or toxicity, and 35.83% presented possible interactions with conventional drugs according to the literature consulted. It discusses the risks associated with the use of these plants in this population and offers suggestions and guidelines to minimize these risks.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Primary Health Care
5.
Rev. méd. Paraná ; 80(1): 1-2, jan. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381020

ABSTRACT

As plantas medicinais são de fácil aquisição sem receita médica. Algumas delas possuem comprovação científica para o efeito hipoglicemiante, outras não. O objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer a prevalência e o perfil do paciente que usa plantas medicinais como coadjuvantes no tratamento do diabete. Foram entrevistados 140 diabéticos e pré-diabéticos agrupados em quem fazia o uso dessa alternativa e os que não. Em conclusão, a prevalência foi de 15,7%, maior em mulheres. A medicação prescrita foi metformina. A planta mais utilizada foi a pata-de-vaca. O grupo em uso referiu melhora glicêmica com a terapia complementar quando questionados sobre a glicemia uma semana antes e na semana de uso


Medicinal plants are easily available without a prescription. Some of them have scientific proof for the hypoglycemic effect, others do not. The objective of this study was to know the prevalence and profile of patients who use medicinal plants as adjuncts in the treatment of diabetes. A total of 140 diabetics and pre-diabetics were interviewed, grouped into those who used this alternative and those who did not. In conclusion, the prevalence was 15.7%, higher in women. The medication prescribed was metformin. The most used plant was the pata-de-vaca. The group in use reported glycemic improvement with the complementary therapy when asked about the glycemia one week before and in the week of use


Subject(s)
Adult , Plants, Medicinal , Therapeutics , Diabetes Mellitus , Phytotherapy , Metformin
6.
rev. udca actual. divulg. cient ; 25(1): e1690, ene.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395197

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las plantas medicinales son de interés farmacéutico, debido a que tienen diferentes propiedades biológicas, entre las que se destaca, la actividad antioxidante y, de la cual, se conoce que existe una relación con la concentración de los compuestos fenólicos, por su capacidad de reducir los radicales libres. Es así, que se propuso evaluar la actividad antioxidante y la cuantificación de fenoles y flavonoides totales, de 11 extractos etanólicos de plantas, empleadas en la medicina tradicional, para el tratamiento de infecciones urinarias (IU). Se evaluó la actividad antioxidante, por los métodos de DPPH y FRAP y se cuantificó el contenido fenólico y de flavonoides, por el método Folin-Ciocalteu y tricloruro de aluminio, respectivamente. Se encontró que, de los 11 extractos evaluados, los que presentaron el mayor contenido de estos metabolitos y de potencial antioxidante fueron: Uncaria tomentosa, Sedum praealtum y Kohleria hirsuta. Este trabajo permitió contribuir al conocimiento fitoquímico y antioxidante de plantas, usadas para tratar IU y se sugiere que U. tomentosa, S. praealtum y K. hirsuta sean objeto de futuros estudios biodirigidos, así como la evaluación de otras actividades biológicas.


ABSTRACT Medicinal plants are of pharmaceutical interest because they possess different biological properties, among which their antioxidant activity stands out, and therefore it is known that there is a relationship with the concentration of phenolic compounds due to their ability to reduce free radicals. Therefore, it was proposed to evaluate the antioxidant activity and the quantification of phenols and flavonoids of 11 ethanolic extracts of plants used in traditional medicine for the treatment of urinary infections (UI). The antioxidant activity was evaluated by the DPPH and FRAP methods and the phenolic and flavonoid content was quantified by the Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminum trichloride method, respectively. It was found that of the 11 extracts evaluated, those with the highest content of these metabolites and antioxidant potential were three: Uncaria tomentosa, Sedum praealtum and Kohleria hirsuta. This work made it possible to contribute to the phytochemical and antioxidant knowledge of the plants used for the treatment of UI and it is suggested that U. tomentosa, S. praealtum and K. hirsuta be the object of future bio-directed studies, as well as the evaluation of other activities biological.

7.
CienciaUAT ; 16(2): 40-58, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374899

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los Tének son un pueblo originario de México que practica aún la medicina tradicional, reflejo de su interrelación con la naturaleza, su cosmovisión e identidad; sin embargo, este conocimiento se ha ido erosionado. El objetivo de la presente investigación fue determinar las diferentes especies de plantas medicinales usadas por los Tének para tratar síntomas asociados a enfermedades y lesiones. Se aplicó una encuesta a 189 personas de 5 localidades de la Huasteca veracruzana, específicamente, del municipio de Tantoyuca, Veracruz, México. Además, se entrevistó a 19 médicos tradicionales. La información fue analizada a través de estadística descriptiva. Se detectaron 152 especies pertenecientes a 63 familias botánicas, de las cuales 10 concentran el 48 % de las especies identificadas. La forma biológica predominante fue la herbácea y 45 % de las especies eran silvestres. Las plantas medicinales mostraron tener una contribución importante en el sistema de salud de las localidades del área de estudio. Estas plantas son parte de su patrimonio biocultural, por lo que su germoplasma y su conocimiento tradicional asociado deben ser conservados ante condiciones como cambios del clima y del uso del suelo, la pobreza, y la migración de los más jóvenes; particularmente, porque este conocimiento tradicional ha sido heredado, básicamente, a través de la tradición oral.


Abstract The Tének culture is an indigenous group from Mexico that still performs traditional medicine practices which reflect their interaction and connection with nature, as well as their worldview, and identity. Nevertheless, this knowledge is being eroded. The present research aims to determine the different species of medicinal plants used by Tének to treat symptoms associated to illnesses and injuries. A survey was administered to 189 persons form 5 different rural localities in the Huasteca region from Veracrúz, specifically Tantoyuca municipality, Additionally, 19 indigenous, traditional medicine doctors were interviewed. The results were analyzed by descriptive statistics. As a result, 152 species were detected, which belong to 63 different botanical families. 48 % of the identified species belonged to 10 of these botanical species, the predominant biological form being herbaceous. Likewise, 45 % of the identified species are wild. Thus, medicinal plants play an important role in the healthcare system of the rural areas studied. These plants are part of their biocultural heritage, therefore their germplasm and associated traditional knowledge must be conserved in the face of conditions such as climate changes and land use, poverty, and the migration of the youngest; particularly because this traditional knowledge has basically been inherited through oral tradition.

8.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 781-788, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385681

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: High-intensity physical exercises can cause oxidative stress and muscle damage. Several medicinal plants have been used as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents. The present study evaluated high-intensity resistance exercise (HIRE) associated with Schinus Terebentifholius ethanolic extract (EE) on oxidative parameters and muscle damage in Wistar rats. Animals were divided into 04 groups (n=10/group): 1. Control (CG) - animals that did not undergo HIRE and were treated with vehicle (distilled water, orally); 2. Acute exercise (AE) - animals submitted to acute exercise session; 3. Exercise + vehicle (EV) - animals that underwent HIRE and were treated with vehicle and 4. Exercise + extract (EX) animals administered with Schinus terebenthifolius EE (100mg/Kg, orally) and submitted to the exercise session. Schinus terebenthifolius EE showed high in vitro antioxidant activity (13.88 ± 0.36 mg/mL). Before the experimental period, lactate was measured at pre and post moments of AE (p<0.0001) and EX (p<0.0001) groups. After the acute session, the following were evaluated: oxidative stress {malondialdehyde (MDA), sulfhydryl groups (SH) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP)}, muscle damage (creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). In the in vivo analyses of the EX group compared to AE and EV groups, respectively: hepatic (MDA: p<0.0001 and SH: p=0.0033, in both; FRAP: p=0.0011 and p=0.0047), muscle (MDA, SH and FRAP: p<0.0001, in both; CK: p=0.0001 and p<0.0001; LDH: p<0.0001, in both), serum levels (MDA: p=0.0003, p=0.0012, SH: p=0.0056, p=0.0200, FRAP: p=0.0017 and p=0.0165) were significant. There was no significant difference in ALT and AST markers. It could be concluded that Schinus terebenthifolius EE associated with HIRE attenuated oxidative stress and muscle damage in rats.


RESUMEN: Los ejercicios físicos de alta intensidad pueden causar estrés oxidativo y daño muscular. Varias plantas medicinales se han utilizado como agentes antioxidantes y antiinflamatorios. El presente estudio evaluó el ejercicio de resistencia de alta intensidad (HIRE) asociado con el extracto etanólico (EE) de Schinus terebentifholius sobre los parámetros oxidativos y el daño muscular en ratas Wistar. Los animales se dividieron en 4 grupos (n=10/grupo): 1. Control (GC) - animales que no se sometieron a HIRE y fueron tratados con vehículo (agua destilada, por vía oral); 2. Ejercicio agudo (AE) - animales sometidos a sesión de ejercicio agudo; 3. Ejercicio + vehículo (EV) - animales que se sometieron a HIRE y fueron tratados con vehículo y 4. Ejercicio + extracto (EX) animales administrados con Schinus terebenthifolius EE (100 mg/kg, por vía oral) y sometidos a la sesión de ejercicio. Schinus terebenthifolius EE mostró una alta actividad antioxidante in vitro (13,88 ± 0,36 mg/mL). Antes del período experimental, se midió el lactato en los momentos pre y post de los grupos AE (p<0,0001) y EX (p<0,0001). Tras la sesión aguda, se evaluaron: el estrés oxidativo malondialdehído (MDA), grupos sulfhidrilo (SH) y poder antioxidante reductor férrico (FRAP), daño muscular (creatina quinasa (CK) y lactato deshidrogenasa (LDH)), alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) y aspartato aminotransferasa (AST). En los análisis in vivo del grupo EX frente a los grupos AE y EV, respectivamente: hepático (MDA: p<0,0001 y SH: p=0,0033, en ambos; FRAP: p=0,0011 y p=0,0047), muscular (MDA, SH y FRAP: p<0,0001, en ambos; CK: p=0,0001 y p<0,0001; LDH: p<0,0001, en ambos), niveles séricos (MDA: p=0,0003, p=0,0012, SH: p=0,0056, p=0,0200, FRAP: p=0,0017 y p=0,0165) fueron significativas. No hubo diferencia significativa en los marcadores ALT y AST. Se podría concluir que Schinus terebenthifolius EE asociado con HIRE atenuó el estrés oxidativo y el daño muscular en ratas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Exercise , Anacardiaceae , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Physical Endurance , Plants, Medicinal , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Biomarkers , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress , Dietary Supplements , Antioxidants/pharmacology
9.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 21(3): 268-308, mayo 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396848

ABSTRACT

Indigenous knowledge is one of the most notable traditional sources about plants used to treat diseases. Thus, the aim of this study was to describe the botanical features and to investigate the pharmacological properties of plants used by the Kantaruré-Batida community to treat intestinal parasitosis. Botanical characterization was performed based on integrative review andon access to 'Flora do Brasil' platform, whereas plants' pharmacological properties were investigated through systematic review. Among the 21 ethnospecies used, 48% were described as having activity against intestinal parasites. Although 52% had no such activity described, other properties can account for their use, that indicates that further studies are required. Therefore, this review reinforces the importance of valuing indigenous knowledge as tool to guide antiparasitic agent trials.


El conocimiento indígena es una de las fuentes tradicionales más notables sobre las plantas utilizadas para tratar enfermedades. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características botánicas e investigar las propiedades farmacológicas de las plantas utilizadas por la comunidad Kantaruré-Batida para tratar la parasitosis intestinal. La caracterización botánica se realizó con base en una revisión integradora y en el acceso a la plataforma "Flora do Brasil", mientras que las propiedades farmacológicas de las plantas se investigaron mediante una revisión sistemática. Entre las 21 etnoespecies utilizadas, se describió que el 48% tenía actividad contra los parásitos intestinales. Aunque el 52% no tenía tal actividad descrita, otras propiedades pueden explicar su uso, lo que indica que se requieren más estudios. Por lo tanto, esta revisión refuerza la importancia de valorar el conocimiento indígena como herramienta para guiar los ensayos de agentes antiparasitarios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Ethnopharmacology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic , Brazil , Ethnobotany
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1408433

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Debido a sus metabolitos secundarios, las plantas medicinales presentan diversas acciones farmacológicas que posibilitan la elaboración de productos naturales. En el presente trabajo se describen, brevemente, las actividades con utilidad en las afecciones hematológicas e inmunológicas. Para ello se realizó una revisión actualizada de las investigaciones científicas acerca de esta temática, lo cual permitió concluir que el empleo de productos naturales, como tratamiento adyuvante, favorece adecuadamente a los pacientes con enfermedades hematológicas e inmunológicas.


ABSTRACT Due to their secondary metabolites, medicinal plants have various pharmacological actions that enable the development of natural products. In the present work, the activities useful in hematological and immunological conditions are briefly described. For this, an updated review of the scientific research on this subject was carried out, which allowed the conclusion that the use of natural products, as adjuvant treatment, adequately benefits patients with hematological and immunological diseases.

11.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(1): 1-12, Jan-Abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362657

ABSTRACT

Mesmo com a evolução do conhecimento científico, a utilização de plantas medicinais é uma das práticas mais antigas ainda realizadas pelo homem, especialmente pelos habitantes de comunidades e municípios do interior do Brasil, principalmente em regiões com baixos índices de desenvolvimento humano. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar um estudo etnobotânico sobre as plantas medicinais utilizadas pelos moradores de um bairro localizado em um município ribeirinho do interior do estado do Amazonas. Participaram do estudo cem indivíduos, e os dados obtidos pela pesquisa foram compilados por meio de um formulário, contendo 14 questões (objetivas e discursivas). Os resultados demonstraram que 95% dos moradores faziam uso de plantas medicinais. Foram citadas 89 espécies, pertencentes a 48 famílias botânicas, com destaque para a Lamiaceae. As plantas mais citadas foram: Plectranthus barbatus (boldo) ­ 6,1%, Citrus sinensis (laranjeira) ­ 5,8% e Allium sativum (alho) ­ 4,7%. No entanto, quando analisado o índice de concordância (porcentagem de uso principal = CUP), a Citrus sinensis (laranjeira) apresentou um CUP de 80,9%, seguida por Plectranthus barbatus (boldo) e Disphania ambrosioides (mastruz), com 68,1% e 61,5%, respectivamente. Com relação ao modo de preparo, 61,1% citaram infusão, e as principais enfermidades tratadas foram as dores de estômago, com 13,1%. É importante enfatizar a necessidade de mais estudos acerca dos reais benefícios dessas ervas, a fim de que a divulgação de tais informações possa complementar o conhecimento empírico já difundido entre a população local. Dessa forma, será possível ampliar o conhecimento etnobotânico como um todo e, consequentemente, promover saúde e bem-estar.


Despite the evolution of scientific knowledge, the use of medicinal plants is one of the oldest practices still used by men and, especially by the inhabitants of communities and municipalities of the interior of Brazil, mainly in regions with low human development rates. The purpose of this work was to perform an ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants used by residents of a neighborhood located in a riverside city in the interior of the state of Amazonas. A total of 100 individuals participated in the study, with data being obtained through the use of a form containing 14 open and closed-ended questions. The results showed that 95% of the residents used medicinal plants. A total of 89 species, belonging to 48 botanical families were mentioned, with emphasis to Lamiaceae. The plants that were most frequently mentioned were Plectranthus barbatus (locally known as boldo) ­ 6.1%; Citrus sinensis (orange tree) ­ 5.8%; and Allium sativum (garlic) ­ 4.7%. However, when analyzing the agreement index (percentage of main use = CUP), Citrus sinensis (orange tree) presented a CUP of 80.9%, followed by Plectranthus barbatus (boldo) and Disphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea), with 68.1 and 61.5%, respectively. In relation to the method of preparation, 61.1% cited infusion, with the main disorder treated being stomachache, with 13.1%. It is important to emphasize the need for further studies on the actual benefits of these herbs so that the dissemination of the information can complement the already widespread empirical knowledge among the local population. Thus, it will be possible to expand the ethnobotanical knowledge as a whole and, consequently, promote health and well-being.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Plants, Medicinal/adverse effects , Ethnobotany , Tea/adverse effects , Agricultural Cultivation , Lamiaceae/adverse effects , Peumus/adverse effects , Citrus sinensis/adverse effects , Diarrhea/prevention & control , Influenza, Human/therapy , Juices , Inflammation/prevention & control , Phytotherapy
12.
Medwave ; 22(2): e.002096, mar.2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366382

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La población del Resguardo Indígena Muisca de Cota, Colombia, se encuentra en un proceso de fortalecimiento cultural. Ahora busca la recuperación de sus saberes ancestrales relacionados con la medicina tradicional. OBJETIVO: Explorar la ocurrencia de la medicina tradicional y factores asociados con su vigencia en el resguardo indígena Muisca de Cota, Colombia. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal participativo con los miembros del resguardo. Para este estudio se aplicó en abril de 2019 un instrumento de 44 preguntas a 471 madres de familia que tenían por lo menos un hijo mayor de diez años. A través de él se indagaron algunos factores demográficos, sociales y culturales. Además, se plantearon preguntas relacionadas con conocimiento, uso y práctica de medicina tradicional. Usamos el procedimiento de Mantel-Haenszel para establecer las asociaciones mediante el Odds ratio e intervalos de confianza del 95%. RESULTADOS: El 66,2% (312/471) de las madres conocía al menos tres casos de enfermedades tradicionales, el 56,8% (267/470) tenía y usaba plantas medicinales, el 15,8% (73/462) practicaba cuidados tradicionales de la gripa, la menstruación y el puerperio, y el 11,8% (54/458) reportó que han acudido a parteras, sobanderos y curanderos. El consumo de tres alimentos tradicionales, la tenencia de huertos y plantas tradicionales, tener la vivienda dentro del resguardo y padres nacidos en un municipio de influencia indígena, fueron los principales factores asociados con la prevalencia de la medicina tradicional (p < 0,05). CONCLUSIONES: El estudio mostró que la permanencia de la medicina tradicional está fuertemente asociada a la alimentación tradicional, a la vocación agrícola y a la tenencia y uso de plantas medicinales. Los resultados sugieren que la estrategia de recuperación de la medicina tradicional podría enfocarse en promover un mayor vínculo entre identidad indígena, territorio, alimentación y salud.


INTRODUCTION: The Muisca Indigenous people in Cota, Colombia, has committed to reviving and strengthening their traditional culture, including the ancestral knowledge associated with their traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: To explore the occurrence of traditional medicine and factors associated with its use among the Muisca people in Cota, Colombia. METHODS: A participatory cross-sectional study applied a questionnaire to 471 Muisca mothers who had at least one child over 10 in April 2019. The 44 questions inquired demographic, social, and cultural factors of participants and their knowledge, use and practice of traditional medicine. We used the Mantel-Haenszel procedure to measure the associations using Odds Ratio and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: 66.2% (312/471) of the mothers knew at least three cases of traditional diseases; 56.8% (267/470) had and used medicinal plants; 15.8% (73/462) had practiced traditional self-care for flu, menstruation and postpartum; and 11.8% (54/458) reported that they had gone to midwives, bonesetters and healers. Four factors had a significant association (p < 0.05) with traditional medicine: consumption of three traditional foods; having traditional gardens and plants; living within the reservation; and parents born in a municipality of indigenous influence. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that the permanence of traditional medicine is strongly associated with traditional food, agricultural vocation and the possession and use of medicinal plants. The results suggest that the strategy for the recovery of traditional medicine could focus on promoting a stronger link between indigenous identity, territory, food and health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Plants, Medicinal , Medicine, Traditional , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Colombia
13.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 119-128, jan./jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354464

ABSTRACT

Introduction: some plants such as turmeric, cinnamon, and okra are known to have therapeutic functions such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. Furthermore, an immunomodulatory role has been observed in the production of antibodies, in particular immunoglobulin A (IgA), which mediates a variety of protective functions for the organism. Objective: the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of dietary plants on the production of IgA in healthy Wistar rats. Methods: thus, 48 male Wistar rats of 90 days of age were allocated to four groups. The animals were treated for 14 days with dried turmeric, cinnamon, or okra (50, 50, 12.5 mg/day, respectively) in phosphate buffered saline, or with only phosphate buffered saline by gavage. The animals received water and feed ad libitum. Body mass and relative weight ofperitoneal fat, adrenal gland, kidney, spleen, liver and thymus, biochemical parameters, and IgA levels were analyzed. Results: no significant changes were observed in the body mass, relative weight of organs and tissues, and biochemical parameters. An increase in serum IgA levels was observed in animals treated with turmeric or cinnamon. Conclusion: we conclude that the treatment with turmeric and cinnamon increased IgA production. Therefore, our study supports the idea that dietary supplementation with these plants may improve humoral immunity.


Introdução: algumas plantas como a cúrcuma, a canela e o quiabo são conhecidas por apresentar funções terapêuticas, como atividade antioxidante e anti-inflamatória. Além disso, tem sido observado um papel imunomodulador sobre a produção de anticorpos, em especial a imunoglobulina A (IgA), a qual medeia uma variedade de funções protetoras para o organismo. Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar o efeito de plantas dietéticas na produção de IgA em ratos Wistar saudáveis. Métodos: destarte, 48 ratos machos Wistar com 90 dias de idade foram alocados em quatro grupos. Os animais foram tratados por 14 dias com cúrcuma seca, canela ou quiabo (50, 50, 12,5 mg/dia, respectivamente) em solução salina tamponada com fosfato ou apenas solução salina tamponada com fosfato, por gavagem. Os animais receberam água e ração ad libitum. Foram analisados a massa corporal e o peso relativo da gordura peritoneal, glândula adrenal, rim, baço, fígado e timo, parâmetros bioquímicos e níveis de IgA. Resultados: não foram observadas alterações significativas na massa corporal, no peso relativo dos órgãos e tecidos e nos parâmetros bioquímicos. Foi observado aumento dos níveis séricos de IgA nos animais tratados com cúrcuma ou canela. Conclusão: podemos concluir que o tratamento com cúrcuma e canela aumentou a produção de IgA. Portanto, nosso estudo suporta a ideia de que a suplementação alimentar com essas plantas pode melhorar a imunidade humoral.


Subject(s)
Rats , Spleen , Thymus Gland , Rats, Wistar , Abelmoschus , Curcuma , Kidney , Liver , Antibodies , Antibody Formation , Plants , Cinnamomum zeylanicum
14.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 101-118, jan./jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354575

ABSTRACT

Achyrocline satureioides is popularly known for its richness in phenolic compounds and medicinal properties (anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and hepatoprotective). The present study aimed at broadening the knowledge about the pharmacological potential exerted by the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of A. satureioides. These extracts were characterized by HPLC and tested for their modulatory action on phospholipases A2 and proteases of snake venoms. In addition, they were tested on the activities of digestive enzymes. Snake venoms were used as tools since they have enzymes with high functional and structural homology to human enzymes. The results demonstrate that the extracts of A. satureioides act as enzymatic inhibitors or potentiators, interfering in processes related to the hemostasis, such as coagulation and thrombus dissolution. In addition, the anti-genotoxic activity and inhibitions exerted on digestive enzymes suggests their potential use in the prevention and/or treatment of several pathologies. New studies could provide information on how the compounds present in the extracts and the different enzymes interact.


A Achyrocline satureioides é popularmente conhecida por sua riqueza em compostos fenólicos e por suas propriedades medicinais (anti-inflamatória, analgésica e hepatoprotetora). No presente estudo, com o objetivo de ampliar o conhecimento sobre o potencial farmacológico exercido por esses extratos, os extratos aquoso e etanólico de A. satureioides foram caracterizados por HPLC e testados quanto à sua ação modulatória sobre as fosfolipases A2 e proteases de peçonhas de serpentes. Além disso, também foram testados em atividades de enzimas digestivas. As peçonhas de serpentes foram usadas como ferramentas por apresentarem enzimas com alta homologia funcional e estrutural às humanas. Os resultados demonstram que os extratos de A. satureioides atuam como inibidores ou potencializadores enzimáticos, interferindo em processos relacionados à hemostasia, como coagulação e dissolução do trombo. Além do mais, destacam seu potencial antigenotóxico e as inibições exercidas sobre as enzimas digestivas direcionando seu potencial de uso na prevenção e/ou tratamento de diversas patologias. Novos estudos poderão fornecer informações sobre os mecanismos de interação entre os compostos presentes nos extratos e as diferentes enzimas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Snakes , Blood Coagulation , Achyrocline , Digestion , Enzymes , Dissolution , Phospholipases A2 , Hemostasis , Analgesics , Inflammation
15.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 21(1): 1-40, ene. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370311

ABSTRACT

Cancer is an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells that spreads through cell division. There are different types of medicines available to treat cancers, but no drug is found to be fully effective and safe for humans. The major problem involved in the cancer treatments is the toxicity of the established drug and their side effects. Medicinal plants are used as folk medicines in Asian and African populations for thousands of years. 60% of the drugs for treating cancer are derived from plants. More than 3000 plants have anticancer activity. The present review aims at the study of a broad spectrum survey of plants having anticancer components for different type of cancers. This article consists of 364 medicinal plants and their different parts as potential Source of Anticancer Agents.


El cáncer es un crecimiento anormal y descontrolado de células que se disemina a través de la división celular. Hay diferentes tipos de medicamentos disponibles para tratar el cáncer, pero no se ha encontrado ningún medicamento que sea completamente efectivo y seguro para los seres humanos. El principal problema involucrado en los tratamientos del cáncer es la toxicidad del fármaco establecido y sus efectos secundarios. Las plantas medicinales se utilizan como medicinas populares en poblaciones asiáticas y africanas durante miles de años. El 60% de los medicamentos para el tratamiento del cáncer se derivan de plantas. Más de 3000 plantas tienen actividad anticancerígena. La presente revisión tiene como objetivo el estudio de un estudio de amplio espectro de plantas que tienen componentes anticancerígenos para diferentes tipos de cánceres. Este artículo consta de 364 plantas medicinales y sus diferentes partes como fuente potencial de agentes anticancerígenos.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Anticarcinogenic Agents/pharmacology , Phytochemicals/analysis , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Phytochemicals/pharmacology
16.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 21(1): 94-107, ene. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372487

ABSTRACT

Basil (Ocimum basilicumL.) is a medicinal species used in several areas, such as food, medicines and cosmetics, and the understanding of its physiological behavior under environmental conditions is of paramount importance for the improvement of cultivation methods. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different water availability under physiological, biochemical and metabolic characteristics, in three distinct genotypes: 'Alfavaca basilicão', 'Gennaro de menta' and 'Grecco à palla', during two different phenological stages (vegetative and reproductive). It was found that the water deficit promotes physiological changes to tolerate water stress, and the studied genotypes have different routes to achieve this physiological tolerance, which culminates in a distinct accumulation of metabolites in plants, and can be considered interesting if the final product is the production of essential oils.


La albahaca (Ocimum basilicum L.) es una planta medicinal utilizada en varias áreas: alimenticia, medicinal e industria cosmética; es de suma importancia el entendimiento de su comportamiento fisiológico bajo diferentes condiciones ambientales con el fin de mejorar los procesos del cultivo. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la influencia de diferentes disponibilidades hídricas en las características fisiológicas, bioquímicas y metabólicas en tres genotipos de albahaca: "Alfavaca basilicão", "Gennaro de menta" y "Grecco à palla" durante dos etapas fenológicas (vegetativa y reproductiva). Fue encontrado que el déficit hídrico promueve cambios fisiológicos con el fin de tolerar el estrés hídrico. Los genotipos estudiados presentaron diferentes rutas para alcanzar esta tolerancia fisiológica, la cual culmina con distintas acumulaciones de metabolitos en las plantas, y puede ser considerado interesante si el producto final es la producción de aceites esenciales.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/metabolism , Oils, Volatile/metabolism , Ocimum basilicum/metabolism , Plants, Medicinal/physiology , Water/metabolism , Ocimum basilicum/physiology , Soil Moisture
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(2): 677-686, Fev. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356088

ABSTRACT

Resumo O uso de plantas medicinais (PM) favorece a integralidade do cuidado na atenção primária à saúde (APS), valorizando o saber popular e o autocuidado. Esta revisão integrativa de literatura objetiva analisar estudos sobre a inserção do uso de PM na APS. A estratégia PICO norteou a busca de evidências, reunindo 18 artigos publicados de janeiro de 2015 a agosto de 2020 nos bancos de dados Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde e PubMed. As variáveis de análise foram o conhecimento dos profissionais da saúde da APS sobre PM e políticas associadas, o uso de PM pelos usuários, destacando seu perfil, fatores que favorecem o uso e a falta de segurança no uso de PM. A literatura aponta insuficiência de conhecimento dos profissionais de saúde sobre as políticas de práticas integrativas e complementares e o uso de plantas para fins medicinais. Os principais usuários são mulheres, idosas, com baixa renda e escolaridade, tanto no Brasil quanto em outros países. Sobre a segurança no uso de PM, frequentemente não há correta identificação de espécie, origem, preparo e dose adequada para cada caso. Por fim, a não abordagem desses conteúdos durante a formação de profissionais da saúde gera menos conhecimento, menos pesquisas e mais preconceito por falta de informação, prejudicando o incentivo e divulgação à comunidade.


Abstract Medicinal plant (MP) use supports comprehensiveness of care in Primary Health Care (PHC), enabling appreciation of popular knowledge and self-care. This integrative literature review aims to analyze researches that approach the insertion of using MP in PHC. PICO strategy was used as a guideline in search of evidence, reuniting 18 articles published between January 2015 and August 2020, in the Virtual Health Library and PubMed databases. The variables of analysis were knowledge of PHC healthcare professionals about MP and associated policies, MP use by its users, highlighting their profile, the reasons that lead to the use and lack of security in MP use. The results show insufficient knowledge of healthcare professionals about Integrative and Complementary Practices policies and the medicinal uses of plants. The main users are women, elderly, with low income and education, either in Brazil or other countries. Regarding safety in MP use, frequently there is no correct identification of species, its origin, its preparation and the appropriate dose for each case. Finally, failure to approach these contents during training of healthcare professionals generates less knowledge, less research and more prejudice due to lack of information, impairing incentive and dissemination to the community.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Plants, Medicinal , Primary Health Care , Brazil , Health Personnel
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931230

ABSTRACT

Moroccan medicinal plants exhibit several pharmacological properties such as antimicrobial,anticancer,antidiabetic,analgesic,and anti-inflammatory effects,which are related to the presence of numerous bioactive compounds,including phenolic acids,flavonoids,and terpenoids.In the present review,we systematically evaluate previously published reports on the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Moroccan medicinal plants.The in vitro investigations revealed that Moroccan medicinal plants inhibit several enzymes related to inflammatory processes,whereas in vivo studies noted significant anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects as demonstrated using different experimental models.Various bioactive compounds exhibiting in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects,with diverse mechanisms of action,have been identified.Some plants and their bioactive compounds reveal specific secondary metabolites that possess important anti-inflammatory effects in clinical investigations.Our review proposes the potential applications of Moroccan medicinal plants as sources of anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930145

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the medicinal plant resources in Saertu District, Heilongjiang Province so as to provide scientific foundation for the protection rational development and utilization of wild medicinal plant resources in this region.Methods:According to the technical specification requirements of the fourth national census of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) resources, the wild medicinal plant resources in Saertu area were analyzed.Results:A total of 36 samples were completed, in this survey among which contains a total of 166 species of wild medicinal plant resources, belonging to 118 genera of 45 families, including 37 species of key medicinal materials.Conclusion:The TCM resource in Saertu is relatively scarce, and the species and resource distribution of TCM in this region have been basically found out, which can provide reliable information for the establishment of TCM resource protection zones in Saertu and expanded to the entire province.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928167

ABSTRACT

Through literature research and standard retrieval, Corydalis-derived medicinal materials, the origins, and related standards were summarized. Finally, 27 medicinal materials were screened out, involving 71 species(varieties). Among them, only 11 are recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020), National Standard for Chinese Patent Drugs·Tibetan Medicine, Tibetan Medicine Standards, and other local standards, including Corydalis Bungeanae Herba and Corydalis Herba. The names and original plants of the medicinal materials are different in different standards, and the phenomena of "same medicinal material with different names" and "same name for different medicinal materials" are prominent. Most standards only include the traits, microscopic identification, and physico-chemical property identification, with unsound quality criteria. Thus, efforts should be made to strengthen the sorting of Corydalis medicinal plants, herbal textual research, and investigation of the resources and utilization. Moreover, via modern techniques, the chemical components and medicinal material basis of different original plants should be explored and sound quality standards should be established to improve the safety and quality of Corydalis-derived medicinal materials. Summarizing Corydalis medicinal plants, Corydalis-derived medicinal materials, and related standards, this study is expected to provide a reference for the standard formulation, quality evaluation, expansion of drug sources, and rational development and utilization of Corydalis resources.


Subject(s)
Corydalis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Reference Standards
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL