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1.
Pediatr Panamá ; 51(1): 39-40, May2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368297

ABSTRACT

La escuela de Medicina hoy debe formar líderes, líderes que escuchan, que revelan sinceridad cuando lo hacen, que conocen el dolor, las restricciones que estorban la felicidad del hombre común, del Otro, la abundancia del egoísmo y la pobreza de la solidaridad entre nosotros, médicos que perciben las preguntas, que no tienen todas las respuestas, pero las exploran, y que sienten los temblores del temor y de la muerte, no solamente en los enfermos sino en ellos mismos.


Medical school today must train leaders, leaders who listen, who reveal sincerity when they do so, who know the pain, the restrictions that hinder the happiness of the common man, of the Other, the abundance of selfishness and the poverty of solidarity among us, physicians who perceive the questions, who do not have all the answers, but explore them, and who feel the tremors of fear and death, not only in the sick but in themselves.

2.
Odontol. Sanmarquina (Impr.) ; 25(2): e21606, abr.-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368300

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Identificar y describir las lesiones orales encontradas en los pacientes con infección por SARS-CoV 2. Métodos. Serie de casos con descripción de 11 pacientes confirmados de infección por SARS-CoV-2 por hisopado nasofaríngeo o prueba serológica para confirmar la infección; con la presencia de manifestaciones intraorales de diferentes tipos. A todos los pacientes se les realizó teleconsulta por parte de un estomatólogo y se recopilaron los datos relevantes como edad, sexo, antecedentes de enfermedades preexistentes, tipo de lesión estomatológica presente, sitio y sintomatología, entre otros. Todos los pacientes firmaron un consentimiento informado. Resultados. De los 11 casos positivos para SARS-CoV-2, el 63,63% de los pacientes corresponden al sexo femenino (n=7) y 36,36% (n=4) sexo masculino. El 100% de los pacientes fueron diagnosticados por pruebas moleculares y serológicas; así, el 90,90% se diagnosticaron con PCR viral y 9,09% diagnosticado por prueba para antígeno. Las lesiones ulcerativas predominaron en el 54,54%; seguidas de pseudoplaca y eritema en 18,18% respectivamente. Las vesículas y costras se presentaron en el 9,09% respectivamente. El 72,72 (n=8) presentó ageusia y anosmia, y el 45,45 % (n=5) manifestaron comorbilidades como diabetes, hipertensión arterial e hipotiroidismo. Conclusiones. Esta enfermedad viral cursa con lesiones bucales y muchas veces es la primera e incluso la única manifestación que se presenta durante su curso, por eso es importante tener en cuenta e identificar estas lesiones y saber su relación con el manejo terapéutico, compromiso inmunológico o la propia enfermedad.


Objective. To identify and describe the oral lesions found in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods. Series of cases with description of 11 patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed by nasopharyngeal swab or serological test to confirm the infection; with the presence of intraoral manifestations of different types. All patients underwent tele-consultation by a stomatologist and relevant data such as age, sex, history of pre-existing diseases, type of stomatological lesion present, site and symptomatology, among others, were collected. All patients signed an informed consent form. Results. Of the 11 positive cases for SARS-CoV-2, 63.63% (n=7) of the patients were female and 36.36% (n=4) were male. All patients (100%) were diagnosed by molecular and serological tests, 90.90% were diagnosed by viral PCR and 9.09% were diagnosed by antigen test. Ulcerative lesions predominated in 54.54%; followed by pseudoplaque and erythema in 18.18% of patients, respectively. Vesicles and crusts were present in 9.09% respectively. Ageusia and anosmia were present in 72.72 (n=8), and 45.45% (n=5) of patients showed comorbidities such as diabetes, arterial hypertension and hypothyroidism. Conclusions. This viral disease presents with oral lesions and it is usually the first and even the only manifestation during its course. That is why it is important to take into account and identify these lesions, and know their relationship with the therapeutic management, immunological compromise or the disease itself.

3.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022301, 06 abr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363562

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is a sound perception not related to stimulation. It can significantly impair the quality of life and its treatment is considered one significant challenge of Medicine. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate systematic reviews developed by Cochrane regarding therapeutic interventions for subjective tinnitus. METHODS: It is an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews. We searched systematic reviews on Cochrane Library. The MeSH term "tinnitus" was used for searches. Inclusion criteria involved therapeutic interventions for patients with subjective tinnitus. RESULTS: The search strategy recovered 577 citations with 14 Cochrane systematic reviews. 13 were included because they were focusing on primary tinnitus interventions. One review had no scope of analysis for tinnitus and it was excluded. 7,998 tinnitus patients were evaluated. CONCLUSION: There is a lack of evidence of the effectiveness of any intervention for tinnitus treatment, considering the studies performed so far and compiled in Cochrane systematic reviews.


INTRODUÇÃO: O zumbido é a sensação do som sem que haja estimulação ambiental. Pode prejudicar significativamente a qualidade de vida e seu tratamento é considerado um grande desafio da Medicina. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as revisões sistemáticas desenvolvidas pela Cochrane, no que concerne às intervenções terapêuticas para o zumbido subjetivo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca por revisões sistemáticas na Cochrane Library. Foi utilizado o termo DeCS "zumbido". Os critérios de inclusão envolveram intervenções terapêuticas para pacientes com zumbido subjetivo. RESULTADOS: A estratégia de busca recuperou 577 citações e, destas, 14 revisões sistemáticas Cochrane, sendo que 13 enfocavam intervenções primárias para zumbido, sendo estas incluídas neste estudo. Uma revisão não tinha escopo de análise para zumbido e foi excluída. Foram avaliados 7.998 portadores de zumbido. CONCLUSÃO: Há carência de evidência de efetividade de qualquer intervenção, medicamentosa ou não, para tratamento do zumbido, considerando os estudos realizados até o momento e compilados em revisões sistemáticas Cochrane.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Tinnitus/therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Systematic Reviews as Topic
4.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 12-17, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361564

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve como objetivo principal descrever por meio de um relato de caso clínico o diagnóstico e a conduta clínica de uma paciente portadora da Síndrome da Ardência Bucal (SAB). A SAB é definida como uma dor crônica e de difícil diagnóstico e difícil tratamento. O local mais acometido pela SAB é a língua, lábios e mucosa jugal, mas pode estar presente em qualquer parte da mucosa oral, causando desconforto e interferindo na qualidade de vida do paciente. Paciente do sexo feminino, leucoderma, 39 anos, sem histórico de doenças sistêmicas, saúde geral em bom estado, procurou atendimento no Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha ­ FSG por apresentar sensação de ardência recorrente na língua e na mucosa, que aumentava em momentos de estresse ou durante a ingestão de alimentos cítricos, picantes ou quentes. A paciente realizou exames complementares (hemograma completo, glicemia de jejum, exame de vitamina B12) e primeiramente, iniciou-se o tratamento com antifúngico tópico para remoção de uma camada esbranquiçada presente no dorso da língua. Após a remissão desta, foi utilizado AD-Muc tópico 2 vezes ao dia, durante 2 semanas e relatou ter reduzido seus sintomas em torno de 70%. A paciente ainda apresentava xerostomia e, então foi prescrita saliva artificial. A paciente teve a regressão total de seus sintomas. Pode-se concluir que diversos fatores etiológicos estão relacionados com a SAB, porém sua causa específica permanece desconhecida. O tratamento é paliativo, entretanto, o Ad-muc tópico se mostrou eficaz na redução da sintomatologia da SAB juntamente com o uso da saliva artificial(AU)


The present study aimed to describe, through a clinical case report, the diagnosis and clinical conduct of a patient with Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS). BMSis defined as chronic pain that is difficult to diagnose and difficult to treat. The site most affected by BMS is the tongue, lips, and cheek mucosa, but it can be present in any part of the oral mucosa, causing discomfort and interfering with the patient's quality of life. Female patient, leucoderma, 39 years old, with no history of systemic diseases, general health in good condition, sought care at the Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha - FSG for presenting a recurrent burning sensation in the tongue and mucosa, which increased in times of stress or while eating citrus, spicy or hot foods. The patient underwent complementary tests (complete blood count, fasting blood glucose, vitamin B12 test) and first, treatment with topical antifungal was started to remove a whitish layer present on the back of the tongue. After remission, topical AD-Muc was used twice a day for 2 weeks and reported to have reduced his symptoms by around 70%. The patient still had xerostomia and then artificial saliva was prescribed. The patient had a total regression of her symptoms. It can be concluded that several etiological factors are related to SAB, but its specific cause remains unknown. Treatment is palliative, however, topical Ad-muc is effective in reducing the symptomsof BMS also with the use of artificial saliva(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Burning Mouth Syndrome , Burning Mouth Syndrome/diagnosis , Burning Mouth Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Saliva, Artificial , Xerostomia , Mouth Mucosa , Antifungal Agents
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 989-998, mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364696

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo foi desenvolvido na interseção entre as ciências da saúde e a antropologia, com finalidade de compreender a importância da medicina tradicional afro-brasileira retratada nas casas de candomblé, explorando interações de seus membros com o sistema biomédico de saúde. A antropologia da saúde objetiva compreender o fenômeno da saúde como uma elaboração sociocultural, e partir disso desenvolve a noção de sistema cultural de saúde, operador teórico deste estudo. Esta proposta pode contribuir para superar os desafios enfrentados no campo da saúde coletiva, ao possibilitar diálogo entre sistemas culturais de saúde, favorecendo a criação de políticas mais eficazes. Este artigo, de inspiração etnográfica, foi desenvolvido a partir do levantamento bibliográfico específico, seguido de observações participantes e entrevistas com membros da comunidade Ilé Alákétu Asè Ifá Omo Oyá, localizada em São Paulo. A prática em saúde no candomblé consegue alcançar lacunas deixadas pela biomedicina, associando de forma não autoritária, colonialista ou excludente saberes de saúde distintos, considerando os processos simbólicos, culturais, subjetivos e espirituais envolvidos nos processos de adoecimento.


Abstract This study was developed at the intersection of health sciences and anthropology in order to understand the value of traditional Afro-Brazilian Medicine portrayed in houses of Candomblé exploring its member's interactions with the biomedical system of health. The anthropology of health aims to understand the phenomenon of health as a socio-cultural elaboration and from this, develops the notion of cultural health system, the theoretical operator of this study. This proposal can contribute to the challenges faced in the field of collective health by enabling dialogue between cultural health systems, supporting the creation of more effective policies. This ethnographic-inspired article was developed from a specific bibliographic survey, followed by participant observations and interviews with members of the community Ilé Alákétu Asè Ifá Omo Oyá, located in São Paulo. The health practice in candomblé manages to reach gaps left by biomedicine by associating itself in a non-authoritarian, colonialist or exclusive way taking into account the symbolic, cultural, subjective and spiritual processes involved in the processes of illness. This practice brings other possible ways of interpretation, treatment and cure for health problems.

6.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 67-74, mar. 2022. tab, Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362702

ABSTRACT

La hemorragia del tracto digestivo superior (HTDS) es el sangrado originado por encima del ángulo de Treitz. A pesar del aumento en las estrategias de prevención, del incremento en los tratamientos con Inhibidor de bomba de protones (IBP) y de la intervención endoscópica temprana, esta patología sigue siendo una causa frecuente de consulta a urgencias, con una morbimortalidad no despreciable y alta carga para el sistema de salud. Esta revisión se enfoca en la HTDS de causa diferente a las varices. La principal causante de esta entidad es la enfermedad ácido-péptica, que es consecuencia del gran consumo de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) y de la infección por Helicobacter Pylori. Otras causas son el síndrome de Mallory Weiss, la esofagitis erosiva, las malformaciones arteriovenosas y la malignidad.


Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) refers to any bleeding originating above the angle of Treitz. Despite an increase in prevention strategies, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and early endoscopic intervention, this pathology continues to be an important cause of admission to the emergency department for gastrointestinal causes, having a pretty high morbidity and mortality in addition to a high burden on the health system. This review focuses on non-variceal UGIB. The main cause of this entity being peptic acid disease, due to great consumption of NSAIDs and Helicobacter Pylori infection. Other causes are Mallory Weiss syndrome, erosive esophagitis, arteriovenous malformations, and malignancy.


A hemorragia do trato digestivo superior (HTDS) é o sangrado originado acima do ângulo de Treitz. Apesar do aumento nas estratégias de prevenção, do incremento nos tratamentos com Inibidor da bomba de prótons (IBP) e da intervenção endoscópica precoce, esta patologia segue sendo uma causa frequente de consulta a urgências, com uma morbimortalidade não depreciável e alta carga para o sistema de saúde. Esta revisão se enfoca na HTDS de causa diferente às varizes. A principal causante desta entidade é a doença ácido-péptica, que é consequência do grande consumo de anti-inflamatórios não esteróideos (AINES) e da infecção por HelicobacterPylori. Outras causas são a síndrome de Mallory Weiss, a esofagites erosiva, as malformações arteriovenosas e a malignidade. Palavras-chave: hemorragia gastrointestinal; úlcera péptica; endoscopia gastrointestinal; inibidores da bomba de prótons; medicina geral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Peptic Ulcer , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Helicobacter pylori , Gastrointestinal Tract , Emergency Service, Hospital , Esophagitis , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Mallory-Weiss Syndrome , Neoplasms
7.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(1): 23-32, Jan-Abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362667

ABSTRACT

O descarte inadequado de medicamentos pode levar a impactos ambientais negativos e deve ser considerado um problema de saúde pública. O presente estudo teve como objetivo levantar dados quantitativos e qualitativos relacionados ao perfil dos medicamentos descartados no município de Governador Valadares - MG. O trabalho foi desenvolvido nas UAPS/ESF que possuíam farmácias, e também na Farmácia Central/Policlínica Municipal. Nesses locais, foi realizada uma análise dos medicamentos descartados no período de julho de 2017 a maio de 2018. Por meio dos dados obtidos nesse período foi possível perceber que as principais classes de medicamentos descartadas foram os inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina, antagonistas da angiotensina II, agentes betabloqueadores, diuréticos, hipoglicemiantes, contraceptivos hormonais e agentes modificadores de lipídeos. Além disso, foi realizada uma ação de educação em saúde e aplicado um questionário semiestruturado aos usuários participantes dos grupos operativos. Dos 34 usuários respondentes do questionário, 23 (69,70%) não tinham acesso a informação sobre o local correto de descarte e armazenamento de medicamentos. Após a ação de educação em saúde verificou-se um aumento no quantitativo de medicamentos descartados pelos usuários nas UAPS/ESF Mãe de Deus I e II, Altinópolis III e IV, Santa Rita II, São Pedro I e II e Esperança e Nossa Senhora das Graças. O trabalho desenvolvido permitiu apresentar dados relevantes para a gestão municipal demonstrando a importância do farmacêutico no cuidado em saúde e o caráter epidemiológico local da prevalência das doenças crônico não transmissíveis.


The inadequate disposal of drugs can lead to negative environmental impacts and should be treated as a public health problem. This study aimed at surveying quantitative and qualitative data related to the profile of drugs discarded in the city of Governador Valadares - MG. The work was developed in the UAPS / ESF that had pharmacies, and also in the Central Pharmacy/Municipal Polyclinic. In these locations, an analysis of the drugs discarded between July 2017 and May 2018 was carried out. Through the data obtained in this period, it was possible to notice that the main classes of drugs discarded were angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II antagonists, beta-blocking agents, diuretics, hypoglycemic agents, hormonal contraceptives, and lipid-modifying agents. In addition, a health education action was carried out and a semi-structured questionnaire was applied to users participating in the operating groups. From the 34 users who responded the questionnaire, 23 (69.70%) did not have access to information on the correct place to dispose and store medicines. After the health education action, there was an increase in the amount of drugs discarded by users in the UAPS/ESF Mãe de Deus I and II, Altinópolis III and IV, Santa Rita II, São Pedro I and II, and Esperança and Nossa Senhora das Graças. The work carried out made it possible to present relevant data for municipal management, demonstrating the importance of the pharmacist in health care and the local epidemiological character of the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pharmacies/supply & distribution , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Patients , Pharmacists/supply & distribution , Tablets/supply & distribution , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/supply & distribution , Health Centers , Public Health/education , Health Education , Municipal Management/legislation & jurisprudence , Delivery of Health Care , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Drug Storage , Environment , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/supply & distribution , Lipids/supply & distribution
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 192-207, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364363

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Neuropsychiatric disorders are a significant cause of death and disability worldwide. The mechanisms underlying these disorders include a constellation of structural, infectious, immunological, metabolic, and genetic etiologies. Advances in next-generation sequencing techniques have demonstrated that the composition of the enteric microbiome is dynamic and plays a pivotal role in host homeostasis and several diseases. The enteric microbiome acts as a key mediator in neuronal signaling via metabolic, neuroimmune, and neuroendocrine pathways. Objective: In this review, we aim to present and discuss the most current knowledge regarding the putative influence of the gut microbiome in neuropsychiatric disorders. Methods: We examined some of the preclinical and clinical evidence and therapeutic strategies associated with the manipulation of the gut microbiome. Results: targeted taxa were described and grouped from major studies to each disease. Conclusions: Understanding the complexity of these ecological interactions and their association with susceptibility and progression of acute and chronic disorders could lead to novel diagnostic biomarkers based on molecular targets. Moreover, research on the microbiome can also improve some emerging treatment choices, such as fecal transplantation, personalized probiotics, and dietary interventions, which could be used to reduce the impact of specific neuropsychiatric disorders. We expect that this knowledge will help physicians caring for patients with neuropsychiatric disorders.


RESUMO Antecedentes: Os transtornos neuropsiquiátricos são uma importante causa de morte e invalidez no mundo. Os mecanismos subjacentes a esses transtornos incluem uma constelação de etiologias estruturais, infecciosas, imunológicas, metabólicas e genéticas. Avanços nas técnicas de sequenciamento do DNA têm demonstrado que a composição do microbioma entérico é dinâmica e desempenha um papel fundamental não apenas na homeostase do hospedeiro, mas também em várias doenças. O microbioma entérico atua como mediador na sinalização das vias metabólica, neuroimune e neuroendócrina. Objetivo: Apresentar os estudos mais recentes sobre a possível influência do microbioma intestinal nas diversas doenças neuropsiquiátricas e discutir tanto os resultados quanto a eficácia dos tratamentos que envolvem a manipulação do microbioma intestinal. Métodos: foram examinadas algumas das evidências pré-clínicas e clínicas e estratégias terapêuticas associadas à manipulação do microbioma intestinal. Resultados: os táxons-alvo foram descritos e agrupados a partir dos principais estudos para cada doença. Conclusões: Entender a fundo a complexidade das interações ecológicas no intestino e sua associação com a suscetibilidade a certas doenças agudas e crônicas pode levar ao desenvolvimento de novos biomarcadores diagnósticos com base em alvos moleculares. Além disso, o estudo do microbioma intestinal pode auxiliar na otimização de tratamentos não farmacológicos emergentes, tais como o transplante de microbiota fecal, o uso de probióticos e intervenções nutricionais personalizadas. Dessa forma, terapias alternativas poderiam ser usadas para reduzir o impacto dos transtornos neuropsiquiátricos na saúde pública. Esperamos que esse conhecimento seja útil para médicos que cuidam de pacientes com diversos transtornos neuropsiquiátricos.

9.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 14-24, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356322

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The risk of sports-related sudden cardiac arrest after COVID-19 infection can be a serious problem. There is an urgent need for evidence-based criteria to ensure patient safety before resuming exercise. Objective: To estimate the pooled prevalence of acute myocardial injury caused by COVID-19 and to provide an easy-to-use cardiovascular risk assessment toolkit prior to resuming sports activities after COVID-19 infection. Methods: We searched the Medline and Cochrane databases for articles on the prevalence of acute myocardial injury associated with COVID-19 infection. The pooled prevalence of acute myocardial injury was calculated for hospitalized patients treated in different settings (non-intensive care unit [ICU], ICU, overall hospitalization, and non-survivors). Statistical significance was accepted for p values <0.05. We propose a practical flowchart to assess the cardiovascular risk of individuals who recovered from COVID-19 before resuming sports activities. Results: A total of 20 studies (6,573 patients) were included. The overall pooled prevalence of acute myocardial injury in hospitalized patients was 21.7% (95% CI 17.3-26.5%). The non-ICU setting had the lowest prevalence (9.5%, 95% CI 1.5-23.4%), followed by the ICU setting (44.9%, 95% CI 27.7-62.8%), and the cohort of non-survivors (57.7% with 95% CI 38.5-75.7%). We provide an approach to assess cardiovascular risk based on the prevalence of acute myocardial injury in each setting. Conclusions: Acute myocardial injury is frequent and associated with more severe disease and hospital admissions. Cardiac involvement could be a potential trigger for exercise-induced clinical complications after COVID-19 infection. We created a toolkit to assist with clinical decision-making prior to resuming sports activities after COVID-19 infection.

10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 217-221, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365360

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at the oral health problems of elderly patients with diabetes. A training course of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine was constructed, helping patients improve their oral health quality of life. METHODS: A randomized controlled prospective experimental study was conducted. A total of 190 elderly patients were divided randomly into an observation group and a control group with 95 cases in each. The control group received regular health education, while the observation group was based on the control group to implement the integrated experiential learning of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in small groups. The oral health knowledge, attitude, behavior, and blood glucose control status along with the oral health quality of life of the two groups were compared before the intervention and at 3-month postintervention. RESULTS: Three months after the intervention, the fasting blood glucose control and the 2-h postprandial blood glucose/glycosylated hemoglobin levels in the observation group were significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The oral health quality of life in the observation group was significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The small-group experiential learning model of integrated Chinese and Western medicine can promote the transformation of knowledge-beliefs-behaviors in elderly patients with diabetes, which is conducive to controlling blood sugar levels and improving the quality of oral health.

11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(1): 123-127, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365537

ABSTRACT

Abstract Virtual and augmented reality can be defined as a three-dimensional real-world simulation allowing the user to directly interact with it. Throughout the years, virtual reality has gained great popularity in medicine and is currently being adopted for a wide range of purposes. Due to its dynamic anatomical nature, permanent drive towards decreasing invasiveness, and strive for innovation, cardiac surgery depicts itself as a unique environment for virtual reality. Despite substantial research limitations in cardiac surgery, the current literature has shown great applicability of this technology, and promising opportunities.

12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 250-260, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366036

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, universities have had to adopt remote education, a strategy that caused sudden changes of routine for everyone involved in academia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the profile of medicine use by the employees of a Brazilian public university during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at a Brazilian public university. METHODS: Employees were invited to answer an online self-administered questionnaire, containing questions on sociodemographic features, medicine use, mental health and lifestyle habits during the COVID-19 pandemic. The outcome variable was the use of medicines stratified according to occupation. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate (Poisson regression) statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 372 employees participated in the study and use of medicine was reported by 53.2%. Among professors, suicide attempts (prevalence ratio [PR], 1.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20-2.74), physical activity (PR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.11-2.11) and poor self-rated health (PR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.01-1.66); and among technicians, decreased workload during the COVID-19 pandemic (PR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.00-1.99), excess body weight (PR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.02-1.88) and poor self-rated health (PR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.14-1.92) were positively associated with use of medicines. In addition, among technicians, engaging in physical activity (PR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.46-0.78) was a protective factor against medicine use. CONCLUSION: The profile of medicine use among these employees was similar to that of the Brazilian population. However, some associated factors may have been influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic, thus highlighting the need to examine this topic in a longitudinal study.

13.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e183392, fev. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363114

ABSTRACT

Animal abuse is a criminal offense in Brazil and can be dealt with by several government agencies, including municipal ones. Cases of animal abuse reported to the Department of Health Surveillance, of the Municipal Health Secretariat of Campo Magro, Paraná, Brazil, between March of 2019 and December of 2020 were analyzed to assess the most common forms of abuse and animals involved. A total of 140 complaints were received in this period; 132 were investigated, of which 81 were considered authentic. The most common form of abuse was neglect 64.2% (52/81). Cases of neglect were further classified into four types (although cases may be classified with more than one type), resulting in 106 classifications of neglect. Behavioral neglect was the most common form of neglect 33.9% (36/106). As more than one animal could be involved in each report, the 81 authentic cases involved a total of 471 animals. Dogs were the species most commonly affected 78.5% (370/471). The vast majority of animal abuse was perpetrated against adult animals. Statistically significant correlations were found between the sex and age of dogs and abuse and between species and the different forms of abuse for dogs and cats.(AU)


Os maus-tratos aos animais são considerados crime no Brasil e o atendimento desse tipo de ocorrência pode ser realizado por diferentes órgãos governamentais, incluindo os municipais. O presente trabalho analisa denúncias atendidas pelo Departamento de Vigilância em Saúde, da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Campo Magro, Paraná, Brasil, entre março de 2019 e dezembro de 2020 e avalia os tipos mais comuns de maus-tratos a animais e os animais envolvidos. Um total de 140 denúncias foram recebidas e 132 foram fiscalizadas, destas, 81 foram consideradas procedentes. A forma mais prevalente de maus-tratos foi a negligência com 64,2% (52/81). Os casos de negligência foram classificados em quatro diferentes tipos (cada caso pode ser classificado em mais de um tipo de negligência). O tipo mais frequente foi a negligência comportamental com 33,9% (36/106). Como mais de um animal podia estar envolvido em cada caso de maus-tratos, os 81 casos procedentes contabilizaram 471 animais envolvidos. A espécie canina foi a mais afetada, sendo 78,5% (370/471). A maior parte dos casos de maus-tratos foram cometidos contra animais adultos. Correlações estatísticas significativas foram encontradas entre o sexo e faixa etária dos cães em relação à ocorrência de maus-tratos e, também, entre a espécie e os diferentes tipos de maus-tratos para cães e gatos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Animal Welfare/legislation & jurisprudence , Crime/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Retrospective Studies
14.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e189113, fev. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363104

ABSTRACT

Animal shelters are places with a high risk of exposure to infectious diseases due to the high density, population dynamics of the shelter, and the stress to which dogs and cats are subjected. The immunization process through vaccines is an essential component in the prevention and health and welfare management program for these animals. This review aims to evaluate the guidelines on vaccination of dogs and cats in shelter environments, highlighting points of comparison with the Brazilian reality.(AU)


Os abrigos de animais são locais com um alto risco de exposição às doenças infecciosas devido à alta densidade, à dinâmica populacional do abrigo e ao estresse a que os cães e gatos estão submetidos. O processo de imunização por meio das vacinas é um componente essencial no programa de prevenção e gestão de saúde e bem-estar para esses animais. Esta revisão tem como objetivo revisar as diretrizes sobre a vacinação de cães e gatos em ambientes de abrigos, ressaltando pontos de comparação com a realidade brasileira.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Dogs , Vaccines/administration & dosage , Immunization/veterinary , Vaccination/veterinary , Disease Prevention , Housing, Animal
15.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(1): 97-100, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360136

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Ernest Hemingway is widely regarded as one of the greatest fiction writers of all time. During his life, he demonstrated several signs of psychological suffering with gradual worsening and presentation of cognitive issues over his late years. Some of his symptoms and the course of his disease suggest that he might have suffered from an organic neurodegenerative condition that contributed to his decline, which culminated in his suicide in 1961. In this historical note, we discuss diagnostic hypotheses compatible with Hemingway's illness, in light of biographical reports.


RESUMO Ernest Hemingway é considerado um dos escritores mais lidos de todos os tempos. Durante sua vida, ele demonstrou diversos sinais de sofrimento psicológico com piora gradual durante seus últimos anos, associado à apresentação de distúrbios cognitivos. Alguns de seus sintomas, assim como o curso da doença, sugerem que ele talvez tenha padecido de uma condição neurodegenerativa orgânica que contribuiu para o seu declínio, culminando em seu suicídio em 1961. Nesta nota histórica, discutimos hipóteses diagnósticas compatíveis com a doença de Hemingway, à luz de relatos biográficos.

16.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 35(1): 1-10, 20220125.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362872

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a distribuição espacial das Práticas Integrativas e Complementares em Saúde (PICS) na Atenção Básica (AB) brasileira para a ampliação da discussão sobre sua oferta. Métodos: Estudo ecológico transversal realizado em 2020, a partir do sistema público brasileiro de informação em saúde do ano de 2019. Para análise, analisou-se a variável dependente quantidade de atendimentos, enquanto as variáveis independentes deram-se por território, Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) e a cobertura da AB. Para as comparações estatísticas utilizaram-se os testes de qui-quadrado de Pearson e correlação de Spearman. Resultados: Considerando AB, secundária e terciária do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), a prevalência total de atendimentos em 2019 apresentou-se por 1.593.128. Separando e analisando exclusivamente a AB (n=51.352; 3.2%), a maior prevalência de atendimentos apresentou-se nas regiões Sudeste (n=15.210; 29,7%) e Nordeste (n=12.559; 24.4%), com ocorrências maiores de sessões de eletroestimulação (n=6.397; 12,4%) e de práticas corporais em Medicina Tradicional Chinesa (n=4.588; 8,9%). As correlações deram-se positivas entre atendimentos e população (r=0,62), e entre atendimentos e IDH (r=0,24). Conclusão: Evidenciou-se que a distribuição espacial das PICS na AB é desigual ao se considerar as prevalências de cada região. Já as correlações positivas podem representar a procura por alternativas de cuidado frente a condições crônicas, queixas musculoesqueléticas e insatisfação com a Medicina Moderna; fatores que geralmente provocam o aumento pela procura de PICS, principalmente em regiões onde o desenvolvimento social mais elevado favorece a autonomia da pessoa.


Objective:To analyze the spatial distribution of Integrative and Complementary Health Practices (Práticas Integrativas e Complementares em Saúde ­ PICS) in Brazil's Primary Health Care (PHC) to broaden the discussion about its offer. Methods: A cross-sectional ecologic study was carried out in 2020 using data from the Brazilian public health care information system dating from 2019. For the analysis, the dependent variable was the number of visits, and the independent variables were the territory, the Human Development Index (HDI) and PHC coverage. Pearson's chi-square and Spearman's correlation tests were used for statistical comparisons. Results: Thetotal prevalence rate of visits in 2019 was 1,593,128 in primary, secondary and tertiary care within the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde ­ SUS). When we analyzed exclusively and separately PHC (n=51,352; 3.2%), the highest rate of visits was found in the Southeast (n=15,210; 29.7%) and Northeast (n=12,559; 24.4%) regions, with higher rates of electrical stimulation sessions (n=6,397; 12.4%) and body practices in Traditional Chinese Medicine (n=4,588; 8.9%). Correlations were positive between visits and population (r=0.62) and between visits and HDI (r=0.24). Conclusion:It was evident that the spatial distribution of PICS in PHC is uneven when considering the prevalence rate of each region. The positive correlations may represent the search for alternative care in the face of chronic conditions, musculoskeletal complaints, and dissatisfaction with Modern Medicine. These factors generally cause an increase in the demand for PICS, especially in regions where higher social development favors individual autonomy.


Objetivo: Analizar la distribución espacial de las Prácticas Integrativas y Complementarias de Salud (PICS) de la Atención Básica (AB) brasileña para la ampliación de la discusión de su oferta. Métodos: Estudio ecológico transversal realizado en 2020 a partir del sistema público brasileño de información en salud del año 2019. Se analizó la variable dependiente "cantidad de consultas" mientras las variables independientes se dieron por el territorio, el Índice de Desarrollo Humano (IDH) y la cobertura de la AB. Para las comparaciones estadísticas se ha utilizado las pruebas de chi-cuadrado de Pearson y la correlación de Spearman. Resultados: Considerando la AB, secundaria y terciaria del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS), la prevalencia total de las consultas en 2019 ha sido de 1.593.128. Separando y analizando exclusivamente la AB (n=51.352; 3.2%), la mayor prevalencia de consultas se dio en las regiones Sudeste (n=15.210; 29,7%) y Noreste (n=12.559; 24.4%), con ocurrencias de más sesiones de electroestimulación (n=6.397; 12,4%) y de prácticas corporales de la Medicina Tradicional China (n=4.588; 8,9%). Las correlaciones han sido positivas entre las consultas y la población (r=0,62) y entre las consultas y el IDH (r=0,24). Conclusión: Se ha evidenciado que la distribución espacial de las PICS en la AB es desigual respecto las prevalencias de cada región. Las correlaciones positivas pueden representar la búsqueda de alternativas de cuidado para las condiciones crónicas, las quejas musculo esqueléticas y la insatisfacción con la Medicina Moderna; factores que, en general, llevan al mayor interés por las PICS, sobre todo en las regiones donde el desarrollo social más alto favorece la autonomía de la persona.

17.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e56262, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367442

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to evaluate the direct diagnostic costs for disease groups and other variables (such as gender, age, seasons) that are related to the direct diagnostic costs based on a 3-year data. The population of the study consisted of 31,401 patients who applied to family medicine outpatient clinic in Turkey between January 1st, 2016 and December 31st, 2018. With this study, we determined in which disease groups of the family medicine outpatient clinic weremost frequently admitted. Then, total and average diagnostic costs for these disease groups were calculated. Three-year data gave us the opportunity to examine the trend in diagnostic costs. Based on this, we demonstratedwhich diseases' total and average diagnostic costs increased or decreased during 3 years. Moreover, we examined how diagnostic costs showed a trend in both Turkish liras and USA dollars' rate for 3 years. Finally, we analysedwhether the diagnostic costs differed according to variables such as age, gender and season. There has been relatively little analysis on the diagnostic costs in the previous literature. Therefore, we expect to contribute to both theoristsand healthcare managers for diagnostic costs with this study.

19.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 43: 1-10, 20220101.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352507

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the primary and secondary labels of plantbased medicines. Method: This research has a cross-sectional and descriptive. The procedure consisted of analyzing 100 labels of medicinal plant-based products used by elderly people from (in) Macapá-AP, in 2017. A script was prepared to verify their adequacy to health standards based on the Brazilian legislation (commercial name, botanical nomenclature, active ingredients, concentration, route of administration, age-restricted use, quantity and pharmaceutical form, preservation care, company name, CNPJ - Brazils's companies registration number, composition, SAC, expiration date, manufacture and batch), descriptive analysis of the data was performed (protocol number 38400314.9.0000.0003). Results: Only 4% of the products completely met the analyzed criteria. One of the main problems observed was the absence of a uniform standard of presentation of information on the packaging. About 7% of these products did not present any information besides the popular name of the medicinal plant used, 37% of the packages (or labels) contain statements and images that induce self-medication, errors in use, or references to "natural medicine", besides, transmitting the idea that the product has superior properties to drugs on the market. Conclusions: The results obtained suggest that the packaging of medicinal plant-based products induces the irrational use of medicines due to the lack of adequate information, as well as the presence of inadequate makenting strategies, in accordance with current national legislation.

20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e031, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1364597

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to describe the telediagnosis of oral lesions through a telehealth program offered in the State of Paraná, southern Brazil. This report included all oral medicine-related teleconsultations between January 2015 and December 2019. Primary care dentists from the public health services of the state were trained to use the Telessaúde Brasil Redes platform, a national telehealth program that provides telediagnostic support through teleconsultations with specialists. Clinical information and images of oral lesions were solicited to each teleconsultation request. An oral medicine specialist evaluated the cases and provided diagnostic hypotheses, management, and referral suggestions. Finally, dentists were invited to evaluate the services. A total of 162 cases were submitted by 44 dentists. The patient's main complaint was described in 98.8% of cases, while the duration/evolution and the type of lesions were 64.81% and 40.12%, respectively. No images were attached to 19 (11.70%) patients. The information sent was sufficient for diagnostic reasoning in 125 (77.16%) requests. The specialist considered 78 cases (48.1%) to be resolved in primary care. Among respondents (45.7%), dentists considered that the teleconsultation "totally attended" their needs in 92% of requests. The description of the telehealth platform usage in oral medicine in Paraná showed the need to improve the participation of primary care dentists and the quality of clinical information provided as barriers to be overcome, aiming for the best usage of the platform.

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