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Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 170-175, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365349


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: A growing volume of literature has suggested long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) as important players in tumor progression. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression and prognostic value of lncRNA LINC00173 (LINC00173) in melanoma. METHODS: LINC00173 expression was measured in 163 paired cancerous and noncancerous specimen samples by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The correlations between LINC00173 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis were analyzed by chi-square test, log-rank test, and multivariate survival analysis. Receiver-operating characteristic curves were used for the assessment of the diagnostic value of LINC00173 for melanoma patients. RESULTS: The expression level of LINC00173 in melanoma specimens was distinctly higher than that in adjacent non-neoplasm specimens (p<0.01). Besides, LINC00173 was expressed more frequently in patients with advanced melanoma than in patients with early melanoma. Multivariate assays confirmed that LINC00173 expression level was an independent prognostic predictor of melanoma patients (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our data indicated that LINC00173 expression could serve as an unfavorable prognostic biomarker for melanoma patients.

Surg. cosmet. dermatol. (Impr.) ; 14: e20220081, jan.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369144


O melanoma amelanótico acral é raro e pode mimetizar muitas entidades, como poroma écrino, carcinoma de células escamosas, verruga plantar e úlceras crônicas. Devido a esta variedade de possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais, é um diagnóstico difícil e, muitas vezes, tardio. As características da dermatoscopia podem ajudar no diagnóstico precoce. O clínico deve ter esse diagnóstico em mente ao se deparar com uma lesão rosada, de crescimento progressivo e formato irregular, principalmente se localizada nas mãos e nos pés.

Acral amelanotic melanoma is rare and can mimic many entities, such as eccrine poroma, squamous cell carcinoma, plantar wart, and chronic ulcers. Due to the variety of possible differential diagnoses, it is a challenging and frequently late diagnosis. Dermoscopy features can help in early diagnosis. The dermatologist should keep this diagnosis in mind when faced with a pink, progressively growing, irregularly shaped lesion, mainly if located on the hands and feet.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 385-391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922909


The potential application of dendritic cells (DC) sensitized with cytosine-phosphoric acid-guanine (CpG) oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) and tumor antigen as a vaccine against murine melanoma was investigated with freshly isolated mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. For the DC vaccine preparation, DC were sensitized with the B16 tumor antigen and CpG ODN was used to promote further maturation of the DC. The immunogenic activity of the vaccine was evaluated in vitro by determining the proliferation of T lymphocytes and the killing effect of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) on B16 tumor cells. The DC vaccine was injected intraperitoneally and tumor inhibition in mice bearing B16 xenografts was examined. All mice were cared for under an approved SIMM Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) protocol. In vitro, this DC vaccine promoted the proliferation of T lymphocytes and showed a potent killing effect on the target B16 cells. In vivo experiments showed that after treatment or pre-immunization both the tumor volume and weight were significantly decreased. The DC vaccine with CpG ODN and tumor antigen exhibited an inhibitory effect against melanoma, providing a potential method for melanoma cancer treatment.

An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 717-720, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355637


Abstract Large defects in plantar surface secondary to acral melanoma excision can be difficult to repair with local flaps, and skin grafts in weight-bearing surfaces often suffer necrosis causing prolonged disability. Acellular dermal matrices represent an easy alternative to cover deep wounds or those with bone or tendon exposure. Despite their high cost and the requirement of two surgical procedures, this alternative may offer excellent functional and aesthetic results in acral defects.

Humans , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Acellular Dermis , Melanoma/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Skin Transplantation
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 693-699, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355635


Abstract Background: There are conflicting data regarding the prognostic value of the lymphatic basin drainage pattern in melanoma patients and the evidence is scant in the setting of negative sentinel lymph node biopsy. Objective: To investigate whether the pattern of lymphatic basin drainage influences the risk of nodal disease in patients with melanoma of the trunk and negative sentinel lymph node biopsy. Methods: A case series of patients with trunk melanoma and negative sentinel lymph node biopsy was retrospectively evaluated. Clinicopathological features, the pattern of lymphatic drainage and nodal, metastatic, and overall recurrence-free survival were reviewed. Results: Of the 135 patients included, multiple lymphatic basin drainage was identified in 61 (45.2%). Ten of the 74 (13.5%) patients with single drainage developed nodal recurrence, compared with 2 of the 61 (3.6%) patients with multiple drainages (p = 0.04). Nodal recurrence-free survival was significantly longer in the group with multiple drainages than in the group with single drainage (175.6 vs. 138.7 months; p = 0.04). In multivariate analysis, single drainage was associated with a higher risk of nodal recurrence (HR = 4.54; p = 0.05). No significant differences in metastatic and overall recurrence-free survival were found between groups. Study limitations: Retrospective analysis, single-center study, small sample, detailed histopathologic information not always present. Conclusions: In patients with trunk melanoma and negative sentinel lymph node biopsy, multiple lymphatic basin drainage may be an independent risk factor for nodal disease recurrence. This factor may help to identify patients with negative sentinel lymph node biopsy with a higher risk of nodal recurrence.

Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 768-770, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355626


Abstract Eruptive disseminated Spitz nevi is a rare clinical presentation that features an abrupt widespread eruption of Spitz nevi. Spontaneous regression of these nevi has been rarely reported in previous literature. The authors of the present study report the case of a 30-year-old man who presented eruptive disseminated Spitz nevi that appeared within a week and started regression in the following years.

Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nevus, Epithelioid and Spindle Cell , Exanthema , Diagnosis, Differential
MedUNAB ; 24(3): 353-358, 202112.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353586


Introducción. El compromiso tumoral metastásico del melanoma al tracto genitourinario es frecuente, pero, la metástasis a vejiga es rara, constituye menos del 2% de los casos. Sin embargo, en autopsias realizadas a pacientes con melanoma se ha encontrado metástasis en la vejiga en entre un 18% y un 37% de los casos, lo que la convierte en la segunda en incidencia posterior al adenocarcinoma gástrico. La media de supervivencia suele ser entre 6 - 7.5 meses. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el caso de un melanoma metastásico a vejiga, entidad poco frecuente y poco diagnosticada por ser la mayoría de las veces asintomática. Presentación del caso. Paciente femenina de 62 años, con antecedente de melanoma al nivel del primer artejo del pie, con manejo quirúrgico y farmacológico. Consultó por hematuria. La cistoscopia evidenció una lesión única sólida, eritematosa, con necrosis y fácil sangrado y se indicó realizar resección transuretral (RTU). La patología demostró compromiso por melanoma ulcerado metastásico. Se inició manejo de segunda línea (Pembrolizumab) y presentó progresión a miembros superiores y recaída a nivel vesical. La paciente falleció un año después. Discusión. Las metástasis de melanoma al tracto genitourinario son frecuentes, pero las metástasis vesicales aisladas son raras. El tratamiento suele ser RTU de la lesión, cistectomía, quimioterapia y radioterapia. La RTU es curativa para las lesiones restringidas al epitelio, aunque la cistectomía radical suele ser la terapia de elección ante un paciente con un tumor localizado. El Pembrolizumab ha demostrado aumentar la supervivencia. El pronóstico depende del tamaño y profundidad de la invasión. Conclusiones. El compromiso vesical metastásico es poco frecuente y diagnosticado, puede estar presente en pacientes con melanoma, síntomas irritativos urinarios no específicos y hematuria. Suele ser de mal pronóstico, y requiere de manejo quirúrgico asociado a manejo sistémico.

Introduction. Metastatic tumor compromise of melanoma to the genitourinary tract is frequent, but metastasis to the bladder is rare, representing less than 2% of cases. However, autopsies performed on patients with melanoma have found metastases in the bladder in 18-37% of cases, making it the second incidence after gastric adenocarcinoma. The median survival is usually 6 to 7.5 months. The objective of this work is to present the case of a metastatic melanoma to the bladder, a rare and underdiagnosed condition because most of the time it is asymptomatic. Case Presentation. 62-year-old female patient, with a history of melanoma at the level of the first toe, with surgical and pharmacological management. The reason for consultation was hematuria. Cystoscopy revealed a single solid, erythematous lesion with necrosis and easy bleeding, and a transurethral resection (TUR) was indicated. The pathology found compromise for metastatic ulcerated melanoma. Second-line treatment (Pembrolizumab) was started and presented progression to the upper limbs and relapse at the bladder level. The patient died a year later. Discussion. Melanoma metastases to the genitourinary tract are common, but isolated bladder metastases are rare. Treatment is usually TUR of the lesion, cystectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. TUR is curative for lesions restricted to the epithelium, although radical cystectomy is usually the therapy of choice in patients with a localized tumor. Pembrolizumab has been shown to increase survival. The prognosis depends on the size and depth of the invasion. Conclusions. Metastatic bladder compromise is rare and underdiagnosed, it may be present in patients with melanoma, non-specific urinary irritative symptoms, and hematuria. It tends to have a poor prognosis, and requires surgical management associated with systemic management.

Introdução. O comprometimento do tumor metastático do melanoma no trato geniturinário é comum, mas a metástase na bexiga é rara, constituindo menos de 2% dos casos. Entretanto, em autópsias realizadas em pacientes com melanoma, foi encontrada metástase na bexiga entre 18% e 37% dos casos, o que a torna a segunda em incidência após o adenocarcinoma gástrico. A média de sobrevivência é geralmente entre 6 - 7,5 meses. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o caso de um melanoma metastático na bexiga, uma entidade pouco frequente e subdiagnosticada, pois na maioria das vezes é assintomática. Apresentação do caso. Paciente do sexo feminino, 62 anos, com antecedentes de melanoma no nível do hálux, com manejo cirúrgico e farmacológico. Ela consultou por hematúria. A cistoscopia revelou uma única lesão sólida, eritematosa com necrose e sangramento fácil, e foi indicada uma ressecção transuretral (RTU). A patologia mostrou comprometimento de melanoma ulceroso metastático. O tratamento de segunda linha (Pembrolizumab) foi iniciado e a patologia avançou para os membros superiores e uma recaída no nível da bexiga. A paciente morreu um ano depois. Discussão. As metástases de melanoma para o trato geniturinário são frequentes, mas as metástases vesicais isoladas são raras. O tratamento é geralmente RTU da lesão, cistectomia, quimioterapia e radioterapia. A RTU é curativa para lesões restritas ao epitélio, embora a cistectomia radical seja geralmente a terapia de escolha para um paciente com um tumor localizado. O Pembrolizumab demonstrou aumentar a sobrevivência. O prognóstico depende do tamanho e da profundidade da invasão. Conclusões. O comprometimento vesical metastático é raro e subdiagnosticado, pode estar presente em pacientes com melanoma, sintomas irritantes urinários não específicos e hematúria. Geralmente tem um prognóstico negativo e requer manejo cirúrgico em associação com manejo sistêmico.

Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urology , Hematuria , Melanoma , Neoplasm Metastasis
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 565-568, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345123


Abstract The paper presents a case of lentigo maligna melanoma of the scalp in an elderly patient treated for the nodular part with surgery and the residual melanoma in situ with 5% Imiquimod and subsequently with 3.75% Imiquimod (each concentration for 4 months, 5 times per week), with complete regression of the lesion. 3.75% Imiquimod, which is already used for the treatment of actinic keratosis, could be a useful weapon with the same effectiveness and fewer side effects compared to 5% Imiquimod.

Humans , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle/drug therapy , Melanoma/drug therapy , Scalp , Imiquimod , Aminoquinolines/therapeutic use
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 451-453, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285104


Abstract Melanoma in childhood is rare and its diagnosis is more difficult than in adults, as it often presents histologic features overlapping with the Spitz nevus. The authors report the case of a 17-year old boy who was first diagnosed with Spitz nevus, however, the final diagnosis made after the excision of the tumor arising in the scar was changed to melanoma. The case in this present study emphasizes the importance of the differential diagnosis of skin tumors in young patients.

Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nevus, Epithelioid and Spindle Cell/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Melanoma/diagnosis , Cicatrix , Diagnosis, Differential , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 472-476, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285093


Abstract Total body mapping comprises photographic documentation of the entire body surface followed by digital dermatoscopy of selected melanocytic lesions, aiming to compare their evolution over time and identify new lesions. As this is an exam based on comparative analysis of serial dermoscopic body images, standardization of the technique for performing total body mapping is essential. Prepared by specialists from the Brazilian Society of Dermatology, using the modified Delphi method, this article provides recommendations for carrying out total body mapping in Brazil, regarding its indications, technical aspects, and the issuing of the report.

Humans , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Dermatology , Melanoma/diagnosis , Nevus, Pigmented/diagnosis , Brazil , Follow-Up Studies , Dermoscopy , Diagnosis, Differential
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(4): 330-338, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285297


ABSTRACT Purposes: We analyzed patient, tumor and dosimetric characteristics of subjects in a Spanish population diagnosed with uveal melanoma treated with iodine 125 (I125) episcleral brachytherapy, who presented with post-treatment loss of useful visual acuity and global evolution of visual acuity. Methods: A single historic observational cohort study was undertaken. Patients with uveal melanoma were recruited between September 1995 and June 2015. Clinical, tumor and dosimetric data collection and visual acuity evaluations were performed under everyday practice conditions based on a useful visual acuity >0.1 on the decimal scale. The baseline analysis was performed using descriptive and survival analyses according to Kaplan-Meier curves. Results: A total of 286 of the 665 patients diagnosed with uveal melanoma received episcleral brachytherapy, and 198 were included in the study. The mean follow-up time was 75.3 months (95% CI = 68.0-82.6). Patients with post-treatment useful visual acuity loss (n=94, 47%) presented the following characteristics: visual symptoms (n=80, p-value = 0.001); iris color (brown n=33, hazel green n=49, p-value = 0.047); Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study size (medium n=80, p-value = 0.159); tumor, node, metastasis stage (T2: n=38, T3: n=38, p=0.012); shape (nodular n=67, mushroom-shaped n=26, p=0.001); posterior pole involvement (n=47, p=0.04); recurrence (n=10, p=0.001); and dose administered in the fovea, optic nerve and center of the eye (p<0.002). Using Kaplan-Meier analysis, the mean overall survival of useful visual acuity was 90.19 months, and the probability of preserving useful visual acuity was 66% for one year, 45% for five years and 33% for ten years. Conclusion: Patients most likely to present with visual acuity loss were those with the following profile: elderly males with dark irises who were diagnosed with visual symptoms and exhibited a medium/large melanoma with a mushroom shape in the posterior pole (near the fovea and/or optic nerve). All patients treated with episcleral brachytherapy are likely to present with visual acuity loss, which is more pronounced in the first few years following treatment.

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar características individuais, tu morais e dosimétricas de pacientes diagnosticados com melanoma uveal, tratados através de braquiterapia epiescleral com iodo-125 (I125), que apresentaram perda da acuidade visual útil após o tratamento e analisar a evolução global da acuidade visual em uma população da Espanha. Métodos: Este é um estudo observacional de coorte histórica considerando pacientes com melanoma uveal diagnosticados entre setembro de 1995 e junho de 2015. Foram coletados dados clínicos, tumorais e dosimétricos e medida a acuidade visual em condições de prática clínica diária, considerando uma acuidade visual útil superior a 0,1 na escala decimal. A análise de base foi efetuada por curvas Kaplan-Meier descritivas de sobrevivência Resultados: Um total de 286 dos 665 pacientes diagnosticados com melanoma uveal recebeu braquiterapia epiescleral e 198 deles foram incluídos no estudo. O tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 75,3 meses (IC 95%: 68,0-82,6). Os pacientes com perda da acuidade visual útil após o tratamento (n=94, 47%) apresentaram as seguintes características: sintomas visuais (n=80, p=0,001), cor da íris (castanha: n=33, castanho-esverdeada: n=49; p=0,047), tamanho de acordo com o Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (tamanho médio: n=80, p=0,159), tumor, nódulo, estágio de metástase (T2: n=38, T3: n=38, p=0,012), forma (nodular: n=67, em forma de cogumelo: n=26, p=0,001), envolvimento do polo posterior (n=47, p=0,04), recorrência (n=10, p=0,001) e dose administrada na fóvea, no nervo óptico e no centro do olho (p<0,002). Na análise de Kaplan-Meier, o tempo médio de sobrevivência geral da acuidade visual útil foi de 90,19 meses e a probabilidade de preservação da acuidade visual útil foi de 66% por um ano, 45% por 5 anos e 33% por 10 anos. Conclusão: O perfil de paciente com maior probabilidade de perda da acuidade visual útil é o de homem idoso com íris escura, diagnosticado com sintomas visuais e melanoma de tamanho médio a grande, em forma de cogumelo no polo posterior (próximo à fóvea, ao nervo óptico ou a ambos). Todos os pacientes tratados com braquiterapia epiescleral terão perda da acuidade visual, mais pronunciada nos primeiros anos após o tratamento.

Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 36(3): 303-308, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365566


RESUMO Introdução: A infecção pelo vírus COVID-19 é um impacto severo à saúde no ano de 2020. A repercussão direta é facilmente mensurada através de suas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. Sua repercussão indireta na saúde ainda é pouco mensurada e este é o objetivo deste estudo. Métodos: Determinar os números de internações para tratamentos gerais, para tratamento de neoplasias e para câncer de pele malignos no SUS, de 2008 a 2020, no departamento de informática do SUS. Resultados: O paralelismo dos dados referentes aos três grupos acima selecionados permitiu observar uma redução drástica no número de internações no SUS entre os mesmos meses de 2019 e 2020: queda de 10,60% nas internações gerais, 58,65% nas internações por neoplasia e 156% nas internações por câncer de pele maligno. A redução agravou-se gradativamente no ano de 2020 a partir do mês de janeiro. No mês de junho de 2020, os números de internações para tratamento de câncer de pele refletem valores de 12 anos atrás. Conclusão: O acompanhamento da série histórica de internações no SUS fornece um valor palpável que serve como base para se compreender o direcionamento das medidas de saúde. As implicações indiretas da COVID-19 podem ter um desfecho tão trágico quanto a sua mortalidade, pois repercutem na disponibilidade de serviços de saúde especializados. Serviços de grande especialização como o tratamento de câncer em caráter hospitalar atendem casos complexos e sua indisponibilidade pode refletir em aumento de mortalidade por estas causas - um impacto indireto da COVID-19.

ABSTRACT Introduction: COVID-19 virus infection was a severe health impact in 2020. The direct repercussion is easily measured through its morbidity and mortality rates. Its indirect repercussion on health is still little measured, and this is the objective of this study. Methods: To determine the number of hospitalizations for general treatments, for the treatment of neoplasms and malignant skin cancer in the SUS, from 2008 to 2020, in the department of informatics of the SUS. Results: The parallelism of the data referring to the three groups selected above allowed to observe a drastic reduction in the number of hospitalizations in the SUS between the same months of 2019 and 2020: a decrease of 10.60% in general hospitalizations, 58.65% in hospitalizations for neoplasia and 156% in hospitalizations for malignant skin cancer. The reduction gradually worsened in 2020 from January. In June 2020, the number of hospitalizations for skin cancer treatment reflected values from 12 years ago. Conclusion: The follow-up of the historical series of hospitalizations in the SUS provides a tangible value that serves as a basis for understanding the direction of health measures. The indirect implications of COVID-19 may have an outcome as tragic as its mortality, as they impact specialized health services availability. Services of great specialization such as hospital cancer treatment attend complex cases, and their unavailability may reflect an increase in mortality from these causes - an indirect impact of COVID-19.

Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354930


Introducción: Los melanomas de mucosa nasosinusales, representa una de las patologías de menor proporción en las tumoraciones de nariz y senos paranasales y como consecuencia diagnósticos tardíos. Reporte de caso: paciente masculino de la sexta década de la vida, que inicio con cuadro de obstrucción nasal y epistaxis leve, fue enviado para su valoración nuestro hospital de tercer nivel, donde se sometió a biopsia, presentando el resultado histopatológico de melanoma de mucosa nasal. Conclusión: las lesiones se presentaron principalmente como epistaxis y obstrucción nasal, involucraron a la cavidad nasal y senos paranasales y el lado izquierdo fue el más común involucrado. Los estadios de la enfermedad avanzada y metástasis a distancia se presentaron con gran frecuencia y en general con una pobre supervivencia a 5 años.

Background:Mucosalmelanomarepresentsoneofthe pathologies with a lower proportion among tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses and as a consequence late diagnoses. Objective:To present the case of a male patient in the sixth decade of life with nasal mucosal melanoma and a systematic review of studies reported from 2016 to 2021. The Results:systematic search was carried out from January 2016 to December 2021 in PubMed, Google Scholar and Elsevier; 147 articles that meet the 19 criteria were located.Conclusion:The injury was prevalent in women, there was a higher prevalence in the seventh and eighth decades. The main lesions were epistaxis and nasal obstruction, involved the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses and the left side was the most common involved. There was high frequency of advanced disease stages and distant metastases and generally with poor 5-year survival.

Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 36(2): 222-225, abr.jun.2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368057


Introdução: O poroma écrino é uma lesão benigna geralmente solitária e nodular, sendo frequente na palma da mão e planta do pé. Devido à sua raridade, a variante pigmentada pode facilmente ser confundida com melanoma. Relata-se caso clínico de poroma écrino pigmentado no couro cabeludo, localização considerada atípica, simulando melanoma maligno. Relato de Caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 73 anos, fototipo IV, referia aparecimento de lesão indolor no couro cabeludo há 6 meses, associada a sangramentos esporádicos. Ao exame, apresentava-se como nódulo enegrecido com centro eritematoso, de consistência firme, medindo aproximadamente 1,5 cm de diâmetro. A dermatoscopia observou padrão vascular predominante em glóbulos. A principal hipótese diagnóstica foi de melanoma, porém o estudo histopatológico concluiu poroma écrino parcialmente pigmentado. Discussão: O porome écrino pigmentado é um tumor raro com fisiopatologia desconhecida. É considerado como um grande simulador por mimetizar clinicamente diversos tumores, benignos e malignos. Neste caso clínico, após o exame dermatológico e avaliação dermatoscópica, a principal hipótese diagnóstica era de melanoma maligno. Os poucos casos clínicos publicados com estudo dermatoscópico apresentaram história semelhante e dúvida diagnóstica, tendo sido esclarecido o diagnóstico somente após a avaliação histopatológica. Conclusão: É importante que a avaliação de lesões de pele pigmentadas seja feita tanto clinicamente quanto com dermatoscopia, usada como ferramenta que corrobora com o diagnóstico. A hipótese diagnóstica de poroma écrino deve ser considerada nos casos em que as lesões pigmentadas não tenham características melanocíticas, sendo o diagnóstico confirmado apenas após avaliação histopatológica.

Introduction: The eccrine poroma is a benign lesion, usually solitary and nodular, frequent in the palm and foot plant. Due to its rarity, the pigmented variant can easily be confused with melanoma. A clinical case of pigmented poroma on the scalp is reported; this is a location considered atypical, simulating malignant melanoma. Case Report: A 73-year-old male patient, phototype IV, reported the appearance of a painless lesion on the scalp for six months, associated with sporadic bleeding. On examination, it presented as a blackened nodule with an erythematous center of firm consistency, measuring approximately 1.5 cm in diameter. Dermatoscopy observed a predominant vascular pattern in blood cells. The main diagnostic hypothesis was melanoma, but the histopathological study concluded partially pigmented eccrine poroma. Discussion: Pigmented eccrine poroma is a rare tumor with unknown pathophysiology. It is considered a great simulator for clinically imitate several tumors, benign and malignant. In this clinical case, after dermatological examination and dermoscopic evaluation, the main diagnostic hypothesis was malignant melanoma. The few clinical cases published with a dermatoscopic study presented a similar history and diagnostic doubt, and the diagnosis was clarified only after histopathological evaluation. Conclusion: The evaluation of pigmented skin lesions must be done both clinically and with dermatoscopy, used as a tool that corroborates the diagnosis. The diagnostic hypothesis of eccrine poroma should be considered when pigmented lesions do not have melanocytic characteristics, and the diagnosis is confirmed only after histopathological evaluation.

Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(2): 234-239, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339262


Resumen | La pigmentación exógena por nitrato de plata es una enfermedad poco frecuente, cuyas manifestaciones clínicas pueden aparecer años después del contacto, lo que en ocasiones dificulta su diagnóstico. Se caracteriza por la presencia de máculas o placas azul-grisáceas en la piel o las mucosas de la zona de contacto que, en ocasiones, son muy similares a las lesiones melanocíticas y al melanoma, sus principales diagnósticos diferenciales. Se reporta el caso de un paciente de Medellín, Colombia, con antecedentes familiares de melanoma y presencia de estas lesiones en todo el cuerpo.

Abstract | Exogenous pigmentation by silver nitrate is a rare disease whose clinical manifestations appear even years after the contact, making its diagnosis difficult on occasions. It is characterized by the presence of blue-gray macules or plaques on the skin or mucosa in the contact area, sometimes very similar to melanocytic lesions and melanoma, which constitute the main differential diagnosis. We report the case of a male patient from Medellín, Colombia, with a family history of melanoma and the presence of these lesions throughout his body.

Silver Nitrate , Argyria , Case Reports , Colombia , Melanoma
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(2): e1402, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280357


Introducción: El melanoma maligno es un tumor de etiología multifactorial, cuando afecta al sistema respiratorio su origen es casi siempre metastásico, y como tumor primario es muy infrecuente, constituye el 0,07 por ciento de los tumores pulmonares malignos. Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico con diagnóstico de melanoma maligno primario de pulmón. Presentación del caso: Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 64 años de edad, exfumadora, sin antecedentes de melanoma, que presenta tos seca asociada a disnea, los esfuerzos físicos y dolor torácico. Además de astenia y pérdida de peso. Se le realizó biopsia pulmonar mediante broncoscopia y se le diagnosticó melanoma. Conclusiones: El melanoma primario pulmonar es uno de los más raros del tipo de melanoma visceral, es una entidad neumológica infrecuente y el diagnóstico preciso requiere una investigación detallada y el cumplimiento de criterios clínicos y anatomopatológicos específicos(AU)

Introduction: Malignant melanoma is a tumor of multifactorial etiology, when it affects the respiratory system its origin is almost always metastatic, and as a primary tumor it is very infrequent, it constitutes 0.07 por ciento of malignant lung tumors. Objective: To report a clinical case with a diagnosis of primary malignant melanoma of the lung. Case report: We report the case of a 64-year-old woman, former smoker, with no history of melanoma, who had dry cough associated with dyspnea with physical exertion and chest pain. In addition to asthenia and weight loss, she had a lung biopsy by bronchoscopy and was diagnosed with melanoma. Conclusions: Primary pulmonary melanoma is one of the rarest of the visceral melanoma type, this is an infrequent pneumological entity and the precise diagnosis requires detailed investigation and the fulfillment of specific clinical and pathological criteria(AU)

Humans , Female , Bronchoscopy/methods , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Melanoma/diagnosis
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e536-e539, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292788


El melanoma es la forma más grave de cáncer de piel. La morbimortalidad es variable, ya que se relaciona con las medidas de prevención implementadas, la detección temprana y el acceso al tratamiento temprano. La incidencia ha aumentado en los últimos años a pesar de la mayor concientización con respecto a la exposición a la luz solar y la utilización de cremas protectoras. A su vez, el rango etario se ha ampliado, y esta enfermedad afecta a individuos cada vez más jóvenes. Se estima que del 1 % al 4 % de todos los casos de melanoma ocurren en menores de 20 años.Se presentan dos casos pediátricos, con evolución prolongada y diagnóstico inicial erróneo. Es fundamental para el pediatra general, primer contacto del paciente con el sistema de salud, conocer las características de estas lesiones. Un alto índice de sospecha permitiría la derivación al especialista de forma temprana.

Melanoma is the most serious skin cancer. Morbimortality is variable as it is related to the preventive measures, early detection, and access to early treatment. The incidence has increased in recent years, despite the raise in awareness of avoiding sun exposure and the use of sunscreen. What is more, the disease age range has expanded, affecting increasingly younger individuals. It is estimated that 1 to 4 % of all melanoma cases occurred in people younger than twenty years old.We present two pediatric cases with prolonged evolution and wrong initial diagnosis. Since the general pediatrician is the patient's first contact with the health system, it is extremely important to know the characteristics of these lesions. A high index of suspicion would allow an early referral to the specialist.

Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Melanoma/drug therapy , Melanoma/therapy , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Sunscreening Agents/therapeutic use , Incidence
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(2): 282-286, Maio 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253425


OBJETIVO: O objetivo desse estudo foi verificar o efeito do treinamento resistido na sobrevida de camundongos C57BL/6 com caquexia associada ao melanoma cutâneo. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: A amostra foi constituída por 64 (camundongos C57BL/6 fêmeas, com idade entre 10 e 12 semanas, com cerca de 50 ± 5 gramas de peso corporal. Os camundongos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em quatros grupos: i. camundongos controle, com indução de tumor, inativos fisicamente (Controle, n = 16); ii. camundongos submetidos ao treinamento resistido diário somente antes da indução tumoral (Treino 1, n = 16); iii. camundongos submetidos ao treinamento resistido diário antes e após da indução tumoral (Treino 2, n = 16); iv. camundongos submetidos ao treinamento resistido diário após a indução tumoral e apresentado quadro caquético (Treino 3, n = 16). No procedimento para treinamento resistido (TR) com choque, foi utilizada uma escada com 110 cm de altura, 18 cm de largura, 2 cm entre os degraus e 80 graus de inclinação. No procedimento para TR com choque, foi utilizada uma escada 110 cm de altura, 18 cm de largura, 2 cm entre os degraus e 80 graus de inclinação. O exercício resistido baseia-se na subida dos camundongos. Na plataforma de saída, aplicava-se um choque elétrico como estímulo para subir as escadas, nesta etapa era aplicada o choque nas quatro patas do animal com uma tensão elétrica de 20 volts a uma frequência de 45 Hertz durante seis séries de oito repetições, cada uma com noventa segundos de intervalo entre as séries. Os grupos de camundongos foram submetidos a acompanhamento por no máximo 15 dias após o diagnóstico da caquexia a fim de comparar a sobrevida geral relacionada ao câncer entre os grupos de estudo. As curvas de sobrevivência de KaplanMeier foram estimadas para cada evento e as curvas dos diferentes grupos foram comparadas usando o teste de Log-rank. O tempo de sobrevida proposta foi de 25 dias após inoculação. RESULTADOS: Os resultados apresentados nesse estudo mostraram que não houve diferença significativa (p <0,05) entre as propostas de treino. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferença na sobrevida de animais com caquexia associada ao modelo tumoral singênico de melanoma cutâneo com intervenção de exercício resistido ou sedentários.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to verify the effect of resistance training on the survival of C57BL / 6 mice with cachexia associated with cutaneous melanoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 64 (female C57BL/6 mice, aged between 10 and 12 weeks, with approximately 50 ± 5 grams of body weight. The mice were randomly distributed into four groups: i. control mice, with tumor induction, physically inactive (Control, n = 16); ii. mice submitted to daily resistance training only before tumor induction (Training 1, n = 16); iii. Mice submitted to daily resistance training before and after tumor induction (Training 2, n = 16); iv. Mice submitted to daily resistance training after tumor induction and presented a cachectic condition (Training 3, n = 16). In the resistance training procedure (RT) with shock, a 110 cm high, 18 cm wide, 2 cm between the steps, and 80 degrees inclination ladder was used. In the procedure for shock resistance training (TR), a ladder 110 cm high, 18 cm wide, 2 cm between the rungs, and 80 degrees of inclination was used. The resisted exercise is based on the climbing of the mice. On the exit platform, an electric shock was applied as a stimulus to climb the stairs. In this step, the shock was applied to the four legs of the animal with an electric voltage of 20 volts at a frequency of 45 Hertz during six series of eight repetitions, each with ninety-seconds intervals between the series. The mice groups underwent follow-up for no more than 15 days after diagnosis of cachexia to compare overall cancer-related survival between the study groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were estimated for each event, and the curves of the different groups were compared using the Log-rank test. The proposed survival time was 25 days after inoculation. RESULTS: The results presented in this study showed no significant difference (p <0.05) between the training proposals. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in animals' survival with cachexia associated with the syngeneic melanoma skin tumor model with either resistance exercise or sedentary intervention.

Animals , Mice , Survival , Cachexia
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2)mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251945


El melanoma subungueal es un subgrupo del melanoma acral lentiginoso. Con frecuencia se diagnostica en etapa avanzada, dada la escasez de síntomas; de ahí que la evaluación y el tratamiento oportuno mejoran el pronóstico. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 44 años de edad, que acude a consulta de Ortopedia con melanoniquia de tres meses de evolución. Había sido tratado en la atención primaria de salud por un hematoma secundario a un trauma directo sobre la falange distal del primer artejo del pie izquierdo. Fue seguido por consulta externa de Ortopedia y, al no experimentar una evolución adecuada, fue evaluado por la Comisión Provincial de Tumores Periféricos. Se le realizó una biopsia por punch (sacabocado), que arrojó el resultado de melanoma subungueal. Se realizó la amputación del primer artejo y del proximal del primer metatarsiano, una vez verificada la no existencia de lesiones metastásicas, con excelente resultado estético y funcional, sin mostrar recidiva en su seguimiento, a dos años de su intervención(AU)

Subungual melanoma is a subgroup of lentiginous acral melanoma. It is often diagnosed in an advanced stage by a shortage of symptoms, so timely evaluation and treatment improve prognosis. This is the case of a 44-year-old patient who goes to orthopedics with melanonichia 3 months of evolution. He had been treated for a bruise secondary to direct trauma to the distal phalanx of the first left foot ailre in primary health care. It was followed by external orthopedic consultation and by not following an adequate evolution was evaluated by the provincial commission of peripheral tumors. He was given a punch biopsy resulting in a subungual melanoma. The amputation of the first artejo and proximal first metatarsal was carried out, once verified the non-existence of metastatic lesions, with excellent aesthetic and functional result, without showing relapse in its follow-up to two years(AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Catastrophic Illness/classification , Melanoma/diagnosis , Orthopedics/methods , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Biopsy , Amputation/methods , Melanoma/surgery
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 215-219, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279104


Resumen Antecedentes: Los estudios sobre factores pronóstico de melanoma están basados en poblaciones caucásicas, con predominio de melanomas delgados (Breslow < 3 mm). Los pacientes mexicanos muestran predominio de melanomas gruesos (Breslow ≥ 3 mm). Objetivo: Identificar factores asociados al pronóstico de pacientes con melanomas gruesos. Material y métodos: Se analizó la influencia pronóstica de factores clinicopatológicos en 362 melanomas gruesos. Resultados: La mediana de Breslow fue de 7 mm, 271 (74.9 %) pacientes tuvieron melanoma acral y 49 (13.5 %) melanoma nodular. El 56.6 % de los pacientes se encontró en etapa clínica [EC] III), 269 (74.3 %) tenía ulceración y 15 (4.1 %) márgenes positivos. Las variables asociadas con menor supervivencia global [SG] fueron la EC (p < 0.001), Breslow (p = 0.044), ulceración (p = 0.004), mitosis (p < 0.001) y margen < 2 cm (p < 0.001) . En el análisis multivariante los factores que influyen en SG fueron la EC, mitosis y el margen quirúrgico. Conclusiones: En pacientes con melanomas gruesos la SG es influida por un margen positive, mitosis y EC.

Abstract Background: Studies on prognostic factors in melanoma are based on Caucasian populations, with a predominance of thin melanomas (Breslow <3 mm). Mexican patients show a predominance of thick melanomas (Breslow ≥ 3 mm). Objective: To identify factors associated with the prognosis of patients with thick melanomas. Material and methods: The prognostic influence of clinicopathological factors was analyzed in 362 thick melanomas. Results: The Breslow median was 7 mm, 271 (74.9 %) patients had acral melanoma and 49 (13.5 %) nodular melanoma. The 56.6 % of patients were found in clinical stage [CS] III), 269 (74.3 %) had ulceration, and 15 (4.1 %) had positive margins. The variables associated with lower overall survival [OS] were CS (p < 0.001), Breslow (p = 0.044), ulceration (p = 0.004), mitosis (p < 0.001) and margin < 2 cm (p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, the factors influencing OS were CD, mitosis, and the surgical margin. Conclusions: In patients with thick melanomas, OS is influenced by a positive margin, mitosis and CS.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/mortality , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Burden , Melanoma/mortality , Melanoma/pathology , Prognosis , Ulcer/pathology , Margins of Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis , Melanoma/classification , Mexico , Mitosis