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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254011, 2024. graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355886

ABSTRACT

Abstract Livestock is a fundamental part of the agriculture industry in Pakistan and contributes more than 11.53% to GDP. Among livestock species, the buffaloes are regarded as the black gold of Pakistan. Being the highest milk producers globally, Nili-Ravi buffaloes are the most famous ones. Buffaloes are affected by many endemic diseases, and "Hemorrhagic septicemia" (HS) is one of them. This study was designed to ascertain the effects of experimental exposure ofP. multocida B:2 (oral) and its immunogens, i.e., LPS (oral and intravenous) and OMP (oral and subcutaneous) on reproductive hormonal profiles in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Repeated serum samples were collected from the jugular vein of experimental animals for 21 days (0, 02, 04, 08, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 72, 120, 168, 216, 264, 360, 456 and 504 hours). Hormonal assays to determine the serum concentrations of Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH), Estrogen (E2) and progesterone (P4) were performed using (MyBioSource) commercial Elisa kits. The hormonal profile of all treatment groups of the buffalo heifers exhibited significant (P<0.05) variations as compared to the control group (G-1). These results indicate suppression in Nili-Ravi buffaloes' reproductive hormonal profile on exposure to P. multocida B:2 and its immunogens. This influence warrants that exposure to H.S may be a possible reason for delayed puberty and poor reproduction performance in Nili-Ravi buffaloes.


Resumo A pecuária é uma parte fundamental da indústria agrícola no Paquistão e contribui com 11,53% do PIB nacional. Entre as espécies de gado, os búfalos são considerados o ouro negro do Paquistão. Sendo os maiores produtores de leite em todo o mundo, os búfalos Nili-Ravi são os mais famosos. Os búfalos são afetados por muitas doenças endêmicas, entre as quais a "septicemia hemorrágica" (SH). Este estudo busca verificar os efeitos da exposição experimental de P. multocida B:2 (oral) e seus imunógenos, ou seja, LPS (oral e intravenoso) e OMP (oral e subcutâneo), nos perfis hormonais reprodutivos em búfalos Nili-Ravi. Amostras de soro repetidas foram coletadas da veia jugular de animais experimentais por 21 dias (0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 72, 120, 168, 216, 264, 360, 456 e 504 horas). Os ensaios hormonais para determinar as concentrações séricas do hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina (GnRH), hormônio foliculoestimulante (FSH), hormônio luteinizante (LH), estrogênio (E2) e progesterona (P4) foram realizados usando kits comerciais Elisa (MyBioSource). O perfil hormonal de todos os grupos de tratamento das novilhas bubalinas apresentou variações significativas (P < 0,05) em relação ao grupo controle (G-1). Esses resultados indicam supressão no perfil hormonal reprodutivo de búfalos Nili-Ravi na exposição a P. multocida B:2 e seus imunógenos. Essa influência garante que a exposição à SH possa ser uma possível razão para o atraso da puberdade e o baixo desempenho reprodutivo em búfalos Nili-Ravi.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pasteurella Infections/veterinary , Reproduction , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/blood , Buffaloes , Progesterone , Cattle , Lipopolysaccharides , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Pasteurella multocida
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(3): 401-404, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376548

ABSTRACT

Abstract The treatment of valvular endocarditis in patients with cardiac implantable electrophysiological device (CIED) includes valvular surgery and lead extraction. This can be challenging in patients with severely reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Reduced LVEF in combination with sepsis and cardioplegic cardiac arrest can make weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass difficult. Some of these patients require venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) for postcardiotomy syndrome. Lead extraction by manual traction is often not possible in cases with a long lead dwell time. Therefore, a lead extraction procedure with powered sheaths is required during the VA-ECMO support. We describe our technique for laser lead extraction during VA-ECMO support in a 64-year-old patient with triple valve endocarditis and lead vegetations.

3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(1): 9-14, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364580

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Traumatic large tympanic membrane perforations usually fail to heal and require longer healing times. Few studies have compared the healing and hearing outcomes between gelatin sponge patching and ofloxacin otic solution. Objectives To compare the healing outcomes of large traumatic tympanic membrane perforations treated with gelatin sponge, ofloxacin otic solution, and spontaneous healing. Methods Traumatic tympanic membrane perforations >50% of the entire eardrum were randomly divided into three groups: ofloxacin otic solution, gelatin sponge patch and spontaneous healing groups. The healing outcome and hearing gain were compared between the three groups at 6 months. Results A total of 136 patients with large traumatic tympanic membrane perforations were included in analyses. The closure rates were 97.6% (40/41), 87.2% (41/47), and 79.2% (38/48) in the ofloxacin otic solution, gelatin sponge patch, and spontaneous healing groups, respectively (p = 0.041). The mean times to closure were 13.12 ± 4.61, 16.47 ± 6.24, and 49.51 ± 18.22 days in these groups, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions Gelatin sponge patch and ofloxacin otic solution may serve as effective and inexpensive treatment strategies for traumatic large tympanic membrane perforations. However, ofloxacin otic solution must be self-applied daily to keep the perforation edge moist, while gelatin sponge patching requires periodic removal and re-patching.


Resumo Introdução As grandes perfurações traumáticas da membrana timpânica geralmente apresentam falha de cicatrização e requerem tempos de cicatrização mais longos; poucos estudos compararam os resultados de cicatrização e a audição dessas perfurações obtidos com curativo de Gelfoam® e solução otológica de ofloxacina. Objetivo Comparar os resultados de cicatrização de grandes perfurações traumáticas da membrana timpânica tratadas com Gelfoam®, solução otológica de ofloxacina e cicatrização espontânea. Método Perfurações traumáticas de > 50% de todo o tímpano foram divididas aleatoriamente em três grupos: tratamento com solução otológica de ofloxacina, com curativo de Gelfoam® e grupo de cicatrização espontânea. O resultado da cicatrização e o ganho auditivo foram comparados entre os três grupos após 6 meses. Resultados Foram incluídos nas análises 136 pacientes com grandes perfurações traumáticas de membrana timpânica. As taxas de cicatrização foram de 97,6% (40/41), 87,2% (41/47) e 79,2% (38/48) com a solução otológica de ofloxacina, curativo de Gelfoam® e grupos de cicatrização espontânea, respectivamente (p = 0,041). O tempo médio de cicatrização foi de 13,12 ± 4,61, 16,47 ± 6,24 e 49,51 ± 18,22 dias nesses grupos, respectivamente (p < 0,001). Conclusões O curativo de Gelfoam® e a solução otológica de ofloxacina podem servir como estratégias de tratamento eficazes e de baixo custo para grandes perfurações traumáticas de membrana timpânica. Entretanto, a solução otológica de ofloxacina deve ser autoaplicada diariamente para manter a borda da perfuração úmida, enquanto o curativo de Gelfoam® requer sua remoção e reaplicação periódicas.

4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 153-159, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377373

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation (LTx) has been discussed as an option for treating irreversible lung fibrosis post-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), in selected cases. OBJECTIVES: To report on the initial experience and management of end-stage lung disease due to COVID-19 at a national center reference in Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cohort study conducted at a national reference center for lung transplantation. METHODS: Medical charts were reviewed regarding patients' demographics and pre-COVID-19 characteristics, post-LTx due to COVID-19. RESULTS: Between March 2020 and September 2021, there were 33 cases of LTx. During this period, we evaluated 11 cases of severe COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) that were potentially candidates for LTx. Among these, LTx was only indicated for three patients (9.1%). All of these patients were on venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and the procedure that they underwent was central venoarterial ECMO. All three patients were still alive after the first 30 postoperative days. However, patient #1 and patient #2 subsequently died due to fungal sepsis on the 47th and 52nd postoperative days, respectively. Patient #3 was discharged on the 30th postoperative day. CONCLUSIONS: LTx is feasible among these complex patients. Survival over the first 30 days was 100%, and this favors surgical feasibility. Nonetheless, these were critically ill patients.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 126-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907043

ABSTRACT

Common marginal donor liver mainly consists of fatty donor liver, elderly donor liver, small volume donor liver and liver graft from donation after cardiac death (DCD), etc. The application of marginal donor liver may resolve the severe shortage of donor liver to certain extent. Nevertheless, marginal donor liver yields a higher risk of ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and causes more severe IRI than normal donor liver, which is a main cause for the failure of transplantation. In addition, oxidative stress is a major risk factor causing IRI of marginal donor liver. Therefore, how to mitigate oxidative stress and alleviate IRI of marginal donor liver has become a hot spot in clinical practice. Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative stress occurs throughout the whole process of IRI. In this article, the role of oxidative stress in IRI of marginal donor liver transplantation and the ROS-targeted prevention and treatment were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for clinical practice.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906998

ABSTRACT

@#Tooth loss is accompanied by alveolar bone absorption or defect, resulting in insufficient bone and soft tissue. In addition to restoring the masticatory function of missing teeth, implant treatment should also needs to restore the contour and shape of the dental arch. Guided bone regeneration is a common means of bone increase. Xenogeneic granular bone substitute materials are widely used in the field of clinical bone augmentation due to their advantages of long degradation time and low immunogenicity, but other problems, such as inconvenient operation and low osteogenic activity, remain. Plasmatrix can effectively improve the effect of oral tissue regeneration and reduce the occurrence of postoperative complications, and its application in oral tissue regeneration is gradually increasing. This article first introduces the main application forms of plasmatrix in horizontal bone augmentation (mainly solid plasmatrix membrane and plasmatrix bone block), and reclassifies horizontal bone defects according to commonly used decision-making schemes in clinical bone augmentation, in other words, whether the implant can be placed in the ideal position and whether there is bone dehiscence after implantation. Type Ⅰ defects refers to the situation where the bone at the implant site can allow the insertion of an implant with ideal size, and there is no bone dehiscence around the implant, but the alveolar bone contour is not ideal; type Ⅱ defects refers to the situation that when an ideal size implant is placed at the implant site determined by the future prosthesis position, there will be bones on three sides of the implant, but there is bone dehiscence in the buccal bone wall (the length of bone dehiscence is less than 50% of the implant length); type Ⅲ defects refers to the situation where the bone volume at the implant site is not enough to for the placement of the ideal size implant at the ideal position, and bone grafting is required to restore the bone volume before the implant placement. The application of plasmatrix in different types of bone defects is then described. In type Ⅰ bone defects, the solid plasmatrix membrane is used instead of the collagen membrane; in type Ⅱ bone defects, the bone defect around the implant is filled by plasmatrix bone block and then covered with collagen membrane and solid plasmatrix membrane; and in type Ⅲ bone defects, plasmatrix bone block is used to replace autogenous bone block to fill the defect area, and titanium screws are used for fixation. The defect is then covered with a collagen membrane and a solid plasmatrix membrane. This article aims to provide oral clinicians with a comprehensive understanding of plasmatrix and simplify the guidelines for bone regeneration operations.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 277-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920861

ABSTRACT

Mitochondria is one of the important organelles, which is composed of outer mitochondrial membrane and inner mitochondrial membrane. Mitochondrial structure and function are regulated by mitochondrial dynamics. Mitochondrial fusion- and fission-related proteins may participate in the process of mitochondrial fusion and fission, mediate mitochondrial dynamics, thereby regulating cell structure, function and energy metabolism. Mitofusin (MFN) 2, a protein located on the outer mitochondrial membrane of mammalian, has guanosine triphosphatase activity, which may mediate mitochondrial fusion, participate in mitophagy, formation of mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum membrane and apoptosis, and significantly affect the incidence and development of ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). In this article, the structure, regulation, function of MFN2 and its role in IRI were reviewed, and the relationship between MFN2 and IRI and underlying mechanism were investigated, aiming to provide novel targets and ideas for the prevention and treatment of IRI.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 246-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920856

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and safety of tracheal extubation in operating room for patients with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after single-lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 57 recipients who underwent single-lung transplantation due to end-stage COPD were retrospectively analyzed. According to the evaluation indexes of tracheal extubation in operating room established by our hospital, 17 recipients eligible for tracheal extubation in operating room were assigned into the operating room extubation group (OR extubation group) and 40 recipients receiving tracheal extubation in intensive care unit (ICU) were allocated in the ICU extubation group. The evaluation results of intraoperative tracheal extubation and postoperative recovery were compared between two groups. Results Compared with the ICU extubation group, recipients in the OR extubation group had higher oxygenation index, lower arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), lower blood lactic acid level, less fluctuation range of blood pressure and fewer cases receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during operation (all P < 0.05). Two recipients in the OR extubation group received repeated tracheal intubation at 6 and 8 h after returning to ICU, and tracheal extubation at postoperative 6 and 9 d. In the OR extubation group, time of postoperative mechanical ventilation, length of postoperative ICU and hospital stay of the recipients were shorter than those in the ICU extubation group (all P < 0.05). The incidence of grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD), atrial tachyarrhythmia, continuous renal replacement therapy and 1-year survival rate did not significantly differ between two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions The tracheal extubation regimen in the operating room for COPD patients after single-lung transplantation established by our hospital is safe and feasible, which shortens the time of postoperative mechanical ventilation, the length of postoperative ICU and hospital stay, whereas does not increase the incidence of postoperative complications.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 195-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920849

ABSTRACT

Organ donation after citizen's death has become the main source of organ donation in China. However, the complexity of donor quality and the increasing proportion of expanded criteria donor (ECD) exert significant impact upon the availability of donor kidney and the long-term prognosis of recipients after kidney transplantation. Strengthening the quality maintenance and evaluation of donor kidney is of great significance for improving the quality of donor kidney, increasing the procurement and utilization of donor kidney and prolonging the long-term survival of recipients and kidney allografts. As one of the major approaches of organ preservation, machine perfusion preservation may not only prolong the preservation time and improve the quality of donor kidney, but also play a critical role in the repair and function evaluation of donor kidney. Based on literature review, several hot issues, corresponding treatment strategies and research progress on machine perfusion in the quality maintenance of donor kidney from organ donation after citizen's death were reviewed in this article, aiming to provide reference for selecting the optimal preservation method of donor kidney and enhancing the quality and utilization rate of ECD donor kidney.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920826

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the mid- and long-term outcomes of different surgical techniques for subaortic stenosis. Methods    The clinical data of 75 patients with subaortic stenosis who underwent surgery in our hospital from January 2008 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 48 males and 27 females, with a median age of 72 (48, 132) months and mean weight of 21.35±15.82 kg. There were 40 (53.3%) patients combined with aortic regurgitation; 38 (50.7%) patients were the first time and 37 patients were the second time to receive the operation. According to the surgical techniques, 75 patients were divided into two groups: a group A (40 patients with simple subaortic membrane resection) and a group B (35 patients with subaortic membrane and muscle resection or modified Konno procedure). Results    Two (2.67%) patients died in hospital. There was one late death in the group B. The average preoperative and postoperative pressure gradient of all patients was 69.96±42.02 mm Hg and 7.44±12.45 mm Hg, respectively. All patients were followed up for 51 (12, 120) months. Pressure gradient at follow-up in the group A and the group B was 8.83±14.52 mm Hg and 5.86±9.53 mm Hg, respectively with no statistical difference (P=0.294). Four patients in the group A and 2 patients in the group B needed reintervention. However, there was no statistical difference in the long-term reintervention rate between the two groups (P=0.480). Conclusion    For the different degree of lesions in the left ventricular outflow tract, our management strategy is feasible. Although there is no statistical difference between two the groups in the long-term reintervention rate after simple valvular membrane resection, prolonged follow-up is necessary to examine the long-term outcomes of different surgical techniques.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920559

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the mechanisms by which D-methionine (D-Met) eradicates Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms by suppressing cyclic dimeric GMP (c-di-GMP) levels.@*Methods @#Cell viability, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were measured to determine the effective concentrations of D-Met, which were subsequently used in the following experiments. During the P. gingivalis biofilm formation inhibition experiment and the mature biofilm disassembly experiment, biofilm biomass, exopolysaccharide (EPS), biofilm morphology, integrity of the cell membrane, and the level of c-di-GMP were determined. @*Results @# D-Met < 40 mmol/L was biocompatible. During the biofilm formation inhibition and mature biofilm disassembly experiments, D-Met ≥ 20 mmol/L decreased the biofilm biomass and the production of EPS. SEM analysis showed that the extracellular matrix and bacterial density were drastically reduced by D-Met ≥ 20 mmol/L. TEM detection showed that 35 mmol/L D-Met ruptured the cell membrane during biofilm formation and increased the permeability of the cell membrane in the disassembly phase of mature biofilms. C-di-GMP levels decreased with increasing concentrations of D-Met in a concentration-dependent manner.@* Conclusion @# D-Met ≥ 20 mmol/L could eradicate P. gingivalis biofilms by suppressing c-di-GMP levels.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 517-520, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920445

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the clinical effect of modified free conjunctival flap transplantation with limbal stem cells in the treatment of pterygium and its impact on tear film function.<p>METHODS: A total of 60 pterygium patients admitted to our hospital from March 2017 to March 2021 were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group, with 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with amniotic membrane transplantation, and the observation group was treated with modified free conjunctival flap transplantation with limbal stem cells. The treatment period of both groups was 21d. And then the clinical efficacy, operation duration, corneal wound repair time, xerophthalmia score, tear film rupture time value and basic tear secretion test value before and 1, 3mo after treatment, and the occurrence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.<p>RESULTS: The total effective rate of clinical treatment in the observation group was higher than that of the control group(χ2=5.963, P=0.015), the operation duration in the observation group was longer than that for the control group(t=-2.643, P<0.05), and the repair time of corneal wound was shorter than that of the control group(t=2.182, P<0.05). At 1 and 3mo after surgery, dry eye score in two groups decreased compared with that before surgery(all P<0.05), and there was a difference between observation group and control group(t=2.082, 3.956; all P<0.05). The time of tear film rupture at 1 and 3mo after surgery was increased compared with that before surgery(all P<0.05), and there was a difference between the observation group and the control group(t=4.245, 2.070; all P<0.05).The experimental value of basal tear secretion at 1 and 3mo after surgery increased compared with that before surgery(all P<0.05), and there was a difference between the observation group and the control group(t=2.076, 2.223; all P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups(P=0.572).<p>CONCLUSION: The improved free conjunctival flap transplantation with limbal stem cells can effectively improve the clinical symptoms and tear film function of patients with pterygium, which is beneficial to the recovery of postoperative corneal wound, and can reduce the incidence of adverse reactions.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 505-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920442

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the difference of curative effect between internal limiting membrane(ILM)inversion and insertion and ILM peeling and to analyze the influence of different surgical methods on the morphology of hiatus healing.<p>METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 22 patients with macular hole, who received vitrectomy in the First People's Hospital of Zunyi City from June 2017 to June 2020. According to the surgical methods, they were divided into 8 cases and 8 eyes in the ILM peeling group and 14 cases and 14 eyes in the ILM inversion covering group. The two groups of patients underwent best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)test, non-contact intraocular pressure and optical coherence tomography(OCT)examination before and 1wk, 1, and 3mo after operation were analysed. <p>RESULTS: The macular hole closure rate in the ILM peeling group was 75%, and the hole closure rate in the ILM inversion and insertion group was 93%. There was no statistically significant difference in the hole closure rate between the two groups(P=0.527). The trends of BCVA over time in the two groups were similar, but there were differences in time(Ftime=18.426, Ptime<0.001)and no difference between groups and interactions(Fbetween groups=1.319, Pbetween groups=0.289; Fbetween groups×time=1.658, Pbetween groups×time=0.211). The BCVA of the two groups was statistically significant 1wk after operation compared with that before operation(t= -2.200, -3.092; all P<0.05); The BCVA of the ILM inversion and insertion group was improved 3mo after operation compared with that before operation, and the difference in the group was statistically significant(t=2.503, P=0.019). There was no difference in overall foveal thickness between the two groups after surgery(Ftime=1.054, Ptime=0.346; Fbetween groups=0.110, Pbetween groups=0.750; Fbetween groups×time=2.391, Pbetween groups×time=0.152).<p>CONCLUSION: Both ILM inversion and insertion and ILM peeling can effectively increase the rate of macular hole closure. The macular structure healing after the ILM inversion and insertion is better, and the postoperative visual function improvement is more satisfactory.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 462-466, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920430

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To investigate the efficacy and safety of pars plana vitrectomy(PPV)combined with inverted internal limiting membrane(ILM)flap and PPV combined with ILM tamping in the treatment of large basal diameter idiopathic macular hole(IMH), and to analyze the correlation between postoperative visual acuity and preoperative parameters. <p>METHODS:This study is a retrospective clinical study. Totally 56 patients(57 eyes)with macular hole bottom diameter greater than 1 000μm, who treated in Joint Shantou International Eye Center from January 2018 to December 2020, were enrolled in this study. Thirty eyes were involved in PPV combined with inverted ILM flap(Group 1)and 27 eyes were involved in PPV combined with ILM tamping(Group 2). The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), the closure of the macular hole, thickness of foveal neurosensory layer and complications were compared between the two groups at 1wk and 1mo after the surgery. Person correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between preoperative parameters and BCVA at 1mo after operation.<p>RESULTS: There was no significant difference in gender, age, eye type, course of disease, preoperative BCVA, postoperative macular hole healing classification, preoperative hole bottom diameter and eye axis between the two groups(P>0.05). The closure rate of macular hole in Group 1 was 97%, of which type 1 closure was 80%. The closure rate of macular hole in Group 2 was 100%, of which type 1 closure was 78%, and there was no significant difference in the closure rate(P=0.99). The postoperative follow-up BCVA of patients in both groups was better than that before operation(all P<0.01). The BCVA of Group 1 was better than Group 2 at 1mo after operation, and the difference was statistically significant(t= -2.20, P=0.03). There was no significant difference in the thickness of foveal neurosensory layer between two groups at 1mo after operation(t=0.407, P=0.69). The BCVA at 1mo after operation was positively correlated with the hole diameter and preoperative BCVA(r=0.435, P=0.004; r=0.440, P=0.001). There was no complication in both groups during and after operation. <p>CONCLUSION:PPV combined with inverted ILM flap and PPV combined with ILM tamping can improve the closure rate of the hole. The long-term visual acuity of PPV combined with inverted ILM flap is better than that of PPV combined with ILM tamping. There is a significant positive correlation between postoperative BCVA and the bottom diameter of the hole and preoperative BCVA. Preoperative bottom diameter can be used as one of the basis for clinical prognosis.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 85-97, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913171

ABSTRACT

The development of nanotechnology has made it possible to develop safe, efficient, precise and controllable drug delivery system (DDS). Among them, organic or inorganic synthetic nanocarriers have been widely reported and used for the delivery of tumor therapeutic agents. However, some of carriers have several problems, such as easily eliminated by the body's immune system, difficult to preparation or poor safety in vivo. In recent years, with the development of biomedicine, biomimetic technology based biomembrane-mediated nanodrug delivery has organically integrated the low immunogenicity of natural biomembrane, cancer targeting, and the controllable and multifunctional of smart nanocarrier design. It will achieve a new breakthrough of nanotechnology in cancer targeted therapy. Based on the recent advances of cell membrane-derived biomimetic nanotechnology and the nanomedicine in the field of cancer therapy, this review discusses the three aspects including the experimental basis of cell membrane-derived biomimetic nanotechnology, the classification of biomimetic nanodrug delivery platforms, and the application in cancer targeted therapy. Therefore, the review will provide reference for the design of smart drug delivery system and its development in cancer targeted treatment.

16.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210432, 2022. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365416

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe the experience of aeromedical interhospital transport of an adult patient with severe hypoxemic respiratory failure due to SARS-CoV-2, on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Method: This is a case report, guided by the tool Case Report Guidelines, with a descriptive approach. Data were collected from the digital medical record and field notes after the approval by the Institution and the Human Research Ethics Committee. Results: The transport of a critically ill, unstable patient with acute respiratory syndrome 2 on extracorporeal oxygenation was an opportunity for the team to acquire new knowledge. The proper preparation of the fixed-wing aircraft and the profile of the team of specialist nurses contributed to the safety and quality in the three phases of flight: preflight, in-flight and post-flight. Conclusion: Air transport of adults on cardiopulmonary bypass to referral centers, under the care of an experienced multidisciplinary team, can contribute to positive results. The nurses' autonomy, their leadership role and expertise in process management are highlighted. Thus, success was evidenced with the patient's discharge after 45 days from the Intensive Care Unit.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir la experiencia del transporte inter hospitalario aeromédico de un paciente adulto, con hipoxia grave por SARS-CoV-2, en uso de membrana de oxigenación extra corpórea. Método: Reporte de caso, guiado por la herramienta Case Report Guidelines, con abordaje descriptivo. Los datos fueron recolectados del historial clínico digital del paciente y de los apuntes de campo tras aprobación hecha por la Institución y por el Comité de Ética e Investigación con Seres Humanos. Resultados: El transporte del paciente en estado grave, instable, con síndrome respiratoria aguda 2 en uso de oxigenación extra corpórea fue una oportunidad para el equipo asimilar nuevos conocimientos. La preparación adecuada de la aeronave de ala fija y el perfil del equipo de enfermeros expertos contribuyeron para realizar con seguridad y calidad las tres etapas del vuelo: antes, durante y después del vuelo. Conclusión: El transporte aéreo de adultos a los centros de referencia en circulación extra corpórea, bajo los cuidados de un equipo con diversos profesionales experientes, puede ser contributivo para los resultados positivos. Se pone de relieve la autonomía de los enfermeros, el rol de liderazgo y la expertise en el manejo de procesos. Para tal, el éxito fue evidenciado por el alta al paciente después de 45 días en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a experiência do transporte inter-hospitalar aeromédico de um paciente adulto, com insuficiência respiratória hipoxêmica grave por SARS-CoV-2, em uso de membrana de oxigenação extracorpórea. Método: Relato de caso, norteado pela ferramenta Case Report Guidelines, com abordagem descritiva. Os dados foram coletados do prontuário digital e do diário de campo após aprovação feita pela Instituição e pelo Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa com Seres Humanos. Resultados: O transporte do paciente em estado crítico, instável, com síndrome respiratória aguda 2 em uso de oxigenação extracorpórea foi uma oportunidade para a equipe assimilar novos conhecimentos. O preparo adequado da aeronave de asa fixa e o perfil da equipe de enfermeiros especialistas contribuíram para realizar com segurança e qualidade as três fases de voo: pré-voo, durante o voo e pós voo. Conclusão: O transporte aéreo de adultos para os centros de referência em circulação extracorpórea, sob os cuidados de uma equipe multiprofissional experiente, pode contribuir para os resultados positivos. Destaca-se a autonomia dos enfermeiros, o papel de liderança e a expertise no gerenciamento de processos. Para tal, o sucesso foi evidenciado pela alta do paciente após 45 dias do Centro de Terapia Intensiva.


Subject(s)
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Transportation of Patients , Case Reports , Coronavirus Infections , Knowledge Management
17.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e256502, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364493

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tagetes genus of Composite family consider one of the most favorite floriculture plants. Therefore, of particular interest examine the salt tolerance of this bedding and coloring agent plant. In this research, was report the role of glycinebetaine (GB) in attenuating the adverse impacts of salt stress in African marigold plant, along with their anti-oxidative capacities and biochemical attributes. The salt stressed African marigold (100 and 150 mM NaCl) was treated with GB at 200 mM, beside untreated control plants. According to the obtained results, the growth characters were negatively in salt stressed plants but a mitigate impact of GB were observed in this respect. Obviously, the morphological as well as some physiological characters were reduced with salinity treatments while GB treatment reverses these effects. Overall, the alleviate impact of GB on the negative impact of salt stress was enhanced through improving total phenolic and antioxidant enzyme activity. Further, it is concluded that GB concentration induces the activities of antioxidative enzymes which scavenged ROS increased under saline conditions.


Resumo O Tagetes, da família Composite, é um dos gêneros mais apreciados de plantas de floricultura. Portanto, é de particular interesse examinar a tolerância ao sal desta planta de substrato e corante. Nesta pesquisa, foi relatado o papel da glicinebetaína (GB) na atenuação dos impactos adversos do estresse salino na calêndula africana, juntamente com suas capacidades antioxidantes e atributos bioquímicos. A calêndula africana estressada com sal (NaCl 100 e 150 mM) foi tratada com GB a 200 mM, ao lado de plantas de controle não tratadas. De acordo com os resultados obtidos, os caracteres de crescimento foram negativos em plantas estressadas por sal, mas um impacto mitigado de GB foi observado neste aspecto. Obviamente, os caracteres morfológicos e fisiológicos foram reduzidos com os tratamentos de salinidade, enquanto o tratamento com GB reverteu esses efeitos. No geral, o impacto de alívio do GB no impacto negativo do estresse salino foi aprimorado através da melhoria da atividade das enzimas fenólicas e antioxidantes totais. Além disso, conclui-se que a concentração de GB induz as atividades de enzimas antioxidantes que sequestraram ROS aumentadas em condições salinas.

18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6666, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375337

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To report the experience of performing bronchoscopy in patients who underwent supportive therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in whom the bronchoscopy was performed. Methods: This was a review of medical records of patients diagnosed with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and who required diagnostic or therapeutic bronchoscopy. Records included were related to patients admitted to the intensive care unit of Hospital das Clínicas of Faculdade de Medicina of Universidade de São Paulo, between 2014 and 2020. Results: During the study, 16 bronchoscopies were performed in 8 patients admitted to the intensive care unit and who underwent supportive therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The mean age of patients was 28.37 years. Four patients were women (50%). A total of 5 (31.25%) therapeutic bronchoscopies and 11 (68.75%) diagnostics were performed. In 5 of patients, material was collected: 4 samples of bronchoalveolar lavage, three collections of transbronchial biopsies, and 1 of endobronchial biopsies. No patient had radiological worsening or hemodynamic complications. One patient (6.25%) had transient desaturation. There was moderate bleeding after transbronchial biopsy in 1 (6.25%) procedure, which was resolved endoscopically. Conclusion: Patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can safely perform diagnostic or therapeutic bronchoscopy provided that they have a detailed indication. Procedures were performed by a specialized bronchoscopy team in intensive care environment and with the assistance of a qualified multidisciplinary team in membrane oxygenation therapy extracorporeal.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 680-684, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922991

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the efficacy of pterygium excision combined with autologous limbal epithelial bulbar conjunctival transplantation in the treatment of patients with pterygium. METHODS:Prospective controlled study. A total of 102 patients(102 eyes)with pterygium treated in the hospital between October 2015 and October 2019 were selected as study subjects, and they were divided into observation group and control group according to the random number table method, with 51 cases in each group. The control group was treated with pterygium excision combined with amniotic membrane transplantation, and the observation group was given pterygium excision combined with autologous limbal epithelial bulbar conjunctival transplantation. The perioperative indicators(intraoperative blood loss, surgical time, corneal epithelial repair time)and clinical efficacy at 3mo after surgery were compared between the two groups, and the disease recovery-related indicators \〖tear film break-up time(BUT), uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt), corneal astigmatism degree(CAD)\〗 before and 3mo after surgery, postoperative aesthetic degree and recurrence during follow-up were recorded.RESULTS:The corneal epithelial repair time in observation group was shorter than that in control group(4.14±1.35 <i>vs</i> 4.72±1.37d,<i>P</i><0.05), while the surgical time was longer than that in control group(32.24±6.69 <i>vs</i> 29.67±5.21min,<i>P</i><0.05), and there was no statistical significance in the intraoperative blood loss between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). At 3mo after surgery, there was no statistical difference in the effective rate of treatment between the two groups(86.3% <i>vs</i> 78.4%, <i>P</i>>0.05). At 3mo after surgery, the BUT, UCVA and SⅠt in the two groups were significantly enhanced compared with those before surgery(all <i>P</i><0.05), and the UCVA and SⅠt in observation group were higher than those in control group(all <i>P</i><0.05), but there was no statistical difference in the BUT between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). The CAD in the two groups was significantly lower than that before surgery(<i>P</i><0.05), but the difference was not significant between the groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). At 3mo after surgery, the scores of dimensions of aesthetic scale for pterygium treatment(ocular recovery, subjective symptoms)were significantly higher in observation group than those in control group(all <i>P</i><0.05), but there were no statistical differences in the scores of cleanliness of surgical area and congestion between the two groups(all <i>P</i>>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in recurrence rate between the two groups during follow-up(<i>P</i>>0.05).CONCLUSION: Pterygium excision combined with autologous limbal epithelial bulbar conjunctival transplantation can effectively treat pterygium and prevent recurrence, and it has faster postoperative recovery and better aesthetic degree compared to pterygium excision combined with amniotic membrane transplantation.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 409-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922916

ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of Dracocephalum moldavica (EPDM) flavonoids to protect human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) from necroptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. To mimic the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a necroptosis model was established by treatment with the pan-cysteine aspartic acid protease (caspase) inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK combined with oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation (OGD/R) injury using HBMECs. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. A Hoechst33342/PI fluorescent double-staining method was exploited to determine the rate of cell necroptosis. A commercial kit was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase in the cell culture supernate. DCFH-DA probes, calcein AM and JC-1 probes were used to measure changes in ROS production, mitochondrial membrane permeability transformation pore (MPTP) opening and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were chosen to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Western blotting was used to detect necroptosis-related proteins. The results show that relative to control group, Z-VAD-FMK combined with OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the necroptosis rate and the levels of LDH and ROS in HBMECs. The MPTP of the model group cells opened and the MMP reduced. TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mitochondrial phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5) was significantly increased, accompanied by an increase of phosphorylated mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL)/MLKL. EPDM partially reversed the changes of the above-mentioned factors in HBMECs induced by Z-VAD-FMK plus OGD/R injury. These results indicate that EPDM may protect HBMECs from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting the RIP3/MLKL/PGAM5 pathway and MPTP opening to maintain mitochondrial function, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of EPDM in the treatment of cerebral ischemia-related diseases.

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