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Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 363-366, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006709


【Objective】 To compare the application of modified selective posterior rhiotomy of spinal nerve with traditional rhiotomy in the treatment of spastic cerebral palsy and to evaluate the efficacy and complications of the two surgical methods. 【Methods】 The clinical data of 52 patients with spastic cerebral palsy were analyzed retrospectively. Among them 23 cases were treated with traditional selective posterior rhiotomy and the remaining 29 cases with modified selective posterior rhiotomy. Operation time, amount of blood loss, proportion of root after spinal nerve amputation, postoperative complications, spasm index, ankle clonus, and Holden walking ability at 1 year after operation were compared between the two groups. 【Results】 The operation time of modified selective posterior rhiotomy was longer than that of conventional surgery (P0.05). The proportion of root was smaller in the modified group than in the traditional group (P<0.05). The improved group was superior to the traditional group in the disappearance of ankle clonus (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Modified selective posterior rhiotomy has more advantages in eliminating ankle clonus. It is a safe and effective surgical improvement method to evaluate the changes of muscle tension and ankle clonus to quantitatively cut the posterior root of spinal nerve during the operation. This can reduce the proportion of the posterior root of spinal nerve during the operation, and keep the anatomical and functional basis for reducing the occurrence of surgical complications.

China Pharmacy ; (12): 657-660, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817069


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rationality of TLC identification method (3) of (R,S)-epigoitrin in Isatis indigotica stated in 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia (partⅠ) (later abbreviated as pharmacopeia), and make some improvements. METHODS: Three batches I. indigotica were collected and prepared into decoction pieces according to the processing method of I. indigotica in pharmacopoeia. TLC identification of (R,S)-goitrin in I. indigotica decoction piece and medicinal material were conducted according to identification method (3) in pharmacopeia (80% ethanol as solvent for sample treatment, ultrasound extraction); the rationality of pharmacopoeia method was investigated. Then the method was improved by changing the extraction solvent and pretreatment method (method one: using water as solvent, ultrasound extraction; method two: soaking in water for 1 h, then adding into methanol, ultrasound extraction; method three: the sample was wetted and then dried, using 80% methanol as solvent, ultrasound extraction) of samples, and the optimal method was verified. According to the optimal method, the TLC identification of (R,S)-goitrin was detected by using chromatographic plates from different manufacturers, under the conditions of low temperature and low humidity (7 ℃, relative humidity 48%) and high temperature and high humidity (35 ℃, relative humidity 75%) respectively,to investigate the durability of the method. RESULTS: According to the method of pharmacopeia, in the chromatograms of decoction pieces, the same color spots appeared at the corresponding chromatographic positions of reference substance, but no corresponding spots appeared in the medicinal material chromatograms. After the samples were treated by three improvement methods, in medicinal material chromatograms, the same color spots appeared in the corresponding chromatographic positions of reference substances. There were single chromatographic spot after medicinal materials were treated with method one, and there were more spots after medicinal materials were treated with method two and three, and method two consumed less time than method three. The results of validation tests and method durability tests  showed that after the treatment of I. indigotica and its decoction pieces according to method two, the same color spots appeared in the corresponding positions of the decoction pieces and the medicinal materials chromatograms as those of the control. CONCLUSIONS: The improved TLC identification method is effective, the chromatographic spots are clear, and the repeatability is good.

Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 90-93, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700001


Objective To improve the theory and practice learning of the students majoring in medical imaging by investigating the teaching method of"Medical Electronics"course.Methods The problems in teaching"Medical Electronics"course were summarized, and the causes were analyzed. Results Some improvement measures were proposed for teaching"Medical Electronics"course with considerations on the professional background of the students and the characteristics of the course, which proved its efficiency through practical trial. Conclusion For teaching medical students in electronics technology course,the methods such as integrating and optimizing contents of course,guided teaching as well as experiments and discussions by groups,have significant effects on improving students'learning enthusiasm and teaching efficiency.

China Pharmacy ; (12): 4295-4297, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704432


OBJECTIVE:To improve HPLC method for determining optical isomers in raltitrexed raw material.METHODS:After improved,the column was CHIRALPAK AD-H with mobile phase consisted of n-hexane-anhydrous ethanol-trifluoroacetate (70∶30∶0.1,V/V/V).The sample size was 100 μL.The flow rate of 1.0 mL/min.The detection wavelength was set at 226 rm,and column temperature was 35 ℃.RESULTS:The linear range of optical isomers was 99.68-398.7 ng(r=0.999 9).The quantitation limit was 4.945 ng,and detection limit was 1.648 ng.RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 1.0%;the recoveries ranged 99.43%-100.14% (RSD=0.25%,n=9).CONCLUSIONS:The optimized method is simple,accurate,sensitive and reproducible,which can be used for the determination of optical isomers in raltitrexed raw material.

China Pharmacy ; (12): 2086-2089, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609822


OBJECTIVE:To improve the detection method for the dissolution of dihydroartemisinin in Dihydroartemisinin and piperaquine phosphate tablets. METHODS:The dissolution experiment adopted paddle method using 0.1 mol/L hydrochloric acid so-lution 500 mL as solvent with rotating speed of 75 r/min and sampling time of 45 min. In sample pre-treatment,the volume of 3.6% sodium hydroxide solution was increased from 5 mL to 20 mL,and that of phosphoric acid was increased from 0.2 mL to 0.7 mL. HPLC was adopted to determine the dissolution of dihydroartemisinin. The determination was performed on YMC-Pack ODS-A column with mobile phase consisted of 0.02 mol/L disodium hydrogen phosphate solution(pH adjusted to 2.4 using phosphoric ac-id)-acetonitrile(65 : 35,V/V)at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 237 nm,and column temperature was 30 ℃. The sample size was 20 μL. RESULTS:The linear range of dihydroartemisinin were 7.802-117.03 μg/mL(r=0.9999). The limit of quantitation was 2.0 ng,and the limit of detection was 0.6 ng. RSDs of precision and reproducibility tests were all low-er than 1.0%. The recoveries were 99.18%-100.46%(RSD=0.45%,n=9). Average dissolutions of dihydroartemisinin in 3 batch-es of samples were 94.9%,77.9%,89.6%,respectively. CONCLUSIONS:Improved method enhance the accuracy for the limit of sensitivity,dissolution and detection results.