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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 190-193, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920622

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the surveillance results of common diseases among primary and middle school students in Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in 2020, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the control measures for common diseases among primary and middle school students. @*Methods@#The comprehensive health surveillance data of 31 467 primary and middle school students were collected from 132 schools in 14 divisions of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in 2020, and the prevalence of poor vision, overweight and obesity, dental caries, malnutrition and elevated blood pressure were descriptively analyzed.@*Results@#The 31 467 students included 15 580 boys ( 49.51% ) and 15 887 girls ( 50.49% ). There were 19 632 students ( 62.39% ) from urban areas and 11 835 ( 37.61% ) from suburban areas, and there were 11 371 primary students ( 36.14% ), 11 169 junior high school students ( 35.49% ) and 8 927 high school students ( 28.37% ). The detection rates of poor vision, overweight and obesity, dental caries, elevated blood pressure, and malnutrition were 57.22%, 29.69%, 27.57%, 15.03%, and 4.81%, respectively. The detection rates of overweight and obesity ( 36.07% vs. 23.45%, P<0.05 ) and malnutrition ( 5.71% vs. 3.93%, P<0.05 ) were significantly higher, while the detection rates of poor vision ( 51.61% vs. 62.72%, P<0.05 ), dental caries ( 24.46% vs. 30.63%, P<0.05 ) and elevated blood pressure ( 14.61% vs. 15.43%, P<0.05 ) were significantly lower in boys than in girls. The detection rates of overweight and obesity ( 30.17% vs. 28.91%, P<0.05 ) and poor vision ( 61.55% vs. 50.04%, P<0.05 ) were significantly higher, while the prevalence rates of malnutrition ( 4.55% vs. 5.24%, P<0.05 ), dental caries ( 24.47% vs. 32.73%, P<0.05 ) and elevated blood pressure (14.66% vs. 15.63%, P<0.05) were significantly lower in students from urban areas than from suburban areas. In addition, the prevalence of malnutrition and poor vision appeared a tendency towards a rise, while the prevalence of overweight and obesity, dental caries and elevated blood pressure appeared a tendency towards a decline among primary and middle school students with the study period (P<0.05 ).@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of poor vision, overweight and obesity, and dental caries is relatively high among primary and middle school students in Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, and comorbid overweight and obesity and malnutrition is found.

2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 109-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920561

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of hypertension among primary and middle school students living in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, so as to provide insights into comprehensive hypertension control among children and adolescents.@*Methods@# Primary and middle school students at ages of 7 to 17 years were recruited for a questionnaire survey in Suzhou City using the stratified cluster random sampling method from September to December, 2020, and the height and body weight were measured. Blood pressure was measured at three separate clinic visits according to the national criteria Reference of Screening for Elevated Blood Pressure among Children and Adolescents Aged 7-18 Years ( WS/T 610-2018 ), and the detection of elevated blood pressure was estimated at three separate visits. In addition, factors affecting elevated blood pressure were identified. @*Results@#A total of 3 713 students were enrolled, including 1 924 boys ( 51.82% ) and 1 789 girls ( 48.18% ). The detection of elevated blood pressure was 13.63%, 5.36%, and 3.37% at three separate visits, respectively, and the prevalence of hypertension ( elevated blood pressure at all three visits ) was 3.37%. The detection rates of elevated blood pressure were all higher at three visits ( 16.90%, 8.40%, and 5.26% ) among students at ages of 12 to 17 years than among students at ages of 7 to 11 years ( 9.65%, 1.67%, and 1.07%, P<0.05 ). The detection of elevated blood pressure was significantly higher in boys ( 15.23% ) than in girls (11.91%) at the first visit ( P<0.05 ), while no significant differences were seen at the second or third visit ( P>0.05 ). In addition, higher detection rates of elevated blood pressure were seen in obese ( 27.62%, 11.51%, and 7.06% ) and overweight students ( 17.45%, 6.95%, and 4.85% ) than in students with normal weight ( 9.44%, 3.54%, and 2.15% ) at all three visits, and greater detection rates of elevated blood pressure were found in obese students than in overweight students at the first and second visits ( P<0.017 ).@*Conclusions @#The prevalence of hypertension was 3.37% based on three separate visits among primary and middle school students in Suzhou City. Measurement of blood pressure at three separate visits within different days is effective to reduce the false positive rate of hypertension and decrease misdiagnosis among children and adolescents.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907072

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia among overweight and obese primary and middle school students in Tongzhou District, so as to provide the evidence for the implementation of comprehensive health education and early interventions for overweight and obese students. @*Methods @#The basic information, physical examinations and blood lipid testing results were collected from the primary and middle school students in Tongzhou District from 2015 to 2019 through the nutrition and health monitoring project among students in Tongzhou District. The epidemiological characteristics of overweight and obese students with dyslipidemia were descriptively analyzed. @*Results @#Among the 1 483 primary and middle school students detected, the overall prevalence rates of overweight, obesity and dyslipidemia were 12.68% ( 188 students ), 20.43% ( 303 students ) and 20.57% ( 305 students ), respectively. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was higher in overweight and obese students ( 24.44% ) than in students with normal weight ( 18.65%, P<0.05 ), and the prevalence of dyslipidemia was higher in male overweight and obese students than in female overweight and obese students (29.00% vs. 18.92%, P<0.05), while higher prevalence of dyslipidemia was seen in middle school students than in primary school students ( 37.72% vs. 20.32%, P<0.05 ). In addition, the prevalence of dyslipidemia was higher in students with daily exercise of less than a hour than in students with daily exercise of a hour or longer ( 27.88% vs. 18.44%, P<0.05 ). @*Conclusions @#The prevalence of dyslipidemia is high among overweight and obese primary and middle school students in Tongzhou District. Health educations should be reinforced to male, middle school students with daily exercise of less than a hour.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 652-656, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922870

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the current situation of myopia among children and adolescents in Mengzi city and the possible influencing factors of myopia.METHODS: A multi-stage cluster sampling method was used to select students in 7 schools(2 primary schools, 2 junior high schools, 2 high schools, and 1 vocational high school)in Mengzi city, Yunnan Province in October 2019. A total of 1 837 students were selected for questionnaire surveys, and examination of distance visual acuity and noncycloplegic autorefraction. There were 1 622 valid questionnaires were finally collected after checking the integrity and rationality of the questionnaires. RESULTS: The prevalence of myopia among primary and secondary students in Mengzi city in 2019 was 61.34%. The prevalence of myopia in girls(71.36%)was higher than that in boys(50.45%), and the prevalence of myopia in Han nationality(70.19%)was higher than that in ethnic minorities(57.70%). With the grade growth, the prevalence of myopia showed an upward trend. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of myopia were female(<i>OR</i>=2.308), Han nationality(<i>OR</i>=1.712), higher learning stage(junior high school: <i>OR</i>=1.579, high school: <i>OR</i>=5.538), the time of doing homework daily in the past 1wk(1-<2h: <i>OR</i>=1.456, 2-<3h: <i>OR</i>=1.514, ≥3h: <i>OR</i>=1.901), occasionally or never keep your eyes more than one foot away from a book while reading and writing(<i>OR</i>=1.741), insufficient sleep(<i>OR</i>=1.585), parental myopia(<i>OR</i>=2.191).CONCLUSION:The prevalence of myopia among primary and middle school students in Mengzi city is at a relatively high level. Female, Han nationality, higher learning stage, the time of doing homework daily in the past 1wk≥1h, occasionally or never keep your eyes more than one foot away from a book while reading and writing, insufficient sleep and parental myopia are all risk factors that can cause myopia.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 647-651, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922869

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To determine the prevalence of screening myopia and refractive correction among primary and middle school students aged from 6-18 years in Xuzhou city, Jiangsu Province.METHODS: A cross-sectional cluster sampling study was designed. The total number of screened students was 63 488 in 70 schools from Xuzhou city in this study from September 2020 to December 2020. After excluding the unqualified data, 58 149 students aged 6-18 years were included to analyse. The prevalence of screening myopia, refractive correction and full correction with the aspect of different ages, genders, regions and degrees of myopia were described.RESULTS: The overall rate of screening myopia and refractive correction were 49.26% and 31.11%, respectively and both showed an increasing trend with age(<i>P</i><0.01). Additionally, the degree of myopia also gradually deepened with age. For the two rates, there appeared to be higher for girls than boys(53.70% <i>vs</i> 45.67% for screening myopia and 32.45% <i>vs</i> 29.84% for refractive correction, all <i>P</i><0.01). However, girls showed a lower rate than boys for full refractive correction(56.60% <i>vs</i> 63.98%, <i>P</i><0.01), which was 60.23% totally among all the myopic students with refractive correction. The corrective and full refractive correction rate of urban primary and secondary school students are higher than that of townships(46.50% <i>vs</i> 18.33%,62.20% <i>vs</i> 56.07%, all <i>P</i><0.01). CONCLUSION:The prevalence of screening myopia among primary and middle school students was not optimistic in Xuzhou city in 2020. The rates of refractive correction and full correction were relatively low among myopic students, possibly because of the progression of myopia.

6.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1100-1104, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905049

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To understand the current situation and influencing factors of milk and dairy intake among primary and middle school students in Tongzhou District, Beijing, so as to provide the reference for the intervention of milk and dairy intake among primary and middle school students.@*Methods@#The stratified cluster sampling method was used to randomly select the students from the third to sixth grades of primary school, three grades of junior middle school and three grades of senior high school from downtown and township of Tongzhou District as the survey objects. The demographic information, family data, and milk and dairy intake of a week before were collected. Taking the average daily intake of 300 g milk and dairy as the standard (the Chinese Dietary Guidelines 2016), the multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors for reaching the standard of average daily milk and dairy intake among the students. @*Results@#A total of 804 questionnaires were sent out, and 771 valid questionnaires were received, with a recovery rate of 95.90%. There were 321 primary school students, accounting for 41.63%; 228 junior high school students, accounting for 29.57%; and 222 high school students, accounting for 28.80%. The intake rate of milk and dairy products was 90.92%, and the adverse reaction rate was 10.12%. The daily intake rate was 36.71%. The median daily intake was 214.29 g, and the rate of average daily intake reaching the standard was 28.02%. The multivariate logistic regression results showed that primary school students (OR=1.672, 95%CI: 1.102-2.535), middle school students (OR=2.086, 95%CI: 1.349-3.225), overweight (OR=1.747, 95%CI: 1.131-2.700), obesity (OR=2.469, 95%CI: 1.698-3.591), and parents with bachelor's degree or above (OR=1.760, 95%CI: 1.022-3.029) were the influencing factors for reaching the standard of average daily milk and dairy intake among the students.@*Conclusions@#The average daily intake of milk and dairy products of primary and middle school students in Tongzhou District does not reach the recommended standard, and grade, body mass index and parents'education level were the influencing factors.

7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 869-872, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904767

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To understand the relationship between sleep duration and low vision among primary and middle school students, so as to provide the reference for promoting eye health of primary and middle school students.@* Methods @#Using stratified cluster sampling method, the students were selected from four primary schools, four junior high schools and three senior high schools in Dinghai, Putuo, Daishan and Shengsi of Zhoushan. The questionnaire for the influencing factors of myopia in the national monitoring and intervention project of common diseases and influencing factors among students in 2019 was used to collect their demography, video display terminal use, outdoor activity, parents'myopia and sleep duration. The multivariate logistic regression model was established to analyze the relationship between sleep duration and low vision among the students. @*Results @#A total of 3 016 questionnaires were sent out, and 2 932 valid ones were returned. The effective rate was 97.21%. There were 1 537 ( 52.42% ) males and 1 395 females ( 47.58% ); 947 ( 32.30% ) primary school students and 1 985 ( 67.70% ) middle school students; 2 328 ( 79.40% ) students with low vision. There were 1 022 ( 34.85% ), 903 (30.80%), 697 ( 23.77% ) and 310 ( 10.57% ) students with the daily sleep duration of <8 hours, 8-<9 hours, 9-<10 hours and ≥10 hours, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of low vision was lower when the daily sleep duration of students was 8-<9 hours ( OR=0.735, 95%CI: 0.561-0.963 ) and 9-<10 hours ( OR=0.605, 95%CI: 0.446-0.825 ). @*Conclusion @#Adequate sleep duration is conducive to reduce the risk of low vision among primary and middle school students.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the status of oral health knowledge, attitude, behavior of 12-15 years old children and provide a theoretical basis of prevention.@*METHODS@#Multi-stage stratified sampling method was used to extract four middle school students from Chongqing districts and counties (2 in the main urban area and 2 suburbs), and their oral health knowledge, attitudes and behaviors were investigated through questionnaires. All data were entered using Epidata and statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 21.0 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3 902 valid questionnaires were collected. The proportion of people who had good brushing habits was 39.7% (1 548), the average oral health knowledge accuracy rate was 58.9%, and the average oral health positive attitude was 88.6%. The number of middle school students who attended the dental experience was 54.5% (2 127), and that of the school who received oral health education was 17.5% (681). There were gender and regional differences in brushing habits.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The knowledge and behavior of oral health among 12-15-year-old middle school students in Chongqing need to be improved. Oral health education for middle school students should be strengthened, especially in rural and suburban areas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Attitude to Health , Child , Health Behavior , Health Education, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Oral Health , Rural Population , Surveys and Questionnaires , Toothbrushing
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837620

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the influencing factors of health-related behaviors for schistosomiasis prevention and control among primary and secondary school students in Sichuan Province using a multilevel and multivariate logistic model, so as to provide the theoretical evidence for developing the schistosomiasis prevention and control strategy among primary and secondary school students in Sichuan Province. MethodsA multi-stage sampling was conducted among 63 schistosomiasis-endemic counties (districts) in Sichuan Province. Five endemic townships were sampled from each county (district), and 100 Grade 4 to 6 students in each primary school and 100 Grade 1 to 3 students in each secondary school were sampled from each township as the study subjects. The health-related behaviors for schistosomiasis prevention and control were investigated using a questionnaire survey, and factors affecting infested water contact behaviors were identified using univariate and multilevel logistic analyses. Results Among the 62 200 questionnaires distributed, there were 59 134 recovered, and 56 510 were qualified. The qualified 56 510 respondents included 22 955 secondary school students and 33 555 primary school students, and 28 297 male students and 28 213 females. A higher proportion of infested water contacts was seen in male students than in females (P < 0.001), and the students living in heavily endemic areas had a higher proportion of infested water contacts than those in mildly endemic areas (P < 0.001). In addition, there was no significant difference in the proportion of infested water contacts between primary and secondary school students (P >0.05). Multilevel and multivariate logistic analyses revealed a lower proportion of infested water contacts with the increase of knowledge, belief and self-efficacy levels (P < 0.001), and there was a cluster of infested water contacts among students at a county scale (P < 0.001). Conclusions There is a cluster of infested-water contact behaviors among primary and secondary school students at a county scale in Sichuan Province. Individual and environmental factors should be considered during the formulation of health education strategy and interventions for schistosomiasis among primary and secondary school students.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837484

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect and benefit of health education on schistosomiasis control in primary and secondary schools in Jingzhou from 2004 to 2018. Methods A retrospective survey and an on-site questionnaire investigation were used to collect data on schistosomiasis health education in primary and secondary schools in Jingzhou from 2004 to 2018, and to evaluate the modes and effects of health education. The unit benefit analysis was used to evaluate the benefit of health education investment. Results The awareness rate of schistosomiasis control knowledge and the correct behavior formation rate in 2018 reached 98.68% and 98.31%, respectively, which were statistically significantly different compared with 87.65%% and 88.08%, respectively, in 2004 (F=8.57, 6.59, P2=-0.85, -0.84, P<0.01). In terms of total funding, students were 3.05 yuan/person/time lower than residents. Conclusion From 2004 to 2018, primary and secondary schools in Jingzhou implemented schistosomiasis health education and health promotion. On the basis of reduction in the total funding, students’ knowledge of schistosomiasis prevention and correct behavior formation were effectively increased, and the rate of schistosomiasis infection was reduced to zero. Therefore, changing the dangerous behavior of the target population through schistosomiasis health education is an important measure to control and stop the prevalence of schistosomiasis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821204

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the visual acuity and refractive status of kindergarten children and primary and middle school students in Xinhong Community of Shanghai from 2015 to 2018, and to provide basis and reference for the prevention and control of students' myopia. Methods The data of 3 904 person-times of complete visual acuity and refraction records from 2015 to 2018 was derived from the "Shanghai Residents' Eye Health Information Service System". Results From 2015-2018, the total detection rate of poor vision of kindergarten children and primary and middle school students was 60.86%, and the detection rate of poor vision in kindergarten, primary school and middle school was 29.90%,62.63% and 87.26% respectively,showing an increasing trend with the education stage (χ2=727.206,P2=19.949, P2=1099.978, P<0.05). In terms of growth rate, the increase in myopia in the first grade of primary school was the largest. Conclusion The myopia rate of primary and secondary school students was higher than that of kindergarten children, and showed an increasing trend with the education stage. The critical period of myopia prevention and control should be advanced to the kindergarten stage.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779466

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation and influencing factors of abnormal glucose metabolism in junior middle school students in Yanqing District, Beijing. Methods With the mothod of stratified cluster random sampling, the questionnaire, physical examination and fasting capillary blood glucose were conducted in 2 493 students from 4 junior high schools. Results The prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and abnormal glucose metabolism were 2.5%, 11.4%, and 13.9%, respectively. The prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism varied significantly among different ages, grades, regions, obesity, central obesity and hypertension (all P<0.05); Unconditional multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that urban, centripetal obesity, and hypertension were positively associated with the risk of abnormal glucose metabolism in middle school students in Yanqing District; daily breakfast was negatively associated with the risk of abnormal glucose metabolism. Conclusion The prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism is high among junior middle school students, urban, central obesity, high blood pressure and daily breakfast are influencing factors of abnormal glucose metabolism in Yanqing District of Beijing.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778304

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mediating role of campus bullying in parental psychological control and middle school students’non-suicidal self-injury. Methods Totally 1 497 students in grade 1, 2 and 3 from four middle schools in Shenyang City were selected by using stratified random cluster sampling method and surveyed with questionnaires. Results The incidence of non-suicidal self-injury was 9.9% in middle school students. Being bullied had some mediating effect between parental psychological and non-suicidal self-injury, the mediating effect accounted for 27.4% of the total effects. Bullying had some mediating effect between parental psychological and non-suicidal self-injury, the mediating effect accounted for 26.4% of the total effects. Conclusion Campus bullying (bullied and bullying) plays a multiple mediating role between parental psychological control and non-suicidal self-injury.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777918

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To understand the medical intention and influencing factors of middle school students with suspected tuberculosis symptoms in some areas of China and to analyze the influencing factors based on health belief model. Methods A total of 2 547 middle school students in six provinces of China were chosen by PPS sampling method. Logistic regression was used to analyze tuberculosis medical intention.based on health belief model. Results Female students, urban students, eastern students and residential students had higher degree on knowledge than other respondents in the same group, which had statistically significant difference(all P<0.05). Middle school students in the western region had a higher degree of perceived disease threat, boys and middle school students in the eastern region were more likely to be reminded and accompanied by family members and friends. The delay rate was 25.4% when students have continuous cough and expectoration more than two weeks. In terms of logistic regression analysis, gender (OR=0.809, 95% CI:0.668-0.980), urban and rural (OR=0.692, 95% CI:0.572-0.838), only-child (OR=0.819, 95% CI:0.676-0.992), perceive the severity of the disease(OR=0.955, 95% CI:0.922-0.989)and prompt factors(OR=0.514, 95% CI:0.429-0.617) were the influencing factors of the tuberculosis medicial intention. Conclusions The health belief model could analyze and explain the influencing factors that affect the tuberculosis medical intention of middle school students in some way. Health education should be strengthened and health behaviors should be advocated according to the characteristics of different groups.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800505

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current situation of emotional and behavioral problems and analyze the influencing factors of middle school students.@*Methods@#The general information questionnaire, the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (student version), and the illinois bullying scale were used to evaluate 680 students in two middle schools in Hunan province.Statistical analysis was performed using t test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis.@*Results@#(1) The detection rate of total difficulty (12.09±5.67), conduct problem (2.42±1.66), hyperactivity/attention defect (3.65±2.08), emotional (2.82±2.32), peer relationship problem (3.21±1.79) and pre-socialization behavior (7.02±2.39) were 11.2%, 11.2%, 7.7%, 6.9%, 11.0% and 14.5%.(2)The scores of total difficulties, conduct problem, hyperactivity/attention deficit and peer relationship problems of boys were higher than that of girls(t=2.79, 4.03, 2.44, 3.40, all P<0.05), while the score of pre-socialization behavior of boys was lower than that of girls (t=-5.29, P<0.05). (3) The scores of total difficulties, conduct and peer relations, pre-socialization of rural students were significantly different with those of urban students(t=-3.93, -2.55, -7.00, 5.26, all P<0.05). (4) The score of total difficulties, conduct problem, hyperactivity/attention deficit and emotional symptoms of left-behind students were higher than that of un-left-behind students (t=-3.18, -2.50, -2.67, -2.40, 2.19, all P<0.05). (5) Middle school students with different fathers' education levels showed different scores of total difficulties, peer relationship problem and pre-socialized behavior(F=3.84, 7.10, 6.20, all P<0.05), while middle school students with different mothers' education levels showed different scores of total difficulties and peer relationship problem(F=3.97, 7.38, both P<0.05). (6) The scores of total difficulties, emotional symptoms, conduct problems, and hyperactivity/attention deficit of the middle school students were significantly positively correlated with the total score of the bullying total scale, the bullish subscale, the bullying subscale, and the fighting subscale(r=0.165-0.430, P<0.05). (7) Gender, urban and rural areas, left-behind or not, maternal education level, bullying, being bullied, fighting were the influencing factors of middle school students' emotion and behavior problems(β=0.010-0.533, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Some middle school students in Hunan province have emotional and behavioral problems and more attention should bo paid to mental health education.

16.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 355-358, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815785

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To understand the influence of father's presence in parenting on the mental health of middle school students and to provide evidence for mental health intervention for adolescents.@*Methods @#A total of 893 students from 24 classes of 4 middle schools in Urumqi was selected by convenience sampling method. Chinese revision of Father Presence Questionnaire designed by Pu Shaohua et al and Self-rating Scale for Mental Health of Middle School Students designed by Gao Xiang et al were employed to collect the information. Linear regression model was used to analyze the association between the involvement of father in parenting and mental health of middle school students.@*Results @#There were 804 valid responses(90.03%). The scores of emotion,perception,physical interaction,relationship between parents and mother's perception of father-son relationship of Father Presence Questionnaire were 3.66±0.79,3.50±0.72,3.43±0.95,3.67±0.87 and 3.62±0.92,respectively. The scores of adaptation,resilience and perplexity dimension of Self-rating Scale for Mental Health of Middle School Students were 3.56±0.56,3.72±0.71 and 2.53±0.74,respectively. The results of multivariate linear regression analysis showed that emotion(β'= 0.174),physical interaction(β'=0.074),relationship between parents(β'=0.099),mother's perception of father-son relationship(β'=0.316)and education level of father(β'=-0.132)were influencing factors for the adaptation dimension;emotion(β'=0.201),perception(β'=0.129),mother's perception of father-son relationship(β'=0.211)and education level of father(β'=0.126)were influencing factors for the resilience dimension;emotion(β'=-0.189),relationship between parents(β'=-0.206)and education level of father(β'=0.129)were influencing factors for the perplexity dimension.@*Conclusion @#The mental health of middle school students and the degree of their father's participation in parenting were at moderate levels. Father's educational background,the degree of participation in parenting and the relationship between parents could affect the mental health of middle school students.

17.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 225-230, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815721

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To estimate the prevalence and risk factors of suicide ideation,suicide planning and suicide attempts among middle school students and to provide reference for suicide intervention.@*Methods @#The students of grade 7 to 12 in Ningbo were recruited through multi-stage random sampling method. A self-reported questionnaire survey was conducted to collect the information about suicide ideation,suicide planning and suicide attempts within 12 months. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors for the three aspects of suicide among middle school students.@*Results@# A total of 10 729 questionnaires were sent out and 10 726 valid ones were collected,with a validity rate of 99.97%. The prevalence rates of suicide ideation,suicide planning and suicide attempts among middle school students during the last 12 months were 12.93%,4.54% and 5.06%,respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that females(OR:1.397-1.575,95%CI:1.178-1.927),students of grade 7 to 9(OR:1.625-1.824,95%CI:1.323-2.082),poor health condition(OR:1.160-2.131,95%CI:1.005-2.985),loneliness(OR:1.574-4.423,95%CI:1.221-5.254 ),desperation(OR:2.796-3.232,95%CI:2.400-3.990),anxiety(OR:1.890-2.117,95%CI:1.503-2.496),less than 8 hours a day of sleep(OR:1.152-1.263,95%CI:1.030-1.594),smoking(OR:1.476-2.074,95%CI:1.055-3.072),drinking(OR:1.479-1.863,95%CI:1.271-2.296),fighting(OR:1.716-1.941,95%CI:1.330-2.422)and school bullying(OR:2.254-3.292,95%CI:1.342-5.277)were common risk factors for suicide ideation,suicide planning and suicide attempts;physical activity(OR:0.597-0.720,95%CI:0.474-0.923)was a common protective factor for suicide ideation,suicide planning and suicide attempts.@*Conclusion @#Females,lower grade,poor health condition,loneliness,desperation,anxiety,lack of sleep,smoking,drinking,fighting,school bullying and physical activity were influencing factors for suicidal behaviors.

18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The rapidly changing dietary environment requires a study that addresses the status of middle and high school students regarding their consumption of convenience food sold at convenience stores. METHODS: This study examined adolescents' lifestyle patterns, dietary habits, and status of consuming convenience food at convenience stores. A total of 659 students (329 middle school students and 330 high school students) in Incheon participated in this questionnaire survey. RESULTS: The mean age of the subjects was 13.7 years for the middle school students, and 16.6 years for the high school students. The gender and grade distributions in the middle and high school students were similar. The middle school students reported that they spent more time using electronic devices (p<0.001) or watching TV (p<0.001) than high school students. More than 60% of middle and high school students consumed convenience food at convenience stores without statistical difference between the two groups. The main reason for consuming convenience food from convenience stores was its convenience followed by taste in both groups. Despite the high frequency of consuming convenience food, the students rarely checked the nutrition labels at the time of purchase. On the other hand, they were still most concerned about the nutritional value of the convenience foods when they consumed convenience foods. The most frequently consumed convenience food was ramyon in both groups. Significant positive correlations were observed between the frequency of consuming convenience food at convenience stores and lifestyle factors for the middle school students, including monthly allowance, time for using electronic devices, and number of private lessons. For the high school students, however, the only monthly allowance had a significant positive correlation with the consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents are increasingly exposed to convenience foods and relevant nutritional issues are a concern. Therefore, a dietary environment that is adequately formed for the healthy development of youth as well as systematic nutrient education that is appropriately designed for both middle and high school students is required.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Education , Fast Foods , Feeding Behavior , Hand , Humans , Life Style , Nutritive Value
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740953

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The rapidly changing dietary environment requires a study that addresses the status of middle and high school students regarding their consumption of convenience food sold at convenience stores. METHODS: This study examined adolescents' lifestyle patterns, dietary habits, and status of consuming convenience food at convenience stores. A total of 659 students (329 middle school students and 330 high school students) in Incheon participated in this questionnaire survey. RESULTS: The mean age of the subjects was 13.7 years for the middle school students, and 16.6 years for the high school students. The gender and grade distributions in the middle and high school students were similar. The middle school students reported that they spent more time using electronic devices (p<0.001) or watching TV (p<0.001) than high school students. More than 60% of middle and high school students consumed convenience food at convenience stores without statistical difference between the two groups. The main reason for consuming convenience food from convenience stores was its convenience followed by taste in both groups. Despite the high frequency of consuming convenience food, the students rarely checked the nutrition labels at the time of purchase. On the other hand, they were still most concerned about the nutritional value of the convenience foods when they consumed convenience foods. The most frequently consumed convenience food was ramyon in both groups. Significant positive correlations were observed between the frequency of consuming convenience food at convenience stores and lifestyle factors for the middle school students, including monthly allowance, time for using electronic devices, and number of private lessons. For the high school students, however, the only monthly allowance had a significant positive correlation with the consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents are increasingly exposed to convenience foods and relevant nutritional issues are a concern. Therefore, a dietary environment that is adequately formed for the healthy development of youth as well as systematic nutrient education that is appropriately designed for both middle and high school students is required.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Education , Fast Foods , Feeding Behavior , Hand , Humans , Life Style , Nutritive Value
20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 340-344 349, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773748

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the differential metabolites in urine and the characteristics of metabolic pathway of middle school students with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) before and after exercise, and then explain the metabolic mechanism of CFS.@*METHODS@#Eight male middle school students (age:17-19) with CFS were selectedas the CFS group according to CFS screening criteria of the U.S. centers.At the same time, 8 male health students of the same age from the same school were selected as the control group. They were administrated to do one-time exercise on the improved Harvard step (up and down steps 30 times/min for 3minutes). Their urinewascollected before and after exercise, and the differential metabolitesin urine were detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The multidimensional statistical methods were used to analyze the metabolites by principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal projections to latent structures-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Finally, MetPA database was used to analyze the metabolites and to construct the correlativemetabolic pathways.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the creatine, indoleacetaldehyde, phytosphingosine and pyroglutamic acid were selected as differential metabolites and the contents of those were decreased significantly (<0.05 or <0.01) in CFS groupbefore the step movement. However, 11 differential metabolitesin CFS group were selected out after exercise, which were nonanedioic acid, methyladenosine, acetylcarnitine, capric acid, corticosterone, creatine, levonorgestrel, pantothenic acid, pyroglutamic acid, xanthosine and xanthurenic acid in sequence, the contents of methyladenosine and creatinewere significantly increased (<0.05) and the contents of the other 9 differentialmetabolites were significantly decreased (<0.05 or <0.01)compared with the control group.The 15 differential metabolites mentioned above were input MetPA database in order to analyze the metabolic pathways weighted score.The results showed that the arginine-proline metabolism pathway disordersweredetected in theCFS group before exercise, the marker metabolite wascreatine. And 3 metabolic pathwaysdisorder weredetectedin the CFS groupafter exercise, which were arginine-proline metabolism, biosynthesis of pantothenic acid and CoA, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and the marker metabolites, in turn, werecreatine, pantothenic acid and corticosterone.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The disorder of arginine-proline metabolic pathway is detected in CFS middle school students before exercise intervention. After exercise, it can be detected that the steroid hormone biosynthetic metabolic pathway, pantothenic acid and CoA metabolic pathways also have metabolic disorders.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Biomarkers , Exercise , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic , Humans , Male , Metabolomics , Students , Young Adult
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