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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e236151, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249247

ABSTRACT

Abstract Galls, neo-formed plant structures that can occur in different organs, are generated by species-specific interaction with an inducing organism. Inducers manipulate the metabolism of its host. Microgramma vacciniifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel. is a Neotropical epiphytic fern that hosted two stem galls, one induced by a midge species (Diptera) and other by a micromoth species (Lepidoptera). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of these two gall-inducing insects on the biochemistry of phenolic acids and the cyanogenesis in galls, stems and leaves of M. vacciniifolia. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) indicated a total of 14 phenol derivatives, including caffeic and coumaric acid. Principal Coordinates Analysis (PCoA) of the phenolic substances indicated three groups consisting (1) non-galled stems and micromoth-induced galls; (2) midge-induced galls; (3) midge-induced galls with parasitoids. Regarding the frequency of cyanogenesis assessed by the picrate paper test, the chi-squared test showed significant difference between fertile leaves (8.3%), sterile leaves (27.7%), non-galled stems (0%) and galls. Among galls, only the midge-induced galls analyzed were cyanogenic (15%). Our results indicated that the different gall-inducers (midge and micromoth) promote species-specific alterations to the phenolic substance composition of the host fern.


Resumo Galhas são estruturas vegetais neo-formadas que ocorrem em diferentes órgãos. Elas são geradas por uma interação espécie-específica com um organismo indutor. Os indutores manipulam o metabolismo do hospedeiro. Microgramma vacciniifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel. é uma samambaia epífita neotropical que hospeda duas galhas caulinares, uma induzida por uma espécie de mosquito (Diptera) e outra por uma micromariposa (Lepidoptera). O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto desses dois insetos indutores de galhas na bioquímica dos ácidos fenólicos e da cianogênese em galhas, caules e folhas de M. vacciniifolia. Em análise de cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE) foi possível indicar a presença de um total de 14 derivados fenólicos, incluindo ácido cafeico e ácido cumárico. Análise das Coordenadas Principais (ACoP) indicou três grupos (1) caules não galhados e galhas induzidas pela micromariposa; (2) galhas induzidas pelo mosquito; (3) galhas induzidas pelo mosquito com parasitoides. Em relação a frequência da cianogênese analisada com o teste do papel picrato, o teste do qui-quadrado apresentou diferença significativa entre as folhas férteis (8,3%), folhas estéreis (27,7%), caules não galhados (0%) e galhas. Entre as galhas, somente aquelas induzidas pelo mosquito foram cianogênicas (15%). Os resultados encontrados indicam, ao menos para as substâncias fenólicas, que os insetos indutores de galha (mosquito e micromariposa) promovem alterações espécie-específica na composição química da samambaia hospedeira.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ferns , Diptera , Lepidoptera , Phenols , Plant Tumors , Plant Leaves , Insecta
2.
Rev. bras. entomol ; 65(3): e20210034, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341112

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Zalepidota distincta sp. nov. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) is described based on male, female, pupa and larva morphological characters. The new species induces galls on Piper vicosanum (Piperaceae), an endemic plant to Brazil. Types (mounted on slides) were deposited in the Entomological Collection of the Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Illustrations of the most relevant morphological characters are provided. The new species has some morphological characters that differ from those of the genus diagnosis. Therefore, the concept of Zalepidota was broadened.

3.
Rev. peru. biol. (Impr.) ; 27(4): 451-482, Oct-Dec 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150086

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las regiones desérticas costeras del Pacífico de Perú y Chile albergan especies de Prosopis (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae), árboles bien adaptados a las condiciones del desierto y con funciones clave en los ecosistemas de bosques secos. Entre el 2001 y 2017, Prosopis en Perú ha sufrido una extensiva defoliación y muerte regresiva, con la consecuente deforestación y disminución de la producción de vainas de algarrobo. Aquí, se reporta una nueva especie de insecto plaga del bosque de Prosopis en Perú: Enallodiplosis discordis Gagné 1994 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), una feroz especie defoliadora que contribuye a la mortalidad generalizada de Prosopis. Se proporciona un análisis de la taxonomía larvaria de E. discordis, ciclo de vida y la infestación ocurrida después de El Niño Oscilación del Sur (ENSO) 1998/99. Su dispersión, distribución y ecología es examinada utilizando distintas líneas de evidencia. Durante casi dos décadas de trabajo de campo, se observó la muerte regresiva del bosque de Prosopis devastando los medios de vida rurales y los servicios de los ecosistemas en las regiones de las tierras bajas del sur (Ica), el centro y el norte de la costa peruana (Lambayeque, La Libertad, Piura). El colapso en la producción de vainas de Prosopis (algarroba, huaranga) y miel también fue registrada. Las notas complementarias proporcionan observaciones sobre: (i) el desarrollo de la plaga y el cambio de uso de la tierra y el clima, (ii) el control biológico y físico de E. discordis, (iii) la polilla Melipotis aff. indomita (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) como defoliador concurrente de Prosopis.


Abstract The coastal desert of Peru and Chile is home to Prosopis (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) tree species that are exceptionally well-adapted to the hyperarid conditions and keystone in dry-forest ecosystems. From 2001 to 2018, Prosopis in Peru have suffered widespread defoliation and die-back, with consequent deforestation and collapse in pod production. This paper reports a new insect plague species of Prosopis forest in Peru: Enallodiplosis discordis Gagné 1994 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) as a fiercely defoliating agent contributing to widespread Prosopis mortality. An analysis of E. discordis larval taxonomy, life cycle and plague infestation, following El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) 1998/99 is provided. Using distinct lines of evidence, its spread, distribution, and ecology are examined. Over two decades of fieldwork, Prosopis forest die-back and loss was observed devastating rural livelihoods and ecosystem services across lowland regions of southern (Ica), central and northern coastal Peru (Lambayeque, La Libertad, Piura). The collapse in production of Prosopis pods (algarroba, huaranga) and honey was recorded. Supplementary notes provide observations of: (i) plague development, changing land-use and climate, (ii) biological and physical control of E. discordis, (iii) the moth Melipotis aff. indomita (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) as a concurrent defoliator of Prosopis.

4.
Rev. bras. entomol ; 64(1): e201950, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Histological effects of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were observed in Chironomus sancticaroli larvae which underwent acute exposure. 2,2′,4-triBDE (BDE-17), 2,2′,4,4′-tetraBDE (BDE-47) and 2,2′,4,4′,5-pentaBDE (BDE-99) were evaluated at 0.5, 2.0 and 20 μg L-1. Cytoplasm vacuolisation of oenocytes was observed in the larvae exposed to BDE-17 and BDE-47. Cuénot cells were disrupted at the brush border as an effect of the three evaluated congeners highlighting BDE-47 at 2.0 μg L-1; 60% of larvae displayed this disruption. The midgut showed changes in the morphology of apex cells located next to the lumen of region I exposed to BDE-17 and BDE-47, while BDE-99 induced a narrowing of the lumen diameter. Significant cytoplasm vacuolisation of the larvae exposed to BDE-47 and BDE-99 was observed in region II of the midgut. Salivary glands showed acidophilic granules in the cytoplasm exposed to BDE-17 and BDE-47. The results showed that the tissues of C. sancticaroli were sensitive to flame retardants; these histopathologies can compromise the health and physiology of this organism, highlighting the concern with the presence of PBDEs in freshwater sediments.

5.
Rev. bras. entomol ; 63(4): 356-362, Out.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057785

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Galls on Bauhinia cupulata (Fabaceae) were investigated in two physiognomies of the Cerrado, riparian and dry forest, in the municipality of Barreiras (Western Bahia, Brazil) from October 2012 to July 2014. Four insect gall morphotypes were found. They were characterized based on shape, color, indumentum, plant organ of occurrence and galling taxon. A new galling species, Schizomyia barreirensis, is described, illustrated (larva, pupa, male, female and gall) and compared to other Neotropical congeneric species.

6.
Rev. bras. entomol ; 63(2): 130-135, Apr.-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045558

ABSTRACT

Abstract Youngomyia matogrossensis Proença & Maia a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Insecta: Diptera) that induces cylindrical hairy galls on leaves of Pouteria torta (Mart.) Radlk. (Sapotaceae) is herein described and illustrated (larvae, pupal exuviae, male and female). The galler, gall and host plant were collected at Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães, in the state of Mato Grosso (Brazil). New morphological data and photographs of pupal exuviae, male and female of Youngomyia pouteriae Maia, 2001 are also provided.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1381-1386, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes,midges and related arboviruses in Sichuan province.Methods Blood-sucking insects were collected from houses and pens,using the ultraviolet lights.Mosquito samples were classified according to morphologic characteristics and then stored at liquid nitrogen.All samples were incubated with BHK-21 and C6/36 cells for virus isolation and then detected for their viral genes.Sequences of the virus were identified and analyzed by molecular biological software,such as BioEdit 7.0.5.3,MEGA 6.0.Results In total,17 019 mosquitoes from 3 genera and 4 species and 12 700 midges were collected from the southeast regions of Sichuan province in 2016 and 2017.Among them,79.4% (13 519/17 019) belonged to Culex tritaeniorhynchus with 11.1% (1 897/17 019) as Armigeres subalbatus,5.5% (930/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis and 4.0% (673/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis 3 virus strains that isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus were identified as type Ⅰ Japanese encephalitis virus.Seven pools of mosquitoes isolated from Hejiang county were identified Japanese encephalitis virus gene positive through PCR amplification.With 4 pool midges were detected positive for Akabane virus through PCR gene amplification while midges samples didn't have virus isolates.Conclusions Culex tritaeniorhynchus appeared the predominant species in the southeast regions of Sichuan.Japanese encephalitis virus transmitted by mosquitoes and Akabane virus by midges were prevalent in southeast Sichuan province.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1381-1386, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736688

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes,midges and related arboviruses in Sichuan province.Methods Blood-sucking insects were collected from houses and pens,using the ultraviolet lights.Mosquito samples were classified according to morphologic characteristics and then stored at liquid nitrogen.All samples were incubated with BHK-21 and C6/36 cells for virus isolation and then detected for their viral genes.Sequences of the virus were identified and analyzed by molecular biological software,such as BioEdit 7.0.5.3,MEGA 6.0.Results In total,17 019 mosquitoes from 3 genera and 4 species and 12 700 midges were collected from the southeast regions of Sichuan province in 2016 and 2017.Among them,79.4% (13 519/17 019) belonged to Culex tritaeniorhynchus with 11.1% (1 897/17 019) as Armigeres subalbatus,5.5% (930/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis and 4.0% (673/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis 3 virus strains that isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus were identified as type Ⅰ Japanese encephalitis virus.Seven pools of mosquitoes isolated from Hejiang county were identified Japanese encephalitis virus gene positive through PCR amplification.With 4 pool midges were detected positive for Akabane virus through PCR gene amplification while midges samples didn't have virus isolates.Conclusions Culex tritaeniorhynchus appeared the predominant species in the southeast regions of Sichuan.Japanese encephalitis virus transmitted by mosquitoes and Akabane virus by midges were prevalent in southeast Sichuan province.

9.
Braz. j. biol ; 77(4): 680-685, Nov. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888810

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lopesia davillae, a new species of gall midge associated with the reproductive structures of Davilla rugosa (Dilleniaceae), is described and illustrated (larva, pupa, male, female, and damage) based on material collected in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This new species is compared with its congeneric species. This is the first record of Lopesia on Dilleniaceae.


Resumo Lopesia davillae, uma nova espécie de Cecidomyiidae associada a estruturas reprodutivas de Davilla rugosa (Dilleniaceae), é descrita e ilustrada (larva, pupa, macho, fêmea e dano) com base em material coletado no estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. A nova espécie é comparada com as outras espécies conhecidas do mesmo gênero. Este é o primeiro registro de Lopesia em Dilleniaceae.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Food Chain , Dilleniaceae/growth & development , Diptera/classification , Herbivory , Pupa/anatomy & histology , Pupa/classification , Pupa/growth & development , Brazil , Diptera/anatomy & histology , Diptera/growth & development , Larva/anatomy & histology , Larva/classification , Larva/growth & development
10.
Rev. bras. entomol ; 61(2): 162-169, Apr.-Jun. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-843710

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A new genus and species of gall midge, Haplopappusmyia gregaria, is described and illustrated (larva, pupa, male, and female). This species induces apical galls on Haplopappus foliosus (Asteraceae), an endemic shrub from central Chile. The specimens were collected at La Ligua Municipality, Petorca Province, Valparaiso region, Chile, during spring of 2011-2014. This area corresponds to one of the fifth Mediterranean Matorral biome, considered among Earth's biodiversity hotspots. The new genus is characterized by presenting lateral margin of antennal scape with a mesal reentrance; four-segmented palpus, one-toothed tarsal claws, R5 straight, reaching C anterior to wing apex; male seventh and eighth tergites lacking sclerotization mesally, beyond proximal margin; presence of trichoid sensilla on the abdominal terga and sterna of both sexes, protrusible ovipositor with elongate fused cerci, and larva with 4 pairs of setose terminal papillae.

11.
Braz. j. biol ; 76(3): 782-786, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785032

ABSTRACT

Abstract Clinodiplosis agerati, a new galling species that induces stem galls on Ageratum conyzoides (Asteraceae) is described and illustrated (larva, pupa, male, female and gall) based on material collected in Minas Gerais, Brazil. The new species is compared with the other Neotropical species. This is the first record of the Clinodiplosis in Ageratum.


Resumo Clinodiplosis agerati, uma nova espécie cecidógena que induz galhas caulinares em Ageratum conyzoides (Asteraceae) é descrita e ilustrada (larva, pupa, macho, fêmea e galha) com base em material coletado em Minas Gerais, Brasil. A nova espécie é comparada com as outras espécies neotropicais. Este é o primeiro registro de Clinodiplosis em Ageratum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Plant Tumors/parasitology , Ageratum/parasitology , Diptera/classification , Diptera/physiology , Pupa , Brazil , Host-Parasite Interactions/physiology , Larva
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225143

ABSTRACT

Biting midges belonging to the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) were collected by Mosquito Magnet(R) and black light traps at 5 sites on Jeju-do, Republic of Korea (Korea), from May-November 2013 to determine species diversity and seasonal distribution. A total of 4,267 specimens were collected, of which 99.9% were female. The most common species was Culicoides tainanus (91.8%), followed by C. lungchiensis (7.2%) and C. punctatus (0.6%), while the remaining 4 species accounted for <0.5% of all Culicoides spp. that were collected. High numbers of C. tainanus were collected in May, followed by decreasing numbers through August, and then increasing numbers through November when surveillance was terminated. Peak numbers of C. lungchiensis were collected during September, with low numbers collected from May-August and October-November. The presence of C. lungchiensis in Korea was confirmed by morphological and molecular analyses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biodiversity , Ceratopogonidae/classification , Female , Insect Vectors/classification , Male , Phylogeny , Republic of Korea , Seasons
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210965

ABSTRACT

Biting midges (Culicoides: Ceratopogonidae) were collected by Mosquito Magnet(R) traps at the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission (NNSC) camp and Daeseongdong village inside the demilitarized zone (DMZ) and near the military demarcation line (MDL) separating North and South Korea and at Warrior Base (US Army training site) and Tongilchon 3 km south of the DMZ in northern Gyeonggi Province, Republic of Korea (ROK), from May-October 2010-2012, to determine their seasonal distributions. A total of 18,647 Culicoides females (18,399; 98.7%) and males (248; 1.3%) comprising 16 species were collected. Overall, the most commonly collected species was Culicoides nipponensis (42.9%), followed by C. erairai (29.2%), C. punctatus (20.3%), C. arakawae (3.3%), C. pallidulus (1.8%), and C. circumscriptus (1.4%), while the remaining 10 species accounted for only 1.1% of all Culicoides spp. collected. The seasonal distribution of C. nipponensis was bimodal, with high numbers collected during May-June and again during September. C. erairai was more frequently collected during June-July, followed by sharply decreased populations from August-October. C. punctatus was collected in low numbers from May-September with high numbers collected during October. C. erairai was predominantly collected from the NNSC camp (85.1% of all C. erairai collected) located adjacent to the MDL at Panmunjeom in the northernmost part of Gyeonggi-do (Province), while other sites yielded low numbers of specimens.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ceratopogonidae/classification , Democratic People's Republic of Korea , Female , Male , Republic of Korea , Seasons
14.
Biota neotrop. (Online, Ed. port.) ; 13(1): 360-362, jan.-mar. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-673179

ABSTRACT

Forcipomyia (Pterobosca) incubans Macfie (1937) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is recorded here for the first time for Brazil. Females were collected in the Brazilian Neotropical Savanna parasitizing the wings of Erythrodiplax juliana Ris (1911), Erythrodiplax aff. anomala Brauer (1865) and Erythemis credula Hagen (1861), all Libellulidae dragonflies. A map of potential distribution of this species in the New World is also provided. The results suggest that its distribution may range from southern South America to Mexico, with higher densities in the Brazilian and Colombian Tropical Rain Forests.


Forcipomyia (Pterobosca) incubans Macfie (1937) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) é registrada aqui pela primeira vez para o Brasil. Fêmeas foram coletadas parasitando as asas de Erythrodiplax juliana Ris (1911), Erythrodiplax aff. anomala Brauer (1865) e Erythemis credula Hagen (1861), todas libélulas da família Libellulidae. Um mapa da distribuição potencial desta espécie no Novo Mundo também é fornecido. Os resultados sugerem que sua distribuição pode variar do sul da América do Sul ao México, com maiores densidades nas Florestas Tropicais Úmidas do Brasil e da Colômbia.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146183

ABSTRACT

Black light traps were used to measure the seasonal and geographical distribution of Culicoides spp. (biting midges or no-see-ums) at 9 cowsheds in the southern half of the Republic of Korea (ROK) from June through October 2010. A total of 25,242 Culicoides females (24,852; 98.5%) and males (390; 1.5%) comprising of 9 species were collected. The most commonly collected species was Culicoides punctatus (73.0%) followed by C. arakawae (25.7%), while the remaining 7 species accounted for <1.0% of all Culicoides spp. collected. The mean number of Culicoides spp. collected per trap night (Trap Index [TI]) was highest for C. punctatus (409.3), followed by C. arakawae (144.2), C. tainanus (4.1), C. oxystoma (1.2), C. circumscriptus (0.7), C. homotomus (0.6), C. erairai (0.4), C. kibunensis (0.3), and C. nipponensis (0.04). Peak TIs were observed for C. punctatus (1,188.7) and C. arakawae (539.0) during July and August, respectively. C. punctatus and C. arakawae have been implicated in the transmission of arboviruses and other pathogens of veterinary importance that adversely impact on animal and bird husbandry.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Ceratopogonidae/classification , Female , Housing, Animal , Male , Phylogeography , Republic of Korea , Seasons
16.
Neotrop. entomol ; 40(5): 595-599, Sept.-Oct. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-604487

ABSTRACT

One new species of Riethia Kieffer, Riethia manauara n. sp., is described and figured as male, pupa and larva. The generic diagnosis for pupae and larvae are emended. The specimens were collected from water systems in the Amazon Rainforest in northern Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Chironomidae/classification , Brazil , Chironomidae/anatomy & histology , Larva , Pupa
17.
Rev. bras. entomol ; 54(2): 225-228, Apr.-June 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-553857

ABSTRACT

Bruggmanniella doliocarpi, a new galling species associated with Doliocarpus dentatus (Dilleniaceae) is described and illustrated (male, female, pupa, larva and gall) based on material from Minas Gerais, Brazil. The new species is compared to the other known Neotropical species. This is the first report of Bruggmanniella for Minas Gerais and in association with Dilleniaceae.


Bruggmanniella doliocarpi, uma nova espécie galhadora associada com Doliocarpus dentatus (Dilleniaceae) é descrita e ilustrada (macho, fêmea, pupa, larva e galha) com base em material coletado em Minas Gerais, Brasil. A nova espécie é comparada com as outras espécies neotropicais conhecidas. Esse é o primeiro registro de Bruggmanniella para Minas Gerais e em Dilleniaceae.

18.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 104(1): 81-92, Feb. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-507211

ABSTRACT

The following five new species of Culicoides from Colombia are described, illustrated and placed to subgenus or species group: Culicoides antioquiensis, Culicoides gabrieli, Culicoides inermis, Culicoides micayensis and Culicoides nigrifemur. C. gabrieli is also known from Peru. When possible, their position in previously published keys is indicated and their features discussed in light of the most recent revisions. A list of 180 Culicoides species known (114) or suspected of being in Colombia (66) is given in a Table. Of these, 12 including the new species are recorded from Colombia for the first time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Ceratopogonidae/classification , Colombia , Ceratopogonidae/anatomy & histology
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 103(5): 468-471, Aug. 2008. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-491969

ABSTRACT

Leptoconops nosopheris sp. n. (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is described from a blood-filled female biting midge in Early Cretaceous Burmese amber. The new species is characterized by a very elongate terminal flagellomere, elongate cerci, and an indistinct spur on the metatibia. This biting midge contained digenetic trypanosomes (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in its alimentary tract and salivary glands. These trypanosomes are described as Paleotrypanosoma burmanicus gen. n., sp. n., which represents the first fossil record of a Trypanosoma generic lineage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Ceratopogonidae/parasitology , Insect Vectors/parasitology , Trypanosomatina/isolation & purification , Amber , Ceratopogonidae/anatomy & histology , Ceratopogonidae/classification , Fossils , Insect Vectors/anatomy & histology , Insect Vectors/classification , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60514

ABSTRACT

Huge numbers of non-biting midges emerged from brackish water which were made at the harbor construction field in Jinhae City, Kyongsangnam-do, Korea in late summer in 2005, and caused a serious nuisance to villagers. The midges were collected and identified as Chironomus salinarius (Kieffer, 1921). Although this species was recorded in Korea for the first time in 1998, the morphological descriptions were so brief and simple. A full redescription is made with detailed illustrations for ecological and control workers of this nuisance midge.


Subject(s)
/anatomy & histology , Species Specificity , Seawater , Male , Korea , Female , Chironomidae/anatomy & histology , Animals , Animal Structures/anatomy & histology
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