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Braz. dent. j ; 33(2): 33-43, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1374625


Abstract An endodontic material must be minimally harmful to stem cells since they are essential, thanks to their capacity for cell proliferation, self-renewal, and differentiation. For this reason, in this in vitro study, the cell viability and the expression of genes involved in cell plasticity and differentiation were investigated in stem cells recovered from human dental pulp (hDPSCs) that were in contact with four endodontic materials (Endofill, MTA, Pulp Canal Sealer, and Sealer 26). The viability of HDPSCs was assessed by MTT and trypan blue exclusion assays. PCR evaluated cellular plasticity by determining the CD34, CD45, Nestin, CD105, Nanog, and OCT4 expressions. The effect on cell differentiation was determined by RT-PCR expression of the RUNX2, ALP, OC/BGLAP, and DMP1 genes. The data were analyzed using ANOVA with Bonferroni correction (p <0.05). Pulp Canal Sealer and Endofill decreased cell viability after 48 hours (p <0.001). MTA and Sealer 26 did not disrupt cell viability (p> 0.05). When cultivated in the presence of MTA and Sealer 26, hDPSCs expressed Nestin, CD105, NANOG, and OCT-4 and did not express CD34 and CD45. MTA and Sealer 26 interfered with DMP1, OC/BGLAP and RUNX2 expressions (p <0.05) but did not change ALP gene expression (p> 0.05). MTA and Sealer 26 showed biological compatibility in the presence of hDPSCs.

Resumo Um material endodôntico deve ser minimamente prejudicial às células-tronco, uma vez que essas células são extremamente importantes, devido à sua capacidade de proliferação, autorrenovação e diferenciação celular. Por esse motivo, a viabilidade celular e a expressão de genes envolvidos na plasticidade e diferenciação celular foram investigadas em células-tronco recuperadas de polpa dentária humana (HDPSCs) que estiveram em contato com quatro materiais endodônticos (Endofill, MTA, Pulp Canal Sealer e Sealer 26). A viabilidade das HDPSCs foi avaliada pelos ensaios MTT e de exclusão de azul de tripano. A plasticidade celular foi avaliada pela determinação das expressões dos genes CD34, CD45, Nestin, CD105, Nanog e OCT4 por PCR. O efeito na diferenciação celular foi determinado pela expressão dos genes RUNX2, ALP, OC/BGLAP e DMP1 por RT-PCR. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA com correção de Bonferroni (p <0,05). Em comparação com o controle, Pulp Canal Sealer e Endofill diminuíram a viabilidade celular após 48 horas (p <0,001). MTA e Sealer 26 não interromperam a viabilidade celular (p> 0,05). Quando cultivado na presença de MTA e Sealer 26, as HDPSCs expressaram Nestin, CD105, NANOG e OCT-4 e não expressaram CD34 e CD45. MTA e Sealer 26 interferiram nas expressões de DMP1, OC / BGLAP e RUNX2 (p <0,05), mas não alteraram a expressão do gene ALP (p> 0,05). Sendo assim, MTA e Sealer 26 demonstraram compatibilidade biológica na presença de HDPSCs.

Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385863


RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio experimental in vitro fue evaluar la eficacia antimicrobiana del cemento Portland (CP) comparado con el Mineral Trióxido Agregado (MTA) frente a cepas de Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) y Candida albicans (C. albicans) a las 24, 48 y 72 horas después del sembrado. Para ello se utilizó la técnica de difusión en agar. La capa base fue realizada con el Agar Müller-Hinton en el que se hicieron agujeros de 6 mm de diámetro a fin de contener los cementos de estudio y medir posteriormente la zona de inhibición microbiana alrededor de los materiales mediante un calibrador vernier digital. Se utilizó la prueba T de Student para comparar la diferencia entre el CP y MTA y el análisis de ANOVA para evaluar las diferencias entre los tres tiempos de estudio. Los resultados mostraron que tanto frente a E. faecalis y C. albicans el CP tuvo un mayor halo de inhibición que el MTA, siendo estas diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p0.05). Asimismo, la C. albicans presentó valores mayores de inhibición que el E. faecalis en los dos cementos estudiados. Se concluyó que el CP tuvo mayor eficacia antimicrobiana que el MTA independientemente del tiempo evaluado.

ABSTRACT: The aim of the experimental in vitro study was to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of Portland cement (CP) compared with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) against Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) and Candida albicans (C. albicans) strains at 24, 48 and 72 hours after sowing. For this, the agar diffusion technique was used. The base layer was made with Müller-Hinton Agar in which 6 mm diameter holes were made in order to contain the study cements and subsequently measure the zone of microbial inhibition around the materials using a digital vernier caliper. The Student's t test was used to compare the difference between CP and MTA and the ANOVA analysis to evaluate the differences between the three study times. The results showed that both against E. faecalis and C. albicans, CP had a greater inhibition than MTA, these differences being statistically significant (p 0.05). Likewise, C. albicans presented higher inhibition values than E. faecalis in the two cements studied. It was concluded that CP had greater antimicrobial efficacy than MTA regardless of the time evaluated.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936121


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical characteristics and effectiveness of pulpotomy in mature permanent teeth with bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA).@*METHODS@#Pulpotomy was performed on mature permanent premolars and molars with carious exposures at the Department of General Dentistry of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, from November 2017 to September 2019. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, Group iRoot (n=22) and Group MTA (n=21). In Group iRoot, bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot was used as pulp capping agent, while in Group MTA, mineral trioxide aggregate was used as pulp capping agent. All the patients had signed informed consent forms. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by clinical examinations (temperature and electrical activity test) and imaging examinations 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Blinding was used for the patients and evaluators, but due to the obvious differences in the properties of the two pulp capping agents, the blinding method was not used for the treatment provider (the attending physician).@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in gender, average age, dentition and tooth position distribution between the two groups (P>0.05). In the study, 7 cases were lost to follow-up 12 months after operation (4 cases in Group iRoot, and 3 cases in Group MTA). One case in each of the two groups had transient sensitivity at the end of the 3-month follow-up, and the pulp vitality was normal at the end of the 6-month follow-up. One case in Group iRoot showed sensitivity at the end of the 12-month follow-up. The success rates of the two groups at the end of 12-month follow-up were 100%, and the cure rates were 94.4% (Group iRoot) and 100% (Group MTA), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). No cases in Group iRoot had obvious crown discoloration, while 3 cases in Group MTA had.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical characteristics and effectiveness of pulpotomy in mature permanent teeth with bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot were similar with MTA. Bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot is an acceptable material when used in pulpotomy of mature permanent teeth. Because it is not easy to cause tooth discoloration after treatment and is convenient to operate, bioceramic putty repairmen iRoot has a better clinical application prospect.

Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Humans , Oxides/therapeutic use , Pulpotomy , Silicates/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354535


Objective: This study aimed to determine the push-out-bond-strength(PBS) of mineral trioxide aggregate (BIOMTA+) and calcium-enriched-mixture-cement (CEM) in retrograde cavities prepared using Er: YAG laser and stainless-steel bur. Material and Methods: The root canals of 60 extracted single-rooted human teeth were prepared, filled and their apical portion of 3-mm were resected using a diamond bur and randomly divided into four groups according to technique of retrograde preparation and filling material as follows(n=15): Group1: bur/ BIOMTA+ ,Group2: bur/ CEM, Group3: Er:YAG laser/ BIOMTA+, Group4: Er:YAG laser/ CEM. PBS test were performed to specimens and failure modes were evaluated. The data were statistically analyzed with ANOVA, Post-Hoc Tukey and t tests (p< 0.05). Results: CEM was exhibited higher than bond strength compared to BIOMTA+ in retrograde cavity prepared using laser (p= 0.021) and BIOMTA+ in retrograde cavity prepared using bur was exhibited higher than bond strength compared to in retrograde cavities prepared using laser (p= 0.024). Failure modes were dominantly cohesive in all groups tested and one representative specimen each failure mode was examined in SEM and the general characteristics of the failure modes were confirmed. Conclusion: With in the limitations of the present study, when used CEM, Er: YAG laser-assisted retrograde cavity preparation positively affected the bond strength values compared to BIO MTA+. Considering its optimal adhesion, the calcium-enriched-mixture-cement (CEM) might be a good option as a filling material in retrograde cavities in clinical use. (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a força de união (PBS) de cimento de agregado trióxido mineral (BIO MTA+) e cimento enriquecido com cálcio (CEM) em preparos cavitários retrógrados realizados com: Laser Er-YAG e brocas de aço inoxidável. Material e Métodos: Canais radiculares de 60 dentes unirradiculares extraídos foram preparados, preenchidos e 3 mm de suas porções apicais foram ressecadas usando uma broca diamantada e divididos randomicamente em quatro grupos de acordo com a técnica de preparação retrógrada e o material de preenchimento (n=15): Grupo 1: Broca/BIO MTA+, Grupo 2: Broca/CEM, Grupo 3: Laser Er-YAG/BIO MTA+, Grupo 4: Laser Er-YAG/CEM. O teste de PBS foi realizado para as amostras e os modelos de falha foram avaliados. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelos testes de ANOVA, Post-Hoc Tukey e testes t (p< 0.05). Resultados: CEM apresentou maior força de união que BIO MTA+ em cavidades retrógradas preparadas com laser (p= 0.021) e BIO MTA+ em cavidades retrógradas preparadas com brocas apresentou maior força de união quando comparado à cavidades retrógradas preparadas com laser (p= 0.024). Os modelos de falha foram predominantemente coesos em todos os grupos testados e um espécime representativo de cada modelo de falha foi examinado em MEV e as características gerais dos modelos de falha foram confirmadas. Conclusão: Com as limitações do presente estudo, quando usou-se CEM, o preparo de cavidades retrógradas através de Laser Er-YAG afetou positivamente os valores da força de união quando comparados com BIO MTA+. Considerando sua ótima adesão, o cimento enriquecido com cálcio (CEM) pode ser uma boa opção como um material de preenchimento em cavidades retrógradas no uso clínico.

Dental Cements , Dental Pulp Cavity , Lasers, Solid-State
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2021. 115 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1344175


No mercado encontramos uma grande variedade de materiais endodônticos disponibilizados para uso clínico, mas diversos estudos mostram divergências de opiniões com relação ao comportamento biológico dos diferentes materiais. Este trabalho teve como objetivos investigar a viabilidade celular, a expressão de genes envolvidos na plasticidade celular e a diferenciação celular em culturas de células- tronco recuperadas de polpa dentária humana (hDPSCs) quando em contato com quatro materiais endodônticos (Endofill, Pulp Canal Sealer, Sealer 26, MTA) rotineiramente utilizados na clínica odontológica. Objetivou também, por meio de uma revisão sistemática, analisar a biocompatibilidade de cimentos de uso endodôntico sobre células tronco de origem dental. Para isto, o metabolismo celular das hDPSCs, quando em contato com os capilares contendo ou não os cimentos, foi avaliado pelo ensaio de MTT (24 e 48 horas) e a viabilidade celular foi analisada pelo ensaio de exclusão do azul de tripan (48 horas). A plasticidade celular, na presença dos capilares contendo ou não os cimentos, foi avaliada pela expressão gênica dos marcadores CD34, CD45, Nestin, CD105, Nanog e OCT-4 por PCR. Finalmente, a diferenciação celular frente aos cimentos endodônticos foi verificada pela expressão dos genes RUNX2, ALP, OC/BGLAP e DMP1 por RT-PCR. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste ANOVA com correção de Bonferroni (p<0.05). Observou-se que os cimentos Pulp Canal Sealer e o Endofill reduziram significativamente a viabilidade e o metabolismo celular quando comparados ao controle após 48 horas (p<0.001). O MTA e o Sealer 26 não interferiram na viabilidade celular em ambos os períodos de avaliação (p>0.05). As hDPSCs, quando cultivadas na presença do MTA e Sealer 26, expressaram os marcadores Nestin, CD105, NANOG e OCT-4, e não expressaram CD34 e CD45. Por sua vez, o MTA e o Sealer 26 interferiram positivamente ou negativamente na expressão gênica de DMP1, OC/BGLAP e RUNX2 em relação ao grupo controle (p<0.05), mas não houve diferença significativa em relação à expressão gênica de ALP (p>0.05). Portanto, MTA e Sealer 26 demonstram boa compatibilidade biológica quando na presença das hDPSCs. A revisão sistemática demonstrou que a maioria dos materiais, apresentam boa compatibilidade quando em contato com as células tronco, estando aptos a serem utilizados na prática clínica.

On the market, we found a wide variety of endodontics cements available for clinical use, but several studies show divergences of opinion regarding the biological behavior of these different materials. This work aimed to investigate cell viability and metabolism, an expression of genes involved in cell plasticity and cell differentiation in stem cell cultures recovered from human dental pulp (hDPSCs) when in contact with four endodontic cements (Endofill, MTA, Pulp Canal Sealer, Sealer 26) routinely used in endodontic clinic. It also aimed, through a systematic review, to analyze the biocompatibility of endodontic materials on dental stem cells. For this, the viability and metabolism of hDPSCs, when it comes into contact with capillaries that included or not cements, was assessed by MTT assay (24 and 48 hours) and exclusion of trypan blue assay (48 hours). Cellular plasticity, with the presence of capillaries containing or not sealers, was evaluated by the genetic expression of the markers CD34, CD45, Nestin, CD105, Nanog and OCT-4 by PCR. Finally, cell differentiation from endodontics sealers was verified by the expression of the RUNX2, ALP, OC/BGLAP and DMP1 genes by RT-PCR. The data were analyzed using the ANOVA test with Bonferroni correction (p<0.05). We note that Pulp Canal Sealer and Endofill sealers decrease cell viability and cellular metabolism when compared to control after 48 hours (p<0.001). MTA and Sealer 26 did not interfere with cell viability in the two evaluation periods (p>0.05). hDPSCs, when grown in the presence of MTA and Sealer 26, express the Nestin, CD105, NANOG and OCT-4 markers, and do not express CD34 and CD45. In turn, MTA and Sealer 26 interfered in the gene expression of DMP1, OC/BGLAP and RUNX2 in relation to the control group (p<0.05), but did not find a significant difference in relation to the ALP gene expression (p>0.05). Therefore, MTA and Sealer 26 demonstrate good biological compatibility when in the presence of hDPSCs. The systematic review showed that almost all materials have good compatibility when in contact with stem cells, being able to be used in clinical practice.

Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Dental Cements , Dental Pulp , Endodontics , Genotoxicity , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385169


RESUMEN: Introducción: La pulpotomía parcial se utiliza para el tratamiento de caries con exposición pulpar en dientes permanentes inmaduros. El agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) ha sido propuesto como uno de los biomateriales de elección para el tratamiento, pero existe incertidumbre en relación a su efectividad comparado con la del hidróxido de calcio. Métodos: Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. Resultados y conclusiones: Encontramos cinco revisiones sistemáticas, que incluyeron tres estudios primarios, de los cuales todos corresponden a ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que la pulpotomía parcial con agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) podría resultar en poca o nula diferencia en la tasa de éxito comparado a la pulpotomía parcial con hidróxido de calcio, pero la certeza de la evidencia es baja.

ABSTRACT: Introduction: Partial pulpotomy is the treatment of choice following carious pulp exposure in immature permanent teeth. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been suggested as the biomaterial first option for treatment, but there is still uncertainty regarding its effectiveness compared to calcium hydroxide. Methods: We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. Results and conclusions: We identified five systematic reviews including three studies overall, of which all were randomized trials. We conclude that partial pulpotomy with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) may make little or no difference to success rate compared to partial pulpotomy with calcium hydroxide, however, the certainty of the evidence has been assessed as low.

Odovtos (En línea) ; 22(2)ago. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386481


Abstract: The use of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) as an intracanal medication triggers a biomineralization process within mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) apical plugs during the apexification process in teeth with incomplete rhizogenesis. However, no consensus is available in the literature regarding a restorative protocol for this type of treatment. Thus, the objective of this study was to use scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to evaluate the processes of biomineralization and adhesion in a restorative protocol for teeth with simulated incomplete rhizogenesis. Methodology: Root sections with a thickness of 2mm and cavities with a diameter of 2mm were used. The sections were randomly prepared and filled with the following materials: Group 1 (n=12), ProRoot MTA; and Group 2 (n=12): MTA Exp. Subsequently, the samples were immersed in PBS for 35 days. Every 5 days, the PBS was replaced, and the precipitates were collected, dried, and weighed. Two samples from each group were analyzed by SEM. Moreover, 24 single-rooted teeth were standardized, incomplete rhizogenesis was simulated, and 5-mm-long apical plugs were created with Pro Root MTA. As an intracanal medication, PBS was used for different periods of time: Group 1:48 h; Group 2:7 days; and Group 3:15 days. Then, fiberglass posts were cemented with the REBILDA® Post System. The samples were prepared and analyzed by SEM. Results: ProRoot MTA and MTA Exp effectively promoted the formation of carbonated apatite precipitates and biomineralization with dentin. ProRoot MTA yielded more carbonated apatite precipitates compared to MTA Exp (p=0.0536). The use of PBS as an intracanal medication for 7 and 15 days promoted intratubular mineralization (MIT), and treatment for 15 days was more effective (p < 0.05). The REBILDA® Post System effectively promoted the microimbrication of the adhesive system and the formation of resinous tags with lateral adhesive branches. Conclusion: Apexification with MTA associated with the use of PBS as an intracanal medication for 15 days, in addition to the use of the REBILDA® Post System, seems to be a feasible restorative protocol.

Resumen: El uso de solución salina tamponada con fosfato (PBS) como medicamento intracanal desencadena un proceso de biomineralización en los plugs apicales con agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) durante el proceso de apexificación en dientes con rizogénesis incompleta. Sin embargo, no hay consenso disponible en la literatura sobre un protocolo restaurador para este tipo de tratamiento. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue utilizar microscopía electrónica de barrido (MEB) para evaluar los procesos de biomineralización y adhesión en un protocolo restaurador para dientes con rizogénesis incompleta simulada. Metodología: Se utilizaron secciones de raíz con un espesor de 2mm y se realizaron cavidades con un diámetro de 2 mm. Las cavidades en las secciones se obturaron con: Grupo 1 (n=12), ProRoot MTA; y Grupo 2 (n=12): MTA Exp. Posteriormente, las muestras se sumergieron en PBS durante 35 días. Cada 5 días, se reemplazó el PBS y se recogieron los precipitados, se secaron y pesaron. Dos muestras de cada grupo fueron analizadas por MEB. Además, se estandarizaron 24 dientes de raíz única, se simuló la rizogénesis incompleta y se crearon tapones apicales de 5mm de longitud con Pro Root MTA. Como medicamento intracanal, se utilizó PBS durante diferentes períodos de tiempo: Grupo 1:48 h; Grupo 2:7 días; y Grupo 3:15 días. Posteriormente, los postes de fibra de vidrio se cementaron con el sistema de postes REBILDA®. Las muestras fueron preparadas y analizadas por MEB. Resultados: ProRoot MTA y MTA Exp promovieron efectivamente la formación de precipitados de apatita carbonatada y la biomineralización con dentina. ProRoot MTA produjo más precipitados de apatita carbonatada en comparación con MTA Exp (p=0.0536). El uso de PBS como medicamento intracanal durante 7 y 15 días promovió la mineralización intratubular (MIT), siendo el tratamiento durante 15 días más efectivo (p <0.05). El sistema de postes REBILDA® promovió efectivamente la microimbricación del sistema adhesivo y la formación de tags resinosos. Conclusión: La apexificación con MTA asociada con el uso de PBS como medicación intracanal durante 15 días, además del uso del sistema de postes REBILDA®, parece ser un protocolo factible y eficaz en este tipo de tratamientos.

Apexification , Biomineralization , Periapical Abscess
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215008


Microorganisms are the common aetiological factors in initiation as well as perpetuation of periapical and pulpal diseases. Microbial leakage is a cardinal aetiology behind endodontic treatment failure. The success of root canal treatment is greatly influenced by antimicrobial potential of the dental material used in endodontic procedures which plays an important role in creating a hermetic seal to prevent egress of bacteria into root canal from periapical region. METHODSThe three cements MTA, Biodentine and EndoSequence were made into pellets to test their antimicrobial action on the growth of Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212); method used was agar diffusion test. RESULTSAt 24-hour study interval, EndoSequence showed the greatest zone of inhibition of 10.6 mm against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) compared to Biodentine with zone of inhibition of 5.5 mm and MTA with the zone of inhibition of 5 mm. EndoSequence showed highest antimicrobial efficacy at 36-hours and 72-hours study intervals by mean inhibition zone of 11 mm against Enterococcus faecalis compared to that of Biodentine (6 mm) and MTA (5.6 mm) respectively with a p value of less than 0.05 which is highly significant. The antimicrobial activity of EndoSequence was very strong compared to Biodentine and MTA against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212). CONCLUSIONSMicroorganisms play pivotal role in the initiation as well as perpetuation of periapical and pulpal diseases. Microbial leakage is a cardinal aetiology behind endodontic treatment failure. The success of the root canal treatment is greatly influenced by antimicrobial potential of the dental material used in endodontic procedures which plays an important role in creating a hermetic seal to prevent egress of bacteria into root canal from periapical region.

Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 144-149, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090666


Loss of teeth vitality when root formation is incomplete, results in weaker structures leaving them prone to fractures and unfavourable long-term prognosis. Apexogenesis is currently the treatment of choice in immature teeth and is indicated in vital teeth without pulpal pathologies. The treatment aims to eliminate the causal agent of the damage, and provide the necessary conditions to preserve vitality in the tooth and induce apical root closure. A 6-year-old male patient was treated at the Endodontics Clinic, Universidad de La Frontera upon complaining of acute pain in tooth 30. The tooth presented incomplete root development due to dental caries with pulp exposure and a diagnosis of irreversible symptomatic pulpitis. Total pulpotomy was performed with the application of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and controlled at 1, 4, 6, 7 and 12 months, achieving root development and apical closure in the permanent molar. The result was comparable with studies that support this therapy in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. This work seeks to contribute to the existing evidence on the management of immature permanent teeth with irreversible pulpitis to induce root development and apical closure, and maintain pulp vitality.

La pérdida de vitalidad en dientes con formación radicular incompleta trae como resultado el debilitamiento de estos, dejándolos propensos a fracturas con un desfavorable pronóstico a largo plazo. Las terapéuticas actuales de regeneración pulpar en dientes inmaduros estan principalmente indicadas en cuadros de pulpitis irreversible y buscan eliminar el agente causal de daño y brindarle al diente las condiciones y estímulos necesarios para preservar vitalidad e inducir el cierre apical radicular. Un paciente de 6 años de edad y de sexo masculino, acude a la Clínica de Especialidad de Endodoncia de la Universidad de la Frontera, consultando por un dolor agudo en diente 4.6 el cual presentaba un desarrollo radicular incompleto producto de una caries con exposición pulpar con diagnóstico de Pulpitis Irreversible Sintomática. Se realiza una pulpotomia total con aplicación de Mineral Trioxide Aggregate y se controla a los 1, 4, 6 y 7 meses obteniendo un interesante resultado comparable con estudios que avalan dicha terapeutica en dientes con pulpitis irreversible. Este trabajo busca contribuir a la evidencia existente sobre el manejo de dientes permanentes inmaduros con cuadros de pulpitis irreversible para inducir el desarrollo radicular, cierre apical y mantener vitalidad pulpar.

Humans , Male , Child , Oxides/administration & dosage , Pulpitis/therapy , Pulpotomy/methods , Silicates/administration & dosage , Calcium Compounds/administration & dosage , Aluminum Compounds/administration & dosage , Regeneration , Root Canal Filling Materials , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Caries , Drug Combinations , Apexification
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829936


Objective@#To investigate the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of nonodontogenic periapical lesions and to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*Methods@# A case of a patient with right upper molar pulp with apical penetration and local occlusion admitted to the West China Stomatological Hospital of Sichuan University was retrospectively analyzed, and the curative effect of microapical surgery and pith preservation was also analyzed.@*Results @#The imaging features of tooth 16 showed periradicular radiolucency combined with local radiopaque lesions around the distal buccal apical area. Endodontic microsurgery was performed under local anesthesia. Soft tissue coverage was observed in the distal buccal apical area during the surgery, and no radiopaque tissue was detected. The distal buccal root apex was cut by 3 mm, and mineral trioxide aggregate was used for root-end backfilling. The postoperative pathological results revealed fibrous connective tissue. One-week recall X-ray examination showed tight root-end backfilling and no periradicular radiolucency; an electrical test of pulp vitality showed positive results. The four-year follow-up showed that there was no discoloration in tooth 16 and no significant difference in thermal and electrical tests of pulp vitality compared with control teeth. Combining the clinical manifestations, imaging features, surgical exploration results and pathological reports, the case was most likely to be cemental hypoplasia. Through the literature review, the treatment and healthy pulp preservation of such cases by endodontic microsurgery under the premise of preserving teeth has not been reported.@*Conclusion@#For maxillary posterior teeth with periapical lesions but healthy pulp, accurate estimation of pulp status, endodontic microsurgical exploration and application of bioactive materials can achieve vital pulp preservation while removing the lesions.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811428


OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the indirect effect of calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), as 2 calcium silicate-based hydraulic cements, on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) through different dentin thicknesses.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-chamber setups were designed to simulate indirect pulp capping (IPC). Human molars were sectioned to obtain 0.1-, 0.3-, and 0.5-mm-thick dentin discs, which were placed between the 2 chambers to simulate an IPC procedure. Then, MTA and CEM were applied on one side of the discs, while hDPSCs were cultured on the other side. After 2 weeks of incubation, the cells were removed, and cell proliferation, morphology, and attachment to the discs were evaluated under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDXA) spectroscopy was performed for elemental analysis. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was assessed quantitatively. The data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests.RESULTS: SEM micrographs revealed elongated cells, collagen fibers, and calcified nucleations in all samples. EDXA verified that the calcified nucleations consisted of calcium phosphate. The largest calcifications were seen in the 0.1-mm-thick dentin subgroups. There was no significant difference in ALP activity across the CEM subgroups; however, ALP activity was significantly lower in the 0.1-mm-thick dentin subgroup than in the other MTA subgroups (p < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The employed capping biomaterials exerted biological activity on hDPSCs, as shown by cell proliferation, morphology, and attachment and calcific precipitations, through 0.1- to 0.5-mm-thick layers of dentin. In IPC, the bioactivity of these endodontic biomaterials is probably beneficial.

Alkaline Phosphatase , Biocompatible Materials , Calcium , Cell Proliferation , Collagen , Dental Pulp Capping , Dental Pulp , Dentin , Endodontics , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Miners , Molar , Pemetrexed , Spectrum Analysis , Stem Cells
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811422


OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of a self-adhering flowable composite (Dyad Flow) and a bulk-fill flowable composite (Smart Dentin Replacement [SDR]) to several pulp-capping materials, including MTA Plus, Dycal, Biodentine, and TheraCal.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty acrylic blocks with 2-mm-deep central holes that were 4 mm in diameter were prepared and divided into 2 groups (n = 40 each) according to the composite used (Dyad Flow or SDR). They were further divided into 4 sub-groups (n = 10 each) according to the pulp-capping agent used. SBS was tested using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were analyzed using 2-way analysis of variance. A p value of < 0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance.RESULTS: A statistically significant difference (p = 0.040) was found between Dyad Flow and SDR in terms of bond strength to MTA Plus, Dycal, Biodentine, and TheraCal.CONCLUSIONS: Among the 8 sub-groups, the combination of TheraCal and SDR exhibited the highest SBS.

Dentin , In Vitro Techniques , Pemetrexed
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200001, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139423


Introduction: The resistance adhesive of a fiber post can be affected by several factors, such as the endodontic sealer and post-endodontic waiting time. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different endodontic sealers and two different post-endodontic waiting times on the bond strength of fiber posts. Material and method: Seventy-two bovine teeth were endodontically treated and filled using three endodontic sealers: eugenol-based, epoxy resin-based, or mineral trioxide aggregate-based. The specimens were stored at 37°C for 24 hours or for 30 months. After the respective storage times, the root canals were prepared for luting fiber posts using RelyX U200. Push-out tests and analysis of failures were performed. The push-out data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance to compare the effects of the endodontic sealer and with the t-test to compare the effects of post-endodontic waiting time. Result: The AH Plus sealer yielded the highest bond strength values at 30 months post-endodontics (11.26 Mpa) (p < 0.05), however no had difference with Endofill sealer at the same time. Endofill and MTA Fillapex sealers did not differ significantly in their effects, irrespective of the post-endodontic waiting time. Conclusion: In conclusion, the endodontic sealer used and post-endodontic waiting time affect the adhesive resistance of fiber posts. The adhesion increases significantly when the fiber post is cemented 30 months after the root canal filling, while the adhesion is reduced when cementing immediately after root canal treatment, in particular for eugenol-based endodontic sealers.

Introdução: A resistência de união de um pino de fibra pode ser afetada por vários fatores, como o cimento endodôntico e o tempo de espera pós-endodontia. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito de diferentes cimentos endodônticos e dois tempos de espera pós-endodontia na resistência de união de pinos de fibra. Material e método: Setenta e dois dentes bovinos foram tratados endodonticamente e obturados usando três cimentos endodônticos: à base de eugenol, à base de resina epóxia ou à base de mineral trióxido agregado. Os espécimes foram armazenados a 37 ° C por 24 horas ou por 30 meses. Após, os canais radiculares foram preparados para cimentação dos pinos de fibra usando o RelyX U200. Foram realizados testes de push-out e análise de falhas. Os dados foram analisados por análise de variância bidirecional e com o teste t. Resultado: O cimento AH Plus obteve os maiores valores de resistência de união aos 30 meses pós-endodontia (11,26 Mpa) (p <0,05), no entanto, não houve diferença com o cimento Endofill no mesmo tempo. Os cimentos Endofill e MTA Fillapex não diferiram significativamente em seus efeitos, independentemente do tempo de espera pós-endodontia. Conclusão: O cimento endodôntico utilizado e o tempo de espera pós-endodontia afetam a resistência adesiva dos pinos de fibra. A adesão aumenta significativamente quando o pino de fibra é cimentado 30 meses após a obturação do canal radicular, enquanto a adesão é reduzida ao cimentar imediatamente após o tratamento do canal radicular, principalmente para cimentos endodônticos à base de eugenol.

Cattle , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Therapy , Eugenol , Dental Cements , Dental Pins , Epoxy Resins , Analysis of Variance
Acta odontol. latinoam ; 32(3): 121-125, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130717


ABSTRACT Paraendodontic surgery is a procedure that aims to solve problems that could not be solved by, or when it is not possible to perform conventional endodontic treatment. The aim of this experimental study was to compare the apical microleakage of teeth sectioned at 45° or 90° to the long axis of the tooth and root-end filled with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) using stereomicroscopy. In this study, 26 maxillary central incisors were used. Cleaning and shaping were performed with use of the Oregon technique and the samples were randomly divided into two groups. In Group A (n=10) apical section was performed at an angle of 90°, making a retrocavity with an ultrasonic tip and retrofilling with MTA. In group B (n=10) the same procedures were performed, but the apical section was at a 45° angle. Then the samples were immersed in a dye (India ink), placed in an oven at 37° for 48 h before applying the clearing technique. Afterwards the teeth were assessed by stereomicroscope at 20x magnification to analyze dye leakage. Data were submitted to the Student's-t test with significance level p<0.05. There was statistically significant difference between groups. Group B showed higher apical microleakage values compared with group A (P=0.004), but both groups showed dye leakage. The results showed that the 90° apical section promoted lower dye microleakage values at the dentin-retrofilling material interface than the 45°-section and could be considered the most effective technique for apical preparation in paraendodontic surgery.

RESUMO A cirurgia paraendodontica é um procedimento que visa resolver problemas que nao poderiam ser resolvidos, ou quando nao é possível realizar o tratamento endodontico convencional. O objetivo deste estudo experimental foi comparar a microinfiltragao apical de dentes seccionados a 45° ou 90° em relagao ao longo eixo do dente e extremidade radicularpreenchida com agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) utilizando estereomicroscopia. Neste estudo, 26 incisivos centrais superiores foram utilizados. Limpeza e modelagem foram realizadas com o uso da técnica de Oregon e as amostras foram divididas aleatoriamente em dois grupos. No Grupo A (n = 10) foi realizada segao apical em ángulo de 90°, realizando retrocavidade com ponta ultrassonica e retrobturagao com MTA. No grupo B (n = 10), os mesmos procedimentos foram realizados, mas a segao apical estava em um ángulo de 45°. Em seguida, as amostras foram imersas em um corante (nanquim), colocadas em estufa a 37°Cpor 48 h, antes da aplicagao da técnica de clareamento. Posteriormente, os dentes foram avaliados por estereomicroscópio, com aumento de 20x, para análise do vazamento de corante. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste t de Student, com nivel de significáncia p <0,05. Houve diferenga estatisticamente significante entre os grupos. O grupo B apresentou maiores valores de microinfil-tragao apical em comparagao ao grupo A (P = 0,004), mas ambos os grupos apresentaram vazamento de corante. Os resultados mostraram que a segao apical de 90° promoveu menores valores de microinfiltragao de corante na interface do material retrobturador dentinário do que a segao 45° e pode ser considerada a técnica mais efetiva para preparo apical em cirurgia paraendodontica.

Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 11(2): 64-101, DICIEMBRE 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1046305


Introducción: las lesiones perirradiculares aparecen solo cuando los conductos radiculares están expuestos a la microbiota oral. Estos conductos radiculares albergan a varias especies bacterianas y sus toxinas que llegan a los tejidos perirradiculares y se inicia la formación de lesiones Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia de los materiales usados como obturadores retrógrados en cirugías apicales según capacidad de microfiltración y adaptación marginal en dientes permanentes. Metodología: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de bases de datos electrónicas de los últimos 10 años. Se excluyeron artículos no originales, que solo medía la eficacia de un material o que comparaba dos marcas o tipos de un mismo material. Resultados: la mayor cantidad de artículos fueron del año 2014. El MTA fue el material más estudiado. La amalgama se estudia hasta el año 2015 y en el mismo año desaparecen las investigaciones del Biodentine. La mayoría de los artículos evaluó la microfiltración para medir la eficacia. El material que fue considerado eficaz en mayor porcentaje fue el MTA con 27% en estudios de microfiltración y 15% de adaptación. El Biodentine es el siguiente con un 15% de estudios de microfiltración y 6% de adaptación marginal. Se puede concluir que el MTA todavía es el material más eficaz cuando se lo utiliza en obturaciones retrógradas, seguido del Biodentine. Conclusiones: en base a los resultados de los investigadores, se podría considerar al material recientemente fabricado, Biodentine, con igual eficacia que al MTA.

Introduction: periradicular lesions appear only when the root canals are exposed to the oral microbiota. These root canals house several bacterial species and their toxins that reach the periradicular tissues and the formation of lesions begins Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the materials used as retrograde obturators in apical surgeries according to microfiltration capacity and marginal adaptation in permanent teeth. Methodology: a bibliographic review of electronic databases of the last 10 years was carried out. Non-original articles were excluded, which only measured the effectiveness of a material or that compared two brands or types of the same material. Results: the largest number of articles were from 2014. The MTA was the most studied material. The amalgam is studied until 2015 and in the same year the Biodentine research disappears. Most articles evaluated microfiltration to measure effectiveness. The material that was considered effective in the highest percentage was the MTA with 27% in microfiltration studies and 15% adaptation. Biodentine is next with 15% of microfiltration studies and 6% of marginal adaptation. It can be concluded that MTA is still the most effective material when used in retrograde seals, followed by Biodentine. Conclusions: based on the results of the researchers, the newly manufactured material, Biodentine, could be considered as effectively as the MTA.

J. res. dent ; 7(6): 87-90, nov.-dec2019.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358727


Endodontic treatment confronting previous iatrogeny in teeth with incomplete root formation and apical periodontitis is presented as a challenge to the Endodontists. The sanitization and peri-radicular repair can be achieved by the assist of auxiliary materials to biomechanical treatment procedures. MTA is cogitated as a choice for these cases due to its composition, physicochemical, mechanical and biological properties. In this case report, the patient presented tooth 11 with incomplete root formation and peri-radicular radiolucent lesion accompanied by the presence of an inverted gutta-percha cone in an attempt to filling the root canal. Endodontic treatment was accomplished by removal of the previous gutta-percha. After determining the working length, biomechanical preparation was achieved up until #80 K-file. Sequentially application of calcium hydroxide, as intracanal medication, was performed. Six monthly exchanges of intracanal dressing were completed. Apex was sealed with MTA bonded with saline through #4 Paiva condenser, creating an apical plug. The tooth was temporarily sealed, and patient returned after a week to perform the root canal filling with gutta-percha associated to Sealapex. The final radiography shows apical tissue repair with no peri-radicular lesions and clinical signs of successful treatment. This case report highlights the tissue repair and lack of local infection, absence of sensitivity pain or edema. These findings indicated that these approaches could be elect to presence of necrotic lesions achieving tissue repair.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-209182


Introduction: This is a case report showing interdisciplinary management of a tooth with external and cervical root resorptionusing mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA).Case Report: A 35-year-old female with a complaint of pain in upper jaw with a history road traffic accident 8 year back.Non-surgical root canal therapy was performed with the use of calcium hydroxide and triple antibiotic paste as intracanalmedicament. About 2% chlorhexidine solution was used as the final irrigant. MTA obturation was done in both central incisors;external cervical resorption in the left central incisor was repaired by reflecting the mucoperiosteal flap and sealing with MTA:The 3-month follow-up of the present case shows satisfactory results both clinically and radiographically.Conclusion: Resorption cases has to be ruled out radiographically and clinically for successful management of these cases.Non-surgical and surgical treatment has been done hand in hand for management of this case.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-192278


Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the sealing ability of three different materials mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) Plus, bone cement, and calcium sulfate with self-etch adhesive (SEA) for the repair of furcal perforation, using dye extraction method. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight extracted human permanent first and second molars were included and randomly divided into four groups: Group 1, n = 12, negative control, perforation not repaired with any material, Group 2, n = 12, perforation repair material used, MTA Plus, Group 3, n = 12, perforation repair material used, calcium sulfate with SEA, Group 4, n = 12, perforation repair material used, bone cement. The teeth were then coated with two coats of clear nail varnish immersed in methylene blue dye for 24 h, kept in 65% concentrated nitric acid for 3 days. Dye leakage was measured with the dye extraction method using a spectrophotometer at 550 nm. Results: The negative control showed the highest mean values of dye absorbance (1.45). Bone cement (0.94) came second. Calcium sulfate with SEA (0.58) and MTA Plus (0.32) had no significant difference in their dye absorbance values. Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study, MTA Plus showed the least microleakage followed by calcium sulfate with SEA which has shown promising results and can be used as an alternative followed by bone cement which showed the highest microleakage.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-185117


The aim of this study was to compare and evaluated the influence of post space preparation on the marginal integrity of MTA root end restoration. Methodology: 60 Freshly extracted human maxillary anterior teeth were collected, and decoronated to obtain a uniform root length of 14mm. Cleaning, shaping and obturation of root canals was performed. These teeth were then randomly divided into three groups of twenty each. In Group I, post space preparation was followed by retrograde preparation and restoration by MTA. In Group II, firstly root end cavity preparation and restoration was done. Post space preparation was done after the completion of above procedures. Group III, served as positive control. These samples were covered with fingernail polish and immersed in 0.2% rhodamine B dye for 48 hours. The specimens were sectioned longitudinally using a diamond disc to measure dye penetration under stereomicroscope. Results revealed that, Group I, showed minimum mean dye penetration of 52.50 µm whereas the mean leakage scores observed in Group II i.e of 1087.50. Conclusion: The post space should be prepared before the root end surgery

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-208633


Furcal perforations are significant iatrogenic complications of endodontic treatment and could lead to endodontic failure.Successful treatment depends on the immediate sealing of the perforation and prevention of infection. Several materials usedinitially to repair the perforation were considered inadequate due to their bacterial leakage and lack of biocompatibility to theunderlying tissues. Recently, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been regarded as an ideal material for perforation repair,retrograde filling, pulp capping, and apexification. Successful management of an iatrogenic furcal perforation using MTA onmandibular first molar is described in this case report. The tooth was endodontically treated and coronally restored with resincomposite. After 6 months, the absence of periradicular radiolucent lesion indicated a successful outcome of sealing the furcalperforation using MTA.