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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 879-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996635

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the causes of conversion to thoracotomy in patients with minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) in a surgical team, and to obtain a deeper understanding of the timing of conversion in MIE. Methods     The clinical data of patients who underwent MIE between September 9, 2011 and February 12, 2022 by a single surgical team in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The main influencing factors and perioperative mortality of patients who converted to thoracotomy in this group were analyzed. Results     In the cohort of 791 consecutive patients with MIE, there were 520 males and 271 females, including 29 patients of multiple esophageal cancer, 156 patients of upper thoracic cancer, 524 patients of middle thoracic cancer, and 82 patients of lower thoracic cancer. And 46 patients were converted to thoracotomy for different causes. The main causes for thoracotomy were advanced stage tumor (26 patients), anesthesia-related factors (5 patients), extensive thoracic adhesions (6 patients), and accidental injury of important structures (8 patients). There was a statistical difference in the distribution of tumor locations between patients who converted to thoracotomy and the MIE patients (P<0.05). The proportion of multiple and upper thoracic cancer in patients who converted to thoracotomy was higher than that in the MIE patients, while the proportion of lower thoracic cancer was lower than that in the MIE patients. The perioperative mortality of the thoracotomy patients was not significantly different from that of the MIE patients (P=1.000). Conclusion     In MIE, advanced-stage tumor, anesthesia-related factors,extensive thoracic adhesions, and accidental injury of important structures are the main causes of conversion to thoracotomy. The rate varies at different tumor locations. Intraoperative conversion to thoracotomy does not affect the perioperative mortality of MIE.

2.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 895-901, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988767

ABSTRACT

The current recommendation for postoperative radiotherapy for esophageal cancer in China is mainly based on the data of incomplete two-field dissection of open left thoracotomy. At present, the type of surgery for esophageal cancer gradually transitions from open left thoracotomy to open right thoracotomy and from open esophagectomy to minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). Patients with early-stage esophageal cancer are selected as candidates for MIE. MIE is less invasive than open esophagectomy, and the right thoracic approach is conducive to more thorough lymph node dissection. However, few data and related studies are available on the patterns of failure after MIE in esophageal cancer, and guiding an adjuvant therapy is difficult. The feasibility of an adjuvant therapy for selective high-risk patients and the optimized treatment after MIE remains to be explored in clinical practice. In this regard, this article aims to review the safety of MIE, long-term survival outcomes, postoperative recurrence patterns, and recurrence rates of patients to discuss the value of postoperative adjuvant therapy and guide clinical treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 577-580, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940925

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare and analyze the perioperative clinical effects of minimally invasive Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy (MIE-Ivor-Lewis) and minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy (MIE-McKeown). Methods: A total of 147 patients who underwent endoscopic esophageal cancer surgery from April 2018 to August 2019 were selected, including 85 patients undergoing MIE-McKeown surgery and 62 patients undergoing MIE-Ivor-Lewis surgery. The measurement data were expressed as (x±s), the comparison of normally distributed measurement data was performed by independent sample t-test, and the comparison of count data was performed by χ(2) test or Fisher's exact test. Results: The operation time of McKeown (M) group and Ivor-Lewis (IL) group were (219.2±72.4) minutes and (225.8±65.3) minutes. The mediastinal lymph node dissection number of M and IL groups were 13.3±4.8 and 11.6±6.5, respectively. The number of left recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph node dissection were 3.5±1.2 and 3.1±1.4, respectively. The intraoperative blood loss were (178.3±41.3) ml and (163.2±64.1) ml, respectively. The number of patients reoperated for postoperative bleeding were 1 and 0, respectively. The number of patients with postoperative gastric bleeding were 0 and 1, respectively. The postoperative chest tube retention time were (2.8±1.3) days and (3.1±1.2) days, respectively. The number of patients with anastomotic leakage were 7 and 1, respectively. The number of patients with lung infection were 13 and 5, respectively, and with chylothorax were 2 and 1, respectively, without statistically significant difference (P>0.05). The number of patients with hoarseness were 11 and 3, respectively. The total incidence of complication were 41.2% (35/85) and 17.7% (11/62), and the postoperative hospital stay were (14.7±6.5) days and (12.3±2.3) days, with statistical difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: MIE-Ivor-Lewis and MIE-McKeown are safe and effective in treating esophageal cancer, but the complication of MIE-Ivor-Lewis is less than that of MIE-Mckeown, and the perioperative clinical effect of MIE-Ivor-Lewis is better than that of MIE-McKeown.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy/adverse effects , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 30-33, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930903

ABSTRACT

Esophageal cancer is one of the common malignant tumors in the worldwide and has regional characteristics in China. At present, the treatment of esophageal cancer is still a comprehensive diagnosis and treatment mode based on surgery. With the application of minimally invasive technique in surgery of esophageal cancer, the concept of surgical diagnosis and treatment for esophageal cancer is constantly updating. The application of robotic surgical system in esophageal surgery promotes the surgical quality of lymph node dissection and improves the technique of intraluminal anastomosis under total endoscopy. For locally advanced esophageal cancer, a diagnosis and treatment mode based on neoadjuvant therapy has been gradually accepted by most of doctors around China. Combined with the latest researches at home and abroad, the authors investigate the development of surgical techniques, the renewal of surgical concept and the changes on diagnosis and treatment, summarize the new advances in comprehensive surgical treatment for esophageal cancer, in order to provide the theoretical guidance for the standardized treatment of esophageal cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 972-978, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886544

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the safety and feasibility of the modified and improved thoracoscopic surgery for esophageal cancer using the concept of "single-direction" thoracoscopic technique. Methods    The clinical data of 65 patients undergoing this modified minimally invasive esophagectomy based on "single-direction" thoracoscopic system between June 2018 and April 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 54 males and 11 females aged 62.5±7.8 years. Results    The thoracoscopic operation time was 133.4±28.6 min, and intraoperative blood loss was 61.9±29.2 mL. No intraoperative blood transfusion was needed. One patient was transferred to open thoracotomy (due to severe pleural adhesion atresia). Major complications included anastomotic leak, pneumonia, chylothorax, incisional infection, recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis and gastric emptying disorders, which were recovered by conservative treatment. No postoperative death occurred. The median number of lymph nodes and lymph node station harvested was 19 and 10, respectively. The median postoperative hospital stay was 10 days. The volume of chest drainage was 1 117.3±543.4 mL. Conclusion    The minimally invasive operation mode of esophageal cancer based on "single-direction" thoracoscopic system is safe and feasible, and has good field vision and smooth and simplified procedure.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 31-34, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873543

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the safety, feasibility and short-term outcomes of single-direction gastric mobilization under 3D-laparoscopy in minimally invasive esophagectomy for the treatment of esophageal cancer. Methods    From February 2018 to December 2019, 118 consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in our hospital were included. There were 94 males and 24 females with an average age of 53.7 (41–77) years. They were divided into two groups based on the methods of gastric mobilization: a traditional dissociation (TD) group (n=55) and a single-direction mobilization (MD) group (n=63). The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Results    Enbloc resection and a negative resection margin were obtained in all patients. There was no postoperative mortality or incision complication. The rate of postoperative complications was 22.9%. There was no significant difference in the spleen injury, gastric injury, conversion to open surgery, abdominal reoperation as well as cervical anastomotic leakage between the two groups (P>0.05). It took significantly less time in the MD group compared with the TD group (P<0.05). There was an obvious statistical difference in the incidence of gastric mobilization related complications between the MD group (1.6%, 1/63) and TD group (12.7%, 7/55, P<0.05). Conclusion    Application of single-direction gastric mobilization under 3D-laparoscopy in minimally invasive esophagectomy for the treatment of esophageal cancer is safe and easy to perform with a satisfactory short-term outcome.

7.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 60-68, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the short-, mid-, and long-term outcomes in patients with esophageal cancer between minimally invasive esophagectomy via Sweet approach in combination with cervical mediastinoscopy (MIE-SM) and minimally invasive esophagectomy via McKeown approach (MIE-MC), and to evaluate the value of MIE-SM in the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer.@*METHODS@#A prospective, nonrandomized study was adopted. A total of 65 esophageal cancer patients after MIE-SM and MIE-MC from June 2014 to May 2016 were included. Among them, 33 patients underwent MIE-SM and 32 patients underwent MIE-MC. Short-term outcomes (including the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay, reoperation, open surgery, number of dissected lymph nodes, and 30-day mortality), mid-term outcomes, [including Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and the esophageal site-specific module (QLQ-OES18)], long-term outcomes [including overall survival and disease-free survival] were compared between the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#Radical resection (R0) were achieved in all patients. There were no significant differences in the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, and postoperative hospital stay between the 2 groups (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#MIE-SM appears to be a safe surgical approach, which may get better quality of life, suffer less pain, and can achieve the same therapeutic effect as MIE-MC. Therefore, MIE-SM should be considered as a valuable approach for the treatment of middle and lower esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy , Laparoscopy , Mediastinoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(2): 71-78, jun. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013348

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: desde la introducción de la funduplicatura laparoscópica en 1991 para tratar la enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico, se han desarrollado diferentes procedimientos mininvasivos hasta llegar en la actualidad a las esofagectomías totalmente toracoscópicas y laparoscópicas. Objetivo: analizar los eventos adversos durante la esofagectomía mininvasiva en posición prona durante la curva de aprendizaje. Material y métodos: en el período comprendido entre noviembre de 2011 y junio de 2017 fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente en el Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos San Martín (HIGA) y el Instituto de Diagnóstico de La Plata 36 pacientes mediante esofagectomía mininvasiva (EMI) en posición prona (PP). Resultados: durante el tiempo abdominal se produjo una lesión de vasos coronarios. En el tiempo torácico se registraron dos lesiones pulmonares, una lesión del cayado de vena ácigos y una sección del conducto torácico; además hubo un caso de daño al nervio recurrente y una lesión del bronquio fuente izquierdo durante la linfadenectomía. Al analizar el total de las complicaciones se observó que la mayoría de ellas se presentaron en los primeros 20 casos, mientras que en los 16 siguientes solo se registró una lesión pulmonar (p=0,10). Conclusión: como conclusión podemos decir que la EMI en PP, como ya es sabido, es un procedimiento factible y seguro pero ‒dada su complejidad‒ puede provocar lesiones intraoperatorias graves. Aunque los resultados de nuestra serie no arrojaron diferencias de significancia estadística, la cantidad de eventos adversos durante las operaciones realizadas por el mismo equipo disminuyó sensiblemente en la medida en que se adquirió el entrenamiento suficiente.


Background: Since the initial description of laparoscopic fundoplication in 1991 for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, different minimally invasive procedures have been developed until nowadays, when esophagectomy is performed using combined thoracoscopy and laparoscopy. Objective: The aim of our study is to analyze the adverse events of minimally invasive esophagectomy in prone position during the learning curve. Material and methods: Between November 2011 and June 2017, 36 patients underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy in prone position in the Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) San Martín and the Instituto de Diagnóstico de La Plata. Results: During the abdominal stage one patient presented coronary vessel injury. The complications occurring in the thoracic stage included lung injury (n =2), azygos arch injury (n = 1), thoracic duct dissection (n = 1), laryngeal recurrent nerve lesion (n = 1) and main stem bronchus injury (n = 1) during lymph node resection. Most of these complications occurred in the first 20 patients, while in the remaining 16 cases only lung injury occurred (p = 0.10) Conclusion: Minimally invasive esophagectomy in prone position is a feasible and safe procedure that can cause serious intraoperative complications due to its complexity. Although the results of our series did not show statistically significant differences, the number of adverse events during surgeries performed by the same team showed an important reduction associated with better training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prone Position , Esophagectomy/adverse effects , Learning Curve , Argentina , Thoracic Surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Achalasia , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Lung Injury/complications , Intraoperative Complications
9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 642-647, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749605

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the learning curve of non-tube and early oral feeding procedure following McKeown minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). Methods    We analyzed the clinical data of 38 patients (26 males, 12 females, aged 42–79 years) with esophageal cancer who received non-tube and early oral feeding procedure after surgery at the Affiliated Tumor Hospital, Zhengzhou University from November 2017 to August 2018. They suffered upper thoracic esophageal cancer (n=4), middle thoracic esophageal cancer (n=22) or lower thoracic esophageal cancer (n=12). Results    McKeown MIE was successfully performed on 38 patients. Oral feeding began 1.7 (1-4) days after surgery in the 38 patients with non-tube. Pneumonia/atelectasis occurred in 5 patients (13.1%), respiratory failure in 1 patient (2.6%), arrhythmia in 3 patients (7.9%), hoarseness in 5 patients (13.1%), anastomotic fistula in 1 patient (2.6%), cervical incision infection in 1 patient (2.6%), pneumomediastinum and infection in 1 patient (2.6%) and gastric emptying disorder in 2 patients (5.2%). No death was observed. After 26 patients with McKeown MIE were treated with enhanced recovery after surgery procedure, the operation time and complications could reach a relatively stable state and entered a plateau phase of learning curve. Conclusion    Non-tube and early oral feeding procedure following MIE is technically safe and feasible. It can shorten hospital stay, relieve the discomfort of placement of nasogastric and nutrition tube and may reduce the incidence of complications. The learning curve of non-tube and early oral feeding procedure following MIE is  about 26 cases.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 720-723, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818311

ABSTRACT

Objective Pain is an important factor affecting rapid rehabilitation of the patient after minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE), and few studies are reported on the analgesic effect of intravenous administration of flurbiprofen (FBP) following MIE. This study was to investigate the role of FBP analgesia in rapid rehabilitation of the patients after MIE. Methods Sixty-four patients with esophageal cancer underwent MIE in the General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command from October 2015 to October 2016. Thirty-two of them received analgesia with a patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump (the control group) and the other 32 with FBP plus a PCA pump (the FBP group) postoperatively. We measured the concentrations of serum interleukin 6 (IL-6) and procalcitonin (PCT) at 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after surgery, recorded the visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores at rest, and compared the parameters obtained between the two groups of patients. Results Compared with the control group, the FBP group showed significantly decreased concentrations of serum IL-6 ([156.53 ± 13.46] vs [120.19±13.52] μg/L, P < 0.05) and PCT ([1.99 ± 0.12] vs [1.89 ± 0.18] μg/L, P < 0.05) at 12 hours after MIE, even more significantly at 24, 48 and 72 hours (P < 0.05). And the VAS scores were markedly lower in the FBP than in the control group at all the four time points (P < 0.05). Conclusion Postoperative intravenous administration of flurbiprofen can significantly reduce inflammatory reaction, relieve pain and contribute to rapid rehabilitation after minimally invasive esophagectomy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 646-649, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732653

ABSTRACT

@#Nowadays, thoracoscopic laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) has been widely used in the treatment of esophageal cancer. In recent years, robot assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) has been developing vigorously. According to the research progress and practical experience in the world, RAMIE has the same safety and effectiveness as TLE. In this paper, several aspects on this novel operation were demonstrated, including the safety evaluation, lymph node dissection, prognosis of RAMIE, comparison of RAMIE and TLE, and the role of RAMIE in multidisciplinary treatment of esophageal cancer, in order to promote the rational application of RAMIE in esophagectomy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 78-82, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749834

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the security and outcomes of thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) versus open approach (OA) for thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods    From June 2014 to June 2015, 125 patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma underwent esophagectomy through McKeown approach, including TLE (a TLE group, 107 patients, 77 males and 30 females) and OA (an OA group, 18 patients, 13 males and 5 females). The data of operation and postoperative complications of the two groups were analyzed retrospectively. Results    There was no statistical difference in the duration of operation and ICU stay and resected lymph nodes around laryngeal recurrent nerve between the TLE group and the OA group (333.58±72.84 min vs. 369.17±91.24 min, P=0.067; 2.84±1.44 d vs. 6.44±13.46 d, P=0.272; 4.71±3.87 vs. 3.89±3.97, P=0.408) . There was a statistical difference in blood loss, total resected lymph nodes and resected lymph nodes groups between TLE group and OA group (222.62±139.77 ml vs. 427.78±276.65, P=0.006; 19.62±9.61 vs. 14.61±8.07, P=0.038; 3.70±0.99 vs. 3.11±1.13, P=0.024). The rate of postoperative complications was 32.7% in the TLE group and 38.9% in the OA group (P=0.608). There was a statistical difference (P=0.011) in incidence of pulmonary infection (2.8% in the TLE group and 16.7% in the OA group). Incidences of complications, such as anastomotic leakage, cardiac complications, left-side hydrothorax, right-side pneumothorax, voice hoarse and incision infection, showed no statistical difference between two groups. Conclusion    For patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, TLE possesses advantages of more harvested lymph nodes, less blood loss and less pulmonary infection comparing with open approach, and is complied with the principles of security and oncological radicality of surgery.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 203-207, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749799

ABSTRACT

@#bjective    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy followed by minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) for locally advanced esophageal cancer. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 56 consecutive patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer treated by neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgery in our hospital between January 2015 and December 2016. There were 51 males and 5 females. The patients were divided into 2 groups. Neoadjuvant therapy followed by open surgery esophagectomy group was as an OE group with 25 patients aged 61 (50-73) years. And neoadjuvant therapy followed by MIE was as a MIE group with 31 patients aged 60 (55-79) years. Results    The pathologic complete response (pCR) rate of 28 patients with neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy was significantly higher than that of 28 patients with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (21.4% vs. 10.7%, P<0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, R2 rate and the number of lymph nodes dissection in the MIE group were obviously better than those of the OE group with statistical differences (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the number of resected lymph nodes along the bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerves and lymph node metastasis rate (P>0.05) between the two groups. The incidence of postoperative respiratory complications in the MIE group was lower than that of the OE group (P=0.041). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence of other complications, re-operation, re-entry to ICU, median length of stay or perioperative deaths (P>0.05). There was only one patient with neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the OE group died due to gastric fluid asphyxia caused by  trachea-esophageal fistula. Conclusion    Neoadjuvant therapy followed by MIE for locally advanced esophageal cancer is safe and feasible. The oncological outcomes seem comparable regardless of OE.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 338-344, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749793

ABSTRACT

@#In this review, development and application of the minimally invasive esophagectomy(MIE) for esophageal cancer are discussed including the types of MIE procedures, short- and long- term outcome after MIE; as well the future of MIE is forecasted. Main procedures of MIE performed currently include esophagectomy via thoracoscopy and laparoscopy and cervical esophagogastrosty, Ivor-Lewis MIE via thoracoscopy and laparoscopy, and hiatal MIE. Ivor-Lewis MIE gradually becomes a standard surgical option for the cancer of distal esophagus or esophagogastric junction while the solution of intrathoracic anastomosis via thoracoscopy has achieved. Several methods of intrathoracic anastomosis are reported such as hand-sewn, circular stapler, side-to-side and triangular anastomosis. MIE could decrease operative blood loss, shorten hospital stay and ICU stay, reduce postoperative especially pulmonary complications, and harvest more lymph nodes compared to open esophagectomy. The long-term survival has been proved similar with that after open esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. MIE has developed rapidly in recent years with some aspects in future prospectively: individual MIE treatment and quality of life, fast track after surgery, and robot-assisted MIE, as well the endoscopic submucosal dissection for esophageal cancer is mentioned.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 416-419, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749775

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the short-term efficacy of Ivor-Lewis via hand-sewn purse-string approach and purse-string forceps approach in minimally invasive esophagectomy for middle and lower esophageal cancer, and to discuss the safety and feasibility of hand-sewn purse-string anastomosis technique for minimally invasive Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy (MIILE). Methods     The clinical data of 151 patients undergoing thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophageal cancer surgery from January 2014 to January 2017 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different methods of purse string making, the patients were divided into a purse-string forceps group including 49 males and 16 females with a mean age of 67.98±7.07 years ranging from 51 to 80 years treated with forceps to make purse-string and a handcraft group including 61 males and 25 females with a mean age of 67.76±8.18 years ranging from 52 to 83 years using hand-sewn way. The perioperative data of two two groups were compared. Results    The purse-string making time and postoperative total volume of chest drainage were less in the handcraft group than those in the purse-string forceps group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in hemorrhage during operation, the operation duration or postoperative hospital stay (P>0.05). There was also no statistical difference between the two groups in the rate of anastomotic or gastric tube fistula, anastomotic stenosis, pulmonary infection or incision infection (P>0.05). Conclusion    In minimally invasive esophagectomy for middle-lower section, MIILE by hand-sewn purse-string is as safe as purse-string forceps, with no more complications, needing no professional equipments, and easy to learn, master and promote.

16.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 473-476, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711815

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of the standard of Chinese lymph node dissection in minimally invasive esophagectomy.Methods Methods Between April 2014 to September 2015,63 patients with esophageal carcinoma received minimally invasive esophagectomy by the same group of surgeons.Wedescribed in detail the methods of thoracic esophagus mobilization and lymph node dissection in the peri-esophageal space.We analyzed the surgical effect,postoperative complications and follow-up results.Resnits The average operation time was(280.48 ± 44.28) mins,the median intraoperative blood loss was 100 ml,the mean number of lymph nodes was 22.25-± 11.18;the incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection in 28.57%,hoarseness was 17.46%,anastomotic leakage was 12.70%,postoperative 1 year survival rate was 84.1%,3 year survival rate of 61.1%.Conclusion Mobilization of thoracic esophagus based on peri-esophageal space and dissection lymph nodes guided by the Chinese standard of grouping lymph node would achieve good clinical effects.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 800-803, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699201

ABSTRACT

Esophagectomy is one of the most complex interventions in thoracic surgery.Traditional open esophagectomy requires large incision and is associated with many complications.Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) contributes to less complications and hospital stay,and uniportal VATS has more minimal advantages over multi-portal VATS.Due to the technical complexity of esophagectomy,uniportal VATS is highly difficult.Surgeons from Taiwan reported uniportal VATS esophagectomy for the first time in 2015,and this uniportal technique was also reported by surgeons from other institutions.Nowadays,uniportal VATS esophagectomy is still in its initial stage,skills are immature,and long-term,large sample,controlled studies are demanded.Here,authors reviewed the development,skills,short-term outcomes,current practice in West China Hospital,the advantages and challenges for unipotrtal VATS esophagectomy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 470-473, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500707

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of double layered anastomosis in thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy,and to explore its impact on the postoperative anastomotic complications.Methods Patients with thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy from September 2014 to Auguest 2015 were retrospectively included.The cervical anastomosis were conducted by hand-sewn double layered anastomosis on the posterior wall of the gastric remnant,with the anastomotic configuration of end-to-side.The patients' general information and postoperative complications were recorded and analyzed.Results 45 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were included.The major postoperative complications were gastric dilatation(6/45,13.3%),hoarseness(5/45,11.1%),anastomotic leak/gastric necrosis(2/45,4.4%),anastomotic stricture(0/45,0).All patients were discharged from hospital with no perioperative death.Conclusion Hand-sewn double layered anastomotic technique could be safely used in thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy,which could assure the security of the anastomosis.The anastomotic complication rates for this technique are rare enough to be recommended,as compared with other anastomotic methods reported in the literatures.

19.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1276-1279, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504031

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility and safety of Mckeown-type minimally invasive esophagectomy in para-recurrent laryngeal nerve lymphadenectomy. Methods A total of 163 cases underwent minimally invasive McKeown resection for esophageal carcinoma in the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into routine treatment group (n=63), right recurrent nerve lymph node dissection group (right group, n=53) and bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph node dissection group (bilateral group, n=47) according to the operation modes. The postoperative pathology, operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative hospitalization time, number of lymph nodes and pneumonia, anastomotic fistula, laryngeal nerve injury and other complications were compared between three groups of patients. Pathological conditions were consisted of the location of tumor, the degree of differentiation, T stage and pathological stage. Postoperative complications were followed up for 6 months. Results There were no significant differences in tumor location, pathological differentiation degree, T stage and pathologic stage between three groups. The amount of bleeding was more in the routine group than that of the right group and the bilateral group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the amount of bleeding between the right group and the bilateral group. The total lymph nodes and thoracic lymph nodes were increased in order in routine group, the right group and the bilateral group, and there was significant difference between three groups(P<0.05). There were no significant differences in other operation data and complications between three groups. Conclusion McKeown-type minimally invasive esophagectomy shows good feasibility and safety for para-recurrent laryngeal nerve lymphadenectomy .

20.
Tumor ; (12): 801-805, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848677

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility of reverse puncture in end-to-end cervical esophago-gastric anastomosis without nasogastric tube in minimally invasive esophagectomy in patients with esophageal cancer. Methods: Eighty-three patients, who were pathologically diagnosed of esophageal squamous-cell cancer and underwent reverse puncture in end-to-end cervical esophago-gastric anastomosis without nasogastric tube in minimally invasive esophagectomy in Department of Thoracic Surgery of Tumor Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University between March 2014 and March 2015, were recruited in this study. The short-term complications related to anastomotic Stoma were analyzed. Results: Of 83 patients, cervical anastomotic fistula occurred in 2 patients (2.4%), and the anastomotic stricture occurred in 3 patients (3.6%). Conclusion: Reverse puncture in end-to-end cervical esophago-gastric anastomosis without nasogastric tube in minimally invasive esophagectomy is feasible and safe with low incidence rates of anastomotic fistula and anastomotic stricture.

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