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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936674

ABSTRACT

The patient was an 8-years- and 4-months old girl. At the age of one, she visited a previous doctor with hepatomegaly and liver dysfunction. As a result of the examination, she was diagnosed with geleophysic dysplasia. Other than the heart, she was followed in genetics, ophthalmology, orthopedics, endocrinology, and otolaryngology. At 3 years and 5 months, she was first examined by the cardiology department and was found to have mild mitral regurgitation and aortic valve stenosis, and was followed up once a year. The patient was referred to our hospital at 7 years and 11 months, and the cardiac catheterization performed at 8 years and 2 months showed mild mitral valve regurgitation, but the mean pressure gradient was 16 mmHg and the mitral valve area was 0.60 cm2 (MVAi 0.97 cm2/m2), and mitral valve stenosis was observed. The left atrial pressure was as high as 25 mmHg and the average pulmonary artery pressure was as high as 36 mmHg, and pulmonary hypertension was also observed. Intraoperative findings demonstrated that the mitral valve had a marked thickening of the leaflet, the papillary muscles and chordae were also thickened, and the effective valve opening area was narrowed. The leaflet and subvalvular tissue were resected as much as possible and mechanical valve replacement was performed. Postoperatively, the patient recovered satisfactorily and was discharged on the 16th postoperative day. Pathological findings showed no major disturbance in the layered structure of the papillary muscle or the leaflet itself, but it was highly thickened due to mucous degeneration of the leaflet. We report our experience with the rare case described above.

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 437-443, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339189

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A doença valvar mitral reumatismal (DVMR) é a apresentação mais comum das doenças cardíacas reumáticas (DCR). Os processos de inflamação e fibrose também têm papéis significativos em sua patogênese. Estudos recentes demonstram que os tióis e o tiol-dissulfeto são marcadores de stress oxidativo inéditos e promissores. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar diferenças entre os níveis de tiol sérico e de tiol-dissulfeto em pacientes com DVMR e no grupo de controle. Métodos Noventa e dois pacientes com DVMR foram cadastrados no estudo. Cinquenta e quatro sujeitos saudáveis, e com correspondência de sexo e idade em relação ao grupo de estudo, também foram incluídos no estudo como um grupo de controle. Foram investigados os níveis de tiol nos pacientes com DVMR e o grupo de controle. Os p-valores menores que 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados Os pacientes com DVMR apresentaram pressão sistólica da artéria pulmonar (PSAP) e níveis de diâmetro do átrio esquerdo (AE) mais altos que os do grupo de controle. Os níveis de tiol nativo (407±83 μmol/L vs. 297±65 μmol/L, p<0,001) e tiol total (442±82 μmol/L vs. 329±65 μmol/L, p<0,001) são mais altos no grupo de controle. Níveis de dissulfeto (16,7±4,9 μmol/L vs. 14,8±3,7 μmol/L, p=0,011) são mais altos no grupo de pacientes com DVMR. Foi identificada uma correlação positiva entre as razões dissulfeto/tiol nativo e dissulfeto/tiol total com PSAP, diâmetro de AE, e gravidade da EMi. A razão dissulfeto/tiol total é significativamente mais alta em pacientes com EMi grave que em pacientes com EMi leve a moderada. Conclusões Até onde se sabe, este é o único estudo que avaliou a homeostase tiol/dissulfeto como um preditor inédito, que está relacionado de forma mais próxima à DVMR e à gravidade da EMi.


Abstract Background Rheumatic mitral valve disease (RMVD) is the most common presentation of rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Inflammation and fibrosis processes also play significant roles in its pathogenesis. Recent studies showed that thiols and thiol-disulfide are promising novel oxidative stress markers. Objectives The present study aimed to evaluate differences in the serum thiol and thiol-disulfide levels in patients with RMVD and the control group. Methods Ninety-two patients with RMVD were enrolled in the study. Fifty-four healthy subjects, age, and gender-matched with the study group, were also included in the study as a control group. This study investigated thiol levels in patients with RMVD and the control group. P-values lower than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results The patients with RMVD presented higher systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) and left atrial (LA) diameter levels than the control group. Native thiol (407±83 μmol/L vs. 297±65 μmol/L, p<0.001) and total thiol (442±82 μmol/L vs. 329±65 μmol/L, p<0.001) levels were higher in the control group. Disulfide (16.7±4.9 μmol/L vs. 14.8±3.7 μmol/L, p=0.011) levels were higher in the group of patients with RMVD. A positive correlation was found between disulfide/native and disulfide/total thiols ratio with SPAP, LA diameter, and MS severity. Disulfide/total thiols ratio was significantly higher in patients with severe MS than with mild to moderate MS patients. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, this is the only study of its kind that has evaluated thiol/disulfide homeostasis as a novel predictor, which was more closely related to RMVD and the severity of MS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rheumatic Heart Disease , Disulfides , Sulfhydryl Compounds , Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies , Oxidative Stress , Healthy Volunteers , Homeostasis , Mitral Valve
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 468-475, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347165

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Left ventricular dysfunction after surgical treatment of mitral stenosis is uncommon. We intend to determine the pattern of left ventricular remodeling, shortly after open mitral valve replacement for rheumatic mitral stenosis, with in-hospital postoperative outcomes and the determinants of postoperative worsening of left ventricular ejection fraction. Methods: From January 2008 to January 2015, 107 adult patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis were submitted to open mitral valve replacement. Their mean age was 45±11 years and 93 (86.9%) were women. Left ventricular morphology and function were studied longitudinally with echocardiography. The end point was postoperative worsening of left ventricular ejection fraction, defined by a decrease of 10% compared to preoperative basal assessment. Determinants of worsening left ventricular ejection fraction were determined by multivariable logistic regression analysis. Results: The end point occurred in 18 patients (16.8%). We tested clinical and echocardiographic parameters to verify independent variables related to the decrease in postoperative ejection fraction. Lower body weight (P=0.005; odds ratio [OR]=0.89) and smaller preoperative mitral valve area (P=0.02; OR=0.02) were independent predictors of left ventricular dysfunction. These patients presented higher mortality and morbidity rates. Conclusion: Left ventricular remodeling patterns differed among patients with predominant rheumatic mitral stenosis undergoing open mitral valve replacement. Lower preoperative body weight and mitral valve area were independent determinants of deteriorating ejection fraction with increased end-systolic volumes, indicating that this specific problem may occur in anthropometric smaller patients with more extensive rheumatic disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Mitral Valve Stenosis/surgery , Mitral Valve Stenosis/etiology , Mitral Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Remodeling , Middle Aged , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 265-267, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251085

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coronary artery to left atrial fistula is rare in patients with mitral stenosis. We report an interesting case of a patient with concomitant mitral valve stenosis and coronary fistulae, originating from the left circumflex artery and drained into the left atrium with two terminal orifices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fistula , Hypertension, Pulmonary/complications , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve Stenosis/surgery , Mitral Valve Stenosis/complications , Mitral Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(3): 404-412, Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248885

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamentos: Os mecanismos subjacentes pelos quais a doença cardíaca reumática (DCR) levam à disfunção valvar grave não são totalmente compreendidos. Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou as alterações histopatológicas nas valvas mitrais (VM) buscando uma associação entre o padrão de disfunção valvar predominante e os achados histopatológicos. Métodos: Em 40 pacientes submetidos à troca da VM devido a DCR e em 20 controles submetidos a transplante cardíaco, foram analisados os aspectos histológicos da VM excisada. Dados clínicos e ecocardiográficos também foram coletados. As análises histológicas foram realizadas usando coloração com hematoxilina-eosina. Determinou-se inflamação, fibrose, neoangiogênese, calcificação e metaplasia adiposa. Valores de p<0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: A idade média dos pacientes com DCR foi de 53±13 anos, sendo 36 (90%) do sexo feminino, enquanto a idade média dos controles foi de 50±12 anos, semelhante aos casos, sendo a maioria do sexo masculino (70%). O endocárdio valvar reumático apresentou espessura maior que os controles (1,3±0,5 mm versus 0,90±0,4 mm, p=0,003, respectivamente), e infiltrado inflamatório mais intenso no endocárdio (78% versus 36%; p=0,004), com predominância de células mononucleares. Ocorreu fibrose moderada a acentuada mais frequentemente em válvulas reumáticas do que em válvulas controle (100% vs. 29%; p<0,001). Ocorreu calcificação em 35% das valvas reumáticas, principalmente entre as valvas estenóticas, associada à área valvar mitral (p=0,003). Conclusões: Apesar do intenso grau de fibrose, o processo inflamatório permanece ativo na valva mitral reumática, mesmo em doença tardia com disfunção valvar. A calcificação predominou em valvas estenóticas e em pacientes com disfunção ventricular direita.


Abstract Background: The underlying mechanisms by which rheumatic heart disease (RHD) lead to severe valve dysfunction are not completely understood. Objective: The present study evaluated the histopathological changes in mitral valves (MV) seeking an association between the pattern of predominant valvular dysfunction and histopathological findings. Methods: In 40 patients who underwent MV replacement due to RHD, and in 20 controls that underwent heart transplant, histological aspects of the excised MV were analyzed. Clinical and echocardiographic data were also collected. Histological analyses were performed using hematoxylin-eosin staining. Inflammation, fibrosis, neoangiogenesis, calcification and adipose metaplasia were determined. A p value<0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The mean age of RHD patients was 53±13 years, 36 (90%) were female, whereas the mean age of controls was 50±12 years, similar to the cases, with the majority of males (70%). The rheumatic valve endocardium presented greater thickness than the controls (1.3±0.5 mm versus 0.90±0.4 mm, p=0.003, respectively), and a more intense inflammatory infiltrate in the endocardium (78% versus 36%; p=0.004), with predominance of mononuclear cells. Moderate to marked fibrosis occurred more frequently in rheumatic valves than in control valves (100% vs. 29%; p<0.001). Calcification occurred in 35% of rheumatic valves, especially among stenotic valves, which was associated with the mitral valve area (p=0.003). Conclusions: Despite intense degree of fibrosis, the inflammatory process remains active in the rheumatic mitral valve, even at late disease with valve dysfunction. Calcification predominated in stenotic valves and in patients with right ventricular dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Rheumatic Heart Disease/diagnostic imaging , Calcinosis/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Mitral Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(3): 515-524, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131307

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A intervenção percutânea em pacientes com disfunção de prótese biológica mitral apresenta-se como uma alternativa ao tratamento cirúrgico convencional. Objetivo Relatar a primeira experiência brasileira de implante transcateter de bioprótese valve-in-valve mitral via transeptal (TMVIV-via transeptal). Métodos Foram incluídos pacientes portadores de disfunção de bioprótese cirúrgica submetidos ao TMVIV-transeptal em 12 hospitais brasileiros. Foram considerados estatisticamente significativos valores de p<0,05. Resultados Entre junho/2016 e fevereiro/2019, 17 pacientes foram submetidos ao TMVIV-via transeptal. A mediana de idade foi 77 anos (IIQ,70-82), a mediana do escore STS-PROM foi 8,7% (IIQ,7,2-17,8). Todos os pacientes tinham sintomas limitantes de insuficiência cardíaca (CF≥III), tendo 5 (29,4%) sido submetidos a mais de uma toracotomia prévia. Obteve-se sucesso do TMVIV-via transeptal em todos os pacientes. A avaliação ecocardiográfica demonstrou redução significativa do gradiente médio (pré-intervenção, 12±3,8 mmHg; pós-intervenção, 5,3±2,6 mmHg; p<0,001), assim como aumento da área valvar mitral (pré-intervenção, 1,06±0,59 cm2; pós-intervenção, 2,18±0,36 cm2; p<0,001) sustentados em 30 dias. Houve redução significativa e imediata da pressão sistólica de artéria pulmonar, com redução adicional em 30 dias (pré-intervenção, 68,9±16,4 mmHg; pós-intervenção, 57,7±16,5 mmHg; 30 dias, 50,9±18,7 mmHg; p<0,001). Durante o seguimento, com mediana de 162 dias (IIQ, 102-411), observou-se marcada melhora clínica (CF≤II) em 87,5%. Um paciente (5,9%) apresentou obstrução de via de saída de ventrículo esquerdo (VSVE), evoluindo para óbito logo após o procedimento, e outro morreu aos 161 dias de seguimento.Conclusão: A primeira experiência brasileira de TMVIV-transeptal demonstra a segurança e a efetividade dessa nova técnica. A obstrução da VSVE é uma complicação potencialmente fatal, reforçando a importância da seleção dos pacientes e do planejamento do procedimento. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Percutaneous intervention in patients with bioprosthetic mitral valve dysfunction is an alternative to conventional surgical treatment. Objectives To report the first Brazilian experience with transseptal transcatheter bioprosthetic mitral valve-in-valve implantation (transseptal-TMVIV). Methods Patients with surgical bioprosthetic dysfunction submitted to transseptal-TMVIV in 12 Brazilian hospitals were included. The significance level adopted was p<0.05. Results From June/2016 to February/2019, 17 patients underwent transseptal-TMVIV. Their median age was 77 years (IQR,70-82) and median Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk of mortality (STS-PROM) score was 8.7% (IQR,7.2-17.8). All patients had limiting symptoms of heart failure (FC≥III) and 5 (29.4%) had undergone more than one previous thoracotomy. Transseptal-TMVIV was successful in all patients. Echocardiographic assessment showed a significant reduction in mean mitral valve gradient (pre-intervention, 12±3.8 mmHg; post-intervention, 5.3±2.6 mmHg; p<0.001), in addition to an increase in mitral valve area (pre-intervention, 1.06±0.59 cm2; post-intervention, 2.18±0.36 cm2; p<0.001) sustained for 30 days. There was a significant and immediate reduction in the pulmonary artery systolic pressure, with an additional reduction in 30 days (pre-intervention, 68.9±16.4 mmHg; post-intervention, 57.7±16.5 mmHg; 30 days, 50.9±18.7 mmHg; p<0.001). During follow-up (median, 162 days; IQR, 102-411), significant clinical improvement (FC≤II) was observed in 87.5% of the patients. One patient (5.9%) had left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction and died right after the procedure, and another died at 161 days of follow-up. Conclusion The first Brazilian experience with transseptal-TMVIV shows the safety and effectivity of the new technique. The LVOT obstruction is a potentially fatal complication, reinforcing the importance of patients' selection and of procedural planning. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Prosthesis Design , Brazil , Cardiac Catheterization , Treatment Outcome , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 471-476, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137315

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To examine the relationship between the left atrial (LA) thrombus presence and the epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness. Methods: Three hundred and twelve consecutive rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (RMVS) patients with mitral valve area (MVA) < 2 cm2 were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients were divided into two groups, those with and those without LA thrombus. Routine biochemical analysis and electrocardiographic examinations were carried out. EAT was measured using transthoracic echocardiography. Results: LA thrombus was determined in 84 (26.9%) RMVS patients. In echocardiographic examinations, higher mean gradient and LA diameter as well as lower MVA were found in the group with LA thrombus (P<0.001). In this group, higher C-reactive protein (CRP) and EAT values were also determined (P<0.001). There was significant correlation between EAT and MVA, CRP, LA appendage peak flow velocity, LA anteroposterior diameter, and mean gradient (P<0.001). Higher EAT values were identified as independently associated with the presence of LA thrombus (odds ratio 59.5; 95% confidence interval 12.1-290.10; P<0.001). Conclusion: Transthoracic echocardiography, routinely used in patients with RMVS, can measure EAT to determine patients who are under risk for thrombus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Thrombosis/complications , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve Stenosis/etiology , Mitral Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Adipose Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
9.
CorSalud ; 12(2): 155-161, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133605

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La valvuloplastia mitral percutánea con balón actualmente es el primer procedimiento terapéutico que se contempla en el mundo desarrollado para los pacientes con estenosis mitral reumática e indicación para ello, y se realiza en el Cardiocentro de Santiago de Cuba desde julio de 2008. Objetivos: Describir los resultados de la valvuloplastia mitral percutánea con balón en los pacientes estudiados. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo, unicéntrico, que incluyó a 91 pacientes tratados mediante este procedimiento en el Cardiocentro de Santiago de Cuba, desde julio de 2008 hasta junio de 2019. Se evaluaron variables clínico-epidemiológicas, ecocardiográficas y hemodinámicas, así como el resultado inmediato del procedimiento. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes jóvenes (60,4% entre 15-44 años), del sexo femenino (86,8%), con antecedentes de fiebre reumática (48,4%), en clase funcional III (64,8%) de la NYHA (New York Heart Association) y en ritmo sinusal (86,8%). Se logró un aumento promedio del área valvular de más del doble (0,99 vs. 2,12 cm2) del valor inicial y una reducción de la presión auricular mayor de 50% (25,0 vs.11, 76 mmHg), lo que permitió evaluar de satisfactorio el tratamiento en el 95,6% de los pacientes. Se identificó una asociación significativa (Prueba de Fisher ≤ 0,05) entre la puntuación de Wilkins ≤ 8 y el resultado satisfactorio del procedimiento. Conclusiones: Los resultados de la aplicación de la valvuloplastia mitral percutánea con balón en el centro fueron satisfactorios y congruentes con los referidos nacional e internacionalmente.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty has flourished as a mainstream therapy (mostly in developed countries) for treating patients with medical indication and those suffering from rheumatic mitral stenosis. This procedure is performed at the Cardiocentro in Santiago de Cuba since July 2008. Objectives: To describe the results of percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty in the study participants. Methods: A descriptive, single-centered and observational study including 91 patients treated by this procedure was conducted at the Cardiocentro in Santiago de Cuba from July 2008 to June 2019. Clinical/epidemiological, echocardiographic and hemodynamic variables were assessed, as well as immediate procedure outcomes. Results: Young individuals (60.4% between 15-44 years), female (86.8%), with a history of rheumatic fever (48.4%), NYHA (New York Heart Association) functional class III (64.8%) and sinus rhythm (86.8%) predominated. An average increase in valve area of over double (0.99 vs. 2.12 cm2) the initial value and a reduction in atrial pressure of more than 50% (25 vs. 11.76 mmHg) was achieved; thus evidencing that the treatment was effective in 95.6% of the patients. A significant association (Fisher Test ≤ 0.05) was identified between Wilkins score ≤ 8 and satisfactory outcome of the procedure. Conclusions: The results of percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty in the medical center were successful and consistent with those achieved nationally and internationally.


Subject(s)
Rheumatic Fever , Balloon Valvuloplasty , Mitral Valve Stenosis
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(1): 117-119, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092476

ABSTRACT

Abstract Congenital mitral valve stenosis is a rare and severe disease, usually associated with other heart defects. The appropriate intervention depends on the site and mechanism of valvular obstruction and the aim is to avoid or delay valve replacement since it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Early single-stage complete repair is associated with better prognosis. We report the case of a 20-month-old child with a supravalvar mitral ring combined with a ventricular septal defect; pulmonary arterial systolic pressure before the surgery was 79 mmHg. The patient underwent a successful surgical repair with good clinical resolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Heart Defects, Congenital , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Mitral Valve Stenosis , Prognosis , Systole
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(2): 185-190, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101468

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the in-hospital outcomes of a right-sided anterolateral minithoracotomy with those of median sternotomy in patients who received a mitral valve replacement (MVR) because of rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (RMS). Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 128 patients (34% male) with RMS between 2011 and 2015. The median age was 53 years (45; 56). The mean ejection fraction was 58.4±6.3%. All the subjects were divided into two groups - Group 1 contained 78 patients who underwent MVR via minithoracotomy (MT-MVR), while Group 2 contained 50 patients who underwent MVR via median sternotomy (S-MVR). Results: In the MT-MVR group, a mechanical prosthesis was implanted in 72% of cases, while it was implanted in 90% of cases in the S-MVR group (P=0.01). The duration of myocardial ischemia was similar (MT-MVR, 77±24 min; S-MVR, 70±18 min) (P=0.09). However, the cardiopulmonary bypass time was lower in the S-MVR group than in the MT-MVR group (99±24 min and 119±34 min, respectively) (P≤0.001). There was no difference in the duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit stay, and hospitalization period. Postoperative blood loss was lower in the MT-MVR group (P≤0.001) than in the S-MVR group. There are no statistically significant differences in postoperative complications (superficial wound infection, stroke, delirium, pericardial tamponade, pleural puncture, acute kidney insufficiency, and implantation of pacemaker). The overall in-hospital mortality was 3.9% (P=0.6) Conclusion: The minimally invasive approach for RMS is feasible and has an excellent cosmetic effect without increasing the risk of surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Mitral Valve Stenosis/surgery , Stroke Volume , Thoracotomy , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Treatment Outcome , Mitral Valve
12.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758284

ABSTRACT

A 78-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of progressive exertional dyspnea due to nonrheumatic severe aortic valve stenosis and moderate mitral valve stenosis with mitral annular calcification. We subsequently performed aortic valve replacement and mitral anterior leaflet decalcification. During surgery, we found that the cause of mitral valve stenosis was calcification of A2 aortic curtain-medial trigon through aortic valve annulus and resected calcification with SONOPET. The postoperative echocardiography revealed good mitral valve motion with mild mitral valve stenosis.

14.
Med. crít. (Col. Mex. Med. Crít.) ; 32(3): 160-163, may.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091041

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las cardiopatías complican 4% de los embarazos y 60% son por valvulopatías reumáticas; la más común es la estenosis mitral. Por esta razón, reportamos el caso de una puérpera en apariencia sana con embarazo normoevolutivo que debutó con falla cardiaca derecha. Se integró el diagnóstico de estenosis mitral grave por enfermedad reumática, la cual se estabilizó de manera precoz para realizar de forma externa corrección quirúrgica. Aunque en la actualidad la prevalencia de enfermedades reumáticas ha disminuido, la estenosis mitral sigue siendo la valvulopatía más común en las embarazadas y es una entidad potencialmente mortal si no se lleva el control adecuado.


Abstract: Heart disease complicates 4% of pregnancies, and rheumatic valve diseases make up 60% of these cases. The most common one is mitral stenosis. We present the case of a healthy puerperal woman with a non-complicated pregnancy who begin with pulmonary edema and acute heart failure. She was diagnosed with severe mitral stenosis with rheumatoid etiology, which was stabilized for external surgical correction. Although the prevalence of rheumatoid diseases has decreased, mitral stenosis remains the most common valve disease in pregnant women and is life-threatening without proper control.


Resumo: As cardiopatias complicam 4% das gestações e 60% são decorrentes de valvopatias reumáticas, sendo a mais comum a estenose mitral. Por esse motivo, relatamos o caso de uma puérpera aparentemente saudável com gestação normoevolutiva, que debutou com insuficiência cardíaca direita, integrando o diagnóstico de estenose mitral grave por doença reumática, que se estabilizou precocemente para realizar correção cirúrgica externa. Embora atualmente a prevalência de doenças reumáticas tenha diminuído, a estenose mitral ainda é a doença valvular mais comum em mulheres grávidas e é uma entidade potencialmente fatal se não for adequadamente controlada.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731939

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To evaluate the short-term outcome and influence of atrial fibrillation ablation and mitral valve replacement for patients with mitral valve stenosis and atrial fibrillation. Methods     Retrospective analysis was conducted for 44 patients with rheumatic mitral valve stenosis and atrial fibrillation who experienced mitral valve replacement with or without surgical atrial fibrillation ablation procedure in our hospital from January 2016 to June 2017. Eighteen patients experienced mitral valve replacement and surgical atrial fibrillation ablation procedure (a group 1), and the other 26 patients experienced mitral valve replacement without surgical atrial fibrillation ablation procedure (a group 2). In th group 1, there were 4 males and 14 females, aged 43-67 (55.67±7.56) years, and in the group 2 there were 6 males and 20 females, aged 40-72 (54.81±8.81) years. The patients’ data, preoperative echocardiography, surgery procedures, perioperative events, echocardiography and electrocardiogram at postoperative three months were collected to evaluate the short-term outcome and influence of surgical atrial fibrillation ablation procedure for those patients. Results     There was no statistical difference in the operation duration (P=0.867) and ICU stay (P=0.550) between the two groups. But the group 1 had longer extracorporeal circulation duration (P=0.006) and aorta arrest duration (P=0.001) than the group 2. No patient died perioperatively and one patient from the group 1 experienced reoperation because of too much chest tube drainage. At three months after operation, echocardiography and electrocardiogram examination showed that 16 patients in the group 1 and 2 patients in the group 2 had sinus rhythm. There was no statistical difference between postoperative and preoperative examination about variation in left ventricle ejection fraction, pulmonary arterial systolic pressure, left atrial diameter and left ventricular end diastolic diameter between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion     Atrial fibrillation ablation does not increase the risk of mitral valve replacement for patients who have mitral valve stenosis and atrial fibrillation. The rate of converting to sinus rhythm is high, but additional atrial fibrillation ablation procedure does not have positive or negative influence on short-term recovery of cardiac structure and function after operation.

16.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379352

ABSTRACT

<p>Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare form of systemic vasculitis that has been reported to involve the heart. However, co-existing involvement of cardiac valves and the conduction system is extremely rare. We present a patient with aortic regurgitation, mitral stenosis and complete heart block secondary to Churg-Strauss syndrome.</p>

17.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379344

ABSTRACT

<p>A 70-year-old woman, who had a history of a percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy for rheumatic heart disease 34 years previously, was admitted with progressive right heart failure. Massive calcification of the left wall was observed on multidetector CT. She underwent a mitral valve replacement, tricuspid annuloplasty and permanent pacemaker implantation. Massive calcification of the left atrial wall is a rare condition, and constitutes a major complication and risk to mitral valve surgery because of the difficulty in entering the left atrium, potential embolization, and impaired hemostasis.</p>

18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 29(2): 128-133, mar.-abr. 2016. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-831103

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: A valvoplastia mitral por cateter-balão foi introduzida em 1984 por Inoue e colaboradores, e atualmente é considerada o método de eleição no tratamento da estenose mitral. Objetivo: Comparar resultados de valvoplastia mitral em pacientes com estenose mitral com comprometimento subvalvar ≥3 e <3. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo com 104 pacientes submetidos à valvoplastia mitral com balão de Inoue. Os pacientes foram estratificados em dois grupos: com comprometimento subvalvar (ASV) ≥3 e ASV <3. Realizada a comparação dos resultados imediatos, aos 12 meses e aos 24 ou mais meses entre os grupos com os dados obtidos por estudo ecocardiográfico e hemodinâmico. Resultados: Os resultados imediatos mostraram sucesso nos dois grupos, com significância estatística pré/pós procedimento, quanto aos parâmetros ecocardiográficos e hemodinâmicos, e ausência de diferenças significativas entre os grupos. Os resultados ecocardiográficos aos 12 meses evidenciaram que o gradiente médio e a área valvar foram semelhantes e sem significância estatística entre os grupos, o mesmo a correndo na comparação dos resultados ecocardiográficos aos 24 ou mais meses. Conclusão: Os resultados obtidos com a valvoplastia mitral com o balão de Inoue não diferiram tanto nos pacientes com comprometimento do aparelho subvalvar ≥3 quanto <3.


Background: Balloon mitral valvuloplasty was introduced in 1984 by Inoue et al and is currently considered the method of choice in the treatment of mitral stenosis. Objective: To compare results of mitral valvuloplasty in patients with mitral stenosis with subvalvular impairment ≥3 and <3. Methods: Retrospective study with 104 patients undergoing mitral valvuloplasty with Inoue balloon. Patients were stratified into two groups: subvalvular impairment (SVI) ≥3 and SVI <3. The immediate results were compared at 12 months and 24 months or more between the groups with data obtained by echocardiography and hemodynamic study. Results: The immediate results revealed success in both groups, with statistical significance pre/post-procedure regarding the echocardiographic and hemodynamic parameters and no significant differences between groups. Echocardiographic results at 12 months showed that the mean gradient and the valve area were similar and not statistically significant between the groups, the same occurring in the comparison of echocardiographic results at 24 or more months. Conclusion: The results obtained with mitral valvuloplasty with Inoue balloon did not differ both in patients with subvalvular impairment ≥3 and <3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Mitral Valve Stenosis , Mitral Valve/surgery , Balloon Valvuloplasty/methods , Retrospective Studies , Sex Factors , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 67(4): 311-318, 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-909945

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir la experiencia de dos casos de gestantes con estenosis mitral valvular, llevadas a valvuloplastia percutánea con balón y dilatación como alternativa terapéutica para contrarrestar los riesgos de colapso y deterioro materno-fetal y permitir la progresión del embarazo sin complicaciones cardiovasculares o el deterioro funcional, y realizar una revisión de la literatura publicada sobre la realización del procedimiento en gestantes. Materiales y métodos: Se presentan dos casos de estenosis mitral severa y compromiso funcional asociado, de aparición en el segundo trimestre del embarazo, atendidos en una institución de cuarto nivel de complejidad, centro de referencia regional. Se manejaron por medio de valvuloplastia mitral con balón, con desenlaces clínicos maternos perinatales favorables. La revisión de la literatura se hizo a partir de los términos: "valvuloplastia", "estenosis mitral" y "embarazo". Se realizó una búsqueda en la base de datos Medline vía PubMed, Medes y Scopus. Se excluyeron los procedimientos descritos que estaban dirigidos al reparo valvular del feto. Los estudios se centraron en los cambios en las mediciones de la válvula, los resultados obstétricos y la seguridad. Resultados: Se identificaron doce títulos. Los resultados obtenidos son comparables a los reportes de casos de estenosis de válvula mitral con procedimiento asistido por balón para dilatación de la válvula. En general, el procedimiento es exitoso, incrementa el área de la válvula mitral y reduce el gradiente de presión en la válvula. No obstante, existe el riesgo de desarrollar insuficiencia de válvula mitral tras la conducta, trombosis y muerte. Conclusión: La valvuloplastia percutánea con balón y dilatación como alternativa terapéutica es una opción por considerar en el manejo de la estenosis mitral en la gestante con deterioro de la clase funcional y el aumento durante el seguimiento de la presión en cuña pulmonar. Se requieren estudios controlados que validen los resultados de los estudios observacionales.


Objective: To describe the experience of two cases of pregnant women with mitral stenosis taken to percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty and dilatation as a therapeutic option to counteract the risk of collapse and maternal and foetal deterioration, and to allow progression of the gestation without cardiovascular complications or functional impairment; and to conduct a review of the published literature regarding this procedure in pregnant women. Materials and methods: Two cases of severe mitral stenosis and associated functional involvement of early onset during the second trimester of pregnancy, seen in a level IV regional referral centre. The two cases were managed with balloon mitral valvuloplasty, with favourable perinatal maternal outcomes. The review of the literature was done using the terms Valvulopasty, Mitral Stenosis and Pregnancy. A search was conducted in Medline via Pubmed and in the MEDES and SCOPUS databases. Procedures described for the performance of foetal valve repair were excluded. Studies were focused on the diagnostic findings and the course of the surgical procedure. Results: Overall, 12 titles were identified. The results obtained are comparable with the case reports found in the literature on mitral valve stenosis using balloon-assisted procedures for valve dilatation. In general terms, the procedure is successful, increasing the area of the mitral valve and reducing the pressure gradient across the valve. However, there is a risk of mitral regurgitation, thrombosis and death following the procedure. Conclusion: Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty with balloon dilatation is a therapeutic option that may be considered for the management of mitral stenosis in pregnant women with functional class deterioration and increasing pulmonary wedge pressure during follow-up. Controlled studies are required in order to validate the results of observational studies.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Balloon Valvuloplasty , Pregnancy
20.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 687-691, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497265

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the peri-operative treatment and 3 years post-operative outcome in patients with rheumatic mitral valve stenosis and small left ventricle. Methods: A total of 152 patients with rheumatic mitral valve stenosis and severe pulmonary hypertension were studied. According to left ventricular end diastolic index (LVEDI) value, the patients were divided into 2 groups: Small left ventricle (Small) group, the patients with LVEDI value≤60 mm, n=67 and Non-small left ventricle (Non-small) group, the patients with LVEDI value>60 mm,n=85. Peri-operative condition and follow-up parameters were compared between 2 groups. Results: Compared with Non-small group, Small group had increased pre-operative CVP, SPAP and decreased LVEDV, LVEDVI and RVEF at admission, all P0.05. There were 52 severe pulmonary hypertension patients received iloprost inhalation, their SPAP was decreased than non-inhalation patients at incision closing; SPAP was lower in Small group inhalation patients than Non-small group inhalation patients, all P0.05. Conclusion: The patients with mitral valve stenosis and small left ventricle had the worse pre-operative condition and higher risk in surgery; peri-operative treatment could improve their cardiac and liver function, but they still had the shorter post-operative median survival time.

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