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1.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(2): e20201046, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1286052

ABSTRACT

The present research evaluated muscle activation degrees and relaxation of patrolling horses submitted to dynamic mobilization exercises, associated or not with acupuncture. Twelve mixed breed gelding, aged 10 ± 2.0 years, were distributed in three treatments. Treatment with a single session of dynamic mobilization exercises (longitudinal cervical flexion of head between hooves, between carpus and to up to chest); treatment with a single acupuncture session during 20 minutes, and treatment with a single session of dynamic mobilization exercises with acupuncture. Thermographic images were analyzed before and after applying treatments to the cervical, thoracic, dorsal, abdominal and pelvic regions. Animal behavior was assessed through five minutes filming, before and ten minutes after the end of each treatment application, in an uninterrupted way. Increase in animals body temperature at the end of the single session of functional exercises (P < 0.0001) at all animal regions were reported, being cervical and thoracic areas with highest final temperature values. There was no temperature variation for other treatments (P > 0.05). All treatments stimulated higher expression frequency (P < 0.05) of relaxation behaviors. A single dynamic mobilization exercises session is enough to promote intense muscular response in entire horse body; and with acupuncture, individually or associated, promoted muscle and mental relaxation, interfering positively in animal welfare.


Objetivou-se avaliar o grau de ativação e relaxamento muscular de equinos de patrulhamento submetidos à exercícios de mobilização dinâmica associados ou não à acupuntura. Doze cavalos castrados, sem raça definida, com idade de 10 ± 2,0 anos, foram distribuídos em três tratamentos: tratamento com uma sessão única de exercícios de mobilização dinâmica (flexão cervical longitudinal da cabeça entre os cascos, entre os carpos e até o peito); tratamento com sessão única de acupuntura (20 minutos); e tratamento com sessão única composta por exercícios de mobilização dinâmica associados a acupuntura. Foram analisadas imagens termográficas antes e após a aplicação dos tratamentos das regiões cervical, torácica, dorsal, abdominal e pélvica. A avaliação comportamental foi obtida por meio de filmagens 5 minutos antes e 10 minutos após o término da aplicação dos tratamentos, de maneira ininterrupta. Houve aumento (P < 0,0001) na temperatura corporal dos animais ao final da sessão única de exercícios funcionais para todas as regiões estudadas, sendo a cervical e torácica aquelas com maior valor de temperatura final. Não houve variação da temperatura nos demais tratamentos (P > 0,05). Todos os tratamentos geraram maior frequência (P < 0,05) na expressão de comportamentos relacionados ao relaxamento. A realização de uma sessão única de exercícios de mobilização dinâmica é suficiente para promover uma intensa resposta muscular em todo o corpo do equino, e tanto os exercícios funcionais quanto a acupuntura, de maneira individual ou associada, foram capazes de promover relaxamento muscular e mental, interferindo de maneira positiva no bem-estar dos animais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Thermography/veterinary , Acupuncture Points , Horses/physiology , Muscle Relaxation/physiology
2.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 26: e210142, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356348

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo buscou compreender as especificidades e potencialidades da Educação Popular em Saúde (EPS) como orientadora de ações no âmbito da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) diante da pandemia da Covid-19 no Brasil. Metodologicamente, esta pesquisa tem caráter exploratório, com abordagem qualitativa dos dados. Foram realizadas, no mês de julho de 2020, entrevistas semiestruturadas com cinco atores sociais integrantes de coletivos nacionais de EPS. Os resultados indicam que têm ocorrido o fortalecimento do trabalho coletivo e a constituição de novas articulações, assim como a EPS se evidencia como prática potente na criação de vínculo com e no território; ademais, as tecnologias da informação e comunicação têm sido consideradas como importantes aliadas. Conclui-se que a EPS continua sendo efetiva no âmbito da APS, tendo o diálogo horizontalizado e a problematização da realidade como pressupostos estruturantes de seu quefazer.


This study sought to understand the specificities and potential of popular health education (PHE) as a guiding principle for primary health care actions in response to the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil. We carried out a qualitative exploratory study using data from semi-structured interviews conducted with five social actors who were members of national PHE collectives. The findings show that PHE has strengthened collective working and given rise to new articulations, showing itself to be a powerful practice for creating affiliation with and in the territory. In addition, information and communication technologies are considered important allies. We conclude that PHE, whose underlying premises include horizontal dialogue and the problematization of reality, continues to be effective within primary care.


El presente artículo buscó comprender las especificidades y potencialidades de la Educación Popular en Salud (EPS) como orientadora de acciones en el ámbito de la Atención Primaria de la Salud (APS) frente a la pandemia de Covid-19 en Brasil. Metodológicamente, esta investigación tiene carácter exploratorio, con abordaje cualitativo de los datos. En el mes de julio de 2020 se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas con cinco actores sociales integrantes de colectivos nacionales de EPS. Los resultados indicaron que ha habido el fortalecimiento del trabajo colectivo y la constitución de nuevas articulaciones, así como que la EPS se ha mostrado como una práctica potente en la creación de vínculo con el territorio y en él; además, las tecnologías de la información y comunicación se han considerado importantes aliadas. Se concluye que la EPS continúa siendo efectiva en el ámbito de la APS, teniendo el diálogo horizontalizado y la problematización de la realidad como presuposiciones estructuradoras de su quehacer.

3.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 400-405, dez 20, 2021. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354238

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a pandemia do SARS-CoV-2 causou impactos econômicos e sociais em todo o mundo, em especial nos sistemas de saúde, repercutindo no número de admissões hospitalares por outras doenças, na rotina dos cuidados, no acesso aos serviços e nos recursos materiais, humanos e financeiros disponibilizados. Objetivo: Analisar o impacto da pandemia SARS-CoV-2 no número de internamentos e mobilização de pacientes críticos de uma unidade de terapia intensiva cardiovascular. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo transversal, retrospectivo, realizado na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Cardiovascular do Hospital Geral Roberto Santos, Salvador-BA. Analisaram-se comparativamente os dados de internamento e mobilização dos pacientes, no período entre março de 2019 e fevereiro de 2020, isto é pré-pandemia, e o primeiro ano de sua ocorrência. Resultados: houve redução (p <0,001) no número de internações no setor, quanto a mobilização, embora impactada nos primeiros meses da pandemia, conseguiu manter dados estáveis, quando avaliada de maneira linear. Discussão: A redução na ocupação coincide com achados de estudos nacionais e internacionais, o que pode ter influência na orientação de distanciamento social e o receio de contágio pelo vírus. Quanto à mobilização, importante instrumento de atuação fisioterapêutica nas UTI, apresentou dados similares (p= 0,8), quando comparados os dois períodos do estudo. Conclusão: notou-se impacto da pandemia no número de internamentos em uma UTI cardiológica durante a pandemia, o que deve ser futuramente estudado para avaliar as reais consequências dessa redução assistencial. Quanto à mobilização, não foi observada alteração significativa na média, antes e após a pandemia.


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 pandemic caused economic and social impacts around the world, especially in health systems, affecting the number of hospital admissions for other diseases, routine care, access to services and material and human resources and financial resources made available. Objective: to analyze the impact of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on the number of admissions and mobilization of critically ill patients in a cardiovascular intensive care unit. Methodology: this is a cross-sectional, retrospective study carried out at the Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit of Hospital Geral Roberto Santos, Salvador-BA. Data on hospitalization and patient mobilization between March 2019 and February 2020 (pre-pandemic) and during the first year of its occurrence were comparatively analyzed. Results: there was a reduction (p <0.001) in the number of hospitalizations in the sector and mobilization, although impacted in the first months of the pandemic, managed to maintain stable data when evaluated in a linear fashion. Discussion: the reduction in occupation coincides with findings from national and international studies, which may influence the orientation of social distancing and the fear of contagion by the virus. As for mobilization, an important instrument of physical therapy practice in the ICUs, it presented similar data (p=0.8), when comparing the two periods of the study. Conclusion: the impact of the pandemic was noted on the number of admissions to a cardiology ICU during the pandemic, which should be studied in the future to assess the real consequences of this reduction in care. As for mobilization, there was no significant change in the mean, before and after the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiology , Early Ambulation , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Physical Therapy Modalities
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367764

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La progresión y la falta de opciones terapéuticas conlleva a un gran aumento de la morbi-mortalidad en la esclerodermia sistémica cutánea difusa. Caso Clínico: Se presentan tres pacientes con diagnóstico de Esclerodermia sistémica de rápida progresión sin compromiso cardiopulmonar o renal severo con múltiples líneas de tratamiento incluyendo altas dosis de ciclofosfamida, sometidas a trasplante autólogo(2015-2020) con acondicionamiento a base de Ciclofosfamida y Globulina Antitimocitica, como opción terapéutica. Durante el procedimiento no se observaron complicaciones infecciosas severas con un prendimiento medular en el día 10 y una recaída promedio de 9.6 meses. Conclusiones: Ante el buen perfil de toxicidad y la buena tolerancia al procedimiento se debe considerar al Trasplante Autólogo como una opción de tratamiento en pacientes sin altas dosis acumuladas de ciclofosfamida o en estadios precoces de enfermedad.


Background:The progression and lack of therapeutic options leads to a large increase in morbidity and mortality in diffuse cutaneous systemic scleroderma. Clinical Case: Three patients with a diagnosis of rapidly progressing systemic scleroderma without severe cardiopulmonary or renal involvement with multiple lines of treatment including high doses of cyclophosphamide, submitted to autologous transplant (2015-2020) with conditioning based on Cyclophosphamide and Antithymocyte Globulin are presented as a therapeutic option. During the procedure, no various infectious infections were observed with a medullary seizure on day 10 and an average relapse of 9.6 months. Conclusions: Due to the good toxicity profile and good tolerance to the procedure, Autologous Transplantation should be considered as a treatment option in patients without high accumulated doses of cyclophosphamide or in early stages of disease.

5.
Revista Pesquisa em Fisioterapia ; 11(4): 691-701, 20210802. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348971

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Neonatos no pós-operatório com repouso prolongado no leito estão sujeitos a consequências a longo prazo, sendo a mobilização precoce uma possibilidade de intervenção terapêutica. OBJETIVO: Descrever o entendimento dos profissionais de saúde de uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal (UTIN) cirúrgica sobre mobilização precoce e quanto consideram segura a aplicação em neonatos no pós- -operatório. METODOLOGIA: Trata-se de um estudo analítico descritivo de corte transversal, através de uma abordagem quanti-qualitativa, com resposta de questionário semi-estruturado pelos profissionais de saúde da UTIN. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi composta por 31 profissionais. Destes, 64,5% afirmam saber o que é mobilização precoce, sendo que a maioria relacionou sua definição à atividade motora; 83% acredita haver benefícios. Em relação à segurança, 77,4% considera segura a aplicação da mobilização precoce, porém 90% acredita que podem ocorrer eventos adversos, sendo mais citados: perda de dispositivos e descompensação hemodinâmica. A maioria dos profissionais descreveu que não deve ser realizada a mobilização precoce a depender da cirurgia e em instabilidade hemodinâmica. Aproximadamente 71% afirmaram não ter recebido treinamento para a prática de mobilização precoce. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se necessidade de treinamento da equipe sobre a temática e a instituição de protocolos institucionais.


BACKGROUND: Early mobilization can be a therapeutic intervention that can prevent long-term consequences from prolonged bed rest in post-operative newborns. OBJECTIVE: Describe the knowledge of the healthcare professionals in the Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU) about early mobilization and its safety for postoperative infants. METHODS: This research is an analytical descriptive cross-sectional study with mixed methods, performed by analyzing a questionnaire given to NICU health professionals. RESULTS: The sample was composed of 31 professionals, of which 64.5% affirm that they know what early mobilization means, most of whom defined the intervention in terms of motor activity, 83% believe it is beneficial, 77.4% consider early mobilization safe. However, 90% of the professionals showed concerns for possible adverse events, the most cited being device dislodgment and hemodynamic decompensation. The majority stated that early mobilization should be avoided when concerned about hemodynamic instability or the type of surgery. Approximately 71% affirm that they did not receive educational training for implementing early mobilization. CONCLUSION: This study showed the need for more training and education about early mobilization for professionals and the establishment of evidence-based institutional protocols.

6.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(2): 298-306, Maio 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253494

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Pacientes em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) requerem longos períodos de internação, estando submetidos ao imobilismo, que resulta em perda significativa de massa muscular. A mobilização precoce é uma terapêutica realizada no ambiente de UTI e tem como objetivo diminuir o comprometimento funcional decorrente do período de internação. OBJETIVO: Analisar a prática de mobilização precoce realizada pelo fisioterapeuta intensivista, identificar as principais intervenções utilizadas por esses profissionais e descrever as barreiras encontradas que inviabilizam a prática da mobilização precoce, em pacientes internados em unidades de terapia intensiva. METODOLOGIA: Estudo de campo, quantitativo e transversal, realizado entre fevereiro e maio de 2020, com fisioterapeutas intensivistas de três hospitais na cidade de Fortaleza, a saber dois deles são da rede pública (um municipal e outro estadual) e o outro de rede privada. Foram inclusos no estudo fisioterapeutas intensivistas atuantes nos hospitais mencionados e que possuam vínculo com a instituição. Foram excluídos os fisioterapeutas na função de residentes, estagiários e preceptores presentes. Para coleta de dados foi utilizado o formulário eletrônico on-line viabilizada por meio do aplicativo Google Forms. Os dados foram analisados e tabulados através do Software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) versão 20.0. A estatística descritiva, com frequências absolutas e relativas foi utilizada para caracterizar o perfil da amostra estudada. Os testes estatísticos aplicados foram o Qui-Quadrado para determinar diferenças nas respostas dos critérios de segurança e barreiras para implementação da mobilização precoce e o tempo de experiência em unidade de terapia intensiva e o Kruskal-Wallis para comparar as intervenções de mobilização precoce entre grupos de Fisioterapeutas dos três hospitais. RESULTADOS: Participaram da pesquisa 68 fisioterapeutas, a maioria (36,8%) com tempo de atuação na terapia intensiva de 6 a 10 anos. O gerenciamento da mobilização precoce é realizado em sua maioria apenas pelo fisioterapeuta. Acerca da utilização de escalas funcionais utilizadas em UTI, a Medical Research Council (MRC) foi a mais citada pelos profissionais com (67,7%). A estratégia de mobilização mais utilizada foi a sedestação (91,2%). O desconforto respiratório foi a situação clínica mais citada para a interrupção da mobilização precoce (83,8%). CONCLUSÃO: As intervenções mais frequentes foram a sedestação, uso do cicloergômetro e transferências leito poltrona. As barreiras relacionadas ao paciente foram a instabilidade hemodinâmica, uso de drogas sedativas e analgésicas.


INTRODUCTION: Patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) require long periods of hospitalization, being subjected to immobilization, which results in significant loss of muscle mass. Early mobilization is a therapy performed in the ICU environment and aims to reduce functional impairment resulting from hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the practice of early mobilization performed by the intensive care physiotherapist, identify the main interventions used by these professionals, and describe the barriers found that make early mobilization unfeasible in patients admitted to intensive care units. METHODOLOGY: Field study, quantitative and transversal, carried out between February and May 2020, with intensive care physiotherapists from three hospitals in the city of Fortaleza, namely two of them are from the public network (one municipal and the other state) and the other from the private network. Intensive care physiotherapists working in the mentioned hospitals and who have a link with the institution were included in the study. Physiotherapists in the role of residents, interns, and preceptors present were excluded. For data collection, the online electronic form was made possible through the Google Forms application. The data were analyzed and tabulated using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. The chi-square statistical tests were to determine differences in the responses of the safety criteria and barriers to the implementation of early mobilization and the length of experience in the intensive care unit and Kruskal-Wallis to compare early mobilization interventions between groups of physiotherapists from the three hospitals. RESULTS: 68 physiotherapists participated in the research, the majority (36.8%) having worked in intensive care for 6 to 10 years. The management of early mobilization is performed mostly by the physiotherapist. Regarding functional scales used in the ICU, the Medical Research Council (MRC) was the most cited by professionals with (67.7%). The most used mobilization strategy was sedestation (91.2%). Respiratory distress was the most frequently cited clinical situation for interrupting early mobilization (83.8%). CONCLUSION: The most frequent interventions were sedation, the cycle ergometer, and transfers from an armchair bed. The patient-related barriers were hemodynamic instability, use of sedative and analgesic drugs.


Subject(s)
Critical Care , Physical Therapy Modalities , Early Ambulation
7.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(2): 188-195, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289079

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir la práctica habitual de asistencia kinésica motora en la unidad de cuidados intensivos de adultos, tanto en pacientes con y sin COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio observacional transversal de tipo encuesta online. Se incluyeron kinesiólogos que trabajan en unidades de cuidados intensivos de adultos en Argentina. Se realizaron 16 preguntas de respuesta múltiple o simple agrupadas en 3 apartados. El primero caracterizado por datos personales, profesionales o del ámbito laboral. El segundo, destinado a conocer el accionar habitual y un tercero enfocado en las prácticas bajo la pandemia COVID-19. Resultados: Sobre 351 kinesiólogos, el 76.1% reportó que la movilización de los pacientes estaba a cargo exclusivamente de ellos. El objetivo máximo a alcanzar desde el aspecto motor fue variable según cuatro escenarios: Pacientes en ventilación mecánica, desvinculados de la ventilación mecánica, los que nunca estuvieron asociados a la ventilación mecánica y con COVID-19 en ventilación mecánica. En el primer y último escenario el objetivo máximo fue optimizar valores de fuerza muscular. En los restantes fue realizar actividades de la vida diaria. Por último, la mayor limitante en el abordaje de pacientes con COVID-19 fue el aislamiento respiratorio y/o de contacto. Conclusión: Los kinesiólogos en Argentina reportaron encargarse de la movilización de los pacientes en la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Los objetivos máximos desde el aspecto motor para cuatro escenarios clásicos en el área cerrada podrían estar determinado por la asociación con la ventilación mecánica. La mayor limitación a la hora de movilizar a pacientes con COVID-19 fue el aislamiento respiratorio y de contacto.


Abstract Objective: To describe the usual practice of mobility therapy in the adult intensive care unit for patients with and without COVID-19. Methods: Online survey in which physical therapists working in an adult intensive care unit in Argentina participated. Sixteen multiple-choice or single-response questions grouped into three sections were asked. The first section addressed personal, professional and work environment data. The second section presented questions regarding usual care, and the third focused on practices under COVID-19 pandemic conditions. Results: Of 351 physical therapists, 76.1% answer that they were exclusively responsible for patient mobility. The highest motor-based goal varied according to four patient scenarios: Mechanically ventilated patients, patients weaned from mechanical ventilation, patients who had never required mechanical ventilation, and patients with COVID-19 under mechanical ventilation. In the first and last scenarios, the highest goal was to optimize muscle strength, while for the other two, it was to perform activities of daily living. Finally, the greatest limitation in working with patients with COVID-19 was respiratory and/or contact isolation. Conclusion: Physical therapists in Argentina reported being responsible for the mobility of patients in the intensive care unit. The highest motor-based therapeutic goals for four classic scenarios in the closed area were limited by the need for mechanical ventilation. The greatest limitation when mobilizing patients with COVID-19 was respiratory and contact isolation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Critical Care/statistics & numerical data , Physical Therapists/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19 , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Critical Illness/rehabilitation , Muscle Strength
8.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 55(1): 50-71, Jan.-Feb. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155652

ABSTRACT

Abstract How do governments distribute resources across economic sectors during a crisis? And why do some sectors receive more than others? The recent COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the urgency of these questions. In this paper, we explore the extent to which a political economy perspective can help explain the characteristics of sector-specific state aid in the Netherlands, a traditionally corporatist country. While KLM, the biggest player in the Dutch aviation sector, was promised loans worth €3.4 billion, the horeca (hospitality) sector was denied a similar deal. Limited cross-case analysis eliminates purely economic accounts. We employed process-tracing and analyzed hundreds of national media articles to understand the influence of elected leaders, interest groups, and experts. We find that, against the backdrop of economic concerns, vote-seeking behavior by elected leaders as well as the strength and organization of interest groups influenced how much each sector could expect. Meanwhile, policy-seeking behavior helps explain the form that aid took. Our findings highlight the need to consider fiscal support in political economy terms, even during crises, and to explore the composition of state aid, not just its presence or amount.


Resumo Como são distribuídos os recursos de auxílio governamental entre os vários setores econômicos durante uma crise? E por que alguns sectores recebem mais do que outros? A recente pandemia da COVID-19 sublinhou a urgência destas questões. Neste artigo, discutimos como uma perspectiva de economia política pode ajudar a explicar as caraterísticas do auxílio estatal setorial nos Países Baixos, uma nação tradicionalmente corporativista. Enquanto o governo prometeu à KLM, o maior ator no setor da aviação holandês, empréstimos no valor de 3,4 mil milhões de euros, o horeca (sector da hotelaria) não recebeu um pacote de auxílio semelhante. A análise de casos elimina explicações puramente técnicas para esse fenômeno. Utilizamos process-tracing e fizemos uma análise de centenas de artigos publicados na mídia do país para compreender a influência dos líderes políticos, lobbies e peritos. Descobrimos que, num contexto de crise econômica, o comportamento eleitoreiro dos líderes políticos e a força e organização dos lobbies, determinaram a quantia que cada setor poderia esperar receber. Entretanto, os interesses no campo das políticas públicas ajudam a explicar a forma específica do auzílio. Nossas conclusões sublinham a necessidade de considerar o apoio fiscal em termos de economia política, mesmo durante crises, e de explorar não somente a existência ou o montante dos auxílios oferecidos pelo estado, mas também sua composição.


Resumen ¿Cómo se distribuyen los recursos de ayuda gubernamental entre los diferentes sectores económicos durante una crisis? ¿Y por qué algunos sectores reciben más que otros? La reciente pandemia de COVID-19 puso de relieve la importancia de estas cuestiones. En este artículo, exploramos cómo una perspectiva de economía política puede ayudar a entender la distribución del apoyo estatal en diferentes sectores en los Países Bajos, un país de tradición corporativista. Mientras que a KLM ‒el actor más importante del sector de aviación holandés‒ el gobierno le prometió préstamos de alrededor de 3.400 millones de euros, al sector HORECA (que congrega hoteles, restaurantes y cafeterías) se le denegó una ayuda similar. A través de un análisis cruzado de casos eliminamos razones puramente técnicas para este fenómeno. A continuación, utilizamos la metodología process-tracing y analizamos cientos de artículos de medios de comunicación holandeses para entender la influencia de líderes políticos, lobbies y expertos. Descubrimos que, en un contexto de crisis económica, el comportamiento electorero de los líderes políticos y el poder y organización de los lobbies determinaron la suma que cada sector podría esperar. Por otro lado, la estructura de dichas ayudas se explica a través del alineamiento político de los decisores políticos. Nuestros resultados subrayan la necesidad de estudiar el apoyo gubernamental en términos de economía política, inclusive durante crisis, y de explorar no solo la existencia o la cuantía de dichas ayudas sino también su composición.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Public Policy , Financial Support , Policy , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Lobbying
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply real-time shear wave elastography to observe the effect of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) on Achilles tendons for healthy adults. Methods:From July to December, 2020, 52 healthy adults were assigned into control group (n = 15) and experimental group (n = 37) randomly. The experimental group received IASTM on left Achilles tendons, once another day for two weeks, while the control group received no treatment. The thickness and elastic modulus of the left Achilles tendons were measured with high-frequency ultrasound and shear wave ultrasound elastography on all the subjects, before treatment, immediately after the first treatment and three days after treatment, respectively. Results:Five cases dropped down in the experimental group. There was no significant difference in thickness and elastic Young's modulus of the left Achilles tendons between two groups before treatment (t < 0.630, P > 0.05). The thickness of the left Achilles tendons was less in the experimental group than in the control group immediately after the first treatment (t = 2.149, P < 0.05), while average and maximum elastic Young's modulus was less three days after treatment (t > 2.134, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Real-time shear wave elastography could quantify the thickness and elasticity of Achilles tendon, to evaluate the effect of IASTM.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873543

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the safety, feasibility and short-term outcomes of single-direction gastric mobilization under 3D-laparoscopy in minimally invasive esophagectomy for the treatment of esophageal cancer. Methods    From February 2018 to December 2019, 118 consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in our hospital were included. There were 94 males and 24 females with an average age of 53.7 (41–77) years. They were divided into two groups based on the methods of gastric mobilization: a traditional dissociation (TD) group (n=55) and a single-direction mobilization (MD) group (n=63). The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Results    Enbloc resection and a negative resection margin were obtained in all patients. There was no postoperative mortality or incision complication. The rate of postoperative complications was 22.9%. There was no significant difference in the spleen injury, gastric injury, conversion to open surgery, abdominal reoperation as well as cervical anastomotic leakage between the two groups (P>0.05). It took significantly less time in the MD group compared with the TD group (P<0.05). There was an obvious statistical difference in the incidence of gastric mobilization related complications between the MD group (1.6%, 1/63) and TD group (12.7%, 7/55, P<0.05). Conclusion    Application of single-direction gastric mobilization under 3D-laparoscopy in minimally invasive esophagectomy for the treatment of esophageal cancer is safe and easy to perform with a satisfactory short-term outcome.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 681-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the variation trend of peripheral blood CD34 + cells during the hematopoietic stem cell mobilization and its influence on the collection timing and results. Methods:The clinical data of 62 patients with hematologic diseases undergoing autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell mobilization from April 2012 to March 2017 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital were analyzed. Mobilization regimen used chemotherapy combined with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to monitor the number of white blood cells (WBC), mononuclear cells (MNC), CD34 + cells in peripheral blood and apheresis concentrates, and the correlation with CD34 + cells was analyzed. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to establish the threshold to start apheresis. Results:MNC (5.66±1.11)×10 8/kg and CD34 + cell count (2.15±1.20)×10 6/kg were obtained in 62 patients who received 136 times collection in total. The peak of peripheral blood CD34 + cells count appeared at day 4-5 after the treatment of G-CSF, and then it went down. CD34 + cell count in the product was correlated with the peripheral blood CD34 + cell count collected on the day ( r = 0.879, P < 0.01), and it was also correlated with the peripheral blood WBC and MNC collected on the day as well as MNC count in the product (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, the ROC curve analysis demonstrated that peripheral blood CD34 + cells count > 23/μl was the optimal threshold for stem cell collection on the day, 85.2% of patients reaching up to the threshold could be successfully collected at one time. Conclusions:The variation trend of peripheral blood CD34 + cell count can guide the best time of stem cell collection in clinic. Peripheral blood CD34 + cell count is the reliable index to predict CD34 + cells count in the products. Peripheral blood CD34 + cells count > 23/μl could be used as the collection threshold.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908314

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review the barriers encountered by nursing staff in the implementation of early activities in adult ICU units.Methods:A systematic search was conducted on CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, China Biomedical Database, PumMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and EMBASE for the research on the obstacles of early activity nursing implementation in adult ICU from the establishment of the database to July 2020, and the final integrated analysis of the included literature was carried out.Results:A total of 26 articles were included, and 59 obstacles in 5 categories were integrated, including 6 kinds of technical level, 13 kinds of organizational culture level, 7 kinds of personnel level, 4 kinds of structural level, and 29 kinds of 6 sub categories of patients level. The most frequent obstacles were unstable condition of patients, sedation or continuous deep sedation, low staffing level, disturbance of consciousness of patients, insufficient equipment related to early activities, and low willingness or compliance of patients to participate.Conclusion:The nursing staff are facing with many obstacles in guiding and assisting ICU adult patients to carry out early activities. It is necessary to formulate modified policies aiming at changeable factors in order to promote the application of early activities in adult ICU units.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907597

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of EAC [etoposide+ cytarabine+ cyclophosphamide (CTX)] mobilization scheme for mobilizing stem cells in patients with lymphoma undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT).Methods:A total of 36 patients with lymphoma who had collected peripheral blood stem cells through EAC or CTX+ granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilization scheme in Cancer Hospital & Shenzhen Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College from June 2018 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 16 patients used EAC mobilization (EAC group), and 20 patients used CTX (CTX group). When white blood cells≤1.0×10 9/L, G-CSF (10 μg/kg per day) was given subcutaneously in two doses. The changes of hematology indexes, the number of collected cells, adverse reactions during mobilization collection and hematopoietic reconstitution after ASCT were observed. Results:The peripheral blood stem cells were collected on 5 d (3-8 d) after EAC+ G-CSF mobilization and 7 d (4-12 d) after CTX+ G-CSF mobilization. The success rates of collection in the EAC group and CTX group were 100% (16/16) and 75.0% (15/20) respectively, the high-quality collection rates were 87.5% (14/16) and 25.0% (5/20) respectively, and there were statistically significant differences ( P=0.041; P<0.001). The median of CD34 + cells of the two groups was 13.67×10 6/kg and 3.45×10 6/kg respectively, the median of mononuclear cells was 7.16×10 8/kg and 5.09×10 8/kg respectively, the median of CD34 + cells/mononuclear cells was 1.44% and 0.67% respectively, and there were statistically significant differences ( Z=-4.219, P<0.001; Z=-2.118, P=0.034; Z=-3.104, P=0.002). In the EAC group and CTX group, the incidences of grade 3 and above granulocytopenia were 100% (16/16) and 90.0% (18/20) respectively, the incidences of grade 3 and above hemoglobin reduction were 43.8% (7/16) and 25.0% (5/20) respectively, the incidences of grade 3 and above thrombocytopenia were 87.5% (14/16) and 65.0% (13/20) respectively, and there were no statistically significant differences ( P=0.492; P=0.298; P=0.245). There were no significant differences in the incidences of infection, adverse reactions of digestive system or other adverse reactions between the two groups (all P>0.05). All patients accepted improved Bucy scheme before ASCT. The median implantation time of neutrophils and platelets was 9.0 d and 10.5 d in the EAC group, which was 12.0 d and 13.5 d in the CTX group, and there were statistically significant differences ( Z=-4.698, P<0.001; Z=-3.757, P<0.001). Conclusion:EAC mobilization scheme can significantly increase the number of hematopoietic stem cell. This scheme has a high success rate of high-quality collection and the adverse reactions are within the controllable range. It provides a high-quality mobilization scheme for hematopoietic stem cell mobilization and collection, which is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

14.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200183, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250802

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To identify and reflect about civil society's initiatives to curb hunger in connection with the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil. Methods In order to identify society's initiatives to fight hunger, two independent systematic searches were conducted in the Google® search engine using the following keywords: "covid civil society initiatives" and "hunger pandemic solidarity campaign". Results Fourteen nationwide civil society-promoted initiatives were identified, that among their objectives aimed at fostering collective funding to purchase and distribute foods. Conclusion Brazilian society has been historically sensitive to the hunger problem and shows solidarity as a social value. Nevertheless, the State is legally bound to provide food, as a social right.


RESUMO Objetivo Mapear e refletir sobre as iniciativas da sociedade civil para o combate à fome no contexto da pandemia de Covid-19 no Brasil. Métodos Para identificar as iniciativas da sociedade para o combate à fome foram conduzidas duas buscas sistemáticas independentes na plataforma Google®, utilizando as palavras-chave: "iniciativas sociedade civil covid" e "fome pandemia campanha solidariedade". Resultados Foram localizadas quatorze iniciativas da sociedade civil de abrangência nacional que têm entre seus objetivos promover campanhas de financiamento coletivo para aquisição e distribuição de alimentos. Conclusão Historicamente, a sociedade brasileira é sensível ao tema do combate à fome e presta solidariedade como um valor social. Contudo, cabe ao Estado a obrigação legal do cumprimento da alimentação enquanto um direito de cidadania.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hunger , Social Participation , Solidarity , Food Supply , COVID-19 , Brazil
16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213930

ABSTRACT

Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a highly communicable disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV2) which originated in Wuhan, China has affected 213 countries worldwide and has caused an economic crisis. As of August10, 2020, India’s recovery rate is 63%. Most of the critical cases requiring intensive care unit (ICU) management are elderly patients with co-morbidities. The case report is of an elderly, comorbid patient who was intubated and put on a mechanical ventilator. At a time when critical patients on mechanical ventilator hardly survived, this patient survived and was successfully weaned from the ventilator and extubated. The case report emphasizes physical therapy management along with medical management for an elderly SARS CoV2 survivor with co-morbidities, and his journey from the onset of symptoms to being mechanically ventilated to performing his daily activities with minimal discomfort.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213355

ABSTRACT

Background: Rectal prolapse is a pelvic floor disorder that can occur in men and women of all ages. It results in pain, bleeding per rectum, seepage, diarrhoea or constipation and a disabled quality of life. With the advent of twentieth century, perineal operative procedures have become more common. Perineal procedures though have lower morbidities but have higher recurrence rate and high incidence of post-operative constipation. Novel abdominal approaches to rectal prolapse repair also became common during the first half of this century. Numerous types of surgical procedures have been attempted. Most techniques developed till now have some advantages and some short comings. CT Speakman and Pollen et al have shown in their studies   that division of lateral ligaments caused new onset constipation and they attributed this effect to denervation of rectum. As the issue of recurrence and post-operative constipation remained unsettled.Methods: This was an observational study to assess the incidence of recurrence and post-operative constipation in patients of rectal prolapse. In well selected patients, we performed complete rectal mobilization with division   of lateral ligaments. We assessed the patients on the basis of Clevland clinical constipation scoring system.Results: Out of 25 patients, 4 patients developed constipation, 2 had mild and 2 had moderate constipation and 2 patients had recurrence. Patients were kept under six monthly follow-up till a period of eighteen months.Conclusions: Only rectal mobilization with division of lateral ligaments can be a good surgical option in patients of rectal prolapse not having severe constipation.

18.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 10(3): 505-511, ago.2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224115

ABSTRACT

A Escala de Mobilidade Hospitalar (EMH) avalia de forma específica a mobilidade de pacientes após AVC no ambiente hospitalar e em estudo prévio foi demonstrada a sua concordância interexaminadores, validade preditiva e a responsividade a mudanças na fase aguda. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a validade concorrente da EMH e a sua confiabilidade ao ser aplicada através de entrevista. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo de validação, desenvolvido com pacientes internados em uma Unidade de AVC na cidade de Salvador-Bahia. Para avaliar a validade concorrente da EMH comparamos o seu escore com a pontuação da Escala de Rankin modificada (ERm) utilizando o teste de Spearman. Ambas escalas foram aplicadas no quinto dia após o AVC pelo mesmo pesquisador, previamente treinado. Para avaliação da confiabilidade da EMH quando aplicada através de entrevista, a escala foi aplicada por dois examinadores em turnos diferentes, no mesmo dia. O primeiro examinador aplicou a escala através da observação do desempenho e o segundo examinador através de entrevista. Utilizamos para esta análise o Coeficiente de Correlação Intraclasse (CCI). RESULTADOS: A pontuação total da EMH apresentou uma correlação positiva muito forte com a ERm (r=0,90) e também foi encontrada uma correlação significativa entre os subitens da EMH e a ERm. Ao comparar a aplicação da EMH através da observação do desempenho e aplicação por entrevista, observamos uma excelente concordância interexaminadores (CCI > 0,90). CONCLUSÃO: A Escala de Mobilidade Hospitalar, projetada especificamente para pacientes após AVC, mostrou um alto grau de validade concorrente e se mostrou confiável quando aplicada através de entrevista.


The Hospital Mobility Scale (HMS) evaluates the mobility of stroke patients in the hospital environment and in a previous study showed its inter-examiner agreement, predictive validity and responsiveness to changes in the acute phase. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the concurrent validity of HMS and its reliability when applied by interview. METHODS: This is a validation study, that was developed with patients admitted in a stroke unit, in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. In order to assess the concurrent validity of the HMS, we compared its score with the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score by using the spearman test. The same researcher applied both scales on the fifth day after stroke. To assess the reliability of HMS when applied by interview, two examiners applied the scale in different shifts, on the same day. The first evaluation was face-to-face and the second was performed by interview. For this analysis, we used the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: The HMS showed a very strong positive correlation with the mRS (r = 0.90) and a significant correlation was also found between the sub-items of the HMS and the mRS. We found excellent inter-examiner agreement between face-to-face and interview assessment (ICC>0.90). CONCLUSION: The hospital mobility scale, that was developed specifically for stroke patients, showed a high degree of concurrent validity and was reliable when applied by interview.


Subject(s)
Stroke , Validation Study , Early Ambulation
19.
Motrivivência (Florianópolis) ; 32(63): 1-23, Jul. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140862

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi compreender como estudantes de Ensino Médio se relacionam com os saberes da Educação Física (EF). Indagou-se, via questionário estruturado, 182 discentes do Ensino Médio de 8 escolas estaduais de São Paulo sobre suas relações de gosto, importância e participação com a EF. Os resultados indicam que: (i) a EF representa a disciplina que mais gostam; (ii) mas possui importância intermediária; (iii) a disciplina mobiliza participação mediana; (iv) o gosto, a importância e a participação pela EF diminuem ao longo dos anos escolares do Ensino Médio; (v) a participação discente está mais atrelada ao gosto do que à importância. Por fim, esperamos que, ao ouvir os estudantes, estes resultados retornem aos docentes sugerindo novas dinâmicas e diretrizes em direção à melhoria das aulas de EF.


The aim of the study was to understand how high school students relate to knowledge of Physical Education (PE). We asked 182 high school students from 8 public schools of São Paulo state, through a structured questionnaire, about their relations of taste, importance and participation with PE. The results indicate: (i) PE represents the subject they like most; (ii) but has intermediate importance; (iii) the subject mobilizes medium participation; (iv) the taste, importance and participation to PE decrease throughout the high school years; (v) student participation is more linked to taste than importance. Finally, we hope that, upon listening to the students, these results will return to teachers, suggesting new dynamics and guidelines towards the improvement of PE classes.


El objetivo del estudio fue comprender cómo los estudiantes de secundaria se relacionan con el conocimiento de la Educación Física (EF). A través de un cuestionario estructurado, se les preguntó a 182 estudiantes de secundaria de 8 escuelas públicas de São Paulo sobre sus relaciones de gusto, importancia y participación con EF. Los resultados indican que: (i) EF representa la disciplina que más les gusta; (ii) pero es de importancia intermedia; (iii) la disciplina moviliza la participación media; (iv) el gusto, la importancia y la participación de EF disminuyen a lo largo de los años de secundaria; (v) la participación de los estudiantes está más vinculada al gusto que a la importancia. Finalmente, esperamos que, al escuchar a los estudiantes, estos resultados vuelvan a los maestros, sugiriendo nuevas dinámicas y pautas para mejorar las clases de educación física.

20.
Investig. desar. ; 28(1): 6-35, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250131

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Este artículo aborda el proceso de generación de diálogo, debate y reflexión sobre Violencias Basadas en Género (VBG) en adolescentes del municipio de San Juan Nepomuceno (Bolívar), en el marco de la realización de un piloto de la estrategia de edu-entretenimiento y Movilización Social "Revelados desde todas las posiciones", implementada en varios municipios de Colombia. A través de grupos focales, entrevistas y la técnica de Most Significant Change se identificaron, entre otros hallazgos, las distintas formas como se expresa la VBG en la población adolescente y joven, así como la importancia de la articulación de los talleres para profundizar conocimientos, con el teatro como catalizador de emociones, así como con la producción de televisión como escenario de participación para trabajar en torno a la VBG. Estos hallazgos enriquecen la evidencia previa en torno a cómo la Comunicación para el Cambio Social y de Comportamiento y particular el edu-entretenimiento y la movilización social pueden aportar desde el diálogo, el debate y la reflexión a la prevención y disminución de las VBG en la población adolescente y joven.


ABSTRACT This article examines the process of generating dialogue, debate, and reflection on Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in adolescents in the municipality of San Juan Nepomuceno (Bolívar), within the framework of the realization of an edutainment and social mobilization pilot strategy named "Revealed from all positions," implemented in several municipalities in Colombia. Focus groups, interviews, and the Most Significant Change technique were used in this study to identify the different ways in which GBV is being expressed among the adolescent and young population. Among other findings, the study identified the importance of articulating workshops to deepen knowledge by using theater as a catalyst for emotions and television production as a setting to promote participation to work around GBV. These findings enrich the previous evidence regarding how Communication for Social and Behavioral Change, particularly education, entertainment, and social mobilization, can contribute through dialogue, debate, and reflection to prevent and reduce GBV in adolescents and the young population.

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