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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0149, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394821

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Athletes and fitness enthusiasts often suffer muscle injuries during their training. These injuries can worsen when not treated properly, generating an accumulation of severe tissue damage, preventing optimal physical performance, and impacting low immunity. Despite a large number of researches on muscle injuries, its vast majority is limited to the pathological perspective, and there are few studies related to the specific impact of the body sport muscle injury index. Objective: Analyze the body-specific indicators of sports injury to prevent further damage to its practitioners. Methods: Laser scanning confocal electron microscopy is the main observation tool in studying muscle injury in athletes. In further research, an experimental animal model was established. The test samples were 40 male rats over 12 weeks old, randomly divided into four groups, treadmill exercise, swimming at 8% of the weight, and other sports training items. Results: Through the comparative experiment of three indicators, it is found that muscle damage has a widespread impact on the whole body, particularly on blood serum indicators. The period of one hour after injury is considered to have the most impact. However, the symptoms subside after 24 hours. Conclusion: As the main observation tool in this experiment, the microscope showed its good prospect of application in the field of biomedicine. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Atletas e entusiastas adeptos ao condicionamento físico frequentemente sofrem lesões musculares durante seus treinamentos. Essas lesões podem se agravar quando não tratadas adequadamente, gerando um acúmulo de danos teciduais graves, impedindo o desempenho físico ideal e impactando na baixa imunidade. Apesar do grande número de pesquisas sobre lesões musculares, sua vasta maioria é limitada à perspectiva patológica e há poucos estudos relacionados ao impacto específico do índice de lesão muscular esportivo corporal. Objetivo: Analisar os indicadores específicos corporais da lesão esportiva dedicados a evitar maiores danos em seus praticantes. Métodos: A microscopia eletrônica confocal de varredura a laser é a principal ferramenta de observação no estudo da lesão muscular em atletas. Nas pesquisas adicionais, um modelo animal experimental foi estabelecido. As amostras de teste eram 40 ratos machos com mais de 12 semanas de idade, divididos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos, incluiu-se o exercício em esteira, natação com 8% do peso e outros itens de treinamento esportivo. Resultados: Através da experiência comparativa de três indicadores, constata-se que o dano muscular tem um impacto generalizado sobre todo corpo, particularmente nos indicadores do soro sanguíneo. O período de uma hora após a lesão é considerado como o mais impactante. No entanto, os sintomas diminuem após 24 horas. Conclusão: Como principal ferramenta de observação neste experimento, o microscópio mostrou sua boa perspectiva de aplicação no campo da biomedicina. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


Resumen Introducción: Los deportistas y entusiastas del condicionamiento físico suelen sufrir lesiones musculares durante sus entrenamientos. Estas lesiones pueden empeorar cuando no se tratan adecuadamente, generando una acumulación de daños graves en los tejidos, impidiendo un rendimiento físico óptimo y repercutiendo en la baja inmunidad. A pesar del gran número de investigaciones sobre las lesiones musculares, su gran mayoría se limita a la perspectiva patológica y hay pocos estudios relacionados con el impacto específico del índice de lesiones musculares en el deporte corporal. Objetivo: Analizar los indicadores corporales específicos de las lesiones deportivas dedicadas a prevenir mayores daños a sus practicantes. Métodos: La microscopía electrónica confocal de barrido láser es la principal herramienta de observación en el estudio de las lesiones musculares en los atletas. En otras investigaciones, se estableció un modelo animal experimental. Las muestras de prueba fueron 40 ratas macho de más de 12 semanas de edad, divididas aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos, en los que se incluyó el ejercicio en cinta rodante, la natación con un 8% de peso y otros elementos de entrenamiento deportivo. Resultados: A través del experimento comparativo de tres indicadores, se comprueba que el daño muscular tiene un impacto generalizado en todo el organismo, especialmente en los indicadores del suero sanguíneo. El período de una hora después de la lesión se considera el más impactante. Sin embargo, los síntomas disminuyen después de 24 horas. Conclusión: Como principal herramienta de observación en este experimento, el microscopio mostró sus buenas perspectivas de aplicación en el campo de la biomedicina. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(4): 344-352, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374468

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Transcranial Doppler has been tested in the evaluation of cerebral hemodynamics as a non-invasive assessment of intracranial pressure (ICP), but there is controversy in the literature about its actual benefit and usefulness in this situation. Objective: To investigate cerebral blood flow assessed by Doppler technique and correlate with the variations of the ICP in the acute phase of intracranial hypertension in an animal model. Methods: An experimental animal model of intracranial hypertension was used. The experiment consisted of two groups of animals in which intracranial balloons were implanted and inflated with 4 mL (A) and 7 mL (B) for controlled simulation of different volumes of hematoma. The values of ICP and Doppler parameters (systolic [FVs], diastolic [FVd], and mean [FVm] cerebral blood flow velocities and pulsatility index [PI]) were collected during the entire procedure (before and during hematoma simulations and venous hypertonic saline infusion intervention). Comparisons between Doppler parameters and ICP monitoring were performed. Results: Twenty pigs were studied, 10 in group A and 10 in group B. A significant correlation between PI and ICP was obtained, especially shortly after abrupt elevation of ICP. There was no correlation between ICP and FVs, FVd or FVm separately. There was also no significant change in ICP after intravenous infusion of hypertonic saline solution. Conclusions: These results demonstrate the potential of PI as a parameter for the evaluation of patients with suspected ICP elevation.


RESUMO Antecedentes: O Doppler transcraniano (DTC) é uma técnica não invasiva para a avaliação da hemodinâmica cerebral, porém existem controvérsias na literatura sobre sua aplicabilidade preditiva em situações de elevada pressão intracraniana (PIC). Objetivo: Investigar o fluxo sanguíneo cerebral pelo DTC e correlacioná-lo com as variações da PIC na fase aguda da hipertensão intracraniana em modelo animal. Métodos: Dois grupos de animais (suínos) foram submetidos a hipertensão intracraniana secundária à indução de diferentes volumes de hematoma, por meio da insuflação de balão intracraniano controlado com 4 e 7 mL de solução salina fisiológica (grupos A e B, respectivamente). Em seguida, administrou-se infusão venosa de solução salina hipertônica (SSH 3%). Foram coletados os valores dos parâmetros de PIC e DTC (velocidade sistólica [FVs], diastólica [FVd] e média [FVm] do fluxo sanguíneo cerebral), bem como o índice de pulsatilidade (IP). Comparações entre os parâmetros do DTC e o monitoramento da PIC foram realizadas. Resultados: Vinte porcos foram estudados, dez no grupo A e dez no grupo B. Correlação significativa entre IP e PIC foi obtida, principalmente logo após a elevação abrupta da PIC. Não houve correlação entre PIC e FVs, FVd ou FVm separadamente. Também não houve alteração significativa na PIC após a infusão de SSH. Conclusões: Esses resultados demonstram o potencial do IP como um bom parâmetro para a avaliação de pacientes com suspeita de elevação da PIC.

3.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(1): 60-65, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368215

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A microcirurgia reparadora é ramo hoje indissociável e imprescindível na cirurgia plástica. O treinamento é longo, custo financeiro relativamente alto e exige muito dos proponentes. Para melhorar essa equação a favor da formação de novos microcirurgiões no Brasil, é fundamental facilitar o acesso ao treinamento experimental, utilizando materiais simples. Huaraca descreveu uma técnica utilizando um simples fio mononylon 5-0 para substituir o clamp vascular, que é instrumento indispensável da anastomose microcirúrgica e geralmente de alto custo. O objetivo é comparar a técnica de Huaraca com fio de mononylon e o clamp metálico tradicional durante anastomose microcirúrgica vascular. Métodos: Seis ratos da raça Wistar cujas duas artérias femorais foram aleatoriamente selecionadas para sutura término-terminal após secção completa, sendo um dos lados realizado com clamp vascular habitual e o contralateral com técnica de Huaraca, no mesmo tempo cirúrgico e pelo mesmo cirurgião. Resultados: Em ambas as situações, a taxa de patência foi de 67% após 72 horas, sendo que o tempo médio foi de 26 minutos com a técnica de Huaraca e de 18 minutos com o clamp tradicional (p=0,001). Conclusão: Apesar do tempo de execução mais longo, a técnica de Huaraca é medida simples e de baixo custo que pode substituir o clamp vascular tradicional.


Introduction: Reconstructive microsurgery is now an inseparable and essential branch of plastic surgery. The training is long, has a relatively high financial cost and requires a lot of the proponents. To improve this equation in favor of the formation of new microsurgeons in Brazil, it is essential to facilitate access to experimental training, using simple materials. Huaraca described a technique using a simple 5-0 mononylon thread to replace the vascular clamp, which is an indispensable instrument for microsurgical anastomosis and is generally expensive. The objective is to compare the Huaraca technique with mononylon thread and the traditional metal clamp during vascular microsurgical anastomosis. Methods: Six Wistar rats whose both femoral arteries were randomly selected for end-to-end suture after complete section, with one side performed with usual vascular clamp and the contralateral with Huaraca technique, at the same surgical time and by the same surgeon. Results: In both situations, the patency rate was 67% after 72 hours, with an average time of 26 minutes with the Huaraca technique and 18 minutes with the traditional clamp (p=0.001). Conclusion: Despite the longer execution time, the Huaraca technique is a simple and low-cost measure that can replace the traditional vascular clamp.

4.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6318, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360397

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the technical specificities and feasibility of simulation of minimally invasive spine surgery in live pigs, as well as similarities and differences in comparison to surgery in humans. Methods A total of 22 Large White class swine models, weighing between 60 and 80kg, were submitted to surgical simulations, performed during theoretical-practical courses for training surgical techniques (microsurgical and endoscopic lumbar decompression; percutaneous pedicular instrumentation; lateral access to the thoracic spine, and anterior and retroperitoneal to the lumbar spine, and management of complications) by 86 spine surgeons. For each surgical technique, porcine anatomy (similarities and differences in relation to human anatomy), access route, and dimensions of the instruments and implants used were evaluated. Thus, the authors describe the feasibility of each operative simulation, as well as suggestions to optimize training. Study results are descriptive, with figures and drawings. Results Neural decompression surgeries (microsurgeries and endoscopic) and pedicular instrumentation presented higher similarities to surgery on humans. On the other hand, intradiscal procedures had limitations due to the narrow disc space in swines. We were able to simulate situations of surgical trauma in surgical complication scenarios, such as cerebrospinal fluid fistulas and excessive bleeding, with comparable realism to surgery on humans. Conclusion A porcine model for simulation of minimally invasive spinal surgical techniques had similarities with surgery on humans, and is therefore feasible for surgeon training.


Subject(s)
Animals , Spinal Fusion/methods , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Swine , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae , Lumbosacral Region
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934618

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of ribonucleic acid for injection Ⅱ, often called RNA Ⅱ for short, combined with chemotherapeutic drug cyclophosphamide (CTX) on the tumor inhibition and survival of sarcoma cell S180 tumor-bearing mice.Methods:The solid transplanted tumor mouse model of sarcoma cell S180 and peritoneal fluid tumor mouse model were established respectively. CTX (25 mg/kg, once for 2 days) alone or combined with low-dose (25 mg/kg, once a day) and medium-dose (50 mg/kg, once a day) RNA Ⅱ were injected intraperitoneally into solid transplanted tumor mice for 10 d. CTX (25 mg/kg, once for 2 days) alone, medium-dose (50 mg/kg, once a day) or high-dose (100 mg/kg, once a day) RNA Ⅱ alone or combined with CTX were injected intraperitoneally into peritoneal effusion tumor mice until all mice died. The two models were set up for modeling groups without drug treatment, 8 mice in each group. The body mass of solid transplanted tumor mice after administration was weighed, the tumor tissue in vivo was taken out and weighed after the mice were executed, and the tumor inhibition rate was calculated. The body mass of peritoneal effusion tumor mice after administration was weighed, the growth rate of body mass was calculated, the survival curve of each group was drawn, and the life extension rate was calculated.Results:(1) Solid transplanted tumor mice: the body mass of mice in each administration group was lower than that in the modeling group after administration. During the administration period, the tumor volume in the modeling group was much higher than that in each administration group. From the 8th day of administration, the tumor volume in vivo in the CTX group began to be larger compared with that in the two combined administration groups. After stopping the administration and killing the mice, the weighing showed that the tumor mass of each administration group was lower than that in the modeling group (all P < 0.01), the tumor mass of CTX + RNA Ⅱ low-dose group and CTX + RNA Ⅱ medium-dose group was lower than that of CTX group (all P < 0.05), and the tumor inhibition rate of the two groups was higher than that of CTX group (83.6%, 77.2% vs. 58.5%). (2) Peritoneal effusion tumor mice: after administration for 12 d, the body mass growth rate of mice in CTX group was increased rapidly and reached the highest, and the body mass growth rate of mice in the two combined administration groups was lower than that in other groups. The life prolongation rates of RNA Ⅱ high-dose group and CTX group were 48.2% and 53.2% respectively, which had the same effect on life prolongation. The life prolongation rate in RNA Ⅱ medium-dose group was 20.9%. The life prolongation rates of CTX + RNA Ⅱ medium-dose group and CTX + RNA Ⅱ high-dose group were 94.2% and 105.0% respectively. Conclusions:RNA Ⅱ combined with CTX can significantly prolong the survival time of sarcoma cell S180 tumor-bearing mice, increase the tumor inhibition rate and improve the quality of life of the mice. Both of them have a synergistic effect.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of early-life (intrauterine and breastfeeding period) exposure to angiotensin Ⅱ type 1 receptor autoantibody (AT 1-AA) on lipid metabolism in offspring rats. Methods:Thirty-two AT 1-AA negative healthy nonpregnant specific pathogen free female Sprague Dawley rats weighing 150-170 g were randomly divided into two groups. Those in the immune group ( n=16) were subcutaneously injected with the mixture of an equal volume of Freund's adjuvant and the second extracellular loop of human-derived angiotensin Ⅱ receptor type 1 (AT1R-ECⅡ) repeatedly to establish the AT 1-AA-positive rat model by active immunization and those in the control group ( n=16) with normal saline solution. Before each immunization, blood samples were collected from the tail of rats to detect serum AT 1-AA levels of those rats in both groups, and the AT 1-AA-positive rat model was successfully established when the serum AT 1-AA was positive and its level reached a plateau. After eight weeks of immunization, the female rats in the two groups were mated with healthy AT 1-AA-negative male rats to conceive. Serum samples were collected from the maternal and offspring rats at the gestation of 18 days (G18), postnatal 21 days (P21), and from the normally fed offspring rats from the time of weaning to 12 weeks old (W12). Active immunization was not performed on the offspring throughout the experiment. The serum AT 1-AA levels of maternal and offspring rats were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and serum AT1-AA was positive when the ratio of AT1-AA level of the immune group over the control group ≥2.1. The blood lipid levels of maternal and offspring rats were measured by an automatic biochemical analyzer. Serum AT 1-AA levels, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol [instead of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)], low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and free fatty acid levels of the offspring and maternal rats were determined for correlation analysis. Two independent sample t-test, linear regression analysis, and analysis of variance were adopted for statistical analysis. Results:(1) The serum levels of AT 1-AA in maternal rats at G18 and P21 in the immune group were significantly higher than those in the control group (G18: 1.170±0.190 vs 0.114±0.016, t=14.64; P21: 0.988±0.283 vs 0.084±0.006, t=9.57; both P<0.001). (2) The serum levels of AT 1-AA in the offspring at G18 and P21 in the immune group were significantly higher than those in the control group (offspring at G18: 0.948±0.220 vs 0.105±0.010, t=10.10; male offspring at P21: 0.758±0.273 vs 0.080±0.002, t=7.46; female offspring at P21: 0.774±0.274 vs 0.084±0.005, t=7.55; all P<0.001), which showed a positive correlation with those in maternal rats at the same period (offspring at G18: R=0.78; male offspring at P21: R=0.82; female offspring at P21: R=0.82; all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the serum AT 1-AA level in offspring at W12 between the immune and control group ( P>0.05). (3) The serum levels of TC at G18 and P21, and HDL at P21 in maternal rats in the immune group were all higher than those in the control group [TC at G18: (2.36±0.32) vs (1.95±0.24) mmol/L, t=2.70; P21: (2.82±0.50) vs (2.18±0.26) mmol/L, t=3.41; HDL at P21: (1.94±0.33) vs (1.57±0.23) mmol/L, t=2.80; all P<0.05]. (4) Compared with the offspring in the control group, there was no significant change in lipid metabolism at G18 and W12 in the offspring in the immune group (both P>0.05). The serum levels of TC and HDL in male and female offspring at P21 in the immune group were higher than their counterparts in the control[TC in male offspring: (2.38±0.52) vs (1.83±0.30) mmol/L, t=2.73; HDL in male offspring: (1.44±0.32) vs (1.07±0.18) mmol/L, t=2.98; TC in female offspring: (2.50±0.72) vs (1.70±0.26) mmol/L, t=3.16; HDL in female offspring: (1.41±0.33) vs (1.00±0.14) mmol/L, t=3.41; all P<0.05]. (5) The serum levels of TC and HDL in male and female offspring at P21 in the immune group showed no correlation with those in maternal rats at P21 (all R<0.5, all P>0.05). The serum levels of HDL in male and female offspring at P21 in the immune group had a positive correlation with their own serum TC levels (male offspring: R=0.98; female offspring: R=0.97; both P<0.001) and also with their own serum AT 1-AA levels (male offspring: R=0.74, P=0.023; female offspring: R=0.91, P=0.001). The serum levels of TC in male and female offspring at P21 in the immune group had a positive correlation with their serum AT 1-AA levels (male offspring: R=0.72, P=0.030; female offspring: R=0.90, P=0.001). Conclusion:The early-life exposure to AT 1-AA may cause abnormal expression of TC and HDL in offspring rats.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 379-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933805

ABSTRACT

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune encephalitis mediated by anti-NMDAR antibody. At present, the pathogenesis of the disease is not completely clear, and reliable animal models are of great significance for the study of its pathogenesis and pathophysiological process. The authors reviewed the reports of anti-NMDAR encephalitis′s animal models in recent years, and discussed the advantages and limitations of each model, in order to provide a more suitable animal model for further research on anti-NMDAR encephalitis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 494-500, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933588

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate effects of the autophagy inducer rapamycin and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine on viral structures and biosynthesis of functional proteins in dorsal root ganglia in a guinea pig model of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection, and to explore their possible mechanisms.Methods:VZV was cultured and proliferated in human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HELFs) , and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from guinea pigs. VZV-HELFs and PBMCs were co-cultured for 18-20 hours, and VZV-PBMCs were collected by centrifugation. Thirty-two guinea pigs were randomly and equally divided into 4 groups (8 mice in each group) : blank control group was injected with autologous PBMCs via the medial canthal venous plexus; autophagy inhibition group, autophagy induction group, and VZV infection group were intraperitoneally injected with 3 mg/kg 3-methyladenine solution, 0.5 mg/kg rapamycin solution, and the same volume of 0.9% NaCl solution respectively, followed 2 hours later by injections with 50 μl of VZV-PBMCs via the medial canthal venous plexus. Fourteen days later, the guinea pigs in each group were sacrificed, and dorsal root ganglion tissues were collected. The transmission electron microscope was used to observe the morphology of virus particles, as well as the morphology and number of autophagic vesicles, Western blot analysis was performed to determine the expression of VZV nucleocapsid protein (NCP) , immediate-early protein 62 (IE62) , and autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1 and p62, and immunohistochemical study to determine the expression of anti-VZV antibodies in VZV-infected dorsal root ganglia. Statistical analysis was carried out by using two-independent-sample t test, one-way analysis of variance, least significant difference- t test or Kruskal-Wallis H test. Results:Nucleocapsid-containing virions and scattered autophagosomes were seen in the dorsal root ganglia in the VZV infection group under the transmission electron microscope. The number of autophagic vesicles significantly differed among the blank control group, VZV infection group, autophagy induction group and autophagy inhibition group ( M[ Q1, Q3]: 0, 5[4, 6], 7[5, 9], 0, respectively; H = 135.60, P < 0.01) , and was significantly higher in the VZV infection group than in the blank control group and autophagy inhibition group (both P < 0.05) , as well as in the autophagy induction group than in the autophagy inhibition group ( P<0.05) , but there was no significant difference between the VZV infection group and autophagy induction group ( P>0.05) . Western blot analysis showed that the expression level of IE62 protein was significantly higher in the VZV infection group (1.49 ± 0.06) than in the blank control group (0.50 ± 0.09, t = 9.17, P < 0.05) ; the expression of anti-VZV antibodies was significantly lower in the autophagy inhibition group than in the autophagy induction group and VZV infection group ( t = 9.24, 7.78, respectively, both P < 0.01) , while there was no significant difference between the autophagy induction group and VZV infection group ( P > 0.05) . Conclusion:Autophagy occurred in the dorsal root ganglia of guinea pigs after VZV infection; the inhibition of autophagy could affect the structure of VZV and decrease the expression of VZV functional proteins in the dorsal root ganglia of guinea pigs.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA 068 (lncRNA 068) on the migration of a melanoma cell line A375, and to explore its mechanism of action.Methods:From December 2015 to November 2020, 21 patients with pathologically confirmed cutaneous melanoma were collected from Department of Dermatology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, and quantitative PCR (qPCR) was performed to determine the expression of lncRNA 068 in melanoma and paracancerous tissues. LncRNA 068 was overexpressed or knocked down via lentiviral transfection in A375 human melanoma cells in the following experiments. Specifically, A375 cells were divided into lentiviral vector (LV) -green fluorescent protein (GFP) group and LV-lncRNA 068 group to be transfected with a GFP-expressing LV and a LV containing lncRNA 068 respectively in the overexpression experiment, and were divided into LV-LacZ short hairpin RNA (shRNA) group and LV-lncRNA 068 shRNA group to be transfected with a LV containing the reporter gene LacZ-specific shRNA and a LV containing the lncRNA 068-targeting shRNA respectively in the low-expression experiment, with the LV-GFP group and LV-LacZ shRNA group serving as the control groups. Transwell and scratch assays were performed to evaluate cell migration, EdU cell proliferation assay and cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay to determine the proportion of proliferative cells and cell viability respectively, and immunofluorescence staining was conducted to evaluate epithelial-mesenchymal transformation in the above groups. Lentivirus-transfected A375 cells from the above groups were inoculated into the axillae of BALB/c nude mice, and tumor volume was measured and calculated every 3 days. After 30 days, all mice were sacrificed, and tumor tissues were resected to measure the tumor volume and weight. Cultured B16F10 cells were subcutaneously inoculated into the back and foot of BALB/c nude mice to construct mouse models of subcutaneously transplanted B16F10 melanoma. After 2 weeks, the mice were sacrificed, and qPCR and Western blot analysis were performed to determine the mRNA expression of inflammatory factors in transplanted B16F10 melanoma and paracancerous tissues, and expression of IκB kinase (IKK) /P65 signaling pathway-related proteins, respectively. Comparisons between 2 groups were done by t test, and comparisons of tumor volume and weight at different time points among groups were done by repeated measures analysis of variance. Results:qPCR showed that the relative expression of lncRNA 068 was significantly lower in human melanoma tissues and transplanted B16F10 murine melanoma tissues (0.414 ± 0.109, 0.717 ± 0.041, respectively) than in the corresponding paracancerous tissues (1.050 ± 0.103, 1.011 ± 0.023, t = 19.48, 10.83, respectively, both P < 0.001). Transwell and scratch assays both showed that the cellular migratory ability was significantly lower in the LV-lncRNA 068 group than in the LV-GFP group (both P < 0.01), and significantly higher in the LV-lncRNA 068 shRNA group than in the LV-LacZ shRNA group (both P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence assay showed significantly increased fluorescence intensity of E-cadherin and decreased fluorescence intensity of N-cadherin in the LV-lncRNA 068 group compared with the LV-GFP group (both P < 0.001), but significantly decreased fluorescence intensity of E-cadherin and increased fluorescence intensity of N-cadherin in the LV-lncRNA 068 shRNA group compared with the LV-LacZ shRNA group (both P < 0.05). In vivo tumor formation experiment in nude mice showed that there were no significant differences in the volume or weight of melanoma between the LV-lncRNA 068 group and LV-GFP group (both P > 0.05), as well as between the LV-lncRNA 068 shRNA group and LV-LacZ shRNA group (both P > 0.05). As qPCR and Western blot analysis showed, the mRNA and protein expression of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and claudin-1 in A375 cells were significantly higher in the LV-lncRNA 068 group than in the LV-GFP group (both P < 0.05), but significantly lower in the LV-lncRNA 068 shRNA group than in the LV-LacZ shRNA group (both P < 0.05). Compared with the paracancerous tissues, B16F10 melanoma tissues showed significantly decreased mRNA expression of IL-10 ( P < 0.01), but significantly increased mRNA expression of IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α, as well as protein expression of phosphorylated P65 and phosphorylated IKK ( P < 0.01) . Conclusion:Overexpression of lncRNA 068 can inhibit the migration of A375 melanoma cells, and may affect the development of inflammation and inhibit the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation by inhibiting the IKK/P65 signaling pathway.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore new methods of treating Graves′ disease (GD) by targeting thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1).Methods:The small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting TSHR and the ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) were designed and synthesized. Thirty GD model mice were randomly divided into siRNA treatment group, ICAM-1 mAb treatment group, and untreated GD group (10 mice in each group), and 10 normal mice were taken as blank control. Serum thyroxine (T 4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), TSH receptor-stimulating antibody (TSAb) and TSH-stimulation blocking antibody (TSBAb) were measured before and after treatment. At the end of the treatment, body mass and heart rate of mice in each group were measured, and thyroid uptake of 99Tc mO 4-, thyroid size and pathological changes were evaluated. Independent-sample t test, paired t test and one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze data. Results:After three treatments, the body mass of mice in siRNA group and ICAM-1 mAb group were significantly lower than that of normal mice ( F=3.50, P=0.025); the heart rates of the mice in two groups were significantly lower than that of untreated GD mice ( F=24.73, P<0.001). Heart rate of mice treated with siRNA decreased significantly, close to that of normal mice. After treatment, the serum T 4((27.58±1.94) vs (65.71±6.89) μg/L, (27.24±3.50) vs (70.84±8.46) μg/L), TSAb ((331.44±43.38) vs (457.33±45.85) mU/L, (275.16±45.80) vs (443.91±42.32) mU/L) and TSBAb ((13.94±1.11) vs (15.83±5.92) mU/L, (14.59±1.02) vs (17.05±6.16) mU/L) levels of mice in both siRNA group and ICAM-1 mAb group significantly decreased ( t values: 4.45-10.87, all P<0.05), while the serum TSH levels of mice in two groups significantly increased ((0.13±0.05) vs (0.04±0.05) mU/L, (1.46±0.34) vs (0.06±0.03) mU/L; t values: -2.22, -5.87, P values: 0.007, <0.001). The elevated TSH level and decreased TSAb level of mice treated with ICAM-1 mAb were significantly different from those treated with siRNA ( t values: 1.03, -1.63, P values: 0.002, 0.031). After treatment, the uptake of 99Tc mO 4- in part of the thyroid lobes of mice was decreased, and the enlargement degree of the corresponding lobes was reduced. The thyroid pathology of mice in the treated groups showed that the absorption vacuoles of thyroid follicles were reduced, and the phenomenon of thinner colloids was improved. No obvious damage was observed in the heart, liver and kidneys of the mice. Conclusions:Both the siRNA targeting TSHR and ICAM-1 mAb have therapeutic effects on GD model mice. The siRNA is better at controlling heart rate, and ICAM-1 mAb is better at increasing TSH and decreasing TSAb. Each of the above treatment methods is safe and effective, which can provide new ideas for GD targeted therapy.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 538-542, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and neuronal nuclei (NeuN) antigen in hippocampus based on the depression model of juvenile rats caused by chronic unpredictable stress (CUS), and to explore the effect of electroacupuncture vagus nerve on CUS depression model.Methods:Six juvenile SD rats were selected as the control group (without any stimulation), and the rest were divided into CUS group, pseudo stimulation group, fluoxetine group and electroacupuncture group by random number method after CUS modeling, with 6 rats in each group. Fluoxetine group was given 10 mg/kg fluoxetine intervention; control group and CUS group were given the same amount of normal saline intervention; In the electroacupuncture group, the distal vagus nerve was stimulated after ligation, while in the pseudo stimulation group, only vagus nerve was isolated without electrical stimulation. After 28 d of intervention, the five groups were subjected to Open-field Test and Sucrose Preference Test. Hippocampal neurons were detected by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, and the expressions of GFAP and NeuN in hippocampal were detected by immunohistochemistry.Results:After CUS modeling and before intervention, the number of vertical and horizontal movements, sucrose consumption and sucrose preference in CUS group, pseudo stimulation group, fluoxetine group and electroacupuncture group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.01); After the intervention, the above indexes in CUS group and pseudo stimulation group were still lower than those in the control group (all P<0.01), but the above indexes in fluoxetine group and electroacupuncture group were significantly higher than those in CUS group and pseudo stimulation group (all P<0.01). HE staining showed that the arrangement of hippocampal neurons in CUS group and pseudo stimulation group were loose, and there were cell swelling and pyknosis, which was significantly improved in fluoxetine group and electroacupuncture group. Immunohistochemical results showed that compared with the control group, the expression of GFAP increased and NeuN decreased in the hippocampus of CUS group and pseudo stimulation group (all P<0.01); Compared with CUS group and pseudo stimulation group, the expression of GFAP decreased and NeuN increased in fluoxetine group and electroacupuncture group (all P<0.01). Conclusions:Electroacupuncture of vagus nerve can obviously improve the depression symptoms of juvenile rats, which is similar to fluoxetine, and may be related to regulating the expression of GFAP and Neun in hippocampus.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 512-516, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932093

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aims to explore the pathogenic roles of protein S-nitrosylation modification in the development of severe acute pancreatitis, and provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms driving acute pancreatitis development.Methods:Thirty two Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, mild acute pancreatitis (MAP) group, severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) group and SAP + N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) group (treated with nitric oxide synthase inhibitor), 8 rats in each group. All rats were sacrificed to take blood from heart and pancreatic tissues 24 h after model construction. Total protein S-nitrosylation modification level in pancreatic tissues was quantitated by the biotin-switch method, followed by histological evaluation via hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The serum endotoxin, D-lactic acid, diamine oxidase, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-ɑ(TNF-ɑ), amylase, alanine aminotransferase, urea nitrogen and calcium ions in rat were detected. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between each index and protein S-nitrosylation.Results:Compared with the sham operation group, the modification level of protein S-nitrosylation in pancreatic tissue of MAP group increased significantly ( P<0.05); Compared with MAP group, the modification level of protein S-nitrosylation in pancreatic tissue of SAP group increased significantly ( P<0.05); Compared with SAP group, the modification level of protein S-nitrosylation in pancreatic tissue of SAP + L-NAME group decreased significantly ( P<0.05). HE staining showed that the degree of pancreatic necrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration in SAP + L-NAME group were significantly weaker than those in SAP group. The concentrations of serum endotoxin, diamine oxidase, D-lactic acid, IL-6 and TNF-ɑ, amylase, alanine aminotransferase, and urea nitrogen in the MAP group were significantly higher than those in the sham operation group (all P<0.05); The above indexes in SAP group were significantly higher than those in MAP group and sham operation group (all P<0.05); The above indexes in SAP + L-NAME group were significantly lower than those in SAP group (all P<0.05). The serum IL-6 and TNF-ɑ levels in rats with acute pancreatitis were positively correlated with protein S-nitrosylation in pancreatic tissue (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Protein S-nitrosylation modification plays essential roles in the development and progression of severe acute pancreatitis.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 490-495, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932089

ABSTRACT

Objective:Animal models of sepsis are mainly established by cecal ligation and puncture which causes mixed bacterial infections in the abdominal cavity. However in internal clinic, sepsis is more common to be caused by respiratory bacterial infections. Therefore, it is necessary to establish animal models of sepsis caused by lung Infection.Methods:According to the concentration of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) suspension and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) suspension, Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were equally divided into 10 groups, including S-Cont group, S-0.75 group, S-1.5 group, S-3 group, S-6 group and P-Cont group, P-1 group, P-2 group, P-4 group, P-8 group. Rats in the control group were treated with normal saline nasal drip. Rats in each experimental group were infected by nasal dripping bacterial suspension with 0.75×10 8 CFU/ml, 1.5×10 8 CFU/ml, 3×10 8 CFU/ml, 6×10 8 CFU/ml of S. aureus suspension or 1×10 8 CFU/ml, 2×10 8 CFU/ml, 4×10 8 CFU/ml, 8×10 8CFU/ml P. aeruginosa suspension. Our study detected the body temperature (T), blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) of rats in each group before and after infection, as well as blood lactic acid (Lac) and procalcitonin (PCT) level after infection. The lung infections of rats in each group were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Results:The blood pressure(BP) of S-1.5 group, S-3 group, S-6 group and P-8 group was lower than before infection (all P<0.05). The Lac and PCT of each S. aureus experimental group were higher than that of the S-Cont group (all P<0.01); and they showed an increasing trend with the increase of the bacterial suspension concentration ( P<0.05), except for the S-3 and S-6 group ( P>0.05). The Lac and PCT of each P. aeruginosa experimental group were higher than that of the P-Cont group (all P<0.01); and they showed an increasing trend with the increase of the bacterial suspension concentration (all P<0.05), except for the Lac in the P-4 group and P-8 group ( P>0.05). HE staining showed that different degrees of inflammatory infiltration can be seen in the lungs of the experimental rats in each group. Conclusions:Infection of rats by nasal dripping with 3×10 8 CFU/ml of S. aureus suspension or 4×10 8 CFU/ml of P. aeruginosa suspension could establish relatively stable rat sepsis model induced by lung bacterial infection, of which the former could also establish a relatively stable septic shock model.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in rat visual cortex after monocular deprivation by RNA sequencing technology, and to analyze the function of the DEGs.Methods:Eighteen 14-day-old SD rats were randomly divided into blank control group and monocular deprivation model group according to random number table method, with 9 rats in each group.The monocular deprivation model was established through lid suture of the right eye for 14 days.Patten visual evoked potential (PVEP) in the right eyes of the rats was recorded before and 14 days after modeling, respectively.Bilateral visual cortex tissues of the rats were dissected from the two groups, and specific genes associated with the pathogenesis of amblyopia were screened out for RNA-seq analysis.The biological functions of differentially expressed genes were evaluated by Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis, and metabolic pathways involved were analyzed by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis.The use and care of the animals complied with ARVO statement.This study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Gansu University of Chinese Medicine (No.2016-58).Results:Compared with blank control group, the latency of P 100 wave was significantly prolonged, and the amplitude was reduced in the eyes of monocular deprivation model group (both at P<0.05). Forty DEGs in the left visual cortex and 63 DEGs in the right visual cortex were determined, among which 9 genes were overlapped.GO analysis indicated that the DEGs were mainly involved in biological processes, such as DNA-templated transcription, glutamate secretion, transcriptional regulation of RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter, protein phosphorylation etc., as well as molecular functions, such as DNA binding, ATP binding, protein serine/threonine kinase activity, calcium ion binding, zinc ion binding, phospholipase A 2 activity, nucleic acid binding and cell components involved in the formation of intracellular and membrane of endoplasmic reticulum.The abnormal expressions of Grm2 and Pla2g2a genes might be closely associated with visual function impairment. Grm2 gene was mainly involved in visual signaling pathway processes including glutamate synapse, long-term potentiation (LTP), long-term depression (LTD) etc. Pla2g2a gene was mainly involved in α-linolenic acid metabolism and arachidonic acid pathway. Conclusions:There are abnormal expressions of genes in the bilateral visual cortices of monocular deprivation rats in the sensitive period of visual development, mainly leading to the disorder of visual signal transduction pathway.Metabolic pathway changes based on specific response gene regulation may be one of the important molecular biological mechanisms in the pathogenesis of amblyopia.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1784-1789, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941537

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167K/K double mutant mouse model by crossbreeding Pnpla3 148M/M homozygous mice and Tm6sf2 167K/K homozygous mice. Methods Pnpla3 148I/M Tm6sf2 167E/K heterozygous mice were bred by hybridization of Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167E/E and Pnpla3 148I/I Tm6sf2 167K/K homozygous mice, and the Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167K/K mice were obtained by the self-crossbreeding of Pnpla3 148I/M Tm6sf2 167E/K mice. Male mice of Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167K/K ( n =6), Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167E/E ( n =6), and Pnpla3 148I/I Tm6sf2 167K/K ( n =6) genotypes and Wt mice ( n =6) were fed with normal diet for 8 weeks, and then the glucose and lipid metabolism indices were measured. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison bewteen two groups. Results Agarose gel electrophoresis and nucleic acid sequencing results showed that the Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167K/K double mutant mouse model was successfully constructed. There were no significant difference in body weight between the Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167K/K mice and the Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167E/E , Pnpla3 148I/I Tm6sf2 167K/K , and Wt mice (all P > 0.05). The Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167K/K mice had a significantly higher liver wet weight than the Wt mice ( P 0.05). Also, there were no significant differences in the serum levels of biochemical indices between the Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167K/K mice and the Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167E/E , Pnpla3 148I/I Tm6sf2 167K/K , and Wt mice (all P > 0.05). Oil red O staining of the liver showed that more lipid accumulation was observed in the Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167K/K mice than in the Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167E/E and Wt mice. Conclusion The Pnpla3 148M/M Tm6sf2 167K/K double mutant mouse model was successfully constructed. Pnpla3 Ⅰ 148M and Tm6sf2 E 167K double mutations can cause abnormal glucose metabolism in mice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929885

ABSTRACT

Because the clinical studies of neuroprotective drugs ended in failure, the Stroke Treatment Academy Industry Roundtable recommended the use of non-human primates for preclinical research on stroke. Non-human primates are the bridge between basic experiment and clinical research, and the experimental results are of great reference value. However, non-human primate stroke models have a variety of neurological deficits and behavioral evaluation methods, and the scoring methods also have their own emphases. It is easy to have differences in the evaluation, or there are deficiencies in the scale itself, resulting in inaccurate scoring, which directly affects the experimental results and the implementation of subsequent research. This article summarizes the neurological deficits and behavioral evaluation methods of non-human primate stroke model.

17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0026, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376786

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe an innovative animal model of eye transplantation used in rabbits. Methods: six Dutch-belted male rabbits were submitted to lateral orbitotomy in the right eye, wide retrobulbar anatomy exposure, dissection of the structures, identification and distal section of the optic nerve followed by anastomosis either by vicryl (group 1) or fibrin glue (group 2). Electroretinography recording was performed before the section of the optic nerve and every 30 seconds after, to monitor the function of retina. Left eye was used as control group. Results: After optic nerve resection and anastomosis, stable ERG amplitude of the right eye was lost after 302 seconds in group 1 and after 296 seconds on group 2. Left eye kept longer stable ERG amplitude curves. Conclusions: The animal model of whole eye transplantation was effective in describing a novel technique to be used in rabbits, with success of the anatomic procedure. Further studies will clarify the best anastomosis methods and maintenance of function of the receptor organ. Translational relevance: this animal model of whole eye transplantation provides a novel perspective for blind patients and the research models, since we describe a novel mammal animal model. This model can be used as basis of a human model of whole eye transplantation in future studies.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever uma técnica cirúrgica inovadora para transplante de olho em um modelo animal em coelhos. Métodos: Seis coelhos machos com Dutch Belted foram submetidos à orbitotomia lateral do olho direito, com ampla exposição da anatomia retrobulbar, dissecção do cone muscular, exposição e secção distal do nervo óptico seguida de anastomose por vicryl (Grupo 1) ou cola de fibrina (Grupo 2). O registro da eletrorretinografia foi realizado antes da secção do nervo óptico e a cada 30 segundos após, para monitorar a função da retina. O olho esquerdo foi usado como grupo controle. Resultados: Após a ressecção do nervo óptico, a estabilidade da amplitude da eletrorretinografia foi perdida no olho direito após 302 segundos no Grupo 1 e após 296 segundos no Grupo 2. O olho esquerdo manteve eletrorretinografia estável por períodos mais longos. Conclusão: O modelo animal de transplante total de olho foi eficaz em descrever uma nova técnica cirúrgica para ser utilizada em laboratório com coelhos, com sucesso do procedimento anatômico. Novos estudos esclarecerão os melhores métodos de anastomose e manutenção da função do órgão receptor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Optic Nerve/surgery , Retina/physiology , Electroretinography , Eye/transplantation , Orbit/surgery , Rabbits , Retinal Ganglion Cells/physiology , Anastomosis, Surgical , Eye Enucleation , Models, Animal , Slit Lamp Microscopy
18.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(1): e235808, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355583

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction During open surgical dislocated hip reduction, several anatomical structures, such as the round ligament, are approached. However, there is controversy over both the possibility of preserving the ligament and its functional importance. Materials and Methods This experimental study used skeletally immature rabbits as a model for congenital hip dislocation. Thirty-six rabbits comprised the sample that was submitted to the round ligament analysis. The sample was stratified for analysis (biomechanics, zymography, histology, and immunohistochemistry). Statistical analysis compared the unstable side to the control side of each rabbit. Results Biomechanical assays showed that the mean maximal strength of the round ligament on the unstable side was similar to that of the control side (p = 0.594), which was also the case with maximum deformation (p = 0.328). Histologically, there was a statistically significant increase in cellularity on the unstable side (p <0.001). Additionally, there was significantly greater collagen occupancy on the control side (p <0.001). Zymography revealed no significant difference in the amount of active metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) (p = 0.068). Conclusions Although histological analysis found evidence of significant changes in the RL in unstable hips, there were no significant differences in zymography, and no changes were observed in biomechanical tests. Evidence Level V; Experimental study.


RESUMO Introdução Durante a redução cirúrgica aberta de luxação de quadril, várias estruturas anatômicas são abordadas, entre elas, o ligamento redondo. No entanto, há controvérsias quanto à possibilidade de preservação desse ligamento, bem como sua importância funcional. Materiais e Métodos Este estudo experimental usou coelhos esqueleticamente imaturos como modelo de luxação congênita do quadril. Trinta e seis coelhos compuseram a amostra que foi submetida à análise do ligamento redondo. A amostra foi estratificada para análise (biomecânica, zimografia, histologia e imuno-histoquímica). A análise estatística comparou o lado instável com o lado controle de cada coelho. Resultados Os ensaios biomecânicos mostraram que a força máxima média do ligamento redondo no lado instável era semelhante ao lado controle (p = 0,594), o que também ocorreu com a deformação máxima (p = 0,328). Em termos histológicos, houve um aumento estatisticamente significante da celularidade no lado instável (p < 0,001). Além disso, houve maior ocupação de colágeno no lado controle (p < 0,001). A zimografia não mostrou diferença significativa da quantidade de metaloproteinase 2 ativa (MMP-2) (p = 0,068). Conclusões Embora a análise histológica tenha encontrado evidências de alterações significativas do LR nos quadris instáveis, não houve diferenças significativas na zimografia e não foram observadas alterações nos testes biomecânicos. Nível de evidência V; Estudo experimental.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1169-1174, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924801

ABSTRACT

Wilson's disease (WD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with a complex pathogenesis involving multiple systems, multiple visceral organs, and the complex copper homeostasis regulation system within the body. The liver is the most common organ for copper deposition, and liver injury is the earliest and most common manifestation of WD; therefore, it is important to find an ideal animal model for WD research. By summarizing the animal models of WD commonly used in the world, this article systematically summarizes the background, liver and nervous manifestations, and application of different models and compares the characteristics of different animal models, so as to provide a reference for the application of various animal models of WD.

20.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(2): 127-131, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249653

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate a new treatment for split fractures through fatigue tests on a swine model. Methods: Thirty lumbar spine samples (L2-L3-L4) from swine models were divided into three test groups. The first was the control group (intact vertebrae). In the second group, a bone defect was created, similar to a coronal split fracture of the vertebral body. For this, a bone defect (osteotomy) was performed in the coronal axis of the middle third of the middle lumbar vertebral body (L3), keeping the disc-ligament structures intact. In the third group, the same procedure was performed to cause bone failure, but was associated with the use of synthesis material, with pedicular fixation using 3.5 mm cannulated screws with partial thread, in order to apply compression at the fracture site, giving resistance and support to the vertebra. The groups were submitted to biomechanical fatigue tests. The number of cycles required to failure in the specimen was analyzed. Results: The use of the synthesis material increased the resistance of the fractured vertebrae to levels equal to those of the intact vertebra for low cycles with loads of 40% of the failure load, possibly losing up to 20% of their resistance for higher cycles. Conclusions: In the vertebrae in which synthetic material was used, greater resistance to a greater number of cycles for a longer period of time was observed when compared with the fractured vertebrae, suggesting that this is an interesting method for the fixation of split-type spinal fractures. Level of evidence III; Experimental Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar um novo tratamento de fraturas do tipo separação (split) através de ensaios de fadiga em modelo suíno. Métodos: Trinta amostras de coluna lombar (L2-L3-L4) de modelos suínos foram divididas em três grupos para testes. O primeiro constituiu o grupo controle (vértebras intactas). No segundo grupo, foi criado um defeito ósseo semelhante a uma fratura split coronal do corpo vertebral. Para tanto, criou-se um defeito ósseo (osteotomia) no eixo coronal do terço médio do corpo vertebral intermediário lombar (L3), mantendo as estruturas disco-ligamentares íntegras. No terceiro grupo, foi realizado o mesmo procedimento para causar a falha óssea, sendo associado o uso de material de síntese, com a fixação pedicular com parafuso canulado de 3,5 mm com rosca parcial, com objetivo de realizar compressão no foco da fratura e dar resistência e sustentação à vertebra. Os grupos foram submetidos a testes biomecânicos de fadiga. Foi analisado o número de ciclos necessários para que ocorresse a falha no corpo de prova. Resultados: O material de síntese aumenta a resistência da vértebra fraturada em níveis iguais aos da vértebra intacta para baixos ciclos e com cargas de 40% da tensão de ruptura, podendo perder até 20% de sua resistência para ciclos mais altos. Conclusões: Nas vértebras em que foi utilizado material de síntese observou-se maior resistência ao maior número de ciclos por um período mais prolongado em comparação com as vértebras apenas fraturadas, sugerindo que este é um método interessante para a fixação de fraturas do tipo split na coluna vertebral. Nível de evidência III; Estudo experimental.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar un nuevo tratamiento de fracturas lumbares del tipo separación (split) a través de ensayos de fatiga en modelo porcino. Métodos: Treinta muestras de columna lumbar (L2-L3-L4) de modelos porcinos fueron divididas en tres grupos para tests. El primero constituyó el grupo control (vértebras intactas). En el segundo grupo, fue creado un defecto óseo semejante a una fractura split coronal del cuerpo vertebral. Para tanto, se creó un defecto óseo (osteotomía) en el eje coronal del tercio medio del cuerpo vertebral intermedio lumbar (L3), manteniendo las estructuras disco-ligamentarias íntegras. En el tercer grupo, fue realizado el mismo procedimiento para causar la falla ósea, siendo asociado el uso de material de síntesis, con fijación pedicular con tornillo canulado de 3,5 mm con rosca parcial, con el objetivo de realizar compresión en el foco de la fractura y dar resistencia y sustentación a la vértebra. Los grupos fueron sometidos a tests biomecánicos de fatiga. Fue analizado el número de ciclos necesarios para que ocurriese la falla en el cuerpo de prueba. Resultados: El material de síntesis aumenta la resistencia de la vértebra fracturada en niveles iguales a los de la vértebra intacta para bajos ciclos y con cargas de 40% de la tensión de ruptura, pudiendo perder hasta 20% de su resistencia para ciclos más altos. Conclusiones: En las vértebras en que fue utilizado material de síntesis se observó mayor resistencia al mayor número de ciclos por un período más prolongado en comparación con las vértebras solamente fracturadas, sugiriendo que este es un método interesante para la fijación de fracturas de tipo split en columna vertebral. Nivel de evidencia III; Estudio experimental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fractures, Bone , Spine , Models, Animal , Fatigue
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