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1.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 298-305+315, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013392

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the mechanism of anti-IL-17A monoclonal antibody(secukinumab) regulating autophagy and inflammation in gout.Methods The peripheral venous blood samples from 57 patients with acute gout(AG),57patients with intermittent gout(IG) and 82 healthy volunteers were collected and measured for the mRNA transcription levels of autophagy-related genes(ATGs) ATG4B,ATG7, A TG16L1,Beclin-1 and LC3B by RT-qPCR.The model of AG inflammation was established by adding monosodium urate(MSU) crystals into the peripheral venous blood samples of healthy volunteers,and the transcription and protein expression of IL-1β were detected by RT-qPCR and ELISA at 0,1,2,4,6 and8 h and different concentrations(0,100,200 and 400 μmol/L) of secukinumab.The peripheral blood samples of healthy volunteers were divided into control(without MSU treatment),MSU(100 μg/mL),MSU+colchicine(100 μg/mL+30 μg/mL) and MSU+secukinumab(100 μg/mL+400 μmol/L) groups,which were detected for the mRNA transcription and protein expression of IL-1 β and ATGs by RT-qPCR and Western blot,and for the expression of IL-1β,IL-12 and IL-35 by ELISA.Results The mRNA expression levels of ATG4B, Beclin-1 and LC3B in AG,IG and healthy control groups were significantly different(F=3.896,11.78 and 3.856,respectively,each P <0.05),among which the mRNA levels in AG were lower than those in IG and HC groups(t=2.692,3.234,2.231 and 2.085,4.795,2.748,respectively,each P <0.05);the expression levels of ATG16L1 mRNA were significantly different in the three groups(F=7.949,P <0.001),and was significantly lower in AG group than HC group(t=3.860,P <0.001).In AG inflammation model,the mRNA and protein expression of IL-1 β reached their peak in 2—4 h,and the anti-inflammation effect of secukinumab was the strongest at the concentration of 400 μmol/L.Compared with MSU group,the mRNA levels of ATG16L1 and LC3B(t=2.343 and 2.916,respectively,each P <0.05) as well as the expression levels of ATG4B,ATG7,Beclin-1,ATG16L1 and LC3B-Ⅱ proteins(t=28.84,11.6,8.402,4.124 and 2.458,respectively,each P <0.05) in MSU+secukinumab group decreased significantly.The expression levels of IL-12 and IL-35 in the control,MSU,MSU+colchicine and MSU+secukinumab groups showed significant difference(F=7.009 and 6.518,respectively,each P <0.01).Compared with MSU group,the expression level of IL-12 significantly decreased(t=2.604,P <0.05)in MSU+secukinumab group,and the expression level of IL-35 also decreased,while with no significant difference(t=1.928,P> 0.05).Conclusion Secukinumab can regulate the mRNA and protein expression of ATGs,reduce the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines,and inhibit gout inflammation,which provides a reference for the treatment of gout.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 635-640, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012586

ABSTRACT

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer is aggressive and prone to metastasis,and the applications of HER2 agents have improved the prognosis of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. Among the marketed HER2 agents,macromolecular monoclonal antibodies that target the extracellular domain Ⅳ of HER2 were the cornerstone drugs of HER2-positive breast cancer,including trastuzumab,inetetamab,and margetuximab. Trastuzumab is available for the full-line treatment of breast cancer with sufficient proof of evidence-based medicine,sufficient practical experience and controllable safety. Inetetamab and trastuzumab have similar efficacy and controllable safety in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer and neoadjuvant/ adjuvant therapy. Margetuximab focuses on patients carrying the CD16A-158F allele,and is an option of posterior line treatment for advanced breast cancer. It is necessary to select the most suitable drugs clinically according to the specific condition of the patient.

3.
Arq Asma Alerg Imunol ; 7(3): 311-312, Jul.Set.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524185

ABSTRACT

Relato de caso de paciente com rinossinusite crônica com polipose nasal em tratamento com dupilumabe. São descritos os aspectos clínicos e o impacto na qualidade da vida do paciente. Imagens tomográficas evidenciam a melhora do processo inflamatório e a regressão dos pólipos nasais.


We report the case of a patient with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps treated with dupilumab. The clinical features and impact on the patient's quality of life are described. Computed tomography shows improvement of the inflammatory process and regression of the nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
4.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 99(supl.1): S4-S11, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430725

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Despite the global impact of the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection in children, only one monoclonal antibody (Palivizumab) has been approved for clinical use. However, advances in the knowledge of RSV immunology may enable the development of safe and effective new vaccines and monoclonal antibodies in a few years. The purpose of this review is to summarize available data on approved and developing passive and active immunizations against RSV in childhood and pregnancy. Data source: A non-systematic review of RSV immunoprophylaxis in childhood and pregnancy was carried out in PubMed, path.org and clinical trial registries, without language restrictions, up to September 2022. Data synthesis: Three monoclonal antibodies and 17 active immunization candidates are under development in phase 1 to 3 clinical studies. Regarding the first group, Nirsevimab is a monoclonal antibody with a prolonged half-life whose approval for clinical use is expected in the next months. Among the vaccines under development, six techniques are being used: protein subunit, viral particles, live attenuated virus, recombinant viral vector, chimeric, and mRNA. The first two approaches are being tested primarily in pregnancy, while the others are being developed for the pediatric population. Conclusion: The approval of extended half-life monoclonal antibodies is the next expected advance in RSV prevention, although the costs may be a barrier to the implementation. Regarding active immunizations, maternal and infant vaccination are complementary strategies and there are many promising candidates in clinical studies using different platforms.

5.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-216078

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), which are commonly used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA), have been linked to a variety of adverse events (AEs). The objective of the study was to compare the safety profiles of six FDA approved mAbs (sarilumab, tocilizumab, adalimumab, golimumab, infliximab, and rituximab) marketed for the treatment of RA. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using the databases PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Science Direct. The manuscript comprised a total of 23 clinical studies. The percentage of patients who had AEs was calculated and presented using box-whisker and forest plots. Infections and infestations were found to be the most common AEs in RA patients treated with mAbs. Raised alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), and nasopharyngitis were frequently reported. The most common AEs were reported with adalimumab. The highest percentage of patients reporting AEs was associated with golimumab (52%), while rituximab had the fewest AEs (4.9%). In conclusion, rituximab appears to be a safer treatment option for RA as it is found to be associated with a lower risk of AEs, particularly respiratory infections.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 989-996, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the grouping characteristics of psychological state symptom clusters in patients with non-small cell lung cancer during programmed death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody combined with chemotherapy, and to analyze the predictors of different symptom cluster characteristics.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional study. In the form of a questionnaire, 171 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received PD-1 monoclonal antibody combined with chemotherapy in Gansu Wuwei Tumor Hospital from March 2019 to March 2021 were selected as the research object by convenient sampling method. The general data questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Cancer-Related Fatigue Survey Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Physical Activity Measurement Scale for Cancer Patients, Distress Thermometer, and Quality of Life Measurement Scale for Lung Cancer Patients were used for investigation. The latent class model was fitted based on the evaluation results of physical fatigue, anxiety, depression, sleep quality and psychological distress in patients with non-small cell lung cancer during treatment. Latent class model analysis was performed on the scale results to establish a category group model. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare the demographic characteristics, disease stage, classification, and personality characteristics of patients in each group, and to explore the predictive indicators between different categories.Results:According to the symptoms of fatigue, anxiety, depression, sleep disorder and psychological distress in patients with non-small cell lung cancer during PD-1 monoclonal antibody therapy combined with chemotherapy, they were divided into two different categories. The group with high psychological symptoms accounted for 44.44% (76/171) and the group with low psychological symptoms accounted for 55.56% (95/171). The scores of physiological status, social/family status, emotional status, functional status, additional attention and physical activity in the quality of life scale of lung cancer patients with low psychological symptoms were 11.28 ± 5.62, 17.57 ± 4.31, 11.14 ± 3.27, 14.83 ± 5.24, 14.76 ± 4.03 and 88.61 ± 17.38, respectively. The scores were higher than those in the high psychological symptom group 17.82 ± 4.43, 10.76 ± 3.63, 18.62 ± 6.06, 9.34 ± 3.13, 26.26 ± 3.23, 58.04 ± 15.41, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 10.36-15.84, all P<0.05); logistic regression analysis showed that personality traits [extroverted ( OR=0.08, 95 % CI 0.03-0.23, P<0.05), intermediate ( OR=0.16, 95 % CI 0.08-0.33, P<0.05)] and physical activity in cancer patients ( OR=0.91, 95 % CI 0.88-0.93, P<0.05) were predictors for distinguishing high psychological symptom group. Conclusions:There are obvious classification characteristics of psychological symptom clusters in patients with non-small cell lung cancer during PD-1 monoclonal antibody combined with chemotherapy. Different psychological interventions and nursing care are given according to different psychological symptom characteristics during treatment to improve the quality of life of patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 755-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012225

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of humanized anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody for steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (SR-aGVHD) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients. Methods: A total of 64 patients with SR-aGVHD between June 2019 and October 2020 in Suchow Hopes Hematology Hospital were enrolled in this study. Humanized anti-CD25 monoclonal antibodies 1 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) were administered on days 1, 3, and 8, and then once per week according to the disease progression. Efficacy was assessed at days 7, 14, and 28 after humanized anti-CD 25 treatment. Results: Of the 64 patients with a median age of 31 (15-63) years, 38 (59.4%) were male and 26 (40.6%) were female. The overall response (OR) rate of the humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody in 64 patients with SR-aGVHD on days 7, 14, and 28 were 48.4% (31/64), 53.1% (34/64), and 79.7% (51/64), respectively. Liver involvement is an independent risk factor for poor efficacy of humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody for SR-aGVHD at day 28 (OR=9.588, 95% CI 0.004-0.291, P=0.002). The median follow-up time for all patients was 17.1 (0.2-50.8) months from the start of humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody therapy. The 1- and 2-year OS rates were 63.2% (95% CI 57.1% -69.3%) and 52.6% (95% CI 46.1% -59.1%), respectively. The 1- and 2-year DFS rates were 58.4% (95% CI 52.1% -64.7%) and 49.8% (95% CI 43.4% -56.2%), respectively. The 1- and 2-year NRM rates were 28.8% (95% CI 23.1% -34.5%) and 32.9% (95% CI 26.8% -39.0%), respectively. The results of the multifactorial analysis showed that liver involvement (OR=0.308, 95% CI 0.108-0.876, P=0.027) and GVHD grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ (OR=9.438, 95% CI 1.211-73.577, P=0.032) were independent risk factors for OS. Conclusion: Humanized CD25 monoclonal antibody has good efficacy and safety for SR-aGVHD. This study shows that SR-aGVHD with pretreatment grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ GVHD and GVHD involving the liver has poor efficacy and prognosis and requires early intervention.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Acute Disease , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy/methods , Steroids
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4461-4476, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011179

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a devastating disease characterized by an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) plays a crucial role in the initial steps of the adhesive at process to inflammatory sites, blockade of PSGL-1 might confer potent anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we generated two non-human primate derived monoclonal antibodies capable of efficiently targeting human PSGL-1, RH001-6 and RH001-22, which were screened from immunized rhesus macaques. We found that RH001-6, can effectively block the binding of P-selectin to PSGL-1, and abolish the adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells in vitro. In vivo, we verified that RH001-6 relieved inflammatory responses and pancreatic injury in both caerulein and l-arginine induced AP models. We also evaluated the safety profile after RH001-6 treatment in mice, and verified that RH001-6 did not cause any significant pathological damages in vivo. Taken together, we developed a novel non-human primate derived PSGL-1 blocking antibody with high-specificity, named RH001-6, which can interrupt the binding of PSGL-1 and P-selectin and attenuate inflammatory responses during AP. Therefore, RH001-6 is highly potential to be further developed into therapeutics against acute inflammatory diseases, such as AP.

9.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 48-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965578

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract:Objective To prepare human monoclonal antibody against spike protein(S protein)of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS⁃CoV⁃2)by using single B cell,and determine its neutralizing activity. Methods Venous blood with high antibody level was collected from people immunized with inactivated SARS⁃CoV⁃2 vaccine(Vero cells) twice,of which peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs)were isolated by lymphocyte stratified fluid and used to isolate single B cell expressing S protein antibody by magnetic beads coupled with S1 protein. Variable region genes of IgG heavy chain and light chain were amplified by nested PCR after reverse transcription of single B cell,which were connected with CMV promoter,IgG leader sequence,IgG constant region and polyA sequence by overlapping PCR to construct antibody linear expression cassette. Linear expression cassette of the heavy chain and light chain from the same B cell was transfected to HEK293T cells to express human monoclonal antibody of SARS⁃CoV⁃2 S protein. Immunoreactivity was detected by immuno⁃ fluorescence while neutralizing activity by pseudovirus neutralization test. Results A total of 26 monoclonal antibodies against SARS⁃CoV⁃2 S protein were expressed,which showed heavy chain and light chain protein bands of IgG antibody at

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 238-241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005130

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the interference of anti-CD47 monoclonal antibody on transfusion compatibility detection, in order to establish methods for removing interference and evaluate its efficacy. 【Methods】 Blood samples from 8 patients in our clinical trial who were treated with anti-CD47 monoclonal antibody from Tianjing and Xinda were collected. ABO and Rh blood group antigen identification, direct anti-human globulin test, unexpected antibody screening test and cross-matching test were performed by ZZAP, Gamma-clone(an anti-globulin reagent lacking IgG4) and Immucor Capture-R solid phase agglutination kit. 【Results】 ABO blood group identification of 5 subjects were interfered after treatment with anti-CD47 monoclonal antibody. All 8 subjects showed 2+ to 4+ agglutination intensity on direct anti-human globulin test and 3+ to 4+ on unexpected antibody screening. The results of unexpected antibody screening by Gamma-clone and Immucor Capture-R solid phase agglutination kit were all negative, while the cross-matching test were compatible. Patients with anemia caused by CD47 monoclonal antibody treatment were transfused with 2 U suspension red blood cells, and the evaluation showed that the transfusion was effective. 【Conclusion】 The CD47 monoclonal antibody can interfere with transfusion compatibility detection, and the use of antiglobulin reagents lacking IgG4 and Immucor Capture-R solid phase agglutination kit can remove the interference, with good transfusion efficacy in patients.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3064-3067, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003548

ABSTRACT

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a malignant tumor derived from mature B cells. Currently, chemotherapy is still the main clinical treatment. However, some patients experience recurrence or refractory conditions after treatment. On June 15, 2023, the FDA approved the marketing of glofitamab, a CD3/CD20 bispecific monoclonal antibody, to provide the new treatment plan for patients with recurrent or refractory DLBCL after receiving 2-line or above systemic treatment. This article reviews pharmacological effects, clinical studies, safety, usage and dosage of glofitamab. Glofitamab mainly plays a therapeutic role in DLBCL by promoting the activation and proliferation of T cells,activating T cells to release tumor cell-killing proteins, and mediating the lysis of B cells. Clinical studies have shown that glofitamab has a better complete and objective response rate for recurrent or refractory DLBCL. Common adverse reactions caused by glofitamab include mild/moderate cytokine release syndrome, musculoskeletal pain, rash, fatigue, and so on,without significant drug interactions.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1206-1212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996679

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To prepare monoclonal antibody IgA against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARSCoV-2),optimize relevant expression conditions to increase the expression level,and preliminarily explore the effect of IgA antibody on anti-SARS-CoV-2.Methods The plasmid encoding IgAl-F61 antibody sequence was mixed with polyethyleneimine(PEI) transfection reagent and then transfected into EXPi293F~(TM) cells to transiently express antibody protein;The optimal culture conditions and expression levels of monomeric IgAl(mIgAl)-F61 and dimeric IgAl(dIgAl)-F61 in EXPi293F~(TM) cells were determined by optimizing the ratio of heavy chain(Hc),light chain(Lc) and joining chain(Jc),the proportion of plasmid and PEI,and the harvest time after transfection.The supernatant after transfection was purified by affinity chromatography,and then determined for the concentration by BCA,analyzed for the expression integrity and purity of antibody by SDS-PAGE and size exclusion chromatography-high performance liquid chromatography(SEC-HPLC),and detected for the neutralizing activity of antibody by pseudovirus neutralization assay.Results The optimal expression level of mIgAl-F61 was 123.45 μg/mL and the purity of purified antibody was over 95% when the ratio of Hc to Lc was 1:2,the ratio of plasmid to PEI was 1:3,and the supernatant was harvested 5 d after transfection;The highest purity of dIgAlF61 was more than 90% when the ratio of Hc:Lc:Jc was 1:2:1.The results of pseudovirus neutrali-zation assay against Omicron BA.4/5 showed that dIgAl-F61 exhibited better neutralizing activity than IgG-F61,and the value of half maximum inhibitory concentration(IC_(50)) was reduced by about 4 times.Conclusion Recombinant monoclonal antibodies mIgAl-F61 and dIgAl-F61 against SARS-CoV-2 were successfully expressed with high purity and dIgAl showed better neutralizing activity than IgG in vitro.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1206-1212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996678

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To prepare monoclonal antibody IgA against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARSCoV-2),optimize relevant expression conditions to increase the expression level,and preliminarily explore the effect of IgA antibody on anti-SARS-CoV-2.Methods The plasmid encoding IgAl-F61 antibody sequence was mixed with polyethyleneimine(PEI) transfection reagent and then transfected into EXPi293F~(TM) cells to transiently express antibody protein;The optimal culture conditions and expression levels of monomeric IgAl(mIgAl)-F61 and dimeric IgAl(dIgAl)-F61 in EXPi293F~(TM) cells were determined by optimizing the ratio of heavy chain(Hc),light chain(Lc) and joining chain(Jc),the proportion of plasmid and PEI,and the harvest time after transfection.The supernatant after transfection was purified by affinity chromatography,and then determined for the concentration by BCA,analyzed for the expression integrity and purity of antibody by SDS-PAGE and size exclusion chromatography-high performance liquid chromatography(SEC-HPLC),and detected for the neutralizing activity of antibody by pseudovirus neutralization assay.Results The optimal expression level of mIgAl-F61 was 123.45 μg/mL and the purity of purified antibody was over 95% when the ratio of Hc to Lc was 1:2,the ratio of plasmid to PEI was 1:3,and the supernatant was harvested 5 d after transfection;The highest purity of dIgAlF61 was more than 90% when the ratio of Hc:Lc:Jc was 1:2:1.The results of pseudovirus neutrali-zation assay against Omicron BA.4/5 showed that dIgAl-F61 exhibited better neutralizing activity than IgG-F61,and the value of half maximum inhibitory concentration(IC_(50)) was reduced by about 4 times.Conclusion Recombinant monoclonal antibodies mIgAl-F61 and dIgAl-F61 against SARS-CoV-2 were successfully expressed with high purity and dIgAl showed better neutralizing activity than IgG in vitro.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1138-1142, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996607

ABSTRACT

@#Clostridiodes difficile(C.difficile)is the most common causative agent of antibiotic-associated diarrhea(ADD)in the world. In recent years,with the emergence of highly resistant and virulent strains,the outbreaks of C.difficile infection have occurred around the world. The incidence,recurrence and mortality of C.difficile infection are on the rise worldwide,and bring great challenges to clinical treatment. Pathogenic strains mainly produce two homologous glycosylation toxins A and B,which can cause symptoms ranging from diarrhea to highly lethal toxic megacolon. In view of the malignant consequences caused by C.difficile infection,disease prevention is still an important way worth exploring. Until now there is no approved vaccine against C.difficile. Therefore,this review assessed the status and challenge of clinical trials of vaccine research for C.difficile.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 941-946+954, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996563

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To develop a colloidal gold immunochromatographic test strip for rapid and accurate detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa(P.aeruginosa,Pa).Methods After bioinformatics analysis of Pa outer membrane protein OprF,the gene sequence with abundant antigenic determinants and high intraspecific homology was chemically synthesized,and then connected to pET-28a(+)vector to construct the expression vector pET-28a-OprF,which was transformed into E.coli BL21(DE3)and induced by IPTG. The recombinant OprF protein was purified by Ni Sepharose~(TM)6 Fast Flow and used to immunize two female BALB/c mice for 3~4 times by multi-point subcutaneous injection in the back at the first immunization and intraperitoneal injection at subsequent immunizations. The monoclonal antibodies were screened by animal cell fusion technique,and the colloidal gold immunochromatographic test strip for rapid detection of Pa was prepared by using monoclonal antibody and double antibody sandwich immunochromatography technique. The specificity,sensitivity and stability of the test strip were evaluated.Results Two monoclonal antibodies,Pa-1# and Pa-2#,were obtained with the titer of 1∶409 600,and both of them recognized OprF specifically. The prepared colloidal gold immunochromatographic test strip showed a sensitivity of 1. 0×10~6CFU/mL and had no cross reaction with 9 common respiratory pathogens with a good stability.Conclusion The prepared colloidal gold immunochromatographic test strip can detect Pa rapidly within 15 min,with high specificity and good stability.

16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): E005-E005, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980726

ABSTRACT

Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are a class of targeted biological agents that link cytotoxic drugs to monoclonal antibodies through linkers. The monoclonal antibody targets tumor cells and transports small-molecule cytotoxic drugs for specific delivery and minimal off-target side effects. September 30, 2022, 14 anti-tumor ADC drugs have been approved for marketing in the world, and four ADCs have been approved in China. With the improvement of the clinical accessibility of ADC drugs, clinicians urgently need to understand the molecular characteristics and mechanisms of ADCs, and clarify the indications for rational use of drugs. Patients' survival mainly depends on the appropriate dose and course of treatment and also on proper management of adverse reactions. In view of this, on the basis of the "Expert Consensus on the Clinical Application of Antibody-drug Conjugates for the Treatment of Malignant Tumors (2020 edition)", Professional Committee on Clinical Research of Oncology Drugs, Chinese Anti-Cancer Association fully combines the existing clinical research evidence and the feasibility of current ADC drugs in China to update the consensus content. This consensus aims to provide a systematic overview of ADC drugs, so as to provide practical and effective suggestions and references for clinicians to apply and manage ADC drugs more accurately.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 469-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976180

ABSTRACT

@#The rapid spread of Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19)caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2)infection has had a devastating impact on public health and the global economy. Tremendous efforts had been put on urgent development of prophylactic or therapeutic drugs against SARS-CoV-2,mainly smallmolecule antiviral drugs and monoclonal antibodies,to reduce the impact and burden of COVID-19. Currently,National Medical Products Administration(NMPA)of China or Food and Drug Administration(FDA)of the United States have approved three small-molecule drugs and three monoclonal antibodies for use. This paper reviews the clinical research progress and challenges of the main drugs against SARS-CoV-2 on the market at present.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 955-966, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971743

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal antibody-based therapy has achieved great success and is now one of the most crucial therapeutic modalities for cancer therapy. The first monoclonal antibody authorized for treating human epidermal growth receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer is trastuzumab. However, resistance to trastuzumab therapy is frequently encountered and thus significantly restricts the therapeutic outcomes. To address this issue, tumor microenvironment (TME) pH-responsive nanoparticles (NPs) were herein developed for systemic mRNA delivery to reverse the trastuzumab resistance of breast cancer (BCa). This nanoplatform is comprised of a methoxyl-poly (ethylene glycol)-b-poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) copolymer with a TME pH-liable linker (Meo-PEG-Dlink m -PLGA) and an amphiphilic cationic lipid that can complex PTEN mRNA via electrostatic interaction. When the long-circulating mRNA-loaded NPs build up in the tumor after being delivered intravenously, they could be efficiently internalized by tumor cells due to the TME pH-triggered PEG detachment from the NP surface. With the intracellular mRNA release to up-regulate PTEN expression, the constantly activated PI3K/Akt signaling pathway could be blocked in the trastuzumab-resistant BCa cells, thereby resulting in the reversal of trastuzumab resistance and effectively suppress the development of BCa.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4915-4926, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008068

ABSTRACT

A simple, fast, and visual method for detecting antibodies against peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) using colloidal gold strips was developed. In this study, the pET-32a-N was transformed into Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3) for expression. Hybridoma cell lines were generated by fusing SP2/0 myeloma cells with splenocytes from immunized mice with the expressed and purified N protein of PPRV. The PPRV N protein was labeled with colloidal gold particles as the gold-labeled antigen. The N protein served as the gold standard antigen and as the test (T) line-coated antigen, while the monoclonal antibody served as the quality control (C) line-coated antibody to assemble the colloidal gold immunochromatographic test strips for detecting antibodies against the N protein of PPRV. Hybridoma cell line designated as 1F1 was able to stably secrete the monoclonal antibody against the N protein of PPRV. The titer of 1F1 monoclonal antibody in ascites was 1:128 000 determined by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), and the immunoglobulin subtype of the monoclonal antibody was IgG1, with kappa chain. The obtained monoclonal antibody was able to specifically recognize the N protein of PPRV, as shown by Western blotting and indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA). The developed colloidal gold test strip method was able to detect PPRV antibodies specifically, and there was no difference between different batches of the test strips. Testing of a total of 122 clinical sera showed that the compliance rate of the test strip with ELISA test was 97.6%.The test strip assay developed in this study has good specificity, reproducibility, and sensitivity, and it can be used for the rapid detection of PPRV antibodies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Peste-des-Petits-Ruminants/prevention & control , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Reproducibility of Results , Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus , Antibodies, Viral , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Goats
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3644-3669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007983

ABSTRACT

Tumor is a serious threat to human health. At present, surgical resection, chemoradiotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy are the main therapeutic strategies. Monoclonal antibody has gradually become an indispensable drug type in the clinical treatment of cancer due to its high efficiency and low toxicity. Phage antibody library technology (PALT) is a novel monoclonal antibody preparation technique. The recombinant immunoglobulin variable region of heavy chain (VH)/variable region of light chain (VL) gene is integrated into the phage vector, and the antibody is expressed on the phage surface in the form of fusion protein to obtain a diverse antibody library. Through the process of adsorption-elution-amplification, the antibody library can be screened to obtain the antibody molecule with specific binding antigen as well as its gene sequence. PALT has the advantages of short antibody production cycle, strong plasticity of antibody structure, large antibody yield, high diversity and direct production of humanized antibodies. It has been used in screening tumor markers and preparation of antibody drugs for breast cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer and liver cancer. This article reviews the recent progress and the application of PALT in tumor therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteriophages/genetics , Immunoglobulin Variable Region/genetics , Gene Library , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy , Peptide Library
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