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1.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e10220010721, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356491

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: The purpose of this paper was to analyze the internal consistency of the Sport Motivation Scale-II (SMS-II) questionnaire based on three studies with sports practitioners in the Brazilian college context. Methods: All the three studies i) were carried out with students enrolled in higher education and engaged in sports training by their institution (n1 = 304; n2 = 441; n3 = 310); ii) used SMS-II as an instrument for data collection; iii) used the online procedure for data collection. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis was performed and Cronbach's Alpha (α), McDonald's Omega (Ω), and the correlation between items were used to assess internal consistency. Results: As potentialities, five dimensions of the SMS-II presented high values of internal reliability (α and Ω > 0.60). As a limitation, the dimension of introjected regulation showed low reliability (α and Ω < 0.40) in the three studies conducted by our group. The exclusion of item 16 enabled an increase in alpha, but without achieving satisfactory reliability in Study 1 (α = 0.46) and Study 2 (α = 0.31). In Study 3, the exclusion of item 7 improved the internal reliability of the dimension (α = 0.43) also without reaching satisfactory values of internal consistency. It was not possible to identify a problematic item, given that each item had a different influence in the three studies. Conclusion: We found good values of validity and internal consistency for the Brazilian version of the SMS-II. However, we suggest attention to the introjected regulation dimension when using the instrument in the Brazilian college context.

2.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2584, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355714

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo verificar a associação entre o desempenho em leitura de crianças e adolescentes e a presença de queixas escolares, habilidade auditiva de ordenação temporal e motivação escolar. Métodos estudo observacional analítico transversal, com amostra de conveniência composta por 36 participantes. Os instrumentos de coleta foram questionário de caracterização, Critério de Classificação Econômica do Brasil, avaliação auditiva, testes de Memória para Sons Verbais, Não Verbais em Sequência, Padrão de Frequência e de Duração, Desempenho Escolar, as Provas de Avaliação dos Processos de Leitura e a Escala para Avaliação da Motivação Escolar Infantojuvenil. A variável resposta deste estudo foi "processos de leitura". Os testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Exato de Fisher foram utilizados para as análises de associação. Resultados as análises de associação revelaram que a maioria dos participantes com alteração nas tarefas de leitura apresentou, também, adequação da ordenação temporal simples e inadequação da ordenação temporal complexa. Não houve associação com significância estatística entre o desempenho em leitura e a presença de queixas escolares, habilidade auditiva de ordenação temporal e motivação escolar. Contudo, observou-se que a maioria dos participantes com alteração na leitura apresentou queixa de dificuldades escolares, baixo desempenho acadêmico e motivação escolar média. Conclusão embora não tenha indicado significância estatística na maioria das associações realizadas, o presente estudo evidenciou que há relação entre o desempenho em leitura de crianças e adolescentes e a presença de queixas escolares, habilidade auditiva de ordenação temporal e motivação escolar.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify the association between reading performance of children and adolescents and the presence of school complaints, hearing ordering ability and school motivation. Methods Cross-sectional observational study with a convenience sample composed of 36 participants. The instruments used were the Sociodemographic and School Characterization Questionnaire, the Economic Classification Criterion of Brazil, the auditory evaluation, the Memory Tests for Verbal and Non-verbal Sounds in Sequence, the Frequency and Duration Pattern Tests, the School Performance Test, the Assessment of Reading Processes and the Scale for Assessing Children's School Motivation. The response variable in this study was the reading process. Pearson's Chi-square and Fisher's Exact tests were used for association analyzes. Results The association analysis revealed that most participants who presented changes in reading tasks also presented adequacy of simple temporal ordering and inadequacy in complex temporal ordering. There was no statistically significant association between reading performance and the presence of school complaints, temporal ordering auditory ability and school motivation. However, it was observed that most participants with reading disorders complained of school difficulties, poor academic performance, average school motivation, adequacy of simple temporal ordering and inadequacy of complex temporal ordering. Conclusion Although it did not show statistical significance in most of the associations performed, the present study showed that there is an relationship between the reading performance of children and adolescents and the presence of school complaints, temporal ordering auditory ability and school motivation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Reading , Auditory Perception/physiology , Speech Perception/physiology , Underachievement , Hearing Tests/methods , Learning Disabilities/diagnosis , Motivation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
3.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 29(4): 463-473, out.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360328

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução O metilfenidato, utilizado especialmente para tratar o Transtorno do Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade tem conquistado universitários que buscam melhorar o desempenho cognitivo. Objetivo Investigar conhecimentos, motivações, percepções e perfil de uso não prescrito desse medicamento por estudantes de uma Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Método Aplicação de questionário estruturado a 696 estudantes de Bioquímica, Enfermagem, Farmácia e Medicina, e análise descritiva e dos fatores associados ao uso, por meio de modelos de regressão logística. Resultados: Dos participantes, 96,7% afirmaram conhecer o medicamento e desses, 4,3% o utilizam/utilizavam por motivos não prescritos. O principal motivo de uso era o melhoramento cognitivo, e a universidade foi o principal local de início de uso. A maior parte dos usuários percebeu aumento na concentração e 50% relatou ocorrência de efeitos indesejados. Houve maior chance de uso não prescrito entre homens, maiores de 21 anos, envolvidos em atividades extracurriculares e menor chance de uso entre estudantes de Enfermagem. Conclusão A análise de diferentes aspectos relacionados com o uso não prescrito do metilfenidato propicia um melhor entendimento das situações vivenciadas entre universitários e aponta os riscos à saúde relacionados à busca por melhores desempenhos acadêmicos e estratégias para lidar com sobrecarga de atividades.


Abstract Background Methylphenidate, especially used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, has conquered over university students who seek to improve cognitive performance. Objective To investigate knowledge, motivations, perceptions, and profile of non-prescribed use of this drug by students of a Federal University of Minas Gerais. Method A structured questionnaire was applied to 696 students of Biochemistry, Nursing, Pharmacy, and Medicine, and descriptive analysis and associated factors, using logistic regression models. Results Of the participants, 96.7% said they knew the medicine and of these, 4.3% use it/used it for reasons not prescribed. The main reason for using it was the cognitive improvement and the university was the main place of use. Most users noticed an increased concentration and 50% reported the occurrence of unwanted effects. There was a greater chance of non-prescribed use among men, over 21 years old, involved in extracurricular activities, and less chance of use among nursing students. Conclusion Analysis of different aspects related to the non-prescribed use of Methylphenidate provides a better understanding of the situations experienced by university students and points to health risks related to the search for better academic performance and strategies for dealing with activity overload.

4.
Psicopedagogia ; 38(117): 317-332, set.-dez. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356656

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A motivação para aprender é fundamental no processo de ensino-aprendizagem, relacionada a fatores internos e externos ao indivíduo. OBJETIVO: Analisar a psicometria da Escala de Motivação para a Aprendizagem para estudantes do Ensino Fundamental e sua associação com aspectos sociodemográficos. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, analítico e transversal com 124 adolescentes de uma escola de financiamento privado e seus pais ou responsáveis. Os dados de caracterização dos participantes, motivação e classificação econômica foram obtidos por meio dos instrumentos Questionário autoaplicável de Caracterização dos participantes, Escala de Motivação para a aprendizagem (EMAPRE) e Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil (CCEB), respectivamente, e submetidos a análise fatorial confirmatória, de consistência interna e inferencial RESULTADOS: Na análise descritiva, observou-se maior mediana na distribuição dos escores do domínio Meta Aprender. Na análise de associação, o domínio Meta Aprender mostrou associação linear e inversa com as variáveis idade e ano escolar. Na análise fatorial, os três fatores explicaram 40,56% da variância total na análise dos componentes principais e à rotação Varimax. Na análise da consistência interna, os domínios da escala de motivação apresentaram Alpha de Cronbach entre 0,795 e 0,801. CONCLUSÃO: Instrumento adequado para o perfil da amostra estudada e a importância de mais estudos e estratégias que favoreçam melhor motivação para a aprendizagem.


INTRODUCTION: Motivation to learn is a fundamental aspect in the teaching-learning process, related to internal and external factors to the individual. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the psychometry of the Learning Motivation Scale for students at elementary school and its association with sociodemographic aspects. METHODS: Observational, analytical and cross-sectional study with 124 adolescents from a privately funded school and their parents or guardians. The data on participants' characterization, motivation and economic classification were obtained through the instruments Self-administered Questionnaire for Characterization of Participants, Motivation for Learning Scale (EMAPRE) and Criteria for Economic Classification Brazil (CCEB), respectively, and submitted to confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency and inference. RESULTS: In the descriptive analysis, a higher median was observed in the distribution of scores of the Meta Aprender domain. In the association analysis, the Meta Aprender domain showed a linear and inverse association with the variables age and school year. In the factor analysis, the three factors explained 40.56% of the total variance in the principal component analysis and the Varimax rotation. In the analysis of internal consistency, the domains of the motivation scale presented Cronbach's Alpha between 0.795 and 0.801. CONCLUSION: Appropriate instrument for the sample studied and the importance of a teaching that favors better motivation for learning.

5.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 14(Supl. 1): e9276, Dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359285

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar os fatores motivacionais para a participação dos alunos nas aulas de Educação Física, numa Escola Secundária da cidade de Nampula, Norte de Moçambique. A amostra foi constituída por 150 alunos da 8ª a 12ª classe em ambos sexos, com idades compreendidas entre 13 a 17 anos. Para a coleta de dados, foi utilizado o Questionário de Motivação Intrínseca e Extrínseca nas Aulas de Educação Física (QMIEAEF) elaborado por Kobal7, que avalia a identificação de motivos intrínsecos e extrínsecos nas aulas de Educação Física. Os resultados mostraram que os alunos estão motivados extrinsecamente para participação de aulas de Educação Física.


The present study aims to analyze the motivational factors for students' participation in Physical Education classes, at a Secondary School in Nampula city Mozambique-northern. The sample consisted of 150 students from 8th to 12th grade, in both sexes, aged between 13 and 17 years old. For data collection, was used the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation questionnaire prepared by Kobal7, which assesses the identification of intrinsic and extrinsic reasons in Physical Education classes. The results showed that students are extrinsically motivated to attend Physical Education classes.

6.
Rev. latinoam. psicol ; 53: 180-189, jul.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361052

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: This research examines intraindividual changes in 3x2 achievement goals in physical education classes during one semester, as well as the relationship of these changes with those in other motivational and outcome variables. Method: A total of 334 (178 boys and 156 girls) high school students (M = 13.12, SD = 1.05) completed five questionnaires in two different school years. Results: The results of the true intraindividual change model (TIC) provided unequivocal support for the separation of task-based and self-based goals, as well as the structures based on both valences of approach and avoidance. They also showed different intraindividual change patterns in the 3x2 achievement goals, indicating a progression in the stability of the goals depending on their definition. Intraindividual variability in achievement goals is directly related to intraindividual variability in dependent variables, with the task-approach goals TIC being the most adaptive. Conclusions: These goals should be prioritized.


Resumen Introducción: Este artículo examina el cambio intraindividual de las metas de logro 3x2 en las clases de educación física durante un semestre, así como la relación de estos cambios con los producidos en otras variables motivacionales y de resultado. Método: Un total de 334 (178 varones y 156 mujeres) estudiantes de educación secundaria (M = 13.12, DT = 1.05) completaron un cuestionario en dos cursos escolares diferentes. Resultados: Los resultados de la aplicación del modelado del verdadero cambio intraindividual (TIC) proporcionaron un claro apoyo a la separación de las metas basadas en la tarea y en el yo, así como a las estructuras basadas en ambas valencias de aproximación y evitación. También mostraron patrones de cambio intraindividual diferentes en las metas de logro 3x2 que parecen indicar una progresión en la estabilidad de las metas en función de su definición. Se observa que la variabilidad intraindividual en las metas de logro está directamente relacionada con la variabilidad intra individual en otras variables dependientes, siendo el TIC de las metas de aproximación-tarea el más adaptativo. Conclusiones: Se reafirman los beneficios de promover las metas de aproximación-tarea por encima del resto

7.
Edumecentro ; 13(4): 213-228, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345958

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la motivación para realizar una tarea resulta esencial en el logro de sus objetivos. Objetivo: exponer las experiencias de los estudiantes vinculados a la pesquisa activa en el enfrentamiento a la COVID-19 en el Policlínico Universitario "Van Troi" del municipio Centro Habana. Métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva, exploratoria, con énfasis en el análisis cualitativo, en la que se emplearon métodos teóricos: histórico-lógico, analítico-sintético e inductivo-deductivo; y empíricos: la utilización de la composición como técnica de expresión abierta, realizada por los estudiantes de ciencias médicas que participaron en la pesquisa activa para el enfrentamiento a la COVID-19, de marzo a octubre de 2020. Resultados: el 100 % de la muestra manifestó un carácter positivo hacia la tarea, tanto en el indicador vínculo afectivo como elaboración personal. Se apreciaron discursos con un vínculo optimista a partir de lo aprendido en la actividad, reconocieron la necesidad del esfuerzo y del sacrificio ante el estudio. No se observó una visión negativa, ni rechazo. Conclusiones: la realización de este trabajo permitió reconocer que existe alta motivación en los estudiantes hacia la pesquisa activa, dado que los juicios emitidos fueron siempre satisfactorios; sus experiencias permitieron establecer la influencia positiva de su incorporación en el currículo de las carreras.


ABSTRACT Background: motivation to carry out a task is essential to achieve its goals Objectives: to present the experiences of the students linked to active screening while facing COVID-19 at "Van Troi" University Polyclinic from Centro Habana municipality. Methods: a descriptive, exploratory research was carried out, with emphasis on qualitative analysis, in which theoretical methods were used: historical-logical, analytical-synthetic and inductive-deductive; and empirical ones: the use of composition as an open expression technique, carried out by medical science students who participated in the active screening while facing COVID-19, from March to October 2020. Results: 100% of the sample showed a positive character towards the task, both in the affective link indicator and personal development. Opinions with an optimistic character were appreciated from what was learned in the activity, they recognized the need for effort and sacrifice while studying. No negative view or rejection was observed. Conclusions: carrying out this work allowed us to recognize that there is high motivation in students towards active screening, since the judgments made were always satisfactory; their experiences made it possible to establish the positive influence of their incorporation into the degree curriculum.


Subject(s)
Public Health , Coronavirus Infections , Population Education , Motivation
8.
Ciênc. cogn ; 26(2): 277-290, 31 dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353109

ABSTRACT

Este estudo buscou identificar o perfil motivacional e de interesse profissional dos alunos do Ensino Médio, levantar possíveis diferenças e relações entre as variáveis e ainda verificar se a motivação intrínseca pode prever a área de escolha profissional. 524 alunos da rede pública estadual de ensino de Minas Gerais e Paraná responderam a dois instrumentos: uma escala de aconselhamento profissional e uma escala de continuum motivacional. Os resultados evidenciaram uma relação entre motivação intrínseca e a área de Ciências Biológicas/da Saúde. Observou-se que a motivação intrínseca pôde prever em cerca de 10% a área de escolha profissional dos estudantes na área Ciências Biológicas/da Saúde. Os dados são discutidos à luz das implicações psicoeducacionais e do aconselhamento de carreira, visando reduzir as dificuldades para a tomada de decisão profissional dos estudantes.


This study aimed to identify the motivational and professional profile of high school students, to raise possible differences and relationships between the variables, and to verify whether the intrinsic motivation can predict the area of professional choice. The professional counseling scale and motivational continuum scale instruments were applied to 524 students from the state public school system in Minas Gerais and Paraná. The results showed a relationship between intrinsic motivation and the Biological/Health Sciences area. It was observed that the intrinsic motivation could predict in about 10% the professional choice area of the students from the Biological/Health Sciences area. The data are discussed in the light of psychoeducational implications andcareer counseling, aiming at reducing the difficulties faced by students to make their professional decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Students , Vocational Guidance , Career Choice , Education, Primary and Secondary , Motivation
9.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 19(3): 25-43, sep.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357357

ABSTRACT

Resumen (analítico) La investigación tuvo por objeto analizar la resiliencia de estudiantes de posgrados de género femenino, en universidades públicas del Norte de Santander. La investigación tuvo un enfoque cuantitativo de tipo correlacional, método analítico descriptivo, encuesta y test de resilience scale, el cual fue aplicado a 150 estudiantes con edades entre los 27 y 45 años. Como resultado se establece que la resiliencia se asocia con fortaleza de carácter. Las características de las mujeres con alto nivel de resiliencia fueron centradas en el saber vivir con categoría primaria calidad de vida, en el saber conocimiento, en saber hacer y adquirir mayor destreza en conocimientos y automotivarse para saber estar. Se concluye que la escala de resiliencia ajustada con los factores planificación y empatía presenta evidencias de validez con relación a su estructura interna y fiabilidad de 0.87.


Abstract (analytical) The purpose of the study was to analyze the resilience of female graduate students in public universities in Norte de Santander. The research used a quantitative approach of a correlational type and a descriptive analytical method. The study involved the application of a survey and resilience scale test to 150 students aged between 27 and 45 years old. The results showed that resilience is associated with strength of character. The characteristics of female university students with a high level of resilience were centered on quality of life, obtaining knowledge, how to apply this knowledge, acquiring further, self-motivation and knowing how to be. Conclusion: The resilience scale, adjusted to accommodate the factors of planning and empathy, presents evidence of validity in relation to its internal structure and reliability of 0.87.


Resumo (analítico) A investigação teve como objetivo analisar a resiliência de estudantes do sexo feminino de programas de pós-graduação em universidades públicas do Norte de Santander. A investigação teve uma abordagem quantitativa de tipo correlacional, método analítico descritivo, inquérito e teste de resilience scale que foi aplicado a 150 alunas com idade média entre os 27 e 45 anos. Resultado: a resiliência mostrou-se associada à força de carácter, as características das mulheres com elevado nível de resiliência centraram-se em saber viver com qualidade de vida de categoria primária, no saber conhecer, saber fazer e adquirir maior destreza nos conhecimentos, automotivadas a saber estar. Conclusão: a escala de resiliência ajustada com fatores de planeamento e empatia apresentou evidências de validade em relação à sua estrutura interna e fiabilidade de 0.87.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Research , Students , Universities , Women , Motivation
10.
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-16], nov. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343346

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve como objetivo identificar e comparar os níveis motivacionais para a prática esportiva de escolares de instituições rurais e urbanas. Ao todo participaram do estudo 848 estudantes, sendo 424 da escola do campo e 424 da escola urbana, com idades compreendidas entre 10 a 19 anos de ambos os sexos. Para a avaliação do quadro motivacional esportivo foi utilizado o instrumento de pesquisa "Sport Motivation Scale" (SMS), que visa mensurar e avaliar componentes intrínsecos e extrínsecos da motivação. Para a análise estatística foram utilizados os testes de Mann Whitney para comparação de grupos e o teste qui quadrado para a associação das variáveis. Após a interpretação dos dados, os resultados indicaram que os alunos das zonas rurais de ensino encontravam-se mais motivados que os estudantes do perímetro urbano, sobretudo, quando a comparação se deu entre escolares do sexo feminino e em etapas mais avançadas de escolaridade. Em consonância a esses dados, quando realizado um teste de associação entre o tipo de escola e a classificação motivacional, constatou-se que a maioria dos discentes das escolas rurais estavam classificados em um nível de motivação considerado alto. Em suma, a partir deste estudo, verificamos que o ambiente onde os escolares estudam ou residem, em alguma medida, pode influenciar na motivação esportiva. Embora não esteja claro as razões pelas quais os escolares do campo se evidenciaram mais motivados, acreditamos que no contexto rural existe uma limitação quanto à diversidade de atividades, o que acaba contribuindo para uma maior atenção para as práticas esportivas. Como na cidade o jovem tem a sua disposição um leque maior de espaços de convivência social, é provável que o esporte passe a ser dividido com outras ocupações e, por isso, ocorra um maior arrefecimento motivacional no espaço urbano quando comparado com o meio rural.(AU)


The present study aimed to identify and compare the motivational levels for the sport practice of students from rural and urban schools. The study included 848 students, being 424 of the rural school and 424 of the urban school, aged between 10 and 19 years of both sexes. For the evaluation of the sport motivational framework, we used the research instrument "Sport Motivation Scale" (SMS) to measure and evaluate the intrinsic and extrinsic components of motivation. For the statistical analysis was performed Mann Whitney tests for comparison of groups and chi-square test for the association of variables. After the data were interpreted, the results indicated that students in rural areas were more motivated than students in the urban perimeter, especially when the comparison was made between female students and at more advanced levels of schooling. In line with these data, when a test of association between the type of school and the motivational classification was carried out, it was found that the most of rural schoolchildren were classified as having a high motivation level. In short, from this study, we verified that the environment where the students study or reside can influence sport motivation. Although it is not clear why rural schoolchildren were more motivated, we believe that in the rural context there is a limitation on the diversity of activities, which contributes to greater attention to sport practices. As in the city the youth has at its disposal a wider range of social coexistence, it is probably that the sport will be divided with other occupations, which contributes to the reduction of the sports motivation when compared to rural students.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Sports , Rural Areas , Urban Area , Motivation , Physical Education and Training , Schools , Students , Teaching , Education
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5303-5313, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345739

ABSTRACT

Resumo Como objetivo deste trabalho, definiu-se analisar os efeitos indiretos de determinantes motivacionais no divertimento e na persistência em praticantes de exercício físico regular. Participaram ao todo 967 praticantes de exercício em ginásio e health clubs, com idades compreendidas entre 18 e 65 anos (M=45,08; DP=13,76). Todos os participantes tinham mais de 6 meses de experiência regular em exercício físico. Os participantes preencheram ao todo questionários traduzidos e validados para a língua portuguesa no contexto do exercício físico, que examinavam a perceção dos comportamentos interpessoais, as necessidades psicológicas básicas, a regulação da motivação e o divertimento. A persistência foi medida através de registos eletrónicos, considerando um praticante persistente aquele que tivesse uma frequência semanal similar aquela auto-reportada no momento inicial. A maioria das regressões são significativas, confirmado os pressupostos da literatura existente. Os efeitos indiretos mostram que o divertimento desempenha um papel crucial na persistência, tanto por via motivação autónoma, como por via motivação controlada. Em suma, atividades promotoras do prazer que os praticantes de ginásio e health club experienciam durante a prática de exercício físico poderão ser a variável chave na persistência a longo prazo.


Abstract The scope of this paper was to analyze the impact of motivational determinants in enjoyment and persistence in physical exercise among practitioners of physical exercise. In total, 967 gym and health club exercise practitioners aged between 18 and 65 (M=45.08; SD=13.76) were recruited for analysis. All participants had more than six months of regular exercise practice. Participants completed and validated scales in the exercise context duly translated into Portuguese, assessing interpersonal behaviors, basic psychological needs, and behavioral regulation. Persistence was measured using computerized records considering persistent exercisers as being those who were exercising at similar frequencies as those self-reported at the initial assessment. Results showed that the measurement and structural model fit the data. Several significant effects were found supporting previous literature. Indirect effects showed enjoyment to play a crucial role on exercise persistence, both by the significant effect via autonomous and controlled motivation. In essence, activities that give pleasure that gym and health club exercisers experience during the practice of physical exercise can be the key variable of long-term persistence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Pleasure , Motivation , Exercise , Health Behavior , Personal Autonomy , Middle Aged
12.
Psico USF ; 26(3): 533-543, Jul.-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1351340

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to verify whether the School Performance variable can be explained by the Adolescent Social Skills (ASS), Motivation to Learn and Perception of Social Support constructs in groups of students that were with and without an age/grade discrepancy in Elementary School and in Acceleration classes. This study also aimed to compare the constructs in the groups. Participants were 500 students from public schools, aged 15 to 18 years, divided into two groups according to the school progression. The Social Skills Inventory for Adolescents, the Learning Motivation in Elementary Education Scale, the Social Support Appraisals Scale and the Class Council Maps of the participating institutions were used. For the data analysis, Multiple Linear Regression was performed and Student's t-test. The results showed that Adolescent Social Skills, Motivation to Learn and the Perception of Social Support better explained the school performance of the regular progression students. When comparing the groups, the regular progression students presented higher mean scores in Empathy, Self-Control, Civility, Assertiveness, Social Development and in the overall total of the ASS scale. The same occurred when comparing the means of Perception of Social Support and Motivation to Learn of students with and without age/grade discrepancy. The data obtained can contribute to preventive intervention actions for academic competences and social skills, aiming at improving school performance and maintaining regular progression. (AU)


O objetivo desse estudo foi verificar se a variável Rendimento Escolar pode ser explicada pelos construtos Habilidades Sociais de Adolescentes (HSA), Motivação para Aprender e Percepção de Apoio Social nos grupos de alunos que estão no fluxo regular e em defasagem de idade/ano no Ensino Fundamental e em classes de Aceleração. Foi também objetivo desse estudo comparar os construtos nos grupos. Participaram 500 alunos de escolas públicas, com idades variando de 15 a 18 anos e divididos em dois grupos conforme o fluxo escolar. Utilizou-se o Inventário de Habilidades Sociais de Adolescentes, Escala de Motivação para Aprender no Ensino Fundamental, Escala de Percepção de Apoio Social e os Mapas de Conselhos de Classe das instituições participantes. Para a análise dos dados, foi realizada a Regressão Linear Múltipla e o teste t de Student. Os resultados apontaram que as Habilidades Sociais de Adolescentes (HSA), a Motivação para Aprender (MA) e a Percepção de Apoio Social (PAS) explicam mais do rendimento escolar dos estudantes em fluxo regular. Na comparação entre os grupos, os alunos em fluxo regular apresentaram médias mais altas em Empatia, Autocontrole, Civilidade, Assertividade, Desenvoltura social e no total geral da escala de HSA. O mesmo ocorreu quando comparadas as médias de Percepção de Apoio Social e Motivação para Aprender de alunos com e sem distorção de idade/ano. Os dados obtidos podem contribuir com ações preventivas de intervenção para competências acadêmicas e habilidades sociais, objetivando a melhoria do rendimento escolar e a manutenção do fluxo regular. (AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar si la variable Rendimiento Escolar puede explicarse por los constructos Habilidades Sociales de los Adolescentes (HSA), Motivación para Aprender (MA) y Percepción de Apoyo Social (PAS) en grupos de estudiantes que se encuentran con y sin retraso de edad/año en la escuela primaria y en las clases de aceleración. La finalidad de este estudio también fue comparar los constructos en los grupos. Participaron 500 estudiantes de escuelas públicas, de 15 a 18 años que fueron divididos en dos grupos de acuerdo con el flujo escolar. Se utilizaron el Inventario de HSA, la MA en la Escuela Primaria, la PAS, los Mapas del Consejo de Clase de las instituciones participantes y los datos de Regresión Lineal Múltiple. Para el análisis de datos, se realizaron regresión lineal múltiple y prueba t de Student. Los resultados mostraron que HSA, MA y PAS explican más sobre el rendimiento escolar de los estudiantes en el flujo regular. Al comparar los grupos, los estudiantes en flujo regular tuvieron promedios más altos en Empatía, Autocontrol, Civilidad, Asertividad, Desarrollo Social y en el total general de la escala HSA. Lo mismo ocurrió al comparar los medios de PAS y la MA de los estudiantes con y sin distorsión de edad/año. Los datos obtenidos pueden contribuir a las acciones de intervención preventiva para las competencias académicas y habilidades sociales, con el objetivo de mejorar el rendimiento escolar y mantener el flujo regular. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Social Support , Students/psychology , Social Skills , Academic Performance/psychology , Learning , Motivation , Linear Models , Education, Primary and Secondary
13.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(3): 256-262, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346251

ABSTRACT

The under-representation of women in blood donation can lead to blood shortages. We aimed to determine the factors, which encourage or impede blood donations in women. The findings can help us in designing effective recruitment strategies that could encourage women to donate blood to cover the patients' needs. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Shiraz, Iran, from the 1st of January 2017 to the 1st of August 2017 on women aged 18-60 years old. The demographic characteristics of the participants, the reasons that motivate blood donors and the factors that discourage non-donors were surveyed. Reasons for lapses in donors were also mentioned. The most frequent reasons for blood donation were altruistic causes (94.4%), moral and personal obligations (89.1%), the feeling of responsibility (82.7%), and awareness of the positive effects on their health (77.4%). The most common deterrents in non-donors were fear of developing anemia (68.4%) or weakness and dizziness (66%), unsuitability due to certain medical conditions (62.4%), and lack of a situation in which they were asked to donate blood (61.8%). Although altruistic reasons are the chief motivating factors for women to donate blood, the overall female contribution in blood donation remains low. Therefore, it is necessary to take measures aiming at informing women about the importance of blood donation and to reduce fears based on misinformation. Confidence in the blood donation organization must be a major consideration in future recruitment strategies to reassure women about the safety of blood donation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Blood Donors , Iran , Motivation
14.
Podium (Pinar Río) ; 16(2): 436-450, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287565

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La disminución de la fecundidad y de las tasas de mortalidad ha aumentado el porciento de personas mayores de 60 años en Cuba. En este grupo, se producen cambios importantes en las esferas psicosociales y biológicas, donde la práctica de ejercicio físico regular es una de las principales estrategias no farmacológicas para envejecer de forma más saludable y mejorar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de las personas mayores. Sin embargo, existe una insuficiente motivación por parte del adulto mayor hacia la actividad física, por lo que se propone aplicar un conjunto de juegos que contribuyan a elevar la motivación hacia la actividad física en los adultos mayores, para lo cual se utilizaron los métodos de carácter teórico y empíricos. El conjunto de juegos se sustenta en las indicaciones metodológicas para el trabajo con este grupo poblacional y los pasos metodológicos para la aplicación de los juegos. La aplicación de los métodos estadísticos, constató que existen diferencias entre las mediciones realizadas, después de aplicado el conjunto de juegos, lo que permite afirmar el efecto positivo en la motivación hacia la actividad física en los adultos mayores.


RESUMO A diminuição das taxas de fertilidade e mortalidade aumentou a percentagem de pessoas com mais de 60 anos de idade em Cuba. Neste grupo, há importantes mudanças nas esferas psicossocial e biológica, onde a prática de exercício físico regular é uma das principais estratégias não farmacológicas para envelhecer de forma mais saudável e melhorar a qualidade de vida das pessoas idosas relacionada com a saúde. No entanto, existe uma motivação insuficiente por parte do adulto mais velho para a atividade física, razão pela qual se propõe aplicar um conjunto de jogos que contribuem para elevar a motivação para a atividade física nos adultos mais velhos, para os quais foram utilizados os métodos de carácter teórico e empírico. O conjunto de jogos baseia-se nas indicações metodológicas para o trabalho com este grupo populacional e nos passos metodológicos para a aplicação dos jogos. A aplicação de métodos estatísticos mostrou que existem diferenças entre as medições efetuadas após a aplicação do conjunto de jogos, o que nos permite afirmar o efeito positivo sobre a motivação para a atividade física em adultos mais velhos.


ABSTRACT The decline in fertility and mortality rates has increased the percentage of people over 60 in Cuba. In this group, important changes are taking place in the psychosocial and biological spheres, where the practice of regular physical exercise is one of the main non-pharmacological strategies for ageing in a healthier way and improving the health-related quality of life of the elderly. However, there is an insufficient motivation on the part of the older adult towards physical activity, so it is proposed to apply a set of games that contribute to increase the motivation towards physical activity in older adults for which theoretical and empirical methods were used. The set of games is based on the methodological indications for the work with this population group and the methodological steps for the application of the games. The application of the statistical methods, verified that there are differences between the measurements made, after applying the set of games, which allows affirming the positive effect in the motivation towards physical activity in the elderly.

15.
Suma psicol ; 28(1): 37-42, Jan.-June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280693

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción y objetivo: Los procesos de aprendizaje y motivación han sido centrales para la comprensión de los mecanismos que subyacen al tabaquismo. En particular, existe evidencia creciente sobre la importancia de valores motivacionales de incentivo para entender el inicio y mantenimiento del tabaquismo. El objetivo general de este experimento fue evaluar el papel de la nicotina aguda sobre el valor de incentivo de una recompensa natural, (comida) asociada con un estímulo ambiental, (palanca experimental). Método: Se utilizaron ratas Wistar. Se administró nicotina (0.4 mg/kg) de manera aguda en momentos específicos del entrenamiento, utilizando un procedimiento de diez sesiones de adquisición y cuatro sesiones extinción en una tarea pavloviana de automoldeamiento. El diseño experimental incluyó tres grupos, el grupo control de solución salina y grupos de nicotina durante la adquisición y la extinción. Resultados: Se encontró que la administración aguda de nicotina, de manera específica y en comparación con los otros dos grupos experimentales, resultó en un efecto de retardo durante la fase de extinción, y que una administración similar de nicotina no resultó en efectos observables durante el desempeño comportamental en adquisición. Conclusiones: Estos resultados apoyan el papel de la nicotina como fortalecedora del valor de incentivo de las claves ambientales durante la extinción para una tarea de automoldeamiento.


Abstract Introduction and goal: Learning and motivational processes have been central for a modern understanding of tobacco addiction. There is evidence that supports the importance of incentive motivational processes for the maintenance of tobacco addiction. The main goal of the present experiment was to evaluate the effects of acute nicotine on the incentive value of a natural reward, (food) paired with an environmental cue (pressing lever). Method: Wistar rats were used. Accute nicotine (0.4 mg/kg) was administered on key sessions, using a pavlovian autoshaping procedure involving ten acquisition and four extinction sessions. The experimental design included three groups, a saline administration control group and groups with specific nicotine administration during either acquisition or extinction. Results: We found that acute administration of nicotine, in contrast with saline only or previous nicotine administration during acquisition, had an enhancing effect on responding for the environmental cue during autoshaping extinction, but we did not find evidence that acute nicotine affected acquisition performance. Conclusion: Our results are consistent with a role of nicotine enhancing the incentive value of stimuli during extinction from a pavlovian autoshaping task.


Subject(s)
Nicotine , Tobacco Use Disorder , Extinction, Biological , Motivation
16.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(2): e2025, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341481

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cooperación académica y científico-técnica en el área de las ciencias del comportamiento abarca temáticas como el bienestar psicosocial, la promoción de salud y la prevención de enfermedades crónicas. A partir de ello, entre los años 2016 y 2018, se desarrollaron intercambios sistemáticos entre psicólogos de varias instituciones académicas y de salud de Cuba y de la Universidad de Connecticut con el propósito de fomentar la cooperación en el área de la psicología de la salud. Objetivo: Describir las principales propuestas de investigaciones psicosociales generadas a partir de la colaboración científico-técnica entre profesionales cubanos e investigadores de la Universidad de Connecticut, entre 2016 y 2018. Métodos: Se desarrolló una investigación cualitativa, con un diseño etnográfico. Se eligieron informantes clave entre investigadores cubanos y estadounidenses y se usaron como técnicas la observación participante, la entrevista en profundidad y el análisis de documentos. Resultados: Se gestaron varias propuestas de investigaciones que propiciaron el desarrollo de intervenciones psicosociales preventivas. Se promovió la realización de estudios basados en el reconocimiento de la significación de la determinación social de la salud en la prevención de las enfermedades crónicas. Se tuvieron en cuenta diez estudios dirigidos a la prevención y atención de los trastornos adictivos que fueron desarrollados durante los años 2017 - 2018. Conclusiones: A partir de los encuentros realizados se elaboraron propuestas que propiciaron la ejecución de intervenciones preventivas individuales y comunitarias exitosas. A partir de la colaboración científico-técnica internacional y de la aplicación de acciones que promuevan la información, la motivación y la formación de habilidades conductuales se potencia el desarrollo de comportamientos preventivos(AU)


Introduction: Academic and scientific-technical cooperation in the area of behavioral sciences covers topics such as psychosocial well-being, health promotion and prevention of chronic diseases. Based on this, between 2016 and 2018, systematic exchanges were developed between psychologists from several academic and health institutions from Cuba and the University of Connecticut, with the aim of promoting cooperation in the area of health psychology. Objective: To describe the main psychosocial research proposals generated, between 2016 and 2018, from the scientific-technical collaboration between Cuban professionals and researchers from the University of Connecticut. Methods: A qualitative research was developed, with an ethnographic design. Key informants were chosen from among Cuban and US researchers. The techniques used were participant observation, in-depth interview, and document analysis. Results: Several research proposals were developed that led to the development of preventive psychosocial interventions. Studies were promoted aimed at recognizing the significance of health social determination in the prevention of chronic diseases. Ten studies were taken into account, as they were aimed at the prevention and care of addictive disorders that were developed during the years 2017 - 2018. Conclusions: During the meetings held, proposals were made that led to the implementation of successful individual and community preventive interventions. From the international scientific-technical collaboration and the application of actions that promote information, motivation and the formation of behavioral skills, the development of preventive behaviors is promoted(AU)


Subject(s)
Behavioral Medicine/methods , Behavioral Sciences , Adaptation, Psychological , Psychosocial Intervention/education , Health Promotion/methods
17.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 24(1): 47-62, Jan.-June 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278122

ABSTRACT

Resumen El presente estudio tuvo como objetivos identificar las estrategias de autorregulación de la motivación utilizadas por estudiantes universitarios en las asignaturas de matemáticas, así como examinar las relaciones entre sus creencias motivacionales y las estrategias de autorregulación de la motivación utilizadas, y explorar la relación entre las estrategias de autorregulación de la motivación y su percepción sobre aspectos del ambiente de clase. Para esto, se utilizó una muestra de 224 estudiantes universitarios, quienes completaron dos instrumentos de autoinforme para medir sus creencias motivacionales y sus estrategias de autorregulación de la motivación. Los resultados de un ANOVA de medidas repetidas revelaron que los estudiantes utilizaron en diferente grado las estrategias de autorregulación de la motivación (F(3.607, 804.343) = 96.188, p = .000, np 1 = 0.301); que las creencias motivacionales de orientación a metas de desempeño y orientación al aprendizaje-valor explicaron el 30 % de la varianza de la estrategia de regulación de metas de desempeño (F(2, 221) = 48.193, p = 0.000), así como el 29 % de la varianza de la regulación de valor de la tarea (F(2, 221) = 45.343, p = 0.000); y que hay relaciones plausibles entre las estrategias de autorregulación de la motivación utilizadas por los estudiantes y los aspectos del ambiente de clase como el nivel de promoción del aprendizaje significativo, el tipo de metas que se promueven en clase y el apoyo ofrecido por el profesor. El presente estudio hace una contribución novedosa al proporcionar la perspectiva del alumno sobre el ambiente de clase y su relación con las estrategias elegidas por los estudiantes.


Abstract This study aimed to identify the motivational self-regulatory strategies used by college students in mathematics courses as well as to examine the relationships between their motivational beliefs and the said motivational self-regulatory strategies. Also, to explore the relationship between such strategies and the students' perception of certain aspects of the classroom environment. To this end, 224 college students completed two self-report instruments to measure their motivational beliefs and self-regulatory motivation strategies. Results from a repeated-measures ANOVA revealed that students used self-regulatory motivation strategies to varying degrees (F (3.607, 804.343) = 96.188, p = .000, p2 = 0. 301); that the motivational beliefs of performance goal orientation and learning value orientation explained 30% of the variance of the performance goal regulation strategy (F (2, 221) = 48,193, p = 0.000), as well as 29% of the variance of the task value regulation (F (2, 221) = 45,343, p = 0.000). Last, the study identifies plausible relationships between the self-regulatory motivational strategies used by students and aspects of the classroom environment such as the level of promotion of meaningful learning, the type of goals promoted in class, and the support offered by the teacher. This study makes a novel contribution by providing the student's perspective on the classroom environment, and its relationship with strategies chosen by the students.

18.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(2): e3660, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347414

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La elección de especialidades en enfermería surge a partir de motivaciones, las que se evidencian en el bienestar subjetivo o felicidad que sienten las enfermeras desde el momento que se encuentra estudiando su especialidad. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre los motivos de elección de especialidades y el bienestar subjetivo en enfermeras de los programas de segunda especialización. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, correlacional y transversal, desarrollado en la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Perú, en 2017. La población de estudio fue de 177 enfermeras ingresantes al Programa de Segunda Especialidad y la muestra se constituyó por 121 enfermeras, se calculó estadísticamente, con un muestreo estratificado. La técnica de recolección de datos fue la encuesta y el instrumento de medición un cuestionario de motivos de elección de especialidad y una escala para medir el bienestar subjetivo. Para la correlación de variables se empleó el coeficiente correlación de Spearman (p < 0.05, significancia estadística). Resultados: Los principales motivos que llevaron a las enfermeras elegir sus especialidades fueron: "Valor social de la especialidad elegida" (87,26 por ciento) y "Vocación e interés por la carrera" (66,53 por ciento). Respecto al bienestar subjetivo, 65,29 por ciento se consideraban felices, resaltando la dimensión realización personal (65,37 por ciento); además, hubo relación entre los motivos de elección de especialidad y el bienestar subjetivo en enfermeras (rho = 0,394; p < 0,05). Conclusiones: Las enfermeras del programa de segunda especialización tenían un bienestar subjetivo aceptable, incluidas en la categoría de felices, tal bienestar se relaciona con los motivos que los llevo elegir su especialidad, en este caso fueron más los motivos de orientación intrínseca(AU)


Introduction: Choosing any nursing specialties arises from motivations, which are evidenced according to the subjective well-being or happiness that nurses feel from the moment that they are studying their specialties. Objective: To identify the relationship between the reasons for choosing specialties and subjective well-being in nurses from second specialization programs. Methods: Descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study carried out in 2017 at Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Peru. The study population was 177 nurses starting the second specialty program and the sample consisted of 121 nurses. The sample size was calculated statistically by stratified sampling. The data collection technique was the survey, while the measurement instrument was a questionnaire of reasons for choosing any specialties and a scale to measure subjective well-being. For the correlation of variables, the Spearman correlation coefficient (p < 0.05, statistical significance) was used. Results: The main reasons that led the nurses to choose their specialties were the social value of the chosen specialty (87.26 percent) and the vocation and interest in the major (66.53 percent). Regarding subjective well-being, 65.29 percent considered themselves happy, highlighting the dimension personal fulfillment (65.37 percent). Furthermore, there was a relationship between the reasons for choosing any specialties and subjective well-being in nurses (rho= 0.394; p < 0.05). Conclusions: The nurses of the second specialization program had an acceptable subjective well-being, included in the category happy. Such well-being is related to the reasons that led them to choose their specialties, in which case there were more intrinsic orientation reasons(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Personal Satisfaction , Specialties, Nursing/education , Motivation , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(1): e1663, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289568

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los intereses y roles permiten comprender la manera en que las personas son motivadas a realizar las actividades que llenan sus vidas y a establecer patrones de comportamiento; estos elementos conforman la vida cotidiana, afectan el proceso de jubilación y el desempeño ocupacional posterior. Objetivo: Caracterizar los intereses y roles de los trabajadores prejubilables de la Universidad del Valle, Campus San Fernando, Cali, Colombia. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal a 52 trabajadores prejubilables, a los cuales se les aplicó dos instrumentos: el Listado de Intereses modificado de Kielhofner y Neville (1983) y el Listado de Roles de Oakley, Kielhofner y Barris (1985). Los datos fueron analizados mediante distribuciones de frecuencia. Resultados: Las actividades que plantearon los trabajadores prejubilables se correlacionan con sus intereses y estos con la participación que tienen y desean tener en el presente y en el futuro. Los roles se encuentran internalizados, pero existen diferencias en la asignación de valor, entre hombres y mujeres y se observa una disminución en la brecha de participación laboral por sexo. Conclusiones: Para enfrentar los cambios venideros después de la jubilación es necesario un ajuste en las actividades y transformaciones en los roles a desempeñar por los prejubilados que se incorporen a su cotidianidad, para así tener más posibilidades de reaccionar con formas adaptativas positivas a su nueva realidad(AU)


Introduction: Interests and roles allow us to understand the way in which people are motivated to carry out the activities that fill their lives and to establish patterns of behavior; these elements make up daily life, they affect the retirement process and subsequent occupational performance. Objective: To characterize the interests and roles of early retirement workers at Universidad del Valle, San Fernando Campus, Cali, Colombia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 52 early retirement workers, to whom two instruments were applied: the modified List of Interests by Kielhofner and Neville (1983) and the List of Roles by Oakley, Kielhofner and Barris (1985). The data were analyzed using frequency distributions. Results: The activities proposed by the early retirement workers correlate with their interests and their interests with their participation and what they wish to have in the present and in the future. The roles are internalized, but there are differences in assigning values between men and women. Additionally, a decrease in the labor participation gap by sex is observed. Conclusion: To face the changes after retirement, it is necessary to adjustment the activities and transformations of the roles to be played by early retirees when they joint heir daily lives; thus they would have greater possibility of reacting with positive adaptive ways to their new reality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Retirement , Stakeholder Participation/psychology , Human Activities , Motivation , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia
20.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(1): e670, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289442

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las motivaciones para elegir las carreras universitarias determinan en buena medida el desempeño profesional, de allí la necesidad de contar con instrumentos válidos y confiables para su estudio. Objetivo: Validar una escala para evaluar las motivaciones para estudiar Estomatología en alumnos cubanos. Métodos: Estudio de tipo instrumental, transversal y multicéntrico, que incluyó estudiantes de nueve universidades cubanas. A partir de un instrumento en español validado en estudiantes latinoamericanos de medicina, se realizó un análisis factorial exploratorio por mínimos cuadrados no ponderados. Luego se realizó un análisis factorial confirmatorio y se midió la consistencia interna con el alpha de Cronbach. Resultados: Se incluyó a 1324 participantes, de los cuales el 66,8 por ciento fueron mujeres y la media de la edad fue 21,2 ± 1,8 años. Sobre la base de una matriz de correlaciones, la prueba de Bartlett arrojó indicadores significativos (p < 0,05) y el índice KMO fue superior a 0,8. La varianza explicada fue superior al 50 por ciento y el análisis paralelo sugirió solo 2 factores. De la escala inicial, el análisis factorial sugirió eliminar los ítems 4 y 5 (factor 1), 9 y 12 (factor 2) y el ítem 1, por lo que el modelo quedó conformado por 7 ítems, 3 para el factor 1 y 4 para el factor 2. El ajuste e índices fueron adecuados, lo que demostró validez de constructo. Conclusión: La escala de motivaciones para estudiar Estomatología demostró ser válida y confiable, y está conformada por dos dominios que denotan aspectos sociales y económicos(AU)


Introduction: The motivations for the choice of university studies determine professional performance to a considerable extent. Hence the need for valid, reliable tools to evaluate them. Objective: Validate a scale to evaluate motivational reasons to study dentistry among Cuban students. Methods: An instrumental cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted which included students from nine Cuban universities. Based on a tool in Spanish validated in Latin American medical students, exploratory factor analysis was performed by unweighted least squares. Confirmatory factor analysis was then carried out, and internal consistency was measured with Cronbach's alpha. Results: A total 1 324 participants were included, of whom 66.8 percent were women; mean age was 21.2 ± 1.8 years. Based on a correlation matrix, Bartlett's test yielded significant indicators (p < 0.05), and the KMO index was above 0.8. Explained variance was above 50 percent, and parallel analysis suggested only two factors. Factor analysis suggested to remove the following items from the initial scale: 4 and 5 (factor 1), 9 and 12 (factor 2) and 1, as a result of which the model would consist of 7 items: 3 for factor 1 and 4 for factor 2. The adjustment and the indices were appropriate, which showed construct validity. Conclusion: The scale for motivations to study dentistry was found to be valid and reliable. It consists of two domains denoting social and economic aspects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Medical , Universities , Least-Squares Analysis , Demography , Oral Medicine , Dentistry , Motivation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multicenter Study
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