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Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e227017, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393192


During COVID-19 pandemic, fulminant deep fungal infection started emerging in India, known as Mucormycosis. This type of mucormycosis was termed as COVID-19 associated mucormycosis (CAM). These patients had previous history of COVID-19 infection. Such cases were mainly reported in immunocompromised patients such as patients with poorly controlled diabetes and chronic renal diseases etc. Rhinomaxillary mucormycosis is an aggressive, fulminant, fatal deep fungal infection of head and neck region. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment can reduce the mortality and morbidity associated with the disease; hence we present case series of rhinomaxillary mucormycosis to create awareness amongst dental surgeons

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Signs and Symptoms , Comorbidity , Invasive Fungal Infections/diagnosis , COVID-19 , Mucorales , Mucormycosis/epidemiology , Mycoses/diagnosis
Radiol. bras ; 55(2): 78-83, mar.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365299


Abstract Objective: To describe the radiological findings in pediatric patients with hematological or oncological diseases who also have an invasive fungal infection (IFI). Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of all patients with IFI admitted to a pediatric hematology and oncology hospital in Brazil between 2008 and 2014. Clinical and demographic data were collected. Chest computed tomography (CT) scans of the patients were reviewed by two independent radiologists. Results: We evaluated the chest CT scans of 40 pediatric patients diagnosed with an IFI. Twenty-seven patients (67.5%) had nodules with the halo sign, seven (17.5%) had cavities, two (5.0%) had nodules without the halo sign, and seven (17.5%) had consolidation. The patients with the halo sign and cavities were older (123 vs. 77 months of age; p = 0.03) and had less severe disease (34% vs. 73%; p = 0.04). Ten patients had a proven IFI: with Aspergillus sp. (n = 4); with Candida sp. (n = 5); or with Fusarium sp. (n = 1). Conclusion: A diagnosis of IFI should be considered in children and adolescents with risk factors and abnormal CT scans, even if the imaging findings are nonspecific.

Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo é descrever os achados radiológicos de infecções fúngicas invasivas em crianças com doenças onco-hematológicas em um único centro, de acordo com a classificação antiga e a atual de imagens típicas e atípicas. Materiais e Métodos: Foram revisados os prontuários de todos os pacientes com infecção fúngica invasiva que foram internados em um hospital pediátrico de oncologia e hematologia de 2008 a 2014. Foram coletados dados clínicos e demográficos. As tomografias de tórax dos pacientes foram laudadas por dois radiologistas independentes. Resultados: Foram identificados 40 pacientes com infecção fúngica invasiva que realizaram tomografias de tórax. Vinte e sete pacientes apresentaram nódulos com sinal do halo (67,5%), sete tiveram cavitações (17,5%), dois tiveram nódulos sem halo (5,0%) e sete apresentaram consolidações (17,5%). Os pacientes que apresentavam achados de nódulos com sinal do halo e cavitações eram mais velhos (123 versus 77 meses; p = 0,03) e tinham menos sinais de doença grave (34% versus 73%; p = 0,04) do que os outros pacientes. Dez crianças apresentaram infecção confirmada (Aspergillus sp., n = 4; Candida sp., n = 5; Fusarium sp., n = 1). Conclusão: O diagnóstico de infecção fúngica invasiva deve ser considerado em crianças com fatores de risco e tomografias de tórax alteradas, mesmo que os achados das imagens sejam inespecíficos.

An. bras. dermatol ; 97(1): 1-13, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360090


Abstract In recent decades, an alarming increase in the number of sporotrichosis cases has been reported in southern and southeastern Brazil, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro, has been considered a long-term hyperendemic condition associated with feline transmission. According to phenotypic classifications, the Sporothrix species recovered from cats were classified as S. brasiliensis in 96.5% of the studied cases. This finding has also been demonstrated in humans, which confirms the zoonotic transmission associated with this predominant species in Brazil. The zoonotic transmission of the fungus and its important virulence in the context of the hyperendemic situation in Rio de Janeiro have changed the approach to the disease, which in its classic form was restricted to certain professional groups and very specific regions in the Brazilian territory, into a public health challenge of scientific interest. Its atypical manifestations and hypersensitivity reactions are increasingly frequent, constituting a new sporotrichosis aspect, which deserves attention from the medical community, as well as from other health professionals.

Humans , Animals , Cats , Sporotrichosis/epidemiology , Sporothrix , Cat Diseases/epidemiology , Hypersensitivity , Brazil/epidemiology
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58157, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366147


Some mycoses are endemic. They develop through hematogenous spread, causing a generalized infection, usually with secondary mucosal involvement.The aim of this observational and retrospective study was to report the prevalence and characteristics of oral lesions in patients diagnosed with systemic fungal infections (SFI) over a 25-year period in southern Brazil. Demographic (age, sex, ethnicity, occupation) and clinical (anatomical location, symptoms,histopathological diagnosis and management) data from the medical records of patients with SFI were collected from 1995 to 2019. 34 cases of SFI were found, of which 31 (91.18%) were diagnosed as paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) and 3 (8.82%) as histoplasmosis. Men were much more affected (n = 31; 91.18%), with an average age of 46.9 years. Most patients (n = 18; 58.06%) were Caucasian; 48% (n = 15) were farm/rural workers and the most affected region was the jugal mucosa (n = 13; 25.49%) followed by the alveolar ridge (n = 12; 23.52%). All patients with histoplasmosis were immunocompetent men (mean age: 52.67 years), and the palate was the most affected. All patients underwent incisional biopsy and were referred to an infectologist. The dentist has an essential role in the recognition of SFI, whose oral manifestations may be the first sign. SFI should be included in differential diagnosis in patients from endemic areas. In addition, the inevitable human mobility and globalization make knowledge of these mycosesnecessary worldwide, especially since advanced cases in immunocompromised patients can be fatal.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oral Manifestations , Endemic Diseases/prevention & control , Mycoses , Palate/pathology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Tongue/pathology , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Dentists/education , Alveolar Process/pathology , Health Services Research/statistics & numerical data , Histoplasmosis/pathology , Mucous Membrane/pathology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935032


Objective To investigate the medication adherence of military academy students with superficial mycoses. Methods A 8-item Morisky medication adherence scale (MMAS) was modified into 7-item scale to evaluate the compliance of antifungal drugs in the sick students. The reliability and validity of the scale were analyzed. Results A total of 243 questionnaires were collected, of which 242 were valid questionnaires. 90.08% of the students took topical medication and 8.68% were treated both with topical and systematic combination. High, medium and low medication adherence rates as assessed by the modified MMAS were 9.09%, 23.97% and 66.94%, respectively. The reliability analysis showed that the internal consistency coefficient (Cronbach’s α ) was 0.781,and the adjusted Cronbach’s α was 0.790, indicating the high reliability of the scale. The KMO value was 0.798, and the Bartlett’s spherical test value was 440.866, P=0.000. One factor was extracted by exploratory factor analysis. The factor loadings of the items were all above 0.5. Therefore, the high convergent validity was good. Conclusion The modified MMAS has good reliability and validity and is applicable for the evaluation of medication compliance for superficial mycoses. In this study, the military students have a low level of medication adherence for superficial mycoses. Effective measures should be taken to help students strengthen their daily medication management and improve compliance.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933704


Objective:To analysis of clinical and imaging characteristics of pulmonary cryptococcosis.Methods:The clinical and imaging characteristics of 113 patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2014 to March 2019, were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among 113 patients, 74 cases (65.5%) were males, and 71 cases (62.8%) were at a age of 40-60 years. The imaging manifestations showed a nodular-infiltrating patchy mixed type ( n=44,38.9%), accompanied by halo sign ( n=48, 42.5%) and bronchial air sign ( n=48, 42.5%). All patients were treated with fluconazole and the follow-up at 3 months after discharge showed their conditions were all improved. Subgroup analysis showed that patients with complications had older average age [(54.28±10.64)y vs. (46.52±12.12)y, t=-5.05, P<0.001], longer hospital stay [(10.42±6.11)d vs. (7.09±5.63)d, t=-4.28, P=0.007], lower white blood cell count [(6.02±2.16)×10 9/L vs. (6.96±2.29)×10 9/L, t=2.44, P=0.027]. The symptomatic group had fewer male patients [56.2% (45/80) vs. 87.9% (29/33), χ 2=19.54, P<0.001], and imaging was more likely to show infiltrative patchy [32.5%(26/80) vs. 9.1%(3/33), χ 2=18.25, P=0.031]. There was no significant difference in clinical and imaging manifestations between antigen positive group and antigen negative group(all P>0.05). Conclusions:Most of the patients with pulmonary cryptococcosis are middle-aged men, and have nodular-infiltrating patchy mixed type in imaging; the complications would prolong the length of hospital stay.

An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 591-594, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345147


Abstract Aiming at disclosing the semiotic method used in the diagnosis of pityriasis versicolor, the authors go through the history of the creation of Zirelí sign, describing the method, its usefulness and practicality in dermatological clinical practice, whether public or private, and to give credit to the author of this semiological maneuver, in memoriam.

Humans , Tinea Versicolor/diagnosis , Malassezia , Research Design
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 490-493, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285086


Abstract The detection of muriform cells in direct mycological or anatomopathological examination is considered pathognomonic for chromoblastomycosis. The morphological aspect that these fungal structures acquire were called "Borelli spiders", when associated with hyphae. Reports of this association have been described for decades, initially related to more pathogenic agents of this mycosis. More recent studies have shown aspects related to the host's immunity that participate in this process, as well as an association with a worse disease prognosis. The present study discloses the findings of complementary examinations with the presence of "Borelli's spiders" in a patient diagnosed with chromoblastomycosis.

Humans , Ascomycota , Chromoblastomycosis/diagnosis , Chromoblastomycosis/drug therapy , Hyphae , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
Radiol. bras ; 54(3): 198-203, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250662


Abstract Fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are rare. However, because of the increase in the number of immunocompromised individuals, they have been gaining prominence in the differential diagnosis of CNS infections. Imaging techniques are sensitive for detecting and localizing an abnormality, in many cases allowing the origin of a lesion to be categorized as infectious, inflammatory, neoplastic, or vascular. This essay illustrates the magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography findings of the most common fungal infections of the CNS, based on the experience of the Radiology Department of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, in the city of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Resumo As infecções fúngicas do sistema nervoso central (SNC) são raras, entretanto, com o aumento no número de indivíduos imunocomprometidos elas têm ganhado destaque no diagnóstico diferencial de infecções no SNC. As atuais técnicas de imagem são sensíveis para detectar uma anormalidade, localizá-la, e em muitos casos categorizar a lesão como de origem infecciosa e/ou inflamatória, neoplásica ou vascular. Este ensaio ilustra os achados de ressonância magnética e tomografia computadorizada mais comuns nas infecções fúngicas do SNC baseadas na experiência do Serviço de Radiologia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre.

Acta neurol. colomb ; 37(1,supl.1): 117-122, mayo 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248589


RESUMEN El Aspergillus es un moho oportunista, que se encuentra muy extendido en el medio ambiente. Las cepas de A. fumigatus, A. Flavus, A. Niger y otras especies de Aspergillus pueden habitar diferentes tipos de ambientes. Algunas especies, como Aspergillus fumigatus, pueden provocar una variedad de reacciones alérgicas e infecciones sistémicas potencialmente mortales en humanos, siendo responsable de más del 90 % de las infecciones. La incidencia de aspergilosis cerebral no se conoce, pero ha aumentado de manera notable en los últimos años, ya que ocurre principalmente en pacientes con inmunodeficiencia grave. En este apartado se realiza una revisión detallada sobre el Aspergillus, especialmente A. fumigatus, puesto que es un microorganismo poco conocido, con un limitado espectro de tratamiento, pero que representa una amenaza ominosa para la salud y la mortalidad en el ser humano.

SUMMARY Mucormycosis encompasses syndromic manifestations due to an emergent infection, of acute course and a high mortality rate, caused by opportunistic organisms (fungi) belonging to the phylum glomeromycota subfilum mucoromycotina division of the mucorales order. Species such as mucor circinelloides, rhizopus oryzae and lichtheimia corymbifera are frequently found, having a ubiquitous habitat they can be isolated in different geographical regions, being commonly found in decomposing organic matter, fruits, wheat bread, rye, garbage and soil. People with some degree of immunocompromise (diabetes mellitus, malnutrition, cancer, HIV, among others) are predisposed. Its etiology is among the first frequently isolated sites in the air, clearly explaining the entry pathway of sporangiospores in pulmonary and rhinoorbit-cerebral cases that characteristically present with coagulopathy, thrombosis, vascular invasion, tissue ischemia and heart attacks. Its timely detection and rapid establishment of treatment are key to prognosis and survival.

Med. lab ; 25(4): 675-693, 2021. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369969


El lavado broncoalveolar (LBA) se describió hace aproximadamente 50 años, y desde ese momento se ha venido empleando cada vez con más frecuencia, llegando a ser uno de los métodos de elección para hacer el diagnóstico microbiológico de las infecciones respiratorias bajas, pues facilita la identificación de patógenos oportunistas y no oportunistas. Su uso se incrementó paralelamente con el número de pacientes inmunocomprometidos, sobre todo a causa del SIDA y los trasplantes, situaciones en las que con frecuencia los pacientes padecen infecciones pulmonares por gérmenes oportunistas. El LBA es un procedimiento seguro que permite obtener muestras que aportan información amplia de las características celulares y microbiológicas del tracto respiratorio inferior. Para garantizar su utilidad es fundamental que la recolección, transporte, almacenamiento y procesamiento de las muestras sean óptimos. El análisis de las muestras se hace por técnicas convencionales para identificación de microorganismos, como son las tinciones y el aislamiento en medios de cultivo, y por otros métodos tales como la inmunofluorescencia, pruebas inmunológicas para la detección de antígenos y anticuerpos, y pruebas de biología molecular. En la presente revisión, se hace una actualización sobre el procedimiento de obtención, almacenamiento y transporte de las muestras de LBA, así como de las técnicas de diagnóstico microbiológico más utilizadas para identificar los principales agentes infecciosos asociados con enfermedades del tracto respiratorio inferior

Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was described approximately 50 years ago and since then it has been used with increasing frequency, becoming one of the methods of choice for making the microbiological diagnosis of lower respiratory infections, as it facilitates the identification of opportunistic and non-opportunistic pathogens. Its use increased in parallel with the number of immunocompromised patients, especially due to AIDS and transplantation, situations in which patients frequently suffer from lung infections due to opportunistic germs. BAL is a safe procedure that allows obtaining samples that provide comprehensive information on the cellular and microbiological characteristics of the lower respiratory tract. Optimal collection, transport, storage and processing of samples is essential to guarantee its usefulness. Analysis of the samples is done both by conventional techniques for the identification of microorganisms, such as staining and isolation in culture media, as well as by other methods such as immunofluorescence, immunological tests for the detection of antigens and antibodies, and molecular biology assays. In this review, an update in presented on the procedure for obtaining, storing and transporting BAL samples, as well as on the most widely used microbiological diagnostic techniques to identify the main infectious agents associated with lower respiratory tract diseases

Humans , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Respiratory Tract Infections , Staining and Labeling , Bacterial Infections and Mycoses , Diagnosis , Mycobacterium
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 25(4): 101605, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339437


ABSTRACT Background: Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycosis considered endemic and limited to Latin America with the majority of registered cases originating from Brazil. The purpose of this paper was to report a case of a female patient with paracoccidioidomycosis mimicking inflammatory bowel disease and to systematically review available cases of the intestinal presentation of this infectious disease. Case report: Female patient, 32-years old, previously asymptomatic, presenting with acute pain in the lower right abdomen, associated with signs of peritoneal irritation and abdominal distension. Urgent surgery was performed, which identified a severe suppurative perforated ileitis. The anatomopathological study revealed fungal structures shaped as a ship's pilot wheel in Grocott-Gomori's staining, suggestive of Paracoccidioides spp. Methods: Studies were retrieved based on Medical Subject Headings and Health Sciences Descriptors, which were combined using Boolean operators. Searches were run on the electronic databases Scopus, Web of Science, MEDLINE (PubMed), BIREME (Biblioteca Regional de Medicina), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), Embase, and Languages were restricted to English, Spanish and Portuguese. There was no date of publication restrictions. The reference lists of the studies retrieved were searched manually. Simple descriptive analysis was used to summarize the results. Results: Our search strategy retrieved 581 references. In the final analysis, 34 references were included, with a total of 46 case reports. The most common clinical finding was abdominal pain and weight loss present in 31 (67.3%) patients. Most patients were treated with itraconazole (41.3%) and amphotericin B (36.9%). All-cause mortality was 12.8%. Conclusions: Paracoccidioidomycosis should be suspected in endemics areas, specially as a differential diagnosis for inflammatory bowel disease. Endoscopic tests and biopsy are useful for diagnosis and treatment with antifungal drugs seem to be the first treatment option to achieve a significant success rate.

Humans , Female , Adult , Paracoccidioides , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Amphotericin B , Itraconazole , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362816


Objective: To investigate the mortality attributed to fungal infections, in Brazil between 2003 and 2013. Methods: This ecological study relied on official data collected from the Sistema de Informação Sobre Mortalidade ­ Mortality Information System database. The mycoses were identified by the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases, which included categories B35­B49 in its first chapter. Results: Overall, 11,991,935 deaths were reported in the aforementioned period. The deaths of 4,192 individuals were primarily attributed to mycoses. High annual mortality rates were observed in all Brazilian regions, except in the Northeast. The main recorded mycoses were paracoccidioidomycosis (35.6%) and cryptococcosis (24.1%). There was a downward trend in the number of deaths due to paracoccidioidomycosis. In addition, 10,925 death certificates listed mycoses as an associated cause of death. Cryptococcosis (89.7%) and histoplasmosis (89.4%) were the most common mycoses associated with deaths in HIV patients. Conclusions: There was a downward trend in the number of deaths stemming from invasive fungal infections. However, opportunistic mycoses follow been a significant cause of death, especially in HIV patients.

Objetivo: Investigar a mortalidade atribuída para as infecções fúngicas, no Brasil, entre 2003 e 2013. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo ecológico, em que os dados foram obtidos do Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM), disponíveis na plataforma do DATASUS. As micoses foram identificadas por meio da 10ª revisão da Classificação Internacional de Doenças (CID-10), a qual incluiu as categorias B35-B49 no primeiro capítulo da CID-10. Resultados: No total, 11.991.935 óbitos foram notificados no período do estudo. Os óbitos de 4,192 indivíduos foram atribuídos às micoses. Foram observadas elevadas taxas de mortalidade em todas as regiões brasileiras, com exceção do Nordeste. As principais micoses registradas foram paracoccidioidomicose (35,6%) e criptococose (24,1%). Houve uma tendência na redução do número de óbitos em relação à paracoccidioidomicose. Além disso, em 10.925 declarações de óbitos informavam que as micoses foram causas associadas ao óbito. Criptococose (89,7%) e Histoplasmose (89,4%) foram as micoses mais comumente associadas ao óbito, principalmente em pacientes HIV positivos. Conclusões: Houve uma tendencia na diminuição dos óbitos por infecções fúngicas invasivas. Entretanto, micoses oportunistas continuam sendo importantes causas de morte, especialmente em indivíduos HIV positivos.

Invasive Fungal Infections , Paracoccidioidomycosis , Patients , Mortality , Cryptococcosis
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 737-739, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142122


Abstract Sporothrix spp. infection can occur through the inoculation of the organism in the skin through direct contact with the soil (sapronotic infection), through contact with animals, such as infected cats and dogs (zoonotic infection), or less frequently via inhalation. With a subacute or chronic evolution, approximately 80% of patients affected by the disease present with the lymphocutaneous form; episodes associated with a hypersensitivity reaction are rare. The authors report the case of a 12-year-old child with immunoreactive sporotrichosis manifested clinically as erythema nodosum lesions in the lower limbs, associated with an ulcerated lesion in the left arm.

Humans , Animals , Male , Child , Cats , Dogs , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Erythema Nodosum , Hypersensitivity , Sporothrix , Zoonoses
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 789-796, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137325


Abstract Introduction: Although it is the most common agent among the fungal causes of endocarditis, Candida albicans endocarditis is rare. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of amphotericin B in the treatment of C. albicans endocarditis beyond a systematic review. Data search: Articles in English, Spanish and Portuguese, conducted in the following databases: MEDLINE, LILACS, IBECS and SciELO, in humans and published in the last 25 years. Study selection: Observational studies, clinical trials, and case series providing data on the amphotericin B use in patients with a C. albicans endocarditis diagnosis without age limitations. Data synthesis: From the initial search (n=79), 25 articles were fully evaluated, of which 19 were excluded for meeting one or more exclusion criteria, remaining five articles (two observational studies and three case series). Patients using amphotericin B demonstrated improvement in survival rates, and its main use was in association with the surgical method as well as with caspofungin association. Conclusion: Literature lacks evidence to conclude about efficacy and safety of amphotericin B in the treatment of fungal endocarditis. Randomized clinical trials are necessary to provide better evidence on the subject.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child , Candida albicans , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Endocarditis/microbiology , Endocarditis/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 609-614, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130953


Abstract Fusariosis is a superficial or systemic infection, which occurs mainly in immunocompromised hosts, especially in patients with hematological neoplasia; 70%-75% of the cases present cutaneous manifestations. The disseminated form is rare and difficult to diagnose; even with specific treatment, the evolution is usually fatal. Currently, it is considered an emerging disease; in some centers, it is the second most common cause of invasive mycosis, after aspergillosis. The authors describe a case of a female patient with idiopathic bone marrow aplasia and disseminated fusariosis, who initially appeared to benefit from voriconazole and amphotericin B; however, due to persistent neutropenia, her clinical condition deteriorated with fatal evolution.

Humans , Female , Fusariosis , Fusarium , Bone Marrow , Immunocompromised Host , Voriconazole/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 645-648, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130952


Abstract This report presents the case of a 13-year-old female patient with history of acute myeloid leukemia, who, after a bone marrow transplant, began to vomit and experienced rapidly progressive deterioration of consciousness, in addition to disseminated erythematous-violaceous macules, and some blisters with hemorrhagic content inside. Skin biopsy evidenced intravascular filamentous structures. A blood culture confirmed the presence of Fusarium oxysporum. Intravenous treatment with voriconazole was initiated. The patient evolved unfavorably with multiple necrotic skin lesions, ischemic brain lesions, and death.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Fusariosis/diagnosis , Fusariosis/drug therapy , Fusarium , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Voriconazole/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212463


Background: India, being a country where fungal infections are rampant, is urgently in need of effective tools for early and accurate diagnosis of fungal infections. Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) is a recent method which has shown potential in identifying clinically important bacterial pathogens as well as clinically important fungi. The main objective of this study was to compare the utility of MALDI-TOF MS for the identification of fungi against that of conventional methods.Methods: The project was carried out in a tertiary care government hospital in India. Fifty clinical isolates comprising mainly various yeast species were subjected to conventional identification (Phenotypic) as well as MALDI-TOF-MS. Their results were further compared.Results: MALDI-TOF MS showed a high concordance with conventional methods while identifying species like C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis and C. neoformans, although the concordance for species such as Rhodotorula and Trichosporon could only be matched up to genus level.Conclusions: MALDI-TOF MS-based identification is both a rapid and a viable tool for identification of clinically relevant yeast species with good correlation to conventional methods and a quick turnaround time.

Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 37(2): 276-281, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127142


RESUMEN Con el objetivo de conocer las características de las fungemias en 285 pacientes oncológicos hospitalizados del 2012 al 2016 en el Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo. Se evaluó información demográfica, clínica y microbiológica. Las fungemias por C. albicans predominaron en pacientes con tumores sólidos y sin neutropenia, mientras las causadas por C. tropicalis predominaron en pacientes con neoplasias hematológicas y neutropenia. C. tropicalis fue el agente más aislado (47,0%). Las fungemias aumentaron con el tiempo en los pacientes sin neutropenia. Las fungemias causadas por C. albicans aumentan con la edad en pacientes con tumores sólidos sin neutropenia. Se concluye que las fungemias son mayormente causadas por C. tropicalis en pacientes con neoplasias hematológicas con neutropenia y por C. albicans en pacientes con tumores sólidos sin neutropenia. Además, las fungemias en pacientes sin neutropenia aumentan en el tiempo y las causadas por C. albicans, en tumores sólidos sin neutropenia, aumentan con la edad.

ABSTRACT Retrospective descriptive study carried out to determine the characteristics of fungemia in 285 cancer patients hospitalized from 2012 to 2016 at the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas (INEN). Demographic, clinical and microbiological information was evaluated. Fungemia by C. albicans predominated in patients with solid tumors and without neutropenia, while those caused by C. tropicalis predominated in patients with hematological neoplasia and neutropenia. C. tropicalis was the agent isolated in most cases (47.0%). Fungemia increased over time in patients without neutropenia. Fungemia caused by C. albicans increases with age in patients with solid tumors without neutropenia. It is concluded that fungemia are mainly caused by C. tropicalis in patients with hematological neoplasia with neutropenia and by C. albicans in patients with solid tumors without neutropenia. In addition, fungemia in patients without neutropenia increases over time; and those caused by C. albicans increase with age in patients with solid tumors without neutropenia.

Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 35(2): 175-181, apr.-jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103829


Introdução: As queimaduras são responsáveis por cerca de 180.000 mortes por ano no mundo e cerca de 1.000.000 de acidentes, mais de 100.000 internações hospitalares e 2.500 mortes por ano no Brasil. Dentre as causas de morbidade e mortalidade do paciente queimado, destacam-se as infecções. O conhecimento do perfil microbiológico e o adequado tratamento dos casos de infecção impactam na diminuição nas taxas de morbimortalidade. O objetivo é analisar o perfil microbiológico e de resistência aos antimicrobianos dos pacientes internados na Unidade de Queimaduras do Hospital Geral "José Pangella" de Vila Penteado, durante o período de 2011 a 2018. Métodos: O estudo é retrospectivo e levantou todos os exames microbiológicos dos pacientes internados por queimaduras na Unidade de Queimaduras do Hospital Geral "José Pangella" de Vila Penteado, localizado na cidade de São Paulo, durante o período de janeiro de 2011 até o final de dezembro de 2018. Resultados: Foram isolados 495 microrganismos, sendo 436 bactérias (88,080%) e 59 fungos (11,919%). Entre as amostras analisadas, a maior prevalência foi do Staphylococcus sp., seguido por Pseudomonas sp. e Klebsiella sp., destacando-se, ainda, Candida sp. e Acinetobacter sp. Conclusão: O manuseio dos pacientes vítimas de queimaduras continua sendo um grande desafio para os centros de tratamento de queimaduras. Identificar os patógenos responsáveis pelas infecções dos pacientes pode acarretar em uma otimização do tratamento, com a escolha de um antibiótico eficaz, e, dessa forma, acarretar na redução da morbimortalidade desses pacientes, além de diminuir tempo de internação e custos utilizados de maneira significativa.

Introduction: Burns are responsible for about 180,000 deaths per year worldwide and about 1,000,000 accidents, more than 100,000 hospital admissions and 2,500 deaths per year in Brazil. Among the causes of morbidity and mortality of burn patients, infections stand out. Knowledge of the microbiological profile and appropriate treatment of infection cases impact on the decrease in morbidity and mortality rates. The Objetive is to analyze the microbiological profile and antimicrobial resistance profile of patients admitted to the Burn Unit of the General Hospital "José Pangella" of Vila Penteado from 2011 to 2018. Methods: This is a retrospective study and surveyed all microbiological examinations of patients hospitalized for burns at the "José Pangella" Burns Unit of Vila Penteado General Hospital, located in the city of São Paulo, from January 2011 until the end of December 2018. Results: 495 microorganisms were isolated, being 436 bacteria (88,080%) and 59 fungi (11,919%). Among the samples analyzed, the highest prevalence was Staphylococcus sp., followed by Pseudomonas sp., Klebsiella sp., Candida sp. and Acinetobacter sp. Conclusion: Handling burn patients remains a major challenge for burn treatment centers. Identifying the pathogens responsible for patients infections may result in optimal treatment, with an effective antibiotic choice and reducing the morbidity and mortality of these patients, as well as significantly reducing hospitalization time and costs.