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1.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(2): e164351, mai. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1122164

ABSTRACT

Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) a is a painful condition related to myofascial trigger points (TP) in skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to perform a literature review on the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of MPS in veterinary medicine. The research sites used for this purpose were: Scientific Electronic Library, PubMed and Medline. The inclusion criteria for the papers were: must be written in English; published between 1990 and 2018; include the following keywords: myofascial pain syndrome veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine, trigger points veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine. Through the review, it was observed that veterinary clinical studies are scarce, and the articles found lack information such as MPS description, incidence and specific treatment techniques in dogs and horses, and no studies in cats were found.(AU)


Síndrome Dolorosa Miofascial (SDM) é uma condição dolorosa relacionada aos pontos gatilhos miofasciais (PG) no músculo esquelético. Este trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão bibliográfica sobre a etiologia, fisiopatogenia, diagnóstico e tratamento na medicina veterinária. Foram utilizados sites de pesquisas Scientific Electronic Library, Pubmed e Medline. Os critérios de inclusão estabelecidos foram: ser escrito em inglês; no período de 1990 a 2018; ter as palavras chaves para busca: myofascial pain syndrome veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/ horse/equine, trigger points veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine. Após a revisão observa-se que faltam estudos clínicos em medicina veterinária, sendo que os artigos encontrados se limitam à descrição, incidência e técnicas pontuais em cães e equinos, não sendo encontradas referencias em felinos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Trigger Points , Horses , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/history , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/veterinary
2.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(5): 432-438, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057460

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Myofascial pain syndrome is a common cause of musculoskeletal pain. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential analgesic action of 8% capsaicin cream for topical use in patients with myofascial pain syndrome. Methods: Initially, cream formulations of PLA (Placebo) and CPS (Capsaicin 8%) were developed and approved according to the current requirements of the health authority agency. The 40 participating patients were randomly assigned to the PLA and CPS groups in a double-blind fashion. Before the creams were topically administered, according to the allocation group, the local anesthetic was used for a period of 50 minutes directly in the area of interest. The cream was applied to the area of the skin over the trigger point, represented by the area with pain at palpation, in an amount of 10 g for 30 minutes in a circular area of 24 mm diameter. Subsequently, the cream was removed and the skin tolerability parameters were evaluated. The pain was measured before and during the formulation application, as well as at 1 hour, 7 days, 30 days, and 60 days after the procedure, evaluated using a verbal numerical scale (from 0 to 10: with 0 = no pain and 10 = worst pain imaginable). Results: No patient in PLA Group had hyperemia or burning sensation at the site of application, while 85% of patients in CPS Group had hyperemia or burning sensation at 15 minutes. These complaints disappeared 24 hours after the cream was removed. The pain score in CPS Group decreased steadily up to the 60th day of evaluation (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Application of the formulations did not cause macroscopic acute or chronic skin lesions in patients, and the 8% capsaicin formulation was beneficial and well tolerated.


Resumo Justificativa: A síndrome da dor miofascial é uma causa comum de dor musculoesquelética. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a potencial ação analgésica de 8% do creme de capsaicina para uso tópico em pacientes com síndrome da dor miofascial. Métodos: Inicialmente, as formulações de creme de PLA (Placebo) e CPS (Capsaicina 8%) foram desenvolvidas e aprovadas de acordo com os requisitos atuais da agência de autoridade de saúde. Os 40 pacientes participantes foram distribuídos aleatoriamente e de forma duplo-cega para os grupos PLA e CPS. Antes dos cremes serem administrados topicamente, de acordo com o grupo de alocação, o anestésico local foi usado por um período de 50 minutos diretamente na área de interesse. A administração ocorreu na área da pele sobre o ponto-gatilho, o qual apresentou a área dolorida à palpação, em uma quantidade de 10 g por 30 minutos em área circular com diâmetro de 24 mm. Posteriormente, o creme foi removido e os parâmetros de tolerabilidade à pele foram avaliados. A dor foi medida antes e durante a aplicação da formulação, bem como 1 hora, 7 dias, 30 dias e 60 dias após o procedimento avaliado pela escala numérica verbal (0 a 10, com zero sem dor e dez a pior dor imaginável). Resultados: Nenhum paciente no grupo PLA experimentou hiperemia ou sensação de queimação no local de aplicação do creme, enquanto 85% dos que experimentaram no grupo CPS apresentaram hiperemia ou sensação de queimação 15 minutos. Essas queixas desapareceram 24 horas após a remoção do creme. O escore de dor no grupo CPS diminui de forma sustentada até o 60° dia de avaliação (p < 0,0001). Conclusão: A administração das formulações não causou lesões cutâneas agudas ou crônicas macroscópicas nos pacientes e a formulação de 8% de capsaicina foi benéfica e bem tolerada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Capsaicin/administration & dosage , Analgesia , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/drug therapy , Ointments , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Administration, Topical , Middle Aged
3.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206146

ABSTRACT

Background: Shoulder pain due to its high prevalence has great significance in its contribution to morbidity. It’s the third most common musculoskeletal problem.There are two types of trigger points found they are active and latent trigger points.Active trigger points are the one which when palpated causes spontaneous pain or referred pain and latent trigger points are the one which do not cause any pain except they are present either in form of taut band or nodules. MyofascialTrigger points (MTrPs) cause a local pain syndrome. The main cause of myofascial pain syndrome are trigger points. Purpose of the study: The purpose of the study was to determine the exact muscles that have the tendency for developing trigger points in acute shoulder pain pathologies and to see the trigger points developed are due to the shoulder pathology. Materials and Methods: A observational study was performed. Patients were selected by convenient sampling. 70 people participated within the age of 18-65, pain duration within 3 months, males and female included with no history of recent trauma, neurovascular injuries, degenerative pathology and shoulder dislocation. Patients were assessed for myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) on both affected and non-affected side. MTrPs were assessed on different muscles by manual palpation method. Results: The result shows that the muscle affected maximum is upper trapezius with 84.28% and pectoralis major with 71.42%. Also on the affected side, upper trapezius with 37.14% and pectoralis major and subscapularis with 20.00%. Conclusion: This study showed the prevalence of trigger points in acute shoulder pain pathologies is66.59% . Each patient of any acute pathology had the presence of more than 3 trigger points in the affected side proving trigger points to be of significant importance and it is due to underlying shoulder pathology.

4.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-209749

ABSTRACT

Background: Myofascial pain syndrome is a common multifactorial condition that presents with key manifestations and comorbid with many systemic diseases and regional pain syndromes. Objective:This study aims to concisely review clinical, diagnostic and integrative therapeutic aspects of myofascial pain syndrome. Methods:E-searches (2000-2019) using keywords and Boolean operators were made and using exclusion and inclusion criteria, 50 full articles that focused on myofascial pain syndrome were retained for this review. Results: Myofascial pain syndrome is a multidimensional musculoskeletal disorder with ill-understood etiopathogenesis and pathophysiology and characterized by tender taut muscle with myofascial trigger points, muscle twitch response, specific pattern of referred pain and autonomic symptoms. A variety of pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies with variable efficacy are used in myofascial pain syndrome, the latter modalities such as education, stretching and exercises, moist hot and cold packs, dry needling and myofascial massage or myofascial trigger point massage are used as first line options. Conclusion:Myofascial pain syndrome and trigger points initiated by repeated strains and injuries co-occur with diverse physical diseases and regional pain syndromes, which need comprehensive diagnostic evaluation using multiple methods. Several interventions are used in patients with myofascial pain syndrome who effectively respond to myofascial massage. This study calls for exploring etiopathogenesis and basic pathophysiological mechanisms underlying myofascial pain syndrome in future.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802131

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the short and long term effect of addition and subtraction therapy of Shentong Zhuyutang to myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) with stagnation of blood stasis and to investigate its mechanism of action.Method: One hundred and forty-eight eligible patients were randomly divided into control group (73 cases) and observation group (75 cases) by random number table.Patients in both groups got electroacupuncture treatment.Patients in control group additionally got Yaotong capsules,4 grains/time,3 times/day.Patients in observation group additionally got addition and subtraction therapy of Shentong Zhuyutang,1 dose/day.The treatment was continued for 6 weeks in both groups,and 16 weeks follow-up was recorded.Before treatment,and at the 1st,2nd,3rd,4th,5th,6th week after treatment,scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) was graded.Before and after treatment,scores of JOA,Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RDQ),body damage index assessment scale (PⅡ scale),stagnation of blood stasis,and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were graded.Levels of thromboxane 2(TXB2),6-ketone-prostaglandin F1α(6-keto-PGF1α) were detected,and TXB2/6-keto-PGF1α was calculated;in addition,the recurrence was recorded and followed up.Result: By rank sum test,the clinical efficacy in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=1.969,Pst,2nd,3rd,4th,5th,6th week in both groups after treatment (Fcontrol=5.801,Fobservation=6.649,Pt-test indicated that scores of VAS in observation group were lower than those in control group at 2nd,3rd,4th,5th,6th week (PP2,and T/K in observation group were lower than those in control group (P1α was higher than that in control group (Pχ2=4.745,PConclusion: Based on acupuncture treatment,addition and subtraction therapy of Shentong Zhuyutang can relieve the pain caused by myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) with stagnation of blood stasis,recover lumbar activity function,reduce rate of recurrence,and ameliorate blood circulation,with anti-inflammatory and analgesia effects.

6.
Clinics ; 74: e905, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Poststroke shoulder pain occurs very frequently and compromises function and quality of life. Because treatment depends on a multidisciplinary approach, it is desirable to optimize effectiveness. Myofascial pain syndrome is defined by the presence of trigger points that can also be found in spastic stroke patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of myofascial pain in the shoulder girdle muscles in patients with poststroke shoulder pain and to document the clinical and functional results obtained with specific treatment for this condition. METHODS: Spastic stroke hemiplegic patients undergoing rehabilitation at the Rehabilitation Center of the Hospital das Clínicas of the Ribeirão Preto Medical School of the University of São Paulo were evaluated regarding the intensity and characteristics of shoulder pain, previous therapeutic interventions, shoulder goniometry and the presence of trigger points. Patients underwent trigger point blockade by intramuscular infiltration of 1% lidocaine. The evaluation and treatment procedures were repeated in the subsequent 3 weeks as long as the pain intensity was greater than 5 on a visual analog scale (VAS). In the fourth week, the evaluation procedures were repeated. Patients who were in a multiprofessional rehabilitation program were instructed to continue the treatment, and the others received complementary therapeutic advice if necessary to initiate it. The evaluations were performed at 0, 1, and 3 weeks and after 4 months. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (13 men; age=67.8±10.2 years; right hemiparesis: 11) participated in the study, and there was a reduction in pain assessed by VAS from baseline (7.6±2.7) to the first week (5.8±3.6; p<0.05) through the end of the third week (5.2±3.5; p<0.05), but not at the end of four months (6.6±2.9; p=0.11). Good responders had significantly lower pain levels after the third week and presented with a larger range of motion for passive abduction by the end of 4 months. These results demonstrate that the myofascial component of pain should be considered in poststroke shoulder pain and that its treatment may be a pathway for the rapid and long-lasting relief of symptoms. CONCLUSION: Trigger point blockade with lidocaine can reduce pain perception in spastic hemiplegic shoulder in as much as 50% of stroke survivors for four months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Shoulder Pain/drug therapy , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Pain/etiology , Stroke/complications , Trigger Points , Hemiplegia/etiology , Hemiplegia/drug therapy , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/etiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702497

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effectiveness of Kinesio taping on intensity of pain from myofascial pain syndrome(MPS)or myofascial trigger points(MTrPs). Methods The randomized controlled trials(RCTs)about the Kinesio taping for pain from MPS or MTrPs were retrieved from PubMed,EBSCO,Science Direct,Web of Science,Physiotherapy Evidence Database,Cochrane Library un-til October,2017.The assessment tools of the bias of risk and Revman 5.3 of the Cochrane Collaboration were used for the methodological quality assessment and meta-analysis,respectively.The heterogeneity and the poten-tial publication bias were analyzed with Stata 12.0. Results Twelve RCTs were included,involving 584 patients.Kinesio taping group was superior to the control group in relieving pain both after intervention (MD=-1.14, 95% CI-1.88 to-0.40, P=0.002) and in follow-up (MD=-0.69,95%CI-1.16 to-0.22,P=0.004).The time of intervention and follow-up were the main causes to heterogeneity in follow-up. Conclusion Kinesio taping is effective on pain of MPS or MTrPs.The longer the intervention and follow-up,the better the effect.

8.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 10(3): 511-518, Set-Dez. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-880325

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar a fanpage Grupo de Apoio a Pessoas com Fibromialgia sob uma perspectiva de promoção da saúde, ampliando o conhecimento sobre a síndrome em si. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo-documental, com característica qualitativa. Os dados foram coletados a partir das informações contidas na fanpage. Foram selecionadas três publicações com maior destaque na página de acordo com as características: 1) Postagem com objetivo de divulgação do projeto de extensão; 2) Postagem com objetivo de divulgação científica sobre a fibromialgia; 3) Postagem com objetivo lúdico, com informações não científicas sobre a fibromialgia. A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio da análise de conteúdo das postagens dos usuários da rede. Algumas pessoas comentaram da dificuldade de se encontrar médicos que sejam capacitados para diagnosticar e/ou indicar melhor tratamento para a doença. Conclui-se que o uso das redes sociais como ferramenta de divulgação científica e de promoção da sSaúde é uma vertente importante e que precisa ser aprimorada a cada dia.


The fan-page Support Group to People with Fibromyalgia is analyzed from the point of view of health promotion and broadening knowledge on the syndrome. The descriptive, documental and qualitative study retrieved data from the fan-page. Three highlighted articles were selected, featuring the following characteristics: (1) dissemination of the extension project; (2) scientific dissemination on fibromyalgia; (3) playful dissemination with non-scientific information on fibromyalgia. Data were analyzed by the Content Analysis of postings by network users. Several people remarked on the difficulty in consulting doctors that would diagnose and indicate the best treatment for the disease. Results show that the use of social networks as tools for scientific dissemination and Health Promotion is highly important and should be improved constantly.

9.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(2): 93-99, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-844219

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Kinesio Taping and sham Kinesio Taping on pain, pressure pain threshold, cervical range of motion, and disability in cervical myofascial pain syndrome patients (MPS). Methods: This study was designed as a randomized, double-blind placebo controlled study. Sixty-one patients with MPS were randomly assigned into two groups. Group 1 (n = 31) was treated with Kinesio Taping and group 2 (n = 30) was treated sham taping five times by intervals of 3 days for 15 days. Additionally, all patients were given neck exercise program. Patients were evaluated according to pain, pressure pain threshold, cervical range of motion and disability. Pain was assessed by using Visual Analog Scale, pressure pain threshold was measured by using an algometer, and active cervical range of motion was measured by using goniometry. Disability was assessed with the neck pain disability index disability. Measurements were taken before and after the treatment. Results: At the end of the therapy, there were statistically significant improvements on pain, pressure pain threshold, cervical range of motion, and disability (p < 0.05) in both groups. Also there was a statistical difference between the groups regarding pain, pressure pain threshold, cervical flexion-extension (p < 0.05); except cervical rotation, cervical lateral flexion and disability (p > 0.05). Conclusion: This study shows that Kinesio Taping leads to improvements on pain, pressure pain threshold and cervical range of motion, but not disability in short time. Therefore, Kinesio Taping can be used as an alternative therapy method in the treatment of patients with MPS.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a eficácia do kinesio taping e do taping placebo sobre a dor, limiar de dor à pressão, amplitude de movimento cervical e incapacidade em pacientes com síndrome dolorosa miofascial (SDM) cervical. Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado duplo-cego controlado por placebo. Foram alocados em dois grupos, aleatoriamente, 61 pacientes com SDM. O grupo 1 (n = 31) foi tratado com kinesio taping e o grupo 2 (n = 30) foi tratado com taping placebo cinco vezes em intervalos de três dias, durante 15 dias. Além disso, todos os pacientes foram submetidos a um programa de exercícios para o pescoço. Os pacientes foram avaliados em relação à dor, ao limiar de dor à pressão, à amplitude de movimento cervical e à incapacidade. A dor foi avaliada com a escala visual analógica, o limiar de dor à pressão foi medido com um algômetro e a amplitude de movimento cervical ativa foi mensurada com a goniometria. A incapacidade foi avaliada com o Neck Pain Disability Scale. As mensurações foram feitas antes e depois do tratamento. Resultados: No fim do tratamento, houve melhoria estatisticamente significativa na dor, no limiar de dor à pressão, na amplitude de movimento cervical e na incapacidade (p < 0,05) em ambos os grupos. Também houve uma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos em relação à dor, ao limiar de dor à pressão e à flexão-extensão cervical (p < 0,05); não houve diferença na rotação cervical, flexão lateral cervical e incapacidade (p > 0,05). Conclusão: O kinesio taping leva à melhoria na dor, no limiar de dor à pressão e na amplitude de movimento cervical, mas não na incapacidade em um curto período. Portanto, o kinesio taping pode ser usado como um método de terapia opcional para o tratamento de pacientes com SDM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cervical Vertebrae/physiopathology , Neck Pain/therapy , Exercise Therapy/methods , Athletic Tape , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/therapy , Pain Measurement , Double-Blind Method , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Treatment Outcome , Pain Threshold/psychology , Neck Pain/physiopathology , Neck Pain/rehabilitation , Disability Evaluation , Muscle Strength/physiology , Middle Aged , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/physiopathology , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/rehabilitation
10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 953-957, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613040

ABSTRACT

Objective Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common muscle function disturbance.This study was to investigate the clinical value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging in assessing the therapeutic effect of acupuncture for patients with trapezius MPS.Methods A total of 116 patients diagnosed with trapezius MPS received acupuncture therapy once a day for 10 days in Pudong Hospital from August 2015 to June 2016.Using ARFI imaging, we recorded the shear wave velocity (SWV) of the trapezius and obtained the short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) scores of the patients before, at the end of, and at 7, 15 and 30 days after treatment.Then, we analyzed the interaction and correlation between the SWV values and SF-MPQ scores of the patients at different time points.Results Both the SF-MPQ scores and SWV values were first decreased, falling to lowest values (5.19 points and 1.43 m/s) at 7 days after treatment, and then increased again.The interaction between the SF-MPQ scores and SWV values were significantly different at different time points (Finteraction=2.553, Pinteraction=0.038), and there was a strong linear correlation between the two indexes (r=0.755, P=0.000).Conclusion ARFI imaging combined with SF-MPQ has a certain clinical value in assessing the effect of acupuncture on trapezius MPS.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611247

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and compare the clinical efficacies of acupuncture at myofascial trigger points and extracorporeal shock wave and their effects on the quality of life in patients with myofascial pain syndrome. Method Seventy-eight patients with myofascial pain syndrome were allocated, using a random number table, to acupuncture and shock wave groups, 39 cases each. The two groups received acupuncture at myofascial trigger points and extracorporeal shock wave, respectively. The clinical therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups of patients after 20 consecutive days of treatment. The quality of life score was recorded in the two groups of patients before and after one month of treatment. Result The VAS score (1.57±0.83), the PRI score (1.87±1.06) and the PPI score (0.94±0.72) in the acupuncture group were lower than the VAS score (2.16±0.95),the PRI score (2.68±1.14) and the PPI score (1.53±0.81) in the shock wave group. All had a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The VAS score, the PRI score and the PPI score decreased significantly in the two groups of patients after treatment compared with before. Eight scaled scores: physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, social role functioning, vitality, general health perceptions, emotional role functioning and mental health increased significantly in the two groups of patients after treatment compared with before (P<0.05) and increased more in the acupuncture group (P<0.05). The marked efficacy rate was 84.6% in the acupuncture group, which was significantly higher than 61.5% in the shock wave group (P<0.05). Conclusion Both acupuncture and extracorporeal shock wave therapy have a marked clinical effect on myofascial pain syndrome. It can further improve the quality of life in the patients.

12.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 250-257, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207166

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D is a cofactor responsible for autoimmune disorders. There is no agreement in the studies investigating the association between vitamin D and fibromyalgia. This study aims to combine the conflicting results of the primary studies which compared these patients with control groups regarding the serum concentration of vitamin D. This meta-analysis has been designed based on PRISMA guidelines. Relevant keywords were searched in PubMed, Science direct, Scopus, Cochrane, and Google scholar and primary studies were selected. After screening the eligible studies according to inclusion/exclusion criteria, we investigated the risk of bias in the selected studies and also the heterogeneity between the primary results using Cochrane (Q) and I-squared (I2) indices. The primary results were combined using inverse variance method and Cohen statistics as well as a random effects model. Publication bias was assessed using Egger test. Sensitivity analysis was applied to investigate the influence of each primary study on the final result of the meta-analysis. Suspected factors in the heterogeneity were assessed using meta-regression models. We entered 12 eligible studies in the meta-analysis including 851 cases compared with 862 controls. The standardized mean difference of Vitamin D between the two groups was −0.56 (95% confidence interval: −1.05, −0.08). Our meta-analysis showed that vitamin D serum levels of patients with fibromyalgia was significantly lower than that of control group.


Subject(s)
Bias , Eligibility Determination , Fibromyalgia , Humans , Mass Screening , Methods , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Population Characteristics , Publication Bias , Vitamin D , Vitamins
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48902

ABSTRACT

Differential diagnosis of posterior neck pain is very challenging based on symptoms and physical examination only. Retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis is a rare and frequently misdiagnosed entity in various causes of neck pain. It results from calcium hydroxyapatite deposition in the longus colli muscle which is characterized by severe neck pain, painful restriction of neck movement, dysphagia, and odynophagia. We herein report a case of a patient with acute retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis, who complained of posterior neck pain, initially diagnosed and treated as a myofascial neck pain syndrome.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Diagnosis, Differential , Durapatite , Humans , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Neck Pain , Neck , Physical Examination , Tendinopathy
14.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 136-140, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23572

ABSTRACT

Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the common musculoskeletal conditions of the shoulder which may develop sensory-motor and autonomic dysfunctions at the various level of the neuromuscular system. The pain and dysfunction caused by MPS were primarily treated with physical therapy and pharmacological agents in order to achieve painfree movements. However, in recent years intramuscular electrical stimulation (IMES) with conventional electrode placement was used by researchers to maximise therapeutic values. But, in this study an inverse electrode placement was used to deliver electrical impulses intramuscularly to achieve neuro-modulation at the various level of the nervous system. Nine patients with MPS were treated with intramuscular electrode stimulation using inversely placed electrodes for a period of three weeks. All nine subjects recovered from their shoulder pain and disability within the few weeks of intervention. So, this inverse electrode placement may be more appropriate for chronic pain management.


Subject(s)
Chronic Pain , Electric Stimulation , Electrodes , Humans , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Nervous System , Shoulder Pain , Shoulder
15.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 382-387,后插4,封3, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606057

ABSTRACT

Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common skeletal muscle pain and dysfunction,characterized by the presence of myofascial pain points (MTrPs).At present,the main method of locating MTrPs is palpation which has lower intra-rater reliability,and lacks an objective evaluation approach for therapeutic effects.Therefore,the research on objective evaluation of the characteristics of MPS has been receiving great attention.These studies involve stiffness of trigger points,fascia thickness,surface temperature and other aspects through various methods,such as ultrasonic imaging,magnetic resonance imaging,infrared thermal imaging.In this paper,the research progress and methods of MPS in imaging were surveyed,which can provide the basis for the clinical diagnosis and objective evaluation of therapeutic effects.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484353

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture plus electro-spoon needle-cupping in treating lumbar-dorsal myofascial pain syndrome.Method Sixty patients with lumbar-dorsal myofascial pain syndrome were randomized into group A, group B, and group C, 20 cases in each group. With same acupoints selected, group A was intervened by electroacupuncture plus electro-spoon needle-cupping, group B was by electroacupuncture, while group C was by conventional acupuncture. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was observed before and after treatment, and the clinical efficacies of the three groups were compared.Result After treatment, VAS scores were significantly different from those before treatment in the three groups. (P<0.05). After treatment, the VAS scores in group A and B were significantly different from that in group C (P<0.01,P<0.05); the VAS score in group A was significantly different from that in group B (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 95.0% in group A, versus 90.0% in group B and 80.0% in group C, and the total effective rate of group A was significantly different from that of both group B and C (P<0.05).Conclusion Electroacupuncture plus electro-spoon needle-cupping is an effective method in treating lumbar-dorsal myofascial pain syndrome.

17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(10): 861-866, Oct. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761534

ABSTRACT

Objective : The aim was to examine the effect of blocking trigger points in the temporal muscles of patients with masticatory myofascial pain syndrome, fibromyalgia and headache.Method : Seventy patients with one trigger point were randomly divided into 3 groups: injection with saline or anesthetic and non-injected (control).Results : Pain was reduced in 87.71% patients injected with saline and 100% injected with anesthetic. Similar results were obtained for headache frequency. With regard to headache intensity, the injection groups differed from the control group, but not between themselves.Conclusion : Treatment with injection at trigger points decreased facial pain and frequency and intensity of headache. Considering the injected substance there was no difference.


Objetivo : Comparar o efeito terapêutico do bloqueio de pontos-gatilho na musculatura temporal com soro fisiológico e anestésico em pacientes com síndrome da dor miofascial mastigatória, fibromialgia e cefaleia, entre sí e com controles não-infiltrados.Método : Setenta pacientes que apresentaram pelo menos um ponto-gatilho na musculatura temporal foram aleatoriamente divididas em 3 grupos: infiltração com soro fisiológico, infiltração com anestésico e controle (não-infiltradas).Resultados : Houve redução na intensidade de dor na face em 87,71% dos pacientes infiltrados com soro fisiológico e em 100% dos pacientes infiltrados com anestésico, mas não no grupo controle. Houve similaridade dos resultados considerando a frequência da cefaléia. Quanto à intensidade da cefaléia, tanto a infiltração com soro fisiológico, quanto com anestésico foram efetivos e sem diferença significativa entre sí, ao contrário do grupo controle.Conclusões : O tratamento com infiltração diminui a dor na face, bem com a frequência e a intensidade da cefaléia. Quando considerado a substância infiltrada não há diferenças no tratamento.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Fibromyalgia/drug therapy , Headache Disorders/drug therapy , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/drug therapy , Trigger Points , Temporal Muscle/drug effects , Double-Blind Method , Injections, Intramuscular/methods , Pain Measurement , Statistics, Nonparametric , Treatment Outcome
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(4): 363-369, 4/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744359

ABSTRACT

The objective of this prospective study was to determine the plasma levels of nitric oxide (NO) in women with chronic pelvic pain secondary to endometriosis (n=24) and abdominal myofascial pain syndrome (n=16). NO levels were measured in plasma collected before and 1 month after treatment. Pretreatment NO levels (μM) were lower in healthy volunteers (47.0±12.7) than in women with myofascial pain (64.2±5.0, P=0.01) or endometriosis (99.5±12.9, P<0.0001). After treatment, plasma NO levels were reduced only in the endometriosis group (99.5±12.9 vs 61.6±5.9, P=0.002). A correlation between reduction of pain intensity and reduction of NO level was observed in the endometriosis group [correlation = 0.67 (95%CI = 0.35 to 0.85), P<0.0001]. Reduction of NO levels was associated with an increase of pain threshold in this group [correlation = -0.53 (-0.78 to -0.14), P<0.0001]. NO levels appeared elevated in women with chronic pelvic pain diagnosed as secondary to endometriosis, and were directly associated with reduction in pain intensity and increase in pain threshold after treatment. Further studies are needed to investigate the role of NO in the pathophysiology of pain in women with endometriosis and its eventual association with central sensitization.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Chronic Pain/etiology , Endometriosis/complications , Nitric Oxide/blood , Pain Threshold/drug effects , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Chronic Pain/blood , Endometriosis/surgery , Laparoscopy , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/complications , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Pelvic Pain/blood , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461214

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of fire-needle acupuncture in treating myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). Method Seventy-two patients with MPS were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 36 in each group. The treatment group was intervened by fire-needle acupuncture, while the control group was by ordinary acupuncture. The short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) was observed before and after the intervention, and the clinical efficacy was compared. Result The total effective rate and markedly-effective rate were respectively 94.4% and 77.8% in the treatment group versus 80.6% and 30.6%in the control group. There was a significant difference in comparing the markedly-effective rate between the two groups (P<0.01). The MPQ item scores [pain rating index (PRI), present pain intensity (PPI), and visual analogue scale (VAS)] were significantly changed after intervention in both groups (P<0.05). After intervention, the MPQ item scores of the treatment group were significantly different from that of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Fire-needle acupuncture is an effective method in treating MPS.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify the musculoskeletal co-morbidities of neck pain of myofascial origin among IT professionals. METHODS: A retrospective report analysis of 5357 IT professionals from various IT companies in India was conducted. Demographic details, type and intensity of the musculoskeletal problems, employee feedbacks on status of musculoskeletal health and physician's diagnosis were analysed. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the age, gender, body area affected and nature of work. Chi square test was used to find the association between musculoskeletal co-morbidities and myofascial neck pain (MNP). RESULTS: The study participants were predominantly males (71%). 41% of the population used laptops, 35% desktops and 24% both. Neck pain was the commonest reported symptom, followed by low back, shoulder and arm pain respectively. Statistical analysis also revealed that low back pain and shoulder pain, had a significant association with neck pain. Further analysis revealed that there was a significant association between the presence of MNP and thoracic outlet syndrome (p < 0.001) and fibromyalgia syndrome (p < 0.001). Other than the listed co-morbidities, eye strain was also found to be associated with MNP. CONCLUSIONS: Low back pain and shoulder pain was found to be co morbid symptoms noted among IT professionals with MNP. Thoracic outlet syndrome and fibromyalgia were found to be the most commonly associated disorders with MNP among IT professionals.


Subject(s)
Arm , Diagnosis , Fibromyalgia , Humans , India , Low Back Pain , Male , Myofascial Pain Syndromes , Neck Pain , Neck , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder , Shoulder Pain , Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
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