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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 609-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881159

ABSTRACT

The Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway plays important roles in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis and the gastrointestinal tumor microenvironment (TME). Aberrant HH signaling activation may accelerate the growth of gastrointestinal tumors and lead to tumor immune tolerance and drug resistance. The interaction between HH signaling and the TME is intimately involved in these processes, for example, tumor growth, tumor immune tolerance, inflammation, and drug resistance. Evidence indicates that inflammatory factors in the TME, such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interferon-

2.
Rev. colomb. biotecnol ; 21(1): 29-38, ene.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013896

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El CCU es la segunda causa de muerte en mujeres de nuestro país. Dentro de los primeros mecanismos de defensa del hospedero se encuentra la respuesta inmune de las células NK y su función lítica a expensas de su receptor activador NKG2D, el cual posee como ligandos mica, micb y ulbp (1-6), los cuales se expresan en células transformadas y/o infectadas por virus. Uno de los mecanismos de evasión por parte de la célula tumoral es el clivaje de estas proteínas a través de metaloproteinasas como adam10, adam17 y mmp14. Se analizó la expresión de estos ligandos y metaloproteinasas mediante PCR tiempo real, en lineas celulares de referencia para cáncer cervical como HeLa (positiva para VPH-18) y C33A (negativa para VPH). Se obtuvieron valores representativos de expresion relativa genica con diferencias significativas asi: mmp14 en linea HeLa (p= 0.006); y mica y ulbp-3 en la linea C33A (p= 0.020 y p=0.003 respectivamente). Por lo tanto, se podría sugerir que la expresión de mmp14 se encuentra posiblemente involucrados con la presencia de VPH causante del cancer cervical y la respuesta inmunne innata desarrollada.


ABSTRACT Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of death in women in our country. Within the first host defense mechanisms is the immune response of NK cells and their lytic function at the expense of its NKG2D receptor activator which has as ligands mica, micb and ulbp (1-6), which are expressed in transformed cells and / or virally infected. One of the mechanisms of evasion by the tumor cell is the cleavage of these proteins through metalloproteinases as adam10, adam17 and mmp14. We analyzed the expression of these ligands and metalloproteinases by real time PCR, in reference to cell lines HeLa cervical cancer (positive for HPV-18) and C33A (negative for HPV). We obtained representing relative gene expression with significant differences from the other lines of study as follows: mmp14 in HeLa (p = 0.006); and mica and ulbp-3 in C33A (p = 0.020 and p = 0.003 respectively). Thus one might suggest that the expression of mmp14 is possible involved with HPV presence causing high risk of cervical cancer and innate inmunne response developed.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 151-157, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329680

ABSTRACT

The liver is the central organ involved in lipid metabolism. Dyslipidemia and its related disorders, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), obesity and other metabolic diseases, are of increasing public health concern due to their increasing prevalence in the population. Besides their well-characterized functions in cholesterol homoeostasis and nutrient absorption, bile acids are also important metabolic regulators and function as signaling hormones by activating specific nuclear receptors, G-protein coupled receptors, and multiple signaling pathways. Recent studies identified a new signaling pathway by which conjugated bile acids (CBA) activate the extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK1/2) and protein kinase B (AKT) signaling pathway via sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2 (S1PR2). CBA-induced activation of S1PR2 is a key regulator of sphingosine kinase 2 (SphK2) and hepatic gene expression. This review focuses on recent findings related to the role of bile acids/S1PR2-mediated signaling pathways in regulating hepatic lipid metabolism.

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