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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 159-168, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016475

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate some properties of scutellarin-phospholipid complex nanoemulsion(SCU-PC-NE), such as release, cell uptake and tissue distribution, and to investigate its effect on ameliorating lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced vascular endothelial injury. MethodSCU-PC-NE was prepared by weighting SCU-PC, ethyl oleate, Kolliphor HS15, 1,2-propylene glycol(50, 400, 514.3, 85.7 mg), respectively. And the appearance of SCU-PC-NE was observed by transmission electron microscope, the average paticle size and Zeta potential were measured by nanopotential particle size analyzer. The cumulative release of SCU-PC-NE in vitro was measured by dynamic dialysis, thiazolyl blue(MTT) colorimetric assay was used to investigate the effect of SCU-PC-NE on the viability of human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs), the inverted fluorescence microscope and flow cytometry were used to investigate cell uptake of HUVECs by SCU-PC-NE in vitro using coumarin 6 as a fluorescent probe, the tissue distribution of DiR/SCU-PC-NE labeled by near infrared fluorescent dyes was obeserved by small animal in vivo imaging system. The inflammation injury model was established by co-incubation with LPS(1 mg·L-1) and HUVECs, the effect of SCU-PC-NE on the levels of interleukin(IL)-1β and IL-6 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), 18 Kunming male mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, blank preparation group(equivalent to high dose group), SCU group and SCU-PC-NE low and high dose groups(5, 10 mg·kg-1), 3 mice in each group, and the drug administration groups were administered once in the tail vein at the corresponding dose every 48 h, equal volume of normal saline was given to the blank group and the model group, and the drug was administered for 4 consecutive times. Except for the blank group, the endothelial inflammatory injury was induced by intraperitoneal injection of LPS(10 mg·kg-1) at 12 h before the last administration in each group. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to investigate the effect of SCU-PC-NE on the histopathological changes in the thoracic aorta of mice. ResultThe appearance of SCU-PC-NE displayed pale yellow milky light, mostly spherical with rounded appearance and relatively uniform particle size distribution, with the average particle size of 35.31 nm, Zeta potential of 7.23 mV, and the encapsulation efficiency of 75.24%. The cumulative release in vitro showed that SCU-PC-NE exhibited sustained release properties compared with SCU. The cell viability of SCU-PC-NE was >90% at a concentration range of 1.05-8.4 mg·L-1. The results of cellular uptake experiments showed that the cellular uptake ability of SCU-PC-NE was significantly enhanced when compared with the SCU group(P<0.01). Compared with normal mice, the results of tissue distribution showed that the fluorescence intensity of DiR/SCU-PC-NE was significantly enhanced in the spleen, kidney, brain and thoracic aorta of mice at different time points after intraperitoneal injection of LPS(P<0.05, P<0.01), especially in thoracic aorta. ELISA results showed that the levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in the model group were significantly increased when compared with the blank group(P<0.05, P<0.01), and compare with the model group, all administration groups significantly down-regulated IL-1β level, with the strongest effect in the SCU-PC-NE high-dose group(P<0.01), and all administration groups significantly down-regulated IL-6 level, with the strongest effect in the SCU-PC-NE low-dose group(P<0.05). Compare with the blank group, the results of HE staining showed that the endothelial cells were damaged, the elastic fibers were broken and arranged loosely in the model group, although similar vascular injury could be observed in the blank preparation group, SCU group and SCU-PC-NE low-dose group, the vascular endothelial damage was significantly reduced in the high-dose group of SCU-PC-NE, which had a better effect than that in the SCU group. ConclusionSCU-PC-NE can promote the uptake of drugs by endothelial cells and effectively enriched in the site of vascular endothelial injury caused by LPS, suggesting that it has a protective effect on vascular endothelial injury and is a good carrier of SCU.

2.
J Vector Borne Dis ; 2023 Jan; 60(1): 79-87
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-216906

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Nanotechnology, an emerging field, has acquired considerable attention for the control of vectors. The present study aimed to synthesize, characterize copper sulfide- and eucalyptus oil-based hybrid nanoemulsions and investigate their larvicidal potential against Aedes aegypti by studying larvicidal bioassay, morphological aberrations, histopathological alterations, biochemical analysis and evaluation of risk assessment in non-target organisms. Methods: Hybrid nanoemulsions were prepared by mixing aqueous copper sulfide nanoparticles (CuSNPs) with non-polar eucalyptus oil in five ratios (1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4 and 1:5) by sonication, screened and characterized using Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Larvicidal activity was recorded and toxicity values were calculated by log-probit method. Morphological, histological and biochemical changes were examined in Aedes aegypti larvae after treatment. Nanohybrids were also tested under simulated conditions and against non-target organism. Results: The nanohybrid ratio of 1:5 was found to be stable after thermodynamic stability tests. TEM studies revealed average size of 90±7.90 nm with globular shape. LC50 and LC90 toxicity values of prepared CuSNPs were calculated out to be 5.00 and 5.81ppm after 24 hours treatment. Effective concentration of prepared nanohybrid (6.5ppm) tested under simulated conditions showed maximum larvicidal mortality after 48 hours of exposure. No toxicity towards the Mesocyclops spp. was observed after treatment of these nanohybrids even up to 21 days. Interpretation & conclusion: Copper sulfide based hybrid nanoemulsions were found to show efficient larvicidal property which can be used for the formulation of ecofriendly bio-larvicide against Aedes aegypti.

3.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 308-314, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of alum ice nanoemulsion on VEGF and TGF-β1 in hypertrophic scar based on Notch signaling pathway.Methods:Totally 144 SD rats were divided into blank control group, model group, triamcinolone acetonide group and alum ice nanoemulsion low-, medium- and high-dose groups according to random number table method, with 24 rats in each group. Except for the blank control group, the rats in other groups were prepared with deep Ⅱ ° burn models. 24 hours after the successful modeling, the model group was given the same amount of normal saline, the rats in alum ice nanoemulsion low-, medium- and high-dose groups were given 8.15, 6.30 and 32.60 mg/ml alum ice nanoemulsion respectively, and the triamcinolone acetonide group was given triamcinolone acetonide twice a day, 0.2 ml each time, for 35 consecutive days. At 14, 21, 28 and 35 d, the collagen fiber surface density was calculated by VG staining. The protein expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), Notch1 and Jagged1 were detected by Western Blot. The expressions of Notch1 mRNA and Jagged1 mRNA were detected by RT-PCR.Results:Compared with model group, triamcinolone acetonide and different doses of alum ice nanoemulsion groups could decrease collagen fiber surface density, protein expressions of VEGF, TGF-β1, Notch1, Jagged1 and mRNA expressions of Notch1, Jagged1 in different degrees ( P<0.05). Compared with the triamcinolone acetonide group, the collagen fiber surface density, protein expressions of VEGF, TGF-β1, Notch1 and Jagged1 and mRNA expressions of Notch1, Jagged1 in the alum ice nanoemulsion medium-dosage group decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Alum ice nanoemulsion can inhibit hypertrophic scar formation, and its mechanism is related to down-regulating Notch signal pathway related molecules Notch1, Jagged1 protein and mRNA levels, and then down-regulating VEGF and TGF-β1 protein expressions.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1245-1255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978698

ABSTRACT

Oral mucosal drug delivery has the advantages of rapid drug absorption, no first-pass effect and good patient compliance. However, factors such as low drug dissolution, saliva carrying the drug into the gastrointestinal tract and the existence of physiological barriers in the mucosa may affect the mucosal permeation and bioavailability of the drug. Nanotechnology applied to drug oral mucosa delivery can overcome the above disadvantages and obtain efficient absorption effect. This paper describes the physiological structure of oral mucosa and the factors affecting the absorption of drugs in oral mucosa, reviews the application of nanotechnology such as liposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers, nanoemulsions, polymer nanoparticles, polymer micelles and nanohybrid suspensions in oral mucosal drug delivery and the mechanism of promoting drug absorption, summarizes the main problems of current research, and gives an outlook on the application of nano oral mucosal drug delivery system. The main problems of current research are summarized, and the prospects for the application of nano oral mucosal drug delivery systems are discussed.

5.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 177-181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965569

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the eye irritation and the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel in rabbits. Methods The eye irritation of tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel in rabbits was observed by histological cross-sections of external ocular tissues stained with HE. The aqueous humor of rabbit eyes was extracted by corneal puncture and analyzed by HPLC-MS for pharmacokinetic study. Results Tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel had no significant irritation on rabbit eyes. The pharmacokinetic parameter showed that the AUC of tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel was (128.34±13.09) ng·h/ml, which was 1.13 times of tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion (113.61±12.36) ng·h/ml and 1.88 times of Talymus® (68.25±10.82) ng·h /ml. Conclusion Tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel had the advantages of low irritation, long retention time and high bioavailability in rabbit eyes. It has a good potential for clinical application.

6.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 21(3): 323-342, mayo 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396881

ABSTRACT

Copaifera spp. essential oil (EOC) was extracted by hydrodistillation of Copaifera oleoresin (COR). The EOC was characterized by GC/MS and a novel EOC-loaded nanoemulsion was developed to enhance the EOC solubility and to evaluate its utility as antinflammatory. EOC contain 14 volatile compounds (including ß-caryophyllene: 51.52%) having a required HLB of 11. The Surfactant: EOC: Water ratio of 13:15:75 (%, w:w:w) produced the optimal formulation (particle size: 94.47 nm). The EOC-loaded nanoemulsion presented a pseudoplastic/thixotropic behavior with excellent shelf stability for 6 months. The anti-inflammatory effect of the nanoemulsion was more potent than that of the EOC, and statistically equal to diclofenac (50 mg/kg). The EOC-loaded nanoemulsion showed no oral acute toxicity (in mice) at 2000 mg/kg; hence, it is considered a nontoxic product. The development of the EOC-loaded nanoemulsion added value to both the COR and the EOC by providinga suitable formulation that could be used as an anti-inflammatory product.


El aceite esencial (EOC) fue extraído por hidrodestilación de oleoresina de Copaifera spp. El EOC fue caracterizado químicamente por GC/MS. Se formuló una nanoemulsión con EOC para mejorar la solubilidad del EOC y evaluar su utilidad como antiinflamatorio. El EOC contiene 14 compuestos volátiles (incluido el ß-cariofileno: 51,52%) con un HLB requerido de 11. La relación Tensioactivo: EOC: Agua de 13:15:75 (%, p:p:p) produjo la formulación óptima (tamaño de partícula: 94,47 nm).. La nanoemulsión cargada con EOC presentó un comportamiento pseudoplástico/tixotrópico con una excelente estabilidad en almacenamiento durante 6 meses. El efecto antiinflamatorio de la nanoemulsión fue más potente que el del EOC y estadísticamente igual al diclofenaco (50 mg/kg). La nanoemulsión cargada con COE no mostró toxicidad aguda oral (en ratones) a 2000 mg/kg; por lo tanto, se considera un producto no tóxico. El desarrollo de la nanoemulsión cargada con EOC agregó valor tanto al COR como al EOC al proporcionar una formulación adecuada que podría usarse como un producto antiinflamatorio.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Fabaceae/chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Rheology , Surface-Active Agents , Temperature , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Toxicity Tests, Acute , Emulsions/pharmacology , Nanoparticles , Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes/analysis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 28-33, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907150

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare berberine hydrochloride nanoemulsion, optimize its formulation composition and preparation process, and investigate its in vitro characteristics. Methods BBR-NE was prepared by water drop addition and pseudo-ternary phase diagram was drawn. The formulation of NE was optimized by central composite design-response surface methodology to choose the optimal formulation composition. The particle size, potential and appearance of the prepared BBR-NE were characterized. Results The optimal prescription of BBR-NE was determined as the oil phase Capryol 90 accounted for 32.84% of the system, the surfactant Tween-80 accounted for 33.90%, the co-surfactant 1,2-propylene glycol accounted for 16.95%, and water relative system accounted for 15.25%. The prepared NE was clear and transparent in appearance, regular in shape and uniform in size, with an average particle diameter of (68.85±8) nm, polydiseperse index of (0.245±0.03) and drug loading of 0.83 mg/g. The in vitro drug release results of NE showed that the in vitro drug release behavior was passive diffusion, which had a certain slow releasing effect and met the first-order release equation. Conclusion The BBR-NE can provide a new dosage form for the clinical use of berberine.

8.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 690-697, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959225

ABSTRACT

@#In order to improve the poor solubility and low bioavailability of paeonol (Pae), paeonol-nanoemulsion (Pae-NE) was prepared, and its effect on uptake of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was investigated.Pae-NE was prepared by phase inversion composition (PIC), the formulation of Pae-NE was optimized by single factor method and central composite design-response surface method (CCD), and the pharmaceutical properties were further characterized.Moreover, MTT was applied to evaluate the toxicity of Pae-NE on HUVECs, and the cellular uptake efficiency of Pae-NE was detected by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry.The results showed that the optimal formulation of Pae-NE was 20 mg of Pae, 55.1 mg of LCT, 144.9 mg of MCT, 600 mg of HS15, and 200 mg of 1,2 propylene glycol.The Pae-NE appearance was a light blue emulsion, and the average particle size is (25.69 ± 0.03) nm, with PDI of 0.182 ± 0.09, Zeta potential of -(4.01 ± 0.30) mV and good stability.The drug loading of Pae-NE was (1.967 ± 0.28) mg/mL and encapsulation rate of (99.36 ± 0.1)%.Pae-NE performed no significant effect on HUVECs growth in the Pae concentration range of 10-1-10-3 μg/mL.Moreover, NE as a drug delivery carrier significantly enhanced the uptake efficiency of Pae on HUVECs.In conclusion, Pae-NE preparation method was simple and stable, and promotes HUVECs uptake efficiency of Pae, suggesting that NE was a better dosage form reference for the lipid-soluble drug of Pae.

9.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 112 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416707

ABSTRACT

The antiparasitic niclosamide has shown promising anticancer activity in preclinical studies against several types of cancer, such as colorectal and prostate. Thus, the objective of this work was to develop innovative formulations for the repositioning of niclosamide as an anticancer agent. In chapter I, a critical review of the literature on the physicochemical properties of the drug was carried out, in addition the results of clinical studies against colorectal and prostate cancer. Besides, a review was carried out on studies that developed formulations containing this drug, as well as hypotheses to improve the biopharmaceutical performance of this molecule. In chapter II, the development of solid amorphous dispersion containing niclosamide was carried out. Drug/polymer solutions were acoustic levitated and characterized by synchrotron X-ray light. This set allowed fast, high quality measurements, as well as the identification of niclosamide recrystallization. Plasdone® and Soluplus® demonstrated better properties to form amorphous dispersions, with the latter showing superior solubility enhancement. The study showed that the developed formulation increased the apparent saturation solubility of niclosamide in water by two times. In chapter III the objective was the development, physicochemical characterization and in vitro anticancer activity of a niclosamide nanoemulsion, having HCT-116 cells as a cellular model. Preliminary results indicated Capmul® MCM C8 as the best liquid lipid for the system, but the first nanoemulsions containing this lipid were not stable to justify its usage. On the other hand, Miglyol® 812 indicated to be a suitable liquid lipid for the system. The niclosamide nanoemulsion (~200 nm) with Miglyol® 812 and poloxamer 188 was stable for 56 days, with a monomodal particle size distribution. Cell viability assay against HCT-116 cells demonstrated that niclosamide cytotoxicity is time and concentration dependent. Results herein obtained encourage further research to understand and optimize niclosamide performance as an anticancer drug substance


O antiparasitário niclosamida tem apresentado promissora atividade anticâncer em estudos pré- clínicos contra diversos tipos de câncer, como coloretal e próstata. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi desenvolver formulações inovadoras para o reposicionamento da niclosamida como agente anticâncer. No capítulo I foi realizada revisão crítica da literatura sobre as propriedades físico-químicas do fármaco, além de resultados de estudos clínicos da niclosamida contra câncer de coloretal e de próstata. Além disso, foi feita revisão sobre estudos que desenvolveram formulações contendo esse fármaco, bem como hipóteses para melhorar o desempenho biofarmacêutico dessa molécula. No capítulo II foi realizado o desenvolvimento de dispersão solida amorfa contendo niclosamida. Soluções de fármaco/polímero foram levitadas em levitador acústico e caracterizadas por raios-X de luz síncrotron. Este conjunto permitiu medições rápidas e de alta qualidade, bem como identificação de recristalização da niclosamida. Plasdone® e Soluplus® demonstraram melhores propriedades para formar as dispersões amorfas, com o último apresentando aumento de solubilidade superior. O estudo mostrou que a formulação desenvolvida aumentou em duas vezes a solubilidade aparente de saturação da niclosamida em água. No capítulo III o objetivo foi o desenvolvimento, a caracterização físicoquímica e atividade anticâncer in vitro de uma nanoemulsão de niclosamida, tendo células HCT-116 como modelo celular. Resultados preliminares indicaram o Capmul® MCM C8 como o melhor lipídio líquido para o sistema, mas as primeiras nanoemulsões contendo este lipídio não foram estáveis para justificar seu uso. Por outro lado, Miglyol® 812 indicou ser um lipídio líquido adequado para o sistema. A nanoemulsão de niclosamida (~200 nm) com Miglyol® 812 e poloxâmero 188 foi estável por 56 dias, com distribuição monomodal do tamanho de partícula. O ensaio de viabilidade celular contra células HCT-116 demonstrou que a citoxicidade da niclosamida é dependente do tempo e da concentração. Os resultados aqui obtidos encorajam mais pesquisas para entender e otimizar o desempenho da niclosamida como uma substância anticancerígena


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques/methods , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Drug Compounding/instrumentation , Niclosamide/administration & dosage , Chemistry, Physical , Health Strategies , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Drug Repositioning/instrumentation , Neoplasms/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 217-226, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906040

ABSTRACT

As a new technology with unique drug delivery advantages, nanoemulsion has been widely used in the field of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparations. By searching, classifying and sorting out the literature reports at home and abroad in recent years, this paper systematically expounded the application advantages and production mechanism of nanoemulsion in delivering effective components of TCM from three aspects of improving oral bioavailability, enhancing targeting effect and delaying drug release. The current formulation optimization strategies, preparation processes and quality evaluation indicators commonly used in TCM nanoemulsion were summarized. Based on the research status of TCM nanoemulsion with different active components, the common problems and possible solutions in the development of TCM nanoemulsion were discussed, and the future research hotspots and directions of TCM nanoemulsion were prospected. This article clarifies the feasibility of nanoemulsion for enriching the selection of TCM dosage forms, which can provide reference for the subsequent rational design and improvement of TCM preparations. At the same time, it is revealed that the research focus of TCM nanoemulsion in the future lies in the integrated research of TCM compounds, and shows a trend of multi-disciplinary joint and targeted research.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 154-161, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between phase behavior of curcumin (CUR) from self-nanoemulsion drug delivery system (SNEDDS) and stability of the formed nanoemulsion in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. Method:The growth rate of precipitation after dispersion of CUR-SNEDDS was expressed by the change tendency of CUR supersaturation-time curve. The effect of drug loading on crystal nucleation and growth was investigated by ultraviolet-visible spectrometry and polarized light microscope, respectively. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to analyze the precipitation forms of CUR-SNEDDS with different drug loading in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. At the same time, the effect of drug loading on the quality stability of nanoemulsion formed by CUR-SNEDDS in artificial gastrointestinal fluid was investigated. Result:In the artificial gastrointestinal fluid, with the increase of drug loading, the area under the supersaturation-time curve of CUR was increased (100% drug loading≈90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the crystallization nucleation and growth rate were accelerated (100% drug loading>90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the amorphous proportion in the precipitation composition decreased, the nanoemulsion droplets adhered and distributed unevenly, the particle size and dispersivity were increased. Conclusion:High drug loading promotes the nucleation and growth of crystals, and increases the proportion of crystal forms in the precipitation composition, which leads to the decrease in the stability of the formed nanoemulsion. Therefore, it is suggested that the drug loading of CUR-SNEDDS needs to be controlled below 90%.

12.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 325-331, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881391

ABSTRACT

@#To investigate the in situ intestinal absorption characteristics and pharmacokinetic behavior of metformin-resveratrol compound water-in-oil nanoemulsion (MRCE) in rats, the in situ intestinal perfusion model was constructed in rats to study the intestinal absorption characteristics of MRCE in different intestinal segments. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups. After intragastric administration of metformin and MRCE, blood was taken at a preset time point. The content of metformin in intestinal perfusion samples and blood samples at various time points was determined by HPLC. Plasma concentration-time profiles of free metformin and MRCE were calculated, and the main pharmacokinetic data were processed and analyzed by DAS 2.1.1 software. The absorption rate constant (Ka), the effective permeability (Peff) and the percentage of absorption (PA) of MRCE in each intestinal segment were significantly higher than those of metformin (P < 0.05). The area under the drug-time curve (AUC0-72 h), the half-life (t1/2) and mean residence time (MRT0-72 h) of MRCE were 1.68, 11.25 and 6.97 times of metformin, respectively (P < 0.01).The relative bioavailability of MRCE was 167.6%. The 90% confidence interval of AUC0-72 h was 156.9%-187.4%, which was not within the standard interval of bioequivalence. The intestinal absorption of MRCE was significantly better than that of free metformin; MRCE improved the oral bioavailability of metformin and was not bioequivalent to metformin.

13.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 231-240, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881067

ABSTRACT

Salidroside (SAL) is a phenolic substance with high solubility and low permeability, which make it easy to cause the efflux effect of P-glycoprotein and degradation of intestinal flora, resulting in lower bioavailability. The aim of this study was to develop and optimize a water-in-oil nanoemulsion of SAL (w/o SAL-N) to explore its suitability in oral drug delivery systems. In this work, SAL-N was successfully prepared by water titration method at K

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4986-4992, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921636

ABSTRACT

Moslae Herba is a commonly used aromatic Chinese medicinal with volatile oil as the main effective component and exhibits broad-spectrum antibacterial and antiviral effects. However, the irritation and instability of Moslae Herba volatile oil necessitate the preparation into a specific dosage form. In this study, the steam distillation method was employed to extract the Moslae Herba volatile oil. The content of thymol and carvacrol in Moslae Herba volatile oil was determined by HPLC as(0.111 9±0.001 0) and(0.235 4±0.004 7) mg·mL~(-1), respectively. Pseudo-ternary phase diagrams and surfactants compounding were applied in the selection of the optimal excipients(surfactant and cosurfactant). On this basis, a nanoemulsion was prepared from the Moslae Herba volatile oil and then loaded into pressure vessels to get sprays, whose stability and antibacterial activity were evaluated afterward. With clarity, viscosity, smell and body feeling as comprehensive indexes, the optimal formulation of the Moslae Herba volatile oil nanoemulsion was determined as follows: Moslae Herba volatile oil∶peppermint oil∶cremophor EL∶absolute ethanol∶distilled water 7.78∶1.58∶19.26∶6.15∶65.23. The as-prepared nanoemulsion was a light yellow transparent liquid, with Tyndall effect shown under the irradiation of parallel light. It has the pH of 5.50, conductivity of 125.9 μS·cm~(-1), average particle size of 15.45 nm, polydispersity index(PDI) of 0.156, and Zeta potential of-17.9 mV. Under a transmission electron microscope, the Moslae Herba volatile oil nanoemulsion was presented as regular spheres without adhesion and agglomeration. Stability test revealed that the Moslae Herba volatile oil nanoemulsion was stable at 4-55 ℃, which was free from demulsification and stratification within 30 days. After the centrifugation at 12 000 r·min~(-1) for 30 min, there was no stratification either. The nanoemulsion had good inhibitory effects on Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and resistant S. aureus strains, with the minimum inhibitory concentrations of 0.39, 3.12 and 1.56 mg·mL~(-1), respectively. The above results demonstrated that the nanoemulsion was prepared feasibly and showed stable physical and chemical properties and good antibacterial effects. This study provides a practicable technical solution for the development of anti-epidemic and anti-infection products from Moslae Herba volatile oil.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Emulsions , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Oils, Volatile , Particle Size
15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-210656

ABSTRACT

The objectives of this study were to optimize the formula of the self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS)containing rosuvastatin and to evaluate its physicochemical characteristics. The solubility and compatibility ofrosuvastatin in surfactants, cosurfactants, and oil excipients were evaluated. The D-optimal experimental design,created by JMP 15 software, was used for analyzing the effects of excipients on the physicochemical characteristicsof SNEDDS to optimize the rosuvastatin SNEDDS formula. The generated nanoemulsions from Ros SNEDDS werecharacterized for droplet size, polydispersity index, and entrapment efficiency. As a result, Cremophor RH40, Capryol90, and PEG 400 were selected to develop the pseudoternary phase diagram to identify the area capable of selfforming nanoemulsion. As the percentage of rosuvastatin calcium increased from 8% to 12%, the area for optimizingthe formula of Ros SNEDDS decreased. The Ros SNEDDS prepared according to predicted formulas possessed selfemulsification to form nanoemulsion with average droplet size less than 100 nm, polydispersity index less than 0.3,and rosuvastatin entrapment higher than 90%.

16.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 2929-2936, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846387

ABSTRACT

Objective: Puerarin nanoemulsion lyophilized powder (Pue-NE-LP) was prepared using natural surfactant glycyrrhizic acid as stabilizer and evaluated in vitro. Methods: Pue-NE was prepared by high-speed shear and high-pressure homogenization method, and further combined with freeze-drying method to prepare Pue-NE-LP. Taking the average particle size and polydispersity index (PDI) as the evaluation indexes, the optimal prescription and process parameters of this experiment were screened out through a single factor test. The prepared Pue-NE-LP was characterized by physicochemical properties and dissolution in vitro. Results: The average particle size and PDI of Pue-NE-LP prepared with 5% glyceryl caprylate as oil phase, 2.0 mg/mL glycyrrhizic acid as stabilizer, and 7% glucose as lyophilization protectant was (215.1 ± 0.7) nm and (0.133 ± 0.024), respectively. Scanning electron microscopy showed that Pue-NE-LP was irregularly small and uniform in size; X-ray diffraction showed that Pue-NE-LP existed in an amorphous state. In vitro release results showed that the dissolution rate of Pue-NE-LP was significantly higher than the physical mixture. Conclusion: Pue-NE-LP prepared with natural surfactant glycyrrhizic acid as a stabilizer is not only simple to prepare, but also can significantly improve the solubility and bioavailability of puerarin. It provides a reference for the multiple development of Pue-NE formulations.

17.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3180-3186, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846355

ABSTRACT

Objective: Puerarin nanoemulsion (Pue-NE) was prepared with glycyrrhizic acid as a natural stabilizer, and its release characteristics in vitro were investigated. Methods: Data processing was performed using particle size and polydispersity index (PDI) as independent variables, and using the overall desirability (OD) as the evaluation index. The central composite design-response surface method was used to optimize the prescription, and the physical and chemical properties and release characteristics of Pue-NE prepared by the optimal prescription were investigated. Results: The best prescription for Pue-NE is puerarin at a concentration of 5.0 mg/mL, glycyrrhizic acid at a concentration of 1.75 mg/mL, and caprylic glyceride in an amount of 3.5 mL. The average particle size of the nanoemulsion is (184.5 ± 0.8) nm, the PDI is 0.088 ± 0.002, the zeta potential is (10.56 ± 0.35) mv, the conductivity is (98.3 ± 0.4) μs/cm, pH is 6.750 ± 0.005, solubility (4.970 ± 0.008) mg/mL, drug loading is (99.4 ± 0.2)%, turbidity (24.3 ± 1.0) cm-1 (n = 3). It was identified as O/W emulsion by dyeing method. TEM scanning results show that the droplets are spherical and uniform in size and the stability results showed that Pue-NE has good storage stability at 25 ℃. In vitro release results showed that Pue-NE has the greatest release in phosphate buffered pH 6.8 within 24 hours. Conclusion: The preparation of Pue-NE with glycyrrhizic acid as a natural stabilizer is not only simple and convenient, but also can effectively replace the use of traditional chemical synthetic stabilizers and improve the solubility of puerarin.

18.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 5714-5722, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846041

ABSTRACT

Objective: Using Perilla frutescens as a model drug, the nanoemulsion of Perilla frutescens essential oil (PFEO) were prepared, and the formulation process research and preliminary quality evaluation were carried out. Methods: The cosurfactants were determined according to the amount of PFEO dissolved in various excipients. The HLB value method was used to preliminarily screen surfactants suitable for oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsions, and the surfactants with dosage safety were further screened to determine the composition of nanoemulsion formulations. By drawing a pseudo-ternary phase diagram, the nanoemulsion region size, drug loading, water content, and conductivity, viscosity, particle size, distribution, and stability was comprehensively compared to optimize the prescription. This study investigated the appearance, physicochemical properties (viscosity, pH value, conductivity, electrical conductivity, particle size, Zeta potential), stability, in vitro permeability properties and nasal mucosa irritation of the nanoemulsion of PFEO. Results: The final optimized nanoemulsion formulation was 14.3% PFEO-9.5% Transcutol P-19.1% Labrasol-57.1% water. The nanoemulsion of PFEO prepared according to the optimized prescription was uniform, transparent, clear, with good fluidity. The viscosity was (3.68 ± 0.17) mPa∙s, pH value was (6.18 ± 0.03), the electrical conductivity was (109.61 ± 0.89) μS/cm, the Zeta potential was (-7.08 ± 1.82) mV, and the particle size was (49.98 ± 1.55) nm. The results of transmission electron microscope experiment showed that, the droplets of PFEO nanoemulsion were spherical with the particle size within 100 nm. The stability test results showed that the nanoemulsion of PFEO had centrifugal stability, dilution stability, long-term stability and temperature stability. After storage at room temperature and unsealed for one month and six months, the percentage change of the average perillaldehyde content of PFEO nanoemulsion and PFEO was 1.8% and 17.48%, respectively. The nasal mucosal irritation test results showed that the PFEO nanoemulsion administration group had no significant difference from the blank saline group. Conclusion: The appearance and related physical and chemical properties of PFEO nanoemulsion prepared by optimized prescription process meet the quality requirements of nanoemulsion, with drug stability, drug permeability and safety.

19.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e17337, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089198

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to characterize and evaluate nanoemulgel of snakehead fish powder (SFP) for the poorly water-soluble drug. SFP was formulated into nanoemulsion utilizing the best comparison of surfactant, co-surfactant, and oil. Diverse nanoemulsion components (oil, surfactant, and co-surfactant) were chosen based on solvency and emulsification capacity. SFP 0.1% loaded nanoemulsion which tested by stress-stability testing which carried out for all formulations and those that passed these tests were characterized for droplet size, polydispersity index (PDI), zeta potential, pH, viscosity, and transmittance. After that, nanoemulsion was added with 1.5%, 2.0%, and 2.5% of HPMC in different concentrations and mixed until nanoemulgel form and evaluated for pH, viscosity, spreadability, and extrudability measurement. The results of this research showed that SF nanoemulsion produced clear, stable, and transparent formula having the transmittance value 99.87%. Mean droplet size and zeta potential of the optimized nanoemulsion (NE4) were found to be 98.6±0.93 nm (PDI 0.1±0.20) and -57.5±0.3 MV respectively. Meanwhile, the evaluation results of nanoemulgel (NEG) showed NEG1.5 gave pH 6.0, viscosity 210 cP, spreadability 5.8 g cm/s and extrudability 1.4 g/cm2. Otherwise, NEG2.0 and NEG2.5 had high viscosity and pH generating low spreading on the skin i.e. 3.9 g cm/s and 2.8 g cm/s respectively. The results of the evaluation and preparation stability test showed a good level of stability of NEG1.5 with the viscosity and pH by one way ANOVA which did not change significantly.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3672-3680, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828399

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the supersaturation and maintenance time of drug dispersion in curcumin self-nanoemulsion(CUR-SNEDDS), precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were introduced to prepare curcumin supersaturated self-emulsion(CUR-SSNEDDS). The composition of CUR-SNEDDS prescriptions was selected through the solubility test, the compatibility of oil phase and surfactant, the investigation of the emulsifying ability of the surfactant and the drawing of the pseudo-ternary phase diagram. Analytic hierarchy process was used in combination with central composite design-response surface method to optimize the prescription. The type and dosage of precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were selected to maintain the supersaturated concentration and duration of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluids. At the same time, polarizing microscope was used to evaluate the crystallization inhibition effect and the quality and in vitro release behavior of CUR-SSNEDDS. The prepared CUR-SSNEDDS prescription was capryol 90-kolliphor RH40-transcutol HP-Soluplus(7.93∶66.71∶25.36∶5), with the drug loading of(65.12±1.25) mg·g~(-1). CUR-SSNEDDS was transparent yellow, and the nanoemulsion droplets were spherical with uniform distribution. The emulsification time was(21.02±0.13) s, the average particle size was(57.03±0.35) nm, the polydispersity index(PDI) was(0.23 ± 0.01), and the Zeta potential was(-18.10±1.30) mV. CUR-SSNEDDS significantly inhibited the generation and growth of crystals after in vitro dilution. The supersaturation could be maintained above 10 within 2 h, and the dissolution rate and degree of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluid were significantly increased. Soluplus could effectively maintain the supersaturated state of CUR and enhance CUR dissolution in vitro.


Subject(s)
Biological Availability , Curcumin , Emulsions , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Solubility , Surface-Active Agents
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