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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13360, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557306

ABSTRACT

Abstract This review provides the current state of knowledge regarding the use of nutritional nanocompounds on exercise performance. The reviewed studies used the following nanocompounds: resveratrol-loaded lipid nanoparticles, folic acid into layered hydroxide nanoparticle, redox-active nanoparticles with nitroxide radicals, and iron into liposomes. Most of these nutritional nanocompounds seem to improve performance in endurance exercise compared to the active compound in the non-nanoencapsulated form and/or placebo. Nutritional nanocompounds also induced the following physiological and metabolic alterations: 1) improved antioxidant activity and reduced oxidative stress; 2) reduction in inflammation status; 3) maintenance of muscle integrity; 4) improvement in mitochondrial function and quality; 5) enhanced glucose levels during exercise; 6) higher muscle and hepatic glycogen levels; and 7) increased serum and liver iron content. However, all the reviewed studies were conducted in animals (mice and rats). In conclusion, nutritional nanocompounds are a promising approach to improving exercise performance. As the studies using nutritional nanocompounds were all conducted in animals, further studies in humans are necessary to better understand the application of nutritional nanocompounds in sport and exercise science.

2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 37: e20230050, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550299

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background It is justified by the high population's morbidity and mortality rate, as well as the increasing present use of nanoparticles in this pathological context. Objectives To describe the main nanotechnology breakthroughs in the field of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and disseminate pertinent information in the literature. Methods This is a systematic review conducted between September and October 2021. The review was carried out through basic nature, following the initial script for the selective reading of articles in chronological order to collect relevant and consistent data related to the theme. Results It is evidenced the main advances of nanotechnology in the field of CVDs, namely, acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), heart failure (HF), and systemic arterial hypertension (SAH). Conclusion The importance of further and deeper studies in this area is emphasized, in order to make the already approved treatments feasible, so they can reach all publics at a low cost.

3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 32: e20230278, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550476

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present in vitro study incorporated niobium oxyhydroxide fillers into an experimental high-viscosity bulk-fill resin composite to improve its mechanical performance and provide it a bioactive potential. Methodology Scanning electron microscopy synthesized and characterized 0.5% niobium oxyhydroxide fillers, demonstrating a homogeneous morphology that represented a reinforcement for the feature. Fillers were weighed, gradually added to the experimental resin composite, and homogenized for one minute, forming three groups: BF (experimental high-viscosity bulk-fill resin composite; control), BF0.5 (experimental high-viscosity bulk-fill resin composite modified with 0.5% niobium oxyhydroxide fillers), and BFC (commercial bulk-fill resin composite Beautifil Bulk U, Shofu; positive control). In total, 10 specimens/groups (8 × 2 × 2 mm) underwent flexural strength (FS) tests in a universal testing machine (Instron) (500N). Resin composites were also assessed for Knoop hardness (KH), depth of cure (DoC), degree of conversion (DC), elastic modulus (E), and degree of color change (ΔE). The bioactive potential of the developed resin composite was evaluated after immersing the specimens into a simulated body fluid in vitro solution and assessing them using a Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscope with an attenuated total reflectance accessory. One-way ANOVA, followed by the Tukey's test (p<0.05), determined FS, DC, KH, and ΔE. For DoC, ANOVA was performed, which demonstrated no significant difference between groups (p<0.05). Conclusions The high-viscosity bulk-fill resin composite with 0.5% niobium oxyhydroxide fillers showed promising outcomes as reinforcement agents and performed well for bioactive potential, although less predictable than the commercial resin composite with Giomer technology.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 117-124+128, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006214

ABSTRACT

@#Cancer diagnosis and treatment has always been a hot spot in clinical and basic scientific research. In recent years,scientists have developed a large number of tumor diagnosis and treatment methods based on bacteria combined with nanotechnology. Compared with pure bacterial diagnosis and treatment,bacterial diagnosis and treatment combined with nanotechnology can produce multiple synergistic effects,thereby improving the efficacy of tumor diagnosis and treatment.The characteristics of bacteria such as environmental sensitivity,tropism,motility and hypoxia growth combined organically with nanotechnology can increase the solubility of insoluble drugs,promote drug lysosomal escape,and avoid phagocytosis and clearance of the reticuloendothelial system to construct a new type of bacterial micro/nano diagnosis and treatment platform,thereby achieving the precise tumor diagnosis and controlled drug release. This paper reviewed the research progress of bacteria combined with nanotechnology for tumor diagnosis and treatment in recent years and the challenges and possible solutions,so as to provide reference for promoting the rapid development of tumor diagnosis and treatment research.

5.
Medisur ; 21(4)ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514596

ABSTRACT

Este artículo pretende alertar acerca de la relevancia de las nanociencias y la nanotecnología acompañada por la nanometrología para el desarrollo de las naciones en el siglo XXI. Se utilizó SciElo como base de datos, con las palabras clave: nanotecnología, nanomedicina, unidades de salud cubanas. El artículo realiza una aproximación a la nanotecnología con enfoque internacional y regional. Describe algunas aplicaciones de las nanotecnologías, con énfasis en la nanomedicina, así como los dilemas y consideraciones éticas asociadas a estas. Advierte acerca de la nocividad para la salud del hombre de algunos de estos desarrollos. Defiende la idea de que la nanometrología, resulta imprescindible para el logro de desarrollos tecnológicos, con mayor relevancia en el campo de la nanomedicina, así como que la nanotecnología debe ser tratada como la ciencia del siglo XXI por el impacto social, cultural y económico que tendrá, y con esto puede cambiar al mundo.


This article aims to alert about the relevance of nanosciences and nanotechnology accompanied by nanometrology for the nations development in the 21st century. Scielo was used as a database, with the keywords: nanotechnology, nanomedicine, Cuban health units. The article makes an approach to nanotechnology with an international and regional approach. It describes some applications of nanotechnologies, with an emphasis on nanomedicine, as well as the dilemmas and ethical considerations associated with them. It advises about these developments' harmfulness to human health, also defends the idea that nanometrology is essential for the technological developments achievement, with greater relevance in the nanomedicine field, as well as that nanotechnology should be treated as the 21st century science due to the social, cultural and economic impact that will have, and this can change the world.

6.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218948

ABSTRACT

The field of nanotechnology is quickly developing and emerging since it has enormous potential for various human uses. With their unique, size-based physical and chemical attributes, nonmaterials generated and engineered through nanotechnology have many applications in biomedicine and agriculture. Theranostics is a branch of nanomedicine that uses small, highly surface-area nanoparticles to diagnose and treat diseases. Nanomaterials have a wide range of uses in agriculture, from fertilizers that improve soil nutrient uptake by plants to nano pesticides that control a variety of pests, including fungi, phytophagous insects, and weeds, increasing food output. Agriculture and food security are intimately connected, and many researchers are interested. Agriculture production depends on many difficulties due to the severe effects of climate change, water problems and changing the distribution of insect pests. Meanwhile, it faces tremendous challenges in maintaining food security for a massive population amid declining resources. Research is actively exploring the use of nonmaterial in agriculture due to their tremendous promise. Despite their good qualities, nonmaterial present risks to the environment and human health, necessitating risk assessment studies. Green nonmaterial synthesis may lessen the usage of toxic agrochemicals that pollute the environment and enter biological systems, providing an environmentally safe, environmentally friendly, and economically advantageous option. In this critical evaluation, nanoparticles are used in agriculture.

7.
Braz. dent. j ; 34(3): 119-128, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1447595

ABSTRACT

Abstract To assess the in vitro and in situ effect of experimental combined fluoride and calcium nanocomposite solutions on dental caries prevention. Nanocompound mesoporous silica (MS) with calcium (Ca) and sodium fluoride (NaF) - (MSCaNaF); MS with NaF (MSNaF), NaF solution (positive control), and deionized water (negative control - CG) were studied. The specimens (n=130) were submitted in vitro to a multispecies biofilm in the presence of 2% sucrose. After 24 h and 48 h, the culture medium pH, the percent of surface mineral loss (%SML), and lesion depth (ΔZ) were analyzed. In the in situ study, 10 volunteers participated in four phases of 7-days each. The products were applied on the specimens (n=240) before 20% sucrose solution drips. The polysaccharides (SEPS and IEPS), %SML and roughness (Sa) were evaluated. There was an in vitro decrease in pH values in 24h and 48h, compared to baseline. The MSCaNaF and MSNaF groups obtained lower values of %SML and ΔZ (p < 0.05) than CG and NaF after 24h and were similar to NaF after 48h (p<0.05). In situ results showed similar SEPS and IEPS among all groups after 48h. An after 7-days, the nanocomposites had similar values (p>0.05), while NaF was similar to CG (p>0.05). After 48h, the MSCaNaF and MSNaF reduced the %SML (p<0.05). After 7-days, both experimental nanocomposites were similar to NaF (p>0.05). Regarding Sa, MSCaNaF was better than NaF for both periods (p<0.05). The nanocomposites controlled the in vitro and in situ enamel demineralization, mainly in the initial periods.

8.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(3)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530260

ABSTRACT

Despite the availability of drugs and pharmaceutical forms for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis symptoms, their adverse effects and lack of response to therapy reinforces the need to search for new technological formulation strategies capable of delaying the progress of the disease, with better therapeutic results and prolonged control of arthropathy. The aim of this bibliographic review was to identify new reported therapeutic approaches for these diseases. The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis is an unresolved challenge, due to the complexity of these diseases. Thus, the new therapies aim to suppress inflammatory mediators and to reduce the degradation of the extracellular matrix. In addition, the use of nano and microtechnology takes advantage of the properties of polymers, lipids, peptides, and nucleic acids to develop controlled drug release systems, aiming to obtain highly effective precision therapies, whose usefulness should be evaluated in future clinical trials.

9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 31: e20230155, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448555

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the effects of fluoride (F) gels supplemented with micrometric or nano-sized sodium trimetaphosphate (TMPmicro and TMPnano, respectively) on the in vitro remineralization of caries-like lesions. Methodology Bovine enamel subsurface lesions (n=168) were selected according to their surface hardness (SH) and randomly divided into seven groups (n=24/group): Placebo (without F/TMP), 4,500 ppm F (4500F), 4500F + 2.5% TMPnano (2.5% Nano), 4500F + 5% TMPnano (5% Nano), 4500F + 5% TMPmicro (5% Micro), 9,000 ppm F (9000F), and 12,300 ppm F (Acid gel). The gels were applied in a thin layer for one minute. Half of the blocks were subjected to pH cycling for six days, whereas the remaining specimens were used for loosely- (calcium fluoride; CaF2) and firmly-bound (fluorapatite; FA) fluoride analysis. The percentage of surface hardness recovery (%SHR), area of subsurface lesion (ΔKHN), CaF2, FA, calcium (Ca), and phosphorus (P) on/in enamel were determined. Data (log10-transformed) were subjected to ANOVA and the Student-Newman-Keuls' test (p<0.05). Results We observed a dose-response relation between F concentrations in the gels without TMP for %SHR and ΔKHN. The 2.5% Nano and 5% Micro reached similar %SHR when compared with 9000F and Acid gels. For ΔKHN, Placebo and 5% Nano gels had the highest values, and 5% Micro, 2.5% Nano, 9000F, and Acid gels, the lowest. All groups had similar retained CaF2 values, except for Placebo and Acid gel. We verified observed an increase in Ca concentrations in nano-sized TMP groups. Regarding P, TMP groups showed similar formation and retention to 9000F and Acid. Conclusion Adding 2.5% nano-sized or 5% micrometric TMP to low-fluoride gels lead to enhanced in vitro remineralization of artificial caries lesions.

10.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 31: e3014PT, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441196

ABSTRACT

Resumo Nanotecnologia é a utilização de materiais na escala nanométrica, em que estes adquirem características próprias. A área de pesquisa e desenvolvimento de novos nanomedicamentos é uma das mais promissoras atualmente, todavia essas partículas necessitam de avaliação particular e ainda não há consenso referente às testagens específicas a serem seguidas, o que dificulta a formação de uma legislação que garanta a segurança e eficácia destes medicamentos, além de um processo de registro mais eficaz. Assim, é necessária uma abordagem bioética da nanotecnologia e sua utilização em medicamentos, visando garantir que o progresso científico não acarrete impactos irreversíveis. Diante dessa problemática, busca-se promover uma discussão nanoética referente ao processo de pesquisa e desenvolvimento de nanomedicamentos, por meio de estudo qualitativo, exploratório-descritivo e de caráter analítico, utilizando revisão bibliográfica, análise documental e dados quantitativos disponíveis como técnicas de pesquisa.


Abstract Nanotechnology consist of using materials at the nanoscale, in which they acquire specific characteristics. Nanodrug research and development is one of the most promising fields today; however, these particles require particular evaluation. Moreover, studies lack consensus on which specific tests to follow, thus hindering the elaboration of legislation that ensure their safety and efficacy, as well as a more effective registration process. Thus, a bioethical approach to nanotechnology and its use in drug development is necessary to ensure scientific progress without irreversible impacts. Given this scenario, this article proposes a nanoethics discussion regarding nanodrug research and development by means of a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive analysis, based on literature review, documental analysis and quantitative data available.


Resumen La nanotecnología utiliza materiales nanométricos, en que estos adquieren características propias. El área de investigación y desarrollo de nuevas nanomedicinas es una de las más prometedoras en la actualidad, sin embargo, estas partículas requieren de una evaluación particular y aún no existe consenso en cuanto a las pruebas específicas que seguir, lo que dificulta establecer una legislación que garantice la seguridad y eficacia de estos medicamentos, además de un proceso de registro más efectivo. Por lo tanto, se necesita un enfoque bioético de la nanotecnología y su uso en medicamentos para garantizar que el avance científico no tenga impactos irreversibles. Ante esta problemática, se pretende promover el debate sobre la nanoética en el proceso de investigación y desarrollo de nanomedicinas a partir de un estudio cualitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo y analítico, que utiliza como técnicas de investigación la revisión bibliográfica, el análisis de documentos y los datos cuantitativos disponibles.


Subject(s)
Toxicology , Regulatory Frameworks for Health
11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 467-471, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the cleansing effect of Nitric Oxide (NO) sustained-release silica nanoparticles (short for NO sustained-release agent) on endoscopic biofilm and its clinical application.Methods:A total of 160 clinical endoscopes were randomly divided into two groups: the cleansing agent group (80 pieces, disinfected with cleansing agents), NO group (80 pieces, disinfected with NO sustained-release agent). A biofilm model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was constructed and used as the control for phosphate buffered solution (PBS) treatment. A biofilm model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa on the surface of endoscopic lumen was built first in vitro. Scanning electron microscopy was then used to observe the microstructure of biofilm after treatment with NO sustained-release agent. Viable counting method was used to evaluate the cleansing effect of NO sustained-release agent on biofilm. Finally, at the clinical level, the actual disinfection effect of NO sustained-release agent on clinical endoscopy was evaluated by detecting the protein residues, viable counting and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) biofluorescence detection. Results:The scanning electron microscopy showed that the biofilm was intact in the model group, but scattered bacteria were observed on the biofilm surface in the NO group and the detergent group. Compared with the model group [(4.86±2.67)×10 6(colony-forming units, CFU)/mL], the standard CFUs of the NO group [(1.37±0.61)×10 4CFU/mL] and the detergent group [(1.31±0.21)×10 5CFU/mL] were significantly lower (detergent group VS model group, P=0.009; NO group VS model group, P=0.008), and there was significant difference between the detergent group and the model group ( t=9.53, P=0.000 6). The levels of residual proteins in the endoscopic lumens before and after the treatment were 8.03±1.47 mg/mL and 0.50±0.37 mg/mL in the NO group, 8.01±1.51 mg/mL and 0.91±0.52 mg/mL in the detergent group with significant difference ( P<0.01), and the reduction effect of the NO group was more significant. The disinfection of NO group and cleaning agent group was within the qualifying range, but the ATP bioluminescence value, protein residue and colony count of NO group (78.56±42.59 RLU, 0.50±0.37 mg/mL, 7.55±4.56 CFU) were significantly lower than those of detergent agent group (120.80±54.00 RLU,0.91±0.52 mg/mL,11.50±4.75 CFU, P<0.01). Conclusion:NO sustained-release agent can effectively clear endoscopic biofilm and further improve the disinfection effect on endoscopes, which may be of great significance for improving the effects on treatment and prognosis of patients.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1245-1255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978698

ABSTRACT

Oral mucosal drug delivery has the advantages of rapid drug absorption, no first-pass effect and good patient compliance. However, factors such as low drug dissolution, saliva carrying the drug into the gastrointestinal tract and the existence of physiological barriers in the mucosa may affect the mucosal permeation and bioavailability of the drug. Nanotechnology applied to drug oral mucosa delivery can overcome the above disadvantages and obtain efficient absorption effect. This paper describes the physiological structure of oral mucosa and the factors affecting the absorption of drugs in oral mucosa, reviews the application of nanotechnology such as liposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers, nanoemulsions, polymer nanoparticles, polymer micelles and nanohybrid suspensions in oral mucosal drug delivery and the mechanism of promoting drug absorption, summarizes the main problems of current research, and gives an outlook on the application of nano oral mucosal drug delivery system. The main problems of current research are summarized, and the prospects for the application of nano oral mucosal drug delivery systems are discussed.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 536-549, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965618

ABSTRACT

Tumor microenvironment (TME) is composed of endothelial cells, pericytes, immune cells, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), cancer stem cells (CSCs), extracellular matrix (ECM) and other components of the complex biological environment. TME interacts with the tumor cells through a large amount of signaling pathways, participates in the process of tumor progression, invasion, and metastasis. Hence, TME has become a potential therapeutic target for cancer treatment, exhibiting excellent therapeutic potential and research value in the field of cancer treatment. Currently, the novel nanotechnology has been widely applied in anticancer therapy, and nanotechnology-mediated drug delivery system is being explored to apply in TME modulation to inhibit tumor progression. Nanotechnology-mediated drug delivery has many advantages over traditional therapeutic modalities, including longer circulation times, improved bioavailability, and reduced toxicity. This review summarized the research of targeted nano-drug delivery based on TME regulation, including regulation strategies based on CSCs, CAFs, immune cells, ECM, tumor vascularization, exosomes, and microbiota. In addition, we summarized the advantages, opportunities, and challenges of TME regulation strategy compared with traditional treatment strategy, which provides a reference for the application of nano-drug delivery system based on TME regulation strategy in tumor precision therapy.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1383-1399, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982819

ABSTRACT

Exosome is an excellent vesicle for in vivo delivery of therapeutics, including RNAi and chemical drugs. The extremely high efficiency in cancer regression can partly be attributed to its fusion mechanism in delivering therapeutics to cytosol without endosome trapping. However, being composed of a lipid-bilayer membrane without specific recognition capacity for aimed-cells, the entry into nonspecific cells can lead to potential side-effects and toxicity. Applying engineering approaches for targeting-capacity to deliver therapeutics to specific cells is desirable. Techniques with chemical modification in vitro and genetic engineering in cells have been reported to decorate exosomes with targeting ligands. RNA nanoparticles have been used to harbor tumor-specific ligands displayed on exosome surface. The negative charge reduces nonspecific binding to vital cells with negatively charged lipid-membrane due to the electrostatic repulsion, thus lowering the side-effect and toxicity. In this review, we focus on the uniqueness of RNA nanoparticles for exosome surface display of chemical ligands, small peptides or RNA aptamers, for specific cancer targeting to deliver anticancer therapeutics, highlighting recent advances in targeted delivery of siRNA and miRNA that overcomes the previous RNAi delivery roadblocks. Proper understanding of exosome engineering with RNA nanotechnology promises efficient therapies for a wide range of cancer subtypes.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 916-941, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971771

ABSTRACT

RNAs are involved in the crucial processes of disease progression and have emerged as powerful therapeutic targets and diagnostic biomarkers. However, efficient delivery of therapeutic RNA to the targeted location and precise detection of RNA markers remains challenging. Recently, more and more attention has been paid to applying nucleic acid nanoassemblies in diagnosing and treating. Due to the flexibility and deformability of nucleic acids, the nanoassemblies could be fabricated with different shapes and structures. With hybridization, nucleic acid nanoassemblies, including DNA and RNA nanostructures, can be applied to enhance RNA therapeutics and diagnosis. This review briefly introduces the construction and properties of different nucleic acid nanoassemblies and their applications for RNA therapy and diagnosis and makes further prospects for their development.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1303-1317, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971759

ABSTRACT

In situ and real-time monitoring of responsive drug release is critical for the assessment of pharmacodynamics in chemotherapy. In this study, a novel pH-responsive nanosystem is proposed for real-time monitoring of drug release and chemo-phototherapy by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). The Fe3O4@Au@Ag nanoparticles (NPs) deposited graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposites with a high SERS activity and stability are synthesized and labeled with a Raman reporter 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid (4-MPBA) to form SERS probes (GO-Fe3O4@Au@Ag-MPBA). Furthermore, doxorubicin (DOX) is attached to SERS probes through a pH-responsive linker boronic ester (GO-Fe3O4@Au@Ag-MPBA-DOX), accompanying the 4-MPBA signal change in SERS. After the entry into tumor, the breakage of boronic ester in the acidic environment gives rise to the release of DOX and the recovery of 4-MPBA SERS signal. Thus, the DOX dynamic release can be monitored by the real-time changes of 4-MPBA SERS spectra. Additionally, the strong T2 magnetic resonance (MR) signal and NIR photothermal transduction efficiency of the nanocomposites make it available for MR imaging and photothermal therapy (PTT). Altogether, this GO-Fe3O4@Au@Ag-MPBA-DOX can simultaneously fulfill the synergistic combination of cancer cell targeting, pH-sensitive drug release, SERS-traceable detection and MR imaging, endowing it great potential for SERS/MR imaging-guided efficient chemo-phototherapy on cancer treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1153-1157+1165, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996670

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the anti-melanoma immune effects of nano-tumor vaccine based on nano-adjuvant[CpG-coated nanoparticles(CNP)] and melanoma cell lysate antigen.Methods The immunoregulatory effects of CNP and melanoma cell lysate antigens on bone marrow-derived dendritic cells(BMDCs) and the regulatory effects on expression and secretion of cytokines IL-6 and IL-12 were investigated.After the mice inoculated with melanoma cells formed tumor,40C57BL/6N fermale mice with similar size of tumor were randomly divided into 4 groups:control(PBS) group,adjuvant(CNP) group,lysate(Lysate) group and vaccine(CNP+Lysate) group,which were administered subcutaneously once a week for 3 weeks.The tumor size of mice was recorded every 3 d and the tumor growth curve was drawn.The peripheral blood of mice was collected to detect the contents of IFN_γ and TNF_α,and immunohistochemical method was used to detect the infiltration of CD8~+T lymphocytes in tumor tissues.Results Compared with PBS,CpG and tumor lysate antigen groups,nano-vaccine adjuvant CNP effectively stimulated BMDCs maturation and promoted IL-6 and IL-12 secretion;Nanotumor vaccine showed good anti-tumor activity in vivo, the tumor size of mice in vaccine group decreased significantly,and the secretion levels of IFN_γ and TNF-α in serum were significantly higher than those in other groups;The infiltration of CD8~+T lymphocytes in tumor tissues of mice in vaccine group was also significantly better than that in other groups.Conclusion Nano-tumor vaccine effectively activated BMDCs,highly expressed immune factors,and also effectively inhibited tumor growth,showing good application potential.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4874-4883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008657

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis(RA) is a widely prevalent autoimmune inflammatory disease that severely affects patients' quality of life. Currently, conventional formulations against RA have several limitations, such as nonspecificity, poor efficacy, large drug dosages, frequent administration, and systemic side effects. Nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems have emerged as a promising stra-tegy for the diagnosis and treatment of RA since nanotechnology can overcome the limitations of traditional treatments and simplify the complexity of the disease. These systems enable targeted delivery of anti-inflammatory drugs to the inflamed areas through active and passive targeting, achieving specificity to the joints, overcoming the need for increased dosage and administration frequency, and reducing associated adverse reactions. This article aimed to review nanocarrier-based drug delivery systems in the field of RA and elucidate how nanosystems can be utilized to deliver therapeutic drugs to inflamed joints for controlling RA progression. By discussing the current issues and challenges faced by nanodrug delivery systems and highlighting the urgent need for solutions, this article offers theoretical support for further research on nanotechnology-based co-delivery systems in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Drug Delivery Systems , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Autoimmune Diseases/drug therapy , Nanotechnology
19.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2022 Dec; 59(12): 1144-1147
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221602

ABSTRACT

Rapid advances in nanotechnology are setting new paradigms in science and technology. Nano-forensic offers a fresh perspective for real-time investigation of crimes with established advanced nano-imaging tools for visualization, nano-manipulators and nanosensors. Nanotechnology enables enhanced and improved efficiency of traditional and applied forensic techniques with high sensitivity, accuracy, and reduced requirement of time. Therobust nanotechnological applications of classic tools for investigating the documents in question, time since death, age of bloodstains, along with its application in DNA analysis, in improving polymerase chain reaction (PCR) efficiency, and explosive detection. In microbial forensics, only an extensive collection of strains from around the world and high-quality sequence data can provide the basis for meaningful results. Nanotechnology will help faster disclosure of cases and evidence to competent courts, will quickly identify proxies, interpret sources, and present those findings in court as evidence.Forensic palaeontology relies heavily on pollen fingerprinting which is one of the most effective methods for detecting and analyzing evidence of exposure. Nano-based strategies hold enormous future in detecting latent fingerprinting, for illicit drug screening and security features. Nanotechnology is likely to play an important role in forensic science, providing reliable evidence in addition to being more selective and sensitive. This review offers valuable insights into the applications of nanoparticles in forensic science.

20.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2022 Dec; 59(12): 1135-1143
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221601

ABSTRACT

Nanotechnology exploits the exclusive characteristics of nanoparticles with size ranging from 1 to 1000 nanometers (nm). Various nanoparticles have presented magnificent potential for the fabrication of new drug carriers and vaccines. For designing vaccine significant attempts are done to engineer novel vaccines and to increase the efficiency of current vaccines for particular diseases. So far, few vaccines are engineered from killed pathogens or protein sub-units, while various vaccines are founded on live-inactivated pathogens that holds the danger of retrieval of their pathogenicity under some immune-compromised circumstances. To circumvent this designing of risk-free effectual vaccines in combination with satisfactory carrier systems are reflected as a vital requirement to attain preferred humoral and cellular immunity for various diseases. In the past years, utilization of vaccines based on nanoparticle has gained a pronounced responsiveness to increase aimed delivery, immunization approaches and vaccine effectiveness to attain preferred immune retorts at the cell level. To increase vaccine efficiency these nanoparticles mustguard the antigens from early proteolytic disintegration, controlled release, enable antigen internalization and management by antigen presenting cells for harmless human usage. Nanoparticles comprised of polymers, lipids, metals and proteins have previously been exploited to achievefew of these characteristics. In this context, various physicochemical characteristics of nanoparticles have a crucial part in the establishment of vaccine efficiency. This review emphases on the usage of nanoparticles centred vaccine and the importance of characteristics of nanoparticles to achieve effective vaccines delivery in order to prompt preferred host immunity against various diseases.

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