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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934382

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA detection in the screening of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and its clinical application in non-high-risk areas.Methods:Plasma EBV DNA results in 1 153 newly diagnosed nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who were treated in Sichuan Cancer Hospital from 2015 to 2020 and 244 healthy control cases with matched sex and age were retrospectively analyzed. EBV DNA were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Positive rate of EBV DNA was determined by the cutoff value of 400 (≥400 copies/ml as positive) and optimization threshold method (presence of S amplification curve as positive). Further analyses were conducted to compare EBV DNA load in different clinical stage, TNM stage and regions distribution characteristics. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of the cutoff value of 400 and optimization threshold method for NPC.Results:Compared with healthy controls, EBV DNA increased significantly in newly diagnosed NPC patients ( P<0.001). Both evaluation methods revealed that the EBV DNA positive percentage increased with TNM and clinical stage ( P<0.001). With 400 copies/ml as cutoff value, the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 40.85% and 100%, respectively. The area under the curve was 0.704 (95% CI 0.676-0.733, P<0.001). Evaluated by the optimization threshold method, the sensitivity and specificity could improve to 82.0% and 99.2%, respectively, and the area under the curve reached 0.910 (95% CI 0.894-0.924, P<0.001). Conclusions:In the low prevalence area of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the sensitivity for diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is only 40.9% by the 400 copies/ml cutoff value method. The optimization threshold method is a better choice to improve the diagnostic sensitivity without lowering the diagnostic specificity.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 309-313, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932513

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical value of MRI quantitative evaluation technique in detecting sternocleidomastoid muscle fibrosis in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after radiotherapy.Methods:From August 2019 to March 2021, 45 patients with clinically confirmed NPC after radiotherapy and 30 healthy controls who underwent physical examination in Lishui Hospital of Zhejiang University were enrolled in our study. According to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (RTOG/EORTC) classification criteria of late radiation reactions respectively, the sternocleidomastoid muscle injury in the NPC group was divided into grade Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ, which included 8, 32 and 5 patients respectively. All patients underwent T 1 mapping and T 2 mapping imaging of the neck. Firstly, the mapping images of sternocleidomastoid muscle between the two groups were analyzed and compared. Using NUMARIS/4 software of Siemens image post-processing workstation, the region of interest was manually drawn along the edge of sternocleidomastoid muscle at the level of laryngeal chamber in axial mapping diagram. Then, T 1 and T 2 values and the long and short diameters of sternocleidomastoid muscle were measured respectively. Finally, the differences of the parameters between the two groups were compared by independent sample t-test, Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the relationship between the average T 1 and T 2 values of bilateral sternocleidomastoid muscles and the grade of late radiation injury. Results:Compared with the control group, the shape of sternocleidomastoid muscle in the NPC group was smaller in shape, with irregular edge and uneven increase of T 1 mapping color scale. There was no significant difference in muscle signal in T 2 mapping. The T 1 values of left and right sternocleidomastoid muscles in the NPC group were (1 524.7±97.6) and (1 496.5±93.2) ms respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the normal control group [(1 231.5±85.3) and (1 275.9±90.9) ms] ( P<0.05), and the T 2 values of left and right sternocleidomastoid muscles in the NPC group were (28.4±4.8) and (28.4±3.6) ms respectively, which were lower than those in the normal control group [(30.4±3.5) and (30.4±3.5) ms] ( P<0.05). The long and short diameters of bilateral sternocleidomastoid muscles in the NPC group were shorter than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The average T 1 and T 2 values of bilateral sternocleidomastoid muscles in NPC patients after radiotherapy were (1 510.6±95.4) and (28.4±4.2) ms respectively, The T 1 value was positively correlated with the classification of advanced radiation injury ( r=0.78, P<0.001), and T 2 value was negatively correlated with the level of advanced radiation injury ( r=-0.87, P<0.001). Conclusion:Mapping quantitative evaluation technique can noninvasively and objectively detect and evaluate sternocleidomastoid muscle fibrosis after NPC radiotherapy, which has potential clinical application value.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 156-162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of nomogram based on arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI perfusion parameters and clinicopathological features in predicting the response to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (ANPC, stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ).Methods:From June 2018 to January 2021, 70 patients with ANPC confirmed by pathology were prospectively enrolled in Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University. Nasopharyngeal MRI plain scan, ASL and contrast-enhanced scan were performed before CRT, and routine MRI re-examination was performed within 1 week after the end of CRT. The pre-CRT perfusion parameter tumor blood flow (TBF) from ASL and clinicopathological features were recorded, and the maximum diameter (MD) of the tumor on T 1WI images was measured. The patients were divided into CRT effective group (48 cases) and ineffective group (22 cases) according to the response evaluation criteria in solid tumors. The independent sample t test was used to compare the differences of TBF, age and MD between effective group and ineffective group. The χ 2 test was used to compare the differences of gender, clinical stage and pathological type between the 2 groups. Using binary logistic regression analysis, clinicopathological model and TBF combined clinicopathological model were constructed, and the nomogram of combined model was constructed. The diagnostic efficacy of the models was obtained by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, and the area under the ROC curves (AUC) of the 3 models were compared by DeLong method. The calibration curve for the nomogram was generated, and the concordance index (C index) was acquired. Results:The TBF of the effective group and the ineffective group were (113±9) and (97±14) ml·100 g -1·min -1, with a statistical difference ( t=5.17, P<0.001). The MD value of the effective group was smaller than that of the ineffective group, with a statistical difference ( t=-2.24, P=0.028). There were statistical differences in clinical stage and pathological type between the 2 groups (χ 2 values were 12.21 and 12.95, respectively, both P<0.001). Three independent predictors, including TBF (OR=7.749), clinical stage (OR=0.129) and pathological type (OR=5.228), were included in logistic regression analysis. The AUC, sensitivity and specificity of TBF model in predicting the response to CRT were 0.843, 87.5% and 72.7%, of clinicopathological model were 0.822, 80.2% and 59.1%, of the nomogram model were 0.893, 81.2% and 90.9%. There was no statistical difference of AUC between the nomogram model and TBF model ( Z=1.23, P=0.215). However, the AUC of the nomogram model was greater than that of the clinicopathological model ( Z=2.47, P=0.031). The calibration curve showed that there was a good concordance index (C index=0.892) between the predicted value of nomogram and the actual clinical observation value. Conclusion:TBF, clinical stage and pathological type are independent predictors of the response to CRT in ANPC patients, and the nomogram based on these three factors has a good ability in predicting the response to CRT.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 387-391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of inhibin β B (INHBB) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and its relationship with clinicopathological features.Methods:Paraffin-embedded tissue specimens of 39 patients with NPC and 16 patients with chronic nasopharyngitis diagnosed by biopsy, and 30 patients with LUAD after surgical resection collected in Brain Hospital of Hunan Province (the Second People′s Hospital of Hunan Province) were analyzed retrospectively. The expression of INHBB in NPC and LUAD was detected by immunohistochemical streptavidin-perosidase (SP) method and the relationship of INHBB expression level with clinicopathological indicators was analyzed.Results:The expression of INHBB in NPC was lower than that in chronic nasopharyngitis (51.28% vs 81.25%, P=0.039), and the expression of INHBB was related to lymph node metastasis ( P=0.026) and clinical stage ( P=0.039); On the contrary, the expression level of INHBB in LUAD was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues (86.67% vs 23.33%, P<0.001). The expression level of INHBB in patients with LUAD was only related to clinical stage ( P=0.048). Conclusions:The expression of INHBB might play an important role in the development and progression of NPC and LUAD, and it was expected to be a novel diagnostic biomarker.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of miR-363-5p on the proliferation and apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and the possible mechanism.Methods:miR-363-5p expression in human normal nasopharyngeal epithelial cells NP-69 and nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells 5-8F was detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Proliferation and apoptosis of 5-8F cells overexpresing miR-365-5p were determined. At the same time, Caspase3 and BRD4 protein expression in 5-8F cells were also detected.Results:miR-365-5p expression in 5-8F cells (0.71 ± 0.45) was significantly lower than that in NP-69 cells ( t = 2.68, P < 0.05). After overexpressing miR-363-5p, the proliferation of 5-8F cells was significantly decreased ( F = 22.68, P < 0.05). The apoptotic rate in the 5-8F cells was significantly higher than that in the control group [(24.45 ± 5.38)% vs. (18.23 ± 2.41)%, t = 4.13, P < 0.05]. Bax and Caspase3 protein levels in the 5-8F cells were (1.35 ± 0.24) and (1.44 ± 0.34) respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the NP-69 cells [(1.00 ± 0.08), (1.00 ± 0.23), t = 3.12, 5.12, P < 0.05]. BRD4 protein level in the 5-8F cells was significantly lower than that in the control group [(0.42 ± 0.24) vs. (1.00 ± 0.37), t = 2.98, P <0.05]. Conclusion:miR-365-5p can inhibit proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and promote their apoptosis. The negative regulatory effects of miR-363-5p on tumor cells are achieved possibly through inhibiting BRD4 protein expression.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 464-468, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912906

ABSTRACT

Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is often used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Single conventional MRI can only evaluate the change of tumor size and cannot accurately predict the curative effect of tumors. Functional imaging technology can further supplement the information of curative effect prediction. However, single imaging evaluation has some limitations in the evaluation of tumor efficacy. The combination of functional imaging and biomarkers for the evaluation and prediction of curative effect may provide a new choice for the evaluation model of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. This paper reviews the progress of current status of therapeutic evaluation models for nasopharyngeal carcinoma, functional imaging technology and single or joint evaluation model of biomarkers, so as to provide ideas for the efficacy evaluation model for nasopharyngeal carcinoma which is accurate and easy to be promoted and applied.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910372

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the differences in the delineation of the gross tumor volume (GTV) and lymph nodes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients using computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ( 18F-FDG PET/CT), and to investigate the optimal standard uptake value (SUV; relative to the MRI-based delineation) for the automatic delineation of GTV using PET. Methods:A total of 53 NPC patients proposing to receive radiotherapy were selected for this study. The CT, MRI, and PET images of each patient were obtained before radiotherapy. Then GTV and positive lymph nodes were delineated on these three types of images. They were individually named GTV MRI, GTV CT, GTV PET2.5 (SUV=2.5), Lymph MRI, Lymph CT, and Lymph PET2.5 and compared. The GTV ∩2.5 (overlapped GTV) was obtained through the alignment of MRI and PET/CT images. Meanwhile, GTV was delineated on PET images using thresholds of SUV=4.0, 4.5, 5.0, and 5.6, obtaining GTV PET4.0, GTV PET4.5, GTV PET5.0, and GTV PET5.6. Then their volume and Dice similarity coefficients (DSCs) were compared. Results:Compared to GTV MRI, GTV CT decreased by 1.73% ( P>0.05) and GTV PET2.5 increased by 21.34% ( t=-3.52, P < 0.05) in the three types of images. The volume of Lymph PET2.5 was 1.61 and 1.87 times the volume of Lymph MRI and Lymph CT, respectively ( t=-4.12, -5.18; P< 0.05). The volume of high-SUV lymph nodes was 4.07 times the volume of lymph nodes with low SUVs or SUV=0 ( t=5.50, P< 0.05) on PET images. The DSC between GTV PET4.0and GTV MRI was 0.78 ± 0.27, which was lower than that between GTV PET2.5 and GTV MRI (0.84 ± 0.18). However, GTV PET4.0 approximated to GTV ∩2.5 ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared to CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT, MRI shows more accurate boundaries of GTV and lymph nodes. When 18F-FDG PET/CT was adopted to automatically delineate GTV, the GTV delineated using SUV=4.0 was closer to GTV MRI.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 987-991, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of the plasma matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 levels and their clinical significances during the course of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients.Methods:From January 2018 to June 2019, 46 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were treated in the department of oncology, Changsha Central Hospital Affiliated to Nanhua University. All patients were confirmed by pathology. They were divided into early NPC group ( n=32) and invasive NPC group ( n=16) according to the degree of invasion. The early NPC group was treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone, and the invasive NPC group was treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Blood samples were collected at four stages of the treatment, and the concentrations of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results:The longer the treatment time, the lower the concentration of MMP-9 ( P=0.007) in early NPC group; There was no significant difference in MMP-9 level before treatment, after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, after concurrent chemoradiotherapy, at the end of treatment and the first follow-up ( P>0.05) in invasive NPC group. There was no significant difference in the content of MMP-2 between the two groups before and after treatment ( P>0.05). There was no correlation between serum MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels and tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, tumor invasion and response rate ( P>0.05) in invasive NPC patients, while the level of MMP-9 was positively correlated with white blood count (WBC) and neutrophil count ( r=0.85, P=0.004, r=0.82, P=0.003); The ratio of MMP-9/MMP-2 was positively correlated with WBC and neutrophil count ( r=0.86, P=0.003, r=0.83, P=0.001). Conclusions:Synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy can reduce the serum MMP-9 level in early stage NPC patients, but it has no effect on the serum MMP-9 level in patients with invasive NPC, which suggests that synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy can not prevent the proliferation and distant metastasis of cancer cells in patients with invasive NPC.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1842-1846, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932008

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application effect of intensity-modulated radiotherapy guided by computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI) fusion technology in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Methods:The case data of 112 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in 904 Hospital from June 2013 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into control group (three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy guided by CT/MRI image fusion technology) and observation group (intensity-modulated radiotherapy guided by CT/MRI image fusion technology), with 56 cases in each group. The average target volume, short-term efficacy, incidence of toxic and side effects of radiotherapy, 1, 2 and 3-year survival rate and recurrence rate were compared between the two groups.Results:The target volume in the observation group was larger than that in the control group ( P<0.05), and the total effective rate (78.57%) was higher than that in the control group (60.71%, P<0.05); There was no significant difference in the incidence of dry mouth, temporomandibular joint injury, hearing loss and skin injury between the two groups ( P>0.05), but there was significant difference in the total incidence of toxic and side effects ( P<0.05); There was no significant difference in 1-year and 2-year survival rate and recurrence rate between the two groups ( P>0.05); The 3-year survival rate (82.14%) in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (64.29%), and the recurrence rate (8.93%) was lower than that in the control group (23.21%, P<0.05). Conclusions:CT/MRI image fusion technology can guide the intensity-modulated radiotherapy in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, which can improve the accuracy of radiotherapy target volume delineation and the total effective rate of treatment and 3-year survival rate, and reduce the 3-year recurrence rate. It is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930032

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy has achieved objective response rates of 20%-30% in patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma, but fewer people are benefiting. Studies have shown that patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma carrying high expression of programmed death-1/programmed death-ligand 1 and/or high tumor mutation burden have a significant response to immunotherapy. Biomarkers of the tumor microenvironment, especially tumor infiltrating lymphocyte, are abundant in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, varying from different Epstein-Barr virus states, which can also play a predictive role of immunotherapy efficacy. Other biomarkers, such as mismatch repair-deficient, have a low incidence in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and limited predictive power. Combined detection of different types of immunotherapeutic biomarkers is more helpful to identify suitable populations for immunotherapy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907571

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the differences in population distribution and prognosis of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in T staging of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) 7th edition and UICC 8th edition, and to analyze the prognostic factors in patients with NPC.Methods:The clinicopathologic date of 184 patients with newly diagnosed NPC treated with IMRT at the Department of Radiation Oncology of Weifang People′s Hospital of Shandong Province from June 1, 2005 to December 31, 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were restaged according to the 7th and 8th edition of the UICC staging system. The distribution of T staging of patients in the two staging systems was analyzed, and the consistency of the two staging systems was compared using the Kappa consistency test. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and log-rank test was used to compare the prognostic differences among T stages. Cox regression model was used to analyze the prognostic factors of patients with NPC.Results:Of all 184 patients with NPC, stage T 1, T 2, T 3 and T 4 respectively accounted for 18.5% (34/184), 16.8% (31/184), 15.2% (28/184) and 49.5% (91/184) according to the 7th edition UICC staging system. However, stage T 1, T 2, T 3 and T 4 respectively accounted for 18.5% (34/184), 34.2% (63/184), 30.4% (56/184) and 16.8% (31/184) according to the 8th edition UICC staging system. The T staging population distribution of the two staging systems showed moderate consistency (Kappa=0.58). There was a statistically significant difference in overall survival (OS) among patients with stage T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4 according to the 7th edition UICC staging system ( χ2=10.606, P=0.014). There were statistically significant differences in OS between stage T 1 and stage T 2, T 3, T 4 ( χ2=4.866, P=0.027; χ2=11.965, P=0.001; χ2=4.351, P=0.037). The OS curves of stage T 2 and T 4 could not be separated. Moreover, the OS curves of stage T 3 and T 4 were distributed in reverse order. There was a statistically significant difference in OS among patients with stage T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4 according to the 8th edition staging system ( χ2=8.663, P=0.034). There were statistically significant differences in OS between stage T 1 and stage T 3, T 4( χ2=8.746, P=0.003; χ2=7.580, P=0.006). The OS curves of stage T 1 to T 4 were distributed in order, but the curves of stage T 3 and T 4 could not be separated. There was a statistically significant difference in progression-free survival (PFS) among patients with stage T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4 according to the 7th edition UICC staging system ( χ2=11.289, P=0.010). There were statistically significant differences in PFS between stage T 1 and stage T 2, T 3, T 4 ( χ2=8.209, P=0.004; χ2=13.302, P<0.001; χ2=6.550, P=0.010). The PFS curves of stage T 2 and T 4 could not be separated. Moreover, the PFS curves of stage T 3 and T 4 were distributed in reverse order. There was a statistically significant difference in PFS among patients with stage T 1, T 2, T 3, T 4 according to the 8th edition staging system ( χ2=12.074, P=0.007). There were statistically significant differences in PFS between stage T 1 and stage T 2, T 3, T 4( χ2=5.182, P=0.023; χ2=11.217, P=0.001; χ2=10.174, P=0.001). The PFS curves of stage T 1 to T 4 were distributed in order, but the curves of stage T 3 and T 4 could not be separated. The results of Cox multivariate analysis showed that T staging of both staging systems were the independent prognostic factors of the OS ( P=0.013; P=0.026) and PFS ( P=0.031; P=0.012). However, T staging of the two editions were not the independent prognostic factors of the local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) ( P=0.351; P=0.167) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) ( P=0.059; P=0.052). The age was the independent prognostic factor of the OS ( HR=2.70, 95% CI: 1.53-4.76, P=0.001; HR=2.74, 95% CI: 1.55-4.84, P=0.001), PFS ( HR=2.72, 95% CI: 1.46-5.08, P=0.002; HR=2.94, 95% CI: 1.57-5.52, P=0.001), LRFS ( HR=5.87, 95% CI: 1.62-21.27, P=0.007; HR=6.02, 95% CI: 1.61-22.49, P=0.008) and DMFS ( HR=2.40, 95% CI: 1.22-4.72, P=0.011; HR=2.63, 95% CI: 1.34-5.18, P=0.005). N staging was the independent prognostic factor of the OS ( P=0.031; P=0.028). Conclusion:The T staging population distribution of the 7th and 8th edition UICC staging system had moderate consistency, and the T staging of the 8th edition is more advantageous in predicting the prognosis of OS and PFS. In both editions, T staging is an independent prognostic factor for OS and PFS.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868539

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of two oral mucosal contouring methods for predicting acute radiation-induced oral mucositis (A-ROM) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients.Methods A total of 150 AJCC 7th stage Ⅱ-ⅣB NPCs receiving radical tomotherapy (TOMO) in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from 2017 to 2019 were included in this prospective observational study.Oral cavity contour (OCC) and mucosal surface contour (MSC) were applied to delineate the oral mucosal structure.A-ROM grade was prospectively assessed and recorded weekly according to RTOG scoring criteria.The prediction value of two methods for A-ROM was statistically compared.Results The incidence rate of ≥ 3 grade A-ROM was 33.3%.In univariate analysis,V5,V10,V15,V45,V50,V55,V60,V65 and V70 of OCC and V5,V10,V50,V55,V60,V65,V70 and Dmean of MSC were significantly correlated with the risk of ≥3 grade A-ROM (all P<0.05).In binary logistic regression analysis,gender and smoking were significantly associated with the incidence of ≥3 grade A-ROM by using OCC (male vs.female:OR=0.141,95%CI=0.037-0.538,P=0.004;smoking vs.non-smoking:OR=5.109,95%CI=1.413-18.470,P=0.013).For MSC,gender,smoking,N stage and MSC-V55 were the independent predictors (male vs.female:OR=0.129,95%CI=0.032-0.519,P=0.004;smoking vs.non-smoking:OR=4.448,95%CI=1.224-16.164,P=0.023;N stage:OR=2.291,95%CI=1.268-4.137,P=0.006;MSC-V55:OR=1.432,95%CI=1.008-2.033,P=0.045).The cutoff value of MSC-V55 was 7.70%,the area under ROC curve was 0.754,the sensitivity and specificity were 0.680 and 0.740,retrospectively (all P<0.001).Conclusions Compared with OCC,MSC yields a higher prediction accuracy for the severity of A-ROM in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients receiving TOMO treatment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865469

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Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GP) regimen and paclitaxel plus cisplatin (TP) regimen in the treatment of recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Methods One hundred and thirty patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma of Qinhuangdao Harbor Hospital,Hebei Province between September 2012 and December 2017 were chosen,and were divided into GP group (68 cases) and TP group (62 cases)according to the selection of treatment.GP group was treated with GP regimen,and TP group was treated with TP regimen.The clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of the two groups were observed,and the serum epithelial cadherin (SE-CAD) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB) were measured before and after chemotherapy.Results There was no significant difference in short-term efficacy between GP group and TP group (P>0.05),and the total effective rates were 88.24% (60/68) and 79.03% (49/62) respectively;1 month after treatment,SE-CAD in GP group and TP group were (2.57 ± 0.81) and (2.50 ± 0.96) g/L,PDGF-BB were (102.22 ± 31.18) and (110.15 ± 37.21) ng/L,and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05);progression-free survival (PFS) in GP group and TP group were 13 and 12 months,and overall survival (OS) were 17 and 16 months,and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05);there were no significant difference in leucopenia,hemoglobin,thrombocytopenia and abnormal liver and kidney function between GP group and TP group (P>0.05);the incidence of gastrointestinal reactions in GP group was 16.18% (11/68),which was significantly lower than that in TP group was 38.71%(24/62),and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01).Conclusions GP and TP regimens are effective in the treatment of recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma.There is no significant difference in SE-CAD and PDGF-BB levels between the two regimens after treatment,but GP regimen has a lower incidence of gastrointestinal reactions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862036

ABSTRACT

Radiation brain injury in the temporal lobe is the most common and severe neurological complication after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Early detection and treatment are the key to control the progress of radiation brain injury. However, when abnormal changes were found in conventional MRI, brain injury had developed to irreversible middle and late stage frequently. Functional MRI, including magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging, perfusion-weighted imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, diffusion-tensor imaging, and diffusion-kurtosis imaging, can quantitatively reflect the microstructure changes of tissues through many parameters. Some of the parameters could be considered as image markers for diagnosis of radiation brain injury in the early stage. Research advances of functional MRI in early brain injury after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma were reviewed in this article.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861557

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To compare the efficacy of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) alone and concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for patients with stage T1-2N1M0 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in an unendemic area. Methods: Between January 2010 and December 2015, 102 patients with stage T1-2N1M0 NPC who underwent radical radiotherapy were selected for a pair analysis. Survival rates and acute adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results: The 5-year overall survival (OS), local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), regional recurrence-free survival (RRFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates were 94.1%, 93.6%, 96.7%, and 90.9%, respectively. Compared with IMRT alone, CCRT failed to significantly improve the 5-year OS (95.9% vs. 92.2%, P=0.894), LRFS (94.1% vs. 93.3%, P=0.976), RRFS (95.8% vs. 97.6%, P=0.572) and DMFS (91.4% vs. 90.2%, P=0.716)rates. The incidence rates of vomiting, neutropenia, leukopenia, decreased hemoglobin levels, and mucositis were significantly higher in the CCRT group than in the IMRT-alone group. Conclusions: For patients with stage T1-2N0M0 disease, CCRT failed to improve the prognosis, but increased the incidence rates of acute toxicities.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860902

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the changes of whole brain functional connections in cognitively impaired patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy. Methods: Totally 76 patients with pathologically proved nasopharyngeal carcinoma were collected, including 20 in radiotherapy-cognitive impairment group (RT-CI group), 34 in radiotherapy-no-cognitive impairment group (RT-NO-CI group) and 22 in the no-radiotherapy group (NO-RT group). Patients' gender, age, years of education, radiotherapy time and total measurement of radiotherapy were recorded, and the Beijing Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale was used for cognitive function scoring. Resting brain function MRI were collected, and brain functional connections were analyzed to obtain abnormal brain areas in RT-CI group and RT-NO-CI group. The general data and MoCA scores of 3 groups were compared, and the relationships between Z value of abnormal brain functional connectivity areas and MoCA score were analyzed. Results: There was no significant difference of age (F=2.78, P=0.30), years of education (F=3.95, P=0.37)nor gender (χ2=3.11, P=0.33) among 3 groups. MoCA score of RT-CI group was lower than that of RT-NO-CI group and NO-RT group (both P<0.01), and MoCA score of RT-NO-CI group was lower than that of NO-RT group (P<0.01). Compared with RT-NO-CI group, there was positive correlation between Z value of 1 pair of brain region and MoCA scale score in RT-CI group (P<0.01). Compared with NO-RT group, Z values of 8 pairs of brain areas in RT-CI group were correlated with MoCA scale scores (all P<0.01). Compared with NO-RT group, Z values of 5 pairs of brain areas in RT-NO-CI group were correlated with MoCA scale scores (all P<0.01). In RT-CI group, brain areas with abnormal functional connections mainly located in parahippocampal gyrus, parietal occipital cortex, prefrontal cortex and default mode network area. In RT-No-CI group, brain areas with abnormal functional connections mainly located in hippocampal gyrus, prefrontal lobe and parietal cortex. Conclusion: Early cognitive impair in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy might manifest as abnormal brain functional connectivity in some specific brain regions.

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Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 133-138, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799554

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the long-term effect and safety of chrono-chemotherapy combined with intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).@*Methods@#160 patients with locally advanced NPC were randomly divided into a chrono group and conventional group according to random number table. In the first stage, all patients underwent two cycles of induced chemotherapy, consisting of docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-Fu every 21 days. Notably, patients received chrono-moduated chemotherapy according to circadian rhythm in the chrono group, and conventional chemotherapy in the conventional group. Then, 21 days after the completion of first stage, three cycles of concurrent cisplatin chemotherapy every 21 days were given to all patients during IMRT. The median follow-up after the completion of radiotherapy was 31 months. Long-term side effects and the survival of patients were observed.@*Results@#Patients in the chrono group had significantly lower rates of hearing loss (22.72%), dysphagia (0) and neck fibrosis (4.54%) compared with those in the conventional group (39.13%、8.69%, 15.94%, respectively, all P<0.05). Meanwhile, the 1- year overall survival rates (97.0% vs 92.8%), 3-year overall survival rates (80.3% vs 81.2%), 1-year progression free survival rates (95.5% vs 87.0%), 3-year progression free survival rates (71.2% vs 73.9%), 1-year locoregional relapse-free survival rates (97.0% vs 95.7%), 1-year locoregional relapse-free survival rates (92.4% vs 92.8%), 1-year distant metastasis-free survival rates (97.0% vs 98.6%) and 3-year distant metastasis-free survival rates (90.9% vs 91.3%) between the chrono group and the conventional group were not statistically significant (all P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Compared with conventional chemotherapy, chrono-chemotherapy combined with IMRT didn′t affect long-term survival, but reducing the incidence of adverse events in patients with locally advanced NPC.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798798

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the value of two oral mucosal contouring methods for predicting acute radiation-induced oral mucositis (A-ROM) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients.@*Methods@#A total of 150 AJCC 7th stage Ⅱ-IVB NPCs receiving radical tomotherapy (TOMO) in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from 2017 to 2019 were included in this prospective observational study. Oral cavity contour (OCC) and mucosal surface contour (MSC) were applied to delineate the oral mucosal structure. A-ROM grade was prospectively assessed and recorded weekly according to RTOG scoring criteria. The prediction value of two methods for A-ROM was statistically compared.@*Results@#The incidence rate of ≥3 grade A-ROM was 33.3%. In univariate analysis, V5, V10, V15, V45, V50, V55, V60, V65 and V70 of OCC and V5, V10, V50, V55, V60, V65, V70 and Dmean of MSC were significantly correlated with the risk of ≥3 grade A-ROM (all P<0.05). In binary logistic regression analysis, gender and smoking were significantly associated with the incidence of ≥3 grade A-ROM by using OCC (male vs. female: OR=0.141, 95%CI=0.037-0.538, P=0.004; smoking vs.non-smoking: OR=5.109, 95%CI=1.413-18.470, P=0.013). For MSC, gender, smoking, N stage and MSC- V55 were the independent predictors (male vs. female: OR=0.129, 95%CI=0.032-0.519, P=0.004; smoking vs.non-smoking: OR=4.448, 95%CI=1.224-16.164, P=0.023; N stage: OR=2.291, 95%CI=1.268-4.137, P=0.006; MSC-V55: OR=1.432, 95%CI=1.008-2.033, P=0.045). The cutoff value of MSC-V55 was 7.70%, the area under ROC curve was 0.754, the sensitivity and specificity were 0.680 and 0.740, retrospectively (all P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#Compared with OCC, MSC yields a higher prediction accuracy for the severity of A-ROM in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients receiving TOMO treatment.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821527

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of fibreoptic endoscopic of sallowing (FEES) in the assessment of pharyngeal dysphagia in post-irradiated patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.@*Method@#Fifty-three NPC patients with post-irradiated underwent FEES and video fluoroscopy(VF).The results were analyzed using the Bolus Residue Scale and Rosenbek's penetration aspiration scale.@*Result@#The agreement in the detection of penetration and aspiration between FEES and VF of liquid(κ=0.56, 95%CI 0.38-0.73) and porridge(κ=0.64, 95%CI 0.43-0.81) was "fair". The detection rates of penetration on FEES with liquid and porridge were 60% and 51%, the detection rates of aspiration on VF with liquid and porridge were 70% and 53%. There were no statistical differences. The agreement in the detection of pharyngeal residue between FEES and VF of liquid (κ=0.38, 95%CI0.12-0.62) and porridge (κ=0.66, 95%CI 0.44-0.86) was "fair". The detection rates of pharyngeal residue on FEES and VF with porridge were 43% and 45%, the difference was not statistically significant. The detection rates of pharyngeal residue on FEES and VF with liquid were 44% and 24%, and the difference was statistically significant.@*Conclusion@#FEES is an effective and valuable tool for evaluating pharyngeal dysphagia in post-irradiated patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787723

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of fibreoptic endoscopic of sallowing (FEES) in the assessment of pharyngeal dysphagia in post-irradiated patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Fifty-three NPC patients with post-irradiated underwent FEES and video fluoroscopy(VF).The results were analyzed using the Bolus Residue Scale and Rosenbek's penetration aspiration scale. The agreement in the detection of penetration and aspiration between FEES and VF of liquid(κ=0.56, 95% 0.38-0.73) and porridge(κ=0.64, 95% 0.43-0.81) was "fair". The detection rates of penetration on FEES with liquid and porridge were 60% and 51%, the detection rates of aspiration on VF with liquid and porridge were 70% and 53%. There were no statistical differences. The agreement in the detection of pharyngeal residue between FEES and VF of liquid (κ=0.38, 95%0.12-0.62) and porridge (κ=0.66, 95% 0.44-0.86) was "fair". The detection rates of pharyngeal residue on FEES and VF with porridge were 43% and 45%, the difference was not statistically significant. The detection rates of pharyngeal residue on FEES and VF with liquid were 44% and 24%, and the difference was statistically significant. FEES is an effective and valuable tool for evaluating pharyngeal dysphagia in post-irradiated patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

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