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Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 359-366, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016558


Objective@#To investigate the value of the peripheral blood neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) before nimotuzumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy in predicting the short-term efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy for advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).@*Methods@#With the approval of the Ethics Committee and the informed consent of the patients, 59 patients with stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ OSCC who were admitted to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from September 2020 to June 2023 were enrolled. All the patients had complete clinical data, were pathologically diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma, and received preoperative and received preoperative nimotuzumab + TP (docetaxel + cisplatin) neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The clinical data were analyzed, and the neutrophil and lymphocyte counts in peripheral blood were collected before and after nimotuzumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The NLR was calculated, and the threshold value was calculated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Patients were divided into a high NLR group and a low NLR group according to the NLR threshold before nimotuzumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with TP. The clinical efficacy after nimotuzumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with TP was evaluated according to the evaluation criteria for solid tumor efficacy, and the correlation between the NLR and recent neoadjuvant therapy efficacy was analyzed. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in OSCC tissues before and after nimotuzumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with TP and to analyze whether the expression of EGFR differed among the different NLR groups.@*Results@#A total of 59 patients with advanced OSCC were included. According to the ROC curve, the NLR threshold was 2.377, and the patients were divided into a <2.377 group (low NLR group), with 24 patients, and a>2.377 group (high NLR group), with 35 patients. The short-term neoadjuvant therapy effect was significantly greater in the lower NLR group than in the higher NLR group (P<0.05); EGFR expression in both the low NLR group and the high NLR group decreased after nimotuzumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with TP, and the decrease in the low NLR group was significantly greater than that in the high NLR group (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#A low NLR before nimotuzumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with TP is associated with better neoadjuvant therapy outcomes, and such patients are more likely to benefit from preoperative nimotuzumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 25-33, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013566


Objective To investigate the expression of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) and phagocytic function in the peripheral blood of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE), and to examine their correlations with clinical inflamma tory indicators and liver functions. Methods A total of 50 patients with HAE admitted to Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University from August 2022 to June 2023 were enrolled, while 50 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals from the Centre for Healthy Examinations of the hospital during the same period served as controls. The levels of NETs markers neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) and neutrophil elastase (NE) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Peripheral blood neutrophils were isolated using density gradient centrifugation, stimulated in vitro using phorbol 12-myristate 13 acetate (PMA), and the levels of MPO and citrullination histone H3 (CitH3) released by neutrophils were quantified using flow cytometry. The phagocytic functions of neutrophils were examined using flow cytometry. In addition, the correlations of MPO and NE levels with clinical inflammatory indicators and liver biochemical indicators were examined using Spearman correlation analysis among HAE patients. Results The peripheral blood plasma MPO[(417.15 ± 76.08) ng/mL vs. (255.70 ± 80.84) ng/mL; t = 10.28, P < 0.05], NE[(23.16 ± 6.75) ng/mL vs. (11.92 ± 3.17) ng/mL; t = 10.65, P < 0.05]and CitH3 levels[(33.93 ± 18.93) ng/mL vs. (19.52 ± 13.89) ng/mL; t = 4.34, P < 0.05]were all significantly higher among HAE patients than among healthy controls, and a lower phagocytosis rate of neutrophils was detected among HAE patients than among healthy controls[(70.85 ± 7.32)% vs. (94.04 ± 3.90)%; t = 20.18, P < 0.05], and the ability to produce NETs by neutrophils was higher among HAE patients than among healthy controls following in vitro PMA stimulation. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the phagocytosis rate of neutrophils correlated negatively with platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), interleukin-6 (IL-6) level and C-reactive protein (CRP) level (rs = −0.515 to −0.392, all P values < 0.05), and the MPO and NE levels positively correlated with inflammatory markers NLR, PLR, CRP and IL-6 (rs = 0.333 to 0.445, all P values < 0.05) and clinical liver biochemical indicators aspartic transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, direct bilirubin and total bilirubin among HAE patients (rs = 0.290 to 0.628, all P values < 0.001). Conclusions Excessive formation of NETs is found among HAE patients, which affects the phagocytic ability of neutrophils and results in elevated levels of inflammatory indicators. NETs markers may be promising novel biomarkers for early diagnosis, monitoring, and severity assessment of liver disease.

Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 200-204, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012742


@#Introduction: Understand the progression of colorectal cancer from the beginning until the advance stages is difficult and challenging. However, this could be overcome with a good animal model. Methods: In this study, a modified approach had been used to develop colorectal cancer model. The model was developed and monitored from colitis formation until the late stage of colorectal cancer. The changes of neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), serum microRNAs and infiltrate neutrophil in different stages of colorectal cancer were assessed in this study. Results: Results showed that the progression of the disease is correlated with NLR as early as the formation of colitis (r=0.121, p<0.026). Meanwhile, the size of the tumor at each stage is also associated with the NLR value (r=0.185, p<0.0012). In the serum microRNAs study, it was found microRNAs expression in blood serum change in different stages of colorectal cancer. In the early stage of colitis formation, miR223 (> 3 fold expression, p < 0.0025) were abundantly found in the blood serum. Meanwhile in others stage mild (miRNA345 > 2.5 fold, p<0.0011), moderate (miRNA347 & miR512 > 3 fold, p<0.002) and severe (miR31 & miR145 > 2 fold, p<0.0001) microRNAs were also found expressed differently. The quantities of infiltrate neutrophil were varied in different stages of the disease. Conclusion: This study provides an insight into the immunity and molecular level of colorectal cancer and it allows a progressive monitoring on the changes in the molecular, cellular and histological level.

Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 42: e2023016, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521605


ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, red cell distribution width and mean platelet volume in patients with febrile seizure and to determine their role in febrile seizure classification. Methods: This was a retrospective hospital-based study conducted among patients aged 5 to 72 months admitted with febrile seizure. Children who had febrile seizures due to upper respiratory tract infection were included in the study. The children were divided into two groups: simple febrile seizures and complex febrile seizures. Patients with a history of febrile status epilepticus, previous convulsions, use of antiepileptic or other chronic drugs, foci of infection other than the upper respiratory tract infection, abnormal biochemical parameters, and chronic mental or physical disease were excluded from the study. Clinical and laboratory findings of the patients were obtained from digital medical records. Results: The records of 112 febrile seizure patients were reviewed, and 89 were grouped as simple and 23 as complex febrile seizures. Although there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of the mean red cell distribution width values (p=0.703), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and mean platelet volume were significantly higher in patients with complex febrile seizures (p=0.034, p=0.037; respectively). Conclusions: This study showed that neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and mean platelet volume could be practical and inexpensive clinical markers for febrile seizure classification. A similar result could not be reached for red cell distribution width in this study. These findings should be supported by multicenter studies with large samples.

RESUMO Objetivo: Examinar a relação linfócitos-neutrófilos, amplitude de distribuição de hemácias e volume médio de plaquetas em pacientes com convulsão febril, e determinar seu papel na classificação de convulsão febril. Métodos: Este foi um estudo retrospectivo de base hospitalar realizado com pacientes de 5 a 72 meses admitidos com convulsão febril. Crianças que tiveram convulsões febris em razão de infecção do trato respiratório superior foram incluídas no estudo. As crianças foram divididas em dois grupos: convulsões febris simples e complexas. Pacientes com história de Status epiléptico febril, convulsões prévias, uso de drogas antiepilépticas ou outras drogas crônicas, com focos de infecção que não a do trato respiratório superior, parâmetros bioquímicos anormais e doenças crônicas mentais ou físicas foram excluídos do estudo. Os achados clínicos e laboratoriais dos pacientes foram obtidos a partir dos prontuários médicos digitais. Resultados: Registros de 112 pacientes com convulsão febril foram revisados: 89 com convulsões febris simples e 23 com complexas. Embora não tenha havido diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os dois grupos em termos de valor médio de amplitude de distribuição de hemácias (p=0,703), a relação linfócitos-neutrófilos e o volume médio de plaquetas foram significativamente mais elevados em pacientes com convulsões febris simples (p=0,034, p=0,037; respectivamente). Conclusões: Este estudo mostrou que a relação linfócitos-neutrófilos e o volume médio de plaquetas podem ser marcadores clínicos práticos e de baixo custo para a classificação de convulsão febril. Um resultado semelhante não pôde ser alcançado para a amplitude de distribuição de hemácias neste estudo. Esses achados devem ser apoiados por estudos multicêntricos com grandes amostras.

Rev. medica electron ; 45(6)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536620


El cáncer de pulmón es la neoplasia maligna que causa mayor mortalidad en el mundo. Dentro de los factores pronósticos de esta entidad, se encuentran el índice neutrófilo-linfocito y el índice plaquetas-linfocito, parámetros hematológicos que se utilizan para evaluar la inflamación y la respuesta inmunitaria en el cuerpo humano. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de exponer el valor que presentan el índice neutrófilo-linfocito y el índice plaquetas-linfocito como herramientas pronósticas del cáncer de pulmón, teniendo en cuenta la evidencia científica publicada hasta el momento. Se estudiaron 46 artículos, 28 de los cuales resultaron seleccionados para la elaboración de la investigación. Se emplearon como criterios de selección la calidad de los estudios, el nivel de actualización sobre el tema en cuestión, así como la fiabilidad de la fuente. Se usaron los recursos disponibles en la red Infomed para la selección de la información, entre ellos: PubMed, SciELO, EBSCO, Cumed, LILACS y Scopus, además de Medline, Academic Search Premier y MedicLatina. Se expuso el valor que presentan el índice neutrófilo-linfocito y el índice plaquetas-linfocito como herramientas pronósticas del cáncer de pulmón de células no pequeñas, en todos los estadios y con modalidades terapéuticas diferentes.

Lung cancer is the malignant neoplasm that causes higher mortality in the world. Among the prognostic factors of this entity are the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio, hematological parameters that are used to assess inflammation and the immune response in the human body. A bibliographic review was carried out with the objective of exposing the value of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio as a prognostic tool for lung cancer, taking into account the scientific evidence published to date. A total of 46 articles were studied, of which 28 were selected for the development of the research. The quality of the studies, the level of updating on the subject in question, as well as the reliability of the source was used as selection criteria. The resources available in the Infomed network were used to select the information, including PubMed, SciELO and EBSCO, Cumed, LILACS and Scopus, as well as Medline, Academic Search Premier and MedicLatina databases. The value of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-lymphocyte ratio as a prognostic tool in non-small cell lung cancer at all stages and with different therapeutic modalities was exposed.

Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 75(5)oct. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530069


Introducción: Las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico representan una carga significativa en relación con la morbilidad, la mortalidad y costos adicionales. Por lo tanto, la prevención es importante. Objetivo: Comparar el índice neutrófilos-linfocitos con la escala SENIC para predecir infección del sitio quirúrgico en pacientes que sufrieron una cirugía abdominal de urgencia. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio transversal analítico, realizado en el Hospital de Alta Especialidad de Veracruz en expedientes de pacientes post-operados de urgencia, valorándose la escala SENIC (que incluye tipo de cirugía, duración del procedimiento, grado de asepsia de la intervención y 3 o más diagnósticos posoperatorios) y el índice neutrófilos-linfocitos (definido como la razón neutrófilos sobre linfocitos). Resultados: La edad promedio de los pacientes fue de 47,7 ± 18,7 años, con un predominio del sexo masculino 83 (62%), la estancia hospitalaria media fue de 29,7 ± 14,7 días, los procedimientos fueron la laparotomía exploradora en 57 (42,2%) y la apendicectomía en 26 (19,2%). Se aisló Escherichia coli en 27 (30%). Se obtuvo una sensibilidad de 69% y especificidad de 58% para el índice neutrófilos-linfocitos y para SENIC una sensibilidad 45% y una especificidad de 73%. Las estadísticas C para el índice neutrófilos-linfocitos y SENIC fueron 0,603 (IC: 0,524 − 0,682) y 0,668 (IC 95%: 0,588 − 0,749), respectivamente. Discusión y Conclusión: Ambos métodos muestran una precisión predictiva similar para infección del sitio quirúrgico, si bien calcular el índice neutrófiloslinfocitos es mucho más rápido y sencillo.

Introduction: Surgical site infections represent a significant burden in relation to morbidity, mortality, and additional costs. Therefore, prevention is important. Objective: To compare the neutrophil-lymphocyte index with the SENIC scale to predict surgical site infection in patients who underwent emergency abdominal surgery. Materials and Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study, carried out at the Hospital de Alta Especialidad de Veracruz in records of emergency post-operative patients, evaluating the SENIC scale (which includes type of surgery, duration of the procedure, degree of asepsis of the intervention and 3 or more postoperative diagnoses) and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (defined as the ratio of neutrophils to lymphocytes). Results: The average age of the patients was 47.7 ± 18.7 years, with a predominance of males 83 (62%); the mean hospital stay was 29.7 ± 14.7 days, the procedures were exploratory laparotomy in 57 (42.2%) and appendectomy in 26 (19.2%). Escherichia coli was isolated in 27 (30%). A sensitivity of 69% and specificity of 58% was obtained for the neutrophil-lymphocyte index and for SENIC a sensitivity of 45% and a specificity of 73%. The C statistics for the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and SENIC were 0.603 (CI: 0.524 − 0.682) and 0.668 (95% CI: 0.588 − 0.749), respectively. Discussion and Conclusion: Both methods show similar predictive accuracy for surgical site infection, although calculating the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio is much faster and easier.

Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(2): 149-156, jul. 19, 2023. tab.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1442688


Las trampas extracelulares de neutrófilos (NET, por sus siglas en inglés) han surgido recientemente como un vínculo potencial entre la inmunidad y la inflamación, que podría cumplir un papel clave en la patogénesis de las infecciones de vías respiratorias. El objetivo de esta revisión es determinar su rol como marcador pronóstico en enfermedades infecciosas de vías respiratorias. Para la elaboración de este artículo de revisión narrativa se consultaron las publicaciones disponibles a través de una búsqueda automatizada en las bases de datos de PubMed, Scopus y Embase. Las concentraciones elevadas de trampas extracelulares de neutrófilos (cfADN, complejos de mieloperoxidasas-ADN) en pacientes con cuadro clínico grave por infecciones de vías respiratorias, se relacionan con una estancia hospitalaria más larga, periodo prolongado de administración de antibióticos, aumento del riesgo de ingreso a la UCI, necesidad de ventilación mecánica, disfunción orgánica e incluso la muerte (p ≤ 0,05). A pesar de no contar con un parámetro de medición estandarizado, el exceso de trampas extracelulares de neutrófilos se corresponde con la gravedad del daño tisular observado en pacientes con infecciones de vías respiratorias, esto revela el importante rol pronóstico de la respuesta de los neutrófilos y del proceso de la NETosis en las enfermedades infecciosas pulmonares

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NET) have recently emerged as a potential link between immunity and inflammation, which could play a key role in the pathogenesis of respiratory tract infections. This review aims to determine the role of neutrophil extracellular traps as prognostic markers in respiratoria tract infectious diseases. For this article a literature review was undertaken, consulting available publications through an automated search in PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases. High concentrations of neutrophil extracellular traps (cfDNA, Myeloperoxidase-DNA complexes) in patients with severe clinical presentation due to respiratory tract infections are related to a longer length of hospital stay, prolonged period of antibiotic administration and increased risk of admission to the ICU, need for mechanical ventilation, organ dysfunction and even death (p ≤ 0.05). Despite not having a standardized measurement parameter, the excess of neutrophil extracellular traps corresponds to the severity of tissue damage observed in patients with respiratory tract infections, revealing the important prognostic role of the neutrophil response and NETosis process in pulmonary infectious diseases

El Salvador
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225685


Pure white cell aplasia (PWCA), also known as agranulocytosis without granulopoiesis, is an uncommon condition that causes neutropenia. If linked with thymomas or medication-induced PWCA, surgical thymectomyor drug cessation may be therapeutically helpful. Here we present the case of an adult 18-year-old male came at The Indus Hospital and Health Network (IHHN) , Karachi in-patient department (IPD) with a complaint of colicky abdominal pain and loose stools for 10 days that were watery in consistency and large in amount, 6-7 episodes per day, for which he was taking flagyl. 5 days later, the patient developed high grade fever (102°F) with on and off chills that regressed on antipyretic. The patient also had decreased appetite and 2-3 episodes of vomiting. He had a history of dengue fever and Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery (PICA).Laboratory work-up revealed that he had been suffering from severe neutropenia. His bone marrow biopsy indicated absolute neutropenia with normocellular bone marrow demonstrating virtually total lack of myeloid progenitors, with maintenance of erythroid and megakaryocytic lineages, findings strongly indicative of PWCA with secondary hemophagocytosis. Findings of the case highlights the importance of an unusual clinical condition PWCA with hemophagocytosis. The aggressive clinical course of the idiopathic variant necessitates early immunosuppressive treatment.

Gac. méd. Méx ; 159(2): 106-112, mar.-abr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430392


Resumen Antecedentes: El diagnóstico de apendicitis aguda representa un reto en pacientes pediátricos. Objetivo: Establecer la importancia del índice neutrófilos-linfocitos (INL), índice plaquetas-linfocitos (IPL) y otros parámetros hematológicos ajustados por edad y sexo en la predicción de apendicitis aguda, así como describir un nuevo sistema de calificación. Material y métodos: Se analizaron retrospectivamente expedientes clínicos de 946 niños hospitalizados por apendicitis aguda. Se desarrolló un sistema de calificación basado en INL, IPL, ILM y proteína C reactiva (PCR) ajustados por edad y sexo. Resultados: Los pacientes se dividieron en grupo I de exploración negativa y grupo II de apendicitis aguda; las medias de edad correspondientes fueron 12.20 ± 2.31 y 11.56 ± 3.11. El recuento leucocitario, porcentaje de neutrófilos, INL, IPL, ILM y PCR fueron superiores en el grupo II. La calificación osciló entre 0 y 8 puntos; se determinó que 4.5 fue el mejor punto de corte para apendicitis aguda con mayor área bajo la curva (0.96), sensibilidad (94 %), especificidad (86 %), valor predictivo positivo (97.5 %), valor predictivo negativo (65 %), precisión (92.6 %) y tasa de clasificación errónea (7.4 %). Conclusión: El sistema de calificación que se propone, calculado por edad y sexo de los pacientes, se puede utilizar para evitar cirugías innecesarias.

Abstract Background: Acute appendicitis diagnosis can sometimes be a real challenge in pediatric patients. Objective: To establish the importance of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and other hematological parameters adjusted for age and sex in the prediction of acute appendicitis, as well as to describe a new scoring system. Material and methods: Medical records of 946 children hospitalized for acute appendicitis were retrospectively analyzed. A scoring system based on NLR, PLR, lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) adjusted for age and sex was developed. Results: Patients were divided into group I, with negative examination, and group II, with acute appendicitis; mean ages were 12.20 ± 2.31 and 11.56 ± 3.11, respectively. Leukocyte count, neutrophil percentage, NLR, PLR, LMR and PCR were higher in group II. The scores ranged from 0 to 8 points; 4.5 was determined to be the best cut-off point for acute appendicitis with the highest area under the curve (0.96), sensitivity (94%), specificity (86%), positive predictive value (97.5%), negative predictive value (65%), accuracy (92.6%) and misclassification rate (7.4%). Conclusion: The proposed scoring system, calculated based on patient age and gender, can be used for unnecessary surgeries to be avoided.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Mar; 66(1): 111-117
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223397


Background: The epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been rapidly spreading on a global scale affecting many countries and territories. There is rapid onset of generalized inflammation resulting in acute respiratory distress syndrome. We, thus, aimed to explore the potential of immune-inflammatory parameters in predicting the severity of COVID-19. Materials and Methods: Age, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reaction protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) of 611 patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 were investigated and compared. Patients were divided on the basis of severity and survival into two groups. Data were expressed as mean or median values and percentages. The receiver operating characteristic curve was applied to determine the optimal cut-off values of these biomarkers. Results: The median age was 50 years and the male to female ratio was 3.7:1. The mean NLR, LMR, PLR, LDH, CRP, and Procalcitonin for the non-severe group were 4.16, 10.8, 133.7, 666.1, 49.9, and 0.15, respectively. In the severe group mean values of the above-mentioned immune-inflammatory markers were 17.8, 4.69, 268.2, 1277, 158.6, and 3.05, respectively. Elevated levels were significantly associated with disease severity. In ROC curve analysis, NLR had the largest area under the curve at 0.923 with the highest specificity (0.83) and sensitivity (0.88). Conclusion: This study shows that NLR, PLR, LDH, CRP, and Procalcitonin may be a rapid, widely available, useful predictive factor for determining the severity of COVID-19 patients.

Rev. mex. anestesiol ; 46(1): 26-31, ene.-mar. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1450132


Resumen: Introducción: se ha demostrado que la ventilación mecánica induce la producción de citocinas proinflamatorias. El IN/L es un parámetro sencillo que se utiliza para evaluar el estado inflamatorio. Objetivo: comparar los promedios y porcentajes del índice neutrófilo/linfocito (IN/L) elevado, entre pacientes con anestesia general con ventilación mecánica controlada por volumen (VMCV) y ventilación mecánica controlada por presión (VMCP). Material y métodos: se seleccionaron adultos ≥ 18 años, ASA I-III con cirugía electiva y anestesia general. Ensayo clínico aleatorizado: 25 pacientes con VMCV y 25 con VMCP. A todos los pacientes se les determinó dos biometrías hemáticas: antes y 2 horas después de la cirugía. El IN/L fue medido en forma de razón y dicotómica (< 3 o ≥ 3). Análisis estadístico: se utilizaron las pruebas t de Student, χ2 y McNemar. Resultados: se estudiaron 50 pacientes (27 mujeres y 23 hombres) con un promedio de edad de 47 ± 16 años. El grupo de VMCV tuvo tendencia a presentar valores más bajos de promedios y porcentajes IN/L; sin embargo, no fue estadísticamente significativa (p = 0.06). En la comparación pareada ambos grupos presentaron incremento estadísticamente significativo de los promedios y porcentajes de IN/L. No obstante, el porcentaje de IN/L > 3 en el grupo de VMCP fue de 64%, mientras que en el grupo de VMCV fue de 40%. Conclusiones: la VMCV presenta promedios y porcentajes más bajos del IN/L comparados con VMCP; sin embargo, no fueron estadísticamente significativos.

Abstract: Introduction: it has been shown that mechanical ventilation induces production of proinflammatory cytokines. The Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (N/L r) is a simple parameter that is used to assess the inflammatory state. Objective: to compare the means and percentages of elevated neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (N/L r) in patients under general anesthesia with volume-controlled mechanical ventilation (VCMV) and pressure-controlled mechanical ventilation (PCMV). Material and methods: adults ≥ 18 years old, ASA I-III, with elective surgery and general anesthesia. Randomized clinical trial: 25 patients with VCMV and 25 with PCMV. All patients had two blood counts determined: before and 2 hours after surgery. N/L r was measured as a ratio and dichotomous (< 3 or ≥ 3). Statistical analysis: the t-Student, χ2 and McNemar tests were used. Results: 50 patients (27 women and 23 men) with a mean age of 47 ± 16 years (range 18-84 years) were studied. The VCMV group tended to present lower values of means and percentages N/L r, however, it was not statistically significant (p = 0.06). In the paired comparison, both groups presented a statistically significant increase in the means and percentages of N/L r. However, the percentage of N/L r > 3 in the PCMV group was 64%, while in the VCMV group it was 40%. Conclusions: the VCMV presents lower means and percentages of N/L r compared to PCMV, however, they were not statistically significant.

Medisur ; 21(1)feb. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440636


El pioderma gangrenoso es una enfermedad inflamatoria, poco común, de etilogía desconocida, caracterizada por la infiltración neutrófila estéril de la dermis, que puede o no estar asociada con enfermedades sistémicas. Su descripción clásica es la presencia de una o más lesiones ulceradas cutáneas, dolorosas, de aspecto infeccioso, bordes irregulares, socavados y con una desmesurada respuesta al trauma local denominado patergia. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 58 años de edad, con lesiones en piel de dos meses de evolución y varios tratamientos previos sin mejorar. Al ser reevaluada, fue diagnosticado y tratado su caso como un pioderma gangrenoso con evolución satisfactoria.

Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare inflammatory disease of unknown etiology characterized by sterile neutrophilic infiltration of the dermis, which may or may not be associated with systemic disease. Its classic description is the presence of one or more ulcerated skin lesions, painful, with an infectious appearance, irregular edges, undermined and with an excessive response to local trauma called pathergy. The case of a 58-years-old patient is presented, with skin lesions of two months' evolution and several previous treatments without improvement. Upon reassessment, her case was diagnosed and treated as pyoderma gangrenosum with satisfactory evolution.

Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(1): 52-60, feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515421


BACKGROUND: The frequency of glomerular diseases is dynamic and varies according to geographic area. AIM: To evaluate the frequency of primary and secondary glomerulopathies, their demographic profile and main clinical characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Renal biopsies from native kidneys performed between 1999 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, most relevant laboratory tests, frequency of primary and secondary glomerulopathies were analyzed. RESULTS: We analyzed 550 kidney biopsies from patients with a median age of 48 years (64% females). Nephrotic syndrome was the main indication for renal biopsy. Primary and secondary glomerulopathies occurred with similar frequency. Within the primary glomerulopathies, membranous nephropathy (34.1%) was the most common, followed by IgA nephropathy (31.1%) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (14.1%). Among the secondary glomerulopathies, lupus nephropathy was the most common (41.7%), followed by pauciimmune glomerulonephritis (27.1%) and diabetic nephropathy (6.4%). When comparing the results with other regions, significant differences were observed with reported frequencies in United States, Europe, Asia and the rest of Latin America. CONCLUSIONS: The most common primary glomerulopathies were membranous nephropathy and IgA nephropathy. Among the secondary glomerulopathies lupus nephropathy and pauci-immune glomerulonephritis were the most common. Compared to international registries, we observed a high proportion of membranous nephropathy and pauci-immune glomerulonephritis.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous/pathology , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous/epidemiology , Glomerulonephritis, IGA/pathology , Glomerulonephritis, IGA/epidemiology , Biopsy , Retrospective Studies , Kidney/pathology , Kidney Diseases/etiology , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Kidney Diseases/epidemiology
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 909-918, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978760


Human neutrophil elastase (hNE) is a serine proteolytic enzyme mainly distributed in neutrophils. When the balance between anti-hNE protein and hNE is broken, excessive release of hNE can cause the occurrence of various diseases. Therefore, inhibition of hNE is a promising therapeutic strategy. In this paper, the structure, action mechanism, physiological function of hNE and the development of hNE inhibitors were briefly summarized, in order to provide information for the related research.

Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 271-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978515


Objective To investigate the mechanisms underlying allergic conjunctivitis caused by conjunctival epithelial cell damage, neutrophil migration and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation induced by crude extracts of Dermatophagoides farinae mite (CDM). Methods Human conjunctival epithelial cells were stimulated with 500, 1 000, 2 000, 4 000 ng/mL, and the expression levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and IL-8 were detected using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The culture supernatant of human conjunctival epithelial cells was collected and co-cultured with neutrophils. Neutrophil migration was measured using Transwell migration assay, and the expression of NETs markers myeloperoxidase (MPO) and citrullinated histone H3 (CitH3) was quantified using immunofluorescence staining. Neutrophils were stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and then NETs were collected for treatment of human conjunctival epithelial cells. Cell apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry, and the levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-8 were measured in the cell culture supernatant using ELISA. Results Treatment with CDM at concentrations of 2 000 ng/mL and 4 000 ng/mL up-regulated IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-8 expression in human conjunctival epithelial cells. Following treatment with CDM at concentrations of 2 000 ng/mL and 4 000 ng/mL, the culture supernatant of human conjunctival epithelial cells promoted neutrophil migration and induced increases in the staining intensity of MPO and CitH3. In addition, increased NETs triggered the apoptosis of human conjunctival epithelial cells and IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-8 secretion in the culture supernatant of human conjunctival epithelial cells. Conclusions CDM induces human conjunctival epithelial cell damages, thereby promoting neutrophil migration and NETs formation, while the release of NETs further aggravates human conjunctival epithelial cell damages.

Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 359-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961355


@#Eutrophils are the first innate immune cells to reach the site of inflammation. Neutrophils produce neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) that can quickly capture and limit the spread of pathogens, facilitating the removal of pathogens and their debris. Neutrophils in the oral cavity are specifically transformed from circulating neutrophils in the blood, and the number of NETs released by oral neutrophils is much higher than that of circulating neutrophils, thus better maintaining the balance of the oral microenvironment. As a bimorphic fungus, only the mycelium phase of Candida albicans can induce NETs, which is related to the neutrophils' ability to sense the size of pathogenic microorganisms through neutrophil elastase. However, spherical Staphylococcus aureus are much smaller than Candida albicans, and they can still induce NETs. Porphyromonas gingivalis, as one of the microorganisms in the periodontitis complex, induces fewer NETs than Streptococcus oralis and Actinomycetes, which are two common oral microorganisms, and there may be a mechanism allowing them to escape neutrophilic immunity in the early stage of periodontitis. Although the two main pathways of NET production have been studied in detail, the mechanisms involved in the induction of NETs by different microorganisms, especially from oral neutrophils, are not well understood. This review describes the mechanism of the immune effects of pathogenic microorganisms on neutrophil NETs in the oral cavity, providing a reference for the search for therapeutic targets and the development of key drugs for treating oral infectious diseases.

Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 967-972+979, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996567


@#Objective To screen and optimize the formulation and technology of human recombinant neutrophil inhibitory factor and hirulog hybrid(TNHH)for injection,and investigate its stability.Methods Based on the results of the single factor experiment,with the pH range,mannitol dosage and povidone K30 dosage as independent variables,and the content of high molecular protein as response value,the response surface design(CCF)test was used to analyze the effects of the respective variables and their interaction on the content of high molecular protein in TNHH for injection to screen out the optimal formulation. In order to facilitate the operation,the optimal formulation was adjusted to prepare three batches of samples in pilot scale,which were placed at 40 ℃,75% relative humidity(RH)for 2,4 weeks and 2 ~ 8 ℃ for 3,6 months,respectively. The samples were taken and the appearance,pH,purity of reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography(RP-HPLC)and purity of size exclusion chromatography-high performance liquid chromatography(SECHPLC)were detected to verify the stability of this formulation and process.Results The optimal formulation was pH 4. 982 6,mannitol 7. 986 4% and povidone K30 1. 902 7%,which was finally adjusted to pH 5. 0,mannitol 8. 0% and povidone K302. 0%. The TNHH preparation for injection prepared by the optimized prescription and process were stable in quality and met the clinical medication requirements.Conclusion The optimum formulation of TNHH preparation for injection is reasonable in the process and suitable for industrial production.

Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 515-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996267


Objective:To evaluate the value of preoperative peripheral blood neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and blood platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and immune indexes in the evaluation of the prognosis of cervical cancer patients.Methods:The clinical data of 283 patients with cervical cancer who underwent radical surgery in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital from May 2017 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and 100 healthy people who underwent physical examination during the same period were collected as the healthy control group. Test results of blood cells and immune cells expressions of all subjects were collected. Peripheral blood NLR and PLR of cervical cancer patients, people in the healthy control group and cervical cancer patients with different pathological characteristics were compared. Kaplan-Meier method was used to make survival analysis and Cox regression risk model was used to analyze the factors influencing the prognosis of patients with cervical cancer.Results:The preoperative peripheral blood NLR and PLR in patients with cervical cancer was higher than that of the healthy control group (NLR: 2.53±1.35 vs. 2.00±1.21, t = 5.35, P < 0.001; PLR: 163±57 vs.144±38, t = 4.71, P = 0.006). Pathological results showed that there were no statistically significant differences in NLR and PLR in peripheral blood of cervical cancer patients with different pathological types, tumor diameter, vascular invasion, and nerve invasion (all P > 0.05), while there were statistically significant differences in NLR and PLR in peripheral blood of cervical cancer patients with different clinical staging and muscle wall invasion (all P < 0.05). When the proportions of the expression levels of preoperative CD3 positive cells, CD4 positive cells, CD8 positive cells, CD19 positive cells, CD56 positive cells, and CD127 positive cells were 60%-85%, 30%-40%, < 25%, 8%-15%, 15%-25% and < 5%, respectively, the overall survival of cervical cancer patients was the best. Univariate analysis showed that pathological type, clinical staging, vascular invasion, preoperative NLR, preoperative PLR,CD3 positive cells, CD4 positive cells, CD8 positive cells, CD19 positive cells, CD56 positive cells and CD127 positive cells were influencing factors of the overall survival of cervical cancer patients (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that clinical staging, vascular invasion, preoperative NLR, preoperative PLR, and preoperative CD4 positive cells were independent influencing factors for the overall survival of cervical cancer patients (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:Preoperative high NLR and PLR in peripheral blood have a certain impact on the clinicopathological characteristics and poor prognosis of cervical cancer patients. When the immune cells in peripheral blood are in dynamic balance, the prognosis of cervical cancer patients is the best.

Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 439-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996254


Objective:To investigate the clinical application of free/total prostate-specific antigen (f/tPSA), peripheral blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and prostate health index density (PHID) detection in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 160 patients with abnormal prostate specific antigen (PSA) who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2020 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the pathological results of prostate biopsy or electrical resection, the patients were divided into prostate cancer group (68 cases) and benign prostatic hyperplasia group (92 cases), and 50 male healthy physical examiners in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University during the same period were selected as healthy control group. All enrolled members were tested for total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA), free prostate-specific antigen (fPSA), and prostate specific antigen isoform 2 (p2PSA), IL-6 and other indicators, and the f/tPSA, prostate health index (PHI), PHID and NLR were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to compare the efficacy of each index in diagnosing and differentially diagnosing prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia.Results:The serum levels of tPSA, fPSA, p2PSA, PHI and PHID in the prostate cancer group were higher than those in the benign prostatic hyperplasia group and the healthy control group (all P < 0.05), and the serum f/tPSA was lower than that in the benign prostatic hyperplasia group and the healthy control group ( P < 0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of PHID for the diagnosis of early stage prostate cancer was the largest [0.915 (95% CI 0.864-0.966)], followed by PHI [0.884 (95% CI 0.823-0.944)]. The sensitivity of both f/tPSA and PHI in diagnosing early stage prostate cancer was 86.80%, which was higher than other indicators; the specificity of PHID in diagnosing early stage prostate cancer was 94.00%, which was higher than other indicators. The AUC of f/tPSA for the diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia was the largest [0.828 (95% CI 0.739-0.917)], followed by PHID [0.826 (95% CI 0.760-0.892)]. The sensitivity of f/tPSA in diagnosing benign prostatic hyperplasia (85.90%) was higher than other indicators, and the specificity of PHI in diagnosing benign prostatic hyperplasia (94.00%) was higher than other indicators. The AUC of fPSA, PHID, f/tPSA and p2PSA in differentiating early stage prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia were 0.752 (95% CI 0.663-0.841), 0.730 (95% CI 0.647-0.812), 0.713 (95% CI 0.623-0.803), 0.710 (95% CI 0.629-0.791), respectively, and there was no significant difference in each pairwise comparison (all P > 0.05). The sensitivity of NLR in differentiating early stage prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia was 91.20%, which was higher than other indicators, and the specificity of fPSA in differentiating early stage prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia was 94.00%, which was higher than other indicators. Conclusions:The f/tPSA, PHI and PHID detection have certain clinical values in the early diagnosis of prostate cancer, and can provide references for early diagnosis, early treatment and prognosis evaluation of high-risk population of prostate cancer.

Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 18-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996180


Objective:To investigate the predictive value of the changes of platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the therapeutic efficacy of the neoadjuvant treatment for breast cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 72 breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant therapy in Nantong Tumor Hospital between February 2020 and January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed and the changes of PLR and NLR before and after neoadjuvant therapy were also analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the predictive value of PLR, NLR and their changes in pathological complete remission (pCR) after neoadjuvant therapy.Results:The area under the ROC curve of PLR and NLR before the treatment, the difference in PLR before and after the treatment (ΔPLR), the difference in NLR before and after the treatment (ΔNLR) in predicting pCR was 0.520, 0.505,0.724 and 0.686,and the corresponding cut-off value was 269.231, 2.559, -2.840 and -1.457; the patients were divided into high and low groups according to the cut-off values. NLR before the treatment was not correlated with clinicopathological characteristics (all P > 0.05),while PLR before the treatment was correlated with tumor size ( P = 0.029), and ΔPLR was correlated with progesterone receptor expression ( P = 0.025), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression ( P < 0.001), molecular subtype ( P < 0.001), N stage ( P = 0.002), clinical stage ( P = 0.002) and treatment modality ( P < 0.001). ΔNLR was associated with HER2 expression ( P = 0.002), molecular subtype ( P = 0.024), tumor size ( P = 0.007), neural invasion ( P = 0.006), N stage ( P = 0.006), clinical stage ( P = 0.016) and treatment modality ( P = 0.014). ΔPLR and ΔNLR were influencing factors for patients achieving pCR after neoadjuvant therapy (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:Stage Ⅲ invasive breast cancer patients with higher ΔPLR and ΔNLR after neoadjuvant therapy have better prognosis.