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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755083

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of RNF2 gene knockdown in ECA109 cells on the radiosensitivity to esophageal cancer cell xenograft in nude mice. Methods Thirty-six male BALB/c/nu nude mice were randomly divided into 6 groups: control group, control+ irradiation group, NC group, NC+irradiation group, RNF2 shRNA group and RNF2 shRNA+ irradiation group. The nude mouse models with transplanted tumors were established by subcutaneous inoculation of EAC109 cells and given with irradiation at a dose of 3 Gy for 5 times. The longest ( a) and shortest ( b) diameters of the transplanted tumor were measured every 2 to 3 day since the fourteenth day after inoculation. The time of tumor formation was recorded. The tumor volume was calculated according to the formula ( ab2/2 ) . The growth curve was delineated. Three nude mice were sacrificed in each group at 24 h after the initial irradiation. The expression of RNF2 at the mRNA and protein levels in transplanted tumor tissues was measured by qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. The growth and tumor volume of the other nude mice in each group were observed. The cell apoptosis of transplanted tumor tissues was detected by TUNEL assay. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax at the mRNA and protein levels in transplantated tumor tissues was quantitatively measured by qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results The tumor growth rate was the highest in the control and NC groups. The knockdown of RNF2 reduced the growth rate of xenografts and the tumor growth rate was the slowest in the RNF2 shRNA+ irradiation group ( P<0.05) . TUNEL assay revealed that the cell apoptosis rates in all groups were significantly increased after irradiation ( all P<0.05) . Before and after irradiation, the apoptosis rate in the RNF2 shRNA group was markedly higher than those in the control and NC groups ( both P<0.05) . Prior to irradiation, the expression levels of RNF2 mRNA and protein in the RNF2 shRNA group were significantly lower compared with those in the control and NC groups ( all P<0.05) , and the tendency became more significant after irradiation. Compared with the control and NC groups, the expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA and protein were significantly down-regulated in the RNF2 shRNA group before and after irradiation ( all P<0.05) , whereas those of Bax mRNA and protein were considerably up-regulated ( all P<0.05 ) . Conclusions In vivo experiment demonstrates that RNF2 knockdown effectively increases the radiosensitivity of esophageal carcinoma EAC109 cells in nude mouse models with transplanted tumors, which is intimately associated with inducing the cell apoptosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452653

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether the Chinese medicine Guben Yiliu III can improve the effect of gemcit -abine on human pancreatic cancer xenograft in nude mice . Methods Nude mice with transplanted human pancreatic cancer were divided randomly into 4 groups: control group, gemcitabine treatment group , combined ( Guben Yiliu III +gemcitabine) group, and Guben Yiliu III group, 10 mice in each group.The gemcitabine group and combined group were treated with gemcitabine from the 8th day after transplantation in a dose of 100 mg/kg by i.p.injection, twice a week. Guben Yiliu III and combined groups were given the aqueous solution of Guben Yiliu III granules p .o.since the 8th day af-ter transplantation .Result The inhibition rate of transplanted tumor in the three treatment groups were 48.9% in the gemcitabine group , 68.9%in the combined group , and 28.0%in the Guben Yiliu III group .The combined group showed a significantly higher inhibition rate than the gemcitabine group (P<0.05).The gemcitabine group, combined group and Guben Yiliu III group showed a significantly slower growth rate than the control group .However, the combined treatment group showed a pronounced side effect and body weight loss than the other 3 groups .Conclusions The Chinese medicine Guben Yiliu III can improve the inhibitory effect of gemcitabine on nude mice with human pancreatic cancer xenograft in the auxilla of nude mice .

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