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1.
Univ. salud ; 24(2): 124-134, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377461

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El envejecimiento es un proceso irreversible que genera aumento permanente de la población de 60 o más años. Esta población vulnerable, vive en condiciones de discapacidad, abandono, falta de atención y presenta enfermedades asociadas con su estado nutricional, esto hace necesario determinarlo de forma adecuada. Objetivo: Analizar la concordancia entre diferentes criterios de clasificación nutricional según el Índice de Masa Corporal, a partir de una encuesta poblacional de envejecimiento, Colombia 2015. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron cuatro criterios y la concordancia entre las categorías del estado nutricional. Se calculó con los índices de Kappa directo y ponderado. Resultados: Las concordancias fueron moderadas y buenas, la menor proporción de bajo peso (3,4%) se obtuvo utilizando el criterio Organización Mundial de la Salud y la más alta (22,6%) con Organización Panamericana de Salud (p<0,05). El bajo peso se incrementa a medida que aumenta la edad, mientras el exceso de peso disminuye. Conclusiones: La clasificación nutricional cambia según el criterio y puntos de corte, el de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral, tuvo la mayor concordancia comparado con el de la Organización Mundial de la Salud y mejor capacidad para detectar deficiencia nutricional en la población adulta mayor.


Abstract Introduction: Aging is an irreversible process that generates a permanent increase in the 60 and older population. This vulnerable population lives in conditions of disability, neglect, lack of attention, and they present with illnesses related to their nutritional status, which is why it is necessary to understand it fully. Objective: To analyze the accordance between different criteria of nutritional classification according to the Body Mass Index, using an aging population survey, Colombia 2015. Materials and methods: Four criteria were used as well as accordance between categories of nutritional status. Direct and weighted Kappa indices were calculated. Results: The accordance was moderate and good, the lowest proportion of low weight (3.4%) was obtained using the World Health Organization criteria and the highest (22.6%) with the Pan American Health Organization (p<0.05). Low weight is increased as one ages, while excessive weight decreases. Conclusions: Nutritional classification changes depending on the criteria and cut-off points. The criteria of the Spanish Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition had the highest accordance with the World Health Organization and the best capacity in detecting nutritional deficiency in the older adult population.

2.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(1): 22-28, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374430

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Malnutrition is common in liver cirrhosis patients that is correlated with early complications, morbidity and mortality. Objective The purpose of the study was to assess nutritional status, impact of nutritional screening and intervention in liver cirrhosis patients by evaluating their actual energy and protein intake during hospital stay. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted wherein all patients' nutritional status was defined by Subjective Global Assessment tool. Adequate energy and protein supply were planned and executed by using individualized nutritional plan for patients with dietitian's collaboration. Anthropometric measurements included height, weight, body mass index, mid upper arm circumference, hand grip strength and triceps skin-fold thickness. Biochemical tests included haemoglobin, mean corpuscular haemoglobin, volume and concentration, albumin and liver function tests. To record the daily food intake, a 24-hour dietary recall was used. Results Overall 83 patients (mean age 55) were included, among them 46% of patients were moderately malnourished, 12% were normal, while 42% of cirrhotic patients were severely depleted according to Subjective Global Assessment. The mean intake of calories and protein was improved during stay in hospital after nutritional intervention and critical monitoring (P<0.05). Anthropometric measurements at baseline and discharge showed significant differences (P <0.05) in weight, body mass index, triceps skin fold thickness and mid upper arm circumference values, but not in hand grip strength that was associated with malnourishment among patients. Conclusion Providing individualized nutritional intervention and its monitoring by qualified dietitians during hospital stay helps to improve intake in patients that prevent further risk of malnutrition and related complications.


RESUMO Contexto A desnutrição é comum em pacientes com cirrose hepática e está correlacionada com complicações precoces, morbidade e mortalidade. Objetivo O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o estado nutricional, o impacto da triagem nutricional e a intervenção em pacientes com cirrose hepática, avaliando sua ingestão real de energia e proteína durante a internação hospitalar. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo transversal em que o estado nutricional de todos os pacientes foi definido pela ferramenta de Avaliação Global Subjetiva. O fornecimento adequado de energia e proteína foi planejado e executado por meio de plano nutricional individualizado para pacientes com colaboração de nutricionista. As medidas antropométricas incluíram: altura, peso, índice de massa corporal, circunferência do braço médio, força de aderência da mão e espessura da dobra da pele tríceps. Os testes bioquímicos incluíram: hemoglobina, volume e concentração da hemoglobina corpuscular média, albumina e testes de função hepática. Para registrar a ingestão diária de alimentos, foi utilizado um recall dietético de 24 horas. Resultados Ao todo foram incluídos 83 pacientes (média de 55 anos), entre eles 46% dos pacientes estavam moderadamente desnutridos, 12% estavam normais, enquanto 42% dos pacientes cirróticos estavam severamente depletados de acordo com a Avaliação Global Subjetiva. A ingestão média de calorias e proteínas foi melhorada durante a internação hospitalar após intervenção nutricional e monitoramento crítico (P<0,05). As medidas antropométricas na linha de base e descarga apresentaram diferenças significativas (P< 0,05) em peso, índice de massa corporal, espessura da dobra da pele do tríceps e valores médios de circunferência do braço, mas não na força de aderência da mão que estava associada à desnutrição entre os pacientes. Conclusão Proporcionar intervenção nutricional individualizada e seu acompanhamento por nutricionistas qualificados durante a internação hospitalar ajuda a melhorar a ingestão em pacientes que previnem maior risco de desnutrição e complicações relacionadas.

3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 3-11, jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360121

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Problemas nutricionais são comuns em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) e estão associados a um prognóstico ruim. É relevante mencionar que algumas populações de pacientes, como os com Doença de Chagas, são normalmente excluídas da maioria das análises. Objetivo Buscamos analisar a ocorrência de desnutrição e caquexia em pacientes com Doença de Chagas durante episódios de IC descompensada (ICD) em comparação a outras etiologias, e investigar a influência desses achados em desfechos hospitalares. Método Realizamos um estudo de série de casos consecutivos com pacientes hospitalizados com ICD. Os pacientes foram submetidos à Avaliação Nutricional Subjetiva Global (ASG), além de medidas antropométricas e laboratoriais, e foram avaliados para a ocorrência de caquexia, baixa massa muscular e força. Estudamos a ocorrência de morte e transplante cardíaco de urgência durante a internação. Resultados Ao todo, 131 pacientes foram analisados e 42 (32,1%) tinham Doença de Chagas. Pacientes com Doença de Chagas apresentavam índice de massa corporal (IMC) menor (22,4 kg/m2 [19,9-25,3] vs. 23,6 kg/m2 [20,8-27,3], p=0,03), maior frequência de desnutrição (76,2% vs 55,1%, p=0,015) e mais ocorrências de morte ou transplante (83,3% vs. 41,6%, p<0,001). Observamos que, dentre os pacientes com etiologia da Doença de Chagas, a ocorrência de morte ou transplante cardíaco esteve associada com desnutrição (3 [42,9%] pacientes com alta hospitalar vs. 29 [82,9%] pacientes que morreram ou receberam transplante cardíaco, P=0,043). Conclusões Ao todo, nossos resultados indicam que pacientes com Doença de Chagas internados com ICD costumam apresentar problemas nutricionais, principalmente desnutrição. É importante mencionar que este achado esteve associado à ocorrência de morte e transplante cardíaco durante a internação.


Abstract Background Nutritional disorders are common among patients with heart failure (HF) and associated with poor prognosis. Importantly, some populations of patients, like the ones with Chagas disease, are frequently excluded from most analyses. Objective We sought to study the occurrence of undernutrition and cachexia in patients with Chagas disease during episodes of decompensated HF (DHF) as compared to other etiologies, and to investigate the influence of these findings on hospital outcomes. Methods We performed a consecutive case series study with patients hospitalized with DHF. Patients underwent the Subjective Global Assessment of nutritional status (SGA), besides anthropometric and laboratorial measures, and were evaluated for the occurrence of cachexia, low muscle mass and strength. We studied the occurrence of death or urgent heart transplantation during hospitalization. Results Altogether, 131 patients were analyzed and 42 (32.1%) had Chagas disease. Patients with Chagas disease had lower Body Mass Index (BMI) (22.4 kg/m2[19.9-25.3] vs. 23.6 kg/m2 [20.8-27.3], p=0.03), higher frequency of undernutrition (76.2% vs 55.1%, p=0.015) and higher occurrence of death or transplant (83.3% vs. 41.6%, p<0.001). We found that, in patients with Chagas etiology, the occurrence of death or cardiac transplantation were associated with undernutrition (3 [42.9%] patients with hospital discharge vs 29 [82.9%] patients with death or heart transplant, p=0.043). Conclusions Taken together, our results indicate that patients with Chagas disease hospitalized with DHF often present with nutritional disorders, especially undernutrition; importantly, this finding was associated with the occurrence of death and heart transplant during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/complications , Malnutrition/complications , Heart Failure/etiology , Cachexia/etiology , Hospitals
4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 228-232, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913149

ABSTRACT

Children with infantile cholestatic liver disease are often accompanied by malnutrition, which in turn can affect its progression and prognosis. There are many factors causing malnutrition and various methods for malnutrition assessment, but there is still a lack of uniform standard for nutritional assessment in patients with liver diseases, and a variety of indicators and methods are required for comprehensive analysis and assessment. This article analyzes the common causes of malnutrition in children with cholestatic liver disease, introduces the different methods for nutritional assessment, including anthropometric measurements, laboratory examination, and nutritional assessment tools, and elaborates on nutritional intervention treatment, so as to improve the understanding of nutritional problems in children with cholestatic liver disease. Early identification and rational interventions can help to improve the quality of life and prognosis of children.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 215-219, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913146

ABSTRACT

There is a high prevalence rate of malnutrition in patients with end-stage liver disease, which often promotes disease progression and has a negative impact on the prognosis of patients. This article briefly describes the etiology of malnutrition in end-stage liver disease and introduces the research advances in nutrition screening, evaluation, and treatment in end-stage liver disease in China and globally, hoping to provide inspiration for nutritional support in patients with end-stage liver disease in China.

6.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340803

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the prevalence rates of nutritional deviations in children under five years of age according to data from the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System (Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional — SISVAN) and those obtained by trained anthropometrists. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study based on data from 10 municipalities and 2 sources: i) SISVAN Web (secondary database) and ii) an investigation that evaluated the implementation of food and nutrition actions in the Family Health Strategy in the state of Paraíba (primary database), with 24,137 and 897 individuals, respectively. Proportions of overweight — according to weight/age (W/A), weight/height (W/H), and body mass index/age (BMI/A) — and stunting — according to the height/age (H/A) index — based on classifications of SISVAN Web and those obtained by trained anthropometrists were compared using the two-proportion Z-test. Results: Frequencies of overweight, according to W/A (10.0 vs. 7.8%), W/H (17.2 vs. 14.3%), and BMI/A (18.1 vs. 14.4%), as well as stunting (12.3 vs. 8.6%), were higher on data from SISVAN Web than on those obtained by trained anthropometrists, and the differences were significant. Conclusions: The findings point to distortions in the nutritional classification of children under five years of age monitored by SISVAN Web.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as prevalências de desvios nutricionais em crianças menores de cinco anos de idade de acordo com dados do Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional (SISVAN) com as obtidas por antropometristas treinados. Métodos: Realizou-se estudo transversal descritivo contemplando dados de 10 municípios procedentes de duas fontes: i) do SISVAN Web (base secundária) e ii) de uma pesquisa de avaliação da implantação das ações de alimentação e nutrição na Estratégia Saúde da Família no estado da Paraíba (base primária); com 24.137 e 897 indivíduos, respectivamente. As proporções de peso elevado, segundo os índices peso/idade (P/I), peso/estatura (P/E) e índice de massa corpórea/idade (IMC/I), e de estatura baixa segundo o índice estatura/idade (E/I), entre as classificações do SISVAN Web e as referidas aos dados obtidos por antropometristas treinados, foram comparadas por meio do teste Z de diferença de proporções. Resultados: As frequências de peso elevado, de acordo com o P/I (10,0 vs. 7,8%), o P/E (17,2 vs. 14,3%) e o IMC/I (18,1 vs. 14,4%), assim como de estatura baixa (12,3 vs. 8,6%), foram maiores com base nos dados do SISVAN Web do que as obtidas quando foram usadas as medidas realizadas por antropometristas treinados, sendo as diferenças significantes. Conclusões: Os achados apontam distorções nas classificações nutricionais das crianças menores de cinco anos de idade acompanhadas pelo SISVAN Web.

7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 60-71, 20211217. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355299

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer gástrico es el quinto cáncer diagnosticado con mayor frecuencia y la tercera causa de muerte por cáncer en el mundo. En el tratamiento quirúrgico, la evidencia actual apoya las medidas preoperatorias e índices pronósticos para mejorar la supervivencia. El índice nutricional pronóstico, que une los valores de los linfocitos circulantes en sangre periférica con los de la albúmina sérica, ha presentado características de ser un marcador nutricional e inmunológico con valor predictivo sobre complicaciones y mortalidad. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la relación entre el índice nutricional pronóstico con las complicaciones y mortalidad en pacientes con cáncer gástrico sometidos a gastrectomía. Métodos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal, con componente analítico, mediante la revisión retrospectiva de las historias clínicas. Resultados. Se analizaron 113 pacientes sometidos a gastrectomía total o subtotal. Se encontró asociación entre el índice nutricional pronóstico y la mortalidad; todos los pacientes que murieron tenían un índice menor o igual a 46. También se encontró asociación inversa entre el valor del índice y la presentación de complicaciones posoperatorias, como sepsis, peritonitis, fuga de la anastomosis y sangrado. Discusión. Similar a nuestro análisis, varios estudios plantean que un índice nutricional pronóstico bajo podría tener un valor predictivo sobre la frecuencia de complicaciones y supervivencia global en pacientes con cáncer gástrico llevados a cirugía. Conclusión. El índice nutricional pronóstico se asocia con la mortalidad y complicaciones posoperatorias en pacientes sometidos a gastrectomía por cáncer gástrico.


Introduction. Gastric cancer is the fifth most frequently diagnosed cancer and the third cause of cancer death in the world. In surgical treatment, current evidence supports preoperative measures and prognostic index to improve survival. The prognostic nutritional index, which unites the values of circulating lymphocytes in peripheral blood with those of serum albumin, has presented characteristics of being a nutritional and immunological marker with predictive value on complications and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the prognostic nutritional index with complications and mortality in patients with gastric cancer undergoing gastrectomy.Methods. A descriptive, cross-sectional, observational study with an analytical component was carried out by a retrospective review of medical records. Results. A total of 113 patients who underwent total or subtotal gastrectomy were analyzed. An association was found between mortality and the prognostic nutritional index and mortality; all patients who died had an index ≤ 46. An inverse association was also found between the value of the index and the presentation of postoperative complications, such as sepsis, peritonitis, anastomotic leak, and bleeding.Discussion. Similar to our analysis, several studies suggest that a low prognostic nutritional index could have a predictive value on the frequency of complications and overall survival in patients with gastric cancer undergoing surgery.Conclusion. The prognostic nutritional index is associated with mortality and postoperative complications in patients undergoing gastrectomy for gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Nutrition Assessment , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Mortality , Gastrectomy
8.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(6): 610-616, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350970

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: The objective was to calculate weight/length (W/L) ratio values and percentiles by sex and gestational age (GA) to estimate fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM) and body fat percentage (BF%) as well as to compare these indices in preterm, small (SGA), and large (LGA) for GA, stunted and wasted infants from a Brazilian cohort of newborns, comparing with the INTERGROWTH-21st. Methods: Secondary, cross-sectional analysis of data obtained of 7427 live-born infants from the BRISA Cohort Study in the city of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil in 2010. For body composition estimation, W/L ratio was used in multiple regression models. The 3rd, 50th, and 97th percentiles for W/L ratio and body composition measures (FM, FFM, and BF%) were calculated using fractional polynomial regression models. Results: Average W/L ratio was 6.50 kg/m (SD 0.87), while for FM, BF%, and FFM the corresponding values were 359.64 g (145.76), 10.90% (3.05) and 2798.84 g (414.84), respectively. SGA (< 3rd percentile), and wasted infants showed the lowest W/L ratios and measures of body composition. The 3rd, 50th, and 97th percentiles charts of W/L, FM, BF%, and FFM by GA and sex are presented. Conclusions: W/L ratio values of the RP-BRISA Cohort are higher than IG-21st. SGA (< 3rd) and wasted infants showed the lowest W/L ratio and measures of body composition. The body composition references presented here could be used to refine the nutritional assessment of Brazilian newborns and to facilitate comparisons across populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Body Composition , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Gestational Age
9.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 430-433, Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288602

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The need for a lactic acid cycle eliminates lactic acid produced during exercise. This process requires energy consumption. D-ribose supplementation can increase muscle cell energy, accelerate the synthesis of PRPP in the heart and skeletal muscle, and eliminate the pentose phosphate pathway in the low limit of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity; it doubles the speed of ATP recovery, so supplementing ribose can improve exercise capacity and accelerate the elimination of lactic acid to improve recovery ability. Objective: Supplementing D-ribose can increase muscle cell energy and accelerate the regeneration of ATP in the myocardium and skeletal muscle. This experiment intends to explore the effects of anaerobic and aerobic exercise and anaerobic exercise capacity and recovery ability after supplementing D-ribose granules by observing the changes in exercise tests before and after nutritional supplementation and recovery indicators after exercise. Methods: The thesis used a paired design to randomly divide 24 male amateur tennis players into two groups (12 in each group): physical training group (control group), physical training + nutrition D-ribose group (test group), and the D- The effect of ribose on the aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity of amateur tennis players. Results: The observation indexes of the two groups before the test were not statistically significant (P>0.05); after the test for eight weeks, the aerobic capacity indexes of the test group were higher than those of the control group (P<0.05), and also higher than those before the test (P<0.05)); The recovery of 3minHR and 5minHR of the experimental group after exercise was significantly faster than that of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Nutritional D-ribose supplementation can enhance the aerobic training effect of amateur tennis players, improve aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity, and accelerate heart rate recovery after exercise. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: A necessidade de um ciclo de ácido lático elimina o ácido lático produzido durante o exercício. Este processo requer consumo de energia. A suplementação com D-ribose pode aumentar a energia das células musculares, acelerar a síntese de PRPP no coração e no músculo esquelético e eliminar a via da pentose fosfato no limite inferior da atividade da glicose-6-fosfato desidrogenase; ele dobra a velocidade de recuperação de ATP, portanto, a suplementação de ribose pode melhorar a capacidade de exercício e acelerar a eliminação de ácido láctico para melhorar a capacidade de recuperação. Objetivo: A suplementação de D-ribose pode aumentar a energia das células musculares e acelerar a regeneração de ATP no miocárdio e músculo esquelético. Este experimento pretende explorar os efeitos do exercício anaeróbio e aeróbio e da capacidade de exercício anaeróbio e capacidade de recuperação após a suplementação de grânulos de D-ribose, observando as mudanças nos testes de exercício antes e após a suplementação nutricional e indicadores de recuperação após o exercício. Métodos: A tese utilizou um desenho pareado para dividir aleatoriamente 24 tenistas amadores do sexo masculino em dois grupos (12 em cada grupo): grupo de treinamento físico (grupo controle), grupo de treinamento físico + nutrição D-ribose (grupo de teste) e o grupo D - O efeito da ribose na capacidade de exercício aeróbio e anaeróbio de tenistas amadores. Resultados: Os índices de observação dos dois grupos antes do teste não foram estatisticamente significantes (P> 0,05); após o teste por oito semanas, os índices de capacidade aeróbia do grupo teste foram maiores do que os do grupo controle (P <0,05), e também maiores do que aqueles antes do teste (P <0,05); A recuperação de 3minHR e 5minHR do grupo experimental após o exercício foi significativamente mais rápida do que a do grupo controle (P <0,05). Conclusões: A suplementação nutricional de D-ribose pode aumentar o efeito do treinamento aeróbio de jogadores de tênis amadores, melhorar a capacidade de exercício aeróbio e anaeróbio e acelerar a recuperação da freqüência cardíaca após o exercício. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La actividad física regular ayuda a mejorar las habilidades cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares. Cómo evaluar la tensión nerviosa de los vasos cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares a través del deporte es un tema candente. Objetivo: El artículo analiza la influencia de la participación regular en deportes sobre la función cardiovascular de las personas y los indicadores relacionados con la sangre. Métodos: Seleccionamos a 30 adultos mayores sanos que participan regularmente en deportes, registramos sus cambios en el ECG, presión arterial, frecuencia cardíaca y otros indicadores relacionados con la función cardiovascular, y analizamos la función sanguínea de los ancianos. Detección del recuento de glóbulos rojos (RBC), volumen de glóbulos rojos (MCV) y hemoglobina (Hb), creatinina sérica (Cr), glucosa en sangre (BGS), triglicéridos (TG), colesterol (TC), lipoproteínas de baja densidad (LDL) y se mide la lipoproteína de alta densidad (HDL). Resultados: Los adultos mayores que persisten en el ejercicio durante mucho tiempo tienen mejores indicadores que los que no lo hacen. Conclusión: El ejercicio aeróbico adecuado puede reducir la rigidez de los vasos sanguíneos en los ancianos. El ejercicio puede ayudar a los ancianos a aumentar la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca y mejorar los indicadores sanguíneos y la masa corporal de la función nerviosa autónoma del corazón. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Ribose/administration & dosage , Exercise/physiology , Tennis , Dietary Supplements , Athletes , Sports Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Diet, Healthy , Heart Rate/physiology , Models, Biological
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(7): 2613-2624, jul. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278789

ABSTRACT

Resumo Trata-se de um estudo ecológico que objetivou analisar a tendência do estado nutricional de gestantes adolescentes beneficiárias do programa brasileiro de transferência condicionada de renda, Bolsa Família, no período 2008-2018. Foram avaliados dados secundários de gestantes adolescentes beneficiárias do Programa Bolsa Família no período de janeiro de 2008 a dezembro de 2018, extraídos dos relatórios públicos do Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional WEB. Foram consultados os relatórios de acompanhamento das condicionalidades de saúde consolidados de acesso público do Programa Bolsa Família, sempre considerando a 2ª vigência. Observou-se uma variação anual de -1,2% (IC95%: [-1,6; -0,8] p<0,01) na prevalência de baixo peso na amostra estudada. Com relação as prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade no país, observou-se variações anuais de 2,9% (IC95%: [2,0; 3,7] p<0,01) e 7,5% (IC95%: [5,7; 9,3] p<0,01), respectivamente. Conclui-se que, no período avaliado, a prevalência de baixo peso entre as gestantes adolescentes beneficiárias do Programa Bolsa Família apresentou uma tendência decrescente, ao passo que as prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade apresentam uma tendência crescente em todo o Brasil.


Abstract This ecological study aimed to analyze the trend of the nutritional status of pregnant adolescent beneficiaries of the Brazilian Bolsa Família conditional cash transfer program in the 2008-2018 period. We evaluated secondary data of pregnant adolescent beneficiaries of the Bolsa Família Program from January 2008 to December 2018, extracted from the public reports of the WEB Food and Nutrition Surveillance System. We accessed the monitoring reports on the consolidated public-access health conditionalities of the Bolsa Família Program, always considering the second validity. An annual variation of -1.2% (95%CI: [-1.6; -0.8] p<0.01) was observed in the prevalence of underweight in Brazil in the studied sample. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in the country had annual variations of 2.9% (95%CI: [2.0; 3.7] p<0.01) and 7.5% (95%CI: [5.7; 9.3] p<0.01), respectively. We conclude by saying, that, in the evaluated period, the prevalence of underweight among pregnant adolescent beneficiaries of the Bolsa Família Program showed a decreasing trend, while the prevalence of overweight and obesity increased throughout Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Thinness/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Nutritional Status , Overweight/epidemiology , Obesity
11.
Rev. APS ; 22(3): 645-659, 20210601.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354147

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a oferta da assistência nutricional às crianças menores de cinco anos assistidas pelas equipes da Estratégia Saúde da Família. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal, avaliativo, ancorado no modelo sistêmico de Donabedian, sendo avaliadas as dimensões estrutura e processo. Compuseram a amostra 41 enfermeiros das equipes de Estratégia de Saúde da Família de um município do interior de Pernambuco. RESULTADOS: Os achados do estudo revelam, em relação à estrutura, o item "recursos humanos" como o único classificado na condição de regular, sendo os demais itens pontuados na condição de bons. Quanto ao componente "processo", os itens avaliados apresentaram conformidade, sendo classificados entre as condições de bom e excelente. CONCLUSÃO: Evidenciou-se a necessidade de fomento à formação continuada dos enfermeiros das equipes de Estratégia de Saúde da Família para o desenvolvimento das ações de alimentação e nutrição.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the provision of nutritional assistance to children under the age of five assisted by the Family Health Strategy teams. METHOD: Cross-sectional, evaluative study, anchored in the Donabedian systemic model that evaluated the size structure and the process. The sample comprised 41 nurses from the Family Health Strategy teams in a municipal district in Pernambuco. RESULTS: The findings of the study reveal, in relation to the structure, the item "human resources" as the only one classified in the condition of regular, while the other items were scored as good. As for the "process" component, the evaluated items presented conformity, being classified between good and excellent conditions. CONCLUSION: It was evidenced that it is necessary to foster the continuous formation of the nurses from the teams of Strategy of Health of the Family for the development of the feeding and nutrition actions.


Subject(s)
National Health Strategies , Nutritional Sciences
12.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 29(1): 122-132, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285876

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução No Brasil, vislumbraram-se avanços significativos nas políticas de alimentação e nutrição. Apesar disso, o país apresenta milhões de pessoas em condições de Insegurança Alimentar (IA), com reconhecida dificuldade de acesso à alimentação adequada. Objetivo Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo investigar a associação entre insegurança alimentar com o perfil antropométrico e socioeconômico de agricultores dos municípios da região centro-sul do Ceará. Método Trata-se de uma pesquisa transversal que utilizou um questionário socioeconômico e a Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alimentar (EBIA) para avaliar a situação de IA e o Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) para avaliação do estado nutricional. Os testes de Mann-Whitney e qui-quadrado foram utilizados, considerando significativo p < 0,05. Resultados Participaram desta pesquisa 86 agricultores, destes 39,5% em condições de IA e 41% com sobrepeso. Foi identificada associação entre a situação de IA em famílias com o maior número de indivíduos (p < 0,05), a presença de menores de 18 anos (p < 0,05) e menor renda per capita (p = 0,001). Conclusão Podemos concluir que a IA esteve associada fortemente à aglomeração domiciliar e renda entre famílias de agricultores. Assim, as políticas públicas voltadas à saúde dos agricultores devem considerar a vulnerabilidade das famílias de baixa renda e com crianças e jovens na sua composição, possibilitando acesso à alimentação adequada.


Abstract Background In Brazil, it has been envisioned significant advances in food and nutrition policies. Despite this, the country has millions of people under conditions of Food Insecurity (FI), with recognized difficulties of access to adequate food. Objective This research aimed to investigate the association between FI with anthropometric and socioeconomic statusof farmers of the municipalities in the Middle-South region of Ceará. Method It is a cross-sectional study that used a socioeconomic questionnaire and the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale to assess the situation of FI and the Body Mass Index (BMI) for assessing the nutritional status. The tests of Mann-Whitney and Chi-square were used, considering a significant p-value (p<0.05). Results 86 farmers participated in this research, including 39.5% of those who wereFI and 41% overweight. The association was identified between the situation of FI in families with the greatest number of individuals (p<0.05), the presence of individuals aged under18 years (p<0.05) and lower per capita income (p=0.001). Conclusion It could be conclude that the FI was strongly associated to household crowding and income among farmers' families Thus, the public policies directed to the farmers' health should consider the vulnerability of low-income families and families with children as well as young people in their composition, enabling access to adequate food.

13.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(1): 131-144, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249065

ABSTRACT

Abstract | Introduction: No equations to predict the body composition of athletes from Medellín expected to have high performance have been constructed and, thus, decisions regarding their training and nutrition plans lack support. Objective: To calculate the concurrent validity of five prediction equations for fat percentage in a group of athletes from Medellín, Colombia, expected to yield high performance. Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to validate diagnostic tests using secondary-source data of athletes under the age of 18 who were part of the "Medellín Team'.' The gold standard was dual-energy X-ray densitometry (DEXA). We analyzed the Slaughter, Durnin and Rahaman, Lohman, and Johnston prediction equations, as well as the five-component model. We used the intraclass correlation coefficient to assess the consistency of the methods and the Bland-Altman plot to calculate the average bias and agreement limits of each of the equations. Results: We included 101 athletes (50,5 % of them women). The median age was 14,8 years (IR: 13,0 - 16,0). The concurrent validity was "good/excellent" for the Johnston and the Durnin and Rahaman equations and the five-components model. The Lohman equation overestimated the fat percentage in 12,7 points. All of the equations showed broad agreement limits. Conclusions: The Durnin and Rahaman and the Johnston equations, as well as the five-component model, can be used to predict the FP in the study population as they showed a "good/excellent" concurrent validity and a low average bias. The equations analyzed have low accuracy, which hinders their use to diagnose the individual fat percentage within this population.


Resumen | Introducción. La falta de ecuaciones de predicción de la composición corporal de deportistas con expectativas de alto rendimiento en Medellín dificulta la toma de decisiones para su entrenamiento y nutrición. Objetivo. Calcular la validez concurrente de cinco ecuaciones de predicción del porcentaje de grasa en un grupo de deportistas con expectativas de alto rendimiento en Medellín, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio trasversal de validación de pruebas diagnósticas con datos de una fuente secundaria de deportistas menores de 18 años pertenecientes al "Team Medellín". La densitometría dual de rayos X (DEXA) fue la prueba de referencia. Se analizaron las ecuaciones de predicción de Slaughter, de Durnin y Rahaman, de Lohman y de Johnston, así como el modelo de cinco componentes. Para evaluar la concordancia entre los métodos se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación intraclase y se hicieron análisis de Bland y Altman para calcular el sesgo promedio y los límites de acuerdo de cada una de las ecuaciones. Resultados. Participaron 101 deportistas (50,5 % de ellos mujeres) con una mediana de edad de 14,8 años (RI: 13,0-16,0). La validez concurrente fue "buena-excelente" para las ecuaciones de Johnston, Durnin y Rahaman y el modelo de cinco componentes. La ecuación de Lohman sobreestimó el porcentaje de grasa en 12,7 puntos porcentuales, pero todas mostraron límites de acuerdo amplios. Conclusiones. En la población del estudio se pueden utilizar las ecuaciones de Durnin y Rahaman, la de Johnston y el modelo de cinco componentes para predecir el porcentaje de grasa, pues su validez concurrente fue "buena-excelente" y el sesgo promedio fue bajo. Las ecuaciones que se estudiaron tienen poca precisión, lo que dificulta utilizarlas para el diagnóstico individual del porcentaje de grasa en dicha población.


Subject(s)
Body Composition , Adipose Tissue , Absorptiometry, Photon , Nutrition Assessment , Child , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Adolescent
14.
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021220, 09 fev. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343353

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Body composition changes related to aging alter the capacity of predicting risk through anthropometric parameters. OBJECTIVE: To discuss methodological aspects of anthropometry in active elderly based on associations between Body Mass Index (BMI) and other nutritional indicators. METHODS: Crosssectional study with active elderly from Macaé, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2014/2015). Nutritional status was described according to the BMI (Nutritional Screening Initiative, 1994). Linear regression analysis was performed: the outcome variable was BMI and the dependent ones were circumferences of waist, hip, neck, calf, arm and waist-tohip ratio (WHR). RESULTS: We assessed 173 people (55.5% female; median 71 years old). Calf and neck circumferences and WHR presented low R2 value. Among women, hip (R2=0.825) and waist circumferences (R2=0.729) individually explained much of the variation in BMI; and among men, waist (R2=0.759) and arm circumferences (R2=0.741) performed better. The cut-off points for waist circumference corresponding to the critical BMI value (27 kg/m2) were 87.9 and 96.8 cm, respectively for women and men. In multiple analysis, the association of waist, hip and arm circumferences with BMI remained significant. CONCLUSION: Circumferences traditionally used to assess adults had higher linear association with BMI than specific indicators for elderly people. The body composition of active elderly can be more similar to adults' than that of elderly with other profiles. The waist circumference cut-off points established for adults may not be suitable for elderly populations. We suggest testing the cut-off points obtained by this study on other groups of active elderly.


INTRODUÇÃO: Mudanças de composição corporal decorrentes do envelhecimento alteram a capacidade preditiva de risco dos parâmetros antropométricos. OBJETIVO: Discutir aspectos metodológicos da antropometria em idosos ativos, baseando-se nas associações do Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) com outros indicadores nutricionais. MÉTODOS: Inquérito com idosos ativos de Macaé/RJ, Brazil (2014/2015). Descreveu-se o estado nutricional segundo o IMC (Nutritional Screening Initiative, 1994). Realizou-se análise de regressão linear tendo o IMC como variável resposta e, como dependentes, perímetros da cintura, quadril, pescoço, panturrilha, braço e razão cintura-quadril (RCQ). RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 173 idosos (55,5% do sexo feminino; mediana de 71 anos de idade). Os perímetros da panturrilha, pescoço e a RCQ apresentaram baixo coeficiente de determinação. Entre mulheres, perímetros do quadril (R2=0,825) e da cintura (R2=0,729) explicaram, individualmente, grande parte da variação do IMC; e entre homens, cintura (R2=0,759) e braço (R2=0,741). Os pontos de corte de perímetro da cintura correspondentes ao valor crítico de IMC (27 kg/m2) foram 87,9 e 96,8 cm, respectivamente para mulheres e homens. Na análise múltipla, a associação dos perímetros da cintura, quadril e braço com IMC permaneceu significativa. CONCLUSÃO: A composição corporal de idosos ativos, em comparação com idosos de outros perfis, pode ser mais semelhante à de adultos. Os pontos de corte de perímetro da cintura estabelecidos para adultos podem ser inadequados para idosos. Sugere-se testar os valores limite obtidos neste estudo em outros grupos de idosos ativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Body Mass Index , Nutrition Assessment , Anthropometry , Health of the Elderly , Health Profile , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 29(1): 20-26, Ene-Mar 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1283822

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la incorporación de la mujer a la planta productiva ha modificado los patrones de atención y cuidado de los hijos. Objetivo: determinar el efecto de la guardería en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño. Metodología: diseño de cohorte antes y después en niños atendidos en guarderías; la fuente de información fue el expediente clínico que genera de manera cotidiana el personal encargado de la atención del niño. Grupo no expuesto: niños al ingresar a la guardería (43 días a 24 meses de edad); grupo expuesto: los mismos niños al salir de la guardería (31 meses a 48 meses de edad). La exposición incluyó programas de alimentación y pedagogía para estimular el desarrollo psicosocial, lingüístico, motriz y cognitivo. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 154 expedientes. Se realizó la valoración del estado nutricional (Organización Mundial de la Salud, peso para la talla) y de desarrollo psicosocial (Evaluación del Desarrollo del Niño), lingüístico, motriz y cognitivo. Se utilizaron t pareada, Wilcoxon y McNemar. Resultados: el estado nutricional no se modificó (p = 0.837). El desarrollo al egreso fue estadísticamente significativo en las áreas psicosocial (p = 0.000), lingüística (p = 0.000), motriz (p = 0.000) y cognitiva (p = 0.000). Conclusión: el niño atendido en guardería sometido a programas para el desarrollo tiene alta probabilidad de evolucionar de manera favorable en las áreas psicosocial, lingüística, motriz y cognitiva.


Introduction: The incorporation of women into the economcally active sector has changed the patterns of children development and childcare. Objective: Determine the impact that a childcare center may have on the growth and development of children. Methods: Before and after cohort design in childcare center, using the information gathered in the clinical file, by personnel in charge of watching the children. Unexposed group, children upon entering the childcare center (from 43 days to 24 months of age); exposed group, the same children after leaving the childcare center (from 31 months to 48 months of age). Intervention included feeding and pedagogical program to stimulate psychosocial, language, motor and cognitive development. The sample size was 154 files. Assessment of nutritional status (World Health Organization tables for weight for height) and psychosocial, language, motor and cognitive development (Child Development Assessment instrument) was performed.Paired t, Wilcoxon and McNemar were used. Results: Nutritional condition was not modified (p = 0.837). After visiting the childcare center, the development of children was statistically significant in the psychosocial (p = 0.000), language (p = 0.000), motor (p = 0.000) and cognitive (p = 0.000) areas. Conclusion: The children in childcare centers undergoing a program of development, evolve favorably in the psychoso-cial, language, motor, and cognitive areas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Schools, Nursery , Child Development , Nutrition Surveys , Cohort Studies , Language Development
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAE5254, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350704

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The Brazilian Nutritional Consensus in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Children and Adolescents was developed by dietitians, physicians, and pediatric hematologists from 10 Brazilian reference centers in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The aim was to emphasize the importance of nutritional status and body composition during treatment, as well as the main characteristics related to patient´s nutritional assessment. This consensus is intended to improve and standardize nutrition therapy during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The consensus was approved by the Brazilian Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation.


RESUMO O Consenso Brasileiro de Nutrição em Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoiéticas: crianças e adolescentes foi elaborado com a participação de nutricionistas, médicos nutrólogos e médicos hematologistas pediátricos de 10 centros brasileiros que são referência em transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas. O objetivo foi salientar a importância do estado nutricional e da composição corporal durante o tratamento, bem como as principais características relacionadas à avaliação nutricional do paciente. As intenções, ao se estabelecer o consenso, foram aprimorar e padronizar a terapia nutricional durante o transplante de células-tronco hematopoiéticas. O consenso foi aprovado pela Sociedade Brasileira de Transplante de Médula Óssea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Brazil , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Consensus
17.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(6): e00130320, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278612

ABSTRACT

Abstract: We verified the prevalence of adequacy in prenatal care considering nutritional assistance and associated factors. It is a cross-sectional study, part of Maternar Cohort Study, conducted between 2018-2019 in Southern Brazil. Women were interviewed during hospitalization in the immediate postpartum period and data were collected from the prenatal chart. Prenatal adequacy and nutritional care were assessed according to criteria from the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Two outcome models were constructed. Outcome 1 consisted of minimal coverage (early prenatal start and minimum number of visits) and exams, and Outcome 2 comprised minimal coverage, exams, and nutritional assistance. Poisson regression was used to estimate prevalence ratios. A total of 802 women were analyzed, and we identified 57% of adequacy of Outcome 1. Unplanned pregnancy (PR = 0.76; 95%CI: 0.68-0.86), parity (PR = 0.88; 95%CI: 0.83-0.94) and prenatal care outside Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State (PR = 0.80; 95%CI: 0.69-0.92), were associated with lower prenatal adequacy frequencies. Outcome 2 was considered adequate for 10.2% of women. Follow-up by different professionals during prenatal care was associated with lower adequacy (PR = 0.49; 95%CI: 0.28-0.86). Women with high-risk pregnancies had a higher frequency of adequacy in Outcome 1 (PR = 1.21; 95%CI: 1.07-1.37) and in Outcome 2 (PR = 1.75; 95%CI: 1.16-2.64). General adequacy was considered low in both outcomes. There was a lack of nutritional assistance during prenatal care. Characteristics such as pregnancy planning, lower parity, prenatal care in Porto Alegre, follow-up by the same professional and high-risk pregnancy were predictors for the adequacy of prenatal care.


Resumo: Verificamos a prevalência de adequação da atenção pré-natal considerando a assistência nutricional e identificamos os fatores associados. O estudo transversal, parte do Estudo de Coorte Maternar, foi realizado em 2018 e 2019 no Sul do Brasil. As mulheres foram entrevistadas durante a internação no pós-parto imediato, e os dados foram coletados do cartão de pré-natal. A adequação do pré-natal e da assistência nutricional foram avaliadas de acordo com os critérios do Ministério da Saúde. Dois modelos de desfechos foram construídos. O Desfecho 1 consistia em cobertura mínima (início precoce do pré-natal e número mínimo de consultas) e exames, e o Desfecho 2, com cobertura mínima e exames, acrescidos de assistência nutricional. Foi utilizada a regressão de Poisson para estimar as razões de prevalência. Foram analisadas 802 mulheres, e identificamos 57% de adequação do Desfecho 1. A gravidez não planejada (RP = 0,76; IC95% 0,68-0,86), paridade (RP = 0,88; IC95%: 0,83-0,94) e pré-natal fora da capital do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (RP = 0,80; IC95%: 0,69-0,92) estiveram associados a menores frequências de pré-natal adequado. O Desfecho 2 foi considerado adequado em 10,2% das mulheres. O acompanhamento por diferentes profissionais durante o pré-natal esteve associado a menor adequação (RP = 0,49; IC95%: 0,28-0,86). As mulheres com gravidez de alto risco tiveram maior frequência de adequação no Desfecho 1 (RP = 1,21; IC95%: 1,07-1,37) e no Desfecho 2 (RP = 1,75; IC95%: 1,16-2,64). A adequação geral foi considerada baixa para ambos os desfechos. Havia falta de assistência nutricional durante o atendimento pré-natal. Os preditores de adequação do pré-natal incluíam planejamento da gravidez, paridade menor, pré-natal na capital, acompanhamento pelo mesmo profissional e gestação de alto risco.


Resumen: Verificamos la prevalencia de la adecuación del cuidado prenatal, considerando factores relacionados con la asistencia nutricional, así como sus factores asociados. Se trata de un estudio trasversal, que parte del Estudio de Cohorte Maternar, realizada entre 2018-2019 en el sur de Brasil. Las mujeres fueron entrevistadas durante su hospitalización en un período inmediato al postparto y los datos se recogieron de la cartilla prenatal. La adecuación prenatal y nutricional fue evaluada según los criterios del Ministerio de Salud. Se construyeron dos modelos de resultados. El Resultado 1 consistió en una mínima cobertura (inicio temprano prenatal y mínimo número de visitas) y exámenes, y el Resultado 2 tuvo una mínima cobertura, exámenes y asistencia nutricional. La regresión de Poisson se usó para estimar las ratios de prevalencia. Se analizaron a 802 mujeres, e identificamos un 57% de adecuación al Resultado 1. Embarazo no planeado (RP = 0,76; IC95%: 0,68-0,86), paridad (RP = 0,88; IC95%: 0,83-0,94) y cuidado prenatal fuera de la capital del estado de Rio Grande do Sul (RP = 0,80; IC95%: 0,69-0,92) estuvieron asociados con frecuencias de educación más bajas durante el período prenatal. El Resultado 2 fue considerado adecuado para un 10,2% de las mujeres. El seguimiento realizado por parte de diferentes profesionales durante el cuidado prenatal estuvo asociado con una adecuación más baja (RP = 0,49; IC95%: 0,28-0,86). Las mujeres con embarazos de alto riesgo tuvieron una frecuencia más alta de adecuación en el Resultado 1 (RP = 1,21; IC95%: 1,07-1,37) y en el Resultado 2 (RP = 1,75; IC95%: 1,16-2,64). La adecuación general fue considerada baja en ambos resultados. Hubo una falta de asistencia nutricional durante el cuidado prenatal. Características tales como: planificación de los embarazos, paridad más baja, cuidado prenatal en la capital, seguimiento por el mismo profesional y embarazo de alto riesgo fueron predictores para la idoneidad del cuidado prenatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Postpartum Period , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies
18.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of and factors associated with excess weight in older adults according to body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WtHR), as well as to measure the differences between the prevalences estimated by WC and WtHR in relation to BMI. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 ­ 2017 with 549 older adults (72­102 years) from Campinas and Ermelino Matarazzo, two cities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Excess weight was defined according to cut-off points established for older adults. Multiple Poisson regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: The overweight/obesity prevalences were 47.36% (BMI), 61.38% (WC) and 65.57% (WtHR), being higher in women and in those with hypertension, diabetes, polypharmacy, and normal calf circumference. They were also higher in the youngest age strata (BMI and WC), in those with arthritis/rheumatism (BMI), and in those with slow gait (WtHR). The estimated overweight/obesity prevalences according to WC and WtHR were 29.00% and 38.00% higher, respectively, than BMI. In the multiple model, there was a higher prevalence of adiposity among diabetics and those with normal calf circumference. CONCLUSIONS: Measures of abdominal adiposity provided a better diagnosis of excess weight. We recommended that health professionals consider using WtHR in anthropometric assessment of older adults, especially regarding adiposity


OBJETIVOS: Estimar as prevalências e os fatores associados ao excesso de peso em idosos, segundo índice de massa corporal (IMC), circunferência da cintura (CC) e razão cintura-estatura (RCE); mensurar as diferenças entre as prevalências estimadas pela CC e RCE, em relação ao IMC. METODOLOGIA: Estudo transversal com 549 idosos (72 ­ 102 anos), realizado em Campinas (SP) e Ermelino Matarazzo (SP) em 2016-17. A definição de excesso de peso baseou-se em pontos de corte propostos para idosos. Utilizou-se análise múltipla de regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: As prevalências de excesso de peso atingiram 47,36% (IMC), 61,38% (CC) e 65,57% (RCE) e foram maiores nas mulheres, nos hipertensos, nos diabéticos, nos polimedicados e naqueles com circunferência da panturrilha (CP) adequada. Foram também superiores nos mais jovens (IMC e CC), naqueles com artrite/reumatismo (IMC) e com lentidão da marcha (RCE). A prevalência de excesso de peso estimada pela CC foi 29,00% maior e pela RCE 38,00% maior em relação ao IMC. No modelo múltiplo, observaram-se maiores prevalências de adiposidade nos diabéticos e nos idosos com CP adequada. CONCLUSÕES: As medidas de adiposidade abdominal melhor diagnosticaram o excesso de peso. Recomenda-se que profissionais da saúde considerem o uso da RCE para a avaliação antropométrica de idosos, especialmente de adiposidade.

19.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178047

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O estado nutricional do paciente oncológico apresenta grande variação ao longo da doença, além de efeitos adversos relacionados ao trato gastrointestinal serem comuns durante o tratamento quimioterápico. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional e a presença de sintomas gastrointestinais em pacientes oncológicos submetidos à quimioterapia. Método: Estudo transversal com pacientes em tratamento no setor de Quimioterapia do Hospital Escola da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel), RS, no período de abril a julho de 2019. Dados sociodemográficos e questões relacionadas à doença foram obtidos por meio de um questionário. Para avaliação do estado nutricional e dos sintomas gastrointestinais, utilizou-se a avaliação subjetiva global produzida pelo paciente. A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio de análise descritiva, e a associação entre variáveis categóricas, verificada pelo teste qui-quadrado de Pearson (p<0,05). Resultados:Foram avaliados 101 pacientes, com média de idade de 58,6 anos e maior prevalência de indivíduos do sexo feminino (58,4%), de cor branca (77,2%), casados (53,0%), pertencentes à classe C (50,4%). Encontrou-se maior prevalência dos cânceres do trato gastrointestinal (34,6%) e mama (27,8%). A maioria dos pacientes foi classificada como bem nutrido (66,3%), enquanto saciedade precoce (56,0%), xerostomia (54,0%), inapetência (42,0%) e náusea (37,0%) foram os sintomas mais citados. Não foi encontrada associação estatística entre o estado nutricional e qualquer um dos sintomas gastrointestinais. Conclusão: O estado nutricional da maioria dos pacientes foi classificado como bem nutrido, mas necessitando de atenção para a ocorrência dos sintomas gastrointestinais.


Introduction: The nutritional status of oncologic patients varies greatly throughout the disease, further to gastrointestinal tract related adverse effects that are common during chemotherapy treatment. Objective: Evaluate the nutritional status and the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms in oncologic patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: Cross-sectional study with patients in treatment in the Chemotherapy Unit of the Hospital School of Pelotas Federal University (UFPel), RS, from April to July 2019. Sociodemographic data and questions related to the disease were obtained through a questionnaire. To assess the nutritional status and gastrointestinal symptoms the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment was utilized. Data analysis was performed through descriptive analysis, and the association between categorical variables was verified by Pearson's chi-square test (p<0.05). Results: A total of one hundred one patients was evaluated, mean age of 58.6 years, with higher prevalence of females (58.4%), Caucasian (77.2%), married (53.0%), belonging to class C (50.4%). Higher prevalence of gastrointestinal tract (34.6%) and breast (27.8%) cancer was found. Most patients were classified as well-nourished (66.3%), while early satiety (56.0%), xerostomia (54.0%), loss of apetite (42.0%), and nausea (37.0%) were the symptoms most cited. No statistical association was encountered between nutritional status and any of the gastrointestinal symptoms. Conclusion: The nutritional status of most patients was classified as well nourished, but attention is needed for the occurrence of gastrointestinal symptoms.


Introducción: El estado nutricional del paciente oncológico presenta variacones durante la enfermedad, además de los efectos adversos relacionados con el tracto gastrointestinal comunes durante la quimioterapia. Objetivo: Evaluar el estado nutricional y la presencia de síntomas gastrointestinales en pacientes con cáncer sometidos a quimioterapia. Método: Estudio transversal con pacientes tratados en el sector de quimioterapia del Hospital Escuela de la Universidad Federal de Pelotas (UFPel), RS, de abril a julio de 2019. Se obtuvieron datos sociodemográficos y relacionados con la enfermedad a través de un cuestionario. Para evaluar el estado nutricional y los síntomas gastrointestinales se utilizó la Evaluación Subjetiva Global Producida por el Paciente. Las análisis de los datos se realizó mediante análisis descriptiva, y la asociación entre variables categóricas se verificó mediante la prueba de chi-cuadrado de Pearson (p<0,05). Resultados: Se evaluaron 101 pacientes, con edad media de 58,6 años, mayor prevalencia de mujeres (58,4%), blancos (77,2%), casados (53,0%), pertenecientes a la clase C (50,4%). Se encontró una mayor prevalencia de cánceres del tracto gastrointestinal (34,6%) y de mama (27,8%). La mayoría de los pacientes se clasificó como bien nutrido (66,3%), mientras que saciedad temprana (56,0%), boca seca (54,0%), falta de apetito (42,0%) y náuseas (37,0%) fueron los síntomas más frecuentemente. No se encontró asociación estadística entre el estado nutricional y los síntomas gastrointestinales. Conclusión: El estado nutricional de la mayoría de los pacientes se clasificó como bien nutrido, pero necesita la atención a presencia de síntomas gastrointestinales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nutritional Status , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Nutrition Assessment
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the nutritional status and related influential factors in older adult malnourished patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis.Methods:A total of 150 older adult patients who received maintenance hemodialysis for over 3 months between August 2016 and June 2019 in Zhejiang Xin'an International Hospital, China were included in this study. The general data of the patients including basic information, clinical characteristics, dietary status, and accompanied diseases were collected. The nutritional status of the patients was evaluated using the Objective Score of Nutrition on Dialysis (OSND). These patients were assigned to malnutrition and normal nutrition groups according to evaluation results. Blood biochemical indexes and nutritional diet data were compared between the two groups. The factors that caused malnutrition were analyzed using logistic regression method.Results:Among the 150 patients, 72 (48.00%) patients had a normal nutritional status (normal nutrition group), and 78 (52.00%) patients had malnutrition (malnutrition group). Mild malnutrition was found in 27 (18.00%) patients, moderate malnutrition in 35 (23.33%) patients, and severe malnutrition in 16 (10.67%) patients. Body mass index, the levels of albumin, hemoglobin, and blood urea nitrogen in the malnutrition group were (19.84 ± 3.06) kg/m 2, (33.48 ± 5.61) g/L, (85.39 ± 19.06) g/L and (32.69 ± 6.80) mmol/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the normal nutrition group [(22.61 ± 3.79) kg/m 2, (38.25 ± 4.78) g/L, (99.53 ± 17.8) g/L, (36.14 ± 5.02) mmol/L, t = 4.942, 5.582, 4.681, -3.511, all P < 0.05]. The levels of serum creatinine (Scr) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the malnutrition group were (1 094.81 ± 219.03) μmol/L and (421.93 ± 210.09) pg/mL], respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the normal nutrition group [(871.04 ± 157.63) μmol/L, (318.84 ± 207.52) pg/mL, t = -24.254, 3.020, both P < 0.05). Univariate analysis results revealed that there were significant differences in age, duration of dialysis, diabetes mellitus, nutrition knowledge, protein and energy intake between malnutrition and normal nutrition groups ( t = 9.608, 5.883, 9.423, 17.910, 26.362, all P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, duration of dialysis, poor nutrition knowledge and inadequate energy and protein intake were independent risk factors for malnutrition in older adult maintenance hemodialysis patients ( χ2 = 10.796, 7.818, 8.154, 5.044, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Older adult maintenance hemodialysis patients are more prone to develop malnutrition. In addition, age, duration of dialysis, poor nutrition knowledge and inadequate energy and protein intake are independent risk factors for malnutrition. Comprehensive intervention should be carried out according to the specific situation of patients in clinical nursing.

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