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1.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58744, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550248

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: A profissão policial é considerada de alto risco e exige um vigor físico e mental do trabalhador diante do serviço realizado. De tal modo que uma boa qualidade do sono é importante, pois impacta diretamente em diversos aspectos na saúde desses trabalhadores. Ademais, a falta de uma boa qualidade do sono devido ao trabalho pode influenciar negativamente a qualidade de vida no trabalho. Objetivo: Analisar a influência da qualidade do sono na qualidade de vida no trabalho de policiais militares. Metodologia: Estudo quantitativo, correlacionalde corte transversal, realizado no primeiro semestre de 2019, com policiais de três municípios da Bahia, Brasil. Foram utilizados três instrumentos: sociodemográfico e características laborais; qualidade de vida de vida no trabalho; e qualidade do sono. Foi aplicado o teste do qui quadrado para as variáveis sociodemograficas e ocupacionais. Posteriormente, foi aplicado o teste de correlação de Spearman entre a qualidade do sono com as dimensões da qualidade de vida no trabalho. Resultados: Evidenciou-se entre os 298 policiais que a mediana da idade foi de 40 anos e tempo de serviço ≤ 7 anos, observou-se também que os policiais com pior qualidade do sono apresentaram qualidade de vida no trabalho insatisfatória em todas as dimensões (biológica/fisiológica; psicológica/comportamental; sociológica/relacional; econômica/política, ambiental/organizacional). Conclusão: Os policiais sofrem com a qualidade do sono e consequentemente influencia negativamente a qualidade de vida no trabalho. Assim, há uma necessidade de desenvolver ações no ambiente de trabalho que possam diminuir os afastamentos decorrentes dos problemas de saúde ocasionados pela qualidade do sono.


Resumen Introdución: La formación policial se considera de alto riesgo y requiere vigor físico y mental por parte de la persona trabajadora antes de realizar el servicio. Para esto, la buena calidad de sueño es importante, ya que impacta directamente en la salud de la población trabajadora en varios aspectos. Además, la falta de una buena calidad de sueño debido al trabajo puede influir negativamente en la calidad de vida fuera del trabajo. Objetivo: Analizar la influencia de la calidad del sueño en la calidad de vida en el trabajo de policías militares. Metodología: Estudio cuantitativo, correlacional transversal, realizado en el primer semestre de 2019, con policías de tres municipios de Bahía, Brasil. Se utilizaron tres instrumentos: características sociodemográficas y laborales, calidad de vida en el trabajo y calidad de sueño. Se aplicó la prueba chi cuadrado para las variables sociodemográficas y ocupacionales. Posteriormente, se aplicó la prueba de correlación de Spearman entre la calidad del sueño y las dimensiones de calidad de vida en el trabajo. Resultados: La muestra fue de 298 policías, la mediana de edad fue de 40 años y la antigüedad en el servicio fue ≤ 7 años. También, se observó quienes tuvieron peor calidad de sueño, también tuvieron una calidad de vida en el trabajo insatisfactoria en todos sus dimensiones (biológica/fisiológica; psicológica/conductual; sociológica/relacional; económica/política, ambiental/organizacional). Conclusión: Quienes son agentes de policía sufren de mala calidad de sueño y, en consecuencia, se influye negativamente su calidad de vida en el trabajo. Por lo tanto, existe la necesidad de desarrollar acciones en el lugar de trabajo que pueda reducir los riesgos de problemas de salud causados por la calidad del sueño.


Abstract Background: Police training is considered high risk and demands physical and mental vigor from the worker before preforming the service. Therefore, sleep quality is important as it directly impacts the health of these workers in several aspects. Furthermore, the lack of sleep quality due to work can negatively influence the quality of life outside of work. Aim: To analyze the influence of sleep quality on the quality of life and work of military police officers. Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional correlational study, conducted in the first half of 2019 with police officers from three municipalities in Bahia, Brazil. Three instruments were used: sociodemographic and work characteristics; quality of life at work; and sleep quality. The chi-square test was applied for sociodemographic and occupational variations. Subsequently, the Spearman correlation test was applied between sleep quality and the quality of life and work dimensions. Results: Among the 298 police officers the median age was 40 years and the length of service was ≤ 7 years. It was also observed that police officers with poorer sleep quality had an unsatisfactory quality of life at work in all its dimensions (biological/physiological; psychological/behavioral; sociological/relational; economic/political, environmental/organizational). Conclusion: Police officers suffer from poor sleep quality and this negatively influence their quality of life and work. Therefore, there is a need to develop actions in the workplace that may reduce the risks of health problems caused by poor sleep quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Police , Military Health , Sleep Quality , Quality of Life , Brazil , Occupational Health
2.
Saúde debate ; 48(141): e8791, abr.-jun. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560532

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivou-se investigar as condições de trabalho e a saúde física e mental de profissionais de saúde atuantes na linha de frente da covid-19 em serviços de urgência, emergência e terapia intensiva no Brasil, no segundo ano da pandemia. Estudo transversal, com uso de questionário eletrônico, por meio do qual coletaram-se dados sobre condições de trabalho, saúde física e mental, além do instrumento Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). A amostra (n=209) incluiu enfermeiros (28,7%), técnicos de enfermagem (30,1%), fisioterapeutas (33%) e médicos (8,2%). Os profissionais possuíam idade média de 34,6 anos e relataram uma carga horária média de 53,5 horas/semana. Verificou-se aumento das horas trabalhadas (62%) e da quantidade de pacientes (84%). A maioria relatou bom relacionamento com o chefe (89%) e satisfação com o trabalho (87%). A prevalência de sintomas de estresse, ansiedade e depressão foi superior a 45%, com predomínio de sintomas graves ou extremamente graves. A prevalência de dor musculoesquelética e fadiga foi de 84,7% e 83,3%, respectivamente. Os profissionais de saúde apresentaram aumento de volume de trabalho e de exigência durante a pandemia de covid-19. Observou-se, ainda, intenso prejuízo à saúde física e mental desses trabalhadores.


ABSTRACT The objective was to investigate the working conditions and physical and mental health of health professionals working on the front lines of COVID-19 in urgent, emergency, and intensive care services in Brazil, in the second year of the pandemic. Cross-sectional study, using an electronic questionnaire, through which data on working conditions, and physical and mental health were collected, in addition to the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) instrument. The sample (n=209) included nurses (28.7%), nursing technicians (30.1%), physiotherapists (33%), and physicians (8.2%). The professionals had an average age of 34.6 years and reported an average workload of 53.5 hours/week. There was an increase in hours worked (62%) and in the number of patients (84%). Most reported a good relationship with their boss (89%) and job satisfaction (87%). The prevalence of symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression was greater than 45%, with a predominance of severe or extremely severe symptoms. The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and fatigue was 84.7% and 83.3%, respectively. Health professionals showed an increase in workload and demand during the COVID-19 pandemic. There was also intense damage to the physical and mental health of these workers.

3.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535335

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The conditions of teachers' work during the COVID-19 pandemic affected teachers' lives regarding voice disorder and stress, even in emergency remote classroom situation. Objective: To analyze the relationship between the presence of voice disorder, job stress, and COVID-19 in teachers when in emergency remote classroom teaching situation at the time of the pandemic. Method: This is a primary, exploratory, observational cross-sectional study with the use of survey forwarded online during the period of emergency classes after the arrival of COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. The teachers answered the sociodemographic questions about the presence of COVID-19 and the following instruments: Condition of Vocal Production-Teacher [Condição de Produção Vocal - Professor (CPV-P)], Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD), and Job Stress Scale (JSS). Results: Of the 118 teachers analyzed, 94.1% were female; the average age was 44 years. The SIVD recorded the presence of voice disorder in 66.9% of the participants. Regarding the JSS, which are the findings related to stress at work in the demand domain, the teachers showed high levels, a fact which presupposes the existence of pressure of psychological nature to perform their work. Conclusion: The teachers self-reported the presence of voice disorder even in remote class situation, on the occasion of COVID-19, which were more common in older teachers. When comparing the presence of voice disorders, coronavirus symptoms, and stress domains in relation to demand, control, and social support, there was no significance. It is hoped that this study will help to reflect on the need to improve teachers' working conditions, strengthening work-related voice disorder actions and guiding actions for vocal care and well-being.


Introducción: Las condiciones de trabajo de los profesores durante la pandemia de COVID-19 afectaron sus vidas en lo que respecta al trastorno de la voz y el estrés, incluso en situaciones de emergencia en aulas remotas. Objetivo: Analizar la relación entre la presencia de trastorno de la voz, estrés laboral y COVID-19 en profesores cuando se encontraban en situación de emergencia de enseñanza en aulas remotas en la época de la pandemia. Método: Se trata de un estudio primario, exploratorio, observacional de tipo transversal, con el uso de encuesta remitida online durante el periodo de clases de emergencia tras la llegada de la pandemia de COVID-19 en Brasil. Los profesores respondieron a las preguntas sociodemográficas sobre la presencia de COVID-19 y a los siguientes instrumentos: Condición de Producción Vocal-Profesor (CPV-P), Índice de Detección de los Trastornos de la Voz (SIVD) y Escala de Estrés Laboral (JSS). Resultados: De los 118 profesores analizados, el 94,1% eran mujeres; la mediana de edad era de 44 años. El (SIVD) registró la presencia de trastorno de la voz en el 66,9% de los participantes. En cuanto a la JSS, que son los hallazgos relacionados con el estrés laboral en el dominio de la demanda, los profesores mostraron niveles elevados, hecho que presupone la existencia de presiones de naturaleza psicológica para realizar su trabajo. Conclusión: Los profesores autoinformaron de la presencia de trastornos de la voz incluso en situación de clase a distancia, con ocasión del COVID-19, que fueron más frecuentes en los profesores de más edad. Al comparar la presencia de trastornos de la voz, los síntomas del coronavirus y los dominios de estrés en relación con la demanda, el control y el apoyo social, no hubo resultados significativos. Se espera que este estudio ayude a reflexionar sobre la necesidad de mejorar las condiciones de trabajo de los docentes, fortaleciendo las acciones de Trastorno de la voz relacionado con el trabajo (WRVD) y orientando acciones para el cuidado y bienestar vocal.

4.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535341

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study examines factors predicting self-reported voice symptoms in call center workers. Methods: Multivariate analysis and predictive modeling assess personal, work-related, acoustic, and behavioral factors. Generalized Linear Models (GLMs) and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves are employed. Results: Age and sleep patterns impacted voice quality and effort, while workplace factors influenced symptom perception. Unhealthy vocal behaviors related to tense voice and increased effort, while hydration was protective. Voice acoustics showed diagnostic potential, supported by ROC data. These findings emphasize voice symptom complexity in call center professionals, necessitating comprehensive assessment. Limitations: This study recognizes its limitations, including a moderate-sized convenience sample and reliance on PROM metrics. Future research should incorporate more objective measures in addition to self-reports and acoustic analysis. Value: This research provides novel insights into the interplay of personal, occupational, and voice-related factors in developing voice symptoms among call center workers. Predictive modeling enhances risk assessment and understanding of individual susceptibility to voice disorders. Conclusion: Results show associations between various factors and self-reported voice symptoms. Protective factors include sleeping more than six hours and consistent hydration, whereas risk factors include working conditions, such as location and behaviors like smoking. Diagnostic models indicate good accuracy for some voice symptom PROMs, emphasizing the need for comprehensive models considering work factors, vocal behaviors, and acoustic parameters to understand voice issues complexity.


Objetivo: Este estudio examina los factores que predicen los síntomas de voz en los trabajadores de call centers. Métodos: Se utilizan análisis multivariados y modelos predictivos para evaluar factores personales, laborales, acústicos y de comportamiento. Se emplean Modelos Lineales Generalizados (GLM) y curvas ROC. Resultados: La edad y los patrones de sueño afectaron la calidad vocal y el esfuerzo, mientras que los factores laborales influyeron en la percepción de síntomas. Los comportamientos vocales no saludables se relacionaron con voz tensa y mayor esfuerzo, mientras que la hidratación fue protectora. Los parámetros acústicos de voz mostraron potencial diagnóstico respaldado por datos de ROC. Los hallazgos subrayan complejidad de síntomas vocales en profesionales de centros de llamadas, requiriendo una evaluación integral. Limitaciones: Este estudio reconoce sus limitaciones, que incluyen una muestra de conveniencia de tamaño moderado y la dependencia de medidas PROMs. Futuras investigaciones deberían incorporar medidas objetivas, además de los autorreportes y análisis acústico. Importancia: Esta investigación aporta nuevos conocimientos sobre factores personales, laborales y síntomas de voz en trabajadores de call centers. El modelado predictivo mejora la evaluación de riesgos y la comprensión de la susceptibilidad individual a trastornos de la voz. Conclusión: Los resultados muestran asociaciones entre diversos factores y los síntomas vocales reportados. Los factores de protección incluyen dormir más de seis horas y una hidratación constante; los factores de riesgo incluyen las condiciones de trabajo, como la ubicación y comportamientos como fumar. Los modelos de diagnóstico indican una buena precisión para algunas PROMs de síntomas de la voz, lo que subraya la necesidad de modelos integrales que tengan en cuenta los factores laborales, los comportamientos vocales y los parámetros acústicos para comprender la complejidad de los problemas de la voz.

5.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535344

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To describe the acoustic characteristics of a classroom, voice quality, fatigue, and vocal load of university professors. Methods: Exploratory, observational, longitudinal, and descriptive study with a single group of participants, including vocal monitoring data over two weeks. Acoustic characterization of the classroom, perceptual-auditory evaluation, and acoustic analysis of voice samples were conducted before and after classes. Vocal dosimetry was performed during classes, and the Vocal Fatigue Index (VFI) was assessed at the beginning of each week. Descriptive analysis of the findings was conducted, and randomization test was performed to verify the internal reliability of the judge. Results: All participants reported speaking loudly in the classroom, with the majority reporting vocal changes in the past six months, and only one participant reported a current vocal change. The classroom had acoustical measures and estimations that deviated from established standards. The professors used high vocal intensities during classes. After the classes, an increase in the absolute values of the aggregated data for CAPE-V, jitter, and fundamental frequency was found, varying within the range of normality. Furthermore, there was an observed increase in both post-lesson intensity and VFI when comparing the two-week period. Conclusions: Vocal intensities and VFI were possibly impacted by the acoustics of the classroom. The increase in average VFI between the weeks may be attributed to a cumulative fatigue sensation. Further research with a larger number of participants and in acoustically conditioned classrooms is suggested in order to evaluate collective intervention proposals aimed at reducing the vocal load on teachers.


Objetivo: Describir las características acústicas, calidad vocal, fatiga y carga vocal de profesores universitarios. Métodos: Estudio exploratorio, observacional, longitudinal, descriptivo con un solo grupo de participantes y datos de monitoreo vocal durante dos semanas. Se realizó caracterización acústica de la sala, evaluación auditiva-perceptiva y acústica de muestras de voz antes y después de las clases. Se realizó dosimetría vocal durante las clases y se verificó el Índice de Fatiga Vocal (IFV) en dos semanas. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los hallazgos y una prueba de aleatorización para verificar la confiabilidad interna del juez. Resultados: Todos los participantes informaron hablar en voz alta en clase, la mayoría informó cambios vocales en los últimos seis meses y solo uno informó cambios vocales actuales. La sala presentó mediciones y estimaciones acústicas fuera de las normas establecidas. Los profesores utilizaron intensidades vocales altas durante las clases. Hubo un aumento en los valores absolutos de los datos agrupados para CAPE-V, jitter y frecuencia fundamental, variando dentro de los límites normales, después de las clases. La intensidad después de las clases y el IFV, en la comparación entre las dos semanas, mostraron un aumento. Conclusiones: La dosis vocal y el IFV posiblemente se vieron afectados por la acústica del aula. El aumento del IFV medio entre semanas pudo deberse a la sensación de cansancio acumulada. Se sugieren nuevas investigaciones con un mayor número de participantes y que se realicen en la sala acondicionada acústicamente para evaluar propuestas de intervención colectiva, con el objetivo de reducir la carga vocal de los docentes.

6.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 45(1): 127-136, jan./jun. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513065

ABSTRACT

Os objetivos deste estudo são: relatar a experiência do desenvolvimento das atividades de sensibilização dos trabalhadores relacionadas à promoção da saúde no ambiente laboral e à humanização no trabalho realizadas em dois serviços de saúde de um município do estado de Minas Gerais e avaliar junto à equipe a realização dessas atividades. As atividades de alongamento, massagens, escalda-pés, dinâmica de grupo e oficina da beleza foram realizadas na atenção primária e secundária. Utilizou-se um questionário e as respostas foram apresentadas por estatística simples. Os trabalhadores avaliaram as atividades como "excelentes"; referiram melhorar o dia de trabalho; sentiram-se valorizados e mais dispostos para o trabalho, além de solicitarem a continuidade de ações de promoção da saúde e humanização no trabalho. Por mais simples que sejam, essas atividades proporcionaram momentos de reflexões e a pausa laboral, tendo em vista a saúde do trabalhador e melhor qualidade de vida no trabalho.


The objectives of this study are: to report the experience of developing awareness activities for workers related to health promotion and humanization at work, carried out in two health services in a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais; and assess with the team these activities. Stretching activities, group dynamics, massages, foot baths, beauty workshop and health promotion were carried out in primary and secondary care. A questionnaire was used and the answers were presented by simple statistics. The workers rated the activities as "excellent"; reported improving their working day; they felt valued and more willing to work, in addition to requesting the continuity of actions to promote health and humanization at work. As simple as they are, these activities provided moments of reflection and a break from work, with a view to the worker's health and better quality of life at work.


Subject(s)
Humans
7.
Espaç. saúde (Online) ; 25: 1-9, 02 abr. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554573

ABSTRACT

A síndrome do burnout é composta por sintomas de exaustão emocional, despersonalização e redução do sentimento de conquista, estando relacionada a trabalho estressante. Médicos residentes e preceptores estão em alto risco para o surgimento do . O objetivo deste trabalho foi a revisão de estratégias institucionais e individuais para o enfrentamento do burnout por essa população. Trata-se de revisão integrativa, com coleta de dados por meio da base de dados Pubmed. Dentre as estratégias organizacionais, destacam-se a modificação dos processos de trabalho, organização das demandas dos profissionais, melhoria da comunicação, incentivo à capacitação profissional, e organização de serviços de atendimento para prevenção e manejo do burnout. Do ponto de vista individual, destacam-se os hábitos saudáveis, busca espiritual, dedicação a hobbies, meditação e coping. O burnout é um problema de saúde psíquica emergente em residentes e preceptores, sendo necessário que instituições e profissionais sejam ativos no diagnóstico e enfrentamento desse agravo


Burnout syndrome comprises symptoms of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a diminished sense of achievement, associated with stressful work environments. Medical residents and preceptors are at a high risk for the emergence of burnout. This study aimed to review institutional and individual strategies for addressing burnout in this population. It is an integrative review, with data collected from the PubMed database. Among organizational strategies, emphasis is placed on modifying work processes, organizing professional demands, improving communication, encouraging professional development, and establishing support services to prevent and manage burnout. From an individual perspective, healthy habits, spiritual pursuits, dedication to hobbies, meditation, and coping are highlighted. Burnout is an emerging mental health issue in residents and preceptors, necessitating the active involvement of institutions and professionals in the diagnosis and management of this condition.


El síndrome de burnout está compuesto por agotamiento emocional, despersonalización y disminución del sentido de logro, asociado a entornos laborales estresantes. Los médicos residentes y preceptores tienen un alto riesgo de desarrollar burnout. El objetivo de este estudio fue revisar estrategias institucionales e individuales para abordar el burnout en esta población. Se trata de una revisión integradora, con datos recopilados de la base de datos PubMed. Entre las estrategias organizativas, se destaca la modificación de procesos de trabajo, organización de demandas profesionales, mejora de la comunicación, estímulo al desarrollo profesional y establecimiento de servicios para la prevención y el manejo del burnout. Desde una perspectiva individual, se resaltan hábitos saludables, búsqueda espiritual, dedicación a pasatiempos, meditación y el afrontamiento. El burnout es un problema de salud mental emergente en residentes y preceptores, lo que requiere la participación activa de instituciones y profesionales en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta condición.


Subject(s)
Occupational Health
8.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 74(1): 42-50, mar. 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1555090

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Teaching work, which is characterized by being exhausting, with a significant workload, with synchronous and/or asynchronous remote classes. Objective: To describe associations between the working conditions of school teachers at home and their food consumption during the suspension of face-to-face classes. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study using a self-administered online questionnaire with 15,372 working teachers from Minas Gerais, Brazil. The dependent variables analyzed were the consumption of healthy and unhealthy foods. Independent variables included sociodemographic factors, remote work conditions, understanding of online technologies, computer access, and quality of Internet connection. The Poisson model with robust variance was used to determine the association between working conditions and food consumption. Results: In the analysis of the adjusted multivariate model, there was a significant association between eating habits and the following variables: gender, age, working hours (per week), feelings regarding teachers' work during the pandemic, working hours during the pandemic and quality work internet connection. Our data shows that teachers' remote working conditions are associated with worse food consumption. They also showed that working hours equal to or greater than 40 hours per week, feelings of dissatisfaction with working conditions during the pandemic, increased working hours during the pandemic and poor quality of internet connection were variables correlated with the consumption of unhealthy foods. Conclusions: Remote working conditions during the pandemic influenced primary school teachers' food choices. More studies are needed to delve deeper into issues related to teachers' working conditions and the implications for food choices(AU)


Introducción: La labor docente se caracteriza por ser agotadora, con una importante carga horaria, con clases remotas síncronas y/o asíncronas. Objetivo: Describir la asociación existente entre las condiciones del trabajo remoto de los docentes de la educación básica y el consumo de sus alimentos durante el período de suspensión de las clases presenciales. Métodos: Es un estudio transversal mediante cuestionario en línea autoadministrado con 15.372 docentes activos en Minas Gerais, Brasil. Las variables dependientes analizadas fueron el consumo de los alimentos saludables y de los no saludables. Las variables independientes incluyeron los factores sociodemográficos, las condiciones del trabajo remoto, la comprensión de las tecnologías en línea, el acceso a las computadoras así como la calidad de la conexión a la Internet. Se utilizó el modelo de Poisson con variación robusta para determinar la asociación entre las condiciones del trabajo y el consumo de los alimentos. Resultados: En el análisis del modelo multivariado ajustado hubo una asociación significativa entre los hábitos alimentarios y las siguientes variables: el género, la edad, la jornada laboral semanal, el sentimiento sobre el trabajo durante la pandemia, la jornada laboral durante la pandemia y la calidad de la conexión a la internet. Nuestros datos demuestran que las condiciones del trabajo remoto de los docentes están asociadas con un empeoramiento en el consumo de los alimentos. También mostraron que la jornada laboral igual o superior a unas 40 horas semanales, los sentimientos de insatisfacción con las condiciones laborales, el aumento de la jornada laboral y la mala calidad de la conexión a la Internet durante la pandemia fueron variables correlacionadas con el consumo de alimentos no saludables. Conclusiones: Las condiciones del trabajo remoto durante la pandemia influyeron en las elecciones alimentarias de los docentes de la educación básica. Se necesitan más estudios para profundizar en los aspectos relacionados con las condiciones laborales de los docentes y sus implicaciones en la elección de sus alimentos(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Education, Distance , Eating , Teleworking , COVID-19 , Internet Access , Food, Processed
9.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 15(supl.1): 1-8, mar. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1537171

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar o processo de trabalho das enfermeiras da Atenção Primária à Saúde frente à pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva e exploratória. A coleta de dados ocorreu de abril a maio de 2021, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada com 09 enfermeiras. Os dados foram analisados por meio de análise temática, e interpretados à luz da literatura pertinente. Resultados: Evidenciou-se o medo de faltar Equipamentos de Proteção Individual e recusa de atendimentos na falta destes. Utilizou-se a teleconsulta como meio de assistência de enfermagem, que mostrou limitações, como: invasão de privacidade das enfermeiras, extensão da jornada de trabalho e sobrecarga. Priorizou-se o atendimento à saúde da mulher e da criança. E ainda, notou-se o esforço no acolhimento aos casos suspeitos e agudos de COVID-19. Verificou-se a sobrecarga de trabalho e acúmulo de funções. Entretanto, lições foram adquiridas como a valorização de medidas de proteção, como a higiene das mãos. Conclusão: Infere-se a necessidade de criação e validação de novos protocolos que fortaleçam a assistência de enfermagem, bem como a importância de estimular as políticas de saúde para controle das Infecções Relacionadas à Assistência à Saúde. (AU)


Objective: To analyze the work process of Primary Health Care nurses in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis and interpreted in light of the relevant literature. Results: The fear of lacking personal protective equipment was evidenced and the refusal of care in the absence of these. Teleconsultation was used as a means of nursing care, which showed limitations such as invasion of nurses' privacy, extension of the workday and overload. The health care of women and children was prioritized. Also, there was an effort to host suspected and acute cases of COVID-19. There was work overload and accumulation of functions. However, lessons were learned, such as valuing protective measures such as hand hygiene. Conclusion: The need to create and validate new protocols that strengthen nursing care is inferred, as well as the importance of stimulating health policies to control Health-Related Infections. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar el proceso de trabajo de las enfermeras de Atención Primaria de Salud frente a la pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, descriptiva y exploratoria. Los datos se analizaron mediante un análisis temático y se interpretaron a la luz de la bibliografía pertinente. Resultados: Se evidenció el miedo a la falta de equipo de protección personal y la negativa de atención en ausencia de estos. La teleconsulta fue utilizada como medio de atención de enfermería, que mostró limitaciones como la invasión de la privacidad de los enfermeros, la duración de la jornada laboral y la sobrecarga. Se priorizó la atención de la salud de las mujeres y los niños. Además, hubo un esfuerzo para albergar casos sospechosos y agudos de COVID-19. Había sobrecarga de trabajo y acumulación de funciones. Sin embargo, se aprendieron lecciones, como la valoración de medidas de protección como la higiene de manos. Conclusión: Se infiere la necesidad de crear y validar nuevos protocolos que fortalezcan los cuidados de enfermería, así como la importancia de estimular políticas de salud para el control de las Infecciones Relacionadas con la Salud. (AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing , Occupational Health , COVID-19 , Working Conditions
10.
Rev. méd. hered ; 35(1): 38-43, Jan.-Mar. 2024. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560278

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Recientes investigaciones destacan la importancia de la ciberseguridad en la creciente era digital. El 83% de las organizaciones han experimentado brechas de seguridad en el 2022, costándoles en promedio 4,35 millones de dólares americanos por incidente. En Perú, la ciberseguridad está regulada por diversas normas, estableciendo medidas de protección de datos y la seguridad informática. Objetivo Describir la situación de la ciberseguridad en los servicios de apoyo al médico ocupacional (SAMO). Material y métodos Se incluyeron 11 SAMO. Se elaboró un cuestionario no validado para recolectar la información consentida sobre la gestión de la ciberseguridad de los SAMO que brindaban servicio a un importante proyecto de construcción en Lima Metropolitana. Resultados La mayoría de los establecimientos de salud (más del 80%) tuvo planes de respuesta a incidentes de seguridad cibernética para garantizar una respuesta rápida ante un ataque cibernético; realizaban copias de seguridad de los datos críticos con regularidad y los almacenaban en un lugar diferente a establecimiento; y actualizaban regularmente los sistemas operativos y programas de softwares buscando asegurar que se utilizan versiones seguras. Conclusión Existe una gestión de la seguridad informática predominantemente reactiva. El reporte discute la importancia de la ciberseguridad, resaltando la exposición de la información médica y los servicios a riesgos cibernéticos y planteamos retos futuros para la ciberseguridad, subrayando la importancia de la preparación ante amenazas futuras en un entorno en constante transformación digital.


SUMMARY Recent investigations emphasize the importance of cybersecurity in the growing digital era; 83% of organizations experienced breaks in cyber security in 2022, spending a mean of 4,35 million dollars per incident. Cybersecurity in Peru is regulated by legal norms aimed at protecting data and providing informatic security. Objective To describe cybersecurity in the support services to occupational physicians (SSOP) in the city of Lima. Methods A non-validated survey was created and distributed to 11 SSOPs in Lima that provide a service to an important building project in Lima. Results More than 80% of health care establishments had a response plan against cybernetic attacks; security copies of the data were done regularly storing them in a different place than the establishment and regularly updated security software's. Conclusion The cybersecurity program is reactive. We discuss the importance of cybersecurity and analyze future challenges as well as emphasize the importance of preemptive preparedness in an environment of constant digital transformation.

11.
Rev. Baiana Saúde Pública (Online) ; 47(4): 141-156, 20240131.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537730

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to identify and determine the level of factors associated with the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of oral health professionals working in Primary Health Care (PHC) in Brazil. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 96 dentists and 65 dental assistants working in the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in six municipalities in the metropolitan area of Salvador (BA), Brazil. The HRQoL was evaluated using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36). Higher mean scores in the SF-36 physical component summary were associated with younger age, post-graduate education in public health, and frequent leisure time. The mental component summary was associated with frequent leisure time, > 40 weekly working hours, suitable dental offices, satisfaction with colleagues, and satisfaction with working in PHC. The HRQoL level of oral health professionals working in primary health care in PHC in Brazil was comparable to those found in the available literature and associated with several modifiable factors. Incidentally, a literature search found few studies using the SF-36 to assess the HRQoL of oral health workers, and those found were produced outside the main scientific centers.


O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar e determinar o nível de fatores associados à qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) de profissionais de saúde bucal que atuam na Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) no Brasil. Foi realizado um estudo de corte transversal com 96 cirurgiões-dentistas e 65 auxiliares em saúde bucal que atuam na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) em seis municípios da região metropolitana de Salvador (BA), Brasil. A QVRS foi avaliada usando o 36-item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36). Escores médios mais altos no resumo do componente físico do SF-36 foram associadas a idade mais jovem, pós-graduação em saúde pública e tempo de lazer frequente. O resumo do componente mental foi associado a tempo de lazer frequente, > 40 horas semanais de trabalho, consultórios odontológicos adequados, satisfação com os colegas e satisfação em trabalhar na APS. O nível de QVRS dos profissionais de saúde bucal que atuam na APS no Brasil foi comparável aos encontrados na literatura disponível e associado a vários fatores modificáveis. Incidentalmente, uma pesquisa bibliográfica encontrou poucos estudos que utilizam o SF-36 para avaliar a QVRS de trabalhadores da saúde bucal; e os encontrados foram produzidos fora dos principais centros científicos.


El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar y determinar el nivel de los factores asociados a la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) de los profesionales de salud bucal que actúan en la Atención Primaria de Salud en Brasil. Se realizó un estudio transversal con 96 cirujano dentista y 65 auxiliares de salud bucal que actúan en la Estrategia Salud de la Familia en seis municipios de la región metropolitana de Salvador, Brasil. La CVRS se evaluó mediante el 36-item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36). Las puntuaciones medias más altas en el resumen del componente físico del SF-36 se asociaron con una edad más joven, títulos de posgrado en salud pública y tiempo libre frecuente. El resumen del componente mental se asoció con tiempo libre frecuente, > 40 horas de trabajo por semana, consultorios dentales adecuados, satisfacción con los colegas y satisfacción con el trabajo en la Atención Primaria de Salud. El nivel de CVRS de los profesionales de la salud bucal que actúan en la Atención Primaria de Salud en Brasil fue comparable a los encontrados en la literatura disponible y se asoció a varios factores modificables. Una búsqueda bibliográfica encontró pocos estudios que utilizan el SF-36 para evaluar la CVRS de los trabajadores de la salud bucal; y los encontrados estaban fuera de los principales centros científicos.

12.
Rev. Baiana Saúde Pública (Online) ; 47(4): 157-174, 20240131.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537763

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar condições de vida, trabalho e saúde dos pescadores artesanais em um município do Sul do Brasil. É um estudo descritivo que incluiu trabalhadores de pesca com 18 anos ou mais. A entrevista foi realizada face a face e o questionário aplicado era único e padronizado. Continha informações sociodemográficas, condições de pesca, hábitos de vida e saúde. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada pelo WHOQOL-BREF. Foram entrevistados 160 pescadores, com média de idade de 48,9 (± 12,4) anos. A maioria era do sexo masculino (64,4%), com ensino fundamental completo (65,6%) e praticavam arrasto de rede (55,0%). Cerca de um terço deles fazia uso de álcool (38,7%) e 46,8% referiram consumo abusivo nos últimos 30 dias. Um quarto dos pescadores fumava (26,9%) e quase a totalidade tinha prática insuficiente de atividade física (93,1%). Doenças osteomusculares acometeram 65,6% deles e 52,5% sofreram acidente de trabalho. Referente à qualidade de vida, o domínio ambiente apresentou a menor média de escore. Fomentar estudos com esse público-alvo é essencial para implementar ações de prevenção e promoção da saúde, além de políticas de assistência aos pescadores para diminuir vulnerabilidades e garantir qualidade de vida.


This descriptive study evaluates the living, working and health conditions of artisanal fishing workers in a Southern Brazilian city. Fishing workers aged 18 and over were interviewed in person and answered a unique and standardized questionnaire, which covered sociodemographic information, fishing conditions, life habits and health. Quality of life was evaluated by the WHOQOL-bref. A total of 160 fishing workers were interviewed, with a mean age of 48.9 (± 12.4 years). Most were male (64.4%), with complete elementary school (65.6%) and practiced fishing net trawling (55.0%). About a third of them drank alcohol (38.7%), and 46.8% reported abusive consumption in the last 30 days. About a quarter reported smoking (26.9%) and most declared insufficient physical activity (93.1%). Musculoskeletal diseases affected 65.6% of the sample and 52.5% suffered occupational accidents. Regarding quality of life, the environment domain showed the lowest score. Conducting studies with this target population is essential to implement prevention and health promotion actions, as well as aid policies to reduce vulnerabilities and ensure quality of life.


El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar las condiciones de vida, trabajo y salud de los pescadores artesanales de un municipio del Sur de Brasil. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo que incluyó a trabajadores de la pesca con edad igual o superior a 18 años. La entrevista se realizó cara a cara, y el cuestionario aplicado fue único y estandarizado. Y estaba compuesto por información sociodemográfica, condiciones de pesca, hábitos de vida y salud. La calidad de vida se evaluó mediante WHOQOL-BREF. Se realizó entrevistas a 160 pescadores, cuya edad promedio fue de 48,9 (± 12,4) años. La mayoría de ellos eran del sexo masculino (64,4%), tenían estudios primarios completos (65,6%) y practicaban la pesca de arrastre (55,0%). Cerca de un tercio de ellos consumía alcohol (38,7%) y el 46,8% reportó un consumo abusivo en los últimos treinta días. Una cuarta parte de los pescadores reportó fumar (26,9%) y casi todos tenían actividad física insuficiente (93,1%). Las enfermedades musculoesqueléticas afectaron al 65,6% de ellos, y el 52,5% sufrió un accidente de trabajo. En cuanto a la calidad de vida, el dominio ambiente tuvo un puntaje promedio más bajo. Fomentar estudios con este público objetivo es fundamental para implementar acciones de prevención y promoción de la salud, así como políticas de asistencia a los pescadores para reducir vulnerabilidades y asegurarles calidad de vida.

13.
Ibom Medical Journal ; 17(2): 166-175, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1554866

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to describe the prevalence, pattern, and predictors of WPVagainst HCWs in Nigeria. Methods:Asystematic review was conducted using pre-defined keywords. The review was performed in line with the PRISMAguidelines on PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science. The population, intervention, comparator, and outcome (PICO) elements for this study were as follows: Population:Nigerian Healthcare workers; Intervention: Exposure to WPV; Comparator: Non-exposure to WPV; Outcome: Mental and Physical health outcomes of exposure to WPV. Of the 18,140 articles retrieved, 15 cross-sectional studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. In all, 3,245 HCWs were included, and consisted majorly of nurses and doctors. Results:The overall prevalence of WPV(Physical > Verbal/Psychological > Sexual) against HCWs ranged between 39.1%-100%. The predictors of WPVare younger ages (AOR = 2.513, p = 0.012), working in psychiatric unit (AOR = 11.182, p = 0.006), and increased frequency of interaction with patients, and mostly perpetrated by patients and their relatives. Many health facilities lacked a formal reporting system and policies to protect HCWs from WPV. Conclusion:WPVagainst HCWs is a public health problem in Nigeria with dire implications on HCWs; the victims, and the aggressor. Administrators of health facilities should design protocols for WPVreporting, recognition, and management. Patient and 'relatives' education on the 'facilities' policy against WPVshould be undertaken, while orientation sessions on the risk factors for HCWs are scheduled.


Subject(s)
Occupational Risks , Workplace Violence , Occupational Health , Health Personnel , Systematic Review
14.
Rev. bras. saúde ocup ; 49: edsmsubj4, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559635

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: analisar uma experiência clínica de acompanhamento psicológico individual, fundamentado na Clínica da Atividade, como possibilidade de intervenção em saúde mental e trabalho. Métodos: a experiência foi relatada e discutida a partir da análise de registros dos atendimentos realizados entre paciente e psicóloga. Resultados e discussão: foram realizadas nove sessões referenciadas por princípios teórico-metodológicos da Clínica da Atividade. Os resultados enfatizaram três pontos de caráter clínico e desenvolvimental para a paciente: ampliação da compreensão e do senso crítico sobre as determinantes do seu trabalho; produção de movimentos simultâneos de afetação e instrumentalização do pensamento e da ação; bem-estar ou diminuição do mal-estar psíquico conectados à ampliação do poder de agir via desenvolvimento da atividade própria de trabalho. Conclusão: a experiência mostrou-se interessante para atendimento a demandas de saúde mental da paciente no caso analisado, desenvolvendo a atividade de trabalho concatenada ao desenvolvimento da saúde psicológica. Identificou-se possível ligação entre a queixa apresentada em saúde mental e a situação de trabalho vivida. Indica-se discutir tal composição metodológica para outros casos específicos, como em reabilitação profissional. O relato contribui para a discussão sobre abordagens clínicas no campo de saúde mental e trabalho.


Abstract Objective: to analyze an individual psychological follow-up based on clinical activity analysis as a possible intervention in occupational and mental health. Methods: the experience was reported and discussed by analyzing records of psychological appointments from patient and psychologist interactions. Results and discussion: a total of nine sessions referenced by clinic of activity principles were performed. Results emphasized three main clinical and developmental points: broadening the understanding of one's working activity; production of simultaneous affectation movements and instrumentalizations of thoughts and actions; increased well-being and decreased psychic malaise by expanding the power of acting in developing work activities. Conclusion: this experience proved to be interesting for addressing the patient's mental health demands, developing the working activity associated with psychological health. A link was identified between complaints concerning mental health and the work situation. This linking should be considered in other specific cases, such as in professional rehabilitation. The report contributes to the debate about clinical approaches to mental health and working activity.


Subject(s)
Mental Health , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Mental Disorders
15.
Rev. bras. saúde ocup ; 49: e6, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559636

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: a pandemia da COVID-19 desencadeou uma recessão global e o aumento da precarização do trabalho. Nesse cenário, o uso intensivo das Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação (TIC) contribuiu para o surgimento de novos fatores de riscos psicossociais no trabalho (FRPT) e para o aumento da ocorrência de transtornos mentais nos trabalhadores. Objetivos: identificar instrumentos que avaliam os FRPT disponíveis na literatura e verificar se eles incorporaram as novas dimensões psicossociais do trabalho mediadas pelas TIC. Métodos: revisão de escopo, com busca nas bases PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Embase, Scopus e Web of Science, de artigos publicados no período de 1990 a 2023 seguindo as recomendações do Instituto Joanna Briggs e do PRISMA-ScR . Buscou-se agrupar estudos e instrumentos relevantes e identificar lacunas. Resultados: foram selecionados 18 instrumentos, de 3.424 artigos. Dez deles incluíram escalas/dimensões previstas no PRIMA-EF, dois incluíram dimensões do uso das TIC e seis foram considerados específicos para a avaliação de FRPT por TIC. Conclusão: destacam-se a importância do uso dos instrumentos de acordo com o contexto em que foram desenvolvidos, os fatores de estresse digital que ainda não foram considerados nesses questionários e a relevância do suporte da organização para a redução do tecnoestresse nos trabalhadores.


Abstract Introduction: the COVID-19 pandemic triggered a global recession and increased work precarity. In this scenario, the intensive use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) contributed to the appearance of new occupational psychosocial hazards, and the increase of mental disorders among workers. Objectives: to identify instruments that assess occupational psychosocial risks and stress available in literature and verify whether they include the new psychosocial work dimensions caused by ICTs. Methods: a scope review was conducted by searching the PubMed, BvS, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science databases for articles published between 1990 and 2023, following the Joanna Briggs Institute and PRISMA-ScR recommendations. It sought to group the relevant studies and instruments and identify gaps that should be observed. Results: bibliographic search identified 18 instruments, from 3424 articles. Ten included scales/dimensions foreseen by PRIMA-EF, two included dimensions on ICT use and six were considered specific for assessing ICT-related occupational psychosocial risks. Conclusion: the study highlights the importance of using context-appropriate instruments, the digital stress factors yet to be included in these questionnaires and the relevance of organizational support to reduce technostress in workers.

16.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 57-60, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005906

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the health status of workers exposed to noise in a brewery in Beijing and to analyze the relationship between hearing loss and blood pressure. Methods A total of 949 noise-exposed workers in a brewery who participated in occupational health examination were selected as the investigation subjects. A survey was conducted to investigate the pure tone hearing threshold and abnormal blood pressure of the workers with different characteristics, and to analyze the relationship between the two. Results Among the noise-exposed workers, the detection rates of hearing abnormality, hypertension, and increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure were 73.55%, 52.37%, 43.84% and 46.47%, respectively. The detection rates of hearing abnormality, indicators of hypertension, high frequency hearing threshold abnormality and increased binaural high frequency hearing threshold on average in males were higher than those in females (P 0.05), the detection rates of other hearing abnormality, indicators of hypertension, speech frequency hearing threshold abnormality, high frequency hearing threshold abnormality,increased binaural high frequency hearing threshold on average and the weighted value of the better ear's hearing threshold all increased or had an increasing trend with the increase of age or working years (P< 0.05). The detection rates of hypertension in the groups with high frequency hearing threshold abnormality and increased binaural high frequency hearing threshold on average were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05). Conclusion The noise-exposed workers in the brewery have hearing impairment, which is related to the occurrence of hypertension. It is recommended to strengthen the publicity and education on noise protection and take protective measures to reduce the occurrence of occupational noise injury.

17.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 179-185, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016548

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThree methods were applied to conduct occupational health risk assessment for the working positions exposed to silicon dusts in a sanitary ceramic manufacturing factory, and the evaluation results were compared to explore the applicability of different occupational health risk assessment methods. MethodsOne large sanitary ceramic product manufacturing enterprise in Songjiang District, Shanghai was selected to conduct occupational health risk assessment for the working positions exposed to silicon dusts, using occupational hazard risk index evaluation method, exposure ratio evaluation method, and International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) quantitative occupational health risk assessment method . The consistency of the evaluation results of the three methods was tested using weighted Kappa method. ResultsFourteen working positions exposed to silicon dusts were identified, and three positions had excessive dust concentration: composite forming position of phase 2 workshop (0.80 mg·m-3), addition forming position of phase 2 workshop (1.00 mg·m-3), and glazing position of 1F in phase 2 workshop (1.50 mg·m-3), with an excessive rate of 21.42%. The occupational hazard risk index evaluation method assessed 6 positions with no harm, 6 positions with mild harm, and 2 positions with moderate harm. The ICMM quantitative occupational health risk assessment method assessed 6 positions with potential risks, 2 positions with tolerable risks, and 6 positions with intolerable risks. The exposure ratio evaluation method assessed 8 positions with medium risk, 5 positions with high risk, and 1 position with extremely high risk. The consistency test results of the three evaluation methods were poor. The Kappa coefficient between the occupational hazard risk index evaluation method and the ICMM quantitative occupational health risk assessment method was 0.15. The Kappa coefficient between the occupational hazard risk index evaluation method and the exposure ratio evaluation method was -0.09. The Kappa coefficient between the ICMM quantitative occupational health risk assessment method and the exposure ratio evaluation method was 0.04. The RR values obtained by the three evaluation methods were significantly correlated: the correlation coefficients between RRICMM quantitative assessment method and RRexposure ratio evaluation method, RROccupational hazard risk index evaluation method and RRICMM quantitative assessment method, RROccupational hazard risk index evaluation method and RRexposure ratio evaluation method were 0.915, 0.604, and 0.594, respectively. The correlation between the assessment result level and CTWA was strong. ConclusionThe occupational hazard risk index evaluation method is suitable for the working positions with low silicon dust exposure concentration, the ICMM quantitative occupational health risk assessment method and the exposure ratio evaluation method are suitable for the positions with high silicon dust exposure concentration, but all these three evaluation methods have limitations. It is more reasonable to use multiple methods at the same time in actual evaluation work.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 92-95, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012777

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the basic information of the number, classification, and distribution of radiation work units in non-medical institutions in Shanxi Province, China, and to analyze the status quo of health management and radiation protection measures for radiation workers, so as to provide a scientific basis for occupational exposure protection in non-medical radiation work units and better protect the occupational health rights and interests of radiation workers. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate some non-medical institutions in Shanxi Province. On-site testing was carried out to determine the risk factors for radioactive occupational diseases in the selected non-medical institutions. Results In 220 non-medical institutions, there were 340 radiation devices and 2284 radioactive sources. The rate of individual dose monitoring was 92.7% and the rate of occupational health examination was 87.2%. These devices were equipped with 325 detection instruments for radiation protection, 1316 personal protective equipment, and 730 personal dose alarms. Radiation occupational disease risk factors were investigated in 101 institutions. Conclusion The occupational health management of radiation workers in non-medical institutions in Shanxi Province is generally in line with the national standards. However, there is still a big gap with the level of occupational health management in medical institutions. The health administration departments should clarify the management measures for non-medical institutions and strengthen their supervision and management functions.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 74-79, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012774

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the number, distribution, and types of radiation of non-medical radiation institutions in Hebei Province, China, and to explore the current radiation protection in the employing units and occupational health management of radiation workers in 2022. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted in the non-medical institutions engaged in nuclear technology application in Hebei Province, and different types of employing units were selected to monitor the radioactivity level in the workplace. Results A total of 681 non-medical institutions engaged in radiation technology application completed the survey, covering all cities with subordinate districts in the province, including 1605 radioactive devices, 2960 active devices, 45 non-uranium metal mines, and 14 non-sealed workplaces. A total of 8617 radiation workers were surveyed, with a personal dose monitoring rate of 70.9%, a radiation protection training rate of 61.1%, and an occupational health examination rate for radiation workers of 59.3%. A total of 614 radiation protection monitoring instruments were provided, with a personal protective equipment allocation rate of 51.1% and a personal dose alarm device allocation rate of 51.8%. The radiation occupational hazardous factor testing was completed for 54 workplaces, and the results were all qualified. Conclusion There are still significant deficiencies in personal dose monitoring in the radiation work units in non-medical institutions and occupational health examination in the radiation work units in our province. The health administrative departments should strengthen health supervision and law enforcement, enhance radiation protection and skill training for employers, and more effectively control the impact of radiation hazards on personnel health.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 68-73, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012773

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current status of radiation protection in non-medical radiation workplaces in Yantai, China, and to provide a scientific basis for occupational health management in non-medical radiation workplaces. Methods Non-medical radiation workplaces in Yantai were investigated using a questionnaire survey in 2022, including radiation source term, occupational health examination, personal dose monitoring, personal protective equipment, and radiation protection testing workplaces. Data were entered by a double-entry method and then analyzed. Results There were 56 non-medical radiation workplaces in Yantai, covering manufacturing, nonferrous metal ore mining, nuclear power plant, transportation, and technical services. There were 0 Class I radiation device, 150 Class II radiation devices, and 10 Class III radiation devices; there were 80 Class I radiation sources, 16 Class II radiation sources, 14 Class III radiation sources, 62 Class IV radiation sources, and 135 Class V radiation sources. There were 998 radiation workers, with an occupational health examination rate and personal dose monitoring rate of 98.3%. Among the 56 non-medical radiation workplaces, 47 (83.9%) were equipped with radiation protection monitoring instruments, 24 (51.1%) workplaces had verified the radiation protection monitoring instruments, with 2017 personal dose monitoring instruments and 2327 personal protective equipment in place, 42 (75%) workplaces carried out occupational health assessments, 44 (78.6%) workplaces carried out self-detection, and 53 (94.6%) workplaces carried out entrusting detections (monitoring pass rate: 100% [53/53]). The declaration rate of occupational hazard items was 87.5% (49/56). Conclusion There is still a gap between the current status and the requirements in the national regulations and standards regarding radiation protection in non-medical radiation workplaces. Therefore, the supervision and management of non-medical radiation workplaces should be further strengthened, especially the configuration and verification of radiation protection monitoring instruments.

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