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1.
Podium (Pinar Río) ; 17(3): 961-973, sept.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406282

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La motivación le permite al individuo mantenerse en una acción determinada, posibilita la efectividad de procesos pertinentes para el logro de un objetivo específico o general, que para el caso de la actividad física se relaciona con su sistematicidad, y por ende, la mantención de un mejor estilo de vida. Objetivo: La investigación se centró en diagnosticar la motivación hacia la práctica de actividades físicas en Asistentes del Centro Gerontológico Las Piñas Del Cantón Milagro. Materiales y métodos: la metodología utilizada responde a una investigación descriptiva-explicativa, de orden cualitativo. Con un tipo de muestreo no probabilístico, se estudia a 60 adultos mayores como población participante clasificados en géneros. Se trabajó con un instrumento de investigación adaptado, se aplica al test de Rossemberg como base, y una encuesta válida para la medición de las dos variables. Resultados: Los resultados de la investigación determinaron que existe un alto porcentaje de los adultos que se encuentran sedentarios, en relación al género se encontró que las mujeres tienen mayor índice de inactividad que los hombres, sin diferencias significativas (p=0.982). Otra respuesta encontrada es que muchos adultos mayores encuentran como limitantes de la actividad física la percepción de no poder ir al ritmo de los demás, las enfermedades, el miedo a las lesiones, entre otras, siendo variables de consideración en el diseño prospectivo de una estrategia lúdica para mejorar la calidad de vida de las muestras objeto de estudio. Conclusiones: Como parte de las conclusiones se sugieren que se realicen modificaciones en el estilo de vida que llevan los adultos mayores estudiados, lo principal es la motivación que se les puede inculcar desde el hogar y desde las familias.


SÍNTESE Introdução: a motivação permite ao indivíduo permanecer em uma determinada ação, torna possível a eficácia dos processos pertinentes para a realização de um objetivo específico ou geral, que no caso da atividade física está relacionada à sua sistemática e, portanto, à manutenção de um estilo de vida melhor. Objetivo: a pesquisa se concentrou no diagnóstico da motivação para a prática de atividades físicas nos assistentes do Centro Gerontológico Las Piñas, no Cantão de Milagro. Materiais e métodos: a metodologia utilizada foi descritiva-explicativa, pesquisa qualitativa. Usando um método de amostragem não-probabilístico, 60 adultos mais velhos foram estudados como a população participante, classificada por gênero. Trabalhamos com um instrumento de pesquisa adaptado, aplicando o teste de Rossemberg como base, e uma pesquisa válida para medir as duas variáveis. Resultados: os resultados da pesquisa determinaram que existe uma alta porcentagem de adultos sedentários, em relação ao gênero, verificou-se que as mulheres têm uma taxa de inatividade maior que os homens, sem diferenças significativas (p=0,982). Outra resposta encontrada é que muitos adultos mais velhos acham que a percepção de não conseguir acompanhar os outros, doenças, medo de lesões, entre outros, são fatores limitantes para a atividade física, que são variáveis a serem consideradas no projeto prospectivo de uma estratégia recreativa para melhorar a qualidade de vida das amostras em estudo. Conclusões: como parte das conclusões, sugere-se que sejam feitas modificações no estilo de vida dos adultos mais velhos estudados, sendo o principal a motivação que pode ser incutida neles em casa e em suas famílias.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Motivation allows the individual to stay in a given action, enables the effectiveness of pertinent processes for the achievement of a specific or general objective, which in the case of physical activity is related to its systematicity and, therefore, the maintenance of a better lifestyle. Objective: The research focused on diagnosing the motivation towards the practice of physical activities in Assistants of the "Las Piñas" Gerontological Center of the Milagro Canton. Materials and methods: The methodology used responds to descriptive-explanatory research, of a qualitative nature. With a type of non-probabilistic sampling, 60 older adults are studied as a participating population, classified by gender. An adapted research instrument was used, applying the Rossemberg test as a basis and a valid survey for the measurement of the two variables. Results: The results of the research determined that there is a high percentage of adults who are sedentary, in relation to gender it was found that women have a higher rate of inactivity than men, without significant differences (p=0.982). Another response found is that many older adults find the perception of not being able to keep up with others, illnesses, fear of injury, among others, as limitations to physical activity, being variables of consideration n the prospective design of a strategy playful to improve the quality of life of the samples under study. Conclusions: As part of the conclusions, it is suggested that changes be made in the lifestyle of the older adults studied, the main thing is the motivation that can be instilled in them from home and from families.

2.
Rev. latinoam. psicol ; 54: 86-93, ene.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409663

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El bienestar es un constructo importante cuyos determinantes asociados deben ser identificados para comprender con mayor profundidad los procesos para envejecer de forma saludable. El estudio del impacto de la fragilidad en el bienestar de las personas mayores requiere incorporar los dominios físico, psicológico y social. Así, el adulto mayor frágil puede definirse a partir de la fragilidad física, junto con la soledad como fragilidad social. Este estudio propone un modelo para estudiar el impacto de la fragilidad física y la soledad sobre el bienestar de las personas mayores, diferenciando entre control, autonomía, placer y autorrealización. Método: Se realizó un estudio de carácter transversal con una muestra de 13569 personas mayores provenientes de la encuesta SHARE, para estimar un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales en el que se contemplaban los efectos de la fragilidad y la soledad en el bienestar (cuestionario CASP), controlado por el género, la edad y la salud percibida. Resultados: El modelo final contemplaba el efecto del género sobre el indicador de fuerza de prensión de fragilidad. Los resultados mostraron un ajuste adecuado del modelo a los datos y consiguieron explicar un 80.1% de la varianza de control, un 48.6% de la de autonomía, un 43.6% de la de placer y un 61.3% de la varianza de autorrealización. Conclusiones: La soledad y la fragilidad presentaron efectos diferenciales en función del componente de bienestar. Se discuten las implicaciones de dichos efectos en el desarrollo de intervenciones.


Abstract Introduction: Well-being is an important construct whose associated determinants must be identified in order to further understand the processes for healthy aging. The study of the impact of frailty on older people's wellbeing requires the incorporation of physical, psychological and social domains. Hence, frail older adults can be defined from physical frailty, together with loneliness as social frailty. This study proposes a model to study the impact of frailty and loneliness on well-being of older adults, differentiating among control, autonomy, pleasure and self-realization. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 13569 older adults from the SHARE project was employed in order to estimate a structural equation model in which frailty and loneliness affected well-being (CASP questionnaire), while controlling for gender, age and perceived health. Results: The final model additionally contemplated the effect of gender on the grip strength frailty indicator. Results showed a good fit of the model to the data and could explain 80.1% of the variance of control, 48.6% of autonomy's, 43.6% of pleasure's and 61.3% of the variance of self-realization. Conclusions: Loneliness and frailty showed differential effects on the different components of well-being. Implications of these effects on intervention development are discussed

3.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 49(5)oct. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407834

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective was to determine the relationship between various factors and food insecurity, using a cross-sectional analytical study of 400 older adults living in rural and urban areas of the Azuay province in Southern Ecuador. Food security was measured using the Latin American and Caribbean Food Security Scale (ELCSA). The data was analyzed using version 15 of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program, and the odds ratio with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to determine statistical association. The incidence of food insecurity was higher in older adults who live in households comprised only of members above the age of 18 (43.7%) and in rural zones (65%). Food insecurity is high in older adults, especially in individuals who live in rural areas and who have low levels of education and low socioeconomic levels. It is necessary to implement public policy and preventative strategies to mitigate the risk of food insecurity in older adults.


RESUMEN El objetivo fue determinar la relación entre diversos factores y la inseguridad alimentaria, con un estudio analítico transversal en 400 adultos mayores que viven en zonas rurales y urbanas de la provincia de Azuay en el sur de Ecuador. La seguridad alimentaria se midió utilizando la Escala de Seguridad Alimentaria de América Latina y el Caribe (ELCSA). Los datos fueron analizados en la versión 15 del programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), y se utilizó el Odds Ratio con IC 95% para determinar la asociación estadística. La incidencia de la inseguridad alimentaria fue mayor en los adultos mayores que viven en hogares compuestos únicamente por miembros mayores de 18 años (43,7%) y en las zonas rurales (65%). La inseguridad alimentaria es alta en los adultos mayores, especialmente en individuos que viven en zonas rurales y que tienen bajos niveles educativos y niveles socioeconómicos bajos. Es necesario implementar políticas públicas y estrategias preventivas para mitigar el riesgo de inseguridad alimentaria en los adultos mayores.

4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(5): 676-681, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410209

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Advanced age, multiple chronic diseases and frailty have been correlated with worse prognosis among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) inpatients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate potential risk factors for hospitalization and death due to COVID-19 among frail community-dwelling elderly people. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study of patients followed up at a geriatric outpatient clinic in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: The associations of demographic characteristics (age and sex) and clinical characteristics (frailty, multimorbidity, number of medications with long-term use, obesity, smoking, diabetes mellitus, pulmonary diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cerebrovascular disease, and chronic kidney disease) with the risk of hospitalization and death due to COVID-19 were explored using a multivariable logistic regression model. RESULTS: 5,295 patients (mean age 78.6 ± 9.4 years; 72.6% females) were included. After adjustments, the number of medications with long-term use was found to increase the odds of hospitalization due to COVID-19 (odds ratio, OR: 1.13; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.06-1.22). Frailty, multimorbidity and diabetes mellitus also increased the odds of hospitalization (OR: 1.06, 95% CI: 1.02-1.09; OR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.09-1.26; and OR: 2.27, 95% CI: 1.45-3.54, respectively) and the odds of death due to COVID-19 (OR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.00-1.14; OR: 1.16, 95% CI: 1.03-1.32; and OR: 2.69, 95% CI: 1.79-6.14, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Multimorbidity, frailty and diabetes mellitus increased the odds of hospitalization and death due to COVID-19 and the number of medications with long-term use increased the odds of hospitalization due to COVID-19 among frail community-dwelling elderly people.

5.
Rev. Finlay ; 12(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406858

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la salud psíquica y cognitiva de los adultos mayores puede presentar cambios relacionados con el envejecimiento. Con frecuencia la depresión conlleva deterioro cognitivo, condiciones que deben identificarse para la detección oportuna y prevención de daños. Objetivo: determinar la asociación entre el nivel de depresión y deterioro cognitivo en adultos mayores de un centro de atención integral de la ciudad de Lima, Perú. Métodos: se realizó un estudio transversal y analítico en adultos mayores de 60 años, asistentes a un centro de adultos mayores de Lima, entre enero y julio 2017. Se consideró como variable dependiente al deterioro cognitivo y las variables independientes fueron: la depresión y las características sociodemográficas. Se realizó estadística descriptiva basada en el cálculo de frecuencias, porcentajes, dispersión y medidas de tendencia central. Para encontrar la asociación entre las variables independientes y el deterioro cognitivo se utilizó la prueba de Chi cuadrado o la prueba exacta de Fisher. Los cálculos se realizaron con un nivel de confianza de 95 %. Resultados: el promedio de edad fue de 67,4± 7,4 años. El 20,7 % presentó depresión y el 31,0 % deterioro cognitivo. En el análisis bivariado se encontró que la edad de 70 años a más (p<0,001; OR=23,0 I.C. [6,68-79,15]), el nivel educativo no superior (p=0,015; OR=4,63 IC95 º% [1,25-17,16] y depresión (p=0,012; OR=3,82 I.C.95 % [1,3-11,24]) estuvieron asociados con el deterioro cogntivo. El análisis multivariado se encontró que solo la edad estuvo asociada a deterioro cognitivo (p<0,001; OR=24,93 IC95 % [6,04-97,74]). Conclusiones: una mayor edad, el bajo nivel educativo y la depresión estuvieron asociados al deterioro cognitivo, de estos factores, solo la edad de 70 años y más fue un factor independiente asociado al deterioro cognitivo.


ABSTRACT Background: the mental and cognitive health of older adults can present changes related to aging. Depression often leads to cognitive impairment, conditions that must be identified for timely detection and prevention of damage. Objective: to determine the association between the level of depression and cognitive impairment in older adults from a comprehensive care center in the city of Lima, Perú. Methods: a cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out in adults over 60 years of age, attending a center for the elderly in Lima, between January and July 2017. Cognitive deterioration was considered the dependent variable and the independent variables were depression and characteristics. sociodemographic. Descriptive statistics were performed based on the calculation of frequencies, percentages, dispersion and measures of central tendency. To find the association between the independent variables and cognitive impairment, the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used. The calculations were made with a confidence level of 95 %. Results: the average age was 67.4±7.4 years. 20.7 % presented depression and 31.0 % cognitive impairment. In the bivariate analysis, it was found that the age of 70 years or more (p<0.001; OR=23.0 I.C. [6.68-79.15]), the educational level not superior (p=0.015; OR=4, 63 95% CI [1.25-17.16] and depression (p=0.012; OR=3.82 95% CI [1.3-11.24]) were associated with cognitive impairment. that only age was associated with cognitive impairment (p<0.001; OR=24.93 CI95 % [6.04-97.74]). Conclusions: older age, low educational level and depression were associated with cognitive impairment, of these factors, only age 70 years or older was an independent factor associated with cognitive impairment.

6.
Subj. procesos cogn ; 26(1): 1-21, ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392516

ABSTRACT

Las últimas décadas favorecieron el proceso de transición demográfica. No obstante, la extensión de los años por vivir no siempre resultó acompañada por mejoras en la calidad de vida. A este respecto, desde la psicogerontología se ha priorizado el estudio de las variables salutogénicas. Tal es el caso del propósito en la vida y del apoyo social percibido, así como dela relación que ambos mantienen con el miedo a la muerte. Temas que cobran mayor relevancia en un contexto de pandemia. El presente trabajo se propone analizar la relación entre dichas variables en una muestra de 103 adultos mayores de CABA, de ambos sexos (Hombres=24,3%; Mujeres=75,7%), con edades entre60 y 83 años, a partir de un diseño cuantitativo-correlacional. Entre los principales resultados, se observan relaciones positivas de fuerte significatividad entre el propósito y el apoyo social y entre el miedo a la muerte y el miedo al COVID-19 AU


The last decades favored the process of demographic transition. However, the extension of the years to live was not always accompanied by improvements in the quality of life. In this regard, psychogerontology has prioritized the study of salutogenic variables. Such is the case of purpose in life and perceived social support, as well as the relationship that both maintain with the fear of death. Topics that become more relevant in a pandemic context. This paper aims to analyze the relationship between these variables in a sample of 103 older adults from CABA, of both sexes (Men=24.3%; Women=75.7%), aged between 60 and 83 years, from of a quantitative-correlational design. Among the main results, highly significant positive relationships are observed between purpose and social support and between fear of death and fear of COVID-19 AU


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Social Support , Attitude to Death , COVID-19/epidemiology , Argentina , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Sociodemographic Factors , Geriatric Psychiatry , Life Change Events
7.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 21(3): e4746, mayo.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409486

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: En Cuba, las personas mayores de 60 años constituyen 21,3 % de la población. Objetivo: Determinar la eficacia de la estrategia para la promoción de estilos de vida saludables en adultos mayores. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio pre-experimental a través de una intervención comunitaria en el Consejo Popular 2 Siboney, Comunidad de Barbosa, Municipio Playa, en el período comprendido de abril de 2015 a diciembre de 2016. Se escogió como universo la totalidad de los adultos mayores de 60 años del Consejo Popular 2 Siboney, Reparto Barbosa, Municipio Playa, La Habana y la población estuvo constituida por 66 adultos mayores para la fase diagnóstica y para la fase de implementación de la estrategia, donde se realizó una valoración del cambio, disminuyó la misma a 58 adultos mayores ya que salieron del estudio por fallecimiento o cambio de domicilio 8 personas mayores. Se analizó el cambio después de aplicada la estrategia en las variables: autocuidado, movilidad, uso de medicamentos, sueño, estado emocional, relaciones sociales, práctica de ejercicio físico y calidad de vida. Resultados: En todas se evidencia progresión hacia la mejoría. El análisis posterior arroja la modificación al área de positividad de los estilos de vida después de aplicada la estrategia. Conclusiones: Se observó un predominio de las categorías positivas. Disminuyeron las categorías negativas y aumentaron significativamente las buenas. Los factores asociados al estilo de vida fueron el autocuidado, ingestión de medicamentos, sueño, relaciones interpersonales y ejercicio físico. La aplicación de la Estrategia de promoción comunitaria fue efectiva para mejorar los estilos de vida.


ABSTRACT Introduction: In Cuba, people over 60 years old constitute 21,3 % of the population. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a strategy for promotion of healthy lifestyles in older adults. Material and Methods: A pre-experimental study was performed through community intervention in the Popular Council No. 2 Siboney, Barbosa Community, Playa Municipality during the period between April 2015 and December 2016. The universe consisted of all adults over 60 years old from the aforementioned Popular Council. The study population was composed of 66 older adults who were chosen for the diagnostic phase and the strategy implementation phase, where a valuation of the change was carried out and it was reduced to 58 older adults due to deaths or changes of residence of eight of them. After the implementation of the strategy, the change was analyzed in the following variables: self-care, mobility, medication intake, sleep, emotional state, social relationships, physical exercise, and quality of life. Results: Progression to improvement is evidenced in all cases. A further analysis shows a change in the positivity of lifestyles after the implementation of the strategy. Conclusions: A predominance of positive categories was observed; negative categories diminished and the good ones increased significantly. The factors related to lifestyle included: self-care, medication intake, sleep, interpersonal relationships, and physical exercise. The implementation of a community promotion strategy was effective for the improvement of lifestyles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Exercise , Residence Characteristics , Efficacy , Eating , Interpersonal Relations , Life Style
8.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 24(1)abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404897

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: Las personas de edad avanzada requieren atención estomatológica ajustada a su salud bucal. Objetivo: Describir la salud bucal de los ancianos pertenecientes al Hogar Provincial de Sancti Spíritus. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transversal en el Hogar de ancianos provincial de Sancti Spíritus, entre diciembre de 2019 y agosto 2020. Se seleccionaron 72 ancianos, según criterios de inclusión. Se utilizaron métodos del nivel teórico, empírico y estadístico para estudiar las variables: Enfermedades bucales, factores de riesgo, higiene bucal, nivel de conocimientos sobre salud bucal y autopercepción de salud bucal. Resultados: En los ancianos predominó la enfermedad periodontal (29.4 %) y la disfunción masticatoria (28.6 %); los factores de riesgo que se observaron fueron la alimentación azucarada (12.8 %) y la diabetes mellitus (12.5 %), la higiene bucal deficiente (58.3 %), el nivel de conocimientos malo (51.4 %) y la autopercepción de salud bucal baja (54.2 %). Conclusiones: La salud bucal de los ancianos estudiados se caracterizó por presentar enfermedad periodontal y disfunción masticatoria en casi la tercera parte, con predominio de la alimentación azucarada y la diabetes mellitus como factores de riesgo y más de la mitad presentó higiene bucal deficiente, nivel de conocimientos malo y baja autopercepción de salud bucal.


ABSTRACT Background: Elderly people require dental care adjusted to their oral health. Objective: To describe the oral health of the elderly belonging to the Provincial Home of Sancti Spíritus. Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out in the Provincial Nursing Home of Sancti Spíritus, between December 2019 and August 2020. 72 elderly were selected, according to inclusion criteria. Theoretical, empirical and statistical level methods were used to study the variables: oral diseases, risk factors, oral hygiene, level of knowledge about oral health and self-perception of oral health. Results: In the elderly, periodontal disease (29.4 %) and masticatory dysfunction (28.6 %) predominated; the risk factors that were observed were sugary diet (12.8 %) and diabetes mellitus (12.5 %), poor oral hygiene (58.3%), poor level of knowledge (51.4 %) and low self-perception of oral health (54.2 %). Conclusion: The oral health of the elderly studied was characterized by presenting periodontal disease and masticatory dysfunction in almost a third of them, with a predominance of sugary diets and diabetes mellitus as risk factors, and more than half presented poor oral hygiene, level of poor knowledge and low self-perception of oral health.

9.
Rev. neuropsiquiatr ; 85(2): 117-126, abr.-jun 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409925

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Durante la pandemia del síndrome agudo respiratorio severo por COVID-19, la demencia se ha identificado como desproporcionadamente común en los adultos mayores de 65 años que desarrollaron un cuadro viral grave. El Consorcio Internacional de infecciones respiratorias agudas graves y emergentes confirma una alta prevalencia de hospitalizaciones en adultos mayores con demencia. Esta sub-población presenta, en su mayoría, una variedad de comorbilidades, en particular, la fragilidad que puede exacerbar aún más el riesgo de infección muy severa. Además, hasta un tercio de los pacientes con COVID-19 puede presentar secuelas cerebrales o neurológicas, efectos directos (infección viral de las neuronas, efectos vasculares) e indirectos (respuesta inmunológica del huésped, impacto del tratamiento). Esta revisión plantea la posibilidad de que la infección pueda acentuar cualquier enfermedad neurodegenerativa preexistente. Por otro lado, varios estudios han descrito que una proporcion de pacientes presenta despues del alta deterioro cognitivo, ánimo deprimido, ansiedad, insomnio y manifestaciones de trastorno por estrés postraumático. Enfermedades crónicas como la demencia están pues asociadas con tasas más altas de hospitalización y mortalidad, y exacerban aún más la vulnerabilidad de los adultos mayores y el colapso en sus cuidadores.


SUMMARY During the severe acute respiratory syndrome due to the COVID-19 pandemic, dementia has been identified as disproportionately common in adults older than 65 years who develop a serious viral infection.vere coronavirus disease in 2019. Data from the International Consortium on Severe and Emerging Acute Respiratory Infections confirmed a high prevalence of dementia in older hospitalized adults. Dementia is likely to be associated with a variety of comorbidities, in particular, frailty, which can further exacerbate the risk of serious infection. In addition, up to a third of patients with COVID-19 have demonstrated cerebral/neurological sequelae with direct (brain infection, vascular effects) and indirect (host immune response, treatment impact) effects. It is possible that the infection may accentuate any pre-existing neurodegenerative disease. Several studies have described cognitive decline, depressed mood, anxiety, insomnia, and post-traumatic stress disorder in a proportion of patients after discharge. Therefore, chronic illnesses, such as dementia, can be associated with higher hospitalization and mortality rates, and may exacerbate the vulnerability of older adults and the breakdown of their caregivers.

10.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 30(1): 135-145, jan.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384313

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução As internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária (ICSAP) têm sido utilizadas como um indicador do acesso à atenção primária e de monitoramento do seu desempenho. Objetivo Analisar a tendência de comportamento das ICSAP entre idosos de Minas Gerais, Brasil, de 2010 a 2015. Método Estudo ecológico utilizando dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares (SIH-SUS), referentes a hospitalizações de idosos entre 60 e 79 anos. Foram calculadas as taxas de ICSAP global por causa e regiões administrativas de saúde. Resultados Foram analisadas 126.757 ICSAP ocorridas no período (8,8% do total de internações pelo SUS). A taxa global diminuiu de 10,4 para 9,4 (por 1.000). Entre as causas de internação analisadas, foi observada redução nas taxas de internação por hipertensão, deficiências nutricionais e gastroenterites infecciosas, mas foi constatado aumento da taxa de internação por infecção do rim e trato urinário. As taxas variaram ainda em função das regiões de saúde, sendo que regiões com baixa densidade populacional, PIB per capita mais baixo e pior infraestrutura sanitária apresentaram taxas mais elevadas. Conclusão A variação do indicador entre as regionais de saúde pode refletir disparidades socioeconômicas, de organização e oferta de serviços de saúde. A elevação das taxas de internação por algumas condições sensíveis à atenção primária pode indicar a necessidade de os serviços de Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) aumentarem os esforços para o cuidado da pessoa idosa que sofre a comorbidade com mais frequência.


Abstract Background Hospitalizations due to Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSC) have been used as an indicator of access to primary care and monitoring of its performance. Objective To analyze the behavioral trend of ACSC among elderly in Minas Gerais, Brazil, from 2010 to 2015. Method Ecological study based on data from the Hospital Information System (SIH) of the Unified Health System (SUS), concerning the hospitalization of the elderly aged 60-79 years. ACSC rates were calculated, global, specific by ACSC and by health administrative region. Results A total of 126,757 ACSC occurred in the period (8.8% of all hospitalizations by SUS). The overall rate decreased from 10.4 to 9.4 (p /1,000). The causes of hospitalization showed a reduction in the risk of hospitalization for hypertension, nutritional deficiencies, and infectious gastroenteritis, but increased the risk of hospitalization for kidney and urinary tract infection. The ACSC rates also varied according to the health regions: regions with low population density, lower per capita GDP and worse health infrastructure showed higher rates. Conclusion The variation of the indicator among health regions may reflect socioeconomic disparities and the organization and supply of health services. Raising inpatient rates for some of the ACSC may indicate the need for PHC services to increase efforts to care for the elderly who suffer from comorbidity more often.

11.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 44(1): 41-45, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360174

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the association between physical fitness, cognitive function, and depressive symptoms among older adults in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Methods: Seventy-six institutionalized male and female elderly individuals (65 years and older) living in LTCFs participated of this study. Physical fitness (aerobic capacity and strength), cognitive functions (global cognition, short-term and working and semantic memories, and executive function), and depressive symptoms were assessed. Linear regression and contingency analyses were performed. Significance was accepted at p-values ≤ 0.05. Results: Aerobic capacity predicted 32% of variance in global cognition (p < 0.01) and 25% of variance in semantic fluency/executive function (p < 0.01). Low levels of upper limb strength, lower limb strength, and aerobic capacity were associated with semantic fluency/executive function (OR = 1.38, p = 0.01, OR = 1.26, p = 0.03, and OR = 1.07, p = 0.01, respectively) and depressive symptoms (OR = 1.06, p < 0.01). Conclusion: Poor physical fitness is associated with cognition and depressive symptoms in institutionalized older adults. Low levels of strength and aerobic fitness increase the odds of presenting with impaired semantic fluency and executive function, possibly denoting an increased risk of developing dementia.

12.
Rev. inf. cient ; 101(1)feb. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409512

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La disminución del filtrado glomerular en adultos mayores diabéticos e hipertensos es consecuencia de factores fisiológicos a los que se le añaden cambios vasculares dependientes de alteraciones que producen las enfermedades crónicas subyacentes. Objetivo: Caracterizar la función renal en adultos mayores diabéticos e hipertensos del Policlínico Docente "Ángel Alfonso Ortiz Vázquez", del municipio Manzanillo en la provincia Granma, durante el año 2020. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo para determinar la función renal en 249 adultos mayores diabéticos e hipertensos pertenecientes al Consultorio Médico de Familia No. 4 del Policlínico Docente "Ángel Alfonso Ortiz Vázquez", del municipio Manzanillo en la provincia Granma, durante el año 2020. Se empleó la fórmula de Cockcroft-Gault y se extrajeron de las historias clínicas las variables: diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus, diagnóstico de hipertensión arterial, edad, sexo, peso y creatinina. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino (52,2 %). El rango de edades, comprendido entre 60 y 87 años, tuvo una media de 68,9 ± 7,3. El valor mínimo de filtrado glomerular fue de 27,5 ml/min/1,73 m2, y el máximo fue de 143,7 ml/min/1,73 m2, la media en estos pacientes fue de 69,2 ± 18,7 ml/min/1,73 m2; para los varones fue 71,4 ± 19,0 ml/min/1,73 m2 y de 66,8 ± 18,2 ml/min/1,73 m2 para las mujeres. Predominó la hipertensión arterial (94,4 %) sobre la diabetes mellitus (41,8 %). El filtrado glomerular en los hipertensos (29,7 %) fue inferior a 60 ml/min/1,73 m2. Conclusiones: Un tercio de los pacientes diabéticos e hipertensos del estudio presenta disminución del filtrado glomerular, y esta disminución está asociada al incremento de la edad.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The decrease in glomerular filtration rate in older adults' patients with diabetic and hypertensive problems is a consequence of physiological factors to which are added some vascular changes associated with alterations produced by underlying chronic diseases. Objective: To characterize renal function in older adults' patients with diabetic and hypertensive problems, attended at the Family Doctor's Office No. 4, Policlínico Docente "Ángel Alfonso Ortiz Vázquez", Manzanillo, Granma, in 2020. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study was carried out in 2020 to determine the renal function in 249 older adults with diabetic and hypertension problems, attended at the Family Doctor's Office No. 4, Policlínico Docente "Ángel Alfonso Ortiz Vázquez", Manzanillo, Granma. The Cockcroft-Gaulty formula was used. The following variables extracted from the medical records were used: diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, diagnosis of hypertension, age, sex, weight and creatinine text. Results: Male sex predominated (52.2 %). The mean age range, between 60 and 87 years, was 68.9 ± 7.3. The minimum glomerular filtration rate was 27.5 ml/min/1.73 m2, and the maximum was 143.7 ml/min/1.73 m2, the mean rate in these patients was 69.2 ± 18.7 ml/min/1.73 m2. For male was 71.4 ± 19.0 ml/min/1.73 m2 and 66.8 ± 18.2 ml/min/1.73 m2 for female. Hypertension predominated (94.4%) over diabetes mellitus (41.8%). The glomerular filtration rate in hypertensive patients (29.7 %) was less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2. Conclusions: A third of patients with diabetic and hypertension had decreased in glomerular filtration rate, and this decrease was associated with increasing age.


RESUMO Introdução: A diminuição da taxa de filtração glomerular em idosos diabéticos e hipertensos é consequência de fatores fisiológicos aos quais se somam alterações vasculares dependentes de alterações produzidas por doenças crônicas de base. Objetivo: Caracterizar a função renal em idosos diabéticos e hipertensos pertencentes ao Gabinete Médico de Família No. 4 da Policlínico Docente "Ángel Alfonso Ortiz Vázquez", no município de Manzanillo, província de Granma, durante o ano de 2020. Método: Estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, para determinar a função renal em 249 idosos diabéticos e hipertensos pertencentes ao Gabinete Médico de Família No. 4 da Policlínico Docente "Ángel Alfonso Ortiz Vázquez", no município de Manzanillo, província de Granma, durante o ano de 2020. Foi utilizada a fórmula de Cockcroft-Gault e extraídas dos prontuários as variáveis: diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus, diagnóstico de hipertensão arterial, idade, sexo, peso e creatinina. Resultados: Prevaleceu o sexo masculino (52,2%). A faixa etária, entre 60 e 87 anos, teve média de 68,9 ± 7,3. O valor mínimo de filtração glomerular foi 27,5 ml/min/1,73 m2 e o máximo foi 143,7 ml/min/1,73 m2, a média nesses pacientes foi 69,2 ± 18, 7ml/min/1,73 m2; para os homens foi de 71,4 ± 19,0 ml/min/1,73 m2 e 66,8 ± 18,2 ml/min/1,73 m2 para as mulheres. A hipertensão arterial (94,4%) prevaleceu sobre o diabetes mellitus (41,8%). A taxa de filtração glomerular em hipertensos (29,7%) foi inferior a 60 ml/min/1,73 m2. Conclusões: Um terço dos pacientes diabéticos e hipertensos do estudo apresentam diminuição da taxa de filtração glomerular, e essa diminuição está associada ao aumento da idade.

13.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58304, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364007

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine pain assessment approaches and pain management strategies in elderly people in a nursing home.The cross-sectional-descriptive study sample consisted of 147 older adults living in a nursing home in Turkey in 2019. They all agreed to participate in the study (n = 147); however, as our research was about older adultswith pain problems, the study was completed with a total of 108 older adultsexperiencing pain problems. The participants' average age was 73.60 ± 6.97 years. Geriatric pain scale scores were higher for women aged 75 years and over, those who had a chronic disease and those who received analgesics, and there was a statistically significant difference between the mean scores (p < 0.05). Nurses must pay attention to pain assessment and management in nursing homes because of the adverse effects of pain on older adults' health status, vital functions, and well-being.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain/nursing , Pain/drug therapy , Pain Measurement/nursing , Aged , Prevalence , Pain Management/nursing , Homes for the Aged , Health Status , Geriatric Nursing , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Nurses , Nursing Homes
14.
Niger. Postgrad. Med. J. ; 29(3): 206-213, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1381142

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension is the largest contributor to the global burden of disease. Emerging risk factors for cardiovascular disease include blood pressure variability (BPV), but evidence on BPV is lacking among older Nigerians. We reported BPV in a cohort of older persons at the University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of respondents aged >50 years within the Ibadan Ambulatory Blood Pressure Registry at the UCH, Ibadan, Nigeria. Socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits and anthropometric measurements were obtained. Results: Among 639 respondents, 332 (52.0%) were female. The blood pressure (BP) variables were strongly associated with age. Compared with younger age groups, mean diastolic BP (DBP) was less at an older age, whereas mean pulse pressure was greater. During the wake-up and sleep periods, mean DBP and mean arterial BP were less with each increasing age category, whereas mean pulse pressure was larger with each increasing age category. BP dipping, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial BP decreased with age. Overall, timed BPV increased significantly with increasing age. The prevalence of white­coat hypertension was greater among older participants than younger participants. Most respondents in the 50­59 years' age group were non-dippers (55.8%), whereas 33.7% of older respondents were reverse-dippers. Conclusion: Older persons experienced a greater abnormal circadian blood variation and greater BPV than younger people. In Nigeria, follow­up data are needed to determine the prognostic significance of these data in this population


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Pressure , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension
15.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392226

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate an explanatory model of direct and indirect associations regarding the psychological health of older caregivers of functionally dependent older adults. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study performed with older caregivers recruited in contexts of outpatient and home care. We collected information on sociodemographic characteristics, duration of caregiving, physical and cognitive function indicators of the older care recipients, perceived burden, family functioning, and psychological health measures (psychological need satisfaction and depressive symptoms). Results: We evaluated 133 caregivers (76% female, 69.5 ± 6.98 years). Variables that were significantly correlated with psychological health were selected to form an association model to be tested by structural equation modeling via path analysis. Depressive symptom variability was best explained by this model. Caregiver burden remained in the model as a mediator of indirect associations between physical function for instrumental activities of daily living and indicators of family functioning and psychological health. Three associative paths between caregiver burden and depressive symptoms were found ­ one of them was direct and the other two were mediated whether by family functioning or by the level of psychological need satisfaction. Conclusion: Depressive symptoms were the psychological health indicator best explained by the model involving instrumental functional demands that generate burden. Clinical consequences suggested by the model indicate interventions aimed at family functioning and opportunities of psychological need satisfaction as strategies for promoting caregivers' psychological health.


Objetivos: Avaliar um modelo de associações diretas e indiretas explicativo de saúde psicológica de idosos cuidadores de outros idosos funcionalmente dependentes. Metodologia: Estudo transversal realizado com idosos cuidadores recrutados em contexto ambulatorial e de atenção domiciliar. Foram levantadas informações sociodemográficas, tempo de exercício do cuidado, indicadores funcionais físicos e cognitivos dos idosos que recebem os cuidados, percepção de sobrecarga, funcionalidade familiar e medidas de saúde psicológica (satisfação de necessidades psicológicas e sintomatologia depressiva). Resultados: Foram avaliados 133 cuidadores (76% feminino, 69,5 ± 6,98 anos). As variáveis correlacionadas significativamente à saúde psicológica foram escolhidas para a composição do modelo de associações testado por análise de equações estruturais via path analysis. A variabilidade em sintomatologia depressiva foi melhor explicada pelo modelo. Sobrecarga permaneceu no modelo como mediadora das associações indiretas entre funcionalidade física para atividades instrumentais da vida diária e os indicadores de funcionalidade familiar e de saúde psicológica. Três caminhos associativos entre sobrecarga e sintomatologia depressiva foram encontrados ­ um direto e dois mediados, ora pela funcionalidade familiar, ora pelo nível de satisfação de necessidades psicológicas. Conclusão: Sintomatologia depressiva foi o indicador de saúde psicológica mais bem explicado pelo modelo que envolve a presença de demandas funcionais instrumentais geradoras de sobrecarga. Desdobramentos clínicos sugeridos pelo modelo apontam para intervenções com alvo em funcionalidade familiar e de oportunidades de satisfação de necessidades psicológicas como estratégias para promover a saúde psicológica do cuidador.

16.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(4): e255534, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393792

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Proximal femoral fractures have a high mortality rate among older adults, especially those aged > 80 years. Objective: To analyze predictive factors for hospital or late mortality of patients > 90 years old who showed proximal femoral fracture and subjected to surgery. Methods: The study included data from 230 patients aged > 90 years diagnosed with proximal femoral fracture and who underwent surgery between January and December 2017. The statistical evaluation was performed by multivariate analysis by a logistic regression. The associations were estimated by the odds ratio (OD) and confidence interval (95%). Statistical significance was determined with p < 0.05. Results: Late death occurred in 51.3% (118 patients) of the sample and hospital death in 3.5% (8 patients). Most patients were women (83.5%) and the most common fracture was transtrochanteric (57.0%). There was association between late death and the surgery duration (p < 0.05), and between hospital death and the presence of heart diseases (p < 0.05) or endocrinopathies (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Most patients aged > 90 years with proximal femoral fracture subjected to surgery died in less than one year. Late death was associated with the surgery duration and hospital death was associated with the presence of previous endocrinopathies or heart diseases, and the female gender was a protective factor from this outcome. Level of Evidence III, Retrospective Case-Control Study.


RESUMO Introdução: As fraturas do fêmur proximal têm alta taxa de mortalidade entre os idosos, especialmente entre os considerados superidosos (> 80 anos). Objetivo: Analisar fatores preditivos para mortalidade hospitalar ou tardia de pacientes com idade superior a 90 anos que apresentaram fratura do fêmur proximal e foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico. Métodos: O estudo incluiu dados de 230 pacientes com idade superior a 90 anos que apresentaram diagnóstico de fratura do fêmur proximal e foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico entre janeiro e dezembro de 2017. A avaliação estatística foi realizada pela análise multivariada por meio da regressão logística. As associações foram estimadas pelo valor de odds ratio (OD) e intervalo de confiança (95%). A significância estatística foi determinada com p < 0,05. Resultados: O óbito tardio ocorreu em 51,3% (118 pacientes) da amostra e o hospitalar em 3,5% (8 pacientes). A maioria dos pacientes foram do sexo feminino (83,5%) e a fratura mais comum foi a transtrocanteriana (57,0%). Houve associação do óbito tardio com a duração do procedimento cirúrgico (p < 0,05), e do óbito hospitalar com a presença de cardiopatias (p < 0,05) ou endocrinopatias (p < 0,05). Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes com idade superior a 90 anos com fratura do fêmur proximal submetida ao tratamento cirúrgico evoluiu para óbito em menos de um ano. O óbito tardio foi associado à duração do procedimento cirúrgico e o óbito hospitalar à presença de endocrinopatias ou cardiopatias prévias, sendo o sexo feminino fator de proteção para tal desfecho. Nível de Evidência III, Estudo Caso-Controle Retrospectivo.

17.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372902

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To identify impediments to deprescription among older adults from the perspective of a panel of Brazilian geriatricians. Methods: The Delphi method was used to obtain a consensus among Brazilian geriatricians about the factors that influence the lack of deprescription for older adults in clinical practice. The study was developed in two stages: (i) a survey and description of potential factors involved in deprescription; and (ii) applying the results of the survey to a panel of experts to obtain a consensus. Results: The deprescription process is influenced by the interaction of three pillars of older adult health care: the prescriber, the patient-family, and the health care system. In the professional and health care systems, professional training and communication skills, prolonged clinical follow-up, access to the multidisciplinary team, medical consultations of an adequate time, and unified electronic health records were identified as facilitators of deprescription. In the patient-family pillar, clear facilitators included health literacy, no sensory or cognitive deficits, and a clinical situation of transitional or palliative care. Conclusions: Deprescription is a complex, multifactorial process that requires attention, time, and specific skills and competencies from the attending physician, but it also requires shared decision-making and a health system compatible with a culture of deprescription.


Objetivos: Identificar os fatores condicionantes para a desprescrição em idosos na perspectiva consensual de um grupo de geriatras brasileiros. Metodologia: Foi utilizado o método Delphi para a obtenção de um consenso entre médicos geriatras brasileiros sobre os fatores que condicionam a desprescrição na assistência à saúde do idoso, na prática clínica. O estudo desenvolveu-se em duas etapas: (i) levantamento e descrição dos potenciais fatores envolvidos na prática da desprescrição; e (ii) submissão do levantamento realizado na etapa anterior a um painel de especialistas para a obtenção do consenso. Resultados: O processo de desprescrição é influenciado pela interação de três pilares da assistência à saúde do idoso: o prescritor, o paciente-família e o sistema de saúde. Como elementos de destaque, verificou-se que tanto a capacitação profissional, a habilidade em comunicação e o acompanhamento clínico prolongado do paciente quanto o acesso à equipe multidisciplinar, o tempo adequado para a consulta médica e o registro eletrônico único em saúde foram apontados como facilitadores à desprescrição, conforme os pilares do profissional e do sistema de saúde. Sob o pilar do paciente- família, os facilitadores evidenciados foram a literacia em saúde, a ausência de déficits sensoriais ou cognitivos, a situação clínica de cuidados de transição ou cuidados paliativos. Conclusões: A desprescrição é um processo complexo, multifatorial, que exige atenção, tempo, habilidades e competências específicas do médico assistente, mas requer decisão compartilhada e um sistema de saúde coadunável com a cultura de desprescrever

18.
Cogitare Enferm. (Impr.) ; 27: e78473, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1364755

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: to analyze the social support network, the activities performed, and the factors associated with the presence of negative feelings of aged individuals who live alone during social distancing due to COVID-19. Método: a cross-sectional study conducted with 119 aged individuals who live alone in the Macro-region of Triângulo Sul, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The data were collected at the homes and with instruments validated in the country. Descriptive and multiple binary regression analyses were performed (p<0.05). Resultados: 97.5% had a social support network for health needs and for maintaining social distancing (79.8%). The activity most frequently performed was household chores (77.3%). The presence of negative feelings was associated with the female gender (p<0.001) and with fewer activities (p=0.012). Conclusão: the data contribute to the development of health actions, revealing situations in the daily life of aged individuals that are exacerbated during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as aspects related to the negative feelings experienced by aged individuals who live alone.


ABSTRACT Objective: to identify the sociodemographic profile of interpersonal violence associated with alcohol consumption in São Paulo-SP, Brazil. Method: a cross-sectional study carried out through notifications of suspected or confirmed cases of interpersonal violence from the Notifiable Diseases Information System submitted between 2016 and 2019. Collection took place between March and June 2020. Chi-square or Fisher's exact tests were performed in the statistical analysis. Results: 27,775 notifications were obtained, whose prevalent profile was female victims (60.6%), aged between 20 and 34 years old (41.4%), brown- or black-skinned (51%), and with complete high school (18.8%). Physical violence was more frequent (81.9%), perpetrated by an intimate partner (20.3%), motivated by sexism (9.9%) and generational conflict (11.2%). In sexual violence, rape prevailed with 69.4% and there was a low supply of emergency contraception methods (14.7%). Conclusion: the study contributes to reflections and subsidies in the planning of public policies to control the problem.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la red de apoyo social, las actividades realizadas y los factores asociados a la presencia de sentimientos negativos de ancianos que viven solos durante el distanciamiento social debido al COVID-19. Método: estudio transversal realizado con 119 ancianos que viven solos en la Macro-región de Triângulo Sul, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Los datos se recolectaron en los domicilios y con instrumentos validados en el país. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y de regresión binaria múltiple (p<0,05). Resultados: El 97,5% contaba con una red de apoyo social para necesidades de salud y para mantener el distanciamiento social (79.8%). La actividad más frecuente fue la de tareas domésticas (77,3%). La presencia de sentimientos negativos se asoció al sexo femenino (p<0,001) y a una menor cantidad de actividades realizadas (p=0,012). Conclusión: los datos contribuyen en la elaboración de acciones de salud, evidenciando situaciones en la vida diaria de los ancianos que se vieron agravadas durante la pandemia de COVID-19, como ser los aspectos relacionados a los sentimientos negativos experimentados por los ancianos que viven solos.

19.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362545

ABSTRACT

Objective: The goal of this study is to evaluate the benefits of an increase in water intake guided by a mathematical formula (per kg of body weight) on kidney function in older adults. Methods: Older adults (≥ 65 years old) cared for at the Internal Medicine Unit of a tertiary hospital will be randomized to receive or not guidance on water intake (30 mL/kg per day) after initial assessment of kidney function. After 14 days, participants will be reevaluated through clinical and laboratory examinations. Patients with uncompensated disease will be excluded. The main outcomes will be glomerular filtration rate and laboratory measures such as serum and urinary osmolality, sodium, urea, 24-h urine volume and serum creatinine, uric acid, and copeptin. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) questionnaire will be applied to participants at each visit. Categorical variables will be described as numbers of cases (%) and compared using the χ2 test whereas continuous variables will be analyzed with Student's t-test in relation to baseline measures. The Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) method will be performed to assess differences over time and between groups. This study was approved by the Institution's Research Ethics Committee (grant number 16-0153) and is in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Expected Results:By increasing water intake (ml/Kg) we expect to provide an improvement in kidney function in older population assessed by serum creatinine and cystatin-c applied to eGFR formulas. Relevance:Many conditions, both organic and behavioral, can contribute to chronic dehydration states in older adults. To mention, decreased ability to concentrate urine, reduced kidney mass, blood flow, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) along with changes in sensitivity to hormones such as renin, vasopressin and natriuretic peptide can generate water imbalance, leading to dehydration. For being simple and inexpensive, this strategy may be broadly used and bring several health benefits to older adults.


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar os benefícios de um aumento da ingestão de água guiado por uma fórmula matemática (por kg de massa corporal) na função renal de idosos. Metodologia:Idosos (≥ 65 anos) atendidos pelo Serviço de Clínica Médica de um hospital terciário foram randomizados para receber ou não orientação sobre o consumo de água (30 mL/kg por dia) após uma avaliação inicial da função renal. Após 14 dias, os participantes serão reavaliados através de exames clínicos e laboratoriais. Pacientes com doença descompensada serão excluídos. Os desfechos principais são a taxa de filtração glomerular e medidas laboratoriais como osmolaridade, sódio e ureia séricos e urinários, volume de urina de 24 horas e creatinina, ácido úrico e copeptina séricos. A Mini Avaliação Nutricional (MNA) será aplicada aos participantes a cada consulta. Variáveis categóricas serão descritas como números de casos (%) e comparadas usando o teste χ2 , enquanto variáveis contínuas serão analisadas com o teste t de Student em relação às medidas iniciais. O método de Equações de Estimativas Generalizadas (GEE) será usado para avaliar diferenças ao longo do tempo e entre grupos. Este estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da nossa Instituição (processo número 16-0153) e está de acordo com a Declaração de Helsinki. Resultados esperados:Ao aumentar a ingestão de água (ml/Kg) esperamos proporcionar uma melhora na função renal na população idosa avaliada pela creatinina sérica e cistatina-c aplicada às fórmulas de eGFR. Relevância:Muitas condições, tanto orgânicas quanto comportamentais, podem contribuir para estados de desidratação crônica em idosos. Vale mencionar que a diminuição da capacidade de concentração da urina, redução da massa renal, fluxo sanguíneo e taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) juntamente com alterações na sensibilidade a hormônios como renina, vasopressina e peptídeo natriurético podem gerar desequilíbrio hídrico, levando à desidratação. Por ser simples e de baixo custo, essa estratégia pode ser amplamente utilizada e trazer diversos benefícios à saúde dos idosos.

20.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(7): 2805-2816, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384450

ABSTRACT

Resumo Estudo transversal avaliou a associação entre deficiência de zinco sérico e declínio cognitivo em 591 idosos da comunidade residentes nos municípios de Campinas, Limeira e Piracicaba-SP. A cognição foi avaliada pelo Instrumento de Triagem de Habilidades Cognitivas-CASI-S considerando declínio pontuação <23 em idosos de 60-69 anos e <20 em idosos ≥70 anos. Considerou-se deficiência de zinco sérico valor de <70 µg/dL para mulheres e 74 µg/dL para homens. Entre os domínios cognitivos, idosos com deficiência de zinco tiveram pontuação média significativamente menor no teste de memória (p=0,018). A prevalência da deficiência de zinco foi de 3,9%, e de 9,4% de declínio cognitivo, sendo significativamente maior em idosos com deficiência de zinco do que os que não tinham (26,1% e 8,8%, respectivamente). Em análise de regressão logística múltipla ajustada, os fatores que permaneceram associados ao declínio cognitivo foram deficiência de zinco (OR=3,80; IC95%=1,30-11,12), baixa escolaridade (OR=3,12; IC95%=1,49-6,50), não ter companheiro (OR=1,88; IC95%=1,04-3,42), risco de desnutrição (OR=3,98; IC95%=2,36-6,71), e histórico de acidente vascular encefálico (OR=2,70; IC95%=1,04-6,98). A deficiência de zinco foi associada ao declínio cognitivo em idosos. Ações na atenção básica de saúde são necessárias para prevenir a deficiência deste nutriente.


Abstract This is a cross-sectional study evaluating the association between zinc deficiency and cognitive decline in 591 community-dwelling older adults living in the cities of Campinas, Limeira, and Piracicaba-SP. Cognitive status was evaluated using the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument-CASI-S, considering a decline for scores <23 for those aged 60-69 and <20 for those aged ≥70 years. Among the evaluated cognitive domains, older adults with zinc deficiency had significantly lower mean scores on the memory test (p=0.018). For zinc deficiency, values below 70 µg/dL were considered for women and 74 µg/dL for men. The prevalence of zinc deficiency was 3.9%, and cognitive deficit was 9.4%, being significantly higher in those with zinc deficiency compared with those with normal serum zinc concentrations. In adjusted multiple logistic regression analysis, the factors that remained associated with cognitive decline were zinc deficiency (OR=3.80; 95%CI=1.30-11.12), low schooling level (OR=3.12; 95%CI=1.49-6.50), lack of a partner (OR=1.88; 95%CI=1.04-3.42), risk of malnutrition (OR=3.98; 95%CI=2.36-6.71), and a history of encephalic vascular accident (OR=2.70; 95%CI=1.04-6.98). Zinc deficiency was associated with the presence of cognitive decline in older adults. Actions in primary health care are necessary to prevent the deficiency of this nutrient.

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